RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 7:01 AM Page OC3

by Rozanne Lanczak Williams

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RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:56 AM Page 1 by Rozanne Lanczak Williams Orlando Boston Dallas Chicago San Diego Visit The Learning Site! www.harcourtschool.com .

RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:57 AM Page 2 Cowboys Long Ago In the 1800s. They watched the grassy landscape for lost cows. raising cattle was an important business in the American West. Thousands of cattle roamed the open land. Cowboys on horseback rode among the cattle. 2 .

Cowboys had to be tough to face bad weather. and stampeding cattle. the cowboys rounded up the herd for the cattle drive. snakebites. 3 .RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:57 AM Page 3 Each spring. The cows were made to walk a long trail to the railroad. Life on the trail was rough. They were shipped by train to market.

Instead. ranchers use pickup trucks or even helicopters to count and herd cattle.RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:57 AM Page 4 Cowhands Today A cowhand’s work is different today. 4 . Ranches are fenced in. and there are no more cattle drives. They send their cows to market in big trucks.

cowhands still ride horses and rope strays in rough places where trucks can’t go.RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:57 AM Page 5 However. which are small and tough and work hard. 5 . Riding and roping are still part of being a rough-and-ready cowhand! Some cowboys use mustang horses.

Cowhands will truck feed to the cows. 6 .RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:57 AM Page 6 A Year On a Ranch In the fall. cowhands help ranchers store hay and feed for the cows. the ground will be covered with snow. In the winter. Ranchers may drop hay from helicopters on the snowy landscape.

Ice may form in the watering troughs. The cowhands break and remove the ice so the cows can drink. 7 . ranchers and cowhands make sure the cows have enough water.RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:58 AM Page 7 In winter.

RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:58 AM Page 8 A ranch is a busy place in the spring. Cowhands keep track of the cows and the new calves. If a calf becomes sick. a cowhand will move both the calf and its mother to the barn. 8 .

9 .RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:58 AM Page 9 When the calves grow bigger and stronger. Cowhands help the rancher herd the calves into a small fenced pen called a corral. it’s roundup time on the ranch.

They count the calves to find out how many were born. They make the calves go through a tight path called a cattle chute. 10 .RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:58 AM Page 10 The cowhands shout and wave their arms and hats.

Some ranchers tag the ears of the calves. The brand is a mark to show who owns the calf.RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 6/3/01 12:07 PM Page 11 At the end of the chute. 11 . After being branded and tagged. each calf is branded. the calves get shots to keep them from getting sick. Every ranch has its own brand.

like those of long ago. they were always marked with their owner’s brand. Ranchers today. often name their ranches after their brands.” 12 . A cowhand might say. This helped identify lost or stolen cows. “I work on the Bar T Ranch.RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 6:59 AM Page 12 When cattle roamed the open range.

They might catch wild horses and try to tame them. The rancher and the cowhands. 13 . They mend anything broken and shoe their horses.RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 7:00 AM Page 13 For the rest of spring and summer. however. are busy all summer long. the cows spend lazy days grazing on the ranch.

Still. and the work is hard. 14 .RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 7:00 AM Page 14 Time for Fun The cowhand’s day is long. They may attend an exhibition where ranchers show their best cattle and horses. cowhands find time for fun.

15 .RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 6/3/01 12:07 PM Page 15 At rodeos cowhands kick up some dust. This dappled horse has won first place. They show off their skills and compete at riding and roping.

They dress much the same and sometimes they talk the same. Most of all.RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 5/24/01 7:00 AM Page 16 Cowhands Past and Present Ranching has changed. they still share the same love of wide-open spaces! 16 . but cowhands haven’t changed much.

” Word Count: 581 . A grown-up might wish to light a candle “campfire.RNL01AIN2X_INO24_1-20 6/3/01 12:08 PM Page IC3 Think and Respond 1 Why are calves rounded up each spring? 2 What was the main work of a cowhand in the past? 3 What did you learn about cowhands? 4 How do you know that being a cowhand is a hard job? 5 How are cowhands today different from cowboys of the past? 6 Would you rather be a cowhand long ago or today? Tell why. Write a Campfire Story In the evenings. share “campfire” stories. School-Home Connection With family members. Write a campfire story. cowhands of long ago told stories around the campfire.