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Menyediakan paparan asas AUTOCAD AutoCAD menu utilities loaded.

Command: Command: LIMITS
Arahan ini adalah untuk menetapkan saiz paparan yang digunakan merujuk kepada saiz kertas lukisan

Reset Model space limits: Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0.0000,0.0000>: 0,0 Specify upper right corner <420.0000,297.0000>: 297,210 Command: ZOOM ZOOM Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or [All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>: ALL Regenerating model.
Memaparkan keamatan skala

Command: GRID Specify grid spacing(X) or [ON/OFF/Snap/Aspect] <10.0000>: 10 Command: SNAP Specify snap spacing or [ON/OFF/Aspect/Rotate/Style/Type ] <10.0000>: 5
Menghadkan pergerakan pada had skala

Lukis Garisan (Draw LINE) a) Kaedah titik koordinat mutlak (Absolute) Command: LINE Specify first point: 50,50 Specify next point or [Undo]: 250,50 Specify next point or [Undo]: 250,180 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 50,180 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 50,50 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Command: LINE Specify first point: 60,60 Specify next point or [Undo]: 240,60 Specify next point or [Undo]: 240,170 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 60,170 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 60,60 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Untuk melengkapkan pembinaan sebuah garisan aturcara meminta kedudukan titik akhir garisan. Dan pengguna menetapkan koordinat 250,50 Seterusnya Aturcara meminta kedudukan titik awal garisan dan pengguna menetapkan koordinat 50,50 Pengguna menaip arahan LINE untuk mula melukis garisan

b) Kaedah titik koordinat Bandingan (Incremental) Command: LINE Specify first point: 70,70 Specify next point or [Undo]: @160,0 Specify next point or [Undo]: @0,90 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-160,0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0,-90 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Command: LINE Specify first point: 80,80 Specify next point or [Undo]: @140,0 Specify next point or [Undo]: @0,70 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-140,0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0,-70 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
@0,-90 Nilai Negatif memberi maksud pergerakan titik adalah kekiri atau kebawah @-160,0 Nilai Negatif memberi maksud pergerakan titik adalah kekiri atau kebawah

@160,0 bermaksud titik kedua adalah 160 unit kekanan paksi x dari titik awal (koordinat 70,70) dan 0 unit pada paksi Y. Dimana paksi Y tidak berganjak

c) Kaedah arahan sesaran VECTOR Command: LINE Specify first point: 90,90 Specify next point or [Undo]: @120<0 Specify next point or [Undo]: @50<90 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @120<180 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @50<270 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Command: LINE Specify first point: 100,100 Specify next point or [Undo]: @100<0 Specify next point or [Undo]: @30<90 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @100<180 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @30<270 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Command: LINE Specify first point: 110,110 Specify next point or [Undo]: @80<0 Specify next point or [Undo]: @10<90 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @80<180 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @10<270 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 2700 1800 00
@120<0 @120 adalah jarak lurus dari titik awal <0 merujuk kepada arah 00 iaitu arah kekanan Perhatikan rajah dibawah

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3D SOLID EDITING Arahan EXTRUDE dan UNION
Command: Command: limits Reset Model space limits: Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0.0000,0.0000>: 0,0 Specify upper right corner <420.0000,297.0000>: 297,210 Command: z ZOOM Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or [All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>: all Regenerating model. Command: pline Specify start point: 0,0,0 Current line-width is 0.0000 Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @80<0 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @20<90 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 20,80 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @20<180 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @80<-90 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Command: extrude Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: last 1 found Select objects: Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -20 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:0 Command: pline Specify start point: 0,0,0 Current line-width is 0.0000 Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @80<0 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @80<90 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @80<180 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @80<-90 Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Command: m MOVE Select objects: last 1 found Select objects: Specify base point or displacement: 0,0,0 Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>: 0,0,-20 Command: extrude Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: last 1 found Select objects:

Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -60 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: Command: union Select objects: all 2 found Select objects: 3D SOLID EDITING Arahan EXTRUDE dan SUBTRACT Command: Command: LIMITS Reset Model space limits: Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0.0000,0.0000>: 0,0 Specify upper right corner <420.0000,297.0000>: 297,210 Command: GRID Specify grid spacing(X) or [ON/OFF/Snap/Aspect] <10.0000>: 10 Command: SNAP Specify snap spacing or [ON/OFF/Aspect/Rotate/Style/Type] <10.0000>: 5 Command: Z ZOOM Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or [All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>: ALL Regenerating model. Command: CIRCLE CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 100,100 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: 90 Command: EXTRUDE Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: LAST 1 found Select objects: Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -30 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 100,170 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <90.0000>: 10 Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 170,100 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <10.0000>: 10 Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 100,30 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <10.0000>: 10 Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 30,100 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <10.0000>: 10

Command: EXTRUDE Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: ALL 5 found Select objects: REMOVE Remove objects: 100,190 1 found, 1 removed, 4 total Remove objects: Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -10 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 100,100 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <10.0000>: 40 Command: EXTRUDE Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: LAST 1 found Select objects: Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -30 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: Command: SUBTRACT Select solids and regions to subtract from .. Select objects: 100,190 1 found Select objects: Select solids and regions to subtract .. Select objects: ALL 6 found Select objects: REMOVE Remove objects: 100,190 1 found, 1 removed, 5 total Remove objects: Command: SHADE Command: <Grid off> PEMBINAAN SILINDER PNEUMATIK Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: <Snap on> <Grid on> <Coords on> <Grid off> 100,100 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <0.0000>: 15 Command: EXTRUDE

Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: LAST 1 found Select objects: Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -105 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:

Command: POLYGON Enter number of sides <4>: 6 Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: 100,100 Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I>: Specify radius of circle: 20 Command: EXTRUDE Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: last 1 found Select objects: Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -15 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:

Command: MOVE MOVE Select objects: LAST 1 found Select objects: Specify base point or displacement: 0,0,0 Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>: 0,0,-15 Command: COPY Select objects: LAST 1 found Select objects: Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]: 0,0,0

Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>: 0,0,-45 Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 100,100,-105 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <15.0000>: D Specify diameter of circle <30.0000>: 15 Command: EXTRUDE Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: LAST 1 found Select objects: Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -30 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:

Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 100,100,-135 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <7.5000>: D Specify diameter of circle <15.0000>: 30 Command: EXTRUDE Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: last 1 found Select objects: Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -15 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:

Command: VPOINT Current view direction: VIEWDIR=0.0000,0.0000,1.0000 Specify a view point or [Rotate] <display compass and tripod>: 1,1,1 Regenerating model. Command: SHADE