Military expenditure by country, in constant (2010) US$ m.

, 1988-2011
Country 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2011 curre % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP, % of GDP,
Africa
North Africa
Algeria 672 657 702 718 1202 1292 1572 1523 1734 2086 2206 2329 2702 2958 3022 2957 3364 3521 3609 4235 4934 5359 5671 8170 8665 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.2 2.1 2.5 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.3 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.9 3.0 3.8 3.6
Libya .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 475 536 414 443 433 557 693 905 892 785 738 1116 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.1 5.3 3.8 3.1 2.7 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.2 . . ..
Morocco 1734 1877 1841 1933 1918 2024 2078 1913 1908 1999 2022 1674 1297 2346 2232 2364 2298 2385 2408 2479 2766 2953 3161 3186 3342 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.6 3.0 2.3 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5
Tunisia 347 358 329 337 339 352 365 370 426 421 429 425 444 461 457 475 484 521 542 498 539 556 563 583 614 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Sub-Saharan
Angola .. .. .. 152 133 2133 . . 1000 749 1200 370 4732 2192 1321 1354 1788 1702 2411 2832 2484 3363 3272 3501 3281 3647 . . .. .. 3.8 5.7 17.5 5.7 4.6 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3 6.4 4.5 3.8 4.8 4.1 4.5 4.4 3.4 3.7 4.3 4.2
Benin 68.9 52.4 50.8 . . .. .. .. .. .. . . .. 31.5 28.4 25.5 46.8 51.1 55.7 59.1 59.1 . . 64.0 .. .. .. .. 2.3 1.9 1.7 . . .. .. .. .. .. . . .. 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 . . 1.0 .. ..
Botswana 193 209 263 282 262 274 252 230 212 244 299 285 315 385 411 396 366 332 327 361 386 372 352 344 371 4.9 3.6 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.9 4.0 3.5 2.9 3.1 3.4 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.4
Burkina Faso 57.0 71.9 78.2 65.1 63.5 57.5 45.3 46.1 44.8 43.3 51.0 56.9 57.9 57.1 62.0 63.0 74.9 78.2 84.2 104 113 104 124 129 139 1.9 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3
Burundi 44.5 49.8 52.5 55.1 56.7 56.0 58.7 48.9 56.6 61.1 65.5 68.7 59.1 78.4 75.1 78.3 74.4 71.1 59.3 59.7 49.9 .. .. .. .. 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.9 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3 6.0 8.0 7.2 7.3 6.6 6.2 4.9 4.7 3.8 .. ..
Cameroon 197 204 211 216 209 211 173 171 173 192 217 235 228 227 246 264 281 277 301 316 327 331 354 321 347 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Cape Verde 10.6 . . .. .. 5.4 4.6 5.7 8.9 6.2 6.2 6.9 7.7 12.4 8.4 7.7 8.1 8.4 8.9 8.5 8.5 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.8 9.7 1.9 . . .. .. 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Central African Rep. .. .. .. 25.4 25.9 23.6 20.7 19.0 17.6 . . .. .. .. .. 19.5 22.0 20.5 20.3 . . 21.2 29.9 34.8 51.6 . . .. .. .. .. 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 . . .. .. .. .. 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 . . 1.1 1.6 1.8 2.6
Chad .. .. .. .. .. 69.4 54.7 40.6 46.1 33.4 31.5 46.4 52.6 55.9 56.5 57.3 67.9 69.0 . . 447 595 406 226 226 242 . . .. .. .. .. 3.3 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.1 0.9 . . 5.5 7.1 6.2 2.7
Congo .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. 81.2 96.1 107 108 110 108 122 141 .. 134 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.1 .. 1.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 109 89.5 26.9 98.1 72.9 . . .. 124 206 242 263 248 178 135 184 211 239 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2 1.0 . . .. 1.4 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.4 1.0 1.3
Côte d’Ivoire 185 199 190 194 190 188 166 . . 159 159 . . .. .. .. .. 300 317 303 314 342 343 407 388 325 357 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.1 . . 0.9 0.8 . . .. .. .. .. 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6
Djibouti 70.0 68.0 63.2 60.4 61.8 54.7 50.8 46.7 37.3 39.4 38.8 38.8 37.1 36.5 46.3 57.1 49.5 57.6 61.5 40.8 38.3 .. .. .. .. 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.1 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.9 6.0 7.2 5.6 6.3 6.4 4.1 3.7 .. ..
Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.1 7.7 . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.9 2.1 . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. ..
Eritrea xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 379 272 427 486 307 857 908 756 559 534 522 . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 21.3 12.7 19.5 20.3 11.9 32.5 34.4 32.7 22.1 20.7 20.9 . . .. . . .. .. .. ..
Ethiopia 563 664 634 315 186 206 190 160 180 330 695 1102 994 632 520 427 464 459 414 380 303 300 298 286 328 8.1 9.6 8.5 5.3 2.7 2.9 2.4 2.0 1.8 3.4 6.7 8.4 7.5 4.4 3.4 2.8 2.5 2.3 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9
Gabon .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. 161 160 160 149 153 137 134 130 . . .. 125 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.0 . . .. 0.9
Gambia 1.9 2.5 2.9 3.4 2.8 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.9 3.2 3.1 2.8 3.0 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.7 3.8 3.4 4.6 . . .. .. .. .. 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 . . .. . . .. .. 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 . . .. ..
Ghana 25.6 27.1 29.1 41.7 45.3 53.0 57.7 58.8 49.6 49.7 61.8 65.5 91.7 57.7 63.5 79.0 77.0 76.8 82.6 127 111 123 125 96.0 97.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Guinea .. .. .. 66.8 56.0 43.7 44.8 . . .. 43.8 47.8 62.8 61.7 125 137 107 98.8 . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.4 1.7 1.3 1.4 . . .. 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.5 2.9 3.1 2.4 2.2 . . . . .. .. .. ..
Guinea-Bissau .. 7.2 . . .. .. .. 3.9 4.1 3.4 3.1 4.8 . . 17.5 11.3 10.7 10.9 . . 15.3 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 . . .. .. .. 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.4 . . 4.4 3.1 3.2 1.6 . . 2.1 . . .. .. .. ..
Kenya 853 798 829 646 475 397 330 382 447 425 400 389 418 481 518 523 516 544 538 602 575 589 603 507 516 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.4 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Lesotho 28.7 38.5 36.4 30.9 25.4 23.3 27.7 34.4 30.8 . . .. 59.6 57.2 60.1 45.9 43.2 40.3 41.1 43.3 47.1 34.3 56.8 70.7 53.9 57.0 3.8 4.9 4.5 3.8 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.7 3.0 2.8 3.4 4.3 4.0 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.7 2.7 3.1
Liberia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.1 4.3 10.6 4.9 4.1 4.0 7.4 8.5 . . .. 2.4 . . 3.7 7.2 10.1 19.0 29.7 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.7 1.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.9
Madagascar 65.6 63.0 65.9 68.2 40.3 61.5 51.7 47.6 68.8 87.7 84.7 79.5 80.2 101 79.9 92.1 91.7 82.2 79.3 95.5 100 72.6 56.9 63.8 72.0 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.7
Malawi 20.6 22.3 21.0 18.7 20.7 21.0 20.5 12.7 16.8 21.7 17.3 16.9 14.3 15.3 16.6 17.0 28.6 41.7 47.7 49.0 . . .. .. .. .. 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.2 1.1 . . .. ..
Mali 54.8 56.3 54.1 . . .. 67.2 72.1 77.1 72.7 84.2 83.3 94.2 109 110 109 125 136 148 159 172 161 168 177 180 194 2.2 2.1 2.0 . . .. 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mauritania 47.7 42.1 39.6 37.4 36.1 35.0 33.7 36.0 43.1 50.0 35.4 47.1 61.7 86.3 61.8 97.9 101 85.3 99.7 . . 116 116 . . .. .. 4.5 4.0 3.8 3.6 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.6 3.0 2.1 2.7 3.5 4.6 3.2 4.9 4.9 3.7 3.0 . . 3.4 3.8 . .
Mauritius 8.8 11.9 14.9 16.7 17.3 16.7 17.5 18.1 16.9 14.0 12.9 13.6 14.0 14.2 14.5 14.9 14.1 14.3 14.0 13.7 15.0 . . 14.4 8.8 10.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 . . 0.1
Mozambique 72.4 90.9 82.5 81.3 81.4 87.8 103 45.7 41.5 46.1 54.7 65.7 68.0 77.6 80.3 79.4 86.9 66.4 59.6 67.0 69.7 76.9 . . .. .. 5.3 5.9 5.9 2.6 3.0 2.9 3.3 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 . .
Namibia xxx xxx 353 246 185 110 87.8 97.7 104 129 138 188 171 203 203 200 212 235 247 275 341 362 397 403 427 xxx xxx 8.1 5.6 4.3 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.3 3.1 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.8 3.9
Niger .. .. .. .. .. .. 32.8 28.1 25.8 28.5 35.1 40.1 38.4 47.0 36.2 36.6 42.6 40.9 . . . . 51.0 . . 47.2 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.0 . . . . 1.0 . . 0.9
Nigeria 543 369 609 584 502 679 476 549 465 501 639 1081 835 1189 1795 1105 1077 951 991 1151 1616 1695 1990 2215 2410 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.8 1.3 1.5 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0
Rwanda 41.2 48.5 111 154 126 122 33.1 70.6 100 92.3 101 103 87.6 89.7 84.6 78.9 68.9 66.6 73.4 68.0 71.6 75.1 74.5 74.0 75.4 1.6 1.8 3.7 5.5 4.3 4.5 3.4 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4 3.5 3.4 3.0 2.4 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Senegal 111 114 117 113 110 130 106 108 106 106 112 121 111 122 122 133 134 152 176 198 196 201 200 . . .. 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Seychelles 15.2 16.8 17.4 18.9 21.9 13.8 12.2 11.2 10.8 11.7 11.0 11.1 10.4 10.8 10.6 10.6 13.5 12.4 12.2 14.8 11.2 9.5 8.9 9.4 9.3 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.3
Sierra Leone 7.8 12.2 13.7 23.7 30.1 32.3 30.6 29.5 21.7 10.3 . . .. 29.8 35.5 35.3 38.5 31.3 30.6 34.4 32.4 22.5 26.3 24.7 23.9 26.0 0.7 1.0 1.4 2.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.0 1.1 . . .. 3.7 2.6 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.2
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . .. .. ..
South Africa 6335 6248 6157 5200 4226 4061 4411 3924 3736 3212 2966 2750 3293 3702 3982 4165 4202 4576 4565 4611 4566 4763 4631 4827 5108 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
South Sudan xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx . . . . .. .. .. .. 597 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx . . . . .. .. ..
Sudan 847 . . 722 571 494 567 420 588 297 235 680 1218 1585 996 1152 881 2507 2049 2248 . . .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 . . 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.6 2.8 2.3 1.3 1.0 2.4 4.0 4.5 2.5 2.7 1.9 4.7 3.3 3.4 . . .. .. ..
Swaziland 16.1 19.0 25.1 27.1 34.1 39.4 40.9 41.6 42.6 41.3 45.9 48.1 46.1 43.4 44.2 51.5 56.8 74.4 74.0 75.3 84.5 122 124 115 123 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 3.2 3.0
Tanzania 100 171 142 154 153 101 94.2 122 120 128 140 139 148 172 169 153 156 168 184 193 196 218 250 253 255 1.4 2.4 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Togo 65.4 68.6 70.3 65.6 65.0 71.7 51.2 48.0 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. 42.2 42.1 41.2 . . . . 53.5 . . 56.8 54.6 59.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.9 4.0 2.6 2.0 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.6 1.5 1.5 . . . . 1.7 . . 1.7
Uganda 69.3 88.7 98.0 90.0 75.6 95.2 118 134 143 142 179 205 199 201 215 232 265 266 257 289 336 305 280 247 253 2.5 2.7 3.0 2.5 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.2 1.9 1.6
Zambia 317 460 406 271 308 150 176 148 98.9 99.2 . . 148 . . .. .. .. 202 218 238 172 287 242 276 285 306 2.4 4.2 3.7 2.6 3.0 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.1 . . 1.8 . . .. .. .. 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.3 2.0 1.7 1.7
Zimbabwe SEE FOO 198 199 201 191 153 136 876 739 142 150 . . 211 207 120 118 92.4 196 132 107 . . .. .. 98.3 147 153 5.0 4.6 4.4 3.8 3.7 3.4 20.2 19.1 3.2 3.4 . . 4.4 4.7 2.2 2.2 2.5 5.5 2.3 2.1 1.8 . . .. 1.3
Americas
Central America and
Belize 4.9 6.8 7.3 7.1 7.7 8.8 11.1 10.9 10.2 11.9 . . 7.8 9.1 9.5 9.7 10.3 11.1 12.1 13.3 14.6 18.7 17.4 15.3 15.4 15.7 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.4 . . 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.1
Costa Rica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cuba .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. 55.5 57.4 72.2 74.7 82.6 88.3 91.8 . . .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Dominican Rep. 141 117 93.6 67.2 121 173 175 134 163 220 237 257 345 406 376 280 248 307 296 296 340 334 359 325 341 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
El Salvador 552 529 491 466 418 340 296 273 249 239 232 235 237 258 270 215 201 202 211 218 214 218 224 211 222 7.7 7.6 4.2 3.5 3.0 2.4 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Guatemala 349 349 343 261 314 287 302 291 243 228 238 232 293 344 255 277 166 134 156 154 165 155 170 182 200 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Haiti 7.5 8.0 7.9 8.1 7.3 7.0 5.7 7.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Honduras .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. 85.6 97.7 97.3 123 88.2 86.7 99.5 118 146 164 170 170 185 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1
Jamaica .. 51.1 61.2 56.4 89.2 74.9 56.5 69.4 73.5 82.4 67.7 64.7 63.5 67.6 81.6 85.0 78.9 75.7 90.1 99.8 135 130 106 . . .. . . 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8
Mexico 2284 2421 2513 2650 2941 3139 3947 3297 3500 3507 3617 3805 3928 3887 3759 3747 3610 3880 4221 4766 4772 5304 5414 5723 6022 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nicaragua .. .. 93.5 77.5 51.9 43.8 44.5 44.5 40.1 39.4 33.9 34.9 40.0 36.4 46.2 47.2 42.4 48.7 49.6 50.7 43.4 46.7 44.4 53.2 54.7 . . .. 67.5 4.0 2.6 2.1 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7
Panama 150 149 106 112 111 133 139 132 137 157 138 146 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.1 2.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Trinidad & Tobago .. .. .. .. .. 12.3 47.5 53.4 . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.4 0.5 . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
North America
Canada 19339 19242 19224 17753 17557 17513 17255 16267 14934 13768 14248 14857 14618 14999 15078 15354 15935 16636 17410 18980 20454 21389 23109 23082 24659 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
USA 540415 534906 510998 448806 474215 449281 421917 399043 377342 375375 366918 367822 382061 385142 432452 492200 536459 562039 570769 585749 629095 679574 698281 689591 711421 5.7 5.5 5.3 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.8 4.8
South America
Argentina 4397 3580 2428 2436 2306 2175 2471 2422 2149 2113 2130 2195 2091 2060 1756 1808 1861 1955 2015 2333 2650 3146 3476 3167 3295 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9
Bolivia .. 174 236 230 220 172 212 209 205 249 307 245 244 274 256 286 276 267 270 300 358 355 328 316 352 . . 2.2 2.8 2.7 2.5 1.9 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.7 2.0 2.0 1.7
Brazil 19902 20764 46543 14078 11083 15228 18130 20384 18956 18826 20236 20730 22455 26005 26477 21101 21917 23677 24772 27067 29125 31244 34384 31576 35360 2.1 2.7 6.3 2.0 1.5 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Chile 2913 2581 2651 2732 2829 2898 2931 3003 3117 3390 3616 3977 4150 4298 4298 4324 4971 5350 5993 6083 6359 5901 6579 7392 8040 5.0 4.2 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.2
Colombia 2177 2439 2505 2480 2832 3648 3811 4449 6897 4434 5297 5636 5720 6291 6606 6939 7406 7541 7973 8458 9997 10503 10422 10290 10957 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.4 3.7 2.3 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.6
Ecuador 420 448 476 483 447 555 505 741 621 709 781 598 582 610 713 967 904 1187 1147 1546 1792 2018 2094 2209 2308 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.6 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.4 1.8 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.6 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.9 3.0 3.7 3.6
Guyana 3.7 5.3 5.9 4.7 7.3 8.0 9.7 9.2 8.3 . . .. .. 16.7 19.1 20.8 20.1 19.9 21.0 20.5 24.0 27.3 29.1 28.8 28.3 29.9 2.0 1.2 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 . . .. .. 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.1
Paraguay .. 119 121 166 163 122 122 139 126 153 142 128 124 112 108 96.9 115 103 116 119 122 135 154 206 250 . . 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9
Peru .. 186 50.7 682 1016 1155 1196 1406 1356 1633 1625 1577 1488 1397 1305 1323 1402 1552 1598 1533 1501 1853 1958 1978 2098 . . 0.2 0.1 1.2 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.3
Uruguay 833 918 897 627 762 735 699 719 773 764 762 782 780 766 706 631 612 625 646 621 708 781 788 803 902 3.2 3.5 3.5 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0
Venezuela .. .. .. 4435 4099 5114 3751 3603 2602 4267 3316 2881 3534 3573 2624 2555 3622 4892 6454 5388 5969 4314 3363 3115 2385 . . .. .. 1.8 1.6 2.1 1.6 1.5 1.0 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.9
Asia & Oceania
Central Asia
Kazakhstan xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 542 348 359 387 362 359 300 315 463 507 600 686 865 1012 1523 1446 1364 1502 1648 1794 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1
Kyrgyzstan xxx xxx xxx xxx 75.6 42.9 58.0 72.6 68.9 76.2 65.9 66.8 82.8 72.0 83.6 95.1 102 113 124 150 161 166 202 . . .. xxx xxx xxx xxx 1.6 1.5 2.6 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.3 2.7 2.9 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.4
Tajikistan xxx xxx xxx xxx 34.9 126 47.3 13.6 14.6 21.0 24.0 20.1 17.4 17.2 36.7 47.5 55.8 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx 0.3 3.5 1.7 1.1 1.3 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 . . .. .. .. .. ..
Turkmenistan xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. 74.6 66.4 63.9 96.7 82.0 88.7 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. 1.8 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Uzbekistan xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. 52.9 44.3 59.2 68.7 . . 105 90.4 77.9 66.3 70.7 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.4 . . 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.5 . . .. .. .. .. .. ..
East Asia
Brunei 349 348 394 392 374 331 342 327 366 426 384 343 325 299 318 332 262 318 357 370 381 374 391 373 414 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.2 5.7 6.0 5.5 6.2 7.2 7.5 6.1 5.7 5.2 5.3 3.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 3.3 3.2
Cambodia 65.7 76.9 82.3 70.9 103 72.9 150 167 154 146 130 135 125 114 104 105 102 102 109 115 108 208 175 177 192 1.3 2.0 2.1 2.3 3.1 1.8 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.9 1.6
China, P. R. .. 16600 17943 18860 22919 21233 20308 20875 23016 23842 27070 31191 33496 41176 47829 51955 57542 64726 76065 87730 96663 116666 121064 129272 142859 . . 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1
Indonesia 1405 1442 1592 1620 1744 1675 1851 1948 2117 2292 1919 1656 . . 1762 2866 3736 3841 3336 3387 4073 3800 3971 4663 5220 5709 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 . . 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
Japan 46447 48022 49421 50542 51768 52342 52595 53120 54192 54433 54288 54385 54785 55376 55938 56053 55541 55330 54637 53885 53159 54339 54641 54529 59327 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Korea, North .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Korea, South 13262 13667 13881 14321 15154 15850 16315 17161 18087 18524 17883 17397 18465 18998 19521 20185 21072 22791 23622 24689 26297 27708 27572 28280 30799 4.5 4.4 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.7
Laos .. .. .. .. 195 191 194 173 124 104 79.1 34.6 26.9 26.1 24.3 21.0 19.9 19.3 19.5 19.3 19.3 15.3 16.3 . . .. .. .. .. .. 8.6 7.9 7.4 6.1 4.1 3.5 2.6 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Malaysia 1293 1549 1664 2265 2251 2392 2592 2756 2650 2490 1830 2476 2248 2797 3178 4052 3910 4183 4094 4571 4674 4413 3859 4223 4587 2.4 2.6 2.6 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.6
Mongolia .. .. 122 83.1 36.6 34.8 30.3 42.7 36.1 33.0 34.2 35.0 44.4 40.6 44.5 42.1 45.8 44.4 54.4 71.4 67.1 43.9 54.9 69.5 81.4 6.3 6.3 4.3 3.2 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.1
Myanmar .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 3.0 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0 2.3 1.8 1.3 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Philippines 1959 1871 1850 1694 1711 1850 1974 2199 2305 2059 2032 2006 2120 1973 2071 2282 2127 2145 2202 2414 2391 2322 2438 2225 2417 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Singapore 2622 2904 3332 3447 3665 3781 3908 4681 5128 5755 6517 6639 6421 6574 6931 6999 7132 7576 7640 7935 7998 8264 8323 8302 9475 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.6 5.4 5.3 4.6 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.0 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.7
Taiwan 8474 9294 9803 10074 10189 11552 11423 10325 10413 10810 10538 9077 8420 8590 7829 8293 8680 8300 7824 8380 8932 9500 9067 8888 9717 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.4 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.3 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.1
Thailand 3170 3260 3693 3778 4331 4279 4642 4816 4818 4468 3630 3144 2948 3070 3079 3131 2825 2846 2966 3908 4600 5485 4846 5114 5521 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.9 1.5
Timor Leste xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 4.5 11.1 22.1 27.8 25.4 39.0 30.8 24.3 27.3 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 1.1 2.5 5.2 6.6 5.3 6.6 4.9
Viet Nam 840 1609 1562 1097 691 542 739 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1366 1399 1459 1718 2215 2182 2397 2672 2487 2675 7.1 7.7 7.9 5.6 3.4 2.3 2.6 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5
South Asia
Afghanistan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 186 191 173 188 275 242 305 576 781 878 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.4 2.2 2.0 3.8
Bangladesh 456 499 496 505 581 631 708 729 761 811 823 852 888 888 861 864 881 893 961 1011 999 1166 1298 1367 1436 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
India 16705 17842 17575 16410 15683 17713 17792 18326 18658 20654 21549 25043 25841 26741 26658 27253 31657 33690 33962 34374 38987 45903 46086 44282 48889 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.7
Nepal 60.5 65.9 68.6 70.4 73.1 76.2 75.8 74.9 74.5 79.0 80.1 86.7 95.3 123 164 183 218 241 226 210 219 244 255 241 259 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Pakistan 3657 3655 3856 4129 4384 4378 4267 4337 4332 4149 4143 4181 4193 4487 4822 5149 5365 5572 5636 5660 5342 5504 5661 5685 6282 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
Sri Lanka 434 335 456 623 698 747 868 1461 1365 1211 1270 1144 1530 1277 1057 950 1059 980 1132 1386 1587 1640 1500 1403 1557 2.4 1.8 2.3 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.7 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.5 4.0 5.0 4.3 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.8 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.0
Oceania
Australia 13228 13117 13181 13406 13797 14320 14481 14026 13855 14100 14791 15518 15473 16089 16777 17083 17788 18413 19400 20591 21341 22938 23221 22955 26706 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Fiji 43.3 49.9 48.3 48.1 43.9 44.9 44.5 43.1 39.5 37.1 35.2 36.1 51.9 54.5 48.9 49.1 54.8 48.1 60.3 74.8 48.7 55.1 50.6 . . .. 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.7 2.2 1.5 1.8 1.6
New Zealand 1797 1602 1492 1430 1338 1306 1314 1338 1348 1321 1323 1335 1336 1309 1260 1291 1306 1319 1390 1445 1496 1590 1606 1566 1792 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 0.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Papua New Guinea 77.1 83.8 113 80.6 87.1 79.9 77.5 73.0 74.2 97.1 79.4 64.3 59.1 54.4 37.7 34.1 38.2 44.9 43.7 51.8 41.8 46.0 42.5 49.1 61.1 1.3 1.5 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4
Europe
Albania .. .. 251 . . 143 125 119 111 100 69.8 66.0 76.5 84.6 96.1 96.00 108 118 122 150 186 219 235 190 185 197 5.6 5.2 5.9 . . 4.9 3.2 2.5 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.1 1.6
Armenia xxx xxx xxx xxx 135 75.6 . . 128 110 141 139 149 151 147 145 167 184 226 267 313 363 378 395 384 414 xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.2 2.3 . . 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.4 4.2 4.2
Austria 3285 3251 3287 3302 3206 3237 3251 3223 3193 3199 3209 3275 3352 3123 3068 3195 3201 3132 3008 3577 3467 3365 3513 3305 3589 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Azerbaijan xxx xxx xxx xxx 389 409 206 171 150 173 197 257 272 308 332 414 502 587 1205 1311 1764 1558 1476 2794 3104 xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.5 4.9 3.7 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.3 3.4 2.9 3.3 3.3 2.9
Belarus xxx xxx xxx xxx 312 480 498 198 152 248 232 232 257 321 333 337 408 531 689 752 771 682 768 709 598 xxx xxx xxx xxx 1.6 2.8 3.6 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Belgium 7939 7816 7668 7560 6207 5895 5862 5743 5634 5563 5562 5634 5634 5386 5223 5279 5169 4981 4942 5333 5814 5479 5233 5136 5593 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1
Bosnia-Herzegovina xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 417 290 260 217 209 206 215 236 220 226 246 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.9 2.4 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria .. 4129 3333 1809 1365 1030 883 869 713 666 770 873 900 997 1006 1025 1002 1025 1016 1181 989 940 894 722 790 .. 4.4 3.8 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.0 1.9
Croatia xxx xxx xxx xxx 2143 2721 3058 3252 3048 3075 2371 1859 1310 1214 1313 1063 931 916 1018 1048 1203 1097 1016 1037 1091 xxx xxx xxx xxx 7.8 10.0 11.1 9.3 8.3 7.6 5.7 4.5 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7
Cyprus 525 539 802 787 1078 484 509 457 685 869 775 480 512 604 413 400 415 451 443 420 422 460 478 494 537 5.7 5.4 7.4 7.3 9.1 4.1 4.0 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1 3.0 3.0 3.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.1
Czech Rep. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 2663 2751 2638 2616 2475 2687 2913 3005 2890 3088 3355 3219 3519 3251 3136 2673 2752 2498 2254 2479 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3
Czechoslovakia 7678 11347 9871 6472 . . xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx
Denmark 4519 4407 4411 4491 4408 4420 4309 4263 4277 4332 4379 4353 4210 4472 4418 4287 4311 4108 4492 4332 4499 4230 4504 4515 4859 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Estonia xxx xxx xxx xxx 49.5 66.6 84.7 84.0 81.7 109 115 144 169 198 236 273 288 358 403 488 471 429 330 336 371 xxx xxx xxx xxx 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.3 1.7
Finland 2515 2508 2553 2666 2714 2638 2595 2335 2585 2781 2842 2476 2608 2486 2535 2944 3122 3204 3262 3074 3309 3474 3400 3656 3978 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.4
France 65266 66066 65774 66202 64119 63409 63735 60580 59126 59330 57779 58287 57619 57426 58604 60385 62042 60734 61058 61264 60654 64747 59098 58244 62535 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.3
Georgia xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. 125 77.9 75.2 57.9 39.5 50.1 71.7 83.9 117 311 529 1047 994 606 454 371 426 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.4 3.3 5.2 9.2 8.5 5.6 3.9
German DR 10804 . . xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx
Germany 63629 63451 66876 63287 60188 54109 50461 49633 48662 46896 47046 48006 47231 46460 46592 45955 44544 43847 42835 42877 44107 45769 45075 43478 46745 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Greece 6968 6533 6605 6265 6510 6355 6464 6602 6998 7457 8126 8507 8977 8780 8612 7378 8112 8772 9121 9113 10131 10555 7162 7502 8155 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.2 2.3
Hungary 4262 3541 3010 2348 2197 1963 1949 1496 1398 1683 1518 1747 1878 2074 2017 2173 2011 1991 1785 1819 1690 1506 1351 1287 1385 3.8 3.1 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Iceland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.6 10.6 . . .. .. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 . . 0.1 . .
Ireland 774 771 1004 994 999 1011 1057 1065 1123 1191 1200 1242 1274 1383 1327 1273 1292 1309 1298 1307 1354 1337 1274 1207 1302 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Italy 35274 35549 34195 34677 33681 33860 33023 30160 33246 34857 36008 37419 39915 39261 40333 40660 40794 39247 37981 36831 38151 37087 35532 31946 34501 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7
Latvia xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 91.1 106 103 79.8 77.5 83.1 108 135 170 278 321 346 403 506 552 540 343 260 267 295 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.1
Lithuania xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 162 87.6 91.1 101 167 290 240 401 437 449 496 475 514 559 611 638 487 410 405 444 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.1
Luxembourg 173 158 164 182 190 173 191 186 192 207 222 225 230 289 257 272 286 289 283 294 . . .. .. .. .. 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 . . .. ..
Macedonia, FYR xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. 155 122 125 111 127 405 176 160 168 157 150 171 158 154 130 121 132 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8 1.9 6.6 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.4
Malta 40.0 39.8 35.0 35.7 42.5 45.2 48.5 48.5 51.8 50.4 46.2 44.7 43.5 46.4 45.8 47.3 49.9 63.0 51.1 51.2 52.5 57.2 58.7 58.7 63.5 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Moldova xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 34.8 22.1 32.9 31.4 32.0 21.00 16.7 12.8 14.1 16.5 18.0 16.1 18.7 23.8 27.0 33.2 24.0 18.3 18.4 20.8 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3
Montenegro xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 77.8 70.4 80.1 73.6 75.2 80.5 87.9 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.3 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Netherlands 12850 12973 12607 12257 12186 11198 10800 10493 10553 10442 10405 10912 10482 10755 10743 10896 10980 10998 11513 11668 11467 11714 11277 10945 11781 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4
Norway 5221 5360 5403 5239 5678 5291 5563 5024 5093 5008 5340 5368 5192 5225 6278 6035 6188 5822 5811 6181 6215 6596 6390 7083 7744 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.7 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.5
Poland 7982 6730 6991 4923 4770 5227 5219 5251 5525 6046 6271 6168 5986 6169 6275 6522 6819 7289 7762 8774 7848 8414 8781 9149 9705 2.5 1.8 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.9
Portugal 3346 3512 3611 3722 3822 3700 3599 3866 3727 3808 3724 3919 4036 4197 4315 4164 4422 4688 4554 4359 4375 4651 4821 4285 4670 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1
Romania 8966 9201 4176 4268 3359 2027 2415 2350 2284 2561 2326 2099 1998 2096 2084 2150 2312 2446 2520 2417 2664 2265 2086 1945 2145 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.3 2.7 3.1 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3
Russia 331111 307019 259734 . . 64464 56948 55499 32867 29026 32205 20551 21289 29014 32204 35780 38064 39599 43190 47264 51275 56892 59565 58644 64123 71853 15.8 14.2 12.3 . . 5.5 5.3 5.9 4.4 4.1 4.5 3.3 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 4.3 3.9
Serbia xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. 1006 1117 1022 958 1386 1104 1221 1070 989 828 836 943 915 872 845 805 949 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. .. 4.5 4.0 4.2 5.5 4.3 4.5 3.7 3.1 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.2
Slovak Rep. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 1023 1056 1870 1858 1495 1169 1021 1061 1196 1211 1285 1194 1293 1312 1320 1351 1293 1130 968 1058 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.0 1.9 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
Slovenia xxx xxx xxx xxx 515 442 429 489 502 482 481 452 412 505 561 584 619 631 723 727 770 776 772 668 715 xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Spain 14611 15124 14163 13722 12691 13798 12424 12872 12576 12690 12473 12799 13257 13427 13749 13618 14056 14157 16550 17098 17152 16465 14744 13984 15178 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0
Sweden 7155 7239 7375 6947 6751 6731 6716 6731 6819 6478 6663 6916 7167 6699 6521 6473 6092 6172 6075 6235 5545 5438 5886 5960 6811 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3
Switzerland 6602 6730 7138 6892 6692 5942 5888 5958 5637 5433 5421 5016 4942 4827 4620 4500 4416 4347 4138 4164 4265 4261 4115 4618 5436 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Turkey 9918 11478 13865 14243 14997 16572 16206 16648 18640 19420 20348 22466 21743 19932 21207 19141 17468 16537 17755 16553 16767 17966 17649 18687 17871 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.4 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.4
UK 53751 54222 54298 54926 51302 48961 47614 44658 44392 42994 43232 43176 44307 46099 49088 52619 53228 53676 54024 55730 58217 59350 58099 57875 62685 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.6
Ukraine xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 425 1876 2025 1953 2422 1958 1803 2236 1889 2009 2320 2505 3034 3404 4137 4048 3594 3710 3747 4078 xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.5 2.5 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0 3.6 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.7
Yugoslavia (former) .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx
Middle East
Bahrain 243 253 276 300 319 310 314 325 346 339 347 389 386 406 485 557 561 555 604 639 691 777 776 883 878 5.0 5.1 4.8 5.1 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.0 4.2 4.7 4.8 4.3 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.9 3.4
Egypt 5246 4229 4165 4192 4229 4143 4111 3865 3638 3690 3942 4003 4280 4575 4784 5012 4742 4732 4842 4877 4542 4408 4289 4107 4285 6.5 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0
Iran 1776 2229 2415 2347 2089 2834 4382 3156 3507 3908 4123 5759 8281 9061 6529 7950 9777 12125 13502 11096 7463 . . .. .. .. 2.0 2.4 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.5 2.4 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.4 3.0 3.7 3.9 2.3 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.4 2.5 1.8 . . ..
Iraq .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1783 2406 1727 2580 3220 3054 3581 5568 5845 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 2.2 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Israel 12659 10931 11219 14930 11807 12592 12274 11607 12368 12699 12713 12836 13391 14194 15971 15982 15275 14704 15668 15213 14610 14737 14242 15209 16446 15.6 13.3 12.8 15.8 11.6 11.9 10.7 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.7 8.4 8.0 8.4 9.6 9.6 8.7 8.0 8.1 7.5 7.1 7.0 6.5
Jordan 966 768 643 820 668 701 712 513 678 701 759 778 799 785 760 877 814 809 885 1236 1398 1474 1367 1310 1368 9.4 9.1 7.8 10.0 6.9 7.0 6.7 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.4 6.0 5.1 4.8 4.8 6.1 5.9 6.0 5.0
Kuwait 3361 4172 16098 20980 10634 5145 5458 5987 5091 3879 3619 3517 4078 4008 4136 4457 4797 4642 4612 4913 4526 4478 4715 5178 5640 8.2 8.5 48.5 117.0 31.8 12.4 13.3 13.6 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6 7.2 7.7 7.4 6.5 5.8 4.3 3.6 3.6 3.0 3.9 3.6
Lebanon 278 . . 884 687 1223 1020 1279 1311 1150 964 929 1102 1240 1283 1193 1199 1219 1238 1230 1349 1237 1490 1633 1657 1754 1.2 . . 7.5 5.1 7.9 6.0 6.9 6.6 5.6 4.3 4.0 4.8 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.2
Oman 2397 2409 2704 2240 2683 2518 2676 2695 2546 2635 2334 2361 2812 3271 3368 3543 3983 4802 5134 5201 4952 4633 4895 4074 4291 18.3 16.7 16.5 14.8 16.2 15.4 15.7 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4 10.8 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.1 11.8 11.0 10.3 7.6 9.6 8.5
Qatar .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1475 1487 1370 1456 1539 1875 2355 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.7 4.0 2.9 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.3 . . ..
Saudi Arabia 19743 18657 23445 22358 21014 22272 19223 16945 16918 22975 26536 23622 26035 27729 24343 24522 27262 32849 37420 43105 42306 43477 45245 46219 48531 15.2 13.4 14.0 12.5 11.3 12.5 10.6 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4 10.6 11.5 9.8 8.7 8.4 8.0 8.3 9.2 8.0 11.0 10.1
Syria 1168 1195 1107 1791 1659 1313 1493 1501 1458 1504 1587 1708 1840 1935 2008 2302 2306 2319 2086 2217 2010 2282 2346 2490 2495 7.3 7.4 6.4 9.7 8.4 6.7 7.2 6.9 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 6.2 5.5 5.0 4.4 4.1 3.6 4.0 4.1
UAE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7253 8340 8588 11220 10833 9964 10455 11289 10506 10632 11412 13752 15913 16062 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.2 10.2 9.0 9.4 9.8 8.6 7.9 7.4 5.6 5.1 5.0 5.5 7.6 6.9
Yemen xxx xxx 1148 1076 1056 914 938 704 641 822 790 856 1019 1083 1371 1415 1154 1186 1110 1327 1275 . . .. .. .. xxx xxx 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.6 7.9 6.0 5.0 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.4 4.8 6.0 6.0 4.7 4.3 3.6 4.1 3.9 . . ..
Yemen, North 702 676 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx
Yemen, South .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx

Military expen
Countries are grou
". ." = data unavail

% of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of
GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, % of GDP,
Country 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Africa
North Africa
Algeria 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.2 2.1 2.5 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.3 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.9 3.0 3.8 3.6
Libya .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.1 5.3 3.8 3.1 2.7 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.2 . . ..
Morocco 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.6 3.0 2.3 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5
Tunisia 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Sub-Saharan
Angola .. .. .. 3.8 5.7 17.5 5.7 4.6 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3 6.4 4.5 3.8 4.8 4.1 4.5 4.4 3.4 3.7 4.3 4.2
Benin 2.3 1.9 1.7 . . .. .. .. .. .. . . .. 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 . . 1.0 .. ..
Botswana 4.9 3.6 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.9 4.0 3.5 2.9 3.1 3.4 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.4
Burkina Faso 1.9 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3
Burundi 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.9 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3 6.0 8.0 7.2 7.3 6.6 6.2 4.9 4.7 3.8 .. ..
Cameroon 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Cape Verde 1.9 . . . . .. 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Central African Rep .. .. . . 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 . . .. .. .. .. 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 . . 1.1 1.6 1.8 2.6
Chad .. .. . . .. .. 3.3 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.1 0.9 . . 5.5 7.1 6.2 2.7
Congo .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.1 .. 1.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2 1.0 . . .. 1.4 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.4 1.0 1.3
Côte d’Ivoire 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.1 . . 0.9 0.8 . . .. .. .. .. 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6
Djibouti 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.1 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.9 6.0 7.2 5.6 6.3 6.4 4.1 3.7 .. ..
Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.9 2.1 .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Eritrea xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 21.3 12.7 19.5 20.3 11.9 32.5 34.4 32.7 22.1 20.7 20.9 . . .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ethiopia 8.1 9.6 8.5 5.3 2.7 2.9 2.4 2.0 1.8 3.4 6.7 8.4 7.5 4.4 3.4 2.8 2.5 2.3 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9
Gabon .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.0 . . .. 0.9
Gambia 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 . . .. . . .. .. 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 . . .. ..
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Guinea .. .. .. 2.4 1.7 1.3 1.4 . . .. 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.5 2.9 3.1 2.4 2.2 . . .. .. .. .. ..
Guinea-Bissau .. 0.2 . . .. .. .. 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.4 .. 4.4 3.1 3.2 1.6 . . 2.1 . . .. .. .. ..
Kenya 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.4 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Lesotho 3.8 4.9 4.5 3.8 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.7 3.0 2.8 3.4 4.3 4.0 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.7 2.7 3.1
Liberia 2.4 . . 3.7 7.2 10.1 19.0 29.7 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.7 1.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.9
Madagascar 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.7
Malawi 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.2 1.1 . . .. ..
Mali 2.2 2.1 2.0 . . .. 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mauritania 4.5 4.0 3.8 3.6 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.6 3.0 2.1 2.7 3.5 4.6 3.2 4.9 4.9 3.7 3.0 . . 3.4 3.8 . .
Mauritius 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 . . 0.1
Mozambique 5.3 5.9 5.9 2.6 3.0 2.9 3.3 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 . .
Namibia xxx xxx 8.1 5.6 4.3 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.3 3.1 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.8 3.9
Niger .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.0 . . . . 1.0 . . 0.9
Nigeria 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.8 1.3 1.5 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0
Rwanda 1.6 1.8 3.7 5.5 4.3 4.5 3.4 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4 3.5 3.4 3.0 2.4 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Senegal 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Seychelles 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.3
Sierra Leone 0.7 1.0 1.4 2.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.0 1.1 . . .. 3.7 2.6 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.2
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. ..
South Africa 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
South Sudan xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx .. . . .. .. ..
Sudan 3.6 . . 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.6 2.8 2.3 1.3 1.0 2.4 4.0 4.5 2.5 2.7 1.9 4.7 3.3 3.4 . . .. .. ..
Swaziland 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 3.2 3.0
Tanzania 1.4 2.4 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Togo 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.9 4.0 2.6 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.6 1.5 1.5 . . . . 1.7 . . 1.7
Uganda 2.5 2.7 3.0 2.5 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.2 1.9 1.6
Zambia 2.4 4.2 3.7 2.6 3.0 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.1 . . 1.8 .. .. .. .. 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.3 2.0 1.7 1.7
Zimbabwe 5.0 4.6 4.4 3.8 3.7 3.4 20.2 19.1 3.2 3.4 . . 4.4 4.7 2.2 2.2 2.5 5.5 2.3 2.1 1.8 . . .. 1.3
Americas
Central America an
Belize 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.4 . . 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.1
Costa Rica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cuba .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Dominican Rep. 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
El Salvador 7.7 7.6 4.2 3.5 3.0 2.4 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Guatemala 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Honduras .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1
Jamaica .. 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nicaragua .. .. 67.5 4.0 2.6 2.1 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7
Panama 2.1 2.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Trinidad & Tobago .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.4 0.5 . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
North America
Canada 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
USA 5.7 5.5 5.3 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.8 4.8
South America
Argentina 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9
Bolivia .. 2.2 2.8 2.7 2.5 1.9 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.7 2.0 2.0 1.7
Brazil 2.1 2.7 6.3 2.0 1.5 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Chile 5.0 4.2 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.2
Colombia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.4 3.7 2.3 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.6
Ecuador 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.6 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.4 1.8 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.6 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.9 3.0 3.7 3.6
Guyana 2.0 1.2 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 . . .. .. 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.1
Paraguay .. 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9
Peru .. 0.2 0.1 1.2 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.3
Uruguay 3.2 3.5 3.5 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0
Venezuela .. .. .. 1.8 1.6 2.1 1.6 1.5 1.0 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.9
Asia & Oceania
Central Asia
Kazakhstan xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1
Kyrgyzstan xxx xxx xxx xxx 1.6 1.5 2.6 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.3 2.7 2.9 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.4
Tajikistan xxx xxx xxx xxx 0.3 3.5 1.7 1.1 1.3 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 . . .. .. .. .. ..
Turkmenistan xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. 1.8 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Uzbekistan xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.4 . . 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.5 . . .. .. .. .. .. ..
East Asia
Brunei 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.2 5.7 6.0 5.5 6.2 7.2 7.5 6.1 5.7 5.2 5.3 3.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 3.3 3.2
Cambodia 1.3 2.0 2.1 2.3 3.1 1.8 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.9 1.6
China, P. R. .. 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1
Indonesia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 . . 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
Japan 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Korea, North .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Korea, South 4.5 4.4 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.7
Laos .. .. .. .. 8.6 7.9 7.4 6.1 4.1 3.5 2.6 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Malaysia 2.4 2.6 2.6 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.6
Mongolia 6.3 6.3 4.3 3.2 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.1
Myanmar 2.1 3.0 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0 2.3 1.8 1.3 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Philippines 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Singapore 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.6 5.4 5.3 4.6 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.0 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.7
Taiwan 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.4 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.3 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.1
Thailand 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.9 1.5
Timor Leste xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 1.1 2.5 5.2 6.6 5.3 6.6 4.9

Military expen
Countries are grou
". ." = data unavail

% of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of % of
GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, GDP, % of GDP,
Country 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Viet Nam 7.1 7.7 7.9 5.6 3.4 2.3 2.6 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5
South Asia
Afghanistan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.4 2.2 2.0 3.8
Bangladesh 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
India 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.7
Nepal 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
Sri Lanka 2.4 1.8 2.3 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.7 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.5 4.0 5.0 4.3 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.8 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.0

Australia 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Fiji 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.7 2.2 1.5 1.8 1.6
New Zealand 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 0.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Papua New Guinea 1.3 1.5 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4
Europe
Albania 5.6 5.2 5.9 . . 4.9 3.2 2.5 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.1 1.6
Armenia xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.2 2.3 . . 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.4 4.2 4.2
Austria 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Azerbaijan xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.5 4.9 3.7 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.3 3.4 2.9 3.3 3.3 2.9
Belarus xxx xxx xxx xxx 1.6 2.8 3.6 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Belgium 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1
Bosnia-Herzegovin xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.9 2.4 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria .. 4.4 3.8 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.0 1.9
Croatia xxx xxx xxx xxx 7.8 10.0 11.1 9.3 8.3 7.6 5.7 4.5 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7
Cyprus 5.7 5.4 7.4 7.3 9.1 4.1 4.0 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1 3.0 3.0 3.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.1
Czech Rep. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3
Czechoslovakia .. .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx
Denmark 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Estonia xxx xxx xxx xxx 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.3 1.7
Finland 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.4
France 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.3
Georgia xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.4 3.3 5.2 9.2 8.5 5.6 3.9
German DR .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx
Germany 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Greece 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.2 2.3
Hungary 3.8 3.1 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 . . 0.1 . .
Ireland 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Italy 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7
Latvia xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.1
Lithuania xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.1
Luxembourg 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 . . .. ..
Macedonia, FYR xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8 1.9 6.6 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.4
Malta 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Moldova xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3
Montenegro xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.3 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Netherlands 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4
Norway 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.7 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.5
Poland 2.5 1.8 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.9
Portugal 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1
Romania 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.3 2.7 3.1 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3
Russia 15.8 14.2 12.3 . . 5.5 5.3 5.9 4.4 4.1 4.5 3.3 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 4.3 3.9
Serbia xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. .. .. 4.5 4.0 4.2 5.5 4.3 4.5 3.7 3.1 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.2
Slovak Rep. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.0 1.9 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
Slovenia xxx xxx xxx xxx 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Spain 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0
Sweden 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3
Switzerland 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Turkey 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.4 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.4
UK 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.6
Ukraine xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.5 2.5 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0 3.6 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.7
Yugoslavia (former .. .. .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx
Middle East
Bahrain 5.0 5.1 4.8 5.1 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.0 4.2 4.7 4.8 4.3 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.9 3.4
Egypt 6.5 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0
Iran 2.0 2.4 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.5 2.4 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.4 3.0 3.7 3.9 2.3 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.4 2.5 1.8 . . ..
Iraq .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 2.2 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Israel 15.6 13.3 12.8 15.8 11.6 11.9 10.7 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.7 8.4 8.0 8.4 9.6 9.6 8.7 8.0 8.1 7.5 7.1 7.0 6.5
Jordan 9.4 9.1 7.8 10.0 6.9 7.0 6.7 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.4 6.0 5.1 4.8 4.8 6.1 5.9 6.0 5.0
Kuwait 8.2 8.5 48.5 117.0 31.8 12.4 13.3 13.6 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6 7.2 7.7 7.4 6.5 5.8 4.3 3.6 3.6 3.0 3.9 3.6
Lebanon 1.2 . . 7.5 5.1 7.9 6.0 6.9 6.6 5.6 4.3 4.0 4.8 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.2
Oman 18.3 16.7 16.5 14.8 16.2 15.4 15.7 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4 10.8 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.1 11.8 11.0 10.3 7.6 9.6 8.5
Qatar .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. .. .. .. .. 4.7 4.0 2.9 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.3 . . ..
Saudi Arabia 15.2 13.4 14.0 12.5 11.3 12.5 10.6 9.3
11.0 8.5
14.3 11.4 10.6 11.5 9.8 8.7 8.4 8.0 8.3 9.2 8.0 11.0 10.1
Syria 7.3 7.4 6.4 9.7 8.4 6.7 7.2 6.9
5.9 6.0
5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 6.2 5.5 5.0 4.4 4.1 3.6 4.0 4.1
UAE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.2 10.2 9.0 9.4 9.8 8.6 7.9 7.4 5.6 5.1 5.0 5.5 7.6 6.9
Yemen xxx xxx 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.6 7.9 6.0 5.0 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.4 4.8 6.0 6.0 4.7 4.3 3.6 4.1 3.9 . . ..
Yemen, North .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx
Yemen, South .. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx

Military expenditure by regio
Figures are in US$ b., at constant 20
All world totals and most regional tot
Figures do not always add up to total
Figures in red indicate that more tha
The symbol ". ." indicates that data is
The symbol "xxx" indicates that none

1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2011 (cu
World total (consistent series) 1,511 1,473 1,450 .. 1,140 1,101 1,069 1,013 992 1,003 994 1,014 1,053 1,078 1,142 1,214 1,283 1,336 1,380 1,431 1,507 1,607 1,623 1,625 1,728
World total (from SIPRI data releas .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1146 1218 1286 1340 1383 1436 1513 1613 1629 1634 1738
Geographical regions
Africa 15.3 15.6 16.0 14.2 13.0 15.3 14.7 13.8 13.3 13.6 14.4 20.0 17.9 18.4 19.5 19.4 21.8 22.7 23.6 24.6 27.8 28.6 29.6 32.2 34.3
North Africa 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.6 5.0 5.2 4.8 4.9 6.2 6.3 6.5 7.1 7.3 7.3 8.0 9.4 10 10.5 13.1 13.9
Sub-Saharan Africa 11.9 12.0 12.4 10.6 9.0 11.1 10.1 9.4 8.7 8.6 9.2 15.1 13.1 12.2 13.2 12.9 14.8 15.3 16.3 16.6 18.4 18.6 19.1 19.1 20.4
Americas 600 594 594 499 522 503 478 457 433 430 424 426 443 451 497 552 600 631 644 664 714 767 791 780 809
North America 560 554 530 467 492 467 439 415 392 389 381 383 397 400 448 508 552 579 588 605 650 701 721.4 712.7 736
Central America & the Caribbean 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.9 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.7 5.0 5.6 5.7 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.9
South Americaa 36.3 35.8 60.2 28.4 25.8 31.8 33.8 37.1 36.8 36.5 38.2 38.8 41.2 45.4 44.9 40.1 43.1 47.2 51.0 53.5 58.6 60.3 63.6 61.1 66.0
Asia and Oceania 132 138 143 145 153 156 157 161 166 170 172 179 183 194 204 213 224 236 249 267 283 317 322 330 364
Central Asia xxx xxx xxx xxx .. 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4
East Asia 95.7 101.1 105.7 108.6 115 116 117 120 124 126 128 130 132 142 151 159 165 173 185 201 212 236 240 250 275
South Asia 21.3 22.4 22.5 21.7 21.4 23.5 23.7 24.9 25.2 26.9 27.9 31.3 32.5 33.5 33.6 34.4 39.2 41.4 41.9 42.6 47.1 54.5 54.8 53.0 58.4
Oceania 15.1 14.9 14.8 15.0 15.3 15.8 15.9 15.5 15.3 15.6 16.2 17.0 16.9 17.5 18.1 18.5 19.2 19.8 20.9 22.2 22.9 24.6 24.9 24.6 28.6
Europe 707 673 622 .. 387 365 358 326 325 329 318 324 334 336 347 352 354 356 365 373 384 392 375 376 407
Western Europe 305 308 312 308 297 288 280 271 273 273 275 281 283 281 288 290 290 287 289 290 296 303 289 283 304
Eastern Europe 331 307 260 .. 65.9 58.5 58.3 35.5 31.5 35.3 23.2 23.8 32.0 34.9 38.7 41.4 43.3 47.9 53.4 58.9 64.9 66.4 65.5 72.1 80.5
Central Europe 70.7 .. 50.2 20.3 23.7 19.2 19.8 20.2 19.9 20.5 19.7 19.2 19.3 20.0 20.4 20.9 20.8 21.7 22.3 23.7 22.4 21.9 21.0 20.5 22.1
Middle East (consistent series) 56.1 52.6 74.6 83.2 65.8 61.1 60.7 56.0 55.7 61.4 66.0 65.5 75.4 79.2 74.9 78.3 83.2 90.5 97.7 103 99 103 105 106 113
Middle East (from SIPRI data relea .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 78.0 81.5 86.3 94.3 101 107 104 108 111 116 123

a. The fi

.

1 76..3 54. ...0 63. .0 .643 20.1 45..7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Honduras m... . ....1 66.3 41...8 13. . .. koruny January xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 23777 27008 28275 30509 31328 37643 41688 44670 44978 48924 53194 52481 58445 55358 54949 49827 51824 47706 43874 Czechoslovakia m. . .. ..8 6.0354 0.8 27.2 52...8 79.8 105 120 127 136 143 150 157 182 195 220 244 281 292 327 376 448 517 568 Sri Lanka b.3 67. . .3 4.0 86..5 16..2 26. pesos January 289 339 408 430 806 1217 1329 1148 1474 2149 2428 2806 4051 5186 5056 4804 6436 8305 8621 9153 11629 11587 13239 13006 El Salvador m.8 44. . .3 17. 180 203 299 928 744 825 1305 1681 2041 1641 1802 1896 2212 2936 3244 3368 3804 5100 6005 10677 9896 8992 . . .3 16.9 45...7 157 303 612 1183 2289 4168 6248 8844 13641 15426 15568 16232 19260 19528 21847 24873 26527 29934 UK m..2 14.1 47. CFA fran January . . . lempiras January . pesos January 2..3 136 1300 2942 26604 22700 .9 108 116 119 150 161 173 168 202 255 283 410 392 451 584 942 895 895 Tanzania b. ..4 118 120 159 179 149 Guinea b.4 49. 25529 . Morocco m.217 4.6 43.0 . .6 943 2569 3038 3170 3751 3801 3378 3339 3397 3460 3265 3182 3413 3988 4285 4935 5643 7109 8769 11063 13541 13541 Bolivia m. .0 60. FYR m. ".. 16.0 5. 6. ..... . . 6786 4533 4435 4362 ..4 24.2 19. North m.5 41. ...6 21. .7 42.8 51. .6 77.5 37.9 4.4 11.0 17. .6 39.2 24.Military expenditure by country.8 7.7 4. . .0 30.8 2. .7 57 .8 22.. . .7 3..0 63. . . . tenge January xxx xxx xxx xxx . . .0 Korea.8 46.6 39..1 13.8 46. . 16757 16757 17532 . ... .3 14. dinars April 577 643 4527 2821 883 916 1041 1163 778 711 680 712 707 784 882 950 1039 1020 1059 1219 1195 1249 1388 1613 Lebanon b.8 25..3 . . .8 6.2 64. ariary January 9.. . . quetzale January 327 364 505 511 677 693 806 843 784 801 894 914 1225 1546 1239 1420 913 798 993 1043 1259 1203 1368 1555 Haiti m..7 11. Macedonia. .9 124 142 227 453 562 759 808 780 .2 50.5 71.. 10. 13.8 101 109 120 UAE m.3 3. .2 82.9 5. dollars January 0..0 76.1 20.. ouguiyas January 3.7 16.9 8. . rupiah Special.7 Mauritania b. in local currency. . ..6 14.. see notes 359 363 419 424 410 378 400 405 463 548 492 438 421 390 405 530 308 449 472 492 520 505 542 514 Cambodia b. .. .. .7 100 167 185 188 221 263 Kyrgyzstan m. .7 52.4 37.. 242 220 281 477 352 382 443 518 814 572 530 565 573 614 614 640 646 667 690 768 Central African Rep.0 31.0 80.7 94.0 50.1 78. somoni January xxx xxx xxx xxx 0. .. boliviano January .7 48.. .0 215 1464 1821 2564 3847 5117 6594 8313 10468 12133 12800 13673 14864 15407 16141 17479 19078 20541 23774 22190 24701 26475 28757 Portugal m. .2 5..6 17.4 64. South b. .4 96 102 99.. . .9 17.4 53.2 40.3 9.2 80.6 73. . All data are expressed in the most recent currency for each country..0 63. .1 30. .5 1.0 . . .. . see notes 1427 1574 1919 2079 2455 2496 3143 3531 4196 4780 6598 6319 .1 20.. .... . .. m. . ..2 44.0 68.5 30. drams January xxx xxx xxx xxx 0. shillings July 21.9 10. .6 . . 123 . francs January 4.2 57. euros January 6035 6158 6132 6148 6308 5946 5895 5837 5989 6056 6154 6595 6482 6929 7149 7404 7552 7693 8145 8388 8448 8733 8514 8459 Norway m..4 6.8 64..6 71.4 18.9 48.. Uzbekistan b. . . ..5 58..5 4.9 93.1 52. .7 44.6 56. pula April 182 216 316 359 381 473 452 462 469 625 812 775 998 1305 1451 1503 1464 1446 1642 1961 2372 2359 2400 2581 Burkina Faso b..4 55.7 64. .6 75.1 ...0 49. CFA fran January .. . . . .7 36... . 9160 14111 16995 25549 .2 5.. .. .5 .7 21. 54. . .0 10. ..9 75. ... korunas January 29236 43784 41900 43037 .9 .. .6 45....2 5.. . 28374 35035 38728 40050 41954 44070 50849 63420 ... .134 0.2 92. .7 88.6 55.8 15. . .7 23. riel January 2.1 8. . . Botswana m.0 411 564 656 746 887 947 986 1025 1101 1171 1475 1388 1355 1320 1112 Croatia m.2 75.1 55. .7 57.. . som January xxx xxx xxx xxx 12. .6 103 150 230 440 302 407 485 585 722 843 1048 1267 1422 1753 1436 1459 1773 2034 2320 .0 . .... dirhams January . .8 24. South Africa m.. Mali b..4 43..9 56. .5 4.4 14. . euros January 1199 1275 1377 1497 1564 1552 1543 1402 1562 1700 1761 1552 1691 1653 1712 2006 2131 2206 2281 2203 2468 2591 2567 2856 France m. 9.. . . . ...7 36. .. .0 71.. .7 78.7 55.9 6.7 47.. córdobas January . .1 . Namibia m..7 22.4 46.0 7. .. .7 23. .9 46.0 81.8 4. 52.. . euros January 78. yen April 3700 3920 4159 4386 4552 4641 4684 4724 4846 4948 4940 4932 4936 4955 4956 4953 4893 4870 4812 4747 4769 4815 4790 4775 Korea. . ...8 62.7 3. .9 75. euros January 5021 5550 5546 5693 5577 6340 5978 6483 6560 6750 6756 7092 7599 7972 8414 8587 9132 9508 11506 12219 12756 12196 11132 10898 Sweden m. dinars January 6.9 89.5 14.9 27.7 17.8 Costa Rica m. . . .1 10..1 87.3 119 158 156 237 263 322 342 Benin b... New Zealand m..1 31.6 23. ...4 57.. . . . euros January 13190 14121 14464 15592 15914 16715 16958 16300 18680 19987 21052 22240 24325 24592 25887 26795 27476 26959 26631 26275 28156 27578 26827 24772 Latvia m.6 49. Dollars October .1 52. .3 56.4 17. .3 4. manats January xxx xxx xxx xxx 0. ..2 94. Dem.8 122 169 302 553 461 779 860 885 967 936 1040 1174 1355 1571 1251 1068 1100 Luxembourg m.. .5 36.. .6 70.. kroner January 15620 15963 16399 17091 17129 17390 17293 17468 17896 18521 19071 19428 19339 21017 21269 21075 21441 20800 23173 22731 24410 23252 25328 26091 Estonia m. Tajikistan m. . .. colones January 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cuba m. .3 .2 38.2 27. .. .3 95. 28.. 30.. 501 351 315 273 278 279 311 341 325 346 Bulgaria m. . takas July 10045 11080 11205 12937 15855 16355 21687 21477 24674 27052 29820 32734 34020 34020 34190 38110 41150 44860 53980 59510 62600 87590 93180 119510 India b. dinars January 220 220 214 295 250 271 285 210 296 315 352 363 375 375 370 434 416 428 497 732 952 997 971 971 Kuwait m.... .. Turkmenistan b. 23..2 41..347 0.. kwacha April 53.2 56.5 8..0 85.8 131 148 131 158 204 204 264 274 262 277 270 288 294 364 347 431 476 537 610 730 1054 Peru m.7 36. .6 19.6 94. ..4 37.8 10. .9 82..8 17. .. . 892 1649 1814 2437 3428 3473 4190 6839 Israel m. .6 23.7 0..0 16. .2 20. ..2 79. .5 44...4 74.2 82 311 558 699 955 912 1267 1864 1734 2055 2408 2688 3105 3606 4807 6423 7080 9270 ..2 15.. Malaysia m. .3 27.9 37. ..3 78.. kronor January 30131 32447 36516 37612 37381 39004 39772 40872 41600 39726 40801 42541 44542 42639 42401 42903 40527 41240 41150 43163 39710 38751 42423 44240 Switzerland m.6 37.0107 0.3 41.5 58. ..2 116 .3 21. . .6 98.4 30. . 13058 14409 16278 20577 28735 34848 40981 49739 55100 South Asia Afghanistan m. dollars July 1673 1349 1320 1263 1179 1239 1251 1380 1331 1357 1369 1391 1453 1403 1419 1518 1528 1645 1807 1875 2083 2201 2254 2284 Papua New Guinea m.1 78. . .8 45. . .0 92. see notes xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 6.2 62.5 59.2 . euros January 3734 3791 3847 3915 3293 3213 3271 3251 3256 3267 3297 3378 3463 3393 3344 3434 3433 3400 3434 3773 4298 4048 3951 4016 Bosnia-Herzegovina m. . xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx .. dollars April xxx xxx 513 362 353 188 207 261 294 416 443 714 617 905 935 994 1107 1260 1382 1683 2372 2593 3015 3126 Niger b.5 17. . nuevos s January . .0 6..7 46. .. Yemen b.4 54... pesos January 239 337 447 577 837 1320 1694 2391 4477 3410 4834 5703 6322 7507 8383 9434 10664 11405 12577 14082 17810 19496 19787 20197 Ecuador m. .2 3.. .2 21. .5 30. Equatorial Guinea m. roubles January 0.. ..8 102 108 116 154 176 139 119 146 Malawi m..2 50.5 99.6 0. .7 70.2 92.4 78. CFA franc January 14.. dollars July 26. . . .8 12..1 72.6 16.0 1.4 61.. . .. ..3 52.1 155 200 270 770 1113 1465 2031 2864 3491 4151 4994 5757 6324 6358 7558 6785 6630 6540 USSR/Russia b.... euros January 17251 17298 15658 16373 19830 21940 24535 25614 27957 27999 26315 26005 25877 28430 28690 29987 32537 42286 35284 35766 38252 42550 44343 45603 Moldova m..0 16.3 68.4 41. euros January xxx xxx xxx xxx 95. CFA franc January 29630 30489 31300 29928 29056 33962 36725 40389 40809 41324 44300 48200 44400 50500 51829 56293 56819 65619 77678 92407 97116 98111 98838 .6 81 79. francs January .9 13. . CFA franc January . liras January 3.2 36. 1.6 18.5 57. CFA franc January . .4 .8 3.3 13.6 63.2 51.2 3. 1954 2291 2625 2697 2791 3148 3267 4300 5289 5798 5862 6101 Paraguay b..7 14. denars January xxx xxx xxx xxx . . Dominican Rep. US dollar January 213 240 202 187 179 166 159 161 161 162 161 164 160 191 204 166 162 170 185 200 209 215 224 222 Guatemala m.5 87. rupees January 5.4 73. .1 75..9 87. . . xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Middle East Bahrain m.2 185 384 542 1110 1651 2272 3326 4589 5431 6003 6512 6803 6975 7321 7815 8269 8847 9723 10106 12422 14682 15807 17417 Venezuela m. . .3 87. .2 21. b.2 2. 400 615 770 1061 1711 .2 3. .1 91.5 65.. ..5 15.. ..9 58.. .9 68. litai January xxx xxx xxx xxx .9 10. .1 44. North America Canada m. CFA fran January . .3 103 109 109 111 123 121 126 150 175 180 183 203 222 248 287 292 330 Egypt m. Philippines m.0 29.3 2.7 14. . .1 21. .3 62. kip January .4 88.4 15. ..3 28. . shillings January 7918 4200 . pesos January 19651 20757 23131 25094 27524 31812 36778 43725 49268 46459 50117 52419 57586 57219 61879 70534 69670 75616 82476 92960 100654 100880 109986 104670 Singapore m.3 60. US dollar January 198 189 202 209 211 276 291 475 419 499 549 296 266 384 505 739 710 954 950 1310 1646 1949 2094 2308 Guyana m.0 63. .5 135 388 720 1556 1625 1008 810 718 German DR m.7 15. rials January 5533 6030 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Yemen.8 72.. .. . .5 76. . francs Special... . 24.. 3950 5406 6441 8600 21292 33060 43695 42070 43154 41996 47342 56792 61944 63841 65683 69604 Slovak Rep. .6 91.3 . . .. ..2 40.1 24...7 105 104 109 119 129 132 139 179 163 176 189 196 197 209 .2 69.4 74.2 3. .. zlotys January 74. Congo.7 58.1 8. pesos January 1274 1377 1380 1160 . 134 .4 15. francs January 4794 5042 5635 5760 5819 5336 5333 5493 5240 5077 5066 4727 4729 4664 4493 4404 4357 4339 4174 4231 4439 4413 4292 4827 Turkey m..2 21. 444 290 Mozambique m. . ..1 50.. lats January xxx xxx xxx xxx .3 23. ..3 64.00067 0... dollars July 7642 8292 8885 9148 9594 10211 10195 10488 10476 10912 11716 12371 12721 14514 14739 15873 16748 17921 19899 21179 23249 25372 25250 26560 Fiji m. .0 110 117 118 134 142 155 162 175 164 Cape Verde m.0 12..3 22.0 70..8 45.0 9. .243 0.0065 0.2 92.9 49. dollars April . .3 17. . .7 43..2 99..6 41. 12 19 23 21. . .. .1 115 142 168 154 168 Timor Leste m.7 112 100 118 116 145 Europe Albania m.3 8. pounds January 1. 9.7 31. .0 3. . 44. .5 48..... . . . .1 13.5 75..5 45 57 58 85.4 28.1 15. euros January 1145 1220 1486 1683 2027 2264 2554 2842 3259 3665 4184 4496 4895 4948 5030 4462 5048 5652 6064 6235 7219 7612 5407 5855 Hungary b.6 65.5 28.4 22. . P. . . .0 110 110 107 112 115 115 121 125 135 140 150 119 134 .9 67.9 25.6 91. rupees July 899 1077 1151 1489 1724 1877 2001 2126 2358 2583 2995 3486 3817 5882 7420 8255 10996 11745 11136 11389 14712 17811 19491 19101 Pakistan b.1 6.6 70.1 1....00005682 0.3 55..2 41.1 44.0 18. escudos January 366 .5 19.. euros January 31515 32302 34960 33530 33508 31459 30144 30159 29998 29451 29822 30603 30554 30648 31168 31060 30610 30600 30365 31090 32824 34166 34032 33563 Greece m.3 76.9 23... . CFA franc January 14.8 27. ..8 33. ..6 19. .8 8. baht January 44. .1 Netherlands m. pesos January 2232 2839 3733 4828 6190 7251 9750 10996 15685 18958 22666 27803 31422 33074 33598 35014 35314 39467 44496 52235 54977 64348 68411 74792 Nicaragua m.. .. krónur January 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 688 1227 .. . kunas January xxx xxx xxx xxx 206 4184 9748 10777 10535 11072 9082 7367 5461 5251 5775 4757 4250 4323 4959 5251 6396 5966 5587 5832 Cyprus m.6 10.. . .. Swaziland m.. rupees July 73. rials January 589 601 742 643 778 738 779 776 737 760 676 687 809 933 958 1010 1144 1404 1550 1663 1775 1726 1882 1650 Qatar m. ..5 42. pounds January 16. . .4 31.1 118 159 172 354 461 446 698 698 988 1186 1309 2752 4452 5525 5923 . 0.7 . dinars January .6 122 85. North b.0 14 15. .2 13.7 8.8 22.9 38. Cameroon b. . .0 4.5 14.6 101 118 104 112 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Trinidad & Tobago m.6 18.7 22..1 13. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Germany m.9 63.... . . 3...0 59. 161 289 236 226 238 265 266 286 278 318 391 377 496 533 520 655 728 826 849 946 948 1227 Panama m.. .. 48769 59408 56955 66841 62026 68056 83686 87998 70294 89745 98196 112483 Somalia m. .. pounds January 13. . francs January 5520 5525 5530 5647 5976 5521 5458 5262 4359 4719 4746 4759 4625 4629 5909 7422 6639 7970 8800 6135 6447 .2 30. .3 3. 65. .1 16.1 13.2 29. 300 ..3 12. .7 67... .4 77.0 78.. . East Asia Brunei m.2 98.8 37.0 66. ...8 87.. .. Mauritius m.8 78.6 13.7 25. . . . 66168 .5 66.4 33. 16. .2 59. 124 133 132 140 155 165 198 192 169 Djibouti m.7 60. 31908 54983 78292 96045 106046 89486 99100 166400 219563 Côte d’Ivoire b.. 275 436 516 553 470 624 678 748 950 1263 1030 1074 1221 1153 1331 1343 1368 1441 1740 2371 2431 2300 2438 Brazil m.3 52.7 36.1 50. ..0 3.. .7 87.0026 0.3 52. 490 626 747 596 1120 1068 1326 1486 Zimbabwe SEE FOOTN m.6 78.. maloti April 44..2 89..3 11. 7445 8729 7979 8121 .3 24..7 . birr July 1494 1741 1509 681 750 889 737 772 835 2190 4336 6842 3307 2610 2341 2452 2920 3009 3005 3453 4000 4000 4581 6500 Gabon b.9 73..3 68. Nigeria b..1 46.4 40..6 .9 12.2 11.5 81. .9 7. CFA franc January 11. 29. dinars January 200 222 218 241 256 277 301 324 387 396 417 424 456 483 491 525 554 608 662 629 713 763 805 864 Sub-Saharan Angola m. forint January 54782 53228 58359 61088 70284 76890 90751 89397 103132 146820 151215 191485 226041 272426 279569 314380 310731 318552 296665 326205 321486 298620 280895 278531 Iceland m. 62 .0047 0.1 117 147 125 135 143 172 197 217 247 332 373 430 Togo m.9 19.9 29.6 80. . .. rupees April 162 175 188 199 213 265 283 327 359 435 511 627 647 703 722 774 965 1035 1102 1190 1518 1993 2146 2330 Nepal m.7 81.8 94.1 24. dollars October 293093 304085 306170 280292 305141 297637 288059 278856 271417 276324 274278 280969 301697 312743 356720 415223 464676 503353 527660 556961 621138 668604 698281 711421 South America Argentina m. . .. 779 974 1045 1426 1103 1179 1428 1813 2503 2963 3216 3502 Jamaica m.2 1. 6093 6137 5421 5935 6496 6239 .2 74. yuan January ./b...6 15. .9 105 125 133 150 170 184 227 262 288 331 379 452 546 638 764 820 923 Indonesia b. . 3.8 600 2901 .1 107 123 136 173 224 288 641 812 1321 1184 1185 2452 Belarus b.1 42.4 54. 1. South m.5 22.. 21.9 122 192 224 299 369 Rwanda b.6 46.0 19.4 39.0 41. 14848 17413 18309 24240 24062 22775 24645 27951 27626 30551 36443 49294 57929 58987 . . lari January xxx xxx xxx xxx .. . cedis January 0. 187 274 206 112 114 Congo m.. rupees January 65. CFA franc January 38.5 23..6 64..8 58..1 53.. .1 55. pesos January 93.8 26.9 19. kroner January 18865 20248 21251 21313 23638 22528 24019 22224 22813 23010 25087 25809 25722 26669 32461 31985 32945 31471 32142 34439 35932 38960 38621 43395 Poland m. CFA franc January . 1988-2011 Figures are in local currency at current prices and are for financial years.5 109 128 166 186 194 209 208 207 275 328 360 396 413 485 506 566 575 583 514 Spain m.. . .9 2. .9 75. .0 30.1 57...9 78.6 31. kwacha January 0...8 26.5 64. tugriks January 900 850 592 888 1184 4147 6766 9547 11850 14767 16750 18416 26126 25384 28071 27899 32891 35914 46232 66200 77817 54110 74443 103060 Myanmar b. . .6 37...8 9. Seychelles m.4 28.1 130 148 136 156 162 209 239 . . .5 21.1 22.. . dollars April 12336 12854 13473 12830 13111 13293 13008 12457 11511 10831 11716 12360 12314 13191 13379 14143 14951 16001 17066 19255 21100 21828 24460 24495 USA m. shillings July 4021 5385 5910 4648 5406 6856 6297 9039 10472 10182 10580 10788 14439 16258 17430 19921 21219 26652 27540 39062 41209 48520 46968 44720 Lesotho m.7 76.6 . m.9 23. . . 1259 1303 1640 1695 1876 2004 2083 . 149 213 758 789 1071 1210 1156 1044 1052 1251 1402 1445 1368 1392 1439 1451 1521 1737 1763 2150 2461 2644 Oman m.. 98. dong January 792 2047 3319 4292 3730 3168 4730 .6 63.3 76. . .8 16.8 23.5 58.1 45.7 74.4 23.0 52.. dinars January . Rep.9 25..00019966 0.. .. ..2 15.5 54. guaranies January .4 100 97..8 10..2 53.2 83. 116 138 161 . won January 3.3 48. . euros January 194 207 322 332 484 228 251 231 357 469 428 269 299 360 253 255 271 302 304 295 310 339 361 385 Czech Rep.. 55.9 85. afghanis January . m..8 22. 2475 4010 4698 4719 4777 4442 5067 5891 6519 7638 8220 9279 10373 11000 13831 17619 21450 23633 19749 19865 Armenia b.9 39. dalasis January 17.3 32.. gourdes April 10. . 55.4 3. . .5 63. meticais January 33. . . .6 4.. . 0. . .3 44.3 46..3 153 Americas Central America and t Belize m. . euros January xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 273 319 621 653 557 465 449 523 632 662 762 762 848 898 929 994 967 853 760 Slovenia m.1 31. .4 32.6 54..3 60..3 3. ...5 25.8 3.. pounds January xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 1198 1185 1874 1404 1121 1600 Sudan m.6 86..7 9.1 9. .1 39.1 51.. . 1321 1721 . .. .2 9.9 113 133 154 522 1085 1510 1004 1276 1039 3200 2838 3338 ..1 58. . emalang April 20.3 102 105 118 108 116 Sierra Leone m. .5 57. won January 5952 6485 7156 8061 9067 9935 10863 11940 13200 14125 14656 14379 15609 16708 17643 18884 20421 22694 24039 25765 28733 31121 31876 34113 Laos b.. . ...9 74. ... .3 15.3 9. . .. . .1 25.2 93. rand April 8952 9685 11042 10221 9458 10412 12580 11325 12083 10778 11022 10577 14452 16548 19571 21254 21326 24880 25102 27764 30644 34376 33748 38223 South Sudan m. pounds April 19290 20868 22287 24380 22850 22686 22490 21439 22330 21612 22477 22548 23552 24874 26991 29338 29524 30603 31454 33486 36431 37425 37645 39606 Ukraine m. . . dollars January 188 211 227 239 254 322 270 285 292 312 287 258 243 248 225 238 253 248 235 256 282 298 287 286 Thailand b. .8 95.. .8 47. kyats April 1.3 4. . CFA fran January 12834 13354 13817 12950 13000 14200 14100 15400 . Kenya m. Countries are grouped by region and subregion.5 29. krooni January xxx xxx xxx xxx 4. .5 32.6 79.7 91.7 86. . 5622 5404 5544 6358 11506 11471 12783 29571 43273 Bangladesh m.3 1. . see notes 7530 8408 8817 9999 10489 11640 12564 18420 12946 13748 14008 13694 9129 16619 16254 17418 17182 18006 18775 19730 22824 24615 26605 27042 Tunisia m.0 66. m..1 68..3 18. marka January xxx xxx xxx xxx .0 53.4 11. .1 2. .. . . naira January 1. . dollars January 83. . R.2 45.4 6. 5223 4163 4302 3769 4602 15397 6841 6292 6683 6259 6149 7272 7229 7000 6044 5860 Malta m. . dinars January xxx xxx xxx xxx .0 ..7 .2 49. euros January 968 1144 1333 1525 1705 1758 1800 2013 2001 2089 2098 2259 2393 2598 2765 2755 2996 3248 3242 3190 3285 3463 3640 3353 Romania m.. .9 47.7 94.5 38.. . .4 3.1 46. . .6 165 271 365 470 568 656 806 967 1144 1448 1693 1781 2112 Serbia m. .8 36. dirhams Special.5 10. . . .2 87. 6113 5180 . .1 20.3 53... . Yemen.. .5 91.1 35.2 40.7 81.2 8. 72. ..3 59 64. .9 3. .3 9. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Denmark m. kwanz January . 43.7 . . new dina January .9 36. m.7 107 134 . euros January 32788 34351 35355 36730 36416 36771 37574 36349 36188 36756 36012 36510 36702 37187 38681 40684 42690 42545 43457 44273 45063 48146 44619 44900 Georgia m.0 120 153 176 180 200 226 242 224 189 217 239 253 270 299 308 293 349 337 392 481 .4 83 99.. .9 85 88. . dollars Special..3 . 85.. .1 85.1 45.2 101 96.6 91.9 26. new lei January 3. marks January 21647 . . 0.3 171 194 167 182 . riyals January . . 6391 ..2 76. . riyals January 50080 47812 61333 61333 57601 61692 53549 49501 50025 67975 78231 68700 74866 78850 69382 70303 78414 95146 110779 132922 143336 154772 169667 181991 Syria b.7 80.7 42.6 41.8 63. . .0 87. 28148 27849 Uganda b. .3 116 130 153 150 234 231 234 244 267 331 379 393 407 549 696 583 638 638 Zambia b..8 26..5 33. . CFA fran January .1 13.5 0...0 9.9 120 273 302 298 305 312 336 309 280 265 270 272 289 328 373 438 837 733 781 China.3 33.1 42. 34. . . ..2 6.0895 . .. kina January 40.5 54. . .2 1.7 82. ...1 6. dinars January 70.7 15.. .3 61...9 16. 3324 3428 3374 3901 4610 6391 9234 . manat January xxx xxx xxx xxx . 0.7 41. .5 54. . rupees July 49.9 23..4 66.8 72.2 84.5 11.9 16.0 83. .2 68. 0...0 65.123 .1 17. Iraq b. . ..4 175 458 228 214 247 491 604 .. .1 56.7 9.8 ..3 99..3 50.6 14. .2 134 118 137 159 225 208 199 209 207 202 218 245 292 204 468 534 374 Liberia m....7 Burundi b. hryvnias January xxx xxx xxx xxx . ..3 15.0 44. euros January 332 344 463 473 490 503 538 556 596 641 662 696 754 858 862 855 887 921 949 1003 1081 1019 962 935 Italy m. .3 82.5 23.. .0 14. .2 45.. .5 99.3 32. .7 23.8 7. .2 2. . pounds July 3873 3926 5042 5766 6624 6982 7621 8267 7765 9240 9638 10124 11569 12148 13333 14563 14804 15933 17922 19350 21718 22831 25397 25480 Iran b.0 49.2 47.7 12. .4 7. .8 29. . francs January .7 86.717 2. . US dollar Special.1 .1 40.9 117 138 212 306 753 795 853 1216 1383 1244 1588 2740 4292 6436 6377 9286 8631 8683 10229 Asia & Oceania Central Asia Kazakhstan b. .0 58. dollars April 8.7 . . . . .0 11. . . see notes 2... ..4 Senegal b..8 9. . dollars April 2492 2837 3409 3523 3891 4049 4347 5492 5878 6865 7678 7595 7423 7820 8204 8238 8620 9252 9268 10009 10726 11043 11455 12075 Taiwan b.9 69.9 13.0 47...3 8. . 90. leks January 955 965 990 .9 47.7 12..9 301 1542 2680 3851 3442 3890 6184 5848 6266 7615 8963 12328 15082 20685 25341 26077 29445 32496 Yugoslavia (former) m.1 60...3 43..0 64.0 .2 117 164 175 170 172 Oceania Australia m. Guinea-Bissau m.. ringgit January 2241 2761 3043 4323 4500 4951 5565 6121 6091 5877 4547 6321 5826 7351 8504 10950 10728 11817 11981 13649 14717 13974 12429 14037 Mongolia m.2 31. 44..5 14.0 108 124 154 206 247 280 184 138 148 Lithuania m. . pesos January 298 309 400 502 600 693 781 866 965 1114 1249 1420 1538 1650 1691 1749 2032 2253 2610 2766 3143 2966 3357 3889 Colombia b.5 41.3 5.0 76.2 3..9 15.1 70..2 113 . .8 16. .0 10. . . .0 85. ...1 66. Gambia m.. . . nakfa January xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 539 439 771 968 634 1936 2225 2220 1884 2104 2520 . sum January xxx xxx xxx xxx . roubles January xxx xxx xxx xxx .1 42. balboas January 103 102 73.9 1. .8 67. rials April 539 648 749 849 947 1707 3542 3251 5265 6548 8142 14601 23636 26831 19648 33998 45893 65208 78611 70460 58135 .. .3 77.8 272 7040 13140 14145 15021 16662 17898 20753 25682 28353 25922 28700 33134 36117 40898 46500 52322 60481 59228 Chile b..5 308 798 1347 1727 2256 2426 3171 3384 3398 3328 3187 2982 3092 3397 3820 4011 3918 4057 5157 5532 5777 Uruguay m.3 82. lei January xxx xxx xxx xxx . leones January 230 577 1369 4792 10081 13244 15546 18898 17119 9315 .. . .2 42.9 61.5 7. riyals January xxx xxx 9. leva January . euros January 1538 1561 1630 1692 1709 1788 1849 1874 1891 1920 1943 1994 2090 1999 1999 2111 2158 2160 2105 2557 2558 2495 2652 2577 Azerbaijan m.0 11. reais January 0.6 55. . dinars January . ..1 42. ..1 30.0 17.6 50. Ireland m.9 105 130 152 165 214 251 325 346 314 249 266 Finland m. . ...2 86. . 7864 14308 19876 21712 20829 23923 30611 31349 34333 42392 49984 Japan b. .6 9..2 76. ..4 96.5 105 85.8 110 42. . ..4 21. .. .0 68.6 90.7 17..5 63.. .3 9. new she January 11075 11438 14383 18017 19133 22638 24790 25798 30588 34233 36131 38377 40495 43395 51577 51989 49480 48264 52518 51251 51481 53656 53251 58827 Jordan m.3 Viet Nam b.." = data unavailabl Country Currency Financial year st 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Africa North Africa Algeria b.731 1.0 13. .1 66.7 41. .9 1. ..9 3.1 50.3 4.6 3.7 29. Mexico m. . .. ..4 37. . dollars January 35.3 75. 48.9 21. Saudi Arabia b... Chad b.0 22.5 30..0 23. .9 45. Eritrea m.1 50. 1. 577 675 535 556 496 575 700 894 904 807 807 1346 .5 4.. .. . .7 25.6 105 67. . ..6 2.3 15.6 4.7 115 116 151 216 276 383 277 227 245 Montenegro m. .1 27..5 105 66. bolivares January . .6 5. euros January xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 49.7 18. .6 30.3 12.5 101 112 122 142 162 167 171 202 214 225 273 334 384 422 631 Libya m. .1 78. ... 11. . Ethiopia m.. .2 61. ..8 121 131 148 154 Austria m.7 1.6 15.713 4. shillings July 14..5 67.8 58. Madagascar b.. .8 54. .3 24.0 6.0 74. . Ghana m.4 6.9 23. 2.4 123 247 366 475 679 975 1355 1603 1887 1887 2287 2977 Belgium m.5 53 .4 31.5 108 75.138 0. .2 47.5 17. . CFA franc January 45.

..0 17. .4 15. 90.8 121 131 148 154 Austria m. .1 42.. . dollars 359 363 419 424 410 378 400 405 463 548 492 438 421 390 405 424 337 414 466 487 513 509 533 521 Cambodia b. . ringgit 2241 2761 3043 4323 4500 4951 5565 6121 6091 5877 4547 6321 5826 7351 8504 10950 10728 11817 11981 13649 14717 13974 12429 14037 Mongolia m. .1 115 142 168 154 168 Timor Leste m. . . pesos 2232 2839 3733 4828 6190 7251 9750 10996 15685 18958 22666 27803 31422 33074 33598 35014 35314 39467 44496 52235 54977 64348 68411 74792 Nicaragua m. pounds 3989 3900 4484 5404 6195 6803 7302 7944 8016 8503 9439 9881 10847 11859 12741 13948 14684 15368 16927 18636 20534 22275 24114 25439 Iran b. shillings 7. Iraq b. .2 24. ...1 72.3 87. .. North b.1 14. 1.3 55.3 119 158 156 237 263 322 342 Benin b. .3 95. . nakfa xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 539 439 771 968 634 1936 2225 2220 1884 2104 2520 .9 102 123 142 151 192 232 232 239 256 299 355 386 400 478 622 640 611 638 Zambia b. 577 675 535 556 496 575 700 894 904 807 807 1346 ..1 . 28148 27849 Uganda b.7 47. . Cameroon b.3 75.2 13.. Eritrea m.0 19.4 33. gourdes 9.7 Burundi b.3 68.5 4.2 76.3 .6 ..8 72. ..... 1259 1303 1640 1695 1876 2004 2083 . Mauritius m..2 15.. 1.5 57.5 8.7 14.6 86.1 107 123 136 173 224 288 641 812 1321 1184 1185 2452 Belarus b.. pesos 93.. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Germany m.7 36. .2 40.717 2. ..1 1.3 153 Americas Central America and Belize m. .2 116 . 65.5 54. dollars 12181 12725 13318 12991 13041 13248 13079 12595 11748 11001 11495 12199 12326 12972 13332 13952 14749 15739 16800 18708 20639 21646 23802 24486 USA m. 98...5 4.0 29.8 95.4 53. 400 615 770 1061 1711 .. .1 2.1 30.9 75.. Equatorial Guinea m... .. .6 23. .5 135 388 720 1556 1625 1008 810 718 German DR m.0 30. shillings 15. ...3 136 1300 2942 26604 22700 .4 .7 67.. .8 63. .. .9 105 130 152 165 214 251 325 346 314 249 266 Finland m. .3 52. . euros 194 207 322 332 484 228 251 231 357 469 428 269 299 360 253 255 271 302 304 295 310 339 361 385 Czech Rep.7 52. dong 792 2047 3319 4292 3730 3168 4730 . . . euros 332 344 463 473 490 503 538 556 596 641 662 696 754 858 862 855 887 921 949 1003 1081 1019 962 935 Italy m.3 66.2 59.Military expenditure by country.3 .1 46. rupees 152 172 184 196 210 252 279 316 351 416 492 598 642 689 717 761 917 1017 1085 1168 1436 1874 2108 2284 Nepal m.7 23.9 56.5 42. dollars 0..0 79.6 16.. ouguiyas 3.. .6 43. CFA francs . . .. . .3 50.3 1. Swaziland m. . yen 3655 3865 4099 4329 4510 4618 4673 4714 4815 4922 4942 4934 4935 4950 4956 4954 4908 4876 4827 4763 4763 4803 4796 4779 Korea. Turkmenistan b.5 54.1 55. .5 42.5 30. 12. .. .5 109 128 166 186 194 209 208 207 275 328 360 396 413 485 506 566 575 583 514 Spain m.5 58.3 24.6 54.0 18.3 46. euros 968 1144 1333 1525 1705 1758 1800 2013 2001 2089 2098 2259 2393 2598 2765 2755 2996 3248 3242 3190 3285 3463 3640 3353 Romania m.1 10. . .0 47. All data are expressed in the most recent currency for each country. . .8 13. .8 45.2 2.6 56.4 12..0 60.7 12. 7864 14308 19876 21712 20829 23923 30611 31349 34333 42392 49984 Japan b... .. 1321 1721 .2 3. kronor 30131 32447 36516 37612 37381 39004 39772 40872 41600 39726 40801 42541 44542 42639 42401 42903 40527 41240 41150 43163 39710 38751 42423 44240 Switzerland m.. .8 71.7 25. ...7 81.3 77.2 117 164 175 170 172 Oceania Australia m. 1954 2291 2625 2697 2791 3148 3267 4300 5289 5798 5862 6101 Paraguay b... .6 63.7 64.6 2..8 7.5 75. euros 32788 34351 35355 36730 36416 36771 37574 36349 36188 36756 36012 36510 36702 37187 38681 40684 42690 42545 43457 44273 45063 48146 44619 44900 Georgia m.3 60. . .7 22.. leva . francs 2. .3 62.9 89.4 73. . . ..0 9.4 96. .0 59. . euros 6035 6158 6132 6148 6308 5946 5895 5837 5989 6056 6154 6595 6482 6929 7149 7404 7552 7693 8145 8388 8448 8733 8514 8459 Norway m. CFA francs .3 51. . . . . . .. .3 15. . rupees 47. rupees 63 96.6 165 271 365 470 568 656 806 967 1144 1448 1693 1781 2112 Serbia m.9 75..8 12.0 31. .5 25. 9.2 17.2 58. .4 68. R.5 308 798 1347 1727 2256 2426 3171 3384 3398 3328 3187 2982 3092 3397 3820 4011 3918 4057 5157 5532 5777 Uruguay m.0 411 564 656 746 887 947 986 1025 1101 1171 1475 1388 1355 1320 1112 Croatia m.2 83.9 73. 6391 . 44. kwanzas . marks 21647 .3 27. .. .0 99... ..0 . . .7 87.0 21. 501 351 315 273 278 279 311 341 325 346 Bulgaria m. .. .9 113 149 169 309 434 450 635 698 916 1136 1278 2391 4027 5257 5823 . 55.. ..2 24.3 3.4 74. 2475 4010 4698 4719 4777 4442 5067 5891 6519 7638 8220 9279 10373 11000 13831 17619 21450 23633 19749 19865 Armenia b. bolivares fuerte . .1 15.1 20. . .. .3 56.8 125 122 132 154 208 212 201 206 207 203 214 239 281 226 402 517 414 Liberia m.9 11.5 54..1 .7 105 104 109 119 129 132 139 179 163 176 189 196 197 209 . .3 15. CFA francs .3 16.. .3 2. . euros 31515 32302 34960 33530 33508 31459 30144 30159 29998 29451 29822 30603 30554 30648 31168 31060 30610 30600 30365 31090 32824 34166 34032 33563 Greece m.0 44..5 37.8 8. kunas xxx xxx xxx xxx 206 4184 9748 10777 10535 11072 9082 7367 5461 5251 5775 4757 4250 4323 4959 5251 6396 5966 5587 5832 Cyprus m. Kenya m.8 16. . CFA francs 29630 30489 31300 29928 29056 33962 36725 40389 40809 41324 44300 48200 44400 50500 51829 56293 56819 65619 77678 92407 97116 98111 98838 .. bolivianos .0 9.. Tajikistan m. . .5 57.9 46..0 . pounds 1.5 67. .7 82.6 65.7 3.0 76. . kroner 18865 20248 21251 21313 23638 22528 24019 22224 22813 23010 25087 25809 25722 26669 32461 31985 32945 31471 32142 34439 35932 38960 38621 43395 Poland m.. meticais 33. 0.. .217 4..2 86.. . 1988-2011 Figures are in local currency at current prices and are for calendar years. .7 48.. euros 1145 1220 1486 1683 2027 2264 2554 2842 3259 3665 4184 4496 4895 4948 5030 4462 5048 5652 6064 6235 7219 7612 5407 5855 Hungary b.2 98...00067 0. koruny xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 23777 27008 28275 30509 31328 37643 41688 44670 44978 48924 53194 52481 58445 55358 54949 49827 51824 47706 43874 Czechoslovakia m. .0 . riel 2. .7 15...0 11. dollars ... .9 27.9 18. . . rupees 834 988 1114 1320 1607 1801 1939 2064 2242 2471 2789 3240 3651 4849 6651 7838 9625 11371 11441 11262 13050 16262 18651 19296 Pakistan b.3 102 105 118 108 116 Sierra Leone m. .3 27.2 62. 62.1 40.. . .5 10. . dollars . takas 9104 10563 11143 12071 14396 16105 19021 21582 23076 25863 28436 31277 33377 34020 34105 36150 39630 43005 49420 56745 61055 75095 90385 106345 India b.2 79. ariary 9. . kina 40.2 101 96.6 101 118 104 112 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Trinidad & Tobago m. pesos 19651 20757 23131 25094 27524 31812 36778 43725 49268 46459 50117 52419 57586 57219 61879 70534 69670 75616 82476 92960 100654 100880 109986 104670 Singapore m. 34.4 15. sum xxx xxx xxx xxx .. kroner 15620 15963 16399 17091 17129 17390 17293 17468 17896 18521 19071 19428 19339 21017 21269 21075 21441 20800 23173 22731 24410 23252 25328 26091 Estonia m.0 80. 3.5 44. 0..0026 0. dollars 7470 7967 8589 9017 9371 9903 10203 10342 10482 10694 11314 12044 12546 13618 14627 15306 16311 17335 18910 20539 22214 24311 25311 25905 Fiji m.. .2 21.0 53.2 27.6 91.5 87. Botswana m.2 14. . . . . Chad b. . . 4685 5440 5521 6223 10648 11477 12564 26773 40989 Bangladesh m. . . lari xxx xxx xxx xxx .9 19. afghanis .2 40.9 15.1 15.2 44.1 15.0107 0.. . dinars 6.9 2. Philippines m. 43. new shekels 10929 11347 13647 21613 19133 22638 24790 25798 30588 34233 36131 38377 40495 43395 51577 51989 49480 48264 52518 51251 51481 53656 53251 58827 Jordan m.7 29.7 78.7 11. ... .. manat xxx xxx xxx xxx . Ghana m.8 33... dollars xxx xxx 513 400 355 229 202 248 286 386 436 646 641 833 928 979 1079 1221 1351 1608 2200 2538 2909 3099 Niger b.2 76.1 6. dollars 174 199 219 233 246 288 296 277 288 302 299 258 243 248 225 238 253 248 235 256 282 298 287 286 Thailand b.9 31.1 22.7 3. . rand 8396 9502 10703 10426 9649 10174 12038 11639 11894 11104 10961 10688 13483 16024 18815 20833 21308 23992 25047 27099 29924 33443 33905 37104 South Sudan m.643 20.8 36.3 4. leks 955 965 990 . . . . .9 49.3 48..6 27...6 18.. córdobas .6 0.5 105 66.3 22.6 80.6 94. denars xxx xxx xxx xxx .0 17. .2 89. dinars xxx xxx xxx xxx .0 23.347 0..6 10.4 74. rials 404 621 724 824 923 1517 3083 3324 4762 6227 7744 12986 21377 26032 21444 30411 42919 60379 75260 72498 61216 .. . .1 30. .6 70.. somoni xxx xxx xxx xxx 0. CFA francs 12834 13354 13817 12950 13000 14200 14100 15400 . 5223 4163 4302 3769 4602 15397 6841 6292 6683 6259 6149 7272 7229 7000 6044 5860 Malta m.6 4.2 14.9 23.0 68.4 31.7 21. . . .. .8 37. in local currency.. .00005682 0. . ...3 44...2 185 384 542 1110 1651 2272 3326 4589 5431 6003 6512 6803 6975 7321 7815 8269 8847 9723 10106 12422 14682 15807 17417 Venezuela m. Congo.2 47.4 37..5 10. 14. shillings 4454 4703 5648 5279 5027 6131 6577 7668 9756 10327 10381 10684 12614 15349 16844 18676 20570 23936 27096 33301 40136 44865 47744 45844 Lesotho m. FYR m.5 45.. . CFA francs .7 0.. Uzbekistan b. francs 4794 5042 5635 5760 5819 5336 5333 5493 5240 5077 5066 4727 4729 4664 4493 4404 4357 4339 4174 4231 4439 4413 4292 4827 Turkey m.0 6.6 71. . CFA francs 11. . South b.. .4 18.6 13..1 45.8 29. 123 . . .. kyats 1. . .134 0.3 68. .4 71. new dinars .. euros 3734 3791 3847 3915 3293 3213 3271 3251 3256 3267 3297 3378 3463 3393 3344 3434 3433 3400 3434 3773 4298 4048 3951 4016 Bosnia-Herzegovina m. .2 5.6 90.0 68.4 175 458 228 214 247 491 604 . CFA francs . euros 5021 5550 5546 5693 5577 6340 5978 6483 6560 6750 6756 7092 7599 7972 8414 8587 9132 9508 11506 12219 12756 12196 11132 10898 Sweden m.4 39. .. ..0 10. . 85. 21. ..2 99.5 137 164 178 190 213 234 233 206 203 228 246 262 285 304 301 321 343 364 436 .9 66..1 52. 0.2 .8 25.7 9..8 26. ... .2 20.0 3.. . Mali b.0 50.7 107 134 . . .3 23.9 15.3 13.9 78. . .. 28374 35035 38728 40050 41954 44070 50849 63420 . .2 41. . .. kip . francs 4.8 1.8 22.6 4.7 ..0 5. . .9 4. pula 171 207 291 348 376 450 458 460 467 586 765 784 942 1229 1415 1490 1474 1451 1593 1881 2269 2362 2390 2536 Burkina Faso b.6 63.2 50. .7 23. dinars 200 222 218 241 256 277 301 324 387 396 417 424 456 483 491 525 554 608 662 629 713 763 805 864 Sub-Saharan Angola m.3 12. . . .7 41.7 115 116 151 216 276 383 277 227 245 Montenegro m. 0. . 6786 4533 4435 4362 .. .6 3.0 63. .3 54.8 37. 29. .0 66. .. .. .8 16.7 44. colones 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cuba m. 23. .3 11...0 85. ...9 6.2 8.9 25.9 10. .7 27. .7 Mauritania b.0 65. . .4 46. .1 37.9 85..4 77..0 22.0 57.4 61. euros 13190 14121 14464 15592 15914 16715 16958 16300 18680 19987 21052 22240 24325 24592 25887 26795 27476 26959 26631 26275 28156 27578 26827 24772 Latvia m.0 64.9 1.8 22. pesos 298 309 400 502 600 693 781 866 965 1114 1249 1420 1538 1650 1691 1749 2032 2253 2610 2766 3143 2966 3357 3889 Colombia b. 490 626 747 596 1120 1068 1326 1486 Zimbabwe SEE FOOT m... 275 436 516 553 470 624 678 748 950 1263 1030 1074 1221 1153 1331 1343 1368 1441 1740 2371 2431 2300 2438 Brazil m.. . dinars . CFA francs 45. ..6 89. . 187 274 206 112 114 Congo m..6 18.7 2.2 113 ." = data unavaila Country Currency 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Africa North Africa Algeria b. .8 46.9 87.... . pesos 1274 1377 1380 1160 .8 272 7040 13140 14145 15021 16662 17898 20753 25682 28353 25922 28700 33134 36117 40898 46500 52322 60481 59228 Chile b. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Denmark m. .4 17.3 9. Morocco m.5 108 75. .5 16. 16.. . .8 78. .9 .4 37. . .2 36.3 33.7 157 303 612 1183 2289 4168 6248 8844 13641 15426 15568 16232 19260 19528 21847 24873 26527 29934 UK m.. m.9 117 138 212 306 753 795 853 1216 1383 1244 1588 2740 4292 6436 6377 9286 8631 8683 10229 Asia & Oceania Central Asia Kazakhstan b..123 .. . .0 41.. .5 99. . ..2 57.4 123 247 366 475 679 975 1355 1603 1887 1887 2287 2977 Belgium m..5 65. ..0 108 124 154 206 247 280 184 138 148 Lithuania m.. . .9 13. 48.8 46.7 16. liras 3. dinars 70. . francs .9 58. francs 5520 5525 5530 5647 5976 5521 5458 5262 4359 4719 4746 4759 4625 4629 5909 7422 6639 7970 8800 6135 6447 . . 54.7 17.. .5 39. Namibia m. .1 85.5 19.0 49.0 Korea.4 54...3 8 13.9 45. .7 .3 24.9 121 143 .0 110 117 118 134 142 155 162 175 164 Cape Verde m.7 100 167 185 188 221 263 Kyrgyzstan m.. .731 1. ..7 94..8 27. .7 62.9 19.5 63..3 17.. .2 80. ..9 10.0 15. .4 11.. cedis 0.1 21..1 24.2 3.9 61. .7 46. .5 58.0 52. .0 83. .6 31.9 105 125 133 150 170 184 227 262 288 331 379 452 546 638 764 820 923 Indonesia b. .... emalangeni 19. .0 21. 9.3 82.3 60. .. unless otherwise stated. .6 91.2 52.4 6.6 17. . .0 10. CFA francs . .8 3. . reais 0. . tugriks 900 850 592 888 1184 4147 6766 9547 11850 14767 16750 18416 26126 25384 28071 27899 32891 35914 46232 66200 77817 54110 74443 103060 Myanmar b.1 8. .1 68. . Countries are grouped by region and subregion.4 3.7 15. . .6 72. . m. Ireland m.1 53.3 18.0 78..2 13... 66168 . . .2 37..1 87.8 6.. ....9 26.7 .8 79.3 11. . 28.2 41.6 103 150 230 440 302 407 485 585 722 843 1048 1267 1422 1753 1436 1459 1773 2034 2320 . . .9 120 273 302 298 305 312 336 309 280 265 270 272 289 328 373 438 837 733 781 China. euros 1199 1275 1377 1497 1564 1552 1543 1402 1562 1700 1761 1552 1691 1653 1712 2006 2131 2206 2281 2203 2468 2591 2567 2856 France m... .4 Costa Rica m.5 14.. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Middle East Bahrain m. .8 44..6 19.0 67..0 1. . .9 68.6 5.6 89. . manats xxx xxx xxx xxx 0. .2 45...1 78.1 56. . dollars 35. rupees 5.. .5 23.. US dollar 213 240 202 187 179 166 159 161 161 162 161 164 160 191 204 166 162 170 185 200 209 215 224 222 Guatemala m.7 58.. .5 0. . .. . .2 5. .7 60..2 21.5 15.2 69.. .7 1. . Gambia m..2 21.2 92.4 15. CFA francs 14. . litai xxx xxx xxx xxx . East Asia Brunei m.4 14. .0 59.2 5. .. .8 ... New Zealand m..0 .0 .0 64. .1 51. Malaysia m...1 46.2 27. .1 Netherlands m. . . .1 31..7 17. 10.6 55... ...3 3. ..1 42.1 .0 .6 104 114 118 142 158 170 169 193 242 276 378 396 436 551 853 907 895 Tanzania b.0 58.3 17. lempiras .0895 .9 67. shillings 7918 4200 .5 41.8 62..4 41.8 122 169 302 553 461 779 860 885 967 936 1040 1174 1355 1571 1251 1068 1100 Luxembourg m.5 4.5 36.7 91. 13058 14409 16278 20577 28735 34848 40981 49739 55100 South Asia Afghanistan m.0 63.. ..0 .0065 0.3 4.. P.1 112 124 132 140 147 154 170 188 207 232 263 287 310 351 412 482 543 Sri Lanka b.2 26. .. ..2 11.8 64. . . . . dinars .. Seychelles m. ..5 11.2 3. .7 4.. . .1 13. .2 93.1 155 200 270 770 1113 1465 2031 2864 3491 4151 4994 5757 6324 6358 7558 6785 6630 6540 Russia b. rupees 65. . ..6 78.5 48. .2 92.0 58.5 30.1 20. .6 44.. krooni xxx xxx xxx xxx 4. . Dominican Rep..3 9.2 74.4 6. dollars 25.2 1.1 44... .8 7. .0 87.0 102 99... 16757 16757 17532 .3 59.4 34.2 94. .9 93. m. 300 .5 37.2 8.9 8. ..1 57. .1 21. ..1 13.2 25.9 16..9 75. .0 23. . 779 974 1045 1426 1103 1179 1428 1813 2503 2963 3216 3502 Jamaica m.1 31.. .9 113 133 154 522 1085 1510 1004 1276 1039 3200 2838 3338 .8 6.. .8 22.5 9.1 23. 6.. guaranies .. .2 56.2 23.1 24. .243 0. ..3 34. .4 21..9 124 142 227 453 562 759 808 780 . .. 149 213 758 789 1071 1210 1156 1044 1052 1251 1402 1445 1368 1392 1439 1451 1521 1737 1763 2150 2461 2644 .8 63..2 6. Mexico m. . Ethiopia m.3 103 109 109 111 123 121 126 150 175 180 183 203 222 248 287 292 330 Egypt m. . South Africa m.7 31..5 38.7 14. ..0 63. . .5 63.... pounds xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 1198 1185 1874 1404 1121 1600 Sudan m. drams xxx xxx xxx xxx 0. 134 .7 108 132 136 130 139 157 185 207 232 290 353 402 Togo m. ..1 60.5 41.3 14.6 73. .. ..0 88....5 91.713 4. . ..0 . .1 20... 242 220 281 477 352 382 443 518 814 572 530 565 573 614 614 640 646 667 690 768 Central African Rep.4 96. dollars 293093 304085 306170 280292 305141 297637 288059 278856 271417 276324 274278 280969 301697 312743 356720 415223 464676 503353 527660 556961 621138 668604 698281 711421 South America Argentina m.4 37.9 38.3 Viet Nam b. .0 4. ..6 50. . dinars 220 220 214 295 250 271 285 210 296 315 352 363 375 375 370 434 416 428 497 732 952 997 971 971 Kuwait m.5 22. ..0 215 1464 1821 2564 3847 5117 6594 8313 10468 12133 12800 13673 14864 15407 16141 17479 19078 20541 23774 22190 24701 26475 28757 Portugal m... .7 17. . .4 . pesos 2..9 3..6 98. .8 3.6 38. Dem. ...6 55. 6113 5180 .0 14.4 30. ..7 28. .9 73.2 3.1 91.2 3.. 52. .8 54.6 70.. ...9 13.8 47.8 58.. 12. .1 45. Madagascar b. pounds 19285 20474 21932 23857 23233 22727 22539 21702 22107 21792 22261 22530 23301 24544 26462 28751 29478 30333 31241 32978 35695 37177 37590 39116 Ukraine m.3 82.. lei xxx xxx xxx xxx . .9 74. . .1 50.. .2 47. CFA francs . som xxx xxx xxx xxx 12...5 53.5 105 85.. . dollars 6. francs .0 35.3 32.5 90. naira 1. Macedonia. 24. dalasis 14.8 17.8 10.. 444 290 Mozambique m..8 131 148 131 158 204 204 264 274 262 277 270 288 294 364 347 431 476 537 610 730 1054 Peru m.8 23. dollars xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 3..0 311 558 699 955 912 1267 1864 1734 2055 2408 2688 3105 3606 4807 6423 7080 9270 .1 76.4 49.. pesos 239 337 447 577 837 1320 1694 2391 4477 3410 4834 5703 6322 7507 8383 9434 10664 11405 12577 14082 17810 19496 19787 20197 Ecuador m. m.5 66.8 77.7 76.2 15. .. .2 81...6 105 67..1 1.6 3.7 94.8 .138 0. 124 133 132 140 155 165 198 192 169 Djibouti m. ..9 122 192 224 299 369 Rwanda b. escudos 366 .5 81. 44. . .7 55...7 80. Rep. pesos 289 339 408 430 806 1217 1329 1148 1474 2149 2428 2806 4051 5186 5056 4804 6436 8305 8621 9153 11629 11587 13239 13006 El Salvador m. 135 197 275 771 790 805 1185 1587 1951 1741 1762 1873 2133 2755 3167 3337 3695 4776 5778 9509 10091 9218 . quetzales 327 364 505 511 677 693 806 843 784 801 894 914 1225 1546 1239 1420 913 798 993 1043 1259 1203 1368 1555 Haiti m.. .5 1.7 36...8 26..3 .. . .9 69.5 14. .6 943 2569 3038 3170 3751 3801 3378 3339 3397 3460 3265 3182 3413 3988 4285 4935 5643 7109 8769 11063 13541 13541 Bolivia m.9 37. 6093 6137 5421 5935 6496 6239 . 25529 ..1 55. .2 82.9 63.0 85. b.0 81. .6 77.7 25.9 25.5 7. . .7 31. 55. . m. .8 58. 161 289 236 226 238 265 266 286 278 318 391 377 496 533 520 655 728 826 849 946 948 1227 Panama m. . euros xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 49.5 71.0 . .. . .. . 48769 59408 56955 66841 62026 68056 83686 87998 70294 89745 98196 112483 Somalia m.3 78. . . .1 45.6 46.. new lei 3. euros 1538 1561 1630 1692 1709 1788 1849 1874 1891 1920 1943 1994 2090 1999 1999 2111 2158 2160 2105 2557 2558 2495 2652 2577 Azerbaijan m.0 7..8 16.2 42. zlotys 74. .9 23... . . .3 8.. . .0 70. 2....2 9.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Honduras m. won 3. . .6 14. . . .9 23.7 86. kwacha 51.6 122 85.1 42.3 43. 3950 5406 6441 8600 21292 33060 43695 42070 43154 41996 47342 56792 61944 63841 65683 69604 Slovak Rep.0047 0..5 59. . . dollars 83. . ..1 6...4 23.7 29.8 49.0 3... . .. .7 22. kwacha 0...9 301 1542 2680 3851 3442 3890 6184 5848 6266 7615 8963 12328 15082 20685 25341 26077 29445 32496 Yugoslavia (former) m.6 81.. 1.6 37. .4 32.. 3....8 51. korunas 29236 43784 41900 43037 . . ..2 87. .1 19.4 118 120 159 179 149 Guinea b.3 76.0 66. . ..3 9.1 52.2 53. . birr 1273 1618 1625 1095 716 819 813 754 803 1512 3263 5589 5075 2959 2476 2397 2686 2965 3007 3229 3727 4000 4291 5541 Gabon b..4 64.3 64. ...8 2.2 50../b.3 171 194 167 182 ..0 22. .6 30. CFA francs 38. 7445 8729 7979 8121 ..2 45.1 13. . 30. .4 83.6 70. dirhams 7530 8408 8817 9999 10489 11640 12564 12280 12613 13347 13878 11569 9129 16619 16254 17418 17182 18006 18775 19730 22824 24615 26605 27042 Tunisia m.1 78. nuevos soles . koruny xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 273 319 621 653 557 465 449 523 632 662 762 762 848 898 929 994 967 853 760 Slovenia m.. .1 17 23. . dollars 2427 2751 3266 3495 3799 4010 4273 5206 5782 6618 7475 7616 7466 7721 8108 8230 8525 9094 9264 9824 10547 10964 11352 11920 Taiwan b.8 71....4 100 97. lats xxx xxx xxx xxx .. .7 88. .1 66. .. roubles 0..6 79. dollars 1310 1349 1334 1292 1221 1209 1245 1316 1356 1344 1363 1380 1422 1428 1411 1468 1523 1587 1726 1841 1979 2142 2228 2269 Papua New Guinea m.5 30.4 57..2 49.8 110 42.9 12.1 50.3 28.. balboas 103 102 73.9 23.0 49.. .4 54.3 4.. .1 78.7 42. .4 24.2 82.00019966 0.1 44..9 8. .1 50.5 58..4 43...9 3.. CFA francs 14. baht 44. 13. euros 17251 17298 15658 16373 19830 21940 24535 25614 27957 27999 26315 26005 25877 28430 28690 29987 32537 42286 35284 35766 38252 42550 44343 45603 Moldova m. krónur 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 688 1227 . forint 54782 53228 58359 61088 70284 76890 90751 89397 103132 146820 151215 191485 226041 272426 279569 314380 310731 318552 296665 326205 321486 298620 280895 278531 Iceland m. tenge xxx xxx xxx xxx . Guinea-Bissau m. . . .1 47. .5 29.0 58.4 Senegal b.. . .1 8.0 16. hryvnias xxx xxx xxx xxx .7 . . .3 76..5 101 112 122 142 162 167 171 202 214 225 273 334 384 422 631 Libya m. 72. euros xxx xxx xxx xxx 95.3 95..7 8.7 5.3 4.7 3..7 9. Nigeria b... maloti 44...9 7. . . .1 42.3 9. .3 43. leones 230 577 1369 4792 10081 13244 15546 18898 17119 9315 .8 45.4 91..6 .. 11.. .3 12.2 84.3 74.. ".8 102 108 116 154 176 139 119 146 Malawi m.7 36.9 85.9 47.9 54. won 5952 6485 7156 8061 9067 9935 10863 11940 13200 14125 14656 14379 15609 16708 17643 18884 20421 22694 24039 25765 28733 31121 31876 34113 Laos b. dinars 476 610 2585 3674 1852 900 979 1102 971 745 696 696 827 824 858 933 1017 1025 1049 1179 1201 1236 1353 1557 Lebanon b.7 58.4 78.7 30. . 0.4 7.3 .0 110 110 107 112 115 115 121 125 135 140 150 119 134 . ..7 9. ..0 85. 892 1649 1814 2437 3428 3473 4190 6839 Israel m.0 74. roubles xxx xxx xxx xxx . .0 14. 31908 54983 78292 96045 106046 89486 99100 166400 219563 Côte d’Ivoire b. . .0 6. . . 9160 14111 16995 25549 .2 29.5 14.8 27.. marka xxx xxx xxx xxx .8 600 2901 . . . . .8 10. .. .. yuan .9 5. . . . . . . . . pounds 16.9 48.. .8 25.. .. . . rupiah 1410 1537 1833 2039 2361 2486 2981 3434 4030 4634 6144 6389 . .0 .7 36.6 12..4 3.0354 0.6 39.2 68.. US dollars 198 189 202 209 211 276 291 475 419 499 549 296 266 384 505 739 710 954 950 1310 1646 1949 2094 2308 Guyana m...5 20.0 92. North America Canada m..7 57. euros 78.7 112 100 118 116 145 Europe Albania m.

2 75..4 28.. .. unless otherwise stated.. .. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx .1 130 148 136 156 162 209 239 ..3 15.7 43. .6 15.3 32. riyals xxx xxx 9. .7 74. .9 36. . North m.5 76. .. . 14848 17413 18309 24240 24062 22775 24645 27951 27626 30551 36443 49294 57929 58987 ..2 31.. . 1988-2011 Figures are in local currency at current prices and are for calendar years.3 67... Saudi Arabia b.2 61. .. . . . .5 17. ..6 91.. . .6 49. in local currency..4 55.. rials 589 601 742 643 778 738 779 776 737 760 676 687 809 933 958 1010 1144 1404 1550 1663 1775 1726 1882 1650 Qatar m. . ".. .2 30.. .. South m.1 27..7 18. .1 70.9 39. .Military expenditure by country. . All data are expressed in the most recent currency for each country. rials 5533 6030 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Yemen. .2 51..3 53. . . dirhams .6 39. .3 52.. ... riyals ..7 86.8 101 109 120 UAE m..9 82.9 45. Yemen. Yemen b. riyals 50080 47812 61333 61333 57601 61692 53549 49501 50025 67975 78231 68700 74866 78850 69382 70303 78414 95146 110779 132922 143336 154772 169667 181991 Syria b... .9 47. pounds 13. . 3324 3428 3374 3901 4610 6391 9234 . Countries are grouped by region and subregion.7 41. dinars .." = data unavaila Country Currency 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Oman m.7 12.

7 Côte d’Ivoire 8 Djibouti 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Equatorial Guinea Eritrea 9 ‖ Ethiopia 2 2 10 Gabon 1 11 Gambia ‡ Ghana 12 ‖ Guinea 13 Guinea-Bissau 14 ‖ Kenya 2 Lesotho 2 2 2 2 2 Liberia Madagascar 15 ‖ Malawi 2 2 Mali 2 2 2 2 16 Mauritania 17 Mauritius Mozambique 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 18 ‖ Namibia 19 Niger Nigeria 20 Rwanda 21 Senegal 22 §¶ Seychelles Sierra Leone 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 Somalia South Africa 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 South Sudan 24 Sudan 2 2 2 2 2 25 ‡‖ Swaziland 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 26 ‡ Tanzania Togo 1 Uganda 2 2 2 2 Zambia 2 Zimbabwe 1 1 27 ‖ Americas Central America an Belize Costa Rica 28 Cuba 29 Dominican Rep. 2 2 El Salvador 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 30 Guatemala Haiti 31 Honduras 2 2 2 2 2 2 32 Jamaica 2 2 2 2 2 2 Mexico 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Nicaragua 33 Panama 34 Trinidad & Tobago North America Canada 2 USA 35 South America Argentina 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 36 Bolivia 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 37 Brazil 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 38 Chile 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 39 § Colombia 2 2 40 Ecuador 41 Guyana 2 2 42 ‡ Paraguay 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 43 † Peru 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 44 Uruguay 2 2 2 45 Venezuela 2 2 2 46 ‖ Asia & Oceania Central Asia Kazakhstan 1 1 2 Kyrgyzstan 47 Tajikistan Turkmenistan 48 Uzbekistan 1 1 1 2 49 . 2=square bracket (indicating a SIPRI estimate) † Figure ‡ Figure § Figure ¶ Figure ‖ This c Country 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Footnote Other notes Africa North Africa Algeria 1 Libya 2 ‡¶ Morocco 3 Tunisia 2 2 Sub-Saharan Angola 4 ‖ Benin 2 2 2 Botswana Burkina Faso 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 † Burundi Cameroon § Cape Verde Central African Rep 5 ‡ Chad 2 2 6 Congo § Congo. Dem. Rep.Brackets indicating uncertain figures and estimates 1=round brackets (indicating an unsertain figure).

R. FYR 81 Malta †‖ Moldova 82 †¶ Montenegro 2 2 83 Netherlands Norway 2 Poland 2 2 2 2 84 Portugal 2 Romania 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ‖ Russia 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 85 Serbia 86 Slovak Rep. 71 Czechoslovakia 72 Denmark Estonia 2 73 ‖ Finland France 74 Georgia 2 2 2 2 2 2 75 † German DR 76 Germany 2 Greece 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Hungary 2 2 2 1 2 Iceland 77 † Ireland 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Italy 2 2 2 2 2 78 Latvia 79 Lithuania 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 80 Luxembourg Macedonia. P. South 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 55 Laos 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar 56 Philippines 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 57 Singapore Taiwan Thailand 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Timor Leste 2 58 Viet Nam South Asia Afghanistan 2 2 59 Bangladesh India 60 Nepal ¶ Pakistan 61 ¶‡ Sri Lanka 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 62 Oceania Australia 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Fiji 63 † New Zealand 2 2 2 Papua New Guinea 64 ‡ Europe Albania 2 65 §¶ Armenia 2 66 † Austria 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Azerbaijan 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 67 ‖ Belarus 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina 68 †¶ Bulgaria 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 69 † Croatia 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 70 Cyprus 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 †‖ Czech Rep. 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 51 Indonesia 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 52 Japan 53 † Korea. 2=square bracket (indicating a SIPRI estimate) † Figure ‡ Figure § Figure ¶ Figure ‖ This c Country 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Footnote Other notes East Asia Brunei 50 Cambodia China.Brackets indicating uncertain figures and estimates 1=round brackets (indicating an unsertain figure). North 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 54 Korea. †‖ Slovenia 2 2 2 ‖ Spain Sweden 2 2 2 2 87 Switzerland 2 2 88 †¶ Turkey ‖ UK 89 Ukraine 1 2 2 2 § Yugoslavia (former) 90 Middle East Bahrain 91 Egypt 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Iran 1 92 ¶ Iraq 1 1 1 1 1 93 Israel 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 94 Jordan 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Kuwait Lebanon 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Oman 95 ‡ Qatar 96 Saudi Arabia 2 2 97 § Syria 2 2 2 2 2 98 .

Brackets indicating uncertain figures and estimates 1=round brackets (indicating an unsertain figure). North 101 Yemen. South . 2=square bracket (indicating a SIPRI estimate) † Figure ‡ Figure § Figure ¶ Figure ‖ This c Country 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Footnote Other notes UAE 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 99 Yemen 2 2 2 2 100 Yemen.

all current price local currency figures have been converted to the latest ‖ currency.Footnotes from the SIPRI Yearbook 2012.e. written primarily for the data covered in it (2002-2011). exclude capital ‡ spending) Figures for these countries are for the adopted budget. As the data is comparabl e over time the footnotes should. by implication . Figures for these countries do not include military † pensions Figures for these countries are for current spending only (i. rather than actual § expenditure Figures for these countries do not include spending on paramilitary ¶ forces This country changed or redenominat ed its currency during the period. also be valid for the data for 1988- 2000. Footnote references can be found in the brackets sheet .

The figures for Libya do not include Developmen t expenditure s. which in 2008 amounted to 1.754m Dirhams) and the figure for a special 6- month financial year from July- December 2000 (8. It is not clear if any of these extra funds were allocated to 1 the military. . Previously it had operated a July-June financial year. which changed to January- December from 2001. The local currency figure shown for 2000 is the sum of the figure for FY 1999-2000 (5. In July 2006 the Algerian government issued supplement ary budgets increasing the total expenditure by 35 per cent. Morocco changed their financial year in 2000. The figures for Algeria are budget figures from 2004.000 million 2 dinar.210m 3 Dirhams).

Until 1997 the DRC was know as 7 Zaire. Military expenditure for Angola should be seen in the context of highly uncertain economic statistics due to the impact of war on the Angolan 4 economy. and a smaller increase from 2006 6 to 2007. Figures for 2006 are not available. but available information suggests a large increase over 2005. . with exceptional military expenditure financed by oil revenues. Investment expenditure for CAR for 2005 amounted to 775 000 5 CFA. The figures for the Democratic Republic of Congo do not include profits from extensive military-run mining operations. It should be noted that the rate of the implementat ion of the Angolan budget could vary considerably . Figures for Côte d'Ivore are for the adopted budget up 8 to 2003. francs. Chad's military expenditure increased sharply after 2005 due to conflict in the east of the country.

Staff Statement. 07/174 (IMF: Washington. Country Report no. DC. and Statement by the Executive director for Gabon. Press Relase on the Executive Board Discussion. The figures for Gabon exclude off budget spending financed by the Provisions pour Investissem ents Hydrocarbur es (PIH). 11 13. p. Gabon: Request for Stan-by Arrangemen t-Staff Report. The figures for Ghana in 2001 and from 2006 are for the adopted budget rather than actual 12 spending. May 2007). . an investment fund based on tax revenues from foreign oil companies active in Gabon (see Internationa l Monetary Fund (IMF). Figures for Eritrea in 1995 include expenditure for demobilizati 9 on. The figure for Ethiopia in 1999 includes an allocation of 1 billion birr in addition to the original defence 10 budget.

Figures for Mauritania are for operating expenditure 17 s only. According to the IMF. Figures for Madagascar include expenditure for the gendarmerie and the National 15 Police. and by promissory notes. Figures for Mozambique include expenditure for the demobilizati on of government and RENAMO soldiers and the formation of a new unified army from 1994 18 onwards. An armed conflict broke out in Guinea Bissau in 1998. Figures for Mali are for defence and 16 security. especially in 2000/01. which led to a substantial increase in defence expenditure. . The figures for Guinea might be an underestima te as the IMF reports large extra- budgetary spending for 13 the military. Due to the conflict. no data data is available for 1999 and the consistency before and after this year is 14 uncertain. the increase was financed by a credit from the banking system.

5 19 million. Figures for Nigeria before 1999 are understated because of the use by the military of a favourable specific dollar exchange 20 rate. In addition to this the 1999 budget of the Ministry of Finance includes a contingency provision of N$104 million for the Namibian military presence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The figures for 2002 include a supplement ary allocation of N$78. . The figures for Namibia for 1999 refer to the budget of the Ministry of Defence only.

The figures for Rwanda for 1998 are from the official defence budget. A bridging 6-month mini-budget was enacted for the first half of 21 2009. It is not clear whether the data before and after these years are based on the same 23 definition. According to the IMF there are additional sources of funding for military activities. Senegal's expenditure for paramilitary forces in 1998 amounted to 21 100 million CFA 22 francs. both within the budget and extra- budgetary. The figures for Sierra Leone in 1998 and 1999 are not available due to the coup d'etat and subsequent civil war. in accordance with the East Africa Community guidelines. Rwanda switched from a January- December to a July- June Fiscal Year from July 2009. . The figures for 2005 and 2006 include allocations for the African Union (AU) peacekeepin g missions.

. The figures for Sudan are for spending on defence and 25 security. southern Sudan was governed by the autonomous Government of Southern Sudan within the Sudanese state pending a referendum on final status in 2011. Figures for South Sudan prior to 2011 refer to the military spending of the Government of Southern Sudan on the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army 24 (SPLA). Under the terms of the Comprehens ive Peace Agreement of 2005. The figures for 2008- 2011 are estimates based on an estimated share of the Defence. and are subject to considerable 26 uncertainty. Public Order and Safety budget. South Sudan became independent from Sudan on July 9th 2011.

it is not possible to provide a single constant price series for Zimbabwe. The figure in 1999 includes a supplement ary 27 allocation of . The constant dollar figures are therefore given in constant 2005 US$ up to 2006. Due to lack of meaningful price data in 2008 due to hyperinflatio n. and figures up to 2006 have been converted to the new currency. These two series may NOT be connected. and in constant 2009 US$ for 2010. Zimbabwe changed currencies in 2006 from the Zimbabwea n dollar to the new Zimbabwea n dollar at the rate of New Z$1= Z$1 000. and in US$ from 2010. Local currency figures for Zimbabwe are given in Zimbabwea n dollars up to 2006. The figures for Zimbabwe in general should be used with caution due to an extreme level of inflation in the country. Zimbabwe abandoned the Zimbabwea n dollar in April 2009 and now mainly uses the US dollar.

8 million. New Z$ 1. Data for military expenditure as a share of GDP are not shown due to the lack of reliable GDP data for 29 Cuba. converted at the official exchange rate for each year. Expenditure for paramilitary forces.05% of 28 GDP. and maritime and air serveillance is less than 0. due to the lack of reliable inflation data for Cuba. Costa Rica has no armed forces. border guard. . The figures shown in table 5A. Figures for Cuba are for Defence & Internal Order. instead of constant price (2008) US$.3 are for current US$.

11.6 million gold cordobas. 12. 33 respectively. 28. which amounted to $17m. 7. The figures for Nicaragua includes military aid from USA and Taiwan for the years 2002 . The figures for Honduras do not include arms 32 imports. For 2011. 16. the figures include an estimate of $75m.2 and 11.1. in 30 2010.6.2009 of 12. . 13. The pensions figures may be slightly overestimat ed as they include financial investments by the Pensions Fund. The Haitian defence forces were disbanded in 1994 and replaced by the national police which also has coast guard 31 functions. The figures for El Salvador include military pensions from the Armed Forces Pensions Fund for 2002-2010.5. as an average for pensions.3.8. and 1988- 2001. as figures are not available.9.

consisting of the national police and the air and maritime 34 services. The Argentinian Congress did not approve a budget for 2011. Ministries are therefore officially operating on the 2010 budget. of the stated year) rather than calendar 35 year. The figures for Bolivia include some expenditure for civil 37 defence. of the previous year-30 Sep. All figures for the USA are for financial year (1 Oct. However. Therefore the SIPRI estimate for 2011 is identical to the figure for 2010 in current prices. expert sources suggest that actual expenditure in 2011 may be considerably 36 higher. . The Panamanian defence forces were disbanded in 1990 and replaced by the national guard.

They include direct transfers from the state-owned copper company Corporacion Nacional del Cobre (CODELCO) for military purchases. Most of these allocations were spent between 40 2002-2004. though it has increased substantially 38 from 2006.5% of total Brazilian military spending between 2001-2005.5 billion pesos from a war tax decree of 12 August 2002. the MOD has built up a surplus from unspent portions of these transferred funds. The figures for Colombia in 2002 – 2007 include special allocations totaling 2. The SIPRI figures continue to count the transfers from CODELCO rather than actual 39 spending. The figures for Chile are for the adopted budget. Since 2004. which in 2011 were placed in a Strategic Contingency Fund for future equipment spending. This amounted to less than 0. . Figures for Brazil exclude investment expenditure before 2001.

3.154.15 5 and 172 million Guyana Dollars respectively. Capital expenditure for 2003 to 2006 amounted to 147.9 and 340 billion guaranies 43 respectively. The figures for Paraguay in 2003 are for the modified budget. 239. Ecuador changed its currency from the sucre to the US dollars on 13 March 2000. The current price figures for each year represent the dollar value of military expenditure at the market exchange rate for that 41 year. . 271. 293. The figures for 2000- 2011 may not be directly comparable to those from 1988- 42 1995. Spending on military pensions is not included and for the years 2007- 2011 amounted to 208. The figures from 2000- 2011 are for current expenditure only. at a rate of one dollar to 25 000 sucres. rather than actual expenditure.7.

The series for Uruguay has been changed for the 2012 Yearbook/Mi litary Expenditure Database so as to include military pensions. . The figures for Uruguay are therefore substantially higher than those published in previous editions of the SIPRI Yearbook/Mi litary Expenditure 45 Database. The figures for Peru before 2000 are based on data from the Peruvian Ministry of Defence and are suspected to come from different stages of the budget process. The figures for Peru from 2005 do not include the transfer of 20% of gas production revenues from state- owned company CAMISEA for the armed forces and national 44 police.

accounting for a substantial part of total military 47 spending. The figures for Uzbekistan expressed in constant US dollars should be seen in the light of considerable difference beetwen the official and the unofficial exchange 49 rates. are for the adopted budget rather than for the actual 46 expenditure. created in 2005 and funded by contribution s from the Central Bank and the state oil company PDVSA. Figures for Venezuela for the years 1991- 1997 and for the most recent year. The figures for Venezuela exclude an unknown amount of additional funding from the National Developmen t Fund FONDEN. The figures for Kyrgyzstan include spending on internal security. The coverage of the series for Turkmenista n varies over time due to classification changes in the Turkmen system of public 48 accounts. .

2004.–Mar. The local currency figure for Brunei Darussalam for 2003 is for a special 15-month FY from Jan.–Dec. FYs up to 2002 are Jan. . 2003 to Mar. those from 2004 onwards are 50 Apr.

pp. The military expenditure of China. Disarmamen t and Internationa l Security (Oxford University Press: Oxford. for the most recent years. On the estimates in local currency and as share of GDP for the period 1989-98. including estimates for items not included in the official defence budget. recent trends in spending in the same 51 category. Wang's methodolog y for others. SIPRI Yearbook 1999: Armaments. 349. 1989 to 98. . estimates based on official data and Prof. The figures for China are for estimated total military expenditure. where no official data is available for certain items. see Shaoguang Wang. 1999). estimates are based on either the percentage change in official military expenditure. The estimates for the years 1999- 2011 are based on: publicly- available figures for official military expenditure and for certain other items.

. The figures for North Korea are as reported by North Korean Authorities. Due to lack of a credible exchange rate between the North Korean won and the US dollar no dollar estimates can be 54 provided. The figures include the budgeted amount for the Special Action Committee on Okinawa (SACO) and exclude military 53 pensions. The figures for Japan are for adopted budget before 2004 and from 2010-2011. on the assumption of a gradual decrease. The figures for Indonesia exclude substantial off-budget expenditure s. They do not include investment in the arms industry and R&D in dual- use technology. the size of which are 52 unknown. and in the case of the commercial earnings of the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA). or various social welfare services provided through the military sector.

57 pesos. 2010 and 2011 55 respectively. 1048.2 billion Won in 2009.8 and 1285. The figures for Myanmar(B urma) are not presented in US dollar terms owing to the extreme variation of in stated the exchange rate between the kyat and the US dollar. The figures for the Philippines are slightly overstated as they include spending on Veterans Affairs. These amounted to 449. Up to 2010 these amounted to around 1b. . and Welfare for Troops.076 to 960 Kyat/US$ 56 (2003). but in 2011 this increased to 13. relocations of US bases. Stated exchange rates vary from 6.9b. pesos or less. The figures for South Korea do not include spending on 3 **special funds** for relocation of military installations.3 billion.

which in 2009 included $4 billion from the USA. subsequent financial years. The figures for Afghanistan are for core budget expenditure on the Afghan National Army. are from July-June. is not 59 included. Military aid from foreign donors. are from January- December. from 2008. which in recent years have been several times higher than Timor- Leste's GDP 58 itself. Previous financial years. The current local currency figure for Timor-Leste for 2007 is for a special 6-month financial year from July- December 2007. 16 times Afghanistan’ s domestic military expenditure. up to 2006-07. The figures for military expenditure as a share of GDP for Timor-Leste are based on GDP data that excludes oil and gas revenues. .

the Frontier Corps (Civil Armed Forces) and Pakistan Rangers.3.8 and 31. The figures for India include expenditure on the paramilitary forces of the Border Security Force. from 2007 the Sashastra Seema Bal but do not include spending on military nuclear 60 activities.1 billion rupees in 2008-2011 61 respectively. these totaled 16. Figures for Pakistan are for current expenditure.4 billion rupees respectively. 5. the Assam Rifles. 3.9 and 2. 20. the Central Reserve Police Force. the Indo- Tibetan Border Police and. For 2008. The figures for Sri Lanka for 2000 do not fully reflect the special allocation of 28 billion rupees for war-related 62 expenditure.7. Defence spending in the Public Sector Developmen t Plan amounted to 2. . 2009 and 2010. They do not include spending on paramilitary forces .

5 per cent of annual military 63 spending. If the figures for Armenia were to include military pensions they would be 15-20% 66 higher. 25. . developmen t expenditure amounted to 6 million. 64 respectively. 0 and 47 million kina. For the years 2008- 2011.2 million. The figures for Albania prior to 2006 do not fully include 65 pensions. For the years 1998–2002 Fiji's spending on military pensions amounted to roughly 3. The figures for Azerbaijan for 2011 include an allocation of 1087 million manats for *special defence projects* in addition to the main defence 67 budget.

NATO has provided figures for Bulgaria including pensions from 2006- 2008: 1393. 2007 and 2008 69 respectively. Data for Bosnia and Herzegovina does not include spending on arms 68 imports. . 1712 and 1749 million Leva for 2006. The figures for Bosnia and Herzegovina from 2005 onwards are for the armed forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina . The figures prior to 2005 include expenditure for both the army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Army of Republika Srpska. which was formed in 2005 from the Croat- Bosniac army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb Army of Republika Srpska.

7 million koruny in 2004 and 612. Payments continued in 2011. so a figure of 55. The figures for the Czech Republic do not include military aid to Afghanistan or Iraq. 2009 and 2010 respectively. but figures are not available.2 million Koruny in 2006.1 million koruny in 71 2005. Aid to Afghanistan was 18. The figures for Croatia for 2006-10 include sums allocated from central government expenditure for repayments on a loan for a military radar system. 1993. Aid to Iraq was 1.6 and 55.2 million Koruny has been included in the figures for 2011 as 70 an estimate. Czechoslova kia was divided into the Czech Republic and the Republic of Slovakia on 1 Jan. Figures in the table for constant dollars are based on subsequent CPI and exchange rate data for the Czech Republic.4. 2007.8. and should be interpreted with 72 caution. 2008. 91. 53. The sums allocated were 147. .6 million koruny in 2007. 54.2.

The figures for GDR in constant US dollars are based on subsequent price and exchange rate data for the united Germany. The budget figures for Georgia for 2003 are believed to be an underestima tion of actual spending because of the political turmoil during the 75 year. East Germany) ceased to exist in Oct. . The figures for France from 2006 are calculated with a new methodolog y due to a change in the French budgetary system and financial 74 law. 1990 when it was unified with the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). This accounts for much of the decrease in Estonian military spending in 73 2010. and are no longer classed as a paramilitary force by SIPRI. Estonia merged their Border Guard Service with the National Police in 2010. The German Democratic Republic (GDR. and should be interpreted with 76 caution.

. Iceland does not have an army/militar y and until the establishme nt of the Icelandic Defence Agency in June 2008 there was not a budget provided for defence affairs/milita ry affairs. it is possible that the figures up to 2003 include spending on some forces not included 80 from 2004. The figures for Latvia do not include allocations for military pensions paid by Russia. intelligence gathering and military 77 exercises.5% 78 of the total.” The figures for Italy include spending on civil defence. The Icelandic Defence Agency is responsible for maintaining defence installations such as the Icelandic Air Defence System. which typically amounts to about 4. Due to a change in the way Lithuania reports spending on paramilitary forces. which averaged 27 million lats per year over 79 1996–98.

82 respectively. 2006 and 2007 of 343. Border troops were transfered from the Ministry of Defence to the Ministry of Interior Affairs and part of the military pensions. previously entirely excluded. would give total miltiary expenditure for 2005. are now 81 included. Adding all military items in Moldova's budget. Montenegro declared its independenc e from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro on 3 June 2006 and was accepted as a member of the United Nations on 28 June 83 2006. 457 and 530 million lei. . including expenditure on military pensions and paramilitary forces. The definition of military expenditure for FYROM changed from 2006.

. PPP rates were used for Russia for converting local currency figures to constant 85 dollars. 1987–97'. For the sources and methods of the military expenditure figures for the USSR and Russia. Between 2004 and 2011 these additional sums varied between about 240 million and 640 million 84 Zlotys. pp. Disarmamen t and Internationa l Security (Oxford University Press: Oxford. 1998). The figures for Poland exclude some defence spending in other ministries. . 243–59. J. 'The military expenditure of the USSR and the Russian Federation. SIPRI Yearbook 1998: Armaments. and additional domestic defence spending such as the Armed Forces Modernizatio n Fund and some additional Defence R&D. Up to and including the SIPRI Yearbook 2002. see Cooper. appendix 6D.

The figures up to 2005 are for the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until February 2003) and for 2006 onwards for Serbia 86 alone. Sweden changed its accounting system in 2001 giving rise to a series break between 2000 and 2001.4 percentage 87 points. or spending by cantons and local government . This break means that the decrease in military expenditure between 2000 and 2001 is overestimat ed by 1. Montenegro seceded from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro 3 June 2006. From 1990-2006. military spending by cantons and local government typically amounted to between 5- 8% of the central government spending 88 figures. . Figures for Switzerland do not include expenditure on military pensions or paramilitary forces.

Former Yugoslavia including Croatia. Macedonia and Slovenia. which are closest to the old cash definition. The Net Cash Requiremen t definition differ slightly from the cash definition used up to 2000. Constant dollar figures are not available due to the lack of reliable economic data for Yugoslavia and its successor 90 states. has a separate entry up to and including the year 1991. The figures for Bahrain do not include extra budgetary spending on defence procuremen 91 t. The effect on the figures for UK military expenditure 89 is unknown. the UK moved from a cash based accounting system to a resource based system. From 2001. The figures for the UK from 2001 are based on the "Net Cash Requiremen t" figures given in the Annual UK Defence Statistics. .

the figures for Iraq for 2011 should be treated with caution. Therefore. the Iraqi Ministry of Defence has substantially underspent its budget. The figures up to 2007 are uncertain due to the high rate of 93 inflation. . In 2011. The figures for Israel from 1988 include supplement al budgets for operations in the Occupied Palestinian Territories and elsewhere. a 12 per cent increase on the original total budget. The figures for Qatar are for Defence & 96 Security. and an estimate for the paramilitary Border 94 Police. In recent years. The figures for Iran do not include spending on paramilitary forces such as the Islamic Revolutionar y Guards Corps 92 (IRGC). Figures for Oman are for current expenditure on defence and national security. the government enacted a supplement al budget of 1000 million rials. but it is not known if any of this additional allocation went to military 95 spending.

.5 syrian pounds. Syria abolished the official rate in 2007. Syria operated an official exchange rate of 1 dollar = 11.225 Syrian pounds. Previously. moving to the parallel market rate that had previously operated 98 unofficially. The figures for Syria in US dollars have been converted from local currency using the market exchange rate for the base year of 2008 of 1 dollar = 46. which was used in previous editions of the database. The figures for Saudi Arabia are for defence and 97 security.

. The latter item is estimated for 2006-10 assuming a constant 99 real value. and "Abu Dhabi Federal Services". which the reports say are "mainly" defence and security expenditure s. salaries and pensions). plus 100% of the "Goods and services" figures. The military expenditure of the United Arab Emirates is uncertain and lacking in transparenc y. The SIPRI figures are estimated as 80% of the "Abu Dhabi Federal Services" item. The only available source of data is from IMF Staff Country Reports. The Gvernment Finance Statistics give only the Goods and Services figures. The Country Reports include two lines relating to military expenditure : The "Goods and Services" expenditure of the Defence and Interior Ministries (which does not include military wages. and IMF Government Finance Statistics.

. and should be interpreted with 101 caution. The Republic of Yemen was formed in 1990 from the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South 100 Yemen). North Yemen merged with South Yemen into the Republic of Yemen in 1990. Figures in the table for constant dollars are based on subsequent price and exchange rate data for the united Republic of Yemen.