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Spring 2016

Day 12-3pm 1-4pm 3-6pm 4-7pm

Monday P01 Q01 P02 Q02

Tuesday P03 Q03 P04 Q04

Wednesday P05 Q05 P06 Q06

Thursday P07 Q07 P08 Q08

Instructions

Your work must be legible, and the organization must be clear.

You must show all work, including correct vector notation.

Correct answers without adequate explanation will be counted wrong.

Incorrect work or explanations mixed in with correct work will be counted wrong. Cross out anything

you do not want us to grade

Make explanations correct but brief. You do not need to write a lot of prose.

Include diagrams!

ab (8103 )(5106 )

Show what goes into a calculation, not just the final number, e.g.: cd = (2105 )(4104 )

=

5 104

Give standard SI units with your results.

Unless specifically asked to derive a result, you may start from the formulas given on the

formula sheet, including equations corresponding to the fundamental concepts. If a formula

you need is not given, you must derive it.

If you cannot do some portion of a problem, invent a symbol for the quantity you can not

calculate (explain that you are doing this), and use it to do the rest of the problem.

Honor Pledge

In accordance with the Georgia Tech Honor Code, I have neither given

nor received unauthorized aid on this test.

Problem 1 Grader: Score: /25

The following program is intended to calculate and display the electric and magnetic field at a specific

observation location for a moving dipole. The dipole consist of a positive and negative charge q seperated

by a distance s. Complete the program below by filling in the missing VPython code.

magconstant=1e-7

oofpez = 9e9

q=1.6e-19

s = 1e-9

pluscharge = sphere(pos=vector(-5*s, 0,-s/2), radius=1e-10, color=color.red)

minuscharge = sphere(pos=vector(-5*s, 0, s/2), radius=1e-10, color=color.blue)

velocity = vector(4e4,0,0) # The dipoles cm velocity

robs = vector(0,s,0)

#(a 2pts) Initialize two arrows (E and B) at the observation location

##Loop

dt = 1e-18

while pluscharge.pos.x<10*s:

rate(100)

#(b 21pts) Calculate the E and B field vectors at the observation location

pluscharge.pos = pluscharge.pos + velocity*deltat

minuscharge.pos = minuscharge.pos + velocity*deltat

Problem 2 Grader: Score: /25 /25

proaches a capacitor consisting of two

large, oppositely charged metal plates.

The circular plates are 4 cm apart and

each has a radius of 1.7 m. The proton

enters the capacitor through a small

hole in one of the plates at location A

with a speed of 2.5 104 m/s. It ex-

its through a small hole at location B

with a speed of 7.9 104 m/s.

(a 10pts) What is the potential difference VB VA ? Clearly show all steps in your work.

(b 10pts) What is the magnitude of the amount of charge on one of the plates? Clearly show all steps in

your work.

(c 5pts) Calculate the change in potential energy for an electron that moves through the capacitor from A

to B?

Problem 3 Grader: Score: /25 /25 /25

The center of a thin metal shell is located at the origin. The radius of the shell is r = 0.02 m and the shell

is uniformly charged with a total charge of 2 109 C.

(a 10pts) Calculate the potential difference at a point x = 0.04 m along the x axis relative to infinity

(Vx V )

(c 5pts) Calculate the potential difference at a point x = 0.01 m along the x axis relative to infinity

(Vx V )

~ A B

E(x) =< 2 4 , 0, 0 >

x x

where A > B and both are positive constants. Calculate the potential difference between ~xi =< 0, A, 0 >

and ~xi =< 0, B, 0 >.

Problem 4 Grader: Score: /25 /25 /25 /25

shown below. The straight portion from

A to B lies along the x axis; the semi-

circle from B to C (which has radius R)

lies in the xy plane; the semicircle from

C to D (of radius r) lies in the xz plane;

the straight portion from D to E returns

along the x axis. A current I runs through

the wire. The dot is at the center of both

semicircles. In parts (a)-(e), the semicir-

cles are the same size: that is, R=r.

~ due to the first half of the wire (from A to C) at the center of loops

(a 5pts) What is the magnetic field B

(represented as a dot in the diagram)? Please use the coordinate directions shown.

(b 5pts) What is the magnetic field B ~ due to the second half of the wire (from C to E) at the center of

loops (represented as a dot in the diagram)? Please use the coordinate directions shown.

(c 5pts) What is the magnitude of the net magnetic field at the center of loops (represented as a dot in

the diagram)? Please use the coordinate directions shown.

(d 5pts) Calculate the unit vector corresponding to the direction of the net magnetic field at the center of

loops (represented as a dot in the diagram)? Please use the coordinate directions shown.

B and C) is replaced by a smaller

one with radius R, where R = r/2.

Briefly describe how this changes the

magnitude of the net magnetic field at

the center of loops (represented as a

dot in the diagram)?

This page is for extra work, if needed.

Things you must know

Electric field of a point charge The Superposition Principle

Relationship between magnetic field and magnetic force

Magnetic field of a moving point charge

d~v d~p d~p

~a = = F~net and m~a if v << c

dt dt Rf dt P

Uel = qV V = i E ~ d~l (Ex x + Ey y + Ez z)

~ n ~ n

R R

el = E dA

P mag = B dA

H

~ qinside H

~ n

En dA = B dA = 0

0

dmag

~ N C d~l = ~ d~l = 0 P Iinside path

H H

|emf| = E dt

B

H

~ ~ P d R ~

B dl = 0 Iinside path + 0 En

dA

dt

Specific Results

~

1 2qs

~

1 qs

Edipole,axis (on axis, r s) Edipole, (on axis, r s)

40 r 3 40 r3

~

1 Q ~ applied

Erod = p (r from center) electric dipole moment p = qs, p~ = E

40 r r2 + (L/2)2

~

1 2Q/L

~

1 qz

Erod (if r L) Ering = (z along axis)

40 r 40 (z + R2 )3/2

2

Q/A z

Q/A h z i Q/A

~ ~

Edisk = 1 2 (z > 0 along axis) E 1 (if z R)

disk

20 (z + R2 )1/2 20 R 20

Q/A Q/A s

~ ~

E (+Q and Q disks) f ringe

E just outside capacitor

capacitor

0 0 2R

~

B ~ = 0 I` r (short wire) F~ = I~l B ~

4 r2

LI 0 2I

~ 0 ~ ~

Bwire = (r L) Bwire = B earth tan

p

4 r r + (L/2) 4 r

2 2

2IR 2 0 2IR2

~ 0

Bloop = (on axis, z R) = IA = IR2

4 (z 2 + R2 )3/2 4 z 3

2

~ 0 ~ 0

Bdipole,axis (on axis, r s) B dipole, (on axis, r s)

4 r3 4 r3

E ~ rad

~ rad = 1 q~a rad B

rad

~

E v = E Brad =

40 c2 r c

i = nA

v I = |q| nA

v v = uE

I L

= |q| nu J= = E R=

A A

Eapplied q 1 1

Edielectric = V = due to a point charge

K 40 rf ri

|V |

I= for an ohmic resistor (R independent of V ); power = IV

R

Q = C |V | K 21 mv 2 if v c

mv 2

p |~v |

d~

circular motion: = |~

p|

dt R R

Math Help

~a ~b = hax , ay , az i hbx , by , bz i

= (ay bz az by )

x (ax bz az bx )

y + (ax by ay bx )

z

Z Z Z

dx dx 1 dx 1

= ln (a + x) + c 2

= + c 3

= +c

x+a (x + a) a+x (a + x) 2(a + x)2

Z Z Z Z Z

a a 1 1 a 2 a

dx = ( ) dx a dx = ax + c ax dx = x + c ax2 dx = x3 + c

x(x + b) b x x+b 2 3

Speed of light c 3 108 m/s

Gravitational constant G 6.7 1011 N m2 /kg2

Approx. grav field near Earths surface g 9.8 N/kg

Electron mass me 9 1031 kg

Proton mass mp 1.7 1027 kg

Neutron mass mn 1.7 1027 kg

1

Electric constant 9 109 N m2 /C2

40

Epsilon-zero 0 8.85 1012 (N m2 /C2 )1

0

Magnetic constant 1 107 T m/A

4

Mu-zero 0 4 107 T m/A

Proton charge e 1.6 1019 C

Electron volt 1 eV 1.6 1019 J

Avogadros number NA 6.02 1023 molecules/mole

Atomic radius Ra 1 1010 m

Proton radius Rp 1 1015 m

E to ionize air Eionize 3 106 V/m

BEarth (horizontal component) BEarth 2 105 T

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