If a process causes a change in the surrounding temperature such that ΔT = -23 K, is energy being released to
the surroundings or absorbed from them?

Correct choice



The fall in temperature shows that the reaction is endothermic. An endothermic reaction is one
where energy is absorbed from the surroundings, the surroundings lose heat resulting in a drop in
temperature and is denoted by ΔH is positive.

Incorrect choices

 #2

no change

 #3

cannot tell

 #4

Your choice



Incorrect choices  #2 Your choice The temperature of the system has fallen to room temperature.Which of the following is observed when the change in enthalpy is positive for the dissolving of a salt in water in an insulated copper calorimeter? Correct choice #4 Heat is absorbed from the surroundings and the can feels cold. Question When a sample of a pure hydrocarbon (melting point 85°C) cools. Explanation: #1 is correct. Which statement accounts for this observation? Correct choice #1 The heat released in the change of state equals the heat loss to the surroundings. during freezing intermolecular forces are formed in the solid and heat energy is released to the surroundings. a positive enthalpy change means that heat flows from the surroundings into the system. Explanation: #4 is correct. the temperature stays constant as it solidifies. .

 #3 The solid which forms insulates the system. what type of enthalpies have been provided on the other arrows? Correct choice #1 enthalpIes of combustion Explanation: The reactions with enthalpy values provided are those of the reactants and products of the top reaction with an excess of oxygen. maintaining a constant temperature. preventing heat loss. Thus the values used are enthalpies of combustion.  #4 Heat is gained from the surroundings as the solid forms. . Question In the cycle provided below for calculating the enthalpy of formation of propanoic acid.

Incorrect choices  #2 Your choice enthalpies of formation  #3 enthalpies of neutralisation  #4 enthalpies of ionisation Question Using the table provided. what is the enthalpy change for the reaction C2H4 +H2O → C2H5OH? bond bond enthalpy/ kJ mol -1 C-C 347 C=C 612 O-H 464 C-O 358 .

1 C=C and 2 O-H. 1 C-C.∑ (bonds formed). bond bond enthalpy/ kJ mol -1 C-H 413 Correct choice #1 -42 kJ mol-1 Explanation: ΔH = ∑ (bond broken) . The bonds formed are 5 C-H. The bonds broken are 4 C-H. 1 C-O and 1 O-H. .