Industry allocated project PHI allocated project

number number

SATI CFPA SAAPPA/SASPA DFTS Winetech

tarryn@satgi.co.za inmaak@cfpa.co.za theresa@hortgro.co.za dappies@dtd.co.za andraga@winetech.co.za
Tel: 021 863-0366 Tel: 021 872-1501 Tel: 021 870-2946 Tel: 021 870 2900 Tel: 021 276 0499

Indicate (X) client(s) to whom this progress report is submitted. Replace any of these with other relevant
clients if required.
NB: The instructions in red, throughout the template, should be omitted from the final document.
___________________________________________________________________

PROGRESS REPORT
(2015/16)

1. PROGRAMME AND PROJECT LEADER INFORMATION

Research Organisation
Project leader
Programme leader
Title, initials, surname Prof WJ Steyn Dr XI Siboza
Present position Programme manager Regional fruit researcher
Organisation, HORTGRO HORTGRO
department
Tel. / Cell no.
E-mail wiehann@hortgro.co.za xolani@hortgro.co.za

2. PROJECT INFORMATION

Research Organisation
Project number
Project title Orchard of the Future – Bokveldskloof (ZZ2)
Short title

Fruit kind(s) Apple
Start date (mm/yyyy) 10/2016 End date (mm/yyyy) Indeterminate

Key words High density, planting system, apple, M9

Approved by Research Organisation Programme leader (tick box) X

THROUGHOUT THIS DOCUMENT, PLEASE REPORT ONLY ON WORK DONE SINCE THE

This document is confidential and any unauthorised disclosure is prohibited
Consider all findings as preliminary
Version 2015
Researcher surname 2

LAST REPORT WAS SUBMITTED.

3. ABSTRACT
Please provide a brief abstract of your work for this reporting period, not exceeding 250 words,
organized to indicate objectives and rationale, methods, key results, and main conclusion/discussion. You
can overtype the example.

Objectives & Rationale

We tested the prediction that the abundance and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi
are influenced by resource availability and plant community composition by examining the joint
effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) enrichment, nitrogen (N) fertilization and plant diversity on AM
fungi.

Methods

We quantified AM fungal spores and extramatrical hyphae in 176 plots after 7 yr of treatment
with all combinations of ambient or elevated CO2 (368 or 560 ppm), with or without N
fertilization (0 or 4 g N m−2), and one (monoculture) or 16 host plant species (polyculture) in the
BioCON field experiment at Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve, Minnesota, USA.

Key Results

Extramatrical hyphal lengths were increased by CO2 enrichment, whereas AM spore
abundance decreased with N fertilization. Spore abundance, morphotype richness and
extramatrical hyphal lengths were all greater in monoculture plots. A structural equation model
showed AM fungal biovolume was most influenced by CO2 enrichment, plant community
composition and plant richness, whereas spore richness was most influenced by fungal
biovolume, plant community composition and plant richness.

Conclusion/Discussion

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi responded to differences in host community and resource
availability, suggesting that mycorrhizal functions, such as carbon sequestration and soil
stability, will be affected by global change.

4. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION
This document is confidential and any unauthorised disclosure is prohibited
Consider all findings as preliminary
Version 2015
Researcher surname 3

Shortly state the problem being addressed and the ultimate aim of the project as per project proposal.

5. PROGRESS

Performance chart (for the duration of the project)
To be copied from the latest approved version. Add additional rows if necessary. This table should
provide a clear and complete breakdown of the project for its entire duration

Original
Milestones Target Date
Objectives Date achieved
(Significant event or stage in a project) as per
application
1.
2.

6. WORK PLAN MATERIALS AND METHODS
To be copied from the latest approved version. List and motivate any and all changes to the original
work plan to ensure successful achievement of the milestones.

7. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
State results obtained separately for each milestone. Include a short discussion if applicable to your
results. Include figures and/or tables if necessary. Pictures that illustrate your work may be included in
JPEG format. Please limit this discussion to essential information and the year under review.

YES NO

Please indicate if an extension request has been/is to be submitted (not applicable to PHI)

8. CONCLUSIONS SINCE THE LAST REPORT (not applicable to PHI)

9. ACCUMULATED OUTPUTS
This document is confidential and any unauthorised disclosure is prohibited
Consider all findings as preliminary
Version 2015
Researcher surname 4

For each output, indicate the date of each output delivered, and the type of output, for example,
conference/symposium presentation/poster; workshop; postgraduate class presentation; grower meeting,
etc.
a) TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED, PRODUCTS AND PATENTS

b) HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT/TRAINING

Total cost to
Level of studies
Student Name and Degree (e.g. MSc industry
Student Nationality in final year of
Surname Agric, MComm) throughout
project
the project
Honours students

Masters Students

PhD students

Postdocs

Support Personnel (not a requirement for HORTGRO Science)

c) PUBLICATIONS (POPULAR, PRESS RELEASES, SEMI-SCIENTIFIC, SCIENTIFIC)
Please list using the format illustrated in the example below.

Fernández-Fernández F, Antanaviciute L, Van Dyk MM, Tobutt KR, Evans KM, Rees DJG,
Dunwell JM, Sargent DJ. (2012) A genetic linkage map of an apple rootstock progeny
anchored to the Malus genome sequence. Tree Genetics & Genomes 8, 991-1002.
Bester C, Mansvelt EL, Jolly N. Van Schalkwyk D, Blomerus LM, Smit L, Pieterse W-M, Tobutt
KR. (in press) The value and impact of the ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij genebanks. Acta
Horticulturae (in press).

d) PRESENTATIONS/PAPERS DELIVERED
This document is confidential and any unauthorised disclosure is prohibited
Consider all findings as preliminary
Version 2015
Researcher surname 5

Please list using the format illustrated in the example below.

Koopman TA, Meitz JC, Tobutt KR, Lennox CL. (2012) Molecular characterisation and
pathogenicity of South African apple scab populations. Presentation at Research Forum at
Stellenbosch University, Plant Pathology Department, 23 March 2012.
Tobutt KR, Bester C. (2012) ARC’s Apple Breeding Programme – 2011-12. Presentation to
Culdevco Pome Fruit Committee at Paarl, 17 September 2012.

10. PERSONS PARTICIPATING IN THE PROJECT (Excluding students)

Degree/
Cost to
Initials & Highest Diploma Race Gender Institution & Position
Project
Surname Qualification registered (1) (2) Department (3)
R
for

(1)
Race B = African, Coloured or Indian
W = White
(2)
Gender F = Female
M = Male
(3)
Position Co = Co-worker ( other researcher at your institution)
Coll = Collaborator ( participating researcher that does not receive funding for this project from industry)
PF = Post-doctoral fellow
PL = Project leader
RA = Research assistant
TA = Technical assistant/ technician

This document is confidential and any unauthorised disclosure is prohibited
Consider all findings as preliminary
Version 2015
Researcher surname 6

11. BUDGET
As per project proposal. Not applicable to PHI projects.

a) BUDGET FOR THE COMING YEAR (insert year)

TOTAL FUNDING SAAPA
CFPA DFTS SATI Winetech THRIP OTHER TOTAL
REQUIRED FOR SASPA
FOLLOWING YEAR
Insert additional rows as required
Overheads (only if part of
project cost)
Research Personnel
Research and Technical
Assistance (directly
linked to project
Bursaries
Research materials and
supplies
Research Equipment
Local travel and
accommodation
Local conferences ( only
specify separately for
THRIP purposes)
Capital items *
Other
* Industries will only fund capital items under exceptional circumstances

b) ANNUAL BUDGET FOR PROJECT RECEIVED FROM INDUSTRY TO DATE (OR THE
PREVIOUS 5 YEARS)

SAAPPA
YEAR CFPA DFTS SASPA
SATI Winetech THRIP OTHER TOTAL

This document is confidential and any unauthorised disclosure is prohibited
Consider all findings as preliminary
Version 2015
Researcher surname 7

EVALUATION BY INDUSTRY/PHI

This section is for office use only

Project number

Project name

Name of Sub-Committee*

Comments on project

Committee’s recommendation (Review panel in the case of PHI)

 Accepted.

 Accepted provisionally if the sub-committee’s comments are also addressed.
Resubmit this progress report by___________________________________

 Unacceptable. Must resubmit progress report.

Chairperson__________________________________________ Date___________________

*SUB-COMMITTEES

Winetech
Viticulture: Cultivation; Soil Science; Plant Biotechnology; Plant Protection; Plant Improvement;
Oenology: Vinification Technology; Bottling, Packaging and Distribution; Environmental Impact; Brandy and Distilling;
Microbiology

Deciduous Fruit
Technical Advisory Committees: Post-Harvest; Crop Production; Crop Protection; Technology Transfer
Peer Work Groups: Post-Harvest; Horticulture; Soil Science; Breeding and Evaluation; Pathology; Entomology

This document is confidential and any unauthorised disclosure is prohibited
Consider all findings as preliminary
Version 2015