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Licensed copy from CIS: mhennessy@abports.co.uk, Associated British Ports, 17/10/2016, Uncontrolled Copy.

MODEL CODE OF SAFE PRACTICE PART 15: AREA CLASSIFICATION FOR INSTALLATIONS HANDLING FLAMMABLE FLUIDS

D3.4.6 Conditions for entry and departure of rail tank car trains to and from loading and
unloading facilities

The following points should be considered part of the general analysis of the installation:
(a) The movement of vehicles to and from the loading position must take place with
the loading gantry and vehicle in a flammable hazard-free state. Certain zones are
transient and only exist whilst loading is being carried out. For further information
on design and operation of rail loading facilities see EI Model code of safe practice
Part2: Design, construction and operation of petroleum distribution installations.
(b) Tracks serving loading or unloading facilities should wherever possible be reserved
specifically for that purpose. They should be sited at least 15 m from the nearest
running line or unrestricted roadway.
(c) Loading and unloading facilities should be electrically continuous and earthed with
means of bonding vehicles to the fixed facility. The installation of earth interlock
systems is recommended to prevent product movements unless proper earthing and
bonding connections have been made.
Rails should be bonded at all other joints in the loading and unloading area and
bonded to the main earthing system of the unloading equipment. The track of the
rail siding should also be independently earthed.
Rail sidings for loading and unloading of rail tank cars should be provided with
insulating joints to isolate the track of the siding from the main line and to prevent
contact with stray currents from electrified lines or railway signalling track circuits.
(d) Unless designed in accordance with EN18341:Reciprocating internal combustion
engines. Safety requirements for design and construction of engines for use in
potentially explosive atmospheres. Group II engines for use in flammable gas and
vapour atmospheres, unprotected electric locomotives or diesel locomotives should
not be allowed within 9 m of a point where Class I, II(2) or III(2) products are being
loaded, unloaded or stored. Within such distance of these operations only lighting
etc. certified as appropriate to the hazardous area zone classification should be in use.
(e) Steam locomotives, except of the fireless type, and rail vehicles with an oil lamp
should not be allowed within 15 m of a point where Class I, II(2) or III(2) products are
being loaded or unloaded.

D3.5 MARINE FACILITIES AND JETTIES CLASSES I, II AND III PRODUCT

D3.5.1 General

Guidance is provided on the hazardous areas on jetty and marine facilities arising from the
loading or unloading of a tanker. It includes the hazardous area arising from the cargo hoses
and from vents on the tanker. The hazardous area from other equipment on the jetty should
be determined using the appropriate sections of Chapter3. Area classification on jetties
should always be based on the most onerous classification for the products handled, taking
account of fluid classification and release conditions.

This section does not apply to the vessel itself, for which guidance should be sought in the
appropriate maritime standard e.g. IEC 60092502 Electrical installations in ships. Tankers
Special features. Further guidance on the precautions to be taken during handling on tankers
and at terminals for crude oil and petroleum products is given in the International Safety
Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals (ISGOTT).

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Licensed copy from CIS: mhennessy@abports.co.uk, Associated British Ports, 17/10/2016, Uncontrolled Copy.

MODEL CODE OF SAFE PRACTICE PART 15: AREA CLASSIFICATION FOR INSTALLATIONS HANDLING FLAMMABLE FLUIDS

Where jetties are used for both loading (or ballasting of tanks containing vapour) and
unloading, a composite hazardous area drawing for the facility should be obtained by
combining the hazardous areas for the separate operations.

D3.5.2 Jetties loading facilities

(a) The hazardous areas should be established for each possible primary and secondary
grade source of release associated with the jetty equipment.
(b) Primary grade releases occur during tanker loading due to vapour vented from tanker
compartments or during gas-freeing of tanker compartments, should the latter take
place whilst the tanker is alongside or adjacent to the jetty.
For jetties with facilities for loading (including ballasting), the tanker vents will create
a primary grade release. Due to the varying sizes of ships and tidal movements, it
is recommended that an area extending 20 m in all directions horizontally around
the hull of the tanker down to water level and vertically to a height of 20 m above
the jetty approach level, should be classified as Zone 1 area. Possible hull locations
should be based on the maximum breadth of tanker expected to use the jetty and the
expected fore and aft positions at the extreme berthing locations (see Figure D20).
For this purpose the hull of the tanker should be assumed to be in contact with the
jetty, i.e. all shore side distances should be measured from the fixed water-side of
the jetty.
(c) Primary and secondary grade releases can occur from fixed and portable equipment
such as filters, sample points, slop tanks, loading marine arms and hoses, drainage
and drip trays, pump glands and seals, valves, meters and flanges.
The hazardous areas arising from the jetty equipment can be assessed by considering
each possible source of release in accordance with the approach in Chapter3. The
hazardous area created by the tanker can then be superimposed on the hazardous
area determined for the jetty alone. The loading/unloading equipment, when not in
use and in the parked position may create a source of release whilst draining. However,
the Zone 2 hazardous areas arising around the coupling points are enveloped by the
existing Zone 1 classification for the loading operation shown in Figure D20.

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Licensed copy from CIS: mhennessy@abports.co.uk, Associated British Ports, 17/10/2016, Uncontrolled Copy.

MODEL CODE OF SAFE PRACTICE PART 15: AREA CLASSIFICATION FOR INSTALLATIONS HANDLING FLAMMABLE FLUIDS

(See note 2) (See note 2)


20 m (See note 2)
20 m (See note 2)
20 m 20 m
20 m (See note 3)
Jetty approach
20 m (See note 3)
Jetty approach

20 m (See note 2)
20 m

20 m (See note 2)
20 m

Coupling points

Coupling points

20
m

20 m (See note 2) 20
m

Notes:
1. The Zone 1 area is additional to any hazardous area assessed in consequence of all
other equipment on the jetty.
20 m (See note 2)
2. Distance may be reduced to 15 m for vessels with loading or unloading rates of
10 m3/min or less.
3. The hazardous area should extend 20 m above the coupling points. This may be
reduced to 15 m for loading rates of 10 m3/min or less.
4. For category A fluids, reference should be made to the approach in Chapter3.
5. These distances may be conservative. However, they cover a great variety and size of
ships which may be berthed for loading. If the size of the vents and loading rates are
well-defined, 3.4. may be used to determine more specific hazard radii.

Figure D20: Jetties loading facilities only

D3.5.3 Jetties unloading facilities

For jetties where unloading operations are carried out, the marine arms, hoses, etc, constitute
a closed system, and only secondary grade releases are likely to occur. It is recommended that
an area extending from the coupling points, a distance of 20 m horizontally, up to a height of
20 m above the coupling points and down to water level should be classified as Zone 2 (see
Figure D21). Hazardous areas should be established for each individual source of release from
the jetty equipment since some may necessitate localised Zone 1 areas within this overall

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Licensed copy from CIS: mhennessy@abports.co.uk, Associated British Ports, 17/10/2016, Uncontrolled Copy.

MODEL CODE OF SAFE PRACTICE PART 15: AREA CLASSIFICATION FOR INSTALLATIONS HANDLING FLAMMABLE FLUIDS

Zone 2 area. If ballasting is carried out during unloading into unsegregated ships tanks which
could contain vapour, or if gas-freeing of tanks is carried out whilst alongside the jetty, then
the jetty should be classified using the guidance in section D3.5.2. For classification onboard
the tanker vessel, see D3.5.1.

20 m20
(See note note
m (See 4) 4)

JettyJetty
approach
approach

20 m20 m 20 m20 m

Coupling points
Coupling points
20 m20 m

20 m20 m

Notes:
1. The hazardous area for each piece of equipment on the jetty should be evaluated.
2. If non-segregated ballasting or gas-freeing is carried out, then the jetty must be
classed as for loading.
3. For category A fluids, reference should be made to the methodology given in
Chapter3.
4. The height of the hazardous area should be 20 m above the coupling point. For a
category C material, this is equivalent to a 5 mm diameter hole in the coupling. If
larger hole sizes are possible reference should be made to Table C4 for the equivalent
hazard radius.
Figure D21: Jetty unloading

D4 TRANSPORTABLE CONTAINER FILLING AND STORAGE

This section applies to all types of atmospheric transportable containers including IBCs drums,
totes, up to 5 000 l.

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