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# PHYS 2212 Test 2

Spring 2016

## Darnton (Q), Kim (P)

Day 12-3pm 1-4pm 3-6pm 4-7pm
Monday P01 Q01 P02 Q02
Tuesday P03 Q03 P04 Q04
Wednesday P05 Q05 P06 Q06
Thursday P07 Q07 P08 Q08

Instructions

## Read all problems carefully before attempting to solve them.

Your work must be legible, and the organization must be clear.
You must show all work, including correct vector notation.
Correct answers without adequate explanation will be counted wrong.
Incorrect work or explanations mixed in with correct work will be counted wrong. Cross out anything
you do not want us to grade
Make explanations correct but brief. You do not need to write a lot of prose.
Include diagrams!
ab (8103 )(5106 )
Show what goes into a calculation, not just the final number, e.g.: cd = (2105 )(4104 )
=
5 104
Give standard SI units with your results.

Unless specifically asked to derive a result, you may start from the formulas given on the
formula sheet, including equations corresponding to the fundamental concepts. If a formula
you need is not given, you must derive it.

If you cannot do some portion of a problem, invent a symbol for the quantity you can not
calculate (explain that you are doing this), and use it to do the rest of the problem.

Honor Pledge

In accordance with the Georgia Tech Honor Code, I have neither given
nor received unauthorized aid on this test.

## Sign your name on the line above

Problem 1 Grader: Score: /25

The following program is intended to calculate and display the electric and magnetic field at a specific
observation location for a moving dipole. The dipole consist of a positive and negative charge q seperated
by a distance s. Complete the program below by filling in the missing VPython code.

## GlowScript 2.0 VPython

magconstant=1e-7
oofpez = 9e9
q=1.6e-19
s = 1e-9
pluscharge = sphere(pos=vector(-5*s, 0,-s/2), radius=1e-10, color=color.red)
minuscharge = sphere(pos=vector(-5*s, 0, s/2), radius=1e-10, color=color.blue)
velocity = vector(4e4,0,0) # The dipoles cm velocity
robs = vector(0,s,0)
#(a 2pts) Initialize two arrows (E and B) at the observation location

##Loop
dt = 1e-18
while pluscharge.pos.x<10*s:
rate(100)
#(b 21pts) Calculate the E and B field vectors at the observation location

## # Update of the dipoles position

pluscharge.pos = pluscharge.pos + velocity*deltat
minuscharge.pos = minuscharge.pos + velocity*deltat
Problem 2 Grader: Score: /25 /25

## A proton traveling x direction ap- x

proaches a capacitor consisting of two
large, oppositely charged metal plates.
The circular plates are 4 cm apart and
each has a radius of 1.7 m. The proton
enters the capacitor through a small
hole in one of the plates at location A
with a speed of 2.5 104 m/s. It ex-
its through a small hole at location B
with a speed of 7.9 104 m/s.

(a 10pts) What is the potential difference VB VA ? Clearly show all steps in your work.

(b 10pts) What is the magnitude of the amount of charge on one of the plates? Clearly show all steps in
your work.

(c 5pts) Calculate the change in potential energy for an electron that moves through the capacitor from A
to B?
Problem 3 Grader: Score: /25 /25 /25

The center of a thin metal shell is located at the origin. The radius of the shell is r = 0.02 m and the shell
is uniformly charged with a total charge of 2 109 C.

(a 10pts) Calculate the potential difference at a point x = 0.04 m along the x axis relative to infinity
(Vx V )

## (b 5pts) Determine the potential of the metal shell relative to infinity,

(c 5pts) Calculate the potential difference at a point x = 0.01 m along the x axis relative to infinity
(Vx V )

## (d 5pts) The electric field in a different region of space is given by:

~ A B
E(x) =< 2 4 , 0, 0 >
x x

where A > B and both are positive constants. Calculate the potential difference between ~xi =< 0, A, 0 >
and ~xi =< 0, B, 0 >.
Problem 4 Grader: Score: /25 /25 /25 /25

## A single wire is bent into the configuration

shown below. The straight portion from
A to B lies along the x axis; the semi-
circle from B to C (which has radius R)
lies in the xy plane; the semicircle from
C to D (of radius r) lies in the xz plane;
the straight portion from D to E returns
along the x axis. A current I runs through
the wire. The dot is at the center of both
semicircles. In parts (a)-(e), the semicir-
cles are the same size: that is, R=r.

~ due to the first half of the wire (from A to C) at the center of loops
(a 5pts) What is the magnetic field B
(represented as a dot in the diagram)? Please use the coordinate directions shown.

(b 5pts) What is the magnetic field B ~ due to the second half of the wire (from C to E) at the center of
loops (represented as a dot in the diagram)? Please use the coordinate directions shown.
(c 5pts) What is the magnitude of the net magnetic field at the center of loops (represented as a dot in
the diagram)? Please use the coordinate directions shown.

(d 5pts) Calculate the unit vector corresponding to the direction of the net magnetic field at the center of
loops (represented as a dot in the diagram)? Please use the coordinate directions shown.

## (e 5pts) The first semicircle (between

B and C) is replaced by a smaller
one with radius R, where R = r/2.
Briefly describe how this changes the
magnitude of the net magnetic field at
the center of loops (represented as a
dot in the diagram)?
This page is for extra work, if needed.
Things you must know

## Relationship between electric field and electric force Conservation of charge

Electric field of a point charge The Superposition Principle
Relationship between magnetic field and magnetic force
Magnetic field of a moving point charge

## Other Fundamental Concepts

d~v d~p d~p
~a = = F~net and m~a if v << c
dt dt Rf dt P
Uel = qV V = i E ~ d~l (Ex x + Ey y + Ez z)
~ n ~ n
R R
el = E dA
P mag = B dA
H
~ qinside H
~ n
En dA = B dA = 0
0
dmag
~ N C d~l = ~ d~l = 0 P Iinside path
H H
|emf| = E dt
B
 
H
~ ~ P d R ~
B dl = 0 Iinside path + 0 En
dA
dt

Specific Results

~
1 2qs
~
1 qs
Edipole,axis (on axis, r  s) Edipole, (on axis, r  s)

40 r 3 40 r3

~
1 Q ~ applied
Erod = p (r from center) electric dipole moment p = qs, p~ = E
40 r r2 + (L/2)2

~
1 2Q/L
~
1 qz
Erod (if r  L) Ering = (z along axis)

40 r 40 (z + R2 )3/2
2
Q/A  z
 Q/A h z i Q/A
~ ~
Edisk = 1 2 (z > 0 along axis) E 1 (if z  R)

disk
20 (z + R2 )1/2 20 R 20

Q/A Q/A  s 
~ ~
E (+Q and Q disks) f ringe
E just outside capacitor

capacitor
0 0 2R
~
B ~ = 0 I` r (short wire) F~ = I~l B ~
4 r2
LI 0 2I
~ 0 ~ ~
Bwire = (r  L) Bwire = B earth tan

p
4 r r + (L/2) 4 r
2 2

2IR 2 0 2IR2
~ 0
Bloop = (on axis, z  R) = IA = IR2

4 (z 2 + R2 )3/2 4 z 3
2
~ 0 ~ 0
Bdipole,axis (on axis, r  s) B dipole, (on axis, r  s)

4 r3 4 r3

E ~ rad
~ rad = 1 q~a rad B
rad

~
E v = E Brad =
40 c2 r c
i = nA
v I = |q| nA
v v = uE
I L
= |q| nu J= = E R=
A   A
Eapplied q 1 1
Edielectric = V = due to a point charge
K 40 rf ri
|V |
I= for an ohmic resistor (R independent of V ); power = IV
R
Q = C |V | K 21 mv 2 if v  c
mv 2

p |~v |
d~
circular motion: = |~
p|
dt R R

Math Help

~a ~b = hax , ay , az i hbx , by , bz i

= (ay bz az by )
x (ax bz az bx )
y + (ax by ay bx )
z

Z Z Z
dx dx 1 dx 1
= ln (a + x) + c 2
= + c 3
= +c
x+a (x + a) a+x (a + x) 2(a + x)2
Z Z Z Z Z
a a 1 1 a 2 a
dx = ( ) dx a dx = ax + c ax dx = x + c ax2 dx = x3 + c
x(x + b) b x x+b 2 3

## Constant Symbol Approximate Value

Speed of light c 3 108 m/s
Gravitational constant G 6.7 1011 N m2 /kg2
Approx. grav field near Earths surface g 9.8 N/kg
Electron mass me 9 1031 kg
Proton mass mp 1.7 1027 kg
Neutron mass mn 1.7 1027 kg
1
Electric constant 9 109 N m2 /C2
40
Epsilon-zero 0 8.85 1012 (N m2 /C2 )1
0
Magnetic constant 1 107 T m/A
4
Mu-zero 0 4 107 T m/A
Proton charge e 1.6 1019 C
Electron volt 1 eV 1.6 1019 J
Avogadros number NA 6.02 1023 molecules/mole
Atomic radius Ra 1 1010 m
Proton radius Rp 1 1015 m
E to ionize air Eionize 3 106 V/m
BEarth (horizontal component) BEarth 2 105 T