' ..

REMARKS BY SENATOR HUBERT H. HUMPHREY

ANNUAL MEETING
UNITED WAY OF THE ST. PAUL AREA

Hilton Hotel
St. Paul, Minnesota

May 28, 1974

I am pleased to be honored by the United Way of the
St. Paul area. But the plain fact is that it is your
organization and voluntary organizations like yours throughout
the United States and the world that deserve to be honored for
the hard, dedicated, and vitally important tasks you are
performing.

We have a tendency to forget the role played by volunteers
in our society. The millions of volunteers and the private
nonprofit institutions serving the public good are all too often
taken for granted.

But where would we be without them?

I firmly believe that the work you do is absolutely necessary
to the social well-being of America.

Voluntary groups in America play a significant role in
planning and financing social welfare programs in local
communities. This voluntary responsibility is carried out by
hundreds of thousands of people who are concerned with financial
support of social services in their communities. But they also
have a deep sense of caring what happens to people around them.

Americans tend to forget that voluntary organizations receive
much of their financial support through local and national United
Way fund raising efforts.

Each year United Way organizations support over 37,000
local, state, and national health, welfare and recreation agencies
serving more than 34 million families.

The amount of funds raised by the United Way throughout the
United States has doubled over the period from 1960 to
1973, increasing from $486 million to $975 million.

This is an impressive resource by itself, but for every
dollar the United Way supplies, participating agencies spend
three more on the welfare of needy people.

We often think of the value of United Way and voluntary
groups in terms of the amount of funds raised each year for
social services. But we must also look at the voluntary movement
as a genuine, down-to-earth demonstration of brotherhood,
expressed in the millions of volunteer manhours spent supporting
essential social welfare services in all of our communities.

This voluntary effort has a profound influence on the
moral fiber of America. It also has a direct impact upon the
socio-economic structure of this nation.

It has been said that if one could accurately calculate
the dollar value of this nation's voluntary effort, it would
prove to be a respectable proportion of the gross national
product. In short, Americans place a high value on human dignity

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and hopes and opportunity as the truest expression of what our
nation is all about.

Minnesota has been in the forefront of the use of
voluntary organization s to help solve social problems and
meet the needs of local communities.

And United Way of the St. Paul area has set the pace
for other organization s.

When revenue sharing first appeared, city and county
government officials sat down with the leaders of the voluntary
organization s to determine what priorities were to be served and
how to maximize the application of resources to provide the best
service to this community. This marriage of government and
voluntary organization s helped to improve the quality of social
services in St. Paul.

In March of this year, the Minnesota legislature passed
the Human Services Act, a pilot program to integrate human
services through the direct participatio n of people in the local
communities.

This is one of the most progressive and forward thinking
pieces of social welfare legislation in the United States. It
recognizes the important value of the voluntary sector and the
essential partnership it must play in common with governmental
social welfare institutions .

Today the shadow of shame, doubt, and mistrust shroud our
entire political process and threaten that vital partnership
between government and voluntary associations , between our
governmental institutions and the people.

Today, more than ever, we must return to the fundamentals
and revive the spirit of our nation.

Today, more than ever, we must not look to government to
solve all of our problems.

Today, more than ever, we must look to the spirit of
voluntarism -- the brotherhood of people concerned, involved,
in helping other people.

A brief look at those basic truths that provide the
foundation for our political system is essential.

The Preamble of the Constitution says it all. It indicates
the role of the people. It spells out the faith, the aspiration,
the purpose of America. It points out the role of people helping
other people.

Let me read those hallowed words to you:

"We the People of the United States, in Order to form
a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic
Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the
general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to
ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this
Constitution for the United States of America."

The first three words are the most important. They
establish for all time that America is "We the People."

Not "we the government," not "we the political parties,"
not "we the rich," not "we the white," but "We the People."
This is the central reference, the focal point of American
government.
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As we approach our bicentennial anniversary in 1976, we
must forge the people of this country into a "more perfect union"
with each other.

But the survival of popular democracy, based on these
common purposes, is only assured when there is a partnership
between the government and the people that is held together
by mutual trust and faith.

The marriage between government and voluntary groups to
solve our social problems is an essential part of this
partnership.

The United Way and its spirit of voluntarism can be and
is a major means through which we can build trust between
government and the people.

It is not realistic for government to serve as the only
institutional system for the progressive and continuing
discovery of unmet needs.

The government cannot be the sole source of financial
support for social welfare programs. Our nation must also rely
upon the long tradition of voluntarism and brotherhood to
solve our growing social problems.

We must restore our faith in self-government --
in self-help. This is the faith and trust that give the social
contract of popular government its meaning.

Let us never forget the words in our Declaration of
Independence which express that social contract in unmistakably
clear terms:

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that
all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their
creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these
are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness -- that to
secure these rights, governments are instituted among
men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the
governed • • • • "

"The consent of the governed" -- that means an active,
dynamic, involved role for all our people in shaping the
purposes of our nation, in making it a better place for every
man, woman, and child to live and work and have hope in the
future.

It is this vital, driving spirit of the people that must
now again be strengthened.

In these days of national pessimism, the prophetic words
of Aldous Huxley -- "I have peered into the future, and it
won't work " -- come perhaps too frequently to mind.

But, we have been down before. We have seen hard times.
We have gone through wars and depressions, internal dissension
and civil strife. Each time we have bounced back a stronger
nation.
The only obstacle and the only hope for an America and a
world that will work is you.
..
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The American people and voluntary groups must find within
themselves and for themselves the vision they will pursue, the
values they will enshrine, and the leadership and conviction
that will move our nation toward them.

Let us approach this task with the vision of Carl
Sandburg, who said:

"I see America, not in the setting sun of a
black night of despair ahead of us. I see America in
the crimson light of a rising sun fresh from the
burning, creative hand of God. I see great days ahead,
great days possible to men and women of will and
vision. . . . "

# # # # #
.;
'ltttiJ5J:ti _Jvv
v1/~ /q?c f ~~~
REMARKS BY SENATOR HUBERT H. HUMPHREY

f{!d~
ANNUAL EETING
UNITED WAYOF THE ST. PAUL AREA

HILTON HoTE L
Sr. PAuL} MINNESOTA

MAY 28 } 1974
1 AM PLEASED TO BE HONORED BY THE UNITED WAY OF THE

Sr. PAUL AREA, BUT THE PLAIN FACT IS THAT IT IS YOUR

ORGANIZATION AND VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS LIKE YOURS THROUGHOUT

THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD THAT DESERVE TO BE HONORED FOR
,-· - !Y

PERFORMING,
~-
---·---
THE HARDJ DEDICATED) AND VITALLY IMPORTANT TASKS YOU ARE

~WE HAVE A TENDENCY TO FORGET THE ROLE PLAYED BY ~RS
IN OUR SOCIETY THE MILLIONS OF VOLUNTEERS AND THE PRIVATE
·-·-- ...,...

d I(
NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS SERVING THE PUBLIC GOOD ARE ALL TOO OFTEN
...---:::::- .....,...
TAKEN FOR GRANTED,

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-----
PLANNING AND FINANCING SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS I N LOCAL
-
COMMUN~TIEsl_ THIS VOLUNTARY RESPONSIBILITY IS CARRIED OUT BY

HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE WHO ARE CONCER NED WITH FI NAN CIAL
-- ----=

HAVE A DEEP SE NSE OF CARING WHAT HAPPENS TO PEOPLE,.:•1 Ill fl.

_ ------ -----
......,...~.......
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EACH YEAR UNITED WAY ORGANIZATIONS SUPPORT OVER 37)000

LOCAL) STATE) AND NATIONAL HEALTH) WELFARE AND RECREATION AGENCIES

~SERVING MORE THAN 34 MILLION FAMILIES, ~
~ THE AMOUNT OF FUNDS RAISED BV THE UNITED WAY THROUGHOUT THE

UNITED STATES HAS :1kt169f DOUBLED OVER THE PERIOD FROM 1960 TO

1973) INCREASING FROM $486 MILLION TO $975 MILLION,

~ THIS IS AN IMPRESSIVE R~SO~CE _BY ITSEL') BUT FOR EVERY

DOLLAR THE UNITED WAY SUPPLIESj PARTICIPATING AGENCIES SPEND
-- - -. --:::>

THREE MORE ON THE WELFARE OF NEEDY PEOPLE.
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BUT WE MUST ALSO LOOK AT THE VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT

AS A GENUINE~ DOWN-TO-EARTH DEMONSTRATION OF BROTHERHOOD 1
~ . "-

EXPRESSED IN THE MILLIONS OF VOLUNTEER MANHOURS SPENT SUPPORTI NG

ESSENTIAL SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN ALL OF OUR COMMUNITIES.
\ :::::::=;:::::=

~THIS VOLUNTARY EFFORT HAS A P~~ND I~L~E~ CE ON THE

MORAL FIBER OF AMERICA IT ALSO HAS A DIRECT IMPACT UPON THE

~~--
SOCiakECONOMIC STRUCTURE OF ~ ~· ~

~ [T HAS BEEN SAID THAT IF ONE COULD ACCURAT~LY CALCULATE

THE DOLLAR VALUE OF THIS NATION S VOLUNTARY EFFORT~ IT WOULD
1

::>
- - --<-

PROVE TO BE A RESPECTABLE PROPORTION OF THE GROSS NATIONAL

PRODUCT
---
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/ M INNESOTA HAS BEEN IN TH_E__FoR:FR~T OF THE USE OF

VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS TO HELP SOLVE SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND
--.--~

MEET THE NEEDS OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES,

~ AND UNITED WAY OF THE Sr. PAUL AREA HAS SET THE PACE

FOR OTHER ORGANIZATIONS,
~------

GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS SAT DOWN WITH THE LEADERS OF THE VOLUNTARY

ORGANIZATIONS TO DETERMINE WHAT PRIORITIES WERE TO BE SERVED AND

HOW TO MAXIMIZE THE APPLICATION OF RESOURCES TO PROVIDE THE BEST
~

- : t;:>
SERVICE TO THIS COMMUNI~ ~iiil:fr:' OF ~NMENT AND

VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS HELPED TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF SOCIAL
-----==-~-~ ~

SERVICES IN Sr. PA~ -
~·-------
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)
OF THIS YEARJ THE MINNESOTA LEGISLATURE PASSED

THE HUMAN SERVICES AcTJ A PILOT PROGRAM TO INTEGRATE HUMAN
-
--..--:::- ---- =·===

SERVICES THROUGH THE DIRECT PARTICIPATION OF PEOPLE IN THE LOCAL
-
COMMUNI TI ES "
~

~ THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST PROGRESSIVE AND FORWARD THINKING

P_~Ec;s S~AL
___
.....
OF
- WELFARE LEGISLATION IN THE UNITED STATES l.!.T

RECOGNIZES THE IMPORTANT VALUE OF THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR AND THE

ESSENTIAL PARTNERSHIP IT MUST R~~ ll WITH GOVERNMENTAL
'=···

SOCIAL WELFARE INSTITUTIONS.

~ ToDAY THE SHADOW OF SHAME, ~T, AND MISTRUST SHROUD OUR

ENTIRE POLITICAL PROCESS AND THREATEN THAT VITAL PARTNERSHIP

BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONSA BETWEEN OUR
')

GOVERNMENTAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE PEOPLE.
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AN

!~f}vl~m t7Mf>4DV~ ~~ ro

~~~~~s.

J

~ A BRIEF LOOK AT THOSE BASIC TRUTHS THAT PROVIDE THE

-----ALL~
FOUNDATION FOR OUR POLITICAL SYSTEM IS ESSENTIAL,

~ THE PREAMBLE OF THE CONSTITUTION SAYS IT INDICATES

THE ROLE OF THE PEOPLE( IT SPELLS OUT THE FAITH, THE ASPIRATION,

THE PURPOSE OF AMERICA~IT POINTS OUT THE ROLE OF PEOPLE HELPING

OTHER PEOPLE,
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LET ME READ THOSE HALLOWED WORDS TO YOU:

"WE THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES1 IN ORDER TO FORM
A MORE PERFECT UN ION1 ESTABLISH JUSTICE1 INSURE DOMESTIC
TRANQUILITY~ PROVIDE FOR THE COMMON DEFE NSE 1 PROMOTE THE
GENERAL WELFARE1 AND SECURE THE BLESSI NGS OF LIBERTY TO
OURSELVES AND OUR POSTERITY~ DO ORDAI N AND ESTABLISH THIS
CoNSTITUTION FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, "

THE FIRST THREE WORDS ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT, THEY

ESTABLISH FOR ALL TIME THAT AMERICA IS "WE THE PEOPLE, "

LJ~oT "WE THE GOVERN ME NT /' NOT " WE THE POLl T I CAL PART! ES, "

WE THE WHITE) " ~T "\~ E THE PEOPLE._:'
1 11
NOT "WE THE RICH/ NOT

~THIS C~AL REFERENCE; THE F~P~ OF AMERICAN
IS THE
-
GOVERNMENT,
WI

~BUT THE~URV~Al OF POPULAR DEMOCRACY, BASED ON THESE
COMMON PURPOSES) IS ONLY ASSURED WHEN THERE IS A PARTNERSHIP

BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND THE PEOPLE THAT IS HELD TOGETHER
--
BY MUTUAL TRUST AND FAITH.
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;(_THE UNITED WAY AND ITS SPIRIT OF VOLUNTARISM CAN BE AND

IS A MAJOR MEANS THROUGH WHICH WE CAN BUILD TRUST BETWEEN

GOVERNMENT AND THE PEOPLE.

t( IT IS NOT REALISTIC FOR GOVERNMENT TO SERVE AS THE ONLY
INSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM FOR THE PROGRESSIVE AND CONTINUING

DISCOVERY OF UNMET NEEDS,

THE GOVERNMENT ~~; SOLE SOURCE OF FINANCIAL~11 z.

I.JJQ,C~ ...~~
FOR SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS~ .QUI I I !! , i q 7 'X

~ UPON THE LONG TRADITION OF VOLUNTARISM AND BROTHERHOOD TO

SOLVE O~ROWING SOCIAL PROBLEMS• ~ I'~

~\IIi I hT R~E OUR IIIII SF FAITH IN SELF-GOVERNMENT ""• ~
~~ELF-H ELP ~THIS IS THE FAITH-AND ~ST THAT GIVE THE SOCIAL
C'

CONTRACT OF POPULAR GOVERNMENT ITS MEANING,
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~ LET US NEVER FORGET THE WORDS IN OUR DECLARATION OF

INDEPENDENCE WHICH EXPRESS THAT SOCIAL CONTRACT IN UNMISTAKABLY

CLEAR TERMS:

"W E HOLD THESE TRUTHS TO BE SELF-EVIDENT) THAT
ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUALJ THAT THEY ARE ENDOWED BY THEIR
CREATOR WITH CERTAIN INALIENABLE RIGHTS) THAT AMONG THESE
ARE LIFEJ LIBERTY) AND THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS -- THAT TO
SECURE THESE RIGHTS) GOVERNMENTS ARE INSTITUTED AMONG
MENJ DERIVING THEIR JUST POWERS FROM THE CONSENT OF THE
GOVERNED. .
I I I
"

"THE CONSENT OF THE GOVERNED" -- THAT MEANS AN ACTIVE)

DYNAMIC) INVOLVED ROLE FOR ALL OUR PEOPLE IN SHAPING THE

PURPOSES OF OUR NATION) IN MAKING IT A BETTER PLACE FOR EVERY

MANJ WOMANJ AND CHILD TO LIVE AND WORK AND HAVE HOPE IN THE

FUTURE.
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~ IS THIS V~L, DRIVING SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLE THAT MUST

NOW AGAIN BE STRENGTHENED,

~ IN THESE DAYS OF NATIONAL PESSIMIS~j THE PROPHETIC WORDS

OF ALDOUS HUXLEY -- "I HAVE PEERED INTO THE FUTURE, AND IT

WON'T WORK 11 -- COME PERHAPS TOO FREQUENTLY TO MIND,

~ BUT, WE HAVE BEEN DOWN BEFORE, WE HAVE SEEN HARD TIMES,

WE HAVE GONE THROUGH WARS AND DEPRESSIONS, INTERNAL DISSENSION

AND CIVIL STRIFE, EACH TIME WE HAVE BOUNCED BACK A STRONGER

NATION,

WOR
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THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND VOLUNTARY GROUPS MUST FIND WITHIN

THEMSELVES AND FOR THEMSELVES THE VISION THEY WILL PURSUE) THE

VALUES THEY WILL ENSHRINE) AND THE LEADERSHIP AND CONVICTION

THAT WILL MOVE OUR NATION TOWARD THE M.

LET US APPROACH THIS TASK WITH THE VISION OF CARL

SANDBURG) WHO SAID:

"I SEE AMERICA) NOT IN THE SETTI NG SUN OF A
BLACK NIGHT OF DESPAIR AHEAD OF US. I SEE AMER ICA IN
THE CRIMSON LIGHT OF A RISING SU N FRESH FROM THE
BURNING) CREATIVE HAND OF GoD. I SEE GREAT DAYS AHEADJ
GREAT DAYS POSSIBLE TO MEN AND WOMEN OF WILL AND
VISION. I I I "

# # # # #
Senator Hubert Humphrey
Annual Meeting - May 28, 1974

John, I was led to believe by my mother that Christmas came only on~e a
our birthday was only once a year and that you ought
I've had two Christmases this year; one that the
one when got my report from the hospital. That was present and
I've had se eral birthday gifts already. Yesterday, having been . birthday, I receiv-
ind and friendly cards; in left them in the car;
I had one that But I was going to read it to y today I received
a kindly, the most generous gift I've received and that is your
very flattering, an may I say, your hearty I want to express my thanks
to you as a friend an my thanks to this fine co unity for your kindness to me over
the years.
Well! I've got to t you now why being here when John expected me
to I felt that if I was around
before then he might feel moti on too so~n and that would keep you here
a little longer. at my home at Waverly. I called up my
associate at the eddy, would you stop down to Elmer Olson's and
pick up my 25 I always have Minnesota names attached to
these things, he went down to pick it up
way out in Minneapolis, Bloomington area, When he got there they said,
'~ell, we don't have any;~tor for Senator and I already called them and th
told me they did have, I I'd had it repaired pontoon boat was motorless. I
I

felt this was no way, ' to have a boat docked out my having spent about an
7
hour cussing around out there, they found a motor. mine! When I left, I
/
said "Just drop / it; we haven't any more time." I said going to fire me
and he's goi9g to denounce me and its going to spoil a day." So we came in
and if theye are any of the Governor's representatives enforcement offi-
cers; we abided by the law most of the way. I knew the mayor woul did
little in St. Paul; I have to be honest with you about that, I
say how much I appreciate Larry's being here and I
I heard this deal that you made, that's a fair deal. A guy has to go a
to get a vote. I'm sure your Rabbi will be generous about the whole

There are many here today that we should salute and I want to join all of you in
saluting the volunteers that have received awards today. Because, of course, the whole
purpose of this meeting is to honor them and to thank each and every one of you for
what you do to help others. It was said here by John Meyers that I hadn't been
invited back to the Minnesota Symphony Balls since that time I conducted that orchestra
and I think I should tell you why. But I don't want this to discourage you. After I
was privileged to conduct the orchestra, I made a generous contribution. I haven't
been invited back since; they got my money and they left me off the guest list ever
since.lfNow don't you let this get out anywhere because this will injure your United
Way finance program. Now, I know that al l of you, as you go from place to place and
community to community in this Great St. Paul Area, are finding that people respond
generously and readily to you. I'm sorry I wasn't here for Marie Slawi~'s presentation
and for Carl Drake's words. I want to compliment both of them on the work that they
do for this community over the years; not just now.
Now, I'm going to talk to you today about what Thomas Jefferson said that the
only legitimate objective of government is the health and well being of the people.
That's the only legitimate objective of government. I also want to talk to you a
little bit about this partnership between the people and their government which is, of
course, the unique feature of the American political social order.fPThere is no place
in the world in which volunteerism (voluntary action) is so evident as in the United
States of America. You can go to any country, whether its Britain from whence we draw
much of our law and our culture. Or go to the continent, the countries of France and
Germany, the Scandinavian countries; wherever you wish to go. While many of those
countries are respected for their good government and for their citizenship, for their
social welfare programs, there is none of them that even comes close to having the kind
of cooperative endeavor between the government and the people as we have here. Or to
put it bluntly, volunteerism is a unique American development.APw ay back in the Mid
19th century a Frenchman by the name of Alexis DeTocqueville made observations about
the United States and, interestingly, also about Russia. This man had the gift of
prophesy. He predicted, for example, that in the 20th Century the two giants of the
earth would be the United States and Russia. II& lla<! maay t;ll;Lilgs that lie Said, an&- I
have studied him as a student of political science, and frequently quote from his
writings. He said many things that relate to our times. ~s I was coming here, · I
picked out of my briefcase a little. I have a li~tle book he•e of sayings that I have
gathered together which one of these days I am going to publish. This is my sort of
layman's political bible, so to speak. I have statements here from everybody from
Socrates to Churchill to Roosevelt, Eisenhower to Gandhi, you name them and they're
in this little book. Well, here is a Alexis DeTocqueville speaking about America and
this is in the 19th Century. Here is what he said, "These Americans are the most
peculiar people in the world. In a local community, in their country, a citizen may
conceive of some need which is not being met and what does he do? He goes across the

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street and discusses it with hi s neighbor. Then what happens? A committee comes into
existence. Then the committee begans functioning on behalf of that need."CPThis is
16.31 ~ u.~U. 0 -=~
the beginning of the United Way. Here was a man in ~~~&Ybd 1640's that
M:ftee then U&l!'e something different and unique about the American experiment. eei nom
the earliest days of this republic volunteeris~~ople helping each other, neighbor
~{ H~ ,8/i:-fi:,...J }
to neighbor, pnHB ~a piZ:""t, people to people Alii ~characteristic of our social
order.~ifhat's why ~e me it is so important that we understand the proper place of
government in our society.API have never believed that government ought to do every-
thing for everybody, because if government can do everything for you, it can do almost
anything !2. you. I qp.ve always believed that there must be a blending, a balance, 6~iUV
OJ~~~ \Jo...J./~Fif!- AC;:::rt~ #
A ......_ I Z£1l'Uir<Us ,...~t!81- ~ ~~~mac!Rial\
~4f,.,8jl.lotJ •l!s qj;1\Jf>
r ' t_6l"'I.....F'~§'""bl~
~eaa •a~.r~.t~e~t .....,~ft::8~1!&~ I'm not just talkingofVWS:shington, but
Federal, State, Local, County governments~~~~-~
J No matter how broad and how comprehensive these programs of social welfare may be,
they do not fill the total need~~ ifO put it even more directly, as these governmental
programs grow and seem to extend their power and influence, all the more need for the
voluntary group. All the more need for ·the individual participation because that indiv-
idual participation lends soul and spirit to what we call meeting social needs or the
needs of pe~ple who are less fortunate than some of us.~I travel often and to many
places and I watched, for example, in our foreign assistance program.J[t was mentioned
here today that I was the author of Public Law 480, Food For Peace. ard that 1lil tr~e.
This is one of the things of which I'm, may I say immodestly, somewhat proud, because
we were able in those days when we had vast food surpluses in this country to convert
those food surpluses into meeting human needs and we didn't do it just government-to-
government. Most of that food was used by voluntary groups, Church World Service, The
~
Care program, Caritas, Catholic Relief)1a host of other!':ograms.asa ta&y were wel~
""fhose programs were well administered. Ia bat, way ~ ~foday r €1\et eoeu ae- starva-
tion plagues West Africa in the countries of the ~~. the seven west Africa counLI•
5

ies~s the desert seems to move deeper and deeper into the heart of Africa, much of
what we are doing in disaster relief, (and I just authored the disaster relief bill ~
~?~~and it has passed the Congress of the United States), much of that money, money of
those resources, now goes into the voluntary groups. ¥ee, iadeed,-rhe International
Red Cross, •u~ c:t j tl ~ many different religious and the many non-sectarian
' re
groups~~ working and doing a remarkable job. I hope all of us realize ~
""' ...., ~ A- i'v\. ~ P- ~6q-ro---.> rtf' ~ A"Tl"--6
that th oluntary effort>adds sa muefi te ~tgtal effert whieh eQr aatiga seeks L&-
:----:: ~ ~6 tJF- --nt:f_ ~of' LF__. d~-n+ e.. 5AH--PL.- ..

Now you have honored me today by this wonderful citation and I cherish it• I'll
be frank with you, these things mean everything to me privately and publicly, but

- 3-
really, as I said, you are the ones that are to be honored~. &fti ave honored all of us.
You are the privates in the army of voluntary action. )lou are really the soldiers in
the front line of our struggle against ill fortune, destitution, povert~need•
~~I noted as I have lived these years the tremendous and significant role that the
voluntary groups hav.e played in the financing the supporting and the initiating of
. (~-~ J
effective social welfare programs. Hardly a sfilgla/programtF& beeomes aovenJMen • a>,..
ha.ery a aingl~is without its geni~ initiation at the private and local
level. So in many ways you are like a pilot program, sometimes, but at all times you
are a partner in the effort~Each year United Way organizations, I've been told, sup-
port over 37000 local, state and national health and welfare and recreation agencies,
reaching more than 34 million fami lies in this great land of ours. That's a tremendous
assignment and a significant achievement in the am~~t of funds raised; at this point
A '/dVfl-~viVOjf4+l~IN(;:, 1-f-~
almost a billion dollars. " s I understand, more than doubled in the last decade, and
1
yet you and I know that this is a continuing task.fFwe've got to raise even more as
we go along, but I think we need to recognize that this voluntary effort has had a
profound influence upon the moral fiber of America. It has ~lseJ\edde~direct impact
upon the social and economic structure of our country. It has been said that if we
could accurately calculate the dollar value of this nation's voluntary effort, it
would prove to be a respectable proportion of the total gross national product. The
millions and millions of hours of voluntary service that are given by people of talent
and ability and station and prestige is really an amazing contribution to the well-
being of our country • ...e. I'm happy to say that Minnesota as usual, the North Star
State, has been in the forefront of the development and the use of the voluntary
organizations to help find answers to these difficult and complex social problems that
beset us and to help meet the needs of local communities.
I've said many times that the symbol of the North Star should tell us much about
our state. We are in a sense the state from whence many get direction or find their
bearings, so to speak. It has been said in the 1920's and 1930's that much of what
we call the social legislative policy today of the government of the United States had
its inception here in Minnesota and Wisconsin, and under the leadership of a man like
Al Smith in New York. What I'm attsmptiug to tJfJ:Y is tltae-.ldeas that hav~sting
effect generally __come from the bottom on up~dom superimposed from the top eQ.

down. The United ,Way in this St. Paul Area has set the pace for other organizations,
and you are justly proud today of this remarkable record.
Your bulletin here, of course, cites for you and for all that wish to see it the
variety of services which you provide. When revenue-sharing first appeared, and again,
may I add, that that was a bipartisan effort of Howard Baker of Tennessee, and myself,
who were the sponsors of revenue-sharing in the United States Senat~ When that first

-4-
0~
appeared/~ city and county governmental offic ials, .:right liete tn this eotmty &QQ
~his city, sat down with the leaders of the voluntary organizations to discern what

priorities were to be served, and how to maximize the application of resources to
provide the best service to this communi t y. ,.

I'd like to say to anybody that's here from government, that the best way .. that
I know to maximize the effectiveness of the taxpayer's dollar that i s directed to-
ward social service is to combine it in an effective partnership with the voluntary
agencies. The cooperation of government and voluntary organizations has obviously
improved the quality of services here in this capitol city of St. Paul, Minnesota,
as it has indeed all along, all throughout our State. Then in Mar ch of this year,
the Minnesota legislature passed the Human Services Act, a pilot program to inte-
grate human services through the direct participation of people i n local communities.
Now here again, my fellow-Minnesotans, this is one of the most progressive, forward-
thinking pieces of social welfare legislation that has ever been passed in the United
States. It's a pilot program; it's a test run, but I think it will work and I'm a
pragmatist about these things. If it doesn't work, then we'll try something else,
but try, we must. To resign ourselves to indifference and neutrality, is morally
wrong and politically unacceptable.
Now let me just broaden my message ·a bit. Today, the shadow of shame and doubt
and mistrust shroud our entire political process and threaten that vital partnership
between government and voluntary associations, between governmental institutions and
the people. And let me say that no one is immune from this in public life. Somehow
or another, th~ngs got out of hand and a day of reckoning has arrived. The time for,
in a sense, repentance and confession of error is long overdue, but what's most import-
ant is not to go around sobbing and beating one's chest in grief and sorrow or even
shame, but rather to face up to what the needs are and start to live anew; in other
words~ to learn from our troubles and to march on.
A brief look~~tttt.,. at some of the basic tenets of :kmePieaft governmeatal l-tfe7
C1!'' the American political system, can be helpful to us today.
1 lillloul4 say, of t;\lQ

I've been spending a lot of my time, these recent years, with young people. Every
day of my week in Washington, I give not less than an hour of my time to young Ameri-
cans that gather from all over the nation. e a sort of
pred i ct
(I ha en

thing
time with these young people because I've had a lot of

-5-
-r;o.-v <i> t-t-'1
experience in government and I ~se te teach American government and realized now how
little I knew about it. I sometimes think I owe all my students a refund. So, I
joined with them and it's a sort of, you know, free-for-all questions and answers.
Last week I had students from Duke University, from Hanover, from Smith College. I
had Project Close-up; just a large number of students; they run into the hundreds
and sometimes into the thousands and it's a give and take and I feel that maybe now
that's something that I can do that 's worthwhile.~One of the things I try to give to
them is what I call the Hubert Humphrey short course in American government, because
you know we make everything so complicated and it doesn't really need to be that way.
The first thing we need to understand about government is not so much its structure
but its purpose. We need to understand where the power is and how it is to be used.
The preamble to the American Constitution says it all. I should quickly say to you
that as you read the Constitution of the United States, and it's good reading these
days; good reading for all of us who are in public life. I don't think any of us
ought to start walking around as if we are angels because I haven't met one yet or
saints. My name is Hubert and there is a Saint Hubert but that's no t me. I know
that full well. But in the ~nstitution there is not one single pbase,.~ word,. section
:: • I '
or article that is designed to protect the government from the people but there is

section after section, sentence after sentence that has been written and designed to
protect the people from the possible abuse of power by those in government. If we
understand that, then we began to clear up our thinking.
Now, the preamble starts out with certain words that I think need to be repeated
so let me just repeat those and you ponder them for a moment. "We the people (haven't
heard that for a long time) of the United States, in order to form a more perfect
union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common de-
fense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves
and our prosperity, do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of
America." ~Now ponder with me, tarry with me a moment. First of all, that is ·~itten
in the present tense the word "do" not "did". We at this moment are writing that
Constitution; as far as we are concerned, in our life-time. Today is the first day
of the rest of our lives and it is the day that is important and the only day that
is important is the one that you pray for that may come tomorrow. The past is pro-
longed •••• gone;~essons to be learned but not to be relived.
Now if you look at the preamble and study it, you begin to get what is fundemental,
~basicJabout voluntary organizations as well. First of all, the first three words
were chosen very carefully by the men at that time who had gone through a ctuel and
difficult experience of seeking their freedom and independence and tryin~ to construct
·~
a government that could assure the meaning of their victory. So, they centered upon

-6-
what we call popular sovereignty. ''We the people," not "we the government" not "we
the rich" not "we the poor" "we white" "we the black" or "we the rural" or "the
th~

urban" but just "we the people of the United States." frThen the next line is import-
ant; "in order to form a more perfect union," knowing full well that what we had was
imperfect and knowing that with all the many customs and cultures and ethnic groups,
and the wide variety of climate, the diversities of peoples, that it would be a
constant struggle to hold together that which had been fashioned; namely, a nation.
Therefore, the challenge and the charge is made that "we the people of the United
States in order to form a more perfect union," that's the first challenge, then to
establish justice to insure dom~tic tranquillity not apathy not indifference but
tranquillity like the Hebrew word "shAlom" which is a kind of harmony of mankind
with nature and people to people provide for the common defense. These men knew
that freedom was in dangered by powerful forces from without as well as the possibi-
lity of the erosion of strength from within and then this word promote the general
welfare everybody. .wQo ualil ie that S&ld? * John Steward Mill once said "Let
a man have nothing to do for his country and he shall have no love for it." The
whole lesson of America is opening up a place for everybody for every person to
realize their potentiality; for every person to be looked upon as sacred; after
all, remember this democracy of ours was created not just as a layman's thought
but in a spiritial concept; in the fatherhood of God; in the brotherhood of Man.
If you don't understand that, you can never understand the true spirit and meaning of
democratic living or democracy itself. Then these words "to secure the blessings of
liberty"; isn't it interesting "the blessings of liberty"; not just to secure liberty
but "the blessings of liberty", and the blessings of liberty are self-expression; the
right to be different. The true test of democracy is whether or not you can be dif-
ferent, and whether you can be unpopular and still be accepted.
So there it is, now is the thrust of it all, it's all action oriented. These
were young men; the average age of the signer of the Declaration of Independence was
36 and the average age of the signer of the Constitution of the United States, even
with old Ben Franklin in his 80's, was 44. They were men of purpose, men with vitality.
They had learned through experience as well as through education, and everything they
had to say was about the people, people, people and the words like form, forming, not
just letting it happen but forming something; a perfect union, establish justice,
provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure the blessings of
liberty, action, no neutrality; a government that was not to close eyes to the inequit-
ies of the society or people. In other words, a government that would not be frozen
in the ice of its own indifference but rather one that would be active. That's volun-
tary business too. You're in the United Way because you know that this country can do

-7-
better. You're in it because you know that you want a better society for yourselves
and for your children, and I can't think of a greater inspiration for any of us. Well,
let me just (I keep you too long)let me again philosophize with you. I happen to be one
that believes in this partnership theory between government and the people, and I know
that when trust and con fidence is destroyed by any of us who are in public life, that
great damage is done to the body public and to the moral fiber of the nation because
that which holds this unique society of ours together in common purpose is called trust
and confidence, faith of the people in their government, trust and confidence of the
people in their government, and trust and confidence of the government in the people.
If either one is lacking on either side, it all falls apart. That's why there is some-
thing about this society of ours • ••• • there's more, there's more than legislation or
things or materialism. There is a spirit to it and it is that spirit which today
seems to have slipped away from us or at least seems to be neglected. Now, lest you
think I'm a pessimist, let me assure you I'm not. I know many people are today of
the mind that ••••• (Oh, everybody is disenchanted and senile) everything is rotten and,
by the way, it isn't only the politics that is corrupt. Corporations they say are
corrupted, the church no longer serves the needs, they say the family is breaking up,
the school system doesn't work. You have people today who will recite for you a litamy
of failure in this country that can make you literally paralized with the agony of it
all. Some people specialize in this. I'm one that believes that we must know our
problems but I'm not one that believes that you just live with them. You adapt, you
seek to do something about them. These profits of doom and gloom have no historical
base on which to make long-term predictions, because this nation has been in trouble
many times in its history and out of each difficulty has come a stronger people and
a better people. I am a student of history and I can remember the earliest days of
this republic; how we almost fell apart. I can remember how our currency wasn't
worth a continental. The first currency became worthless. I can remember the history
of how people grabbed the public lands and made vast fortunes and yes, skinned every-
body they could. We've heard of the Robert Bearings that went across this country
raping our natural resources. A war between the states, the bloodest war that the
world has ever known, took place in the United States of America. Secesslonists, the
first chief of staff of the United States Army in the pay of the Spanish Emperor;
corruption in government the likes of which the world has never known after the Civil
War. An economic system that collapsed in the late 20's and the early 30's, but ladies
and gentlemen, out of every one of those sad experiences came a stronger and better
America. We are strong and we are mighty and we are rich. We have all that anyone
ever needed to do anything that we ever wanted, if we have the will to do it, and at
all times in the past we were able to find the will. Will and vision, and I'm one of

-8-
those who happens to believe that today despite the difficulties of what we call two-
digit inflation, despite the possibilities of war again in the Middle East which we
hope and pray does not happen, despite the di fficulities that we see even as the
atomic powers spr ead with India exploding an atomic weapon, despite Watergate, despite
the unresponsiveness of government , despite the fact that Congress itself doesn't seem
to be able to seize and gr ab hold of t hi ngs and do what needs to be done, despite it
all, despite the fact t hat the dol l a r i s devalued, the stock market is in trouble and
all of these things, ladies and gentlemen, are current events but each and everyone will
fade away into insigni ficance, or but a paragraph in the history of this land, if we
understand that this nation is dedicated to "we the people," the gover nment is here to
serve and not to master. If ultimately all the forte is derived from the people and
the purpose of our system is the enrichment of the lives of each and everyone of us and
that everybody, every mind, every soul, every spirit is precious and t hat we have a
unique system in which we as a people and a government work together, that's what the
Declaration of Independence told us about those enabling rights, and that's what those
men who wrote that Declaration said; that government is established in order to secure
the rights, If we but remember it, then I can assure you that we will succeed.
Churchill told us that democracy - - remember it's so good, I often remind the students
of it who become very disenchanted; you know they said the whole system is loused up.
I say listen remember what Winston Churchill said. He said democracy is the worst
possible form of government except all others that have ever been tried, which is only
a way of saying that government is essentially human relations. Democracy is more
human and has more relations than any other kind but it yields more benefits than any
other not perfect. It's fallible, not infallible; limited, not all-powerful. So today
as you think of your work in this community, just remember that what we have to do as
individuals is to put it all together; sort of one by one. We can't do it all at the
same time and we can't do everything that we would like to do. I had a little poem
here that I wanted to reach to you from Carl Sandberg if I can find it in this mix-up
of papers I have here but if I can't you can get along without it. But it is pretty
good. Ohhh yes, it's very good and I found it, and I want to read it to you. Here
is what it says: (because he ' s my man; everybody has to have their favorite poet these
days. You know if you're in politics they always ask what is your favorite scripture.
You know right away you're supposed to know the Bible by heart where you can pick one
right out. But I'm always a little worried about that. Then somebody else will say
''Well now, what's your favorite musician?" You jus t got to be a expert at the same
time you're a generalist and, of course, if you're too much an expert, they say your
a phony and if your too much a generalist, they say you don't know what your talking
about. So you're really in trouble but nevertheless I love it and nobody is going to

-9-
'•
....
tell me I don't.) So to the doubting Thomases and to the specialist's in doom and
gloom, to those who think we've had it and want to throw in the towel and I'm not
one of any of those, let me just tell you what old Carl Sandberg had to say. He
said, "I see America not in the setting sun of the black night of despair ahead of
us, I see America in the crimson light of a rising sun, fresh from the burning
creative hand of God. I see great days ahead, great days possible to men and wo-
men of will and vision ." Carl Sandberg said it right.

-10-
1 - HUMPRREY
t

Because, of course, the whole purpose of this meeting is to honor

them and to thank each and every one of you for what you do to

help others.

I know that as you go from place to place and

community to community in this Great St. Paul Are

that people respond generously and readily t I'm sorry

I wasn't here for Marie Slawik's presentation na and for Carl

Drake's words. I want to compliment both of them on the work that
//Are .z>tJAii..
they for this community over the years; not just now.

Today I'm going to talk to you about what Thomas Jefferson

said ~ the only legitimate objective of government. That objective
of government
should be the health and xee well being of its people. I also

want to talk to you axxxxx about the partnership between the people
their
and xke government. And this partnership is a unique feature

of the American political social order.

There is no place in the world where volunteerism is so
evident as in the United States of AmericaR. X~RXEBRX~~xx~xaR¥

£~HRXX¥~XXBRaXXBXH~H~H~HXXXBXSXBRaX£HXXHXRXMB¥XE~RXXXaMXSXRX

There is no other country that even comes close to kaxe having

the kind of cooperative endeavor between% the government and the

p eople as we have here. Or to put it bluntly, volunteerism

is a unique American Development.

In the mid 19th centurey a Frenchman by the name of
some
Alexis de Tocqueville made/observations a~H about the United

I have

studied him as a student of political science, an~requently
quote from his writings. He said many things that relate to our

times. I would like to read to you Alexis de Tocqueville speaking

about America\ and k this is in the 19th century~ Here is what

he
.
sa~d,
7
"These
.
Amer~cans are the most peculiar people
.
~n the

world. In a local community, in their country, a citizen may

conceive of some need which is not being met and what does he do?

He goes across the street and discusses it with his neighbor.

Then what happens? A committee comes into existence. Then the

committee begins functioning on behalf of that need."

This was the beginnning of the United Way. Here was a man

in 1831 who foun~ omething differend and unique about the American
2- HUMPHREY THE UNITED WAY

From the earliest days of this republic volunteeri sm
has been character istic of our social order. We are a people

who help each other. It is IllS: .t!f important that we underst ~ the
.etA/9 T I() A!.S#1 /) tJ ,c t/tJ~()If/ 'lf/1? .#(!, T / tM.J j:
- !J ~ t:J 1- ~ 1'!1 /11~;().,. WI '!-liP 0 {)A!, ~t7

I have never believed that governmen t ought to do everythin g
for everybody , because if governmen t can do everythin g for you,
it can do almost anything to you. I have always believed that

there must be able ding, a balance, between governmen t and volunteer
about
action. I'm not just talking/go vernment in Washingto n, but
Federal, State, local and county governmen ts as well. No matter
RI!IKX
how broad and/¢ompr ehensive xks:e these programs of social welfare
may be, they do not fill the total need.
To put it even more directly, as these governmen tal
11.1 ~ 1)~4.-'-
programs grow and seem to es: extend their power and
there is greater need for the voluntary group. There is greater

need for the individua l participa tion because that
~~~~~~/ individua l participa tion lends soul and spirit to KRK%xxex
EK%% helping those who are less fortunate .

It was mentioned here today that I was the author of Public
Law 480, Food For Peace. I am proud of this legislatio n because

we were able in those days when we had vast food surpluses in this
country to convert those food surpluses into meeting human need~

and we didn't do it just governmen t=to-gover nment. Most of that

food was used by xxx voluntary groups, such as the Church World
Service, The Care program, Caritas, Catholic Relief and a host of
other programs. Those prog rams were well administe red.
Today starvation plagues West Africa in l the countries of the
Sahel. As the desert maxes: seems to move ~eee deeper and deeper into
the money we have designated for
the heart of Africa, MHERXI!IXXKRKEXKHXKXHX~I!IXR~XXn disaster relief,

aasspasseassaes~ea~sesssesssaesUastessStates~ now goes to voluntary

groups. I have just authored the disaster relief bill for
this area and it has passed the Congress of the United States.

Among the groups who help administe r help to these areas are the
Internatio nal Red Cross, and many different religious and non-secta rian
-1 groups who are working hard and doing a remarkabl e job.
3 - HUMPHREY THE UNITED WAY

XXR~~HXBXXX~fXXRBXXXHX
A .sHtwL.. .o
~==~;tll of us~ realize that their ~MXHKXX voluntary efforts make a
major ~MHXXXtMHX~XMMXXX contribution to alleviate the suffering of the
people of the Sahel.

You hav~ honored me today by this wonderful citation, and

I cherish it. I'll be frank with you. %KKXKXXKtK~KXMKXHXX

KKMX~XKtH~XXMXMK This honor means a great deal to me. But as I have
said, you are the ones that are to be honored. ~axxaxaxxkex~xesxxko

kaxexk~x~xeaxaiix~ixxs. You are really the soldiers in the fromt line of

our struggle against ill fortune, destitution, poverty, and

human need.

} I have noted through the years the tremendous and significant

role that the voluntary groups have pl~~HXXKk in :kkKx in
financing,axaxsupporting and initiatingA effective social welfare

programs. Sometimes you are like a pilot program, but at all times you

are a partner in the effort.

Each year United Way organizations support over 37,000 local

state and national health and welfare and recreation agencies, reaching
AA/1/D
more than 34 million families in this great 1 sd of ours. That's a
tremendous assignment and a significant achievement in the amount of funds

raised; at this point, almost a billion dollars. As I understand, your
fund raising has more than doubled in the last decade, and

yet you and I know that this is a continuing task.

Not only has this voluntary effort had a profound influence upon

the moral fiber of America it has also had a direct impact upon the

social and economic structure of our country. It has been said that if

we x~xiax~x~xex:k~xkex could accurately calculate the dollar value of this

nation's voluntary effort, it would prove to be a respectable

proportion of the total gross national product. The millions and

millions of hours of voluntary service that are given by people af

is an amazing contribution to the well-being of our country. I am
~~~)
¥ pleased to say that Minnesota, as usual, :kkexH~xxh has the
forefro~t of the development and the use of the voluntary x organizations
to help find answers to these difficult and complex social problems

that beset us.

I've said many times that the symbol of the North Star should tell us

much about our :k state. We are in a sense the state from whence many get

direction or find their bearings.
4 - HUMPHREY THE UNITED WAY
AND EX!XX 1930's

It has been said that much of the social legislati . .ve policy ~

today of the United States government had its inception here in
Minnesota and Wisconsin in the 1920's and 1930's. Ideas that
have a lasting effect generally come from the bottom on up.
They are seldom superimposed from the top down. The United Way
in the St. Paul area has set the pace for other organizations,
and you can be justly proud of xkex this remarkable record.
Your bulletin cites the variety of services which you provide.
When revenue sharing first appeared our city and county governmental
:r>cw,J
officials sataw.a with the leaders of the voluntary organizations
to discern what priorites were to be served, and how to maximize the
-r#-/.$
app,lication of resources to provide the best service to ~ community.
May I add that revenue sharing was a bipartisan effort of
Senator Baker of Tennessee and myself when we sponsored it in the
United States Senate.
71f~t;_t_
I'd like to say to an;! ,1 ~. • t5 here from government, that
the best way I know to maximize the effectiveness of the taxpayer's
dollar that is directed toward social service is to combine xx it
with an effective partnership with voluntary agencies. The cooperation
of government and voluntary organizations has obviously improved the
quality of services here in the capitol city of St. Paul, Minnesota,
as it has throughout the state. In March of this year, the Minnesota
legislature passed the Human Services Act, a pilot program to integrate
human services through
MHMKKX~~XMt~~BX,KXMHKK the direct participation of people in local

communities. Here again, my fellow-Minnesotans, this is one of the
most progressive, forward-thinking x pieces of social welfare legislation
that has ever been passed in the United States. It's a pilot program;

If it doesn't work, then we'll try something else,
but try, we must. To resign ourselves to indifference and
neutrality, is morally wfrong and politically unacceptable.
N)
Now let broaden my message a bit. Today, the shadow of
shame and doubt and mistrust shroud our KHXXKX entire political
process and threaten that vital partnership between government
and voluntary associations, between governmental institutions

and the ps people. What we must do is face up to what the
5 - HUMPHREY THE UNITED WAY

needs xe are and start to live anew; in other words, to learn

from our troubles and to march on.

A brief look at some of the basic tenets of the American

political system, can be helpful to us today. I've spent a lot

of time, these recent years, with young people. Every day of

the week in Washingto n, I give not less than an hour of my

time to young Americans that gather from all over the nation.

I enjoy the time I spend with them because I taught American

governmen t and we have a free-for- all of questions and answers.

I feel this s is something that is worthwhil e.

One of the things I try to give to them is what I call the

Hubert Humphrey short course in American government~ ~~~~~

The first thing we need to

understand about governmen t is not so much its structure ,

but its purpose. We need to understan d where the power is and

how it is to be used.The preamble to the eonstituti on says it
~
all. In the Constiuut ion there is not one s~gle phrase, word,

section or article that is designed to protect the governmen t

from the people but there is section after section, sentence

after sentence that has been w ritten and designed to protect

the people from the possible abuse of power by those in

governmen t.

The preamble starts out with words that I think need to

be repeated. Let me repeat those words and you ponder them

of the United States, in order to form a more perfect

union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquili ty, provide

for the Ea~x common defense, promote the general welfare, and

secure the blesssing s of liberty to ourselves and our prosperit y,

do ordain and establish this Consitutio n of the United States of

America. '
Now ponder with me, tarry with me a moment. First of all,

the preamble is written in the present tense. They say "do"
not "did". We at t h'1s time are writing that Constitut ion.
1\

NMMXlXXJMHXKXH~JXXK«X~XM~tMXJ~HX~M~XKXX~X~KXXHHXXXXXX!KK!XMKKXXt
MXXt~~XXMMHX RMXHMXXXJXKX~XXXX~X~XKtXXXt~KKXXKXHKtt.
6 - HUMPHREY THE UNITED ~'lAY

:.:/)~
Today is the first of the rest of our lives, and it is this

( day that is important.
learned but not to be relived.
-rl'ff-.
'Billllis past is prologue -
--o~$,
to be

Now if you look at the preamble and study it, you begin to get
what is fundamental, basic, about voluntary organization s as well.
First of all, the first three words were chosen very carefully by the men
at that time who had gone through a cruel and difficult experience
of seeking their freedom and independence and trying to construct a
government that could assure the MHKRRX meaning of their victory.
l/POU
They centered ~what
we call popular sovereignty . "we the people, II

AIO/
not "we the government" not ":k we the rich" ~ "we the poor" II

"we the white" "we the black" or "we the rural" or "the urban" but
j ust "we the people of the United States."
The next line is important; "in order to formr more perfect union,"
knowing full well that what we had was imperfect and knowing that
with all the many customs and cultures and :k ethnic groups,
the wide variety of climate, the diversities of peoples, that it would
be a constant struggle to hold together that which ~~:£ been fashioned;
namely , a nation.
"we the people of the United States in order to form a more f erfect
,f I(

union,"
domestic
kind of harmony of mankind with nature.anil peopJQ t.e
the commoa def~e. These men knew that freedom was endangered by
~eef3le p x:og j qe for
-
powerful forces from without as well as the possibility of the
-f1l s~ ''-lo
erosion of strength from within and the/ ~ wor ~promote the general
1/ ~;'/.e ~ .Y~ ~ 1/~u.
welfar7 ~mryJieay ./ •

John Stewart ~1ill once said X "Let ~ man have nothing to do for his
cou try and he shall have no love for it." The whole lesson of America
is opening up a place for everybody,~ every person to realize their
potentiality~ ~revery person to be looked upon as sacredt After all,
~#l~~~remember this democracy of ours was created not just as layman's thought
Z:r e s~ .OFftA/~0
but in a spiritual concept,f in the fatherhood of God; in the brotherhood
~ ~~
of Man. If you don't understand that, you can never understand the ~~~
~1911/1~ ,( #1 ~ ~1-4'- Y U) t>Tt..-
spirit and · of libertyI J,sn' t it in teres tin ~ "the blessings
of liberty "' /{at just to secure liberty but "the blessings of liberty" •
And the blessings of liberty are self-express io/' the right to be differen1
The true test of dem ocracy i~hether or not y ou can be different, and
'7 • - HUMPHREY THE UNITED WAY

.STI.~J-
be accepted.

The Founding Fathers were men of action, they H were young

men; the average age of the signer of the Declaration of

Independence was 36 and the average age of the signer of the Coo=

stitution of the United States, even with old Ben Franklin in his 80's,

was 44. They were men of purpose, men with vitality.

They had learned through experience as well as through education,XXMHX

~verything they had to say was about the people. They used words like
" ~t> fr ''
' ' - meaning not just letting something happen but Kka~xHg
~on:.wmt~ AP'd ,, ,, ,, ')
xxx giving ~~rm and substance. A perfect union, establish justice,
( /J tf t 1 I I
' provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure the
,, ~~ wo.e.o s ,n£~1'V . A
blessings of liberty ~ll action, no neutrality• fr government that was not to
11'5
closeA eyes to the inequitaes of the society or people. In other

words, a government that would not be frozen in the ice of its own ~1@~!1!

indifference but rather xx~exxjaxxx~x~«xsexaEx~xe~ one that would

be active. Voluntary organizations must operate in much the same manner.

You're in the United Way because you know that this country can do

better. You're in it because xx you know that you want a sex&

better society for yourselves and for your children, and I can't

think of a greater inspiration for any of us.

I happen to be one that believes in this partnership theory

between government and the people. I know that when trust and confidence

is destroyed by any of us who are in public life, that great damage

is done to the body public and to the moral fiber of the nation,

);az .. <
t which holds this unique society of ours together in common
- (ha· -:J:-r /.tf r/'16-
purpose is called trust and confidence 'll faith of the people in their
fr ;~'rltl-
government, ~ trust and confidence of the government in the people.
FA LA.$
If either one is lacking on either side, it all ~ apart.

Churchill told us xax that democracy si is the worst possible
r1 rr 1~ tS £. T rt,.~t, r JlAll)
form of government. e xcept all others that have ever been tried. ulilats:

~~~BB~e-mlll!!i~~~~~~vernment is essentially kaax human relations.

Democracy xs can yield more benefits than any other form of government.

But even a democracy is not perfect; it is fallible, limited.

,,
Carl Sandberg expressed the days ahead for volunteerism and

our country well when he said, I see American not in the setting sun

of the black night of des p air ahead of us. I see American in the
# ,qNJ:>
crimson light of a rising sun, fresh from the burning creative ~ of

God. I see great days ahead, great days p ossible to men and women
of will and vision." Carl Sandberg said it right.
Minnesota
Historical Society

Copyright in this digital version belongs to the Minnesota
Historical Society and its content may not be copied
without the copyright holder's express written permis-
sion. Users may print, download, link to, or email content,
however, for individual use.

To req uest permission for com mercial or ed uca tional use,
please contact the Minnesota Historical Society.

1~ W'W'W.mnhs.org

Related Interests

human need.

} I have noted through the years the tremendous and significant

role that the voluntary groups have pl~~HXXKk in :kkKx in
financing,axaxsupporting and initiatingA effective social welfare

programs. Sometimes you are like a pilot program, but at all times you

are a partner in the effort.

Each year United Way organizations support over 37,000 local

state and national health and welfare and recreation agencies, reaching
AA/1/D
more than 34 million families in this great 1 sd of ours. That's a
tremendous assignment and a significant achievement in the amount of funds

raised; at this point, almost a billion dollars. As I understand, your
fund raising has more than doubled in the last decade, and

yet you and I know that this is a continuing task.

Not only has this voluntary effort had a profound influence upon

the moral fiber of America it has also had a direct impact upon the

social and economic structure of our country. It has been said that if

we x~xiax~x~xex:k~xkex could accurately calculate the dollar value of this

nation's voluntary effort, it would prove to be a respectable

proportion of the total gross national product. The millions and

millions of hours of voluntary service that are given by people af

is an amazing contribution to the well-being of our country. I am
~~~)
¥ pleased to say that Minnesota, as usual, :kkexH~xxh has the
forefro~t of the development and the use of the voluntary x organizations
to help find answers to these difficult and complex social problems

that beset us.

I've said many times that the symbol of the North Star should tell us

much about our :k state. We are in a sense the state from whence many get

direction or find their bearings.
4 - HUMPHREY THE UNITED WAY
AND EX!XX 1930's

It has been said that much of the social legislati . .ve policy ~

today of the United States government had its inception here in
Minnesota and Wisconsin in the 1920's and 1930's. Ideas that
have a lasting effect generally come from the bottom on up.
They are seldom superimposed from the top down. The United Way
in the St. Paul area has set the pace for other organizations,
and you can be justly proud of xkex this remarkable record.
Your bulletin cites the variety of services which you provide.
When revenue sharing first appeared our city and county governmental
:r>cw,J
officials sataw.a with the leaders of the voluntary organizations
to discern what priorites were to be served, and how to maximize the
-r#-/.$
app,lication of resources to provide the best service to ~ community.
May I add that revenue sharing was a bipartisan effort of
Senator Baker of Tennessee and myself when we sponsored it in the
United States Senate.
71f~t;_t_
I'd like to say to an;! ,1 ~. • t5 here from government, that
the best way I know to maximize the effectiveness of the taxpayer's
dollar that is directed toward social service is to combine xx it
with an effective partnership with voluntary agencies. The cooperation
of government and voluntary organizations has obviously improved the
quality of services here in the capitol city of St. Paul, Minnesota,
as it has throughout the state. In March of this year, the Minnesota
legislature passed the Human Services Act, a pilot program to integrate
human services through
MHMKKX~~XMt~~BX,KXMHKK the direct participation of people in local

communities. Here again, my fellow-Minnesotans, this is one of the
most progressive, forward-thinking x pieces of social welfare legislation
that has ever been passed in the United States. It's a pilot program;

If it doesn't work, then we'll try something else,
but try, we must. To resign ourselves to indifference and
neutrality, is morally wfrong and politically unacceptable.
N)
Now let broaden my message a bit. Today, the shadow of
shame and doubt and mistrust shroud our KHXXKX entire political
process and threaten that vital partnership between government
and voluntary associations, between governmental institutions

and the ps people. What we must do is face up to what the
5 - HUMPHREY THE UNITED WAY

needs xe are and start to live anew; in other words, to learn

from our troubles and to march on.

A brief look at some of the basic tenets of the American

political system, can be helpful to us today. I've spent a lot

of time, these recent years, with young people. Every day of

the week in Washingto n, I give not less than an hour of my

time to young Americans that gather from all over the nation.

I enjoy the time I spend with them because I taught American

governmen t and we have a free-for- all of questions and answers.

I feel this s is something that is worthwhil e.

One of the things I try to give to them is what I call the

Hubert Humphrey short course in American government~ ~~~~~

The first thing we need to

understand about governmen t is not so much its structure ,

but its purpose. We need to understan d where the power is and

how it is to be used.The preamble to the eonstituti on says it
~
all. In the Constiuut ion there is not one s~gle phrase, word,

section or article that is designed to protect the governmen t

from the people but there is section after section, sentence

after sentence that has been w ritten and designed to protect

the people from the possible abuse of power by those in

governmen t.

The preamble starts out with words that I think need to

be repeated. Let me repeat those words and you ponder them

of the United States, in order to form a more perfect

union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquili ty, provide

for the Ea~x common defense, promote the general welfare, and

secure the blesssing s of liberty to ourselves and our prosperit y,

do ordain and establish this Consitutio n of the United States of

America. '
Now ponder with me, tarry with me a moment. First of all,

the preamble is written in the present tense. They say "do"
not "did". We at t h'1s time are writing that Constitut ion.
1\

NMMXlXXJMHXKXH~JXXK«X~XM~tMXJ~HX~M~XKXX~X~KXXHHXXXXXX!KK!XMKKXXt
MXXt~~XXMMHX RMXHMXXXJXKX~XXXX~X~XKtXXXt~KKXXKXHKtt.
6 - HUMPHREY THE UNITED ~'lAY

:.:/)~
Today is the first of the rest of our lives, and it is this

( day that is important.
learned but not to be relived.
-rl'ff-.
'Billllis past is prologue -
--o~$,
to be

Now if you look at the preamble and study it, you begin to get
what is fundamental, basic, about voluntary organization s as well.
First of all, the first three words were chosen very carefully by the men
at that time who had gone through a cruel and difficult experience
of seeking their freedom and independence and trying to construct a
government that could assure the MHKRRX meaning of their victory.
l/POU
They centered ~what
we call popular sovereignty . "we the people, II

AIO/
not "we the government" not ":k we the rich" ~ "we the poor" II

"we the white" "we the black" or "we the rural" or "the urban" but
j ust "we the people of the United States."
The next line is important; "in order to formr more perfect union,"
knowing full well that what we had was imperfect and knowing that
with all the many customs and cultures and :k ethnic groups,
the wide variety of climate, the diversities of peoples, that it would
be a constant struggle to hold together that which ~~:£ been fashioned;
namely , a nation.
"we the people of the United States in order to form a more f erfect
,f I(

union,"
domestic
kind of harmony of mankind with nature.anil peopJQ t.e
the commoa def~e. These men knew that freedom was endangered by
~eef3le p x:og j qe for
-
powerful forces from without as well as the possibility of the
-f1l s~ ''-lo
erosion of strength from within and the/ ~ wor ~promote the general
1/ ~;'/.e ~ .Y~ ~ 1/~u.
welfar7 ~mryJieay ./ •

John Stewart ~1ill once said X "Let ~ man have nothing to do for his
cou try and he shall have no love for it." The whole lesson of America
is opening up a place for everybody,~ every person to realize their
potentiality~ ~revery person to be looked upon as sacredt After all,
~#l~~~remember this democracy of ours was created not just as layman's thought
Z:r e s~ .OFftA/~0
but in a spiritual concept,f in the fatherhood of God; in the brotherhood
~ ~~
of Man. If you don't understand that, you can never understand the ~~~
~1911/1~ ,( #1 ~ ~1-4'- Y U) t>Tt..-
spirit and · of libertyI J,sn' t it in teres tin ~ "the blessings
of liberty "' /{at just to secure liberty but "the blessings of liberty" •
And the blessings of liberty are self-express io/' the right to be differen1
The true test of dem ocracy i~hether or not y ou can be different, and
'7 • - HUMPHREY THE UNITED WAY

.STI.~J-
be accepted.

The Founding Fathers were men of action, they H were young

men; the average age of the signer of the Declaration of

Independence was 36 and the average age of the signer of the Coo=

stitution of the United States, even with old Ben Franklin in his 80's,

was 44. They were men of purpose, men with vitality.

They had learned through experience as well as through education,XXMHX

~verything they had to say was about the people. They used words like
" ~t> fr ''
' ' - meaning not just letting something happen but Kka~xHg
~on:.wmt~ AP'd ,, ,, ,, ')
xxx giving ~~rm and substance. A perfect union, establish justice,
( /J tf t 1 I I
' provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure the
,, ~~ wo.e.o s ,n£~1'V . A
blessings of liberty ~ll action, no neutrality• fr government that was not to
11'5
closeA eyes to the inequitaes of the society or people. In other

words, a government that would not be frozen in the ice of its own ~1@~!1!

indifference but rather xx~exxjaxxx~x~«xsexaEx~xe~ one that would

be active. Voluntary organizations must operate in much the same manner.

You're in the United Way because you know that this country can do

better. You're in it because xx you know that you want a sex&

better society for yourselves and for your children, and I can't

think of a greater inspiration for any of us.

I happen to be one that believes in this partnership theory

between government and the people. I know that when trust and confidence

is destroyed by any of us who are in public life, that great damage

is done to the body public and to the moral fiber of the nation,

);az .. <
t which holds this unique society of ours together in common
- (ha· -:J:-r /.tf r/'16-
purpose is called trust and confidence 'll faith of the people in their
fr ;~'rltl-
government, ~ trust and confidence of the government in the people.
FA LA.$
If either one is lacking on either side, it all ~ apart.

Churchill told us xax that democracy si is the worst possible
r1 rr 1~ tS £. T rt,.~t, r JlAll)
form of government. e xcept all others that have ever been tried. ulilats:

~~~BB~e-mlll!!i~~~~~~vernment is essentially kaax human relations.

Democracy xs can yield more benefits than any other form of government.

But even a democracy is not perfect; it is fallible, limited.

,,
Carl Sandberg expressed the days ahead for volunteerism and

our country well when he said, I see American not in the setting sun

of the black night of des p air ahead of us. I see American in the
# ,qNJ:>
crimson light of a rising sun, fresh from the burning creative ~ of

God. I see great days ahead, great days p ossible to men and women
of will and vision." Carl Sandberg said it right.
Minnesota
Historical Society

Copyright in this digital version belongs to the Minnesota
Historical Society and its content may not be copied
without the copyright holder's express written permis-
sion. Users may print, download, link to, or email content,
however, for individual use.

To req uest permission for com mercial or ed uca tional use,
please contact the Minnesota Historical Society.

1~ W'W'W.mnhs.org

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