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University

College of Engineering and Architecture

Department of Civil Engineering

CE 423L

SOIL MECHANICS (LAB)

LABORATORY EXERCISE NO. 7

**“UNIT WEIGHT, MOISTURE CONTENT, VOID RATIO, AND
**

DEGREE OF SATURATION OF SOIL”

RATING

**Name: Date Performed: Date Submitted:
**

ALCOBER, CHARLES E. JANUARY 13, 2017 JANUARY 27, 2017

Course/ Year: Subject Schedule:

BSCE/ 4th YEAR THURSDAY 1:00pm-4:00pm

BRO. GERMAN B. BARLIS

INSTRUCTOR

ABSTRACT

**In this laboratory exercise, there are two choices that we’re
**

going to choose. It is either we use the cylinder that we made for

our assignment, or we will create a cylinder by compacting the

soil at the cylindrical molder. In our sample, we made a cylinder

by compacting disturbed soil at the cylindrical molder. It is

because the cylinder that we made for our assignment is not

accepted due to lack of height, and the other is not perfectly

cylindrical in shape.

We made two trials of compacting the disturbed soil to the

cylindrical molder. In first trial, our compacted soil attached so

much that made it harder to separate to the molder. In our second

trial, we put some oil at the side of the molder so that the molded

disturbed soil can be easily separated.

After molding the soil sample, we measure the diameter and

the height. Also we measure the weight of our sample first before

putting into electrical oven. After the soil has been dried inside

the electrical oven, we placed it again in the analytical balance to

measure the mass of our dried sample. After completing all the

data needed, all of the unknown in our laboratory manual can be

computed.

COMPUTATION

50.425 2

¿

10

Vm 100.25

= π (¿¿ 4 )(

10

)

¿

¿

3

= 200.201 cm

378.23−328.29

MC = ( 378.23 ) X 100

= 13.20%

[2.65+ 2.65 ( 0.1320 ) ] 9.81

e= 18.53

= 0.58

2.65 ( 0.132 )

x 100

S= 0.58

= 60.31%

0.037823 ( 9.81 )

( )

1000

ɤ m= −4

2.00201 x 10

kN

= 18.53 m

3

18.53

ɤd

= 1+0.132

kN

= 16.37 m

3

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA AND

RESULT

**The mass of our moist sample is 378.23 grams, and the
**

mass of our dried soil sample is 328.69 grams. These two is

responsible for computing the moisture content of our soil

sample. Using the formula provided, the computed moisture

content of our soil sample is 13.20%. The volume of our soil

sample has been computed using the diameter and the height of

our molded soil sample. The diameter we measured is 50.425

mm. and the height of our soil sample is 100.25 millimeter. Using

the formula for the volume of cylinder, the computed soil sample

volume is 200.201 cubic cm.

After computing the volume of the soil sample, the unit

weight of the moist soil sample can be computed. The answer is

3

in terms of kN/ m so that the conversions of units is required for

the computation. The mass of moist sample is 378.23 grams and

2

must be converted to kilograms, multiplying by 9.81 m/ s to get

3

the weight and the volume of 200.201 cm is converted to cubic

meter. The computed unit weight of moist sample is 18.53 kN/

3

m . The dry unit weight can be computed by getting the

**quotient of the computed moist unit weight over the moisture
**

content added by one. By applying the formula, the computed dry

3

unit weight is 16.37 kN/ m .

Given the specific gravity of soil, the degree of saturation

and also the void ratio can be computed. The void ratio computed

given the specific gravity of 2.65 is 0.58. Void ratio is needed to

compute for the degree of saturation of the soil sample. The

degree of saturation can be computed by multiplying first the

specific gravity of the soil and moisture content, divided by the

computed void ratio of the soil and multiplied by 100. Applying

this procedure, the computed saturation is at 60.31%.

In this laboratory exercise, errors occurred at the compacting

of the soil sample. It is because the soil compacted is slightly hard

to separate from the cylindrical molder. Also the imprecise

measurement of the data needed for the formulas. But despite of

this errors, we came up with least errors and our data are still

acceptable.

CONCLUSION

**After this laboratory exercise, I knew all the factors that
**

affect the behavior of the soil. The methods used in this

laboratory exercise can be used for testing soil strength upon

highways and also for other engineering practices. I also knew

that the unit weight, void ratio, degree of saturation, and moisture

content are connected to each other by observing the formula

and the data acquired at the laboratory exercise. If one of the

components can’t be computed, all of the factors are affected.

After obtaining the knowledge in this laboratory experiment, I

therefore conclude that we met the objective of this exercise.

LABORATORY EXERCISE NO. 7

**UNIT WEIGHT, MOISTURE CONTENT, VOID RATIO,
**

AND DEGREE OF SATURATION OF THE SOIL

**FINAL DATA SHEET
**

Project Name: ________________

Location: ____________________

Sample No.: ____________

Boring No.: _____________

Depth: _________________

Soil Description: ________________

Tested by: _____________________

Date: ________________

Sample Number

Description

5 6 7 8

350.1 363.2 397.6 378.2

Mass of moist soil, Mm, g

7 4 5 3

327.1 328.8 328.6

Mass of dry soil, Md, g 298.5

8 5 9

201.5 201.9 196.3 200.2

Volume of moist soil, Vd, g

93 9 5 01

Moisture content of soil, MC,

6.98 21.69 22 13

%

0.632

Void ratio, e 0.79 0.596 0.58

3

Degree of saturation, S, % 29.25 72.75 60 60.31

Specific gravity, G 2.65 2.65 2.65 2.65

Moist unit weight, γm, KN/m3 17.64 19.87 18.53

14.49

Dry unit weight, γd, KN/m3 16.29 16.37

7

PHOTOS OF SET-UP

**MEASURING MOIST SOIL SAMPLE WEIGHT MEASURING THE APPARATUS USED FOR
**

SOIL SAMPLE

**PLACING THE SOIL SAMPLE TO MAKE IT OVEN- MEASURING THE DRIED SOIL SAMPLE
**

DRIED

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