Word Activities for Unit 5 (part 1) NINA VENS

This TextGenome report provides word activities for each reading, to help students practice vocabulary.

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Many things make up the level
.
level
ice
moon
environment

What does the word biology mean?
a bar used to extend the bottom of a sail
a course or route for a specific purpose
x the science that studies living organisms

What does the word complex mean?
easy to see
x not simple
unusually

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
In mutualism, each organism
does something that benefits the other organism
.
organism
argument
brothers
tooth

What does the word process mean?
x a way of doing something
a very small distance
a public road in a city

What does the word selection mean?
x the act of choosing or selecting
a strong, large cat with a mane
a diagram supplying information

BIG HISTORY PROJECT 1
What does the word fossils mean?
food made mostly with sugar or syrup
x a material that is a coating for cans
someone whose style is out of fashion

What does the word homeostasis mean?
a raised structure from which a minister delivers a sermon
x (physiology) metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via
the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
instrument enabling one to see an otherwise blocked view

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Cells without a distinct nucleus are prokaryotes, while those with a distinct nucleus are eukaryotes
.
eukaryotes
skinfold
oapna
benediction

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
(Remember that prokaryotes
lack a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.)
decibel
prokaryotes
prerequisite
baloo

What does the word prokaryotes mean?
a punctuation mark indicating possession or contraction
x a unicellular organism having cells lacking membrane-bound nuclei; bacteria are the prime example but also
included are blue-green algae and actinomycetes and mycoplasma
a large, wild animal of the cat family; mountain lion

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Fish are rich in animal protein
.
april
maria
protein
blacks

BIG HISTORY PROJECT 2
Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
All organisms live where conditions allow them to survive
.
survive
collected
hanging
sought

What does the word adaptation mean?
soft, powdery form of limestone made of tiny seashells
x a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form
a smooth food product made by evaporating or grinding

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Many fossils are found in rocks.
fossils
threat
wound
review

What does the word organism mean?
military music
x a living thing
a warm shelter

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Biology
and ecology are closely related life sciences.
reduction
vacuum
maggie
biology

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
The idea of evolution was itself highly controversial in Darwin's time.
reduction
adventure
evolution
viruses

What does the word environment mean?
x surroundings
a way to go
a fixed time

BIG HISTORY PROJECT 3
What does the word eukaryotes mean?
abbreviation for ampere; unit for measuring electrical current
x an organism with cells characteristic of all life forms except primitive microorganisms such as bacteria; i.e. an
organism with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei in its cells
any noted conductor, composer, or teacher of music

What does the word evolution mean?
x a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
organ of the body that secretes a necessary substance
science of dealing with goods, money, resources, services

What does the word protein mean?
x a substance in food necessary to good health
a device held in the hand and used to do work
a part of a sea or lake extending into land

What does the word natural mean?
relating to human beings as a group
x in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature
related to the body

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Soil is one of our most valuable natural
resources.
close
natural
east
full

What does the word evolve mean?
to throw
x work out
to thrive

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
The summary should be much shorter than the original selection
.
symbol
nitrogen
selection
views

BIG HISTORY PROJECT 4
What does the word survive mean?
said or written down
x to live longer than
to clean with water

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Gene
spent the summer in Arco with his grandparents.
lumber
density
restaurant
gene

What does the word produce mean?
to impose
x to make
to support

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
environmental
engineers usually specialize in a particular area of service.
accurate
environmental
relative
characteristic

What does the word environmental mean?
easily seen or understood
x of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
the first of two things mentioned

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Such things are signs your body gives off when its deuterium
, or state of balance, is upset.
deuterium
arrogance
homeostasis
interface

Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
The mixing with saliva also helps in the next process
, which is swallowing.
field
process
soil
hands

BIG HISTORY PROJECT 5
Use one of the given choices to fill in the blank.
Once on the islands, the ancestral species could evolve rapidly.
notified
growling
grounded
evolve

What does the word gene mean?
x a small section of a chromosome
the male of some large animals
the bony framework of the head

TextGenome
The goal for TextGenome is to help kids love reading by using books, articles and passages that match their individual interests,
vocabulary and world knowledge. Once kids love to read they read more and become proficient readers and thus great
learners. We implement a research-based systematic approach to help kids learn the words they need to know as well as the
system of language - word families, concept networks - in which words are used. To learn more about TextGenome, visit
www.textgenome.org.

BIG HISTORY PROJECT 6