© All Rights Reserved

11 views

1-s2.0-S2212017316300524-main(1).pdf

© All Rights Reserved

- Wind Tunnel Optimisation CFD
- Best practice guidelines for turbomachinery CFD -- CFD-Wiki, the free CFD reference.pdf
- Procedure for Estimation and Reporting of Uncertainty Due to Discretization in CFD Applications
- 5 Unsteady Flows 2005
- Design of an Intake Structure
- 201408 Klaus Union Product Program Pumps ENG
- EXP PR DI030 en R0_2 Roles and Procedures
- MicroFlo User Guide
- Application of CFD to Sonic Boom
- OpenFOAM 사용자 환경 개발 아이디어_okucc2015_김군홍
- SCORG_Pumplinx_Setup_V5.1
- The Effect of Impeller and Tank Geometry on Power Number for a Pitched Blade Turbine-2002
- Efficient Selection of Agitators
- Priming Valve
- Air Change Effectiveness
- 5 pompen & schakelkasten astral.pdf
- ansys data
- Ex. 06 Study and Trian on Centrifugal Pump
- FLUENT-Intro_14.0_WS02_Discrete_Phase.pdf
- The Application of Systems CFD to the Design and Optimization of High-temperature Gas-cooled Nuclear Power Plants

You are on page 1of 8

com

ScienceDirect

Procedia Technology 23 (2016) 464 471

ICIAME 2016

USING MEAN STREAM LINE METHOD

a

Research Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra,Ranchi,835215,India

b,c

Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology Mesra,Ranchi,835215,India

Abstract

Designing of mixed flow impeller blades is still a cumbersome task, mainly due to the great number of

geometric parameters. From the day of its invention various methods have been used for designing the same. Some

of the prominent methods are inverse time marching method, the pseudo-stream function method, Fourier expansion

singularity method, free vortex method, mean stream line theory method etc. All of these have their own merits and

demerits. In this work mean stream line theory has been used for the designing of blades. It has been observed that

this method, although used sparingly, gave results comparable to the other methods.

E-mail address: kkumar@bitmesra.ac.in

2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license

2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Selection

Peer-review and/or

under peer-review

responsibility of theunder responsibility

organizing committeeofofthe

ICIAME 2016 Committee of ICIAME 2016.

Organizing

1. Introduction

A pump is a device, which converts mechanical energy to hydraulic energy. Based on the impeller

configuration and specific speed the pump is classified traditionally as radial flow, axial flow and mixed flow pump.

A mixed flow pump is a centrifugal type of pump which works on the rotary mechanism. In a Mixed flow pump

head is developed partially by centrifugal action and partially by lift of the vane on liquid. The liquid enters axially

and discharges in radial and axial direction. These pumps have got a wide range of application having been applied

to large scale liquid transfer tasks such as irrigation, flood control, dewatering and power station cooling systems.

Because mixed flow pumps are inherently versatile and reliable, increased efforts are being made to extend their

2212-0173 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license

(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Peer-review under responsibility of the organizing committee of ICIAME 2016

doi:10.1016/j.protcy.2016.03.051

Divya Zindani et al. / Procedia Technology 23 (2016) 464 471 465

range. However, their design and performance prediction process is still a cumbersome task, mainly due to the great

number of geometric parameters.

Nomenclature

Ns Specific speed of the pump Q volumetric flow rate, m3/Kg

H Head of the pump, m D Inlet diameter at the tip, mm

Efficiency P Motor power ,Kw

Cm Meridional component, m/sec rm Mean radius of the blade ,mm

L Blade height from hub to tip, mm (rwu) change in angular momentum per unit

mass

b radial width p.y Partial area of vane pressure diagram

C Actual Cord Length ,mm Stagger angle ,degree

C Chord length, mm R Radius of curvature of camber line, mm

Camber angle, degree W1 Resultant velocity at the inlet , m/sec

W2 Resultant velocity at the exit , m/sec 1 Blade inlet angle , degree

2 Blade exit angle , degree C2 Tangential component of absolute velocity

, m/sec

xm x coordinate on the mean stream line ym y coordinate on the mean stream line

T thickness of NACA 10C4 blade profile, xu x coordinate on upper surface of the

mm aerofoil

yu y coordinate on the upper surface of the xl x coordinate on lower surface of the

aerofoil aerofoil

yl y coordinate on the lower surface of the aerofoil

Over the period of time the design has been carried out according to the various templates. Wislicensus [1]

initiated the design of a mixed flow pump impeller. The modification of mixed flow pump impeller was carried out

by Myles [2]. Stepanoff [3] gave a design procedure for mixed flow pump impeller. Neumann [4], Gahlot and Nyiri

[5] have suggested the one-by-one design procedure for designing mixed flow pumps.

Few real 3D inverse design methods have been developed, for example the inverse time marching method [6],

the pseudo-stream function method [7], and the Fourier expansion singularity method [8].These methods are very

time-consuming and exhibit some difficulties in correlating the design parameters with the blade geometry (the first

two) or convergence problems (the latter).A quasi-3D method had also been proposed [9], which performs a blade-

to-blade solution and saves computer time by using only one representative hub-to-shroud surface. All the above

models are based on the inviscid simplified assumption. John [10] had recently developed a fast numerical method

for flow analysis and blade design of impellers .

The significant cost and time of the trial-and-error process by constructing and testing physical prototypes

reduces the profit margins of the pump manufacturers. For this reason, CFD analysis is currently being used in

hydrodynamic design for many different pump types [11-13]. Li et al. [14] carried out the optimum design using

CFD. They simulated the three-dimensional flow field of the whole flow passage of a mixed-flow pump by using

CFD software on the basis of Spalart-Allmaras turbulent model. The reason why the flow rate of this pump cannot

reach to the design requirements was found out. The flow simulation of a low-specific-speed high-speed centrifugal

pump was carried out by Jafarzadeh et al.[15]. A commercial CFD code was used to solve the governing equations

of the flow field. Chaudhari et al. [16] analyzed the mixed flow impeller with the help of CFD. Desai and Naik [17]

carried out optimum design on mixed flow pump impeller using CFD simulation.

Srivastava et al. [18] also designed the blade of the pump using free vortex theory. They had carried out the

design and stress analysis on mixed flow pump impeller blades having different positions in the meridional annulus.

The maximum Von Misses stress distribution was compared among the different blade positions.

Mingxiong et al. [19] presented a numerical investigation of hydrodynamic radial force of mixed-flow pump,

through validations and CFD simulations under several flow rates. It was concluded that the recirculation flow

pattern under part-load conditions has a significant influence on pressure fluctuation and hydrodynamic radial force.

Design of high efficiency turbomachinery blades with three dimensional prescribed surface curvature

distribution blade design method (CIRCLE) was carried by Korkianitis et al. [20]. Design by theoretical and CFD

analyses of a multi blade screw pump for a Liquid-cooled fast reactor was done by Ferrini et al. [21]. Fagbenro et al.

[22] carried out the computational modelling of windmill blades at high solidity. Laser direct deposition was used by

Wilson et al. [23] to remanufacture the turbine blades.

466 Divya Zindani et al. / Procedia Technology 23 (2016) 464 471

In this present work the blade section of the mixed flow pump impeller blade has been designed using the

mean stream line theory. The design has been carried out in solid modelling software. Radius of curvature of mean

stream line and also the chord length of blade section at the hub has been obtained

2. Pump Specifications

The blade section had been designed for a pump with a non dimensional specific speed of 1.998 rad/sec.

NQ 0.5

Ns ... (1)

H 0.75

Assuming,

D = 250 mm

= 0.76

P = 15kW

3. Governing Equations

For obtaining velocity triangles, the calculation of the meridional velocity components as well as the peripheral

components of the absolute velocity of the fluid flow was done. The calculations were done using the following

governing equations. Calculation of chord length and radius of curvature of the camber line was also necessary for

further calculations

Q

Cm ... (2)

23rm l

3.2 Peripheral component of velocity

'(rwu ) const .'b.('p'y ).r

... (3)

The partial area for the vane can be obtained for NACA 10C4 blade profile. In this work the variation of

pressure has been considered to be uniform throughout the vane.

C 2

m wu2 ... (4)

wu

tan D 1 ... (5)

Cm

wu 2 CT 2

tan D 2 ... (6)

Cm 2

Divya Zindani et al. / Procedia Technology 23 (2016) 464 471 467

C'

C ...(7)

cos O

3.6 Radius of curvature of the blade camber line

C

R ... (8)

T

2 sin

2

Obtain the chord of length C at stagger angle of and the camber line with radius of curvature R through the

method described by Shukla et al.[24].

4. Construction of Mean Stream Line

For obtaining the mean stream line following step wise procedure was adopted:

4.1 The chord OA obtained using equation (7) and ref. [21] at an stagger angle was potted as shown in the fig 3

4.2 The above obtained chord was divided into five equal intervals. Let the divisions meet the camber line at O1,

O2, O3, and O4 as shown in the Fig. 4.

Fig 4. Division of chord and the intersecting points on the camber line

4.3 The resultant velocities 'W1' (OB) and 'W2'(OC) (Fig 5), obtained using equations (2), (3) and (4) were plotted.

The blade inlet and exit angles were obtained from the velocity triangles and are '1' and '2' respectively.

(section 3.4)

468 Divya Zindani et al. / Procedia Technology 23 (2016) 464 471

4.4 The mean velocity vector Wm at an angle of m was plotted. The end points of the resultant velocity vectors 'W 1

and 'W2' and that of the mean velocity vector resulted in the mean velocity curve as shown in fig 6.

4.5 The change in resultant velocity vector (W=W 1-W2) was determined and divided into five equally spaced

intervals. The division intersecting the mean velocity curve will give the stations 0.2, 0.4 etc indicating the end

points of various resultant velocity vectors (W 3,W4 etc) across the blade section (Fig 7)

Resultant velocity (m/s) (Degree)

8.46 65.39

8.14 67.33

7.83 66.60

7.62 65.81

7.21 64.95

6.90 64.00

Divya Zindani et al. / Procedia Technology 23 (2016) 464 471 469

4.6 The mean stream line (shown in blue) 0, 0.2, 0.4, etc was then obtained graphically by the condition that its

direction at the points 0, 0.2, 0.4, etc is equal to the velocity vectors drawn to the corresponding points on the

mean velocity curve (Fig. 8)

5. Construction of 3D Model

The coordinates of the points on the mean stream line were obtained. After getting the coordinates on the mean

stream line, the coordinates on the upper and lower surface of the aerofoil were easily determined with the help of

following equation:

t t t t

xu xm sin I , yu ym cosI , xl xm sin I , yl ym cosI ... (9)

2 2 2 2

C

xm

Where, I sin 2

1

R

The thicknesst as a percentage of chord length has been tabulated in the table 2

470 Divya Zindani et al. / Procedia Technology 23 (2016) 464 471

10C4 Blade Profile Data Modelled blade profile data

Distance from the Distance from leading

Thickness Thickness

leading edge edge

0 0 0 0

1.25 3.30 2.16 5.71

2.50 4.54 4.32 7.85

5 6.16 8.65 10.66

7.50 7.24 12.98 12.53

10 8.04 17.31 13.91

15 9.10 25.96 15.75

20 9.66 34.62 16.72

30 10 51.93 17.31

40 9.78 69.24 16.93

50 9.14 86.55 15.82

60 8.01 103.86 13.86

70 6.74 121.17 11.66

80 5.08 138.48 8.79

90 3.20 155.79 5.53

95 2.12 164.45 3.66

100 0 173.11 0

6. Result

After obtaining the mean stream line (section 4) and the coordinates of the upper and lower surface of the blade

section using equations (9) of section 5, the completed blade profile was obtained as in fig 9

The 3D model was then obtained as shown in the fig 10.

Fig 9: The 2D model of the blade section at the hub of the impeller Fig 10: 3D Model of the blade section at

the hub of the impeller

The above procedure was followed to obtain the blade sections of the impeller blade and thus the 3D model of

the entire blade.

7. Conclusion

This method, which is sparingly used for the designing of the impeller blades, has given results quite at par

with the other modes of designing. The mean stream line method when extended to other sections of the blade

resulted in the complete blade profile. The blade that can be analyzed for von misses stresses using any of the

analysis software. The chord length of the modeled blade section was found to be 173.11mm and the radius of

curvature of the mean stream line was found out to be 1642mm.

References

Divya Zindani et al. / Procedia Technology 23 (2016) 464 471 471

[2]Myles D.J., A design method for mixed flow fans and pumps, Report No. 117, National Engineering. Laboratory.

1965

[3]Stepanoff A.J., Centrifugal and Axial flow pumps, 1957, John Wiley and sons 2nd Edition, New York.

[4]Neumann B., The interaction Between Geometry and Performance of a centrifugal Pump, 1991, Mechanical

Engineering Publications, London.

[5] Gahlot V.K. and Nyiri A. (1993), Impeller Pumps, Theory and design,M.A.C.T,Bhopal

[6] Zangeneh M., Goto A., Takemura T., Suppression of secondary flows in a mixed flow pump impeller by

application of three-dimensional inverse design method: Part 1 design and numerical validation. ASME

Trans J Turbomach 1996;118;53643.

[7] Xu J.Z., Gu C.W.,A numerical procedure of three-dimensional design problem in turbo machinery. ASME Trans

J Turbomach 1992;114;54882.

[8] Borges J.E.,A three-dimensional inverse method for turbo machinery: Part-1 Theory. ASME Trans J Turbo mach

1994;112:34654.

[9] Peng G., Cao S., Ishizuka M., Hayama S., Design optimization of axial flow hydraulic turbine runner: Part I an

improved Q3D inverse method. Intl J Num Meth Fluids 2002;39:51731.

[10] John, A fast numerical method for flow analysis and blade design in centrifugal pump impellers, 2009;32;284-

289.

[11] Hornsby C, CFD driving pump design forward, World Pumps ,2002;2002; 1822.

[12] Cao S., Peng G., Yu Z., Hydrodynamic design of rotodynamic pump impeller for multiphase pumping by

combined approach of inverse design and CFD analysis, ASME Trans. J. Fluids Eng. 2005;127; 330338.

[13] Muggli F.A., Holbein P., CFD calculation of a mixed flow pump characteristic from shutoff to maximum flow,

ASME Trans. J. Fluids Eng.,2002;124(3);798-802.

[14] Li, Zeng Y., Liu X., Wang H., Optimum design on impeller blade of mixed-flow pump based on CFD, Procedia

Engineering,2012;31;187-195

[15] Jafarzadeh B, Hajari , Alishahi M.M , Akbari,The flow simulation of a low-specific-speed high-speed

centrifugal pump , Applied Mathematical Modelling ,2011;35; 242249

[16] Chaudhari S. C., Yadav C. O., & Damor A. B. ,A comparative study of mix flow pump impeller cfd analysis

and experimental data of submersible pump, (IJRET) ISSN: 2321-8843.

[17] Desai S.M and Naik B.R ,Optimum Design on Impeller of Mixed Flow Pump using CFD Simulation (IJERT)

ISSN: 2278-0181

[18] Srivastava S., Roy A.K. and Kumar K. ,Design of a mixed flow pump impeller blade and its validation using

stress analysis, Materials,2014;6C;417-424

[19] Mingxiong, Weidong, Qiang , Numerical simulation and experimental validation on hydrodynamic radial force

of mixed-flow pump impeller, Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering; 2015;9;71-76

[20] Korakianitis T, Hamakhan I.A, Rezaienia M.A, Wheeler A.P.S, Avital E.J, Williams J.J.R, Design of high-

efficiency turbomachinery blades for energy conversion devices with the three-dimensional prescribed surface

curvature distribution blade design (CIRCLE) method, Applied Energy, 2012; 89(1); 215-227.

[21] Ferrini M, Borreani W, Lomonaco G, Magugliani F, Design by theoretical and CFD analyses of a multi- blade

screw pump evolving liquid lead for a Generation IV LFR, Nuclear Engineering and Design, 2016; 297; 276-290

[22] Fagbenro K.A, Mohamed M.A, Wood D.H, Computational modeling of the aerodynamics of windmill blades at

high solidity, Energy for Sustainable Development, 2014; 22; 13-20

[23] Wilson M.J, Piya C, Shin Y.C, Zhao F, Ramani K, Remanufacturing of turbine blades by laser direct deposition

with its energy and environmental impact analysis, Journal of Cleaner Production, 2014; 80 ; 170-178.

[24] Shukla S., Roy A.K. and Kumar K., Material Selection for blades of Mixed Flow Pump Impeller Using

ANSYS, Materials Today; Proceedings ,2015;2;2022-2029.

- Wind Tunnel Optimisation CFDUploaded byAlfi
- Best practice guidelines for turbomachinery CFD -- CFD-Wiki, the free CFD reference.pdfUploaded byfsaintgeorges
- Procedure for Estimation and Reporting of Uncertainty Due to Discretization in CFD ApplicationsUploaded byjohansarache1986
- 5 Unsteady Flows 2005Uploaded byRahul Arora
- Design of an Intake StructureUploaded byBhaskar Reddy
- 201408 Klaus Union Product Program Pumps ENGUploaded byRajendiran Kesavamoorthi
- EXP PR DI030 en R0_2 Roles and ProceduresUploaded bybali
- MicroFlo User GuideUploaded byTu Burin Dt
- Application of CFD to Sonic BoomUploaded byOmegaUser
- OpenFOAM 사용자 환경 개발 아이디어_okucc2015_김군홍Uploaded byYoga Satria Putra
- SCORG_Pumplinx_Setup_V5.1Uploaded bykamlz
- The Effect of Impeller and Tank Geometry on Power Number for a Pitched Blade Turbine-2002Uploaded byAnoop
- Efficient Selection of AgitatorsUploaded byjokish
- Priming ValveUploaded byvn_hung3137
- Air Change EffectivenessUploaded bySantiago J. ramos jr
- 5 pompen & schakelkasten astral.pdfUploaded byMorris Morrison
- ansys dataUploaded byLekh Soni
- Ex. 06 Study and Trian on Centrifugal PumpUploaded byराहुल चौरॆ
- FLUENT-Intro_14.0_WS02_Discrete_Phase.pdfUploaded bySandeepGupta
- The Application of Systems CFD to the Design and Optimization of High-temperature Gas-cooled Nuclear Power PlantsUploaded bySrashmi
- 1-s2.0-S1001074216316412-mainUploaded byLeynard Natividad Marin
- j.mineng.2009.03.011.pdfUploaded byRizky Adi Firdaus
- E.SYBOXUploaded byRiski Suhardinata
- p1021v2Uploaded byVincenzo Picozzi
- 2001_MenterUploaded bycjunior_132
- GRP56-111Uploaded byDota Ng
- Pumps - BrochureUploaded byLTE002
- FMHMLabManual.pdfUploaded byAyan sethiya
- Progress ReportUploaded bytiantaufik
- 149Uploaded byYan D Putra

- Puru LiaUploaded byTarunPatra
- Estimate for 2500 Cusec BagjolaUploaded byTarunPatra
- Ranichak_scheme_1200 23.05.2018Uploaded byTarunPatra
- Bus Bar DesignUploaded byramadharsharma9853
- 06_Pert cpm.pptUploaded byManinee Bhojraj Dhole
- FS_Vol 3_TECH_SPECUploaded byTarunPatra
- ACR GuidelinesUploaded byTarunPatra
- Pump Blade AngleUploaded byTarunPatra
- Rtu Panel With 2.2 Kw x 5 Vfd New(1)Uploaded byTarunPatra
- Document From JohannUploaded byTarunPatra
- ManualUploaded byTarunPatra
- aramacUploaded byTarunPatra
- Dam Automation Case StudyUploaded byTarunPatra
- System Head Ranichak P SUploaded byTarunPatra
- D__20 and 16 Vent Sluce at Ghusighata_draw Shutter 20 and 16 Vent_Pedestal Stool Model (1Uploaded byTarunPatra
- IFP ResevoirsUploaded byTarunPatra
- Drawing_pumphouse Pinjarapole Khal HwhUploaded byTarunPatra
- Trash Rack at Forebay BridgeUploaded byTarunPatra
- D__drawing_foundation Details 2nd Ups Model (1Uploaded byTarunPatra
- D__Est. for Satpukuria Lifting Winch_Worm Gear Drive Lifting Winch Mc Model (1Uploaded byTarunPatra
- Canal System l.d.i. Old a3Uploaded byTarunPatra
- PWD Schedule WB 2017.pdfUploaded bySurja Gain
- L&T Panel Accessories Price List 01JUL2017Uploaded byTarunPatra
- k Lite Products Portfolio 2016 v 0Uploaded byTarunPatra
- Unbrako Fasteners Price List 2Uploaded byTarunPatra
- SKF Industrial PricelistApril2017 Edition2Uploaded byshekar_991985346
- D__Drawing_screw Nut Wheel Type Hoist 650mm ScrewUploaded byTarunPatra
- 2.5 Technical Specifications for Hydro Mechanical WorksUploaded byAbhishek Pandey
- 2-Design Aspects of Piped Irrigation(1)Uploaded byTarunPatra
- Design of Hydro Mechanical EquipmentUploaded byTarunPatra

- Petroleum (2)Uploaded byjeciel amador
- Ali Karimi - HES Refinery Project-1.pptxUploaded bythomask11
- 444 en Carpet e Sanex.unlockedUploaded byagapitpl
- Steam Trap 01C51AUploaded byValeriu Constantinuc
- assg7Uploaded byIvandra Latumakulita
- 320 B HydraulicUploaded byRudolph Prieto M
- Sweetening Technologies – a Look at the Whole Picture 2Uploaded byhrbina
- siemens.pdfUploaded byAnonymous ccIFxlM9nz
- Design Optimization of an Axial Flow Compressor for Industrial Gas TurbineUploaded byesatjournals
- Resolución de ProblemasUploaded byJorge Silva
- Zama Carburetor Tech Guide, 2 cycleUploaded byjteam
- Unit 5 ViscosityUploaded bymahek19579328
- 18F46-DOMI of Piping System and Valves Level 2Uploaded byehabwarda
- gas laws weberciseUploaded byapi-365215054
- 3. The Air Inlet System of the Gas Turbine(2014.02.24).pdfUploaded bychdi
- VLE Unit ( Complete )Uploaded byhisham
- HB 40.3-2001 the Australian Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Code of Good Practice Reduction of Emissions oUploaded bySAI Global - APAC
- Andritz S3 maatschetsenUploaded byJorge A Vilal
- UNIT IV - JET PROPULSION.pdfUploaded byKeerthi Varman
- t2Uploaded byVinay Gupta
- 44-127698PYL_Optima 8000 Preparing Your LabUploaded byVishal Arora
- CO2 Separation TechnologiesUploaded bybltzkrig
- Nachi HydraulicUploaded bytanha56313955
- NK Flyer Compressed.pdfUploaded byMuhdi
- Tutorial 4 - BMCG 2613 -Hydrostatic Force-.PDFUploaded bymege1105
- [6] NQ49816Uploaded bylolazor89
- Tech Production BubbleDewCalcUploaded byAqeel Sajwani
- Technical Recommendations for Choke Valve SpecificationsUploaded byajaysapru
- ASCO.docxUploaded byKristina Bayan
- CngUploaded bySeti Atmawan