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List of essential oils

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List of essential oils
Essential oils are volatile and liquid aroma compounds from natural sources, usually plants. Essential oils are not oils in a strict sense, but often share with oils a poor solubility in water. Essential oils often have an odor and are therefore used in food flavoring and perfumery. Essential oils are usually prepared by fragrance extraction techniques such as distillation (including steam distillation), cold pressing, or extraction (maceration). Essential oils are distinguished from aroma oils (essential oils and aroma compounds in an oily solvent), infusions in a vegetable oil, absolutes, and concretes. Typically, essential oils are highly complex mixtures of often hundreds of individual aroma compounds. • Agar oil, distilled from Agarwood (Aquilaria malaccensis). Highly prized for its fragrance.[1] • Ajwain oil, distilled from the leaves of Bishop’s weed (Carum copticum). Oil contains 35-65% thymol.[2] • Angelica root oil, distilled from the Angelica archangelica.[3] • Anise oil, from the Pimpinella anisum, rich odor of licorice, used medicinally.[4] • Asafoetida, used medicinally and to flavor food. • Balsam oil, from the Myroxylon pereirae.[5] • • • • • • • • • • • • • Basil oil is used in making perfumes, as well as in aromatherapy Bay is used in perfumery; Aromatherapeutic for sprains, colds, flu, insomnia, rheumatism. Bergamot oil, used in aromatherapy and in perfumes. Black Pepper essential oil is distilled from the berries of Piper nigrum. The warm,soothing effect makes it ideal for treating muscle aches, pains and strains. Buchu oil, made from the buchu shrub. Considered toxic and no longer widely used. Formerly used medicinally. Birch is aromatheapeutic for gout, Rheumatism, Eczema, Ulcers. Camphor is used for cold, cough, fever, rheumatism, arthritis Cannabis flower essential oil, used as a flavoring in foods, primarily candy and beverages. Also used as a scent in perfumes, cosmetics, soaps, and candles.[6] Caraway oil, used a flavoring in foods. Also used in mouthwashes, toothpastes, etc. as a flavoring agent.[7] Cardamom seed oil, used in aromatherapy and other medicinal applications. Extracted from seeds of subspecies of Zingiberaceae (ginger). Also used as a fragrance in soaps, perfumes, etc.[8] Carrot seed oil (essential oil), used in aromatherapy. Cedarwood oil, primarily used in perfumes and fragrances.[9] Chamomile oil, There are many varieties of chamomile but only two are used in aromatherapy- Roman and German. Both have similar healing properties but German chamomile contains a higher level of azulin (an anti-inflammatory agent). Calamus Root, used medicinally Cinnamon oil, used for flavoring and medicinally. Cistus species
Essential oil of Eucalyptus

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• Citronella oil, from a plant related to lemon grass is used as an insect repellent, as well as medicinally. • Clary Sage • Clove leaf oil, used as a topical anesthetic to relieve dental pain.

List of essential oils • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Coffee, used to flavor food. Coriander Costmary oil (bible leaf oil), from the Tanacetum balsamita[10] [11] Costus Root, used medicinally Cranberry seed oil, equally high in omega-3 omega-6 fatty acids, primarily used in the cosmetic industry. Cubeb, used medicinally and to flavor foods. Cumin oil/Black seed oil, used as a flavor, particularly in meat products. Also used in veterinary medicine. Cypress Cypriol Curry leaf, used medicinally and to flavor food. Davana oil, from the Artemisia pallens, used as a perfume ingredient and as a germicide.[12] Dill oil, chemically almost identical to caraway seed oil. High carvone content. Elecampane, used medicinally. Eucalyptus oil, historically used as a germicide. Commonly used in cough medicine, among other medicinal uses.[13] • Fennel seed oil, used medicinally, particularly for treating colic in infants. • Fenugreek oil, used medicinally and for cosmetics from ancient times. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Fir Frankincense oil, used for aromatherapy and in perfumes. Galangal, used medicinally and to flavor food. Galbanum Geranium oil, used medicinally, particularly in aromatherapy, used for hormonal imbalance, for this reason geranium is often considered to be "female" oil. Ginger oil, used medicinally in many cultures. Goldenrod Grapefruit oil, extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in aromatherapy. Contains 90% limonene.[14] Henna oil, used medicinally.[15] Helichrysum Horseradish oil Hyssop Idaho Tansy Jasmine oil, used for its flowery fragrance. Juniper berry oil, used as a flavor. Also used medicinally, including traditional medicine.

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• Laurus nobilis • Lavender oil, used primarily as a fragrance. Also used medicinally.[16] • Ledum • Lemon oil, similar in fragrance to the fruit. Unlike other essential oils, lemon oil is usually cold pressed. Used medicinally, as an antiseptic, and in cosmetics.[17] • Lemongrass. Lemongrass is a highy fragrant grass from India. In India, it is used to help treat fevers and infections. The oil is very useful for insect repellent.

Lavender oil is distilled from the lavender flower

• Lime, anti septic, anti viral, astringent, aperitif, bactericidal, disinfectant, febrifuge, haemostatic, restorative and tonic.[18] • Litsea cubeba oil, lemon-like scent, often used in perfumes and aromatherapy. • Mandarin

List of essential oils • • • • • • • • • • • • • Marjoram Melaleuca See Tea tree oil Melissa oil (Lemon balm), sweet smelling oil used primarily medicinally, particularly in aromatherapy. Mentha arvensis oil/Mint oil, used in flavoring toothpastes, mouthwashes and pharmaceuticals, as well as in aromatherapy and other medicinal applications.[19] Mountain Savory Mugwort oil, used in ancient times for medicinal and magical purposes. Currently considered to be a neurotoxin.[20] Mustard oil (essential oil), containing a high percentage of allyl isothiocyanate or other isothiocyanates, depending on the species of mustard Myrrh oil, warm, slightly musty smell. Used medicinally. Myrtle Neem Tree Oil Neroli is produced from the blossom of the bitter orange tree. Nutmeg Orange oil, like lemon oil, cold pressed rather than distilled. Consists of 90% d-Limonene. Used as a fragrance, in cleaning products and in flavoring foods.[21]

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• Oregano oil, contains thymol and carvacrol, making it a useful fungicide. Also used to treat digestive problems.[22] • Orris oil is extracted from the roots of the Florentine iris (Iris florentina) and used as a flavouring agent, in perfume, and medicinally.[23] • Palo Santo • Parsley oil, used in soaps, detergents, colognes, cosmetics and perfumes, especially men’s fragrances.[24] • Patchouli oil, very common ingredient in perfumes. • Perilla essential oil, extracted from the leaves of the perilla plant. Contains about 50-60% perillaldehyde. • Pennyroyal oil, highly toxic. It is abortifacient and can even in small quantities cause acute liver and lung damage.[25] • Peppermint oil, used in a wide variety of medicinal applications. • Petitgrain • Pine oil, used as a disinfectant, and in aromatherapy. • Ravensara • Red Cedar • Roman Chamomile • Rose oil, distilled from rose petals, Used primarily as a fragrance. • Rosehip oil, distilled from the seeds of the Rosa rubiginosa or Rosa mosqueta. Used medicinally. • Rosemary oil, distilled from the flowers of Rosmarinus officinalis. Used in aromatherapy, topically to sooth muscles, and medicinal for its antibacterial and antifungal properties.[26] • Rosewood oil, used primarily for skin care applications. Also used medicinally. • Sage oil, used medicinally.

List of essential oils

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• Sandalwood oil, used primarily as a fragrance, for its pleasant, woody fragrance.[27] • Sassafras oil, from sassafras root bark. Used in aromatherapy, soap-making, perfumes, and the like. Formerly used as a spice, and as the primary flavoring of root beer, inter alia. • Savory oil, from Satureja species. Used in aromatherapy, cosmetic and soap-making applications. • Schisandra oil, from Schisandra chinensis, used medicinally. • Spearmint oil, often used in flavoring mouthwash and chewing gum, among other applications. • Spikenard, used medicinally. • Spruce • Star anise oil, highly fragrant oil using in cooking. Also used in perfumery and soaps, has been used in toothpastes, mouthwashes, and skin creams.[28] 90% of the world's star anise crop is used in the manufacture of Tamiflu, a drug used to treat influenza, and is hoped to be useful for avian flu • Tangerine • Tarragon oil, distilled from Artemisia dracunculus, used medicinally. • Tea tree oil, distilled from Melaleuca alternifolia, used medicinally. Being a powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antiviral agent, tea tree's ability to fight infection is second to none. • Thyme oil, used medicinally. • Tsuga • Turmeric, used medicinally and to flavor food • Valerian, used medicinally • Vetiver oil (khus oil) a thick, amber oil, primarily from India. Used as a fixative in perfumery, and in aromatherapy • Western red cedar • Wintergreen • Yarrow oil is used medicinally, to relieve joint pain • Ylang-ylang • Zedoary, used medicinally and to flavor food
The spice star anise is distilled to make star anise oil

Books
• Julia Lawless, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils: The Complete Guide to the Use of Oils in Aromatherapy and Herbalism (ISBN 1852307218) 1995 • Valerie Ann Worwood, The Complete Book of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy

References
[1] "Agar" (http:/ / nagaon. nic. in/ agar. htm). Nagaon. . Retrieved 2006-11-17. [2] Ajwain Essential Oil (http:/ / www. essentialoil. in/ ajowan-oil. shtml), from the EssentialOil.in (http:/ / www. essentialoil. in/ ) Web site, which sells essential oils. [3] "Angelica Root" (http:/ / www. hippylife. co. uk/ index. php?option=com_content& task=view& id=81& Itemid=31). Hippylife. . Retrieved 2006-08-17. [4] "Anise" (http:/ / www. hippylife. co. uk/ index. php?option=com_content& task=view& id=81& Itemid=31). Hippylife. . Retrieved 2006-08-17. [5] "Balsam, Peru" (http:/ / www. hippylife. co. uk/ index. php?option=com_content& task=view& id=84& Itemid=31). Hippylife. . Retrieved 2006-08-17. [6] Hemp: A New Crop with New Uses for North America (http:/ / www. hort. purdue. edu/ newcrop/ ncnu02/ v5-284. html), from the Purdue University NewCROP Web site (http:/ / www. hort. purdue. edu/ newcrop/ default. html).

List of essential oils

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[7] Caraway oil (http:/ / www. dpi. vic. gov. au/ dpi/ nreninf. nsf/ childdocs/ -22C871BE2A0105794A2568B30004D413-45149BF85B8EB0A2CA256BC7008242E5-5F1E116ACE52223C4A256DEA00278232-4AAE0B61F45AB732CA25 from the Victoria, Australia Department of Primary Industries Web site (http:/ / www. dpi. vic. gov. au/ dpi/ index. htm). [8] Cardamom Oleoresin (http:/ / www. essentialoil. in/ cardamom-oleoresin. shtml), from the EssentialOil.in (http:/ / www. essentialoil. in/ ) Web site, which sells essential oils. [9] Common Uses of Cedarwood Oil (http:/ / www. texarome. com/ cedarwood_oil_uses. htm) from the Texarome (http:/ / www. texarome. com/ ) Web site. Texarome manufactures essential oils from cedarwood, sandalwood, vetiver and lime. [10] "Costmary: A Historical and Useful herb" (http:/ / www. seedsofknowledge. com/ costmary. html). . Retrieved 2006-08-05. [11] "Costmary Oil" (http:/ / www. thegoodscentscompany. com/ data/ es1068691. html). . Retrieved 2006-08-05. [12] "Davana oil" (http:/ / www. thegoodscentscompany. com/ data/ es1024001. html). The Good Scents Company. . Retrieved 2006-11-17. [13] Eucalyptus oil (http:/ / www. wholehealthmd. com/ refshelf/ substances_view/ 0,1525,778,00. html), from the Whole Health MD Web site (http:/ / www. wholehealthmd. com/ ). [14] About Grapefruit Essential Oil (http:/ / www. frontiercoop. com/ learn/ eo_grapefruit. html), from the FrontierCoop Web site (http:/ / www. frontiercoop. com/ ) [15] Shamana Fragrances (http:/ / www. essentialoil. in/ henna-essential-oil. shtml), from the EssentialOil.in (http:/ / www. essentialoil. in/ ) Web site. Description of henna, and their henna oil product (branded Shamana Perfume Oil). [16] Julia Lawless (1994). Lavendar oil (http:/ / www. amazon. co. uk/ exec/ obidos/ ASIN/ 0722530315/ 026-6365898-9998846). HarperCollins. . [17] Lemon Essential Oil (http:/ / www. frontiercoop. com/ learn/ eo_lemon. html), from the FrontierCoop Web site (http:/ / www. frontiercoop. com/ ) [18] (http:/ / www. organicfacts. net/ health-benefits/ essential-oils/ health-benefits-of-lime-essential-oil. html) [19] Mentha arvensis Oil (http:/ / www. msinp. com/ herbs/ menthaar. htm), from the Web page of the Nepalese company Natural Resources Industry (http:/ / www. msinp. com/ ) [20] Mugwort oil (Artemisia vulgaris) (http:/ / www. essentialoils. co. za/ essential-oils/ mugwort. htm), from the EssentialOils Web site (http:/ / www. essentialoils. co. za/ ) (which sells essential oils). [21] Orange Oil Applications (http:/ / www. floridachemical. com/ dlimoneneorangeoilcoldpressedorangeoilfoldedorangeoilapplications. htm) from the Florida Chemical (http:/ / www. floridachemical. com/ ) Web site. Florida Chemical sells citrus oils. [22] Oregano oil (http:/ / www. wholehealthmd. com/ refshelf/ substances_view/ 0,1525,10116,00. html), from the Whole Health MD Web site (http:/ / www. wholehealthmd. com/ ). [23] "Orris oil" (http:/ / www. britannica. com/ eb/ article-9057461/ orris-oil). Encyclopaedia Britannica. . Retrieved 2006-11-20. [24] Parsley Herb (http:/ / www. essential7. com/ essentialoils/ parsleyherb. html), from the Essential 7 (http:/ / www. essential7. com/ ) Web site. (Essential 7 sells essential oils). [25] Pennyroyal oil (Mentha pulegium) (http:/ / www. essentialoils. co. za/ essential-oils/ pennyroyal. htm), from the EssentialOils Web site (http:/ / www. essentialoils. co. za/ ) [26] Rosemary (http:/ / www. wholehealthmd. com/ refshelf/ substances_view/ 0,1525,872,00. html), from the Whole Health MD Web site (http:/ / www. wholehealthmd. com/ ). [27] FAO. "Sandalwood oil" (http:/ / www. fao. org/ docrep/ V5350e/ V5350e08. htm). Flavours and fragances of plant origin. . Retrieved 2006-07-25. [28] J.E. Simon, A.F. Chadwick and L.E. Craker (1984). "Anise" (http:/ / www. hort. purdue. edu/ newcrop/ med-aro/ factsheets/ ANISE. html). Herbs: An Indexed Bibliography. ., cited on the Purdue Center for New Crops Web site (http:/ / www. hort. purdue. edu/ newcrop/ )

Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors
List of essential oils  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=368093632  Contributors: A Scents Worth, BD2412, Balin42632003, Barticus88, Beakerboy, Belovedfreak, CLW, Cacycle, Cannabis, Cblack2, Darladeer, Eastlaw, Edgar181, Egogordo, Geqo, GoingBatty, Hardyplants, Iepeulas, Johner, Lianiwidjaja, Michael T. Richter, Mirlanda92, Nehrams2020, Nips, No such user, Ohnoitsjamie, Open2universe, Pghosh428, R'n'B, Requestion, Robina Fox, Rod57, Ryanaxp, Shivaexportsindia, Siraj88, Sjschen, Tearlach, Versageek, ViperSnake151, Waitak, Woohookitty, WriterHound, 44 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
Image:EucalyptusGlobulusEssOil.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:EucalyptusGlobulusEssOil.png  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Itineranttrader Image:Single lavendar flower02.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Single_lavendar_flower02.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Fir0002, Laitche, Rocket000, Solipsist, Überraschungsbilder, 1 anonymous edits Image:StarAnise.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:StarAnise.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: Fanghong, MarkSweep, Pabix

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