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Republic of the Philippines

Congress of the Philippines
Metro Manila
Eighth Congress

Republic Act No. 6713 February 20, 1989

AN ACT ESTABLISHING A CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICAL STANDARDS FOR
PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES, TO UPHOLD THE TIME-HONORED
PRINCIPLE OF PUBLIC OFFICE BEING A PUBLIC TRUST, GRANTING
INCENTIVES AND REWARDS FOR EXEMPLARY SERVICE, ENUMERATING
PROHIBITED ACTS AND TRANSACTIONS AND PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR
VIOLATIONS THEREOF AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress
assembled:
Section 1. Title. - This Act shall be known as the "Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for
Public Officials and Employees."
Section 2. Declaration of Policies. - It is the policy of the State to promote a high standard of
ethics in public service. Public officials and employees shall at all times be accountable to the
people and shall discharge their duties with utmost responsibility, integrity, competence, and
loyalty, act with patriotism and justice, lead modest lives, and uphold public interest over
personal interest.
Section 3. Definition of Terms. - As used in this Act, the term:
(a) "Government" includes the National Government, the local governments, and all other
instrumentalities, agencies or branches of the Republic of the Philippines including government-
owned or controlled corporations, and their subsidiaries.lawphi1.net
(b) "Public Officials" includes elective and appointive officials and employees, permanent or
temporary, whether in the career or non-career service, including military and police personnel,
whether or not they receive compensation, regardless of amount.
(c) "Gift" refers to a thing or a right to dispose of gratuitously, or any act or liberality, in favor of
another who accepts it, and shall include a simulated sale or an ostensibly onerous disposition
thereof. It shall not include an unsolicited gift of nominal or insignificant value not given in
anticipation of, or in exchange for, a favor from a public official or employee.
(d) "Receiving any gift" includes the act of accepting directly or indirectly, a gift from a person
other than a member of his family or relative as defined in this Act, even on the occasion of a
family celebration or national festivity like Christmas, if the value of the gift is neither nominal
nor insignificant, or the gift is given in anticipation of, or in exchange for, a favor.
(e) "Loan" covers both simple loan and commodatum as well as guarantees, financing
arrangements or accommodations intended to ensure its approval.
(f) "Substantial stockholder" means any person who owns, directly or indirectly, shares of stock
sufficient to elect a director of a corporation. This term shall also apply to the parties to a voting
trust.
(g) "Family of public officials or employees" means their spouses and unmarried children under
eighteen (18) years of age.
(h) "Person" includes natural and juridical persons unless the context indicates otherwise.
(i) "Conflict of interest" arises when a public official or employee is a member of a board, an
officer, or a substantial stockholder of a private corporation or owner or has a substantial interest
in a business, and the interest of such corporation or business, or his rights or duties therein, may
be opposed to or affected by the faithful performance of official duty.
(j) "Divestment" is the transfer of title or disposal of interest in property by voluntarily,
completely and actually depriving or dispossessing oneself of his right or title to it in favor of a
person or persons other than his spouse and relatives as defined in this Act.
(k) "Relatives" refers to any and all persons related to a public official or employee within the
fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity, including bilas, inso and balae.
Section 4. Norms of Conduct of Public Officials and Employees. - (A) Every public official and

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employee shall observe the following as standards of personal conduct in the discharge and
execution of official duties:
(a) Commitment to public interest. - Public officials and employees shall always uphold the
public interest over and above personal interest. All government resources and powers of their
respective offices must be employed and used efficiently, effectively, honestly and economically,
particularly to avoid wastage in public funds and revenues.
(b) Professionalism. - Public officials and employees shall perform and discharge their duties
with the highest degree of excellence, professionalism, intelligence and skill. They shall enter
public service with utmost devotion and dedication to duty. They shall endeavor to discourage
wrong perceptions of their roles as dispensers or peddlers of undue patronage.
(c) Justness and sincerity. - Public officials and employees shall remain true to the people at all
times. They must act with justness and sincerity and shall not discriminate against anyone,
especially the poor and the underprivileged. They shall at all times respect the rights of others,
and shall refrain from doing acts contrary to law, good morals, good customs, public policy,
public order, public safety and public interest. They shall not dispense or extend undue favors on
account of their office to their relatives whether by consanguinity or affinity except with respect
to appointments of such relatives to positions considered strictly confidential or as members of
their personal staff whose terms are coterminous with theirs.
(d) Political neutrality. - Public officials and employees shall provide service to everyone without
unfair discrimination and regardless of party affiliation or preference.
(e) Responsiveness to the public. - Public officials and employees shall extend prompt,
courteous, and adequate service to the public. Unless otherwise provided by law or when
required by the public interest, public officials and employees shall provide information of their
policies and procedures in clear and understandable language, ensure openness of information,
public consultations and hearings whenever appropriate, encourage suggestions, simplify and
systematize policy, rules and procedures, avoid red tape and develop an understanding and
appreciation of the socio-economic conditions prevailing in the country, especially in the
depressed rural and urban areas.
(f) Nationalism and patriotism. - Public officials and employees shall at all times be loyal to the
Republic and to the Filipino people, promote the use of locally produced goods, resources and
technology and encourage appreciation and pride of country and people. They shall endeavor to
maintain and defend Philippine sovereignty against foreign intrusion.
(g) Commitment to democracy. - Public officials and employees shall commit themselves to the
democratic way of life and values, maintain the principle of public accountability, and manifest
by deeds the supremacy of civilian authority over the military. They shall at all times uphold the
Constitution and put loyalty to country above loyalty to persons or party.
(h) Simple living. - Public officials and employees and their families shall lead modest lives
appropriate to their positions and income. They shall not indulge in extravagant or ostentatious
display of wealth in any form.
(B) The Civil Service Commission shall adopt positive measures to promote (1) observance of
these standards including the dissemination of information programs and workshops authorizing
merit increases beyond regular progression steps, to a limited number of employees recognized
by their office colleagues to be outstanding in their observance of ethical standards; and (2)
continuing research and experimentation on measures which provide positive motivation to
public officials and employees in raising the general level of observance of these standards.
Section 5. Duties of Public Officials and Employees. - In the performance of their duties, all
public officials and employees are under obligation to:lawphi1.net
(a) Act promptly on letters and requests. - All public officials and employees shall, within fifteen
(15) working days from receipt thereof, respond to letters, telegrams or other means of
communications sent by the public. The reply must contain the action taken on the request.
(b) Submit annual performance reports. - All heads or other responsible officers of offices and
agencies of the government and of government-owned or controlled corporations shall, within
forty-five (45) working days from the end of the year, render a performance report of the agency
or office or corporation concerned. Such report shall be open and available to the public within
regular office hours.
(c) Process documents and papers expeditiously. - All official papers and documents must be
processed and completed within a reasonable time from the preparation thereof and must contain,

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as far as practicable, not more than three (3) signatories therein. In the absence of duly
authorized signatories, the official next-in-rank or officer in charge shall sign for and in their
behalf.
(d) Act immediately on the public's personal transactions. - All public officials and employees
must attend to anyone who wants to avail himself of the services of their offices and must, at all
times, act promptly and expeditiously.
(e) Make documents accessible to the public. - All public documents must be made accessible to,
and readily available for inspection by, the public within reasonable working hours.
Section 6. System of Incentives and Rewards. - A system of annual incentives and rewards is
hereby established in order to motivate and inspire public servants to uphold the highest
standards of ethics. For this purpose, a Committee on Awards to Outstanding Public Officials and
Employees is hereby created composed of the following: the Ombudsman and Chairman of the
Civil Service Commission as Co-Chairmen, and the Chairman of the Commission on Audit, and
two government employees to be appointed by the President, as members.
It shall be the task of this Committee to conduct a periodic, continuing review of the
performance of public officials and employees, in all the branches and agencies of Government
and establish a system of annual incentives and rewards to the end that due recognition is given
to public officials and employees of outstanding merit on the basis of the standards set forth in
this Act.
The conferment of awards shall take into account, among other things, the following: the years
of service and the quality and consistency of performance, the obscurity of the position, the level
of salary, the unique and exemplary quality of a certain achievement, and the risks or temptations
inherent in the work. Incentives and rewards to government officials and employees of the year
to be announced in public ceremonies honoring them may take the form of bonuses, citations,
directorships in government-owned or controlled corporations, local and foreign scholarship
grants, paid vacations and the like. They shall likewise be automatically promoted to the next
higher position with the commensurate salary suitable to their qualifications. In case there is no
next higher position or it is not vacant, said position shall be included in the budget of the office
in the next General Appropriations Act. The Committee on Awards shall adopt its own rules to
govern the conduct of its activities.
Section 7. Prohibited Acts and Transactions. - In addition to acts and omissions of public
officials and employees now prescribed in the Constitution and existing laws, the following shall
constitute prohibited acts and transactions of any public official and employee and are hereby
declared to be unlawful:
(a) Financial and material interest. - Public officials and employees shall not, directly or
indirectly, have any financial or material interest in any transaction requiring the approval of
their office.
(b) Outside employment and other activities related thereto. - Public officials and employees
during their incumbency shall not:
(1) Own, control, manage or accept employment as officer, employee, consultant, counsel,
broker, agent, trustee or nominee in any private enterprise regulated, supervised or licensed by
their office unless expressly allowed by law;
(2) Engage in the private practice of their profession unless authorized by the Constitution or
law, provided, that such practice will not conflict or tend to conflict with their official functions;
or
(3) Recommend any person to any position in a private enterprise which has a regular or pending
official transaction with their office.
These prohibitions shall continue to apply for a period of one (1) year after resignation,
retirement, or separation from public office, except in the case of subparagraph (b) (2) above, but
the professional concerned cannot practice his profession in connection with any matter before
the office he used to be with, in which case the one-year prohibition shall likewise apply.
(c) Disclosure and/or misuse of confidential information. - Public officials and employees shall
not use or divulge, confidential or classified information officially known to them by reason of
their office and not made available to the public, either:
(1) To further their private interests, or give undue advantage to anyone; or
(2) To prejudice the public interest.
(d) Solicitation or acceptance of gifts. - Public officials and employees shall not solicit or accept,

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directly or indirectly, any gift, gratuity, favor, entertainment, loan or anything of monetary value
from any person in the course of their official duties or in connection with any operation being
regulated by, or any transaction which may be affected by the functions of their office.
As to gifts or grants from foreign governments, the Congress consents to:
(i) The acceptance and retention by a public official or employee of a gift of nominal value
tendered and received as a souvenir or mark of courtesy;
(ii) The acceptance by a public official or employee of a gift in the nature of a scholarship or
fellowship grant or medical treatment; or
(iii) The acceptance by a public official or employee of travel grants or expenses for travel taking
place entirely outside the Philippine (such as allowances, transportation, food, and lodging) of
more than nominal value if such acceptance is appropriate or consistent with the interests of the
Philippines, and permitted by the head of office, branch or agency to which he belongs.
The Ombudsman shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purpose of
this subsection, including pertinent reporting and disclosure requirements.
Nothing in this Act shall be construed to restrict or prohibit any educational, scientific or cultural
exchange programs subject to national security requirements.
Section 8. Statements and Disclosure. - Public officials and employees have an obligation to
accomplish and submit declarations under oath of, and the public has the right to know, their
assets, liabilities, net worth and financial and business interests including those of their spouses
and of unmarried children under eighteen (18) years of age living in their households.
(A) Statements of Assets and Liabilities and Financial Disclosure. - All public officials and
employees, except those who serve in an honorary capacity, laborers and casual or temporary
workers, shall file under oath their Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth and a
Disclosure of Business Interests and Financial Connections and those of their spouses and
unmarried children under eighteen (18) years of age living in their households.
The two documents shall contain information on the following:
(a) real property, its improvements, acquisition costs, assessed value and current fair market
value;
(b) personal property and acquisition cost;
(c) all other assets such as investments, cash on hand or in banks, stocks, bonds, and the like;
(d) liabilities, and;
(e) all business interests and financial connections.
The documents must be filed:
(a) within thirty (30) days after assumption of office;
(b) on or before April 30, of every year thereafter; and
(c) within thirty (30) days after separation from the service.
All public officials and employees required under this section to file the aforestated documents
shall also execute, within thirty (30) days from the date of their assumption of office, the
necessary authority in favor of the Ombudsman to obtain from all appropriate government
agencies, including the Bureau of Internal Revenue, such documents as may show their assets,
liabilities, net worth, and also their business interests and financial connections in previous years,
including, if possible, the year when they first assumed any office in the Government.
Husband and wife who are both public officials or employees may file the required statements
jointly or separately.
The Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth and the Disclosure of Business Interests and
Financial Connections shall be filed by:
(1) Constitutional and national elective officials, with the national office of the Ombudsman;
(2) Senators and Congressmen, with the Secretaries of the Senate and the House of
Representatives, respectively; Justices, with the Clerk of Court of the Supreme Court; Judges,
with the Court Administrator; and all national executive officials with the Office of the President.
(3) Regional and local officials and employees, with the Deputy Ombudsman in their respective
regions;
(4) Officers of the armed forces from the rank of colonel or naval captain, with the Office of the
President, and those below said ranks, with the Deputy Ombudsman in their respective regions;
and
(5) All other public officials and employees, defined in Republic Act No. 3019, as amended, with
the Civil Service Commission.

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and who. Penalties. If the violation is punishable by a heavier penalty under another law. subject in each instance to the approval by affirmative vote of the majority of the particular House concerned. Section 10. shall be subject to the same penal liabilities as the public officials or employees and shall be tried jointly with them. to the best of his knowledge and information. Section 11. in the case of the Judicial Department. . 8 or 9 of this Act shall be punishable with imprisonment not exceeding five (5) years.(a) Any public official or employee. or both. are complete. Review and Compliance Procedure. The Court in which such 5 .(B) Identification and disclosure of relatives. in violation of this Act. (C) Accessibility of documents. .It shall be unlawful for any person to obtain or use any statement filed under this Act for: (a) any purpose contrary to morals or public policy.A public official or employee shall avoid conflicts of interest at all times. shall be made available for inspection at reasonable hours. After such period. Section 9. to persons covered by this Act. he shall be prosecuted under the latter statute. (4) Any statement filed under this Act shall be available to the public for a period of ten (10) years after receipt of the statement. his relatives in the Government in the form. (D) Prohibited acts. The individual to whom an opinion is rendered. regardless of whether or not he holds office or employment in a casual. or (b) any commercial purpose other than by news and communications media for dissemination to the general public.(a) The designated Committees of both Houses of the Congress shall establish procedures for the review of statements to determine whether said statements which have been submitted on time.(1) Any and all statements filed under this Act. in the case of the Executive Department and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. and. permanent or regular capacity. he shall resign from his position in any private business enterprise within thirty (30) days from his assumption of office and/or divest himself of his shareholdings or interest within sixty (60) days from such assumption. accomplices or accessories. Divestment. . the designated Committees of both Houses of Congress shall have the power within their respective jurisdictions. or removal depending on the gravity of the offense after due notice and hearing by the appropriate body or agency. The requirement of divestment shall not apply to those who serve the Government in an honorary capacity nor to laborers and casual or temporary workers. Violations of Sections 7. (b) Any violation hereof proven in a proper administrative proceeding shall be sufficient cause for removal or dismissal of a public official or employee. (2) Such statements shall be made available for copying or reproduction after ten (10) working days from the time they are filed as required by law. with public officials or employees. subject to the approval of the Secretary of Justice. . committing any violation of this Act shall be punished with a fine not exceeding the equivalent of six (6) months' salary or suspension not exceeding one (1) year. and any other individual involved in a similar factual situation. holdover. (d) The official or employee concerned may bring an action against any person who obtains or uses a report for any purpose prohibited by Section 8 (D) of this Act. (c) Private individuals who participate in conspiracy as co-principals. to render any opinion interpreting this Act. or a fine not exceeding five thousand pesos (P5. disqualification to hold public office. The same rule shall apply where the public official or employee is a partner in a partnership. In the event a determination is made that a statement is not so filed. even if no criminal prosecution is instituted against him. in writing. When a conflict of interest arises. (3) Any person requesting a copy of a statement shall be required to pay a reasonable fee to cover the cost of reproduction and mailing of such statement. the statement may be destroyed unless needed in an ongoing investigation. (b) In order to carry out their responsibilities under this Act. the appropriate Committee shall so inform the reporting individual and direct him to take the necessary corrective action. manner and frequency prescribed by the Civil Service Commission. temporary.It shall be the duty of every public official or employee to identify and disclose. (c) The heads of other offices shall perform the duties stated in subsections (a) and (b) hereof insofar as their respective offices are concerned.000). after issuance of the opinion acts in good faith in accordance with it shall not be subject to any sanction provided in this Act. and are in proper form. . . as well as the cost of certification. in the discretion of the court of competent jurisdiction.

. 6 . . .If any provision of this Act or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance is declared invalid. decrees and orders or parts thereof inconsistent herewith.The sum necessary for the effective implementation of this Act shall be taken from the appropriations of the Civil Service Commission.All laws. the latter shall apply. Approved. The Civil Service Commission is hereby authorized to promulgate rules and regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act. the remainder of the Act or the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected by such declaration.action is brought may assess against such person a penalty in any amount not to exceed twenty- five thousand pesos (P25. It shall transmit all cases for prosecution arising from violations of this Act to the proper authorities for appropriate action: Provided. Thereafter. unless the same provide for a heavier penalty. Section 16. . are deemed repealed or modified accordingly. or any regulation prescribed by any body or agency. Section 17. February 20. If another sanction hereunder or under any other law is heavier. however.The Civil Service Commission shall have the primary responsibility for the administration and enforcement of this Act. which provides for more stringent standards for its official and employees. Administration and Enforcement of this Act.000). Provisions for More Stringent Standards. The Ombudsman shall likewise take steps to protect citizens who denounce acts or omissions of public officials and employees which are in violation of this Act. Section 12. such sum as may be needed for its continued implementation shall be included in the annual General Appropriations Act. Promulgation of Rules and Regulations. Section 15. Section 14.This Act shall take effect after thirty (30) days following the completion of its publication in the Official Gazette or in two (2) national newspapers of general circulation. 1989. Effectivity. including guidelines for individuals who render free voluntary service to the Government. Repealing Clause. .Nothing in this Act shall be construed to derogate from any law. Section 13. That it may institute such administrative actions and disciplinary measures as may be warranted in accordance with law. Nothing in this provision shall be construed as a deprivation of the right of each House of Congress to discipline its Members for disorderly behavior. . Separability Clause. Appropriations.

development and professionalization of teachers and the teaching profession. SECTION 1. at the elementary and secondary levels in accordance with the curriculum prescribed by the Department of Education. whether on full-time or part-time basis. — This Act shall be known as the "Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994. the State shall ensure and promote quality education by proper supervision and regulation of the licensure examination and professionalization of the practice of the teaching profession. (b) "Teachers" — refers to all persons engaged in teaching at the elementary and secondary levels. ARTICLE II BOARD FOR PROFESSIONAL TEACHERS Sec. hereinafter called the Board.Republic Act 7836 Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994 Files: PDF icon Republic Act 7836 AN ACT TO STRENGTHEN THE REGULATION AND SUPERVISION OF THE PRACTICE OF TEACHING IN THE PHILIPPINES AND PRESCRIBING A LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. 2. and (b) The supervision and regulation of the licensure examination. a collegial body under the general supervision and administrative control of the Professional Regulation Commission. — The State recognizes the vital role of teachers in nation-building and development through a responsible and literate citizenry. Statement of Policy. composed of five (5) members who shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines from among the recommendees chosen by the Commission. 3. Creation and Composition of the Board." Sec. Objectives. 4.Towards this end. Culture and Sports. 5.The recommendees shall be chosen from the list of nominees selected by the accredited association of 7 . (c) "Board" — refers to the Board for Professional Teachers duly established and constituted under this Act. the following terms shall mean: (a) "Teaching" — refers to the profession concerned primarily with classroom instruction.cralaw Sec. hereinafter referred to as the Commission. including industrial arts or vocational teachers and all other persons performing supervisory and/or administrative functions in all schools in the aforesaid levels and qualified to practice teaching under this Act. whether on part-time or full-time basis in the private or public schools. (d) "Commission" — refers to the Professional Regulation Commission. — For purposes of this Act. — This Act has the herein objectives: (a) The promotion. Definition of Terms. — There is hereby created under this Act a Board for Professional Teachers. Sec. Short Title.

Vacancies shall be served for the unexpired term only. and one (1) member for three (3) years. and other personnel as needed who shall be entitled to a daily allowance to be fixed by the Board for every examination day actually attended. or revoke the certificate of registration for the practice of the teaching profession. 6. of proven integrity. No person who has served for two (2) consecutive terms shall be eligible for reappointment. the chairman. licensure and practice of professional teachers in the Philippines. The chairman and the voice-chairman of the Board shall be appointed from these five (5) members by the President: Provided. (k) Investigate such violations of this Act.teachers. and for this purpose. (d) Prescribe and collect examination and other fees as it may deem proper. appoint supervisors. Sec. administer and enforce rules and regulations necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Act in accordance with the charter of the Professional Regulation Commission. and places of examination. The chairman or any member shall take his oath of office prior to the performance of his duties. development and growth of education in the Philippines. 8. suspend. (b) Be at least thirty-five (35) years of age. 8 . That the members of the first Board appointed under this Act shall be automatically registered as professional teachers and issued with the certificate of registration and professional license upon payment of the fees for examination. enhancement. and other fees prescribed by the Commission. use buildings and facilities of public or private schools for examination purposes. registration. rules and regulations to take effect sixty (60) days after its publication in the Official Gazette or in any newspaper of general circulation. — The members of the Board shall hold office for a term of three (3) years from the date they assume office: Provided. (g) Supervise and regulate the registration. (b) Determine and fix the frequency. who duly possess all the qualifications prescribed in Section 8 of this Act. 7. vice-chairman. (e) Prescribe and/or adopt a code of ethical and professional standards for the practice of the teaching profession. — The Board shall have the following duties and functions: (a) Promulgate. Term of Office. the rules and the code of ethical and professional standards for professional teachers as it may come to the knowledge of the Board. Sec. to issue subpoena and subpoena duces tecum to secure the appearance of witnesses and the production of documents in connection therewith. proctors. dates. (f) Administer oaths in connection with the administration of this Act. Sec. and (l) Discharge such other powers. and possessed of high moral values in his personal as well as professional conduct and has not been convicted of any offense involving moral turpitude. adopt such measures as may be deemed proper for the enhancement and maintenance of high professional and ethical standards of the profession.Such ethical standards. (h) Adopt an official seal of the Board. (j) Ensure that all educational institutions offering elementary and secondary education comply with the essential requirements for curricula. (c) Issue. Qualification of Board Members. Duties and Function of the Board. — Each Board member must at the time of his appointment: (a) Be a citizen and resident of the Philippines.Appointment to fill an unexpired term shall be considered an appointment to a complete term. That the first appointees to the Board under this Act shall hold office according to the following terms: one (1) member shall serve for one (1) year. duties and functions as the Board may deem necessary for the practice of the teaching profession and the upgrading.cralaw (i) Look into the conditions affecting the practice of the teaching profession and whenever necessary. faculty and facilities for the elementary and secondary levels. one (1) member for two (2) years.

incompetence. shall provide the secretariat and other support services to implement effectively the provisions of this Act. Examination. — The chairman or any member of the Board may be removed by the President of the Philippines upon recommendation of the Commission for neglect of duty. Compensation of the Board. administrative cases and investigative cases and investigations involving professional teachers shall be kept by the Commission. 10. (d) Be a professional teacher with a valid certificate of registration and valid professional license. however. Sec. — The chairman. 11. The examination for teachers in the elementary level shall consist of two (2) parts. except as otherwise allowed under this Act. recognized and/or accredited by the Philippine government. — The Professional Regulation Commission. namely: professional education and general education. unprofessional. namely: professional education. ARTICLE III EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION Sec. — The Board shall be under the supervision and control of the Commission. he shall have complied with the following requirements: 9 . commission or toleration of irregularities in the examination. Sec. 9. 14. college. from a university. Sec. and neither connected with a review center or with any group or association where review classes or lectures in preparation for the licensure examination are offered or conducted. (e) Has been a professional teacher in the active practice of the teaching profession for at least ten (10) years in the elementary and secondary level. The examination for teachers in the secondary level shall consist of three (3) parts. Qualification Requirements of Applicants. computed on the basis of the number of examinees/candidates. A valid certificate of registration and a valid professional license from the Commission are required before any person is allowed to practice as a professional teacher in the Philippines. 15. academy or institute duly constituted. after having been given the opportunity to defend himself in a proper administrative investigation. All records. Sec. vice-chairman. Scope of Examination. — The examinations for the elementary and secondary school teachers shall be separate. — Except as otherwise specifically allowed under the provisions of this Act. school. and members of the Board shall receive compensation comparable to the compensation received by existing regulatory boards under the Professional Regulation Commission. Supervision of the Board and Custodian of its Records. (c) Be a holder of the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science in Education and preferably a holder of a master's or doctorate degree in education. save those members who shall compose the first Board for Professional Teachers. school. through its chairman. college. 12. the President may preventively suspend the respondent. minutes of deliberation. the membership to the Board shall be evenly distributed to cover all levels of education. Registration and License Required. or their equivalents.cralaw Sec. Sec. or institution conferring a bachelor's degree in education or its equivalents for at least three (3) years prior to his appointment. including equitable representation of the different fields of specialization. unethical. Secretariat and Support Services. examination papers and results. including applications for examination. Removal of a Board Member. and (f) Not be an official or member of the faculty of. immoral or dishonorable conduct. and field of specialization.That. — No applicant shall be admitted to take the examination unless. on the date of filing of the application. all applicants for registration as professional teachers shall be required to undergo a written examination which shall be given at least once a year in such places and dates as the Board may determine upon approval by the Commission. 13. Provided. nor have pecuniary interest in any university. In the course of investigation. general education.

no fee shall be required. Sec. upon payment of the registration fee. then he or she shall be required to take a DECS accredited refresher course or program before being allowed to retake the examination. (e) A graduate of a school. Sec. as evidence that the person named therein is entitled to practice the profession with all the rights and privileges appurtenant thereto. with at least eighteen (18) units in professional education. vice-chairman. Failure to Pass the Merit Examination. The certificate shall remain in full force and effect until withdrawn. — To encourage continuing professional growth and development and to provide additional basis for merit promotion. (b) At least eighteen (18) years of age. — If a teacher fails to pass the merit examination. a bachelor's degree in elementary education (BSEED) or its equivalent. Sec. Report of the Results of the Examination. and (4) For teachers of vocational and two-year technical courses. (2) For teachers in the elementary grades. be used as a ground for his/her dismissal or demotion. Should he or she fail to pass the merit examination for the second time. 20. a bachelor's degree in education or its equivalent with a major and minor. 17. within one hundred twenty (120) days after the examination. In taking this examination. college or university recognized by the government and possesses the minimum educational qualifications. Issuance of Certificate of Registration and Professional License. This license shall serve as evidence that the licensee can lawfully practice his profession until the expiration of its validity. however. Periodic Merit Examination of Teachers. and members of the Board. suspended and/or revoked in accordance with law. a bachelor's degree in early childhood education (BECED) or its equivalent. he or she shall be allowed to take the examination for a second time.cralaw A professional license signed by the chairman of the Commission and bearing the registration number and date of issuance thereof and the month of expiry or renewability shall likewise be issued to every registrant who has paid the annual registration fees for three (3) consecutive years. Failure of any permanent teacher to pass the merit examination shall not. Every registrant who has satisfactorily met all the requirements specified in this Act shall. report the ratings obtained by each candidate to the Professional Regulation Commission for approval and appropriate action. (c) In good health and of good reputation with high moral values. stamped with the official seal. be issued a certificate of registration as a professional teacher bearing the full name of the registrant with serial number and date of issuance signed by the chairman of the Commission and the chairman. — The registration of a professional teacher commences from the date his name is enrolled in the roster of professional teachers. in addition to their performance rating. Oath Before Practice. — The Board shall. — Every registrant shall be required to take his professional oath before practicing as a professional teacher. a bachelor's degree in the field of specialization or its equivalent. teachers may take an oral and written examination at least once in five (5) years as basis for merit promotion. (d) Has not been convicted by final judgment by a court for an offense involving moral turpitude. Sec. (3) For teachers in the secondary grades. 18. as follows: (1) For teachers in preschool. Sec. (a) A citizen of the Philippines or an alien whose country has reciprocity with the Philippines in the practice of the teaching profession. 19. or a bachelor's degree in arts and sciences with at least ten (10) units in professional education. 16. 10 .

— The teaching profession shall be integrated into one national organization which shall be recognized by the Board and the Commission as the one and only integrated and accredited association of professional teachers. Those who have been registered with the Board but are not members of the said integrated organization shall be allowed to register as members of the said integrated organization within three (3) years after the effectivity of this Act. (c) Declaration by a court of competent jurisdiction for being mentally unsound or insane. Membership in the integrated organization shall not be a bar to membership in other associations of the teaching profession. 24. develop new methods of teaching. every professional teacher shall be encouraged to become a member of the integrated national organization. Sec. 21. The professional teachers shall receive the benefits and privileges appurtenant to their membership in the said integrated and accredited organization of professional teachers only upon payment of the required membership fees and dues. 22. Incentives. 23.cralaw (g) Violation of any of the provisions of this Act. professional license or special/temporary permit. or be given a certificate of registration or be entitled to any of the rights and privileges provided under this Act. to suspend or revoke the certificate of registration of any registrant. (b) Earn merit points for purposes of promotion in salary or to a higher position or grade level. unless the country or state of which he is a subject permits Filipino professional teachers to practice within its territorial limits on the same basis as subjects or citizens of said country or state: Provided. Sec. The decision of the Board to revoke or suspend a certificate may be appealed to the regional trial court of the place where the Board holds office within fifteen (15) days from receipt of the said decision or of the denial of the motion for reconsideration filed in due time. — No teacher of a foreign nationality shall be admitted to the examination. and (h) Unjustified or willful failure to attend seminars. further. Registration by Reciprocity. write a book or books and create works of artistic merit. (b) Immoral. — Teachers who pass the merit examination shall: (a) Be awarded a diploma of merit by the Board. after due notice and hearing. Sec. to reprimand or to cancel the temporary/special permit of a holder thereof who is exempt from registration. the rules and regulations and other policies of the Board and the Commission. for any of the following causes: (a) Conviction for any criminal offense by a court of competent jurisdiction. and Cancellation of Temporary or Special Permit. workshops. (f) Chronic inebriety or habitual use of drugs. (c) Be placed in the priority list for government scholarship. Integration of the Teaching Profession.Sec. 11 . (e) The use of or perpetration of any fraud or deceit in obtaining a certificate of registration. gross incompetence. That the laws of such state or country grant the same privilege to Filipino professional teachers on the same basis as the subject or citizens of such foreign country or state. that the requirements of certification of teachers with said foreign state or country are substantially the same as those required and contemplated under this Act: Provided. and (d) Enjoy such other benefits as may be promulgated by the Board. gross negligence or serious ignorance of the practice of the teaching profession. Upon registration with the Board. conferences and the like or the continuing education program prescribed by the Board and the Commission. and the code of ethical and professional standards for professional teachers. Similar incentives shall be given to teachers who make inventions. unprofessional or dishonorable conduct. (d) Malpractice. Revocation of the Certificate of Registration. Suspension from the Practice of the Teaching Profession. — The Board shall have the power.

Sec. 27. is: (a) A holder of a certificate of eligibility as a teacher issued by the Civil Service Commission and the Department of Education. — A roster of professional teachers containing the names and addresses of professional teachers.00) or imprisonment of nor less than six (6) months nor more than five (5) years. elementary or secondary level. or (c) Not qualified under paragraphs one and two but with any of the following qualifications. whether in the preschool. Culture and Sports (DECS) pursuant to Presidential Decree No. That they shall be given two (2) years from the organization of the Board for professional teachers within which to register and be included in the roster of professional teachers: Provided. date of registration or issuance of certificate. at the discretion of the court:cralaw (a) Any person who practices the teaching profession in the Philippines without being certified 12 .000. the Department of Education. That those who have failed the licensure examination for professional teachers shall be eligible as para-teachers and as such. 28. Provided. Penal Provisions. further. — Except as otherwise allowed under this Act. who at the time of the approval of this Act. Copies of the roster shall be provided by the Commission to the Board. and shall be assigned by the Department of Education. That those incumbent teachers who are not qualified to register without examination under this Act or who. Registration and Exception. orcralaw (b) A registered professional teacher with the National Board for Teachers under the Department of Education. Roster of Professional Teachers. ARTICLE IV PROVISIONS RELATIVE TO THE PRACTICE OF THE TEACHING PROFESSION Sec. Sec. were unable to register within the two-year period shall be issued a five-year temporary or special permit from the time the Board is organized within which to register after passing the examination and complying with the requirements provided this Act and be included in the roster of professional teachers: Provided. and other data which in the opinion of the Board may appear pertinent shall be maintained. — Two (2) years after the effectivity of this Act. Sec. albeit qualified. 1006. and the integrated and accredited organization of professional teachers. unless he is a duly registered professional teacher. no person shall engage in teaching and/or act as a professional teacher as defined in this Act. the certificate of registration and professional license as a professional teacher shall be issued without examination as required in this Act to a qualified applicant. or (2) An elementary or secondary teacher for three (3) years in good standing and a holder of a master's degree in education or its equivalent.000. Culture and Sports. — The following shall be punishable by a fine of not less than Five thousand pesos (P5. to wit: (1) An elementary or secondary teacher for five (5) years in good standing and a holder of Bachelor of Science in Education or its equivalent. Upon approval of the application and payment of the prescribed fees. and a holder of a valid certificate of registration and a valid professional license or a holder of a valid special/temporary permit. no person shall practice or offer to practice the teaching profession in the Philippines or be appointed as teacher to any position calling for a teaching position without having previously obtained a valid certificate of registration and a valid professional license from the Commission. shall be issued by the Board a special or temporary permit. Culture and Sports (DECS) to schools as it may determine under the circumstances. furthermore. 26. 25. Culture and Sports. Inhibition Against the Practice of the Teaching Profession.00) nor more than Twenty thousand pesos (P20. or both.

uses or advertises any title or description tending to convey or conveys the impression that he is a teacher without holding a valid certificate. (e) Any person who uses a revoked or suspended certificate of registration.in accordance with the provisions of this Act. 30. — Such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act shall be included in the 1996 General Appropriations Act and thereafter. Provided. Sec. rules and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. Sec. — This Act shall take effect after fifteen (15) days following its complete publication in the Official Gazette or in two (2) newspapers of general circulation. in connection with his name. Repealing Clause. and Culture. (f) Any person who. Culture and Sports for the year 1995. The penalty of fine or imprisonment or both. shall be given (5) years temporary certificates from the time the Board for Professional Teachers is organized within which to qualify as required by this Act and be included in the roster of professionals. 31. — All incumbent teachers in both the public and private sector not otherwise certified as professional teachers by virtue of this Act. Arts. 32. and (g) Any person who violates or who abets the violation of any of the provisions of this Act. Implementing Guidelines. no other section or provision of this Act shall be affected thereby. for any reason.cralaw The Board shall submit to both Committees on Education. shall also apply to any school official who shall cause or be responsible for the commission of any of the above- enumerated acts. 1994 13 .cralaw Sec. — If. 29. Sec. Separability Clause. and the Committees on Civil Service and Professional Regulation of the Senate and House of Representatives. — All laws. (d) Any person who impersonates any registrant of the same or different name. Sec. however. Effectivity Clause. (c) Any person who gives any false. That the Professional Board Examination for Teachers (PBET) shall still be administered by the Civil Service Commission and the Department of Education. — The Board shall formulate and adopt the necessary guidelines for the effective implementation of the provisions of this Act within sixty (60) days of its approval. Any violation of this section shall render the official/s concerned liable under Republic Act No. 33. Signed: December 16. Sec. 6713. 34. or fraudulent evidence of any kind to the Board or any member thereof in obtaining a certificate of registration as teacher. executive orders. otherwise assumes. Appropriations. (b) Any person who represents or attempts to use as his own certificate of registration that of another. copies of the implementing rules and guidelines within thirty (30) days after its promulgation. presidential decrees. any section or provision of this Act or the application of such section or provision to any person or circumstance is declared unconstitutional or invalid. otherwise known as the "Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees" and other pertinent administrative and/or penal laws. Transitory Provision. as provided in this section.

7836). or a bachelor degree in arts and sciences with at least eighteen (18) units in professional education. [REPUBLIC ACT NO. with at least eighteen (18) units in professional education. a bachelor’s degree in education or its equivalent with a major and minor. a bachelor’s degree in the field of specialization or its equivalent. (e) (3) of Republic Act No. – No applicant shall be admitted to take the examination unless. and (4) For teachers of vocational and two-year technical courses. two thousand three.9293 April 21. (3) For teachers in the secondary grades. 9293] AN ACT AMENDING CERTAIN SECS OF REPUBLIC ACT NUMBERED SEVENTY- EIGHT HUNDRED AND THIRTY-SIX (R. NO. Section 26 of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows: 14 . on Monday. Qualification Requirements of Applicants. he shall have complied with the following requirements: “(e) A graduate of a school. a bachelor’s degree in elementary education (BSEED) or its equivalent. 2004 Republic of the Philippines Congress of the Philippines Metro Manila Twelfth Congress Third Regular Session Begun and held in Metro Manila. as follows: (1) For teachers in preschool. a bachelor’s degree in early childhood education (BECED) or its equivalent. (2) For teachers in the elementary grades. 7836 is hereby amended as follows: “SEC. Section 15. the twenty-eighth day of July.A. on the date of filing of the application. 15. OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE “PHILIPPINE TEACHERS PROFESSIONALIZATION ACT OF 1994” Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: SECTION 1. college or university recognized by the government and possesses the minimum educational qualifications.” SEC 2.

for any reason. Culture and Sports. in section 4 (a) and section 25. A special permit may also be issued by the Board to a person who has excelled and gained international recognition and is a widely acknowledged expert in his or her respective field of specialization. issued to para-teachers by the Board for Professional Teachers before the effectivity of this Act shall be allowed to expire based on the period granted therein: Provided. The special permit shall indicate the area of assignment of the para-teacher. any section or provision of this Act or the application of such section or provision to any person or circumstance is declared unconstitutional or invalid. consisting of at least six (6) units of pedagogy and six (6) units of content courses. decrees.“SEC. SEC 5. as identified and provided by the Department of Education and the Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) education department to the Board for professional teachers and to the Commission. References to the term “Department of Education. SEC 6. and the term “DECS” in section 20. shall be eligible as para-teachers upon issuance by the Board of a two-year special permit. and other issuances which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. or the equivalent training and number of hours. – Special permits. Transitory Provision. Culture and Sports”. Registration and Exception. with a rating of not lower than five percentage points from the passing general average rating. no other section or provision of this Act shall be affected thereby. 1006. Those who have failed the licensure examination for professional teachers. renewable for a non- extendible period of two (2) years. Culture and Sports (DECS) pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 26. 15 . That only special permits with a validity of three (3) years may be renewed upon expiration for a non-extendible period of two (2) years. whether in the preschool. are hereby amended to read as “Department of Education” and “DepEd”.” SEC 3. to be chosen from a list of courses to be provided by the Board and the Department of Education. unless the person is a duly registered professional teacher. of the same Act. respectively. Effectivity. elementary or secondary level. or (b) A registered professional teacher with the National Board for Teachers under the Department of Education. – If. Separability Clause. with a validity of three (3) and five (5) years. the certificate of registration and professional license as a professional teacher shall be issued without examination as required in this Act to a qualified applicant. – All laws. Section 31 of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows: “SEC. rules and regulations. – This Act shall take effect upon approval. circulars. 31. and a holder of a valid certificate of registration and a valid professional license or a holder of a valid special/temporary permit. The para-teachers shall be assigned to areas where there is a shortage or absence of a professional teacher. before they can be allowed to practice their profession in the country. Repealing Clause. Upon approval of the application and payment of the prescribed fees. – No person shall engage in teaching and/or act as a professional teacher as defined in this Act.” SEC 4. administrative orders. Professional teachers who have not practiced their profession for the past five (5) years shall take at least twelve (12) units of education courses. SEC 7. who is: (a) A holder of a certificate of eligibility as a teacher issued by the Civil Service Commission and the Department of Education.

) OSCAR G. 7796 August 8. which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No.) GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO President of the Philippines REPUBLIC ACT NO. PROVIDING FOR ITS POWERS. Speaker of the House of Representatives (Sgd. (Sgd. NAZARENO Secretary General House of Representatives (Sgd. 5411 was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on February 6. 2698 and House Bill No. 2004. 2004 and February 7.) JOSE DE VENECIA JR.) ROBERTO P. STRUCTURE AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES 16 . DRILON President of the Senate This Act. (Sgd.Approved. 1994 RULES AND REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE TESDA ACT OF 1994 AN ACT CREATING THE TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.) FRANKLIN M. YABES Secretary of the Senate Approved: APR 21 2004 (Sgd. respectively.

d) “Trade” shall mean any group of interrelated jobs or any occupation which is traditionally or officially recognized as craft or through work experience and/or training. — It is hereby declared the policy of the State to provide relevant. l) “Apprenticeship Agreement” is a contract wherein a prospective employer binds himself 17 . b) Focus technical education and skills development on meeting the changing demands for quality middle-level manpower. and related job skills training. being direct participants in and immediate beneficiaries of a trained and skilled work force. SECTION 3. — It is the goal and objective of this Act to: a) Promote and strengthen the quality of technical education and skills development programs to attain international competitiveness. high quality and efficient technical education and skills development in support of the development of high quality Filipino middle-level manpower responsive to and in accordance with Philippine development goals and priorities. officially recognized as non-degree programs aimed at preparing technicians. repacking or assembly of goods including service-oriented enterprises. in providing technical education and skills development opportunities. — As used in this Act: a) “Skill” shall mean the acquired and practiced ability to carry out a task or job. or agro-industrial establishments engaged in the production. b) “Skills Development” shall mean the process through which learners and workers are systematically provided with learning opportunities to acquire or upgrade. c) “Technical Education” shall refer to the education process designed at post-secondary and lower tertiary levels. para-professionals and other categories of middle-level workers by providing them with a broad range of general education. theoretical. knowledge. Definition of Terms. Chanrobles publishing company The State shall encourage active participation of various concerned sectors. c) Encourage critical and creative thinking by disseminating the scientific and technical knowledge base of middle-level manpower development programs. tasks. f) “Private Enterprises” refers to an economic system under which property of all kinds can be privately owned and in which individuals. Chanrobles publishing company SECTION 4.” Chanrobles publishing company SECTION 2. e) “Middle-Level Manpower” refers to those : 1) who have acquired practical skills and knowledge through formal or non-formal education and training equivalent to at least a secondary education but preferably a post- secondary education with a corresponding degree or diploma. — This Act shall be known as the “Technical Educational and Skills Development Act of 1994” or the “TESDA Act of 1994. accessible.SECTION 1.reliance and nationalism. self-discipline. alone or in association with another. i) “Trainees” shall mean persons who are participants in a vocational. self. administrative or technical training program for the purpose of acquiring and developing job-related skills. Title. This includes industrial. or 2) skilled workers who have become highly competent in their trade or craft as attested by industry. knowledge and behavior pattern required as qualifications for a job or range of jobs in a given occupational area. can embark on a business activity. Statement of Goals and Objectives. j) “Apprenticeship” training within employment with compulsory related theoretical instructions involving a contract between an apprentice and an employer on an approved apprenticeable occupation. manufacturing. their ability. d) Recognize and encourage the complementary roles of public and private institutions in technical education and skills development and training systems. occupations or group of related occupations. particularly private enterprises. k) “Apprentice” is a person undergoing training for an approved apprenticeable occupation during an established period assured by an apprenticeship agreement. Declaration of Policy. scientific and technological studies. chanrobles publishing company g) “Trainers” shall mean persons who direct the practice of skills towards immediate improvement in some task. or both. skills and behavior patterns required for specific jobs. processing. and e) Inculcate desirable values through the development of moral character with emphasis on work ethic. h) “Trainors/trainers” shall mean persons who provide training to trainers aimed at developing the latter’s capacities for imparting attitudes. agricultural.

basic training. In case any member of the Board representing the Government cannot attend the meeting. coordinated and fully integrated technical education and skills development policies. from the employer/industry organization. the Bureau of Technical and Vocational Education (BTVE) and the personnel and functions pertaining to technical-vocational education in the regional offices of the Department of Education. guidance and human formation. Powers and Functions of the Board. a Co-Chairperson shall preside. Culture and Sports (DECS) and the apprenticeship program of the Bureau of Local Employment of the Department of Labor and Employment. p) “Dual System/Training” refers to a delivery of quality technical and vocational education which requires training to be carried out alternatively in two venues: In school and in the production plant.to train the apprentice who in turn accepts the terms of training for a recognized apprenticeable occupation emphasizing the rights. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority. one of whom shall be a woman. plans and programs taking into consideration the following: 18 . Creation. hereinafter referred to as the Authority. or as frequently as may be deemed necessary by its Chairperson. however. they shall so organize themselves that the term of office of one-third (1/3) of their number shall expire every year. m) “Apprenticeable Occupation” is an occupation officially endorsed by a tripartite body and approved for apprenticeship by the Authority. — The Authority shall primarily be responsible for formulating. n) “Learners” refer to persons hired as trainees in semi-skilled and other industrial occupations which are non-apprenticeable. revise the membership of the TESDA Board. In the absence of the Chairperson.Member Secretary of Interior and Local Government - Member Director-General of the TESDA Secretariat . SECTION 6. In-school training provides the trainee the theoretical foundation. q) “Levy Grant System” refers to a legal contribution from participating employers who would be beneficiaries of the program (often as a percentage of the payroll) which is subsequently turned over or rebated to enterprises offering employee training programs. the President of the Philippines shall appoint the following members from the private sector: two (2) representatives.Co-Chairperson Secretary of Trade and Industry - Co-Chairperson Secretary of Agriculture . The benefits. — To implement the policy declared in this Act. one of whom shall be a woman. to be designated by such member for the purpose. SECTION 5. — The Authority shall be composed of the TESDA Board and TESDA Secretariat. The member from the private sector appointed thereafter to fill vacancies caused by expiration of terms shall hold office for three (3) years. SECTION 8. Chanrobles publishing company The President of the Philippines may. — The TESDA Board shall be composed of the following: The Secretary of Labor and Employment Chairperson Secretary of Education.Member In addition. privileges and emoluments of the Board shall be consistent with existing laws and rules. Culture and Sports . whenever the President deems it necessary for the effective performance of the Board’s functions through an administrative order. there is hereby created a Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). continuing. from the labor sector. Learnership programs must be approved by the Authority. SECTION 7. Composition of the TESDA Board. o) “User-Led” or “Market-Driven Strategy” refers to a strategy which promotes strengthened linkages between educational/training institutions and industry to ensure that appropriate skills and knowledge are provided by the educational system. while in-plant training develops his skills and proficiency in actual work conditions as it continues to inculcate personal discipline and work values. Composition of the Authority. three (3) representatives. As soon as all the members of the private sector are appointed. and two (2) representatives of the national associations of private technical-vocational education and training institutions. The TESDA Board shall meet at least twice a year. duties and responsibilities of each party. he or she shall be regularly represented by an undersecretary or deputy-director general. as the case may be. one of whom shall be a woman. which shall replace and absorb the National Manpower and Youth Council (NMYC).

The TESDA Secretariat. c) to recommend measures. an Advisory Committee which shall provide expert and technical advice to the Board to be chosen from the academe and the private sector: Provided. b) to provide analytical inputs to policy decision-making of the Authority on allocation of resources and institutional roles and responsibilities as shall be embodied in annual agencies technical education and skills development plans. trade associations. and 13) perform such other duties and functions necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act consistent with the purposes of the creation of TESDA. chanroblespublishingcompany SECTION 10. 11) determine and approve systematic funding schemes such as the Levy and Grant scheme for technical education and skills development purposes. shall have the following powers: 1) promulgate. including international and foreign organizations. merger and/or phase-out following a user-led strategy. chanroblespublishingcompany SECTION 9. for the effective and efficient implementation of the national technical education and skills development 19 . Power to Review and Recommend Action. plans. in accordance with the manpower plan for middle-level skilled workers as approved by the Authority. — There is hereby created a Technical Education and Skills Development Authority Secretariat which shall have the following functions and responsibilities: a) to establish and maintain a planning process and formulate a national technical education and skills development plan in which the member-agencies and other concerned entities of the Authority at various levels participate. policies. chanroblespublishingcompany 9) exact reasonable fees and charges for such tests and trainings conducted and retain such earnings for its own use. perform and carry-out domestic and foreign contracts subject to existing laws.a) the State policy declared herein of giving new direction and thrusts to efforts in developing the quality of Filipino human resource through technical education and skills development. 3) enter into. after due consultation with industry groups. 7) establish. and programs of different concerned sectors of Philippine society. workers and government shall be made the rule in order to ensure that urgent needs and recommendations are readily addressed. 2) organize and constitute various standing committees. employers. and local levels. subject to guidelines promulgated by the Authority. including those which may be entered into between the Government of the Philippines and other nations. — The Authority shall review and recommend action to concerned authorities on proposed technical assistance programs and grants-in. The Board. plans. and implement the same upon approval by the Authority. 12) create. 4) restructure the entire sub-sector consisting of all institutions and programs involved in the promotion and development of middle. or technical working groups for efficient integration. make. 10) allocate resources. rules and regulations. develop and support institutions’ trainors’ training and/or programs. workers. the Board is hereby authorized to set aside a portion of its appropriation for its operation. b) the implementation of the above-mentioned policy requires the coordination and cooperation of policies. employers. 6) establish and administer a system of accreditation of both public and private institutions. execute. regional. c) equal participation of representatives of industry groups. based on the Secretariat’s recommendations.aid for technical education or skills development. both here and abroad. That in case the Advisory Committee is created. subsidiary groups. 8) lend support and encourage increasing utilization of the dual training system as provided for by Republic Act No. and d) improved linkages between industry. trade associations. 5) approve trade skills standards and trade tests as established and conducted by private industries.level manpower through upgrading. 7686. or both. programs and guidelines as may be necessary for the effective implementation of this Act. for the programs and projects it shall undertake pursuant to approved National Technical Education and Skills Development Plan. coordination and monitoring technical education and skills development programs at the national. when deemed necessary. labor and government shall be given priority in the formulation of any national-level plan.

and j) to perform such other functions and duties as may be assigned by the Board. planners and managers as provided for in Section 23 of this Act. Director-General. — The TESDA Secretariat shall be headed by a Director- General. 4) to develop and implement programs and projects aimed at building up planning capabilities of various institutions within the sector. h) to prepare and implement upon approval by the Authority a program for the training of trainers. The Director-General shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines and shall enjoy the benefits. One to be responsible for Vocational and Technical Education and Training and one to be responsible for Policies and Planning. Deputy Director-General and Chief of Services for Administration shall be composed of the following offices to be headed by an Executive Director to be appointed by the Director-General and shall have the rank and emoluments of Director IV. As Chief Executive Officer of the TESDA Secretariat. chanroblespublishingcompany SECTION 13. chanroblespublishingcompany f) to prepare for approval by the Authority an annual report to the President on technical education and skills development. — The TESDA Secretariat. testing and certification. b) Skills Standards and Certification Office (SSCO). the Director.plan. — The Director-General shall also be assisted by a Chief of Services for Administration who shall be a Career Civil Service Official to be appointed by the TESDA Board. in addition to the offices of the Director-General. who shall likewise be a member of the TESDA Board. SECTION 14. — The Director-General shall be assisted by two (2) Deputy Directors-General to be appointed by the President of the Philippines on recommendation of the TESDA Board. supervisors. Deputy Director-General. 3) to conduct researches. The Deputy Directors-General shall enjoy the benefits. a) Planning Office (PO) — The Planning Office shall be under the Office of the Deputy Director- General and shall have the following functions: 1) to design and establish planning processes and methodologies which will particularly enhance the efficiency of resource allocation decisions within the technical education and skills development sector. and 5) to perform such other powers and functions as may be authorized by the Authority. 2) to lead in the preparation and periodic updating of a national plan for technical education and skills development which shall become the basis for resource allocation decisions within the sector. i) to enter into agreement to implement approved plans and programs and perform activities as shall implement the declared policy of this Act. — The Skills Standards and Certification Office shall be under the office of the Deputy Director-General and shall have the following functions: 1) to develop and establish a national system of skills standardization.General shall exercise general supervision and control over its technical and administrative personnel. g) to implement and administer the apprenticeship program as provided for in Section 18 of this Act. d) to propose to the Authority the specific allocation of resources for the programs and projects it shall undertake pursuant to approved national technical education and skills development plan. testing and certification in the country. privileges and emoluments equivalent to the rank of Assistant Secretary. Chief of Services for Administration. Structural Organization and Personnel. studies and develop information systems for effective and efficient planning and policy-making within the sector. innovate and adopt processes and methodologies whereby industry groups and workers’ guilds take note on progressively the responsibility of setting skills standards for identified occupational areas. privileges ad emoluments equivalent to the rank of Undersecretary. 20 . 2) to design. SECTION 12. and the local government units actively participate in promoting skills standards. e) to submit to the Authority periodic reports on the progress and accomplishment of work programs of implementation of plans and policies for technical educational and skills development. chanroblespublishingcompany SECTION 11.

2) to establish and maintain a system for accrediting. policies and guidelines on the implementation of the Apprenticeship system. monitor and evaluate various non.formal technical-vocational education and training programs implemented by various institutions particularly. 21 . 2) to develop curricula and program standards for various technical-vocational education and training areas. by local government units. monitoring and evaluating the different formal technical. 4) to perform such other powers and functions as may be authorized.3) to establish and implement a system of accrediting private enterprises. and 4) to perform such other duties and functions as may be authorized. non- government organizations implementing non-formal. and 5) to perform such other duties and functions as may be authorized. community-based technical. community-based technical-vocational education and training. policies and guidelines for effective implementation of non-formal. — The Office of the Non-Formal Technical. workers’ associations and guilds and public institutions to serve as skills testing venues. 3) to establish a network of institutions and enterprises conducting apprenticeship schemes and programs. 3) to establish and maintain a network of institutions engaged in institutionalized technical- vocational education and training. measures and guidelines for effective and efficient administration of formal technical-vocational education and training programs implementing by various institutions in the country.vocational education and training program vis-a-vis the approved national technical education and skills development plan. teachers and instructors within the technical education and skills development sector. coordinate. chanroblespublishingcompany 4) to conduct research and development on various occupational areas in order to recommend policies. testing and certification system in the country. coordinate. rules and regulations for effective and efficient skills and standardization. — The National Institute for Technical Vocational and Education Training to be under the office of the Deputy Director-General and shall have the following functions: 1) to serve as the research and development arm of the government in the field of technical- vocational education and training. 4) to develop programs and projects which will build up institutional capabilities within the sector. d) Office of Formal Technical Vocational Education and Training (OFFVET). coordinating integrating. — The Office of Apprenticeship shall be under the Office of the Deputy Director-General and shall have the following functions: 1) to provide direction. monitor and evaluate all apprenticeship schemes and program implemented by various institutions and enterprises. g) Regional TESDA Offices. 2) to accredit. The Office of Formal Technical Vocational Education and Training to be under the office of the Deputy Director-General and shall have the following functions: chanroblespublishingcompany 1) to provide policies.Vocational Education and Training to be under the Office of the Deputy Director-General and shall have the following functions: 1) to provide direction. particularly with local government units. 3) to establish and maintain a network of institutions including local government units. 2) to accredit. 3) to develop and implement an integrated program for continuing development of trainors. The Regional TESDA Offices shall be under the direct control of the Director-General and shall have the following functions: 1) to serve as Secretariat to Regional Technical Education Skills Development (TESDA) Committees.vocational education and training. and 5) to perform such other powers and functions as may be authorized. e) Office of the Non-Formal Technical-Vocational Education and Training (ONFTVET). c) National Institute for Technical Vocational and Education Training (NITVET). — The Regional TESDA Offices shall be headed by Regional Directors with the rank and emoluments of Director IV to be appointed by the President. f) Office of Apprenticeship (OA). 4) to perform such other powers and functions as may be authorized.

SECTION 20. The comprehensive plan shall provide for reformed industry-based training program including 22 . 3) to develop and recommend TESDA programs for regional and local-level implementation within the policies set by the Authority. it shall be the plan for technical education and skills development for the entire country within the framework of the National Development Plan. The composition of the Technical Education and Skills Development Committees shall be determined by the Director-General subject to the guidelines to be promulgated by the Authority. Compliance with the Salaries Standardization Law. after adoption by the Authority. — The Apprenticeship Program of the Bureau of Local Employment of the Department of Labor and Employment shall be transferred to the Authority which shall implement and administer said program in accordance with existing laws. SECTION 21. The Provincial TESDA Offices shall be under the direct control of the Director-General and shall have the following functions: chanroblespublishingcompany 1) to serve as Secretariat to Provincial TESDA Committees.2) to provide effective supervision. The Director-General shall appoint such personnel necessary to carry out the objectives. SECTION 15. be updated periodically and submitted to the President of the Philippines for approval. polytechnic colleges. Skills Development Centers. 2) to provide technical assistance particularly to local government units for effective supervision. Consultants and Technical Assistance. It shall avail itself of the services of other agencies of the Government as may be required. This plan shall. rules and regulations. — The Authority shall establish Technical Education and Skills Development Committees at the regional and local levels to coordinate and monitor the delivery of all skills development activities by the public and private sectors. 3) to review and recommend TESDA programs for implementation within their localities. The Authority shall direct the TESDA Secretariat to call on its member. — The Authority shall strengthen the network of national. Thereafter. and private organizations for research work and publication in the field of technical education and skills development. and 4) to perform such other duties and functions as may be authorized. SECTION 16. Transfer of the Apprenticeship Program. regional and local skills training centers for the purpose of promoting skills development. — The Provincial Offices shall be headed by Skill Development Officers who shall have the rank and emoluments of a Director III. The Provincial TESDA Offices. 4) to perform such other duties and functions as may be deemed necessary. development and utilization of skilled workers for employment entrepreneurship and technology development for economic and social growth. Technical Education and Skills Development Committees. integration and monitoring of technical-vocational education and training programs within their localities. projects and related activities in their respective jurisdiction. coordination. — In pursuing its objectives. the TESDA Secretariat may be further composed by such offices as may be deemed necessary by the Authority. SECTION 17. the Authority is hereby authorized to set aside a portion of its appropriation for the hiring of services of qualified consultants. Formulation of a Comprehensive Development Plan for Middle-Level Manpower. Publication and Research. This network shall include skills training centers in vocational and technical schools. The technical education and skills development centers shall be administered and operated under such rules and regulations as may be established by the Authority in accordance with the National Technical Education and Skills Development Plan. — The Authority shall formulate a comprehensive development plan for middle-level manpower based on a national employment plan or policies for the optimum allocation. These committees shall likewise serve as the Technical Education and Skills Development Committees of the Regional and local development councils. the private sector and the academe to assist in this effort. policies and functions of the Authority subject to Civil Service laws.agencies. technical institutes. SECTION 18. Furthermore. chanroblespublishingcompany SECTION 19. and all other duly accredited public and private dual system educational institutions. — The compensation and emoluments of the officials and employees of the Authority shall be in accordance with the salary standardization law and other applicable laws under the national compensation and classification plan. rules and regulations. coordination and integration of technical education and skills development programs.

with new tools of wealth creation and with the capability to take on higher value-added gainful activities and to share equitably in productivity gains. existing technical education and skills training programs in the Government and in the private sector. Incentives Schemes. The budget to support such plans shall be subject to review and endorsement by the Authority to the Department of Budget and Management. Skills Development Opportunities.apprenticeship. Such training programs and schemes shall include teacher’s trainors’ training. trade skills standardization and certification and such other functions in the fulfillment of the Authority’s objectives. and the local government units to promote such trade testing activities in their respective areas in accordance with the guidelines to be set by the Authority. specifically those wholly or partly financed with government funds. — The Authority shall design and administer training programs and schemes that will develop the capabilities of public and private institutions to provide quality and cost-effective technical educational and skills development and related opportunities. The Secretary of Labor and Employment shall determine the occupational trades for mandatory certification. Administration of Training Programs. — The Authority shall design and implement an effective and efficient delivery system for quality technical education and skills development opportunities particularly in disadvantaged sectors.quality technical education and skills development opportunities. SECTION 26. chanroblespublishingcompany 23 . The Authority shall develop and implement a certification and accreditation program in which private industry groups and trade associations are accredited to conduct approved trade tests.trainee. SECTION 22. SECTION 28. cost- effective training in occupational trades and related fields of employment. — The Authority shall develop and administer appropriate incentives schemes to encourage government and private industries and institutions to provide high. and chanroblespublishingcompany d) expand the range of opportunities for upward social mobility of the school-going population beyond the traditional higher levels of formal education. All certificates relating to the national trade skills testing and certification system shall be issued by the Authority through the TESDA Secretariat. — The Authority shall assist any employer or organization engaged in skills training schemes designed to attain its objectives under rules and regulations which the Authority shall establish for this purpose. dual training system and other similar schemes intended to: a) promote maximum protection and welfare of the worker. and value development as an integral component of all skills training programs. For this purpose. b) improve the quality and relevance and social accountability of technical education and skills development. SECTION 24. SECTION 27. The Authority shall evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of agencies skills development program and schemes to make them conform with the quantitative and qualitative objectives of the national technical education and skills development plan. Establishment and Administration of National Trade Skills Standards. chanroblespublishingcompany c) accelerate the employment-generation efforts of the government. Assistance to Employers and Organizations. shall be reported to the Authority which shall assess and evaluate such programs to ensure their efficiency and effectiveness. — There shall be national occupational skills standards to be established by TESDA-accredited industry committees. Industry Boards. Coordination of All Skills Training Schemes. — The Authority shall establish effective and efficient institutional arrangements with industry boards and such other bodies or associations to provide direct participation of employers and workers in the design and implementation of skills development schemes. SECTION 23. All government and non-government agencies receiving financial and technical assistance from the government shall be required to formulate their respective annual agency technical education and skills development plan in line with the national technical education and skills development plan. skills training for entrepreneur development and technology development. chanroblespublishingcompany SECTION 25. all technical education and skills training schemes as provided for in this Act shall be coordinated with the Authority particularly those having to do with the setting of trade skills standards. — In order to integrate the national skills development efforts.

The TESDA Board shall be the administrator of the fund. only earnings of private contributions shall be used. — To promote quality skills development in the country and with the view of participating in international skills competitions.SECTION 29. — The amount necessary to finance the initial implementation of this Act shall be charged against the existing appropriations of the NMYC and the BTVE. That the preparation and approval of the said new organizational structure and staffing pattern shall. the amount of which should be part of the study on financing in conjunction with letter (D) of Section 34. — A TESDA Development Fund is hereby established. That there shall be formulated and implemented. in consultation with the Secretary of Labor and Employment and the Secretary of Education. an effective and timely retraining of TESDA personnel that would be affected by the devolution to ensure their being retained if the concerned local government units would not be able to absorb them. grants. appoint the Director-General. chanroblespublishingcompany d) Within one (1) year after the organization of the Authority. endowments. subject to guidelines promulgated by the Board. shall be used to underwrite expenses for administration. and as such. however. to be managed/administered by the Authority. shall. Transitory Provisions. shall formulate the necessary implementing guidelines for the management of the fund. as far as practicable. appoint the private sector representatives of the TESDA Board. Culture and Sports. e) The personnel of the existing National Manpower and Youth Council (NMYC) of the Department of Labor and Employment and the Bureau of Technical and Vocational Education (BTVE) of the Department of Education. c) donations. and d) any other income generated by the Authority. — The Authority shall adopt a system of allocation and funding of scholarship grants which shall be responsive to the technical education and skills development needs of the different regions in the country. thereof. subject to the following: a) unless otherwise stipulated by the private donor. the Authority. SECTION 32. Thereafter. in a holdover capacity. Skills Olympics. SECTION 33. and b) no part of the seed capital of the fund. the results of which shall be used as the basis for appropriate action by the Board. respect and 24 . c) Within four (4) months after the appointment of the Director. the President shall. including earnings. Culture and Sports. through the TESDA Secretariat. The contribution to the fund shall be the following: a) a one-time lump sum appropriation from the National Government. TESDA Budget. SECTION 31. implement and finance a specific plan to develop the capability of local government units to assume ultimately the responsibility for effectively providing community-based technical education and skills development opportunities: Provided. b) Within three (3) months after the appointment of the private sector representatives. the Board shall convene to determine the organizational structure and staffing pattern of the Authority. the income from which shall be utilized exclusively in awarding of grants and providing assistance to training institutions. with the active participation of private industries. upon the recommendation of the Board. Devolution of TESDA’s Training Function to Local Governments. Scholarship Grants. and other bequests or gifts. the Authority shall formulate. local government units for upgrading their capabilities and to develop and implement training and training-related activities. shall promulgate the necessary rules and guidelines for the effective and efficient conduct of Annual National Skills Olympics and for the country’s participation in international skills Olympics. the Board shall commission an expert group on funding schemes for the TESDA Development Fund. — a) Within two (2) months after the approval of this Act. shall organize and conduct annual National Skills Olympics. the President shall. b) an annual contribution from the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration Fund. continue to perform their respective duties and responsibilities and receive their corresponding salaries and benefits until such time when the organizational structure and staffing pattern of the Authority shall have been approved by the Board: Provided. — In establishing the delivery system provided for in the preceding Section. such funds as may be necessary for the continued implementation of this Act shall be included in the annual General Appropriations Act. industries. SECTION 34. The Authority. as provided in Section 31. SECTION 30. The TESDA Development Fund. The Board shall appoint a reputable government-accredited investment institution as fund manager.General.

chanroblespublishingcompany SECTION 37. Those personnel whose positions are not included in the new staffing pattern approved by the Board or who are not reappointed or who choose to be separated as a result of the reorganization shall be paid their separation or retirement benefits under existing laws. 1. — This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its complete publication in two (2) newspapers of general circulation. after the effectivity of this Act. hereinafter referred to as the Commission. rules and regulations or parts thereof contrary to or inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. based on its findings to the President and to both Houses of Congress. Automatic Review. the advancement of learning and research. Title. the education of high-level and middle-level professionals. SECTION 35. executive orders. regional or local development plans. 25 . Approved: August 25. presidential proclamation. Declaration of Policy. Effectivity Clause.In pursuance of the abovementioned policies. and the enrichment of our historical and cultural heritage. . foster and promote the right of all citizens to affordable quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to ensure that education shall be accessible to all. — All laws. The State shall likewise ensure and protect academic freedom and shall promote its exercise and observance for the continuing intellectual growth. — If any provision of this Act is declared unconstitutional. the rules and regulations for the effective implementation of this Act.This Act shall be known as the “Higher Education Act of 1994”. presidential decrees. Repealing Clause. and Employees” and other existing administrative and/or criminal laws. — Every five (5) years. The TESDA Board shall submit to the Committees on Education.ensure the security of tenure and seniority rights of affected government employees. APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: SEC. SECTION 39. 3. State-supported institutions of higher learning shall gear their programs to national. all institutions of higher learning shall exemplify through their physical and natural surroundings the dignity and beauty of. SEC. Any violation of this Section shall render the official/s concerned liable under R. 6713. SECTION 38. the intellectual and scholarly life. Implementing Rules and Guidelines. 7722 AN ACT CREATING THE COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION. an independent review panel composed of three (3) persons appointed by the President shall review the performance of the Authority and shall make recommendations. Arts and Culture of both Houses of Congress copies of the implementing rules and guidelines within thirty (30) days after its promulgation. as well as their pride in. Creation of the Commission on Higher Education. SEC. the development of responsible and effective leadership. . otherwise known as the “Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials. the Commission on Higher Education is hereby created. SECTION 36.A. Separability Clause. Finally. . within a period of ninety (90) days after the effectivity of this Act.The State shall protect. 1994 REPUBLIC ACT NO. 2. No. — The TESDA Board shall issue. the same shall not affect the validity and effectivity of the other provisions hereof.

6. SEC. Culture and Sports (DECS). support and develop potential centers of excellence in program areas needed for the development of world-class scholarship. Its coverage shall be both public and private institutions of higher education as well as degree- granting programs in all post-secondary educational institutions. The terms of the initial appointees shall be on a staggered basis: the full-time chairman shall hold office for a term of four (4) years. They shall receive the compensation and other emoluments corresponding to those of a Department Secretary and Undersecretary. g. formulate and recommend development plans. d. They shall be academicians known for their high degree of professionalism and integrity who have distinguished themselves as authorities in their chosen fields of learning. recommend to the executive and legislative branches. who shall be holders of earned doctorate(s). . . nation building and national development. f. and must not have been candidates for elective positions in the elections immediately preceding their appointment. . as chairman. . the Secretary of Labor and Employment. 8. Board of Advisers. The members of the Commission shall belong to different academic specializations. c. who have been actively engaged in higher education for at least ten (10) years. Powers and Functions of the Commission. Culture and Sports. Rank and Emoluments.The Commission shall have the following powers and functions: a. Composition of the Commission.The chairman and the commissioners shall have the rank of a Department Secretary and Undersecretary. policies. SEC. priorities. e. SEC. the Secretary of Trade and Industry. monitor and evaluate the performance of programs and institutions of higher learning for appropriate incentives as well as the imposition of sanctions such as. without prejudice to one reappointment. Culture and Sports as ex officio chairman of the Commission for a maximum period of one (1) year. formulate and recommend development plans. diminution or withdrawal of subsidy. respectively. and programs on higher education and research.The Commission shall be independent and separate from the Department of Education. and g. 5. b. The commissioners shall hold office until their successors shall have been appointed and qualified.There shall be constituted a Board of Advisers which shall meet with the Commission at least once a year to assist it in aligning its policies and plans with the cultural. and enforce the same. Should a member of the Commission fail to complete his term. the President may appoint the Secretary of Education. and shall be subject to the same disqualifications. the Secretary of Science and Technology. set minimum standards for programs and institutions of higher learning recommended by panels of experts in the field and subject to public hearing. recommend to the Department of Budget and Management the budgets of public institutions 26 . program termination or school closure. . Two (2) additional members of the Board of Advisers may be appointed by the President upon recommendation of the Commission.The President shall appoint the full-time chairman and the commissioners for a term of four (4) years. the Secretary of Education. public and private. the President shall appoint a Chairman of the Commission and four (4) commissioners. priorities and programs on research. respectively.The Commission shall be composed of five (5) full- time members. the next two (2) commissioners for three (3) years. 4. policies. 7. f. political and socioeconomic development needs of the nation and with the demands of world-class scholarship. Term of Office. d. Thereafter. e. SEC. the Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority. c. identify. b. The Board of Advisers shall be composed of the following: a. In no case shall any and all of the Commissioners appoint representatives to act on their behalf. During the transition period which begins upon approval of this Act. and the last two (2) commissioners for two (2) years. the President of the Federation of Accrediting Associations of the Philippines (FAAP). and attached to the Office of the President for administrative purposes only. the President of the Fund for Assistance to Private Education (FAPE). but not limited to. recommendation on the downgrading or withdrawal of accreditation. SEC. priorities and grants on higher education and research. as co-chairman. his successor shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines but only for the unexpired portion of the term.

3. Management and Administration of the Higher Education Development Fund. It shall fix the secretariat’s staffing pattern. SEC. the amount of Fifty million pesos (P50. the Commission shall appoint a reputable government financial institution as portfolio manager of the Fund.The Fund shall be administered by the Commission. devise and implement resource development schemes. l. develop criteria for allocating additional resources such as research and program development grants. qualifications. including earnings thereof. gifts.000) for the initial operation of the Commission. That these shall not detract from the fiscal autonomy already enjoyed by colleges and universities. the equivalent of one percent (1%) of the gross sales of the lotto operation of the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO). as described in Section 10 hereunder. determine the duties.of higher learning as well as general guidelines for the use of their income. i.000. .000) as seed capital. a. c. 11. and 5. m. No part of the seed capital of the Fund. the Commission shall prepare the necessary guidelines for its use. scholarships. SEC. Unless otherwise stipulated by the private donor. SEC. The Commission shall appoint the members of the staff upon the recommendation of the executive officer. and o.A Higher Education Development Fund. responsibilities and functions. j. h. administer the Higher Education Development Fund. the equivalent of forty percent (40%) annual share on the total gross collections of the travel tax. subject to the following conditions: a. properties and services by gratuitous title. subject to budgetary limitations and the number of institutions of higher learning in the province or region where creation. policies and guidelines for the creation of new ones as well as the conversion or elevation of schools to institutions of higher learning. as well as the compensation scheme for the positions to be created upon the recommendation of the executive officer. direct or redirect purposive research by institutions of higher learning to meet the needs of agro-industrialization and development. promulgate such rules and regulations and exercise such other powers and functions as may be necessary to carry out effectively the purpose and objectives of this Act. The Secretariat. b. which will promote the purposes of higher education.The Commission shall organize a secretariat which shall be headed by an executive officer. 27 . shall be used to underwrite overhead expenses for administration. . n. 4. For sound and judicious management of the Fund. only earnings of private contributions shall be used for administrative expenses. perform such other functions as may be necessary for its effective operations and for the continued enhancement. . subject to the following conditions. It shall also prepare and approve its budget. rationalize programs and institutions of higher learning and set standards.000. government financing institutions identified and requested by the Commission may contribute to the Fund an amount equivalent to not less than three percent (3%) but not more than five percent (5%) of their unimpaired surplus realized during the immediately preceding year. b. 10. k. equipment. Starting Fiscal Year 1995 and every year thereafter. 9. review the charters of institutions of higher learning and state universities and colleges including the chairmanship and membership of their governing bodies and recommend appropriate measures as basis for necessary action. As administrator of the Fund. hereinafter referred to as the Fund. the amount of Five hundred million pesos (P500. the equivalent of thirty percent (30%) share of the collections from the Professional Registration Fee. subject to the national compensation and position classification plan. conversion or elevation is sought to be made. The Higher Education Development Fund. and other conveyances including materials. growth or development of higher education. The Fund shall have a private portion to be raised from donations. The Government’s contribution to the Fund shall be the following: 1. 2. is hereby established exclusively for the strengthening of higher education in the entire country. and other similar programs: Provided.

The Commission shall reconstitute and/or organize technical panels for different disciplines/program areas. . All regular or permanent employees transferred to the Commission shall not suffer any loss of seniority or rank or decrease in emoluments.The Commission shall provide incentives to institutions of higher learning. Authority. 16. Chair of the House Committee on Education and Culture. Thereafter. SEC. no abridgment of curricular freedom of the individual educational institutions by the Commission shall be made except for: (a) minimum unit requirements for specific academic programs. properties. rules and regulations. and grant which may be made to the Commission shall constitute as allowable deduction from the income of the donor for income tax purposes and shall be exempt from donor’s tax. independent administratively and budgetarily separate from the Commission Secretariat. 17. contribution. . That the Commission may seek the assistance of other government agencies for the proper implementation of this Act. SEC. shall be transferred to the Commission. 12. Chair of the Senate Committee on Education. Appropriation.c. SEC. Arts and Culture.The Commission shall exercise such authority as may be deemed necessary within its premises or areas of operation to effectively carry out its powers and functions and to attain its objectives: Provided. Tax Exemptions. In particular. and (c) specific professional subjects as may be stipulated by the various licensing entities. Culture and Sports. The Commission shall appoint and organize a separate staff. Culture and Sports (DECS). . .Such personnel. 18. Transitory Provisions. 15. as amended. SEC.The amount of Five hundred million pesos (P500.000. as well as parts of the budgetary items under the DECS budget that are concerned with higher and tertiary education and degree-granting vocational and technical programs such as those for personal services. The Fund shall be utilized equitably according to regions and programs. and d. bequest. The Technical Panels. functions and responsibilities of the Bureau of Higher Education. assets and liabilities. the funds necessary shall be included in the General Appropriations Act. maintenance and other operating expenses and capital outlay. whose programs are accredited or whose needs are for accreditation purposes. The sum equivalent to the appropriations for the current year for the Bureau of Higher Education and the degree.supported post-secondary degree-granting vocational and technical programs and tertiary institutions shall be transferred to the Commission. 14. under the Department of Education. SEC. Personnel of the Bureau of Higher Education not otherwise transferred to the Commission shall be reassigned by the DECS in any of its offices and bureaus: Provided. Jurisdiction over DECS-supervised or chartered state. The technical panels shall be composed of senior specialists or academicians to be appointed by the Commission. any employee who cannot be accommodated shall be given all the benefits as may be provided under existing laws. A transitory body is hereby created which shall be composed of the Secretary of Education. Guarantee of Academic Freedom. No academic or curricular restriction shall be made upon private educational institutions which are not required for chartered state colleges and universities. public and private.Any donation.granting-programs of the Bureau of Technical-Vocational Education. including those for higher and tertiary education and degree-granting vocational and technical programs in the regional offices. .000) is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the seed capital of the Fund.000. SEC.Nothing in this Act shall be construed as limiting the academic freedom of universities and colleges. 13. Accreditation. SEC. The Commission shall have the authority to appoint its own personnel. The additional amount of Fifty million pesos (P50. . . including those for higher and tertiary education and degree granting vocational and technical programs of the Bureau of Technical-Vocational Education in the regional offices. (b) general education distribution requirements as may be determined by the Commission. and other government entities having functions similar to those of the Commission are hereby transferred to the Commission. subject to such conditions as provided under the National Internal Revenue Code. however. That. They shall assist the Commission in setting standards and in program and institution monitoring and evaluation. a representative each of the 28 .000) is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of the funds in the National Treasury not otherwise appropriated or out of the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) funds for the initial operation of the Commission.

Repealing Clause. It shall likewise. ANGARA President of the Senate This Act. rules and regulations or parts thereof which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. . (SGD. 1994 and May 17. presidential decrees.This Act shall take effect upon its approval. Separability Clause. 1453 and the House Bill No. SABIO Secretary General House of Representatives Approved: 18 May 1994 (SGD. 1994.) EDGARDO E. RAMOS President of the Philippines 29 .Association of Christian Schools and Colleges (ACSC). The transition period not exceeding three (3) months shall commence from the approval of this Act. and the Philippine Association of Private Technical Institutions (PAPTI). (SGD. which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. Colleges and Universities (PAPSCU). 12200.) FIDEL V. Effectivity. SEC. the Philippine Association of State Universities and Colleges (PASUC). -All laws. the Philippine Association of Private Schools. . 19. promulgate the rules and regulations necessary to effectively implement the smooth and orderly transfer to the Commission. the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities (PACU). JR. the Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines (CEAP). Approved.) JOSE DE VENECIA.If any part or provision of this Act shall be held unconstitutional or invalid. was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on May 4.) EDGARDO J. TUMANGAN Secretary of Senate (SGD. 21. Speaker of the House of Representatives (SGD. SEC. other provisions hereof which are not affected thereby shall continue to be in full force and effect. 20. The transitory body shall facilitate the complete and full operation of the Commission which shall not be later than three (3) months after the effectivity of this Act. respectively. SEC. executive orders.) CAMILO L.

(b) For teachers of the secondary schools. 2. further. 5. Recruitment policy with respect to the selection and appointment of teachers shall be clearly defined by the Department of Education: Provided. Bachelor's degree in Education or its equivalent with a major and a minor. Recruitment and Qualification. 4670 June 18. applicants who do not meet the minimum qualifications: Provided. due to the exigencies of the service. Stability on employment and security of tenure shall be assured the teachers as provided under existing laws. school librarians. under a temporary status. Probationary Period. RECRUITMENT AND CAREER Sec. (c) For teachers of secondary vocational and two years technical courses. it being recognized that advance in education depends on the qualifications and ability of the teaching staff and that education is an essential factor in the economic growth of the nation as a productive investment of vital importance. 30 . but shall not include school nurses. their terms of employment and career prospects in order that they may compare favorably with existing opportunities in other walks of life. attract and retain in the teaching profession more people with the proper qualifications. no probationary period preceding regular appointment shall be imposed if the teacher possesses the appropriate civil service eligibility: Provided. whether they possess the minimum educational qualifications or not. Provided. and other school employees. including guidance counselors. (d) For teachers of courses on the collegiate level.REPUBLIC ACT NO. As used in this Act. That should teacher-applicants. it is necessary to employ as teacher a person who possesses the minimum educational qualifications herein above set forth but lacks the appropriate civil service eligibility. master's degree with a specific area of specialization. their living and working conditions. Title Definition. however. That the results of the examinations shall be made public and every applicant shall be furnished with his score and rank in said examinations. Sec. or a Bachelor's degree in Arts or Science with at least eighteen professional units in Education. finally. 3. Bachelor's degree in the field of specialization with at least eighteen professional units in education.E. preference in making appointments shall be in the order of their respective ranks in said competitive examinations: And provided. 1. further. That where. the term "teacher" shall mean all persons engaged in classroom teaching. Sec. When recruitment takes place after adequate training and professional preparation in any school recognized by the Government. That in the absence of applicants who possess the minimum educational qualifications as hereinabove provided. Tenure of Office. be required to take competitive examinations. That effective upon the approval of this Act.ED. DECLARATION OF POLICY COVERAGE Sec. 4. however. other than vocational. school physicians. 1966 THE MAGNA CARTA FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS I. This Act shall be known as the "Magna Carta for Public School Teachers" and shall apply to all public school teachers except those in the professorial staff of state colleges and universities. such person shall be appointed on a provisional status and shall undergo a period of probation for not less than one year from and after the date of his provisional appointment.). on full-time basis. II. Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education (B. the following shall constitute the minimum educational qualifications for teacher-applicants: (a) For teachers in the kindergarten and elementary grades. and all other persons performing supervisory and/or administrative functions in all schools. colleges and universities operated by the Government or its political subdivisions. the school superintendent may appoint. Declaration of Policy. Sec. It is hereby declared to be the policy of this Act to promote and improve the social and economic status of public school teachers.S. school dentists. industrial arts or vocational instructors. in any level of instruction.

9. as chairman. he may appeal his case to the Director of Public Schools or the Director of Vocational Education. Sec. Administrative Charges. at least three copies of the same Code shall be deposited with the office of the school principal or head teacher where they may be accessible for use by the teachers. or during its exercise. A copy of the Code shall be furnished each teacher: Provided. any teacher may be required to render more than six hours but not exceeding eight hours of actual classroom teaching a day upon payment of additional compensation at the same rate as his regular remuneration plus at least twenty-five per cent of his basic pay. no teacher shall be transferred without his consent from one station to another. in writing. Code of Professional Conduct for Teachers. Safeguards in Disciplinary Procedure. No publicity shall be given to any disciplinary action being taken against a teacher during the pendency of his case. however. all the members of the committee shall be appointed by the Secretary of Education. Within six months from the approval of this Act. 12. however. Sec. the right to full access to the evidence in the case. Additional Compensation. his transfer shall be held in abeyance: Provided. Sec. 7. No Discrimination. any existing provincial or national teacher's organization and a supervisor of the Division. Any teacher engaged in actual classroom instruction shall not be required to render more than six hours of actual classroom teaching a day. such transfer may be effected by the school superintendent who shall previously notify the teacher concerned of the transfer and the reason or reasons therefor. teachers appointed on a provisional status for lack of necessary civil service eligibility shall be extended permanent appointment for the position he is holding after having rendered at least ten years of continuous. Sec. 10. and d. Whenever possible. III. efficient and faithful service in such position. in its absence.Subject to the provisions of Section three hereof. 6. Pending his appeal and the decision thereon. 13. 8. however. If the teacher believes there is no justification for the transfer. adequate time being given to the teacher for the preparation of his defense. Sec. Married Teachers. The committee shall submit its findings and recommendations to the Director of Public Schools within thirty days from the termination of the hearings: Provided. 11. b. That no transfers whatever shall be made three months before any local or national election. particularly with regard to teaching and classroom methods. which shall be so scheduled as to give him time for the preparation and correction of exercises and other work incidental to his normal teaching duties: Provided. the proper authorities shall take all steps to enable married couples. or in the termination of services. Sec. HOURS OF WORK AND REMUNERATION Sec. That where the school superintendent is the complainant or an interested party. Academic Freedom. Except for cause and as herein otherwise provided. 14. Teaching Hours. Sec. That where the exigencies of the service so require. c. as the case may be. the Secretary of Education shall formulate and prepare a Code of Professional Conduct for Public School Teachers. Teachers shall enjoy academic freedom in the discharge of their professional duties. where the teacher belongs. of the charges. Notwithstanding any provision of existing law to the 31 . Sec. Where the exigencies of the service require the transfer of a teacher from one station to another. based on other than professional consideration. Every teacher shall enjoy equitable safeguards at each stage of any disciplinary procedure and shall have: a. Consent for Transfer Transportation Expenses. however. both of whom are public school teachers. the right to appeal to clearly designated authorities. the right to be informed. Necessary transfer expenses of the teacher and his family shall be paid for by the Government if his transfer is finally approved. That where this is not possible by reason of inadequate fiscal resources of the Department of Education. Administrative charges against a teacher shall be heard initially by a committee composed of the corresponding School Superintendent of the Division or a duly authorized representative who should at least have the rank of a division supervisor. the last two to be designated by the Director of Public Schools. a representative of the local or. to be employed in the same locality. There shall be no discrimination whatsoever in entrance to the teaching profession. the right to defend himself and to be defended by a representative of his choice and/or by his organization.

Sec. 16. Teacher's salaries shall. That the efficiency rating of the teacher concerned is at least satisfactory. and (c) they shall be properly graded so as to recognize the fact that certain positions require higher qualifications and greater responsibility than others: Provided. IV. Sec. Salaries to be Paid in Legal Tender. or provincial government. upon approval of the President of the Philippines. Cost of Living Allowance. Deductions Prohibited. Sec. co-curricula and out of school activities and any other activities outside of what is defined as normal duties of any teacher shall be paid an additional compensation of at least twenty-five per cent of his regular remuneration after the teacher has completed at least six hours of actual classroom teaching a day. Compulsory medical examination shall be provided free of charge for all teachers before they take up teaching. 21. training and abilities. (1) lawful dues and fees owing to the Philippine Public School Teachers Association. In the case of other teachers or school officials not engaged in actual classroom instruction. Education authorities shall refuse to allow the rendition of services of teachers for other government agencies without the assurance that the teachers shall be paid the remuneration provided for under this section. however. HEALTH MEASURES AND INJURY BENEFITS Sec. Sec. (b) they shall be such as to insure teachers a reasonable standard of life for themselves and their families. as determined by the Secretary of Education. 19. That upon written authority executed by the teacher concerned. however. Medical Examination and Treatment. Equality in Salary Scales. Sec. 15. The salary scales of teachers whose salaries are appropriated by a city. same shall be provided free by the 32 . for the purposes of calculating the cost-of-living allowances of teachers under its employ. Narrowing of the salary scale shall be achieved by raising the lower end of the salary scales relative to the upper end. be binding on the city. Sec. they shall be compensated special hardship allowances equivalent to at least twenty-five per cent of their monthly salary. The determination of the cost-of-living allowances by the Secretary of Education shall. Teacher's salaries shall correspond to the following criteria: (a) they shall compare favorably with those paid in other occupations requiring equivalent or similar qualifications. keep pace with the rise in the cost of living by the payment of a cost-of-living allowance which shall automatically follow changes in a cost-of-living index. the appropriation of the necessary funds for the cost-of-living allowances of teachers employed by the National Government. The Secretary of Education shall. municipal. Special Hardship Allowances. municipal district. at the very least. provincial. Provided. No person shall make any deduction whatsoever from the salaries of teachers except under specific authority of law authorizing such deductions: Provided. in consultation with the proper government entities.contrary. In areas in which teachers are exposed to hardship such as difficulty in commuting to the place of work or other hazards peculiar to the place of employment. 18. The progression from the minimum to the maximum of the salary scale shall not extend over a period of ten years. and (2) premiums properly due on insurance policies. Sec. city or municipal treasurer's office or any banking institutions operating under the laws of the Republic of the Philippines. and shall be repeated not less than once a year during the teacher's professional life. 20. any work performed in excess of eight hours a day shall be paid an additional compensation of at least twenty-five per cent of their regular remuneration. Criteria for Salaries. 22. shall not be less than those provided for teachers of the National Government. however. shall be considered deductible. Salaries of teachers shall be paid in legal tender of the Philippines or its equivalent in checks or treasury warrants. Where medical examination show that medical treatment and/or hospitalization is necessary. granted automatically after three years: Provided. at least annually. That such checks or treasury warrants shall be cashable in any national. Salary scales of teachers shall provide for a gradual progression from a minimum to a maximum salary by means of regular increments. Salary Scale. municipal or provincial government. recommend to Congress. That the general salary scale shall be such that the relation between the lowest and highest salaries paid in the profession will be of reasonable order. 17. The agencies utilizing the services of teachers shall pay the additional compensation required under this section.

Rules and regulations issued pursuant to this Section shall take effect thirty days after publication in a newspaper of general circulation and by such other means as the Secretary of Education deems reasonably sufficient to give interested parties general notice of such issuance. In addition to the leave privileges now enjoyed by teachers in the public schools. or shall relinquish membership in an organization. The compensation allowed for one year study leave as herein provided shall be subject to the condition that the teacher takes the regular study load and passes at least seventy-five per cent of his courses. 26. Study leave of more than one year may be permitted by the Secretary of Education but without compensation. Freedom to Organize. It shall be unlawful for any person to commit any acts of discrimination against teachers which are calculated to (a) make the employment of a teacher subject to the condition that he shall not join an organization. Discrimination Against Teachers Prohibited. the teachers shall be entitled to at least sixty per cent of their monthly salary: Provided. 29. however. Sec. Penal Provision. restrain or coerce any teacher in the exercise of his rights guaranteed by this Act or who shall in any other manner 33 . 27. VI. 25. 24. 30. Public school teachers shall have the right to freely and without previous authorization both to establish and to join organizations of their choosing. LEAVE AND RETIREMENT BENEFITS Sec. Indefinite Leave. 32. Salary Increase upon Retirement. further. In all cases. (b) to cause the dismissal of or otherwise prejudice a teacher by reason of his membership in an organization or because of participation in organization activities outside school hours. Budgetary Estimates. National teachers' organizations shall be consulted in the formulation of national educational policies and professional standards. That no compensation shall be due the teacher after the first year of such leave. The Secretary of Education shall formulate and prepare the necessary rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this Act. A person who shall willfully interfere with. and (c) to prevent him from carrying out the duties laid upon him by his position in the organization. TEACHER'S ORGANIZATION Sec. Sec.government entity paying the salary of the teachers. within school hours. 28. whether local or national to further and defend their interests. 31. and in the formulation of national policies governing the social security of the teachers. The Secretary of Education shall submit to Congress annually the necessary budgetary estimates to implement the provisions of the Act concerning the benefits herein granted to public school teachers under the employ of the National Government. The effects of the physical and nervous strain on the teacher's health shall be recognized as a compensable occupational disease in accordance with existing laws. Sec. or with the consent of the proper school authorities. Sec. the study leave period shall be counted for seniority and pension purposes. Teachers shall be protected against the consequences of employment injuries in accordance with existing laws. In regions where there is scarcity of medical facilities. Sec. The rights established in the immediately preceding Section shall be exercised without any interference or coercion. National Teacher's Organizations. which shall be the basis of the computation of the lump sum of the retirement pay and the monthly benefits thereafter. Compensation For Injuries. Public school teachers having fulfilled the age and service requirements of the applicable retirement laws shall be given one range salary raise upon retirement. teachers may obtain elsewhere the necessary medical care with the right to be reimbursed for their traveling expenses by the government entity concerned in the first paragraph of this Section. That no teacher shall be allowed to accumulate more than one year study leave. they shall be entitled to study leave not exceeding one school year after seven years of service. Such leave shall be granted in accordance with a schedule set by the Department of Education. ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT Sec. During the period of such leave. Sec. unless he needs an additional semester to finish his thesis for a graduate study in education or allied courses: Provided. An indefinite sick leave of absence shall be granted to teachers when the nature of the illness demands a long treatment that will exceed one year at the least. or to penalize him for an action undertaken in that capacity. VII. 23. Rules and Regulations. Sec. V. Study Leave.

the capability to engage in autonomous. — This Act shall be known as the "Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013″. in the discretion of the court. it is hereby declared the policy of the State that every graduate of basic education shall be an empowered individual who has learned. executive orders and their implementing rules inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed. 33. the ability to coexist in fruitful harmony with local and global communities. If the offender is a public official. Repealing Clause. the foundations for learning throughout life. 35. 34. — The State shall establish. or by imprisonment. Sec. and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people. APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: Section 1. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. If any provision of this Act is declared invalid. maintain and support a complete. the court shall order his dismissal from the Government service. Approved: June 18. be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred pesos nor more than one thousand pesos. upon conviction. For this purpose. Separability Clause. Likewise. 10533 AN ACT ENHANCING THE PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION SYSTEM BY STRENGTHENING ITS CURRICULUM AND INCREASING THE NUMBER OF YEARS FOR BASIC EDUCATION. Declaration of Policy. the remainder of this Act or any provisions not affected thereby shall remain in force and in effect. adequate. Short Title.commit any act to defeat any of the provisions of this Act shall. Section 2. creative. the country and society-at-large. Sec. All Acts or parts of Acts. 1966 REPUBLIC ACT No. the competence to engage in work and be productive. and the capacity and willingness to transform others and one’s self. Sec. and critical thinking. the State shall create a functional basic education system 34 . through a program that is rooted on sound educational principles and geared towards excellence. amended or modified accordingly.

Elementary education refers to the second stage of compulsory basic education which is composed of six (6) years. It encompasses kindergarten. teaching materials and assessment shall be in the regional or native language of the learners. The entrant age to this level is typically six (6) years old. Basic Education. respectively. skills and values for both life-long learning and employment. in that sequence. It consists of four (4) years of junior high school education and two (2) years of senior high school education. schools and communities through the appropriate languages of teaching and learning. and six (6) years of secondary education. Section 4. (b) Broaden the goals of high school education for college preparation. Secondary education includes four (4) years of junior high school and two (2) years of senior high school education. sports and entrepreneurial employment in a rapidly changing and increasingly globalized environment. For kindergarten and the first three (3) years of elementary education. the State shall: (a) Give every student an opportunity to receive quality education that is globally competitive based on a pedagogically sound curriculum that is at par with international standards. six (6) years of elementary education. including mother tongue as a learning resource. Section 3. cognitive and cultural capacity. Basic education shall be delivered in languages understood by the learners as the language plays a strategic role in shaping the formative years of learners. 35 . the circumstances and diversity of learners. The entrant age to the junior and senior high school levels are typically twelve (12) and sixteen (16) years old. Kindergarten education shall mean one (1) year of preparatory education for children at least five (5) years old as a prerequisite for Grade I. In order to achieve this. vocational and technical career opportunities as well as creative arts. — The enhanced basic education program encompasses at least one (1) year of kindergarten education. and (c) Make education learner-oriented and responsive to the needs. The Department of Education (DepED) shall formulate a mother language transition program from Grade 4 to Grade 6 so that Filipino and English shall be gradually introduced as languages of instruction until such time when these two (2) languages can become the primary languages of instruction at the secondary level. — Basic education is intended to meet basic learning needs which provides the foundation on which subsequent learning can be based. elementary and secondary education as well as alternative learning systems for out-of-school learners and those with special needs. Secondary education refers to the third stage of compulsory basic education. Enhanced Basic Education Program.that will develop productive and responsible citizens equipped with the essential competencies. instruction.

the parents-teachers associations and the chambers of commerce on matters affecting the concerned stakeholders. reflective. the national student organizations. which he/she identifies with. — The DepED shall formulate the design and details of the enhanced basic education curriculum. (c) The curriculum shall be culture-sensitive. the DepED shall undertake consultations with other national government agencies and other stakeholders including. mother language or first Language (LI) refers to language or languages first learned by a child. which he/she knows best. (e) The curriculum shall use pedagogical approaches that are constructivist. responsive and research-based. 36 . This includes Filipino sign language used by individuals with pertinent disabilities. the private and public schools associations. The production and development of locally produced teaching materials shall be encouraged and approval of these materials shall devolve to the regional and division education units. is identified as a native language user of by others.For purposes of this Act. but not limited to. the DepED shall coordinate with the CHED and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). and (h) The curriculum shall be flexible enough to enable and allow schools to localize. the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE). It shall work with the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) to craft harmonized basic and tertiary curricula for the global competitiveness of Filipino graduates. or uses most. inclusive and developmentally appropriate. collaborative and integrative. (g) The curriculum shall use the spiral progression approach to ensure mastery of knowledge and skills after each level. Section 5. (d) The curriculum shall be contextualized and global. (b) The curriculum shall be relevant. instructional materials and capable teachers to implement the MTB-MLE curriculum shall be available. inquiry-based. the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC). To achieve an effective enhanced basic education curriculum. Curriculum Development. the national teacher organizations. (f) The curriculum shall adhere to the principles and framework of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) which starts from where the learners are and from what they already knew proceeding from the known to the unknown. The DepED shall adhere to the following standards and principles in developing the enhanced basic education curriculum: (a) The curriculum shall be learner-centered. area or place. To ensure college readiness and to avoid remedial and duplication of basic education subjects. The regional or native language refers to the traditional speech variety or variety of Filipino sign language existing in a region. indigenize and enhance the same based on their respective educational and social contexts.

but not limited to. as specified: (a) In-service Training on Content and Pedagogy — Current DepED teachers shall be retrained to meet the content and performance standards of the new K to 12 curriculum. Mathematics. shall conduct teacher education and training programs.— Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 26. (c) Training of School Leadership. Section 7. and nongovernmental organizations. — New graduates of the current Teacher Education curriculum shall undergo additional training. the PRC. Hiring of Graduates of Science. The consultative committee shall oversee the review and evaluation on the implementation of the basic education curriculum and may recommend to the DepED the formulation of necessary refinements in the curriculum.Section 6. Duly recognized organizations acting as TEIs. Section 8. principals. shall ensure that the curriculum of these organizations meet the necessary quality standards for trained teachers. subject area coordinators and other instructional school leaders shall likewise undergo workshops and training to enhance their skills on their role as academic. engineering. such professional development programs as those stated above shall be initiated and conducted regularly throughout the school year to ensure constant upgrading of teacher skills. industry. 27 and 28 of Republic Act No. Engineering and Other Specialists in Subjects With a Shortage of Qualified Applicants. the CHED. in coordination with the DepED. a representative each from the CHED. otherwise known as the "Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994″. the CHED. academe. Statistics. music and other degree courses with shortages in qualified Licensure 37 . Furthermore. the DOLE. the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). as may be relevant to the particular subject: (a) Graduates of science. 7836. to upgrade their skills to the content standards of the new curriculum. — Superintendents. in coordination with the DepED and relevant stakeholders. the DepED and private education institutions shall hire. the TESDA. — To ensure that the enhanced basic education program meets the demand for quality teachers and school leaders. shall ensure that the Teacher Education curriculum offered in these Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs) will meet necessary quality standards for new teachers. the DepED and the CHED. mathematics. Technical-Vocational Courses and Higher Education Institution Faculty. Curriculum Consultative Committee. Henceforth. administrative and community leaders. and other relevant stakeholders. (b) Training of New Teachers. Teacher Education and Training. — There shall be created a curriculum consultative committee chaired by the DepED Secretary or his/her duly authorized representative and with members composed of. statistics. in collaboration with relevant partners in government. upon hiring. The DepED shall ensure that private education institutions shall be given the opportunity to avail of such training. and a representative from the business chambers such as the Information Technology – Business Process Outsourcing (IT-BPO) industry association.

or the "Expanded Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education Act". the provisions of LET shall no longer be required. the DepED. That they pass the LET within five (5) years after their date of hiring: Provided. That if such graduates are willing to teach on part-time basis. Section 11. 8545. Section 9. (d) The DepED and private education institutions may hire practitioners. the initial funding of which shall be charged against the 38 . Career Guidance and Counselling Advocacy. otherwise known as the "Guidance and Counselling Act of 2004″. who are not registered and licensed guidance counsellors. Examination for Teachers (LET) applicants to teach in their specialized subjects in the elementary and secondary education. That the faculty must be a holder of a relevant Bachelor’s degree. the TESDA and the CHED. (b) Graduates of technical-vocational courses to teach in their specialized subjects in the secondary education: Provided. and other financial arrangements formulated by the DepED and the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) based on the principles of public-private partnership. — The Secretary of Education shall include in the Department’s program the operationalization of the enhanced basic education program. with expertise in the specialized learning areas offered by the Basic Education Curriculum. the DepED. to teach in the secondary level. Qualified LET applicants shall also include graduates admitted by foundations duly recognized for their expertise in the education sector and who satisfactorily complete the requirements set by these organizations: Provided. in coordination with the appropriate government agencies. Appropriations. shall regularly conduct career advocacy activities for secondary level students. 8545. shall determine the necessary qualification standards in hiring these experts. Provided. shall be allowed to conduct career advocacy activities to secondary level students of the school where they are currently employed. (c) Faculty of HEIs be allowed to teach in their general education or subject specialties in the secondary education: Provided. — The benefits accorded by Republic Act No. career and employment guidance counsellors. That these graduates possess the necessary certification issued by the TESDA:Provided. in coordination with the DOLE. further. Section 10. 9258. That they undergo a training program to be developed or accredited by the DepED.Provided. That they teach on part-time basis only. Expansion of E-GASTPE Beneficiaries. shall be extended to qualified students enrolled under the enhanced basic education. The DepED shall engage the services of private education institutions and non-DepED schools offering senior high school through the programs under Republic Act No. That they undergo appropriate in-service training to be administered by the DepED or higher education institutions (HEIs) at the expense of the DepED. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 27 of Republic Act No. further. — To properly guide the students in choosing the career tracks that they intend to pursue. For this purpose. and must have satisfactorily served as a full-time HEI faculty.

(f) adequacy of funding requirements. the CHED and the TESDA shall formulate the appropriate strategies and mechanisms needed to ensure smooth transition from the existing ten (10) years basic education cycle to the enhanced basic education (K to 12) cycle. computer and science laboratories. (b) retention rate. including Chairs of the Committees on Education. Joint Congressional Oversight Committee on the Enhanced Basic Educational Program (K to 12 Program). the DepED. shall be given priority in hiring for the duration of the transition period. Modeling for senior high school may be implemented in selected schools to simulate the transition process and provide concrete data for the transition plan. (c) National Achievement Test results. monitor and evaluate the implementation of this Act. organizational and structural concerns. and (g) other learning facilities including. the TVIs and the HEIs shall coordinate closely with one another to implement strategies that ensure the academic.current appropriations of the DepED. — By the end of School Year 2014-2015. Mandatory Evaluation and Review. libraries and library hubs. in this midterm report. music and arts. but not limited to. Moreover. and partnerships between the government and other entities. and (f) other shortages that should be addressed. Arts and Culture. For this purpose. (e) teachers’ welfare and training profiles. The strategies may cover changes in physical infrastructure. financial. and human resource capabilities of HEIs and TVIs to provide educational and training services for graduates of the enhanced basic education program to ensure that they are not adversely affected. and Finance of both Houses. Thereafter. the transition period shall be provided for in the implementing rules and regulations (IRK). physical. — There is hereby created a Joint Oversight Committee to oversee. Section 14. the DepED shall conduct a mandatory review and submit a midterm report to Congress as to the status of implementation of the K to 12 program in terms of closing the following current shortages: (a) teachers. the amount necessary for the continued implementation of the enhanced basic education program shall be included in the annual General Appropriations Act. 39 . the CHED. the TESDA.1âwphi1 The DepED shall include among others. Section 13. Transitory Provisions. The Oversight Committee shall be composed of five (5) members each from the Senate and from the House of Representatives. the following key metrics of access to and quality of basic education: (a) participation rate. (e) toilets. — The DepED. To manage the initial implementation of the enhanced basic education program and mitigate the expected multi-year low enrolment turnout for HEIs and Technical Vocational Institutions (TVIs) starting School Year 2016- 2017. (b) classrooms. and sports. The membership of the Committee for every House shall have at least two (2) opposition or minority members. (d) completion rate. manpower. (d) seats. (c) textbooks. The faculty of HEIs and TVIs allowed to teach students of secondary education under Section 8 hereof. bridging models linking grade 10 competencies and the entry requirements of new tertiary curricula. the DepED shall engage in partnerships with HEIs and TVIs for the utilization of the latter’s human and physical resources. Section 12.

and all other laws. Republic Act No. executive orders and rules and regulations contrary to or inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. decrees. — If any provision of this Act is held invalid or unconstitutional. Section 17. — Pertinent provisions of Batas PambansaBlg. the CHED Chairperson and the TESDA Director-General shall promulgate the rules and regulations needed for the implementation of this Act. — This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in the Official Gazette or in two (2) newspapers of general circulation. 9155 or the "Governance of Basic Education. the DepED Secretary. Separability Clause. Act of 2001″. — Within ninety (90) days after the effectivity of this Act. Republic Act No. Section 18.Section 15. 7836. 9258. Effectivity Clause. 232 or the "Education Act of 1982″. the same shall not affect the validity and effectivity of the other provisions hereof. Section 19. Commitment to International Benchmarks. Repealing Clause. Section 16. Approved: MAY 15 2013 40 . Implementing Rules and Regulations. — The DepED shall endeavor to increase the per capita spending on education towards the immediate attainment of international benchmarks. Republic Act No.