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" g a t t l e Experienc~i.~:.fi wilL be p~).blishe?: r e g u l a r l y by t h i s h e a d q u a r t e r s enable uilits ia t r a i n i n ?

t o p r o f i t from t h e 1a t e s t cornbald e x p e r i e n c e s of' our t r o c p 5 riow f ' i d i t i n g t h e Ckrnzns i n Ra11ce~. blthoug:!-i $he e x y ~ e r i e c c e sof c e r t a i n u n i t s at. a p~~ticulzr 1ocai;ion are no% n e c e s s a r i l y ap:nlicable t o a l l u n i t s i n a l l s i t u a t i o n s , t h e i t e m p u b l i s h e d ~11.1b,: t h o s e based on ~ r a c t i c a l x p e r i e n c e a n d a e e se~onmsntieii o r c a r e f u l c~nsidoi~a:!~on umi-;s ~ i h i c b f by may e:?.::ounter s i m i l a r pro1j.l e i L e p o r t s of co~robol-.utj.-:y i c o n t r a y t?xp:;,riencea are p a r t i c u l a r l y d e s i r e d o. i n o r d e r t h a t t h e valid2i;y of t h e i r i d i c a t e d b a t t l e l e s s o n s rnay be- determined0

aLu N. SilADUY L$ ten,. USA Comn~andr g i
NCYllE: Tho i t e m b e l o x have beex r e p o r t e d by o w t r o o p s i n Italy,. The r e p o r t rsolll riliich t h e s e e x t r s c t s t a r e ril;;d~:d i d n o t i d s n t i f y s o u r c e s *

19. G e ~ c r . 1 , I v i m 93P i n o u r d i v i s i o n t h a t a l l com.bak p a t r o l s be l e d by t a n o f f i c e r , Rc;connai.s~unce a t r o l ? were of -5hree cr f o u r men ooZyo P - a y mre p o f t e n used t o l o c a t e t h e eneriV3 r e t u r n , . and :Lend a cornbat p a t r o l t o t h e l o c a t i o n * Combat p a t r o l s conoistod of 1 C ' t o 30 EGn, Each b a t t a l i o n had to-send o u t a t hast. olio c c ~ b ~ . .patrol; each nigh.t. l;
2, lTi,c?ht Patrol2.inc, Qa E ~ h p a t r o l s should f i r e t h e i r r i f l e s . o n l y &en t t h e i r t e r g e t is cle?Lrly dofined find t ] l e i r si[;hts m e v i s i b l e , . o t k ~ e r ~ i s e fire is i n a c c u r a t e * I b n d greazde:: a r e b e t t e r tjsa:pon:; a t n i g h t . R i f l e f i r e alriays d i s closes the patrol's position. O r d e r s should r m c h t t i Oily one rnissioa s h o u l d be ~ F v s n o a n i g h t patrol.. j a l l members i n time t o a l l o ~ i o m r ~ l e t ed z y l i r h t p r e p a r a t i o n , . Lhcluding s t u d y of c terrain.. c.. Inexperienced men shoulC n o t be sen.1; on re@= p a t r o l s , . a s t h s y jeopaxdiza t h e e n t i r e p a t ~ o l . . ,'aj.r:inp; s h o u l d be ~ ~ c c o n ; p l i a h ~ ; dsending nt.71 p a t r o l s by under experj.&r;ced l e a d e r t v o o r t h r o e bunired y a r d s beyond our l i n e s , . and grnduzl13: iircrezsing t h e d i f f i c u l t y of th:;.ir m i s ~ i o n . . It i s irrportant t h a t a ccfipany aornnonder know t h e c ~ p a b i l i t i e sof t h e p e r s o r x e l h e i z t e n d s t o u s e on p a t r o l missions,

1 h e i n f a l l t r y b a t t a l i o n commander said. ~ ~ a il c i p l i n a r y .matters caused , d sl t h s moot d i f f i c u l t y i i ~p c r a t i o n s . EIe cii;sd t h o s e i n s t a n c e s . : Radio o p e r a t o r s . c heving no e x t r a batteries, iG'CCtn, g o i n 2 or? p a t r o l w i t h o u t wire c u t t e r s , s o l d i e r s i n d i f f ' i c u l t t e r r a i n thro::lng atray bend grenedeo aid arrmun.ition and 1a t e r r u n n i n g o u t of w?1u;nition, He b e l i e v e s : lC.Ofa are n o t g i v e n cnou& r e s p o n s i b i l i t y d u r i n g traini~lg..

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-.- I?\PAI~mY-mTILLSIY C OCPEBATI OX*
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out

prepared defenses.. I n sever l e r y piece, p r e c i s i o n adjusted OE a uef ense omplaccs:~ent, has been e f f e c t ' i v e where a r e a f i r e of a b a t t a l i o n h a s 20 U n i t s r e c e i v i n g s h e l l - f i s a must l e a r n t o r e p o r t it prcmpJ~ly,g i v i n g d a t a a s to i1ui13e:r of rcunds, ca!-iber, t i m , approxinatc azimuth t o e n e r a grrls as infiiailtell hy sho!-l ~E'TZ~OTJS, e t c ., ,%ell f-remnts, e s p e c i a l l y those c o n t a i n i n g :,or-$ions of' bai_?&, par.+iculm:y desired. ?-his w i l l a i d i n bringing i n quick cow1tc.r-bettery f i r e t o s t o p t h e s h e l l i ~ g ,

s 1, The enemy w i 1 1 o c c ~ l p yt h e forl-~ard l o p e of a h i 11 ririth s k e l e t o n forces: ~+i.th au8crr.atic i:~eapocs, Tne m a j o r i t y of t h e 6efending t r o o p s t r i l l be on ttre re7rer;;e s l o ? e , & t h e a t t a c k e ~ a approac!~, t h e s e occxpjr prepared p o s i t i o n s o n the f o r n a ? slopeo

2,. To counter t h e s e netbods o m a r t L l i e r y must f i r e o?l t h e forward p o s i t i o r s and t h o u r L d ~ f il7,ded area j.35 i n : r ~ ; t u ? of thein u n t i l t h e 1a s t p o s s i b l e moment t o prevent rei~iforce~ncliltsn c ~ i n govo:? t h e c r e s t , s

I, It rjas r e p o r t e d t h a t one b a t t a l i o n i n advancing !lad each ccmpany l a y two l i n e s for2wards. I f ' cne l i n e ren18ined in.tnct W e n tlie o b j e c t i v e ms reached, the b a t t a l i o n cori~lll;aiider considzred l i i ~ x u l f1uclc.y.

It w 102c. B z e r o boxed tias fcu?.id t o 5e invalu.z;3le i n , l a r g e r u l i i t s , o ~ l ; e dup t o 5GC! y a d s from t h e inaln srjri.taliboard a r ~ da 1 1 c i r c u i t t e s t l r g VZS doile
from t h e r e ,

3~. Yfilen p c s s i b l o keep rad-ios i n a d e f i l a d e d p o s i t i o n * Tne Germans hava a c c u r a t e i n t e r c e p t o r s aild r i i l i . bring f i r e on a r a d i o p c s i t i o n e Relay messages by u s e of y o m r ~ l l o n oor iilc;.seengero. 30 ~ I O T p l a c e r u d i o s c l o s e t o trc.ops0 l send? d i n g x i e s s q p s by r a d i o from a c z r , . Lun t!:.c car up a ~ doer: t h e road orid send f i . 0 1 ~ Liiff o r e e t l o c a t i o ~ i s ,
Bulldozes o p o s a t o r s r.lwt be t r a i n > ? d t o c o n s t r u c t by-2ssses a t n i g h t o o p e r a t o r must be a b l e t o f e e l t h s ~ i o r k i l - gof t h e blzde c;itl~out s e e i n g it, Tho

1+ :Ju.nior o f f i c e r e ~ " 5I.;COfs skould t r y t o a s e i g , r t3e l o c a t i o ~ each f o x of
bole0: btlierrrisc t h e y wiil I i z ~ e tz..c"ccal value but tiill m w e l y p r o t e c t t h e inno dividuzl,
2.. Tiler! should :Je placed i n pairs v i t h two yards b e t ~ e e r ii n d i v i d u a l s , P a i r s should be s o e ~ ~ p l l s c ctl:.:<t f z c n t , f l a n k s Z Q . ~ r e a r u e defended, 811 i n d i v i d u n l s d m u s t Irll-ioq- t!iis p r f n c i p l c 2 1 EL-mt o w -id^iere t h e o t h e r members OF i 3 e squad are. .6 h mat la-~ot;ladgex1 ircrec.co t h e confidonco i n t h e u n i t ' s a b i l i t y t o defand. i 1

h o l r zbout 3c f e e t 'oeyond *ifliere t k e t r a c e r s begin t o burr: i n order t o l o c a t e t h -f~ospon+ - 2 -

" B & t l e - ~ x p c r i e n ~ c s \ ~ z u b l i s h e d r e , y l m T y by t h i s hear3qumtc.r~: o p t EnsbTe units ir train?-np: t o p r o f i - t t h e lcTtest c;onb;r', eex>crienc!cs of our ~ W nomSfighti.tlg *::LC Germi;l~?ns n F r m c e . A1thou;ll-i t h e e.zzperic?ncc:: of ccri t z i n u n i t s a t E,' @.rticul.ar l o c a t i o n a r c n o t necctseary c?pplicc?hlc: t o a l l 7-1ni.k~ i n a!-1 situ;;.ticn.s, t h e iten.,=: publj-:~;hed ;.rillb? t h o s e based on prac!;-ical cxp e r i c i l c c and m e rco~.cj:~eficle& fc-;rcarcf1.1.7 so:ns.idera-biox by u n i t s a h i c h IM:T ene c u n t e r s h i l a r proSlc:as.. Eapor.t;c of cr>rrCjboyative oy c o o t r < ? r y c x p o r i e n c c s m e p m t i c u l a r l y s o s i r e d i~ o r 2 c r t h a t tlt,e vclidi-i;y cf' t h e indicu";r,d b z . i - % llcssons ~ may be cietemired.

I A sli:;htly d l f f c T c ~ - ? , 2, -t::,cl:.iic:~-~.eof a r t i l l . : r y e ~ ~ . p l ~ : ~ m o z t in n s i m i l a r s i t u a t 5 . o ~ s in<.icr.tcd- i n t:10 f ~ l l - o ~ ~r i - p og t of ",1e Co~:!r!lil.nZin,.; lCegi c: ~ r e r a 1 9 t h D i v l sion: "Best r e s u l t s x r e crbtr-in(-,?.:h ; m 8-i.7 S r x ~ b tool.: plcZcc when the as? s ~ u linz. ~ Y O O ~aer.; not; ;;ic,rlj %hall I*::cTO ;;~'P~;.Y!S I"rrr7 - t ' b t3i.,;c-l; and r:hon -t!~.r;y t ~ S movsd in r q i d l y 2 2 ,300n ,?T; t k 6 . ':prn7-,~yC;y1'cnn:: ; : OVCIT, S?;?CO cvcn .I;b.is li7:lited J:! i:; i7L8 f m1n.d bf..st to C zvc!? t!lr.: t~.1";;!-:t l,,Jitll zilbsncc . requ.in.,d va].u.abl_c? tir:;:: l i g h t a r t i 11e r y F e r e u.n";l thi: ,?t-C,ec!rc~rs hzd ~.dvzxccd o E p o i n t n o t l-iorc thm. t 4 W :mrds f r & t!7_f3 t z r g c t , a t ~~hicl:t i s c t?:o li~m-;~-. r t i l l . o r y C r~ concc:l.l;~At!OI c.o~:~cI T . 'fi1.c.n b e dclivcrcd., folloi;-cd Fin?li!di.r;.to?L;~'h;i r,?.pi.d , 7 1 1 ~ ? ? i l i : i ~ . 02 t ! ~ c' . f ~ . ; : ; . a 5nznt~:-. moh t a c t i c s ar;rc c;nl,?loys?j, si-lccrss j.nvz.yi_:~.?il;y ol loricd. If, cf11 thk? @l;?ic;.'h 2 ~ d f a i r bcmb~rdrr.~2n*. took p l e c e 8.k t o o , g c r t c 6:s-truzcc; ?i'.-arn t h e zttncki:!..; t r o o p s , i-'c w m found h ~ b i t u . z l l ; r /t.l l a t t h e d e f c r ~ d c r ahsc? n ~~:j8or-f;:~~5:k>rrccOy:.:r i ' L ~ C P 50. nan , tg t h e i r p o s i t i o n s hr<for!:: thd e-b-L?c7:ors co1.1.ld a ~ - ? i v c ~In ';J:.e f i n 2 1 ~ s : ; ~ l ~ l ~ % j . Wnkrc..lc, n c r e d c s t r o y a r s a ~ 57 mg .%ny, if tl.lc;i- CQ.!-:~. 5:. s p r o d f y m ~ d .1JL:31~:::? found moot useI'u1. i a :i.i.~.i__n_~-'nt q~ertur;:;:; of s t r o n g ?c!=:~--i-c: ti: ccTrcr -the zd-the: v m c e of d.c:m.oli%>on p-rt5.c,coi'

,

,

,

3";. " D i f f i a u l t i e s of a i r m p p o r t tJere mostly due t o l a c k of marking t h o brought a r t i l l c r y t m g c t , Usc of m o k c t o m ~ r l ;f r i e n d l y f r o n t l i n e s u s u i ~ l l y f i r c from t h c cnemy; .princls i;cro hc;ttcr,. The i d c a l d i s t a n c e f o r c i r supp6X't 5s 6 y ~ r d 5 n f r o n t of t h c infan-try.. Dive b m b i n g i s t h c most ~ ? c c u r a t e , " m i c - - R ~ g t l C@, Lth Div,.

& "Tnc'plan must be simple.. C o o r d i n n t i o n ' i s cchicved by keyin? tKc i'nh f c - n t r y S - t t c c k , 1 6 t h i t s p l a n of s u p p o r t i n g f i r e s , t o t h e hour s e t for 'the dive bombing. Prci?rrcnging such a schemc r c q u i r c s a t leosi; f o u r hours t o a.ssurc t h a t f r o n t l i n e clcmcnts a r e g i v e n f u l l i n f o m ~ c ~ t i oof t h o plans.. I n tllc 10% n mn, i t v r i l l s c v d a g r c z t d e a l of time i f - n n e x t r a hour o r t n o i s used f o r mordination. ! ' -412, 7 9 t h Giv,
11 ~ S C X U GGS TACTICAL O E ~ V ' T I O?JS Z

I,. ' T h c r c ' a c n o such t h i n g s a s s e c u r e fl,?nks u n l e s s c-perimeter d e f e n s e is c s t z b l i s h c d ~ . . B > t t a ~ . i o n s l r ~ a y ss e t u p p e r i m e t e r der?cllscs t o guard & g a i n s t r enemy p z t ~ o l z ~ mxll v.nits t h a t have been ~ ~ - ~ z s s c d . ! ' - - I n fR e @ l CO, 4 t h or Div,
2%'. "'bbr'car

2s t h e y a-lcx:v~s &rrn;rcncmy f i r e i n r e t u r n , " --Inf

cre7;:s must be tcmg'nt t o r ' r l m ~ sd i , - p l a c e I c r t c r o l T y ' z f t e r firing R c g t l CO, 4t3 D i v .

3.. "Instznccs hzve bccn reported nhdrc: i n f e n t r y t?as n o t reedy t o move c f ' t c r m-cxncnr;i~:ca r t i l l e r y grc:paretion,. Sfir~ei n f c a t r y u.fiit.s eppLrrently do n o t r e a l i z e t h a t s u p p o r t i n g f i r e , ? (10 n o t dentro:i thi efieqr, S u t merely f o r m him u n d e r ~ r o u n d .f o r a 1;rlct pcriod." 'I --CG, 77t3 Div.

I;.. "R%zn d i ~ : , g i k gi n ct x i g h t , ,-rc<?s near l a r g e tr::es should 3e c<voided'as the c n m y fi.rr:s i i l t n tlleso t r c c s ?.;it12 I-Z? ~ F o l l s o obtz-in a i r * bursts.." --Inf Bn t CO, 9 t h Div,

3,. "~Ie6i.czLpersonnol sbou,illd have ':?ore i n f a n t r y t s a i n i n g , e s p e c i a l l y i n such sub j c c t r ; as co-ccr rind c::~nc~-.almcnt, rfi3-p end c m p z s o o o r k , <*la othc!r sub- 11 j c & s t h a t v i l l cnable such pc!rsc2nc!l t o s r o - L ~ e t t-hemselvcs from onerny f i re.. --Inf Rcgtl S u r , 9 t h DFv,
l 6 . "As s - b ~ j2.s positi.c;ns a r c tzken., esgec?l~:ll.;r high ground, 2j.11 boxes,. s t r o n g p o i n t s , t h e cncmy o?cns f i s o 011 t h e s e positions--on r-ihLch he h n s FTCvio~j-sly zcrjc?. ir,--hcncc t h e r~.cce,-sityf o r c o n t i ~ i - ~ apushing cn.."-Jhr.Vh>ns ll~~ P l z t Lec.d.er, 79th Div,.

7 'Snipers i n b u i l d i n g s ,yenernlly f i r e r i f l e s frcm high poiii-ts, and . ma-chine p i s t o 1 s fror:;. lo-,T ~ ~ o i n t s --KTPlp113 ?Tat k a d c s , 79-bi2 Di.7, w"
.~ me2 fol!-oi:rcd by a 3-rn ton:? t c I.oc?_tc cllcmy 8. "Send c ~ l ;-;T.i-?oo r t l l r c ~ p o s i t i o n s-. m 11-~c e s t or" r s q n d should r c ~ ; ~ c ~ i u ljl~ci~r covor 2nd. p r o t e c t t h e i r srpprozcfi. Efzcvy machina'p~ns arc Gsed t o s p r c y t a l l e r t r e e s Likely t o c o n t d n snipers.' 4 3 c . t LcsAcr, 83rd Dlv

.,
i.

m 9.. "1 reccdix.dnd. *.:c 3 tecrns,on? rn z d d i t i o n a l Tornmy gun t o a squad Tor h e d g e r o ~Tightins."-l.? P l a t Le~C?c_r, 7 t h D j v . ~ 7

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HQ FUSAG, APO 655

BATTLE EXPERIENCES
No. 7

26 JULY 1944
*'Eattle Zxpe~+ieilces"arep u b l i s l ~ s dr e g u l a r l v by this headrters t o enair'le u n i t s i n training t o profit- from t h e l a t e s t q combat experiences cf our troops now f i g h t i n g t h e Germans in France, Although the experiences of c e r t a i n u n i t s a t a particul a r location a r e riot n e c e s s a r i l y apy:licable t o a 1 1 units i n a 11 s i t u a t i o n s , t h e items published w i 1 1 be those based on practical experience and are r e c c ~ ~ e n d e d r c a r e f u l consideration by m i t s fo -ivbich mzy encounter* similar problems. Reports of corroborative o r contrary experiences a r e particularly desired i n order t h a t the =%idity of t h e indicated battle lesson ,nay be determined,
OWR N, BRADLEY L t Gen., USA Co~icbing

1, G e n e r a r A recent r e p o r t of t h e VII Corps i n France describes a s u c c e s s f u l ac-%*ono n 1 involvi,ng e x c e l l e n t coordinatioa of infantry, tanks and a r t i l l e r y , 9 a Tkilc %he q T l o d s used corifon: Lo those prescribed i n current t r a i n i n g manuXLs, the f a s t s a r e pu ished t o enph:~si.ze t h a t corfomance 1~5th the prescribed methods, which does n o t t o o frequentl;r occur, brought success,
Tf?e tank ' m ~ t t a 3 . Zccmmnder received t h e alert order f o r ~~ aEsr 13ii9, 30 3 w e . Ee immdi~2,eXyi n i t i a t e d rou.te reconnaissance .hpe!~d.kz zCtack, Z ~ Jabout a 0 0 he a d certain m e m b e r s 3f h i s eaciqcartcrs of t:iw i n f a n t r y b a t t a l i o n t o covL*zr. w i t h t h a t b a t t a l i o n commander, his s-k~ff ~3f:ii:>'i:.);;,r ccrr~mnders ai:d ,
2:
-

PmlhLinzm Ac-kPun,

3, Crc!o.es, Flaas :.;en% ccoo;-(.i.lrr,at;edad t h e o r d e r i s s ~ l e da".,<his tirie, Eie orders providna: e I H-hour was 0933, 1 July, C k cornpaw of s-ix -hn'i:s ;.lo'd-d su-cx:ort each of the tt'a lhfantry assault con'0: A d r : sand one ~:ro!dcE k 'in 3z:;eral su.ppost, c, A r t i l l e r y prepar:it:i;>n ~~,o:nlr!prececle the jump-off a d when th3.s preparation :, * l i f t e d ';kc tar1.c r.rr.ta~.s-;~cxd;2. :fire .Crux >os::.cl{jns in rear of the 1 D a-t s u s p c t e d AT ; positj.o:~s sup>J7_J. .iA%;"J:s ::rc:ll:.j 1 ~ :-!e:\.::2bo.u.: 5.5s : ;ra.rds j.1~r2zr of t,he La and t h e : p o r t +3ck ~u':5f,sv!o~;.Ld ~ccitcfs:-.;inrZ i " , b e ~ C cross t n e SI) ;%L*Lil h e irS.antq a t H-hour. ;:. n I t
-w..*;

e, ale i n f a n t v batt,.zlion commander wodd be f u r n i s h e d a t a n k r a d i o t o permit cont5nuous c o n t a c t with t h e tank commander.
Action,. on -tack began on t i m e . The Lmks moved forward slol~rly both s i d e s of hedzes r,irallelin.; t h e d i r e c t i o n of advance, avoldklg roads, A s t h e y advanced, Lhey ~k d s p r q ~ e d the hedges 1~5th . machine gm f i r e . r l d ~ + ,i mortcrs, and a r t i l l e r y s he1 l e d l o c a t i o n s , usir,g '::P =d E , A r t i l l e r y forward 3 crossroads and o t h e r suspected AT observers accompanied t h e Icading wave of tanks. and protected t h e n f r g m h o s t i l e i n f a n t r y 5 , The i n f a n t r y kept a b r e a s t c.T t,he k ~ l i s na t e o AT 3renades o r ri.Plss, The i f n ~ l s mopped u p and, in %he absence of armed o t h e r +asgets, f i r e d a t . t . h e most l i k e l p eneny cover i n s i g h t , '/hen AT p s were enc o u n t e ~ ? d > n f a n t r y mortar and a u t o m t i c f i r e was brought t o bear on them i a d d i t i o n i n t o the s h e l l i n g , a d t h e infa3nt.x-y moved i n t o outflank t h e p o s i t i o n s , t h e -infantry r e s e r v e company advmeed slowly e; The supyjc.rting t ~ q k company W h d T i - i s 1-eadirlg wave, napping up 'cypassed r e s i s t a n c e and prepared t o meet counterattack,

4 .
a,

5. R e s u l t s , a t t a c k gained 2,COO vards through determined r e s i s t a n c e , w e l l o r g a n i , r e d open a ~ concrete replacements. The o b j e c t i v e m s s e i z e d a t 15CO d
secured z t

1600,

6, IIighli@tst These a r e s o m of t h e p o i n t s c r e d i t e d by V I I Corps with t h e suecess cZ t:?.e cperst,%on: a "i'n2ly co_risulQ.tlion and careful coordination, b, Ample +,he f o r t h e tanks t o rnelce r l a y l i g l ~ tpreparztions, Three hours 3.s considered. nssent:ial f o r a Lanlc compar::r; 5 hours f o r c?. k x k b a t t a l i o n , c, T~zn.1;~ hel&v;ell behind t h e LD u n t i l I!-hour. of d, .&ick .mtual support was insured by continual l i a i s o n and c l o s e prrz+Lty 5n.fa~t.q . t a~n k element,^ and a r t i l l e r y r"omraxi observers, 3ach d i d t h e job f o r z ,,c:>.~ ,,,~c_ch l;,a!.c?s s u i t e d . 3.5 : t %

:B?i.t,ish nqpor-L tell:: g f r3ethods adopted tip a grc2p of about 30 pan-a't~ocpr;j:to a c l e a r a s r s l l p t c h of -;:20ds of hc=.stileresistar:czn, m1. I e group advanced i.r; +;KC ?r~.vsS, the l.ea2L~g wave a ~ : e d 1evr;.th . Sten::, t h e second w i t h grexades, The sei:ond 7;.'zve (evidenf;ly ?t a sreatl;,: rcdzcerl d.ist.?nce) w o - d d throv:. a volley of g~c,,cldes v~f:r t1:.9 heads m2?1crled, t l ? ~ of LF~, ' 7 ;:ad?r_< Ymve i n f ; ~t h e th-iclr ~~ii,'l?rgro-:~th L ,, ; , ,ql::ea:i. ?>S tke <r~:ixi~r3s leading vmvs r ~ ~ s h e d r'o~;.zrd :~hoi;c 10 yards, fi r i x g t.1-iefr Sbsns , 'Thj..:, process v.Qs 1.3I~~ <;r,d or.5 c.:;_:tf~red, pate.:. ? : I 7 c o . i :lli;~ l e a r e d , I!.l~?e';ecn I ^ J ~ ~ T . W ,l;:ere 11I11~d c
t:-~.-t,<y.

* B a t t l e m e r i e n o e s H are p u b l i s h e d r e g u l a r l y by % h i s h e a d q u a r t e r s t o e n a b l e u n i t s - i n t r a i n i n g t o p r o f i t f r o m t h e l a t e s t cornbat e x p e r i e n c e s of our t r o o p s noE f i g h t i n g t h e Germans i n f i a n c e , Although t h e e x p e r i e n c e s of c e r t a i n a p r t i c u l a r l o c a t i o n a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l its i n a l l s i t u a t i o n s , t h e items p u b l i s h e d w i 1 1 be t h o s e based on p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e and are recommendd f o r o a r e f u l c o n s i d e r a t i o n by u n i t s wliich m y e:ncounter similar problems.. R e p o r t s of c o r r o b o r a t i v e o r c o n t r a r y e x p e r i e n c e s are p s t i c u l a r l y d e s i r e d i n o r d e r t h a t t h e v a l i d i t y of t h e i n d i c a t e d b a t t l e l e s s o n ma;y be d a t e r ~ d n e d .

' h e 2n8 IT, S f i z a n t r y D i v i s i o n h a s prcec:5.bod, i n entbstance, t h e f o l l o w i r ~ g . proceilure f o r infantry-t,x:k z t t a c k s i n hedgerow country:

2. Use of Tank liusapons, Lxiiscrirrdnzte : ? i r i ~ byg t a n k weapcns i n an codea~ u o r t o b l a n k e t a l l hedgero~isa ~ . d o r n e r s t o frcx-it 2nd flanks, i s p r o h i b i t e d , The c l i m i t e d ammunition c a r r i e d by t a i l l s and t h e s a : f e t y of il3farrtry elements adva icing through a d j a c e n t f i e l d s r e q u i r e t h a t c l o s e su;~;?ort t a n k s use only machine gun f i r o t o t h e frolit u n t i l z c t u l t a r g e t s a . e locotod. Plis l b i t a t i o n i n no m y z c t s t o p r e v e n t f i r i n g of' a l l t a n k osay~onsa t l o c e t c d c~neinqp o s i t i o ~ l so r t a r g e t s of opwrtunity.
2, carry ;

S p e a i d Tack E q u i p m n t .

In adCFtien .to t h e i r norjnal equipment, tarllrs

Nine s e t s of p r e p a r e d d e m o l i t i o n ohpxges ( c a p s i n s e p a r a t e co:itainer ) a for use i n breaching hedges. One telephone i n s t r u m e n t momted an r e a r of t m k acd corlnected t o inter-phone c i r c u i t i n o r d e r t o p r o v i d e v o i c e c:om~micction b e t m o n i n f a n t r y end tank conrinanders,

3,. Team Yorimtion. The l e a d i n g t e n k of eac!l c l o s e s u p p o r t t a n k c ~ l m o p e r a t e s a s a -menber of a t e r n c o n s i s t i n g of one r i f l e st;und, o m e n g i c e e r demo1i t i o n detachmerit of f o u r men aid ollo tan):, The enginec:? G.e;!:olit ion detecliment acaompanies t h e tai.." tti?_rougiiout t h e o p e r e t i o n -;o a s s i s t i t s advcrlce by b r e e c h i n g : hedges w i t h demo1i";os~ cl:ol-cos and t o p r o v i d e : measure of l c c a l p r o t e c t i o n against AT grenades and rocl:et launcliers. The ?'.~Xs~itr:: squad does s o t l i r j l i t i t s r a t e of a h a n c e t o t h a t of t B 3 t m k , b u t contir!.ucs t h e a t t a c k wher? t h e t a n k is s t o p p e d o r delayed f o r acy rcason,

4, Operation. fi;lenelts* of t h e t a m taove f r o m oze hedgerovr t o t h e n e x t , . usually i n t h e Pollovi5ng sequence: i:?l"c~;tl-.y at:outs, covered by t h e f i r e of t h e atlier i n f a t r y a - d tmks; t h e i ~ f a n t r y aui~,m~~.t:icZ ~ O E B j t h e remainder of t h e VE

2 i n f a n t r y s q ~ i a d , accompanied by t a n engir:eers who s e l e c t a f i r i n g p o s i t i o n a t t h e t ba new hodge f o r t h e tar.k end ~ i g n a l ' i forvxrd, The r ~ e n a n k p o s i t i o r - ~l:.ould t n e a r , buC' n o t i n , an e x i s t i n g goy, ar z,t a plan:_led ,yep t ~ l l i c h ill a f f o r d obeerv s t i o n and a f i e l d of f i r e and a l s o f a c i l i t a t e tke tank's f u r t h m rno~rc~:;sr.to r f wzrd.. The tziz~k, accorr.pnnied by .t;l>e t n o r e r a i n i n g el-~ginecrs s t h e 1a s t olenezlt i t c move f orvi-jard.. b 5 , Light tar&. Tlic l i g h t t a n k c o q n n y of e. medium t z ~ k a t t a l i o n n o r mally w i l l be i n r e s e r v e .

- -

( 11 July e l o n ~ i n t sof t h e 2nd C i c i s i o n a-t;tccl.;ed nnd czsttzrad h i 11 192.. The 2 1 t e c h n i q u e r e s c r i b o c l is t h e ebove p ~ r a g r ~ p 1 l tiras uscd . a d crzoditeci ~ i i t l ; . .s boixt;: r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e s u c c e s s of tlx c t t c c k iiitil v e r y f a n c a s x a l t i a s . E ' G L ~prevS.ous w f i c e r o a::d or:liztod rlcri who took p m t a t t a c k s i n -the sane area b~~cl i l c d . fa i n tlio a t t a c k brought oilt t h e f'ollo-;,.irig poiu.ts:

t 1, Engineers accompanj-i~lg k e l e a d i n g t z ~ i ki n each te5.1 c a r r i e d pi-ne det e c t o r s , and a l a n e v~zs swept tk!rougi: uac?i f i e l d . .
2.. Tho r i f l e r - e n p e r s q w d tj-ert. a s s i c a e d t h e j c b of tor& p r o t e c t o r s . They moved t o t h e f l a n k and year of tile 1eadlc.g trArikias a dof onse n g z i n s t i ~ l d i v i d u . a l eneny i n s p i e o r h o l e s .

One i1oliQ t k 3 s u p p c r t squad of sec'r: p l a t o o n o_norai;od i n each a e s a ? l l t s q u a d 2 0 n e , usuall;: f r c n m e t o ~ I T Z B !?e~;eroii~.behind t'.e n o s ~ : ~ . l squad, f o r t h e t piwpose of c l e a q i n p o u t s n i p e r s , k h a t t a l i 0 2 C C s t z t e d tk3.t no cesixcl.tits vere in o~ts czused by s n i ~ p e r a2 ~ l r i i i gt h i s z t t L c k ; i!?;e~',>%s, a ~ r ~ ~ v i ad~cccs~ m d c~ i t h o u t use of t h i s tecl-r,ique, s l l i p ~ r sC ~ L ~ . S O C nore t h e n o 1 I..nlf 09 tilt ca.cll-1.alties. r5
7r (3 du 1.. The b a t t a l i o n c o r ~ e r ~ d e1,2.C:c mire l i : ? ~ - 1 3 ~ ) t o s z c h c o n p ~ ~ y r i n g t h e a t t a c k , C o ~ ~ l u ! l i ~ c t i bct-,q,2e;; ip-,?,-;.l;ry c l d tcrlkc! on ~rai!itair:cd effec t , i v ~ l y th2oug.h uee of a u t.;lzp3ane m o ! ~ t ~c:~.-tkl% ro:-a7of t2ro J ~ ~ g ~ jiktra telep?lolles G d :,. must be i s s u e d - f o r t h i s g w p c e ~ , . g i t h a r a 1o::go~ coyd, o r rli1.e; C O . : I - ~ ~ G C ~ G T S r c a needed t o a v o i d brea!ciry t h e hand s c t ccrd i f t k e tank nloves svLddcn3$-,,.

was r e p o r t e d by t h e s e r i d ~.u:bor c5 tl-I;: f i e l d i n x i l i c h t h e r e p o r t e d elocjont l o c a t e d . . TILL=t h e 1oc.ation of t h s f r 6 n . t liilo ms el;izz:ys h o r n ~ ~ 5 c e r t a i z t j r . t h
t 6, Each kedgerow ~ u s be a phese l i n e be exposed t o Planki!rlg Tire.

3. .

TO f a c i l i t a t e c o n t r o l , ezcl; f i s l d

-; i ;cs

as:!ig.red

a rvm'o(?r = ~ d progreES

-

othervsise, a lenfiing squad may

7.. One roulld f r o 3 t h e t a n k c a m o n should be f i r p d i r t o e ~ c i ' lcorner of t h e f i e l d t 0 be covcrea i g tlie n e x t , bou_?d befc're a n y advance is ::-i;ti?;-?:>t~?. &p s u s p e c t e d a u t o m ~ t i c-r:.zapol-!s po::ition;; sl;ouicl a l s o be ; l . : f ; l l , ~ ~ . Leln;; f u r e s sh0uld . ., . t z ; & crLfi 121,z.ntry c o r ( ~ ~ ; ~ -XTZre ~ s ~ ~ e posi:sLtQ ,:L1:;~ut .t::;l~ ] be m e d ;
?

e t 8,. & t i l l c r y support riu;;-t b s ~ l ~ c esdc u l l e d r'cr b s c a v z , ~ h e ?e.te of advance cannot be p r c i i i c i ~ d ,