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BRITISH STANDARD BS 6840-10:

1991
IEC 268-10:
1991
Incorporating
Amendment No. 1

Sound system
equipment
Part 10: Methods for specifying and
measuring the characteristics of peak
programme level meters

(Implementation of CENELEC
HD 483.10 S1)

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BS 6840-10:1991

Committees responsible for this


British Standard

The preparation of this British Standard was entrusted by the Electronic


Equipment Standards Policy Committee (EEL/-) to Technical Committee
EEL/32, upon which the following bodies were represented:

Association for Consumer Research (ACRE)


Association of British Theatre Technicians
Audio Engineering Society
British Educational Equipment Association
British Kinematograph, Sound and Television Society
British Radio and Electronic Equipment Manufacturers Association
British Telecommunications plc
Consumer Policy Committee of BSI
Federation of British Audio
Independent Television Association
Independent Television Commission
Institution of Electrical Engineers
National Council for Educational Technology (NCET)
Professional Lighting and Sound Association
Radio Electrical and Television Retailers Association
Royal Institute of British Architects
Royal National Institute for the deaf
Society of Cable Television Engineers
Sound and Communication Industries Federation

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Electronic
Equipment Standards Policy
Committee, was published
under the authority of the
Standards Board and comes
into effect on Amendments issued since publication
30 August 1991

BSI 05-1999 Amd. No. Date Comments

7866 August 1993 Indicated by a sideline in the margin


The following BSI references
relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference EEL/32
Draft for comment 88/23048 DC

ISBN 0 580 19973 8

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Contents

Page
Committees responsible Inside front cover
National foreword iv
Foreword 2
Section 1. General
1.1 Scope 3
1.2 Normative references 3
Section 2. Conditions for specification and measurement
2.1 Conditions 3
2.2 Description of peak programme level meters 3
Section 3. Characteristics of peak programme level meters
3.1 Reference indication 4
3.2 Reference input voltage and reference input level 4
3.3 Division of the scale 4
3.4 Amplitude-frequency response 4
3.5 Dynamic response 4
3.6 Pulse response 5
3.7 Dynamic linearity with scale range 5
3.8 Dynamic response below minimum calibration point 5
3.9 Delay time 5
3.10 Integration time 5
3.11 Overswing 5
3.12 Return time 5
3.13 Reversibility error 5
3.14 Input impedance 5
3.15 Distortion introduced by the peak programme level meter 5
3.16 Temperature range 6
3.17 Overload characteristic 6
3.18 Maximum input level 6
3.19 Supply voltage range 6
Section 4. Peak programme level meters, type I
4.1 Reference indication 6
4.2 Reference input voltage and reference input level 6
4.3 Division of the scale 6
4.4 Amplitude-frequency response 6
4.5 Dynamic response 6
4.6 Integration time 6
4.7 Overswing 7
4.8 Return time 7
4.9 Reversibility error 7
4.10 Input impedance 7
4.11 Distortion introduced by the peak programme level meter 7
4.12 Temperature range 7
4.13 Overload characteristic 7
4.14 Maximum input level 7
4.15 Supply voltage range 7
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Page
Section 5. Peak programme level meters, type II
5.1 General 7
5.2 Reference indication 8
5.3 Reference input voltage 8
5.4 Indicating instrument 8
5.5 Amplitude-frequency response 9
5.6 Dynamic response 9
5.7 Pulse response (normal mode) 9
5.8 Dynamic linearity within scale range (normal mode) 9
5.9 Dynamic response below minimum
calibration point (normal mode) 10
5.10 Delay time (normal mode) 10
5.11 Integration time 10
5.12 Overswing 10
5.13 Return time 10
5.14 Reversibility error 10
5.15 Input impedance 10
5.16 Distortion introduced by the peak programme level meter 10
5.17 Temperature range 10
5.18 Overload characteristic (normal mode) 11
5.19 Maximum input level 11
5.20 Supply voltage range 11
Section 6. Peak programme level meters having incremental display
6.1 General 11
6.2 Number of discrete elements in the display 11
6.3 Display resolution 11
6.4 Indication of levels 11
6.5 Optical characteristics of displays 11
6.6 Operation above reference indication 12
6.7 Displays using multiplex technique 12
6.8 Rate of element-switching (switch-on switch-off times) 12
Section 7. Incremental peak programme level meters for
secondary and consumer applications
7.1 General 12
7.2 Reference indication 12
7.3 Number of discrete elements in the display 12
7.4 Display resolution 12
7.5 Amplitude-frequency response 12
7.6 Integration time 12
7.7 Return time 12
7.8 Reversibility error 12
Section 8. Classification for the characteristics to be specified
8.1 Introduction 13
8.2 Classification 13

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Page
Annex A (normative) Slow mode of operation 16
Annex B (informative) Details of preferred indicating instrument 17
Annex ZA (normative) Other international publications
quoted in this standard with the references of the relevant
European publications 18
National annex NA (informative) Cross-references Inside back cover
Figure 1 Preferred scale markings and dimensions for
type 11a peak programme meters 14
Figure 2 Preferred scale markings for type 11b peak
programme meters 15
Figure 3 Example of the display of an incremental peak
programme level meter for secondary applications 15
Figure A.1 Circuit used to obtain the slow-indication mode 16
Table 1 Dynamic response 6
Table 2 Calibration tolerances 8

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Table 3 Dynamic response in normal mode 9
Table 4 Dynamic response in slow mode 9
Table 5 Drift in indicated readings 11

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BS 6840-10:1991

National foreword

This Part of BS 6840 has been prepared under the direction of the Electronic
Equipment Standards Policy Committee and is identical with IEC 268-10:1991
Sound system equipment Part 10: Peak programme level meters, published by
the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). This British Standard
implements Harmonization Document HD 483.10 S1, published by the European
Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC). This British
Standard supersedes BS 5428-9:1981 which is withdrawn.
The purpose of this Part of BS 6840 is to standardize the characteristics to be
specified, the relevant methods of measurement and performance requirements
(in some cases) for:
peak programme level meters, in general (section 3);
peak programme level meters, type I (section 4);
peak programme level meters, type II (section 5);
peak programme level meters having incremental displays (section 6);
peak programme level meters having incremental displays, for secondary
and household applications (section 7).
In general, the methods of measurement recommended are those which are
directly related to the definitions. This does not exclude the use of other methods
which can be shown to give equivalent results.
BS 6840 consists of the following Parts:
Part 1: Methods for specifying and measuring general characteristics used
for equipment performance (supersedes part of BS 5428-1);
Part 2: Glossary of general terms and calculation methods (supersedes part
of BS 5428-1);
Part 3: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of sound
system amplifiers (supersedes BS 5428-2);
Part 4: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of
microphones (previously BS 5428-3);
Part 5: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of
loudspeakers (supersedes BS 5428-11 and BS 5428-11: Supplement 1);
Part 6: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of auxiliary
passive elements (previously BS 5428-4);
Part 7: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of
headphones and headsets (new)1);
Part 8: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of
automatic gain control devices (previously BS 5428-7);
Part 9: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of artificial
reverberation, time delay and frequency shift equipment (previously
BS 5428-8);
Part 10: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of peak
programme level meters (supersedes BS 5428-9);
Part 11: Specification for application of connectors for the interconnection of
sound system components (supersedes BS 5428-5.2);
Part 12: Specification for applications of connectors for broadcast and
similar use (supersedes BS 5428-5.3);
Part 13: Guide for listening tests on loudspeakers (new);
Part 14: Guide for circular and elliptical loudspeakers; outer frame
diameters and mounting dimensions (previously BS 5428-5.1);
Part 15: Specification for matching values for the interconnection of sound
system components (supersedes BS 5428-10);

1)
In preparation.
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Part 16: Guide to the RASTI method for the objective rating of speech
intelligibility in auditoria (new);
Part 17: Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of
standard volume indicators.
Copies of CCIR and CCITT documents may be purchased from BSI Sales
Department, Linford Wood, Milton Keynes MK14 6LE.
Typographical error. In 1.2.2 and 3.1.1, the reference to CMTT
Recommendation 661 should be read as CCITT Recommendation 661.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.

Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity


from legal obligations.
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Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i to vi,
the HD title page, pages 2 to 18, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on
the inside front cover.

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vi
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HARMONIZATION DOCUMENT HD 483.10 S1
DOCUMENT DHARMONISATION
February 1993
HARMONISIERUNGSDOKUMENT

UDC 534.86:621.317.7

Descriptors: Sound system equipments, modulation, signal level, level meters, characteristics, specifications, classifications

English version

Sound system equipment


Part 10: Peak programme level meters
(IEC 268-10:1991)

Equipements pour systmes lectroacoustiques Elektroakustische Gerte


Partie 10: Appareils de mesure des crtes de Teil 10: Spitzenspannungs-
modulation Aussteuerungsmesser
(CEI 268-10:1991) (IEC 268-10:1991)

This Harmonization Document was approved by CENELEC on 1992-12-09.


CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal
Regulations which stipulate the conditions for implementation of this
Harmonization Document on a national level.
Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any
CENELEC member.
This Harmonization Document exists in three official versions (English,
French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under
the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified
to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.
CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comit Europen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europisches Komitee fr Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B-1050 Brussels

1993 Copyright reserved to CENELEC members


Ref. No. HD 483.10 S1:1993 E
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Foreword
The CENELEC questionnaire procedure, performed
for finding out whether or not the International
Standard IEC 268-10:1991 could be accepted
without textual changes, has shown that no
common modifications were necessary for the
acceptance as Harmonization Document.
The reference document was submitted to the
CENELEC members for formal vote and was
approved by CENELEC as HD 483.10 S1
on 9 December 1992.
The following dates were fixed:

latest date of announcement


of the HD at national level (doa) 1993-06-01
latest date of publication of
a harmonized national
standard (dop) 1993-12-01
latest date of withdrawal of
conflicting national standards (dow) 1993-12-01

For products which have complied with the relevant


national standard before 1993-12-01, as shown by
the manufacturer or by a certification body, this
previous standard may continue to apply for
production until 1998-12-01.
Annexes designated normative are part of the
body of the standard. Annexes designated
informative are given only for information. In this
standard, Annex A and Annex ZA are normative
and Annex B is informative.

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IEC 268-10:1991

Section 1. General Section 2. Conditions for specification


and measurement
1.1 Scope
This part of IEC 268 applies to audio-frequency 2.1 Conditions
peak programme level meters, for use in equipment 2.1.1 General conditions
for broadcasting, sound reinforcement, sound
Reference shall be made to IEC 268-1 concerning:
recording and household entertainment.
units and system of measurement;
This standard does not apply to Standard volume
indicators which is dealt with in IEC 268-17. frequencies of measurement;
quantities to be specified and their accuracy;
1.2 Normative references marking and symbols for marking;
The following standards contain provisions which, filters, networks and measuring instruments
through reference in this text, constitute provisions for noise specification and measurement;
of this part of IEC 268. At the time of publication, ambient conditions;
the editions indicated were valid. All standards are
subject to revision, and parties to agreements based individual specifications and type
on this part of IEC 268 are encouraged to specifications;
graphical presentation;

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investigate the possibility of applying the most
recent editions of the standards indicated below. method of producing a uniform alternating
Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of magnetic field;
currently valid International Standards. search coil for measuring the magnetic field
1.2.1 IEC standards strength;
65:1985, Safety requirements for mains operated scales for graphical presentation;
electronic and related apparatus for household and for safety requirements, reference shall be
similar general use. made to IEC 65 or other IEC safety standards.
268-1:1985, Sound system equipment 2.1.2 Rated conditions and standard test
Part 1: General. conditions
268-2:1987, Sound system equipment Reference should be made to IEC 268-2 and
Part 2: Explanation of general terms and IEC 268-3 concerning:
calculation methods. rated values;
268-3:1988, Sound system equipment rated conditions;
Part 3: Amplifiers.
rated value of a characteristic.
268-17:1990, Sound system equipment
Part 17: Standard volume indicators. 2.2 Description of peak programme
1.2.2 Other standards level meters
CMTT Recommendation 661, Signals for the This part of the standard covers peak programme
alignment of international sound-programme level meters based on instruments developed for
connections. broadcasting in Germany and Scandinavia (type I)
CCITT Recommendation J.15, Lining-up and and in the United Kingdom and other countries
monitoring and international sound-programme (type II). They are used by the broadcasting
connection. authorities both in studios and at transmission
CCITT Recommendation N.15, Maximum control points and by the EBU for exchanges of
permissible power during an international programmes between the member countries. It is
sound-programme transmission. now common to find peak programme level meters
of simple realization in secondary and consumer
CCIR Report 292-6, Measurement of programme
audio equipment.
level in sound broad-casting.

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IEC 268-10:1991

The peak programme meter is designed for directly NOTE The reference indication is not inherently associated
measuring the quasi-peak level of complex electrical with any particular programme level.
signals occurring in the transmission of music or
speech, without varying the sensitivity of the device,
3.2 Reference input voltage and
to achieve an optimum technical utilization of the reference input level
transmission channel or of the recording medium. 3.2.1 Characteristics to be specified
For this purpose, a full-wave rectifier is used and
a) the r.m.s. value of a steady-state sinusoidal
the integration time is chosen so as to obtain an
signal of 1 000 Hz, which results in reference
amplitude as high as possible without overloading
indication;
the transmission link for a period long enough to
give rise to audible non-linear distortion of the b) the level of the reference voltage, in decibels
programme. The return time is relatively long in referred to a stated reference, preferably 0,775 V.
order to avoid unnecessary fatigue of the observer.
3.3 Division of the scale
As there are different kinds of peak programme
meters, the dynamic characteristics cannot always 3.3.1 Characteristic to be specified
be specified by a single figure. The relation between input level and the indication
Peak programme meters normally consist of two of the meter. Unless otherwise specified, this shall
different parts: refer to a sinusoidal test signal of 1 000 Hz.
the electronic unit, normally containing an
amplifier, a rectifier, an integrating circuit and 3.4 Amplitude-frequency response
means for obtaining an approximately 3.4.1 Characteristic to be specified
logarithmic relation between the (quasi-) peak of
The difference, expressed in decibels, between the
the source e.m.f. and the resulting indication of
indicated level and the input level as a function of
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the instrument connected to it;


frequency, referred to the value at a specified
the indicating device, which may be a moving frequency, of preferably 1 000 Hz. Unless otherwise
coil type or an incremental display. stated, the amplitude-frequency response is
The significant differences between type I and referred to reference indication.
type II are as follows:
a) the scale of type I covers at least a range 3.5 Dynamic response
from 40 dB to + 3 dB; 3.5.1 Characteristic to be specified
b) the type IIa instrument has a scale range The relation between the duration of a burst of
of 20 dB to + 4 dB with respect to the reference sinusoidal signal of 5 kHz, resulting in reference
indication ( 21 dB to + 3 dB for the type IIb indication if applied continuously, and the
instrument) and is normally viewed at close corresponding indication.
range. To ensure that consistent observations are
made by all operators, taking into account the 3.5.2 Method of measurement
large resolution obtained, it is desirable to The amplifier of the programme level meter is
standardize the layout and dimensions of the connected as for the rated conditions.
scale and pointer (see Annex A); The amplitude of a sinusoidal source e.m.f. of 5 kHz
c) the type I instrument has a nominal is adjusted so as to give reference indication. The
integration time of 5 ms, whereas that of the steady-state source e.m.f. is replaced by tone bursts
type II is 10 ms. of the same waveform, frequency and amplitude,
and of variable duration. The maximum indication
Section 3. Characteristics of peak is noted for each of several values of tone-burst
programme level meters duration, which may be measured by means of a
suitable counter or oscilloscope. The interval
Characteristics to be specified and relevant methods between the tone bursts shall be long enough and
of measurement the noise level low enough to allow the meter to
reach its zero signal condition between bursts. The
3.1 Reference indication bursts shall start and end at zero crossing.
3.1.1 Characteristic to be specified
The indication corresponding to the permitted
maximum signal level (CMTT
Recommendation 661) on the circuit to which the
meter is connected.

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3.6 Pulse response 3.12 Return time


3.6.1 Characteristic to be specified 3.12.1 Characteristic to be specified
The relation between the duration of an isolated The time interval between the removal of a
rectangular voltage pulse at constant amplitude steady-state input signal (corresponding to
and the corresponding indication. reference indication, unless otherwise specified) and
NOTE This test is designed to reveal spurious resonance the moment when the indication passes a specified
conditions which, if present in the instrument, would cause lower point of the scale.
erroneous readings on some types of programme waveform.
NOTE If the meter is provided with a special device for
obtaining a holding time, this holding time is considered to be
3.7 Dynamic linearity within scale included in the return time. The holding time should be stated by
range the manufacturer.

3.7.1 Characteristic to be specified 3.13 Reversibility error


The relation between the amplitudes of successive 3.13.1 Characteristic to be specified
tone bursts having a constant duration and the
corresponding indications. The difference in level indication when reversing
the polarity of a specified asymmetrical signal.
NOTE This test is designed to reveal significant non-linearity
of the response to tone bursts which would cause the low-level 3.13.2 Method of measurement
programme to read differently on various designs of instruments
having the same value of integration time. The amplifier of the peak programme level meter is
connected as for rated conditions.
3.8 Dynamic response below minimum The amplitude of a sinusoidal source e.m.f. is
calibration point adjusted to give reference indication.
3.8.1 Characteristic to be specified The input signal is asymmetrically clipped so that
the peaks of the half waves of one polarity are
The response of the instrument to the application of
reduced to 25 % of their original value.
isolated tone bursts at a level 30 dB below reference
input voltage. This signal is then applied to the meter, and the
reading is noted. The polarity of the asymmetrical
3.9 Delay time signal is then inverted, and the new reading is
noted.
3.9.1 Characteristic to be specified
The level difference between the two readings is the
The time interval between the application of the reversibility error.
reference input voltage and the moment when the
pointer (or other indicator) passes a point 1 dB 3.14 Input impedance
below the reference indication.
3.14.1 Characteristics to be specified
3.10 Integration time a) the impedance of the peak programme meter,
3.10.1 Characteristic to be specified measured between the input terminals, at 1 kHz,
at reference input level;
The duration of a burst of sinusoidal signal of 5 kHz
b) the impedance of the peak programme level
at reference level, which results in an
meter, measured between the input terminals at
indication 2 dB below reference indication.
reference indication, as a function of frequency,
NOTE This definition is in agreement with that of the CCITT
Recommendation J.15 and CCIR Report 292-6.
within the specified frequency range unless
otherwise stated.
3.11 Overswing NOTE If the value of the input impedance varies significantly
with change in input voltage and/or frequency, the lowest value
3.11.1 Characteristic to be specified occurring within the specified frequency range should,
additionally, be stated by the manufacturer.
The transient excess of the indication after
a 1 000 Hz input signal, which would result in 3.15 Distortion introduced by the peak
reference indication, has been applied.
programme level meter
3.11.2 Method of measurement
3.15.1 Characteristic to be specified
The amplifier of the peak programme level meter is
The total harmonic distortion introduced by the
connected as for rated conditions.
meter into a circuit of a specified impedance to
A sinusoidal source e.m.f. of 1 000 Hz, adjusted to which the meter is connected.
give reference indication, is applied. The maximum
of the transient excess of the indication is observed.

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3.16 Temperature range 4.3 Division of the scale


3.16.1 Characteristic to be specified 4.3.1 Characteristic to be specified
The ambient temperature range within which the See clause 3.3.
indication (corresponding to the reference voltage, 4.3.2 Performance requirement
unless otherwise stated) does not change by more
than the specified amounts. The division of the scale shall be approximately
linear and calibrated in decibels. The scale should
3.17 Overload characteristic preferably cover at least the range from 40 dB
to + 3 dB.
3.17.1 Characteristic to be specified NOTE For certain purposes, for example line overloading
The response of the instrument to isolated 1,5 ms control and portable use, meters with a smaller range of
indication may be used.
tone bursts at a level of 10 dB above reference
voltage.
4.4 Amplitude-frequency response
NOTE This test is designed to ensure that the overload margin
is adequate to correctly indicate programme material of all types. 4.4.1 Characteristic to be specified
See clause 3.4.
3.18 Maximum input level
4.4.2 Performance requirement
3.18.1 Characteristic to be specified
Within the effective frequency range, from
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The maximum input level of a sinusoidal signal at least 31,5 Hz to 16 kHz the deviations from the
which the programme level meter is capable of ideal flat response shall be less than 1 dB.
withstanding for a specified time interval without Outside the specified frequency range, the response
damage or effect on the calibration. shall decrease smoothly. At 40 kHz, the indication
should fall to at least 15 dB below the indication
3.19 Supply voltage range at 1 000 Hz.
3.19.1 Characteristic to be specified NOTE The frequency range of the peak programme level meter
shall in any case exceed the frequency range of the applied
The supply voltage range within which the programme material.
indications corresponding to input voltages over a
specified range do not change by more than the 4.5 Dynamic response
specified amounts.
4.5.1 Characteristic to be specified
NOTE This relates only to peak programme level meters
containing amplifiers. See clause 3.5.
4.5.2 Performance requirement
Section 4. Peak programme level
meters, type I The dynamic response shall be in accordance with
the following relations between burst durations and
4.1 Reference indication indications.
Table 1 Dynamic response
4.1.1 Characteristic to be specified
Burst duration Indication Tolerance
See clause 3.1.
4.1.2 Performance requirement ms dB dB

This indication should normally be marked 0 on the 10 1 0,5


decibel scale and may additionally be marked 100 5(CCITT) 2 1
on a percentage scale.
3 4 1
4.2 Reference input voltage and 0,4 15 4
reference input level
4.2.1 Characteristic to be specified
4.6 Integration time
See clause 3.2. 4.6.1 Characteristic to be specified
4.2.2 Performance requirement See clause 3.10.
Unless otherwise specified, the reference voltage 4.6.2 Performance requirement
shall be 1,55 V [+ 6 dB (0,775 V)]. The integration time shall be 5 ms.

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IEC 268-10:1991

4.7 Overswing 4.12.2 Performance requirement


4.7.1 Characteristic to be specified The indication corresponding to the reference
voltage shall not change with temperature by more
See clause 3.11.
than 0,2 dB in the temperature range
4.7.2 Performance requirement between + 10 C and + 50 C, and by more
The overswing shall be not greater than 1 dB. than 0,5 dB between 0 C and + 10 C.

4.8 Return time 4.13 Overload characteristic


4.8.1 Characteristic to be specified 4.13.1 Characteristic to be specified
See clause 3.12. See clause 3.17.
4.8.2 Performance requirement 4.13.2 Performance requirement
The return time shall be 1,7 s 0,3 s when the When the amplitude of isolated 5 kHz bursts
lower point is 20 dB below the reference indication. of 1,5 ms duration is increased by 10 dB, the
The return speed (in decibels per second) should be resulting increase in reading shall be not less
approximately constant. On instruments intended than + 5 dB and not greater than + 10 dB. The
for monitoring multichannel programmes, the initial amplitudes of the burst shall be such that the
difference in return time should be less than 0,1 s. continuous signal of the same amplitude produces
reference indication.
4.9 Reversibility error
4.14 Maximum input level
4.9.1 Characteristic to be specified
4.14.1 Characteristic to be specified
See clause 3.13.
See clause 3.18.
4.9.2 Performance requirement
4.14.2 Performance requirement
The difference in indication shall be not greater
than 1 dB. The maximum input level shall be at least 20 dB
above reference voltage for an unlimited period of
4.10 Input impedance time.
4.10.1 Characteristic to be specified 4.15 Supply voltage range

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See clause 3.14. 4.15.1 Characteristic to be specified
4.10.2 Performance requirement See clause 3.19.
The input impedance shall be higher than 10 k7. 4.15.2 Performance requirement
4.11 Distortion introduced by the peak For input levels between reference voltage
programme level meter and 10 dB below reference voltage, the
corresponding indications shall not change by more
4.11.1 Characteristic to be specified than 0,5 dB with power supply voltages
See clause 3.15. between 20 % and + 10 % of the rated value.
4.11.2 Performance requirement
Section 5. Peak programme level
The total harmonic distortion introduced by the meters, type II
meter into a source of 600 7 impedance shall be less
than 0,1 %, even if the supply voltage to the 5.1 General
electronic unit is switched off.
The type II instrument is used incidentally for
4.12 Temperature range line-up procedures employing tones at several
amplitudes other than reference voltage. This is
4.12.1 Characteristic to be specified facilitated by the large resolution obtained by virtue
See clause 3.16. of the relatively short scale range and the
application of tight tolerances not only at reference
indication but over most of the scale.

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The use of a short scale range and a simple 5.4.2 Performance requirement
moving-coil meter encourages the design of The scale of the type IIa instrument shall be divided
inexpensive instruments having a variety of circuit into six approximately equal 4 dB divisions by
arrangements. It is therefore necessary to include numbered lines, marked in white on a matt black
tests which guard against spurious responses which surface and numbered 1 to 7. The mark 4 shall be
could lead to discrepancies between the readings at the mid-scale position. A preferred scale layout
obtained from instruments of different design. with dimensions is given in Figure 1.
The type IIa and type IIb instruments differ only in The scale of the type IIb instrument shall be divided
respect of the scale divisions and marking. The type into twelve approximately equal 2 dB divisions
IIb scale is particular to the EBU and conforms to marked in white on a matt black surface. The
the CCITT Recommendation concerning
--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

general form of the scale and the system of marking


international sound programme transmission is given in Figure 2. The principal scale markings
(Recommendation N.15). The type IIa scale is used are at the points at 4 dB intervals above and below
by all United Kingdom broadcasting authorities as the test level mark which is at the mid-scale
well as in a variety of other sound control position. There is an additional mark at the
applications where the best possible use of the point 9 dB above test level. The total scale length
dynamic range must be made. shall be not less than approximately 8 cm.
Where it is required to compare by telephone the Where a rigid pointer is used, this shall be of the
reading of peak programme meters at various points parallel type, usually white in colour and having
along a programme circuit during the course of the at least 50 % of its length clearly visible at any
transmission, an extra facility may be incorporated; deflection.
this is known as the slow mode of operation and is
obtained by inserting a network between the output 5.4.3 Preferred indicating instrument
of the processing amplifier and the display device To facilitate interchangeability of amplifiers and
(see Annex A). This facility is only fitted to those indicating instruments, details of the preferred
type IIa instruments used for supervision of indicating instruments are given in Annex B
transmission circuits but is an essential part of all (informative).
type IIb instruments. 5.4.4 Calibration tolerances
5.2 Reference indication 5.4.4.1 Performance requirement
5.2.1 Characteristic to be specified To enable the complete instrument to be used for
checking line-up tones at other than reference
See clause 3.1. voltage, the indication shall be within the limits
5.2.2 Performance requirement given in Table 2 below when a sinusoidal voltage
at 1 kHz, having a distortion less than 1 % is
Type IIa: this indication should be marked 6.
applied to the input terminals.
Type IIb: this indication should be marked with a Table 2 Calibration tolerances
graduation corresponding to + 9 dB, in
accordance with CCITT Indicating instrument
reading (neglecting drift due Relative input voltage
Recommendation N.15. to temperature or supply (r.m.s.)
voltage variation)
5.3 Reference input voltage Type IIa Type IIb dB
5.3.1 Characteristic to be specified Minimum Minimum

See clause 3.2. 1 12 12 0,5


5.3.2 Performance requirement 2 8 8 0,3 (see note)
Type IIa: if not otherwise specified, the reference 3 4 4 0,3
voltage should be 1,94 V. 4 Test 0
Type IIb: if not otherwise specified, the reference 5 +4 + 4 0,3
voltage should be 2,18 V. 6 +8 + 8 0,3 (see note)
7 + 12 + 12 0,5
5.4 Indicating instrument NOTE It is preferable that the amplifier controls are arranged
5.4.1 Division of the scale so that the tolerances on the values minimum, 8, 0 and + 8,
may be eliminated simultaneously.
5.4.1.1 Characteristic to be specified
See clause 3.3.

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5.5 Amplitude-frequency response Table 4 Dynamic response in slow mode


5.5.1 Characteristic to be specified Burst duration Type IIa Type IIb Tolerance
Indication Indication
See clause 3.4.
ms dB
5.5.2 Performance requirement
5 000 6 +8 0,5
Within the specified frequency range, the deviations 10 3 3 1
from the ideal flat response shall be less
than 0,3 dB at each scale division between 2 10 (repeated at 5 +7 0,5
and 6 inclusive, for the type IIa meter, or 100 ms intervals
between 8 and + 8 inclusive, for the type IIb NOTE The above values apply to instruments having the
meter. logarithmic stage preceded by the integration circuit. Early
instruments arranged differently use other values in order to
Above 16 kHz, the response shall fall smoothly to give the same readings on programme signal.
at least 100 kHz and lie within the limits of 0 dB
and 6 dB at 40 kHz. Below 31,5 Hz the response
5.7 Pulse response (normal mode)
shall lie within 2 dB down to 12 Hz and fall
smoothly below this frequency. 5.7.1 Characteristic to be specified

--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
See clause 3.6.
5.6 Dynamic response
5.7.2 Performance requirement
5.6.1 Characteristic to be specified
Isolated unidirectional rectangular voltage pulses
See 3.5.1. with a duration of about 1 ms are applied to the
5.6.2 Performance requirement input terminals and the pulse amplitude adjusted to
give an indicated reading to 4 on the type IIa
a) Dynamic response in normal mode
meter, or test on the type IIb meter. When the
The dynamic response shall be in accordance pulse duration is progressively shortened to less
with the following relations given in Table 3 than 50 4s, the indicated readings shall also
between burst duration and indications, taking progressively decrease. The indicated reading for a
the reference voltage as 1,94 V r.m.s. in both pulse duration of 100 4s shall be not greater
cases. than 10 dB relative to 4 (or test).
Table 3 Dynamic response in normal mode
Burst duration Type IIa Type IIb Tolerance
5.8 Dynamic linearity within scale
Indication Indication range (normal mode)
ms dB 5.8.1 Characteristic to be specified
100 6 +8 0,5 See clause 3.7.
10 5 +6 0,5 5.8.2 Performance requirement
5 5 +4 0,75 When the amplitude of successive tone bursts,
having a constant duration of 10 ms (the amplitude
1,5 3 1 1,0
of the initial burst having been adjusted to give
0,5 (see note) 1 9 2,0 reference indication) are reduced progressively, the
NOTE Since it is necessary for the tone burst to include a indications shall decrease by directly proportional
minimum of five cycles, a frequency of at least 10 kHz is amounts (within 1 dB) over the scale range of the
required for this measurement. instrument.
b) Dynamic response in slow mode For accurate measurement of the deflections
observed in the dynamic linearity test, it is
The dynamic response shall be in accordance
necessary to substitute continuous tone, in each
with the following relations given in Table 4
case adjusting the level until the same pointer
below, between burst duration, burst repetition
deflection is observed.
period and indications, taking the reference
voltage as 1,94 V r.m.s. in both cases.

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5.9 Dynamic response below minimum The return speed (in decibels per second) should be
calibration point (normal mode) approximately constant.
On instruments intended for monitoring
5.9.1 Characteristic to be specified
multi-channel programmes, the difference in return
See clause 3.8. time should be less than 0,1 s.
5.9.2 Performance requirement
Isolated 10 ms tone bursts (of 5 kHz) at a level
5.14 Reversibility error
of 30 dB below reference voltage shall cause 5.14.1 Characteristic to be specified
perceptible movements of the pointer, for example See clause 3.13.
approximately 1 mm deflection at the tip of the
pointer. 5.14.2 Performance requirement
The reversibility error shall be not greater
5.10 Delay time (normal mode) than 0,5 dB.
5.10.1 Characteristic to be specified
5.15 Input impedance
See clause 3.9.
5.15.1 Characteristic to be specified
5.10.2 Performance requirement
See clause 3.14.
The delay time shall be not greater than 150 ms nor
less than 75 ms. 5.15.2 Performance requirement
It is recognized that too short a delay time is The input impedance shall be higher than 10 k7.
undesirable, as this can lead to significant
eye-fatigue problems with, for example, LCD 5.16 Distortion introduced by the peak
displays. A lower limit of 75 ms is, therefore, programme level meter
advisable to cover electronic displays, but this does 5.16.1 Characteristic to be specified
not affect conventional electromechanical
indicators. See clause 3.15.
5.16.2 Performance requirement
5.11 Integration time The total harmonic distortion introduced by the
5.11.1 Characteristic to be specified meter into a source of 600 7 impedance shall be less
than 0,1 % even if the supply voltage to the
See clause 3.10.
electronic unit is switched off.
5.11.2 Performance requirement
The integration time in normal mode shall be 10 ms. 5.17 Temperature range
5.17.1 Characteristic to be specified
5.12 Overswing
See clause 3.16.
5.12.1 Characteristic to be specified
5.17.2 Performance requirement
See clause 3.11.
The drift in indicated readings with a change in
5.12.2 Performance requirement ambient temperature from + 10 C to + 50 C shall
The overswing shall be not greater than 0,5 dB. not exceed the following:
--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Correction of zero drift, by electrical adjustment,


5.13 Return time shall result in a reduction of calibration errors.
5.13.1 Characteristic to be specified
See clause 3.12.
5.13.2 Performance requirement
In normal mode, the time taken for the pointer to
return from mark 7 to mark 1 (type IIa) or from
mark + 12 to mark 12 (type IIb) shall
be 2,8 s 0,3 s. When the instrument is operating in
the slow mode, the return time defined in this way
shall be 3,8 s 0,5 s.

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Table 5 Drift in indicated readings


Type IIa scale Minimum 2 4 6
Type IIb scale (No-signal mark) 8 Test +8
Drift 3,75 % of scale length 1,3 dB 0,5 dB 0,2 dB

5.18 Overload characteristic Indicating devices having a similar lay-out which


(normal made) use cathode ray tubes (CRT) for example to provide
a continuous rather than incremental display shall
5.18.1 Characteristic to be specified meet the relevant requirements for visibility and
See clause 3.17. rise-time.
5.18.2 Performance requirement
6.2 Number of discrete elements in the
When the amplitude of isolated 5 kHz bursts display
of 1,5 ms duration, corresponding to reference
voltage, is increased by + 10 dB, the resulting Performance requirement
increase in reading shall be not less than + 5 dB and In general, as many elements as possible should be
not greater than + 10 dB. used to minimize the effect of eye-fatigue on the
observer. In order to obtain sufficient resolution a
5.19 Maximum input level minimum number of 100 elements shall be used,
5.19.1 Characteristic to be specified equally spaced over the entire scale length.
See clause 3.18. 6.3 Display resolution
5.19.2 Performance requirement Performance requirement
The maximum input level shall be at least 20 dB In the range from 5 dB above to 10 dB below
above reference voltage for an unlimited period of reference indication, the resolution shall be equal to
time. or better than 0,5 dB.
5.20 Supply voltage range 6.4 Indication of levels
5.20.1 Characteristic to be specified Performance requirement
See clause 3.19. In the range from 5 dB above to 10 dB below
5.20.2 Performance requirement reference indication, the discrete element
corresponding to a particular scale mark shall
For input levels between reference voltage
switch to its ON status only when the input level
and 10 dB below reference voltage, the
at reference frequency exceeds the level denoted by
corresponding indications shall not change with
the corresponding scale mark. Thus at reference
supply voltage by more than 0,5 dB with power
indication, the corresponding element shall switch
supply voltages between 20 % and + 10 % of the
to its ON status when the input level exceeds
rated value.
reference level. Small errors in indication caused by
the influence of temperature, power-supply
Section 6. Peak programme level
--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

variations, frequency response, etc., are measured


meters having incremental display as the difference between reference level and the
input level required just to switch the corresponding
6.1 General element to its ON status.
A peak programme level meter of type I or type II NOTE Outside the above-mentioned range a more relaxed
may be equipped with an incremental indicating specification may be applied.
device in place of or in addition to a conventional
moving-coil indicator. The display may consist of 6.5 Optical characteristics of displays
small lamps, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) or other 6.5.1 Contrast ratio
discrete elements arranged in a horizontal or
Performance requirement
vertical array.
The contrast ratio between the ON and the OFF
In order that such an instrument may be compatible
status of the elements shall be greater than 20.
with surrounding equipment and suitable for
continuous use by operators for long periods without
causing eye-strain of fatigue, the requirements
covered in this section shall be met in all respects.

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6.5.2 Readability 7.3 Number of discrete elements in the


Performance requirement display
Under ambient light conditions in the range 40 lx Performance requirement
to 400 lx, the display shall be legible within a space Twelve elements provide an acceptable compromise
angle of 90 and up to a distance of 1,5 m. The light between resolution and the onset of eye-fatigue.
intensity, radiated or reflected from each element,
shall be constant within 10 % for all elements in the The elements shall be equally spaced over the entire
display below reference indication. scale length.
For horizontal displays, the segments shall indicate
6.6 Operation above reference from the left.
indication For vertical displays, the segments shall indicate
progressively from the bottom. For stereo
Performance recommendations
applications the left channel display shall be to the
In this range it is recommended to change the left. If the displays are mounted one above the other,
colour, to increase the brightness or the width of the the left channel display shall be at the top.
display as a warning to the operator.
NOTE A switching frequency in the critical physiological range
A change of colour is preferred. of 10 Hz to 30 Hz should be avoided.
If the brightness is increased, the ratio is
--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

recommended to be at least 6. 7.4 Display resolution


Performance requirement
6.7 Displays using multiplex technique The scale should cover the range from 6 dB above
Performance requirement to 42 dB below reference indication.
The multiplex frequency should be as high as In the range from 6 dB above to 12 dB below
possible to avoid causing eye-fatigue to the observer. reference indication, the resolution shall be 3 dB or
A frequency resulting in the whole display being less per element. In the range from 12 dB to 42 dB
refreshed at least 50 times per second shall be used. below reference indication the resolution shall
be 6 dB or less per element.
6.8 Rate of element-switching An example is shown in Figure 3.
(switch-on switch-off times)
7.5 Amplitude-frequency response
Performance requirement
Performance requirement
During the return time the tail caused by the
element switching time should not exceed 0,5 dB, The effective frequency range ( 2 dB) shall be at
corresponding to approximately 40 ms. least 31,5 Hz to 16 kHz.

Section 7. Incremental peak 7.6 Integration time


programme level meters for secondary Performance requirement
and consumer applications The integration time shall be 5 ms, see clause 3.10.

7.1 General 7.7 Return time


These displays may consist of a number of discrete Performance requirement
elements arranged in arrays or bars. In order that
The return time shall be 1,7 s 0,3 s, when the
the indications on these instruments may correlate lower point is 20 dB below reference indication.
approximately with those on instruments used in
the production of programmes, the requirements 7.8 Reversibility error
covered in this section shall be met.
Performance requirement
7.2 Reference indication When the polarity of an unsymmetrical input signal
Characteristic to be specified is reversed, the response shall not change by more
than 1 dB.
An indication corresponding to the maximum
NOTE In situations where the required resolution of level is
continuous permitted programme level in the circuit smaller than the resolution of the display (clauses 7.5, 7.6
to which the meter is connected. This indication and 7.8) the source level should be varied in order to make the
should normally be marked 0 dB. measurement.

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Section 8. Classification for the


characteristics to be specified
8.1 Introduction

A = data which shall be marked by the


manufacturer on the rating plate;
B = data which shall be specified by the
manufacturer in the manual (descriptive
leaflet) and technical specification.

If more than one cross is shown in the table, the data


shall be given both on the rating plate and in the
manual and technical specification.
For markings affecting safety, reference shall be
made to IEC 65 or other appropriate safety
standards.

8.2 Classification

--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
Classification
Clause Characteristics to be specified
A B

Peak programme meters, type I and type II


4.1 and 5.2 Reference indication X
4.2 and 5.3 Reference input voltage X X
4.3 and 5.4 Division of the scale X
4.4 and 5.5 Amplitude-frequency response X
4.5 and 5.6 Dynamic response X
4.6 and 5.11 Integration time X
4.7 and 5.12 Overswing X
4.8 and 5.13 Return time X
4.9 and 5.14 Reversibility error X
4.10 and 5.15 Input impedance X
4.11 and 5.16 Distortion introduced by the peak programme level X
meter
4.12 and 5.17 Temperature range X
4.13 and 5.18 Overload characteristic X
4.14 and 5.19 Maximum input level X
4.15 and 5.20 Supply voltage range X X

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Dial Matt black

Scale marks White

6 mm in length for numbered marks and 4 mm in length for end-scale marks

Figures Positioned at upper ends of scale marks

Height: 2,5 mm to 3,5 mm

Pointer Parallel type

Nominal length: 45 mm

Width: 0,8 mm 0,2 mm

Minimum length visible at any reading: 50 %

Overlap on to scale marks: 3 mm to 4 mm

Total scale length measured along the arc defined by the tip of the pointer between the two end-scale
marks: 80 mm 5 mm
Figure 1 Preferred scale markings and dimensions for type IIa peak programme meters

--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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Scale shown full-size. Dimensions of scale and pointer are as stated for type IIa instrument in Figure 1.
Figure 2 Preferred scale markings for type IIb peak programme meters

Figure 3 Example of the display of an incremental peak programme level meter for
secondary applications

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Annex A (normative)
Slow mode of operation
The slow mode may be obtained by inserting a network with the following characteristics between the
output of the processing amplifier and the display device.
The total resistance of the meter circuit should be ascertained (including the output resistance Rs of the
processing amplifier, the resistance of display device Rm and any series resistance R1 provided to allow for
the possibility of adding extra display devices in series with the main one) and this value divided in the
proportions 13 : 10 (the former corresponding to the source resistance).
A capacitor of value such that when its value is multiplied by the total load resistance calculated above
gives a product equal to 1, 15 s should be connected between the points in the circuit which divide it in the
ratio previously mentioned.

Figure A.1 Circuit used to obtain the slow-indication mode

The values of C, Rx and Ry are determined by the following equations:

NOTE The above values apply to instruments having the logarithmic stage preceded by the integration circuit. Earlier instruments
arranged differently use other values in order to give the same readings on programme signals.
--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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Annex B (informative)
Details of preferred indicating instrument
Full-scale current
1 mA 2 %.
Calibration of indicating instrument
The relationship between the deflection and current shall be as shown in the following Table B.1, to an
accuracy of 1 % of the full-scale value:
Table B.1
Type IIa scale Type IIb scale mark % full-scale current
mark

Minimum scale value 0


1 12 10
2 8 22
3 4 35
--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

4 Test 51
5 +4 67
6 +8 80
7 + 12 93
Full scale 100

Damping
When a direct current giving a pointer deflection to mark 7 (0,93 mA) (type IIa) or + 12 (type IIb) is
suddenly applied from a source resistance of 100 k7 5 %, the pointer overshoot shall not exceed 5 % of
the steady-state reading.
Speed
When a rectangular, unidirectional pulse of the stated duration and with a peak e.m.f. equal to the steady
(d.c.) e.m.f. which causes a pointer deflection to the mark 7 (i.e. 0,93 mA) (type IIa) or + 12 (type IIb) is
applied to the indicating instrument from a source resistance of 6,2 k7 5 %, the response shall be as
follows:
Table B.2
Pulse duration Peak reading relative
to mark 7

ms dB

80 3,5 1
20 19 1

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Annex ZA (normative)
Other international publications quoted in this standard with the references of
the relevant European publications
When the international publication has been modified by CENELEC common modifications, indicated by
(mod), the relevant EN/HD applies.

IEC publication Date Title EN/HD Date


--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

65, mod 1985 Safety requirements for mains operated electronic HD 195 S6 1989
and related apparatus for household and similar
general use
268-1 1985 Sound system equipment HD 483.1 S2 1989
Part 1: General
268-2 1987 Part 2: Explanation of general terms and calculation HD 483.2 S2 1993
methods
268-3 1988 Part 3: Amplifiers HD 483.3 S2 1992
268-17 1990 Part 17: Standard volume indicators HD 483.17 S1 1992

Other publications quoted:

CMTT Recommendation 661: Signals for the alignment of international sound-programme


connections
CCITT Recommendation J.15: Lining-up and monitoring and international sound-programme
connection
CCITT Recommendation N.15: Maximum permissible power during an international
sound-programme transmission
CCIR Report 292-6: Measurement of programme level in sound broadcasting

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National Annex NA (informative)


Cross-references
Publication referred to Corresponding British Standard

HD 195 S6:1989 BS 415:1990 Specification for safety requirements for mains-operated electronic
and related apparatus for household and similar general use
BS 6840 Sound system equipment
HD 483.1 S2:1989 Part 1:1987 Methods for specifying and measuring general characteristics used
for equipment performance
HD 483.2 S2:1993 Part 2:1993 Glossary of general terms and calculation methods
HD 483.3 S2:1992 Part 3:1992 Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of sound
system amplifiers
HD 483.17 S1:1992 Part 17:1991 Methods for specifying and measuring the characteristics of
standard volume indicators

--``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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BS 6840-10:
1991
IEC 268-10: BSI British Standards Institution
1991
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