Countable and uncountable

nouns
Nouns can be either countable or uncountable. Countable nouns (or count
nouns) are those that refer to something that can be counted. They have both
singular and plural forms (e.g. cat/cats; woman/women; country/countries). In
the singular, they can be preceded by a or an. Most nouns come into
this category.
A smaller number of nouns do not typically refer to things that can be counted
and so they do not regularly have a plural form: these are known
as uncountable nouns (or mass nouns). Examples include: rain, flour, earth,
wine, or wood. Uncountable nouns can't be preceded by aor an. Many abstract
nouns are typically uncountable, e.g. happiness, truth, darkness, humour.
Some uncountable nouns can be used in the plural as well, depending on the
meaning or context of the word. Take a look at these sentences:
uncountable because it's referring to the drink in
Would you like some coffee?
general
He ordered a coffee. countable, because it's referring to a cup of coffee
uncountable, because it refers to the quality or state of
There's no truth in the rumours.
being true
The fundamental truths about human countable, because it's referring to facts or beliefs that
nature. are true

In the Oxford Dictionary of English and the New Oxford American Dictionary,
nouns that are chiefly uncountable are described as ‘mass nouns’. This type of
noun entry may also include an example sentence showing a countable use of
the type described above. For example:
•beer noun [mass noun] an alcoholic drink made from yeast-fermented malt
flavoured with hops: a pint of beer | [count noun] he ordered a beer.
There are some words that should only be used with countable nouns and some
that you should only use with uncountable nouns. Here are the main examples:

word with countable noun? with uncountable noun? examples
few, fewer ✓ ✗ fewer students; few cars
little, less, least ✗ ✓ less food; little time
many, several ✓ ✗ several books; many changes
much ✗ ✓ much pleasure; much sleep

You often hear people using less with countable nouns (e. Although it's a common mistake. .g. ‘there are less cars outside the school gates’). it is still a mistake and you should try to avoid making it in formal writing or speaking.

Tea __________________________ 9. Apples __________________________ 8. Meat __________________________ 3. Bread __________________________ 15. Salt __________________________ 20. Flour __________________________ 4. Rice __________________________ 5. Butter __________________________ 7. Games __________________________ 13. Cheese __________________________ 28. Pens __________________________ 18. 1. Carrots __________________________ . Honey __________________________ 25. Sugar __________________________ 10. Cars __________________________ 16. Houses __________________________ 24. Fingers __________________________ 27. Time __________________________ 2. Jam __________________________ 19. COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE EXERCISES Activity 1 Write Countable or Uncountable next to the word. Friends __________________________ 23. Books __________________________ 6. Oil __________________________ 12. Hair __________________________ 22. Tomatoes __________________________ 17. Pencils __________________________ 11. Milk __________________________ 14. Cream __________________________ 21. Chairs __________________________ 26.

1. We use how many with countable nouns. My brother found _________ money. 2. _________________ money do you spend every week? 5. There is _________ orange on the table. There are _________ students in the classroom. 10. (A pen. 5. 9. It is _________ dog. _________________ . I bought _________ milk. _________________ friends does Linda have? 6. _________________ films did Tom see last week? 4. an apple) We use some + plural countable nouns in positive sentences. _________________ chese do you buy? 2. 8. 4. Do you have _________ eggs? 11. There isn'tany salt. 12. 6. Is there _________ pencil on the desk? Activity 3 We use how much with uncountable nouns. Do you have any sisters?) Write a. 7. Linda has not got _________ pets. Have you got _________ friends? 3. Tim eats _________ cheese every day. We don't have _________ bread. an. _________________ meat are you going to buy? 9. _________________ apples do you see? .Activity 2 We use a / an + singular countable noun. (I don´t have any pens. _________________ tomatoes are there in the fridge? 8.) We use some + uncountable nouns in positive sentences (There is some oil) We use any + countable / uncountable nouns in negative sentences and in most questions. Write “How much” or “How many”. My sister found _________ pen. (There are some cars. _________________ books are there in your bag? 3.ilk did you drink yesterday? 10. 1. some or any. _________________ sugar do we need? 7.

. my mother had made (6)_____________________ soup. and since I like ice-cream.Activity 4 Write a / an. too. I went to the supermarket because there wasn't (1)_____________________ eggs left. I told her to not worry about it. my mother called me and she reminded me to get (2)_____________________ bread and milk too. When I arrived at the supermarket. I asked her if there was (8)_____________________ more. some or any on the lines below. So. It tasted really good. When I got home. I remembered that there wasn't (3)_____________________ ice-cream. she gave me (7)_____________________ nice warm bowl of tomatoe soup. She said that it was all finished but that she could make (9)_____________________ more soup if I would go back to the supermarket and buy (10)_____________________ more tomatoes. I got (4)_____________________ of that and (5)_____________________ bottle of orange soda.

Friends . Carrots . Meat . 2.Countable 17. Sugar . Tea .Uncountable 15. Bread .Uncountable 12.Uncountable 14. We don't have any bread. Milk . Tomatoes .Countable 23.Uncountable 2.Uncountable 5. There is an organge on the table.Uncountable 20.Countable 27. My brother found some money.Countable 24. Cheese .Countable 13. Fingers . Chairs . Linda has not got any pets.Countable 6.Uncountable 25.Uncountable 9.Countable Activity 2 1. Cars . My sister found a pen.Countable 16.Countable 8.Uncountable 21.Uncountable 19.Countable 18. Honey .Countable 11. Houses . 9. 5. Games .Uncountable 3.Uncountable 4.Uncountable 10. Tim eats some cheese every day. Pencils .COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE ANSWER KEY Activity 1 1.Uncountable 7. Jam . 8. Time . Flour . . Apples .Countable 26. It is a dog. Hair . 7. Pens . 4. Have you got any friends 3. Butter . Books . Rice .Uncountable 28.Uncountable 22. I bought some milk. Oil . Cream . 6. Salt .

Is there a pencil on the desk? Activity 3 1. a 8. some 3. some 7. How much money do you spend every week? 5. any 9. How much milk did you drink yesterday? 10. How many apples do you see? Activity 4 1. How many friends does Linda have? 6. any 2. There are some students in the classroom. How much meat are you going to buy? 9. How many films did Tom see last week? 4. some 10. How much sugar do we need? 7. some . How many books are there in your bag? 3. any 4. Do you have any eggs? 11. How much cheese do you buy? 2. 10. 12. How many tomatoes are there in the fridge? 8. a 6. some 5.

because I also don't enjoy it. Start letter with “Dear” and the name of your friend. I look forward to hearing from you soon. I like cheese and pasta. “Dear John. EXAMPLE LETTER Jack Smith 12 Locus Street Montgomery.” 11. Jack Introduction 1. Best Wishes.C. Answer all the questions asked. but she did buy a lot of food that I like. 4. answering your penfrind's questions in about 100 words. Write “I look forward to hearing from you soon. Say how you are 5. Use a good variation of grammar Paragraph 3 8. Give a reason why you have to finish the letter. when my mother runs out of something. meat and chocolate. How is your family? I understand that you don't like shopping for food. Write a salutation. Alabama.”. Write you name only. like eggs. 2016 Dear John.” Closing 10. How are you? I'm fine. Ask how your friend is. my father goes shopping for food and asks me to come so that he doesn't forget anything. she might ask me to go and pick some up. because I have to study. However. Furthermore. such as tomatoes. Respond to a detail about your friend. Although.S.) September 2nd. we usually forget something I like chocolate. I sometimes go shopping for food. Do you ever go shopping for food in your house? What type of food do you like to eat? • Now write a letter. NOT your surname. For example. also. I don't like to shop. Paragraph 2 6. 7. Write the date in the order of – Month – Day – Year 2. Paragraph 1 3. PET – B1 – LETTER • This is part of a letter you receive from an English penfriend. At times. like “Best Wishes.A. . Last week I went shopping with my mother to the supermarket. 36103 (U. P. For example. 9. I have to go now.

One time. • Write your story in about 100 words. Many dishes were made from deer and rabbit. they just wanted to give a birthday surprise. Create Interest Paragraph 3 5. PET – B1 – STORY • Your english teacher has asked you to write a story. the waiter came out with a birthday cake and everybody started singing. Good use of grammar tenses to the set the scene 2. I felt sastified to be there with my family. EXAMPLE STORY One time. Partly explains what happened . My father asked “Should we order the rabbit with rice and wine sauce?” We all agreed. Direct Speech brings the story to life 4. I thought they had forgotten my birthday! In the end. I ate in an interesting restaurant. since it was next to a hunting zone. Paragraph 2 3. • Your story must begin with the sentence. Surprise at the end 6. Paragraph 1 1. Describe how the person felt. It was spacious and lively and it was near a lake in the a small forest. but I was a little sad. I ate in an interesting restaurant. They even decorated anklers on the wall! Suddenly.