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Cambridge International Examinations

Cambridge Ordinary Level
* 1 5 6 1 4 6 6 2 4 5 *

CHEMISTRY 5070/21
Paper 2 Theory May/June 2016
1 hour 30 minutes
Candidates answer on the Question Paper.
No Additional Materials are required.

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use an HB pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.

Section A
Answer all questions.
Write your answers in the spaces provided in the Question Paper.

Section B
Answer any three questions.
Write your answers in the spaces provided in the Question Paper.

Electronic calculators may be used.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 20.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

This document consists of 19 printed pages and 1 blank page.

DC (NF/SG) 107489/3
© UCLES 2016 [Turn over

2

Section A

Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

The total mark for this section is 45.

A1 Choose from the following polymers to answer the questions.
Terylene

O O C C O O C C

O O O O

PTFE

F F F F F F F F

C C C C C C C C

F F F F F F F F

nylon

N N C C N N C C
H H O O H H O O

starch

O O O O O

poly(propene)

CH3 H CH3 H CH3 H CH3 H

C C C C C C C C

H H H H H H H H

PVC

Cl H Cl H Cl H Cl H

C C C C C C C C

H H H H H H H H
© UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16

......................................... ..................................................................................... 3 protein C N C N C N C N O H O H O H O H polyester O C O C O C O C O O O O poly(ethene) H H H H H H H H C C C C C C C C H H H H H H H H Each polymer can be used once............................................................................................ more than once or not at all....... Which is a polymer that (a) is made from propene.................................... [1] [Total: 5] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 [Turn over ........................... ................................... [1] (b) will form hydrogen chloride when combusted.............................................................................................................................................................................. [1] (d) can be hydrolysed to make simple sugars................................................................... ..... [1] (e) contains the same linkage as that present in a fat? ........................................... .......................................................................... [1] (c) can be hydrolysed to form amino acids...............................

................................................................ (i) Write an equation to show the dissociation of hydrogen sulfide... (a) Suggest one other physical property of hydrogen sulfide............ H2S(aq) + 2KOH(aq) K2S(aq) + 2H2O(l) What is the minimum volume........................................ of 0......170 g of H2S? volume of KOH(aq) = ........................................................ 4 A2 Hydrogen sulfide......................................................................... in cm3.150 mol / dm3 KOH required to completely react with a solution containing 0....................................................................... [1] (ii) Why is aqueous hydrogen sulfide described as a weak acid? ........ It is soluble in water............................................................. H2S.. [1] (c) Aqueous hydrogen sulfide reacts with aqueous potassium hydroxide.................. [1] (b) Aqueous hydrogen sulfide is a weak acid.. cm3 [3] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 ................................................................... ................ has a simple molecular structure.............. ............................................................................................ .......

....................................... in terms of electrons................................... (i) Predict two physical properties of magnesium sulfide............................................................................................................................................ .................................... [2] (ii) Explain....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5 (d) Magnesium reacts with sulfur to make the ionic compound magnesium sulfide...................................... how a magnesium atom reacts with a sulfur atom to make a magnesium ion and a sulfide ion. 1......................................................... ...... ......................................... ........................................................................................................... [2] [Total: 10] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 [Turn over ........................................................... 2.......................................... .......... ...................

.................................................................................................... Some of the propyl ethanoate evaporates and then diffuses into the room........................... .......... ........................................................ ... (a) Give one other use for esters such as propyl ethanoate................................................................................................... ........................................................................................ [1] (b) Draw the structure of propyl ethanoate............................................................................................................................. ................................................ (i) What is meant by the term diffusion? ..................................................................... [1] (ii) What happens to the rate of diffusion of propyl ethanoate as the temperature of the room increases? Explain your answer in terms of the kinetic particle theory.......................... [2] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 .............................................. are often used as solvents................................................................................................................................................ ... 6 A3 Esters.............. such as propyl ethanoate....... [1] (c) A bottle of propyl ethanoate is opened in a room..................... showing all of the atoms and all of the bonds..........................................................................................

.............. name structure relative molecular mass (Mr) methyl methanoate HCO2CH3 60 ethyl methanoate HCO2C2H5 74 propyl methanoate HCO2C3H7 88 butyl methanoate HCO2C4H9 102 pentyl methanoate HCO2C5H11 116 Which ester has the greatest rate of diffusion at room temperature and pressure? ............................................. 7 (iii) The table shows some information about different esters............................................................ ...................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................. Explain your answer................ [2] [Total: 7] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 [Turn over .........................................................

......................... [2] (b) Describe and explain the effect of increasing the pressure on the rate of this reaction.................................................................. [2] (c) Explain how a catalyst speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction............................................................................................................................... 8 A4 Ammonia is manufactured by the reaction between hydrogen and nitrogen in the Haber process.................... .......... temperature .............................................................................................................................. (a) State the conditions used in the Haber process...................................................................................................................................... [1] (d) Ammonia is used to make fertilisers................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................. The table gives some information about two fertilisers made from ammonia................................................................................... .................. .................... fertiliser formula relative formula mass (Mr) ammonium nitrate NH4NO3 80 urea (NH2)2CO 60 Use the data in the table to show that urea contains a greater percentage by mass of nitrogen than ammonium nitrate.... pressure ...................................................... catalyst .................. ............................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... [2] [Total: 7] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 ..................................

............. ............................................................................................. .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Explain why X • conducts electricity............................................. • X reacts with aqueous lead(II) nitrate....................................... • XO reacts with magnesium to form X....................................... least reactive ........... Pb(NO3)2(aq)................. magnesium......................... [1] (d) Construct the ionic equation for the reaction between X and aqueous lead(II) nitrate.................................................. (a) Use the information to help arrange the following metals in order of reactivity........................... .................... [1] (e) Metal X is a good electrical conductor and has a high melting point.......................... [3] [Total: 8] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 [Turn over ............................................... 9 A5 The statements give some of the chemical properties of metal X and its compounds..................................... sodium and X most reactive ...... ............................... .................... • X does not react with cold water..................................................................... and magnesium............................................................................................................. [1] (c) Construct the equation for the reaction between the oxide.................................................................... ... • X reacts with aqueous silver nitrate.. ...... ............... ........................................................... ......................................... • X does not react with aqueous sodium chloride........... • X fizzes slowly with dilute hydrochloric acid............................................................................................... XO.................................................. ...... [2] (b) Suggest a possible identity for X............................................................... ............................................. lead........ • has a high melting point.................................................. silver..............

.......................................... (a) Carbon dioxide............................................ (i) State one effect of an increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide and methane............................................................... sulfur dioxide.................. methane and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)..................................................................................... [1] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 .................................................. methane and CFCs are greenhouse gases............. ...... ............................................ 10 A6 The atmosphere contains a large number of gases including oxygen. oxides of nitrogen........................................................ Only draw the outer-shell electrons........................ nitrogen.................................. [1] (b) The formula of one chlorofluorocarbon is CFCl 3.... [1] (ii) State one source of methane gas........... [1] (iii) State one other environmental effect of the presence of CFCs in the atmosphere........ carbon dioxide............... Draw the ‘dot-and-cross’ diagram to show the bonding in a molecule of CFCl 3............ ................. .........

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... One of these acids is nitric acid.. . Two moles of nitrogen dioxide react with one mole of water to make an aqueous solution of two acids only................................................. [1] (ii) Most of the nitric oxide and other pollutants present in the exhaust gases of a car are removed in a catalytic converter................................................................................. [1] [Total: 8] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 [Turn over ..................... NO....... ................................ ............. 11 (c) Oxides of nitrogen are produced during the combustion of petrol (gasoline) in a car engine....................................... [2] (d) Nitrogen dioxide is one of the causes of acid rain................................. .................................................................................................................................................................................... (i) Describe the chemical reaction that takes place within a car engine to form nitric oxide............................................................................. Deduce the formula of the other acid........................................................................... ................................... ..... Describe the redox reactions that happen within a catalytic converter.................................................... ............................................

12 BLANK PAGE © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 .

.................................................................. ................................................ [1] (ii) Construct the ionic equation.......................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... (a) Describe how a pure sample of silver nitrate crystals can be prepared from solid silver oxide.......................................... Construct the equation for this reaction.. 13 Section B Answer three questions from this section in the spaces provided...... ................................... The total mark for this section is 30................................................................ Construct the equation for the reaction at the anode...... [1] [Total: 10] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 [Turn over ............................................................................... ............................. [4] (b) Aqueous zinc chloride is added to a sample of acidified aqueous silver nitrate................................................................................................. ............................................................................................... for the reaction that occurs.................................................................................. [2] (c) Aqueous silver nitrate is electrolysed using graphite electrodes............................................................. ............ ................................ (i) Identify the product formed at the cathode (negative electrode)................. with state symbols................................................................ NO2 and O2..... [1] (ii) Oxygen and water are formed at the anode (positive electrode).................... .............................................................................................................. B7 Silver nitrate has the formula AgNO3.. .................................................. ......................... (i) Describe what you would observe............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... [1] (d) Silver nitrate decomposes on heating to form Ag2O. which is insoluble in water........................................................................................................................................................... ...................

................................................ [1] (c) Cyclohexane reacts with chlorine in the presence of ultraviolet light.................................................................................................. ............. Write the molecular formulae of two products of this reaction............................ 14 B8 Cyclohexane............................................................................................ [1] (b) Construct the equation for the complete combustion of cyclohexane.................................................................................................... C6H12......................................................................... This is a substitution reaction.......... ................................................................................................... H H H H C H C C H H C C H C H H H H cyclohexane (a) Cyclohexane is a saturated hydrocarbon........... ........................................ (i) What is the meaning of the term saturated? .................................................................................. [2] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 .......... Cycloalkanes react in a similar way to alkanes.................. [1] (ii) What is the meaning of the term hydrocarbon? ............................................................ is a cycloalkane.......... ................................................

14. [2] (ii) Draw the structure of the cycloalkane with an Mr of 56. [1] [Total:10] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 [Turn over ....... showing all of the atoms and all of the bonds.......... C6H14 C6H12 + H2 Calculate the mass of cyclohexane that can be made from 258 g of hexane.. C..... [Mr of cyclohexane = 84] mass of cyclohexane = .. H.. 15 (d) Cyclohexane can be manufactured from hexane as shown in the equation.............. g [2] (e) Another cycloalkane has the following percentage composition by mass..7%.................3% (i) Use the percentage composition by mass to show that the empirical formula of the cycloalkane is CH2.. 85.

................................... ................................................................................ measured at room temperature and pressure................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ..................................... H2.......................................... 16 B9 Carbon reacts with steam in a reversible reaction.......................................................... ................................................................................................... is formed............... ............ [2] (b) When one mole of hydrogen................................................................................ why this reaction is endothermic............................................................................................................................................................. in terms of bond breaking and bond forming................. (a) Explain.......................... Calculate the amount of energy absorbed when 240 dm3 of hydrogen................. is formed................................................................... .............................. ............ with a reason.. how the position of equilibrium of this reaction changes as the (i) pressure is increased at constant temperature......................................................... ....................................................................................................................... C(s) + H2O(g) H2(g) + CO(g) ΔH = +131 kJ / mol The reaction reaches an equilibrium if carried out in a closed container...................................................... 131 kJ of energy is absorbed....... energy absorbed = ............................................ [2] (ii) temperature is increased at constant pressure....................... ..................... ...... [2] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 .................................................................... kJ [2] (c) Predict..................... ...............................................................

....................... ........ [1] [Total: 10] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 [Turn over ....... ....................................................................................................................................... ................ (i) Suggest one disadvantage of using this reaction as a source of hydrogen........................... ..................................................................................... 17 (d) The reaction between carbon and steam is a possible source of hydrogen.......................................................................................................................... [1] (ii) Another source of hydrogen is the cracking of hydrocarbons from crude oil.............................................................................................................................. Give one advantage of manufacturing hydrogen from the reaction of carbon with steam rather than from crude oil..

.......... volume of hydrogen = ....................................................... ......65 g of iron is reacted with excess sulfuric acid......................................................................................................................................... When the reaction stops............................... ..................................... 18 B10 Both zinc and iron react with dilute sulfuric acid.....................................................65 g sample of zinc is reacted with excess sulfuric acid........................................................................................................... measured at room temperature and pressure.......................................... [4] © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 .................................................................. observations ................................................................. ................................................... dm3 [2] (ii) Explain why a different volume of hydrogen....... ......................................................................................... Zn(s) + H2SO4(aq) ZnSO4(aq) + H2(g) Fe(s) + H2SO4(aq) FeSO4(aq) + H2(g) (a) A 0............................ [1] (b) A mixture of iron powder and zinc powder is added to excess sulfuric acid.. is formed when 0... (i) Calculate the volume of hydrogen................. ........................................................................... aqueous sodium hydroxide is added drop by drop to the reaction mixture until it is in excess................................................................................................................................................................................................... . Describe what you would observe during the addition of aqueous sodium hydroxide and explain the reactions taking place........................... formed in this reaction.......................................................... measured at room temperature and pressure........ explanations ..................................................

.................................................................................................................. Every reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders....................................... [2] [Total: 10] Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible... but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included........................................ (i) Explain how you can tell that the reaction involves an oxidation. ......... 19 (c) The products of heating iron(II) sulfate are iron(III) oxide.......................................................................... observation ........................................ which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge......................................................................... [1] (ii) Describe the chemical test for sulfur dioxide............................................................uk after the live examination series.......................... ......org............................................................................. Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group................................. .................................... Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES)...... sulfur dioxide and sulfur trioxide..................................... ......... To avoid the issue of disclosure of answer-related information to candidates............ test ...... This is produced for each series of examinations and is freely available to download at www........ the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.........cie................................ all copyright acknowledgements are reproduced online in the Cambridge International Examinations Copyright Acknowledgements Booklet................................. © UCLES 2016 5070/21/M/J/16 ......................................

p.t.) .5 40 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr potassium calcium scandium titanium vanadium chromium manganese iron cobalt nickel copper zinc gallium germanium arsenic selenium bromine krypton 39 40 45 48 51 52 55 56 59 59 64 65 70 73 75 79 80 84 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe rubidium strontium yttrium zirconium niobium molybdenum technetium ruthenium rhodium palladium silver cadmium indium tin antimony tellurium iodine xenon 20 85 88 89 91 93 96 – 101 103 106 108 112 115 119 122 128 127 131 55 56 57–71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 5070/21/M/J/16 lanthanoids Cs Ba Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn caesium barium hafnium tantalum tungsten rhenium osmium iridium platinum gold mercury thallium lead bismuth polonium astatine radon 133 137 178 181 184 186 190 192 195 197 201 204 207 209 – – – 87 88 89–103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 114 116 actinoids Fr Ra Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Fl Lv francium radium rutherfordium dubnium seaborgium bohrium hassium meitnerium darmstadtium roentgenium copernicium flerovium livermorium – – – – – – – – – – – – – 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 lanthanoids La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu lanthanum cerium praseodymium neodymium promethium samarium europium gadolinium terbium dysprosium holmium erbium thulium ytterbium lutetium 139 140 141 144 – 150 152 157 159 163 165 167 169 173 175 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 actinoids Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr actinium thorium protactinium uranium neptunium plutonium americium curium berkelium californium einsteinium fermium mendelevium nobelium lawrencium – 232 231 238 – – – – – – – – – – – The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r. The Periodic Table of Elements Group © UCLES 2016 I II III IV V VI VII VIII 1 2 H He hydrogen helium Key 1 4 3 4 atomic number 5 6 7 8 9 10 Li Be atomic symbol B C N O F Ne lithium beryllium name boron carbon nitrogen oxygen fluorine neon 7 9 relative atomic mass 11 12 14 16 19 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar sodium magnesium aluminium silicon phosphorus sulfur chlorine argon 23 24 27 28 31 32 35.