SUBJECT: Additional
Mathematics
CANDIDATE NUMBER:
0901000361
1
TABLE OF CONTENT
Acknowledgement 3
Introduction 4
Title 5
Presentation of Data 8
Analysis of Data 11
Recommendation 12
Conclusion 13
Bibliography 14
Appendix 15
2
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
3
INTRODUCTION
Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can have a negative effect on many
systems in the body. Students who are obese can develop many diseases which can
be life threatening. By using standard deviation, distinctions can be made to see
how many students is overweight, underweight and have normal weight. In this
project the researcher investigates the body mass index (BMI) of the students of
Form 5. By using standard deviation the researcher analyses the BMI of these
student.
4
TITLE
To compare the number of students with a body mass index (BMI) of above 41
with a body mass index below 25 in Form 5.
5
PURPOSE OF THIS PROJECT
The reason for doing this particular topic is because; the researcher would be
able to find out who has a BMI of over 25. This would allow the researcher to be
able to inform the school to set up a program to advice students so that they would
be able to have a normal body mass index.
Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can have a negative effect on many
systems in the body. People who are overweight or obese have a much greater risk
of developing serious conditions, including: heart disease, type 1 diabetes and bone
and joint disease.
6
METHOD OD DATA COLLECTION
To obtain the data needed, a scale and a metric ruler will be used. A digital
bathroom scale is a type of electronic weighing machine, which is used to measure
many readings including body fat, BMI, lean mass, muscle mass, water ratio along
with body weight. It measures weight in kilograms (kg). A metric ruler is used to
measure the length, height and width of an object or the distance between two
points, objects or places. It measures the height of a person in meters square (m 2).
Firstly the scale will be placed in the class as well as the metric ruler. Next each
student will come out one by one to weigh themselves and measure their height
using both the scale and ruler. Each weight and height of each student will be
recorded in a suitable table and the body mass index will be calculated using this
information recorded. This exercise will last for one hour.
7
PRESENTATION OF DATA
UNDER
WEIGHT 15 18.5 5 16.75 83.75 21.7 470.6 2352.9
NORMAL
WEIGHT 18.624.9 15 21.7 325.5 11.7 136.7 2050.8
OVER
WEIGHT 2545 15 35 525 11.7 136.7 2050.8
f(XXX )2
TOTAL f=35 f(x)=934.25
=6454.6
TABLE SHOWING HOW THE BODY MASS INDEX OF THE STUDENTS
WERE ANALYSED
The mean, x:
x=fx
f
934.25
35
MEAN= 26.7
Standard Deviation, s:
8
s= fx2 x2
f
s= 6454.6
35
STANDARD DEVIATION=184.4
GRAPH SHOWING THE FREQUENCY OF THE BODY MASS INDEX OF THE STUDENTS
16
14
12
10
FREQUENCY 8 FREQUENCY
6
4
2
0
15 18.5 18.524.9 2545
9
PIE CHART SHOWING THE PERCENTAGE OF FREQUENCY OF THE BODY MASS INDEX OF THE STUDENTS
14%
15 18.5
18.524.9
43%
2545
43%
The modal class (mode class) is the class with the highest frequency. In this
research, the highest frequency is 15, which is the frequency for classes 18.524.9
and 2545
PROBABILITY
P (O) = 15 = 3
35 7
10
2. The probability of getting a BMI less than 18.5 is:
The number of students that had a BMI less than 18.5, n (U) = 5
P (U) = 5 = 1
35 7
The number of students that had a BMI between 18.6 and 24.9, n (N) = 5
P (N) = 15 = 3
35 7
ANALYSIS OF DATA
11
Being overweight or obese can have a serious impact on health. Carrying
extra fat leads to serious health consequences such as cardiovascular disease
(mainly heart disease and stroke), type 2 diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders like
osteoarthritis, and some cancers (endometrial, breast and colon). These conditions
cause premature death and substantial disability
The calculations show that it is common for students to have a Body Mass
Index of over 25. It also shows that it common for students to have a Body Mass
Index of below 25.
RECOMMENDATION
The researcher recommends that students who are overweight should do the
following:
12
CONCLUSION
In conclusion, it was found that there were some students of form 5who are
overweight. It was also found that some of the students were underweight.
Students who are overweight should try and lose some weight before it becomes
serious and out of control. The students who are underweight should try and gain
some weight but not too much so as to turn overweight.
13
BIBLOGRAPHY
14
APPENDIX
INFORMATION TABLE
NORMAL
WEIGHT
WEIGHT
HEIGHTS HEIGHT IN
FORM 5
IN SQUAR KILOGR BODY MASS
METERES ED AM INDEX
1 1.67 2.79 54.7 19.61
2 1.78 3.17 61.4 19.38
3 1.69 2.86 62.8 21.99
4 1.56 2.43 58.1 23.87
5 1.64 2.69 60.5 22.49
6 1.56 2.43 59.7 24.53
7 1.67 2.79 55.8 20.01
8 1.61 2.59 61.4 23.69
9 1.89 3.57 66.5 18.62
10 1.78 3.17 51.7 16.32
11 1.65 2.72 59.2 21.74
12 1.69 2.86 66.9 23.42
15
13 1.64 2.69 62.4 23.20
14 1.65 2.72 56.2 20.64
15 1.68 2.82 71.2 25.23
OVER

WEIG
HT
WEIGHT
HEIGHTS HEIGHT IN
FORM 5
IN SQUAR KILOGR BODY MASS
METERES ED AM INDEX
1 1.26 1.59 61.2 38.55
2 1.32 1.74 62.4 35.81
3 1.25 1.56 58.1 37.18
4 1.33 1.77 57.8 32.68
5 1.41 1.99 59.5 29.93
6 1.39 1.93 62.5 32.35
7 1.24 1.54 53.9 35.05
8 1.25 1.56 64.1 41.02
9 1.31 1.72 66.8 38.93
10 1.27 1.61 55.7 34.53
11 1.25 1.56 68.6 43.90
12 1.35 1.82 63.6 34.90
13 1.27 1.61 70.4 43.65
14 1.41 1.99 65.7 33.05
15 1.32 1.74 69.3 39.77
UNDE
R
WEIG
HT
WEIGHT
HEIGHTS HEIGHT IN
FORM 5
IN SQUAR KILOGR BODY MASS
METERES ED AM INDEX
1 1.67 2.79 45.3 16.24
2 1.57 2.46 39.9 16.19
3 1.68 2.82 48.6 17.22
4 1.69 2.86 51.2 17.93
5 1.62 2.62 46.8 17.83
16
FORMULAS
STANDARD DEVIATION
MEAN
17