European IPPC Bureau

Industrial Emissions Directive (IED)
Drawing up of the WPC BREF document

WEI Annual Meeting
Utrecht 11-12 September 2014

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European IPPC Bureau

Outline of this presentation

 1 - The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED)

 2 - The 'Sevilla process' / Challenges for the elaboration of BREFs under IED

 3 - Starting the WPC BREF document elaboration

 4 – Useful information and links

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European IPPC Bureau

1 - The Industrial Emissions
Directive (2010/75/EU)

IPPC Directive 2008/1/EC

Large Combustion Plants
(LCP) Directive 2001/80/EC

Waste Incineration
Directive 2000/76/EC

Directive on the limitation
of emissions of VOC from
solvents 1999/13/EC

Directives related to the
titanium dioxide industry Industrial Emissions Directive (IED)
78/176, 82/883 and 92/112 2010/75/EU
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if not feasible. European IPPC Bureau Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED)  Key instrument for minimising consumption and the emissions of industrial activities in Europe  'Successor' of IPPC Directive (merging 7 existing Directives)  Extended scope and provisions on soil and groundwater protection  Strengthened provisions on inspections. reduce pollution • high level of protection for the environment as a whole • permit based on Best Available Techniques (BAT)  Strengthened role of BREFs and BAT  'BAT conclusions’ are secondary legislation 4 . review of permit conditions and reporting on compliance  General framework: • prevent and.

I: Common provisions Ch. transitional and final provisions • Annexes Sectoral « minimum » requirements incl. IV: Special provisions for waste (co-)incineration plants Ch. V: Special provisions for installations and activities using organic solvents Ch. III: Special provisions for combustion plants [> 50 MW] Ch. II: Provisions for all activities listed in Annex I Ch. VI: Special provisions for installations producing TiO2 • Ch. European IPPC Bureau BAT-based Structure of IED permit conditions • Ch. emission limit values 5 . VII: Committee.

degreasing.10.  6. in particular for dressing. 6 . of special interest for WPC sector:  6.Annex I  Wide range of industrial/agro-industrial activities listed in Annex I. (new activity) Preservation of wood and wood products with chemicals with a production capacity exceeding 75 m³ per day other than exclusively treating against sap stain. Surface treatment of substances. coating. European IPPC Bureau Scope of IED . cleaning or impregnating. sizing. painting. objects or products using organic solvents. waterproofing. with an organic solvent consumption capacity of more than 150 kg per hour or more than 200 tonnes per year.7. printing.

European IPPC Bureau Environmental scope of the IED emissions emissions to water to air waste prevention prevention energy & and recovery and control water use of accidents vibration odour noise heat 7 .

special consideration should be given to the criteria listed in Annex III of the IED 8 . maintained. European IPPC Bureau Definition of BAT in the IED Best Most effective in achieving a high general level of protection of the environment as a whole Available Developed on a scale which allows implementation in the relevant industrial sector. built. operated and decommissioned Note: in determining BAT. under economically and technically viable conditions Techniques Both the technology used and the way in which the installation is designed.

information to assess their applicability. consumption levels.75) vote • taking into account opinion of stakeholder forum on BREF • 9 . emission levels associated with BAT. monitoring. relevant site remediation measures  new Adoption of BAT conclusions by Commission =>Commission Implementing Decision • after Committee (Art. where appropriate. and. European IPPC Bureau 'BAT Conclusions'  Part of BREF laying down conclusions on: • BATs. their description.

emissions do not exceed BAT- associated emission levels (BAT-AELs)  Derogation from BAT-AELs is only allowed in specific and justified cases  Need to demonstrate that costs are disproportionately higher than benefits due to local/installation-specific situations  Member States report to the public/Commission on use of derogations 10 . under normal operating conditions. European IPPC Bureau Role of BAT conclusions in IED permitting  BAT conclusions are the reference for setting permit conditions  Permits to contain emission limit values (ELVs) to ensure that.

updated to ensure compliance with this Directive [the IED]. European IPPC Bureau Reconsidering / updating permit conditions IED Article 21 • "Within four years of publication of decisions on BAT conclusions in accordance with Article 13(5) relating to the main activity of an installation." * New installations: BAT conclusions to be used as reference when issuing permit 11 . (b) the installation complies with those permit conditions. • The reconsideration shall take into account all the new or updated BAT conclusions applicable to the installation and adopted since the permit was granted or last reconsidered. the competent authority shall ensure that: (a) all the permit conditions for the installation concerned are reconsidered and. if necessary.

The Sevilla process 12 . European IPPC Bureau 2 .

associated monitoring. etc. industries concerned. non-governmental organisations and the Commission. • the techniques used. • best available techniques and emerging techniques identified after considering all the issues concerned 13 . etc. addressing: • the performance of installations and techniques in terms of emissions and consumptions. economic and technical viability. European IPPC Bureau What is the 'Sevilla process'?  A complex consensus-building exchange of information with numerous stakeholders and underpinned by sound techno- economic information that has been enshrined into law by:  Commission Implementing Decision 2012/119/EU  Legal basis for the exchange of information on BAT is Article 13(1) of the Industrial Emissions Directive • ‘the Commission shall organise an exchange of information’ • between Member States.

environmental NGOs • nominate in TWGs European IPPC Bureau (EIPPCB) • formal opinion on BREFs GLS WPC SA (Glass) (Slaughterhouses BREF authors team: (Wood Preservation ) and • lead TWGs Animal by-products) • Industry • Industry • validate/check information • Industry • Member States • Member States • draft BREFs • Member States • NGOs • NGOs • present BREF to Forum • NGOs • Commission • Commission • Commission TWG members: • research information 35 Technical Working Groups (TWGs) • peer review draft BREFs 14 . European IPPC Bureau Exchange of information on BAT: actors Members of the Committee: EU Member States Committee (IED Article 75) • vote the BAT conclusions ‘Forum’ (IED Article 13) lead by the Commission: Forum members: • guidance to COM industry. Member States.

European IPPC Bureau The ‘Sevilla process’ Commission TWG Activation Implementing Decision Initial positions TWG Total duration kick-off meeting Bulk of info. questionnaires) Draft 1 (D1) TWG Comments Draft 2 (D2) Adoption of BAT optional conclusions Art 13 Forum through the IED opinion Art. needed (incl. 75 Committee Final TWG meeting Final draft BREF BAT conclusions 24 – 29 months (without D2) BAT 29 – 39 months (with D2) conclu- sions 15 .

European IPPC Bureau Challenges of BREF elaboration under IED  Timing • BAT conclusions are prerequisite for the updating of IPPC permits • Crucial for implementation of the IED. need to speed up  Resources of stakeholders • Limited resources / personnel (incl. which may not be readily available 16 . monitoring. applicability. costs). EIPPCB)  Data quality • Increased importance of BATc / BAT-AEL requires the acquisition of better and more data (contextual information.

industry) • readiness to provide input (especially plant specific data) in format and quality as required 17 . European IPPC Bureau General strategy to shorten the time to delivery  Adopt a more focused approach • shorter BREFs • focus on BAT conclusions and target key environmental issues  Anticipate and prepare input • anticipation of the structure of the BAT and identification of the data needs are crucial to devise appropriate questionnaires  Increased participation of TWG Members (shadow groups.

European IPPC Bureau Exchange of information on BAT: BREFs Standard BREF structure: • Preface • General information about the sector …… Chapter 1 • Process/techniques used……………………… Chapter 2 • Consumption and emission levels………… Chapter 3 • Candidate BAT …………………………………… Chapter 4 • BAT conclusions ………………………………… Chapter 5 • Emerging techniques…………………………… Chapter 6 • Concluding remarks and recommendation 200 to 1000 for future works (including suggestions for R&D) pages 18 .

inclusion or exclusion of other than normal operating conditions.g. European IPPC Bureau Chapter 3/Current emission and consumption levels  Range of currently observed emission and consumption levels for the overall process and sub-processes  Data presenting the whole sector  Qualified as far as possible with details on operating conditions (e. reference conditions) 19 . percentage of full capacity.

European IPPC Bureau Chapter 4 / Candidate BAT  10 heading structure • Description • Technical description • Achieved environmental benefits • Environmental performance and operational data • Cross-media effects • Technical considerations relevant to applicability • Economics • Driving force for implementation • Example plants • Reference literature 20 .

energy and amounts of residues/wastes generated  Accompanied by the relevant contextual information  Details of relevant operating conditions  Emission monitoring issues related to the use of technique  Key for deriving environmental performance levels associated with BAT  Data collection step is crucial for determining BAT 21 . water. European IPPC Bureau Environmental performance and operational data  Actual plant-specific performance data from well- performing plants  Emission levels. consumption levels of raw materials.

relevant contextual/ operational information on installation level  Pre-selection of well-performing plants/installations willing to participate  Member State representatives sending/ collecting questionnaires from operators (providing preliminary quality check) 22 . reliable. European IPPC Bureau Data collection for determining BAT  The information on key environmental issues is obtained through sector-specific questionnaires • representative. real-life data.

For existing installations: 20 – 30 mg C/Nm3 as a daily average under reference conditions xx. Technique Description Applicability a aa [description] new plants b bb existing plants c cc The BAT-AELs for VOCs are: .For new installations: 10 – 20 mg C/Nm3 as a daily average under reference conditions xx. … 23 . BAT is to use one or a combination of the techniques given below. In order to reduce VOC emissions from process AA. … . European IPPC Bureau Individual BAT conclusion (standard format) x. yy. yy.

This performance level is not an emission level associated with the Best Available Techniques in the sense of Article 3(13) of the Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU). In order to reduce the generation and the pollution load of waste water from wood storage and preparation. BAT is to use a combination of the techniques given below.1.1) required with TCF bleaching Handling of wood logs in such a way as to avoid the b Generally applicable contamination of bark and wood with sand and stones Paving of the wood yard area and particularly the surfaces Applicability may be restricted due to the size of the wood c used for the storage of chips yard and storage area Controlling the flow of sprinkling water and minimising d Generally applicable surface run-off water from the wood yard Collecting of contaminated run-off water from the wood Applicability may be restricted by the degree of e yard and separating out suspended solids effluent before contamination of run-off water (low concentration) and/or biological treatment the size of the waste water treatment plant (large volumes) The BAT-associated effluent flow from dry debarking is 0.5 m3/ADt.2. European IPPC Bureau BAT conclusion (real example with AEPL) 8. 24 .3 Water and waste water management 4.5 – 2.7. Technique Applicability Restricted applicability when high purity and brightness is a Dry debarking (description see Section 8.

including representatives from institutions/ associations who are not directly represented in the TWG (e. competent authorities. representatives of industrial installations)  The applicability of the identified BAT and any potential restrictions need to be carefully assessed  A transparent exchange of information needs to be ensured  BAT conclusions are based on clear facts and sound techno-economic information 25 . European IPPC Bureau Conditions to reach useful BAT conclusions  All stakeholders should contribute to the exchange of information. equipment suppliers.g.

European IPPC Bureau 3 – Starting the Wood and Wood Products Preservation with Chemicals (WPC) BREF document elaboration 26 .

1 Activation of the TWG 4/07/2014 Nominations of Deadline was 1/09/2014 0.2 TWG members (64 TWG members) 27 . European IPPC Bureau The steps completed so far Step BREF review WPC BREF drafting – milestones time frame EIPPCB letter dated 0.

1st quarter 1. European IPPC Bureau … the next major steps Step BREF review milestones WPC BREF drafting time frame Call for expression of initial 0. Kick-off meeting (KoM) 2015 1. Draft BREF document (D1) 3.3 positions Est. Final TWG meeting Around mid-2017 Adoption and publication in 2018 the OJ 28 .1 Data collection 2.

European IPPC Bureau What can TWG members/WPC industry do to prepare for the elaboration of the WPC BREF?  Become familiar with the BREF 'Guidance' (2012/119/EU)  Look at recently adopted BAT conclusions (e. to fulfil content/format requirements and ensure clear. Chlor-Alkali. Pulp. Refining of Mineral Oil and Gas.g. Paper and Board. Lime and MgO)  Identify key environmental issues for WPC/WPC sub-sectors and the techniques (candidate BAT) most relevant to address these  Be prepared to provide the necessary information on the candidates (following '10 heading' concept)  Identify well-performing plants that will participate in the collection of plant-specific information/data (questionnaires)  Have potential BAT conclusions for WPC sector in mind and ensure the necessary information is submitted. complete and consistent BATc 29 . Cement. precise.

European IPPC Bureau 4 – Useful information and links 30 .

htm 31 .do?uri=OJ:L:2012:063:0001:0039:EN:PDF  Guidance on Interpretation and Implementation of the IPPC Directive (DG ENV) http://ec.jrc.europa.europa.ec.europa.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:334:0017:0119:en:PDF  "Guidance" .eu/environment/industry/stationary/ippc/general_guidance.eu/  Industrial Emissions Directive(IED) http://eur-lex.europa.Commission Implementing Decision 2012/119/EU http://eur-lex.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ. European IPPC Bureau Useful information and links  European IPPC Bureau (EIPPCB) http://eippcb.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.

European IPPC Bureau Edificio EXPO.europa.klein@ec.jrc. C/ Inca Garcilaso. European IPPC Bureau Thank you for your attention Contact: • European Commission Joint Research Centre. E-41092 Sevilla/Spain • WPC functional mailbox address: JRC-IPTS-EIPPCB-WPC@ec.chronopoulos@ec. 3.eu/ 32 .europa.eu • Tel: +34 954 488 391 (Gabriela) gabriele.europa. Institute for Prospective Technological Studies • Sustainable Production and Consumption Unit.eu http://eippcb.europa.eu +34 954 488 467 (Georgios) georgios.ec.