CGA 341—2007

REAFFIRMED 2011
CGA 341—2007
REAFFIRMED 2011

SPECIFICATION
SPECIFICATION FOR
FOR INSULATED
INSULATED
CARGO CARGO
TANK FOR TANK
NONFLAMMABLE
CRYOGENIC LIQUIDS
FOR NONFLAMMABLE
CRYOGENIC LIQUIDS
SIXTH EDITION
SIXTH EDITION

COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION, INC.
14501 George Carter Way, Suite 103
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone: 703-788-2700
FAX: 703-961-1831
E-mail: cga@cganet.com

CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION, INC. PAGE ii

PLEASE NOTE:

The information contained in this document was obtained from sources believed to be reliable and is based on
technical information and experience currently available from members of the Compressed Gas Association,
Inc. and others. However, the Association or its members, jointly or severally, make no guarantee of the results
and assume no liability or responsibility in connection with the information or suggestions herein contained.
Moreover, it should not be assumed that every acceptable commodity grade, test or safety procedure or
method, precaution, equipment or device is contained within, or that abnormal or unusual circumstances may
not warrant or suggest further requirements or additional procedure.

This document is subject to periodic review, and users are cautioned to obtain the latest edition. The
Association invites comments and suggestions for consideration. In connection with such review, any such
comments or suggestions will be fully reviewed by the Association after giving the party, upon request, a
reasonable opportunity to be heard. Proposed changes may be submitted via the Internet at our website,
www.cganet.com.

This document should not be confused with federal, state, provincial, or municipal specifications or regulations;
insurance requirements; or national safety codes. While the Association recommends reference to or use of
this document by government agencies and others, this document is purely voluntary and not binding unless
adopted by reference in regulations.

A listing of all publications, audiovisual programs, safety and technical bulletins, and safety posters is available
via the Internet at our website at www.cganet.com. For more information contact CGA at Phone: 703-788-2700,
ext. 799. E-mail: customerservice@cganet.com.
Work Item 10-049
Bulk Distribution Equipment & Standards Committee

NOTE—No technical information has been changed from the 2007 edition. This reaffirmed edition may include
minor editorial changes.

NOTE—Technical changes from the previous edition are underlined.

REAFFIRMED: 2011
SIXTH EDITION: 2007
FIFTH EDITION: 2002
FOURTH EDITION: 1995
THIRD EDITION: 1987
© 2007 The Compressed Gas Association, Inc. All rights reserved.
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...1 Design pressure and design service temperature ......................................... 10 8 Supports and anchoring .......................... 8 5.........3 Outer jacket ...................................................4 Cleaning ....................................................................................................................................5 Piping........................................................................... 11 11................................ 7 4.................................................... 12 13 Certification .............................................................................................................. fittings..........................................................................................................................................................3 Location ........................................1 Manholes ...............5 Insulation ............................................. 2 3..................................................................................... 10 7............2 Retention .............................................................. PAGE iii Contents Page 1 Introduction and scope ....................................................... 8 5........... 7 4................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 9.................................................................. 7 4...............................................................................................................................3 Liquid container ...................................................................... 7 4.............................................................................................1 Code and name plate ................................................................................................ 3 3..........................................................3 Rear bumper.......................................................... 12 13..2 Mid-tank piping protective housing ..........................1 General .. 8 6........................... 7 5.................................................................................4 Attachments...................... 11 10 Pumps ..1 General ........................................................ 10 8............................................................................................................................2 Regulations..................................................................................................................................... 11 9............................................................................................................................... 3 3.. valves.................................................................................................................... 2 3......................... 2 3........................................... valves..........2 Other components .......... 7 5.........................2 Welding.......1 Liquid container ........................................................................................... 11 12 Marking of tanks ........................................... INC...... 10 9 Gauging devices ......................................................................................................... 1 3 General requirements ....... 12 13..................................................................3 Discharge control shutoff valves........................................................................................................................................... 12 12..................CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION.....................................................................................................................................................2 Piping and appurtenances ..................................4 Pressure relief devices .................................................................... 8 6.................................1 Cargo tank with frame ............................................................ 1 2 Definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 11 Testing ......2 Outlets .................... 9 7 Protection of piping..................................................................1 General ..................6 Outer jacket ........................................................................1 Level gauging devices . 11 9..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Frameless cargo tank ................... 10 7..............................................................2 Pressure gauges .......................................................................................................................... and fittings .............................................................3 Vacuum gauges.................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10 7..................................... 8 6........... 8 6................................................................................................................................................ 2 3...........................................4 Inner support system ......................................................................................................................... and hose ............................................ 13 .............................................................................................................................................................................. 8 6................................................................................ 7 5 Joints ........... 11 11...........................................................................................1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 6 Piping and controls ..................................................... 10 8...................................................................... 4 4 Materials ...................................

.............. PAGE iv 14 References ......................................................................... 4 Table 2—Maximum portion of outer shell used for computing ring section modulus .................................................... INC...................................................................... 7 ............... 13 Tables Table 1—Minimum metal thickness of the outer jacket .........................................CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION..................

5]. INC.4 Design pressure Maximum gauge pressure at the top of the liquid container in its operating position.320 of the U. This cargo tank specification contains the suggested minimum guidelines for insulated. 2.1 ASME Code Edition and addenda of Section VIII. NOTE—Design weight of lading is used in the design calculations for the liquid container.S.6 Design weight of lading Maximum weight of lading to be carried in the cargo tank. the outer jacket is often the primary structural member anchored to the truck bed or the tandem and upper coupler (fifth wheel) assemblies. 2 These cargo tanks are allowed by paragraph 173. or attachment to a road vehicle is loaded or unloaded without being removed from the road vehicle. inner support system.S. Highway Tanks and Portable Tanks for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods and CSA B622. support system. 2 References are shown by bracketed numbers and are listed in order of appearance in the reference section. differential) for differential pressure. . used. non-DOT specification cargo tanks intended for transporting nonflammable cryogenic liquids such as argon.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. NOTE—As used in this specification. NOTE—Design service temperature is identical to the minimum allowable temperature for which the liquid container is suitable as defined in paragraph UG-116 of the ASME Code [6]. construction. Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR) [2].3 Cryogenic liquid Liquefied gas having a boiling point lower than 130 °F at 14. the following definitions apply. These regulations require that cargo tanks be constructed. abs). with insulation contained in the annular space. Metric Practice Guide for the Compressed Gas Industry [1]. Thus. helium.5 Design service temperature Minimum allowable temperature for which a liquid container is suitable. abs) for absolute pressure or (kPa. 2.7 psia (90 °C at 101 kPa. etc. 1 kPa shall indicate gauge pressure unless otherwise noted as (kPa. and oxygen at pressures below 25. PAGE 1 1 Introduction and scope This standard contains specifications for a cargo tank with very efficient insulation and relatively low heat leak to the lading.1. All kPa values are rounded off per CGA P-11.” of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in effect at the date of tank manufacture [6]. design pressure is identical to the term maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) as used in the ASME Code. and maintained in accordance with Canadian Standards Association (CSA) B620. “Pressure Vessels. In Canada. the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations of Transport Canada (TC) apply [3]. Multi-Unit Tank Car Tanks. Class 2 [4. 2 Definitions For the purpose of this standard. Selection and Use of Highway Tanks. outer jacket. Department of Transportation (DOT) Title 49 of the U. 2. and outer jacket) that either is permanently attached to or forms a part of a road vehicle or is not permanently attached to a road vehicle but by reason of its size.3 psig (174 kPa) in the highway mode in the United States. Division 1. nitrogen. 2. and Portable Tanks for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods. 2. anchorage.2 Cargo tank Assembled liquid container (including insulation. 2. NOTE—Products of differing densities may be carried in the cargo tank as long as the design weight of lading is not exceeded. The cargo tank it describes resembles an oversized thermos bottle because the liquid container is supported in an approximately concentric manner within the outer jacket.

2. the static head of the lading shall be added to the design pressure.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. NOTE—The insulation may or may not be evacuated. 2. 49 CFR [2]. and stamped in accordance with and fulfilling the requirements of the ASME Code [6].g. INC. e. It is often the primary structural member that serves as the frame of the cargo tank or is anchored to the frame of a truck. 2. 3.2 Regulations The cargo tank and its lading are subject to the following applicable regulations: – In the United States.10 Outer jacket Outer metal jacket around the insulation. 2. 3 General requirements 3. for liquid helium. Because vehicular stability is critical to the safe operation of cargo tanks. NOTE—The outer jacket protects the insulation from moisture. 3.1 The liquid (pressure) container shall be of welded construction that is designed. 2. a liquid container or outer jacket. the design should keep the center of gravity as low as practical. . constructed. The design service temperature shall be 320 °F (196 °C).1 Design pressure and design service temperature The design pressure shall not be less than 25.11 Pressure relief device Device intended to relieve excessive pressure in a container.7 Insulation Material of low thermal conductivity that surrounds the liquid container and reduces the flow of heat to the liquid container. under certain conditions of exposure.3 Liquid container 3. the design service temperature shall be 452 °F (269 °C). Minimum ultimate means the minimum value of a range of ultimate strengths as determined by measurements.7 psia (101 kPa..9 Liquid container Inner tank (pressure vessel) that actually contacts and holds the lading. compressive. the liquid container shall be designed for a pressure of 14.8 Lading Cryogenic liquid being transported in the liquid container. Ultimate strengths are usually stated in terms of the kind of stress producing the failure. NOTE—Ultimate strength incorporates an accounting of tensile. PAGE 2 2. abs) more than the design pressure plus the static head of the lading. and – In Canada. and shear stress into one word. To determine the minimum permissible thickness of the different parts of the liquid container. If evacuated insulation is used.3.12 Ultimate strength Maximum stress a material can resist before failure.3 psig (174 kPa). the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations of TC as well as the pressure vessels acts and regulations of the provinces in which the cargo tank is used [3].

and the weight of articles supported by the liquid container shall be considered using the forces described in 4. 3.1.6 m) in length. Under the above conditions.0. The baffles should be permanently attached to the inside of the container and designed to minimize liquid sloshing.4.2 Maximum stress values in the shell at the inner support system shall be in accordance with UG-23 and UG-54 of the ASME Code [6].3. The weight of the liquid container itself. Appendix 4.2 and 4. Section 4-112. – vertical upward of 1. INC. 3. NOTESee ASME Code.1 shall be shown on the markings required by 13.4 Inner support system 3. Insulating material for cargo tanks for oxygen service shall not sustain combustion when in contact with a glowing platinum wire in a 99. Designs that permit the flushing of all surfaces by the normal sloshing of the cryogenic liquid are preferred.5 Insulation The surface of the liquid container shall be insulated.3. NOTE—3/4 g is based on 1-1/2 g loading times 1/2 the compartment weight of lading.4 For liquid containers greater than 15 ft (4. For liquid containers longer than 30 ft (9. Division 2. for definitions [6]. the design weight of lading. However. the allowable stress value for the combination of general primary membrane stress and local primary membrane stress shall not exceed 1. Insulating material and any material used to secure the insulation material within the annulus including getters and adsorbents used for vacuum maintenance shall be chemically and physically compatible with the expected contents of the tank.5.25 times the maximum allowable stress value as prescribed by the ASME Code at a temperature of 100 °F (38 °C) [6].1 and on the report required by 14. 3.2 The design weight of lading used in determining the loadings in 4.4.1 m). Each baffle shall be designed for a minimum longitudinal loading of 3/4 g times the per compartment design weight of lading. Section VIII. the stress level shall not exceed the minimum ultimate strength of the material at room temperature with a safety factor of four.5% oxygen atmosphere at atmospheric pressure.5. multiple baffles should be included and spaced no more than 15 ft (4. a permanently attached transverse baffle should be included.3.3. and – lateral of 1. 3.5. 3.6 m) apart.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. The allowable stress shall be equal to 1/4 of the room temperature ultimate strength.4.1.1 The liquid container shall be supported within the outer jacket by members designed to withstand the following minimum static loadings times the weight of the liquid container and attachments when filled to the design weight of lading: – vertical downward of 2. PAGE 3 3.4. which is the maximum baffle loading condition. – longitudinal of 1. The effects of fatigue and thermal cycling shall be considered in this calculation.3 Design details that permit the collection and retention of cleaning materials or contaminants should be avoided. Containers so insulated shall be marked with the words . Article 4-1.

09 mm) 0.72 mm) Stainless steel 0.6 Outer jacket 3. in psi.68 mm) Aluminum 0. 3.2. differential (207 kPa.0428 in (1. Inside ring attachment welds may be intermittent.1 The cylindrical portion of the outer jacket between stiffening rings shall have a critical collapsing pressure of at least 30 psi. Where intermittent welds are used. 3.2 If a vacuum is maintained in the insulation space. differential E = Modulus of elasticity of outer jacket material.45(t/D) ] Where: Pc = Critical collapsing pressure. in inches L = Distance between stiffening ring centers.0677 in (1. in inches The heads are considered as stiffening rings located one third of the head depth from the head tangent line.6.2. differential) with a safety factor of two. in psi t = Thickness of outer jacket material.5 5 Pc = 2. differential (207 kPa. 3. The maximum spacing between intermittent welds attaching internal rings shall not exceed twelve times the thickness of the jacket to which they are attached. This is the equivalent of a 15 psi.2 If stiffening rings are used in designing the cylindrical portion of the outer jacket for external pressure. if welded on one side. each ring shall be attached to the outer jacket by fillet welds.54 mm) 3.125 in (3. the presence of nonoxygen compatible items on the trailer does not affect this marking. Care should be taken in the design of ring attachments to minimize localized areas of buckling. the outer jacket shall be designed for a minimum collapsing pressure of 30 psi. .0269 in (0. differential) as determined by the formula: 2. differential).CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. Outside stiffening ring attachment welds shall be continuous.6 E(t/D) / [(L/D)-0. two thirds of the outer jacket circumference. in inches D = Outside diameter of outer jacket. PAGE 4 INSULATION FOR OXYGEN in accordance with Section 13.18 mm) 0. All other containers shall be marked with the words INSULATION NOT FOR OXYGEN. Minimum metal thicknesses are shown in Table 1. NOTE—This marking is for insulation only. differential (103 kPa.6. the total length of welds on each side of the ring shall be at least one third of the outer jacket circumference or. The marking INSULATION FOR OXYGEN does not imply oxygen compatibility of other parts of the cargo tank.40 mm) 0.6. Table 1—Minimum metal thickness of the outer jacket Metal Evacuated Not evacuated Carbon steel 0. INC.100 in (2.6.0946 in (2.1 The insulation shall be completely enclosed with a metal jacket constructed and sealed so moisture cannot come into contact with the insulation.

in inches NOTEA line of support is either a stiffening ring meeting the requirements of this paragraph or a circumferential line on a head at one third the depth of the head from the tangent line.5 W = 0. If the configuration of the internal or external ring stiffener encloses an air space. in inches 3.3 If a stiffening ring consists of a closed section having two webs attached to the outer jacket. on each side of the attachment to the ring is given by the formula: 0.05D L/E or I’ = 3 1.6. in inches L = One half the distance from the center line of the stiffening ring to the next line of support on one side. PAGE 5 A portion of the outer jacket may be included when calculating the moment of inertia of the ring.2. such as two angles. W.78 (Rt) Where: R = Outside radius of the outer jacket. plus one half the distance from the centerline of the stiffening ring to the next line of support on the other side of the stiffening ring.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. both measured parallel to the axis of the outer jacket. in inches t = Thickness of the outer jacket material.38D L/E Where: I = Required moment of inertia of the stiffener itself about a centroidal axis parallel to the outer jacket axis. E = Modulus of elasticity of the stiffener material. If the flange of the section is not a standard structural shape. Where two separate members.4 Each stiffening ring shall have a minimum moment of inertia as determined by either of the following formulae: I = 3 1. 3. in inches to the fourth power I’ = Required moment of inertia of the combined section of stiffener and effective width of outer jacket plate about a centroidal axis parallel to the outer jacket axis. in inches to the fourth power D = Outside diameter of the outer jacket.6. with W based on R and t of the outer jacket. INC. it is subject to the same limitation. in psi . the outer jacket plate between the webs shall be included up to the limit of twice the value of W (2W).2. the air space shall be arranged for venting and shall be equipped with drainage facilities that are kept operative at all times. The effective width of outer jacket plate. they shall be treated as a single stiffening ring (the maximum width of outer jacket plate that shall be considered effective is 4W). are located less than 2W apart.

when used to comply with this section. shall be continuous around the circumference of the outer jacket and shall have a section modulus about the neutral axis of the ring section parallel to the outer jacket at least equal to the value determined by the one of the following formulas: I (Min) = 0.6.. and – Ring stiffeners.4. 3. PAGE 6 3. The maximum portion of the outer jacket to be used in these calculations is shown in Table 2. differential minimum]) E = Modulus of elasticity of head material.00027 DL for steel C I (Min) = 0.3 When used as the primary structural member.5 The outer jacket heads on vacuum-insulated cargo tanks shall be sufficiently thick to sustain a critical collapsing pressure of at least 30 psi. i. 3.6. they shall be designed to carry the liquid container plus its design weight of lading at the static loadings specified in 4. and bulkheads shall be located so the maximum unreinforced portion of the outer jacket is not more than 60 in (152 cm). Where loads are applied to the outer jacket stiffening rings from the support system used to support the inner container within .25E (t/R) Where: Pc = Critical collapsing pressure.4 When load rings in the outer jacket are used for supporting the liquid container. where K1 is established from Table UG-37 in the ASME Code. heads. in cubic inches C D = Outer jacket diameter. in psi t = Thickness of head material after forming. and D0 is the outside diameter of head [6]. in psi (30 psi. in inches R = Inside dish radius of head. in inches For ellipsoidal heads. a nonevacuated outer jacket shall have circumferential reinforcement prescribed as follows: – Ring stiffeners. differential (207 kPa. If a ring stiffener is welded to the outer jacket (with each circumferential weld not less than 50% of the total circumference of the vessel and the maximum unwelded space on this joint not exceeding 40 times the jacket thickness).2. the maximum distance from the midpoint of the unsupported outer jacket on one side of the ring stiffener to the midpoint of the unsupported outer jacket on the opposite side of the ring stiffener. R = K1 D0.000467 DL for aluminum alloy C Where: I = Section modulus. a portion of the outer jacket shall be considered as part of the ring section for purposes of computing the ring section modulus. in inches L = Ring spacing.6.e. in inches. differential) as determined by the following formula: 2 Pc = 0. differential minimum [207 kPa.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. INC.

1 Liquid container All materials used for the construction of the liquid container and its appurtenances that come in contact with the lading shall be suitable for use with the lading being transported.1. 11. piping. 9. 3. and other appurtenances within the outer jacket and all piping. and valves shall be of materials suitable for use at the lowest temperature that can be encountered. A633/A633M..1 General All joints for the liquid container shall be as required by the ASME Code [6]. 7.3 Outer jacket All material used for outer jacket pressure parts shall conform to one of the material specifications of Section II of the ASME Code or the following ASTM specifications: A242/A242M. and A1011/A1011M [6. 10. 8. INC. additional stiffening rings or an increased moment of inertia of the stiffening rings designed for the external pressure shall be provided to carry the support loads. 15].2 Other components All inner vessel supports. associated valves. .4 Cleaning Liquid container surfaces.6. PAGE 7 the outer jacket. Loads applied directly to the outer jacket or outer head shall be analyzed in accordance with Appendix G of the ASME Code [6].CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. A572/A572M. pumps. Tanks constructed for oxygen service shall be cleaned and inspected for cleanliness using appropriate methods described in CGA G-4. 2) L1 = Distance between parallel circumferential ring stiffener to outer jacket welds. it shall conform to the requirements of 9. etc.5 If the outer jacket constitutes in whole or in part a stress member used in lieu of a frame. A588/A588M.2. fittings. Cleaning Equipment for Oxygen Service [16]. mountings. 5 Joints 5. A414/414M. that will contact the lading being transported shall be suitably cleaned for the intended service to remove contaminants. 4. All materials used for the liquid container pressure parts shall conform to requirements of the ASME Code in all respects [6]. 4. A514/A514M. 14. 4 Materials 4. 13. 12. 4. A606. Table 2—Maximum portion of outer shell used for computing ring section modulus Circumferential ring stiffener Distance between parallel to outer shell welds circumferential ring stiffener Outer shell section credit (number of sides) to outer shell welds 1 20t 1) 2 Less than 20t 20t + L 1 2) 2 20t or more 40t 1) t = Outer jacket thickness. A1008/A1008M.

including the following: – Rupture disks used in the secondary pressure relief systems shall have the required stamped pressure at a coincident disk temperature not to exceed 800 °F (427 °C) and a 68 °F (20 °C) rupture pressure not exceeding the test pressure of the container. including qualification renewals. .CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. manholes shall comply with the ASME Code [6].5.4 Attachments Substructures shall be properly fitted before attachment.2 Welding The welding procedure specification. Pressure Relief Device Standards–Part 2–Portable Containers for Compressed Gases [19]. and the welding sequence shall minimize stresses due to shrinkage of the weld. the following requirements shall apply.2 Outlets With the exception of pressure relief devices and pressure control valves or devices.1 Liquid container Pressure relief devices shall be provided for the liquid container in accordance with requirements of CGA S-1.3 Location All longitudinal welds in liquid containers and a load-bearing outer jacket shall be located so they do not intersect supports other than load rings and stiffening rings. 5. and welder qualification tests for the liquid container.1 Manholes Liquid container manholes are optional and may be bolted or welded. except fire. cap. 5. including fire. or provided with a valve conforming to the requirements of 7. – The minimum total flow capacity of the primary system of pressure relief valves for operational emergency conditions. shall be in accordance with the most current edition of Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code [6]. INC. bolted flange or plate. procedure qualification records. PAGE 8 5. 6 Piping and controls 6. The set pressures and flow rating pressures of pressure relief devices shall be as specified in the ASME Code. 6. for single and multiple primary pressure relief devices.4 Pressure relief devices 6. In addition. 6. and – The minimum total combined flow capacity of the primary and secondary system of pressure relief devices for operational emergency conditions. 6. shall be calculated for a flow rating pressure not to exceed 110% and 116% of the container’s MAWP.2. respectively. each opening in the liquid container shall be closed with a plug. Bolted manholes may not be located in the front head.3 Discharge control shutoff valves Each liquid filling and liquid discharge line shall be provided with a manually operable shutoff valve located as close to the tank as is practicable. shall be calculated for a flow rating pressure not to exceed 121% of the container’s MAWP [6]. If provided.4.

and vibration. jarring. PAGE 9 6. fittings. NOTE—The collapse pressure for the inner vessel and the design pressure of the outer jacket are both calculated in accordance with the ASME Code.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. whichever is less [6].4. Suitable provisions shall be made to prevent damage to piping due to thermal expansion and contraction.00024 in2/lb (0. or 25 psia (172 kPa. and hose shall be at least four times the design pressure of the liquid container and not less than four times the pressure to which they are subjected in service by the action of a pump or other device. Where copper tubing is permitted. the vapor connection to the coil shall be provided with a valve or check valve. All such valves shall be as close to the tank as practicable to prevent loss of lading in case of damage during transportation. Each valve shall be designed and constructed for a rated pressure not less than the design pressure of the liquid container and not less than the pressure to which they are subjected in service by the action of a pump or other device. The bursting strength of all pipe. SET PRESSURE 25.5 Piping. The liquid connection to the coil shall be provided with a shutoff valve. Other requirements of ASME B31.2 Outer jacket The outer jacket shall be protected by a suitable pressure relief device to release internal pressure. valves.34 mm2/kg) of the water capacity of the liquid container. coincident with the pressure. joints shall be brazed or made with equally strong metal unions. All pipe. 6. Wherever a pressure building coil is used on a cargo tank. the action of which subjects portions of the piping to pressures greater than the liquid container's design pressure. All loading. and hose Welded pipe joints shall be used wherever possible. This rating shall be at the coldest temperature expected to be encountered. and fittings shall be leak free at not less than their design pressure. Metal unions shall not decrease the strength of the tubing.3 Pressure control valves (road relief valves) should be marked as follows: MAX. fittings. Standard Bulk Refrigerated Liquid Transfer Connections [19]. The discharge area of this device shall be at least 0. unloading. The materials used in valves and fittings shall be suitable for use at the temperature of the lading. All piping shall be designed and constructed in accordance with ASME B31. This relief device shall function at a pressure not exceeding the collapse pressure for the inner vessel. Valves or fittings made of aluminum with internal rubbing or abrading aluminum parts that may come in contact with liquid oxygen shall not be installed on a cargo tank used to transport liquid oxygen. The melting point of brazing material shall be no lower than 1000 °F (538 °C).3. and hose connections shall conform to CGA V-6. the action of which subjects portions of the piping to pressures greater than the liquid container's design pressure.3 are optional. INC. Each device shall be isolated thermally from the process line. the internal design pressure of the outer jacket. which can result from cutting threads or grooves. .4. Process Piping [18]. abs).3 psig (174 kPa). valves. Each portion of liquid piping that can be closed at both ends shall be provided with an adequately sized thermal expansion relief device without an intervening shutoff valve. 6.

and fittings 7.1 Cargo tank with frame Each cargo tank with a frame not made integral with the outer jacket by welding shall be provided with positive restraining devices for drawing the cargo tank down tight on the frame without introducing undue concentrations of stresses. suitable stops or anchors shall be attached either to the frame or to the outer jacket to prevent relative motion between them from occurring as a result of starting. The protective device or housing shall be made of steel at least 3/16 in (5 mm) thick or other material of equivalent strength. The rear bumper and its attachments to the chassis shall be designed to withstand a load equal to twice the weight of the loaded cargo tank and attachments based on a safety factor of four on the minimum ultimate strength of the material used. in whole or in part. 8. and maintained in accordance with 49 CFR 571.2 Frameless cargo tank A cargo tank constructed so the outer jacket constitutes. The static loading shall equal twice the loaded weight of the tank and the attachments.224 [2].2.1 General All pressure relief devices and their inlet piping and all valves. fittings. or protective device or structure (exclusive of the wheel assemblies) shall be at least 12 in (305 mm) above level ground.223 and 571.2 Mid-tank piping protective housing Piping and valves subject to liquid container pressure during transportation that are not located at the rear of and within the protection of the cargo tank's circumference and the vehicle frame or that do not have intervening shutoff valves or check valves that are located within the motor vehicle framework shall be protected by a device or housing. Each protective device or housing and its attachment to the vehicle structure shall be designed to withstand static loading in any direction that it may be loaded as the result of a front. 7. stopping. enclosure. or the overturn of the vehicle. The stops and anchors shall be installed so they are readily accessible for inspection and maintenance. rear. and turning the vehicle. The stops and anchors and their attachments to the frame and outer jacket shall be capable of withstanding the minimum static loadings required by 9.3 Rear bumper Each cargo tank vehicle shall be provided with at least one rear bumper designed to protect the outer vessel and piping in the event of a rear end collision. labeled. Pressure relief devices shall be protected so in the event of the upset of the vehicle onto a hard surface they are not prevented from opening and their discharge is not restricted. and appropriate ventilation shall be provided. The load shall be applied horizontally and parallel to the major axis of the cargo tank. In addition. 7. A safety factor of four based on the ultimate strength of the material shall be used. and it shall be designed.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. The rear bumper dimensions shall meet the requirements of 49 CFR 393. PAGE 10 7 Protection of piping. The bumper or a vertical post attached to the bumper shall extend vertically to a height adequate to protect all valves and fittings forward of the bumper if damage can cause loss of lading. Cradles used without other stiffening means shall subtend at least 120 degrees of the circumference to which they are attached. Every part of the loaded cargo tank and any associated valve or pipe. . and other accessories that are in communication with the liquid container without intervening shutoff valves or check valves shall be installed within the motor vehicle framework or within a suitable collision resistant guard or housing. side or sideswipe collision. constructed. valves. The supports and their attachments to the cargo tank shall be designed to withstand the following minimum static loadings times the weight of the cargo tank and its attachments when filled to the design weight of lading: – vertically downward of 2.86. 8 Supports and anchoring 8. the structural members used in place of a structural frame shall have the cargo tank supported by external cradles or other suitable supporting devices such as load rings. The bumper design shall transmit the force of the collision directly to the chassis of the vehicle. INC.

A liquid level gauging device used as a primary control for filling shall be designed and installed to indicate the maximum filling level with the cargo tank parked on a level surface. shall be equipped with one or more gauging devices to indicate the maximum permitted liquid level. Prevention of Overpressure During Filling of Cryogenic Vessels. or by bosses designed or gusseted to distribute the load. respectively. by load rings. – longitudinal of 2. Pumps for liquid oxygen shall be installed so that power train lubricants or hydraulic fluids do not impinge on the piping system.1 Level gauging devices Each cargo tank. The volume setting of a fixed length dip tube shall be indicated in a visible location at or adjacent to the valve.1 General Inspection and testing of the liquid container shall be as required by the ASME Code [6]. INC. . and – lateral of 2. 10 Pumps Liquid pumps. for more information [20]. 11. 9.2 Piping and appurtenances Piping and appurtenances shall be tested to at least 110% line operating pressure.3 Vacuum gauges Each vacuum-insulated cargo tank shall be provided with a connection for a vacuum readout to the insulation space. See CGA P-59. and the outer jacket shall not exceed 25% of the room temperature minimum ultimate strength of the materials used.2 Pressure gauges All cargo tanks shall be provided with a pressure gauge located in the operating compartment. with the exception of cargo tanks filled by weight. or hydraulic means.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. The design pressure of each liquid level gauging device shall be no lower than that of the liquid container. if used. A shutoff valve shall be installed between the gauge and the cargo tank. Parts made of aluminum that are subject to internal rubbing or abrasion in normal service shall not be used with liquid oxygen ladings. 11 Testing 11. All attachments of supports to inner vessels and to load-bearing outer jackets shall be by means of pads of material similar to that of the inner vessel or outer jacket. The effects of fatigue shall be considered in the calculation. 9 Gauging devices 9. Pumps may be driven by motor vehicular power take off or other mechanical. Permitted gauging devices shall be a fixed length dip tube or differential pressure liquid level gauge. PAGE 11 – vertically upward of 2. electrical. The downstream piping shall be protected from overpressurization. their attachments. shall be of a suitable design. 9. The stresses induced into the supports.

The nameplate shall be plainly marked by stamping.S. PAGE 12 12 Marking of tanks 12. kg). – Design service temperature (Design service temp. the liquid container manufacturer's report required by the ASME Code.2 DOT status Cargo tanks for service in the United States may be marked to indicate their status under the DOT regulations. For trailers that are domiciled and/or operated outside the United States. and the owner shall obtain.).32828 lb/U. – Design weight of lading (Design wgt. NOTE—Water capacity shall be based on a density of water (8. 13 Certification 13. piping.1. INC.. additional markings may be required referencing other codes. The certificate shall state whether or not it includes certification that all valves. and protective devices comply with the requirements of the specification. °F) ( °C). design registrations. e. kg). or riveting [6]. welding. and form characters not less than 3/16 in (5 mm) high into the metal of the plate.g. . the cargo tank vehicle manufacturer shall supply. test date). 12.1 Code and name plate A code plate with the markings required by the ASME Code under which the liquid container was constructed and a corrosion resistant metal nameplate shall be permanently affixed to the outer jacket in a readily visible location by brazing. per 49 CFR 173. gal [0. or transportation regulations of that country.320 [2]. embossing. and – Insulation description: (INSULATION FOR OXYGEN) or (INSULATION NOT FOR OXYGEN).). – A certificate stating that the mounted cargo tank is in complete compliance with CGA 341 and the applicable codes noted in 12. The plate shall be marked with the following information and shall include the use of the parenthetical abbreviations. The certificate shall be signed by a responsible employee of the cargo tank vehicle manufacturer.9977 kg/L]) with the liquid container at its design service temperature after deduction for the volume above the inlet of the pressure relief or pressure control valve. – Manufacturer's serial number (s/n). – Date of manufacture as month and year (date of mfr. the following: – In the United States. NONSPECIFIC CARGO TANK. – Tank manufacturer (tank mfr. – Original test date (Orig. or other means. – CGA specification number (CGA 341).CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. – Water capacity (W. Cargo tanks for use in Canada shall be marked in metric units. cap lb.1 General For each cargo tank. of lading lb.

org [10] ASTM A572/A572M. www. each manufacturer that performs a manufacturing operation on the incomplete vehicle or portion thereof shall furnish to the succeeding manufacturer at or before the time of delivery a certificate describing the particular operation performed by that manufacturer. www. the latest edition shall apply. West Conshohocken. Book Standards Volume 01. DC 20402. In the event of change in ownership. if not the owner thereof.04. Book of Standards Volume 01. Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel. ON L4W 5N6. 14 References Unless otherwise specified. 100 Barr Harbor Dr.04. Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel.org [9] ASTM A514/A514M. photographically reproduced copies will satisfy this requirement.astm. American Society of Testing and Materials. Book of Standards Volume 01.. Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate. Book Standards Volume 01. www. certificates. Canada. American Society of Testing and Materials. www. Each certificate shall be signed by an official of the manufacturing firm responsible for the portion of the completed cargo tank vehicle represented thereby. such as basic cargo tank fabrication. U. Canadian Standards Association. American Society of Testing and Materials. and related papers in a file. with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance. American Society of Testing and Materials. ON L4W 5N6.org [8] ASTM A414/A414M. Compressed Gas Association. PA 19428.. Canada. 100 Barr Harbor Dr. Chantilly..astm. Title 49 (Transportation).gpoaccess.astm. [1] CGA P-11. West Conshohocken.ca [5] CSA B622.ca [4] CSA B620. Highway Tanks and Portable Tanks for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods. PAGE 13 – In the case of a cargo tank manufactured in two or more stages.org [11] ASTM A588/A588M. West Conshohocken. Standard Specification for High-Yield-Strength. PA 19428. 5th Floor.org . Selection and Use of Highway Tanks. www.csa..2 Retention Throughout the ownership of the cargo tank and for at least one year thereafter.astm. 100 Barr Harbor Dr. www. VA 20151. Superintendent of Documents.. Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel. Canada. www. Low-Alloy for Pressure Vessels.04. Class 2.. or piping. Sheet. the owner shall retain a copy of the data report. and High-Strength.tc.csa.ca [6] ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code. up to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point. 100 Barr Harbor Dr. Government Printing Office. West Conshohocken. Standard Specification for Steel. Metric Practice Guide for the Compressed Gas Industry. or other facsimile of the plates required in Section 13.S.com [2] Code of Federal Regulations. jacketing. Carbon. Three Park Avenue. 5060 Spectrum Way. and – A photograph. Washington. insulation. New York. shall obtain a copy of the data report and certificate and retain them in their files during the time they use the cargo tank and for at least one year thereafter.cganet. 1100 Barr Harbor Dr. Each motor carrier using the cargo tank. Mississauga. Canadian Government Publishing. ON K1A 0S9.www. www. INC. 5060 Spectrum Way. Mississauga. and Portable Tanks for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods.asme.03. Book Standards Volume 01.org [7] ASTM A242/A242M.. Canadian Standards Association. PA 19428. Suitable for Welding.gov [3] Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations. Inc. Ottawa. pencil rub.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION.astm. 13. PA 19428. Transport Canada. NY 10016. 4221 Walney Rd. retention by the prior owner of nonfading. The certificate shall include sketches. West Conshohocken.www. Multi-Unit Tank Car Tanks. or other clear descriptions of the particular work performed by that manufacturer. American Society of Testing and Materials. drawings. www. ASME International.gc. Public Works and Government Services Canada.04. PA 19428.

www. www.astm. Low-Alloy. Process Piping. Compressed Gas Association..com [20] CGA P-59. West Conshohocken. www. Chantilly. with Improved Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance..astm. Standard Specification for Steel. Chantilly. American Society of Testing and Materials. Structural. Carbon. High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability.org [13] ASTM A633/A633M. Chantilly. PA 19428.org [16] CGA G-4. High-Strength Low-Alloy. High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability.03. Carbon.com [17] CGA S-1. 100 Barr Harbor Dr.asme.cganet.. Inc. PA 19428.04. www. 4221 Walney Rd. PAGE 14 [12] ASTM A606. Inc. Book Standards Volume 01.03. Cleaning Equipment for Oxygen Service. and Bake Hardenable.org [14] ASTM A1008/A1008M. Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled. West Conshohocken. Book Standards Volume 01. NY 10016. American Society of Testing and Materials. Inc. VA 20151. Standard Specification for Steel. High-Strength. 100 Barr Harbor Dr. and Ultra-High Strength. www. Compressed Gas Association... Standard Specification for Steel...03.. Pressure Relief Device Standards–Part 2– Portable Containers for Compressed Gases. 4221 Walney Rd. PA 19428. VA 20151. Structural.1. Chantilly. Sheet and Strip.. West Conshohocken. www. VA 20151. 100 Barr Harbor Dr. 4221 Walney Rd. 5th Floor. Compressed Gas Association. Sheet and Strip. High- Strength Low-Alloy.. Three Park Ave..cganet.3.2. Compressed Gas Association. www. Cold-Rolled. Standard Specification for Normalized High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel Plates.com . www. 4221 Walney Rd. INC. American Society of Testing and Materials. American Society of Testing and Materials. Prevention of Overpressure During Filling of Cryogenic Vessels.com [18] ASME B31. Standard Bulk Refrigerated Liquid Transfer Connections.. Inc. 5th Floor. ASME International.org [15] ASTM A1011/A1011M. West Conshohocken. VA 20151. Book Standards Volume 01. New York. 5th Floor.astm..astm. Hot-Rolled. Solution Hardened. 5th Floor. Sheet. 100 Barr Harbor Dr. PA 19428.org [19] CGA V-6.cganet. www.CGA 341—2007 COMPRESSED GAS ASSOCIATION. Book Standards Volume 01.cganet.