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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

Name _________________________________________________________
Question Content Marks Marks
No. available awarded
1 Plant cell organelles 2
2 Magnification 3
3 Blood pressure 5
4 Constituents of blood 2
5 This immune system 2
6 Squamous epithelium cells 6
7 Atomic radius 1
8 Protons in an atom 1
9 Molecular structure 1
10 Electronegativity 1
11 Atomic structure 16
12 Properties of waves 7
13 Wave equation 2
14 Wave displacement 7
15 Refraction 4
60

Comment:

Intervention:
Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

Biology

1. Name two organelles found in a plant cell that are not present in an animal
cell.

(2)

2. The actual length of a mitochondrion in an animal cell is 10.0 m.

a. What is the function of the mitochondria?

(1)

b. Calculate the magnification of the mitochondrion in an electron micrograph if


the image length for the mitochondrion is 35mm.

Show your working.

Magnification = ......................................................... (2)

3. The table shows pressure changes in the left side of the heart during one
cardiac cycle.

Blood pressure / k Pa

Time / s Left atrium Left ventricle

0.0 0.7 0.3

0.1 1.0 2.0

0.2 0.2 12.5

0.3 0.2 15.3

0.4 1.0 4.5

0.5 0.5 1.0

0.6 0.6 0.3

0.7 0.7 0.3

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

a. Between which times is the valve between the atrium and the ventricle closed?

Explain your answer.

Times ............................. s and ............................. s

Explanation......................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................

(2)

b. The maximum pressure in the ventricle is much higher than that in the atrium.

Explain what causes this.

............................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................

(2)

c. Use the information in the table to calculate the heart rate in beats per

minute.

Answer ................................... beats per minute (1)


4. Name two chemical substances transported by the plasma.

1..........................................................................................................................................................

2.................................................................................................................................................... (2)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

5. White blood cells produce antibodies. This is one way white blood cells protect
us against pathogens.

Give two other ways that white blood cells protect us against pathogens.

1..........................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................

2.........................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................

(2)

6. Squamous epithelium lines the alveoli and ciliated columnar epithelium lines
the bronchi and bronchioles.
Describe three features of each type of cell and link these features to their
function.
Lining the alveoli

1.

2.

3.

Lining the bronchi and bronchioles

1.

2.

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

3.

..(6)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

Chemistry

7. Which of these atoms has the largest atomic radius?

Ar

Cl

Mg

Na
(Total 1 mark)

8. An atom in which the number of protons is greater than the number of


neutrons is

A 234
U

B 6
Li

C 3
He

D 2
H
(Total 1 mark)

9. Which of these species has a trigonal planar structure?

NH3

BCl3

H2O

CH4

(Total 1 mark)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

10. Which of these atoms has the highest electronegativity?

Na

Mg

Cl

Ar

(Total 1 mark)

11.

a. Complete the following table.

Particle Relative charge Relative mass

Proton

Neutron

Electron

(3)

b. An atom of element Z has two more protons and two more neutrons than an
atom of . Give the symbol, including mass number and atomic number, for
this atom of Z

...................................................................................................................................................... (2)

c. Complete the electronic configurations for the sulphur atom, S, and the
sulphide ion, S2.

S 1s2 ..........................................................................................................................................

S2 1s2 .........................................................................................................................................
(2)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

d. State the block in the Periodic Table in which sulphur is placed and explain your
answer.

Block .................................................................................................................................................

Explanation .....................................................................................................................................
(2)

e. Sodium sulphide, Na2S, is a high melting point solid which conducts electricity
when molten. Carbon disulphide, CS2, is a liquid which does not conduct
electricity.

i. Deduce the type of bonding present in Na2S and that present in CS2

Bonding in Na2S ...........................................................................................................................

Bonding in CS2...............................................................................................................................

ii. By reference to all the atoms involved explain, in terms of electrons, how Na 2S
is formed from its atoms.

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

..

iii. Draw a diagram, including all the outer electrons, to represent the bonding
present in CS2

iv. When heated with steam, CS2 reacts to form hydrogen sulphide, H2S, and
carbon dioxide.
Write an equation for this reaction.

.......................................................................................................................................................
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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

(7)
(Total 16 narks)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

Physics

12. Radio waves and microwaves are two types of electromagnetic wave.

Both waves:

can be used for communications

travel at the same speed through air.

a. Give two more properties that are the same for both radio waves and
microwaves.

1 ......................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

2 ......................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................
(2)

b. Terrestrial television does not use satellites.

Terrestrial television signals and radio signals both use radio waves.
Radio signals are transmitted at a longer wavelength than terrestrial television
signals.

In hilly areas it may be possible to receive radio signals but not receive terrestrial
television signals.

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

Explain why.

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

(3)

c. Electromagnetic waves travel at a speed of 3.0 10 8 m/s.

A radio station transmits waves with a wavelength of 2.5 10 2 m.

Calculate the frequency of the radio waves.

Use the correct equation from the Physics Equations Sheet.

Show clearly how you work out your answer and give the unit.

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

Frequency = ......................................................................Hz
(2)
(Total 7 marks)

13.

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

a. Use the words frequency, wavelength and wave speed to write an equation
which shows the relationship between them.

.........................................................................................................................................................
(1)

b. Calculate the speed of a sound wave with a frequency of 250 Hz and a


wavelength of 1.3 m.

Show how you get to your answer and give the unit.

.........................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

Speed = ........................................................
(1)
(Total 2 marks)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

14. The figure below shows a continuous progressive wave on a rope. There is a
knot in the rope.

a. Define the amplitude of a wave.

(2)

b. The wave travels to the right.


Describe how the vertical displacement of the knot varies over the next
complete cycle.

..(3)

c. A continuous wave of the same amplitude and frequency moves along the rope
from the right and passes through the first wave. The knot becomes
motionless.
Explain how this could happen.

..(2)

(Total 7 marks)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

15. Figure 1 shows a ray of light A incident at an angle of 60 to the surface of


a layer of oil.
refractive index of oil = 1.47

Figure 1

air

a. Calculate the angle of refraction in Figure 1.

angle ................................ degrees


(2)

b. On Figure 1 continue the path of the ray of light A immediately after it


strikes the boundary between the oil and the air.
(2)
(Total 4 marks)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

Biology
1. Any two from the following points:

cell wall (1)


chloroplast (1)
tonoplast (1)
amyloplast (1)

2. a) Site of energy release by respiration

b) I = AxM so M = I/A

Convert to micrometers

M = 35 000/10 = x3500

3. . (a) 0.1 and 0.5;

Pressure in ventricle greater (than pressure in atrium);Both figures must be


correct.

Comparison needed. 2

(b) 1. (Ventricle has) thick wall / more muscle;

2. So contractions are stronger / harder;

Neutral: Contracts to produce more pressure.

Neutral: Pump harder.

Neutral: Reference to a need to pump blood further / round the body.2

(c) 85 / 86 / 85.7; Ignore additional decimal places 1

4. any two from:

amino acids
antibodies
antitoxins
carbon dioxide
cholesterol
enzymes
fatty acid
glucose
glycerol
hormones / named hormones
ions / named ions
proteins

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

urea
vitamins
water.
ignore blood cells and platelets
ignore oxygen max 1 named example of each for ons and hormones allow minerals
5.

5.
produce antitoxins
engulf / ingest / digest pathogens / viruses / bacteria / microorganisms
accept phagocytosis or description
ignore eat / consume / absorb for engulf
ignore references to memory cells

6. Squamous: Lining alveoli

thin, flattened cells


a short distance for diffusion of gases
so maximising the rate of diffusion of gases:
high rate of oxygen into and carbon dioxide out of the blood during gas
exchange. (3)

Ciliated columnar: Lining bronchi

Ciliated cells sweep mucus out of the lungs


Goblet cells produce mucus
Mucus traps microorganisms to prevent infection
Cilia remove mucus with bacteria and particulates to clean lungs (3)

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

Chemistry Answers
7.D
[1]
8.C
[1]

9.B
[1]

10.C
[1]

11. (a)
Particle Relative charge Relative mass

Proton +1 or 1+ 1 (1)

Neutron 0 1 (not 1) (1)


or no
charge/neutral/z
ero

Electron 1 or 1 1/1800 to 1/2000 (1)

or negligible
or zero
or 5.0 10 4 to 5.6 10 4
if g in mass column - wrong
penalise once
3

(b) (1)(1)
Allow numbers before or after Ar
2

(c) S: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4 (1)


Allow upper case letters

S2: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 (1)


If use subscript penalise once
2

(d) Block: p (1)


Explanation: Highest energy or outer orbital is (3) p

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

OR outer electron, valency electron in (3) p


NOT 2p etc.
2

(e) (i) Bonding in Na2S: ionic (1)


Bonding in CS2: covalent (1)
ignore other words such as dative / polar / co-ordinate

(ii) Clear indication of electron transfer from Na to S (1)


1 e from each (of 2) Na atoms or 2 e from 2 Na atoms (1)
QoL correct English

(iii)

Correct covalent bonds (1)


All correct including lone pairs (1)
Allow all s or all s
M2 tied to M1
NOT separate es in S- 2 l p

(iv) CS2 + 2H2O CO2 + 2H2S (1)


Ignore state symbols even if wrong
7
[16]

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

Physics

12 . (a) any two from:

travel (at same speed) through a vacuum / space


do not accept air for vacuum

transverse

transfer energy

can be reflected

can be refracted

can be diffracted

can be absorbed

travel in straight lines


2

(b) diffraction (of waves around hills)


1

wavelength needs to be similar size to the obstacle / gap


1

radio has a long enough wavelength or TV doesnt have a long enough wavelength
an answer TV (waves / signals) have short wavelengths so do not diffract (around the hill)
scores 2 marks
1

(c) v=f

1.2 10 / 1200 000


6

allow 1 mark for correct substitution


ie 3.0 10 = f 2.5 10
8 2

2
answers 1.2 MHz or 1200 kHz gain all 2 marks
for full credit the unit and numerical value must be consistent

[7]

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

13. (i) (wave) speed = frequency wavelength


or any correctly transposed version
accept v = f
or transposed version
accept m/s = 1 / s m
or transposed version

or
but only if subsequently used correctly
1

(i) 325

metres per second


or m / s or 0.325 km/s for 2 marks
1
[2]

14. (a) the maximum displacement (of the wave or medium)

from the equilibrium position

accept rest position, undisturbed position, mean position


2

(b) (vertically) downwards ( cycle to maximum negative displacement)

then upwards ( cycle to equilibrium position and cycle to maximumpositive displacement)

down ( cycle) to equilibrium position/zero displacement and correctreference to either


maximum positive or negative displacement or correctreference to fractions of the cycle

candidate who correctly describes the motion of a knot 180 degrees out ofphase with the one
shown can gain maximum two marks(ie knot initially moving upwards)
3

(c) max 2 from

stationary wave formed

by superposition or interference (of two progressive waves)

knot is at a node

waves (always) cancel where the knot is

allow standing wave


2
[7]

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Yr 12 BTEC - Applied Science - Unit 1 Mock Examination

15.(a) sin 60 = 1.47sin OR sin = sin 60 / 1.47


(sin 0.5891) = 36 () (36.0955) (allow 36.2)
1

Allow 36.0
2

(b) Figure 1

60 air

2
[4]

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