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Given Data:

18.2
water 9.81 kN/m3

c' 25

' 10deg
h1 4.2
Solution
(a) Assume active conditions behind the excavation. This will give the minimum
lateral thrust that must be resisted if collapse is to be avoided.

Solution:

'crit ' 10 deg

Ka

1 sin 'crit 0.704

1 sin 'crit
v4.2 h1 76.44

u 4.2 water h1 41.202

'v4.2 v4.2 u 4.2 35.238

'ha0 Ka 0 2 c' Ka 41.955

'ha4.2 Ka v4.2 2 c' Ka 11.866

hcr
2 c' Ka 3.274
Ka

h 2 c' Ka Ka h h 0.5 0


h 2 c' Ka Ka h 0.5 0 h
2 c' Ka 6.548
0.5 Ka
z 3.8
L 7.5

Undrained cohesion cu 16.5 Density 1760 kg/m3


( 1760 9.81 1 )
Unit weight of soil 17.266 kN/m2
1000
q 10 u 9.81

(a) Assume active conditions behind the excavation. This will give the minimum
lateral thrust that must be resisted if collapse is to be avoided.