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# YEAR OF EXAMINATION: 2017

SUBJECT: Additional
Mathematics

CANDIDATE NUMBER:
0901000361

Khadoo

## TITLE OF PROJECT: To compare

the number of students with a body
mass index (BMI) of above 41 with a
body mass index below 25 in Form 5.

## TEACHERS NAME: Krishna

Nand Prasad

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Acknowledgement 3

Introduction 4

Title 5

## Methods of data collection 7

Presentation of Data 8

Analysis of Data 11

Recommendation 12

Conclusion 13

Bibliography 14

Appendix 15

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

## I would like to express my special thanks and gratitude to my Additional

mathematics teacher as well as the principal who gave me the golden opportunity
to do this wonderful project on the research topic To compare the number of
students with a body mass index (BMI) of above 27 with a body mass index below
25 in form 5.

## Secondly, I would like to thank my parents who helped me a lot in financing

this project. I would also like to thank my friends for helping and guiding me
through this project.

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INTRODUCTION

Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can have a negative effect on many
systems in the body. Students who are obese can develop many diseases which can
be life threatening. By using standard deviation, distinctions can be made to see
how many students is over-weight, under-weight and have normal weight. In this
project the researcher investigates the body mass index (BMI) of the students of
Form 5. By using standard deviation the researcher analyses the BMI of these
student.

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TITLE

To compare the number of students with a body mass index (BMI) of above 41
with a body mass index below 25 in Form 5.

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PURPOSE OF THIS PROJECT

The reason for doing this particular topic is because; the researcher would be
able to find out who has a BMI of over 25. This would allow the researcher to be
able to inform the school to set up a program to advice students so that they would
be able to have a normal body mass index.

Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can have a negative effect on many
systems in the body. People who are overweight or obese have a much greater risk
of developing serious conditions, including: heart disease, type 1 diabetes and bone
and joint disease.

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METHOD OD DATA COLLECTION

To obtain the data needed, a scale and a metric ruler will be used. A digital
bathroom scale is a type of electronic weighing machine, which is used to measure
many readings including body fat, BMI, lean mass, muscle mass, water ratio along
with body weight. It measures weight in kilograms (kg). A metric ruler is used to
measure the length, height and width of an object or the distance between two
points, objects or places. It measures the height of a person in meters square (m 2).
Firstly the scale will be placed in the class as well as the metric ruler. Next each
student will come out one by one to weigh themselves and measure their height
using both the scale and ruler. Each weight and height of each student will be
recorded in a suitable table and the body mass index will be calculated using this
information recorded. This exercise will last for one hour.

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PRESENTATION OF DATA

## BODY BMI FREQUENCY*

FREQU FREQUENCY* SQUARED
MASS MID- DEVIATION SQUARED
ENCY MIDPOINT DEVIAITON
INDEX POINT DEVIATION

UNDER
WEIGHT 15- 18.5 5 16.75 83.75 -21.7 470.6 2352.9

NORMAL
WEIGHT 18.6-24.9 15 21.7 325.5 -11.7 136.7 2050.8

OVER
WEIGHT 25-45 15 35 525 -11.7 136.7 2050.8

f(X-XX )2
TOTAL f=35 f(x)=934.25
=6454.6
TABLE SHOWING HOW THE BODY MASS INDEX OF THE STUDENTS
WERE ANALYSED

The mean, x:

x=fx
f
934.25
35

MEAN= 26.7

Standard Deviation, s:

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s= fx2 x2
f

s= 6454.6
35

STANDARD DEVIATION=184.4

GRAPH SHOWING THE FREQUENCY OF THE BODY MASS INDEX OF THE STUDENTS
16
14
12
10
FREQUENCY 8 FREQUENCY
6
4
2
0
15- 18.5 18.5-24.9 25-45

## BODY MASS INDEX

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PIE CHART SHOWING THE PERCENTAGE OF FREQUENCY OF THE BODY MASS INDEX OF THE STUDENTS

14%
15- 18.5
18.5-24.9
43%
25-45

43%

## THE MODAL CLASS

The modal class (mode class) is the class with the highest frequency. In this
research, the highest frequency is 15, which is the frequency for classes 18.5-24.9
and 25-45

PROBABILITY

## The total number of students, n(S) = 35

P (O) = 15 = 3
35 7

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2. The probability of getting a BMI less than 18.5 is:

The number of students that had a BMI less than 18.5, n (U) = 5

P (U) = 5 = 1
35 7

## 3. The probability of getting a BMI between 18.6 and 24.9 is:

The number of students that had a BMI between 18.6 and 24.9, n (N) = 5

P (N) = 15 = 3
35 7

## P (O) +P (U) +P (N) = 3 + 1 + 3 = 7 = 1

7 7
Hence, the sum of the three probabilities is 1

ANALYSIS OF DATA

## Standard deviation is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its

mean. If the data points are further from the mean, there is higher deviation within
the data set. Standard deviation is calculated as the square root of variance by
determining the variation between each data point relative to the mean. It is a
simple type of algebraic deviation that increases as the variability of the samples
increases and remains in the same sort of unit as the observations from which it is
derived.

## When calculating standard deviation each observation is considered. When

analyzing the Body Mass Index of the students, the larger the standard deviation of
the BMI, the greater the spread of BMI and vice versa. By using standard
deviation, distinctions can be made to see how many students is over-weight,
under-weight and have normal weight.

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Being overweight or obese can have a serious impact on health. Carrying
extra fat leads to serious health consequences such as cardiovascular disease
(mainly heart disease and stroke), type 2 diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders like
osteoarthritis, and some cancers (endometrial, breast and colon). These conditions
cause premature death and substantial disability

The calculations show that it is common for students to have a Body Mass
Index of over 25. It also shows that it common for students to have a Body Mass
Index of below 25.

RECOMMENDATION

The researcher recommends that students who are overweight should do the
following:

## Eat more fruit, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains.

Exercise, even moderately, for at least 30 minutes a day.
Cut down your consumption of fatty and sugary foods.
Use vegetable-based oils rather than animal-based fats

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CONCLUSION

In conclusion, it was found that there were some students of form 5who are
overweight. It was also found that some of the students were under-weight.
Students who are overweight should try and lose some weight before it becomes
serious and out of control. The students who are underweight should try and gain
some weight but not too much so as to turn overweight.

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BIBLOGRAPHY

## Toolsie, R. (2004). MATHEMATICS A complete course with CXC

questions Volume 2. Chaguanas: Caribbean Educational Publishers Ltd.
Mohan-Ram, V. (1983). Statistics and probability CEDAR Press
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/weight-loss/How-
to-deal-with-being-overweight/articleshow/50665787.cms
https://www.khanacademy.org/math/probability/data-distributions-
a1/summarizing-spread-distributions/a/calculating-standard-deviation-step-
by-step

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APPENDIX
INFORMATION TABLE

NORMAL-
WEIGHT
WEIGHT
HEIGHTS HEIGHT IN
FORM 5
IN SQUAR KILOGR BODY MASS
METERES ED AM INDEX
1 1.67 2.79 54.7 19.61
2 1.78 3.17 61.4 19.38
3 1.69 2.86 62.8 21.99
4 1.56 2.43 58.1 23.87
5 1.64 2.69 60.5 22.49
6 1.56 2.43 59.7 24.53
7 1.67 2.79 55.8 20.01
8 1.61 2.59 61.4 23.69
9 1.89 3.57 66.5 18.62
10 1.78 3.17 51.7 16.32
11 1.65 2.72 59.2 21.74
12 1.69 2.86 66.9 23.42

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13 1.64 2.69 62.4 23.20
14 1.65 2.72 56.2 20.64
15 1.68 2.82 71.2 25.23
OVER
-
WEIG
HT
WEIGHT
HEIGHTS HEIGHT IN
FORM 5
IN SQUAR KILOGR BODY MASS
METERES ED AM INDEX
1 1.26 1.59 61.2 38.55
2 1.32 1.74 62.4 35.81
3 1.25 1.56 58.1 37.18
4 1.33 1.77 57.8 32.68
5 1.41 1.99 59.5 29.93
6 1.39 1.93 62.5 32.35
7 1.24 1.54 53.9 35.05
8 1.25 1.56 64.1 41.02
9 1.31 1.72 66.8 38.93
10 1.27 1.61 55.7 34.53
11 1.25 1.56 68.6 43.90
12 1.35 1.82 63.6 34.90
13 1.27 1.61 70.4 43.65
14 1.41 1.99 65.7 33.05
15 1.32 1.74 69.3 39.77

UNDE
R-
WEIG
HT
WEIGHT
HEIGHTS HEIGHT IN
FORM 5
IN SQUAR KILOGR BODY MASS
METERES ED AM INDEX
1 1.67 2.79 45.3 16.24
2 1.57 2.46 39.9 16.19
3 1.68 2.82 48.6 17.22
4 1.69 2.86 51.2 17.93
5 1.62 2.62 46.8 17.83

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FORMULAS

STANDARD DEVIATION

MEAN

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