You are on page 1of 12


Nandhakumar & Sundaran, Chartered

Search w eb

Menu Resources >

About Us
Comparison between Partnership Firm,
Audit & Assurance
Company and LLP
Due Diligence
Accounting Service
Advisory Services Category Partnership Company LLP
Indirect Tax
Management Prevailing Law Partnership is Companies are Limited Liability
Consulting prevailed by The prevailed by Partnership are
Resources Indian Partnership Companies Act, prevailed by The
Compliance Act, 1932 and 1956 Limited Liability
Calendar various Rules Partnership Act,
Company & LLP made there under 2008 and various
Rules made there
Partnership Firm,
Company and LLP Registration Registration is Registration with Registration with
Contact Us optional Registrar of ROC Registrar of LLP
Sitemap required. required.

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
Creation Created by Created by Law Created by Law

Distinct entity Not a separate Is a separate legal Is a separate legal

legal entity entity under the entity under the
Companies Act, Limited Liability
1956. Partnership Act,

Name of Entity Any name as per Name to contain Name to contain

choice 'Limited' in case of 'Limited Liability
Public Company Partnership' or 'LLP'
or 'Private Limited' as suffix.
in case of Private
Company as suffix.

Cost of Formation The Cost of Minimum Statutory The cost of

Formation is fee for Formation is statutory
negligible incorporation of filling fees,
Private Company comparatively lesser
is Rs.6,000/- and than the cost of
minimum Statutory formation of
fee for Company.
incorporation of
Public Company is
Rs. 19,000/-

Perpetual It does not have It has perpetual It has perpetual

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
Succession perpetual succession and succession and
succession as this members may partners may come
depends upon the come and go. and go
will of partners

Charter Document Partnership Deed Memorandum and LLP Agreement is a

is a charter of the Article of charter of the LLP
firm which denotes Association is the which denotes its
its scope of charter of the scope of operation
operation and company that and rights and duties
rights and duties of defines its scope of of the partners vis--
the partners operation. vis LLP.

Common Seal There is no It denotes the It denotes the

concept of signature of the signature and LLP
common seal in company and may have its own
partnership every company common seal,
shall have its own dependant upon the
common seal terms of the

Formalities of In case of Various eforms Various eforms are

Incorporation registration, along the filled with Registrar of
Partnership Deed Memorandum & LLP with prescribed
along with form / Articles of fees
affidavit required Association are
to be filled with filled with Registrar
Registrar of firms of Companies with
along with requisite prescribed fees
open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
filing fee

Legal Proceedings Only registered A company is a A LLP is a legal entity

partnership can legal entity which can sue and be sued
sue third party can sue and be

Foreign Foreign Nationals Foreign Nationals Foreign Nationals can

Participation can not form can be a member be a Partner in a
Partnership Firm in in a Company. LLP.

Number of Minimum 2 and 2 to 50 members Minimum 2 partners

Members Maximum 20 in case of Private and there is no
Company and limitation of maximum
Minimum 7 number of partners.
members in case of
Public Company.

Ownership of Partners have joint The company The LLP independent

Assets ownership of all independent of the of the partners has
the assets members has ownership of assets
belonging to ownership of
partnership firm assets

Rights / Duties / Rights / Duties / Rights / Duties / Rights / Duties /

obligation of the obligation of the obligation of the obligation of the
Partners / partners are directors are partners are governed
open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
Managing Partners governed by governed by AOA by LLP Agreement.
/ Directors Partnership Deed. and resolution
passed by
shareholders or

Liability of Unlimited. Partners Generally limited to Limited, to the extent

Partners/Members are severally and the amount their contribution
jointly liable for required to be paid towards LLP, except
actions of other up on each share. in case of intentional
partners and the fraud or wrongful act
firm and liability of omission or
extend to their commission by the
personal assets. partner.

Tax Liability Income of Income of Income of LLP is

Partnership is Company is Taxed taxed at a Flat rate of
taxed at a Flat rate at a Flat rate of 30% plus education
of 30% plus 30% Plus cess as applicable.
education cess as surcharge as
applicable. applicable.

Principal/Agent Partners are agents The directors act Partners act as agents
Relationship of the firm and as agents of the of LLP and not of the
other partners. company and not other partners.
of the members

Transfer / Not transferable. Ownership is easily Regulations relating to

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
Inheritance of In case of death transferable. transfer are governed
Rights the legal heir by the LLP
receives the Agreement .
financial value of

Transfer of Share / In case of death of In case of death of In case of death of a

Partnership rights in a partner, the legal member, shares partner, the legal heirs
case of death heirs have the right are transmitted to have the right to get
to get the refund of the legal heirs. the refund of the
the capital capital contribution +
contribution + share in accumulated
share in profits, if any. Legal
accumulated heirs will not become
profits, if any. partners
Legal heirs will not
become partners

Director The partners are Each director is Each Designated

Identification not required to required to have a Partners is required to
Number / obtain any Director have a DPIN before
Designated Partner identification Identification being appointed as
Identification number Number before Designated Partner of
Number (DIN / being appointed as LLP.
DPIN) Director of any

Digital Signature There is no As eforms are As eforms are filled

requirement of filled electronically, electronically, atleast
open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
obtaining Digital atleast one one Designated
Signature Director should Partner should have
have Digital Digital Signatures.

Dissolution By agreement, Voluntary or by Voluntary or by order

mutual consent, order of National of National Company
insolvency, certain Company Law Law Tribunal.
contingencies, and Tribunal.
by court order.

Transferability of A partner can A member can A partner can transfer

Interest transfer his interest freely transfer his his interest subject to
subject to the interest the LLP Agreement

Admission as A person can be A person can A person can be

partner / member admitted as a become member admitted as a partner
partner as per the by buying shares of as per the LLP
partnership a company. Agreement

Cessation as A person can A member / A person can cease

partner / member cease to be a shareholder can to be a partner as per
partner as per the cease to be a the LLP Agreement
agreement member by selling or in absence of the
his shares. same by giving 30

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
days prior notice to
the LLP.

Requirement of No requirement of Directors are Designated Partners

Managerial any managerial; appointed to are responsible for
Personnel for day to personnel , manage the managing the day to
day administration partners business and other day business and
themselves statutory other statutory
administer the compliances on compliances.
business behalf of the

Statutory Meetings There is no Board Meetings There is no provision

provision in regard and General in regard to holding of
to holding of any Meetings are any meeting.
meeting required to
conducted at
appropriate time.

Maintenance of There is no The proceedings of A LLP by agreement

Minutes concept of any meeting of the may decide to record
minutes board of directors the proceedings of
/ shareholders are meetings of the
required to be Partners/Designated
recorded in Partners

Voting Rights It depends upon Voting rights are Voting rights shall be

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
the partnership decided as per the as decided as per the
Agreement number of shares terms of LLP
held by the Agreement.

Remuneration of The firm can pay Company can pay Remuneration to

Managerial remuneration to its remuneration to its partner will depend
Personnel for day to partners Directors subject upon LLP
day administration to law. Agreement.

Contracts with Partners are free Restrictions on Partners are free to

Partners/Director to enter into any Board regarding enter into any
contract. some specified contract.
contracts, in which
directors are

Maintenance of Required to Required to Required to maintain

Statutory Records maintain books of maintain books of books of accounts.
accounts as Tax accounts, statutory
laws registers, minutes

Annual Filing No return is Annual Financial Annual Statement of

required to be filed Statement and accounts and
with Registrar of Annual Return is Solvency & Annual
Firms required to be filed Return is required to
with the Registrar be filed with Registrar

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
of Companies of Companies every
every year. year.

Share Certificate The ownership of Share Certificates The ownership of the

the partners in the are proof of partners in the firm is
firm is evidenced ownership of evidenced by LLP
by Partnership shares held by the Agreement.
Deed, if any. members in the

Audit of accounts Partnership firms Companies are All LLP except for
are only required required to get those having turnover
to have tax audit of their accounts less than Rs.40 Lacs
their accounts as audited annually as or Rs.25 Lacs
per the provisions per the provisions contribution in any
of the Income Tax of the Companies financial year are
Act Act, 1956, required to get their
accounts audited
annually as per the
provisions of LLP
Act 2008.

Applicability of No Accounting Companies have to The necessary rules in

Accounting Standards are mandatorily regard to the
Standards. applicable comply with application of
accounting accounting standards
standards are not yet issued.

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
Compromise / Partnership cannot Companies can LLPs can enter into
arrangements / merge with other enter into Compromise /
merger / firm or enter into Compromise / arrangements /
amalgamation compromise or arrangements / merger /
arrangement with merger / amalgamation
creditors or amalgamation

Oppression and No remedy exist , Provisions No provision relating

mismanagement in case of providing for to redressal in case of
oppression of any remedy against oppression and
partner or Oppression and mismanagement
mismanagement of mismanagement
Partnership exists

Credit Worthiness Creditworthiness Due to Stringent Will enjoy

of organization of firm depends Compliances & Comparatively higher
upon goodwill and disclosures under creditworthiness from
creditworthiness of various laws, Partnership due to
its partners Companies enjoys Stringent regulatory
high degree of framework but lesser
creditworthiness. than a company.

Whistle Blowing No such provision No such provision Provision has been

is provided under is provided under made to provide
Partnership Act, the Companies protection to
1932 Act, 1956. employees &
partners, providing
useful information
open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API
during an investigation
or convicting any
partner or firm.


Report Abuse | Powered By Google Sites

open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API