1723

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES
Date: 12/26/16

SHOULD THE WORLD’S
GOVERNMENTS
TRANSITION TOWARDS
COMMUNISM?
[Document subtitle]
Should the world’s governments transition towards communism?
Government is a widespread topic, covering everyone’s lives right now. There
has been much debate on what form of government suits everyone the best.
Communism is a growing form of government set around equality. Many people
believe that the world’s governments should transition towards communism
because it allows for equality and an efficient distribution of resources. It also
means there will be no competition to gain more money or power. On the other
hand, diversity in governments is very important, and communism is viewed by
many as morally wrong.
An article by the name of “The benefits of Communism” makes a very strong
case supporting all the factors of communism to be a worldwide form of
government. It lists factors such as job stability, efficient distribution, and equality.
Two of its strongest arguments are for the lack of social classes and competition.
There has not been social classes and any sort of competition in communist
countries like China since Communism was implemented. The two are struggles that
residents of capitalist countries must concern themselves with every time they go to
work or socialize.
Business writer Russel Huebsch wrote the article “Economic System of
Communism” . In it he states,
“Karl Marx developed the ideas of communism during the 1840s in his
seminal work "The Communist Manifesto." During his time, Marx believed that
liberal society offered workers only the illusion of the freedom of religion and
property. Essentially, Marx believed that capitalism leads to an elite few controlling
the lower classes, in part by giving them token freedoms that still ended up serving
the upper class and the "bourgeoisie."
Marx, the founder of communism, believed that classes caused dominance
by just a few over all other citizens. His idea of communism implemented extreme
liberal ideas at the time. Now that time has passed, suggested ideas have become
more socially tolerable. His idea of equality in economics can strive across the world
today as similar equality theories have gained popularity such as racial equality and
marriage equality.

One debate that is to be had if Communism is downright the best form of
government is if every country should run under it. If all countries use communist
ideas, they will all be united in their systems. According to the Richest’s article “The
Five Remaining Communist Countries” most communist countries reside in Asia and
are allies. They will not change their form of government, and unity is proven to be
the best way, so therefore, other governments should go communist. A country that
runs under unity, the United States of America, is one of the most powerful and
successful countries in the world. Unity in government would lead to the world
becoming a much more functional one. The Cold War of the late 1900’s broke out
due to disagreements in forms of government. The building of walls, invasions of
other countries, and nuclear threats would have all been avoided with unity in
government.
However, diversity in government creates more choice and freedom for
people. While Communism is growing in popularity, many people still prefer a
capitalist government, and some people in the world want little to no rule with an
anarchy. Preference in government can involve economics, ethics, and religion.
Having only one choice in government would break passion in human idealism. It
can prohibit people from doing what’s best for their profit, knowing what is morally
correct, and connecting religion to real life activities.
Government is highly formed by religion. Democracies are generally open
with their religion. Communism was founded under atheist ideas, and anarchies are
generally run by one set religion, including Judaism. Communism continues to be
run under ideas from Atheism, which not many people believe in. Having a closed
form of religion also may lead to a holy war.
On December 24,2010, Jed and Rachel Nunno wrote an article titled “The Top
10 Greatest Benefits of Capitalism” Their 3rd greatest benefit was that it was good
for economic growth. It states,
“Capitalism allows the economy to grow exponentially. It is a basic fact of
economics that the more money a firm makes, the more it can invest in production,
and the more it invests in production, the more money it makes. So long as no
unfortunate events befall the firm, this growth can, obviously, continue indefinitely.
Many see a problem arising with this: there are only a finite, or ‘scarce’ amount of
resources on Earth, so this huge growth of production will one day run to a halt.
However, as argued by Julian Simon, the rarer a resource, the greater its monetary
value, which leads to innovation. For example as oil begins to run out we are seeing
significant increase in prices, which has increased the reward and made it
economically viable to search for new oil fields. Sites which were previously too
expensive to profitably drill have now become available; and we are also developing
new methods of harnessing alternative energy such as wind, solar and nuclear
power. The oil scarcity isn’t particularly our problem, anyway, since by the time it is
depleted, our generation will be long gone.”
This shows that there is a stronger form of government than Communism for
growing it’s economy, and that is Capitalism. All countries running under
communism would cause less activity in the economic market as harder workers will
feel less inclined to support a government that puts them at a disadvantage.
Communism is overall a weak form of government. Red State user
dodgertalon published an article by the name of “Why Communism Is Bad:
Simplified… For An Intellectual” In it, his argument states,
“Money is power. If the government produces all the means for getting
money or buying things, then it has all the power. It doesn’t matter what the law
says, because that’s just a means of managing power in a society and it only works
when there is incentive by those with power to do so–That is, checks and balances.
In a society where the government has all the power, it has no incentive to check
it’s own power, so the only means of the citizens getting change in their favor is for
either their rulers to be benevolent, or outright revolution.

Capitalism allows for power to be distributed and for those checks and
balances via laws to work, and it provides the means for regular citizens to gain
power by converting it into cultural, symbolic, political or other forms of capital,
which can get you more economic capital and so on. Laws and constitutions only
work so long as the citizenry has both the means and the will to ensure that power
is distributed and those with great power are kept in check, just as the Constitution
was intended to do.”
Coming from an American perspective, this argument shows that
Communism takes power away from people who have earned it, making
Communism a morally wrong way to operate a country that is mixed with hard
workers, and people who do not earn what they will receive.
The Richest’s article also shows a weakness of Communism. Only 5 countries
in the entire world are run under the ideas of communism, and only one of those,
China, is economically successful. Meanwhile the article states that “Like most
Communist countries, Vietnam had to adopt some capitalist principles to survive.”
Laos is suggested to be a disaster of a communist country in the statement “The
country’s economic paralysis suggests that the Communist experiment has put the
country in financial jeopardy.” The only non-Asian communist country, Cuba, was on
path “to becoming a complete Communist system. Its later inclusion of market
economics, however, takes it away from the vision of true Communism, even
though it has meant longer success for the nation.” While having success, Cuba
hasn’t run under true Communist ideas like China has. Finally, North Korea is a very
weak country economically, and is currently in danger. While technically it has
removed any communist roots from its Constitution, North Korea is run very much
like a Communist society. This mostly resides in how their leadership, Kim Jong Un,
is very much like a dictatorship. North Korea is widely considered one of the worst
countries in the world, and represents the dangers of running under communism.
Before digging deeper on the topic of government, I felt that it was just the
operation and distributing money and somewhat involving power. Through this, I
have learned that government is more than just how a country operates. It is also a
moral set of ideas being implemented into everyday life. That makes how countries
operate much more important than I believed it to be. It crosses into the ideas of
religion, and whether we should try to end all holy wars and just run under one
simple religion, or embrace our diversity and continue to run under what
government we choose. As a proud Christian, I have run under the morality of
earning what you receive. I have always been happy with how my country, the
United States of America, ran things and felt that should be how it’s ran worldwide.
My opinions have somewhat changed after more research.
Rather than all countries either transition their governments towards
communism or have communist countries abandon the idea completely, we must
embrace the idea of diversity, and allow people for choice of how they want their
economics and religion handled. Communism has many benefits to it, but is also not
for everybody.

References:
1. Economic System of Communism (2016) Retrieved December 6, 2016 from
http://smallbusiness.chron.com/economic-system-communism-5193.html
2. Benefits of Communism (2011) Retrieved December 6,2016 from
http://benefitof.net/benefits-of-communism/
3. Top 10 Reasons to Hate Capitalism (2014, August 13) Retrieved December 7,
2016 from http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/08/13/top-10-reasons-to-hate-
capitalism/
4. Top 10 Greatest Benefits of Capitalism (2010, December 24) Retrieved
December 7,2016 from http://listverse.com/2010/12/24/top-10-greatest-benefits-of-
capitalism/
5. Why Communism is Bad: Simplified… for an Intellectual (2011, May 27)
Retrieved December 7,2016 from
http://www.redstate.com/diary/dodgertalon/2011/05/27/why-communism-is-bad-
simplified-for-an-intellectual/
6. The Five Remaining Communist Countries (2013, December 7) Retrieved
December 7, 2016 from http://www.therichest.com/business/economy/the-five-
remaining-communist-countries/
7. US economy: statistics at a glance (2016) Retrieved December 7, 2016 from
https://ig.ft.com/sites/numbers/economies/us
8. Why Communism Kills (2000) Retrieved December 7,2016 from
https://www.schwarzreport.org/resources/essays/why-communism-kills
9. The benefits of Anarchy (2016) Retrieved December 7, 2016 from
https://www.ou.org/torah/parsha/rabbi-fox-on-parsha/the-benefits-of-anarchy/