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Society for Song, Yuan, and Conquest Dynasty Studies

Hok-lam Chan: January 26, 1938 June 1, 2011


Author(s): Joseph Kam Wah Siu, Ruth W. Dunnell and John W. Dardess
Source: Journal of Song-Yuan Studies, No. 41 (2011), pp. VII-XXV
Published by: Society for Song, Yuan, and Conquest Dynasty Studies
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H O K - L A M C H A

I a n u a r y 26, 1938 June 1 , 2 O

After struggling with a chronic heart condition for several yearsHok-


passed away suddenly on June 12011 just five days prior to the long-sc
elective surgery intended to extend his life. Generally regarded as hav
among the most outstanding authorities on China during the comp
of its contestations with the conquest dynasties of its middle imperial
Hok-lam Chan was nevertheless a consummately modest man. Always
flaunt his knowledge or tout his achievements, Chan was quick to ap
and acknowledge the insights of others. He was a conscientious tea
an inspirational advisor. Most of allhowever, he was an exemplary s
is attested by the fact that his works have inescapably influenced the
of nearly all those after him who have entered into the uniquely ch
sub-discipline of middle-period Chinese studies.
The middle period was the temporal locus of Hok-lam Chans interes
the time he entered the University of Hong Kongthe premiere loca
tionin 1958, at age twenty. Somewhat surprisingly, the initial portal
which Chan came to the study of history was literature. As an under
Chan was especially attracted to the poetry of the late Jin-dynast
Yuan Haowen (1190-1257), and it was in fact an abiding desire to ex
the historical background of this chiefly literary figure that first drew
history. Fairly shortly thereafter, however, Hok-lam Chan committe
intellectually to what became his career-long investigation of the
polities that arose in and around the Chinese empire from the imm
post-Tang era through the early Ming dynasty. This initial historical
became expressed through Chan's early essay "The Compilation and
of the Chin-shih " which was written before he had graduated but w
nonetheless deemed an impressive enough treatment to achieve sub
publication in the University of Hong Kong's ]oumal of Oriental St
1967.
Upon the completion of his University of Hong Kong bachelor's and mas
ters degrees in history in 1961 and 1963, respectively, Hok-lam Chan elected

Journal of Song-Yuan Studies 41 (2011)

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HOK-LAM CHAN (1938-2011)

to continue his education by relocating to the United States


specifically to Princeton Universityto which he was attracte
ship and presence of Frederick (Fritz) Mote (1922-2005). Once
Chans proximity to New York City also permitted him to be
pant and occasional presenter in the renowned Columbia Un
Studies Seminar, then under the direction of its founder W
Bary. Howeverit was Hok-lam Chans contact with Fritz M
James T. C. Liu (1919-1993) that seems to have most stoked
fires and led him to produce what for a graduate student con
torrent of early scholarly output. In 1965, under the guidance o
Chan commenced his history doctoral dissertation "Liu Chi
Dual Image of a Chinese Imperial Adviser. Chan also wrote
article Liu Ping-chung (1216-74) A Buddhist-Taoist Statesm
of Khubilai Khan." The latter work was published in Toung P
same year that he completed the former and thus satisfied a
for his doctoral degree in history.
After graduating from Princeton, Hok-lam Chan comm
teaching career with an appointment at the University of Au
Zealand from 1967 to 1968, where he taught survey courses th
contemporary Chinese history. However, what proved crucial
was Hok-lam Chan s consistent abilityover the course of t
decadeto balance and combine his instructional priorities wi
ones. We can observe a salient example of such harmonizatio
that during his brief time at Auckland, Chan entered into co
Herbert Franke (1914-2011) in translating and annotating the J
history of the Jurchen Jin dynasty and initiating the other rela
would eventually coalescesome three decades laterin the f
on the Jurchens and the Chin Dynasty.
In 1968, Hok-lam Chan departed the University of Auckland
University, wherein addition to limited teaching dutiesh
of the editorial board members who advised in the planning
still indispensable Dictionary of Ming Biography of L. Carrin
Chans return to the United States and involvement with the d
while at Columbia were timely eventsfor they signaled an au
his life. Largely on the basis of his reputation stemming from h
the Goodrich dictionary project, came to the attention of H

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HOK-LAM CHAN (1938-2011)

(1905-1990) at the University of Washington. Upon Wilhelm's r


tion, Hok-lam Chan was recruited to Washington and appointed as
of international studies and history in 1972.
Once in Seattle, Hok-lam Chan was heartened to find his teach
research parameters greatly expanded beyond those of any previ
ment. His teaching responsibilities now included not only instruc
histories of the Song, Yuan, and Ming dynasties but also those of
and Mongol peoples. His research horizons expanded correspo
1976-1977, Chan was granted a sabbatical leave from the Univers
ington andat the invitation of Igor de Rachewiltzhe traveled t
National University to collaborate on what became In the Service
Eminent Personalities of the Early Mongol-Yuan Period1200-13
upon returning to Washington, Chan was commissioned to write
his contributions to the Ming dynastic section of The Cambridge
China.

Although he did return to Princeton in 1980-1981 to conduct a


search, during the decades of the 1980s and 1990sHok-lam Chan
upon a new chapter in his life and career by spending much of hi
not in Washington either in China, Taiwanor Hong Kong. Now
as a distinguished Chinese scholar who had garnered a substanti
scholarly audience for himself, Chanwho remained true to hi
rootswas increasingly sought after by entities throughout his nat
representing both sides of the Marxist versus liberal democratic pol
In 1979, Chan, at the invitation of the Chinese Academy of Soc
toured and lectured in BeijingChengdu, Shanghai, Nanjing, Gu
and elsewhere. In 1988, he served as a visiting professor at Nati
University.
In 1990, at the recommendation of his students Tan Ju-ch'ien and Li
Hung-ch'i (Thomas H. C. Lee), Hok-lam Chan was specially appointed to the
New Asia College at The Chinese University of Hong Kong. In 1992, Chans
career was in many respects brought full circle with a visiting appointment
to the faculty of his alma mater, the University of Hong Kong. His official
retirement from the University of Washington in 2000 notwithstanding, Chan,
ever desiring the engagement of remaining active, continued his tenure there
as a faculty affiliate in the Department of Asian Languages and Literature up
until the time of his death. Even in his waning daysdespite the toll exacted

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HOK-LAM CHAN (1938-201"

by his illness, rather than becoming despondent or dejecte


himself in reading on a daily basis and was cheerful and upb
Regrettably, the prolific accomplishments of Hok-lam Ch
have tended to overshadow the high standards he set for him
The calling of teacher was one in which Chan was heavily inv
his career and its crucial value was obvious and beyond dispu
also accepted the weightiness of the responsibility attending
role with a definite comfort and even a certain degree of lig
especially in seminar settingshe is remembered for his refres
and evenhanded fairness. Always fostering a cooperative rat
tive atmosphereChan viewed his role as that of a courteo
guidefriendly, easy-goingencouraging, and full of good
at the same time, passionate about the history of the period
Thus, as an instructor, he will be remembered for his approach
ness, unpretentiousness, and unfailing loyalty displayed tow
Nevertheless, the most enduring contributions of Hok-la
seen as having emanated from a unique aggregation of attrib
the man himselftraits that he consistently brought to bear in
those with whom he interacted. This collection of traits is n

within the realm of scholarship than it is within that of ped


attributes themselves are many, we ourselves are well serv
ing Hok-lam Chan as saliently exemplifying three of them.
remember Chan for his expressed preference for factual know
over abstract theorization, for inasmuch as he delighted in the s
he also delighted in the concreteobservable, and provable. S
remember Chan as exceptional for the times when he entere
not only because of his abundant talent but also because of hi
Ever seeking equanimity in the enterprise of learning, he b
ideological axes to grind. Finallythird and perhaps most im
great credit and to our own good fortunedespite his own H
yet unlike many Chinese as well as Euro-American scholars
generation, Hok-lam Chan bore no apparent prejudices agai
Unencumbered by the shackles of bias, he firmly believed t
the intrinsic interest and joy derived from conducting resea
developed subfield one could never properly understand
of Chinese civilization without researching and reassessing

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LAM CHAN (1938-2011)

influence of the dynasties of conquest. For all of these contributio


but especially this last, our debt to Hok-lam Chan is overt, large, an
to be continuous.

Joseph Kam Wah Siu


The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Ruth W. Dunnell

Kenyon College

John W. Dardess
University of Kansas

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Bibliography of the Works of

Hok-lam Chan

C H N ESE-LANGUAGE MONOGRAPHS

AND COLLECTIONS

1996
1997
2001

2003
2010
mu (
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CHNESE-LANGUAGE ESSAYS AND

COMMEMORATIVE ARTICLES

1961)14-25

(1962) 1-21
25
255-74

(1964) 226-31

(
197o23-47

Journal of Song-Yuan St

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BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WORKS OF HOK-LAM CHAN

198^)950^000]
20O2109^133


163-90286-333
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198849!-5H241-84)
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(1988)283-305 (371_419 ;
283-319)
31988)-86 (
73~95

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IBL OGRAPHY

i988155-67
285-338 199-240
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1990)185^96241-54)
921991) '
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8361991)
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^1991201-7 97-105

4199292-107
i83^8

1992
1363-1403334-65
(

1992i577_16104^-85
1-57
i75_209

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BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WORKS OF HOK-LAM CHAN

1
(

463-7365-86

>>

1994i69~2o2
12
173~943-36

:
1994i98-212

(1995)i-32
21^-47

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1995167-2!0
1-89
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199
231-56

(1996)113-4515

2
143-75275-3o6
1
151-7135-55

(1997)47_63

(1997)205""44
(

633-43

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IIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WORKS OF HOK-LAM CHAN

(
24)391998

31998
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44-48276^85

71998)45-86
205-64 )
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1999307-15

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3(1999)91-101
(265-8:

11999)297-345
21-75)
(
71999154-72
204-28

9(moo)191-214
17-37)
2(2000)
327-28

(
2000,
IOOI-48
10(2001)
151-7o294-

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IBUOGRAPHY

(=

69~io8i57""203

77-123

321-61

U(2002)197-212
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200254^-61
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97-143
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46(20O4)1-51
144-82

753(2004)515-72
248~93

45(2O05)97"40

(
200612-37

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JIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WORKS OF HOK- LAM

47^o7)<5-9
183-212)

72(27)

(2008) 163-92
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:2oo844754

(910W
20081358-66f

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243-252

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BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WORKS OF HOK-LAM CHAN

( no
2009125


E NGL S H-LANG UAGE MONOGRAPHS

AND COLLECTIONS

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HBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WORKS OF HOK" LAM CHAN

ESTERN-LANGUAGE ESSAYS

N D REVIEWS

"Chinese Refugees in Annam and Champa at the


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Liu Chi (1311-1375) and His Models Image-bui
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The Chinese 'Barbarian Officials' in the Foreign
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The White Lotus-Maitreya Doctrine and Popula


Ch'ing China " Sinologica 10.4 (December 1969
"Review of Index to Biographical Material in Chin
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"Die Prophezeiung des Liu Chi (1311-1375): Ihre
wandlung im heutigen China. Saceulum 25.4 (
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Two Ming Biographies: The Crazy Chou Immort


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Review of Ma Huan Ying-yai Sheng-lan: The Ov

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"New Sources on Li Chihs Ancestry and His Family. Papers on Far Eastern
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BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WORKS OF HOK- LAM CHAN

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