REG NO R157950D



1(i) Semiotics is the study of signs and symbols of elements of communicative behaviour. However,
different definitions has been suggested and has been divided into pure, descriptive and applied
areas.It has been viewed as a theory, a science or even a fashionable movement, the most important
feature is corncerned with the study of science.Saussure(1959) suggests that, semiotics is a science
that studies the life of signs within a society. Cobley(2001) furthered the arguement saying that,
signs are natural conventional semiotic entity consisting of a sign of vehicle connected with
meaning.This suggests that, a sign is an obect which represent another obect and meaning is the
represantation of an obect another obect in or by another obect.The sign or representing obect can
have any material manfestion as long its fulfils the represantational function. For example , a
novel,word, gesture, areaction in the brain and many other things.The existence of a sign is related
to its intergration in the process of mean making.

On the other hand,linguistics is then a kind of semiotics and it is an aspect of the study of
meaning.Chomsky (1965) argues that, there are many other way of meaning buh other tah
meaning language maybe in some cases vague, undefined sense, the most important, the most
comprehensive,the most all embracing and its is very difficult to asy exactly how.This means
taht,there are many other modes of meaning in any culture which are outside the realm of language
for example art forms such as painting ,sculptors,music,dance and other excghange modes of
dressing ,structure of family and others.These are all b arriers in meaning in the culture and we
therefore define culture as a set of semiotic system and a set of system meanings which are

(ii)Gramma refers to the way words are used, classified and structed together to form coherent
written or spoken communicaation. Cater (2004) is othe view that, grammar can be used to describe
the rules that governs the linguistic behaviour of a group of speakers. This points out that, every
word has its own restriction on how words must be arranged to construct different sentences. The
restictions are all priciples of syntax which refers to word order ,for example in English words must
have words in the order of subect-verb-obect.In birds eat grain, birds is the subect, eat is the verb
and grain is the obect.this shows that there rules which governs each and every grammar. Grammar
also consist of word structure and there are also principles that governs the structure of words
because not all alanguages apply mophology to asimilar extent instead they differ in the way words
are allowed to built other words or smaller elements.For example, the word undeniability is a
complex noun formed from the adctive deniable which was formed from the verb deny.
(iii) Linguistic creatiuvity is the ability to combine a finite stock of elements on the basis......Cater
(2004) says that linguistic creativity is not simply a property of exeptional people but an exeptional
property for all people.This means that, creativity is not a product of single individuals but of social
systems making udgements about individual is not only part and parcel of skilled and
gifted language users but its important and useful to everyday practises.Lunguage users creatively
design meaning with the purposes of interactional functions.

(iv) Intuition is the ability to process information from the outside world as well as information
within your unconcious mind, from past experiences, knowledge from things that you have heard
and seen, as well as knowledge and information outside your mind and beyond ones immidate
envionment.When someone is said to have intuition it mean that their access is not based on some
chain of reasoning but instead the to any given question or scenario is somehow mysterious which
means that the access is not direct.There are two types of intuitions and the first being the primary
intuition.these are introspective of a given linguistic expression’s wellformedness or f its
meaning.For example if one is to ask 20 English speakers the wellformedness of:
The cat is on the mat
* mat the on is cat the seens to be poiuntless because they wil all respond the same

the second intuition is the margianl intuition which is an intuition about why a given expression is
(or is not) well formed or the meaning it has.The more serios problem other than the existence of
variation in udgements across speakers is that individual speakers are often ensure of their
udgements.Contexual factors of various kinds can influence the listener’s reaction to sentences and
it might make a critical difference in udging broadline examples.

Cater, R. (2004) Applied Linguistic Perspectives; Cambridge press:NewYork
Chomsky, N. (1965) Aspects of Theory of Syntax; MA MIT Press: Cambridge
Cobley,P. (2001) The Routeledge Companion to Semiotics and Linguistics; Oxford :NewYork
Saussre, F. (1959) Course in General Linguistics; Philisophical Library:NewYork