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Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question

Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question of Apartheid

Palestine and the Israeli Occupation, Issue No. 1

E/ESCWA/ECRI/2017/1

E/ESCWA/ECRI/2017/1 Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question of Apartheid Palestine and the

Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question of Apartheid

Palestine and the Israeli Occupation, Issue No. 1

People and the Question of Apartheid Palestine and the Israeli Occupation, Issue No. 1 United Nations

United Nations

Beirut, 2017

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements

Preface

Preface
Preface
Preface
Preface

Contents

Contents Page Acknowledgements iii Preface v Executive Summary 1 Introduction 9 1. The

Page

Acknowledgements

iii

Preface

v

Executive Summary

1

Introduction

9

1.

The Legal Context: Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid

11

Context: Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid 11 2. Testing for an Apartheid Regime in

2. Testing for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-Palestine

of Apartheid 11 2. Testing for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-Palestine 3. Conclusions and Recommendations 27

3. Conclusions and Recommendations

27

of Apartheid 11 2. Testing for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-Palestine 3. Conclusions and Recommendations 27

51

Annexes
Annexes
Annexes

Annexes

Annexes
Annexes

Executive Summary

Executive Summary
Executive Summary
Executive Summary
Executive Summary
Executive Summary

Introduction

Introduction
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction
The Legal Context Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid

The Legal Context

The Legal Context Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid

Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid

The Legal Context Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid
The Legal Context Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid
The Legal Context Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid
The Legal Context Short History of the Prohibition of Apartheid
Alternative definitions of apartheid
Alternative definitions of apartheid
Alternative definitions of apartheid
Alternative definitions of apartheid
Alternative definitions of apartheid

Alternative definitions of apartheid

Alternative definitions of apartheid
1. The comparison with southern Africa

1. The comparison with southern Africa

1. The comparison with southern Africa
1. The comparison with southern Africa
1. The comparison with southern Africa
1. The comparison with southern Africa
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2. Apartheid as discrete practices

2. Apartheid as discrete practices
2. Apartheid as discrete practices
2. Apartheid as discrete practices
2. Apartheid as discrete practices
2. Apartheid as discrete practices
2. Apartheid as discrete practices
2. Apartheid as discrete practices
3. Apartheid as generated by anonymous structural conditions 4. Apartheid as private social behaviour

3. Apartheid as generated by anonymous structural conditions

3. Apartheid as generated by anonymous structural conditions 4. Apartheid as private social behaviour
3. Apartheid as generated by anonymous structural conditions 4. Apartheid as private social behaviour
3. Apartheid as generated by anonymous structural conditions 4. Apartheid as private social behaviour

4. Apartheid as private social behaviour

3. Apartheid as generated by anonymous structural conditions 4. Apartheid as private social behaviour
3. Apartheid as generated by anonymous structural conditions 4. Apartheid as private social behaviour
5. Apartheid and the question of race
5. Apartheid and the question of race
5. Apartheid and the question of race
5. Apartheid and the question of race
5. Apartheid and the question of race

5. Apartheid and the question of race

5. Apartheid and the question of race
5. Apartheid and the question of race
Testing for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-Palestine The political geography of apartheid

Testing for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-PalestineThe political geography of apartheid

Testing for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-Palestine The political geography of apartheid

The political geography of apartheidTesting for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-Palestine

Testing for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-Palestine The political geography of apartheid
Testing for an Apartheid Regime in Israel-Palestine The political geography of apartheid
Israel as a racial State
Israel as a racial State
Israel as a racial State

Israel as a racial State

Israel as a racial State
Israel as a racial State
Israel as a racial State
Israel as a racial State
1. Demographic engineering
1. Demographic engineering
1. Demographic engineering

1. Demographic engineering

1. Demographic engineering
1. Demographic engineering
1. Demographic engineering
2. Bans on challenges to racial domination
2. Bans on challenges to racial domination
2. Bans on challenges to racial domination

2. Bans on challenges to racial domination

2. Bans on challenges to racial domination
2. Bans on challenges to racial domination
3. Israeli Jewish-national institutions
3. Israeli Jewish-national institutions
3. Israeli Jewish-national institutions

3. Israeli Jewish-national institutions

3. Israeli Jewish-national institutions
3. Israeli Jewish-national institutions
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Apartheid through fragmentation The four domains 
Apartheid through fragmentation The four domains 
Apartheid through fragmentation The four domains 
Apartheid through fragmentation The four domains 

Apartheid through fragmentation

Apartheid through fragmentation The four domains 
Apartheid through fragmentation The four domains 
Apartheid through fragmentation The four domains 

The four domains

Apartheid through fragmentation The four domains 
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Domain 1: Palestinian citizens of Israel

Domain 1: Palestinian citizens of Israel
Domain 1: Palestinian citizens of Israel
Domain 1: Palestinian citizens of Israel
Domain 1: Palestinian citizens of Israel
Domain 1: Palestinian citizens of Israel
Domain 2: Palestinians in East Jerusalem
Domain 2: Palestinians in East Jerusalem

Domain 2: Palestinians in East Jerusalem

Domain 2: Palestinians in East Jerusalem
Domain 2: Palestinians in East Jerusalem
Domain 2: Palestinians in East Jerusalem
Domain 3: Palestinians in occupied Palestinian territory
Domain 3: Palestinians in occupied Palestinian territory
Domain 3: Palestinians in occupied Palestinian territory

Domain 3: Palestinians in occupied Palestinian territory

Domain 3: Palestinians in occupied Palestinian territory
Domain 3: Palestinians in occupied Palestinian territory
Domain 4: Palestinian refugees and involuntary exiles
Domain 4: Palestinian refugees and involuntary exiles

Domain 4: Palestinian refugees and involuntary exiles

Domain 4: Palestinian refugees and involuntary exiles
Domain 4: Palestinian refugees and involuntary exiles
Domain 4: Palestinian refugees and involuntary exiles
Counter-arguments
Counter-arguments
Counter-arguments
Counter-arguments
Counter-arguments
Counter-arguments

Counter-arguments

Counter-arguments
Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusions

Conclusions and RecommendationsConclusions

ConclusionsConclusions and Recommendations

Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusions
Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusions
Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusions
Recommendations
Recommendations
Recommendations
Recommendations
Recommendations
Recommendations

Recommendations

Recommendations
General Recommendations Recommendations to the United Nations
General Recommendations Recommendations to the United Nations

General Recommendations

General Recommendations Recommendations to the United Nations

Recommendations to the United Nations

General Recommendations Recommendations to the United Nations
Recommendations to national Governments of Member States
Recommendations to national Governments of Member States

Recommendations to national Governments of Member States

Recommendations to national Governments of Member States
Recommendations to civil society and private sector actors
Recommendations to civil society and private sector actors

Recommendations to civil society and private sector actors

Recommendations to civil society and private sector actors
Annex I Findings of the 2009 HSRC Report

Annex I Findings of the 2009 HSRC Report

Annex I Findings of the 2009 HSRC Report
Annex I Findings of the 2009 HSRC Report
Annex I Findings of the 2009 HSRC Report
Apartheid Convention, article II

Apartheid Convention, article II

Apartheid Convention, article II
Apartheid Convention, article II
Apartheid Convention, article II
Apartheid Convention, article II

Annex II Which Country?

Annex II Which Country?
Annex II Which Country?
Annex II Which Country?

17-00063

This report examines, based on key instruments of international law, whether Israel has established an apartheid regime that oppresses and dominates the Palestinian people as a whole. Having established that the crime of apartheid has universal application, that the question of the

status of the Palestinians as a people is settled in law, and that the crime of apartheid should be considered at the level of the State, the report sets out

to

demonstrate how Israel has imposed such a system on the Palestinians

in

order to maintain the domination of one racial group over others.

A

history of war, annexation and expulsions, as well as a series of practices,

has left the Palestinian people fragmented into four distinct population groups, three of them (citizens of Israel, residents of East Jerusalem and the populace under occupation in the West Bank and Gaza) living under direct Israeli rule and the remainder, refugees and involuntary exiles, living beyond.This fragmentation, coupled with the application of discrete bodies of law to those groups, lie at the heart of the apartheid regime.They serve to enfeeble opposition to it and to veil its very existence.This report concludes, on the basis of overwhelming evidence, that Israel is guilty of

the crime of apartheid, and urges swift action to oppose and end it.

of overwhelming evidence, that Israel is guilty of the crime of apartheid, and urges swift action