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Global Warming and Bangladesh

Global warming can be defined simply as a rise in the average land temperature around the earth. Currently, average temperature of the earth is roughly 57 degrees Farenheit. Since the late, 1800’s the average temperature has increased about 0.5 to 1.5 Farenheit degree (UNEP-2004). Warming of the earth atmospere is a serious problem and in twenty-first century this may be a problem of global concern. There is a clear indication that the temperature of the earth has increased slightly during the past two decades. This increase in temperature of atmosphere is very dangerous for living organisms. Though there are numerous causes or factors related to global warming such as; all over the world burn immense quantity of coal, oil, natural gases in factories, power stations, automobiles, agriculture etc. and spew huge amount of CO2 together with undesirable gasses (CFCs) also unplanned urbanization and overpopulation has increased the concentration of CO2 in the air are main responsible for global warming process. Global warming temperatures have many negative effects on Earth, which also affect us. There are three main categories in which these rasing temperatures have an effect: Glacial melting- sea level could rise more than 20 feet if the ice shelves in Greenland and Antartica collapsed. For this consequences a lot of islands and many others coastal area should be submerged by sea water. Decline agriculture and Food crisis- scientist assert that rise of 3ºC temperature would cause famine and drought and threaten millions of lives. Increase the number and intensity of atmospheric disturbances. Spread of Diseasesthe health status of million is projected to be affected through; malnutrition, diarrhoea, cardio-respiratory, infectious diseases etc. The critical issue of global warming is a matter of concern for Bangladesh also. Now a days Bangladesh is much cited in the global warming discussion as one of the most vulnerable countries of the world. In the IPCC report, it was estimated that one meter’s sea level rise could displace nearly 15 million people in Bangladesh. The heights of the maximum area of southern part of Bangladesh are near to the sea-level. If sea level raise 1 mt. Coastal area 1 lacks acre (22889 sq. km.) will go under water. Which is 13.8% of total land of Bangladesh, including 29.15 lack acre cultivated land and 13.04 lacks acre forest.

In generally solutions of the problems of global warming such as; assembled and agreements of developed and developing countries to cut level of CFCs and CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, reduce the use of fossil fuels, find alternative energy resources, recycle usable resources, planting trees, family planning help to combat global warming. So it is high time to take steps to curb the global warming. Otherwise affects everything and everyone. ………………………………….. Md. Abdus Sabur (Hasan) M. S (Thesis) student Dept. of Geography and Environmental Studies University of Chittagong Cell: 01711-025096 E-mail: sabur_bd01@yahoo.com