Submitted To

Dr. Abdul Basit

Submitted By:
Liaqat Ali


Quarter 2008

8th September,

Instructors Remarks:

” This definition can be further elaborated by the diagram below. Communicator / Sender / Encoder 3. Goals / Context 2. It is the basic of communication process. Middle management and employees is to maximize the profits so all the communication will be in context of maximum profit.Question 1: Define Communication & Explain its main points. Answer: Communication can be defined as “The process of sharing information between sender and receiver through a medium under the constraint of social environment by which that information produces response. Goals / Context: Goals or context can be elaborated as the basic or generating factor (father) of any communication. For example in organization the goal of top management. Social Environment 1. 2. If the goal of communicator & Audience is same then the chances of a successful communication will be brighter & vice versa. Message 4. Communicator / Sender / Encoder: With the words like communicator / Sender / Encoder we are referring to that individual who is the 2 . Audience / Receiver / Decoder 6. Goals Message Communicator Audience Response Social Environment Communication Process & its Components According to the above definition & model we have seven main points (components) of communication which are as below 1. Response / Feed back 7. Medium / Source / Channel 5.

He can write or speak depending on weather the message is written or oral. Response / Feed back: Response / Feed back can be a written or oral message. Message: Message it is the idea or concept that the communicator want to convey to his audience. graphics or pictures) to convey the message to the receiver and to get response. 3. 4. graphics or pictures) used. 6. For Example The difference in designations of employees of same office certainly have it’s affect on their interoffice 3 . any type of action or it can simply be in the form of silence depending upon the understanding of the symbols (words. He also works hard for the selection of proper symbols (words. It is influential on both verbal & non verbal communications. For Example A sales manager (communicator / Sender / Encoder) have to search for proper writing style along with the latest sales figures and prepare graphs to convince the top management that sales in the current year are higher as compared to last year.communication starter. Audience / Receiver / Decoder: The audience / receiver or decoder is the one who is the reader or listener of any message. Social Environment: By this we mean that the surroundings in sense of tangible and intangible items effecting communication process directly or indirectly. Communicators always need proper feedback in order to determine the effectiveness of their messages. A message can have either one or more receivers depending on the nature of messages. Medium / Source / Channel: The selection of medium / source / channel is purely dependent on the type of your message along with in which context it is to be conveyed the choices can be verbal (oral or spoken) or nonverbal (written or unspoken) or both depending upon the nature of communication in reference with the receiver. The communicator must be very clear about the basic concept along with the other information he / she want to communicate. 7. 5. For example A top level management figure can even communicate orally some of crucial decisions to his subordinates using harsh words but a low level employee should always think about selection of his words and formation of his sentences while communicating an unfavorable message to his seniors. It can either be desirable or undesired depending upon the perception of receiver.

~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~ 4 .communications but outside office premises somewhere at some recreational spot this influence will be minimized.

The field of study concerned with the transmission of information by various means. Answer: Below are ten definitions of Communications along with there complete reference. Source: http://en. 2008 at 1:21 AM Definition 5: Communication can be defined as a.g. or using a common system of signs or behavior Source: http://encarta. questioning.) Source: Software Word Web Pro Version. and evaluating. The art and technique of using words effectively to impart information or ideas. This process requires a vast repertoire of skills in intrapersonal and interpersonal processing. Accessed On: Thursday September 4.5. such as print or broadcasting. Definition 1: The discipline that studies the principles of transmitting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.html Accessed on: Thursday September 4. b. observing. speaking. 5 .org/wiki/Communication Accessed On: Thursday September 4. 2008 at 1:16 AM Definition 3: Communication is the process of conveying information from a sender to a receiver with the use of a medium in which the communicated information is understood the same way by both sender and receiver. analyzing.Question 2: Give 10 definitions of Communications with reference. writing. by means of speaking. Source: http://en. listening.msn.wikipedia.0 Definition 2: Communication is the exchange of information between people. 2008 at 1:19 AM Definition 4: Communication is defined as a process by which we assign and convey meaning in an attempt to create shared understanding.wikipedia. It is a process that allows organisms to exchange information by several methods.

Source: http://dictionary. It may be conducted informally through a grapevine or formally by means of letters. Source: reports. Communication is essential to the effective operation of an organization.c. Accessed On: Thursday September 4. or coordinating such as advertising. written. or journalism. Source: http://www. in which participants not only exchange (encode-decode) information but also create and share meaning.thefreedictionary. channel and message. 2008 at 1:40 AM Definition 6: Communication is the exchange of messages conveying information. attitudes. 2008 at 2:05 AM Definition 10: Communication is the acceptance of the sender's message by the receiver. receiver. emotions.bnet. Source: http://www. broadcasting. ideas. Originator. or instructions between individuals or groups with the objective of creating. the goal of communications is not achieved Source: http://yedda. but fails to act.html Accessed On: Thursday September 4. 2008 at 1:53 AM Definition 8: Communication is the combinations of four elements i. and meetings. If the receiver understands the meaning of a message which asks for 6 . Communication is the process of transmission of information of an originator to a receiver by means of the use of a message that it goes from one to another across a channel Source: http://www.htm Accessed On: Thursday September 4. 2008 at 1:58 AM Definition 9: Two-way process of reaching mutual understanding.merriam-webster. and visual Accessed On: Thursday September 4.businessdictionary. communication. Any of various professions involved with the transmission of information. 2008 at 1:47 AM Definition 7: Communication is an act or instance of transmitting a verbal or written message. Communication may be verbal or nonverbal and include spoken. briefings.html Accessed On: Thursday September 4.mind-graph.

2008 at 2:15 AM *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~ 7 .Response Accessed On: Thursday September 4.