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Cornell Notes Topic/Objective: Genetics Name: Adrian Ramirez

Class/Period: 5
Date: 2-26-17
Essential Question: What is genetics?

Questions: Notes: Mendel is the father of genetics

He worked with pea plants and he saw patterns within them
Phenotype are things that you can physically see
Ex. Shape, color, and taste
`Who is the father of Genotype has either homozygous dominant, homozygous recessive, or heterozygous
genetics? Alleles are individual letters
Incomplete dominance is when neither allele is more dominant than the other
What is the
Ex. Blending
difference between
Co-dominance is when both alleles contribute equally to the phenotype
Mitosis and
Ex. Has dots or spots
In Mitosis, interphase is when chromosomes are dispersed in the nucleus, then DNA
What would A go has been duplicated.
with in the nucleic Prophase is when chromosomes have been condensed and become distinguished to
strand and what each chromosome that consists of 2 chromatids joined at their centromeres.
would C go with? Metaphase is when chromosomes line up on the spindle equator
Anaphase is when sister chromatids separate
Telophase is when nuclei are reformed; each nucleus has two chromosomes of each
Meiosis has prophase 1 and its when 4 chromosomes makes 2 pairs
Then it has metaphase 1 where chromosomes line up on the spindle equator
Anaphase 1 is when sister chromatids stay together, but homologous separate
Telophase 1 is when nuclei are not reformed
Then in meiosis 2, there is prophase 2
Metaphase 2 is when chromosomes line up on the spindle equator, homologous are
now separate.
Anaphase 2 is when sister chromatids separate
Telophase 2 is when nuclei are reformed and each nucleus has only one chromosome
of each type.
DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic Acid/ store and transmit genetic info. Fund in the
nucleus AT-CG
Nucleotides have a 5-carbon sugar, phosphate group and a nitrogen base
Genes are sections of DNA that code for separate things. Make up dna
RNA single stranded, shorter life, and no pairs. Ribonucleic acid.
Step 1 of DNA Replication is when it unzips DNA and pulls base pairs from each other.
Starts from different points
Step 2 is when base pairs excess base pairs given in the nucleus and go where they
need to go. AU-GC

Summary: The human body is made of some 50 trillion to 100 trillion cells, which form the basic units of life and
combine to form more complex tissues and organs. Inside each cell, genes make up a blueprint for protein
production that determines how the cell will function. Genes also determine physical characteristics or traits. The
complete set of some 20,000 to 25,000 genes is called the genome. Only a tiny fraction of the total genome sets the
human body apart from those of other animals.

Questions: Notes: