Steel Ch 4, Web Effects, 2009

© All Rights Reserved

11 views

Steel Ch 4, Web Effects, 2009

© All Rights Reserved

- new ppt
- Hdpe Upheval Buckiling Claculation
- EC4_DesignOfCompositeColumns.pdf
- Ultra High Performance Concrete in Large Span Shell Structures
- Paper 38
- buckling of coloumn
- Connections
- Buckling Nonuniform Member
- csuserman
- Rangka_balok_WF400x200
- Buckling strength of multi-story sway, non-sway and partially-sway frames with semi-rigid connections
- Biaxial Bending of Long Columns
- Strength of Materials
- AS-LAB-man-I
- 77_Study.pdf
- T11a
- Introduction to Plate Behaviour and Design
- 9-1239
- [Archives of Civil Engineering] Lateral-Torsional Buckling of Beams Elastically Restrained Against Warping at Supports (1).pdf
- Presentation - Vogt - Second Lizzi Scholarship - Buckling of Slender Piles.pdf

You are on page 1of 10

1

RESISTANCE TO TRANSVERSE FORCES (EN1993-1-5, Cl.6)

Under concentrated loading from loads or reactions, webs may fail in bearing or buckling, as shown in

the diagrams below. When loads or reactions are applied through the flange to the web the resistance

of the beams to these forces should be assessed. The web has a certain amount of resistance to failure

and this can be assessed using the methods given in EN1993-1-5, Cl.6. If the resistance of the web is

exceed, stiffeners can be added at the point where the loads or reactions are present, to strengthen the

web. This would be in the form of plates welded to the web and flanges at right angles to the web.

In this module, we will consider the strength of the unstiffened web of a beam, but not the design of

stiffeners.

Under concentrated loading, from applied point loads or from support reactions, the web of a beam

may fail as shown in the figures below.

ss Assumed load

dispersion

WEB BEARING

WEB BUCKLING

The standard checks that the capacity is not exceeded. Stiffeners should be provided where the local

compressive force FEd applied through the flange by loads or reactions exceeds the capacity FRd of the

unstiffened web. In this module we will consider the capacity of the web, but not the design of

stiffeners.

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.2

Cl.6.1 of EN1993-1-5 states that resistance of webs of rolled beams may be determined in accordance

with Cl.6.2 of EN1993-1-5, provided that the compression flange is adequately restrained in the lateral

direction. There are three types of load application considered, and shown in Figure 6.1 from EN1993-

1-5 below:-

b) though one flange and transferred through the web directly to the other flange,

c) through one flange adjacent to an unstiffened end.

From Cl.6.2 of EN1993-1-5, for unstiffened or stiffened webs, the design resistance under transverse

forces should be taken as

f yw Leff t w

FRd

M1

where tw is the thickness of the web

fyw is the yield strength of the web

Leff is the effective length for resistance to transverse forces, which should be determined

from:-

Leff = F y

where y is the effective loaded length (from Cl.6.5 of EN1993-1-5) appropriate to the length of stiff

bearing ss (from Cl.6.3 of EN1993-1-5)

F is the reduction factor due to local buckling (from Cl.6.4(1) of EN1993-1-5)

The stiff bearing length is the length over which the applied load is effectively distributed. The slope

of load dispersion is taken as 1:1 (45o). However, ss should not be taken as larger than hw, the depth of

the web. Figure 6.2 from EN1993-1-5 gives several examples of ss and this is shown below:-

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.3

0 .5

F 1 .0

F

y t w f yw

where F

Fcr

3

t

Fcr 0.9 k F E w

hw

where kF is taken from Figure 6.1 above for the particular case.

tw is the thickness of the web

fyw is the yield strength of the web

y is the effective loaded length (from Cl.6.5 of EN1993-1-5)

The effective loaded length y depends on various factors including m1 and m2.

f yf b f

m1

f yw t w

2

h

m2 0.02 w if F 0.5

t

f

m2 0 if F 0.5

Since the value of m2 which should be used is dependent on the value of F , try the first expression

and if F turns out to be > 0.5, then use the other expression for m2.

The expression to be used for y depends on the type of loading arrangement from Figure 6.1 above. If

the loading arrangement is types (a) or (b) then :-

y s s 2t f 1 m1 m2 , but y distance between adjacent transverse stiffeners.

If the loading arrangement is type (c) then y should be taken as the smallest value from the equations

below:-

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.4

2

m1 e

y e t f m2

2 t f

OR

y e t f m1 m2

2

k F E tw

where e ss c

2 f yw hw

VERIFICATION (Cl.6.6)

The local compressive force FEd applied through the flange by loads or reactions is compared to the

capacity FRd of the unstiffened web.

FEd

1 .0

FRd

FEd

2 1.0

f yw Leff t w

M1

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.5

EXAMPLE 1

The grade S275, 254 x 146 x 37 UB shown below supports a factored load of 220kN applied by a

203 x 133 x 30 UB. The flange of the 254 x 146 x 37 UB is restrained against rotation relative to the

web and lateral movement relative to the other flange. Check the 254 x 146 x 37 UB for resistance to

transverse forces and hence show that no stiffeners are required.

The type of load application in Figure 6.1 of EN1993-1-5 is type (a). However, there are no vertical

stiffeners on this beam as shown in Figure 6.1.

f yw Leff t w

FRd

M1

where tw is the thickness of the web

fyw is the yield strength of the web

Leff is the effective length for resistance to transverse forces, which should be determined

from:-

Leff = F y

where y is the effective loaded length (from Cl.6.5 of EN1993-1-5) appropriate to the length of stiff

bearing ss (from Cl.6.3 of EN1993-1-5)

F is the reduction factor due to local buckling (from Cl.6.4(1) of EN1993-1-5)

Note that this is using the dimensions of the 203 x 133 x 30UB.

0 .5

F 1 .0

F

y t w f yw

where F

Fcr

t3

Fcr 0 .9 k F E w

hw

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.6

where kF is taken from Figure 6.1 above for the particular case.

tw is the thickness of the web

fyw is the yield strength of the web

y is the effective loaded length (from Cl.6.5 of EN1993-1-5)

2

h

k F 6 2 w

a

hw is the depth of the web and for the lower beam 254 x 146 x 37 UB:-

The value of a is large as there are no vertical stiffeners. This means that the second term in the

equation tends to zero, therefore take kF = 6.

t w3 6.33

Fcr 0.9k F E 0.9 6 210000 1210731N

hw 234.2

From Table 3.1 of EN1993-1-1, the yield strength fy = 275N/mm2. fyf the yield strength of the flange

and fyw the yield strength of the web are also 275N/mm2.

f yf b f 275 146.4

m1 23.24

f ywt w 275 6.3

2

h 234.2

2

t 10.9

f

y ss 2t f 1 m1 m2 34.4 2 10.9 1 23.24 9.23 180.4mm

y t w f yw 180.4 6.3 275

F 0.508 This is > 0.5, therefore OK for value of m2 used.

Fcr 1210731

0.5 0. 5

F 0.984 1.0

F 0.508

FRd 10 3 308kN

M1 1.0

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.7

FEd 220

0.71 1.0 therefore satisfactory, and no stiffeners are required.

FRd 308

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.8

EXAMPLE 2

The beam in Example 2 of chapter 3 will be checked for resistance to transverse forces. The beam

selected in that example was a grade S275, 406 x 178 x 54 UB. At each end, the beams is supported by

a 125 x 75 x 12 angle, and the factored reaction force at this point is 131.7kN. The flange of the beam

is restrained against rotation relative to the web and lateral movement relative to the other flange.

3mm

406 x 178 x 54 UB

ss

125 x 75 12 L

The type of load application in Figure 6.1 of EN1993-1-5 is type (c). Although the load is applied

from beneath, it is the same type of loading arrangement at the end of a beam.

f yw Leff t w

FRd

M1

where tw is the thickness of the web

fyw is the yield strength of the web

Leff is the effective length for resistance to transverse forces, which should be determined

from:-

Leff = F y

where y is the effective loaded length (from Cl.6.5 of EN1993-1-5) appropriate to the length of stiff

bearing ss (from Cl.6.3 of EN1993-1-5)

F is the reduction factor due to local buckling (from Cl.6.4(1) of EN1993-1-5)

The stiff bearing length, using the principles from Figure 6.2 of EN1993-1-5 is:-

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.9

0 .5

F 1 .0

F

y t w f yw

where F

Fcr

3

t

Fcr 0.9 k F E w

hw

where kF is taken from Figure 6.1 above for the particular case.

tw is the thickness of the web

fyw is the yield strength of the web

y is the effective loaded length (from Cl.6.5 of EN1993-1-5)

s c 26 0

k F 2 6 s 2 6 2.04 6

hw 380.8

t w3 7 .7 3

Fcr 0.9k F E 0.9 2.04 210000 462240 N

hw 380.8

From Table 3.1 of EN1993-1-1, the yield strength fy = 275N/mm2. fyf the yield strength of the flange

and fyw the yield strength of the web are also 275N/mm2.

f yf b f 275 177.7

m1 23.08

f yw t w 275 7.7

2

h 380.8

2

t 10.9

f

For loading arrangement type (c) from Figure 6.1, y is the smaller value from two equations:-

2

k F E tw

e ss c

2 f yw hw

2

kF E tw 2.04 210000 7.7 2

121.3mm

2 f yw hw 2 275 380.8

s s c 26 0 26mm

Therefore e = 26mm

2

m1 e

2

23.08 26

y e t f m2 26 10.9 24.41 96.34mm

2 t f 2 10.9

OR

y e t f m1 m2 26 10.9 23.08 24.41 101.1mm

University of the West of Scotland, Civil Engineering STEEL/4.10

Therefore y = 96.34mm

F 0.664 This is > 0.5, therefore OK for value of m2 used.

Fcr 462240

0.5 0 .5

F 0.753 1.0

F 0.664

FRd 153603 N 154kN

M1 1 .0

FEd 131.7

0.86 1.0 therefore satisfactory, and no stiffeners are required.

FRd 154

- new pptUploaded byNirbhay Tiwary
- Hdpe Upheval Buckiling ClaculationUploaded byPipeline Engineer
- EC4_DesignOfCompositeColumns.pdfUploaded bytoliveira80
- Ultra High Performance Concrete in Large Span Shell StructuresUploaded byJiabin Li
- Paper 38Uploaded bypradeepjoshi007
- buckling of coloumnUploaded byKumar Gaurav Singh
- ConnectionsUploaded byTyumuu Feweu
- Buckling Nonuniform MemberUploaded bygwatteeuw
- csusermanUploaded byMarcos Amorim
- Rangka_balok_WF400x200Uploaded bysipil123
- Buckling strength of multi-story sway, non-sway and partially-sway frames with semi-rigid connectionsUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- Biaxial Bending of Long ColumnsUploaded bySandeep Agarwal
- Strength of MaterialsUploaded byAbi Nesh
- AS-LAB-man-IUploaded byVadivel Aero
- 77_Study.pdfUploaded byshivani
- T11aUploaded bylimbv
- Introduction to Plate Behaviour and DesignUploaded byMona Raftari
- 9-1239Uploaded byAbdul Aziz
- [Archives of Civil Engineering] Lateral-Torsional Buckling of Beams Elastically Restrained Against Warping at Supports (1).pdfUploaded byAnonymous hprsT3WlP
- Presentation - Vogt - Second Lizzi Scholarship - Buckling of Slender Piles.pdfUploaded byAntonio López
- Lab 4Uploaded byZainal Abiden Bin Hani
- CVE 407 note 1.docUploaded byAbraham Amodu
- Simplified Design Procedures for Fiber Composite Structural CompositesUploaded byVesa Räisänen
- 2017 Structural Requirements Compliance FormUploaded byPero
- 05 Design of high strength steel reinforced concrete columns (2018).pdfUploaded byAndrec Crs Crs
- Kupdf.net Pravilnik 316Uploaded byfilmulog
- ICPaper8Uploaded byReva
- Kashani Et Al Accepted Manuscript 1Uploaded byPuneet Kaura
- 2011 Failure Analysis of Transmission Line TowersUploaded byS R Kumar Konathala
- Builtup Compression Member - PrnUploaded byRutvik Sheth

- Our crumbling buildings, glasgowUploaded byChris Findlay
- 06-GB Moment ConnectionsUploaded bycbler
- Cleaning Sandstone - risksUploaded byChris Findlay
- Floor SystemsUploaded byChris Findlay
- Tatasteel-patternbook.pdfUploaded byChris Findlay
- Evolution and Sustainability of in-situ Concrete Flat Slabs in Office BuildingsUploaded byChris Findlay
- Abstract - Sustainability - Assessment of the PotentialUploaded byChris Findlay
- wave energyUploaded byChris Findlay
- Structural Efficiency (1)Uploaded byChris Findlay
- 6-Bridge Inspection and Repair Methods-Timber Bridge Repair Details and Best PracticesUploaded byChris Findlay
- Part-7.pdfUploaded byBiswajeet Panda
- TBMM_Part2Uploaded byChris Findlay
- ACI 211.1Uploaded byduke5550
- 7936 Anacostia Riverwalk Trail Pedestrian Bridge to the National Arboretum Project Synopsis Dec2017Uploaded byChris Findlay
- Yath Dalby Building Report 07Uploaded byChris Findlay
- Composite Slim Floor Beams with shear connectionsUploaded byChris Findlay
- F14-856 - Demolition and Site Clearance DocumentUploaded byChris Findlay
- Structural Steelwork Design Brief 2010-2011Uploaded byoloanodelpozo
- 3 Industrial FloorsUploaded byvikram_1578e
- AppendixHPreContractStageRiskRegister.pdfUploaded byChris Findlay
- Raymond JoyceUploaded byChris Findlay
- Mills Analysisofthecost 2010Uploaded byChris Findlay
- Appendix L Warrington Risk RegisterUploaded byChris Findlay
- Suds and the Draft Flood and Water Managent BillUploaded byChris Findlay
- Oddicombe Beach Chalet Rebuild - Risk RegisterUploaded byChris Findlay
- Moment Distribution MethodUploaded bySamuel Shim
- Wat Rm 08 Regulation of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems SudsUploaded byChris Findlay
- SBI-Sustainability_of_steel_framed_buildings.pdfUploaded byChris Findlay
- Economic aspects of using steel framed buildings with composite floors.pdfUploaded byChris Findlay

- Behaviour Coefficient Assessment for Soft Storey StructuresUploaded byyasser_goldstone
- Polyethersulfone PESUploaded byPastrama Anamaria
- PB-1 Extrusion ManualUploaded byLubomirBenicek
- Retaing Wall FormatUploaded byYazer Arafath
- Tabla 5.6 FemaUploaded byChristian Hernández
- 2014 01 Brown_Drilled Shaft LRFDUploaded byNader Mehdawi
- Tension PileUploaded byVera Cupez
- Basics Steel SSEDTA Portal Frame 1-103Uploaded byRealmak Aweni
- 04Electrostatic-SenAct_44Uploaded byradhika
- Kaiser Aluminum Alloy 2011 Hard Alloy Rod and Bar Technical DataUploaded byweltwind
- Ch-2_ Simple StrainUploaded bySirajul Islam
- 00672556Uploaded byd_fili
- Bollhoff Rivkle Blind Rivet NutsUploaded byAce Industrial Supplies
- n 59018491Uploaded byozkanhasan
- Materials ChartUploaded byRajaSekarsajja
- SikaGrout® -114 - PDSUploaded bysrikanthi20
- DCS-026 Dtd 08.08.10 Method Statement for Water Tank Walls Casting With BlockoutsUploaded bymirza057
- 308.1-98Uploaded byfarhadam
- riser -28-6Uploaded byJai Krishna Sahith
- Experimental Investigation of Various Welding Parameters on TIG Welding of Aluminium Alloy-2014Uploaded byIJIRST
- Technical Manual WholeUploaded byVincent Mutambirwa
- Scc_tb_enu Scia.esa Pt Steel Code CheckUploaded byrwaidaabbas
- G 142 - 98 _RZE0MI05OA__.pdfUploaded byPrakash Makadia
- Standards AKTUploaded byVicky Gautam
- Spider and 1Uploaded byJEYASINGHG
- Mechanical Properties of Natural Building Stone ModifiedUploaded bymarin_s
- IS 617Uploaded byAnupam0103
- Minimum Transverse Reinforcement in 65 MPa Concrete BeamsUploaded byHuda Jawad
- Simplified Modified Compression Field Theory for Calculating Shear Strength of Reinforced Concrete ElementsUploaded byTooma David
- Approval Z-12.5-96Uploaded bybmndevelop