# 5.2.

Inferential Analysis

Inferential statistics makes inferences about populations using data drawn from the

population. Instead of using the entire population to gather the data, the statistician will collect a

sample or samples from the millions of residents and make inferences about the entire population

using the sample.

Null Hypothesis 1

The employees are not aware about the safety measures which is implemented by the

Indian Oil Corporation Limited

Table 5.2.1
One-Sample t-test for whether the employees are aware about the safety measures which
is implemented by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited
Statement N Mean Std. t value P value
Deviation

50 3.52 1.092 3.366 0.001**
Awareness of Safety
Measures

Source: Computed from primary survey
Note: **denotes significant at 1% level

The above table shows the results of One-Sample t-test for whether the employees are

aware about the safety measures which is implemented by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited.

The calculated t value 3.366 and p value is 0.001 which is less than 0.01. Therefore the null

hypothesis is rejected at 1% level of significant. Hence it is concluded that the employees are

well aware about the safety measures which is implemented by the Indian Oil Corporation

Limited.

05.363 and p value is 0. Hence it is concluded that there is no significant difference between male and female employees with respect to awareness about the safety measures which is implemented by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited. The t value is -.49 1.2. Therefore the null hypothesis is accepted at 5% level of significant.146 13 3.2 reveals the Independent t-test for whether the employees are aware about the safety measures which is implemented by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited.62 .718 Source: Computed from primary survey Table 5.718 which is greater than 0. t value p value Deviation Awareness of Safety Male 37 3.363 0.2 Independent t-test for whether the employees are aware about the safety measures which is implemented by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited Statement Gender N Mean Std. Null Hypothesis 3 .961 Female Measures -.2. Null Hypothesis 2 There is no significant difference between male and female employees with respect to awareness of safety measures which is implemented by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited Table 5.

46 1.09 .66 1.75 .23 3.69 .19 2. my workplace is constantly checked for 50 3.19 3.10 .76 .036* and knowledge At the terminal i.42 1.034* The company has taken extra insurance policies for the risk covered in the terminal while I am working at it Are you satisfied with the frequent updates given to you on 50 3.004** the premises with respect to the safety measures needs to be followed I have witnessed a major accident in the terminal in the 50 3.023* Are you satisfied with the working hours (8-10 hrs) 50 3.31 2.26 1.13 .69 .33 2.012* I am provided with first aid kits and trained to do first aid 50 3.08 .54 1.32 1.018* work place I am working on shift basis 50 3.14 3.000** company for explicating my courage and uninterrupted work 50 3.44 .There is no encouraging work environment which is provided by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited in Chennai city Table 5.2.3 One-Sample t-test for whether there is any encouraging work environment provided by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited in Chennai city Statements N Mean SD t P value value I am given training on regular basis with respect safety 50 3.59 .48 1.33 1.008** working presently I feel my work place as safe as my home 50 3.003** .58 . posters and other display boards inside 50 3.44 1.038* in case of emergency I can view symbols.48 1.00 .52 1.e.13 4.39 2.004** the availability of safety equipments My heads come for surprise checks to know whether I 50 3.32 .18 2.031* measures to be adopted at the work place I am provided with safety equipments required within the 50 3.000** past 5 years I was able to handle the emergency situation with courage 50 3.32 1.50 1.12 3.23 3.000** the terminal I am motivated by the non monetary awards given by the 50 3.06 .26 2.19 2.35 .42 1.21 2.013* handle the products safely Are you satisfied with the safety measures implemented at 50 3.36 1.30 2.16 .40 1.66 1.003** work place safety measures Do you feel satisfied with the work environment you are 50 3.

“Are you satisfied with the frequent updates given to you on work place safety measures”(t value = 3. “I am motivated by the non monetary awards given by the company for explicating my courage and uninterrupted work” (t value = 3.76 and p value = .00 and p value = . “Are you satisfied with the working hours (8-10 hrs)” (t value = 2.44 and p value =.10and p value = . “I am provided with first aid kits and trained to . *denotes significant at 5% level The above table shows the results of One-Sample t-test for whether there is any encouraging work environment provided by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited in Chennai city. “At the terminal i. 004). 008) and “I feel my work place as safe as my home”(t value = 3.35 and p value = 0. 000). the statement of “I can view symbols. “I am provided with safety equipments required within the work place” (t value = 2.“I am working on shift basis” (t value = 2.004). 000).75 and p value = . posters and other display boards inside the premises with respect to the safety measures needs to be followed” (t value = 3. my workplace is constantly checked for the availability of safety equipments” (t value = 3.01 and statistically significant at 1% level.023).32 and p value = . The p values of all these statements are less than 0.Source: Computed from primary survey Note: **denotes significant at 1% level. The statements of “I am given training on regular basis with respect safety measures to be adopted at the work place” (t value = 2. “Do you feel satisfied with the work environment you are working presently” (t value = 2.69 and p value =. “Are you satisfied with the safety measures implemented at the terminal” (t value = 2. 018). 003). 031).09 and p value = .59 and p value = 0.08 and p value = . 000). “I have witnessed a major accident in the terminal in the past 5 years” (t value = 4.06 and p value = . Hence it is concluded that the work environment which is provided by the Indian Oil Corporation limited is encouragingly and productivity level also enhanced. It is identified from the above table .012).e. 003).

53 1.2.69 and p value = 0.754 I am working on shift 31-40 Years 13 3.059 Up to 30 Years 15 3. Null Hypothesis 4 There is no significant difference among the age group of the respondents with respect to safety measures implemented at oil treatment with special reference to Indian oil Corporation in Chennai city Table 5.987 implemented in the 41 .53 1.13 1.287 I am provided with safety 31-40 Years 13 3.85 .50 Years 12 3.03).13 1.598 .67 1. All these statements p values are less than 0.101 I am given training on Up to 30 Years 15 3.do first aid in case of emergency” (t value = 2.08 1.302 .235 equipments required 41 .77 1.00 .246 .214 basis 41 .80 1.073 Above 50 Years 10 3.354 Up to 30 Years 15 3.240 .187 2.23 1.50 Years 12 3.10 1.50 1.4 ANOVA test for whether there is any significant difference among the age group of the respondents with respect to safety measures implemented at oil treatment with special reference to Indian oil Corporation in Chennai city Statement Age group N Mean Std.30 1.295 .130 .15 1.135 Up to 30 Years 15 3.038) and “The company has taken extra insurance policies for the risk covered in the terminal while I am working at it” (t value = 1.624 adopted at the work place Above 50 Years 10 3.187 1.072 about the safety measures 31-40 Years 13 3.05 and statistically significant at 5% level.853 terminal Above 50 Years 10 3.50 Years 12 4. F value P value Deviation I am very much aware Up to 30 Years 15 3.50 1.50 Years 12 3.240 within the work place Above 50 Years 10 3.484 .868 regular basis with respect 31-40 Years 13 3.400 .235 safety measures to be 41 .942 . It could be concluded that work environment which is provided by the Indian oil corporations is satisfied the employees.13 1.13 and p value = 0.

113 .50 Years 12 3.60 1.337 Up to 30 Years 15 3.e.70 1. 31-40 Years 13 3.650 I have witnessed a major 31-40 Years 13 3.85 1.179 I am motivated by the non Up to 30 Years 15 3.487 I was able to handle the 31-40 Years 13 3.70 1.772 .42 1.301 first aid in case of 41 .845 1.58 1.422 explicating my courage 10 3.166 monetary awards given by 31-40 Years 13 3.225 .75 1.38 1.506 emergency situation with 41 .287 At the terminal i.58 1.165 emergency Above 50 Years 10 3.967 Are you satisfied with the 41 .242 .084 the past 5 years Above 50 Years 10 3.215 41 .50 Years measures needs to be followed Above 50 Years 10 3.50 Years 12 3.356 1.186 .50 Years 12 3.073 availability of safety 10 3. Up to 30 Years 15 4.54 1.80 1.285 .749 aid kits and trained to do 31-40 Years 13 3.059 Above 50 Years equipments My heads come for Up to 30 Years 15 3.75 1.54 .50 Years 12 2.93 .50 1.291 safety measures 31-40 Years 13 3.301 whether I handle the 41 .10 1.397 .033 1.33 1.884 .187 .879 workplace is constantly 31-40 Years 13 3.30 1.325 posters and other display 13 3.50 Years 12 3.407 .67 1.643 surprise checks to know 31-40 Years 13 3.357 courage and knowledge Above 50 Years 10 2.50 Years 12 3.418 I am provided with first Up to 30 Years 15 3.53 1.506 Up to 30 Years 15 3.90 1.40 1.25 1.101 I can view symbols.00 .50 Years 12 3.261 checked for the 41 .557 implemented at the 41 .551 .405 the company for 41 .135 Above 50 Years and uninterrupted work .325 accident in the terminal in 41 .53 1.215 products safely Above 50 Years 10 3.824 .38 1.31 1. my Up to 30 Years 15 3.23 1.379 terminal Above 50 Years 10 3.231 working hours (8-10 hrs) Above 50 Years 10 3.562 .33 1.38 1.20 1.251 31-40 Years boards inside the premises with respect to the safety 12 3.50 Years 12 3.23 1.73 1.33 1.25 1.398 Are you satisfied with the Up to 30 Years 15 3.

83 1. Hence it is concluded that there is no significant difference among the age group of the respondents with respect to safety measures implemented at oil treatment with special reference to Indian oil Corporation in Chennai city. The p value of “I feel my work place as safe as my home” is 0.552 frequent updates given to 31-40 Years 13 3.234 .953 Above 50 Years 10 3. Therefore the null hypothesis is rejected at 5% level of significant.287 Up to 30 Years 15 3.90 1.47 1.027* I feel my work place as 31-40 Years 13 2.54 1.50 Years 12 3.101 Source: Computed from primary survey Note: *denotes significant at 5% level The above table shows that ANOVA test result for whether there is any significant difference among the age group of the respondents with respect to safety measures implemented at oil treatment with special reference to Indian oil Corporation in Chennai city.50 Years 12 4.50 Years 12 3. All the statements p value except “I feel my work place as safe as my home are great” are great than 0.46 1.50 Years 12 3.87 1.08 1. while I am 10 4.348 0.00 1.246 .47 1.407 .10 1.05. Hence it is concluded .20 1.581 .The company has taken Up to 30 Years 15 2. Therefore the null hypothesis is accepted at 5% level of significant.927 safe as my home 41 .631 extra insurance policies 31-40 Years 13 3.391 you on work place safety 41 .709 .00 .05.846 Do you feel satisfied with 31-40 Years 13 3.443 terminal.46 1.030 measures Above 50 Years 10 3.77 .888 are working presently Above 50 Years 10 3.271 .246 3.247 Above 50 Years working at it Are you satisfied with the Up to 30 Years 15 3.127 the work environment you 41 .67 1.050 for the risk covered in the 41 .67 .549 Up to 30 Years 15 3.027 which is less than 0.

415 0.493.0% 100.2% 26. Chennai.0% 37. P value Low Medium High square value 14 5 18 37 Male 37.0% 1.0% 70.0% 16.05 and statistically insignificant.0% 6 3 4 13 Female 46.0% 100. The chi-square value is 1.5 Chi-Square test for whether there is any association between gender and level of work environment in Indian Oil Corporation.0% 100.0% 100.8% 13. Table 4. Chennai Gender Level of work environment Total Chi.0% 44.0% 100.2% 23.that there is significant difference among the age group of the respondents with respect to Indian oil Corporation in Chennai city.5% 48.493 30.2.1% 30. Chennai highlights the above table. Null Hypothesis 5 There is no association between gender and level of work environment among the respondents in Indian Oil Corporation.0% 62. .8% 100.8% 74. The p value is greater than 0.0% 20 8 22 50 Total 40.415 and corresponding p value is 0.5% 18.5% 81. Hence it is concluded that there is no association between gender and level of work environment in Indian Oil Corporation.6% 100.0% Source: Computed from primary survey Chi-Square test for whether there is any association between gender and level of work environment in Indian Oil Corporation. Chennai.

Null Hypothesis 6 There is no association between Educational qualification and level of work environment among the respondents in Indian Oil Corporation.0% 4 2 3 9 PG 44.3% 57. Chennai highlights the above table.0% 28.0% 13.7% 100.0% 0.0% 12.0% 20. Chennai.3% 100.5 Chi-Square test for whether there is any association between Educational qualification and level of work environment among the respondents in Indian Oil Corporation. P value Qualification Low Medium High square value 2 1 4 7 Up to HSC 28.6% 100. The p value is greater than 0.0% 20 8 22 50 Total 40.6% 14.0% 7 4 5 16 UG 43.0% 35.4% 22. Chennai Educational Level of work environment Total Chi.310.0% 9.0% 22.0% 44.4% 22.0% 100.6% 18.2% 14.0% 50. The chi-square value is 9.396 .1% 100.0% 10.310 Professional 18.0% 12.0% 16.0% 2 1 8 11 9.0% 25. Hence it is concluded that there is no association between .396 and corresponding p value is 0.7% 32.05 and statistically insignificant.0% Source: Computed from primary survey Chi-Square test for whether there is any association between gender and level of work environment in Indian Oil Corporation.2.0% 100.0% 31.2% 33.0% 100. Table 4.1% 72.0% 100.5% 18.2% 9.5% 36.0% 100.3% 100.0% 10.0% 5 0 2 7 Diploma 71.0% 25.8% 25.4% 0.1% 14.

Educational qualification and level of work environment among the respondents in Indian Oil Corporation. . Chennai.