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Eulogio Amang Rodriguez

Institute of Science and Technology


1 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

CHAPTER 1

The Problem and Its Background

Introduction

Countries all over the world created laws, which

protect the welfare and rights of the oppressed and the

weak people particularly the children who are considered

vulnerable in our society. They are exposed to the

different activities with no distinctions between good or

bad, lawful or not, moral or immoral.

Children have little capacity to protect themselves

against violence, physical and verbal abuse, psychological

torture, and discrimination in the society. The family as

the smallest unit of society, which its primordial goal is

to protect its members against possible harm and raise

their children with good conduct in preparation to the role

they will play in the society. Broken family leads the

children to do something for them in order to survive. In

the absence of the family who will nurtures the children,

the chaotic situation of the society welcome to influence

young mind. Homeless children with broken family considered

the street as their living place.

The problems of street children and juvenile

delinquents are much related, social problems. To survive

in the street you almost have to become delinquent. Exposed


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Institute of Science and Technology
2 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

to criminal elements these children are vulnerable to

prostitution, drug addiction and pushing and commission of

crimes. Most street children have become juvenile

delinquents either out of necessity (because they are poor)

or through force (because of the syndicates). Young people

in the street are also criminalized and stigmatized for no

obvious crime committed. So many times the streets were

cleaned up at the start of the tourist season and as a

consequence many street children were jailed because of

vagrancy laws.

House Bill 002 authored by Alvarez and Congressman

Fredenil Castro propose to revise the Juvenile Justice and

Welfare Act of 2006 earlier amended by R.A 10630 authored

by Senator Francis Pangilinan and seek to lower the age of

criminal liability from 15 to 9 years old the rational

minors these years already have discernment of inter access

in internet and digital media besides the age of criminal

liability is raised to 15 minors are exploited.

The said bill seems to exempt on the criminal liability

of minors ages 9 years and below but they will be subjected

to social intervention but if their ages in the time of the

commission of an offense they will be subjective also too

social intervention. And if they have proven that they

committed an offense with full discernment in which case


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
3 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

they will have to face the full force of the law. I also

thus not mean automatic exemption from civil liability.

On October 3, 2013 President Benigno Aquino III signed

into law Republic Act No.10630 An Act Strengthening the

Juvenile Justice System in the Philippines amending for

the purpose Republic Act No. 9344 otherwise known as the

Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006. This law deals

with the right and protection of children at risk and

children in conflict with the law.

An immediate effect of this law is to exempt from

criminal liability a child above fifteen (15) years but

below eighteen (18) years of age and subjected to an

intervention program pursuant to section 20 of this act.

The exemption from criminal liability herein established

does not include exemption from civil liability, which

shall be enforced in accordance with existing law.

But the law, even as it protects the best interest of

the children has its drawback. Children offenders have been

figured in repeated violation and have been observed to be

getting bolder with each report offense, many of them made

and done graver offense because children in conflict to the

law have been emboldened by thought that they will not be

imprisoned anyway.
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
4 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Under of this act, the said child who violates the law

shall confine to the BahayPag-asa where its primary duty is

to cater off. Funded and managed by local government units

(LGUs) and licensed and/or accredited non-government

organizations (NGOs) providing short-term residential care

for children in conflict with the law who are above fifteen

(15) but below eighteen (18) years of age who are awaiting

court disposition of their cases or transfer to other

agencies or jurisdiction.

Part of the features of a Bahay Pag-asa is an

intensive juvenile intervention and support center. This

will cater children in conflict with the law in accordance

with Section 20, 20-A and 20-B hereof. Section 20(A)Serious

Crimes Committed by Children Who are Exempt From Criminal

Responsibility, a child who is above twelve (12) years of

age up to fifteen (15) years of age and who commits

parricide, murder, infanticide, kidnapping and serious

illegal detention where the victim is killed or raped,

robbery, with homicide or rape, destructive arson, rape,

car napping where the driver or occupant is killed or raped

or offenses under Republic Act No. 9165 (Comprehensive

Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002) punishable by more than twelve

(12) years of imprisonment, shall be deemed a neglected

child under Presidential Decree No. 603 (Child And Youth


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
5 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Welfare Code), and shall be mandatorily placed in a special

facility within the youth care faculty or Bahay Pag-asa

called the Intensive Juvenile Intervention and Support

Center (IJISC).

The alarming increase of crimes with the involvement of

minors is one of the serious problems that police personnel

are encountered with in spite of the efforts of law

enforcers to promote the law for the protection of

childrens rights and welfare. Some people use the very law

itself to protect the imposition of sanction and to

continue perpetuating using minors in their unlawful

activities. The juvenile justice law is created to correct

the behaviour of the children from doing petty crimes and

undergo intervention programs that will help them to gain

their reputation in the society.

Why we want this study? Our reason why we pursue this

study is because this study is very interesting it regards

on how to know the criticism, comment or opinion on the

propose amendment of current law who has a jurisdiction

over juvenile delinquent and to predict the result if this

proposal pass and made into a law. And help the author of

this proposal to think wisely if their act is for the sake

of the state.
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
6 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Background of the Study

This research study was conducted in Eulogio "Amang"

Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology (EARIST), it

is a chartered state college of the Philippines on Nagtahan

Road in Manila. The college was named after Senator Eulogio

"Amang" Rodriguez. The college became famous for its

excellence in vocational-technical education programs. From

being a voc-tech institution, it evolved into a full-

fledged higher education institution offering

baccalaureate, masters and doctoral programs.

Figure 1 shows the map of EARIST.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
7 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Fig. 1 Map of EARIST


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
8 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Theoretical Framework

The study was anchored in the Social reaction or

commonly called labelling theory by David Matza states that

people become criminals when significant members of society

label them as such and they accept those labels as a

personal identity. This theory is more commonly called

Labelling theory.

This simply means that when important and influential

people in a persons life, such as parents, siblings, and

peers, use negative words to describe him, use unflattering

monikers to refer to him, the tendency is for that person

to internalize or believe that those negative monikers and

descriptions of him are true. He then starts regarding

himself as such and this would be reflected through his

action.

This is usually more applicable to children, thus,

children who are caught committing crimes are not called

criminals to avoid labelling. In the Philippines,

children or minors caught in violation of the law are

called children in conflict with the law, replacing the old

term, minor or youth offender.

This theory states that once young people have been

labelled as criminal, they are more likely to offend the

idea is that once labelled as deviant, a young person may


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Institute of Science and Technology
9 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

accept that role, and be more likely to associate with

others who have been similarly labelled. Labelling theorist

say that male children from poor families are more likely

to be labelled deviant, and that this may partially explain

why there are more class young male offenders.

This is the reason why the researcher is offering this

study they would like to know what is the perception of

EARIST students on lowering the age of criminal

responsibility among juvenile. The result may give inputs

on analysing the proposed amendments of R.A. 10630.

Conceptual Framework

The InputProcessOutput (IPO) Model as the Conceptual

Framework for this study. In the IPO model, a process is

viewed as a series of boxes (processing elements) connected

by inputs and outputs. Information or material objects

flow through a series of tasks or activities based on a set

of rules or decision points. Flow charts and process

diagrams are often used to represent the process. What goes

in is the input; what causes the change is the process;

what comes out is the output. In this case, the input

is the statement of the problem (SOP); the process

is the questionnaire/survey; and output is the

recommendation.

Figure 1 shows the paradigm of the study.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
10 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Conceptual Paradigm

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT

ndent in terms of:

Interviews

Survey Questionnaires
proposed amendment of R.A. 10630 in terms of;
Observation Strongly Agree

Analysis of
n the proposed amendments of R.A 10630 in relation Psychological Documents
basis andbasis
and Sociological Records
when they are group

Assessment and Statistical Tools


he perception of respondents when grouped according to ages and gender

FEEDBACK

Fig. 2 The Conceptual Paradigm of the Study


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
11 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Statement of the Problem

The study aimed to know the perception of EARIST

Students on the proposed amendment of R.A. 10630.

Specifically, it sought answers to the following sub

questions;

1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents

in terms of:

1.1 Age;
1.2 Gender;
1.3 Civil Status;
1.4 College/Course; and

1.5 Year Level?

2. How do the respondents perceived the proposed amendment

of R.A. 10630 in terms of:

2.1 Psychological basis; and

2.2 Sociological basis;

3. What is the perception of the respondents on the

proposed amendments of R.A 10630 in relation to the above

mentioned variables when they are group according to age

and gender?

4. Is there any significant difference on the perception

made by the respondents on the proposed amendments of R.A.

10630 if grouped according to their ages and gender in

relation to afore-mentioned variables?


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
12 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Hypothesis

The researchers hypothesized that there;

1) there is no significant difference on the perception

made by the respondents on the proposed amendments of

R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their ages in

relation to psychological and sociological basis; and


2) Therefore, there is no significant difference on the

perception made by the respondents on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their

gender in relation to psychological and sociological

basis.

Scope and Limitation

The study was delimited to the following.

The Setting. This study was conducted in EARIST, an

institution located in the Nagtahan, Sampaloc Manila.

The Subject. The subjects primarily focused on the

perception of the Eulogio Amang Rodriguez Institute of

Science and Technology (EARIST) Students on the Proposed

Amendment on Republic Act No. 10630 An Act Strengthening

the Juvenile Justice System in the Philippines, Amending

for the Purpose Republic Act No. 9344, otherwise known as

the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006. It will

likewise give inputs to policy analysis.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
13 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

The Respondents. The respondents of this study were the

students in Eulogio Amang Rodriguez Institute of Science

and Technology (EARIST).

The Time frame. The study covered the first Semester

year 2016-2017.

Significance of the Study

This study was significant to the following;

Students. The result of the study provided a

significance or important lesson to the respondent.

Parents. The result of the study served as information

on proper caring of children.

Local Officials and the Community. They benefited where

their deterrent factor in children in conflict with the law

is concerned.

Children in conflict with the law. This study aimed to

help to understand their role in nation building after

undergoing the intervention program and reinvent themselves

for their development.

Future Researcher. The proposed study benefited and

help the future researcher as their guide. The study can

also open the development for they may Enhance/improve and

it will provide them the facts needed to compare their

study during respective time and usability.

Definition of Terms
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
14 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

For clearer understanding of the words used in this

study, the following were logically and operationally

defined:

Adjudication. The legal process of resolving a dispute.

The formal giving or pronouncing of a judgment or decree in

a court proceeding; also the judgment or decision given.

Bahay Pag-asa. It refers to a 24-hour child-caring

institution established, funded and managed by local

government units (LGUs) and licensed and non-government

organizations (NGOs) providing short term residential care

for children in conflict with the law who are above fifteen

(15) but below eighteen (18) years of age who are awaiting

court disposition of their cases or transfer to other

agencies or jurisdiction.

Children at Risk. It refers to a child who is

vulnerable to and at the risk of committing criminal

offenses because of personal, family and social

circumstances, such as, but not limited to the following.

Being abused by any person through sexual, physical,

psychological, mental economic or any other means and the

parents or guardians refuse are unwilling. Or unable to

provide protection for a child, being exploited including

sexuality or economically, Being abandoned, neglected and

after diligent search and inquiry, the parent or guardian


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Institute of Science and Technology
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Department of Criminology

cannot be found, coming from a dysfunctional or broken

family or without a parent or guardian, Being out of

school, Being street child, Being of a member of gang,

Living in a community of drug abused, and Living in

situations of car armed conflict.

Children in conflict with the law. A child who is

alleged as, accused of, or adjudged as, having committed an

offense under Philippine law.

Crimes. An act or the commission of an act that is

forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a

public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment

by the law; especially a gross violation of law a grave

offense especially against morality.

Curfew. An order or law that requires people to be

indoors after a certain time at night the period of time

when such an order or law is in effect, the time set by a

parent at which a child has to be backing home after going

out.

Delinquent Act. It is defined as a juvenile who has

committed a delinquent act or is in need of car or

supervision. A delinquent act is an act committed by a

child that is designated a violation , misdemeanour, or

felony offense under the law of state or of another state

if the act occurred in another state or under federal law


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Institute of Science and Technology
16 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

or a violation of a municipal ordinance except violations

of municipal curfew ordinances. The term usually does not

include most traffic offenses committed by one 16 years of

age or older. Juvenile delinquents are subject to state

statutes, which vary by state, allowing for, among other

things, taking the juvenile into custody, ordering

restitution for offenses committed, and compliance with

supervisory conditions.

Discernment. It refers to a level of intellectual

maturity including the ability to distinguish right from

wrong.

Juvenile. It refers to not fully grown or developed;

young, of or characteristic of a young animal that has not

reached sexual maturity; a bird still juvenile plumage.

Characteristics of intended for or appropriate for children

or young people; juvenile fashions. Marked by immaturity;

juvenile behaviour.

Parents. It refers to a person who is a father or

mother a person who has a child an animal or plant that

produces a young plant something out of which another thing

has developed.

P.D. No. 603. It refers to a child and youth welfare

code.
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Institute of Science and Technology
17 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Punishment. It refers to the imposition of a penalty or

deprivation for wrong doing the swift punishment of all

offenders. A penalty imposed for wrongdoing: The severity

of the punishment must be in keeping with the kind of

obligation has been violated. Rough treatment or use; these

old skis have taken a lot of punishment over the years.

R.A.9344. It refers to an act establishing a

comprehensive juvenile justice and welfare system creating

the juvenile justice and welfare council under the

department of justice.

R.A.10630. It refers to an act strengthening the

juvenile justice system in the Philippines, Amending for

the purpose Republic Act No. 9344 , Otherwise known

Juvenile Justice And Welfare Act of 2006 and

appropriating funds.

Rehabilitation. It refers to restore to good health or

useful life as through therapy and education: rehabilitate

a patient; rehabilitate a prison inmate. To restore to good

condition: rehabilitate the economy. To cause to be

regarded again in a positive way; re-establish esteem for

rehabilitate a reputation rehabilitate a forgotten poet. To

restore the former rank, privileges, or rights of: Under

the new regime, party members, who had been sent to prison

were rehabilitated.
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18 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Student. It refers to the one who is enrolled or

attends classes at a school, college, or university, one

who studies something: a student of contemporary dance. An

attentive observer: a student of world affairs.

Truancy. It refers to the absence of a child from

school without permission. The neglect of work duty.

Acronyms:

DOJ-Department of Justice

DSWD-Department of Social and Welfare Development

EARIST-Eulogio Amang Rodriguez Institutes of

Science and Technology

IJISCIntensive Juvenile Intervention and Support


JJWCCenter Juvenile Justice Welfare Council
LGU-Local Government Units
LSWDOLocal Social Welfare and Development Office
NGO-Non-Government Organizations

CHAPTER 2

Review of Related Literature and Studies

This Chapter is a presentation of related literature

and studies local and foreign which have an important


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Institute of Science and Technology
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Department of Criminology

bearing to the present study. The cited reading aided the

researchers to have a better understanding of their study.

Foreign Literature

Juvenile delinquency is a complex social problem that

significantly impacts all members and processes of a social

structure. Delinquency refers to a set of behaviours that

are not in line with the collective practices and/or ethics

of the dominant social group. Essentially, these behaviours

deviate from societal norms and more specifically they

violate established criminal codes and laws. Juvenile

delinquency incorporates not only general criminal activity

but conduct that is only unlawful for youths, such as

running away from home and skipping school. Current

research into this difficult and pressing issue reflects a

vast range of theories about, and predictors of delinquency

as well as a multitude of strategies to control and reduce

overall delinquency. The consensus among practitioners and

researchers, however, maintains that juvenile delinquency

is a dynamic, multifaceted problem with numerous

potentially causal factors. Subsequently, investigators and

professionals suggest that treatment procedures must focus

on not only the immediate issue of the offender's deviant

behaviour but on every element within the context of that

behaviour as well, including for example, family relations


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
20 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

and social support services/networks. Conventional practice

has long associated early preventive measures with positive

delinquency reduction results. In particular, timely

recognition of at-risk youth and correction of ineffective

or minimally effective parenting techniques are critical to

the prevention of future delinquency (Lundman, 1993).

Numerous risk factors have been identified as indicators or

predictors of juvenile delinquency and those factors

represent dysfunction at several levels, specifically

within the structure of the offenders family. Some of

these factors include conflict within the family, a lack of

adequate supervision and/or rules, a distinct lack of

parent-child attachment, instability, poor home life

quality, parental expectations, as well as poverty,

unemployment, and dropping out of school (Studymode.com,

2001). These factors lend themselves to more juveniles

becoming involved in the juvenile system and being referred

to community and non-community treatment programs. (David

L. Jones 2014)

Siegel and Welsh (2011) defined juvenile delinquency as

criminal acts performed by juveniles. It is an important

social issue because juveniles are capable of committing

serious crimes, but most legal system prescribes specific

procedures of dealing with, juveniles, or kid. Juvenile


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Institute of Science and Technology
21 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

delinquency may refer to either violent or non-violent

crime committed by persons who are (usually) under the age

of eighteen. There is much debate about whether or not such

child should be held criminally responsible for his action.

There are many different inside influence that are believed

to affect the way a child act both negatively and

positively, some of which are as follows; in family

circumstances, child abandonment is often recognized as a

crime, in which case the child is usually not physically

harmed directly as part of the abandonment; distinct from

this is the widely recognized crime of infanticide.

Social organization or social institution is a group of

social position connected by social relation, performing a

social role. It can be also defined in a narrow since as

any institution in a society that works to socialize the

groups or people in it. Common examples include

universities government, families and any people or groups

that you have social interactions with. It is a major

sphere of social life organized to meet some human needs.

Peer pressure comprises a set of group dynamics whereby a

group of people in which one feels comfortable may override

the personal habits, individual moral inhibition or

idiosyncratic desires to impose a group norm of attitudes

or behaviours.
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Institute of Science and Technology
22 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

It requires members to conform to the overall value of

the group. These reference groups are sometimes referred to

as membership group. When individual is formally a member

of(for example, a political party or trade union).

Individuals may also have aspiration groups (social clique,

say, such as yuppies) to which they would like to belong.

They may also recognize dissociative groups with which they

would not wish to associate (thus drinkers may go to great

lengths to avoid being associated with lager louts). This

peer pressure can sometimes be used to great effect by

marketers. If they can sway the few opinion leaders in the

reference in the reference group they will capture the

whole group.

Peer pressure appears also in some profession, one

example often given is about financial analysts that tend

to have common opinions and tend to privilege buy

recommendations/ also scientific paradigms are difficult to

change because of common mental commitments of most

scientists in a given field. Peer pressure usually is

thought of in a bad light- in particular harmful behaviour

usually disapproved of by parents such as drug use (alcohol

included), and skipping school. Although the causes of such

event are hotly debated, peer pressure is also considered

by many to be the root cause of several recent tragedies in


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23 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

the United States involving young people. However, peer

pressure can also have positive effect. If one is in a

group of friend that are ambitious and working to succeed,

one might feel pressured to follow suit, as to not feel

excluded from the group. Therefore, the youth would be

pressured into improving their self, bettering them in the

long run. This is most commonly seen in youth that are

active in sports or other extracurricular activities.

Brezina, S (2010) has considered juvenile delinquency

as engagement in problem-solving strategies by offenders.

Specially, he notes that delinquency is apt to thrive fewer

than three conditions: the absence of conventional problem-

solving strategies, positive outcome expectancies of

delinquent adoptions. Brezina assertions simply mean that

delinquent behaviour is more likely to manifest in

situation where (1) a young person lacks the ability to

engage in normal problem-solving strategies, such as

talking to the other party involved in a dispute or simply

lacking the knowledge of something else to do: where (2) a

youngster can engage in behaviours that he or she believes

will achieve a desired outcome, which likely avoidance or

escape of negative situations or outcome; and where the

youngster (3) has seen some level of success Is this past

engaging in these behaviours.


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Institute of Science and Technology
24 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

According to Ann Marxze D (2011), UMIL, most child

delinquents belong to poor families, Abitria said. These

minors are committing these crimes because of poverty

because they need to survive, Abitria said, adding that

ten percent of the crimes committed by minors are crimes

against property like robbery. From the data of the

Juvenile Justice Welfare Council (JJWC), there were 4,706

cases of children in conflict with the law during the

second quarter of 2009. Many of them were male ages 14 to

17 years old, mostly out of school youth and belong to poor

families, only a few of them can afford to post bail,

Abitria added. A child who cannot post bail stays in prison

with little chance to rebuild his/her future. (Lowering

age discernment wont solve juvenile delinquency).

Youths who are Gang members according to Drown and Hess

(2010) are people who alliance for a common purpose and

engage in unlawful of criminal activity. Criminal behaviour

is what separates a gang for a club such as a boy scout.

The young gang, for criminal justice policies purpose, is a

subset of the street gang.

Street gang can be found throughout the united states,

not only in a large city, but in the suburbs, small towns

and even rural areas, they acquire their power in the

community through their violence behaviour.


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Institute of Science and Technology
25 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Gang member may result from a variety of personal,

social and economic factors, including family structure and

influences such as parental guidance and lack of

responsibility, peer pressure and ego fulfilment, racism

and cultural discard, socioeconomic factors and socialized

delinquency.

According to Bartolas C. (2013) Juvenile Delinquency,

peoples were rational and intelligent beings who exercised

free will. They commit crime because they imagine greater

gains coming from crime than from conformity. Because of

that they advocated harsh and immediate punishment so that

the offenders would be discouraged to commit future crimes.

The popularity of the classical approach was in part

responsible for the development of the prison as an

alternative to physical punishment and the eventual

creation of criminal sentences geared to the seriousness of

crimes.

The Juvenile Delinquency, delinquent behaviour

according to him is the result of youths biological make-

up and life experiences, feel treatment should include

altering one or more factors that contribute to unlawful

behaviour.

He believed that criminals were born, not made, that

the primary cause of crime was biological. He was writing


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26 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

at the same time that Charles Darwins theory of evolution

was becoming widely circulated, and he was probably greatly

influenced by Darwins ideas.

Local Literature

It is recognized that the responsibility of the police

in the protection and care of children is comprehensive. If

policemen carry out their jobs more effectively and less

children will languish in jail and more will receive

appropriate intervention and immediate protection from

hazardous conditions in the community. The manner by which

various categories of children are handled by the police

considerably influences and guides the courts of the

juvenile justice system.

Handling children who are in conflict with crimes, the

offender, through interaction with the victim, must

understand the seriousness of the incident and together

with the victim and social workers develop a series of

steps towards reconciliation, arranging reparations for

damages and providing whatever remedial assistance the

victim might require. If successful resolution occurs, the

juvenile is not placed in a correctional facility or

labelled a delinquent, thereby avoiding the influence of an

environment (jail) that can reinforce delinquent behaviour.

The reconciliation process must be carried out very


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Institute of Science and Technology
27 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

carefully so that the offender does not consider it a

deal with the victim a risk emphasized by various

researchers (Pimentel, 2011).

According to Soriano (2010) Juvenile Delinquency and

Crime Prevention, the protection of society is the primary

responsibilities of government. Specifically, it is

governments duty to ensure that the rights of every

individual, especially the children are protected. As the

principal agent of the government authorized to enforce

laws and to maintain peace and order in the community, the

police force plays a crucial role in the protection of

childrens rights.

The Philippines has signed several international

treaties pertaining to childrens right and juvenile

justice. It is a signatory of the United Nations Convention

on the Rights of the child, the United Nations Standard

Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice or

Beijing Rules, the United Nations Guidelines for the

prevention of Juvenile Delinquency Nations Rules for the

Protection of Juvenile Deprived of Liberty.

In accordance with existing laws, rules, procedures and

guidelines, the proper petition for involuntary commitment

and placement under the IJISC shall be filed by local

social welfare and development officer of the LGU where the


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
28 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

offense was committed, or by the DSWD social worker in the

local social welfare and development officers absence,

within twenty-four (24) hours from the time of the receipt

of report on the alleged commission of said child. The

court, where the petition for involuntary commitment has

been filed shall decide on the petition within seventy-two

(72) hours from the time they said petition has been filed

by the DSWD/LSWDO. The court will determine the initial

period of placement of the child within the IJISC will or

include a psychiatric evaluation report and recommend the

reintegration of the child to his/her family or the

extension of the placement under the IJISC. The multi-

disciplinary team will also submit a report to the court on

the services extended to the parents and family of the

child and the compliance of the parents in the intervention

program. The court will decide whether the child has

successfully completed the center-based program and is

already prepared to be reintegrated with his/her family or

if there is a need for the continuation of the center-based

rehabilitation of the child. The court will determine the

next period of assessment or hearing on the commitment of

the child. Section 20(B) Repetition of offenses, a child

who is above twelve (12) years of ages up to fifteen (15)

years of age and who commits an offense for the second time
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
29 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

or oftener: Provided, That the child was previously

subjected to a community-based intervention program, shall

be deemed a neglected child under Presidential Decree No.

603, as amended, and shall undergo an intensive

intervention program supervised by the local social welfare

and development officer: Provided, further, That, if the

best interest of the child requires that he/she be placed

in a youth care facility or Bahay Pag-asa, the childs

parents or guardians shall executed a written authorization

for the voluntary commitment of the child: Provided,

finally, That if the child has no parents or guardians or

if they refuse or fail to execute the written authorization

for voluntary commitment, the proper petition for

involuntary commitment shall be immediately filed by the

DSWD or the LSWDO pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 603 (

Child And Youth Welfare Code ) as amended.

Alviola in 2012 said that juvenile crime represents

one of the most demanding and frustrating areas of police

work because one of the most common complaints juvenile

offenders are back on the streets before the officers have

had a chance to complete the necessary paper work. Youthful

law breaking and misbehaviour strain law enforcement in

large degree. The leniency of juvenile court codes also

makes it difficult for police to deal effectively with


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
30 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

youth crime. Yet, the significant of police are usually

a juvenile offender first contact with the juvenile justice

system. As the doorway into the system, the police officer

can use his discretion to either change the youth or

involve them in the system. In fact and in truth, the

police officer becomes an on-the-spot prosecutor, judge and

correctional system when dealing with a juvenile offender.

It is really unfortunate for the prosecutors and the police

force that after the these juvenile delinquents undergone a

program that will supposed to rehabilitate them, it seems

that it is not enough for they again committed violations

of the law because the law (RA 9344) which protects them

become the doorway and shield of hardened criminals and

organized groups to realized their criminal activities.

In October of 2011, the proposal of lowering the age of

criminal responsibility of children from fifteen (15) years

old down to nine (9) years old was not approved and agreed

by the Department of Justice (DOJ) and Department of Social

Welfare and Development (DSWD). DOJ and DSWD believed that

the children in conflict with the law are those who are

neglected and lacked parental love and guidance; those who

come from impoverished and dysfunctional families; whose

parents are jobless or separated; whose environment is

filled with air of violence; or whose community is tolerant


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
31 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

of offending crimes as their normal way of living. These

are reality bites that conquer their motivations for

survival. (Daisy T. Besing)

Reyes (2010) in his article mentioned that recently,

greater attention has been given to the role and

responsibility of local communities in dealing with

juvenile delinquency. There are programmed designed to

train groups and individual representatives of local

communities in which juvenile delinquency has increased to

informally control youth and include young people in

constructive activities. The idea that young people can and

should work in partnership with adults to improve

conditions in their communities has gained currency in the

past decade. Young people are being asked to sit on boards

submit ideas and support community efforts through

structured (sometimes required) volunteering. A promising

development in efforts to prevent juvenile delinquency and

crime is the involvement of NGOs and volunteers (students

and pensioners, along with well-known and authority figures

such as sportsmen, politicians and public figures) in

social work with adolescent. Generally, programmed for

preventing gang delinquency should endeavour to integrate

children and youth into organized group activities. This

can be achieved through social service agencies or


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
32 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

organization such as the Girl Guides and Boys Scouts, as

well as independent boys and girls clubs and community

centers; local government recreational activities also

serve this purpose. Cooperation between various agents of

prevention work is becoming increasingly important.

Foreign Studies

According to Theresa Kilbane (2011), Street Children

are not a unified group. They are made up of individuals,

each with their own history and dreams. They reason a child

may be living on the street can vary. It could be a

combination of family and community stressors, such as the

absence of a parent or parents and other relatives;

economic problems such as poverty, unemployment and

homeless. It could be from their owned agency and choice.

They may have migrated or immigrated. They faced risks such

as abuse and violence from peers, from authorities, from

those who discriminate against them, and from others who

want to exploit them. To consider street children, one must

recognize the complexities of driving, protective and

inhibiting factors in the circumstances of street children,

that there are difference between children, communities and

countries.

Alenzi (2010) in his study Juvenile Delinquency in

Kuwait attempted to explore the role of the social


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
33 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

disorganization theory in influencing Juvenile delinquency

Kuwait, and to compare the strengths of social

disorganization and various social factors in predicting

delinquency. The dependent variable used in this study was

self-reported delinquency. Also eight control variables

were included in the regression model; gender, age, family

size, income, area of residence, fathers education,

mothers education, and parents marital status. The

analysis showed the predictive power of social

disorganization in the case of Kuwait accords- for the most

part- with what social disorganization theory would expect.

According to National Juvenile Justice Network (2011),

over the past several years, many states across the country

(the USA) have dramatically reduced the number of youth

held in secure facilities. Some states have achieved these

reductions of downsizing existing population in secure

facilities; others have shuttered entire institutions.

While the population reduction is noteworthy in and of

itself, it has been accompanied by powerful data. Most

states that have downsized or closed facilities have been

able to save or reallocate money while protecting public

safety, due to the high expense of incarceration, and the

greater effectiveness of less costly community based

alternatives. Additionally, evidence shows that these


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
34 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

population reductions have not, as some have predicted, led

to an increase in youth crime; in fact, crime rates have

either remained steady or even declined, demonstrating an

increase in public safety. The simultaneous increase in

public safety and reduction of secure facility populations

is supported by research indicating that community-based

supervision is an effective as incarceration for youth who

have committed serious offenses.

Local Studies

According to Del tore (2011), authoritarian parenting

which is noted for having reduced watch is the relationship

a parent has with their child, may lead to less emphatic

method of discipline. Parents may want to show have control

and using harsh discipline maybe their way of demanding

respect from the child, they may also demand compliance to

the rules using harsh discipline maybe the only way they

believe they will attain it. On the other hand, an

authoritative parent, who notably has more warmth in their

relationship with their child, may use more subtle

techniques, such as negotiation, because of the type of

relationship they have with their children.

Capinpin, et. al (2011) made a study on the children in

conflict with the law in Bicol Region. The study concluded

that the involvement of children in the commission of crime


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
35 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

was often affected by environmental factors, peer factors,

advanced technology and enforcement factors. The different

indicators for environmental factors that affected the

children were: living in a community with high level of

criminality or drug use; poor implementation of vagrancy

and anti-squatting law; lack of recreation areas play

grounds that cater to children; neglect of concerned

authorities on the proliferation of night spots , beer

houses and videoke bars, and video game establishments;

poor implantation of livelihood programs for adults; armed

conflict; depressed communities; living in the area with

high poverty rate; deprived/ depressed community ; and

safety measures in the community.

The indicators for peer factors were: bad influence of

adults group to children; peer pressure/ rejection/ outcast

treatment of peers; poor peer relationship with parents and

family; gang membership; being unschooled; courier of

drugs; being exposed to child prostitution; poor

implementation of SK programs; commitment to delinquent

peers; and abusive peer relations. The advanced technology

indicators affecting children were: internet cafes not

prohibiting below 18 years old; access to porn; law against

porn videos/CDs; parental time on TV; LGU, PNP, NGO against

violation of pornography; RA 9775 (Child Pornography Law)


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
36 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

in internet, use of Internet without parents; self-

regulation of owners/ profit-seeking; violent

videos/themes; and unlicensed Internet cafes/ video and

karaoke bars. The home factors affecting children in the

commission of the crime were; parents awareness;

dysfunctional/broken families; lack of parental time;

values at home; big family; protection against child abuse,

exploitation and discrimination; CICL abused by parents,

guardians, teachers or person having care and custody of

the child; separated parents; early marriage and illiteracy

of parents; and family spiritual time. The law enforcement

factors affecting involvement of children in commission of

crimes were; vagrancy law, curfew and begging; trained PNP;

untrained LGU; criminal syndicate neutralization;

counselling service; RA 9755; lack of dedication; selected

enforcement; and lack of focus.

Placidos (2011) study effectiveness of the Cavite PPO

in the implementation of the procedures on children in

conflict with the law assessed the effectiveness of the

Cavite police provincial office in the implementation of

the procedures on children in conflict with the law. He

concluded that the Cavite PPO was effective in the

implementation of procedures for handling children exempted

from criminal liability; moderately effective in


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
37 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

implementing procedures for handling children not exempted

from criminal liability; effective in the implementation of

duties of a person in authority taking a child into

custody; moderately effective in handling the guidelines

for fingerprinting and photographing of the child; and

effective in implementing the confidentially of proceedings

and records.

On Global study on child poverty and disparities case

of the Philippines by UNICEF in 2012, in a country where

poverty is prevalent, Filipino children are vulnerable to

issues such as mortality, health, education, violence and

abuse, and forced labor. Under a host of environmental

issues bigger than they are, children can be adversely

affected by poverty in many ways. The link between high

population growth and poverty incidence has been

established by empirical studies showing that the larger

the family, the more likely it is to be poor. High

fertility is associated with decreasing investment in human

Capital; hence, children in large families do not usually

perform well in school, have poorer health, and are less

developed physically. Meanwhile, high level of corruption

reduce economic growth, distort the allocation of

resources, and affect the performance of government in many

aspects corruption has a pervasive and troubling impact on


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
38 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

the poor since it distorts public choices in favor of the

wealthy and powerful, and reduces the states Capacity to

provide social safety nets. There is also evidence that

economic benefits were not equitably shared and recent

studies have argued that an inequitable distribution of

wealth is a constraint to economic growth and development.

The exemption from criminal liability herein

established does not include exemption from civil

liability, which shall been forced in accordance with

existing law. (Published October 3, 2013)

Romero (2010) in his report in the Philippine Star

documented the clamor for the amendment of the law that

protects the rights of the children. According to him

several lawmakers in the Philippines are seeking to amend

the laws under the current juvenile justice system, primary

to lower the threshold age of youth aimed at in testifying

the drive against recruitment of children by criminal

syndicates.

Relevance of the Reviewed Literature and Studies to the

Present Investigation

In related literature, it talks the children in

conflict with the law and how the Department of social

Welfare managed the youth in different community/society.

Rehabilitation is one the solution for the children who


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
39 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

involved in different crimes and it is noted with the

local/foreign studies and local/foreign literature. DSWD

also prioritized the construction of transition homes or a

Youth Detention Home and developing the psychological

aspects of the children in conflict with the law.

The Social Welfare and development program utilizes the

family and society to respond the problem which is concern

to the children and youth.

The Studies also demonstrate that children have

multiple exposure to violence are at higher risk for mental

problems, behaviour, substance abuse and delinquent

behaviours.

Chapter 3

Methodology and Research Design

This chapter is a presentation of the methodology of

research and research design, as well as the sampling of

the respondents, tools for the data collection procedure,

instruments/ tools of measurement and the statistical

treatment of data.

Methodology of Research
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
40 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

To attain the objectives of the study, the researchers

utilized the descriptive method of research. Descriptive

type focus on studying and investigating what comprises an

object to determine its nature. This method or research is

applicable to the present study since its objective is to

evaluate the perception of EARIST students on the proposed

amendments on the law R.A No. 10630.

According to Calderon descriptive methods involves an

element of interpretation of mainly of significance of what

is describes, this description is often combined with

mainly of the data collected, which would be reported from 35

the objectives point of view and the base assumptions of

the project underway data must be subjected to the thinking

process in terms of ordered reasoning, he further stated

that survey otherwise known as normative survey, fact

finding study with adequate and accurate interpretation, it

is used to collect data about peoples behaviour,

practices, intention beliefs, attitudes, opinions, judgment

interest and perception, and then such data analyzed,

organized and interpreted.

Population and Sampling Scheme

The researchers made used of the multi stage sampling

scheme, which gives every member of the population the

chance to be chosen as part of the sample. The conclusion


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
41 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

derived from the data gathered through multi stage sampling

generalized the whole population.

Description of the Respondents

The respondents of this study were composed of one

group only, EARIST community has eight (8) colleges, and

the researchers will choose twenty (20) respondents from

each college for a total of one hundred sixty (160)

respondents. They were described as to their gender, age,

civil status, college, and year level.

Research Instrument

The major instrument that employed in gathering the

data is the questionnaire. Two sets of survey instrument

were distributed to the respondents.

Survey Questionnaire

Part I - Profile of the Respondents.

This was researchers instrument to gather data for the

description of the respondents of the study to be presented

in Chapter 3. They were described as to their age, gender,

civil status, college/course, and year level. The

instrument used on the presumption that respondents are

literate, clearly motivated, and willing to participate.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
42 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

This answered SOP no. 1.

Part II Perception of the respondents on the proposed

amendment of R.A. No. 10630.

This instrument was questionnaire to know the

perception of the respondents on the proposed amendments of

R.A. No. 10630 in terms of psychological and sociological

aspects.

Interview guide questions

The researchers conducted an informal interview to the

group of respondent for some verification and justification

concerning to their ideas written in the questionnaire,

this interview provide additional data or information.

Library Research

Documentary analysis is a social research method and is

an important research tool in its own right and is an

invaluable part of most schemes of triangulation.

Validation of the Instrument

The instrument for this research study was validated

through the following:


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
43 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

1) The survey questionnaire was submitted to the

thesis professor for corrections, comments and

suggestions in the appropriateness of language

used, clarity of items, right direction and

constructions.

2) Corrections was incorporated in the final copy of

the survey questionnaires before dissemination to

the respondents.

Data gathering procedure

The following procedures were undertaken in gathering

data after the validation of the instrument:

1. A letter of request was sent for the concerned

authorities to allow the researchers to conduct an

evaluation within their respective jurisdiction.

2. The survey questionnaire prepared by the

researchers was circulated among the chosen

respondent and retrieved by the researchers after

the respondent finish answering.

3. The researchers was scanned, sorted and tallied the

responses; Tabulated and computed the data gathered

with the assistance of the statistician, adviser

and thesis professor.

4. Analyzed and interpreted the data and presented the

data in textual and tabular presentation with due


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
44 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

consideration of the sub-problems and hypothesis of

the study.

Statistical Treatment of Data

To make the result of this study understandable to

everyone, the gathered data was recorded, established and

interpreted through the use of the following statistical

procedures to attain an in-depth analysis of data:

Percentage. This was used to the profile of the

respondents such as age, gender, civil status,

college/course, and year level. The frequency and

percentage is use. These tools will be used for data

presentation as it reduces all number to a range from 0-100

and also translate data into standards form with a base of

100, for relative comparison.

Percentage (%)= F/N x 100

Where: % - Percentage

F Frequency of respondents

N Total number of respondents

Weighted mean. This was utilized to evaluate the

perception of EARIST students on the proposed amendment of


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
45 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

R.A. No. 10630. The specified questionnaire will be

completed by giving the weighted mean, using the following

formula:

X= fx
N

Where: X Weighted mean

f Frequency of respondents

x Item scale

N Total number of respondents

Weighted Mean was computed by summing the product of

item frequency multiplied by the weight of the item and

divided by the total number of respondents. These weighted

means were interpreted base on the Liker scale concept of

the boundary of numerals. The arbitrary scale is shown

below:

Descriptive
Scale Value Weight
Interpretation
Strongly
4.20-5.00 5
Agree
3.40-4.19 4 Agree
Moderate
2.60-3.39 3
Agree
Less
1.80-2.59 2
Disagree
Strongly
1.0-1.79 1
Disagree
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
46 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

For the significant differences on the assessment of

the respondents, the following were used;

1. the One Way Anova was be used to test the significant

difference on the perception of the respondents in

relation to sociological and psychological basis when

they are grouped according to age. Below is the

formula for One Way Anova:

MST
F=
MSE

Where;

F = Anova Coefficient

MST = Mean sum of squares due to treatment

MSE = Means sum of squares due to error.

Formula for MST is given below:

SST
MST =
p1

xx 2
SST = n

Where;

SST = Sum of squares due to treatment

P = Total number of populations

N = Total number of samples in a population.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
47 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Formula for MSE is given below:

SSE
MSE=
N P
S
2
SSE= ( n1)

Where;

SSE = Sum of squares due to error

S = Standard deviation of the samples

N = Total number of observations.

2. T-Test was be used to test the significant difference

on the perception of the respondents in relation to

sociological and psychological basis when they are

grouped according to gender. T-test is used to

compare two different set of values. It is generally

performed on a small set of data. T test is generally

applied to normal distribution which has a small set

of values. This test compares the mean of two samples.

T test uses means and standard deviations of two

samples to make a comparison. The formula for T test

is given below:

Where,
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
48 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

x1x1 = Mean of first set of values

x2x2 = Mean of second set of values

S1 = Standard deviation of first set of values

S2 = Standard deviation of second set of values

n1 = Total number of values in first set

n2 = Total number of values in second set.

Chapter 4

Presentation, Analysis, and Interpretation of Data

This chapter presents, analyses and interprets the

data. Discussions were organized based on the statement of

the problem of this study according to the following

sequence: (1) demographic profile of the respondents based

on age, gender, civil status, college/course, and year

level; (2) perception on the proposed amendment of R.A.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
49 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

10630 in terms of Psychological basis and sociological

basis; and (3)test of significant difference on the

perception made by the respondents on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their ages

and gender in relation to Psychological basis and

sociological basis.

Sub-problem No.1. What is the demographic profile of

the respondents based on the following:

1.1 Age;
1.2 Gender;
1.3 Civil Status;
1.4 College/Course; and
1.5 Year Level?

Table 1 depicts the distribution of respondents by age.

Table 1

Frequency Distribution of Respondents

According to Age

Age Frequency Percentage

16-20 133 83.13

21-25 25 15.62

26-30 2 1.25

31-35 0 0

36 above 0 0

Total 160 100.0


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
50 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

As depicted in the data, majority of the respondents

fall under the age bracket of 16-20years old with a

frequency of 133 or 83.13%; it was followed by the 25 or

15.63%from the age bracket of 21-25 years old; and the age

group of 26-30 with 2 or 1.25%. There were no respondents

belong to age group31-35 and 36 above years. The age group

of 16-20 got the highest participants because these are the

ages where an individual go to college.

Table 2 reflects the distribution of respondents by

gender.

Table 2
Frequency Distribution of Respondents
According to Gender
Gender Total
Frequency Percentage
Male 67 41.88
Female 93 58.12
Total 160 100.0

As reflected in the table, the majority of the

respondents came from the female group supported by 93

participants or 58.12% while the male group was

participated by 67 individuals or 41.88%. The female group


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
51 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

had dominated in this study since most female continue

their study up to college compare male group.

Table 3
Frequency Distribution of Respondents
According to Status
Total
Civil Status Frequency Percentage

Single 159 99.37

Married 1 0.63

Widow/widower 0 0

Separated 0 0
Total 160 100.00

Table 3 illustrates the respondents by civil status.

As illustrated in the table, 159 or 99.38%are singled

respondents; 1 or 0.63%are married respondents; there were

no respondents belong to the group of widow/widower and

separated.

Table 4

Frequency Distribution of Respondents

According to Course

Total
Course Frequency Percentage

CPAC 23 14.38

CHM 20 12.5
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
52 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

CBA 15 9.38

CAFA 21 13.13

CED 26 16.25

CIT 17 10.63

CEN 19 11.88

CAS 19 11.85

TOTAL 160 100.00

Table 4 indicates the respondents by college/course.

As gleaned in the table, there were 26 or 16.25% from

CED; 23 or 14.38% came from CPAC; 21 or 13.13% from CAFA;

20 or 12.5% from CHM; 19 or 11.88% from CEN; 19 or 11.88%

from CAS; 17 or 10.63% from CIT; 15 or 9.38% from CBA

respondents.

Table 5

Frequency Distribution of Respondents

According to Year Level

Total
Year Level Frequency Percentage

1st 39 24.38

2nd 48 30

3rd 42 26.24

4th 31 19.38

5th 0 0
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
53 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Total 160 100.0

Table 5 shows the respondents by year level.

As shown in the table, there were48 or 30% 2nd year

respondents; 42 or 26.25% 3rd year respondents;39 or 24.38%

1st year respondents; 31 or 19.38% 4th year respondents; and

there were no respondents belong to group 5th year.

Sub-problem No. 2.How do the respondents perceived the

proposed amendment of R.A. No. 10630 based on the

following:

Table 6 shows the respondents perception on the

proposed amendment of R.A. 10630 in terms of psychological

basis.

Table 6

Perception of EARIST Students on the Proposed

Amendment of Republic Act No. 10630 in

terms of Psychological Basis


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
54 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Comp.
W.M.
Indicator Ran
k
WM VI
1. Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of
Criminal Responsibility) served the 3.84 A 4
best interest of the child.
2. Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of
Criminal Responsibility) gives
positive effect on the child as they
3.8 A 5
are view as one of valuable asset of
the society.
3. Children view MACR (Minimum Age of
Criminal Responsibility) as their
defense when they are apprehended by 3.99 A 2
authorities.
4. MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal
Responsibility) can deter/prevent the
4.11 A 1
commission of crimes.
5. Full maturity of the children does
not determine by the offense but
3.98 3
rather their age, physical and mental A
development.
COMPOSITE WEIGHTED
3.94 A
MEAN

As to the perception of the respondents on the

perception on the proposed amendment of RA 10630 in terms of

psychological basis, the rating given is 3.94 verbally

deduced as agree. The top most indicator that ranked 1 is

that MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) can

deter/prevent the commission of crimes perceived as agree

demonstrated by 4.11 mean score. Indicators like Children

view MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) as their

defense when they are apprehended by authorities; Full


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
55 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

maturity of the children does not determine by the offense

but rather their age, physical and mental development;

Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility)

served the best interest of the child; and Lowering the MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) gives positive

effect on the child as they are view as one of valuable

asset of the society were observed as agree verified by

ratings of 3.99, 3.98, 3.84 and 3.80 which landed on ranked

2, 3, 4 and 5.

Table 7 depicts the respondent perception on the

proposed amendment of R.A. 10630 in terms of Sociological

basis.

Table 7

Perception of EARIST Students on the Proposed

Amendment of Republic Act No. 10630 in

terms of Sociological Basis

Comp.W.M.
Indicator Ran
WM VI k
1. The long term effect of lowering the 3.81 A
MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal 5
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
56 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Responsibility) served the best


interest of the public.
2. The use of media, such as social
media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and
in any other form influences the minds 4.03 A
4
of the child and so what they saw and
practice in real.
3. MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal
Responsibility) decrease the crimes 4.09 A
3
committed by children.
4. MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal
Responsibility) develops a broad range
4.11 A 2
of alternative measures to detention
used as a measure of last resort.
5. Minors are being used by syndicates
in their crimes because children could 4.18 A 1
not be held criminally liable.
COMPOSITE WEIGHTED MEAN 4.04 A
Legend:
Option Range Verbal Interpretation Symbol
5 4.20 5.00 Strongly Agree SA
4 3.40 4.19 Agree A
3 2.60 3.39 Moderate Agree MA
2 1.80 2.59 Disagree DA
1 1.00 1.79 Strongly Disagree SDA

As to the perception of the respondents on the

perception on the proposed amendment of RA 10630 in terms of

sociological basis, the rating given is 4.04 verbally

interpreted as agree. The top most indicator that ranked 1

is that Minors are being used by syndicates in their crimes

because children could not be held criminally liable

perceived as agree demonstrated by 4.18 mean score.

Indicators like MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) develops a broad range of alternative

measures to detention used as a measure of last resort; MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) decrease the crimes


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
57 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

committed by children; The use of media, such as social

media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and in any other form

influences the minds of the child and so what they saw and

practice in real; and The long term effect of lowering the

MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) served the

best interest of the public were observed as agree verified

by ratings of 4.11, 4.09, 4.03 and 3.81 which landed on

ranked 2,3,4 and 5.

3. What is the perception of the respondents on the

proposed amendments of R.A 10630 in relation to the above

mentioned variables when they are group according to their

age group?
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
58 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Table 8 discussed the perception on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 in relation to psychological when

grouped according to age.

As showed in the table, the perception on the proposed

amendment of R.A 10630 in relation to psychological basis

of age group 16-20 was agree supported by a mean score of

3.72.

The top most indicator was Lowering the MACR (Minimum

Age of Criminal Responsibility) served the best interest of

the child garnered a mean score of 3.8 verbally interpreted

as agree. It was followed by the indicators that MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) can deter/prevent

the commission of crimes; Children view MACR (Minimum Age

of Criminal Responsibility) as their defense when they are

apprehended by authorities; Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age

of Criminal Responsibility) gives positive effect on the

child as they are view as one of valuable asset of the

society; and Full maturity of the children does not

determine by the offense but rather their age, physical and

mental development were rated as agree evidenced by 3.77,

3.69, 3.67 and 3.65 individually.

Table 8

Perception on the Proposed Amendments of R.A. 10630 in


relation to Psychological when Grouped According to Age
Indicators 16-20 21-25 26-30 COMP.W.M R
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
59 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

A
WM VI WM VI WM VI WM VI N
K
Lowering the MACR
(Minimum Age of
Criminal
Responsibility) 3.8 A 3.73 A 3 M.A 3.51 A 3
served the best
interest of the
child.
Lowering the MACR
(Minimum Age of
Criminal
Responsibility)
gives positive
3.67 A 3.58 A 3 M.A 3.42 A 4
effect on the
child as they are
view as one of
valuable asset of
the society.
Children view
MACR (Minimum Age
of Criminal
Responsibility)
3.69 A 3.65 A 3.5 A 3.61 A 2
as their defense
when they are
apprehended by
authorities.
MACR (Minimum Age
of Criminal
Responsibility)
3.77 A 3.62 A 2.5 A 3.3 M.A 5
can deter/prevent
the commission of
crimes.
Full maturity of
the children does
not determine by
the offense but
3.65 A 3.77 A 3.5 A 3.64 A 1
rather their age,
physical and
mental
development.
COMPOSITE
WEIGHTED 3.72 A 3.67 A 3.1 M.A 3.5 A
MEAN
On the other hand, 21-25 years of age group perceived

the proposed amendment of RA 10630 as agree reinforced by a

rating of 3.67.

It was revealed that the top most indicators under the

age bracket of 21-25 is that Full maturity of the children


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
60 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

does not determine by the offense but rather their age,

physical and mental development with rating of 3.77 decoded

as agree. It was followed by indicator such as Lowering

the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) served

the best interest of the child; Children view MACR (Minimum

Age of Criminal Responsibility) as their defense when they

are apprehended by authorities; MACR (Minimum Age of

Criminal Responsibility) can deter/prevent the commission

of crimes; and Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) gives positive effect on the child as they

are view as one of valuable asset of the society. These

indicators perceived as agree with scores of 3.73, 3.65,

3.62 and 3.58 respectively.

On the perception of respondents on the age group of

26-30, a rating of a mean score of 3.1 was given decoded as

moderately agree.

The two top most indicators that got the highest

perception on the age bracket of 26-30 were indicators like

Children view MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) as their defense when they are apprehended

by authorities and Full maturity of the children does not

determine by the offense but rather their age, physical and

mental development. These indicators were given equally

rating of 3.5 interpreted as agree. This were again


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
61 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

followed by the same rating of 3.0 translated as agreed by

indicators such Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) served the best interest of the child and

Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility)

gives positive effect on the child as they are view as one

of valuable asset of the society. Indicator MACR (Minimum

Age of Criminal Responsibility) can deter/prevent the

commission of crimes got the lowest perception showed by

means score of 2.5 as interpreted of disagree.

As to the overall perception on the proposed amendments

of R.A. 10630 in relations to Psychological Basis when

grouped according to age, the rating given is 3.5 verbally

interpreted as agree. The top most indicator that ranked 1

was that Full maturity of the children does not determine

by the offense but rather their age, physical and mental

development as agree demonstrated by 3.64 mean score.

Indicators like Children view MACR (Minimum Age of

Criminal Responsibility) as their defense when they are

apprehended by authorities; Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age

of Criminal Responsibility) served the best interest of the

child; and Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) gives positive effect on the child as they

are view as one of valuable asset of the society were

observed as agree verified by ratings of 3.61, 3. 51 and


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
62 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

3.42 which landed on ranked 2, 3 and 4. Indicator that

ranked 5 was that MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) can deter/prevent the commission of crimes

with ratings of 3.3 decoded as moderately agree.

Table 9 discussed the perception on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 in relation to sociological basis

when grouped according to age.

Table 9
Perception on the Proposed Amendments of R.A. 10630 in
relation to Sociological Basis when Grouped
According to Age

16-20 21-25 26-30 COMP.W.M


Indicators RANK
WM VI WM VI WM VI WM VI
The long term 3.82 A 3.83 A 4 A 3.88 A 3
effect of
lowering the
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
63 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

MACR (Minimum
Age of Criminal
Responsibility)
served the best
interest of the
public.
The use of
media, such as
social
media/TV/radio/n
ewspaper/interne
t and in any
other form 3.91 A 3.92 A 4 A 3.94 A 2
influences the
minds of the
child and so
what they saw
and practice in
real.
MACR (Minimum
Age of Criminal
Responsibility)
3.7 A 3.75 A 4.5 S.A 3.98 A 1
decrease the
crimes committed
by children.
MACR (Minimum
Age of Criminal
Responsibility)
develops a broad
range of
3.58 A 3.52 A 3.5 A 3.53 A 5
alternative
measures to
detention used
as a measure of
last resort.
Minors are being
used by
syndicates in
their crimes
3.96 A 4.16 A 3.5 A 3.87 A 4
because children
could not be
held criminally
liable.
COMPOSITE
WEIGHTED 3.79 A 3.84 A 3.9 A 3.84 A
MEAN

As viewed in the table, the perception on the proposed

amendment of R.A 10630 in relation to sociological basis of

age group 16-20 was agree supported by a mean score of

3.79.
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
64 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

The most top indicator was that Minors are being used

by syndicates in their crimes because children could not be

held criminally liable garnered a mean score of 3.96

verbally construed as agree. It was followed by the

indicator that The use of media, such as social

media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and in any other form

influences the minds of the child and so what they saw and

practice in real; The long term effect of lowering the MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) served the best

interest of the public; MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) decrease the crimes committed by children;

and MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) develops

a broad range of alternative measures to detention used as

a measure of last resort were rated as agree evidenced by

3.91, 3.82, 3.70 and 3. 58 respectively.

On the other hand, 21-25 years of age group perceived

the proposed amendment of RA 10630 as agree reinforced by a

rating of 3.84

It was presented that indicator under the age bracket

of 21-25 is that Minors are being used by syndicates in

their crimes because children could not be held criminally

liable as the top indicator with the rating of 4.16 decoded

as agree. It was followed by indicators such as The use of

media, such as social media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
65 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

in any other form influences the minds of the child and so

what they saw and practice in real; The long term effect of

lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility)

served the best interest of the public; MACR (Minimum Age

of Criminal Responsibility) decrease the crimes committed

by children; and MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) develops a broad range of alternative

measures to detention used as a measure of last resort.

These indicators were perceived as agree with score of

3.92, 3.83, 3.75 and 52 individually.

On the perception of respondents on the age group of

26-30, a rating of a mean score of 3.9 was given decoded as

agree.

The indicator under the age bracket of 26-30 that MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) decrease the

crimes committed by children as the top most indicator with

the rating of 4.5 decoded as strongly agree. It was

followed by indicators such as the use of media, such as

social media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and in any other

form influences the minds of the child and so what they saw

and practice in real and The long term effect of lowering

the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) served

the best interest of the public. These indicators were

given equally rating of 4.0 interpreted as agreeing. This


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
66 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

were again followed by the same rating of 3.5 translated as

agreed by indicators such Minors are being used by

syndicates in their crimes because children could not be

held criminally liable and MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) develops a broad range of alternative

measures to detention used as a measure of last resort.

As to the overall perception on the proposed amendments

of R.A 10630 in relations to Sociological Basis when group

according to age, the rating given was 3.84 verbally

deduced as agree. The top most indicator that ranked 1 is

that MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility)

decrease the crimes committed by children perceived as

agree demonstrated by 3.98 mean score. Indicators like The

use of media, such as social

media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and in any other form

influences the minds of the child and so what they saw and

practice in real; The long term effect of lowering the MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) served the best

interest of the public; Minors are being used by syndicates

in their crimes because children could not be held

criminally liable; and MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) develops a broad range of alternative

measures to detention used as a measure of last resort were


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
67 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

observed as agree verified by ratings of 3.94, 3.88, 3.87

and 3.53 which landed on ranked 2, 3, 4 and 5.

Table 10 shows the summary of the perception on the

proposed amendments of R.A. 10630 in relation to

sociological and psychological basis when grouped according

to age group.

Table 10

Summary of the Perception on the Proposed Amendments of

R.A. 10630 in relation to Sociological and Psychological

Basis when Grouped According to Age

COMPOSITE
16-20 21-25 26-30 RA
CRITERIA W.M
NK
WM VI WM VI WM VI WM VI
Psychological 3.72 A 3.67 A 3.1 M.A 3.5 A 2
Sociological 3.79 A 3.84 A 3.9 A 3.84 A 1
COMPOSITE
WEIGHTED MEAN 3.76 A 3.76 A 3.5 A 3.67 A

Reflected in the table, the perception on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 in relation to psychological and

sociological basis of age group 16-20 was agree supported

by a mean score of 3.76

The top most criteria in psychological basis in age

bracket 16-20 moderately agree. It was followed by the

criteria of sociological basis in age bracket of 16-2-, 21-


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
68 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

25 and 26-30 years of age with ratings of 3.79, 3.84 and 3.

9 decoded as agree.

Overall weighted mean in the criteria of psychological

and sociological basis with the ratings of 3.67 verbally

interpreted as agree. The top most criteria that ranked 1

is the sociological basis perceived as agree demonstrated

by 3.84 mean score. It was followed by the criteria of

psychological basis with the ratings of 3.5 decoded as

agree and ranked 2 respectively.

4. What is the perception of the respondents on the

proposed amendments of R.A 10630 in relation to the afore-

mentioned variables when they are group according to their

gender?

Table 11 describes the perception made by the

respondents on the proposed amendments of R.A. 10630 if they

are grouped according to their gender in relation to

Psychological and Sociological Basis.

Table 11

Perception on the Proposed Amendments of R.A. 10630

in relation to Psychological Basis when


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
69 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

grouped According to Gender

Indicator Male Female Comp.W.M. Rank

1. Lowering the MACR WM VI WM VI WM VI


(Minimum Age of
Criminal
Responsibility) 4.01 A 3.66 A 3.84 A 4
served the best
interest of the
child.
2. Lowering the MACR
(Minimum Age of
Criminal
Responsibility) gives 3.84 A 3.76 A 3.8 A 5
positive effect on
the child as they are
view as one of
valuable asset of the
society.
3. Children view MACR
(Minimum Age of
Criminal 4.3 S.A 3.67 A 3.99 A 2
Responsibility) as
their defense when
they are apprehended
by authorities.
4. MACR (Minimum Age
of Criminal
Responsibility) can 3.93 A 4.29 S.A 4.11 A 1
deter/prevent the
commission of crimes.

5. Full maturity of
the children does not
determine by the 3.97 A 3.98 A 3.98 A 3
offense but rather
their age, physical
and mental
development.
COMPOSITE WEIGHTED 4.01 A 3.87 A 3.94 A
MEAN
Reflected in the table, the male respondents agree on the

proposed amendment of RA 10630 in terms of psychological

basis supported by a mean score of 4.01.

The top indicator was Children view MACR (Minimum Age

of Criminal Responsibility) as their defense when they are

apprehended by authorities garnering a mean of score of


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
70 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

4.30 verbally interpreted as strongly agree. It was

followed by the indicators that Lowering the MACR (Minimum

Age of Criminal Responsibility) served the best interest of

the child; Full maturity of the children does not determine

by the offense but rather their age, physical and mental

development; MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility)

can deter/prevent the commission of crimes; Lowering the

MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) gives

positive effect on the child as they are view as one of

valuable asset of the society were rated as agree evidenced

by 4.01, 3.97, 3.93 and 3.84 respectively.

On the other hand, the female respondent assessment

was agree supported by 3.87 mean score. Indicators that

MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) can

deter/prevent the commission of crimes as the top indicator

with rating of 4.29 decoded as strongly agree. It was

followed by indicators such as Full maturity of the

children does not determine by the offense but rather their

age, physical and mental development; Lowering the MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) gives positive

effect on the child as they are view as one of valuable

asset of the society; Children view MACR (Minimum Age of

Criminal Responsibility) as their defense when they are

apprehended by authorities; Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
71 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

of Criminal Responsibility) served the best interest of the

child. These indicators were perceived as agree with scores

of 3.98, 3.76, 3.67 and 3.66 individually.

As to the overall perception of the male and female

respondents on the perception on the proposed amendment of

RA 10630 in terms of psychological basis, the rating given

is 3.87 verbally interpreted as agree. The top most

indicator that ranked 1 is that MACR (Minimum Age of

Criminal Responsibility) can deter/prevent the commission

of crimes as agree demonstrated by 4.11 means score.

Indicators like Children view MACR (Minimum Age of

Criminal Responsibility) as their defense when they are

apprehended by authorities; Full maturity of the children

does not determine by the offense but rather their age,

physical and mental development; Lowering the MACR (Minimum

Age of Criminal Responsibility) served the best interest of

the child; and Lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) gives positive effect on the child as they

are view as one of valuable asset of the society were

observed as agree verified by ratings of 3.99, 3.98, 3.84

and 3.8 which landed on ranked 2, 3, 4 and 5.

Table 12 describes the perception made by the

respondents on the proposed amendments of R.A. 10630 if they


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
72 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

are grouped according to their gender in relation to

Psychological and Sociological Basis.

Table 12
Perception on the Proposed Amendments of R.A. 10630
in relation to Sociological Basis when
grouped According to Gender
Indicator
Male Female Comp.W.M.
Rank

1. The long term effect of WM VI WM VI WM VI


lowering the MACR (Minimum
Age of Criminal
Responsibility) served the 3.99 A 3.62 A 3.81 A 5
best interest of the
public.
2. The use of media, such
as social
media/TV/radio/newspaper/i
nternet and in any other 4.03 A 4.02 A 4.03 A 4
form influences the minds
of the child and so what
they saw and practice in
real.
3. MACR (Minimum Age of
Criminal Responsibility)
decrease the crimes 4.21 S.A 3.97 A 4.09 A 3
committed by children.
4. MACR (Minimum Age of
Criminal Responsibility)
develops a broad range of
alternative measures to 2
detention used as a 3.91 A 4.3 S.A 4.11 A
measure of last resort.
5. Minors are being used
by syndicates in their
crimes because children 1
could not be held 4.24 S.A 4.12 A 4.18 A
criminally liable.

COMPOSITE WEIGHTED 4.08 A 4.01 A 4.04 A


MEAN

As showed in the table, the male respondents agree on

the proposed amendment of RA 10630 in terms of sociological

basis supported by a mean score of 4.08.

The top indicators was that Minors are being used by

syndicates in their crimes because children could not be

held criminally liable garnering a mean score of 4.24


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
73 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

verbally construed as strongly agree. It was followed by the

indicator that MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) decrease the crimes committed by children

with the average score of 4.21 interpreted as strongly

agree. Indicators that The use of media, such as social

media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and in any other form

influences the minds of the child and so what they saw and

practice in real; The long term effect of lowering the MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) served the best

interest of the public; MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) develops a broad range of alternative

measures to detention used as a measure of last resort were

rated as agree evidenced by 4.04, 3.99 and 3.91

respectively.

On the other hand, the female respondent assessment

was agree evidenced by 4.01 mean score. Indicator that the

MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) develops a

broad range of alternative measures to detention used as a

measure of last resort as the top indicator with the rating

of 4.30 decoded as strongly agree. It was followed by

indicators such as Minors are being used by syndicates in

their crimes because children could not be held criminally

liable; The use of media, such as social

media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and in any other form


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
74 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

influences the minds of the child and so what they saw and

practice in real; MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) decrease the crimes committed by children;

The long term effect of lowering the MACR (Minimum Age of

Criminal Responsibility) served the best interest of the

public. These indicators were perceived as agree with scores

of 4.12, 4.02, 3.97 and 3.62 individually.

As to the overall perception of the male and female

respondents on the perception on the proposed amendment of

RA 10630 in terms of sociological basis, the rating given is

4.04 verbally interpreted as agree. The top most indicator

that ranked 1 is that Minors are being used by syndicates

in their crimes because children could not be held

criminally liable perceived as agree demonstrated by 4.18

mean score. Indicators like MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal

Responsibility) develops a broad range of alternative

measures to detention used as a measure of last resort; MACR

(Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) decrease the crimes

committed by children; The use of media, such as social

media/TV/radio/newspaper/internet and in any other form

influences the minds of the child and so what they saw and

practice in real; and The long term effect of lowering the

MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) served the

best interest of the public were observed as agree verified


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
75 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

by ratings of 4.11, 4.09, 4.03 and 3.81 which landed on

ranked 2,3,4 and 5.

Table 13 shows the summary of the perception on the

proposed amendments of R.A. 10630 in relation to

sociological and psychological basis when grouped according

to gender group.

Table 13

Summary of the Perception on the Proposed Amendments of

R.A. 10630 in relation to Sociological and Psychological

Basis when Grouped According to Age

CRITERIA MALE FEMALE COMP.W.M RANK


WM VI WM VI WM VI
Psychologica 4.0 3.8 3.9 2
A A A
l 1 7 4
4.0 4.0 4.0 1
Sociological A A A
8 1 4
COMPOSITE
4.0 3.9 3.9
WEIGHTED A A A
5 4 9
MEAN

The perception of male respondent in criteria

psychological basis is agree with weighted mean of 4.01

while female respondent agree in the perception of proposed

amendment of RA 10630 with weighted mean of 3.87 then male

respondent in sociological basis with weighted mean of 4.08

was verbally interpreted as agree while the female

respondents with weighted mean of 4.01 as interpreted of


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
76 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

agree in the criteria of sociological basis. Composite

weighted mean are same with an agree but differ with a

weighted mean of 4.05 in male and 3.94 in female.

The overall composite weighted mean in the criteria

of psychological and sociological basis in male and female

respondent with the average of 3.99 was interpreted of

agree.

5. Is there any significant difference on the

perception made by the respondents on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their ages

and gender in relation to afore-mentioned variables?

Table 14 shows the test of significant difference on the

perception made by the respondents on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their ages

Table 14

Test of Significant Difference of the Respondents

when Grouped according to their Ages

SOURCE OF F
SS MS LOS CV DECISION
VARIATION RATIO
0.045
Between 3.67
1 0.401 9.5 ACCEPT
5%
0.045 0.112 6 5 Ho
Within
1 3
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
77 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

The table shows the significant different test on the

assessment of the group of respondents when grouped

according to age. As shown, the sum of squares between is

3.67 and the sum of the square within is 0.0451. The men of

the square between are 0.0451 and men of the square within

are 0.1123. The computed F Ratio is 0.4016 and at level of

significance is 5%, critical value is 9.55, since F is less

than the critical value, hypothesize accept Ho.

Therefore, there is no significant difference on the

perception made by the respondents on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their ages

in relation to psychological and sociological basis.

Table 15 shows the test of significant difference on

the perception made by the respondents on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their

gender

Table 15

Test of Significant Difference of the Respondents

when Grouped according to their Gender

MALE GROUP FEMALE GROUP COM TAB


WM VAR V WM VAR V P T LO T DECISIO
I I S N
4.0 0.002 3.9 0.009 1.9 ACCEPT
A A 1.4 5%
5 5 4 8 6 Ho
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
78 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

As shown in the table, the first group of respondents

are male whose weighted mean is 4.05, variance of 0.0025

and with a verbal interpretation as agree. The second group

of respondents are female whose weighted mean of 3.94,

variance is 0.0098 and verbally interpreted as agree. The

computed t value is 1.4 while the tabular t value is 1.96

at 5% LOS. Since, the computed t value is less than the

table t value, the null hypothesis is accepted.

Therefore, there is no significant difference on the

perception made by the respondents on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their

gender in relation to psychological and sociological basis.

Chapter 5

Summary of findings, Conclusions, and Recommendation

This chapter focuses on the summary of the data

gathered, their respective conclusions and recommendations.

The presentation of the results were patterned from the

statement of the problem which was presented earlier in

chapter one and reproduced here. The objectives of this


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
79 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

research focused on the " Perception of EARIST students on

the proposed amendment of R.A. No. 10630: An analysis."

Statement of the Problem

This study determined the perception of EARIST Student

on the proposed amendment of R.A. 10630.

Specifically, it sought answers to the following sub

questions;

1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents

in terms of:

1.1 Age;
1.2 Gender;
1.3 Civil Status;
1.4 College/Course; and
1.5 Year Level?

2. How do the respondents perceived the proposed

amendment of R.A. 10630 in terms of:

2.1 Psychological basis; and

2.2 Sociological basis;

3. What is the perception of the respondents on the

proposed amendments of R.A 10630 in relation to the

above mentioned variables when they are group according

to their age?

4. What is the perception of the respondents on the

proposed amendments of R.A 10630 in relation to the


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
80 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

afore-mentioned variables when they are group according

to their gender?

5. Is there any significant difference on the

perception made by the respondents on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their

ages and gender in relation to afore-mentioned

variables?

Summary of Finding

With respect the data gathered, the researchers have

come up with the following results:

1. Profile of the respondents based on the following:


1. 1 Age

Majority the respondents fall under the age bracket of

16-20 years old with a frequency of 133 or 83.13%. Because

the respondents involved in this study were college

students. The age bracket of 16-20 were normally an

individual went to college.

1.2 Gender

Majority of the respondents came from the female group

supported by 93 participants or 58.12% while the male group

was participated by 67 individuals or 41.88%. The female

group had dominated in this study since most female

continue their study up to college compare male group.

1.3 Civil Status


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
81 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Data shows that 159 or 99.37% are singled respondents;

1 or 0.63% are married respondents. This is for the reason

that majority of the individuals pursuing their studies

were singles.

1.4 College/Course

There were 26 or 16.25% from CED; 23 or 14.38% came

from CPAC; 21 or 13.13% from CAFA; 20 or 12.5% from CHM; 19

or 11.88% from CEN; 19 or 11.88% from CAS; 17 or 10.63%

from CIT; 15 or 9.38% from CBA respondents.

1.5 Year Level

There were 48 or 30% 2nd year respondents; 42 or 26.25%

3rd year respondents; 39 or 24.38% 1st year respondents; 31

or 19.38% 4th year respondents; and there were no

respondents belong to group 5th year.

2. Perception of the Respondents on the proposed

Amendment of R.A. No. 10630 based on the following:

2.1 Psychological Basis

As to the perception of the respondents on the

perception on the proposed amendment of RA 10630 in

terms of psychological basis was agree.

2.2 Sociological Basis

As to the perception of the respondents on the

perception on the proposed amendment of RA 10630 in terms of

sociological basis was agree.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
82 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

3. Perception of the Respondents on the Proposed

Amendments of R.A 10630 if grouped according to their Age

3.1 Psychological Basis

The perception on the proposed amendment of R.A 10630

in relation to psychological basis of age group 16-20

was agree. On the other hand, 21-25 years of age group

perceived the proposed amendment of RA 10630 as agree

reinforced. On the perception of respondents on the age

group of 26-30, the perception was moderately agree.

Nevertheless, the overall perception on the proposed

amendments of R.A. 10630 in relations to Psychological

Basis when grouped according to age was agree.

3.2 Sociological Basis

The perception on the proposed amendment of R.A 10630

in relation to sociological basis of age group 16-20

was agree. On the other hand, 21-25 years of age group

perceived the proposed amendment of RA 10630 as agree.

On the perception of respondents on the age group of

26-30, a rating of a mean score of 3.9 was given

decoded as agree. However, as to the overall

perception on the proposed amendments of R.A 10630 in

relations to Sociological Basis when group according to

age was agree.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
83 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

4. Perception of the Respondents on the Proposed

Amendments of R.A 10630 if grouped according to their

Gender

4.1 Psychological Basis

The male respondents agree on the proposed amendment

of RA 10630. On the other hand, On the other hand, the

female respondent assessment was agree. As to the

overall perception of the male and female respondents

on the perception on the proposed amendment of RA 10630

in terms of psychological basis, was agree.

4.2 Psychological Basis

The male respondents agree on the proposed amendment

of RA 10630 in terms of sociological. On the other

hand, the female respondent assessment was agree. As to

the overall perception of the male and female

respondents on the perception on the proposed amendment

of RA 10630 in terms of sociological basis, perception

was agree.

5. Test of significant difference on the perception

made by the respondents on the proposed amendments of R.A.

10630 if group on the following;

5.1 Age

There is no significant difference on the perception

made by the respondents on the proposed amendments of


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
84 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their ages in

relation to psychological and sociological basis.

5.2 Gender

There is no significant difference on the perception

made by the respondents on the proposed amendments of

R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their gender in

relation to psychological and sociological basis.

Conclusions

After performing all necessary steps and procedures in

conducting the study, the researchers came up with the

following conclusions:

1. Profile of the respondents

Majority the respondents fall under the age bracket of

16-20 years old and majority came from the female group,

single and majority came the College of Teacher Education

belonging to 2nd year academic level.

2. Perception of the Respondents on the proposed Amendment

of R.A. No. 10630 based on

2.1 Psychological Basis

As to the perception of the respondents on the

perception on the proposed amendment of RA 10630 in

terms of psychological basis was agree.

2.2 Sociological Basis


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
85 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

As to the perception of the respondents on the

perception on the proposed amendment of RA 10630 in

terms of sociological basis was agree.

3. Perception of the Respondents on the Proposed Amendments

of R.A 10630 if grouped according to their Age

3.1 Psychological Basis

The overall perception on the proposed amendments of

R.A. 10630 in relations to Psychological Basis when

grouped according to age was agree.

3.2 Sociological Basis

The overall perception on the proposed amendments of

R.A 10630 in relations to Sociological Basis when group

according to age was agree.

4. Perception of the Respondents on the Proposed Amendments

of R.A 10630 if grouped according to their Gender

4.1 Psychological Basis

As to the overall perception of the male and female

respondents on the perception on the proposed amendment

of RA 10630 in terms of psychological basis was agree.

4.2 Psychological Basis

As to the overall perception of the male and female

respondents on the perception on the proposed amendment

of RA 10630 in terms of sociological basis, perception

was agree.
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
86 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

5. Test of significant difference on the perception made by

the respondents on the proposed amendments of R.A. 10630 if

group on the following;

5.1 Age

There is no significant difference on the perception

made by the respondents on the proposed amendments of

R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their ages in

relation to psychological and sociological basis.

5.2 Gender

There is no significant difference on the perception

made by the respondents on the proposed amendments of

R.A. 10630 if grouped according to their gender in

relation to psychological and sociological basis.

Recommendation

In the light of the findings and conclusion drawn

above, the following recommendations were drawn:

1. On the psychological aspect


1.1 The lawmakers proposing for the amendment of the

RA 10630 must carefully study what provisions

will be amend. They must focus not on the child

but on the parents of the child who will violate

the law.
1.2 The child also a victim, therefore the government

must find a way help them on the long term

effect.
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
87 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

1.3 The parental counselling must be strengthen. The

Parents must know their role and responsibilities

of being a parent. They must learn how to raise

child in a good and proper way.


2. On sociological aspects
2.1 The government must look on the area where most

of the youth offender came from. They must create

programs for the less fortunate ones in providing

good homes, recreation facilities and making the

environment a better place to live.


2.2 The government must create more jobs in the

Philippines so that the Filipino family will not

go far from their places to earn for their

family. The parents will afford to give their

child a good life.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
88 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

BIBLIOGRAPHY

A. BOOKS

Asalan, Jamilla Gay L., Beringa, Jr., Virgilio A., Yang,

Bryan T., Bolante, Raul B., Introduction to Criminology and

Psychology of Crimes

Asalan, Jamilla Gay L., Beringa, Jr., Virgilio A., Yang,

Bryan T., Bolante, Raul B., Understanding Juvenile

Delinquency

B.THESIS/DISSERTATION

Perceived Effectiveness of the Intervention Program of

Manila Department of Social Welfare for Children in

Conflict with the Law (2014) by Cagunot , Jaime C., Garbin,

Jessabel B., Robiso, Jhoy Ann G., Telada, Roxan R.


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
89 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

PSupt. Dela Crus, Christian V. (2013), Handling of Children

in Conflict with the Law by the Quezon City Police District

Womens and Childrens Protection Desk: Basis for a Pro-

Active Response to Juvenile Delinquency

Perceived Effectiveness of the Intervention Program of

Manila Department of Social Welfare for Children in

Conflict with the Law (2013) by Alcantara, Marjorie B.,

Elano, Bianca Jane C., Sausa, Anna Marie L., Valdez, Mary

Rose N.

WEBSITES

www.academia.edu/7359581/Boardered_Thesis

www.criminal.findlaw.com/juvenile-justice/juvenile-

delinquents.html

www.studymode.com

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Be0PH8UVaV4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?/v=HUT9HqqGUdq

https://www.youtube.com/watch?/v=tlEQuaL82k
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
90 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

APPENDICES

Appendix A

SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE

THE PERCEPTION OF EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZINSTITUTE

OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGYSTUDENTS ON THE

PROPOSEDAMENDMENT OF REPUBLIC

ACT NO. 10630: AN ANALYSIS

Dear Respondent:

The undersigned is presently conducting their study in

partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of

Bachelor of Science in Criminology. In connection thereof,

they are requesting your utmost cooperation and support by

answering the herein attached questionnaire checklist.

This questionnaire seeks to analyse the perception of

EARIST students on the proposed amendment of Republic Act

No. 10630 An act Strengthening the Juvenile Justice System


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
91 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

in the Philippines amending for the purpose Republic Act No.

9344 otherwise known as the Juvenile Justice and Welfare

Act of 2006.

Rest assured that your answer will be treated with

strict confidentiality.

Thank you very much.

Part I. Demographic Profile

Direction: Please put a check () on the space provided that

corresponds to your answer.

Name (Optional): _________________________________


A Age B. Gender C. Civil Status
_____ 16-20 _____ Male _____ Single
_____ 21-25 _____ Female _____ Married
_____ 26-30 _____ Widowed
_____ 31-35 _____Separated
_____ 36 and above

D. College/Course
_____CPAC _____BS Crim ______CBA _____BSOA
_____BPA _____BSBA
_____BSEM
_____CHM _____BST
_____BSHM _____CAFA _____BSA
_____BSID
_____BFA
_____CED _____BSE
_____BE Ed

_____CEN _____BS ChemEng _____CIT_____BSIT


_____BS CivEng
_____BS ElecEng _____CAS _____BS CS
_____BSComEng _____BSMATH
_____BSMechEng _____BS IP
_____BSCompEng _____BS AP
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
92 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

E. Year Level
_____ 1st year
_____ 2nd year
_____ 3rd year
_____ 4thyear
_____ 5th year

Part II. Respondent assessment to the perception to

proposed amendment on Republic Act No. 10630: an analysis

Direction: Please put checks to the column that correspond

your answers using the scale below:

5 - Strongly Agree

4 - Agree

3 - Moderate Agree

2 - Disagree

1 - Strongly Disagree

1 Psychological Basis

Indicators

1. Lowering the

MACR (Minimum Age


Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
93 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

of Criminal

Responsibility)

served the best

interest of the

child.

2. Lowering the

MACR (Minimum Age

of Criminal

Responsibility)

gives positive

effect on the

child as they are

view as one of

valuable asset of

the society.

3. Children view

MACR (Minimum Age

of Criminal

Responsibility) as

their defense when

they are

apprehended by

authorities.

4. MACR (Minimum
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
94 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Age of Criminal

Responsibility)

can deter/prevent

the commission of

crimes.

5. Full maturity

of the children

does not determine

by the offense but

rather their age,

physical and

mental

development.

2 Sociological Basis

Indicators

1. The long term

effect of lowering

MACR (Minimum Age

of Criminal

Responsibility)
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
95 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

served the best

interest of the

public

2. The use of

media, such as

social

media/TV/radio/new

s paper/internet

and in any other

form influences

the minds of the

child, and so what

they saw and

practice in real.

3. MACR (Minimum

Age of Criminal

Responsibility)

decrease the

crimes committed

by children.
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
96 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

4. MACR (Minimum

Age of Criminal

Responsibility)

develops a broad

range of

alternative

measures to

detention used as

a measure of last

resort.

5. Minors are

being used by

syndicates in

their crime

because children

could not be held

criminally liable.

CURRICULUM VITAE
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
97 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

MARK ANDREW A. CALISTE


Black 40 Martinez St., Wellfareville Compound Barangay
Additionhills Mandaluyong City
E-mail Add: Macdrew Caliste
Mobile No.: 09469014007

Objectives:
To obtain a job position, where I can maximize my
knowledge, utilize my skills and enhance my ability to work
well with other people.

Personal information:

Date of Birth : April 4, 1991


Birth Place : San Juan city
Age : 25 years old
Citizenship : Filipino
Civil Status : Single
Religion : Roman Catholic
Weight : 75 kls
Height : 59

Educational Attainment:

Tertiary : EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE


OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan, Sampaloc Manila
(SY 2013 UP TO PRESENT)
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
98 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Secondary : Mataas na Paaralang Neptali A.


Gonzales (MPNAG)
(SY 2003 2007)
Primary : Nueve de pebrero Elementary School
(SY 1997 2003)

____________________________
Mark Andrew A. Caliste
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
99 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

CURRICULUM VITAE

EDUARDO C. LOMBOY JR
Philippine Address : 830 Luzon Street Tondo, Manila
Email Address : sevenclaros@yahoo.com
Mobile no : 09162958746

PERSONAL INFORMATION

Birth Date : 27 yrs old


Age : July 2, 1989
Gender : Male
Height : 55
Status : Single
Birth Place : Manila City
Religion : Roman Catholic
Citizenship : Filipino

Extensive years of working experience as Document Controller & Liason Officer and
also experience working in private office staff and electronic data prossesor. Literate in computer
application such as MS Office Applications. Consultant About in Government Documents

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINTMENT

Tertiary

EARIST Eulogio Amang Rodriguez Institute


of Science and Technology Enrolled 2013-2017
Sta Mesa, Nagtahan Manila
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
100 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Secondary

Cayetano Arellano High School 2002-2006


T. Alonzo St. Sta Cruz

Primary

Gregorio del Pilar Elementary 1996-2002


Jose Abad Santos St. Sta Cruz Manila

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Name Address
1. Fr. Johny Molina LRMS San Jose de Trozo church, Sta. Cruz. Manila
2. Maristela P. Abenojar, RN, MAN Department of Health- NCDPC, Manila
3. Atty. Remilito Dela Cruz Marquina St. cor Dasmarinas, Binondo

I hereby declare that all information are true and correct to the best of my
knowledge and belief.

________
Eduardo Claros Lomboy Jr.
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
101 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

CURRICULUM VITAE

DARELL L. REYES
#2377 Dama de Noche St., Malate, Manila
E-mail Add: Gucci.reyes@yahoo.com
Mobile No.: 09398972451

Objectives:
To obtain a job position, where I can maximize my
knowledge, utilize my skills and enhance my ability to work
well with other people.

Personal information:

Date of Birth : February 18, 1996


Birth Place : Manila
Age : 19 years old
Citizenship : Filipino
Civil Status : Single
Religion : Christian
Weight : 62 kls
Height : 55

Educational Attainment:

Tertiary : EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE


OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan, Sampaloc Manila
(SY 2013 UP TO PRESENT)
Secondary : San Rafael National High School
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
102 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

(SY 2009 20013)


Primary : San Rafael National High School
(SY 2002 2008)

Significant Skills and Characteristics:

Can handle certainties well with the nice interpersonal


skills and attitude
Hard working, patient centered and goal oriented
Willing to be trained, committed, self-motvated,
trustworthy. Passionate to work and committed.

__________________
Darell L. Reyes

CURRICULUM VITAE
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
103 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

LOUIE GENN R. VARGAS


Brgy. Ulat Silang, Cavite
E-mail Add: louiegenn_vargas@yahoo.com
Mobile No.: 09128546285

Objectives:

To be part of the firm where I can enhance the


ability and knowledge that I have for the growth
of both the company and myself
To be able to do my job, duties and
responsibilities
To be able to have a good position in your
company
To help your company to achieve their goal and
objectives

Educational Attainment:

Tertiary : EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE


OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan, Sampaloc Manila
(SY 2013 UP TO PRESENT)
Vocational : Computer Technician (6 Months Tesda
Accredited)
Cavite City Technical and Vocational
School
(June 16 November 28, 2008)
Secondary : Francisco P. Tolentino Memorial High
School (FPTMHS)
Tolentino West Tagaytay City
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
104 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

(SY 2002 2006)


Primary : Ulat Elementary School
Ulat Silang, Cavite
(SY 1997 2002)

Training and Seminar Attended:


Naval Communication Electronic and Information
System Center
(October to November 28, 2008)
The Current Trends and Perspective Criminology
and Legal Aspect of Criminal Justice System
(September 21, 2013)
Pathways International(Review and Learning
Center)
Security Concerns Affecting Cruise Line
(November 15, 2014)

Special Skill:
Assembling and Disassembling of Computer
Troubleshooting of Computer
Formatting of Computer
Installing of Operating System

Personal Information:

Date of Birth : August 20, 1989


Birth Place : Silang, Cavite
Age : 27 years old
Citizenship : Filipino
Civil Status : Single
Religion : Roman Catholic
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
105 College of Public Administration and Criminology
Department of Criminology

Weight : 57 kls
Height : 54

References:

Mr. Godofredo Godo Fajardo


Kaliman-Chief Instructor
09993678545/09276131855

Mr. Johnsen Ramos


Computer Technician
09359699046

P/Insp. Braulio Basco(RET)


Instructor (EARIST)
09267403580

I do hereby that the above statement is true and

correct upon the best of my knowledge and beliefs.

____________________

Louie Genn R. Vargas