New Era

University
College of Engineering and Architecture
Department of Civil Engineering

CE 423L
SOIL MECHANICS (LAB)

LABORATORY EXERCISE NO. 7

“UNIT WEIGHT, MOISTURE CONTENT, VOID RATIO, AND
DEGREE OF SATURATION OF SOIL”

RATING

Name: Date Performed: Date Submitted:
ALCOBER, CHARLES E. JANUARY 13, 2017 JANUARY 27, 2017
Course/ Year: Subject Schedule:
BSCE/ 4th YEAR THURSDAY 1:00pm-4:00pm
BRO. GERMAN B. BARLIS
INSTRUCTOR

ABSTRACT

In this laboratory exercise, there are two choices that we’re
going to choose. It is either we use the cylinder that we made for
our assignment, or we will create a cylinder by compacting the
soil at the cylindrical molder. In our sample, we made a cylinder
by compacting disturbed soil at the cylindrical molder. It is
because the cylinder that we made for our assignment is not
accepted due to lack of height, and the other is not perfectly
cylindrical in shape.
We made two trials of compacting the disturbed soil to the
cylindrical molder. In first trial, our compacted soil attached so
much that made it harder to separate to the molder. In our second
trial, we put some oil at the side of the molder so that the molded
disturbed soil can be easily separated.
After molding the soil sample, we measure the diameter and
the height. Also we measure the weight of our sample first before
putting into electrical oven. After the soil has been dried inside
the electrical oven, we placed it again in the analytical balance to
measure the mass of our dried sample. After completing all the
data needed, all of the unknown in our laboratory manual can be
computed.
COMPUTATION

50.425 2
¿
10
Vm 100.25
= π (¿¿ 4 )(
10
)
¿
¿

3
= 200.201 cm

378.23−328.29
MC = ( 378.23 ) X 100

= 13.20%

[2.65+ 2.65 ( 0.1320 ) ] 9.81
e= 18.53

= 0.58

2.65 ( 0.132 )
x 100
S= 0.58

= 60.31%

0.037823 ( 9.81 )
( )
1000
ɤ m= −4
2.00201 x 10

kN
= 18.53 m
3

18.53
ɤd
= 1+0.132
kN
= 16.37 m
3
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA AND
RESULT

The mass of our moist sample is 378.23 grams, and the
mass of our dried soil sample is 328.69 grams. These two is
responsible for computing the moisture content of our soil
sample. Using the formula provided, the computed moisture
content of our soil sample is 13.20%. The volume of our soil
sample has been computed using the diameter and the height of
our molded soil sample. The diameter we measured is 50.425
mm. and the height of our soil sample is 100.25 millimeter. Using
the formula for the volume of cylinder, the computed soil sample
volume is 200.201 cubic cm.
After computing the volume of the soil sample, the unit
weight of the moist soil sample can be computed. The answer is
3
in terms of kN/ m so that the conversions of units is required for
the computation. The mass of moist sample is 378.23 grams and
2
must be converted to kilograms, multiplying by 9.81 m/ s to get
3
the weight and the volume of 200.201 cm is converted to cubic
meter. The computed unit weight of moist sample is 18.53 kN/
3
m . The dry unit weight can be computed by getting the

quotient of the computed moist unit weight over the moisture
content added by one. By applying the formula, the computed dry
3
unit weight is 16.37 kN/ m .
Given the specific gravity of soil, the degree of saturation
and also the void ratio can be computed. The void ratio computed
given the specific gravity of 2.65 is 0.58. Void ratio is needed to
compute for the degree of saturation of the soil sample. The
degree of saturation can be computed by multiplying first the
specific gravity of the soil and moisture content, divided by the
computed void ratio of the soil and multiplied by 100. Applying
this procedure, the computed saturation is at 60.31%.
In this laboratory exercise, errors occurred at the compacting
of the soil sample. It is because the soil compacted is slightly hard
to separate from the cylindrical molder. Also the imprecise
measurement of the data needed for the formulas. But despite of
this errors, we came up with least errors and our data are still
acceptable.
CONCLUSION

After this laboratory exercise, I knew all the factors that
affect the behavior of the soil. The methods used in this
laboratory exercise can be used for testing soil strength upon
highways and also for other engineering practices. I also knew
that the unit weight, void ratio, degree of saturation, and moisture
content are connected to each other by observing the formula
and the data acquired at the laboratory exercise. If one of the
components can’t be computed, all of the factors are affected.
After obtaining the knowledge in this laboratory experiment, I
therefore conclude that we met the objective of this exercise.
LABORATORY EXERCISE NO. 7

UNIT WEIGHT, MOISTURE CONTENT, VOID RATIO,
AND DEGREE OF SATURATION OF THE SOIL

FINAL DATA SHEET
Project Name: ________________
Location: ____________________
Sample No.: ____________
Boring No.: _____________
Depth: _________________
Soil Description: ________________
Tested by: _____________________
Date: ________________

Sample Number
Description
5 6 7 8
350.1 363.2 397.6 378.2
Mass of moist soil, Mm, g
7 4 5 3
327.1 328.8 328.6
Mass of dry soil, Md, g 298.5
8 5 9
201.5 201.9 196.3 200.2
Volume of moist soil, Vd, g
93 9 5 01
Moisture content of soil, MC,
6.98 21.69 22 13
%
0.632
Void ratio, e 0.79 0.596 0.58
3
Degree of saturation, S, % 29.25 72.75 60 60.31
Specific gravity, G 2.65 2.65 2.65 2.65
Moist unit weight, γm, KN/m3 17.64 19.87 18.53
14.49
Dry unit weight, γd, KN/m3 16.29 16.37
7
PHOTOS OF SET-UP

MEASURING MOIST SOIL SAMPLE WEIGHT MEASURING THE APPARATUS USED FOR
SOIL SAMPLE

PLACING THE SOIL SAMPLE TO MAKE IT OVEN- MEASURING THE DRIED SOIL SAMPLE
DRIED