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Philosophy Home Encyclopedia What is man according to Philosophy ?

What is man according to Philosophy ?


May 26, 2012
Philosophy: What is man?
From Latin Humanitas, the concept of Man means human nature, general culture of the
mind. It is also men in general, the human race taken as a unit. Most philosophers
defined as any human being endowed with reason. What man is the ultimate
metaphysical question.

Definitions of man by the Philosophers:


- Simone de Beauvoir

Humanity is a discontinuous series of free men permanently isolate their subjectivity.

- Husserl (phenomenology)

Each figure is spiritual in nature in the space of world history [...]. This trial shows
humanity as a single life kissing men and peoples and linked only by spiritual traits: it
envelops a multitude of types of humanity and culture, but by imperceptible transitions,
melt into each other .

- Nietzsche (see Nietzsche Philosophy Summary)

Mankind! He was never between all the old, old one more horrible (except perhaps the
truth is a problem with the use of philosophers?

Man is a rope stretched between the animal and the Superman, a rope over an abyss

- Merleau-Ponty

Man is a historical idea and not a natural kind

- Sartre (Existentialism is a humanism)

Man is nothing else than his plan, it exists only insofar as it is realized, so it is nothing
but the whole

- Heidegger (Being and Time)

Man is a creature of the distant

- Pascal
Man is a reed, the weakest of nature, but it is a thinking reed. It is not necessary that the
entire universe arm itself to crush: a vapor, a drop of water suffices to kill him. But when
the universe to crush him, man would still be nobler than what kills him, because he
knows that he dies and the advantage that the universe has over him The universe knows
nothing

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