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Cornell Notes Topic/Objective: Name: Brisa Gutierrez Verdin

Genetics Class/Period: Four


Date: 2/26/27
Essential Question: How does DNA relate to chromosomes and replication of cells?

Questions: Notes:
What might you include On a list of DNA replication, I might include the nitrogen base pairs for
DNA. The DNA base pairs are adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine.
on a list of DNA Adenine always pairs with thymine (in DNA) and guanine always pairs with
replication? (L1) cytosine. I would also include DNA stands for deoxyribose nucleic acid. I
would also include that DNA replication must occur before a cell divides.
Also, I would include that DNA polymerase is what breaks apart the single
double strand of DNA to form two separate ones.
How are RNA and DNA
RNA and DNA are similar in the fact that both have the nitrogen base pairs
similar and different? of adenine, guanine, and cytosine. A difference is that DNA uses thymine
(L2) and RNA uses uracil. Another similarity is that both RNA and DNA can be
found in the nucleus, but RNA is also found in the cytoplasm. Another
difference is that DNA is double stranded and RNA is single stranded.
How would you
describe
the sequence of a DNA Original DNA strand: AGGCTACCTTAGTAC
Complimentary strand: TCCGATGGAATCATG
strand? (L3)
I would describe this sequence as a strong DNA double helix shape because
all the base pairs have their appropriate correspondents. There are 30 base
pairs in total.
What facts would you
use to support that
Facts that I would use to support that mitosis becomes two identical cells are
mitosis becomes two that mitosis only goes through one cell division. The result of mitosis is two
identical cells? (L3) diploid cells that each have 46 chromosomes. For example, one person can
scrape their knee and mitosis will occur because it is only a part of the skin
cells that need to be replaced. This will occur because the skin cells should
be replaced the same so the color of your skin will be the same. If meiosis
were to occur the skin might be different because meiosis produces unique
sex cells.

Questions: Notes:
What information can
Information that I would gather to support that meiosis goes produces four
you gather to support the unique sex cells is that it goes through two cell divisions. In meiosis, the
idea that meiosis chromosomes cross over. This means homologous chromosomes pair up
with each other and exchange different segments of their genetic material to
produces four unique
sex cells? (L4) form recombinant chromosomes. (https://www.google.com/webhp?
sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=crossing+over&*).
Crossing over causes a mix up of genetic information. I would also use the
fact that meiosis produces haploid cells, meaning cells with only 23
chromosomes.

What is an example of
meiosis? (L1)
An example of meiosis is when a baby is born because more than likely their
skin will not be the same as the parents. The crossing over causes the
gametes to be different.
How would you classify
this strand? (L2)
Strand: AUGCCUGAACGUUGA
I would classify this strand as an RNA strand because thymine (T) is
What do you notice replaced with uracil (U).
about this strand?
(L2)
AAGCTCCAGTTCATG
I notice this strand is a DNA strand because there is thymine instead of
uracil. I also notice that this strand is missing the complimentary strand
What is RNA? (L1) which is TTCGAGGTCAAGTAC. Also, in total (with the complimentary
strand) there are 30 base pairs.

RNA is ribonucleic acid.

Summary: DNA relates to chromosomes and the replication of cells because DNA is the base for all genetic
information. For a cell to divide DNA should be replicated to create an exact copy, so the
DNA replication
must occur before the cell divides. DNA makes up chromosomes which help DNA form
the genetic make
up of everything. Every replication needs a strand of DNA on order to the cells to be
identical and not
look out of place. DNA replication is only different in meiosis because four unique sex
cells or gametes
are produced. Each DNA replication has a certain number of chromosomes. A cell can be
diploid (46
chromosomes) or a haploid (23 chromosomes). Humans are made up of haploid cells, or
23
chromosomes.