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Lab Manager Users Guide

vCenter Lab Manager 4.0

This document supports the version of each product listed and


supports all subsequent versions until the document is replaced
by a new edition. To check for more recent editions of this
document, see http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs.

EN-000173-01
Lab Manager Users Guide

You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware Web site at:
http://www.vmware.com/support/
The VMware Web site also provides the latest product updates.
If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to:
docfeedback@vmware.com

Copyright 20062011 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and
intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at
http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. All other marks
and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
Lab Manager is distributed with AxpDataGrid, a third-party product, copyright by Axezz, Oslo, Norway.
http://www.axezz.com/axpdatagrid.

VMware, Inc.
3401 Hillview Ave.
Palo Alto, CA 94304
www.vmware.com

2 VMware, Inc.
Contents

AboutThisBook 11

1 GettingStartedwithLab Manager 13
LabManagerComponents 13
AccessingtheLabManagerWebConsole 14
SetMicrosoftInternetExplorerOptions 15
LogIntotheWebConsole 15
ViewPerformance,Usage,andSupportInformation 15
SettingUserPreferences 16
SetDisplayandLeaseAlertPreferences 16
ChangeYourUserPassword 17
Lab ManagerWorkflow 17

2 AddingResources 19
AttachaResourcePool 19
AddaMediaStore 20
AddaPhysicalNetwork 20
AddaHostSpanningTransportNetwork 21

3 AddingUsersandGroups 23
ImportaUser 23
CreateaUser 24
ImportanLDAPGroup 24

4 SettingUpOrganizationsandWorkspaces 27
CreateanOrganization 27
CreateaWorkspace 28

5 SettingUpNetworkTemplates 29
CreateaNetworkTemplate 29
CopyaNetworkTemplate 30
ShareaNetworkTemplate 30

6 SettingUpVirtualMachineTemplates 31
CreateaVirtualMachineTemplate 31
ImportingVirtualMachineTemplates 32
ImportaVirtualMachineTemplatefromvCenter 33
ImportaVirtualMachineTemplatefromSMBStorage 33
SaveaVirtualMachineasaVirtualMachineTemplate 34
CloneaVirtualMachineTemplate 35
DeployingVirtualMachineTemplates 35
DeployaVirtualMachineTemplatewithDefaultSettings 35
DeployaVirtualMachineTemplatewithCustomSettings 36
InstallaGuestOperatingSystem 36
InstallingVMwareTools 36
InstallVMwareToolsinaWindowsGuest 36

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InstallVMwareToolsonaLinuxGuestWithinXwiththeRPMInstaller 37
InstallVMwareToolsonaLinuxGuestwiththeTarInstallerorRPMInstaller 37
InstallVMwareToolsonaSolarisGuest 39
CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystem 40
Accessthemachine.idfromanESXHost 40
Accessthemachine.idfromaGuestOperatingSystem 40
PrerequisitesforGuestCustomization 41
BuildaMicrosoftSysprepPackage 41
CompleteGuestCustomizationforWindowsNTandSolarisVirtualMachineTemplates 42
CompleteGuestCustomizationforSolarisVirtualMachineTemplates 43
WorkingwiththeGuestCustomizationSIDGenerationTool 43
SelecttheSIDGenerationToolforLab Manager 43
ChangetheSIDGenerationToolforaVirtualMachineTemplate 44
SelecttheSIDGenerationToolforaVirtualMachine 44
DisablingGuestCustomization 44
DisableGuestCustomizationforaVirtualMachineTemplate 44
DisableGuestCustomizationforaVirtualMachine 45
CustomizeGuestCustomization 45
ImportingVirtualMachineTemplatesfromLabManager2.xwithVMware ToolsandLM Tools 45
UndeployaVirtualMachineTemplate 46
ShareaVirtualMachineTemplate 46
PublishingVirtualMachineTemplates 47
CheckVMwareToolsStatusBeforePublishingVirtualMachineTemplates 47
DisableVMware ToolsCheckBeforePublishingVirtualMachineTemplates 47
PublishaVirtualMachineTemplate 47

7 WorkingwithConfigurations 49
AddingConfigurationstoaWorkspace 49
CreateaWorkspaceConfiguration 50
AddaVirtualMachineBasedonaVirtualMachineTemplate 50
AddaVirtualMachinefromvCenter 51
ImportaConfigurationtoaWorkspace 52
CopyaWorkspaceConfiguration 52
FullClonesandLinkedClones 52
CloneaLibraryConfigurationtoaWorkspace 53
AddingConfigurationstotheLibrary 54
CaptureaWorkspaceConfigurationtotheLibrary 54
ArchiveaWorkspaceConfigurationtotheLibrary 54
CloneaLibraryConfiguration 55
ShareaConfiguration 55
ConfigurationNetworking 56
PhysicalNetworks 56
FencingVirtualMachines 56
FencingConnectivity 57
VirtualNetworks 59
ConnectingVirtualNetworkstoPhysicalNetworks 59
VirtualtoPhysicalNetworkConnectivity 59
HostSpanning 59
HostSpanningNetworks 59
HostSpanningTransportNetworks 60
SettingUpaHostSpanning 60
DeployingandUndeployingConfigurations 60
DeployaConfigurationwithCustomSettings 60
DeployaConfigurationwithDefaultSettings 61

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Contents

UnderstandingDefaultDeploymentSettings 61
UndeployaConfiguration 62
StoppingandStartingConfigurationVirtualMachines 62
SuspendaConfiguration 62
ResumeOperationofaSuspendedConfiguration 62
PowerOffaConfiguration 62
PowerOnaConfiguration 63
ResetaConfiguration 63
WorkingwithConfigurationSnapshots 63
TakeaConfigurationSnapshot 63
ReverttoaConfigurationSnapshot 63
DeleteaConfigurationSnapshot 64
ViewingConfigurationVirtualMachines,Networks,andHistory 64
ViewVirtualMachinesinaConfiguration 64
ViewConfigurationNetworks 64
ViewaConfigurationDiagram 65
ViewConfigurationHistory 65
AddaNotetoConfigurationHistory 65
ModifyingConfigurations 66
AddingaVirtualMachinetoaWorkspaceConfiguration 66
RemoveaVirtualMachinefromaWorkspaceConfiguration 66
MoveVirtualMachinesBetweenWorkspaceConfigurations 66
CombineWorkspaceConfigurations 67
FullClonesandLinkedClones 67
AddaNetworktoaWorkspaceConfiguration 67
RemoveaNetworkfromaWorkspaceConfiguration 68
ReplaceaWorkspaceConfigurationNetwork 68
ModifyConfigurationProperties 68
ChangeOwnershipofaConfiguration 69
UpgradeVirtualHardwareinaConfiguration 69
DiscardStateforaConfiguration 70
DeleteaConfiguration 70
UsingLiveLink 70
CreateaLiveLink 70
DeployaLiveLink 71
ExportingConfigurations 71
ExportaConfigurationtovCenter 71
ExportaConfigurationtoanSMBShare 72

8 WorkingwithVirtualMachines 73
DeployingandUndeployingVirtualMachines 73
DeployaVirtualMachine 73
UndeployaVirtualMachine 75
AccessingVirtualMachineConsoles 75
ViewaVirtualMachineConsole 75
ViewAllVirtualMachineConsoles 76
StoppingandStartingVirtualMachines 76
SuspendaVirtualMachine 76
ResumeaVirtualMachine 76
PowerOffaVirtualMachine 76
PowerOnaVirtualMachine 76
ResetaVirtualMachine 77
ShutDownaVirtualMachine 77
WorkingwithVirtualMachineSnapshots 77
TakeaSnapshotofaVirtualMachine 77
ReverttoaVirtualMachineSnapshot 77

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DeleteaVirtualMachineSnapshot 78
ManagingVirtualMachines 78
InstallVMwareTools 78
InsertandSwapaCD 78
EjectaCD 79
InsertandSwapaFloppyDisk 79
EjectaFloppyDisk 79
CreateaRemoteDesktopConnectionFile 79
ConnectRemotelytoaVirtualMachine 80
ModifyVirtualMachineProperties 80
ModifyingVirtualMachineHardDisks 82
AddaVirtualMachineHardDisk 82
EditaVirtualMachineHardDisk 82
DeleteaVirtualMachineHardDisk 83
ModifyingVirtualMachineNetworkInterfaces 83
EditNetworkInterfaceSettings 83
ResetaNetworkInterfaceMACAddress 84
AddaNetworkInterface 84
DeleteaNetworkInterface 85
UpgradeVirtualMachineVersion 85
EnableMemoryHotAdd 85
EnableVirtualCPUHotAdd 86
DiscardStateforaVirtualMachine 86
ConsolidateaVirtualMachine 86
WorkingwithBEALiquidVMs 87

9 ManagingResources 89
ManagingResourcePools 89
EnableorDisableaResourcePool 89
ModifyResourcePoolProperties 90
UndeployAllVirtualMachinesinaResourcePool 90
DetachaResourcePool 90
ManagingHosts 91
PrepareaHost 91
EnableandDisableHosts 91
DisableandEnableHostSpanningforaHost 92
UnprepareaHost 92
ModifyHostProperties 92
ViewDeployedVirtualMachinesonaHost 93
UndeployAllVirtualMachinesonaHost 93
RedeployAllVirtualMachinesonaDifferentHost 94
RepairaHost 94
ManagingDatastores 94
DeleteaDatastore 95
RemoveaDatastore 95
EnableandDisableDatastores 95
DisableVirtualMachineCreationinaDatastore 96
DisableMediaStoreCreationinaDatastore 96
ModifyDatastoreProperties 96
ViewVirtualMachineDatastoreUsage 97
ViewVirtualMachineDatastoreDirectories 97
UnderstandingVirtualMachineDatastoreDirectories 98
DeleteExpiredVirtualMachines 99
RenewtheStorageLeaseforanExpiredVirtualMachine 99
DeleteRevertPoints 99

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Contents

ConsolidateaVirtualMachineBasedonDatastoreUsage 100
DeleteaVirtualMachineorConfigurationBasedonDatastoreUsage 100
ManagingMediaStores 100
AddMediaStores 100
SynchronizeaMediaStore 101
EnableandDisableaMediaStore 101
ChangetheNameofaMediaStore 101
ManagingPhysicalNetworks 102
MonitorIPPoolUsageforaPhysicalNetwork 102
AddorRemoveIPAddressestotheIPPoolofaPhysicalNetwork 102
ModifyPhysicalNetworkProperties 102
DeleteaPhysicalNetwork 103
ManagingHostSpanningTransportNetworks 103
ViewHostSpanningTransportNetworks 103
DisableorEnableHostSpanning 103
EnableorDisableaHostSpanningTransportNetwork 104
RemoveaHostSpanningTransportNetwork 104
ModifyHostSpanningTransportNetworkProperties 104

10 ManagingtheMediaLibrary 105
SynchronizetheMediaLibrarywithMediaStoreFiles 105
ChangeOwnershipofMediaFiles 106
RestrictAccesstoMediaFiles 106
ModifyMediaProperties 107

11 ManagingUsers,Groups,andRoles 109
ManagingUsers 109
DisableorEnableUsers 109
RemoveaUserfromanOrganization 110
DeleteaUserfromLab Manager 110
ModifyUserProperties 110
ViewUserRolesandOrganizations 111
SendUserNotifications 111
ManagingStrandedUsers 111
ReassignOwnershipofAllStrandedUsersObjects 112
ReassignOwnershipofaStrandedUsersObjects 112
ManagingGroups 112
RemoveaGroupfromanOrganization 112
DeleteaGroupfromLab Manager 112
ModifyGroupProperties 113
ManagingRolesandRights 113
AddaRole 113
CopyaRole 114
DeleteaRole 114
ModifyRoleProperties 114

12 ManagingOrganizationsandWorkspaces 115
ModifyingOrganizationProperties 115
ModifyDefaultUserPreferences 115
ModifyDefaultDeploymentSettings 116
ModifytheUsersandGroupsinanOrganization 116
AddMembersorGroupstoanOrganization 116
RemoveMembersorGroupsfromanOrganization 116
AddorRemovetheResourcePoolsinanOrganization 117
AddorRemovetheDatastoresinanOrganization 117

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AddorRemovetheMediaStoresinanOrganization 117
AddorRemovethePhysicalNetworksinanOrganization 118
AddorRemoveaHostSpanningTransportNetworkinanOrganization 118
EnableorDisableanOrganization 118
DeleteanOrganization 118
UsingthePrimaryWorkspace 119
DeletethePrimaryWorkspace 119
SetthePrimaryWorkspaceforanOrganization 119
ModifyWorkspaceProperties 120
ModifyingUsersandGroupsinaWorkspace 120
AddUsersandGroupstoaWorkspace 120
RemoveUsersandGroupsfromaWorkspace 120
AddorRemovetheResourcePoolsAvailabletoaWorkspace 121
DisableaWorkspace 121
DeleteaWorkspace 121

13 ManagingNetworkTemplates 123
ModifyNetworkTemplateProperties 123
ChangeOwnershipofaNetworkTemplate 123
DeleteNetworkTemplates 124
MonitorIPPoolUsageforaVirtualNetwork 124
AddIPAddressestotheIPPoolofaVirtualNetwork 124
RemoveIPAddressesfromtheIPPoolofaVirtualNetwork 125

14 ManagingVirtualMachineTemplates 127
UnpublishaVirtualMachineTemplate 127
ExportaVirtualMachineTemplatetoanSMBShare 128
ExportaVirtualMachineTemplatetovCenter 128
ConsolidateaVirtualMachineTemplate 129
DiscardtheStateforaVirtualMachineTemplate 129
ModifyVirtualMachineTemplateProperties 129
ModifyingVirtualMachineTemplateHardDisks 131
AddaHardDisktoaTemplate 131
EditaVirtualMachineTemplateHardDisk 131
DeleteaVirtualMachineTemplateHardDisk 132
ModifyingVirtualMachineTemplateNetworkInterfaces 132
AddaNetworkInterfacetoaVirtualMachineTemplate 132
EditaVirtualMachineNetworkInterface 133
DeleteaNetworkInterfacefromaVirtualMachineTemplate 133
ResetaVirtualMachineTemplateNetworkInterfaceMACAddress 133
UpgradeVirtualHardware 134
ChangeOwnershipofaVirtualMachineTemplate 134
DeleteaVirtualMachineTemplate 134
DeleteaVirtualMachineTemplatewithForce 134

15 ManagingLab ManagerSettings 135


ConfiguringGeneralPreferences 135
ChangevCenterLab ManagerPreferences 135
SetEmailPreferences 137
SetSystemAlertPreferences 137
SetConfigurationChangeSummaryPreferences 138
ConfiguringLDAPSettings 138
LocateanLDAPServer 138
SetUpanLDAPConnection 139

8 VMware, Inc.
Contents

SpecifytheLDAPConnectorandSchema 140
CustomizeLDAPUserandGroupAttributes 141
TestLDAPSettings 141
DetachanLDAPServer 141
SynchronizeLab ManagerwiththeLDAPServer 141
ConfiguringLab ManagerLicenses 142
ViewCapacityLicenseInformation 142
AddaCapacityLicense 142
ConfiguringGuestCustomizationSettings 142
ConfiguringSupportLinkSettings 142
EnableSupportLink 142
CollectSupportInformation 143
ConfiguringResourceCleanupSettings 143
UnderstandingLeases 143
SetDeploymentandStorageLeaseMaximums 144
ConfiguringvCenterSettings 144
ReconnecttoavCenterServer 144
ChangethevCenterServerUserNameandPassword 144

16 MonitoringLabManager 145
MonitoringLabManagerOperations 145
ViewtheActivityLog 145
ViewActivityDetails 146
MonitoringResourceUsage 146
ViewResourcePoolResourceUsage 146
ViewWorkspaceResourceUsage 146
ViewDeployedVirtualMachines 147

A RolesandRights 149
PredefinedRoles 149
DatastoreRights 149
GeneralRights 150
GroupRights 150
HighI/ORights 150
HostRights 151
HostSpanningTransportNetworks 151
LibraryConfigurationRights 151
MachineRights 152
MediaRights 153
MediaStoreRights 153
NetworkTemplateRights 153
OrganizationRights 154
PhysicalNetworkRights 154
ResourcePoolRights 154
RoleRights 155
SharingRights 155
UserRights 156
VMTemplateRights 156
WorkspaceConfigurationRights 157
WorkspaceRights 157

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B ClientandBrowserSupport 159

C GuestOperatingSystemSupport 161

D UsingSSMove 163
BeforeYouMoveaDatastore 163
MoveaDatastore 164
ResolvingMoveErrors 164

Glossary 165

Index 173

10 VMware, Inc.
About This Book

TheLabManagerUsersGuideprovidesinformationaboutconfiguringandworkingwithVMware vCenter
Lab Manager.Italsodescribeshowtosetupresourcessuchasdatastoresandnetworks,configureusersand
groups,andworkwithworkspaces,configurations,virtualmachineandnetworktemplates.

Intended Audience
ThisbookisintendedforVMwarevSphereadministratorsandcurrentLabManagerandStageManager
administrators.

Document Feedback
VMwarewelcomesyoursuggestionsforimprovingourdocumentation.Ifyouhavecomments,sendyour
feedbacktodocfeedback@vmware.com.

Technical Support and Education Resources


Thefollowingsectionsdescribethetechnicalsupportresourcesavailabletoyou.Toaccessthecurrentversion
ofthisbookandotherbooks,gotohttp://www.vmware.com/support/pubs.

Online and Telephone Support


Touseonlinesupporttosubmittechnicalsupportrequests,viewyourproductandcontractinformation,and
registeryourproducts,gotohttp://www.vmware.com/support.

Customerswithappropriatesupportcontractsshouldusetelephonesupportforthefastestresponseon
priority1issues.Gotohttp://www.vmware.com/support/phone_support.

Support Offerings
TofindouthowVMwaresupportofferingscanhelpmeetyourbusinessneeds,goto
http://www.vmware.com/support/services.

VMware Professional Services


VMwareEducationServicescoursesofferextensivehandsonlabs,casestudyexamples,andcoursematerials
designedtobeusedasonthejobreferencetools.Coursesareavailableonsite,intheclassroom,andlive
online.Foronsitepilotprograms andimplementationbestpractices,VMwareConsultingServicesprovides
offeringsto helpyouassess,plan,build,andmanageyourvirtualenvironment.Toaccessinformationabout
educationclasses,certificationprograms,andconsultingservices,gotohttp://www.vmware.com/services.

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Lab Manager Users Guide

12 VMware, Inc.
1

Getting Started with Lab Manager 1


VMwarevCenterLab Managerisanapplicationthatprovidesarapidprovisioningportalandimagelibrary
managementsystemtoautomatethesetupandteardownofmultimachinesoftwareconfigurationsand
manageservicetransitionactivities.LabManagerleveragesVMwarevSphereandVMwarevCenterto
providevirtualinfrastructureresourcestomultipleteams,projects,andgeographiesfromacentrallocation.

UsingLab Manager,youcancreateasharedvirtualmachinelibrarythatstorescommonlyusedconfigurations
andprovideuserswithselfserviceaccesstotheseconfigurationsforapplicationdevelopment,testing,
support,training,softwaredemonstrations,andmore.Lab Manageradministratorscontrolaccessrights,
storagequotas,anddeploymentpolicies.

Thischapterincludesthesetopics:

LabManagerComponentsonpage 13

AccessingtheLabManagerWebConsoleonpage 14

ViewPerformance,Usage,andSupportInformationonpage 15

SettingUserPreferencesonpage 16

Lab ManagerWorkflowonpage 17

Lab Manager Components


Lab ManagerrequiresVMwarevSphere.VMwareESX/ESXihostsprovidethememoryandCPUresources
torunLab Managervirtualmachines.Lab ManagermanagestheESX/ESXihoststhroughavCenterServer
andtheLab Manageragentinstalledonthehosts.ESX/ESXihostscontinuetofunctionevenifthevCenter
Serversystembecomesunreachable(forexample,thenetworkconnectionissevered).

vSpheredatastoresprovidesharedstorageforLab Managervirtualmachinesandmediafilestoinstallguest
operatingsystemsandapplications.

UserscanaccesstheLab ManagerserverthroughWebandSOAPinterfaces:

UseMicrosoftInternetExplorerorMozillaFirefoxtoaccesstheLab ManagerWebconsoletointeractwith
theLab Managerserver.

UsetheLab ManagerSOAPAPItoaccesstheLab Managerserverprogrammatically.TheSOAPAPI


allowseasyintegrationwithbuildmanagementsystemsandwithautomatedtestingtools.Seethe
Lab ManagerSOAPAPIGuideformoreinformation.

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Lab Manager Users Guide

Figure 11illustratesthecomponentsofLab ManagerandhowitworkswithVMwarevSphere.

Figure 1-1. Lab Manager Components

Lab Manager
Web Console
or SOAP API
HTML VM Consoles:
over HTTPS TCP 902, 903

Lab Manager
Server

VIM API

VMware vSphere
vCenter
Server

ESX/ESXi
servers

FC, iSCSI, or NFS

shared
storage
virtual machines
and media

Lab ManagersupportsVMwarevSpherecapabilitiessuchasVMwareVMotion,VMwareDistributed
ResourceScheduler(DRS),andVMwareHighAvailability(HA).Thesedistributedservicesenableefficient
andautomatedresourcemanagementandhighvirtualmachineavailability.Lab Managerdoesnotsupport
VMwareFaultTolerance(FT)orvSpherelinkedclones.FTisdisabledforallvirtualmachinesmanagedby
Lab Manager.

Accessing the Lab Manager Web Console


YouconnecttotheLab ManagerWebconsoleusingabrowser.ToaccesstheLab ManagerWebconsole,
a computermustsatisfytheserequirements:

MicrosoftInternetExplorerorMozillaFirefox

ForinformationaboutwhichWebbrowsersaresupportedonwhichclientoperatingsystems,see
Appendix B,ClientandBrowserSupport,onpage 159.IfyouareusingInternetExplorer,seeSet
MicrosoftInternetExplorerOptionsonpage 15.

RoutableaccesstotheLab ManagerserverandESX/ESXihosts

1024x768orhigherresolutionmonitor

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Chapter 1 Getting Started with Lab Manager

Set Microsoft Internet Explorer Options


BeforeyoucanaccesstheLab ManagerWebconsoleusingMicrosoftInternetExplorer,youmustenablesome
securityandadvancedoptions.

To set Internet Explorer options

1 InInternetExplorer,selectTools>InternetOptions.

2 ClicktheSecuritytab,selecttheWebcontentzonefortheLab Managerserver,andclickCustomLevel.

3 EnablethefollowingoptionsandclickOK.

DownloadsignedActiveXcontrols

RunActiveXcontrolsandplugins

AllowMETAREFRESH

Activescripting

Allowpasteoperationsviascript

4 ClickOKandclicktheAdvancedtab.

5 EnablethePlayanimationsinwebpagesoptionandclickOK.

6 IfyouareusingInternetExploreronWindows2003,opentheControlPanelandclickAddorRemove
Programs.

7 ClickAdd/RemoveWindowsComponents.

8 DisableInternetExplorerEnhancedSecurityConfiguration.

Log In to the Web Console


BeforeyoucanlogintotheWebconsole,youneedausernameandpassword,andyoumustbeamemberof
atleastoneorganizationinLab Manager.

To log in to the Lab Manager Web console

1 Openabrowserandnavigateto
https://<Lab_Manager_Server_domain_name_or_IP_address>.

2 TypeyourusernameandpasswordandclickLogin.

Lab ManagerdisplaystheWebconsole.IfLab Managerdisplaysanerror,checkwithaLab Manager


administratortomakesureyouareusingthecorrectusernameandpasswordandthatyouareamemberof
aLab Managerorganization.

View Performance, Usage, and Support Information


TheOverviewpageisthedefaultlandingpageintheWebconsole.Itincludesperformancesummarydata,
informationaboutyourquotas,usages,andleases,andlinkstoadditionalresourcestohelpyoulearnabout
Lab Manager.

NOTEALab ManagersystemadministratormustenableSupportLinkifyouwanttoviewallstatistics.
See ConfiguringSupportLinkSettingsonpage 142.

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To view performance, usage, and support information

Intheleftpane,clickOverview.

ThePerformanceSummarycolumnincludesinformationaboutCPUandmemoryconsumption,thenumber
ofconfigurationsandvirtualmachinetemplates,andstorage.

TheinformationinthecolumnisspecifictotheorganizationselectedintheOrganizationdropdownmenu.
SelectGlobaltoviewinformationfortheentireLab Managerinstallation.

TheMyvCenterLab Managercolumnincludesinformationaboutthenumberofvirtualmachinesthatyou
areallowedtodeployandstoreandthenumberofdeployedandstoredvirtualmachinesthatyouhave.

Thecolumnalsoincludesinformationaboutyourstorageanddeploymentleasesthatwillbeexpiringinthe
nextweek.

TheDocumentation&Supportcolumnprovidesaccesstodocumentation,videotutorialstobecomefamiliar
withtheproduct,andcustomersupport.

Setting User Preferences


EachusercanspecifyhowinformationdisplaysintheLab ManagerWebconsoleandwhentobenotified
aboutdeploymentandstorageleasesthatareabouttoexpire.Thesepreferencesareusedinalltheusers
organizations.UserswhologinwithanaccountcreatedinLab Managercanchangetheirpassword.

Set Display and Lease Alert Preferences


Youcansetdefaultdisplayandleasealertpreferences.

To set display and lease alert preferences

1 ClickthePreferenceslink.

2 ClicktheDefaultstab.

3 SelectthepagetodisplaywhenyoulogintotheWebconsole.

TheOverviewpageisthedefaultsetting.

4 DeselecttheShowPageHeadercheckboxtonotdisplayIPaddresses,virtualmachinedescriptions,and
snapshotthumbnailsatthetopoftheeachpage.

Removingtheheadergivesyoumoreroomtoviewtheconsole.

5 Typethenumberofrowstodisplayonpageswithdatainatable.

Themaximumnumberis500.Thedefaultis20.

6 SelectthenumberofdaysorhoursbeforeadeploymentleaseexpirationthatyouwantLab Managerto
sendanemailnotification.

Whenadeploymentleaseexpires,Lab Managerundeploysthevirtualmachinetemplateor
configuration.

7 SelectthenumberofdaysorhoursbeforeastorageleaseexpirationthatyouwantLab Managertosend
anemailnotification.

Whenastorageleaseexpires,Lab Managerdeletesthevirtualmachinetemplateorconfiguration,or
marksitfordeletion(dependingonhowthesystemadministratorhasconfiguredLab Manager).

8 ClickOK.

16 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 1 Getting Started with Lab Manager

Change Your User Password


YoucanchangethepasswordonlyforauseraccountcreatedinLab Manager.YoucannotuseLab Managerto
changeanLDAPaccountpassword.

To change your user password

1 ClickthePreferenceslink.

2 ClicktheChangePasswordtab.

3 TypeandconfirmanewpasswordandclickChangePassword.

ThenexttimeyoulogintotheWebconsole,useyournewpassword.

Lab Manager Workflow


WhenyouinstallorupgradeLab Manager,youconnectLab ManagertoavCenterServerandaddresource
pools,ESX/ESXihosts,andaphysicalnetworktousewithLab Managervirtualmachines.

Yournextstepsmightinvolveaddingmoreresourcestothesystem,settinguporganizationsandworkspaces,
andaddingusersandgroupstothoseorganizationsandworkspaces.

WhenLab Managerhasresourcesandusers,youcancreateorimportvirtualmachinetemplatestoserveas
thebasisforvirtualmachines.Usethesevirtualmachinetemplatestocreateconfigurationscomposedofone
ormorevirtualmachines.

Youcanworkwithaconfigurationanditsvirtualmachinesinaworkspaceandsaveaconfigurationtothe
Librarytoshareitwithotherusers.

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18 VMware, Inc.
2

Adding Resources 2
Lab ManagergetsitsresourcesfromthevCenterServersystemtowhichitconnects.Thesystemadministrator
assignssomeoftheseresourcestoLab Managerduringsetup,butyoucanaddresourcesasneeded.Only
systemadministratorscanaddresourcestoLab Manager.

NOTEThereisalimitofeightmanagedservers(hosts)perLUN.Ifyouexceedthislimit,anerrormessage
appears.Seehttp://kb.vmware.com/kb/1003319formoreinformation.

InLab Manager,resourcescanbededicatedtoanorganizationorsharedbetweenorganizations.Resource
poolsandhostsprovidecomputingandmemoryresourcesforvirtualmachines.Datastoresprovidestorage
forvirtualmachines.MediastoresprovidestorageforCD/DVDandfloppyimagefilesforusewithvirtual
machines.Physicalnetworksprovidevirtualmachineswithaccesstophysicalnetworks.Hostspanning
transportnetworksenableHostSpanningforconfigurationsthatusefencedorvirtualnetworks.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

AttachaResourcePoolonpage 19

AddaMediaStoreonpage 20

AddaPhysicalNetworkonpage 20

AddaHostSpanningTransportNetworkonpage 21

Attach a Resource Pool


IfyouneedadditionalCPUandmemoryresourcesforvirtualmachines,youcanattacharesourcepool.
By default,onlysystemadministratorscanattachresourcepools.

To attach a resource pool

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.
2 ClicktheResourcePoolstab.

3 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoaddtheresource
pool.

IfyouselectGlobal,theaddedresourcepoolisavailabletoallorganizationsbutassignedtonone.
You canassignittoanorganizationlater.

4 ClickAttachResourcePool.

5 Selecttheresourcepool,cluster,orhostfromthevCenterinventory.

6 (Optional)TypeanamefortheresourcepooltodisplayinLab Manager.

7 ClickOK.

IfLab Managerdetectsthatahostisnotprepared(forexample,thehostdoesnothaveanagentthat
Lab Managerinstalledonthehost),amessageappears.SeePrepareaHostonpage 91.

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Lab Manager Users Guide

IfyouaddedtheresourcepooltotheGlobalorganization,youcannowassignittoanorganization,sothe
virtualmachinesinthisorganizationcanuseitsresources.SeeAddorRemovetheResourcePoolsinan
Organizationonpage 117formoreinformation.

Add a Media Store


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanaddmediastores.AmediastoreisanNFSorVMFSdatastorethat
isenabledformedia.Youcanusedifferentdirectoriesonthesamedatastoreformediaandvirtualmachines.

To add a media store

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoaddthemediastore.

IfyouselectGlobal,theaddedmediastoreisavailabletoallorganizationsbutassignedtonone.Youcan
assignittoorganizationslater.

3 OntheDatastorestab,movethepointeroverthedatastorethatyouwanttouseasamediastoreandselect
EnableMedia.

4 OntheMediaStorestab,clickAddMediaStore.

5 Typeaname.
6 Selectthedatastore.

7 Typethedirectorypathtothemedia.

ForNFSdatastores,typethepathrelativetothemountpoint.ForVMFSdatastores,typethepathrelative
totheroot.AmediastoreanditsNFSdatastorecannothavethesameNFSpathroot.

8 ClickOK.

9 OntheMediaStorestab,movethepointeronthemediastorenameandselectSynchronize.

NOTEVMwaresupportsonedirectorywithoutsubdirectories.

Add a Physical Network


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanaddaphysicalnetwork.

To add a physical network

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoaddthephysical
network.

IfyouselectGlobal,theaddedphysicalnetworkisavailabletoallorganizationsbutassignedtonone.
Youcanassignittoanorganizationlater.

3 OnthePhysicalNetworkstab,clickNewPhysicalNetwork.

4 Typeaname.

5 (Optional)TypeadescriptionandaVLANIdentifier.

6 SelecttheIPaddressingmodesforthenetwork.

IfyouselectedStaticIPPoolorStaticManual,typethestaticmodesettingsandaddanIPpool.

20 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 2 Adding Resources

7 Selectthefencingpolicy.

IfyouselectedFencedOnly,selectaConnectivityoption:

AllowInandOutVirtualmachinescancommunicatewithmachinesoutsidethefenceand
machinesoutsidethefencecancommunicatewithvirtualmachinesinsidethefencedconfiguration.

AllowOutVirtualmachinesinafencedconfigurationcaninitiatecommunicationtomachines
outsidethefence,andcanreceivemessagesbackonthesameconnection.Machinesoutsidethefence
cannotinitiatecommunicationtovirtualmachinesinsidethefencedconfiguration.

BlockInandOutNetworktrafficdoesnottravelacrossthefence.Virtualmachinesinafenced
configurationcannotcommunicatewithmachinesoutsideofthefence,andmachinesoutsidethe
fencecannotcommunicatewithvirtualmachinesinthefencedconfiguration.

8 Selectthephysicalnetworkbindings.

BindtoaVirtualSwitch(perhost)

Ifyouselectthisoption,youmustselectavirtualswitchfromthedropdownmenuforeachhost.

BindtoavNetworkDistributedSwitch

Ifyouselectthisoption,youmustselecttheswitchthatspansmultiplehostsfromthedropdown
menu.

9 ClickOK.

Add a Host Spanning Transport Network


Beforeyoucanaddahostspanningtransportnetwork,youmustcreateavNetworkDistributedSwitchin
vSphere.SeethevSpheredocumentationformoreinformationoncreatingavNetworkDistributedSwitch.

Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanaddhostspanningtransportnetworks.

To add a host spanning transport network

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoaddthehost
spanningtransportnetwork.

IfyouselectGlobal,theaddedhostspanningtransportnetworkisavailabletoallorganizationsbut
assignedtonone.Youcanassignittoanorganizationlater.

3 OntheHostSpanningTransportNetworkstab,clickAddTransportNetwork.

4 SelectavNetworkDistributedSwitch.

5 TypeaVLANIdentifier.

6 SelectEnabledifyouwanttoenablethenetworkforuseinvirtual/fencenetworkHostSpanning.

7 SelecttheCustomizeNamecheckboxtomodifythedisplayname.

8 ClickOK.

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22 VMware, Inc.
3

Adding Users and Groups 3


VMwarerecommendsthatyouconnectLabManagertoanLDAPservertoaddandauthenticateusers.
This methodallowsyoutousetheLDAPserversexistinguserandgroupinformation,withoutrecreatingthis
informationinLabManager.YoucanalsocreatelocalusersfromtheWebconsole.

Asystemadministratororanadministratorwithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanaddusersorgroupstoan
organizationandassigneachuserorgrouparoleintheorganization.Theorganizationdetermineswhich
resourcesauserhasaccessto,andtheroledetermineshowausercaninteractwiththeseresources.
Users cannotlogintoLabManageroraccessanyresourcesuntiltheyareaddedtoanorganization.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

ImportaUseronpage 23

CreateaUseronpage 24

ImportanLDAPGrouponpage 24

Import a User
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanimport
users.YoucanimportusersthatexistonanLDAPserverorusersthatyoucreatedfromtheWebconsole.
See ConfiguringLDAPSettingsonpage 138andCreateaUseronpage 24formoreinformation.

To import a user

1 Intheleftpane,clickUsersandGroups.

2 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoaddtheuser.

IfyouselectGlobal,thisuserisavailabletoallorganizations.

3 OntheUserstab,clickImportUsers.

4 DeselecttheShowExistingUsers/Groupscheckbox.

Deselectingthisoptionallowsyoutosearchforuserswhoarenotmembersoftheselectedorganization.

5 Typethename(completeorpartial)oftheuserthatyouwanttoaddandclickSearch.

Lab ManagersearchesforLDAPandnonLDAPusersanddisplaysthefirst200resultsthatmatchthe
searchterms.

6 Selectthecheckboxforeachuserthatyouwanttoimport.

7 ClickAdd.

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Lab Manager Users Guide

8 Assignaroletotheaddedusers.

IfyouareimportinguserstotheGlobalorganization,youcanonlyselectNoRoleorAdministrator.
If youaddauserwhoisasystemadministratorinGlobal,Lab Managerassignsthatuserthesamerole
inallotherorganizations.

9 ClickOK.

Repeatthesestepstoaddmoreuserswithdifferentroles.

Create a User
ToprovideLab ManageraccesstoauserwhodoesnotexistonyourLDAPserver,orifyoudonotplantouse
anLDAPserver,youcancreateusersinLab Manager.

To create a user

1 Intheleftpane,clickUsersandGroups.

2 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoaddtheuser.

IfyouselectGlobal,thisuserisavailabletoallorganizationsbutassignedtonone.Youcanassigntheuser
toanorganizationlater.

3 OntheUserstab,clickNewUser.
4 Typeausername.

5 Typeandconfirmapassword.

6 Typeafullname.

Thisnameisdisplayedforallobjectsownedbythisuser.

7 Typeanemailaddress.

8 (Optional)TypeIMandphoneinformation.

9 Selectarolefortheuserintheselectedorganization.

IfyouareaddingausertotheGlobalorganization,youcanonlyselectNoRoleorSystemAdministrator.
IfyouselectNoRole,thisusercannotlogintoLab Manageroraccessresourcesuntiltheuserisadded
toanotherorganization.

10 DeselecttheIsEnabledcheckboxtopreventtheuserfromaccessingtheWebconsole.

11 Typeastoredvirtualmachinetemplateandlibraryconfigurationquota.
12 Typeadeployedvirtualmachinetemplatequota.

IfyouareintheGlobalorganization,thequotatextboxesdonotappear.

13 ClickOK.

Import an LDAP Group


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanimport
LDAPgroups.Lab ManagerdoesnotsupportnonLDAPgroups.

To add an LDAP group

1 Intheleftpane,clickUsersandGroups.

2 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoaddthegroup.

IfyouselectGlobal,theaddedgroupisavailabletoallorganizations.

3 OntheGroupstab,clickImportGroups.

24 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 3 Adding Users and Groups

4 DeselecttheShowExistingUsers/Groupscheckbox.

Deselectingthisoptionallowsyoutosearchforusersandgroupsthatarenotintheselectedorganization.

5 Typethename(completeorpartial)ofthegroupthatyouwanttoimportandclickSearch.

Lab Managerdisplaysthefirst200resultsthatmatchthesearchterms.

6 Selectthecheckboxforeachgroupthatyouwanttoadd.

7 ClickAdd.

8 Assignaroletotheaddedgroups.

Allmembersofthegroupareassignedtheselectedrole.IfyouareaddinggroupstotheGlobal
organization,youcanonlyselectNoRoleorSystemAdministrator.Youcanchangetherolesof
individualgroupmemberslater.SeeModifyUserPropertiesonpage 110formoreinformation.

9 ClickOK.

Repeatthesestepstoimportgroupswithdifferentroles.

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26 VMware, Inc.
4

Setting Up Organizations and


Workspaces 4
Lab Managerorganizationsandworkspacesincluderesourcesandusers.Youcanusetheseorganizationsand
workspacestocontrolwhichusershaveaccesstowhichresources.Lab Managerhasaccesstotheresourcesof
thevCenterServersystemtowhichitisconnected.

Asystemadministratorcanassignsomeoralloftheseresourcestoanorganization.Usersinthatorganization
onlyhaveaccesstotheirassignedresources.Anorganizationcanhavededicatedresourcesorshareresources
withotherorganizations.Inanorganization,anadministratorcancreateworkspacesandassignsomeorall
oftheorganizationresourcestoeachworkspace.Aworkspacecanhavededicatedresourcesorshareresources
withotherworkspaces.Theselevelsofgranularityprovidethesystemadministratorwithcontroloversystem
resources.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

CreateanOrganizationonpage 27

CreateaWorkspaceonpage 28

Create an Organization
Lab ManagerincludesanorganizationnamedDefault.Asystemadministratorcancreateadditional
organizations.Forexample,youcancreateanorganizationforIT,oneforhumanresources,onefor
engineering,andsoon.

Whenyouaddaresourcepooltoaneworganization,Lab Manageralsoaddsallitshosts,datastores,and
mediastorestotheorganization.

To add an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.
2 SelectGlobalfromtheOrganizationdropdownmenu.

3 ClickNewOrganization.

4 Typeaname.

5 (Optional)Typeadescription.

6 SelectoneormoreresourcepoolsfromAvailableandmovethemtoSelected.

7 SelectoneormorehostspanningtransportnetworksfromAvailableandmovethemtoSelected.

8 SelectoneormorephysicalnetworksfromAvailableandmovethemtoSelected.

9 ClickImportMembers.

10 SelectyoursearchoptionfromtheLookfordropdownmenu.

11 TypeyoursearchtermsandclickSearch.

Lab Managerdisplaysthefirst200resultsthatmatchthesearchterms.

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Lab Manager Users Guide

12 Selectthecheckboxesnexttotheusersorgroupsthatyouwanttoadd.

13 ClickAddandOK.

14 Selectaroleforeachaddeduserorgroup.

15 ClickOK.

Lab ManagercreatestheorganizationandcreatestheMainworkspace.

Create a Workspace
EveryorganizationincludesaMainworkspace.Systemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsatthe
organizationlevelcancreateadditionalworkspaces.Forexample,youcancreateintegration,testing,staging,
andproductionworkspacestomanageservicetransitionactivities.Whenyoucreateaworkspace,youcan
choosewhetheryouwanttoshareitsconfigurationsorkeepthemprivate.Inasharedworkspace,bydefault,
alltheusersinthatworkspacecanaccesstheconfigurations.Inaprivateworkspace,bydefault,userscanonly
accesstheirownconfigurations.

To create a workspace

1 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationinwhichyouwanttocreateaworkspace.

2 Intheleftpane,clickWorkspace(s).

3 ClickNewWorkspace.

4 Typeaname.

5 (Optional)Typeadescription.

6 ClickAddUsersandGroups.

7 SelectyoursearchoptionfromtheLookfordropdownmenu.

8 TypeyoursearchtermsandclickSearch.

9 Selectthecheckboxnexttotheusersorgroupsyouwanttoadd.

10 ClickAddandOK.

11 Selectaroleforeachaddeduserandgroup.

12 Decidewhetheryouwanttheworkspacetobesharedorprivate.

13 SelectoneormoreresourcepoolsfromAvailableandmovethemtoResourcePoolsusedbythis
Workspace.

14 ClickOK.

28 VMware, Inc.
5

Setting Up Network Templates 5


Anetworktemplateisaspecificationforavirtualnetwork.YoucanassociateavirtualmachineNICwitha
networktemplate.Whenyoudeploythevirtualmachine,Lab Managercreatesavirtualnetworkbasedonthe
networktemplateandconnectstheNICtothatnetwork.

Networktemplatesallowsystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,and
templatecreatorstopredefinevirtualnetworksforotherusers.Anetworktemplateprovidesalevelofcontrol
andconsistencyacrosstheLab Managerinstallation.Thesetemplatesarecreatedandownedbyauser,but
theycanbesharedwithotherusersinanorganizationoracrosstheentireinstallation.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

CreateaNetworkTemplateonpage 29

CopyaNetworkTemplateonpage 30

ShareaNetworkTemplateonpage 30

Create a Network Template


Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplate
creatorscancreatenetworktemplates.

To create a new network template

1 Intheleftpane,clickNetworkTemplates.

2 ClickNewNetworkTemplate.
3 Typeaname.

4 (Optional)Typeadescription.

5 SelecttheIPaddressingmodes.

6 IfyouselectedStaticIPPoolorStaticManual,typethestaticmodesettingsandaddanIPpool.

7 ClickOK.

Lab Managercreatesthenetworktemplateintheusersorganization.

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Lab Manager Users Guide

Copy a Network Template


Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplate
creatorscancopynetworktemplates.Youcancopyanexistingnetworktemplatetouseitasthebasisfora
newnetworktemplate.Theuserwhocreatesorcopiesitbecomesitsowner.Lab Managercreatesthecopyin
thecurrentlyselectedorganization.

To copy an existing network template

1 Intheleftpane,selectNetworkTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroveranetworktemplatenameandselectCopy.

3 Typeanameforthecopiednetworktemplate.

4 ModifythenetworktemplatesettingsandclickCopy.

Share a Network Template


Ifyouaretheownerofanetworktemplate,orifyouruserroleincludestheAdministratorViewandControl
right,youcanshareanetworktemplatewithotherusers.Sharinganetworktemplategrantsaccesstoother
users.

Dependingonyourrights,youcanshareanetworktemplatewithinorbetweenworkspaces,withinor
betweenorganizations,oracrosstheentireLab Managerinstallation.

Whenyoushareanetworktemplate,youcanspecifyaccessrightsfortheuserswithwhomyouaresharing
theconfiguration.Accessrightscombinewiththerightsprovidedbyausersroletodeterminehowthatuser
caninteractwiththesharednetworktemplate.Accessrightscannotprovideuserswithrightsthattheydonot
alreadyhavebasedontheirrole.

To share a network template with other users

1 Intheleftpane,selectNetworkTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroveranetworktemplatenameandselectSharing.

TheSharingNetworkTemplatedialogboxdisplaystheusersandorganizationsthatcurrentlyhaveaccess
tothenetworktemplateandtheirlevelofaccesscontrol.

3 ClickAddUsers.

4 Selecttheorganizationcontainingtheuserswithwhomyouwanttosharethenetworktemplateorselect
Globaltoviewusersfromallorganizations.

5 Selectwithwhomyouwanttosharethenetworktemplate.

EveryoneinOrganizationsharesthenetworktemplatewithallusersintheselectedorganization.

EveryoneinWorkspacesharesthenetworktemplatewithallusersintheselectedworkspace.

SelectedUserssharesthenetworktemplatewithspecificusersintheselectedorganization.

Selectthecheckboxnexttoeachuserwithwhomyouwanttosharethenetworktemplate.

6 SpecifytheaccessrightsfortheusersandclickOK.

Ifyoushareanetworktemplatewithusersoutsideoftheorganizationinwhichthetemplatewascreated,
youcanonlyspecifyReadaccess.Inaddition,networktemplatescreatedinGlobalcanonlybeshared
withReadaccess.

7 ClickOKandDone.

30 VMware, Inc.
6

Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates 6


Avirtualmachinetemplateisavirtualmachineimageloadedwithanoperatingsystem,applications,and
data.Afteryoudefineandpublishavirtualmachinetemplate,youcancreateadditionalvirtualmachines
basedonthistemplate,withoutreinstallingsoftwareorredoingsetuptasksoneachvirtualmachine.
Using virtualmachinetemplatesensuresthatvirtualmachinesareconsistentlyconfiguredacrossanentire
organization.

Bydefault,systemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationandworkspacelevels,
andtemplatecreatorscancreateanewvirtualmachinetemplate,importavirtualmachinetemplate,savean
existingvirtualmachineasatemplate,andcloneanexistingvirtualmachinetemplate.

LabManageraddsthettylinux4ESX3virtualmachinetemplatetotheVMTemplatespageduring
installation.Youcanusethissamplevirtualmachinetemplatetolearnmoreaboutvirtualmachinetemplates.
Logintotheguestoperatingsystemofthesamplevirtualmachinetemplatebytypingrootastheusername
andpasswordasthepassword.

Thischapterincludesthesetopics:

CreateaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 31

ImportingVirtualMachineTemplatesonpage 32

SaveaVirtualMachineasaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 34

CloneaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 35

DeployingVirtualMachineTemplatesonpage 35
InstallaGuestOperatingSystemonpage 36

InstallingVMwareToolsonpage 36

CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemonpage 40

UndeployaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 46

ShareaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 46

PublishingVirtualMachineTemplatesonpage 47

Create a Virtual Machine Template


Thepropertiesthatyouspecifywhenyoucreateavirtualmachinetemplatearethedefaultpropertiesforall
virtualmachinesbasedonthetemplate.

Aftercreatingavirtualmachinetemplate,youcandeploythevirtualmachinetemplateandinstallaguestOS,
VMwareTools,andapplications.Afterthevirtualmachinetemplatemeetstherequirementsforguest
customization,andyoucompletethestepsforWindowsNTandSolaristemplates,youcansharethistemplate
withotherLab Managerusersandpublishit.Thismakesitavailableforbuildingconfigurations.

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Lab Manager Users Guide

To create a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 ClickNewVMTemplate.

3 Typeaname.

4 (Optional)Typeadescription.

5 Selectadatastore.

6 Selectavirtualmachineversion.

TheversiondeterminesonwhichESX/ESXihostthatthevirtualmachineruns.Thedefaultisvirtual
machineversion7,whichrunsonESX/ESXi4.0orlater.

7 Selectaguestoperatingsystem(OS).

Ifyouselecta64bitguestOS,thedatastoremustbeconnectedtoanESX/ESXihostthatprovidesthe
required64bitprocessorforthatguestOS.Youcancreateatemplatewithoutahost,butyoucannot
deploythevirtualmachinetemplateuntilyouattachahostwiththecorrectprocessor.Ifyouhavesome
(butnotall)64bithosts,LabManagerlimitsthenumberofhostsonwhichthevirtualmachinetemplate
canbedeployed.ForinformationonenablinganESX/ESXihosttoprovide64bitsupport,seethe
VMwareInfrastructuredocumentation.

8 SelectthenumberofvirtualCPUs.

Thedatastoreforthisvirtualmachinetemplatemustbeconnectedtoahostthatprovidestherequired
SMPtechnologyfortheguestOS.IfyouchooseaCPUnumbernotcurrentlycompatiblewiththeCPUof
thehost,youcannotdeploythevirtualmachinetemplateuntilyouattachahostwiththeappropriateSMP
support.IfyouhavesomebutnotallhoststhatprovidetherequiredSMPtechnology,LabManagerlimits
thenumberofhostsonwhichthevirtualmachinetemplatecanbedeployed.

9 Typethememory.

10 IntheHardDiskpanel,typethesizeandselectthebustype.

11 IntheNetworkInterfacepanel,selectanetwork,andifapplicable,selectanIPaddressmode.

12 Selectastoragelease.

13 ClickOK.

Lab Managercreatesthevirtualmachinetemplateinthecurrentorganization,anditappearsontheVM
TemplatespageasUndeployedandUnpublished.

Importing Virtual Machine Templates


ImportingavirtualmachinetemplateinvolvescopyinganexternalvirtualmachineintotheLab Manager
templatelibrary.Youcanimportavirtualmachinethatisnewto,orwaspreviouslyexportedby,Lab Manager.
Lab ManagerchangestheMACaddressofallimportedvirtualmachines.

Lab Managersupportsthesevirtualmachinestypesforimportoperations:

VMwareWorkstation

VMwareServer

VMwareESX/ESXi
BEALiquidVM

OnlyLiquidVMsthatusestaticIPmodeandDHCPmodearesupported.Ifimportingtakeslongerthan
twohours,Lab Managertimesout.TomodifythetimeoutforvCenterandSMBimports,see
ConfiguringGeneralPreferencesonpage 135.

Youcannotimportavirtualmachinethatusesrawdevicemappings(RDMs).

32 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates

Import a Virtual Machine Template from vCenter


Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratorcanimportvirtualmachinetemplatesfromvCenter.

IfyouhaveavirtualmachineinaresourcepoolmanagedbyvCenter,youcanimportthismachineasavirtual
machinetemplatetoLab Manager.IfavirtualmachinehasvCentersnapshotfiles,Lab Managerimportsthe
originalvirtualmachineasatemplateanddiscardsthesnapshotfiles.

Thevirtualmachinemustbepoweredoffandinthesamedatacenterastheonebeingmanagedby
Lab Manager.

NOTEBeforeyouimportvirtualmachinesfromvCenter,theycannotbeinafoldernamedVM.

To import a virtual machine template from vCenter

1 Intheleftpane,selectVMTemplates.

2 ClickImportVMTemplate.

3 Typeaname.

4 (Optional)Typeadescription.

5 SelectvCenterandselectavirtualmachinethatisnotmanagedbyLab Manager.

6 ClickNext.

7 (Optional)DeselectthePerformcustomizationcheckboxifyoudonotwantLab Managertocustomize
thenetworksettingsforthevirtualmachinetemplateorvirtualmachinesbasedonthevirtualmachine
template.

8 SpecifythenetworkinginformationforeachNICintheimportedvirtualmachinetemplate:

a SelecttheConnectedcheckbox.

b Chooseadefaultvirtualorphysicalnetwork.

c ChooseadefaultIPaddressingmode.

9 Selectastoragelease.

10 Selectadeploymentlease.

11 Selectthedatastoretowhichyouwanttoimportthevirtualmachinetemplate.

12 Selectwhethertocopyormovethesourcevirtualmachinetemplate.

Ifyoucopythevirtualmachinetemplate,itcontinuestoexistintheoriginallocation,butifyoumovethe
virtualmachinetemplate,itwillnotexistinthislocation.
13 ClickImport.

Lab ManagerimportsthevirtualmachinetemplateintothecurrentorganizationanddisplaysitontheVM
Templatespage.

Import a Virtual Machine Template from SMB Storage


AnSMBportneedstobeopenontheESXhost.AlthoughLab Manageropenstheportduringinstallation,you
needtomakesurethattheportremainsopenafterinstallation.Tochecktheportstatus,run
esxcfg-firewall -q smbClientoneachhost.

Bydefault,onlyasystemadministrator,anadministratorwithrightsattheorganization,andatemplate
creatorcanimportvirtualmachinesastemplatesfromanSMBshare.

IMPORTANTDonotimportvirtualmachinetemplatesmanuallywithESXcommands.

VMware, Inc. 33
Lab Manager Users Guide

To import a virtual machine template from SMB storage

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 ClickImportVMTemplate.

3 Typeaname.

4 (Optional)Typeadescription.

5 SelectSMBFileServer.

6 TypetheUNCpathtotheappropriateSMBshare(relativetotheLab Managerserver).

Forexample,\\10.10.10.10\importdir.

UseEnglishcharactersfortheUNCpath.Lab ManagerdoesnotsupportSMBsharesthatincludethe$
symbolintheUNCpath.

7 IftheUNCfolderrequiresauthentication,typetheusernameandpassword.

8 ClickNext.

9 (Optional)DeselectthePerformcustomizationcheckboxifyoudonotwantLab Managertocustomizethe
networksettingsforthevirtualmachinetemplateorvirtualmachinesbasedonthevirtualmachinetemplate.

IfyouareimportingavirtualmachinetemplatethatwaspreviouslyexportedfromLab Manager,skipthis
step,becauseLab Managercandetectwhetherthetemplatewassetupforcustomization.

10 SpecifythenetworkinginformationforeachNICintheimportedvirtualmachinetemplate.
a SelecttheConnectedcheckbox.

b Chooseadefaultvirtualorphysicalnetwork.

c ChooseadefaultIPaddressingmode.

11 Selectastorageleaseoption.

12 Selectadeploymentleaseoption.

13 Selectthedatastoretowhichyouwanttoimportthevirtualmachinetemplate.

14 ClickImport.

Lab ManagerimportsthevirtualmachinetemplateintothecurrentorganizationanddisplaysitontheVM
Templatespage.

Save a Virtual Machine as a Virtual Machine Template


YoucancreateavirtualmachinetemplatefromanyvirtualmachineinLab Manager.Thisnewtemplateisa
linkedcloneoftheoriginalvirtualmachine.

To create a virtual machine template from an active virtual machine

1 Intheleftpane,clickAllConfigurations.
2 MovethepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

3 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectAddToVMTemplates.

4 Typeaname.

5 (Optional)Typeadescription.

6 Selectadeploymentlease.

7 Selectastoragelease.

8 ClickOK.

9 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

34 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates

Clone a Virtual Machine Template


Youcancreatealinkedorafullcloneofavirtualmachinetemplatetousethesoftwareinstalledonthatvirtual
machinetemplate.

Alinkedcloneoperationcreatesadeltadiskinsteadofcopyingtheentirevirtualharddisk.Thisoperation
usesreferentialprovisioning,whichinvolvesstoringnewchangesbutrefersbacktoachainofdeltadisks.
For eachchange,Lab Managerfreezestheoriginaldeltadiskandcreatesanewone.

Afullcloneoperationcopiesallthedeltadisksandthebasediskandconsolidatesthemintoanewbasedisk.
Theoriginalbasediskremainsunchanged.Lab Managercreatestheclonedvirtualmachinetemplateinthe
currentorganization.Theuserperformingthecloneoperationbecomestheowneroftheclonedvirtual
machinetemplate.

NOTEYoucancreateafullcloneonlyonundeployedvirtualmachinetemplates.

Createfullcloneswhenyouwanttodismantlethestorageandmovethevirtualmachinetemplatetoa
differentserverormaximizeperformanceforvirtualmachines(forexample,forcertainproductionlevel
virtualmachines).

To clone a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectClone.

3 Typeaname.

4 (Optional)Typeadescription.

5 Selectastoragelease.

6 Selectadeploymentlease.

7 Selectthetypeofclonethatyouwanttocreate.

IfyouselectFullCloneofVirtualMachineTemplate,selectadatastore.

8 ClickOK.

Deploying Virtual Machine Templates


DeployingavirtualmachinetemplateregistersitwitharesourcepoolandprovidesaccesstoLab Manager
operationsatthevirtualmachineconsolelevel.Bydefault,systemadministrators,administrators,template
creators,andapplicationownerscandeployandundeployvirtualmachinetemplates.Youcanonlydeploy
unpublishedtemplates.

Deploy a Virtual Machine Template with Default Settings


Whenyoudeployavirtualmachinetemplatewithdefaultsettings,Lab Manageruses:

AnyAvailableresourcepooloptionisused.

ThePowerOnAfterDeploymentcheckboxisselected.

Thedeploymentleasecomesfromthetemplateproperties.

To deploy a virtual machine template with default settings

MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectDeploywithdefaults.

VMware, Inc. 35
Lab Manager Users Guide

Deploy a Virtual Machine Template with Custom Settings


Youcandeployavirtualmachinetemplatetoaresourcepoolusingcustomsettings.

To deploy a virtual machine template with custom settings

1 OntheVMTemplatespage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectDeploy.

2 SelectaresourcepoolorselectAnyAvailable.

3 DeselectthePowerOnMachinesAfterDeploymentcheckboxtopreventLabManagerfromturningon
thevirtualmachineimmediatelyafterdeployment.

Deselectthisoptionwhenyouwanttomanuallybringupavirtualmachinetemplate.

4 SelectadeploymentleaseandclickOK.

Lab Managerdeploysthevirtualmachinetemplate.

Install a Guest Operating System


Avirtualmachinetemplatemustbedeployedtoinstallanoperatingsystemonit.ToinstallaguestOS,you
mustensurethattheappropriateISOimagefilefortheOSisavailableintheLab Managermedialibrary.
See ManagingtheMediaLibraryonpage 105formoreinformation.

InstallingaguestOSonavirtualmachinetemplateissimilartoinstallinganOSonaphysicalmachineand
takesasimilaramountoftime.

To install a guest operating system on a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftframe,clickVMTemplates.

2 Clickaconsolethumbnailofadeployedtemplate.

3 MovethepointeroverthetabwiththevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectInsertCD.

4 SelectanISOfileandclickOK.

5 Onthetab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectCtrlAltDeltobootfrom
theISOimageandlaunchtheoperatingsysteminstaller.
6 Inthevirtualmachineconsoleofthevirtualmachinetemplate,entertherequiredinformationforthe
installationprocess.

Installing VMware Tools


Lab ManagerdependsonVMwareToolstocustomizetheguestoperatingsysteminavirtualmachine.
VMwareToolsalsoallowsyoutomovethepointerinandoutofthevirtualmachineconsolewindow.
AvirtualmachinetemplatemustbedeployedtoinstallVMwareTools.Thisprocesstakesseveralminutesand
requiresyoutorestartthevirtualmachine.

Install VMware Tools in a Windows Guest


Bydefault,systemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplatecreators
caninstallVMwareTools.AfteryouinstallVMwareTools,Windows2000andWindowsXPguestoperating
systemsmustberebootedtousethenewdriver.Formoreinformationabouttheinstallation,seeVMware
vSpheredocumentation.

To install VMware Tools on a Windows Guest

1 OntheVMTemplatespage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselect
View Console.

2 Logintotheguestoperatingsysteminsidethevirtualmachineconsole.

3 ClickInstallVMwareTools.

36 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates

Dependingonwhetherautorunisenabled,oneofthefollowingoccursinsidetheguestoperatingsystem:

Ifautorunisenabledintheguestoperatingsystem,adialogboxappearsafterafewseconds.Itasks
whetheryouwanttoinstallVMwareTools.

Ifautorunisnotenabled,thedialogboxdoesnotappearautomatically.ClickStart>Runandenter
D:\setup\setup.exewhereD:isyourfirstvirtualCDROMdrive.

4 ClickYestolaunchtheInstallShieldwizard.

5 Followtheonscreeninstructions.

OnsomeWindowsoperatingsystems,aftertheSVGAdriverisinstalled,youarepromptedtorebootto
usethisnewdriver.

6 Rebootthevirtualmachineifnecessary.

Install VMware Tools on a Linux Guest Within X with the RPM Installer
Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplate
creatorscaninstallVMwareTools.Formoreinformationabouttheinstallation,seeVMwarevSphere
documentation.

To install VMware Tools on a Linux guest within X with the RPM installer

1 OntheVMTemplatespage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselect
View Console.

2 Logintotheguestoperatingsystem.

3 ClickInstallVMwareTools.

Theremainingstepsarecompletedintheguestoperatingsystem.

4 Completeoneofthetasks.

IfyouseeaVMwareToolsCDicononthedesktop,doubleclickit,anddoubleclicktheRPMinstaller
intherootoftheCDROM.

Ifyouseeafilemanagerwindow,doubleclicktheRPMinstallerfile.

InsomeLinuxdistributions,iftheVMwareToolsCDiconfailstoappear,installVMwareToolsfromthe
commandline.

5 Whenprompted,typetherootpasswordandclickOK.

Theinstallerpreparesthepackages.

6 ClickContinuewhenthepackageisready.

Adialogboxappearswithaprogressbar.WhenVMwareToolsisinstalled,thereisnoconfirmationor
Finishbutton.

7 InanXterminal,asroot(su -),runvmware-config-tools.pltoconfigureVMwareTools.

8 PressEntertoacceptthedefaultvalue.

9 Aftertheupgradeiscomplete,restartthenetworkbyrunning/etc/init.d/network restart.

10 Whenyouarefinished,typeexit.

11 TostarttheVMwareToolscontrolpanel,runvmware-toolbox &.

Install VMware Tools on a Linux Guest with the Tar Installer or RPM Installer
Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplate
creatorscaninstallVMwareTools.Formoreinformationabouttheinstallation,seeVMwarevSphere
documentation.

VMware, Inc. 37
Lab Manager Users Guide

To install VMware Tools on a Linux guest with the tar installer or RPM installer

1 OntheVMTemplatespage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselect
View Console.

2 Logintotheguestoperatingsysteminthevirtualmachineconsole.

3 ClickInstallVMwareTools.

Theremainingstepstakeplaceintheguestoperatingsystem.

4 Asroot(su -),mounttheVMwareToolsvirtualCDROMimageandchangetoaworkingdirectory(for
example,/tmp).

SomeLinuxdistributionsautomaticallymountCDROMs.Ifyourdistributionusesautomounting,donot
usethemountandumountcommandsdescribedinthisprocedure.YoustillmustuntartheVMwareTools
installerto/tmp.

SomeLinuxdistributionsusedifferentdevicenamesororganizethe/devdirectorydifferently.Ifyour
CDROMdriveisnot/dev/cdrom,orifthemountpointforaCDROMisnot/mnt/cdrom,modifythe
followingcommandstoreflecttheconventionsusedbyyourdistribution.

mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom


cd /tmp

Ifyouhaveanexistinginstallation,deletethevmware-tools-distribdirectorybeforeyouinstall.The
locationofthisdirectorydependsonwhereyouplaceditwhenyoudidthepreviousinstallation,for
example,/tmp/vmware-tools-distrib.

5 UncompresstheinstallerandunmounttheCDROMimage.

Forthetarinstaller,atthecommandprompt,type:

tar zxpf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-3.5.0-<xxxx>.tar.gz

umount /dev/cdrom

<xxxx>isthebuild/revisionnumberoftherelease.

ThistarinstallerstringappliestoanESX3.5host.IfyouareusinganESX4.0host,typetar zxpf
/mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-4.0.0-<xxxx>.tar.gz

FortheRPMinstaller,atthecommandprompt,type:

rpm -Uhv /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-3.5.0-<xxxx>.i386.rpm

umount /dev/cdrom

<xxxx>isthebuild/revisionnumberoftherelease.

ThisrpminstallerstringappliestoanESX3.5host.IfyouareusinganESX4.0host,typetar zxpf
/mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-4.0.0-<xxxx>.i386.gz

Ifyouattempttoinstallanrpminstallationoveratarinstallation,orthereverse,theinstallerdetectsthe
previousinstallationandmustconverttheinstallerdatabaseformatbeforecontinuing.

38 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates

6 Runtheinstaller.

Forthetarinstaller,type:

cd vmware-tools-distrib

./vmware-install.pl

PressEntertoacceptthedefaultvalue.
FortheRPMinstaller,configureVMwareTools:

vmware-config-tools.pl

PressEntertoacceptthedefaultvalue.

7 Aftertheupgradeiscomplete,restartthenetworkbyrunning/etc/init.d/network restart.

8 Typeexit.

9 Startyourgraphicalenvironment.

10 InanXterminal,runvmware-toolbox &.

Install VMware Tools on a Solaris Guest


Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplate
creatorscaninstallVMwareTools.Formoreinformationabouttheinstallation,seeVMwarevSphere
documentation.

To install VMware Tools on a Solaris guest

1 OntheVMTemplatespage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselect
View Console.

2 Logintotheguestoperatingsysteminthevirtualmachineconsole.

3 ClickInstallVMwareTools.

Theremainingstepstakeplaceinthevirtualmachine.

4 Loginasroot(su -)and,ifnecessary,mounttheVMwareToolsvirtualCDROMimage.

TheSolarisvolumemanagervoldmountstheCDROMunder/cdrom/vmwaretools.IftheCDROMis
notmounted,restartthevolumemanagerbyrunningthefollowingcommands:

/etc/init.d/volmgt stop

/etc/init.d/volmgt start

5 AftertheCDROMismounted,changetoaworkingdirectory(forexample,/tmp)andextractVMware
Tools.

cd /tmp

gunzip -c /cdrom/vmwaretools/vmware-solaris-tools.tar.gz | tar xf -

6 RuntheVMwareToolstarinstaller:

cd vmware-tools-distrib

./vmware-install.pl

7 PressEntertoacceptthedefaultvalue.

8 Typeexit.

9 Startyourgraphicalenvironment.

10 InanXterminal,runvmware-toolbox &.

VMware, Inc. 39
Lab Manager Users Guide

Customizing the Guest Operating System


Lab Managercancustomizethenetworksettingsofaguestoperatingsystemthatwascreatedfromavirtual
machinetemplate.Thesesettingsincludethemachinename,IPsettings,andsecurityidentifier(SID)for
Windowsguestoperatingsystems.Thecustomizationallowsyoutocreateanddeploymultiple,unique
virtualmachinesbasedonthesamevirtualmachinetemplatewithoutamachinenameornetworkconflicts.

Whenyouconfigureavirtualmachinetemplatewiththeprerequisitesforguestcustomizationandcreatea
virtualmachinethatusesthisvirtualmachinetemplate,Lab Managercreatesapackagewithguest
customizationtools.Whenyoudeployandpoweronthevirtualmachinethefirsttime,Lab Managercopies
thepackage,runsthetools,anddeletesthepackagefromthevirtualmachine.

Youcanenableordisablecustomizationforavirtualmachinetemplateoravirtualmachine.Toavoidconflicts
whenyouarenotusingguestcustomization,accessthevirtualmachineconsolethroughLab Managerand
manuallysetitsnetworkparameterstouniquevalues.Bydefault,Lab Managerenablesguestcustomization
whenyoucreateanewtemplate.

Access the machine.id from an ESX Host


Theconfigurationfileforavirtualmachine,the.vmxfile,containsamachine.idline.TheLab Managerserver
systemsetsthevaluesforthislinewhiledeployingvirtualmachines.

Enablingguestcustomizationonavirtualmachinetemplateconfiguresascripttoruneverytimethesystem
startsup.Thisscriptreadsthemachine.idinformationanddetermineswhichactiontotake.

TheLab Managerserversystemdoesnotsetanyactionsinthemachine.idlinewhiledeployingvirtual
machinetemplates.Asaresult,theguestcustomizationscriptdoesnotperformanycustomizationforthe
virtualmachinetemplatewhenitstartsup.

TheLab Managerserversystemdoessetcustomizationactionsinthemachine.idlinewhiledeployingvirtual
machinesorchangingvirtualmachinenetworksettings.Whenthesevirtualmachinesfirststartup,theguest
customizationscriptperformstherelevantactions.

To access the machine.id line from the ESX/ESXi host

1 FromtheESX/ESXihostsystem,openthe.vmxfile.

2 Findthemachine.idline.

Access the machine.id from a Guest Operating System


IfyouinstallVMwareTools,youcanaccessthemachine.idfromtheguestoperatingsystemofadeployed
virtualmachine.

To access the machine.id line from the guest operating system

1 Intheleftpane,clickWorkspaces.
2 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

3 MovethepointeroverthedeployedvirtualmachinenameandselectShowConsole.

4 Searchformachine.idfrominsidetheguestoperatingsystem.

FromaLinuxguestOS,type:
# vmware-guestd --cmd machine.id.get

FromaWindowsguestOS,navigatetothedirectorywhereVMwareToolsisinstalled(usually
C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Tools)andtype:
>VMwareService.exe -cmd machine.id.get

40 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates

Thefollowingisanexampleofamachine.idline:
numnics=2&macaddr_0=00:50:56:3f:00:1c&bootproto_0=static&ip_0=10.115.127.10&netmask_0=255.255.248
.0&gateway_0=10.115.127.253&dns1_0=10.20.20.1&dns2_0=10.20.20.2&suffix_0=eng.vmware.com&macaddr_1
=00:50:56:3f:00:1d&bootproto_1=static&ip_1=1.1.1.100&netmask_1=255.255.0.0&gateway_1=1.1.1.1&dns1
_1=2.2.2.2&dns2_1=&suffix_1=BLUE.ORG&primaryNic=0&computerName=Config10VM1&UseSysPrep=No&bitMask=
11&markerid=504810238&reconfigToken=411678171

Prerequisites for Guest Customization


Beforeyouconfigurethetemplate,completeorchecktheseissues:

SpecifythecorrectguestoperatingsystemontheVirtualMachineTemplatePropertiespage.
Lab Managerusesthisinformationtodeterminehowtocustomizetheoperatingsystem.

InstalltheversionofVMware ToolspackagedwithESX3.5orlater.TheLab ManagerWebconsolealso


providesthecorrectversionforinstallation.

Ifyouimportavirtualmachineasavirtualmachinetemplate,youmustdeploythevirtualmachine
template.ThedeployoperationallowsLab ManagertodetecttheversionofVMware Toolsinstalledon
thevirtualmachinetemplate.Ifthevirtualmachinetemplatehasanoutdatedversionorneverhad
VMware Toolsinstalledonit,youmustinstallit.
IfyouimportavirtualmachinetemplatethatwasoriginallyusedinVMware Lab Managerversion2.x,
seeImportingVirtualMachineTemplatesfromLabManager2.xwithVMware ToolsandLM Toolson
page 45.

Ensurethatthevirtualmachinetemplateisnotpartofadomain.

DonotconfigurethevirtualmachinetemplateasaMicrosoftClusterServiceserver,aMicrosoft
CertificateServicesserver,oradomaincontroller.

Astheadministrator,setupaMicrosoftSyspreppackageforthefollowingWindowsguestoperating
systems:

MicrosoftWindowsXP64bit

MicrosoftWindows200364bit

MicrosoftWindows2008

MicrosoftVista

SeeBuildaMicrosoftSysprepPackageonpage 41formoreinformation.
SeeCompleteGuestCustomizationforWindowsNTandSolarisVirtualMachineTemplatesonpage 42
foradditionalstepsforMicrosoftWindowsNTServer4andSolarisvirtualmachinetemplates.

Build a Microsoft Sysprep Package


Bydefault,Lab ManagerusesSIDgen,atoolpackagedwiththeinstallation,toperformguestcustomization
forWindows2000,Windows2003(32bit),andWindowsXP(32bit)guestoperatingsystems.Youcanalsouse
MicrosoftSysprepinsteadofSIDgentoperformguestcustomizationintheseguestoperatingsystems.For
Windows2003(64bit)andWindowsXP(64bit),MicrosoftWindows2008,MicrosoftVistaguestoperating
systems,youmustuseMicrosoftSyspreptoperformguestcustomization.

BeforeyoucanuseMicrosoftSysprep,youmustbuildapackagethatincludestheMicrosoftSysprepfilesfor
thefollowingguestOS:

Windows2000

Windows2003(32bit)

Windows2003(64bit)

WindowsXP(32bit)

WindowsXP(64bit)

VMware, Inc. 41
Lab Manager Users Guide

MicrosoftSysprepisincludedontheinstallationCDsforWindows2000,Windows2003,andWindowsXP.

CAUTIONLab Managerprovidesacustomizedsysprep.inffile.WhentheMicrosoftSyspreppackageis
beingbuilt,donotoverwritethisfilewiththesysprep.inffilefromtheWindowsCD.

To build a Microsoft Sysprep package for guest customization

1 InserttheWindowsOSCDintheLab Managerserver.

IfyouhaveanISO,mounttheISOusingathirdpartytool.

2 FindtheDEPLOY.CABfilein\Support\Tools.

3 ExpandtheDEPLOY.CABfilewithatoolthatcanreadMicrosoftCABfiles.

YoucanalsouseWindowsExplorerinWindowsXPorWindows2003.

4 CopythefilestotheappropriateLab ManagerdirectoryforMicrosoftSysprepsupport.

Forexample,ifyouinstalledLab ManagerinC:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Lab Manager,copy


thefilestooneofthefollowingdirectories.

C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware
Lab Manager\Tools\CustomizeGuest\Windows\Sysprep\win2k3

C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware
Lab Manager\Tools\CustomizeGuest\Windows\Sysprep\win2k3_64

Thislocationisfor64bitWindows2003.

C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware
Lab Manager\Tools\CustomizeGuest\Windows\Sysprep\win2000

C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware
Lab Manager\Tools\CustomizeGuest\Windows\Sysprep\winxp

Thislocationisfor64bitWindowsXP:

C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware
Lab Manager\Tools\CustomizeGuest\Windows\Sysprep\winxp_64

5 IntheWebconsole,clickSettingsintheleftpane.

6 IntheGuestCustomizationtab,clickBuildPackage.

Agreencheckconfirmsthatthepackagehasbeenbuilt.

Complete Guest Customization for Windows NT and Solaris Virtual Machine


Templates
WindowsNTvirtualmachinetemplatesrequireextrastepsforguestcustomization.

To complete guest customization for Windows NT virtual machine templates

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthedeployedvirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectViewConsole.

3 LogintotheWindowsNTguestoperatingsystem.

4 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectInsertCustomizationCD.

Thisoptionstartsascriptthatcopiesfilestotheguestandpreparesthevirtualmachinetemplatefor
customization.

42 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates

Complete Guest Customization for Solaris Virtual Machine Templates


Solarisvirtualmachinetemplatesrequireextrastepsforguestcustomization.

To complete guest customization for Solaris virtual machine templates

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthedeployedvirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectViewConsole.

3 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectInsertCustomizationCD.

4 LogintotheSolarisguestoperatingsystem.

5 Intheterminal,runthesecasesensitivecommands:

/etc/init.d/volmgt stop

/etc/init.d/volmgt start

sh /cdrom/cdrom/customize-guest.sh install

eject cdrom

6 Runshutdown -y -g0 -i5toshutdownthevirtualmachinefrominsidetheguestoperatingsystem.

Working with the Guest Customization SID Generation Tool


ForguestoperatingsystemsthatsupportmultipleSIDgenerationtools,youcansetaglobalpreferencetouse
MicrosoftSysprepinsteadofSIDgen,whichispackagedwithLab Manager.YoucanalsoselectSIDgenor
MicrosoftSysprepastheSIDgenerationtoolforavirtualmachineorvirtualmachinetemplate.

ForWindows2003(64bit)andWindowsXP(64bit)guestoperatingsystems,youmustuseMicrosoftSysprep.
WindowsVistaandWindows2008guestoperatingsystemsalwaysuseMicrosoftSysprepinsteadofSIDgen,
becauseMicrosoftSysprepisalreadybuiltintotheseoperatingsystems.

SeeAppendix C,GuestOperatingSystemSupport,onpage 161formoreinformationonguestoperating


supportforSIDgenandMicrosoftSysprep.

Select the SID Generation Tool for Lab Manager


YouneedtosetthedefaultSIDgenerationtooltousewiththenewvirtualmachinetemplatesthatrequire
MicrosoftSysprepandtemplatesthatsupportSIDgenorMicrosoftSysprep.

To select the tool for Lab Manager


1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 OntheGuestCustomizationtab,selectadefaultSIDgenerationmechanism.

Thisselectiondeterminesthedefaultmechanismofnewvirtualmachinetemplates.Ifyouarenotready
touseSysprep,selectUsePreInstalledSIDGenerationTool(SIDgen).

TochangetheSIDmechanismforavirtualmachineorvirtualmachinetemplate,editthepropertiesof
thatvirtualmachineorvirtualmachinetemplate.

3 ClickOK.
Lab ManagersetsthedefaultSIDgenerationmechanism.

VMware, Inc. 43
Lab Manager Users Guide

Change the SID Generation Tool for a Virtual Machine Template


YoucanoverridethedefaultSIDgenerationtoolspecifiedontheGuestCustomizationtabforindividual
virtualmachinetemplates.YoucanonlyuseMicrosoftSysprepifyouhavealreadybuiltaMicrosoftSysprep
package.SeeBuildaMicrosoftSysprepPackageonpage 41.

To change the SID generation tool for a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroveravirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 SelecttheSIDmechanism.

4 ClickUpdate.

Lab ManagerchangestheSIDgenerationtoolforavirtualmachinetemplate.

Select the SID Generation Tool for a Virtual Machine


YoucanoverridethedefaultSIDgenerationtoolspecifiedontheGuestCustomizationtabforindividual
Windowsbasedvirtualmachines.TodisplayMicrosoftSysprepasanoption,youmustfirstbuildaMicrosoft
Syspreppackage.SeeBuildaMicrosoftSysprepPackageonpage 41.

To select the SID generation tool for a virtual machine

1 Intheleftpane,movethepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 MovethepointeroveravirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 SelecttheSIDmechanism.

4 ClickUpdate.

Disabling Guest Customization


Lab Manageractivatesguestcustomizationwhenyoucreateorimportavirtualmachinetemplate.Whenyou
addavirtualmachinetoaconfiguration,itinheritstheguestcustomizationsettingsofthevirtualmachine
templateonwhichitisbased.

Disableguestcustomizationinthefollowingsituations:

Thesoftwareinthevirtualmachineorvirtualmachinetemplateisconfiguredtousespecificnetwork
settings.

Youhavevirtualmachinesthatmustremainuntouchedforspecificsecurityorintegrityrequirements.
YouarenotusingoneofthesupportedguestoperatingsystemslistedinAppendix C,GuestOperating
SystemSupport,onpage 161.

Disable Guest Customization for a Virtual Machine Template


Youcandisableguestcustomizationinthepropertiesofvirtualmachinetemplates.Thesettingisstoredwhen
youexportthevirtualmachinetemplatetoSMBstorageandimportitbacktoLab Manager.Ifyoucreatea
virtualmachinetemplatebasedonanactivevirtualmachineinaconfiguration,thevirtualmachinetemplate
inheritsthecustomizationsettingoftheactivevirtualmachine.

To disable guest customization for a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroveranunpublishedvirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 DeselectthePerformcustomizationcheckbox.

4 ClickUpdate.

44 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates

Disable Guest Customization for a Virtual Machine


Virtualmachinesinherittheirguestcustomizationsettingsfromthevirtualmachinetemplatesonwhichthey
arebased.Youcanoverridethesesettingsinthepropertiesofavirtualmachine.

To disable guest customization for a virtual machine

1 Intheleftpane,clickWorkspace.

2 MovethepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

3 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroveravirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

4 DeselectthePerformcustomizationcheckbox.

5 ClickUpdate.

Customize Guest Customization


Lab Managerallowsyoutoaddacustomizationscripttoavirtualmachinetemplate.Thescriptrunsbefore
andaftertheguestcustomizationwhenyoudeployavirtualmachinebasedonthevirtualmachinetemplate.
Forexample,thescriptcouldcheckforvirusesorstartandstopprocesses.
Thescriptiscalledwiththeprecustomizationcommandlineparameterbeforetheguestcustomization
processstartsandiscalledwiththepostcustomizationcommandlineaftertheguestcustomizationprocess
hasfinished.

To add a customization script to a template

1 Intheleftpaneoftheconsole,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectCustomizationScript.

3 ClickBrowsetolocateanexistingscriptortypethescript.

SpecifyabatchscriptforWindowsguestsandashellscriptforUNIXguests.Thescriptcanincludetext
andcannotincludebinarydata.

4 ClickOK.

Importing Virtual Machine Templates from Lab Manager 2.x with VMware Tools
and LM Tools
IfyouimportvirtualmachinetemplatesfromLabManager2.x,thetemplatesprobablyhaveanolderversion
ofVMware Tools,andtheenforcementcheckpreventsyoufrompublishingthevirtualmachinetemplates.

Ifyoucannotpublishthetemplates,dooneofthefollowing:

UpgradeVMware ToolstothecurrentLab Managerversion.Upgradingallowsguestcustomizationand


publishingtooccur.

IfthevirtualmachinetemplatehasLM Tools,disabletheVMware Toolsenforcementcheck,whichallows


Lab Managertocustomizeguestsbasedonthemethodusedinthepreviousversion.SeeDisable
VMware ToolsCheckBeforePublishingVirtualMachineTemplatesonpage 47.VMwaredoesnot
recommendthisapproach.

IfthevirtualmachinetemplatedoesnothaveLM ToolsandyoudonotupgradeVMware Tools,deselect


thePerformCustomizationcheckboxinthevirtualmachinetemplateproperties.SeeDisablingGuest
Customizationonpage 44.

VMware, Inc. 45
Lab Manager Users Guide

Undeploy a Virtual Machine Template


Youmustundeployavirtualmachinetemplatebeforepublishing,exporting,consolidating,ordeletingit.
UndeployingavirtualmachinetemplateunregistersitfromvCenter.

Whenyouundeploy,youcansaveordiscardthestateofthevirtualmachinetemplate.Youcannotsaveor
discardstateforatemplatethatispoweredoff,becausethevirtualmachinedoesnothaveastate.Saving
memorystatehelpsyoutodebugmemoryspecificissues.

To undeploy a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthedeployedvirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectUndeploySaveStateor
UndeployDiscardState.

IfanESX/ESXihostgoesofflineorsomeonemanuallyremovesavirtualmachinetemplatefromthevCenter
inventory,thestandardundeployoperationdoesnotwork.Inthiscase,movethepointeroverthevirtual
machinetemplatenameandselectForceUndeploy.

Share a Virtual Machine Template


Ifyouaretheownerofavirtualmachinetemplate,orifyouruserroleincludestheAdministratorViewand
Controlright,youcanshareavirtualmachinetemplatewithotherusers.Sharingavirtualmachinetemplate
grantsaccesstootherusers.

Dependingonyourrights,youcanshareavirtualmachinetemplatewithinorbetweenworkspaces,withinor
betweenorganizations,oracrosstheentireLab Managerinstallation.

Whenyoushareavirtualmachinetemplate,youcanspecifyaccessrightsfortheuserswithwhomyouare
sharingthetemplate.Accessrightscombinewiththerightsprovidedbyausersroletodeterminehowthat
usercaninteractwiththesharedvirtualmachinetemplate.Accessrightscannotprovideuserswithrightsthat
theydonotalreadyhavebasedontheirrole.

To share a virtual machine template

1 OntheVMTemplatespage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectSharing.

TheSharingTemplatedialogboxdisplaystheusersandorganizationsthatcurrentlyhaveaccesstothe
templateandtheirlevelofaccesscontrol.

2 ClickAddUsers.

3 Selecttheorganizationcontainingtheuserswithwhomyouwanttosharethevirtualmachinetemplate
orselectGlobaltoviewusersfromallorganizations.

4 Selectwithwhomyouwanttosharethevirtualmachinetemplate.

EveryoneinOrganizationsharesthevirtualmachinetemplatewithallusersintheselected
organization.

EveryoneinWorkspacesharesthevirtualmachinetemplatewithallusersintheselectedworkspace.

SelectedUserssharesthevirtualmachinetemplatewithspecificusersintheselectedorganization.

Selectthecheckboxnexttoeachuserwithwhomyouwanttosharethevirtualmachinetemplate.

5 SpecifytheaccessrightsfortheusersandclickOK.

Ifyoushareavirtualmachinetemplatewithusersoutsideoftheorganizationinwhichthetemplatewas
created,youcanonlyspecifyReadaccess.Inaddition,virtualmachinetemplatescreatedinGlobalcan
onlybesharedwithReadaccess.

6 ClickOKandDone.

46 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Setting Up Virtual Machine Templates

Publishing Virtual Machine Templates


Publishingavirtualmachinetemplateallowsyoutobuildconfigurationswithoutreinstallingsoftwareor
redoingsetuptasks.Templatesensurethatvirtualmachinesareconsistentlyconfiguredwiththecorrect
operatingsystems,versions,systempacks,andsoon.

Check VMware Tools Status Before Publishing Virtual Machine Templates


Lab ManagerdependsonVMwareToolsforguestcustomization.Beforeyoupublishavirtualmachine
template,checkthestatusofVMwareToolsonthevirtualmachinetemplateandaddressanyissues.To
publishavirtualmachinetemplatewithoutVMwareTools,seeDisablingGuestCustomizationonpage 44
formoreinformation.

To check VMware Tools status

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 ChecktheVMwareToolscolumnontheVMTemplatespage.

IfthestatusisInstalled(RequiresUpdate)orNotInstalled,youmustdeploythevirtualmachinetemplate
andfollowthepromptstoupdateorinstallVMwareTools.SeeInstallingVMwareToolsonpage 36.

IfthestatusisUnknown,youmustdeploythevirtualmachinetemplateandallowLab Managertocheck
forVMwareToolsandupdatetheinformation.

Disable VMware Tools Check Before Publishing Virtual Machine Templates


YoucanpublishatemplatethatdoesnothavethecurrentversionofVMwareToolsinthesecircumstances:

YoucannotinstallthecurrentversionofVMware Toolsbecauseyouneedspecialscriptsinthevirtual
machinetemplateforcustomization.

YouimportvirtualmachinetemplateswithanoldversionofLM Toolsandyoucannotupgrade
VMware Toolsonthesetemplates.

Lab ManagerrecognizesLM Toolsandcancustomizetheguestoperatingsystemaccordingtotheneeds


ofthatutility.VMwaredoesnotrecommendthisapproach.

YouarenotusingoneofthesupportedguestoperatingsystemslistedinAppendix C,GuestOperating
SystemSupport,onpage 161.

To disable the check of VMware Tools

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.
2 OntheGuestCustomizationtab,deselecttheOnlyAllowPublishingofTemplatesWithaVersionof
VMware ToolsThatSupportsGuestCustomizationcheckbox.

3 ClickOK.

Publish a Virtual Machine Template


Youcanonlypublishundeployedvirtualmachinetemplates.

To publish a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectPublish.

VMware, Inc. 47
Lab Manager Users Guide

48 VMware, Inc.
7

Working with Configurations 7


ConfigurationsarethecoreofLab Manager.Aconfigurationconsistsofoneormorevirtualmachinesthatare
basedonavirtualmachinetemplateorimportedfromvCenter.Youcancreate,deploy,share,andmonitor
multimachineconfigurations.

InLab Manager,configurationscanexistinworkspacesandintheconfigurationlibrary.Youcandeploya
configurationandworkwithitsvirtualmachinesinaworkspace.Theconfigurationlibraryisarepositoryof
commonlyusedconfigurationsandarchivedconfigurations.Youcannotdeployalibraryconfiguration,but
youcancreateacopyofanylibraryconfigurationthatyoucanaccessandworkwiththatcopyinaworkspace.

Youractionsattheconfigurationlevelaffectallthevirtualmachinesintheconfiguration.Forinformation
aboutworkingwiththeindividualvirtualmachineswithinaconfiguration,seeChapter 8,Workingwith
VirtualMachines,onpage 73.

Lab ManageraddstheSampleConfigurationtotheMainworkspaceintheDefaultorganizationduring
installation.Thesampleconfigurationincludestwovirtualmachinesbasedonthettylinux4ESX3sample
virtualmachinetemplate.Usethissampleconfigurationtolearnmoreaboutconfigurations.Youcanloginto
theguestoperatingsystemofthevirtualmachinesasrootandusepasswordasthepassword.

Thischapterincludesthesetopics:

AddingConfigurationstoaWorkspaceonpage 49

AddingConfigurationstotheLibraryonpage 54

ShareaConfigurationonpage 55
ConfigurationNetworkingonpage 56

DeployingandUndeployingConfigurationsonpage 60

StoppingandStartingConfigurationVirtualMachinesonpage 62

WorkingwithConfigurationSnapshotsonpage 63

ViewingConfigurationVirtualMachines,Networks,andHistoryonpage 64

ModifyingConfigurationsonpage 66

UsingLiveLinkonpage 70

ExportingConfigurationsonpage 71

Adding Configurations to a Workspace


Beforeyoucandeployaconfigurationandbeginworkingwithitsvirtualmachines,youmustaddthe
configurationtoaworkspace.Youcancreateaconfigurationthatincludesvirtualmachinesbasedonvirtual
machinetemplatesandvirtualmachinesimportedfromvCenter.Youcanimportentireconfigurationsthat
youpreviouslyexportedfromVMwarevCenterLabManager,vCenterStageManager,orvCenter
Lab Manager.Youcanalsocopyalibraryconfigurationtoaworkspace.Ifyoualreadyhaveaworkspace
configurationthatyouwanttouseasthebasisforanewconfiguration,youcancloneit.

VMware, Inc. 49
Lab Manager Users Guide

Create a Workspace Configuration


Creatingaconfigurationinvolvesdefiningconfigurationpropertiesandaddingvirtualmachinestothe
configuration.Lab Managercreatestheconfigurationinthecurrentorganizationandworkspace.

To create a configuration

1 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationinwhichyouwanttocreatethe
configuration.

2 ClickWorkspacesandclickthenameoftheworkspaceinwhichyouwanttocreatetheconfiguration.

Ifyouonlyhaveaccesstooneworkspace,clickWorkspace.

3 ClickNewConfiguration.

4 Typeaname.

5 (Optional)Typeadescription.

6 SpecifytheamountoftimetoallowtheconfigurationtobedeployedbeforeLab Managerundeploysthe
configuration.

7 SpecifytheamountoftimetostoretheconfigurationbeforeLab Managerdeletestheconfigurationor
markstheconfigurationfordeletion.

8 Specifythefencingpolicy.

9 Addvirtualmachines.
YoucanaddvirtualmachinesbasedonaLab Managervirtualmachinetemplateorimportvirtual
machinesfromvCenter.SeeAddaVirtualMachineBasedonaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 50
andAddaVirtualMachinefromvCenteronpage 51.

10 ClickOK.

Add a Virtual Machine Based on a Virtual Machine Template


Virtualmachinetemplatesprovidethespecificationsforcreatingvirtualmachines,suchastheguestoperating
system,numberofvirtualCPUs,andnetworkinterfaces.Youcanonlyaddvirtualmachinesbasedon
publishedvirtualmachinetemplates.

To add a virtual machine based on a template

1 IntheSourcedropdownmenu,selectavirtualmachinetemplate.

Youcanselectavirtualmachinetemplatethatyoucreatedoravirtualmachinetemplatethatisshared
withyou.
2 Typeaname.

3 Specifythenetworkinformationforthevirtualmachine.

Youroptionsarebasedonhowthevirtualmachinetemplatewasdefined.

a SelectaprimaryNICforvirtualmachineswithmultipleNICs.

TheprimaryNICsettingdeterminesthedefaultandonlygatewayforthevirtualmachine.
The virtualmachinecanuseanyNICtoconnecttoothermachinesthataredirectlyconnectedtothe
samenetworkastheNIC,butitcanonlyusetheprimaryNICtoconnecttomachinesonnetworks
thatrequireagatewayconnection.

ConsiderthisbehaviorwhenselectingaprimaryNIC,especiallyifyouplantodeployconfigurations
thatusefencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworks.

b Selectanetwork.

50 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 7 Working with Configurations

c SelectanIPaddressingmode.TheavailableoptionsarebasedontheIPaddressingmodesavailable
totheselectednetwork.

StaticIPPoolpullsstaticIPaddressesfromtheIPaddresspool.

DHCPpullsIPaddressesfromaDHCPserver.

ThisoptionavoidsthepreparationandspecificationofanIPaddressorIPrange.However,you
cannotuseLab ManagerfencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworkswithDHCP.

StaticManualallowsyoutospecifyanIPaddress.

d IfyouselectedStaticManualastheIPaddressingmode,typeanIPaddressintheIPAddressfield.

4 SelecttheFullClonecheckboxtoconsolidatethevirtualmachine.

Bydefault,whenyouaddavirtualmachinetoaconfiguration,thevirtualmachineisalinkedclonethat
referstothebasediskofthevirtualmachinetemplateandusesdeltadiskstodescribethedifference
betweenthevirtualmachinetemplateandthevirtualmachine.

NOTEChoosingthisoptionrequiresadditionaldiskspaceandincreasestheamountoftimerequiredto
addthevirtualmachinetotheconfiguration.

5 Toaddanothervirtualmachinetothisconfiguration,clickAddVMandspecifytherequiredinformation.

Add a Virtual Machine from vCenter


YoucanaddavirtualmachinecreatedinvCentertoaconfiguration.Thevirtualmachinemustbepoweredoff
andnotalreadyunderLab Managercontrol.AddavCentervirtualmachineifyouknowitsvCenternetwork
settingsandwanttomaintainthosesettingsinLab Manager.Ifyoudonotcareaboutthenetworksettings,
importthevirtualmachinefromvCenterasavirtualmachinetemplateinstead.SeeImportaVirtualMachine
TemplatefromvCenteronpage 33.

To add a virtual machine from vCenter

1 ClickImportVMfromvCenter.

2 SelectavirtualmachineandclickOK.

3 Typeaname.

4 Specifythenetworkinformationforthevirtualmachine.

a SpecifyaprimaryNICforvirtualmachineswithmultipleNICs.

TheprimaryNICsettingdeterminesthedefaultandonlygatewayforthevirtualmachine.
The virtualmachinecanuseanyNICtoconnecttoothermachinesthataredirectlyconnectedtothe
samenetworkastheNIC,butitcanonlyusetheprimaryNICtoconnecttomachinesonnetworks
thatrequireagatewayconnection.

ConsiderthisbehaviorwhenselectingaprimaryNIC,especiallyifyouplantodeployconfigurations
thatusefencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworks.

b Selectanetwork.

IfthevirtualmachineisconnectedtoanetworkthatisavailabletobothvCenterandLab Manager,
youcannotchangethenetworkduringimport.Ifthevirtualmachineisconnectedtoanetworkthat
isonlyavailabletovCenter,youmustchooseanewnetwork.

c SelectanIPaddressingmode.

5 Selectadatastore.

6 Toaddanothervirtualmachinetothisconfiguration,clickImportVMfromvCenterandspecifythe
requiredinformation.

VMware, Inc. 51
Lab Manager Users Guide

Import a Configuration to a Workspace


YoucanimportanexistingconfigurationandallitsvirtualmachinesfromanSMBshare.Lab Manager
supportsimportingconfigurationsthatwereexportedfromvCenterLabManagerorvCenterStageManager.

ImportoperationsrequireaccesstoadatastoreconnectedtoanESXhostwithanopenSMBport.Although
Lab Manageropenstheportduringinstallation,makesurethattheportwasnotclosedaftertheinstall.
To checktheportstatus,runesxcfg-firewall -q smbClientoneachhost.Ifyouonlyhaveaccessto
datastoresconnectedtoESXihosts,youcannotimportconfigurations.

Whenyouimportaconfigurationthatyoupreviouslyexported,Lab Managersetsthefencingpolicyforthe
importedconfigurationtoFencedOnly.SeeModifyConfigurationPropertiesonpage 68forinformation
abouthowtomodifythefencingpolicy.

WhenyouimportaconfigurationthatwasexportedfromStageManageroraversionofLab Managerpriorto
version3.0.x,Lab Managercreatesavirtualnetwork(DefaultNetwork)andassignsalltheconfigurationNICs
tothisnetwork.YoucanaddadifferentnetworktotheconfigurationandreassigntheNICstothatnetwork.
SeeAddaNetworktoaWorkspaceConfigurationonpage 67andEditNetworkInterfaceSettingson
page 83.

To import a configuration

1 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoimportthe
configuration.

2 ClickWorkspacesandclickthenameoftheworkspacetowhichyouwanttoimporttheconfiguration.

Ifyouonlyhaveaccesstooneworkspace,clickWorkspace.
3 ClickImportConfiguration.

4 TypetheUNCpathofthedirectory(relativetotheLab Managerserversystem)wheretheconfiguration
fileisstored.

UseEnglishcharactersfortheUNCpath.Asamplepathis
\\10.6.1.246\VMwareLM\ExportedConfigs.

5 Typetheusernameandpasswordfortheimportdirectory,ifnecessary.

6 ClickNext.

7 Provideconfigurationdetails.

8 ClickImport.

Copy a Workspace Configuration


Youcancopyaworkspaceconfigurationbycloningsomeorallofitsvirtualmachinestoanewconfiguration.
Ifyouhaveaccesstomorethanoneworkspace,youcancloneconfigurationsfromoneworkspacetoanother.
Youcannotcloneconfigurationsfromoneorganizationtoanother.

Whenyoucreateaclone,Lab Managerassignsthesamenetworkparameterstotheclonedvirtualmachines.
Ifyoudeploytheoriginalandclonedconfigurationsatthesametime,duplicateIPaddresserrorsoccurunless
youdeployoneoftheconfigurationsinfencedmode.

Full Clones and Linked Clones


Whenyoucloneconfigurations,youcanconsolidatethesourceconfigurationsvirtualmachinesduringthe
cloningprocesstocreatefullclonesofthevirtualmachines.Typically,youdonotneedtocreatefullclones
unlessyouplantodismantlethestorageandmovetheconfigurationtoadifferentserver,orifyouneedto
maximizetheperformanceofspecificvirtualmachines(forexample,forcertainproductionlevelvirtual
machines).

Afullcloneoperationcopiesallofavirtualmachinesdeltadisksanditsbasediskandconsolidatestheminto
anewbasedisk.Theoriginalbasediskremainsunchanged.Afullcloneoperationtakeslongerthana
linkedcloneoperation.Youcannotmakeafullcloneofadeployedconfiguration.

52 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 7 Working with Configurations

Alinkedcloneoperationcreatesadeltadiskinsteadofcopyinganentirevirtualharddisk.Thisoperation
addressesvirtualmachineproliferationbyusingreferentialprovisioning,aprocessthatinvolvesstoringnew
changesbutrefersbacktoachainofdeltadisks.Foreachclone,Lab Managerfreezestheoriginaldeltadisk
andcreatesanewone.

To copy a workspace configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectClone.

2 Specifythedestinationworkspace,ifapplicable.

3 SelectNewConfigurationandtypeaname,description,andstorageleaseforthenewconfiguration.

4 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearonthenewconfigurationsHistorytab.

5 Specifythetypeofclone.

6 Specifythevirtualmachinestoclone.

IfyouarecreatingafullcloneandchooseSelectedVirtualMachines,youcanspecifyadatastore.

7 ClickOK.

Clone a Library Configuration to a Workspace


Theconfigurationlibraryisthecentrallocationforstoringcommonlyusedorbaseconfigurations.Userswith
thenecessaryrightscanclonealibraryconfigurationtoaworkspaceandthenmodifyanddeployit.
The originalconfigurationremainsinthelibrarywhereitcanbeclonedagain.

Whenyoucloneacapturedlibraryconfigurationtoaworkspace,Lab Managercreatesalinkedclone.Linked
clonesconservestoragespace.Insteadofcopyingtheentirevirtualdiskforeachvirtualmachineinthe
configuration,Lab Managerusesdeltadiskstotrackthedifferencesbetweentheoriginalvirtualmachinesand
theclonedvirtualmachines.

Whenyoucloneanarchivedlibraryconfigurationtoaworkspace,youcancreatealinkedcloneorafullclone.

Youcancloneallvirtualmachinesinaconfigurationorselectedmachines.Youcanalsocombine
configurationsbycloningalibraryconfigurationtoanexistingworkspaceconfiguration.

To clone a configuration to the workspace

1 OntheLibrarypage,movethepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectClonetoWorkspace.

2 Specifythedestinationworkspace,ifapplicable.

3 Specifythedestination.
Foranewconfiguration,typeanameanddescriptionandspecifyastoragelease.Foranexisting
configuration,selecttheconfiguration.

4 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

5 Specifythetypeofclone.

Thisoptionisonlyavailableforarchivedlibraryconfigurations.Whenyoucloneacapturedlibrary
configurationtoaworkspace,Lab Manageralwayscreatesalinkedclone.

6 Specifythevirtualmachinestoclone.

IfyouarecreatingafullcloneandchooseSelectedVirtualMachines,youcanspecifyadatastore.

7 ClickOK.

Afterabrieftime,anundeployedcopyofthelibraryconfigurationappearsinthedestinationworkspace.

VMware, Inc. 53
Lab Manager Users Guide

Adding Configurations to the Library


YoucanaddaworkspaceconfigurationtotheLibrarybycapturingitorarchivingit.Capturingaworkspace
configurationmakesitavailableasabaseconfigurationthatotheruserscancopyandcustomize.Archivinga
configurationpreservesitforfuturereference.Forexample,anauditmightrequirethatyoushowtheexact
stateofyoursoftwarefromyearsago.

Capture a Workspace Configuration to the Library


YoucansaveaworkspaceconfigurationtotheLibrarytomakeacopyavailabletootherusers.Youshould
savecommonbaseconfigurationstothelibrarysothatotherLab Manageruserscanworkwithormodify
copiesofthoseconfigurations.

WhenyoucaptureaconfigurationtotheLibrary,itbecomesprivate,regardlessofthesharingpropertiesithad
intheworkspace.You canmodifyalibraryconfigurationatanytimetoshareitwithmembersofother
organizationsandworkspaces.

To capture a configuration to the Library

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectCapturetoLibrary.

2 Typeaname.

Useauniquenamingconventiontosimplifyidentification.

3 (Optional)Typeadescription.

4 (Optional)SelecttheGoldMastercheckboxtoindicateanimportantoradministratorapproved
configuration.

5 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearonthecapturedconfigurationsHistorytab.
6 Specifyatimetodeletetheconfigurationfromstorageormarktheconfigurationfordeletion.

7 ClickCapture.

Archive a Workspace Configuration to the Library


Youcanpreservetheexactstateofaconfigurationintheconfigurationlibrary.Archivedconfigurationsare
readonly,butyoucanclone,export,anddeletethem.

WhenyouarchiveaconfigurationtotheLibrary,itretainsthesharingpropertiesithadintheworkspace.
For example,ifyouarchiveaprivateworkspaceconfiguration,thelibraryconfigurationisalsoprivate.
You canmodifyalibraryconfigurationatanytimetoshareitwithmembersofotherorganizationsand
workspaces.

To archive a configuration to the Library

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectArchivetoLibrary.

2 Typeanamefortheconfiguration.

Useauniquenamingconventiontosimplifyidentification.

3 (Optional)Typeadescription.

4 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearonthearchivedconfigurationsHistorytab.

5 Specifyatimetodeletetheconfigurationfromstorageormarktheconfigurationfordeletion.

6 Selecttheclonetype.

IfyouselectFullClone,specifythedestinationdatastore.

7 ClickOK.

Lab Managercreatesanarchivedconfigurationinthelibrary.

54 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 7 Working with Configurations

Clone a Library Configuration


Lab ManagerallowsyoutocreatefullclonesofLibraryconfigurations.Afullcloneoperationcreatesanew
configurationthatincludessomeorallofthevirtualmachinesintheoriginalconfiguration.Aspartofthe
process,Lab Managerconsolidatesthevirtualharddisksofthevirtualmachinesintheclonedconfiguration.

Whenyoucreateaclone,Lab Managerassignsthesamenetworkparameterstotheclonedvirtualmachines.
Ifyoumovetheoriginalandclonedconfigurationstoaworkspaceanddeploythematthesametime,
duplicateIPaddresserrorsoccurunlessyoudeployoneoftheconfigurationsinfencedmode.

Lab ManagercreatesclonedconfigurationsintheorganizationcurrentlyselectedintheOrganization
dropdownmenu.Theuserperformingthecloneoperationbecomestheowneroftheclonedconfiguration.

To clone a Library configuration

1 OntheLibrarypage,movethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectClonetoLibraryfromthe
menu.

2 Typeaname.

3 (Optional)Typeadescription.

4 Specifyatimetodeletetheconfigurationormarktheconfigurationfordeletion.

5 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

6 Specifythevirtualmachinestocloneandselectadatastore.

7 ClickOK.

Share a Configuration
Ifyouaretheownerofaconfiguration,orifyouruserroleincludestheAdministratorViewandControlright,
youcanshareaworkspaceorlibraryconfigurationwithotherusers.Sharingaworkspaceconfigurationgrants
accesstootherusers.Sharingalibraryconfigurationallowsotheruserstoclonetheirowncopyofthe
configurationtoaworkspace.

Dependingonyourrights,youcanshareaconfigurationwithinorbetweenworkspaces,withinorbetween
organizations,oracrosstheentireLab Managerinstallation.

Whenyoushareaconfiguration,youcanspecifyaccessrightsfortheuserswithwhomyouaresharingthe
configuration.Accessrightscombinewiththerightsprovidedbyausersroletodeterminehowthatusercan
interactwiththesharedconfiguration.Accessrightscannotprovideuserswithrightsthattheydonotalready
havebasedontheirrole.

To share a configuration

1 MovethepointeroveraworkspaceorlibraryconfigurationnameandselectSharing.

TheSharingConfigurationdialogboxdisplaystheusersandorganizationsthatcurrentlyhaveaccessto
theconfigurationandtheirlevelofaccesscontrol.

2 ClickAddUsers.

3 Selecttheorganizationcontainingtheuserswithwhomyouwanttosharetheconfigurationorselect
Globaltoviewusersfromallorganizations.

4 Selectwithwhomyouwanttosharetheconfiguration.

EveryoneinOrganizationsharestheconfigurationwithallusersintheselectedorganization.

EveryoneinWorkspacesharestheconfigurationwithallusersintheselectedworkspace.

SelectedUserssharestheconfigurationwithspecificusersintheselectedorganization.

Selectthecheckboxnexttoeachuserwithwhomyouwanttosharetheconfiguration.

VMware, Inc. 55
Lab Manager Users Guide

5 SpecifytheaccessrightsfortheusersandclickOK.

Ifyoushareaconfigurationwithusersoutsideoftheworkspaceinwhichtheconfigurationwascreated,
youcanonlyspecifyReadaccess.Inaddition,configurationscreatedinGlobalcanonlybesharedwith
Readaccess.

6 ClickOKandDone.

Configuration Networking
Beforeyoudeployaconfiguration,itishelpfultounderstandhowconfigurationnetworkingworksin
Lab Manager.

Physical Networks
InLab Manager,physicalnetworksrepresentphysicalnetworksconnectedtothevSpheredatacenter.
These networksexistoutsideconfigurationsandspanconfigurations.Virtualmachinesthatconnecttothe
samephysicalnetworkcancommunicatewitheachother,evenifthevirtualmachinesbelongtodifferent
configurations.

Thephysicalnetworksavailabletoaconfigurationarebasedonthephysicalnetworksassignedtothe
configurationsorganization.

Physicalnetworksareboundtovirtualswitches(vSwitches)ononeormoreESX/ESXihostsinLab Manager.
YoucanbindaphysicalnetworktoasinglevSwitchperhost,andyoucanonlybindphysicalnetworksto
vSwitcheswithphysicaladapters.TheadaptervSwitchassociationismadeinvCenter,andtheusermust
makethecorrectassociation.YoucanalsobindaphysicalnetworktoavNetworkDistributedSwitch.
A vNetworkDistributedSwitchfunctionslikeasinglevirtualswitchacrossallassociatedhosts.Thisallows
virtualmachinestomaintainconsistentnetworkconfigurationastheymigrateacrossmultiplehosts.

Whenyoubind,Lab ManagercreatesaportgrouponthevSwitch,oradvPortgrouponthevNetwork
DistributedSwitch,namesitbasedontheLab Managerphysicalnetworkname,andreportsthatastheName
invCenterontheNetworkPropertiespage.IftheLab ManagerphysicalnetworkspecifiesaVLANID,Lab
ManagersetsthisontheportgroupordvPortgroup.Lab Managerdoesnotuseoraffectexistingportgroups
onthevSwitchorvNetworkDistributedSwitch.

Fencing Virtual Machines


Whenyoudeployaconfigurationthatincludesaphysicalnetwork,youcanchoosetoisolatetheconfiguration
virtualmachinesfromothermachinesonthenetwork.ThispreventsIPandMACaddressconflictsthatcould
existifmultiplecopiesofthesamemachinearedeployedatthesametime.

Fencingaconfigurationisolatesthevirtualmachinesthataredefinedtobeconnectedtothephysicalnetwork
fromthedatacenternetworkusingavirtualrouter(VR)andbidirectionalnetworkaddresstranslation(NAT).

Typically,youwanttoenablenetworkfencingunderthesecircumstances:

Youhaveaconfigurationwithoneormoreservers,andyouanticipatecloningtheconfiguration
numeroustimes.

Youhaveaconfigurationinvolvingadifficultandcomplexsetup,andcloningtheconfigurationisan
easierroutethanrepeatingthesetup.

Fromaperformanceperspective,networkfencingimpactsthetrafficflowbetweenmodules.Fencingrequires
aslightlyhighernumberofresourcesonthehost,suchasmemory,CPU,andnetworking.Ifyouenablefencing
butneveruseit,theseresourcesarenotconsumed.

Virtualmachinesinaconfigurationhavepreconfigured(internal)IPaddresses.Whenyoudeployvirtual
machinesinfencedmode,Lab ManagerassignsauniqueexternalIPaddresstoeachofthesemachines.
Throughtheseexternaladdresses,virtualmachinesbothinsideandoutsidethefencecancommunicatewith
eachother.Lab Managerusesavirtualmachinecalledavirtualrouter(VR)toroutepacketsbetweenthese
virtualmachines.Lab Managerconfiguresthevirtualrouterwhenyoudeployafencedconfigurationand
deletesitwhenyouundeploytheconfiguration.

56 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 7 Working with Configurations

NOTEWhenyoudeployaconfigurationinfencedmodewiththeBlockInandOutoption,Lab Managerdoes
notcreateavirtualrouterorassignexternalIPaddresses.SeeFencingConnectivityonpage 57.

Figure 71illustratesconfigurationswithoutfencingandwithfencing.

Figure 7-1. Configuration A (Without Fencing) and Configuration B (With Fencing)

ESX Server host 1 ESX Server host 2

2
:0

:0

:0

:0
00

00

00

00
0:

0:

0:

0:
0: .1

0: .2

0: .1

0: .2
:0

:0

:0

:0
:5 8.0

:5 8.0

:5 8.0

:5 8.0
56

56

56

56
00 .16

00 .16

00 16

00 16
2.

2.
2

2
AC 9

AC 9

AC 9

AC 9
M P1

M P1

M 1

M 1
IIP

IIP
II

II
VM1 VM2 VM1 VM2
fenced
network
configuration a configuration b
VR (fenced)

physical network

EIP 192.168.0.4 EIP 192.168.0.3

client machine legend


connection
fenced connection
IIP internal IP address
EIP external IP address for fenced configurations
VR virtual router

Fencingaconfigurationdoesnotrequireanychangestoitsvirtualmachines.Withinafencedconfiguration,
virtualmachinescontinuetousepreassignedIPaddressestocommunicatewitheachother.

Fencing Connectivity
Threeconnectivitymodesareavailablewhenyoufenceaconfiguration:

AllowInandOutVirtualmachinescancommunicatewithmachinesoutsidethefence,andmachines
outsidethefencecancommunicatewithvirtualmachinesinsidethefencedconfiguration.

Figure 7-2. Allow In and Out Fencing Mode

ESX Server host

VM1
fenced
network

VR
configuration

physical network

VMware, Inc. 57
Lab Manager Users Guide

AllowOutVirtualmachinesinafencedconfigurationcaninitiatecommunicationwithmachines
outsidethefenceandcanreceivemessagesbackonthesameconnection.Machinesoutsidethefence
cannotinitiatecommunicationtovirtualmachinesinsidethefencedconfiguration.

Thisoptionisusefulwhenvirtualmachinesneedtoobtaindataorexecutecodeoutsidethefence(such as
withWebservicesordatabases)butdonotwanttoreceivemessagesthatmightdisrupttesting.

Figure 7-3. Allow Out Fencing Mode

ESX Server host

VM1
fenced
network

VR
configuration

physical network

BlockInandOutNetworktrafficdoesnottravelacrossthefence.Virtualmachinesinafenced
configurationcannotcommunicatewithmachinesoutsideofthefence,andmachinesoutsidethefence
cannotcommunicatewithvirtualmachinesinthefencedconfiguration.Whenyoudeployafenced
configurationwiththisoption,Lab Managerdoesnotcreateavirtualrouterorassignexternal
IP addresses.

Figure 7-4. Block In and Out Fencing Mode

ESX Server host

VM1
fenced
network

configuration

physical network

58 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 7 Working with Configurations

TheBlockInandOutoptionisusefulinthesecircumstances:

Youaretestingsoftwarevirusesthatneedtoremainisolatedfromthephysicalnetwork.

Youaretestingaclientserverapplicationinisolation.

Virtual Networks
Virtualnetworksarebasedonthespecificationsdefinedinanetworktemplateandgetcreatedby
Lab Managerwhenyoudeployaconfiguration.SeeSettingUpNetworkTemplatesonpage 29and
ManagingNetworkTemplatesonpage 123formoreinformationaboutnetworktemplates.

Virtualnetworksareconfigurationlocalnetworks.Theyexistinsideconfigurationsanddonotspan
configurations.Virtualmachinesconnectedtoavirtualnetworkcannotcommunicatewithvirtualmachines
connectedtoadifferentvirtualnetwork.EachvirtualnetworkthatLab Managercreatesisuniqueandisolated
fromothervirtualnetworks,evenifthenetworksarebasedonthesamenetworktemplate.

vSwitchesandportgroupscreatedbyLab Managerforvirtualnetworksarenamedwiththenetworkname
concatenatedwithIDsassociatedwiththenetwork,installation,andhost.

Connecting Virtual Networks to Physical Networks


Virtualnetworkscanbeconnectedtophysicalnetworksatdeploytime.Connectingvirtualnetworksto
physicalnetworksprovidesthevirtualmachinesusingthosevirtualnetworksaccesstophysicalnetworks.

Lab Managerusesavirtualroutertoconnectthevirtualandphysicalnetworks.

Virtual to Physical Network Connectivity


Twoconnectivitymodesareavailablewhenyouconnectavirtualnetworktoaphysicalnetwork:

AllowInandOutVirtualmachinescancommunicatewithmachinesontheselectedphysicalnetwork,
andmachinesontheselectedphysicalnetworkcancommunicatewithvirtualmachinesinsidethe
configuration.

AllowOutVirtualmachinesintheconfigurationcaninitiatecommunicationwithmachinesonthe
selectedphysicalnetworkandcanreceivemessagesbackonthesameconnection.Machinesonthe
selectedphysicalnetworkcannotinitiatecommunicationwithvirtualmachinesinsidetheconfiguration.

Host Spanning
HostSpanningisafeaturethatenablesthevirtualmachinesinaconfigurationthatusesfencingorvirtual
networkstobedeployedondifferentESX/ESXihosts.WhenyoudeployaconfigurationthatusesHost
Spanning,someofthevirtualmachinescangetdeployedtooneESX/ESXihostandsomeofthevirtual
machinescangetdeployedtoadifferenthost.
Foraconfigurationthatisunfencedanddoesnotincludeanyvirtualnetworks,Lab Managercanalways
deployitsvirtualmachinesacrossmultiplehosts.Foraconfigurationthatisfencedorincludesavirtual
network,youcanenableHostSpanning,providedthattheconfigurationhasaccesstoanenabledhost
spanningtransportnetwork.

IfyoudonotenableHostSpanningforaconfigurationthatusesfencingoravirtualnetwork,allofitsvirtual
machinesmustdeploytothesamehost.Insomecases,thisrestrictionmaypreventyoufromdeployinga
configuration.Forexample,foralargeconfiguration,theremightnotbeanysinglehostavailablethathas
enoughresourcestodeploytheconfiguration.Inaddition,HostSpanningisrequiredinordertosupport
VMwareDRSandHAforconfigurationsthatusefencingoravirtualnetwork.

Host Spanning Networks


Hostspanningnetworksarelogicaloverlaynetworksthatusetheresourcesofanunderlyinghostspanning
transportnetworktoenableHostSpanning.Lab Managercreatesahostspanningnetworkwhenyoudeploy
aconfigurationwithHostSpanningenabled.HostspanningnetworksarenotvisiblewithinLab Manager.

VMware, Inc. 59
Lab Manager Users Guide

Host Spanning Transport Networks


HostspanningtransportnetworksareLab ManagerresourcesthatenableHostSpanningandconsistofa
vNetworkDistributedSwitchandaLANorVLAN.HostspanningtransportnetworksrequireaVMware
vSphereEnterprisePluslicenseandESX/ESXi4.0hosts.Ifyourenvironmentmeetstheserequirements,you
cancreateavNetworkDistributedSwitch,whichisatypeofvSpherevirtualswitchthatspansmultiple
ESX/ESXihosts.Lab Managercreatesandusesavirtualmachine(VMwareLMServiceVM)oneachofthese
hoststosendpacketsbetweenthehostsusingthevNetworkDistributedSwitch.

Setting Up a Host Spanning


Aconfigurationthatusesfencingorvirtualnetworksmustmeetthefollowingrequirementsbeforeyoucan
deployitacrossmultiplehosts.

Ahostspanningtransportnetworkexistsandisenabled.SeeAddaHostSpanningTransportNetwork
onpage 21andEnableorDisableaHostSpanningTransportNetworkonpage 104.

HostSpanningisenabledfortheorganizationcontainingtheconfiguration.SeeDisableorEnableHost
Spanningonpage 103.

HostSpanningisenabledforatleasttwoESX/ESXihoststhatareavailabletotheconfiguration.See
DisableandEnableHostSpanningforaHostonpage 92.

Deploying and Undeploying Configurations


DeployingaconfigurationregistersitsvirtualmachinesonESX/ESXihostsandprovidesaccesstoitsvirtual
machineconsolesandguestoperatingsystems.Youcandeployanentireconfigurationorindividualvirtual
machinesintheconfiguration.SeeDeployaVirtualMachineonpage 73forinformationaboutdeploying
anindividualvirtualmachineinaconfiguration.

Youcanonlydeployworkspaceconfigurations.Ifyouwanttodeployalibraryconfiguration,cloneittoa
workspacefirstandthendeployit.

Thefirsttimeyoudeployaconfiguration,allofitsvirtualmachineswithguestcustomizationenabledgo
throughacustomizationprocess,whichmightinvolvemultiplereboots.Donotshutdownthevirtual
machinesuntilthecustomizationiscomplete.

Whenyoudeployaconfiguration,youcaneitherprovidecustomsettingsorusethedefaultsettings.

Deploy a Configuration with Custom Settings


Whenyoudeployaconfigurationwithcustomsettings,youcanspecifyvariousdeploymentoptionsthat
determinetheconfigurationsnetworkconnectivity,deploymentlease,resourcepool,andsoon.

To deploy a configuration with custom settings

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectDeploy.

Ifyouhavealreadypartiallydeployedtheconfiguration,youcanonlymodifycertainsettings.

2 SelecttheFenceVirtualMachinescheckboxtodeploytheconfigurationinfencedmode.

Thisoptionisonlyavailableiftheconfigurationallowsfencingandincludesaphysicalnetworkthatalso
allowsfencing.

UsetheConnectivitydropdownmenutoselectaconnectivitymodeforeachphysicalnetwork.See
FencingConnectivityonpage 57formoreinformation.

3 SelecttheConnectVirtualNetworkstoPhysicalNetworkscheckboxtoconnectvirtualnetworksto
physicalnetworks.

Thisoptionisonlyavailableiftheconfigurationincludesavirtualnetwork.

SelectaphysicalnetworktoconnecttoandusetheConnectivitydropdownmenutoselectaconnectivity
mode.SeeVirtualtoPhysicalNetworkConnectivityonpage 59formoreinformation.

60 VMware, Inc.
Chapter 7 Working with Configurations

4 SpecifytheHostSpanningsetting.

Thisoptionisonlyavailableiftheconfigurationsorganizationincludesanenabledhostspanning
transportnetworkandtheconfigurationusesfencingoravirtualnetwork.Foraconfigurationthatis
unfencedanddoesnotincludeanyvirtualnetworks,Lab Managercanalwaysdeployitsvirtualmachines
acrossmultiplehosts

Fornetworkintensiveoperations,enablingHostSpanningmayresultinaslightdecreaseinthroughput
andaslightincreaseinlatency.

5 SelecttheUseServerBootSequencecheckboxtobootthevirtualmachinesintheorderspecifiedinthe
configurationproperties.

Ifyoudonotselectthisoption,Lab Managerbootsthevirtualmachinesallatonce.

6 DeselectthePowerOnMachinesAfterDeploymentcheckboxtopreventLab Managerfrompowering
onvirtualmachinesimmediatelyafterdeployment.

Usethisoptionwhenyouneedtomanuallypoweronvirtualmachines.Forexample,youmightneedto
ensureadatabase,application,andWebserverareworkingindividuallyratherthanallatonce.

7 SpecifyaresourcepoolonwhichtodeploytheconfigurationorselectAnyAvailable.

8 Specifyatimetoundeploytheconfiguration.

9 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

10 ClickOK.

Deploy a Configuration with Default Settings


Ifyoudonotneedtospecifyanycustomdeploymentsettings,youcandeployaconfigurationusingitsdefault
settings.Formoreinformationabouthowthedefaultsettingsaredetermined,seeUnderstandingDefault
DeploymentSettingsonpage 61.

To deploy a configuration with default settings

MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectDeploywithdefaults.

Iftheconfigurationisalreadypartiallydeployed,Lab Manageronlydeploystheconfigurationsundeployed
virtualmachines.

Understanding Default Deployment Settings


Table 71providesinformationabouthowLab Managerdeterminesdefaultdeploymentsettings.

Table 7-1. Default Deployment Settings


Setting Name Setting Value

FenceVirtualMachines IftheconfigurationoranyofitsphysicalnetworkshasaFencedOnlyfencingpolicy,then
allphysicalnetworksintheconfigurationarefencedandnetworkconnectivityissetto
AllowInandOut,unlessoneofthephysicalnetworksrequiresadifferentconnectivity
setting.
Iftheconfigurationandphysicalnetworkpoliciesconflict(oneissettoFencedOnlyand
theotherissettoUnfencedOnly),Lab Managerdisplaysanerrorandprevents
deployment.
IfboththeconfigurationandphysicalnetworkpropertiesaresettoAllowFencedor
Unfenced,thedefaultisdeterminedbythedeploymentsettingspecifiedinthe
organizationproperties.

ConnectVirtualNetworks Notselected.
toPhysicalNetworks

VMware, Inc. 61
Lab Manager Users Guide

Table 7-1. Default Deployment Settings (Continued)


Setting Name Setting Value

HostSpanning Iftheconfigurationdoesnotusefencingorincludeavirtualnetwork,Lab Managercan


alwaysdeployvirtualmachinesacrossmultiplehosts.
Iftheconfigurationusesfencingorincludesavirtualnetwork,theHostSpanningsetting
comesfromtheorganizationproperties.Anorganizationmusthaveanenabledhost
spanningtransportnetworktoenableHostSpanning.

UserServerBoot Iftheconfigurationpropertiesspecifyabootsequence,thisoptionisselected.Otherwise,
Sequence itisnotselected.

Poweronmachinesafter Selected.
deployment

ResourcePool SettoAnyAvailable.

DeploymentLease Usesthedeploymentleasesetinconfigurationproperties.

Undeploy a Configuration
UndeployingaconfigurationunregistersitsvirtualmachinesfromvCenter.Whenyouundeploya
configuration,youcansaveordiscarditsstate.Savingthememorystatehelpswhendebugging
memoryspecificissuesandmakesvirtualmachinesintheconfigurationreadyfordeploymentandusealmost
instantly.

Ifallthevirtualmachinesintheconfigurationarepoweredoff,youcannotsaveordiscardstate,becausethere
isnostateinformationtosaveordiscard.

To undeploy a configuration

MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectUndeploySaveStateorUndeployDiscardState.

Stopping and Starting Configuration Virtual Machines


Youcanstopworkspaceconfigurationsfromrunningusingthesuspendandpoweroffoperations.
Undeployingaconfigurationalsostopsitfromrunning.SeeUndeployaConfigurationonpage 62formore
information.

Suspend a Configuration
SuspendingadeployedconfigurationfreezestheCPUofthevirtualmachines,butthevirtualmachines
remainregisteredwithvCenter.

To suspend a configuration

MovethepointeroverthedeployedconfigurationnameandselectSuspend.

Resume Operation of a Suspended Configuration


Youcanreverseasuspendedstate.

To resume operation of a suspended configuration

MovethepointeroverthedeployedconfigurationnameandselectResume.

Power Off a Configuration


Poweringoffadeployedconfigurationturnsthevirtualmachinesoff.Itisthevirtualequivalentofpowering
offphysicalmachines.ThevirtualmachinesremainregisteredwithvCenter.

To power off a configuration

MovethepointeroverthedeployedconfigurationnameandselectPowerOff.

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Power On a Configuration
Poweringonadeployedconfigurationpowersonthevirtualmachinesintheconfigurationthatarenot
alreadypoweredon.Itisthevirtualequivalentofpoweringonphysicalmachines.

To power on a configuration

MovethepointeroverthedeployedconfigurationnameandselectPowerOn.

Reset a Configuration
Resettingaconfigurationrestartsthevirtualmachinesinaconfigurationandclearsthemachinestates.
This operationdoesnotshutdowntheguestoperatingsystems.

To reset a configuration

MovethepointeroverthedeployedconfigurationnameandselectReset.

Working with Configuration Snapshots


Asnapshot,alsoknownasarevertpoint,capturesthestateofthevirtualmachinesinaconfigurationata
specificpointintime.Youcanrevertthevirtualmachinesintheconfigurationtothatsnapshotatalatertime.
Lab Managerstoresthesnapshotpersistentlywiththeconfiguration.Ifyouundeployaconfigurationand
deployit,thesnapshotremains.

Youcanonlytakeasnapshotofaconfigurationifatleastoneofitsvirtualmachinesisdeployed.Onlyone
snapshotofeachvirtualmachineinaconfigurationcanexistatatime.Takinganewsnapshotreplacesthe
previousone.

SeeWorkingwithVirtualMachineSnapshotsonpage 77forinformationaboutworkingwithsnapshotsfor
aspecificvirtualmachineinaconfiguration.

Take a Configuration Snapshot


Whenyoutakeaconfigurationsnapshot,Lab Managercapturesthestateoftheconfigurationsvirtual
machines.Youcanreverttheconfigurationtothatsnapshotatalatertime.

To take a configuration snapshot

MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectSnapshot.

Lab ManagerchangesthestatusoftheconfigurationtoSettingtheRevertPointwhileittakesasnapshotof
eachvirtualmachine.

Revert to a Configuration Snapshot


Whenyourevertaconfigurationtoasnapshot,allvirtualmachinesintheconfigurationlosetheircurrent
state.Ifyoureverttoaconfigurationsnapshot,Lab Managerretainsthesnapshotsothatyoucanreverttoit
againlater.

To revert to a configuration snapshot

MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectRevert.

Lab ManagerchangesthestatusoftheconfigurationtoRevertingwhileitrevertseachvirtualmachinetoits
snapshot.

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Delete a Configuration Snapshot


Configurationsnapshotstakeupspaceondatastores.Youcanfreeupspacebydeletingsnapshots.

To delete snapshots for all virtual machines in a configuration

MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectDeleteRevertPoint.

Foreachvirtualmachineintheconfigurationthathasarevertpoint,Lab Managerdeletesthesnapshot.

Viewing Configuration Virtual Machines, Networks, and History


Youcanviewinformationaboutthevirtualmachinesandnetworksinalibraryorworkspaceconfiguration
andviewadiagramofhowtheyinteract.Youcanalsoreviewalistofthechangesthathavebeenmadetoa
configuration.

View Virtual Machines in a Configuration


Youcanviewbasicinformationabouteachvirtualmachineinaconfiguration.Youcanalsoaddorimport
virtualmachinestotheconfiguration.

To view details about the virtual machines in a configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 ClicktheVirtualMachinestab.

Foreachvirtualmachineintheconfiguration,Lab Managerdisplaysthefollowinginformation:

ConsoleDisplaysathumbnailiconofthevirtualmachineconsole.

VMNameDisplaysthevirtualmachinename.

StatusListsthestatus(deployedorundeployed)ofthevirtualmachine.

NICListsanumberforeachNICinthevirtualmachine.Anasterisk(*)indicatesavirtualmachines
primaryNIC.

NetworkListsthenetworktowhicheachNICconnects.

IPAddressProvidestheIPaddressofeachNICinthevirtualmachine.

ExternalIPProvidestheexternalIPaddressforthevirtualmachineifitrequiresone.
TemplateIndicatesthevirtualmachinetemplatethatthevirtualmachineisbasedon.

HostIndicatestheESX/ESXihostforadeployedvirtualmachine.

Thiscolumnonlyappearsforworkspaceconfigurations.

ConnectivityIndicateswhetheradeployedvirtualmachineusesfencingorhasavirtualnetwork
connectedtophysicalnetwork.

MessagesMessagesoralertsaboutvCenteractivitythatcouldraiseerrorsinLab Manager.

View Configuration Networks


Youcanviewbasicinformationabouteachnetworkintheconfiguration.Youcaninteractwiththenetworks
andaddnetworkstotheconfiguration.

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To view details about the networks in a configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 ClicktheNetworkstab.

Foreachnetworkintheconfiguration,Lab Managerdisplaysthefollowinginformation:

ConfigurationNetworkNameDisplaysthenetworkname.
NetworkTypeIndicateswhetherthenetworkisaphysicalnetworkoravirtualnetwork.

ConnectivityIndicateswhetheraphysicalnetworkusesfencingoravirtualnetworkisconnected
tophysicalnetwork.

VLANIDDisplaysthenetworksVLANID(ifapplicable).

GatewayDisplaystheIPaddressforthenetworkgateway.

SubnetMaskDisplaysthesubnetmaskforthenetwork.

PrimaryDNSDisplaystheprimaryDNSforthenetwork.

IPAddressingModeDisplaystheIPaddressingmodesavailabletothenetwork.

IPPool(Free/Total)DisplaysthenumberofIPaddressescurrentlyavailableandthetotalnumber
ofIPaddressesinthenetworksIPpool.

View a Configuration Diagram


Youcanviewaconfigurationdisplaysavisualrepresentationofthevirtualmachinesandnetworksinthe
configuration.YoucanseewhichNICsareconnectedtowhichnetworksandinitiatevariousvirtualmachine
andnetworkoperations.

To view a configuration diagram

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 ClicktheConfigurationDiagramtab.

View Configuration History


Youcanviewchangesummariesforaconfiguration.Lab Managerrecordscertainconfigurationoperations,
suchasaddingorremovinganetworkanddeployingorundeployingtheconfiguration,aschangesummaries.
Otheroperations,suchascloning,moving,andarchiving,allowyoutoinputchangesummarytext.Change
summariescanbehelpfulfortrackingandauditingpurposes.

To view configuration history


MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectHistory.

Add a Note to Configuration History


Youcanaddanotetoaconfigurationtoprovideuserswithadditionalinformationortoexpanduponthe
changesummaries.

To add a note to configuration history

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.
2 ClicktheHistorytab.

3 ClickAddNote.

4 TypethenotetextandclickOK.

Lab ManagerdisplaysthenotetextintheChangeSummarycolumn.

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Modifying Configurations
Youcanchangethevirtualmachinesandnetworksinaconfiguration,modifytheproperties,orchangethe
configurationowner.Youcanalsoupgradethevirtualmachineversionofthevirtualmachines,discardsaved
stateinformation,ordeleteanentireconfiguration.Forlibraryconfigurations,youcanmodifyproperties,
changetheowner,discardstate,anddelete.

Adding a Virtual Machine to a Workspace Configuration


Youcanaddmorevirtualmachinestoaworkspaceconfigurationatanytime.Youcanaddavirtualmachine
basedonatemplateorimportavirtualmachinefromvCenter.

Formoreinformation,see:

AddaVirtualMachineBasedonaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 50

AddaVirtualMachinefromvCenteronpage 51

Whenyouaddavirtualmachinetoanexistingconfiguration,youcanprovidechangesummarytextthatwill
appearontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

Remove a Virtual Machine from a Workspace Configuration


Youcanonlyremoveundeployedvirtualmachines.

To remove a virtual machine from a workspace configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 IntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectDeletefromthe
menu.

3 ClickOKtoconfirmthedeletion.

Lab ManagerrecordstheremovalontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

Move Virtual Machines Between Workspace Configurations


Youcanmovevirtualmachinesfromoneconfigurationtoanother.Amoveoperationremovestheselected
virtualmachinesfromthesourceconfigurationandaddsthemtothedestinationconfiguration.Ifyouhave
accesstomorethanoneworkspace,youcanmovevirtualmachinesfromaconfigurationinoneworkspaceto
aconfigurationinanotherworkspace.

To move virtual machines to another configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectMove.

2 Specifythedestinationworkspace,ifapplicable.

3 Specifythedestination.

Foranewconfiguration,typeanameanddescriptionandspecifyastoragelease.Foranexisting
configuration,selecttheconfiguration.

4 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

5 Specifythevirtualmachinestomove.

Ifyoumoveallthevirtualmachinesinaconfiguration,Lab Managerdeletestheoriginalconfigurationby
default.DeselecttheDeleteEmptyConfigurationcheckboxtosavetheemptyconfiguration.

6 ClickOK.

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Combine Workspace Configurations


Youcancombineworkspaceconfigurationsbycloningsomeorallofaconfigurationsvirtualmachinesto
anotherconfiguration.Ifyouhaveaccesstomorethanoneworkspace,youcancombineconfigurationsfrom
differentworkspaces.Youcannotcombineconfigurationsfromdifferentorganizations.

Full Clones and Linked Clones


Whenyoucombineconfigurations,youcanconsolidatethesourceconfigurationsvirtualmachinesduringthe
cloningprocesstocreatefullclonesofthevirtualmachines.Typically,youshouldnotcreatefullclones,unless
youplantodismantlethestorageandmovetheconfigurationtoadifferentserver,oryouneedtomaximize
theperformanceofspecificvirtualmachines(forexample,forcertainproductionlevelvirtualmachines).

Afullcloneoperationcopiesallofavirtualmachinesdeltadisksanditsbasediskandconsolidatestheminto
anewbasedisk.Theoriginalbasediskremainsunchanged.Afullcloneoperationtakeslongerthana
linkedcloneoperation.Youcannotmakeafullcloneofadeployedconfiguration.

Alinkedcloneoperationcreatesadeltadiskinsteadofcopyinganentirevirtualharddisk.Thisoperation
addressesvirtualmachineproliferationbyusingreferentialprovisioning,aprocessthatinvolvesstoringnew
changesbutrefersbacktoachainofdeltadisks.Foreachclone,Lab Managerfreezestheoriginaldeltadisk
andcreatesanewone.

Whenyoucreateaclone,Lab Managerassignsthesamenetworkparameterstotheclonedvirtualmachines.
Ifyoudeploytheoriginalandclonedconfigurationsatthesametime,duplicateIPaddresserrorsoccurunless
youdeployoneoftheconfigurationsinfencedmode.

To combine workspace configurations

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectClone.

2 Specifythedestinationworkspace,ifapplicable.

3 SelectExistingConfigurationandselectadestinationconfiguration.

4 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearontheHistorytabofthesourceanddestination
configurations.

5 Specifythetypeofclone.

Iftheconfigurationisdeployed,youcanonlycreatelinkedclones.
6 Specifythevirtualmachinestoclone.

Ifyouarecreatingfullclones,selectadatastore.

7 ClickOK.

Add a Network to a Workspace Configuration


Virtualmachinesinaconfigurationcanconnecttoanynetworkintheconfiguration.Ifyouwanttoconnecta
virtualmachineNICtoadifferentnetwork,youmustfirstaddthenetworktotheconfiguration.

Aconfigurationcanincludeanetworktowhichnovirtualmachinesconnect.

To add a network to a configuration


1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 ClicktheNetworkstab.

Thepagedisplaysthenetworkscurrentlyavailabletovirtualmachinesintheconfiguration.

3 ClickAddNetwork.

4 Selectanetwork.

Thelistofnetworksincludestheavailablephysicalnetworksandvirtualnetworks.

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5 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

6 ClickOK.

Youcaneditthepropertiesofavirtualmachineintheconfigurationtousethenewnetwork.SeeModifying
VirtualMachineNetworkInterfacesonpage 83formoreinformation.

Remove a Network from a Workspace Configuration


Youcanremoveanetworkfromanundeployedconfigurationtopreventvirtualmachinesintheconfiguration
fromusingthenetwork.Youcanonlyremoveanetworkthatisnotusedbyanyofthevirtualmachinesinthe
configuration.

To remove a network from a configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 ClicktheNetworkstab.

Thepagedisplaysthenetworkscurrentlyavailabletovirtualmachinesintheconfiguration.

3 MovethepointeroveraconfigurationnetworknameandselectRemove.

4 ClickOKtoconfirm.

Ifnoneofthevirtualmachinesintheconfigurationconnecttothenetwork,thenetworkisremovedfromthe
configuration.Ifthenetworkisbeingusedbyanyvirtualmachines,Lab Managerdisplaysanerrormessage
statingthatthenetworkisinuse.YoucanreassigntheNICsofvirtualmachinestouseadifferentnetworkand
tryagain,orusetheForceRemovecommandtoremovethenetworkanddisconnectthevirtualmachineNICs
thatusedthenetwork.

Replace a Workspace Configuration Network


Youcanchangethenetworktowhichaconfigurationsvirtualmachinesareconnected.Forexample,ifyou
moveorcloneaconfigurationfromadevelopmentworkspacetoaproductionworkspace,youcouldreplace
avirtualnetwork(usedbythevirtualmachinesinthedevelopmentworkspace)withthephysicalproduction
network.

To replace a configuration network

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 ClicktheNetworkstab.

3 MovethepointeroveraconfigurationnetworknameandselectReplace.

4 Selectacompatiblereplacementnetworkorcreateanewvirtualnetworkbasedonthecurrentnetwork.

Ifyouhavethenecessaryrights,youcanalsocreateanetworktemplateusingthespecificationsofthenew
virtualnetwork.

5 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

6 ClickOK.

Modify Configuration Properties


Youcanmodifyconfigurationpropertiesintheworkspaceorlibrary.

Youcanalsochangeaconfigurationsowner.SeeChangeOwnershipofaConfigurationonpage 69formore
information.

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To edit configuration properties

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectProperties.

2 Editanyofthefollowingproperties:

Nameoftheconfiguration.

Descriptionoftheconfiguration.
WhetheracapturedlibraryconfigurationislabeledasaGoldMaster.

Deploymentleaseforworkspaceconfigurations.

Storagelease.

Fencingpolicy.

Description,bootsequence,andbootdelayforindividualvirtualmachinesintheconfiguration.
For workspaceconfigurations,youcanalsochangethenamesofindividualvirtualmachines.

3 ClickOK.

Change Ownership of a Configuration


Theownerofaconfigurationistheuserwhocreated,captured,orarchivedit.Ifyouhavesufficientrights,you
canchangetheowner.

To change ownership of a configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectProperties.

2 ClickChangeOwner.

3 SelectanorganizationanduserandclickOK.

Ifyouassignanownerinanorganizationotherthantheoneinwhichtheconfigurationwascreated,make
surethattheneworganizationhastheresourcesrequiredtodeploytheconfiguration.

4 ClickOK.

Lab Managerreassignstheconfigurationtothenewownerintheprimaryworkspaceoftheselected
organization.

Upgrade Virtual Hardware in a Configuration


Lab Managerconfigurationscanincludeversion4andversion7virtualmachines.Ifaconfigurationincludes
version4virtualmachines,youcanupgradethesevirtualmachinestoversion7.Version4virtualmachines
canrunonhostswithESX3.5andabove,whileversion7virtualmachinesrequirehostswithESX4.0and
above.

Beforeyoucanupgradeavirtualmachinetoversion7,youmustinstallthelatestversionofVMwareTools.
SeeInstallVMwareToolsonpage 78formoreinformation.

Whenyouupgradevirtualhardware,Lab Managerdiscardsstateinformationanddeletesanysnapshots
associatedwiththevirtualmachines.

Toupgradeconfigurationvirtualhardware,youmustfirstundeploytheconfiguration.

To upgrade configuration virtual hardware

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectUpgradeVirtualHardware.

2 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeploystheconfiguration,upgradesthevirtualhardware,andundeploystheconfiguration.

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Discard State for a Configuration


WhenyousavethestateofaconfigurationbyeitherusingtheUndeploySaveStateoptionorsuspendingthe
virtualmachinesintheconfiguration,Lab Managersavesinformationabouttheprocessortypeofthehoston
whichthevirtualmachinesweredeployed.Whenyouredeployaconfigurationwithsavedstate,Lab Manager
requiresanavailablehostwithacompatibleprocessortype.Ifprocessorincompatibilityissuespreventyou
fromdeployingaconfiguration,youcandiscardthesavedstate.

ThisrequirementespeciallyaffectsconfigurationsthatusefencingoravirtualnetworkwithoutHost
Spanning,sincetheserequirethatallthevirtualmachinesintheconfigurationgetdeployedtothesamehost.
YoucanenableHostSpanningfortheseconfigurationstoallowthevirtualmachinestodeploytodifferent
hosts.

Youcanalsodiscardstatetofreeupstoragespace.

Youcanonlydiscardstateforundeployedconfigurationsthatincludeatleastonevirtualmachinewithsaved
state.IfyouaddaworkspaceconfigurationwithsavedstatetotheLibrary,thelibraryconfigurationincludes
thesavedstate.

To discard state for a configuration


1 MovethepointerovertheundeployedconfigurationnameandselectDiscardState.

2 ClickOK.

Delete a Configuration
Youcandeleteaworkspaceorlibraryconfigurationifyounolongerneeditortofreeupdiskspaceona
datastore.

Youmustundeployaconfigurationbeforeyoucandeleteit.

To delete a configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectDelete.

2 ClickOKtoconfirmthedeletion.

Using LiveLink
ALiveLinkistheHTTPSURLofalibraryconfiguration.YoucancreateaLiveLinkandemailitsURLto
anotherLab Manageruser,whocanclickittodeployacopyoftheconfigurationexactlyasitwaswhenitwas
savedtothelibrary.
Forexample,ifyouaretestingsoftwareinaworkspaceconfigurationandencounterabug,youcancapture
theconfigurationtothelibraryandthencreateaLiveLinktothatconfiguration.

Create a LiveLink
YoucanonlycreateLiveLinksforsharedlibraryconfigurations.SeeShareaConfigurationonpage 55for
moreinformation.

NOTEYoucannotcreateaLiveLinkofaconfigurationthatincludesanyvirtualmachinesusingDHCP.

To create a LiveLink to a configuration

1 OntheLibrarypage,movethepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectLiveLink.

Lab ManagerdisplaystheLiveLinkURLforthelibraryconfiguration.

2 ClickCopyURLtocopytheURLtoyourWindowsclipboard.
IfyouareusingtheMozillaFirefoxbrowser,theCopyURLbuttonmightnotappear.Inthiscase,copy
theURLmanually.

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3 (Optional)TypeanotetotheuserdeployingtheconfigurationintheAttachacommentfield.

4 ClickOK.

YoucannowemailtheLiveLinkURL.

Deploy a LiveLink
IfyoureceiveaLiveLinkURL,youcandeployacopyoftheoriginalconfigurationtoviewit.

To deploy a LiveLink

1 OpenaLiveLinkURLinabrowser.

IfyouarenotloggedintotheLab ManagerWebconsole,theloginpageappears.Typeyourusername
andpassword.

2 IntheRestorevCenterLab ManagerLiveLinkpage,selectaworkspace.

3 ClickDeploytodeploytheconfigurationintheworkspace.

TheconfigurationusesitslibraryconfigurationnamewithLiveLinkprefixedtoit.Forexample,Oracle
LinuxBobbecomesLiveLinkOracleLinuxBob(n),wherenindicatesthenumberoftimesthe
LiveLinkhasbeendeployed.

Exporting Configurations
YoucanexportanundeployedworkspaceorlibraryconfigurationandallitsvirtualmachinefilestovCenter
ortoanSMBshare.Whenyouexportaconfiguration,Lab Managercopiesallofitsvirtualmachinestothe
destinationasfullclones.Theoriginalconfigurationandallofitsvirtualmachinesremainavailablein
Lab Manager.

Exportedconfigurationsmightrequireasignificantamountofdiskspaceonthedestinationdependingonthe
sizeoftheirconsolidatedvirtualdisks.

Export a Configuration to vCenter


YoucanexportaconfigurationtovCenterifyouwanttoaccesscopiesofitsvirtualmachinesthatarenotunder
Lab Managercontrol.YoucannotimportconfigurationsfromvCenter,althoughyoucanimportvirtual
machines.

To export a configuration to vCenter

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectExport.

2 SelectvCenter.

3 Typeanexportname.

Duringtheexportoperation,vCentercopiestheconfigurationvirtualmachinestoafolderwiththename
youspecifyhere.

4 Selectadatastore.

5 ClickOK.

Lab ManagercreatesconsolidatedcopiesoftheconfigurationvirtualmachinesandregisterstheminvCenter.

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Export a Configuration to an SMB Share


YoucanexportaconfigurationtoanSMBshareifyouwanttobeabletoimportaconfigurationbackinto
Lab Manageratalatertime,orifyouwanttoimportitintoaseparateLab Managerinstallation.

Thisoperationrequiresthatyouhaveasharedfolderwithfullcontrolpermissionsattheshareandfilesystem
level.Inaddition,thisoperationrequiresthatthedatastoreonwhichtheconfigurationvirtualmachinesreside
beconnectedtoanESXhostwithanopenSMBport.AlthoughLab Manageropenstheportduring
installation,makesurethattheportwasnotclosedaftertheinstall.Tochecktheportstatus,run
esxcfg-firewall -q smbClientoneachhost.Ifthedatastoreonwhichtheconfigurationresidesisonly
connectedtoESXihosts,youcannotexporttoanSMBshare.

To export a configuration to an SMB share

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectExport.

2 SelectSMBFileServer.

3 TypetheUNCpathofthedirectory(relativetotheLab Managerserversystem)whereyouwantyour
configurationfilesstored.

UseEnglishcharactersfortheUNCpath.Asamplepathis\\10.6.1.246\VMwareLM\ExportConfigs.

4 Typetheusernameandpasswordfortheexportdirectory,ifnecessary.
5 ClickOK.

Lab Managercreatesconsolidatedcopiesoftheconfigurationvirtualmachinesonthedestination.

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8

Working with Virtual Machines 8


Lab Managerconfigurationsconsistofvirtualmachines.Ahostservercanrunmultiplevirtualmachines
concurrentlyandisolateeachvirtualmachineinaselfcontainedenvironment.

Virtualmachineshaveaguestoperatingsystemonwhichyoucaninstallandrunanysoftwaresupportedby
thatoperatingsystem.
Thischapterdiscusseshowtoaccessandinteractwithindividualvirtualmachinesandvirtualmachine
consoles.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

DeployingandUndeployingVirtualMachinesonpage 73
AccessingVirtualMachineConsolesonpage 75
StoppingandStartingVirtualMachinesonpage 76
WorkingwithVirtualMachineSnapshotsonpage 77
ManagingVirtualMachinesonpage 78
WorkingwithBEALiquidVMsonpage 87

Deploying and Undeploying Virtual Machines


DeployingavirtualmachineregistersitwithvCenterandprovidesaccesstoLab Manageroperationsatthe
virtualmachineconsolelevel.UndeployingavirtualmachineunregistersitfromvCenter.

Deploy a Virtual Machine


Whenyoudeployavirtualmachinefromaconfiguration,Lab Managerdeploysallphysicalandvirtual
networksassociatedwiththeconfigurationusingthenetworkconnectivityoptionsthatyouselect,regardless
ofwhetherthedeployedvirtualmachineisconnectedtothem.Theseconnectivitysettingsremainineffect
whenyoudeployothervirtualmachinesintheconfiguration.Tomodifythesettings,youmustundeployand
redeploythevirtualmachines.

Whenyouadeployavirtualmachinefromaconfigurationthatusesfencingorthathasavirtualnetwork
connectedtoaphysicalnetwork,theLab ManagerserverrequiresIPconnectivitytothephysicalnetworkon
whichthevirtualmachineisstored.

To deploy a virtual machine

1 MovethepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroveravirtualmachinenameandselectDeploy.

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3 SelecttheFenceVirtualMachinescheckboxtodeploythevirtualmachineinfencedmodeandselecta
connectivitymode:

AllowInandOutVirtualmachinescancommunicatewithmachinesoutsidethefence,and
machinesoutsidethefencecancommunicatewithvirtualmachinesinsidethefencedconfiguration.

AllowOutVirtualmachinesinafencedconfigurationcaninitiatecommunicationwithmachines
outsidethefenceandcanreceivemessagesbackonthesameconnection.Machinesoutsidethefence
cannotinitiatecommunicationwithvirtualmachinesinsidethefencedconfiguration.

BlockInandOutNetworktrafficdoesnottravelacrossthefence.Virtualmachinesinafenced
configurationcannotcommunicatewithmachinesoutsidethefence,andmachinesoutsidethefence
cannotcommunicatewithvirtualmachinesinthefencedconfiguration.

ThecheckboxisonlyavailableifthevirtualmachinehasaNICconnectedtoaphysicalnetworkthat
allowsfencing.

FencingisolatesthevirtualmachinefromothermachinesonthenetworkandpreventsIPandMAC
addressconflictsthatcouldexistifmultiplecopiesofthesamemachinearedeployedatthesametime.

4 SelecttheConnectVirtualNetworkstoPhysicalNetworkscheckboxtoconnectvirtualnetworksto
physicalnetworks.

ThisoptionisonlyavailableifthevirtualmachinehasaNICconnectedtoavirtualnetwork.

a Selectaphysicalnetwork.
b Selectaconnectivitymode.

AllowInandOutVirtualmachinescancommunicatewithmachinesontheselectedphysical
network,andmachinesontheselectedphysicalnetworkcancommunicatewithvirtual
machinesinsidetheconfiguration.

AllowOutVirtualmachinesintheconfigurationcaninitiatecommunicationwithmachines
ontheselectedphysicalnetworkandcanreceivemessagesbackonthesameconnection.
Machinesontheselectedphysicalnetworkcannotinitiatecommunicationwithvirtualmachines
insidetheconfiguration.

5 SpecifytheHostSpanningsetting.

ThisoptionisonlyavailableifHostSpanningisenabledandtheconfigurationusesfencingoravirtual
network.

6 Tobootthevirtualmachineinthesequencespecifiedduringtheconfigurationcreation,selectthe
Use ServerBootSequencecheckbox.
7 TopreventLab Managerfrompoweringonavirtualmachineimmediatelyafterdeployment,deselectthe
PowerOnMachinesAfterDeploymentcheckbox.

Usethisoptionwhenyouneedtomanuallybringupavirtualmachine.Forexample,youmightneedto
ensureadatabase,application,andWebserverareworkingindividuallyratherthanallatonce.

8 Torecustomizethevirtualmachine,selecttheForceRecustomizationcheckbox.

Ifcustomizationfailedinapreviousdeployoperation,orifyouchangedthenetworksettingsforavirtual
machineintheguestoperatingsystem,youmighthavetoforcerecustomization.SeeCustomizingthe
GuestOperatingSystemonpage 40.

9 SpecifyaresourcepoolonwhichtodeploytheconfigurationorselectAnyAvailable.

10 Specifyatimetoundeploytheconfiguration.

11 (Optional)TypechangesummarytextthatwillappearontheconfigurationsHistorytab.

12 ClickOK.

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Chapter 8 Working with Virtual Machines

Undeploy a Virtual Machine


Whenyouundeployavirtualmachine,youcansaveordiscarditsstate.Savingthememorystateofvirtual
machineshelpsyoutodebugmemoryspecificissuesandmakesvirtualmachinesreadyfordeploymentand
usealmostinstantly.

To undeploy a virtual machine

1 MovethepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthemachinenameandselectUndeploySaveState
orUndeployDiscardState.

Ifthevirtualmachineispoweredoff,youcanonlyselectUndeploybecausenostateinformationisavailable
tosaveordiscard.

IfanESX/ESXihostgoesofflineorsomeonemanuallyremovesavirtualmachinefromthevCenterinventory,
thestandardundeployoperationdoesnotwork.Movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselect
ForceUndeploy.

Accessing Virtual Machine Consoles


Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,youcanviewinformationaboutavirtualmachine,workwiththe
guestoperatingsystem,andperformoperationsthataffecttheguestoperatingsystem.Foraconfiguration
thatincludesmultiplevirtualmachines,youcanviewavirtualmachinesconsolepageorviewapagethat
displaystheconsolesofallthevirtualmachines.

View a Virtual Machine Console


Youcanviewthevirtualmachineconsoleforadeployedvirtualmachineorvirtualmachinetemplatefroma
workspaceorfromtheVMTemplatespages.Thevirtualmachineconsoleprovidesaccesstotheguest
operatingsystemthatisrunningonavirtualmachineandtooperationsthataffecttheguestoperatingsystem.

Toviewavirtualmachineconsole,youmustinstalleithertheActiveXcontrol(forInternetExplorer)orthe
VMware Remote MKS Plugin(forFirefox).IftheActiveXcontrolorVMwareRemoteMKSPluginisnot
installed,youarepromptedtoinstallitthefirsttimethatyoutrytoviewavirtualmachineconsole.

To view a virtual machine console in a configuration

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectViewConsoleorPopOutConsole.
Thevirtualmachineconsolepagedisplaystheinternalandexternal(ifapplicable)IPaddressesofavirtual
machine.Ifthevirtualmachinehasarevertpoint,Lab Managerdisplaysathumbnailiconofthesnapshot.

Foraconfigurationthatincludesmultiplevirtualmachines,theConfigurationdropdownmenuprovides
accesstoothervirtualmachinesinthesameconfiguration.

To view the virtual machine console of a virtual machine template


1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthenameofadeployedvirtualmachinetemplateandselectViewConsoleorPop
OutConsole.

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View All Virtual Machine Consoles


Youcanviewthevirtualmachineconsolesforallvirtualmachinesinaconfiguration.Theconsolespage
providesaccesstotheguestoperatingsystemsthatarerunningonthevirtualmachinesandtooperationsthat
affecttheguestoperatingsystems.

Toviewvirtualmachineconsoles,youmustinstalleithertheActiveXcontrol(forInternetExplorer)orthe
VMware Remote MKS Plugin(forFirefox).IftheActiveXcontrolorVMwareRemoteMKSPluginisnot
installed,youarepromptedtoinstallitthefirsttimethatyoutrytoviewallvirtualmachineconsoles.

To view all virtual machine consoles in a configuration

MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectShowConsoles.

Lab Managerdisplaystheconsolesforallthevirtualmachinesintheconfiguration.

Stopping and Starting Virtual Machines


Youcanstopavirtualmachinefromrunningbyusingthesuspend,poweroff,orshutdownoperations.
Undeployingavirtualmachinealsostopsitfromrunning.

Suspend a Virtual Machine


SuspendingadeployedvirtualmachinefreezesitsCPU.Suspendamachinewhenyouneedtostepawayfrom
avirtualmachinebutyoudonotwanttoloseitscurrentstate.

ThevirtualmachineremainsregisteredwithvCenter.

To suspend a virtual machine

Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectSuspend.

Resume a Virtual Machine


UsetheResumeoperationtoreverseasuspendedstate.

To resume operation of a suspended virtual machine

Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectResume.

Power Off a Virtual Machine


Poweringoffavirtualmachineistheequivalentofpoweringoffaphysicalmachine.

To power off a virtual machine


Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectPowerOff.

Power On a Virtual Machine


Poweringonavirtualmachineistheequivalentofpoweringonaphysicalmachine.

To power on a virtual machine

Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectPowerOn.

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Reset a Virtual Machine


Resettingavirtualmachinerestartsitandclearsthemachinestate.Thisoperationdoesnotshutdownthe
guestoperatingsystem.

Ifabootimageisnotavailableinperipheralstorage,thevirtualmachinebootsoffthevirtualharddisk.

To reset a virtual machine

1 Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectReset.

2 Confirmtheresetoperation.

Shut Down a Virtual Machine


Usethevirtualmachineconsoletoshutdowntheguestoperatingsystem.Thisproducesthesameresultsas
shuttingdowntheoperatingsystemfromwithintheguest.

ThisoperationisonlyavailableifVMwareToolsisinstalledandthevirtualmachineisbooted.Ifyoucannot
seethisoperationaftermeetingtheseconditions,refreshthepage.

Iftheshutdownoperationisstillnotavailable,installthelatestversionofVMwareTools.SeeInstallVMware
Toolsonpage 78formoreinformation.

To shut down a virtual machine

Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselect
Shut Down.

Working with Virtual Machine Snapshots


Asnapshot,alsoknownasarevertpoint,capturesthestateofavirtualmachineataspecificpointintime.
You canrevertthevirtualmachinetothatsnapshotatalatertime.Lab Managerstoresthesnapshot
persistentlywiththevirtualmachine.Ifyouundeployavirtualmachineanddeployit,thesnapshotremains.

Take a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine


Whenyoutakeavirtualmachinesnapshot,Lab Managercapturesthestateofthevirtualmachine.Youcan
revertthevirtualmachinetothatsnapshotatalatertime.Youcanonlytakeasnapshotofadeployedvirtual
machine.

Onlyonesnapshotofavirtualmachinecanexistatatime.Takinganewsnapshotreplacesthepreviousone.

To take a virtual machine snapshot

Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectSnapshot.

Lab Managerpowersoffthevirtualmachineforashorttimeandthendisplaystheconsole.Athumbnailicon
ofthesnapshotappearsontheconsolepage.

Revert to a Virtual Machine Snapshot


Whenyourevertavirtualmachinetoasnapshot,thevirtualmachinelosesitscurrentstate.Ifyoureverttoa
virtualmachinesnapshot,Lab Managerretainsthesnapshotsothatyoucanreverttoitagainlater.

To revert to a snapshot

1 Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselect
Revert.

2 ClickOKtoreverttothelastsnapshotofthemachineandlosethecurrentstateofthemachine.

Lab Managerturnsoffthevirtualmachineforashorttimeandthendisplaystheconsole.

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Delete a Virtual Machine Snapshot


Virtualmachinesnapshotstakeupspaceondatastores.Youcanfreeupspacebydeletingsnapshots.

To delete a snapshot

1 Fromthevirtualmachineconsolewindow,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselect
DeleteRevertPoint.

2 ClickOKtoconfirm.

Lab Managerdeletesthesnapshotandremovesitsthumbnailiconfromtheconsolepage.

Managing Virtual Machines


Managingvirtualmachinesinvolvesanumberoftasks,includinginstallingVMwareTools,accessingmedia
files,modifyingvirtualmachineproperties,andconsolidatingvirtualmachines.

Install VMware Tools


Lab ManagerusesVMware Toolstocustomizetheguestoperatingsystem.VMware Toolsalsoallowsyouto
movethepointerintoandoutofthevirtualmachineconsolewindow.WithoutVMware Tools,youcanlose
thepointerwhennavigatinginandoutoftheconsolewindow.

InstallingVMware Toolstakesseveralminutesandrequiresyoutorestartthevirtualmachine.

Formoreinformationabouttheinstallation,seevSpheredocumentation.

To install VMware Tools

1 Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,clickintheconsoletoworkwiththeguestoperatingsystem.
2 Logintotheguestoperatingsysteminsidethevirtualmachineconsole.

3 ClickInstallVMware Tools.

Therestoftheproceduredependsontheguestoperatingsystem.Formoreinformation,see:

InstallVMwareToolsinaWindowsGuestonpage 36

InstallVMwareToolsonaLinuxGuestWithinXwiththeRPMInstalleronpage 37

InstallVMwareToolsonaLinuxGuestwiththeTarInstallerorRPMInstalleronpage 37
InstallVMwareToolsonaSolarisGuestonpage 39

Insert and Swap a CD


Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,youcanaccessCDimagesfromtheLab Managermedialibrarytouse
inavirtualmachineguestoperatingsystem.InsertaCDtoinstalloperatingsystems,applications,drivers,and
sooninvirtualmachineguestoperatingsystems.

To insert a CD into a virtual machine

1 Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselect
Insert CD.

2 SelectanISOfilefromtheLab ManagermedialibraryandclickOK.

AfterinsertingaCDtoavirtualmachine,youcanejecttheCDandinsertanotherwiththeSwapCD
command.

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To swap CDs in a virtual machine

1 Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselect
Swap CD.

2 SelectanISOfilefromtheLab ManagermedialibraryandclickOK.

Eject a CD
AfterinsertingaCDtoavirtualmachine,youcanejecttheCD.

To eject a CD from a virtual machine

Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectEjectCD.

Insert and Swap a Floppy Disk


Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,youcanaccessfloppydiskimagesfromtheLab Managermedia
librarytouseinavirtualmachineguestoperatingsystem.Insertafloppydisktoinstalloperatingsystems,
applications,drivers,andsooninavirtualmachineguestoperatingsystem.

To insert a floppy disk into a virtual machine

1 Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselect
Insert Floppy.

2 SelectafloppyfilefromthemedialibraryandclickOK.

Afterinsertingafloppydisktoavirtualmachine,youcanejectthefloppydiskandinsertanotherwiththe
SwapFloppycommand.

To swap floppy disks in a virtual machine

1 Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectSwap
Floppy.

2 SelectafloppyfilefromthemedialibraryandclickOK.

Eject a Floppy Disk


Afteryoufinishusingafloppydiskyoucanejectit.

To eject a floppy disk from a virtual machine

Fromthevirtualmachineconsolepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselect
Eject Floppy.

Create a Remote Desktop Connection File


YoucancreateaRemoteDesktopConnectionfiletoconnecttoavirtualmachinefromyourdesktop.
The virtualmachinemustberunningaWindowsguestoperatingsystemandhavecustomizationenabled.

BeforeyoucreateaRemoteDesktopConnectionfile,enableRemoteDesktopinthevirtualmachineguest
operatingsystem.

To create a Remote Desktop Connection file

Onthevirtualmachineconsolepage,clickRemoteDesktopandsavetheRemoteDesktopConnectionfile.

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Connect Remotely to a Virtual Machine


AfteryoucreateaRemoteDesktopConnectionfileforavirtualmachine,youcanuseittoaccessthevirtual
machinefromoutsideLab Manager.Thevirtualmachinemustbedeployedandpoweredonandyoumust
havenetworkaccessandaccesspermissiontothevirtualmachine.

To access a virtual machine using Remote Desktop

1 DoubleclicktheRemoteDesktopconnectionfile.

2 TypetheusernameandpasswordfortheguestoperatingsystemandclickOK.

Modify Virtual Machine Properties


Forvirtualmachinesinworkspaceconfigurations,youcanmodifymanyofthevirtualmachineproperties.
However,ifthevirtualmachineisdeployed,thenumberofpropertiesyoucanmodifyislimited.Forvirtual
machinesinlibraryconfigurations,youcanonlymodifythestoragelease.Virtualmachineproperties
originatefromthevirtualmachinetemplateonwhichthemachineisbased.

Tomodifyotherproperties,seeModifyingVirtualMachineHardDisksonpage 82,ModifyingVirtual
MachineNetworkInterfacesonpage 83,EnableMemoryHotAddonpage 85,andEnableVirtualCPU
HotAddonpage 86.

To modify virtual machine properties

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 Changeanyofthefollowingproperties.

NameCanonlycontainalphanumericcharacters(az,AZ,09),hyphens,underscores,orperiods.
Maximumlengthis20characters.

Description(Optional)Maximumnumberofcharactersis128.

GuestOSIfyouselecta64bitguestoperatingsystem,thedatastoremustbeconnectedtoan
ESX/ESXihostthatprovidestherequired64bitprocessorforthatguestOS.Youcanproceedwithout
fulfillingthisrequirement,butyoucannotdeploythevirtualmachineuntilyouattachahostwiththe
correctprocessor.Ifyouhavesomebutnotall64bithosts,Lab Managerlimitsthenumberofhosts
onwhichthevirtualmachinecanbedeployed.

Forinformationonenablingahosttoprovide64bitsupport,seethevSpheredocumentation.

32bitVirtualCPUBydefault,thevirtualCPUtypeassumesthephysicalhostCPUtype.

SelectthischeckboxtooverridethedefaultbehaviorandensurethatthevirtualCPUtypeis32bit.
Forexample,youmighthave64bitESX/ESXihoststhatdonothavetherequiredsoftware(kernelor
drivers)foraSolarisguestoperatingsystem.Anotherexampleinvolvesamixed(32bitand64bit)
ESX/ESXihostenvironmentwhereyouneedtocompleteatestingprocessspecificallyona32bit
guestoperatingsystem,andtheoperatingsystemaccommodatesboth32bitand64bitCPU
architecture.

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CPUinformation:

NumberofVirtualCPUsMaximumnumberofprocessorsisfourforversion4virtual
machinesandeightforversion7virtualmachines.IfvirtualCPUhotaddissupportedand
enabled,youcanaddvirtualCPUstoadeployedandpoweredonvirtualmachine.

ThedatastoreforavirtualmachinemustbeconnectedtoahostthatprovidestherequiredSMP
technologyfortheguestoperatingsystem.IfyouselectaCPUnumbernotcurrentlycompatible
withtheCPUofthehost,youcannotdeploythevirtualmachineuntilyouattachahostwiththe
appropriateSMPsupport.IfyouhavesomebutnotallhoststhatprovidetherequiredSMP
technology,Lab Managerlimitsthenumberofhostsonwhichthevirtualmachinecanbe
deployed.

CPUReservation(Mhz)MinimumamountofCPUsetasideforthevirtualmachine.

CPUPriorityPriorityforsharesofCPU.

CPUSharesRelativeamountofCPUforavirtualmachinecomparedtoothervirtualmachines
inthesameconfiguration.

CPULimit(Mhz)MaximumamountofCPUavailableforthevirtualmachine.

SeethevSpheredocumentationfordetailsonCPUpriorities,shares,reservations,andlimits.

Memoryinformation:

Memory(MB)AmountofRAMallocatedforrunningthevirtualmachine.Ifmemoryhotadd
issupportedandenabled,youcanaddmemorytoadeployedandpoweredonvirtualmachine.

MemoryReservation(MB)Minimumamountofmemorysetasideforthevirtualmachine.

MemoryPriorityPriorityforsharesofmemory.

MemorySharesRelativeamountofmemoryforavirtualmachinecomparedtoothervirtual
machinesinthesameconfiguration.

MemoryLimit(MB)Maximumamountofmemoryavailableforthevirtualmachine.

SeethevSpheredocumentationfordetailsonmemorypriorities,shares,reservations,andlimits.

UseTimeSynchronizationEnablestimesynchronizationbetweentheguest(virtualmachine)and
ESX/ESXihostoperatingsystems.YoumustinstallVMwareToolstousethisoption.

PerformCustomizationSpecifieswhetherguestcustomizationisenabled.
BootSequenceInteger(0n)indicatingthebootsequenceforthevirtualmachine.Youdonotneed
tousesequentialnumbers.Lab Managercandeterminetherelativeorder.

BootDelayDelayinsecondsbetweenthebootupprocessofthismachineandthenextmachine.

SIDmechanismSpecifiesthemechanismLab ManagerusestochangetheSID.Youcanswitchthe
defaulttoolLab ManagerusestochangetheSID,orselectNone.

TouseMicrosoftSysprep,youmustfirstcreateaMicrosoftSyspreppackageforguestcustomization.
SeeBuildaMicrosoftSysprepPackageonpage 41.

DeploymentLeaseorStorageLeaseDependingonwhetherthevirtualmachineisdeployedornot,
thisoptionallowsyoutoupdateatimetoundeploythevirtualmachineordeletethevirtualmachine
(ormarkitfordeletion).

SystemMessagesMessagesoralertsaboutvCenteractivitythatcouldraiseerrorsinLab Manager.
ClickClearAlltoremovesystemmessages.

4 ClickUpdate.

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Modifying Virtual Machine Hard Disks


Forvirtualmachinesinworkspaceconfigurations,youcanaddharddisks,editharddisks,anddeletehard
disks.Thetypeofdiskssupporteddependsonthevirtualmachineversion.
Table 8-1. Virtual Machine Versions and Supported Disk Types
Virtual Machine BusLogic LSI Logic
Version Parallel (SCSI) Parallel (SCSI) IDE LSI Logic SAS (SCSI) Paravirtual (SCSI)

Version4 X X

Version7 X X X X X

Add a Virtual Machine Hard Disk


Youcanaddoneormorevirtualharddisks(.vhdfiles)toanundeployedvirtualmachine.

To add a virtual hard disk

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheHardDiskssection,clickAddHardDisk.

4 Typethedisksize(GB).

5 Selectthediskbustype.

6 Selectabusnumber.

7 SelectabusIDandclickOK.

8 ClickUpdate.

Youcannowdeploythevirtualmachineandusetheguestoperatingsystemtoolstopartitionandformatthe
newdisk.IfyouaddaSCSIharddisktoavirtualmachine,theguestoperatingsystemmightgenerateanerror
messageaboutmissingdriversthenexttimethatyoupoweronthevirtualmachine.Ifthiserroroccurs,
downloadandinstalltheappropriatedriver,andcontactVMwareforfurthersupport.

Edit a Virtual Machine Hard Disk


YoucanupdatethebusnumberandbusIDofavirtualmachineharddisk.

To edit a virtual machine hard disk

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheHardDiskssection,clickEdit.

4 ModifythebusnumberandbusIDandclickOK.

5 ClickUpdate.

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Delete a Virtual Machine Hard Disk


Youcandeleteavirtualmachineharddisk.

To delete a virtual machine hard disk

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheHardDiskssection,clickDelete.

4 ClickOKandOK.

5 ClickUpdate.

Modifying Virtual Machine Network Interfaces


Forvirtualmachinesinworkspaceconfigurations,youcanmodifynetworksettings,resetaMACaddress,add
anetworkinterface,anddeleteanetworkinterface.Virtualmachineversion4supportsuptofourNICs,and
virtualmachineversion7supportsuptotenNICs.

Edit Network Interface Settings


YoucandisconnectavirtualmachineNIC,changethenetworktowhichaNICconnects,specifyaprimary
NIC,andchangetheIPaddressingmodeforaNIC.

To edit network interface settings

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheNetworkInterfacessection,changeanyofthefollowingsettings:

DeselecttheConnectedcheckboxtodisconnectavirtualNIC.

SelectanetworkfromtheNetworkdropdownmenu.

Theavailableoptionsarebasedonthenetworksinthevirtualmachinetemplate.Ifyouhaveaccess
toothernetworksinLab Manager,youcanaddthemtotheconfigurationandtheywillappearhere.
SeeAddaNetworktoaWorkspaceConfigurationonpage 67.

SpecifyaprimaryNIC.

TheprimaryNICsettingdeterminesthedefaultandonlygatewayforthevirtualmachine.
The virtualmachinecanuseanyNICtoconnecttoothermachinesthataredirectlyconnectedtothe
samenetworkastheNIC,butitcanonlyusetheprimaryNICtoconnecttomachinesonnetworks
thatrequireagatewayconnection.

ConsiderthisbehaviorwhenselectingaprimaryNIC,especiallyifyouplantodeployconfigurations
thatusefencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworks.

SelectanIPaddressingmodeforthenetwork.

TheavailableoptionsarebasedontheIPaddressingmodesavailabletotheselectednetwork.

StaticIPPoolpullsstaticIPaddressesfromtheIPaddresspool.

DHCPpullsIPaddressesfromaDHCPserver.

ThisoptionavoidsthepreparationandspecificationofanIPaddressorIPrange.However,you
cannotuseLab ManagerfencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworkswithDHCP.

StaticManualallowsyoutospecifyanIPaddress.

IfyouselectedStaticManual,typeanIPaddressintheIPAddresstextbox.

4 ClickUpdate.

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Reset a Network Interface MAC Address


YoucanresetanetworkinterfaceMACaddressforanundeployedvirtualmachine.YoumightresetaMAC
addressifyouhaveaMACaddressconflictorifyouneedtodiscardsavedstatequicklyandeasily.

To reset the MAC address for a network interface

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheNetworkInterfacessection,selectResetfromtheMACAddressdropdownmenuforthenetwork
interfacethatyouwanttoupdate.

4 ClickUpdate.

Add a Network Interface


YoucanaddoneormorevirtualNICstoanundeployedvirtualmachine.Avirtualmachinecanhaveupto
fourNICs(virtualmachineversion4)ortenNICs(forvirtualmachineversion7).

To add a network interface


1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheNetworkInterfacessection,clickAddInterface.

Lab ManageraddsandconnectsanewvirtualNIC.

4 (Optional)EditthevirtualNICsettings.

a DeselecttheConnectedcheckboxtodisconnectthevirtualNIC.

b SelectanetworkfromtheNetworkdropdownmenu.

Theavailableoptionsarebasedonthenetworksinthevirtualmachinetemplate.Ifyouhaveaccess
toothernetworksinLab Manager,youcanaddthemtotheconfigurationandtheywillappearhere.
SeeAddaNetworktoaWorkspaceConfigurationonpage 67.

c SpecifyaprimaryNIC.

TheprimaryNICsettingdeterminesthedefaultandonlygatewayforthevirtualmachine.The
virtualmachinecanuseanyNICtoconnecttoothermachinesthataredirectlyconnectedtothesame
networkastheNIC,butitcanonlyusetheprimaryNICtoconnecttomachinesonnetworksthat
requireagatewayconnection.

ConsiderthisbehaviorwhenselectingaprimaryNIC,especiallyifyouplantodeployconfigurations
thatusefencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworks.

d SelectanIPaddressingmodeforthenetwork.

TheavailableoptionsarebasedontheIPaddressingmodesavailabletotheselectednetwork.

StaticIPPoolpullsstaticIPaddressesfromtheIPaddresspool.

DHCPpullsIPaddressesfromaDHCPserver.

ThisoptionavoidsthepreparationandspecificationofanIPaddressorIPrange.However,you
cannotuseLab ManagerfencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworkswithDHCP.

StaticManualallowsyoutospecifyanIPaddress.

e IfyouselectedStaticManual,typeanIPaddressintheIPAddresstextbox.

5 ClickUpdate.

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Delete a Network Interface


YoucandeletevirtualNICsfromanundeployedvirtualmachine.

To delete a network interface

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheNetworkInterfacessection,clickDelete.

4 ClickUpdate.

Upgrade Virtual Machine Version


Lab Managersupportsversion4andversion7virtualmachines.Youcanupgradeversion4virtualmachines
toversion7.Version4virtualmachinescanrunonhostswithESX3.5andlater,whileversion7virtual
machinesrequirehostswithESX4.0andlater.

Whenyouupgradevirtualhardware,Lab Managerdiscardsstateinformationanddeletesanysnapshots
associatedwiththevirtualmachine.

Beforeyoucanupgradeavirtualmachinetoversion7,youmustinstallthelatestversionofVMwareTools.
To upgradevirtualmachinevirtualhardware,youmustfirstundeploythevirtualmachine.

To upgrade virtual machine virtual hardware

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectUpgradeVirtual
Hardware.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeploysthevirtualmachine,upgradesthevirtualhardware,andundeploysthevirtualmachine.

Enable Memory Hot Add


Foraversion7virtualmachinerunningaguestOSthatsupportsit,youcanenablememoryhotadd.
This featureallowsyoutoaddmemorytoadeployedandpoweredonvirtualmachine.

SeeGuestOperatingSystemSupportonpage 161forinformationaboutwhichguestoperatingsystems
supportmemoryhotadd.

To enable memory hot add

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroveranundeployedvirtualmachinenameandselect
Properties.

3 SelectMemoryHotAdd.

4 ClickUpdate.

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Enable Virtual CPU Hot Add


Foraversion7virtualmachinerunningaGuestOSthatsupportsit,youcanenablevirtualCPUhotadd.
This allowsyoutoaddvirtualCPUstoadeployedandpoweredonvirtualmachine.

SeeGuestOperatingSystemSupportonpage 161forinformationaboutwhichguestOSessupportvirtual
CPUhotadd.

To enable virtual CPU hot add

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroveranundeployedvirtualmachinenameandselect
Properties.

3 SelectVirtualCPUHotAdd.

4 ClickUpdate.

Lab Managerupdatesthevirtualmachineproperties.

Discard State for a Virtual Machine


Whenyousavethestateofavirtualmachine,byeitherusingtheUndeploySaveStateoptionorsuspending
thevirtualmachine,Lab Managersavesinformationabouttheprocessortypeofthehostonwhichthevirtual
machinewasdeployed.Lab Managerrequiresanavailablehostwithacompatibleprocessortypetoredeploy
thevirtualmachine.Ifprocessorincompatibilityissuespreventyoufromdeployingavirtualmachine,youcan
discardstateinformationforthevirtualmachine.Youcanalsodiscardstatetofreeupstoragespace.

Youcanonlydiscardstateforundeployedvirtualmachineswithsavedstate.

To discard state for a virtual machine

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointerovertheundeployedmachinenameandselectDiscard
State.

3 ClickOKtoconfirm.

Consolidate a Virtual Machine


Eachtimeyoucreatealinkedcloneofavirtualmachine,Lab Managerfreezesthevirtualharddiskassociated
withtheoriginalvirtualmachineandcreatesdeltadiskstostorefuturechangestothecloneanditssource.
Overtime,theincreasingnumberofdeltadisksstoredacrossthedirectoriesofadatastorecanaffect
performance.YoudonotneedtoconsolidatevirtualmachinesuntilLab Managergeneratesanerror
requestingthisoperation.

NOTEYoucanalsousethisoperationtomoveavirtualmachinetoadifferentdatastore.

Consolidatingavirtualmachinecantakeanextendedperiodoftime,dependingonthedisksizeandstorage
performance.Consolidationreducesthefreespaceondatastoresbecausethevirtualmachinenolonger
benefitsfromdeltadisks.

Youcanconsolidatevirtualmachinesinbothworkspaceandlibraryconfigurations.

To consolidate a virtual machine

1 MovethepointerovertheconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 Ifthevirtualmachineisdeployed,undeployit.

3 OntheVirtualMachinestab,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectConsolidate.

4 SelectadatastorefortheconsolidatedvirtualmachineandclickOK.

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Working with BEA LiquidVMs


Lab ManagersupportsimportingBEALiquidVMsasvirtualmachinetemplatesfromvCenteroranSMBfile
server.SeeImportingVirtualMachineTemplatesonpage 32.

BeforeyoucanworkwithaLiquidVM,youmustdothefollowing:

MakesurethatthemedialibraryincludesalltheversionsoftheWLSVEISOthatyouneed.Different
versionsareavailablefordifferentversionsofLiquidVM.SeeManagingMediaStoresonpage 100.
DeploytheLiquidVM,viewtheconsole,andusetheInsertCDcommandtoinserttheWLSVEISO.
AlthoughyoucanaddmultipleNICstoaLiquidVM,Lab ManageronlyusestheprimaryNIC.

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9

Managing Resources 9
InvCenterLab Manager,resources,suchasresourcepools,hosts,datastores,andmediastores,canbe
dedicatedtooneorganizationorsharedbetweenorganizations.

Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanadd,edit,andremoveresources.Ifyouareanadministratorwith
rightsattheorganizationlevel,youcanalsoedittheresourcesinyourorganization.Ifyouarean
administratorwithrightsattheworkspacelevel,youcanedittheresourcesinyourworkspace.

SeetheVMwarevSpheredocumentationformoreinformationonresourcepools,clusters,hosts,and
datastores.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

ManagingResourcePoolsonpage 89

ManagingHostsonpage 91

ManagingDatastoresonpage 94

ManagingMediaStoresonpage 100

ManagingPhysicalNetworksonpage 102

ManagingHostSpanningTransportNetworksonpage 103

Managing Resource Pools


Lab ManagerprovidesaccesstoVMwarevCenterresourcepools.ResourcepoolsprovidetheCPUand
memoryresourcesforLab Managervirtualmachines.

Enable or Disable a Resource Pool


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanenableanddisableresourcepools.

To enable or disable a resource pool

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 MovethepointerovertheresourcepoolandselectEnableorDisable.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerenablesordisablestheresourcepool.

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Modify Resource Pool Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanmodifyresourcepoolproperties.

To modify resource pool properties

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 MovethepointerovertheresourcepoolandselectProperties.

3 ModifythepropertiesandclickOK.

Lab Managermodifiestheresourcepoolproperties.

Undeploy All Virtual Machines in a Resource Pool


Systemadministratorscanundeployallvirtualmachinesassociatedwitharesourcepoolto,forexample,
performmaintenance.Undeployingaffectsanyoneusingthevirtualmachinesandcanresultinpartially
deployedconfigurations.Youmustmanuallyredeploytheundeployedvirtualmachines.Whenyouselect
UndeployallVMs,thevirtualmachinesaresuspendedbuttheirstateissaved.

Thisoperationundeploysthevirtualmachinesonallhostsintheresourcepool.Toundeployallvirtual
machinesonaspecifichost,seeUndeployAllVirtualMachinesonaHostonpage 93.

To undeploy all virtual machines in a resource pool

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 MovethepointerovertheresourcepoolandselectDisable.

3 ClickOK.

4 MovethepointerovertheresourcepoolandselectUndeployAllVMs.

FortheGlobalorganization,Lab Managerundeploysallthevirtualmachinesdeployedonhostsinthe
resourcepool.Forotherorganizations,Lab Managerundeploysonlythevirtualmachinesfrom
configurationsdeployedbyusersintheselectedorganization.

5 ClickOK.

Lab Managerundeploysthevirtualmachinesintheresourcepool.

Detach a Resource Pool


Beforeyoucandetacharesourcepool,youmustdisableitandundeployallvirtualmachinesassociatedwith
it.SeeEnableorDisableaResourcePoolonpage 89andUndeployAllVirtualMachinesonaHoston
page 93formoreinformation.Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscandetachresourcepools.

To detach a resource pool

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 ClicktheResourcePoolstab.

3 MovethepointerovertheresourcepoolandselectDisable.

4 ClickOK.

5 MovethepointerovertheresourcepoolandselectDetach.

6 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdetachestheresourcepool.

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Managing Hosts
AhostisanESX/ESXiserverthatprovidesCPUandmemoryresourcesforLabManagervirtualmachines.
You canaddvCenterhoststoLab ManagerontheResourcePoolstab.SeeAttachaResourcePoolon
page 19.Youcanundeploy,redeploy,andforceundeployallvirtualmachinesonahost.Otheroperations
includedisablingandunpreparinghosts,andaccessingahostsdeployedvirtualmachinesandproperties.

Prepare a Host
Afterattachingunpreparedhoststoaresourcepool,administratorsarepromptedtostartthePrepareHosts
wizard.YoucanalsostartthewizardfromtheHoststab.Unpreparedhostsincludenewhoststhatareadded
toaclusterinvCenterorhoststhatarenotpreparedimmediatelyafteryouattacharesourcepool.
This preparationinvolvessuchtasksasinstallingLab Manageragentonthehosts.

IfyouareusingaDRScluster,VMwarerecommendsthatyouprepareallthehostsinthecluster.Otherwise,
virtualmachineswithnoNICs,orwithNICsconnectedtotheNonenetwork,mightgetmigratedtoadisabled
host.

To prepare a host
1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostnameandselectPrepare.

3 Selectordeselectthecheckboxthatspecifieswhethertousethesameusernameandpasswordforall
hosts.

4 Ifyouselectedthecheckbox,typetheusernameandpassword.

5 Selectthecheckboxesnexttothehoststhatyouwanttoprepare.

6 Typeusernamesandpasswords,ifnecessary.

7 ClickNext.

8 Selectthedatastoresthatyouwanttoenableforvirtualmachineuse.

9 ClickFinish.

Enable and Disable Hosts


Whenyoudisableahost,Lab Managerpreventsthedeploymentofnewvirtualmachinesonthehost.Virtual
machinesthatarealreadydeployedonthehostareunaffected.Toperformmaintenanceonahost,youneed
toundeploythevirtualmachines.SeeUndeployAllVirtualMachinesonaHostonpage 93.Tounprepare
ahost,youmustfirstdisableit.
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanenableanddisablehosts.

To enable or disable a host


1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostandselectEnableorDisable.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerenablesordisablesthehost.

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Disable and Enable Host Spanning for a Host


WhenyouaddanESX/ESXi4.0hostwithavSphereEnterprisePluslicense,Lab ManagerenablesHost
Spanningforthehost.IfyouwanttouseVMwareDistributedPowerManagement,youmustdisableHost
Spanning.Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscandisableandenableHostSpanning.

To disable or enable Host Spanning

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostnameandselectProperties.

3 DeselectorselecttheEnablehostforHostSpanningcheckbox.

SeeManagingHostSpanningTransportNetworksonpage 103formoreinformationonremoving,
disabling,orenablingtransportnetworks.

Unprepare a Host
UnpreparingahostallowsyoutoremoveitfromtheLab Managerenvironment.Bydefault,onlysystem
administratorscanunpreparehosts.

To unprepare a host

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostnameandselectUnprepare.

3 ClickUnprepare.

Duringthisprocess,Lab Managertriestouninstalltheagent.Ifthisattemptfails,Lab Managercontinues


tounpreparethehostandanerrormessageappears.

Modify Host Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanmodifyhostproperties.

To modify host properties

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostandselectProperties.

3 Afteryouhavemodifiedtheproperties,clickOK.

Lab Managerupdatesthehostsproperties.

NOTETheMaximumNumberofVMsfieldisonlyavailableforaclusterwithoutDRSandappliestothe
machinesdeployedinthisinstallation.IfthisoptionismanagedbyDRS,youcannotmodifyit.

Themaximumquotafordeployedvirtualmachinesonahostcanincreaseinthesecircumstances:

AVMotionorVMwareHAfailover.

SwitchingaDRSclustertoaclusterwithoutDRS,wherethedefaultquotasassociatedwiththenonDRS
clustercannegatetheLab Managerquota.

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View Deployed Virtual Machines on a Host


YoucanviewthedeployedvirtualmachinesonaspecificESX/ESXihost.Toviewthedeployedvirtual
machinesacrossallhosts,seeViewDeployedVirtualMachinesonpage 147.

To view the deployed virtual machines on a host

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostandselectDeployedVMs.

TheDeployedVirtualMachinespagedisplaysinformationaboutthevirtualmachinesfromthecurrently
selectedorganizationthataredeployedontheselectedhost.IfyouselectGlobalandAllDeployed
Machines,thepagelistsallthevirtualmachinesdeployedonthehost.

Knowingthevirtualmachinetemplatethatservesasthebasisofthevirtualmachineisusefulwhenyou
plantoretireavirtualmachinetemplateandneedtoevaluateitsusage.TheTemplatecolumnliststhe
virtualmachinetemplatesusedinundeployedvirtualmachines.

3 Inthetopleftcorner,selectaview:

MyDeployedMachinesinThisOrganizationViewyourprivateandsharedvirtualmachinesin
theselectedorganization.

AllDeployedMachinesinThisOrganizationViewyourprivate,shared,andallvirtualmachines
sharedbyothersthatareavailabletoyouintheselectedorganization.

SystemadministratorscanselectthisoptionintheGlobalorganizationtoviewallthevirtual
machinesdeployedonthehostacrosstheentireLab Managerinstallation.

DeployedMachinesinOtherOrganizationsViewallyourdeployedmachinesinorganizations
otherthantheselectedorganization.ThisoptionisnotavailablefromtheGlobalorganizationorfor
userswhoaremembersofoneorganization.

Undeploy All Virtual Machines on a Host


Systemadministratorscanundeployallthevirtualmachinesassociatedwithahost,whichisusefulwhenyou
wanttocompletemaintenanceonahost.Undeployingthesevirtualmachinescanresultinpartiallydeployed
configurations,andtheundeployedvirtualmachinesmustbemanuallyredeployed.

NOTEWhenyouselectUndeployallVMs,thevirtualmachinesaresuspended,buttheirstateissaved.

To undeploy all virtual machines on a host

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostnameandselectUndeployAllVMs.

IntheGlobalorganization,Lab Managerundeploysallthevirtualmachinesdeployedonthehost.
For theotherorganizations,onlythevirtualmachinesdeployedbyusersintheselectedorganizationare
undeployed.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerundeploysthevirtualmachines.Iftheundeployoperationdoesnotwork,movethepointerover
thehostnameandselectForceUndeploy.

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Redeploy All Virtual Machines on a Different Host


Whenyouredeploy,youareundeployingthevirtualmachinesfromthecurrenthostandredeployingthemto
otheravailablehosts.Beforeyoucanredeployitsvirtualmachines,youneedtodisableahost.
The organizationfromwhichtheredeploymentisinitiatedmusthaveaccesstoanotherhostthatisCPU
compatiblewiththecurrenthostandhasthecapacitytodeploythevirtualmachines.

To redeploy all virtual machines on a host

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostnameandselectDisable.

3 ClickOK.

4 MovethepointeroverthehostnameandselectRedeployAllVMs.

IntheGlobalorganization,Lab Managerundeploysallthevirtualmachinesdeployedonthehost.
For theotherorganizations,onlyvirtualmachinesdeployedbyusersintheselectedorganizationare
undeployed.

5 ClickOK.
Lab Managerredeploysthevirtualmachines.

NOTEWhenyouselectRedeployallVMs,thevirtualmachinesaresuspended,buttheirstateissaved.

Repair a Host
Iftheagentcannotbecontacted,iftheserviceVMispoweredoff,orifahostcannotbeenabledordisabledfor
HostSpanning,youcanrepairthehost.

To repair the host

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheHoststab,movethepointeroverthehostnameandselectRepair.

Lab ManagercompletestherepairandenablesHostSpanning.SeeHostSpanningonpage 59for


information.

Managing Datastores
Lab ManagersupportsVMFSandNFSdatastores,whichitaccessesthroughvCenter.Youcanadddatastores
byattachingthemtoESX/ESXihostsinvCenter.VMwarerecommendssharedstorage(NFS,iSCSI,orFiber
Channel).Ifyoustorevirtualmachinefilesonlocal(notshared)storage,youcanonlydeploythevirtual
machinesonthelocalESX/ESXihost.

Datastorescanalsobeenabledasmediastores.SeeManagingMediaStoresonpage 100.

NOTEThereisalimitofeightmanagedservers(hosts)perLUN.Ifyouexceedthislimit,anerrormessage
appears.Seehttp://kb.vmware.com/kb/1003319formoreinformation.

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Delete a Datastore
DeletingadatastoreremovesthedatastorefromallorganizationsanddeletesallLabManagerdataonthat
datastore.Onlysystemadministratorscandeletedatastores.

NOTETheoperationdoesnotdeletefilesintheactualdatastore.

Beforeyoudeleteadatastore,completetheseactivities:

DisconnectthedatastoreinvCenter.

Forexample,ifthedatastoreisconnectedtothreehostsmanagedbyLab Manager,disconnectthe
datastorefromallthreehoststhroughvCenter.

Disablethedatastore.SeeEnableandDisableDatastoresonpage 95.

Makesurethatthemediafilesassociatedwithadatastorearenotinuse.

IfyouremoveadatastorewithmediastoresandadditbacktoLab Managerlater,youneedtorecreate
themediastoresbecausetheoriginalonesarenolongeravailable.

To delete a datastore
1 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selectGlobal.

2 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

3 OntheDatastorestab,movethepointeroverthedatastoreandselectDelete.

4 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeletesthedatastore.

Remove a Datastore
YoucanonlyremoveadatastorefromanorganizationotherthanGlobal.Removingadatastoredeletesthe
datastoreasaresourcefromjustthatorganization.Thedatastoreisavailabletotheotherorganizationsin
Lab Manager.

To remove a datastore

1 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selectanorganizationotherthanGlobal.

2 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

3 OntheDatastorestab,movethepointeroverthedatastoreandselectRemove.
4 ClickOK.

Enable and Disable Datastores


Asthesystemadministrator,youcanenableanddisabledatastores.Whenyoudisableadatastore,youcannot
deploytheconfigurationsassociatedwiththedatastore,createvirtualmachinesonthedatastore,orcreatea
mediastoreonthedatastore.

To enable or disable a datastore

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheDatastorestab,movethepointeroverthedatastoreandselectEnableorDisable.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerenablesordisablesthedatastore.

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Disable Virtual Machine Creation in a Datastore


Ifyoudonotwanttocompletelydisableadatastore,youcandisableitforvirtualmachinecreationonly.
You canstilldeployconfigurationsassociatedwiththedatastore.Whenyoudisablevirtualmachinecreation,
youcannotusethedatastoretocompletetheseoperations:

Makelinkedorfullclones

Takesnapshots

Revertsnapshots

Createvirtualmachinetemplatesorvirtualmachines

Addnewvirtualmachinestoexistingconfigurations

Importvirtualmachines

To disable virtual machine creation in a datastore

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheDatastorestab,movethepointerovertheresourceandselectDisableVMCreation.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdisablesvirtualmachinecreationonthedatastore.

Disable Media Store Creation in a Datastore


Ifyoudonotwanttocompletelydisableadatastore,youcandisableitformediastorecreationonly.

To disable media store creation in a datastore

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 IntheDatastorestab,movethepointerovertheresourceandselectDisableMedia.
3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdisablesmediastorecreationinadatastore.

Modify Datastore Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanmodifydatastoreproperties.

To modify datastore properties

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheDatastorestab,movethepointeroverthedatastoreandselectProperties.

3 Changethedisplaynameanddiskspacethresholds.

4 Ifnecessary,clearmessagesaboutvCenteractivity.

5 ClickOK.

Datastorepropertieshavebeenmodified.

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View Virtual Machine Datastore Usage


Bydefault,systemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationallevelcanmonitordisk
spaceusageforallvirtualmachinesandperformmaintenancetasks.

NOTEYourconfigurationfileswillonlybeaccessiblefromthesamehostordatastoreasthebasetemplate.
Forexample,ifyouhaveVM1onDataStoreX,alltheconfigurationsyoucreatefromVM1willbecreatedon
DataStoreX.Youcancopythisvirtualmachineasthebasetemplatetootherdatastores.SeeAddaVirtual
MachineBasedonaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 50ifyouwanttoconsolidatetheconfigurationvirtual
machinesondifferentdatastores.

To view virtual machine datastore usage

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheDatastorestab,clickViewDatastoreUsage.

YoucandisplayusageforonedatastorebyclickingtheDatastorestab,movingthepointeroverthe
datastorename,andselectingOpen.

3 Selecttheorganizationforwhichyouwanttoviewdatastoreusage.

SelectingGlobaldisplaysdatastoreusageforallorganizations.
Considerthisinformationwhenreviewingyourdatastoreusage:

DiskSpaceFreedUponDeletion(MB)Displaysthespacefreedafteravirtualmachineisdeleted.
Includesthespaceoccupiedbythevirtualmachinedirectoryandparentdirectoriesuptoanancestorthat
haschildrenorotherdependentdirectories.Formoreinformationonvirtualmachinedirectoriesanddisk
spaceassessment,seeUnderstandingVirtualMachineDatastoreDirectoriesonpage 98.

ChainLengthIndicateshowscatteredthevirtualmachineimageisacrossthedatastoredirectories.
Lab Managerdisplaysamessagewhenyouneedtoconsolidateachain.

CleanupDateDisplaysthedatethatthevirtualmachinesstorageleaseexpires.Dependingonthe
resourcecleanupsettingsspecifiedbythesystemadministrator,Lab Managerdeletesthevirtualmachine
ormarksitfordeletion.SeeConfiguringResourceCleanupSettingsonpage 143.

Usingthepopupmenu,youcanviewthehighleveltopographyofthevirtualmachinedirectories,
consolidateanddeletevirtualmachines,andaccessvirtualmachineproperties.

View Virtual Machine Datastore Directories


IntheContextview,thechainofvirtualmachineandinternalnodedirectoriesaretotherightoftheancestor
directories.TheboxeswiththickbordersrepresentvirtualmachinesthatyoucanseeintheWebconsole.
The boxeswithlighterbordersrepresentthehiddeninternaldirectoriesassociatedwiththevirtualmachines.
Deletionofinternalnodesonlyoccursasasideeffectofdeletingthevirtualmachinesassociatedwiththose
nodes.

To view virtual machine datastore directories

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheDatastorestab,clickViewDatastoreUsage.

Toviewtheusageonasingledatastore,movethepointeroverthedatastorenameandselectOpen.

3 ClickRefreshDiskSpacetoensurethatthedataiscurrent.

4 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectContext.

Tomovedatafromonedatastoretoanother,youcanuseSSMove,whichisautilityinstalledontheLab
Managerserver.TheSSMoveutilityisfoundin:C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Lab Manager
Server\Tools\SSMove.SeeAppendix D,UsingSSMove,onpage 163 formoreinformation.

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Understanding Virtual Machine Datastore Directories


WhenyoumovethepointeroveradatastorenameandselectContext,Lab Managerdisplaysahighlevel,tree
diagramofthevirtualmachinesrelationshiptovirtualmachinesonwhichitdepends(ancestornodes)and
thatdependonit(childnodes).Eachnodeinthetreerepresentsadirectorylocationonthedatastore.Your
configurationfilesmustliveonthesamedatastoreasthebase.Forexample,ifyouhaveVM1onDataStoreX,
alltheconfigurationsyoucreatefromVM1mustliveonDataStoreX.Youcancopythisvirtualmachineasthe
basetemplatetootherdatastores.

NOTEIfyouareusingMicrosoftInternetExplorer8,youcanonlyviewcontextdiagramsusingthe
CompatibilityView.Toaccessthisview,inInternetExplorer,selectTools>CompatibilityView.

Lab Managercreatesnodesforoperationssuchaslinkedcloning.Whenyoucreatealinkedcloneofavirtual
machine,Lab Managercreatesadeltadisk,ratherthancopyingtheentirevirtualharddisk.Witheachlinked
cloneoperation,Lab Managerfreezestheoriginaldeltadiskandcreatesanewone.Thevirtualmachinedisk
consistsofitsowndeltadiskandthedeltadisksofancestordisks.Thisseriesofdisksrepresentsthechain
lengthofavirtualmachine.

Deletingavirtualmachinedeletesthestorageoccupiedbythevirtualmachinenodeandancestornodesthat
canbesafelydeleted.
Lab Managerdoesnotdeleteanancestornodeinthefollowingsituations:

Theancestordirectoryhasotherchilddirectoriesthatdependonit.

Avirtualmachine(forexample,avirtualmachinetemplateorvirtualmachineintheconfiguration
library)isassociatedwiththeancestornode.

Anothernodeisusingtheancestornodeasarevertpoint.

Forexample,afullcloneoperationmightconsolidateandcreateanewdiskbutrefertotherevertpoint
oftheoriginalchain.

Figure 91showsabasicexampleofatreeofrelatedvirtualmachinesandtheinternalnodesaffectedbya
deleteoperation.

Figure 9-1. Example of Nodes Affected by a Delete Operation

E
C
A B
D

IfyoudeletenodeD,nodeBstaysintactbecausenodeCandEdependonit.IfyoudeletenodeE,thespace
fornodeEandnodeCbecomesavailablebecausethedeletionaffectsallnodesuptoadirectorywithchild
dependencies(nodeB).

Ifyoumovethepointeroverabox,details,suchastheownersname,theconfigurationinwhichthisvirtual
machineislocated,chainlength,andtheamountofspacethevirtualmachineorinternalnodeconsumes,are
displayed.Previouslydeployedandcurrentlydeployedvirtualmachinesdisplayinformationaboutwhen
theywerepreviouslydeployed.Internalnodesdonotdisplaythisinformation.

Aturquoiseboxindicatesarevertreference,whichmeansthatanotherdirectory(createdbyafullclone
operationonadifferentdatastore)existsoutsidethedisplayeddirectorytreebutusesadirectorylinkedtothis
revertreferenceasarevertpoint.Todeleteadirectorylinkedtoarevertreference,youneedtodeletethe
virtualmachineassociatedwiththerevertreferenceandthedescendantsofthedirectory.

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Delete Expired Virtual Machines


Whenthestorageleaseforavirtualmachineexpires,Lab Managerdeletesthevirtualmachineormarksitfor
deletion,dependingontheresourcecleanupsettings.SeeConfiguringResourceCleanupSettingson
page 143.YoucandeletevirtualmachinesthataremarkedfordeletionintheVirtualMachineDatastoreUsage
page.

Bydefaultonlyasystemadministratorandanadministratorwithrightsattheorganizationlevelcandelete
expiredvirtualmachines.

To delete expired virtual machines

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheDatastorestab,clickViewDatastoreUsage.

Toviewtheusageononedatastore,movethepointeroverthedatastorenameandselectOpen.

3 ClickRefreshDiskSpacetoensurethatthedataiscurrent.

4 ClickDeleteExpiredVMs.

Lab Managerdeletesalltheundeployedvirtualmachineswithanexpiredstoragelease.IntheGlobal
organization,Lab Managerdeletesalltheexpiredvirtualmachines.Fortheotherorganizations,
Lab Manageronlydeletestheexpiredvirtualmachinesownedbyusersintheselectedorganization.

Renew the Storage Lease for an Expired Virtual Machine


Whenthestorageleaseforavirtualmachineexpires,Lab Managerdeletesthevirtualmachineormarksitfor
deletion,dependingontheresourcecleanupsettings.SeeConfiguringResourceCleanupSettingson
page 143.

YoucanrenewthestorageleaseforvirtualmachinesthataremarkedfordeletionintheVirtualMachine
DatastoreUsagepage.Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratorandanadministratorwithrightsatthe
organizationlevelcanreviewstorageleases.

To renew the storage lease for an expired virtual machine

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheDatastorestab,clickViewDatastoreUsage.

Toviewtheusageononedatastore,movethepointeroverthedatastorenameandselectOpen.

3 ClickRefreshDiskSpacetoensurethedataiscurrent.

4 MovethepointerovertheexpiredvirtualmachinenameandselectRenewStorageLease.

5 ClickOK.

Lab Managerrenewsthestorageleasefortheselectedvirtualmachineandallothervirtualmachinesin
itsconfiguration(ifapplicable)andupdatestheCleanupDatecolumntoreflectthenewleaseexpiration
date.Expiredleasesarerenewedforthesameperiodastheoriginallease(forexample,30days).

Delete Revert Points


Revertpointstakeupspaceondatastoressodeletingthemfreesupspace.

To delete a revert point

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheDatastorestab,clickViewDatastoreUsage.

Toviewtheusageononedatastore,movethepointeroverthedatastorenameandselectOpen.

TheRevertPointDatastoreliststhedatastoreonwhichtherevertpointisstored.

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3 ClickRefreshDiskSpacetoensurethatthedataiscurrent.

4 MovethepointeroveravirtualmachinenameandselectDeleteRevertPoint.

Consolidate a Virtual Machine Based on Datastore Usage


Youcanconsolidateundeployedvirtualmachines.Forinformationonconsolidation,seeConsolidatea
VirtualMachineonpage 86.

To consolidate a virtual machine based on datastore usage

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheDatastorestab,clickViewDatastoreUsage.

Toviewtheusageononedatastore,movethepointeroverthedatastorenameandselectOpen.

3 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinenameandselectConsolidate.

4 SelectadatastoreandclickOK.

Youcankeeptheconsolidatedvirtualmachineinthecurrentdatastoreormoveittoadifferentdatastore.

Delete a Virtual Machine or Configuration Based on Datastore Usage


Youcandeleteanundeployedvirtualmachineorconfigurationthatcontainsthevirtualmachine.

To delete a virtual machine or configuration based on datastore usage

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheDatastorestab,clickViewDatastoreUsage.
Toviewtheusageononedatastore,movethepointeroverthedatastorenameandselectOpen.

3 MovethepointeroveranundeployedvirtualmachinenameandselectDelete(virtualmachine)orDelete
Configuration(configurationwiththevirtualmachine).

4 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeletesthemachineorconfiguration.

Managing Media Stores


AmediastoreisanNFSorVMFSdatastorethatcontainsadirectoryformedia.UsemediastorestostoreCD,
DVD,andfloppyimagesofoperatingsystemsandapplicationsthatyouneedtoinstallonLabManager
virtualmachines.YoumustaddmediafilestomediastoresoutsideoftheLabManagerenvironmentandthen
synchronizetheLabManagermedialibrarywiththemediastores.

Add Media Stores


Toaddamediastore,youmustenableanNFSorVMFSdatastoreformedia.Youcanusedifferentdirectories
onthesamedatastoreformediaandvirtualmachines.ForinformationonNFSandVMFSdatastore
requirements,seetheLabManagerInstallationandUpgradeGuide.

Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanaddmediastores.

To add a media store

1 ClickResourcesintheleftpane.

2 SelecttheorganizationtowhichyouwanttoaddthemediastorefromtheOrganizationdropdown
menu.

SelectGlobaltoaddthemediastoreasaresourceavailabletoallorganizations,butassignedtonone.
You canassignittoorganizationslater.

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3 OntheDatastorestab,movethepointeroverthedatastoreyouwanttouseasamediastoreandselect
EnableMedia.

4 OntheMediaStorestab,clickAddMediaStore.

5 Typeanameforthemediastore.

Thenamecanonlycontainalphanumericcharacters(az,AZ,09),hyphens,underscores,orperiods.

6 Selectthedatastore.

7 Typethepathtothemedia.

ForNFSdatastores,typethepathrelativetothemountpoint.ForVMFSdatastores,typethepathrelative
totheroot.

AmediastoreanditsNFSdatastorecannothavethesameNFSpathroot.

8 ClickOK.

9 MovethepointeroverthemediastorenameandchooseSynchronizefromthemenu.

Synchronize a Media Store


WhenyousynchronizethecontentsofamediastorewiththeLab Managermedialibrary,filesareaddedtoor
deletedfromthelibrarybasedonthefilesontheselectedmediastore.TosynchronizetheLab Managermedia
librarywithallmediastores,seeSynchronizetheMediaLibrarywithMediaStoreFilesonpage 105.

To synchronize media with a media store

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheMediaStorestab,movethepointeroverthemediastorenameandselectSynchronize.

Lab Managersynchronizesthemediastores.

Enable and Disable a Media Store


Bydefault,systemadministratorscanenableanddisablemediastores.Whenyoudisableamediastore,you
cannotaccessthemediafilesstoredonthemediastore.Usethedisableoperationtoblocktheuseofamedia
store.

To enable or disable a media store

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheMediaStorestab,movethepointeroverthemediastoreandselectEnableMediaStoreorDisable
MediaStore.
3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerenablesordisablesthemediastore.

Change the Name of a Media Store


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanchangethenameofamediastore.

To change the name of a media store

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheMediaStorestab,movethepointeroverthemediastoreandselectProperties.

3 ChangethenameofthemediastoreandclickOK.

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Managing Physical Networks


Toprovidevirtualmachineswithaccesstoaphysicalnetwork,youmustfirstaddthenetworkasaresource
inLabManager,andthenassigntheresourcetooneormoreorganizations.

Monitor IP Pool Usage for a Physical Network


EveryvirtualmachineusingastaticIPaddressingmodeforaNICconnectedtoaphysicalnetworkrequires
anIPaddressfromtheIPpoolofthephysicalnetwork.ThisIPaddressstayswiththevirtualmachinethrough
thevariousoperationsinLab Manager.WhenyoudeleteallinstancesofthevirtualmachinewiththisIP
address,Lab ManagerreleasestheIPaddresstotheIPpool.YoucancontrolthelengthoftimeLab Manager
reservesreleasedIPaddressesbeforereturningthemtotheIPpool.SeeConfiguringGeneralPreferenceson
page 135.

IfanetworkisrunningoutofIPaddresses,youcanaddmore.SeeAddorRemoveIPAddressestotheIPPool
ofaPhysicalNetworkonpage 102forinformationaboutaddingIPaddresses.

Whenyoudeployaconfigurationinfencedmode(unlessyouusetheBlockInandOutoption),Lab Manager
assignsexternalIPaddressesfromthephysicalnetworkIPpooltovirtualmachinesintheconfiguration.
You can,forexample,usetheexternalIPaddresstoaccessavirtualmachinefromoutsideafenced
configuration.Whenyouundeploythisconfiguration,Lab ManagerreleasestheexternalIPaddresses.

Forfencedconfigurations(exceptthoseusingtheBlockInandOutoption),Lab Managercreatesavirtual
routerthatrequirestwoIPaddresses.TheaddressesforavirtualrouterreturntotheIPpoolwhenyou
undeploytheconfiguration.

To monitor an IP Pool

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OnthePhysicalNetworkstab,movethepointeroveraphysicalnetworknameandselectIPPool.

TheIPPoolpagedisplaysthenetworkname,theIPpool,andthenumberofusedandtotalIPaddresses.

ThetableincludesinformationaboutIPaddressesfromthepoolthatareinuse.TheDeallocateIncolumn
indicatestheamountoftimeremainingbeforeanunusedexternalIPaddressbecomesavailable.

Add or Remove IP Addresses to the IP Pool of a Physical Network


OnlysystemadministratorscanaddIPaddressestoaphysicalnetwork.

To add or remove IP addresses to the IP pool of a physical network

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OnthePhysicalNetworkstab,movethepointeroveraphysicalnetworknameandselectProperties.
3 ClicktheGeneraltab.

4 TypeanIPaddressorIPaddressrangeintheStaticIPAddressPooltextboxandclickAddorselectan
IPaddressorIPaddressrangeandclickRemove.

5 ClickUpdate.

Modify Physical Network Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanmodifyaphysicalnetwork.

To modify a physical network

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OnthePhysicalNetworkstab,movethepointeroveraphysicalnetworknameandselectProperties.

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3 ClicktheGeneraltab.

4 EditthenetworkpropertiesandclickUpdate.

Forinformationaboutthepropertiesofaphysicalnetwork,seeAddaPhysicalNetworkonpage 20

Delete a Physical Network


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscandeleteaphysicalnetwork.

To delete a physical network

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 InthePhysicalNetworkstab,movethepointeroveraphysicalnetworknameandselectDelete.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeletesthephysicalnetwork.

Managing Host Spanning Transport Networks


HostspanningtransportnetworksareLab ManagerresourcesthatenableHostSpanningandconsistofa
vNetworkDistributedSwitchandaLANorVLAN.HostspanningtransportnetworksrequireaVMware
vSphereEnterprisePluslicenseandESX/ESXi4.0hosts.Ifyourenvironmentmeetstheserequirements,you
cancreateavNetworkDistributedSwitch,whichisatypeofvSpherevirtualswitchthatspansmultiple
ESX/ESXihosts.Formoreinformation,seeHostSpanningonpage 59.

View Host Spanning Transport Networks


IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selectanorganizationtoseethetransportnetworksavailabletothat
organization.SelectingGlobaldisplaysalltheavailablehostspanningtransportnetworksinLab Manager.

To view host spanning transport networks

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 ClicktheHostSpanningTransportNetworktab.

Lab Managerdisplaystheavailablehostspanningtransportnetworksintheselectedorganization.InGlobal,
intheInUseBycolumn,thenumberofnetworksthatareusingahostspanningtransportnetworkis
displayed.

Disable or Enable Host Spanning


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscandisableandenableHostSpanning.Youcandisableandenable
HostSpanningforanorganizationorfortheentireinstallation.

To disable or enable Host Spanning

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.
2 OntheHostSpanningTransportNetworkstab,deselectorselecttheEnableHostSpanningcheckbox.

3 ClickOK.

Lab ManagerdisablesorenablesHostSpanningfortheselectedorganization.WhenyoudisableHost
Spanning,currentlydeployedconfigurationsareunaffectedandcontinuetouseHostSpanninguntilyou
undeployorredeploythem.

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Enable or Disable a Host Spanning Transport Network


Onlysystemadministratorscandisableorenablehostspanningtransportnetworks.Whenyoudisableor
enableatransportnetwork,thechangeaffectsallorganizationsthatusethenetwork.

To enable or disable a host spanning transport network

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheHostSpanningTransportNetworkstab,movethepointeroverthenetworknameandselect
EnableorDisable.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerenablesordisablesthehostspanningtransportnetwork.

Remove a Host Spanning Transport Network


Onlysystemadministratorscanremoveahostspanningtransportnetwork.Youcanremoveahostspanning
transportnetworkfromanorganizationorfromtheentireinstallation.Youcannotremoveatransportnetwork
fromGlobalifthenetworkisenabledorinusebyanydeployedconfigurations.

To remove a host spanning transport network

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheHostSpanningTransportNetworkstab,movethepointeroverthenetworknameandselect
Remove.

3 ClickOK.

Modify Host Spanning Transport Network Properties


Onlyasystemadministratorcanmodifytransportnetworkproperties.

To modify transport network properties

1 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

2 OntheHostSpanningTransportNetworkstab,movethepointeroverthetransportnetworknameand
selectProperties.

3 Modifytheproperties.

SelectavNetworkDistributedSwitch.
TypeaVLANidentifier.
SelectthecheckboxtoenablethenetworkforHostSpanning.

Updatethemaximumtransmissionunit(MTU).

MTUisthemaximumamountofdata(packetsize)thatcanbetransmittedinonepacketbeforeithas
tobesplitintosmallerpackets.

SelectthecheckboxtoandtypeadisplaynameforthetransportnetworkinLab Manager.

4 ClickOK.

Lab Managermodifiesthetransportnetworksproperties.

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Managing the Media Library 10


Themedialibraryenablesyoutostoremediaimagefiles.Youcanuploaddata,suchasthedrivers,toavirtual
machinetemplateorvirtualmachinefromthemedialibrary.

DuringtheCDandfloppyoperationsavailablefromtheindividualconsoleofavirtualmachinetemplateor
virtualmachine,youcanaccesstheimagefilesinthemedialibrary.

Thischapterincludesthesetopics:

SynchronizetheMediaLibrarywithMediaStoreFilesonpage 105

ChangeOwnershipofMediaFilesonpage 106

RestrictAccesstoMediaFilesonpage 106

ModifyMediaPropertiesonpage 107

Synchronize the Media Library with Media Store Files


YoucansynchronizethecontentsoftheLab Managermedialibrarywiththecontentsofthemediastore
directoriesonallyourdatastores.Synchronizingaddsfilestoordeletesfilesfromthelibrary.Whenyou
synchronizethemedialibrary,youbecometheowneroftheaddedmedia.SeeSynchronizeaMediaStore
onpage 101tosynchronizethecontentsofamediastorewiththeLabManagermedialibrary.

Mediafileshavethefollowingrequirements:

CDandDVDfilesmustendwith.iso.
Floppydiskfilesmustendwith.img,.vfd,or.flp.

To synchronize the media library with media store content


1 Selecttheorganizationthatcontainsthemediastoresyouwanttosynchronize.

SelectGlobaltosynchronizeallmediastores.

2 ClickSynchronizeMediaandclickOK.

Lab Managersynchronizesthemedialibrarywithmediastorecontent.

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Change Ownership of Media Files


Theoriginalownerofamediafileistheuserwhoaddedittothemedialibrary.Ifyouhavesufficientrights,
youcanchangetheowner.

To change ownership of a media file

1 Intheleftpane,clickMedia.

2 MovethepointeroverthemediafilenameandselectProperties.

3 ClickChangeOwner.

4 SelectanorganizationanduserandclickOK.

5 ClickOK.

Lab Managerreassignsthemediafiletothenewowner.

Restrict Access to Media Files


WhenyouaddmediafilestotheLabManagermedialibrary,thefilesaresharedwithallLabManagerusers
inallorganizations.Ifyouaretheownerofamediafile,orifyouruserroleincludestheAdministratorView
andControlright,youcanlimitaccesstoamediafilebymodifyingitssharingproperties.

Dependingonyourrights,youcanrestrictaccesstousersinaspecificworkspaceororganization.

Whenyoushareamediafile,youcanspecifyaccessrightsfortheuserswithwhomyouaresharingthemedia.
Accessrightscombinewiththerightsprovidedbyausersroletodeterminehowthatusercaninteractwith
thesharedmediafile.Accessrightscannotprovideuserswithrightsthattheydonotalreadyhavebasedon
theirrole.

NOTEUserscanonlyaccessmediathatresidesonmediastoresthatareavailabletotheirorganizationand
workspace.

To modify media sharing properties

1 Intheleftpane,clickMedia.

2 MovethepointeroverthemedianameandselectSharing.

TheSharingMediadialogboxdisplaystheusersandorganizationsthatcurrentlyhaveaccesstothe
mediaandtheirlevelofaccesscontrol.

3 ClickRemovetostopsharingthemediawithauserorgroup.

4 ClickAddUserstosharethemediawithauserorgroup.
5 SelecttheorganizationcontainingtheuserswithwhomyouwanttosharethemediaorselectGlobalto
viewusersfromallorganizations.

6 Selectwithwhomyouwanttosharethemedia.

EveryoneinOrganizationsharesthemediawithallusersintheselectedorganization.

EveryoneinWorkspacesharesthemediawithallusersintheselectedworkspace.

SelectedUserssharesthemediawithspecificusersintheselectedorganization.

Selectthecheckboxnexttoeachuserwithwhomyouwanttosharethemedia.

7 SpecifytheaccessrightsfortheusersandclickOK.

8 ClickOKandDone.

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Modify Media Properties


Youcanchangethedisplaynameandaddcommentsformediafilesinthepropertiesinformation.Youcan
alsochangethemediafileowner.SeeChangeOwnershipofMediaFilesonpage 106.

To modify media properties

1 Intheleftpane,clickMedia.

2 MovethepointeroveramediafilenameandselectProperties.

3 Changethedisplaynameforthemediafile.

4 Typeyourcommentsaboutthemediafile.

5 ClickOK.

Lab Managermodifiesthepropertiesofthemediafile.

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Managing Users, Groups, and Roles 11


Bydefault,asystemadministratororanadministratorwithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanaddusersor
groupstoanorganizationandassigneachuserorgrouparoleintheorganization.Theorganization
determineswhichresources(resourcepools,hosts,datastores,mediastores,hostspanningtransport
networks,andphysicalnetworks)ausercanaccess,andtheroledetermineshowausercaninteractwiththose
resources.

UserscannotlogintotheLab Managersystemoraccessanyresourcesuntiltheyareaddedtoanorganization.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

ManagingUsersonpage 109

ManagingStrandedUsersonpage 111

ManagingGroupsonpage 112

ManagingRolesandRightsonpage 113

Managing Users
Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratororanadministratorwithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanmanage
users.

Disable or Enable Users


Bydefault,onlythesystemadministratorcandisableandenableusersintheGlobalorganization.Whenyou
disableusers,theyareloggedoutoftheWebconsoleandcannotloginuntiltheyareenabled.

To disable or enable a user

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.
2 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selectGlobal.

3 ClicktheUserstab.

4 MovethepointerovertheusernameandselectDisableorEnable.

5 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdisablesorenablestheuser.

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Remove a User from an Organization


Bydefault,asystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanremoveauser
fromanorganization.Whenyouremoveauserfromanorganization,theybecomestranded.SeeManaging
StrandedUsersonpage 111.

To remove a user from an organization

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 Selecttheorganizationfromwhichyouwanttodeletetheuser.

3 ClicktheUserstab.

4 MovethepointerovertheusernameandselectRemove.

5 ClickOK.

Lab Managerremovestheuserfromtheorganization.

Delete a User from Lab Manager


Whensystemadministratorsdeleteauserfromtheentireinstallation,Lab Managerremovestheuserfromall
organizations,deletesalltheprivateobjects(forexample,media,undeployedconfigurations,andvirtual
machinetemplates)oftheuser,andreassignsthesharedobjectstothesystemadministratorwhoiscurrently
loggedin.

To delete a user from Lab Manager

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 SelectGlobal.

3 ClicktheUserstab.

4 MovethepointerovertheusernameandselectDisable.

5 ClickOK.

6 MovethepointerovertheusernameandselectDelete.

7 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeletestheuserfromtheentireinstallation.

Modify User Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanmodify
userproperties.ForLDAPusers,youcanonlymodifytheusersrole,storedvirtualmachinetemplateand
libraryconfigurationquota,anddeployedvirtualmachinetemplatequota.Becausethesepropertiesare
specifictoanorganization,auserwhoisamemberoftwoorganizationscanhaveadifferentroleorquotain
eachorganization.

To modify user properties

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 Selecttheorganizationforwhichyouwanttomodifytheuserproperties.

SelectGlobaltomodifytheuserpropertiesforallorganizations.

3 ClicktheUserstab.

4 MovethepointerovertheusernameandselectProperties.

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5 Modifytheuserproperties.

AllmembersofanLDAPgroupinherittheroleassignedtothegroup.YoucandeselecttheUseGroup
rolesinsteadofuserrolecheckboxandselectarolefromthedropdownmenutooverridethisrule.

6 ClickOK.

Lab Managerchangestheusersproperties.

View User Roles and Organizations


Youcandisplayalistoftheorganizationstowhichauserbelongsandtheusersroleineachorganization.
A userwhoisamemberofmultipleorganizationscanhavedifferentrolesineachorganization.

To display the roles and organizations

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 ClicktheUserstab.

3 MovethepointerovertheusernameandselectProperties.

Send User Notifications


Youcansendanemailnotificationtoalltheusersinaworkspace,organization,ortheentireinstallation.
You canalsosendanemailtouserswithdeployedvirtualmachinesinaspecificresourcepoolorwithvirtual
machinesstoredonaspecificdatastore.

Beforeyoucansendanemailnotification,youneedtoverifyyourSMTPsettingsintheWebconsole.SeeSet
EmailPreferencesonpage 137.

To send an email notification

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 ClicktheUserstab.

3 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selectanorganization.

SelectGlobalifyouwanttosendanemailtouserswithdeployedvirtualmachinesinaspecificresource
poolorwithvirtualmachinesstoredonaspecificdatastore.

4 ClickSendNotification.

5 Selecttherecipients.
6 TypethesubjectandmessageandclickSend.

Lab Managersendsanemailnotification.

Managing Stranded Users


Whenauserwhoownsobjects(suchasvirtualmachinetemplates,configurations,ormedia)isremovedfrom
anorganization,theuserisstranded.Whenyoudisableanorganization,allitsusersarestranded.Allthe
Lab Managerobjects(media,virtualmachinetemplates,andsoon)ownedbyastrandeduseraresaved.
A systemadministratororadministratorwithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanassigntheseobjectsanew
owner.Youmustreassignownershipofastrandedusersobjectsbeforeyoucandeletetheuser.

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Reassign Ownership of All Stranded Users Objects


Youcanreassigntheobjectsforallstrandedusersinanorganization.

To reassign the objects of all stranded users

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 SelecttheStrandedUserstab.

3 ClickAssignAllToMe.

4 ClickDeleteAllEmptyUserstodeleteuserswithnoobjects.

Reassign Ownership of a Stranded Users Objects


Whenyoudisableanorganization,allitsusersarestranded.Youcanreassigntheobjectsforastrandeduser
inanorganization.

To reassign the objects of a specific stranded user

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.
2 SelecttheStrandedUserstab.

3 MovethepointerovertheusernameandselectAssignResourcesToMe.

4 MovethepointerovertheusernameandselectDelete.

Managing Groups
GroupsandtheirusersaredefinedintheLDAP.LabManagersynchronizeswiththespecifiedLDAPserver
tomakesureitisuptodateonthecurrentusersandgroups.LabManagerdoesnotsupportnonLDAP
groups.

Remove a Group from an Organization


Whenyouremoveagroupfromanorganization,otherthanGlobal,thegroupisstillavailabletotheother
organizations.Removinggroupscanresultinstrandedusers.SeeManagingStrandedUsersonpage 111.

To remove a group

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 SelecttheGroupstab.

3 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selecttheorganizationfromwhichyouwanttoremovethegroup.

4 MovethepointeroverthegroupnameandselectRemove.

5 ClickOK.

Lab Managerremovesthegroupfromtheorganization.

Delete a Group from Lab Manager


Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratorcandeleteagroupfromLab Manager.Whenyoudeleteagroupfrom
Global,thegroupisnolongeravailableinLab Manager.

To delete a group from Lab Manager

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 SelecttheGroupstab.

3 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selectGlobal.

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4 MovethepointeroverthegroupnameandselectDelete.

5 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeletesthegroupfromtheentireinstallation.

Modify Group Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanmodify
groupproperties.

To modify group properties

1 Intheleftpane,selectUsersandGroups.

2 SelecttheGroupstab.

3 Selecttheorganizationforwhichyouwanttoeditthegroupproperties.

4 MovethepointeroverthegroupnameandselectProperties.

5 Changethegroupdescriptionandrole.

IfyouareeditingagroupintheGlobalorganization,youcanonlyselectNoRoleorAdministrator.

6 ClickOK.

Lab Managerchangesthegroupproperties.

Managing Roles and Rights


Whenauserorgroupisassignedtoanorganization,eachisassignedaroleinthatorganization.Ausercan
havedifferentrolesindifferentorganizations.

Lab Managerincludesthefollowingpredefinedroles:

SystemAdministratorIncludesallrightsacrossLab Manager.Systemadministratorscanaccessall
organizationsandperformalloperations.TheyaretheonlyuserswhocanaccesstheGlobal
organization.Thisistheonlyrolethatcannotbemodified.

AdministratorCandoalmostanythinginanorganizationoraworkspace,exceptaddordelete
organizationresources(datastores,mediastores,resourcepools,orphysicalnetworks).Ausercanbean
administratorattheorganizationorworkspacelevel.

TemplateCreatorCancreatevirtualmachinetemplates,networktemplates,andconfigurationsinan
organization.

ApplicationOwnerCancreateconfigurationsinanorganization.
UserCandeployandeditconfigurationsinanorganizationandcheckoutandviewLiveLinkLibrary
configurations.

ViewOnlyCanonlydisplayworkspaceconfigurations.

SeeAppendix A,RolesandRights,onpage 149formoreinformationabouttherightsassignedto


predefinedroles.Systemadministratorscancreatenewrolesormodifyexistingroles.

Add a Role
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanaddnewroles.Youcanalsocreateanewrolebycopyingan
existingone.SeeCopyaRoleonpage 114.

To add a role

1 Intheleftpane,selectRolesandRights.

2 ClickNewRole.

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3 Typeaname.

4 (Optional)Typeadescription.

5 Expandthecheckboxesandselecttherightsthatyouwanttoinclude.

SeeAppendix A,RolesandRights,onpage 149formoreinformation.

6 ClickOK.

Lab ManageraddstheroletotheRolesandRightspage.Youcannowassignittousersandgroups.

Copy a Role
Youcancopyanyexistingrole,exceptSystemAdministrator,touseasthebasisforanewrole.

To copy a role

1 Intheleftpane,selectRolesandRights.

2 MovethepointeroverarolenameandclickCopy.

3 Typeaname.

4 (Optional)Typeadescription.

5 Expandthecheckboxesandselectanddeselecttherightsyouwanttoinclude.

SeeAppendix A,RolesandRights,onpage 149formoreinformation.

6 ClickOK.

Lab ManagercopiestheroletotheRolesandRightspage.Youcannowassignittousersandgroups.

Delete a Role
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscandeletearole.Youcannotdeletethesystemadministratorroleora
rolethatiscurrentlybeingused.

To delete a role

1 Intheleftpane,selectRolesandRights.

2 MovethepointerovertherolenameandselectDelete.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeletestherole.

Modify Role Properties


Onlysystemadministratorscanchangethename,description,orrightsofarole.Thesystemadministrator
cannotbemodified.

To modify role properties

1 Intheleftpane,selectRolesandRights.
2 MovethepointerovertherolenameandselectProperties.

3 Changethename,description,orrightsandclickOK.

Lab Managermodifiestheroleproperties.

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Managing Organizations and


Workspaces 12
ThemajorityofLabManageroperationsoccurinorganizationsandworkspaces.

Organizationscanhaveworkspacesthatrepresentdifferentbusinessunitsordifferentfunctionalgroups.
An administratorwithrightsattheorganizationlevelmanagesavarietyofoperationsinanorganization.
See RolesandRightsonpage 149formoreinformationontheserolesandtheirrights.

Aworkspaceconsistsofoneormoreconfigurationsandusers,groups,andresourcepoolsthatbelongtothat
workspace.Administratorswithrightsattheworkspacelevelcancreate,delete,edit,oraddavirtualmachine;
deployorundeployfenced(andunfenced)machines;andaddorremoveresourcepools.SeeSettingUp
OrganizationsandWorkspacesonpage 27formoreinformationoncreatingaworkspace.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

ModifyingOrganizationPropertiesonpage 115

EnableorDisableanOrganizationonpage 118

DeleteanOrganizationonpage 118

UsingthePrimaryWorkspaceonpage 119

ModifyWorkspacePropertiesonpage 120

DisableaWorkspaceonpage 121

DeleteaWorkspaceonpage 121

Modifying Organization Properties


Bydefault,systemadministratorscanmodifythepropertiesofallorganizations.Asanadministratorwith
rightsattheorganizationallevel,youcaneditpropertiesoftheorganizationsofwhichyouarethe
administrator.

Modify Default User Preferences


Youcansetthedefaultusepreferencesforallusersinanorganization.

To set default user preferences

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationnameandselectProperties.

3 Typeadefaultquotaforthenumberofstoredvirtualmachinetemplatesandlibraryconfigurations.

4 Typeadefaultquotaforthenumberofdeployedvirtualmachinetemplates.

5 ClickOK.

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Modify Default Deployment Settings


Youcansetthedefaultdeploymentsettingsforalltheconfigurationsinanorganization.

To set default deployment settings

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationnameandselectProperties.

3 Selectthedefaultfencingsetting.

4 SelectthedefaultHostSpanningsetting.

5 ClickOK.

Modify the Users and Groups in an Organization


TheAddMemberspagedisplaystheusersandgroupsthataremembersoftheorganizationandtheirroles.
Youcanaddandremovemembersorgroupsandchangetheirroles.

Add Members or Groups to an Organization


Bydefault,onlythesystemadministratorandanadministratorwithrightsattheorganizationallevelcanadd
usersorgroups.

To add members or groups to an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationandselectUsersandGroups.

3 ClickImportMembers.

4 IntheLookfordropdownmenu,selectasearchoption.

5 TypeyoursearchtermsandclickSearch.

6 Selectthecheckboxfortheusersorgroupsthatyouwanttoadd.

7 ClickAddandOK.

8 SelectaroleforeachuserorgroupandclickOK.

Lab Manageraddsthespecifiedusersorgroupstoanorganization.

Remove Members or Groups from an Organization


Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratorandanadministratorwithrightsattheorganizationlevelcandelete
usersorgroups.

To remove members or groups from an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.
2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationandselectUsersandGroups.

3 ClickRemovenexttotheusersorgroupsthatyouwanttoremovefromtheorganization.

4 ClickOK.

Lab Managerremovestheuserorgroupfromtheorganization.

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Add or Remove the Resource Pools in an Organization


Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratorcanaddorremoveresourcepools.Forexample,ifanorganizationis
runningoutofCPUandmemoryresourcestodeployvirtualmachines,youcanaddaresourcepool.

To add or remove resource pools in an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 MovethepointerovertheorganizationnameandselectProperties.

3 IntheResourcesPoolspanel,clickEdit.

4 Selectaresourcepoolandclicktherelevantarrowtoaddittoorremoveitfromtheorganization.

5 ClickOKandOK.

Lab Managermodifiestheresourcepoolsavailabletotheorganization.

Add or Remove the Datastores in an Organization


Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratorcanaddorremovedatastores.

To add or remove datastores in an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationandselectProperties.
3 IntheDatastorespanel,clickEdit.

4 Selectadatastoreandclickanarrowtoaddittoorremoveitfromtheorganization.

5 ClickOKandOK.

Lab Managermodifiesthedatastoresavailabletoanorganization.

Add or Remove the Media Stores in an Organization


Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratorcanaddorremovemediastores.

To add or remove media stores in an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationandselectProperties.

3 IntheMediaStorespanel,clickEdit.

4 Selectamediastoreandclickanarrowtoaddittoorremoveitfromtheorganization.

5 ClickOKandOK.

Lab Managermodifiesthemediastoresavailabletotheorganization.

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Add or Remove the Physical Networks in an Organization


Bydefault,onlyasystemadministratorcanaddorremovephysicalnetworks.

To add or remove a physical network to an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationandselectProperties.

3 InthePhysicalNetworkspanel,clickEdit.

4 Selectaphysicalnetworkandclickanarrowtoaddittoorremoveitfromtheorganization.

5 ClickOKandOK.

Lab Managermodifiesthephysicalnetworksavailabletotheorganization.

Add or Remove a Host Spanning Transport Network in an Organization


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanaddorremovethehostspanningtransportnetworkstoan
organization.

To add or remove a host spanning transport network

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationandselectProperties.

3 IntheHostSpanningTransportNetworkspanel,clickEdit.

4 Selectahostspanningtransportnetworkandclickanarrowtoaddittoorremoveitfromthe
organization.

5 ClickOKandOK.

Lab Managermodifiesthehostspanningtransportnetworksavailabletotheorganization.

Enable or Disable an Organization


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanenableordisableorganizations.Whenyoudisableanorganization,
allofitsusersbecomestranded.SeeManagingStrandedUsersonpage 111.

To enable or disable an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.
2 MovethepointeroveranorganizationnameandselectEnableorDisable.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerenablesordisablestheorganization.

Delete an Organization
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscandeleteanorganization.Beforeyoucandeleteanorganization,you
mustdisableitandreassigntheobjectsownedbyanystrandedusers.SeeManagingStrandedUserson
page 111.

To delete an organization

1 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

2 IntheOrganizationdropdownmenu,selectGlobal.

3 MovethepointerovertheorganizationnameandselectDisableandclickOK.

4 Intheleftpane,clickUsersandGroups.

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5 OntheStrandedUserstab,reassigntherelevantobjects.

6 Intheleftpane,clickOrganizations.

7 MovethepointerovertheorganizationnameandselectDelete.

8 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeletestheorganization.

Using the Primary Workspace


Allorganizationshaveaprimaryworkspace.Whenyouaddusersandgroupstotheorganization,
Lab Managerautomaticallyaddstheusersandgroupstotheprimaryworkspace.Youcanmanuallyaddthem
tootherworkspaces.Whenyouaddaresourcepooltoanorganization,Lab Managerautomaticallyaddsthe
resourcepoolanditsassociatedresourcestotheprimaryworkspace.Youcanmanuallyaddtheresourcepool
tootherworkspaces.

Initially,theprimaryworkspaceineachorganizationisMain,butyoucanselectadifferentprimary
workspace.Eachorganizationcanhaveeitheroneprimaryworkspaceornoprimaryworkspace.

Delete the Primary Workspace


YoucandeletetheprimaryworkspaceifyoudonotwantLab Managertoautomaticallyaddusers,groups,
andresourcepoolstoaworkspaceintheorganization.

To delete the primary workspace

1 Intheleftpane,selectanorganization.

2 SelectWorkspace(s).

3 MovethepointerovertheprimaryworkspaceandselectDelete.

4 ClickOK.

Lab ManagerdeletestheprimaryworkspaceandsetstheprimaryworkspacefortheorganizationtoNone.
Youcanselectanexistingworkspacetobethenewprimaryworkspace;otherwise,thenextworkspacethat
youcreateissetasthenewprimaryworkspace.

Set the Primary Workspace for an Organization


IntheOrganizationPropertiespage,youcanselectaworkspacetobetheprimaryworkspace.

To set another workspace as the primary workspace

1 Intheleftpane,selectOrganizations.
2 MovethepointerovertheorganizationnameandselectProperties.

3 InthePrimaryWorkspacedropdownmenu,selectaworkspace.

Lab Managersetsthisworkspaceastheprimaryworkspace.Whenyouaddusers,groups,andresourcepools
tothisorganization,theyareaddedtotheprimaryworkspace.IfyouselectNone,theorganizationhasno
primaryworkspace,soyoumustaddusers,groups,andresourcepoolstoeachworkspace.

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Modify Workspace Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanedit
workspaces.

To edit workspace properties

1 Intheleftpane,clickWorkspace(s).

2 MovethepointerovertheworkspacenameandselectProperties.

3 Modifytheproperties.

4 ClickOK.

Modifying Users and Groups in a Workspace


Youcanmodifytheusersandgroupswhocanaccessaworkspace.

Add Users and Groups to a Workspace


Bydefault,systemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationandworkspacelevelscan
addusersandgroupstoaworkspace.

To add users and groups to a workspace

1 Intheleftpane,selectWorkspace(s).

2 MovethepointeroveraworkspacenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheUsersandGroupspanel,clickEdit.

4 ClickAddUsersandGroups.

5 IntheLookfordropdownmenu,selectoneoftheoptions.

6 TypeyoursearchtermandclickSearch.

7 SelectthecheckboxesfortheusersorgroupsthatyouwanttoaddandclickAdd.

8 ClickOK.

9 Selectarolefortheuser.

10 ClickOKandOK.

Lab Manageraddsthespecifiedusersorgroupstotheworkspace.

Remove Users and Groups from a Workspace


Bydefault,systemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationandworkspacelevelscan
removeusersandgroupsfromaworkspace.

To remove users and groups from a workspace

1 Intheleftpane,selectWorkspace(s).

2 MovethepointeroveraworkspacenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheUsersandGroupspanel,ClickEdit.

4 ClickRemovenexttotheuserorgroupthatyouwanttodelete.

Youcannotremovethesystemadministratorrole.

5 ClickOKandOK.

Lab Managerremovestheselectedusersorgroups.

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Add or Remove the Resource Pools Available to a Workspace


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorsandadminstratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanaddor
removeresourcepools.

To add or remove the resource pools available to a workspace

1 Intheleftpane,clickWorkspace(s).

2 MovethepointerovertheorganizationnameandselectProperties.

3 IntheResourcePoolspanel,clickEdit.

4 Selectaresourcepoolandclickanarrowtoaddorremoveitfromtheworkspace.

5 ClickOKandOK.

Lab Managermodifiestheresourcepoolsavailabletotheworkspace.

Disable a Workspace
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscanenableordisableworkspaces.Whenyoudisableaworkspace,all
ofitsusersbecomestranded.SeeManagingStrandedUsersonpage 111formoreinformation.

To disable a workspace

1 Intheleftpane,clickWorkspace(s).

2 MovethepointerovertheworkspacenameandselectDisable.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdisablestheworkspacefromtheorganization.Youcannowreassignstrandedusersandobjects
anddeleteaworkspace.

Delete a Workspace
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcandelete
workspaces.Beforeyoucandeleteanworkspace,youmustdisableitandreassigntheobjectsownedbyany
strandedusers.

To delete a workspace

1 Intheleftpane,clickWorkspace(s).

2 MovethepointerovertheworkspacenameandselectDisable.

3 ClickDeleteandOK.

Lab Managerdeletestheworkspacefromtheorganization.

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Managing Network Templates 13


Systemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationandworkspacelevels,andtemplate
creatorscanmanagenetworktemplates.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

ModifyNetworkTemplatePropertiesonpage 123

ChangeOwnershipofaNetworkTemplateonpage 123

DeleteNetworkTemplatesonpage 124

MonitorIPPoolUsageforaVirtualNetworkonpage 124

Modify Network Template Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelandtemplate
creatorscaneditnetworktemplateproperties.Forinformationontheproperties,seeCreateaNetwork
Templateonpage 29.

To modify network template properties

1 Intheleftpane,selectNetworkTemplates.

2 MovethepointeronthenetworktemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 ModifythepropertiesandclickUpdate.

Lab Managerupdatesthenetworktemplateproperties.

Change Ownership of a Network Template


Theownerofanetworktemplateistheuserwhocreatedit.Ifyouhavesufficientrights,youcanchangethe
owner.

To change ownership of a network template

1 Intheleftpane,selectNetworkTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthenetworktemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 ClickChangeOwner.

4 SelectanorganizationanduserandclickOK.

5 ClickUpdate.

Lab Managerreassignsthenetworktemplatetothenewowner.

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Delete Network Templates


Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplate
creatorscandeletenetworktemplates.Afteryoudeleteanetworktemplate,youcannotselectitasthenetwork
foravirtualmachinenetworkinterface,oraddittoaconfiguration.

Existingvirtualmachinesandconfigurationsthatareusethenetworktemplatearenotaffected.Youcannot
deleteanetworktemplatethatisbeingusedbyavirtualmachinetemplate.

To delete a network template

1 Intheleftpane,selectNetworkTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthenetworktemplatenameandselectDelete.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdeletesthenetworktemplate.

Monitor IP Pool Usage for a Virtual Network


SystemadministratorscanmonitortheIPpoolofavirtualnetworkthatisbasedonanetworktemplate.Ifa
virtualnetworkisrunningoutofIPaddresses,andyouwanttoaddmore,seeAddIPAddressestotheIP
PoolofaVirtualNetworkonpage 124.

EveryvirtualmachinethatusesastaticIPaddressingmodeforaNIC,andisconnectedtoavirtualnetwork,
requiresanIPaddressfromthevirtualnetworksIPpool.ThisIPaddressstayswiththevirtualmachine
throughthevariousoperationsinLab Manager.Whenyoudeleteallinstancesofthevirtualmachinewiththis
IPaddress,Lab ManagerreleasestheIPaddressbacktotheIPpool.

TocontrolthelengthoftimeLab ManagerreservesreleasedIPaddressesbeforereturningthemtotheIPpool,
seeConfiguringGeneralPreferencesonpage 135.

Whenyoudeployaconfigurationwithavirtualnetworkconnectedtoaphysicalnetwork,Lab Manager
createsavirtualrouterandassignsitanIPaddressfromthevirtualnetworkIPpool.Whenyouundeploythis
configuration,Lab ManagerreleasestheIPaddressimmediately.

To monitor a virtual networks IP pool

1 Intheleftpane,selectAllConfiguration(s).

2 MovethepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

3 ClicktheNetworkstab.
4 MovethepointeroveravirtualnetworknameandselectIPPool.

Add IP Addresses to the IP Pool of a Virtual Network


Bydefault,systemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplatecreators
canaddIPaddressestoavirtualnetwork.Configurationownersanduserswiththerighttoedit
configurationscanalsoaddIPaddressestoavirtualnetwork.

To add IP addresses to a virtual network

1 MovepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 ClickNetworkstab.

3 MovepointeroveravirtualnetworknameandselectIPPool.

4 ClicktheGeneraltab.

5 EnteranIPaddressorIPaddressrangeintheStaticIPAddressPooltextboxandclickAdd.

6 ClickUpdate.

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Remove IP Addresses from the IP Pool of a Virtual Network


Onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelandtemplatecreatorscan
removeIPaddressesfromavirtualnetwork.

To remove IP addresses from a virtual network

1 MovepointeroveraconfigurationnameandselectOpen.

2 ClicktheNetworkstab.

3 MovethepointeroveravirtualnetworknameandselectIPPool.

4 ClicktheGeneraltab.

5 EnteranIPaddressorIPaddressrangeintheStaticIPAddressPooltextbox,orselectanexisting
IP addressorIPaddressrange,andclickRemove.

6 ClickUpdate.

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14

Managing Virtual Machine Templates 14


Avirtualmachinetemplateisavirtualmachineimageloadedwithanoperatingsystem,applications,and
data.Afteryoudefineandpublishatemplate,youcanquicklyandeasilycreatemultiplevirtualmachines
basedonthetemplatewithouthavingtoreinstallsoftwareorredosetuptasksoneachvirtualmachine.
Using thetemplatesensuresthatvirtualmachinesareconsistentlyconfiguredacrossanentireorganization.

Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplate
creatorscancreatetemplates.Theseuserscancreateanewtemplate,importatemplate,saveavCenter
Lab Managervirtualmachineasatemplate,andcloneanexistingtemplate.

Thischapterincludesthesetopics:

UnpublishaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 127

ExportaVirtualMachineTemplatetoanSMBShareonpage 128

ExportaVirtualMachineTemplatetovCenteronpage 128

ConsolidateaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 129

DiscardtheStateforaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 129

ModifyVirtualMachineTemplatePropertiesonpage 129

ModifyingVirtualMachineTemplateHardDisksonpage 131

ModifyingVirtualMachineTemplateNetworkInterfacesonpage 132
UpgradeVirtualHardwareonpage 134

ChangeOwnershipofaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 134

DeleteaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 134

Unpublish a Virtual Machine Template


Unpublishavirtualmachinetemplatetomakeitunavailableforconfigurationuse.

To unpublish a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthepublishedtemplatenameandselectUnpublish.

3 ClickOK.

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Export a Virtual Machine Template to an SMB Share


YoucanexportanundeployedvirtualmachinetemplatetoanSMBshare.Thisoperationrequiresthatyou
haveasharedfolderwithfullcontrolpermissionsattheshareandfilesystemlevel.

Exportingcantakeanextendedperiodoftime,dependingonthesizeofthevirtualmachine.Bydefault,
Lab Managertimesoutwhenexportoperationstakelongerthantwohours.SeeConfiguringGeneral
Preferencesonpage 135tomodifythetimeoutforSMBexports.

ExportoperationsrequireanopenSMBportontheESXhosts.AlthoughLab Manageropenstheportduring
installation,youneedtomakesurethattheportwasnotclosedaftertheinstall.Tochecktheportstatus,run
esxcfg-firewall -q smbClientoneachhost.

Beforeexportingavirtualmachinetemplate,LabManagerconsolidatesit.Thisresultsinanincreaseinthe
diskspacerequiredtostorethetemplate.Theexportedtemplatemightalsorequireasignificantamountof
diskspacedependingonthesizeofitsconsolidatedvirtualdisk.

WhenyouexportatemplatetoanSMBfileserver,thedatastoreonwhichthetemplateresidesmustbe
connectedtoanESXhost.IfthedatastoreisonlyconnectedtoanESXihost,youcannotexportthetemplateto
anSMBfileserver.YoucanstillexportthetemplatetovCenter.

To export a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectExport.
3 Providethelocationandusercredentials:

TypetheUNCpathoftheSMBshare(relativetotheLab Managerserversystem)whereyouwantto
storethefiles.UseEnglishcharactersfortheUNCpath,forexample,Asamplepathis
\\10.6.1.246\VMwareLM\ExportTemplates.

IftheUNCfolderrequiresauthentication,typetheusernameandpasswordtoaccessthefiles.

4 ClickOK.

Export a Virtual Machine Template to vCenter


Bydefault,systemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationandworkspacelevels,and
templatecreatorscanexportvirtualmachinetemplatestovCenter.

To export a virtual machine template to vCenter

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroveratemplatenameandselectExport.

3 SelectvCenter.

4 Typeadisplaynamefortheexportedtemplate.

5 Selectadatastore.

6 Selectanetwork.

7 ClickOK.

Lab ManagerexportsthetemplatetovCenter.

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Consolidate a Virtual Machine Template


Eachtimeyoucreatealinkedcloneofavirtualmachinetemplate,Lab Managerfreezesthevirtualharddisk
associatedwiththeoriginaltemplateandcreatesdeltadiskstostorefuturechangestothecloneanditssource.
Overtime,theincreasingnumberofstoreddeltadiskscanaffectperformance.Youdonotneedtoconsolidate
templatesuntilLab Managergeneratesanerrorrequestingthisoperation.

NOTEEvenifyoudonothavetoconsolidatedisks,youcanusethisoperationtomoveatemplatetoa
differentdatastore.

Youcanonlyconsolidatetemplatesthatareunpublishedandundeployed.Consolidationcantakeanextended
periodoftime,dependingonthedisksizeandstorageperformance.Consolidationreducesthefreespaceon
datastoresbecausethetemplatenolongerbenefitsfromdeltadisks.

To consolidate a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectConsolidate.

3 SelectadatastoreandclickOK.

Lab Managerconsolidatesthetemplate.

Discard the State for a Virtual Machine Template


WhenyousavethestateofavirtualmachinetemplatebyusingtheUndeploySaveStateoptionorby
suspendingthevirtualmachinetemplate,Lab Managersavesinformationabouttheprocessortypeofthehost
onwhichthevirtualmachinetemplatewasdeployed.Lab Managerrequiresanavailablehostwitha
compatibleprocessortypetoredeploythevirtualmachinetemplate.Ifprocessorincompatibilityissues
preventyoufromdeployingavirtualmachinetemplate,youcandiscardthestateinformation.Youcanalso
discardstatetofreeupstoragespace.

Youcanonlydiscardstateforundeployedvirtualmachinetemplateswithsavedstate.

To discard state for a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointerovertheundeployedtemplatenameandselectDiscardState.

3 ClickOK.

Lab Managerdiscardsthetemplatesstate.

Modify Virtual Machine Template Properties


Bydefault,onlysystemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelandtemplate
creatorscanmodifythepropertiesofatemplate.Beforeyoumodifythepropertiesofatemplate,undeploythe
template.Ifitisdeployed,thenumberofpropertiesyoucanmodifyislimited.

SeeModifyingVirtualMachineTemplateHardDisksonpage 131andModifyingVirtualMachine
TemplateNetworkInterfacesonpage 132forinformationaboutmodifyingvirtualmachinetemplatehard
disksandnetworkinterfaces.

SeeChangeOwnershipofaVirtualMachineTemplateonpage 134Forinformationaboutchangingthe
ownerofatemplate.

To modify virtual machine template properties

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 Modifythename.

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4 (Optional)Typeadescription.

5 SelectaGuestOS.

Ifyouselecta64bitguestoperatingsystem,thedatastoremustbeconnectedtoanESX/ESXihostthat
providestherequired64bitprocessorforthatguestOS.Youcanproceedwithoutfulfillingthis
requirement,butyoucannotdeploythevirtualmachinetemplateuntilyouattachahostwiththecorrect
processor.Ifyouhavesomebutnotall64bithosts,Lab Managerlimitsthenumberofhostsonwhichthe
virtualmachinetemplatecanbedeployed.

6 SelectordeselectVirtualCPUHotAdd.

SelectingthischeckboxenablesvirtualCPUhotadd.

7 SelectordeselectMemoryHotAdd.

Selectingthischeckboxenablesmemoryhotadd.

8 Selectordeselect32bitVirtualCPU.

Bydefault,thevirtualCPUtypeassumesthephysicalhostCPUtype.

SelectthischeckboxtooverridethedefaultbehaviorandensurethevirtualCPUtypeis32bits.
For example,youmighthaveavirtualmachinetemplatewitha32bitguestoperatingsystemthatdoes
nothavetherequiressoftware(kernelordrivers)torunona64bitprocessor.Anotherexampleinvolves
amixed(32bitand64bit)ESX/ESXihostenvironmentwhereyouneedtocompleteatestingprocess
specificallyona32bitguestoperatingsystem,andtheoperatingsystemaccommodatesboth32bitand
64bitCPUarchitecture.

SeetheVMwareInfrastructuredocumentationfordetailsonpriorities,shares,reservations,andlimits.

9 SelectthenumberofvirtualCPUs.

Themaximumnumberofprocessorsisfour.

ThedatastoremustbeconnectedtoahostthatprovidestherequiredSMPtechnologyfortheguest
operatingsystem.IfyouchooseaCPUnumbernotcurrentlycompatiblewiththeCPUofthehost,you
cannotdeploythevirtualmachinetemplateuntilyouattachahostwiththeappropriateSMPsupport.
If youhavesomebutnotallhoststhatprovidetherequiredSMPtechnology,Lab Managerlimitsthe
numberofhostsonwhichthevirtualmachinetemplatecanbedeployed.

10 ModifytheCPUreservation.

11 SelectaCPUpriority.
12 SelectaCPUlimit.

IfyouselectMaximum,typeavalue.

13 Modifythememoryvalue.

14 Modifythememoryreservationvalue.

15 Selectamemorypriority.

16 Selectamemorylimit.

IfyouselectMaximum,typeavalue.

17 SelectordeselecttheUseTimeSynchronizationcheckbox.

Enablestimesynchronizationbetweentheguest(virtualmachinetemplate)andESX/ESXihostoperating
systems.

18 CheckwhetherthePerformCustomizationisselected.

Itspecifieswhetherguestcustomizationisenabled.

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19 SelectaSIDmechanism.

TheselectionspecifiesthemechanismLab ManagerusestochangetheSID.Ifthevirtualmachine
templateisunpublished,youcanswitchthedefaulttoolLab ManagerusestochangetheSID,orselect
None.

TouseMicrosoftSysprep,youmustfirstcreateaMicrosoftSyspreppackageforguestcustomization.
See BuildaMicrosoftSysprepPackageonpage 41.

20 Selectdeploymentorstorageleases.

Theseselectionsdeterminewhenundeploythevirtualmachinetemplateordeletethevirtualmachine
template(ormarkitfordeletion),dependingonwhetherthevirtualmachinetemplateisdeployed.

21 ClickUpdate.

Modifying Virtual Machine Template Hard Disks


Forundeployedandunpublishedvirtualmachinetemplates,youcanaddharddisks,editharddisks,and
deleteharddisks.

Add a Hard Disk to a Template


Youcanaddoneormorevirtualharddisks(.vhdfiles)toavirtualmachinetemplate.

To add a virtual hard disk to a template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheHardDiskssection,clickAddHardDisk.

4 Typethedisksize(GB).

5 Selectthebustype.

6 Selectabusnumber.

7 SelectabusID.

8 ClickOKandUpdate.

Youcandeploythevirtualmachinetemplateandusetheguestoperatingsystemtoolstopartitionandformat
thenewdiskforuse.IfyouaddaSCSIharddisktoavirtualmachinetemplate,theguestOSmightgenerate
anerrormessageaboutmissingdriversthenexttimeyoupoweronthetemplate.Ifthiserroroccurs,
downloadandinstalltheappropriatedriver,andcontactVMwareforfurthersupport.

Edit a Virtual Machine Template Hard Disk


YoucanupdatethebusnumberandbusIDofavirtualmachineharddisk.

To edit a virtual machine template hard disk

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheHardDiskssection,clickEditnexttooneofthelisteddisks.

4 ModifythebusnumberandbusIDandclickOK.

5 ClickUpdate.

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Delete a Virtual Machine Template Hard Disk


Youcandeleteavirtualmachinetemplateharddisk.

To delete a virtual machine template hard disk

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheHardDiskssection,clickDelete.

4 ClickOKandUpdate.

Modifying Virtual Machine Template Network Interfaces


Youcanmodifythenetworksettings,resetaMACaddress,addanetworkinterface,anddeleteanetwork
interfaceforundeployedtemplates.

Add a Network Interface to a Virtual Machine Template


YoucanaddoneormorevirtualNICstoanundeployedvirtualmachinetemplate.Dependingonyourvirtual
machineversion,atemplatecanhaveuptofourNICs.

To add a network interface

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheNetworkInterfacespanel,clickAddInterface.

Lab ManageraddsandconnectsanewvirtualNIC.

4 EditthevirtualNICsettings,ifnecessary.

a DeselecttheConnectedcheckboxtodisconnectthevirtualNIC.

b ChooseanetworkfromtheNetworkdropdownmenu.

Theavailableoptionsarebasedonthenetworktemplatesthatyouownorshareandthephysical
networksavailabletoyourorganization.

c SpecifyaprimaryNIC.

TheprimaryNICsettingdeterminesthedefault,andonlygateway,forthevirtualmachinesbasedon
thetemplate.ThesevirtualmachinescanuseanyNICtoconnecttoothermachinesthataredirectly
connectedtothesamenetworkastheNIC,butitcanonlyusetheprimaryNICtoconnectto
machinesonnetworksthatrequireagatewayconnection.

ConsiderthisbehaviorwhenselectingaprimaryNIC,especiallyifyouplantodeployconfigurations
thatusefencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworks.

d SelectanIPaddressingmodeforthenetwork.
TheavailableoptionsarebasedontheIPaddressingmodesavailabletotheselectednetwork.

e IfyouselectedStaticManualastheIPaddressingmode,typeanIPaddressintheIPAddresstext
box.

5 ClickUpdate.

Lab ManagergeneratesaMACaddressforthenetworkinterface.

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Chapter 14 Managing Virtual Machine Templates

Edit a Virtual Machine Network Interface


YoucandisconnectavirtualmachinetemplateNIC,changethenetworktowhichaNICconnects,specifya
primaryNIC,andchangetheIPaddressingmodeforaNIC.

To edit network interface settings

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheNetworkInterfacespanel,changethesettingsasnecessary:

DeselecttheConnectedcheckboxtodisconnectavirtualNIC.

ChooseanetworkfromtheNetworkdropdownmenu.

Theavailableoptionsarebasedonthenetworktemplatesyouownorshareandthephysical
networksavailabletoyourorganization.

SpecifyaprimaryNIC.

TheprimaryNICsettingdeterminesthedefaultandonlygatewayforvirtualmachinesbasedonthe
template.ThosevirtualmachinescanuseanyNICtoconnecttoothermachinesthataredirectly
connectedtothesamenetworkastheNIC,butitcanonlyusetheprimaryNICtoconnectto
machinesonnetworksthatrequireagatewayconnection.

ConsiderthisbehaviorwhenselectingaprimaryNIC,especiallyifyouplantodeployconfigurations
thatusefencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworks.

SelectanIPaddressingmodeforthenetwork.

TheavailableoptionsarebasedontheIPaddressingmodesavailabletotheselectednetwork.DHCP
allowsLab ManageravoidsthepreparationandspecificationofanIPaddressorIPrange.However,
youcannotuseLab ManagerfencingorconnectvirtualnetworkstophysicalnetworkswithDHCP.

4 ClickUpdate.

Delete a Network Interface from a Virtual Machine Template


YoucandeletevirtualNICsfromanundeployedtemplate.

To delete a network interface

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectProperties.
3 IntheNetworkInterfacespanel,clickDelete.

4 ClickUpdate.

Lab Managerdeletesthenetworkinterface.

Reset a Virtual Machine Template Network Interface MAC Address


YoucanresetanetworkinterfaceMACaddressforanundeployedtemplate.Reasonstoresetincludehaving
aMACaddressconflictordiscardingthesavedstatequicklyandeasily.

To reset the MAC address for a network interface

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 IntheNetworkInterfacespanel,selectResetfromtheMACAddressdropdownmenu.

4 ClickUpdate.

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Upgrade Virtual Hardware


Lab Managersupportsversion 4andversion7virtualmachinetemplates.Youcanupgradeversion 4
templatestoversion 7.Version 4templatescanrunonhostswithESX3.5andabove,whileversion7templates
requirehostswithESX4.0andabove.

Beforeyoucanupgradeatemplatetoversion7,youmustinstallthelatestversionofVMwareTools.When
youupgradevirtualhardware,Lab Managerdiscardsstateinformationanddeletesanysnapshotsassociated
withthetemplate.

Toupgradevirtualhardware,youmustfirstundeployandunpublishthetemplate.

To upgrade virtual hardware

1 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectUpgradeVirtualHardware.

2 ClickOK.

Lab Managerupgradesthevirtualhardware.

Change Ownership of a Virtual Machine Template


Theownerofavirtualmachinetemplateistheuserwhocreatedit.Ifyouhavesufficientrights,youcan
changetheowner.

To change ownership of a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthetemplatenameandselectProperties.

3 ClickChangeOwner.

4 SelectandorganizationanduserandclickOK.

5 ClickUpdate.

Lab Managerreassignsthevirtualmachinetemplatetothenewowner.

Delete a Virtual Machine Template


Todeleteatemplate,itmustbeundeployedandunpublished.Ifyouareunabletounpublishatemplate,you
canforcedeleteit.SeeDeleteaVirtualMachineTemplatewithForceonpage 134.

To delete a virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthevirtualmachinetemplatenameandselectDelete.

3 ClickOK.

Delete a Virtual Machine Template with Force


IfanESX/ESXihostfailureorsomeothereventpreventsyoufromunpublishinganddeletingatemplate,
Lab Managersystemadministratorscanstillforcefullydeleteapublishedtemplate.

TheForceDeletecommandremovesthetemplatefromtheLab ManagerdatabasebutnotfromthevCenter
inventory.YoucanmanuallyremovethevirtualmachinefromthevCenterinventory.

To delete a published virtual machine template

1 Intheleftpane,clickVMTemplates.

2 MovethepointeroverthepublishedtemplatenameandselectForceDelete.

3 ClickOK.

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15

Managing Lab Manager Settings 15


TheLab ManagersystemadministratorcontrolsvarioussystemwidesettingsrelatedtoLDAP,licensing,guest
customization,storageanddeploymentleases,andsoon.Youcangenerallyspecifythesesettingsonceand
changethemlater,ifnecessary.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

ConfiguringGeneralPreferencesonpage 135

ConfiguringLDAPSettingsonpage 138

ConfiguringLab ManagerLicensesonpage 142

ConfiguringGuestCustomizationSettingsonpage 142

ConfiguringSupportLinkSettingsonpage 142

ConfiguringResourceCleanupSettingsonpage 143

ConfiguringvCenterSettingsonpage 144

Configuring General Preferences


YoucanconfigurepreferencesforsettingsrelatedtoLab Manager,email,systemalerts,andrecordingchange
summaries.

Change vCenter Lab Manager Preferences


TheLab Managerpreferencesincludesettingsthatyouenteredduringinstallationaswellasprepopulated
defaultvalues.Ifneeded,youcanchangethesettings.

To change Lab Manager preferences

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.
2 ClicktheGeneraltab.

3 ModifytheLab ManagerpreferencesandclickOK.

YoucanmodifyanyofthepreferencesdescribedinTable 151,vCenterLab ManagerPreferences,on


page 136.

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Table 15-1. vCenter Lab Manager Preferences


Name Details

LoginPolicy SelectRememberUserNameOnlyifyouwantLabManagertoretaintheusernamebut
notthepassword.
SelectAutomaticallyLoginifyouwantLabManagertologusersinwhentheystartLab
Manager.
LabManagerusespersistentcookies(physicallystoredonthecomputerharddisk)to
retainthelogininformation.Ifyoudeletethebrowsercookies,thisinformationisnot
availableuntilyouloginagain.

vCenterLab Manager LabManagerusestheinstallationIDtogenerateMACaddressesforvirtualmachines.


InstallationID IfyouhavemorethanoneLabManagerinstallationonthesamenetwork,each
installationmusthaveauniqueIDtoensurethattherearenoMACaddressconflicts.
LabManagerrandomlyassignsanIDandallowstheadministratortomanuallyeditthe
valueifanIDcollisionoccurs.

vCenterLab Manager IPaddressoftheLabManagerserver.


InstallationHostIPAddress

vCenterLab ManagerHost DNSnameoftheLabManagerserver.


Name

SessionTimeout TimeyouwanttheLab Managerapplicationtoremainactivewithoutuserinteraction.

IPReleaseTimeout SpecifieshowlongtoreservereleasedIPaddressesbeforereturningthemtotheIPpool.
SeeMonitorIPPoolUsageforaPhysicalNetworkonpage 102.

HostRefreshFrequency FrequencyofcheckingwhetherESX/ESXihostsareaccessibleorhung.Thedefaultis
60 seconds.

HostHungTimeout Timetowaitbeforemarkingahostashung.

HostDefaultMaximum Maximumnumberofdeployedvirtualmachinesallowedonahost.Thedefaultis64.
NumberofVMs Forinformationonquotas,seeModifyHostPropertiesonpage 92.

HostAgentRequestTimeout TimetowaitbeforeanoperationthatusestheLab Manageragentfails.


Forexample,importingavirtualmachinetemplatefromanSMBshare.

ImportfromvCenter TimetowaitbeforeavCenterimportfails.Thedefaultis120minutes.
Timeout WhenLab ManagerimportsavirtualmachinefromvCenter,vCenterclonesthevirtual
machine.Thetimeoutvalueappliestothiscloningtask.

DatastoreGarbage Frequencyofgarbagecollectionondatastores.Thedefaultis120seconds.
CollectionFrequency Garbagecollectionistheautomaticdetectionandfreeingofimagesthatarenolongerin
use.Lab Managerdoesnotimmediatelydeletefilesassociatedwithadeletedvirtual
machine.
Lab Managerstoresvirtualmachinefilesinatreeofrelatedlinkedclones.Eachpassof
thegarbagecollectorinvolvesanattempttodeletenodesthatnolongerhave
dependencies.Severalpassesovertimemightberequiredtofreeupthespaceassociated
withadeletedvirtualmachine.

ActivityLogHistorytoKeep Daysofloghistorytokeepbeforedeletingit.Thedefaultis90days.
Type0 toneverdeletelogs.

ActivityLogHistoryShown DaysofloghistorytodisplayintheWebconsole.Thedefaultis30days.
Type0 toshowallactivity.

DisplayBackgroundImage Choosewhethertodisplaythebackgroundimage.
onLoginScreen IfyouhaveasloworremoteconnectiontoLabManager,youcanturnoffthe
backgroundimagetospeeduploadingtime.

ProvideDefault ChoosewhetheryouwantLab Managertogeneratedefaultnamesforconfigurations


ConfigurationandMachine andvirtualmachines.
Names

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Chapter 15 Managing Lab Manager Settings

Set Email Preferences


Lab ManagerusesanSMTPservertosendusernotificationsandsystemalertemails.

To set email preferences

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheGeneraltab.

3 TypetheDNShostnameorIPaddressoftheSMTPmailserver.

4 IftheSMTPserverrequiresausername,selecttheRequiresUserNamecheckboxandtypetheusername
andpasswordfortheSMTPserveraccount.

5 TypeanemailaddressthatappearsasthesenderforLab Manageremails.

Lab Managerusesthesendersemailaddresstosendsystemalertsundertheseconditions:

Deploymentleaseexpirationalertsareenabled,andaconfigurationorvirtualmachinetemplatefalls
withinthespecifiedalerttime.

Storageleaseexpirationalertsareenabled,andaconfigurationorvirtualmachinetemplatefalls
withinthespecifiedalerttime.

6 TypetexttouseasthesubjectprefixforLab Manageremails.

7 TypethedestinationemailaddresstotestSMTPsettings.
8 ClickTestSMTPSettingstoverifythattheserverconnectionworks.

9 ClickOK.

Set System Alert Preferences


Lab ManagercansendsystemalertemailstoallLab Managersystemadministratorsortoaspecifiedlistof
emailaddresses.

Lab Managersendssystemalertemailstothespecifiedrecipientsundertheseconditions:

Statusofahostordatastorechanges.

Diskthreshold(yelloworred)ofahostordatastoreiscrossed.

Lab ManagerlosesorresumestheconnectiontothevCenterServer.
Lab ManagerdetectsthatanESX/ESXihostisnotrespondingorstartsresponding.

To set system alert, preferences


1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheGeneraltab.

3 Selecttherecipientsofsystemalertemails:

AllvCenterLab ManagerAdministratorsSelectthisoptiontosendsystemalertstoallsystem
administrators.

TheseEmailAddressesSelectthisoptiontosendsystemalertstoaspecifiedlistofemailaddresses.

4 ClickOK.

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Set Configuration Change Summary Preferences


Lab Managerrecordscertainconfigurationoperations,suchasaddingorremovinganetwork,deployingor
undeployingtheconfiguration,andsoon,aschangesummaries.Otheroperations,suchascloning,moving,
andarchiving,allowyoutoinputchangesummarytext.Changesummariescanbehelpfulfortrackingand
auditingpurposes.

Whenyoucreateanewconfigurationbasedonanexistingone(forexample,bycloningaconfiguration)you
canspecifyhowmanyoftheoriginalconfigurationschangesummariesyouwantthenewconfigurationto
inherit.

To set configuration change summary preferences

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheGeneraltab.

3 Selecthowmanychangesummariesyouwanttoinherit.

4 ClickOK.

Configuring LDAP Settings


YoucanconfigureLab ManagertocreateandauthenticateusercredentialsagainstanLDAPserver.Insteadof
manuallycreatingalltheuseraccounts,youenableanentirecompany(orsubset)ofusersbypointingthe
installationtotheappropriateMicrosoftActiveDirectoryorOpenLDAPserver.

Lab ManagerdoesnotsupporthierarchicaldomainsforLDAPauthentication.

SeeCreateaUseronpage 24forinformationonmanuallycreatingLab Manageruseraccountsfor


nonLDAPusers.

ToprovideLab ManageraccesstoLDAPusers,youmustspecifytheLDAPsettingsandthenaddLDAPusers
orgroupstoaLab Managerorganization(seeCreateanOrganizationonpage 27).

WhenanLDAPuserwhohasbeenaddedtoanorganizationlogsintoLab Manager,Lab Managerchecksthe


credentialsoftheuseragainsttheLDAPdirectory.Ifthecredentialsareaccepted,Lab Managercreatesanew
useraccountandlogstheuserintothesystem.

Lab ManagercannotmodifytheinformationinyourLDAPdirectory.Youcanadd,delete,ormodifyLDAP
usersorgroupsonlyintheLDAPdirectoryitself.Lab Managerregularlysynchronizesuserandgroup
informationwiththeLDAPdirectory.

Locate an LDAP Server


BeforetypingahostnameandportinformationforyourLDAPserver,youcanhaveLab Managertrytolocate
anavailableLDAPserver.

To locate an LDAP server

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.
2 ClicktheLDAPtab.

3 ClickLocateLDAPServer.

Lab ManagerlooksforLDAPserversregisteredwiththeDNSserverforthelocalcomputer.IfLab Manager


findsanLDAPserver,itpopulatestheServerandPorttextboxes.IfLab ManagerfindsmultipleLDAPservers,
itchoosesonebasedontheDNSLDAPpriorityandweight.

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Set Up an LDAP Connection


YoucansetupanLDAPconnectiontoprovideLab Manageraccesstousersandgroupsthatalreadyexiston
theLDAPserver.

To set up an LDAP connection

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheLDAPtab.

3 TypethehostnameorIPaddressoftheLDAPserver.

Ifyoudonotspecifyaserver,Lab Managerusesserverlessbinding(forActiveDirectoryonly),which
connectstoanyavailabledomaincontroller.Serverlessbindingprovidesredundancyandloadbalancing
benefitsandrequiresthattheLab ManagerserverisinthesamedomainastheActiveDirectorydomain
controller.

4 Typeaportnumberorleaveblanktousethedefaultports.

IftheLDAPserverislisteningonanondefaultport,typetheportnumber.ForLDAP,thedefaultportis
389;forLDAPS,thedefaultportis636.

5 Typethebasedistinguishedname(DN).

ThebaseDNisthelocationintheLDAPdirectorywhereLab Managerconnects.
Lab ManagercandetectthebaseDNifyourLDAPserversupportsthis.Leavethistextboxblankand
clickTestLDAPSettingstodetermineifyourserversupportsbaseDNdetection.

VMwarerecommendsconnectingattheroot.Youneedtotypethedomaincomponentsonly,forexample,
DC=vmware,DC=com.

Toconnecttoanodeinthetree,typethedistinguishednameforthatnode,forexample,
OU=LabManager,DC=vmware,DC=com.Connectingatanodelimitsthescopeofthedirectoryavailableto
Lab Manager.

CAUTIONIfyouspecifyanOU,onlyLDAPusersinthatOUcanlogintoLab Manager.Insomecases,
thisrestrictioncanblockaccesstousersthatyoudonotwanttoblock.

Forexample,considerthefollowingscenario:

DomainName:mydomain.com
TopLevelOUs:DublinOfficeandHeadOffice

Groups:LabMangroupthatincludesusersfromboththeDublinOfficeandHeadOfficeOUs.

IfyourbindingstringisOU=HeadOffice,DC=mydomain,DC=com,andyouaddtheLabMangrouptoa
Lab Managerorganization,onlymembersoftheLabMangroupwhoarealsomembersoftheHeadOffice
OUcanlogintoLab Managerandaccesstheorganization.MembersoftheLabMangroupfromthe
DublinOfficeOUareexcluded.

6 SelecttheUseLDAPScheckboxifyouhaveanLDAPserversetuptosupportLDAPS.

LDAPSmakesLDAPtrafficconfidentialandsecurebyusingLDAPoverSecureSocketsLayer(SSL).

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7 SelecttheAcceptallcertificatescheckboxtoallowLDAPScommunicationbetweentheLDAPserverand
Lab ManagerserverwithoutrequiringtheLDAPSservercertificateintheLab Managerservercertificate
store.

CAUTIONDonotselectthisoptionunlessyouaresurethatyournetworkissecure.

Ifyoudonotselectthisoption,youmustimportaserverauthenticationcertificatefromtheLDAPSserver
intotheLab Managerserverscertificatestore.SeetheWindowsServer2003ProductHelpforinformation
aboutimportingcertificates.

8 SelecttheauthenticationmethodforyourLDAPserver.

ActiveDirectoryNegotiateChoosethismethodforActiveDirectory.

DigestMD5ChoosethismethodforOpenLDAPwithoutLDAPS.YoumustprovideMD5Realm
information.

BasicChoosethismethodforOpenLDAPonlyifyouareusingLDAPS.IfyouareusingLDAP,be
awarethattheLDAPpasswordissentoverthenetworkincleartext.

9 TypeausernameandpasswordtoconnecttotheLDAPserver.

IfanonymousreadsupportisenabledonyourLDAPserver,youcanleavethesetextboxesblank.
By default,ActiveDirectorydoesnotenableanonymousread,butOpenLDAPdoes.

10 SpecifyhowoftenLab ManagersynchronizeswiththeLDAPserver.

SynchronizingupdatesLab ManageruserandgroupinformationbasedonchangestotheLDAP
directory.Tosynchronizeimmediately,clicktheSynchronizeLDAPbutton.

Specify the LDAP Connector and Schema


Lab ManagersupportsMicrosoftActiveDirectoryandOpenLDAP,aswellasthemostcommonschemas
associatedwitheach.

To specify the LDAP connector and schema

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheLDAPtab.

3 Selectaconnector.

Lab ManagersupportsActiveDirectoryandOpenLDAP.Certainoptionsareenabledordisabledbased
onyourselection.Forexample,onlyActiveDirectorysupportsserverlessbinding.

4 SelectanLDAPschema.

TheLDAPschemadefinestherequiredandoptionalattributesforanLDAPdirectoryentry.

IfyouselectActiveDirectoryastheconnector,selectActiveDirectory,unlessyouareusingacustom
schema.

IfyouselectOpenLDAPastheconnector,selectOpenLDAP(1),OpenLDAP(2),orOpenLDAP(3),unless
youareusingacustomschema.OpenLDAP(1),(2),and(3)representthemostcommonimplementations
ofOpenLDAP.OpenLDAP(1)shouldworkinmostenvironmentsthatarenotsignificantlycustomized.
CheckwithyourOpenLDAPadministratortodeterminewhichschematochooseorifyouneedacustom
schema.

ThecombinationofconnectorandschemapopulatesthetextboxesinLDAPUserAttributesandLDAPGroup
Attributes.

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Customize LDAP User and Group Attributes


TheLDAPuserattributesprovideLab Managerwithdetailsabouthowuserandgroupinformationisdefined
intheLDAPdirectory.ThesesettingsallowLab Managertoaccesstheinformationandmapittoitsownuser
andgroupdatabase.

IfyourLDAPdirectoryusesdifferentsyntaxforuserandgroupattributesthanwhatisdisplayed,modifythe
informationheretomatchtheLDAPdirectory.

To customize LDAP user and group attributes

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheLDAPtab.

3 ModifytheuserandgroupattributestomatchtheattributesinyourLDAPserver.

Test LDAP Settings


AfteryouenteryourLDAPsettings,youcantestthesettingstomakesurethatattributesaremapping
correctly.

To test LDAP settings

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheLDAPtab.

3 ClickTestLDAPSettings.

Lab ManagertriestoconnecttotheLDAPserverandlookupinformationabouttheuserintheUser
Nametextbox.Foranonymousread,youmustprovideavalidusernametotest.

4 Reviewthetestresultsandmodifyyourconnectioninformationorattributevalues,ifnecessary.

Detach an LDAP Server


TostopusingLDAPtoauthenticateLab Managerusers,youcandetachtheLDAPserver.

To detach an LDAP server

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheLDAPtab.

3 ClickDetachLDAPServer.

Lab ManagerdetachestheLDAPserverandLDAPusersarepreventedfromloggingintotheWebconsole.

Synchronize Lab Manager with the LDAP Server


Lab ManagerregularlysynchronizesitsuserandgroupinformationwiththeLDAPserver.Youcanmanually
synchronizewiththeLDAPserveratanytime.

To synchronize with an LDAP server

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheLDAPtab.

3 ClickSynchronizeLDAP.

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Configuring Lab Manager Licenses


Lab ManagercapacityislicensedonaperprocessororpersocketbasisforpreparedESX/ESXihosts.Youneed
atleasttwoprocessorsofavailablelicensedcapacitytoprepareadualprocessorhost.

View Capacity License Information


YoucanviewinformationaboutyourLab Managercapacitylicenses,suchasexpirationandnumberofCPUs.

To view capacity license information

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheLicensetab.

Lab Managerdisplaysinformationaboutyourlicenses.

Add a Capacity License


Ifyourunoutoflicensedcapacity,youcanaddcapacitylicensestoLab Manager.

To add a capacity license

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 IntheLicensetab,clickAddCapacityLicense.
3 TypetheserialnumberandclickOK.

Configuring Guest Customization Settings


Forvirtualmachinescreatedfromtemplates,Lab Managercancustomizethenetworksettingsoftheguest
operatingsystem.GuestcustomizationrequiresVMwareTools.

ForinformationaboutbuildingaMicrosoftSyspreppackage,seeBuildaMicrosoftSysprepPackageon
page 41.

ForinformationaboutchoosingthedefaultSIDgenerationmechanism,seeSelecttheSIDGeneration
ToolforLab Manageronpage 43.

Forinformationaboutvirtualmachinetemplatepublishing,seeDisableVMware ToolsCheckBefore
PublishingVirtualMachineTemplatesonpage 47.

Configuring SupportLink Settings


Lab ManagerSupportLinkprovidestheperformancestatisticsdisplayedontheOverviewpageandsends
usagedatatoVMwarethathelpsimprovetheproduct.VMwaredoesnotsharethisdatawithother
organizationsortraceanydatabacktoindividualusers.SupportLinkalsoallowsyoutocollectsupport
informationtotroubleshootissueswithVMwareSupport.

Enable SupportLink
DuringtheLab Managerinstallationandinitializationprocess,youcandecidewhethertoenable
SupportLink.IfyoudidnotenableSupportLinkatthattimeyoucanenableitlater.

To enable SupportLink

1 Intheleftpaneoftheconsole,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheSupportLinktab.

3 SelectthecheckboxtoturnonSupportLink.

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4 TypeyourcompanynameandLab Manageradministratoremailaddress.

DonotaltertheSupportLinkserverunlessinstructedtochangethenamebyVMwaresupport.

5 IftheLab ManagerserverusesaproxyservertoconnecttotheInternet,entertheproxyserver
information.

6 IfVMwaresupportrequestsatestofSupportLink,clickTestSettingstoverifytheconnectiontothe
Lab ManagerSupportLinkServer.

7 ClickOK.

Collect Support Information


IfVMwareSupportrequeststhatyoucollectinformationaboutyourLab Managerenvironmentfor
troubleshooting,youcancollectsupportinformationfromtheSupportLinktab.

To collect support information

1 OntheSupportLinktab,clickCollect.

2 AfterLabManagercollectssupportinformation,clickthelinktodownloada.zipfilethatcontainsthe
supportlogs.

Configuring Resource Cleanup Settings


Youdefinethemaximumdeploymentleaseandstorageleasetimesforvirtualmachinetemplatesand
configurations.Thevaluesyoutypearealsousedasthedefaultsettingsfornewvirtualmachinetemplates
andconfigurations.Youcanoverridethesedefaults(uptothemaximum)whenyoucreateoreditindividual
virtualmachinetemplatesandconfigurations.

NOTEIfaLab Managersystemadministratorchangesthemaximumvalueaftertheinitialsetting,ausercan
onlyextendanexistingleasetotheoriginalvalue.

Understanding Leases
Whenadeploymentleaseexpires,Lab Managerundeploystheconfigurationorvirtualmachinetemplate.
Whenastorageleaseexpires,Lab Managerdeletes(orflagsfordeletion)thevirtualmachinetemplateor
configuration.SeeDeleteExpiredVirtualMachinesonpage 99formoreinformationaboutdeletingvirtual
machinesthatareflaggedfordeletion.

Userscanrequestemailnotificationbeforealeaseexpires.SeeSettingUserPreferencesonpage 16.

Storageleasesdonotaffectpublishedvirtualmachinetemplatesordeployedvirtualmachinetemplatesand
virtualmachines.Afteravirtualmachinetemplatechangesfromapublishedtoanunpublishedstate,ora
virtualmachinetemplateorvirtualmachinechangesfromadeployedtoanundeployedstate,thestoragelease
begins.

Astorageleaseisintendedtodeleteunusedorinactivevirtualmachinetemplates.Theunpublish,clone,
export,andconsolidateoperationsrenewtheleasebecauseLab Manageridentifiesthevirtualmachine
templateasinuse.

Settingorchangingthememoryortimesynchronizationpropertiesforvirtualmachinetemplatesorvirtual
machinesrenewstheleasebecauseLab Manageridentifiesthevirtualmachinetemplateorvirtualmachineas
inuse.

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Set Deployment and Storage Lease Maximums


Youcansetthemaximumdeploymentandstorageleasetimesforconfigurationsandvirtualmachine
templates.

To set the maximum time for deployment and storage leases

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClicktheResourceCleanuptab.

3 Choosethedeploymentleasemaximumsforworkspaceconfigurationsandvirtualmachinetemplates.

4 Choosethestorageleasemaximumsforworkspaceconfigurations,virtualmachinetemplates,andlibrary
configurations.

5 Choosewhethertodeleteormarkfordeletionconfigurationsandtemplateswithexpiredstorageleases.

6 ClickOK.

Configuring vCenter Settings


ThevCentertabdisplaysthesettingsforthevCenterServerassociatedwithLab Manager.FromthevCenter
tab,youcanreconnecttothevCenterServerandchangethevCenterServerlogininformation.

Reconnect to a vCenter Server


IfLab ManagerlosesitsconnectiontothevCenterServer,Lab Managerattemptstoreconnectperiodically.
If youwanttoconnectimmediately,youcanforcetheconnectionprocess.

To reconnect Lab Manager to vCenter Server

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClickthevCentertab.

3 ClickOK.

Lab ManagerattemptstoreestablishaconnectionwiththevCenterServer.

Change the vCenter Server User Name and Password


IftheusernameandpasswordforyourvCenterServerchangesoriftheaccountyouarecurrentlyusingdoes
nothavethenecessaryvCenterprivileges,youcanchangethelogininformation.Formoreinformationabout
therequiredvCenterprivileges,seetheVMwarevCenterLab ManagerInstallationandUpgradeGuide.

To change the vCenter Server log in information

1 Intheleftpane,clickSettings.

2 ClickthevCentertab.

3 TypeanewusernameandpasswordforthevCenterServerconnection.

4 ClickOK.

Lab ManagerattemptstoestablishaconnectionwiththevCenterServerusingthenewcredentials.

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16

Monitoring Lab Manager 16


Administratorscanmonitorcompletedandinprogressoperations,viewalistofcurrentlydeployedvirtual
machines,andreviewresourceusageinformation.MostotherLab Manageruserscanonlyviewinformation
abouttheirownjobs.

Thischapterincludesthefollowingtopics:

MonitoringLabManagerOperationsonpage 145

MonitoringResourceUsageonpage 146

ViewDeployedVirtualMachinesonpage 147

Monitoring Lab Manager Operations


InformationaboutallrecentLab ManageroperationsappearsintheActivityLog.Inaddition,youcanview
detailedinformationabouteachjobinthelog.

View the Activity Log


ViewtheActivityLogtomonitoroperationsthatareinprogress,tofindandtroubleshootfailedjobs,andto
viewjobsbyownerororganization.Lab Managersystemadministratorscanseeallentries.Otheruserscan
seeentriesabouttheirownoperations.

TospecifyhowlongtoretainActivityLogentriesandhowmanydaysworthofhistorytodisplay,seeChange
vCenterLab ManagerPreferencesonpage 135.

To view the Activity Log

Intheleftpane,clickActivityLog.

Theloglistsactivitiesforthecurrentlyselectedorganization.IfyouselectGlobal,theloglistsactivitiesforthe
entireLab Managerinstallation.

Onthispage,atableincludesthisinformation:

TheStatuscolumnindicatesthesuccess,failure,orinprogressstatusofajob.

AfailedjobincludesashortdescriptionintheDetailscolumn.

TheActivitycolumnincludesabriefdescriptionoftheoperation.

Clicktheactivitydescriptiontoviewdetailsaboutthejob.
TheOwnerandLocationcolumnsprovideinformationaboutwhoinitiatedajobandfromwhich
organizationandworkspacetheyinitiatedit.

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View Activity Details


YoucanviewdetailsaboutanyjobonitsActivityDetailspage.Theinformationisespeciallyusefulfor
troubleshooting.

To view the Activity Details page

1 Intheleftpane,clickActivityLog.

2 ClickthetextintheActivitycolumn.

Lab Managerdisplaysdetailedinformationaboutthejob.

Monitoring Resource Usage


InLab Manager,deployedvirtualmachinesgettheirCPUandmemoryresourcesfromresourcepools.
Administratorscangetinformationabouttheavailabilityoftheseresourcesforeachresourcepool,
organization,andworkspace.

View Resource Pool Resource Usage


YoucanviewinformationabouttheCPUandmemoryresourcesusedbyeachresourcepoolacrosstheentire
installationorwithinanorganization.

To view resource pool usage information

1 Intheleftpane,clickResourceUsageandclicktheResourcePoolstab.

2 Selecttheorganizationforwhichyouwanttoviewresourcepoolusageinformationfromthe
Organizationdropdownmenu.

SelectGlobaltoviewusageinformationacrosstheentireinstallation.

Lab Managerdisplaysresourceusageinformationforalltheresourcepoolsintheselectedorganizationor
acrosstheentireinstallation.Ifyouselectanorganization,Lab Managerdisplaysonlytheresourcesbeing
usedbythatorganization.

View Workspace Resource Usage


YoucanviewinformationabouttheCPUandmemoryresourcesusedbyeachworkspaceacrosstheentire
installationorwithinaspecificorganization.

To view workspace resource usage information

1 Intheleftpane,clickResourceUsageandclicktheOrganizationsandWorkspacestab.

2 Selecttheorganizationforwhichyouwanttoviewworkspaceresourceusageinformationfromthe
Organizationdropdownmenu.

SelectGlobaltoviewusageinformationforallworkspacesinallorganizations.

Lab Managerdisplaysresourceusageinformationforalltheworkspacesintheselectedorganizationoracross
theentireinstallation.Ifyouselectanorganization,Lab Managerdisplaysonlytheresourcesbeingusedby
workspacesinthatorganization.

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View Deployed Virtual Machines


YoucanviewalldeployedvirtualmachinesintheLab Managerinstallationorinanorganization.SeeView
DeployedVirtualMachinesonaHostonpage 93toviewthedeployedvirtualmachinesonaspecifichost.

To view deployed virtual machines

Intheleftpane,clickDeployedMachines.

Thepagedisplaysalistofdeployedmachinesforthecurrentlyselectedorganization.IfyouselectGlobal,the
pagelistsdeployedmachinesfortheentireLab Managerinstallation.

Onthispage,atableincludesthisinformation:

ConsoleProvidesaccesstothevirtualmachineconsolethroughthethumbnailicon.

VirtualMachineProvidesapopupmenutoviewthevirtualmachineconsoleorundeploythevirtual
machine.

StatusIndicatesthatthevirtualmachineisdeployed.

Ifthereisanerrorassociatedwithavirtualmachine,itappearsasalink.Clickthelinktoviewjobdetails.

ConfigurationSpecifieswhetherthevirtualmachineisavirtualmachinetemplate(indicatedbyadash)
orpartofaconfiguration.

NICDisplaysanumberforeachNICassociatedwiththevirtualmachine.

IPAddressDisplaystheIPaddressofthevirtualmachineorspecifiesDHCP.

ExternalIPDisplaystheexternalIPaddressforthevirtualmachineifitrequiresone.

TemplateShowsthevirtualmachinetemplatethatservesasthebasisofthevirtualmachine.

Thisisusefulwhenyouplanonretiringavirtualmachinetemplateandneedtoevaluateitsusage.When
avirtualmachinetemplateisremovedfromaconfigurationorisdeployed,adashappearsinthe
Templatecolumn.

HostDisplaystheESX/ESXihostname.

DeployedByIndicatestheuserwhodeployedthevirtualmachine.

LocationShowstheorganizationandworkspacefromwhichthevirtualmachinewasdeployed.

SharingIndicateswhethertheconfigurationisaccessibleforotherstouse.

DateDeployedDisplaysthedateandtimeofdeployment.
MessagesMessagesaboutthevirtualmachine.

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A

Roles and Rights A


vCenterLab Managerappliesrolesandrightstodeterminewhichusersandgroupscanperformwhich
operations.SeeManagingUsers,Groups,andRolesonpage 109forinformationonpredefinedroles,
creatingroles,andassigningrightstoroles.SeeCreateanOrganizationonpage 27forinformationon
assigningrolestousersandgroups.

Inaddition,whenusersshareanobjectthattheyown(forexample,avirtualmachinetemplateor
configuration),theycanspecifyalevelofaccessrights.Accessrightscombinewiththerightsofausersrole
todeterminehowausercaninteractwithsharedobjects.Accessrightscannotprovideduserswithrightsthat
theydonotalreadyhavebasedontheirrole.

Predefined Roles
ThisappendixincludesinformationabouttherightsassignedtoLab Managerspredefinedrolesandhow
accessrightsaffectuserswhoworkwithsharedobjects.

TheLab Managerpredefinedrolesare:

SystemAdministrator
Administrator

Thesystemadministratorcanassigntheadministratorrolerightsattheorganizationorworkspacelevel.

TemplateCreator
ApplicationOwner
User
ViewOnly

Datastore Rights
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscancreate,delete,andeditdatastores.Thecreaterightisrequiredto
addadatastoretoanorganization.Otheruserscanaccessdatastoresthatareaddedtotheirorganizationas
resources.

Table A-1. Datastore Rights for Predefined Roles


Delete Edit Properties

System Administrator X X

Administrator

Template Creator

Application Owner

User

View Only

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General Rights
TheChangeOwnershiprightallowssystemadministratorstoassignanewownertoLab Managerobjects
(networktemplates,virtualmachinetemplates,configurations,andmediafiles)inanyorganization.
Administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanchangetheownerofobjectsintheirorganization.

TheAdministratorViewandControlrightallowssystemadministratorstoseeandinteractwithallobjectsin
theLab Managerinstallation,evenobjectsthatarenotsharedwiththem.Onlysystemadministratorscan
modifyLab Managersglobalsettings.

Table A-2. General Rights for Predefined Roles


Administrator View and Control Change Ownership Global Settings Modify

System Administrator X X X

Administrator X X

Template Creator

Application Owner

User

View Only

Group Rights
Onlysystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcanadd,delete,andedit
groups.Lab ManageronlysupportsgroupscreatedonanLDAPserver.Youcannotcreateagrouporadd
userstoagroupwithintheLab Managerenvironment.

Table A-3. Group Rights for Predefined Roles


Create Delete Edit Properties
System Administrator X X X

Administrator X X X

Template Creator
Application Owner

User

View Only

High I/O Rights


Lab ManagerrestrictscertainhighI/Ooperationsbasedonuserroles.

Table A-4. High I/O Rights for Predefined Roles


Consolidate Export Full Clone Import from SMB Import from vCenter

System X X X X X
Administrator

Administrator X X X X

Template Creator X X X X

Application Owner X X X X

User

View Only

Whenanownersharesanobjectwithanotheruser,theusersabilitytoperformhighI/Ooperationsonthat
objectisbasedontheintersectionoftherightsoftheirroleandtheaccessrightsassignedbytheownersharing
theobject.

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Table A-5. High I/O Rights for Sharing Roles


Access Consolidate Export Full Clone Import

Full Control X X X N/A

Change X X N/A
Read X X N/A

Host Rights
ThistableliststherightsthatthepredefinedroleshaveforhostsinLab Manager.

Table A-6. Host Rights for Predefined Roles


Edit Properties Enable/Disable Undeploy/Redeploy

System Administrator X X X

Administrator

Template Creator

Application Owner

User

View Only

Host Spanning Transport Networks


ThistableliststherightsthatthepredefinedroleshaveforhostspanningtransportnetworksinLab Manageri.

Table A-7. Host Spanning Transport Network Rights for Predefined Roles
Add/Remove

System X
Administrator
Administrator

Template Creator

Application Owner
User

View Only

Library Configuration Rights


ThistableliststherightsthatthepredefinedroleshaveforlibraryconfigurationsinLab Manager.

Table A-8. Library Configuration Rights for Predefined Roles


Clone to Discard Edit
Workspace Create Delete State Properties LiveLink View

System X X X X X X X
Administrator

Administrator X X X X X X X

Template X X X X X X X
Creator

Application X X X X X X X
Owner

User X X

View Only

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WhenanownersharesaLibraryconfigurationwithanotheruser,theusersrightsarebasedontheintersection
oftherightsoftheroleandtheaccessrightsassignedbytheownersharingtheobject.

Table A-9. Library Configuration Rights for Sharing Roles


Clone to
Access Workspace Create Delete Edit Properties LiveLink

Full X N/A X X X
Control

Change X N/A X X

Read X N/A X

Machine Rights
ThistableliststherightsthatthepredefinedroleshaveforvirtualmachinesinLab Manager.

Table A-10. Machine Rights for Predefined Roles


Edit Boot Edit Hard
Seq./Delay Edit CPU Disk Edit Memory Edit Network Edit Properties

Sys. Admin. X X X X X X

Admin. X X X X X X

Template X X X X X X
Creator
App. Owner X X X X X X

User

View Only

Machine Rights for Predefined Roles (contd)


Power Suspend/ Use
On/Off Revert Snapshot Resume Console View

Sys. Admin. X X X X X X

Admin. X X X X X X

Templ. X X X X X X
Creator

App. Owner X X X X X X

User X X X X X X
View Only X

TheEditPropertiescolumnreferstoallvirtualmachineproperties,exceptthosecalledoutintheirown
column.Forexample,ausercaneditavirtualmachinenamebutnotitsmemoryornetworkinformation.

Whenanownersharesaconfigurationorvirtualmachinetemplatewithanotheruser,theusergetsrightsto
thevirtualmachinetemplateorconfigurationsvirtualmachines.Thoserightsaredeterminedbasedonthe
intersectionoftherightsoftheirroleandtheaccessrightsassignedbytheownersharingtheobject.

Table A-11. Machine Rights for Sharing Roles


Edit Boot Seq. Edit Edit Edit
Access and Delay Edit CPU Edit Hard Disk Memory Network Properties

Full X X X X X X
Control

Change X X X X X X

Read

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Appendix A Roles and Rights

Media Rights
ThistableliststherightsthatthepredefinedroleshaveformediainLab Manager.

Table A-12. Media Rights for Predefined Roles


Edit Properties Synchronize View

System Administrator X X X

Administrator X X X

Template Creator X X

Application Owner X X

User X X

View Only

Whenanownersharesmediawithanotheruser,theusersrightsarebasedontheintersectionoftherightsof
theirroleandtheaccessrightsassignedbytheownersharingtheobject.

Table A-13. Media Rights for Sharing Roles


Access Edit Properties Synchronize

Full Control X

Change X

Read

Media Store Rights


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscancreate,delete,andeditmediastores.Otheruserscanaccessmedia
storesthatareaddedtotheirorganizationasresources.

Table A-14. Media Store Rights for Predefined Roles


Create Delete Edit Properties

System Administrator X X X
Administrator

Template Creator

Application Owner
User

View Only

Network Template Rights


Bydefault,systemadministrators,administratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevel,andtemplatescreators
cancreate,delete,andeditnetworktemplates.

Table A-15. Network Template Rights for Predefined Roles


Create Delete Edit Properties View

System Administrator X X X X

Administrator X X X X

Template Creator X X X X

Application Owner X

User

View Only

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Whenanownersharesanetworktemplatewithanotheruser,theusersrightsarebasedontheintersectionof
therightsoftheirroleandtheaccessrightsassignedbytheownersharingtheobject.

Table A-16. Network Template Rights for Sharing Roles


Access Create Delete Edit Properties

Full Control N/A X X

Change N/A X
Read N/A

Organization Rights
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscancreateanddeleteorganizations.

Table A-17. Organization Rights for Predefined Roles


Edit Membership Edit Properties Edit Resource View

System Administrator X X X X

Administrator X X X

Template Creator
Application Owner

User

View Only

Physical Network Rights


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscancreate,delete,andeditphysicalnetworks.Otheruserscanaccess
physicalnetworksthatareaddedtotheirorganizationasresources.

Table A-18. Physical Network Rights for Predefined Roles


Create Delete Edit Properties

System Administrator X X X

Administrator

Template Creator

Application Owner

User
View Only

Resource Pool Rights


Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscancreate,delete,andeditresourcepools.Otheruserscanaccess
resourcepoolsthatareaddedtotheirorganizationasresources.

Table A-19. Resource Pool Rights for Predefined Roles


Attach Detach Edit Properties

System Administrator X X X

Administrator

Template Creator

Application Owner

User

View Only

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Appendix A Roles and Rights

Role Rights
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorscancreate,delete,andeditroles.

Table A-20. Role Rights for Predefined Roles


Create Delete Edit Properties View

System Administrator X X X X

Administrator X

Template Creator

Application Owner

User

View Only

Sharing Rights
Basedontheirroleandrights,userscanshareobjectstoallorspecificusersinthefollowingways:

AcrosstheentireLab Managerinstallation

Acrossorganizations

Acrossworkspaces

Withanorganization

Withaworkspace

Table A-21. Sharing Rights for Predefined Roles


Share
Across Share
Share Across Installation Share Across Org Share Across
Installation Users (Read Across Orgs Users (Read Workspaces
Share (Read only) Only) (Read only) Only) (Read only)

System X X X X X X
Administrator
Administrator X X X X X X

Template Creator X X

Application X X
Owner

User X X

View Only

Sharing Rights for Predefined Roles (contd)


Share Across
Workspaces Share with Share with
Users (Read Share with Organizations Share with Workspace
Only) Organizations Users Workpsace Users

System Administrator X X X X X
Administrator X X X X X

Template Creator X X X X X

Application Owner X X X X X

User X X X X X

View Only

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Whenanownersharesanobjectwithanotheruser,theusersabilitytosharethatobjectisbasedonthe
intersectionoftherightsoftheirroleandtheaccessrightsassignedbytheownersharingtheobject.

Table A-22. Sharing Rights for Sharing Roles


Sharing Across the Entire Sharing Between Sharing Within an
Access Installation Organizations Organization

Full Control X X X

Change

Read

User Rights
Bydefault,onlysystemadministratorsandadministratorswithrightsattheorganizationlevelcancreate,
delete,andeditusers.Lab ManageralsosupportsuserscreatedonanLDAPserver.

Table A-23. User Rights for Predefined Roles


Create Delete Edit Properties Notify View

System Administrator X X X X X

Administrator X X X X X

Template Creator

Application Owner

User

View Only

VM Template Rights
ThistableliststherightsthatthepredefinedroleshaveforvirtualmachinetemplatesinLab Manager.

Table A-24. Virtual Machine Template Rights for Predefined Roles


Create Delete Deploy/Undeploy Edit Properties View

System Administrator X X X X X
Administrator X X X X X

Template Creator X X X X X

Application Owner X X
User

View Only

Whenanownersharesavirtualmachinetemplatewithanotheruser,theusersrightsarebasedonthe
intersectionoftherightsoftheroleandtheaccessrightsassignedbytheownersharingtheobject.

Table A-25. Virtual Machine Template Rights for Sharing Roles


Access Create Delete Deploy/Undeploy Edit Properties

Full Control N/A X X X

Change N/A X X

Read N/A

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Appendix A Roles and Rights

Workspace Configuration Rights


ThistableliststherightsthatthepredefinedroleshaveforworkspaceconfigurationsinLab Manager.

Table A-26. Workspace Configuration Rights for Predefined Roles


Deploy/ Deploy/
Add Delete Undeploy Undeploy Edit
Machine Create Delete Machine Fenced Non-fenced Prop. View

System X X X X X X X X
Admin
Admin X X X X X X X X

Template X X X X X X X X
Creator

App. Owner X X X X X X X X

User X X X X X

View Only

Whenanownersharesaworkspaceconfigurationwithanotheruser,theusersrightsarebasedonthe
intersectionoftherightsoftheirroleandtheaccessrightsassignedbytheownersharingtheobject.

Table A-27. Workspace Configuration Rights for Sharing Roles


Deploy/ Deploy/
Add Delete Undeploy Undeploy
Access Machine Create Delete machine Fenced Nonfenced Edit
Full Control X N/A X X X X X

Change N/A X X X

Read N/A

Workspace Rights
ThistableliststherightsthatthepredefinedroleshaveforworkspacesinLab Manager.

Table A-28. Workspace Rights for Predefined Roles


Clone Edit Edit Edit
To Create Delete Membership Prop. Resource Move From Move To View

System X X X X X X X X X
Admin.

Admin. X X X X X X X X X

Templ. X X X X
Creator

App. X X X X
Owner

User X

View Only X

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B

Client and Browser Support B


Lab ManageruserscanaccesstheWebconsolefromclientcomputersrunningvariouscombinationsof
operatingsystemsandbrowsers.Dependingontheoperatingsystem,Lab ManagersupportsMicrosoft
InternetExplorer,MozillaFirefox,orboth.

SeeTable B1,32BitClientOperatingSystemandWebBrowserSupport,onpage 159andTable B2,64Bit


ClientOperatingSystemandWebBrowserSupport,onpage 159.

Table B-1. 32-Bit Client Operating System and Web Browser Support
Operating System IE 6.x IE 7.x IE 8.x Firefox 2.x Firefox 3.x

Microsoft Windows
Server2008 N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes

Vista N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes

Server2003StandardEdition Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes


Server2003Enterprise Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Edition

XPProfessional Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes


2000Server Yes No N/A No N/A

2000AdvancedServer Yes No N/A No N/A

Red Hat Enterprise Linux


2.1AS/ES/WS No No No Yes Yes

3AS/ES/WS No No No Yes Yes

4AS/ES/WS No No No Yes Yes

5AS/ES/WS No No No Yes Yes

SUSE Linux

EnterpriseServer8(SLES) No No No Yes Yes

EnterpriseServer9(SLES) No No No Yes Yes

EnterpriseServer10(SLES) No No No Yes Yes

Table B-2. 64-Bit Client Operating System and Web Browser Support
Operating System IE 6.x IE 7.x IE 8.x Firefox 2.x Firefox 3.x

Microsoft Windows

Server2008 N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes

Vista N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes

Server2003StandardEdition Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Table B-2. 64-Bit Client Operating System and Web Browser Support (Continued)
Operating System IE 6.x IE 7.x IE 8.x Firefox 2.x Firefox 3.x

Server2003Enterprise Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes


Edition

XPProfessional Yes Yes Yes No Yes

Red Hat Enterprise Linux


3AS/ES/WS No No No Yes Yes

4AS/ES/WS No No No Yes Yes

SUSE Linux

EnterpriseServer9(SLES) No No No Yes Yes

EnterpriseServer10(SLES) No No No Yes Yes

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C

Guest Operating System Support C


Lab Managersupportsawidevarietyof32bitand64bitoperatingsystemsinitsvirtualmachinetemplates
andvirtualmachines.SeeTable C1,32BitGuestOperatingSystemSupport,onpage 161andTable C2,
64BitGuestOperatingSystemSupport,onpage 162.

Table C-1. 32-Bit Guest Operating System Support


Virtual Machine Hot-Add
Operating System Versions Customization Memory Hot-Add CPU

Microsoft Windows

MicrosoftWindows7(experimental) Version7only Yes Yes Yes

MicrosoftWindowsServer2008 Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly Yes No

MicrosoftWindowsVista Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly No No

MicrosoftWindowsServer2003,Datacenter Versions4and7 Yes Yes No


Edition
MicrosoftWindowsServer2003,Enterprise Versions4and7 Yes Yes No
Edition

MicrosoftWindowsServer2003,Standard Versions4and7 Yes No No


Edition

MicrosoftWindowsServer2003,WebEdition Versions4and7 Yes No No

MicrosoftWindowsSmallBusinessServer2003 Versions4and7 Yes No No

MicrosoftWindowsXPProfessional Versions4and7 Yes No No

MicrosoftWindows2000AdvancedServer Versions4and7 Yes No No

MicrosoftWindows2000Professional Versions4and7 Yes No No

MicrosoftWindows2000Server Versions4and7 Yes No No

MicrosoftWindowsNT Version4and7 Yes,SIDgenonly No No

MicrosoftWindows98 Version7only No No No
MicrosoftWindows95 Version7only No No No

UNIX/Linux

DebianGNU/Linux5(experimental) Version7only No No No

DebianGNU/Linux4 Version7only No No No

FreeBSD Version7only No No No

OtherLinux Versions4and7 No No No

RedHatEnterpriseLinux5 Versions4and7 Yes No No

RedHatEnterpriseLinux4 Versions4and7 Yes No No

RedHatEnterpriseLinux3 Versions4and7 Yes No No

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Table C-1. 32-Bit Guest Operating System Support (Continued)


Virtual Machine Hot-Add
Operating System Versions Customization Memory Hot-Add CPU
RedHatEnterpriseLinux2 Versions4and7 Yes No No

SUSELinuxEnterpriseServer10 Versions4and7 Yes No No

SUSELinuxEnterpriseServer9 Versions4and7 Yes No No


UbuntuLinux Versions4and7 No Yes No

Solaris

SunSolaris10 Versions4and7 Yes No No

NetWare

NovellNetWare6 Versions4and7 No No No

NovellNetWare5 Versions4and7 No No No

Other

Other Versions4and7 No Yes Yes

Table C-2. 64-Bit Guest Operating System Support


Virtual Machine Hot-Add
Operating System Versions Customization Memory Hot-Add CPU

Microsoft Windows

MicrosoftWindows7(experimental) Version7only No Yes Yes

MicrosoftWindowsServer2008 Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly Yes Yes

MicrosoftWindowsServer2008R2 Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly Yes Yes


(experimental)

MicrosoftWindowsVista Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly No No

MicrosoftWindowsServer2003,Datacenter Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly Yes No


Edition

MicrosoftWindowsServer2003,Enterprise Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly Yes No


Edition

MicrosoftWindowsServer2003,Standard Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly No No


Edition

MicrosoftWindowsXPProfessional Versions4and7 Yes,Syspreponly No No

UNIX/Linux

DebianGNU/Linux5(experimental) Version7only No No No

DebianGNU/Linux4 Version7only No No No

OtherLinux Versions4and7 No No No

RedHatEnterpriseLinux5 Versions4and7 Yes Yes No

RedHatEnterpriseLinux4 Versions4and7 Yes No No

RedHatEnterpriseLinux3 Versions4and7 Yes No No

SUSELinuxEnterpriseServer10 Versions4and7 Yes Yes No

SUSELinuxEnterpriseServer9 Versions4and7 Yes No No

UbuntuLinux Versions4and7 No Yes Yes

Solaris

SunSolaris10 Versions4and7 Yes No No

Other

Other Versions4and7 No Yes Yes

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D

Using SSMove D
SSMoveisautilityontheLab Managerserverthatallowsyoutomovedatastores.Thisutilityislocatedin
C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Lab Manager Server\Tools\SSMove.

ThisappendixincludesinformationaboutpreparingtouseSSMove,movingadatastore,andfixingcommon
errorsthatmightoccur.

Before You Move a Datastore


Tomoveadatastore,youmustpoweroffvirtualmachinesandshutdownESXhostsandtheLab Manager
server.

To prepare to move a datastore

1 BackuptheLab Managerdatabaseanddataonthestorageservers.

SeetheVMwareknowledgebasearticleathttp://kb.vmware.com/kb/1000023formoreinformation.

2 Intheleftpane,clickResources.

3 OntheDatastorestab,clickthe%Usedcolumnheading.

Youcanreviewdatastoreusageandidentifydatastoresthatareatornearcapacity.

4 Intheleftpane,clickUsersandGroups.

5 ClickSendNotification,whichpromptsalluserstologoutofLab Manager.

6 Undeploythevirtualmachinesonthedatastoresthatyouaremoving.
a OntheDatastorestab,movethepointeroverthedatastorenameandselectOpen.

b InStatus,movethepointerovereachdeployedvirtualmachinenameandselectUndeploySave
StateorUndeployDiscardState.

7 OntheDatastorestab,movethepointeroverthedatastorenameandselectDisable.

8 ClickOK.

9 RebootallESXhosts.

10 VerifythattherolewhoisperformingthemoveisamemberoftheVMwareLMClientAcctslocalgroup.

a OntheLab Managerserver,selectStart>Programs>AdministrativeTools>Computer
Management.

b Intheconsoletree,clickGroups.

c DoubleclickVMwareLMClientAcctsandclickAddtoaddamember.

d ReboottheLab Managerserver.

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Move a Datastore
Onlysystemadministratorscanmoveadatastore.

To move a datastore

1 OntheLabManagerserver,runSSMove.exe,whichislocatedinC:\Program Files\VMware\Vmware
Lab Manager\Tools\SSMove.

YoucanonlyrunasingleinstanceofSSMoveatatime.

2 ClickRefreshSizestoupdatetheusedandavailablespaceinformationforthedatastores.

3 Filterthesourcetreesbasedontheirdatastoreorsize.

a Selectthedatastorethatcontainsthedatayouwanttomove.

b Typeaminimumtreesize(GB).

4 ClickApply.

5 Chooseasourcetreetomove.

a OntheViewDatastoreUsagepage,movethepointeroverthevirtualmachineandselectContext.

b Movethepointerovertherootofthetreetodisplaythedirectorypath.

ThedirectoryIDoftherootnodeisthesourcetreethatyouwanttomove.

6 Selectthedestinationdatastore.

ThedropdownmenuliststhedatastoresthatareconnectedtothesameESXhostsasthesourcedatastore
andtheamountoffreespace(GB)onthedatastore.

7 SelectMove.

SSMovemovesthedatafromthesourcetothedestinationandreportsitsprogressintheStatusarea.

8 ClickExitwhenthemoveiscomplete.

9 IntheLab ManagerWebconsole,enablethedatastore.

10 NotifyusersthattheycanlogintoLab Manager.

Resolving Move Errors


Iferrorsoccurduringthemove,thissectiondescribeshowtofixthem.

To resolve move errors if an error message appears

1 Readthestatusmessage.

2 ResolvetheproblemthatpreventedthemoveandrunSSMove.exeagaintomovetheremaining
directories.

IntheSourceTreedropdownmenu,treeswithdirectoriesthathavenotmovedareidentifiedaspartially
completed.Whenyouselectapartiallymovedtree,youcanmovetheentiretreeoronlytheremaining
directories.

To resolve errors if SSmove loses data when the destination datastore is NFS

1 Runselect display_name from datastore where sub_directory = N'/'

2 IfLab Managerdoesnotdisplayaresult,continueusingSSMove.

3 Ifthereisaresult,runUpdate datastore set sub_directory = N'/VM' where display_name in


(select display_name from datastore where sub_directory = N'/').

4 VerifywhetherthedirectoryvirtualmachineexistsontheNFSdatastores.

5 Ifthedirectorydoesnotexist,createit.

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Glossary

A ActiveDirectory
AMicrosoftdirectoryservicethatstoresinformationaboutthenetworkoperatingsystemandprovides
services.ActiveDirectoryenablesadministratorstosetsecuritypolicies,controlresources,anddeploy
programsacrossanenterprise.

YoucanpointLab ManagerataMicrosoftActiveDirectorydomainordomaincontrollertoenablean
entirecompany(orsubset)ofusers.

ActiveXControl
Anobjectthatsupportsprogrammaticinterfaces.LabManagerpromptsyoutoinstalltheremoteconsole
ActiveXControlwhenyouinitiallyaccessavirtualmachineconsole.

activitylog
AdisplayofstatusinformationaboutasynchronousLab Managertasksorjobsthatdonotrequire
immediatecompletion.

administrator
SeeLabManagersystemadministrator.

agent
SeeLabManageragent.

B basedisk
Theoriginalvirtualharddiskfromwhichavirtualmachineisderived.Virtualmachinescreatedbylinked
clonesinLabManagerconsistofabasediskandchainofdeltadisksthatstorethechangesmadetothe
original.Thisprocessaddressesthepotentialdiskconsumptiondifficultiesthatcanoccurwithvirtual
machineproliferation.

Whenyoumakealinkedcloneofavirtualmachine,boththecloneandtheoriginalusethesamebase
disk.Whenyoumakeafullcloneofavirtualmachine,LabManagerconsolidatestheoriginalbasedisk
anditsdeltadiskstocreateanewbasedisk.Inthiscase,theoriginaldisksremainunchanged.

Seealsochainlength,clone,deltadisk.

C chainlength
Thenumberofdeltadisksassociatedwithavirtualmachine.Thechainlengthindicateshowdistributed
avirtualmachineimageisacrossthedirectoriesofadatastore.

Seealsobasedisk,consolidate,deltadisk.

clone
Seelinkedclone,fullclone.

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cluster
Aservergroupinthevirtualenvironment.Clustersenableahighavailabilitysolution.

computeresource
Acomputeresourceistheclusterorhostprovidingcomputepowertoaresourcepool.Thecompute
resourcerepresentsthesumofallCPUandmemoryofallhostsunderit.

configuration
AgroupofvirtualmachinesthatLabManagercontrolsasaunit.LabManagercanreplicatethese
configurationsondemand.

console
SeeLabManagerWebconsole,virtualmachineconsole.

consolidate
Tocombineanexistingbasediskanditschainofdeltadisksintoasinglebasedisk.Useconsolidationto
moveavirtualmachineorconfigurationtoanewdatastore.

Seealsobasedisk,chainlength,deltadisk.

D datastore
Virtualrepresentationofcombinationsofunderlyingphysicalstorageresourcesinthedatacenter.A
datastoreisthestoragelocation(forexample,aphysicaldisk,aRAID,oraSAN)forvirtualmachinefiles.

LabManagerstoresmediafilesandvirtualmachinesonVMFSandNFSdatastores.

deltadisk
Differencingdiskcreatedduringthecloningprocess.Avirtualmachinecreatedasalinkedclone
consistsofabasedisk,plusachainofoneormoredeltadisksthatstorethedifferencesbetweenthecloned
virtualmachineandtheoriginalvirtualmachine.

Seealsobasedisk,chainlength,clone.

deploy
ToregisteravirtualmachineorconfigurationonanESXhost.ThishostmusthavetheproperCPUtype,
CPUnumbers,and64bitcapability,ifnecessary.LabManagermanagestheselectionofhostswhen
deployingvirtualmachinesandconfigurations.

deploymentlease
TheamountoftimeavirtualmachinetemplateorconfigurationisdeployedbeforeLabManageris
scheduledtoundeployit.

DHCP(DynamicHostConfigurationProtocol)
Acommunicationsprotocolthatenablesdynamicaddressing.Thesoftwarerelievesadministratorsofthe
taskofassigninganIPaddresstoeachdevicethatconnectstoanetwork.

DNS(DomainNameSystem)
AnInternetdataqueryservicethattranslateshostnamesintoIPaddresses.AlsocalledDomainName
ServerorDomainNameService.

DRS(VMwareDistributedResourceScheduler)
SeeVMwareDistributedResourceScheduler(DRS).

E ESX
SeeVMwareESX.

export
TomoveaconfigurationorvirtualmachinetoanSMBshare.

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Glossary

externalIPaddress
AuniqueIPaddresstemporarilyassignedtoeachvirtualmachinedeployedusingnetworkfencingor
connectingavirtualnetworktoaphysicalnetwork.Throughtheseexternaladdresses,virtualmachines
bothinsideandoutsidetheconfigurationcancommunicatewitheachother.

F fencing
Anarchitecturethatisolatesvirtualmachineconfigurationswhileallowingfullnetworkaccess.Fencing
enablesyoutoworkwithliveinstancesofidenticalconfigurationsonthesamenetworksimultaneously.

forcedelete
ToforcefullydeleteavirtualmachinewhenanESXhostfailurepreventstheLabManageradministrator
fromdeletingthevirtualmachine.

TheoperationcleansthevirtualmachinefromtheLab ManagerdatabasebutnotfromtheVirtualCenter
inventory.YoucanmanuallyremovethevirtualmachinefromtheVirtualCenterinventory.

forceundeploy
ToforcefullyundeployavirtualmachineaftersituationssuchasanESXhostgoespermanentlyofflineor
someonemanuallyremovesavirtualmachinefromVirtualCenterinventory.

FQDN(fullyqualifieddomainname)
Thenameofahostthatincludesthehostnameandthedomainname.Forexample,theFQDNofahost
namedesx1inthedomainvmware.comisesx1.vmware.com.

fullclone
(n.)Fullcopyoftheconsolidatedsumofdeltadisksandbasediskofavirtualmachine.Fullcloningtakes
asignificantlylongertimethanlinkedcloning.

(v.)Tomakeafullcopyoftheconsolidatedsumofdeltadisksandbasediskofavirtualmachine.

Seealsolinkedclone,basedisk.

G guestcustomization
LabManagercustomizationofthenetworksettingsinsidetheguestoperatingsystemofavirtual
machine.Thesesettingsincludethemachinename,IPsettings,andSecurityIdentifier(SID)forWindows
guestoperatingsystems.

Lab Managercreatesapackagewiththeguestcustomizationtools.Whenyoupoweronavirtualmachine
forthefirsttime,Lab Managercopiesthepackage,runsthetools,anddeletesthepackagefromthevirtual
machine.

Withoutguestcustomization,thevirtualmachineusesthesettingsofthevirtualmachinetemplateitis
basedon.Thissituationcancreatemachinenameandnetworkconflictswhenyoudeploymorethanone
virtualmachinecreatedfromthesamevirtualmachinetemplateatthesametime.

guestoperatingsystem
Anoperatingsystemthatrunsinsideavirtualmachine.

H host
ThephysicalcomputeronwhichthevirtualmachinesmanagedbyLabManagerreside.

I import
TocopyaconfigurationfromanSMBshare,ortocopyavirtualmachinefromanSMBshareor
VirtualCenter.

internalIPaddress
ApreconfiguredIPaddressforavirtualmachineinaconfiguration.InternalIPaddressesremainstatic
acrosscloningactivity.

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IPpool
ArangeofIPaddressessetasideforusebyphysicalandvirtualnetworksinLab Manager.

ISO
AnexactrepresentationofaCDorDVD,includingitscontentandlogicalformat.

L LabManagersystemadministrator
Inmostorganizations,thehighestleveladministratorwhoislikelytomaptotheVMware Infrastructure
systemadministratorrole.TheresponsibilitiesoftheLab Managersystemadministratorspantheentire
Lab Managerinstallation.OnlyLab Managersystemadministratorscanattachresources.

LabManageragent
SoftwareinstalledontheESXhostthatfacilitatesaconnectiontotheLabManagerServersystem.Lab
Managerinstallstheagentduringtheprocessofpreparingahost.

LabManagerServer
ComponentoftheLabManagerenvironmentinstalledwiththeLabManagerServersoftware.

LabManagerWebconsole
AbrowserbasedinterfacethatprovidesaccesstoallLabManageroperations.

LDAP(LightweightDirectoryAccessProtocol)
Aprotocolthatenablesyoutolocateorganizations,individuals,orotherresourcesfromaserver.

lease
Seedeploymentlease,storagelease.

linkedclone
(n.)Aduplicateofavirtualmachinethatusesthesamebasediskastheoriginal,withachainofdelta
disks,tokeeptrackofthedifferencesbetweentheoriginalandtheclone.

(v.)Togenerateaquickcopybycreatingadeltadiskinsteadofcopyinganentirevirtualharddisk.
This operationaddressesvirtualmachineproliferationbyusingreferentialprovisioning,aprocessthat
involvesstoringnewchangesbutreferringbacktoachainofdeltadisks.Foreachclone,Lab Manager
freezestheoriginaldeltadiskandcreatesanewone.

Seealsofullclone,basedisk,chainlength.

M MAC(MediaAccessControl)address
Ahardwareaddressthatidentifieseachvirtualorphysicalnetworkadapter.

mediastore
Adirectoryformediafilesonadatastore.

MicrosoftSysprep
AMicrosoftutilityforchangingtheSIDofoperatingsystems.YoucanbuildaMicrosoftSyspreppackage
forguestcustomizationinLabManager.

SeeSecurityIdentifier(SID).

N networkfencing
Seefencing.

NFS(NetworkFileSystem)
Aprotocolthatsupportssharingoffiles,printers,andotherresources.Lab ManagercanuseNFS
datastoresformediaandvirtualmachinestorage.

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Glossary

NIC(NetworkInterfaceCard)
Anexpansionboardthatprovidesadedicatedconnectionbetweenacomputerandanetwork.Alsocalled
anetworkadapter.

P privilege
Authorizationtoperformaspecificactionorsetofactionsonamanagedobjectorgroupofmanaged
objects.

publish
TomakeaLab Managervirtualmachinetemplateavailableforuseincreatingconfigurations.

R ready
IndicatesanESXhostisavailableforuse.Certainhoststatesaredocumentedthataffectthisstatus.

referentialprovisioning
Aprocessforlinkedclonesthatinvolvesstoringnewchangesbutreferringbacktoachainofdeltadisks.
Foreachclone,Lab Managerfreezestheoriginaldeltadiskandcreatesanewone.

Alinkedcloneoperationgeneratesaquickcopybycreatingadeltadiskinsteadofcopyinganentire
virtualharddisk.

reset
Torestartavirtualmachineandclearthemachinestate.Thisoperationcanoccuratthevirtualmachine
orconfigurationlevel.

resourcepool
Adivisionofcomputingresourcesusedtomanageallocationsbetweenvirtualmachines.

resume
Toreturnavirtualmachineorconfigurationtooperationfromitssuspendedstate.Whenyouresumea
suspendedvirtualmachineorconfiguration,allapplicationsareinthesamestatetheywerewhenthe
virtualmachineorconfigurationwassuspended.

SeealsoSuspend.

revert
Toreturnthevirtualmachinetoanearlierstatecapturedinasnapshot.

revertpoint
Thestateofavirtualmachineascapturedbyasnapshotataspecificpointintime.Youcanrestorethe
statusofanactivevirtualmachinetoitsrevertpoint.

S SAN(storageareanetwork)
AlargecapacitynetworkstoragedevicethatcanbesharedamongmultipleVMwareESXhosts.Shared
storage(forexample,SANorNAS)isrequiredforVMotion.

SecurityIdentifier(SID)
AuniquenameinaMicrosoftWindowsenvironmentusedtoidentifyanobject.

SeeMicrosoftWindowsdocumentation.

SID
SeeSecurityIdentifier(SID).

SIDgen
AtoolpackagedwithLab ManagerthatchangestheSIDforvirtualmachines.

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SMB(ServerMessageBlock)
Anetworkprotocolforexchangingfilesbetweencomputers.YoucanuseSMBwithWindowsandLinux
operatingsystems.

SMP(SymmetricMultiprocessing)
Thetechnologythatenablesyoutoassigntwovirtualprocessorstoavirtualmachineonanyhostmachine
thathasatleasttwologicalprocessors.

SMTP(SimpleMailTransferProtocol)
Aprotocolthatfacilitatesemailtransmissionsbetweenservers.

SMTPServer
Asystemrunningemailserversoftwarethatacceptsemailfromwithinyourenterprise.LabManager
mustconnecttoanSMTPservertosendemailalerts.

snapshot
Areproductionofthevirtualmachineorconfigurationasitwaswhenyoutookthesnapshot,including
thestateofthedataonallthevirtualdisksandpowerstate(on,off,orsuspended).

Lab Managerstoresthesnapshotwiththeconfigurationorvirtualmachineimage.Onlyonesnapshotis
activeatatime.Themostrecentsnapshotreplacesthepreviousone.

Youcanreverttheconfigurationorvirtualmachinetoasnapshot.Ifyouundeployavirtualmachineand
deployit,thesnapshotremains.

storagelease
TheamountoftimeanunusedvirtualmachinetemplateorconfigurationexistsonadatastorebeforeLab
Managerdeletesitormarksitfordeletion.Thisaffectsonlyunpublishedvirtualmachinetemplates.

Sysprep
SeeMicrosoftSysprep.

Suspend
Astateinwhichsettingsarepreservedandactionsarenolongerperformed.Toturnoffavirtualmachine
whilepreservingthecurrentstateofarunningvirtualmachine.Seealsoresume.

T TCP/IP
ThesetofprotocolsthatisthelanguageoftheInternet,designedtoenablecommunicationbetween
networksregardlessofthecomputingtechnologiesthattheyuse.TCPconnectshostsandprovidesa
reliableexchangeofdatastreamswithguaranteeddelivery.IPspecifiestheformatofpacketsandhandles
addressing.

template
Seevirtualmachinetemplate.

U undeploy
TounregisteravirtualmachineorconfigurationfromanESXhost.Thisoperationmakestheresources
associatedwiththatvirtualmachineavailableforusebytherestofthevirtualenvironment.

unprepare
ToremoveanESXhostfromuseintheLabManagerenvironment.ThisoperationuninstallstheLab
Manageragent.

V vCenter
SeeVMwarevCenter(vCenter),virtualmachinedisk(.vmdk).

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Glossary

vCenterServer
AservicethatactsasacentraladministratorforVMwareserversconnectedonanetwork.Thisservice
directsactionsonthevirtualmachinesandthevirtualmachinehosts.vCenterServeristheworkingcore
ofvCenter.

SeealsoVMwarevCenter(vCenter).

virtualhardware
Thedevicesthatmakeupavirtualmachine.Thevirtualhardwareincludesthevirtualdisk,removable
devicessuchastheDVDROM/CDROMandfloppydrives,andthevirtualEthernetadapter.

virtualmachine
Avirtualmachineisasoftwarecomputerthat,likeaphysicalcomputer,runsanoperatingsystemand
applications.Multiplevirtualmachinescanoperateonthesamehostsystemconcurrently.

virtualmachineconfigurationfile(.vmx)
Afilecontainingavirtualmachineconfiguration.This.vmxfileiscreatedafteryoucreateavirtual
machine.Itisusedtoidentifyandrunaspecificvirtualmachine.

virtualmachineconsole
AninterfacetoavirtualmachinewithinthelargerLab ManagerWebconsole.Usethevirtualmachine
consoletorunprogramswithinitormodifyguestoperatingsystemsettings.LabManagerprovides
operationsrangingfromtheinstallationofVMwareToolstomediafileactivityfortheguestoperating
systemtosnapshotsofvirtualmachines.

virtualmachinedisk(.vmdk)
Afileorsetoffilesthatappearsasaphysicaldiskdrivetoaguestoperatingsystem.Thesefilescanbeon
thehostmachineoronaremotefilesystem.

virtualmachinetemplate
Amasterimageofavirtualmachinethattypicallyincludesaspecifiedoperatingsystemandvirtual
counterpartstohardwarecomponents.Avirtualmachinetemplatecanincludeaninstalledguest
operatingsystemandasetofapplications.

virtualrouter
Avirtualmachinethatspecificallyroutespacketsbetweenothervirtualmachines.Lab Managerconfiguresthe
virtualrouterwhenyoudeployafencedconfigurationanddeletesitwhenyouundeploytheconfiguration.

Lab ManagerdoesnotcreateavirtualrouterfortheBlockInandOutfencingmode.

virtualswitch
AvirtualizednetworkswitchusedbyESXtomanagetrafficbetweenvirtualmachines,theservice
console,andthephysicalnetworkadaptersontheESXhost.

VMFS(VirtualMachineFileSystem)
Afilesystemthatisoptimizedforstoringvirtualmachines.OneVMFSpartitionissupportedperSCSI
storagedeviceorLUN.DifferentversionsofESXmightusedifferentversionsofVMFS.Forexample,
VMFS3wasintroducedwithESXServer3.

VMkernel
InESX,ahighperformancehypervisorthatoccupiesthevirtualizationlayerandmanagesmostofthe
physicalresourcesonthehardware,includingmemory,physicalprocessors,storage,andnetworking
controllers.

VMotion
AfeaturethatenablesyoutomoverunningvirtualmachinesfromoneESXsystemtoanotherwithout
interruptingservice.Itrequireslicensingonboththesourceandtargethosts.VMotionisactivatedbythe
vCenteragent,andvCenterServercentrallycoordinatesallVMotionactivities.Seealsovirtualmachine
disk(.vmdk).

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VMwareDistributedResourceScheduler(DRS)
AfeaturethatbalancesvirtualmachineworkloadsacrossESXhostsusingthevCenterandVMotion
products.VMwareDRSdetectswhenvirtualmachineactivitysaturatesanESXhostandtriggers
automatedVMotionlivemigrations,movingrunningvirtualmachinestootherESXnodessothatall
resourcecommitmentsaremet.

VMwareESX
Avirtualizationlayerrunonphysicalserversthatabstractsprocessor,memory,storage,andnetworking
resourcesintomultiplevirtualmachines.ESXisacomponentofVMware vSphere.

LabManagerrequiresESXhosts.

VMwareHighAvailability(VMwareHA)
SupportsdistributedavailabilityservicesinanenvironmentthatincludesESXandvCenter.Ifyou
configuredVMwareHAandoneofthehostsmanagedbyvCenterServergoesdown,allvirtualmachines
onthathostareimmediatelyrestartedonanotherhost.

SeealsoDRS(VMwareDistributedResourceScheduler),virtualmachinedisk(.vmdk).

VMware vSphere
Asoftwaresuite,includingESXandvCenter,thatvirtualizesservers,storage,andnetworkingand
enablesmultipleunmodifiedoperatingsystemsandtheirapplicationstorunindependentlyinvirtual
machineswhilesharingphysicalresources.Thesuitedeliverscomprehensivevirtualization,
management,resourceoptimization,applicationavailability,andoperationalautomationcapabilities.

SeealsoVMwarevCenter(vCenter),VMwareESX.

VMware vSphere Client


AuserinterfacethatrunslocallyinaWindowsmachineandprovidesaccesstothevirtualmachines
display.vSphere Clientrunsonanetworkedmachinethatdoesnotneedtobethesamemachineasthe
vCenter Server.

VMwareRemoteMKSPlugin
Anapplicationthatembedsinthebrowsertofacilitateinteractionwitharemotemachine.This
applicationsendsmouse,keyboard,andscreendatabackandforthacrossthenetwork.

VMwareTools
Asuiteofutilitiesanddriversthatenhancestheperformanceandfunctionalityofyourguestoperating
system.KeyfeaturesofVMwareToolsincludesomeorallofthefollowing,dependingonyourguest
operatingsystem:anSVGAdriver,amousedriver,andtheVMwareToolscontrolpanel.

GuestcustomizationinLabManagerrequiresVMwareTools.

VMwarevCenter(vCenter)
AsoftwarecomponentofVMware vSpherefordeployingandmanagingvirtualmachinesacrossthe
datacenter.WithvCenter,datacenterscaninstantlyprovisionservers,globallymanageresources,and
eliminatescheduleddowntimeforhardwaremaintenance.

Seealsovirtualmachinedisk(.vmdk).

.vmx
Seevirtualrouter.

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Index

A change summaries 65, 138


accessing changing owner
virtual machine consoles 75 configurations 69
Active Directory 138 media 106
ActiveX control 75 network templates 123
Activity Log 145 virtual machine templates 134
adding cloning
capacity licenses 142 configurations 52, 55, 67
groups 24, 27 virtual machine templates 35
host spanning transport networks 21 components of Lab Manager 14
IP addresses 102, 124 configurations
media stores 20, 100 adding virtual machines 66
members 27 archiving 54
network interfaces to virtual machines 84, 132 capturing 54
networks to configurations 67 changing owner 69
physical networks 20 cloning 52, 53, 55, 67
roles 113 combining 67
SCSI virtual hard disks 82 creating 49
users 23, 27 creating LiveLinks 70
virtual hard disks to virtual machines 82, 131 deleting 70, 100
virtual machines to configurations 66 deploying 60
administration discarding state 70
of datastores 94100 editing properties 68
of groups 112113 exporting 71
of hosts 9194 fencing 56
of media stores 100101 forced deployment modes 50
of organizations 115118 full cloning 52, 67
of physical networks 102103 host spanning networks 59
of resource pools 8990 importing 52
of roles 113114 linked cloning 52, 67
of users 109112 moving virtual machines 66
archiving configurations 54 networking 56
attaching resource pools 19 physical networks 56
powering off 62
B powering on 63
BEA LiquidVM 87 properties 68
browser support 159 removing virtual machines 66
resetting 63
C resuming operation of 62
capacity licenses 142 reverting to snapshots 63
capturing configurations 54 sample configuration 49
CD images sharing 55
ejecting from virtual machines 79 suspending 62
inserting into virtual machines 78 taking snapshots 63
requirements 105 undeploying 62
swapping 78 virtual networks 59

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consolidating datastores for virtual machine creation 96


virtual machine templates 129 Host Spanning 92
virtual machines 86, 100 hosts 91
context, example of nodes 98 media stores 101
copying network templates 30 resource pools 89
CPU hot add 86 users 109
creating version check of VMware Tools 47
configurations 49 discard state 70, 86, 129
LiveLinks 70
network templates 29 E
organizations 27 editing
users 24 configuration properties 68
virtual machine templates 31 datastore properties 96
workspaces 28 group properties 113
host properties 92
D media properties 107
datastores media store properties 101
adding media storage 20 network templates 123
adding or removing 117 organization properties 115
deleting 95 physical network properties 102
directories 97 resource pool properties 90
disabling 95 role properties 114
disabling for virtual machine creation 96 user properties 110
disabling media store creation 96 virtual hard disks 82, 131
editing properties 96 virtual machine network interfaces 133
enabling 95 virtual machine properties 80
properties 96 virtual machine template properties 129
removing 95 email alerts 137
roles and rights 149 email preferences 137
viewing virtual machine datastore usage 97 enabling
DefaultNetwork 52 datastores 95
deleting Host Spanning 92
configurations 70, 100 hosts 91
datastores 95 media stores 101
network interfaces from virtual machines 133 resource pools 89
network templates 124 users 109
physical networks 103 exporting
revert points 64, 78, 99 configurations 71
roles 114 virtual machine templates 128
virtual machine templates 134 external IP address 56
virtual machines 66, 100
Deployed Virtual Machines page 147 F
deploying fencing
configurations 60 connectivity modes 57
virtual machine templates 35 overview 56
virtual machines 73 floppy files
deployment lease alerts 16 ejecting from virtual machines 79
deployment leases 61, 74, 81, 131, 143 inserting into virtual machines 79
detaching resource pools 19 requirements 105
directed deployment 36, 61, 74 swapping 79
disabling forced deployment modes 50
datastores 95 full clone 52
datastores for media store creation 96

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G repairing 94
General tab 135 roles and rights 151
glossary 165 unpreparing 92
Gold Master 54, 69 viewing deployed virtual machines 93
groups hot add CPU 86, 161
adding 24, 27 hot add memory 85, 161
editing properties 113
roles and rights 150
I
guest customization importing
accessing the machine.id 40 configurations 52
changing the SID generation tool 44 LDAP groups 24
customizing 45 virtual machine templates 32
disabling 44 virtual machines from SMB storage 33
Microsoft Sysprep package 41 installing
prerequisites 41 guest operating systems 36
selecting the SID generation tool 44 VMware Tools 36, 37, 39
settings in virtual machine properties 81 Internet Explorer, set up requirements 15
settings in virtual machine template properties 130 IP addressing modes 20, 29, 51, 83, 84, 132, 133
SID generation tool 43 IP pool
support 161 adding IP addresses 102, 124
Windows NT and Solaris virtual machine viewing IP address usage 102, 124
templates 42
guest operating systems
L
installing 36 Lab Manager
support 161 components 14
integration with vSphere 13
H introducing 13
Historical Change Summaries to Preserve 138 Lab Manager server 13
Host Spanning SOAP API 13
disabling 92 support for vSphere features 14
enabling 92 video tutorials 16
overview 59 Web console 13
setting up 60 workflow 17
host spanning networks 59 Lab Manager agent
host spanning transport networks 60 installing 91
adding 21 uninstalling 92
adding or removing from organization 118 Lab Manager server
defined 103 about 13
enabling or disabling 104 LDAP
enabling or disabling hosts 103 authenticating users 138
modifying properties 104 settings 138
overview 60 synchronizing with the server 141
removing 104 testing settings 141
roles and rights 151 LDAP tab 138
setting up 60 LDAPS 139
troubleshooting 60 lease alerts 16
viewing 103 leases
hosts cleanup date 97
disabling 91 deployment 61, 74, 81, 131, 143
editing properties 92 Resource Cleanup tab 143
enabling 91 storage 81, 131, 143
preparing 91 system-wide settings 143
properties 92 License tab 142

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licenses, adding capacity 142 host spanning transport 60


linked clone 52 physical 56
LiquidVM 87 removing from configurations 68
LiveLinks virtual 29, 59
creating 70 NICs
deploying 71 adding 84, 132
deleting 133
M editing 133
MAC addresses, resetting 84, 133
media O
about 105 OpenLDAP 138
adding media stores 20 organizations
changing owner 106 adding members 27
editing properties 107 adding members or groups 116
restricting access 106 adding or removing datastores 117
roles and rights 153 adding or removing host spanning transport
sharing 106 networks 118
synchronizing Lab Manager with media stores 105 adding or removing media stores 117
media stores adding or removing physical networks 118
adding 20, 100 adding or removing resource pools 117
adding or removing for an organization 117 creating 27
changing the name 101 defined 115
disabling 101 deleting 118
editing properties 101 editing properties 115
enabling 101 enabling or disabling 118
roles and rights 153 removing a user 110
memory hot add 85 removing members or groups 116
Microsoft Active Directory 138 roles and rights 154
monitoring Lab Manager operations 145 Overview page 15

N P
network fencing physical networks 56
deployment options 60, 74 adding 20
how it works 56 adding or removing from organizations 118
physical network options 21 deleting 103
reasons for 56 editing properties 102
network interfaces monitoring IP pool usage 102
adding 84, 132 removing IP addresses 125
deleting 133 roles and rights 154
editing 133 powering off
network templates configurations 62
changing owner 123 virtual machines 76
copying 30 powering on
creating 29 configurations 63
defining 29 virtual machines 76
deleting 124 preparing hosts 91
editing properties 123 prerequisites for guest customization 41
roles and rights 153 properties
sharing 30 of configurations 68
networks of datastores 96
adding to configurations 67 of groups 113
and configurations 56 of hosts 92
host spanning 59 of media 107

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of media stores 101 datastores 149


of network templates 123 general 150
of organizations 115 groups 150
of physical networks 102 High I/O 150
of resource pools 90 host spanning transport networks 151
of roles 114 hosts 151
of users 110 library configurations 151
of virtual machine templates 129 media 153
of virtual machines 80 media stores 153
publishing virtual machine templates 47 network templates 153
organizations 154
R physical networks 154
raw device mappings 32 predefined 149
redeploying all virtual machines 94 resource pools 154
remote desktop connections 79 roles 155
removing sharing 155
datastores 95 users 156
IP addresses 125 virtual machine templates 156
networks from configurations 68 virtual machines 152
renewing storage leases 99 workspace configurations 157
repairing hosts 94 workspaces 157
requirements
CD images 105 S
client machines accessing Web console 14 sample configuration 49
floppy files 105 ServiceVM 60
remote desktop connections 79 sharing
resetting configurations 55
configurations 63 media 106
MAC addresses 84, 133 network templates 30
virtual machines 77 roles and rights 155
Resource Cleanup tab 143 virtual machine templates 46
resource pools shutting down virtual machines 77
adding or removing 117 SMB
attaching 19 exporting configurations 71
detaching 19 exporting virtual machine templates 128
disabling 89 importing configurations 52
editing properties 90 importing virtual machines 33
enabling 89 SMTP server 137
roles and rights 154 snapshots
resource usage, monitoring 97, 146 deleting 64
restricting access to media 106 of configurations 63
resuming of virtual machines 77
operation of configurations 62 reverting to 63, 77
operation of virtual machines 76 SOAP API, about 13
revert points SSMove utility 97
creating 63, 77 storage lease alerts 16
deleting 64, 78, 99 storage leases 81, 99, 131, 143
roles SupportLink tab 142
adding 113 suspending
deleting 114 configurations 62
editing properties 114 virtual machines 76
roles and rights 155 synchronizing media library with media store files 105
roles and rights system alerts 137

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T discarding state 129


ttylinux-4-ESX3 49 editing properties 129
exporting 128
U importing 32
undeploying installing guest operating systems 36
all virtual machines 90, 93 installing VMware Tools 36
configurations 62 leases 131
virtual machine templates 46 properties 129
virtual machines 75 publishing 47
unpreparing hosts 92 roles and rights 156
unpublishing virtual machine templates 127 sharing 46
User Preferences page 16 ttylinux-4-ESX3 31
users undeploying 46
adding 23, 27 unpublishing 127
authenticating with LDAP 138 virtual machine version
creating 24 support 161
defining roles 24 updating for a configuration 69
disabling 109 updating for a virtual machine 85
editing properties 110 virtual machines
enabling 109 accessing the console 75
properties 110 adding to configurations 66
removing from an organization 110 adding virtual hard disks 82, 131
removing from Lab Manager 110 changing MAC addresses 84, 133
roles and rights 156 consolidating 86, 100
setting preferences 16 creating virtual machine templates from 34
deleting 66, 100
V deleting expired VMs 99
vCenter deploying 73
exporting configurations 71 discarding state 86
exporting virtual machine templates 128 editing properties 80
importing configurations from 52 ejecting CD images 79
importing virtual machine templates from 33 ejecting floppy files 79
vCenter tab 144 hot adding CPU 86
virtual hard disks hot adding memory 85
adding 82, 131 importing from SMB storage 33
adding SCSI disks 82 inserting CD images 78
editing 82, 131 inserting floppy files 79
virtual hardware installing ActiveX 75
upgrading for a configuration 69 installing VMware Remote MKS Plugin 75
upgrading for virtual machine templates 134 leases 61, 74, 81, 143
upgrading for virtual machines 85 moving from one datastore to another 100
virtual machine context view 98 powering off 76
Virtual Machine Datastore Usage page 97 powering on 76
virtual machine templates properties 80
accessing the console 75 redeploying all 94
adding virtual hard disks 82, 131 remote desktop connections 79
changing owner 134 removing from a configuration 66
cloning 35 resetting 77
consolidating 129 resuming operation of 76
creating 31 reverting to snapshots 77
defining 31, 127 roles and rights 152
deleting 134 shutting down 77
deploying 35

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Index

suspending 76 VMware vSphere


swapping CD images 78 compatibility with Lab Manager 14
swapping floppy files 79 linked clone support 14
taking snapshots 77 working with Lab Manager 13
undeploying 75 vNetwork Distributed Switch 56
undeploying all 90, 93 vSwitches 56
viewing datastore usage 97
viewing deployed machines 147 W
viewing storage usage 97 Web console
virtual networks about 13
connectivity modes 59 supported browsers 159
overview 59 WLS-VE 87
virtual router 56 workspace configurations, roles and rights 157
VMware Distributed Power Management 92 workspaces
VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler support 14 adding or removing resource pools 121
VMware Fault Tolerance support 14 adding users and groups 120
VMware High Availability support 14 creating 28
VMware Remote MKS Plugin 75 defined 115
VMware Tools deleting 121
and guest customization 41 disabling 121
disabling version check prior to publishing 47 modifying properties 120
installing 36 primary 119
VMware VMotion support 14 removing users and groups 120
roles and rights 157

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180 VMware, Inc.