You are on page 1of 7

PADEYE CALCULATION

DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS
1 Materials for padeye main plates and attachments shall have min. 60ksi yield strength.
.
2 Lifting is done using Crosby Shackles. G 209 S209-2160 with working load limit 13.5 MT

3 Dia of sling used = 40mm

4 Permissible stresses in fillet weld has been considered as the min. of 0.3 Fu and 0.4 Fy
where Fu= 517 Mpa (Min. Tensile Strength, API RP-2A WSD) and Fy = 412Mpa (60 ksi),
respectively

Design loads :

Maximum load in sling ( from SACS Lifting Analysis, Without


= 140.0 kN 14 MT
C.O.G Shifts, DAF,SKL & consequence factor for padeye)

Skew Factor = 1.1


Dynamic Amplification Factor DAF = 1.15

C.O.G Factor = 1.1 (Max. sling load has been considered,


considering cog shift)
Tilt Factor = 1.03
Yaw Factor = 1
Static load for sling & shackle selection = 200.6543 kN 20.07 T
Factor of Saftey for Minimum Breaking Strength = 3 (0027/NDI Rev 3)

Min.Breaking Strength for shackle selection = 60.2 T

Consequence factor for padeyes (Strength check) = 1.35 (0027/NDI Rev 3)

Hence, design load for padeye, F = = 27.09 T (inclusive of DAF and CF)

= 270883.31 N
Using Crosby Alloy Bolt-Type Shackles G 2160 (Specification Attached)
Working Load Limit= = 13.5 T
Ultimate Load= = 67.5 T SAFE
Dia. Body G= = 6.38 in. 162.05 mm
Dia.Pin Dp= = 1.5 in. 38.10 mm (Cast Alloy Steel)
Inside Length of Pin(Jaw Width) Lp = 2.24 in. 56.9 mm
PADEYE GEOMETRY
Diameter of Eye Dh
1.05Dp = 40 mm
Dp+5mm = 43 mm
Therefore Diameter of eye(min. of above two) = 40 mm
Radius of Eye Rh = 20.0 mm

Main Plate + Cheek Plate + Centraliser Plate Thickness (Tt)


Tt Should be Approximately equal to 0.9 Lp
0.9 Lp = 51.21 mm
So Provide 45 mm Thickness
Lp-Tt = 11.9 Less than 25mm. So O.K
Main Plate Thickness(Tmp)
Main Plate Thickness= 0.25 to 0.4Dp
Say 0.25 Dp 9.525 mm
Say 12 mm

Cheek Plate Thickness(Tcp)


Cheek Plate Thickness= 0.15 to 0.3Dp
Say 0.25 Dp 9.525 mm
Say 10 mm

Centraliser Plate Thickness(Tcenp)


Total Thickness to be provided= 45 mm
So Centrasiler Plate Thickness = 6.5 mm
Say 5 mm

Total Thickness Provided=Tmp+2xTcp+2xTcenp = 42 mm


Main Plate Radius Rmp
Radius of Main plate Rmp= 1.5 to 1.75 Dp
Say 1.65 Dp 62.865 mm
Say 65 mm
Cheek Plate Radius Rcp

Rcp= Rmp - Tcp = 55 mm


Say 53 mm

Check 1 :-
Rmp - Cheek plate Weldment(lcp)-5mm= = 54
Cheek plate Weldment(lcp)= = 6 (Assumed)
Can Provide 53 mm radius
Check 2 :-
0.5 Tcp = = 5
0.75 Tcp = = 7.5
Weld Size mentioned above is o.k here

Centraliser Plate Radius (Rcentp)


Radius of Centraliser plate Rcentp= = 150 mm
Greater than eye radius so O.K
SCHEMATIC ARRANGEMENT OF PADEYE
Design Inputs for Padeye
Dia of Pin Dp= = 38.10 mm
Jaw width , Lp= = 56.90 mm
Dia of Eye Dh= = 40 mm
Radius of eye Rh= = 20.0 mm
Main Plate Thickness= = 12 mm
Main Plate Radius= = 65 mm
Cheek Plate Thickness= = 10 mm
Cheek Plate Radius= = 53 mm
Cheek Plate Weldment= = 6 mm
Centraliser Plate Thickness= = 5 mm
Centraliser Plate Radius= = 150 mm
Dia. Of Sling d= = 40 mm (Assumed)
Height of Shackle E= = 5.24 in.
(Refer Crosby Catalog
133.096 mm for G2160 )
Sling Selection
Min. Breaking Strength For Sling = 60.2 T
Assumed Allowable Tensile Stress = 550 Mpa
So, Area Of sling = 1095 mm2
Dia of Sling = 37 mm (Approximately)
However dia of sling provided is 40 mm . Hence O.K
Clearance Check
Clearance distance from pin centre to end= = 152.146 mm
Actual Distance required= Rmp+ Dia of sling= = 105 mm
Clearance available= = 47.146 mm
Clearance Required= 0.5d= = 20 mm Hence O.K

Design Of Padeye
Material
Young's Modulus E = 200000 Mpa
Yield Stress Fy = 60 ksi
= 412 Mpa
Padeye Strength Check
Eye Local Stresses:-
Hertz Pressure Pu=0.591*sqrt(F*E/Tt*KB) <=
2.5 Fy (Roark Formulae - Table 33-2c)
where, KB = Dp*Dh/(Dh-Dp) = 802.1

Tt = Total thickness of padeye around


=
the eye
=Tmp + 2*Tcp = 32 mm
E = Youngs modulus = 200000 Mpa
Fy = Material yield stress = 412 Mpa
F = Max in-plane force in the direction of =
the sling 270883.31 N
Hence, Pu = = 858.623815597 Mpa
and 2.5 Fy = = 1030 Mpa
I.R = 0.834

Bearing Stress or Radial presuure :

Bearing Stress Pb =F/(Tt*Dp) = 222.181192585 Mpa which is < 0.9Fy, hence OK


0.9Fy = 370.8 Mpa
I.R = 0.5991941548

Padeye Main Plate stresses :

Shear along sling tension axis :

fv = F/S <= 0.4Fy


Where, S = 2[(Rmp-Rh)Tmp + 2(Rcp-Rh)Tcp]= = 2400.00
fv= = 112.868045833 Mpa
and 0.4Fy = = 164.8 Mpa
I.R = 0.6848789189
Welds :
A. Weld check between inner cheek plate and main plate : (Considering the effect of cheek plate only)

Force for one cheek plate, F'


= Fx Tcp / (Tmp+2Tcp) = 84651.034375
Permissible Stress In Weld
Material Grade = 60 ksi (API SPEC 2W GRADE 60)
= 412 MPa
Minimum Tensile Strength Fu = 517 MPa (Ref: API RP 2A-WSD)
Strength of weld shall be min. of
1)0.3 x Fu = 155.1 MPa
2)0.4 x Fy = 164.8 MPa
Allowable stress = = 155.1 MPa
Hence, weld area required, = = F'/ allowable stress
= 546 mm2

= (Since half the weld length


Effective weld length, l' = (2Rcp) / 2 is effective)
= 166.5 mm
Hence, weld size =weld area/ (0.707 x weld length) = 4.64 mm
Provide 6 mm Weld
IR = 0.7727234018

Loading
Design Load for pad eye, F = 270883.31 N
(in ) with horizontal in-plane of the pad eye = 86 degree
Axial force = N1 = Fsin = 270223.451871388 N
In-plane (Longitudinal) Shear force = H x = Fcos = 18895.86 N
(in ) with horizontal out-of-plane of the pad eye = 78 degree
Axial force = N2 = Fsin = 264963.859755332 N
Out-of-plane (Transverse) Shear force = Hy1 = Fcos = 56319.81 N
Out-of-plane (Transverse) Shear force = Hy2 = 0.05 * F = 13544.1655 N
Total out-of-plane (Transverse) Shear force, Hy = Hy1 + Hy2 = 69863.97 N
Design Axial force = N = Maximum of N1 and N2 270223.451871388 N

Z
Z F

X X
Y Y
Sectional Properties of Padeye assembly
Thickness of Main plate, Tmp = 12 mm
Length of main plate, L = 750 mm X
Height of eye above base, b = 325 mm
Width of end stiffener , W1 = 135 mm
Distance of end stiffener from center of pad eye in plan = 300 mm 300
Width of intermediate stiffener , W2 = 150 mm Y
Distance of intermediate stiffener from center of pad eye in plan = 175 mm 175
Thickness of each stiffener = 32 mm
Height of end stiffners, H1 = 175 mm
Height of intermediate stiffners, H2 = 75 mm
Total Plan Area (Considering Main Plate and stiffeners Plates = 45480 mm2
only)
Moment of Inertia about X axis= = 281674080 mm4
Moment of Inertia about Y axis= = 2568187960 mm4
In plane BM : = My = Hx * b
6141155.96 N-mm
Out of plane BM : = Mx = Hy * b
22705791.0613337 N-mm
Section Modulus about Y-Y axis = 6848501.22666667 mm3
Section Modulus about X-X axis = 1997688.5106383 mm3

RESULTING STRESSES
Normal stress
Actual Stress due to axial force N =a = 5.94 Mpa
Allowable =0.6fy= = 247.2 Mpa
I.R = 0.02 OK
Bending Stress
In plane bending
Actual Stress due to In-plane Bending Moment My = by = 0.90 Mpa
Out of plane Bending
Actual Stress due to out of plane Bending Moment Mx = bx = 11.37 Mpa
Resultant Bending Stress = b = (bx2 + by2) = 11.40 Mpa
Allowable Bending Stress = 271.92 Mpa
I.R = 0.04 OK
Shear stress
Force along the main plate = Hx = 18895.86 N
Force transverse to main plate = Hy = 69863.97 N
Resultant Shear Force = (Hx2 + Hy2) = 72374.22 N
Resultant shear stress = = 1.59 Mpa
Permissible Stress = 0.4 * fy = 164.80 Mpa
I.R. = 0.01 OK
COMBINED STRESS RATIO CHECK:
Combined Stress = (b2 + a2 + b * a + 3 *2) = 15.51
Permissible Stress = 0.9 * fy = 370.8
I.R. = 0.04 OK