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Specification

& Design Guide


1980s
Extension of the oer of Safety Plus
2007
Rawlplug Cartridge
and R-HPT mechanical anchors Free System

1998
RAWLPLUG became rst UK
1948 manufacturer with ETA
The worlds rst
metal anchor for drywall
1919
Rawlings Brothers
changed company name to
1887- 1897 1912 THE RAWLPLUG COMPANY LTD
RAWLINGS BROTHERS RAWLPLUG
started out in London Trademark
as a small rm of plumbers registration

1887 1912-20 20-50 50-80 80-07

1911 1930s
THE WORLDS FIRST Invention of the rst ever
EXPANSION PLUG mechanical anchor - RAWLBOLT
Patent led by Rawlings Brothers 2005
1969 Uno Plug
First production no. 1 in UK
1910 of expansion plastic plugs
JOHN RAWLINGS in GLASGOW factory
invented the world's rst expansion plug
1993
First hammer-in xing
in Central Europe
2004
Debut on Warsaw
Stock Exchange

2
Since 1 11 when ohn Rawlings invented and led an
application to patent the worlds rst wall plug the history
of xings has been inextricably linked with the RAWLPLUG
brand. Following the tremendous success of this revolution-
ary product in Europe the RAWLPLUG company was found-
2012 ed in 1 1 and uickly became renowned across the world
Inauguration of for its innovative and reliable xings.
Sustainable Rawlplug Policy
Over the years a small family company became an interna-
tional organisation whose power is re ected in 13 companies
2013 on four continents over 1.900 employees and almost
T-FIX facade xings used in 30.000 lines making up our diverse range of products.
energy-saving building industry The Groups present-day know-how is a synergy of knowledge
and experience based on the best practices of its subsidiaries
whose main activity is developing innovative solutions
in the eld of xing technologies including their design,
2014 production and distribution.
2011 Line of products
FF1 frame xing for Passive Fire Since it was founded Rawlplug has placed great emphasis
Protection Systems on the quality and innovation of its products developing
research centres in Glasgow Wroclaw and Lancut. R D teams
consisting of experienced engineers in the uest to nd
innovative solutions design products intended for a wide
range of substrates and applications. Pioneering Rawlplug solu-
tions imitated all over the world have been dening the direc-
tion for the entire xings industry for over 1 years.
owadays Rawlplug products are used in construction
automotive machine and electro-machine mining shipyard
road timber and power industries including around .
09-14 product listings divided into key groups
Fixings & Anchors
Thermal insulation xings for facades and roofs self- drilling
screws lightweight domestic xings frame xings
medium heavy-duty anchors resin-bonded anchors
and many others.
Fasteners
2009
DI bolts nuts washers special bolts and many others
Introduction of a new line of XPT
including bespoke solutions .
and HPT mechanical anchors
Tools
and power tools power tool accessories drills saws
chisels etc. and direct fastening systems.

Today Rawlplug continues in its ne tradition of innovation


through constant research and development of technologies
and processes that minimise the companys impact on
the natural environment making sustainable development
one of the pillars of its existence.

Sustainable Rawlplug:
employs a strategy of successful management and ethical
business practices
builds long-lasting relationships based on common
respect and trust with customers suppliers and business
partners thanks to an eectively designed and operated
supply chain
cares for its employees and provides help and support
to develop local communities
is concerned for the natural environment focusing
on areas involving production processes employee
education and cooperation with experts in the eld
of waste management.

Thanks to its constant emphasis on


innovative solutions and customer care
together with keen concern over sustain-
able development and environmental
issues RAWLPLUG products continue
to be acknowledged around the globe
making them a world-class rst choice
for the xings industry.

1
Trust & Innovation
Content
Introduction to anchoring 9

Overview of our range 10

Basics of anchoring 16

Bonded Anchors 29

Resin consumption for bonded anchors 30

R-KEX II with Threaded Rods 31

R-KER with Threaded Rods 41

RV200 with Threaded Rods CFS 51


T READED RODS

R-CAS-V Spin-In Capsule with Threaded Rods 60

R-HAC-V ammer-In Capsule with Threaded Rods 65

R-KEM II with Threaded Rods for Concrete 70

RM50 with Threaded Rods for Concrete CFS 79

R-KF2 with Threaded Rods 88

RP30 CFS 97

R-KEX II with Sockets 106


SOCKETS

R-KER with Sockets 110

RV200 with Sockets CFS 115


Content

R-KEX II with Post-Installed Rebar 119

R-KEX II with Rebar as an Anchor 124

R-KER with Post-Installed Rebar 133


REBAR

R-KER with Rebar as an Anchor 138

RV200 with Post-Installed Rebar CFS 148

RV200 with Rebar as an Anchor CFS 153

R-HAC-V ammer-In Capsule with Rebar 156

R-KEM II with Threaded Rods for asonry 160


ASO R

RM50 with Threaded Rods for asonry CFS 165

COPY-ECO System 170

Mechanical Anchors 173

R-SPLII-L, R-SPLII-P, R-SPLII-C Safety Plus 174

R-SPL , R-SPL-BP, R-SPL-C Safety Plus 180

R-HPTIIA4 Stainless Steel Throughbolt 184

R-HPTIIZF inc Flake Throughbolt 192

R-XPTIIA4 Stainless Steel Throughbolt 200

R-XPT Throughbolt 205

R-XPT-HD ot Dip Galvani ed Throughbolt 211

R-RBL, R-RBP Rawlbolt 217

R-RBL-E, R-RBL-H, R-RB Rawlbolt 223

R-DCA, R-DCL Wedge Anchors 225

R-DCA-A4 Stainless Steel Wedge Anchor 227

R-RLK Rawlok 229

R-LX Concrete Screw Anchor 232

Lightweight Fixings 235

FF1 ylon frame fixing 238

WHO/WHS Frame screws 240

FX ammer-in fixing 241

UNO Universal plug 244

4ALL Universal plug 246

GS Ceiling wedge anchor 248

All products listed in this publication are branded and distributed with RAWLPLUG or RAWL trademarks.

4
Rawlplug Support

Construction
For nearly a century Rawlplug has been renowned for its high quality
products and technical expertise within the Building and Civil Engi-
neering Industry. Our heavy duty anchors have been specified for
safety critical applications on many prestigious projects.

Our technical personnel liaise with Construction professionals daily,


ensuring the most appropriate anchoring solutions are selected and
that future product developments reflect the trends within the in-
dustry.

Our focus is on delivering the highest quality products cost effec-


tively. Where ever our products are purchased around the world the
quality remains consistent so engineers can specify with confidence.
Whether you are a Specifier, Contractor, Distributor or User, you can
contact Rawlplug for free advice plus Site Testing, Product Training
and Technical Seminars.

Construction Fixings Association


Rawlplug is a proud member of the Construction Fixings Association
(CFA) which represents major fixings suppliers within the UK.

All CFA full members are committed to providing technically proven


products manufactured to recognised Quality Assurance procedures
and backed up with comprehensive technical support services includ-
ing performance data, anchor selection software, application advice,
on site testing and training in the correct use of our products.
The CFA is directly involved in the development of European and
British Standards, contributing to the development of European
Guidelines for Technical Approval of anchors. The CFA also ensures
best fixings practice by publishing a series of free Guidance Notes,
downloadable from the website which also carries articles, news and
technical advice.

Technical Advisory Service


The Rawlplug Specification Team provides a complete package
of technical support from the Design stage of a project to its Com-
pletion.

Our national service involves the recommendation of an appropriate


product taking into account the structure, life expectancy, location,
load applied, and all other criteria.

We are very pleased to check the design and specification of any


product from lightweight fixings to heavily loaded safety critical an-
chors. This ensures that the correct specification is written for any
product and includes the required safety factors to ensure that the
anchor works satisfactorily its lifetime.

Our Technical Advisory Service can be contacted in Glasgow, between time or in early evening. Subjects include the correct selection of Me-
the hours of 9.00am and 5.00pm. They will also provide information, chanical and Bonded Anchors and reference is made to applications
technical data, samples etc., and arrange for one of our engineers to and case studies. We also provide some details on our Design Soft-
call to offices or sites. ware and new Technical Handbook. The seminar can be conducted
for any number of people and is normally carried out at the clients
We will also visit sites to conduct Pull-Out Tests. This is particularly premises, and focuses on relevant topics.
useful where structures are unknown or potentially weak, for exam- In Glasgow we have a newly refurbished Training Centre where
ple solid of hollow, low-strength blockwork, which can be as thin as groups of up to 12 people can be trained on the correct methods of
100mm, and brickwork, where there could be voids and poor mortar installation and provided with technical knowledge and applications
strength. A series of tests is carried out in accordance with the engi- across the range of products
neering requirements and in compliance with BS 8539 and the Con-
struction Fixings Association guidelines. A recommendation is then
made based on the actual results obtained to enable an accurate
specification to be done, and for product to be selected.
The Rawlplug Specification Team also conducts Product Training on
site or at the clients premises and on request will visit site to period-
ically check the quality of installation.
All specifiers including Structural, Civil and Mechanical Engineers will
be interested to know that we conduct Technical Seminars at lunch-

5
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

6
Rawlplug Support

Field Engineers
Highly skilled professional Technical Engineers cover all of the mar- Our dedicated team of field engineers have many years of experience
kets that we operate in and are available to offer fixing advice in the and offer a complete technical support service that includes:
convenience of your office or building site. Advice on anchor selection, usage and application
On site testing
Technical seminars
Distributor training

Site Testing
Rawlplug provides a comprehensive site testing service. Since the company was founded over 94 years ago, Rawlplug has
Pull-out tests can be conducted on any of the products in the range, been respected as a top quality manufacturer, and this approach to
and are normally done on site in the actual structure. Alternatively, quality and performance has never been compromised, even with the
we can demonstrate the anchor performance with test blocks in an- competition from imported products.
other location. Engineers and Contractors are encouraged to be present
at the testing. Free Site Testing Service
To encourage good practice, we offer the Site Testing Service free
Testing is conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the Con- of charge. Based on the information supplied by the Structural Engi-
struction Fixings Association. neer, Civil Engineer or other specifier, a number of pull-out tests will
The Construction Fixings Association (CFA) represents the major qual- be conducted using the most appropriate fixings.
ity manufacturers of anchoring products, ensuring good practice at all These could include Mechanical and Bonded Anchors, Insulation Fix-
times. Rawlplug is a founder member of the CFA and have its personnel ings-Facades and Roofing, Direct Fasteners or Lightweight Fixings
on the Technical Committee, Promotions Committee and on the Board of depending on the application.
Directors (Vice Chairman).

Site Testing Results Technical (CPD) Seminars


If the test results are inconsistent, more tests will be carried out to It is a Rawlplug tradition to carry out seminars which ensure that per-
determine the structures limitations. sonnel involved in the technical specification and selection of struc-
Rawlplug Engineers are qualified professionals with many years of tural anchors are up-to-date with developments and standards in our
experience and the client can fully rely on the outcome. ever changing markets, ensuring continuous professional develop-
The solution recommended will be the most economical one that will ment of engineers and specifiers alike.
provide the performance required, based on all the information pro- These are usually carried out in the convenience of your offices over
vided by the Engineer or Contractor and the test results achieved. less busy periods to ensure maximum attendance and less inconven-
A detailed Site Test Report will be distributed to all interested par- ience to your busy work schedule.
ties shortly after the test is completed. This will include the names
of those who witnessed the tests and all the information available
including Test Load, Load Achieved, Structure Type, Strength and
Thickness, Fixture Thickness and Material Type, etc.
The Rawlplug Engineer will include comments about the application,
observations and recommendations based on all the data collected
to ensure that a comprehensive report is available for future refer-
ence.

A request for Site Testing (UK)


can go via your supplier of Rawlplug products, or directly to the
Rawlplug Technical Advisory Service in Glasgow and you will receive
an immediate response with confirmation of our attendance within
1 hour and the test will be completed within 2 days. Testing can be
conducted at a time convenient to the customer, including night time
if required.

7
Trust & Innovation
Introduction to anchoring
Introduction
to anchoring
Overview of our range 10

Basics of anchoring 16

9
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Overview of our range - Bonded anchor selector

R-KEX II R-KEX II R-KEX II R-KEX II R-KER R-KER R-KER R-KER


BONDED ANCHOR SYSTEM: with threaded with ITS with rebar with post with threaded with ITS with rebar with post
rods as an anchor -installed rebar rods as an anchor -installed rebar

5.8 STEEl ClASS, ZINC PlATED - - - - - -


ANCHOR MATERIAl

8.8 STEEl ClASS, ZINC PlATED - - - - - -


STAINlESS STEEl - - - - - -
REBAR - - - -
R-ITS - - - - - -
CONCRETE
CRACKED CONCRETE - - - - - -
SUBSTRATES

SIlICATE BRICK - - - - - - - -
SOlID BRICK - - - - - - - -
HOllOw BRICK - - - - - - - -
lIgHTwEIgHT
CONCRETE BlOCKS - - - - - - - -

ETAG 001

ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001
Option 1 Option 7 Option 7 Option 7 Option 1 Option 7 Option 7 Option 7
APPROVAlS

POlISH ROADS AND BRIDgES


CONSTRUCTION INSTITUTE

- - - - - - -

- - - - - - - -
[kN] NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd
10 M8 for 5.8 M6 for 5.8 8 for A-II 8 for A-II M8 for 5.8 M6 for 5.8 8 for A-II 8 for A-II
20
30
40 M16 M16
50
60
TENSION lOADS IN kN

70
80
90
100
110 M30
120
130 32
140
150
160
170 32 32 32
180
190
200
210
220
230 M30

10
Introduction to anchoring
Overview of our range - Bonded anchor selector

R-KEM II R-KEM II R-KF2 RV200 RV200 RV200 RV200 RM50 RM50 RP30 R-CAS-V R-HAC-V R-HAC-V
in concrete in masonry with threaded with threaded with ITS with rebar with post in concrete in masonry with threaded with threaded with threaded with rebar
rods rods as an anchor -installed rebar rods rods rods as an anchor

- - - -
- - - -
- - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

ETAG 001

ETAG 001

ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001 ETAG 001
ETAG 001 ETAG 001
Option 7 Option 7 Option 1 Option 7 Option 7 Option 7 Option 7 Option 7 Option 7 Option 7 Option 7

- - - - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - - - -
NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd NRd
M8 for 5.8 M8-M16 for 5.8 M8 for 5.8 M8 for 5.8 M6 for 5.8 8 for A-II 8 for A-II M8 for 5.8 M8-M16 for 5.8 M8 for 5.8 M8 for 5.8 M8 for 5.8 8 for 5.8

M16
25

M30 M30
M30 M30 M30

M30 M30

32

32

11
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Overview of our range - Mechanical anchor selector

MECHANICAl ANCHORS: R-HPTIIA4 R-HPTIIZF R-xPTIIA4 R-XPT R-xPT-HD


ANCHOR MATERIAl

5.8 STEEl ClASS, ZINC PlATED - -

8.8 STEEl ClASS, ZINC PlATED - - - - -

STAINlESS STEEl - - -

CONCRETE
CRACKED CONCRETE - - -
AERATED CONCRETE - - - - -
SUBSTRATES

STONE - - - - -
SOlID BRICK - - - - -
HOllOw BRICK - - - - -
lIgHTwEIgHT
CONCRETE BlOCKS - - - - -

-
ETAG 001-2 Option 1 ETAG 001-2 Option 1 ETAG001-2 Option 7 ETAG001-2 Option 7
APPROVAlS

- - -

- - - - -

- - -
for M6 and M24

[kN] NRd VRd NRd VRd NRd VRd NRd VRd NRd VRd
TENSION AND SHEAR lOADS IN kN

5 M8 M8 M8 M8 M8 M8 M8 M8 M8 M8
10
15 M24
20 M24
25 M16 M16
30 M20 M24
35 M16 M16
40
45
50 M24
60 M20
70
80
90
100

12
Introduction to anchoring
Overview of our range - Mechanical anchor selector

RAwlBOlT SAFETY PluS II SAFETY PluS R-DCA R-DCl R-DCA-A4 R-lx

- - - -

- - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - - -


AT-15-7280/2014
- - - - - -

PENDING
ETAG001-2 Option 1 ETAG001-2 Option 1 ETAG001-2 Option 7 ETAG001-6 ETAG001-6 ETAG001-6

- -

- - - - - -
C1, C2

- - - - - - -
NRd VRd NRd VRd NRd VRd NRd VRd NRd VRd NRd VRd NRd VRd
M6 M8 M8 M8 M8 M8 M6 M6 M6 M6 M6-M20 M6-M20
PENDING

PENDING

M20 M20 M20 M20

M20
M20
M16 M20

M24
M16

13
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Overview of our range

BONDED ANCHORS - RESIN TYPES

PuRE EPOxY VINYlESTER POlYESTER STYRENE FREE POlYESTER

Most suitable for construction, Most common product The most contemporary general Recommended for outdoor
as well as for deep anchorages. for construction. use bonded anchor. applications.
Designed for heavy-duty Intended for medium and heavy Intended for medium duty Suitable for medium-duty fixings
anchorages in cracked and -duty anchorages in cracked and fixings in 15 types of substrate. in non-cracked concrete.
non-cracked concrete. non-cracked concrete. Low odour suitable for indoor
Suitable for use in dry and wet Suitable for use in low tempera- applications.
substrates as well as holes and tures (down to -20 for winter Product with wide spectrum
substrates covered with water. option) enables use throughout of use in the medium load
the year capacity area.
Suitable for use in dry and wet
substrates as well as holes and
substrates covered with water

BONDED ANCHORS ARE OFFERED IN A wIDE RANgE OF SYSTEMS:

glASS CAPSulES CARTRIDgES FOIlS

Glass capsules containing both the resin Tubular plastic cartridges containing resin. CFS+ (Cartridge Free System)
and hardener, which mix and set after Various formats depending on resin compo- Innovative resin dispensing system with
the stud or socket is driven in to the hole. nents, which are kept separate within cartridge unique packaging solution, which reduces
until delivered via mixer nozzle. overall waste. Resin components contained
foil cartridge system CHUBAPAC separately within foil until delivered via mixer
coaxial cartridge system COX nozzle.
cartridge system side by side SBS

FEATuRES & BENEFITS OF DElIVERY SYSTEMS:

Quick and easy to install For all substrates, including deep anchorages For all substrates, including deep anchorages
Only solid substrates Many applications from one cartridge Easy to dispense
Minimal packaging waste - Whole capsule Ability to resume use after stoppages Less waste - Recyclable packaging
installed in hole Small cartridges are compatible with standard, The cost-effective solution for many
No waste resin low-cost silicone guns customers
No special tools required Simple to store and transport
No time limitations - Resin only begins to set
after stud, rod or rebar is inserted

RESIN PRODuCTS AVAIlABlE IN EACH SYSTEM:

VINYLESTER: R-HAC-V, R-CAS-V PURE EPOXY: R-KEX II POLYESTER: RM50, RP30


VINYLESTER: R-KER VINYLESTER: RV200
POLYESTER: R-KEM II, R-KF2

14
Introduction to anchoring
Overview of our range

MECHANICAl ANCHORS - OuR RANgE

THROugHBOlTS SHIElD ANCHORS HEAVY DuTY ExPANSION ANCHORS

Throughbolt anchors designed for use Worlds most popular all-purpose Heavy duty expansion anchor, suitable
in cracked and non-cracked concrete expanding shield anchor for use in cracked and for demanding safety-critical applications
non-cracked concrete

FEATuRES AND BENEFITS

High performance in cracked and non-cracked For use in cracked and non-cracked concrete Mechanical anchor for highest tension
concrete confirmed by ETA Option 1 (ETA option 1), hollow-core slabs, flooring blocks and shear loads
or ETA Option 7 and ceramics Seismic category C2 for Structural
Stainless steel material for the highest Shield anchor (shield also available separately) applications. Seismic category C1
corrosion resistance Product recommended for applications for non-structural use in areas with
New generation of throughbolt requiring fire resistance low seismic risk
with unique corrosion-resistant coating Bolt lengths suitable for fixture thicknesses For usage with required fire resistance
Throughbolts are suitable for reduced of up to 150 mm Option 1 ETA for Cracked and Non-Cracked
embedment to avoid contact with Ferrule marked with hole diameter to ensure Concrete
reinforcement correct installation
Embedment depth markings help Optimum geometry for maximum expansion
to ensure precise installation in all recommended substrates
Design allows drilling and installation directly Excellent tolerance to variation in hole size
through the fixture and reduces overall
installation effort

ANCHOR PRODuCTS AVAIlABlE:

R-HPTIIA4, R-HPTIIZF, RAWLBOLT: R-RBL, R-RBP, R-RB-PF, SAFETY PLUS: R-SPLII-L, R-SPLII-P, R-SPLII-C,
R-XPTIIA4, R-XPT, R-XPT-HD R-RBL-E, R-RBL-H, R-RB R-SPL, R-SPL-BP, R-SPL-C

wEDgE ANCHORS SCREw ANCHORS

Internally threaded wedge anchors for simple hammer-set installation Self-tapping and removable concrete screw anchor
for through-fixing installation

FEATuRES AND BENEFITS

High performance in cracked and non-cracked concrete confirmed by ETA Time-efficient installation through streamlined procedure
Product recommended for applications requiring fire resistance - simply drill and drive
Internally threaded to be used with threaded studs, rods or bolts Completely removable, allows repeatable use
Easy to install by hammer action Unique design with patented threadform ensures high performance
Slotted sleeve and internal wedge component together for relatively small hole diameter
facilitate easy setting and expansion Integral washer ensures a neat overall appearance
Allows bolts or studs to be installed or removed without Non-expansion functioning ensures low risk of damage
damaging the anchorage to base material and makes R-LX ideal for installation near edges
and adjacent anchors
Performance data at two embedment depths
(reduced embedment to avoid contact with reinforcement)

ANCHOR PRODuCTS AVAIlABlE:

R-DCA, R-DCL, R-DCA-A4 R-LX-HF-ZP, R-LX-H-ZP, R-LX-CS-ZP,


R-LX-HF-ZF, R-LX-H-ZF, R-LX-CS-ZF,

15
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Basics of anchoring - Types of anchors

Torque-controlled expansion anchors Undercut anchors


Applied loads are transferred Applied load is transferred to
to the substrate via friction the substrate by mechanical
between the anchor and the interlock the result of interaction
wall of the drilled hole. Friction between the anchor form and the
is the result of expansion force, cavity form. The required cavity
achieved by applying torque to (or undercut) may be pre-formed
the bolt or nut, thus drawing within the substrate.
a cone component in to an
expanding sleeve to create the
anchorage.

Deformation-controlled expansion anchors Bonded (injection) anchors


Applied loads are transferred Applied loads are transferred
to the substrate via friction to the substrate by adhesion
at the anchor/resin and resin/
between the anchor and the
substrate interfaces. Anchors
wall of the drilled hole. Friction are supplied as a two-piece
is the result of expansion force, set, containing resin (in capsule
achieved by displacement of a or cartridge form) and a steel
wedge component, deforming element. In cases involving
the anchor body and creating hollow substrates, a plastic
or metal mesh sleeve may be
the anchorage.
introduced as a third system
component. Bonded anchors
minimise the introduction
of stresses in the substrate
material, due to the absence
of expansion forces.

Basics of anchoring - Anchor selection factors


In order to select and install an anchor correctly, the user should Anchor spacing and edge distances - Consideration must be given
consider the following factors: to the minimum distances required to avoid damaging the substrate
Load-bearing capacity - Data (much of which stems from technical
Environmental conditions (humidity, chemicals, etc.), which are the approvals) is provided for each product presented in this catalogue
most important factor for selection of the material and coating Loading type (static/dynamic) and direction (tension/shear/combined)
type of the fastener (corrosion resistance) Setting data embedment depths, installation guidelines, etc.
Base material (type of concrete, solid or hollow masonry structures)
some products (R-KEM II, for example) are suitable for a wide Expanded detail of each of these main selection factors ispresented
range of substrates, whilst others are recommended for only one in the following sections.

Corrosion
Corrosion is one of the most important and influential factors in the Comments:
selection of anchors. Two basic corrosion types must be considered: Metal of the fixed element is not exposed to galvanic corrosion
atmospheric and galvanic corrosion. and, in fact, it takes advantage of galvanic protection (low, when
the difference of electrochemical potentials is low, higher as the
galvanic corrosion may occur when two dissimilar metals are in difference of potentials increases).
contact with each other. In the presence of an electrolyte (e.g. water) The galvanic effect is influenced by the comparative surface areas
a galvanic cell is created, causing gradual corrosion of one of the of the two metals:
metal elements. in cases where the surface area of the fixture is the lesser, corrosion
is accelerated
The table below shows metals that may commonly be used as in cases where the surface area of the fixture is the greater,
connector (anchor) and/or fixture materials, with indications of the corrosion is slowed.
expected corrosion outcome for each possible combination:
the first column lists the fixed element (fixture) material The effect becomes more pronounced as the difference between
the top row lists the anchor/connector material the two surface areas increases.

Connector metal Stainless Hot dip Zinc


Zinc alloys lead Brass
Fixture metal steel galvanised steel electroplated steel

Stainless steel
Hot dip galvanised steel
Zinc electroplated steel
low carbon steel
Aluminium alloys
Zinc alloys

Contact between these metals is allowable The connector metal will corrode The fixture metal will corrode

16
Introduction to anchoring
Basics of anchoring - Corrosion

Atmospheric corrosion is caused by the interaction of moisture or According to ISO 12944-2:1998 (Table 1), atmospheric corrosion cate-
chemical compounds from the air with exposed metal. Corrosion gories can be differentiated depending on locality, as well as the pre-
rates depend on the concentration of chemical compounds in the vailing conditions. It is therefore important to accurately determine the
air, as well as humidity levels. working conditions of designated fixings and materials to ensure their
correct application.

Atmospheric corrosion Typical environments Recommended material


classification
Zinc Zinc
Corrosion categories External Internal A2 A4
plating flake

Interior of air-conditioned premises with


C1 Very low _ clean atmosphere 5-10 m
(e.g. shops, offices, hotels)

Atmosphere with low pollution Unheated buildings where condensation


C2 Low 5-10 m
and dry climate; mainly rural areas may occur (e.g. warehouses)

Residential and industrial atmosphere Light industry with humidity and air pollu-
C3 Moderate with moderate pollution of SO2. tion (food production, 40 m
Coastal areas; low salinity atmosphere laundry facilities, etc.)

Industrial and coastal areas; Chemical factories, swimming pools,


C4 High 40 m
medium salinity atmosphere offshore ships, etc.

Coastal and offshore areas with


C5-I/M Very high Buildings and areas with condensation of
highly-aggressive atmospheric 40 m
(marine) water and high pollution
conditions of high salinity and humidity

suitable for use consultation with our technical advisor recommended not suitable for use

For anticorrosion protection RAWLPLUG use not only standard tech-


nologies like zinc electroplating, but also more advanced alternatives.
after 960 hrs
These include traditional protective measures such as hot dip galva-
nizing, or the use of stainless steel as the primary material. Modern
protective technologies, like Deltatone or similar zinc flake coatings,
are utilised also. Images below show comparisons of zinc flake coated
and hot dip galvanized samples after Neutral Salt Spray testing. Sam-
ples were installed in concrete cubes and placed in acorrosion testing
chamber for 960 hours, with images showing sample condition after
504 hours, as well as 960 hours when the anchors were extracted from
the substrate.

ZINC FLAKE COATING HDG


Zinc flake Zinc electroplated expander Stainless steel expander
HDG 504 hrs coating 504 hrs HPTIIZF XPT DG

Basics of anchoring - loading considerations

Moreover, fasteners and fixings offered by RAWLPLUG are tested loading directions:
in high salinity atmospheric conditions on a regular basis. The tests
constitute a foundation for product development in cooperation with 1. Axial tensile load Load application is in the direction of the
our customers. connector axis, acting to pull the connector away from the substrate.
2. Axial compressive load Load application is in the direction of the
All of our metal anchors for applications in low corrosion risk connector axis, acting to clamp the connector onto the substrate.
environments are zinc electroplated and passivated. In cases where 3. Shear (transverse) load Loading direction is perpendicular
anchors are intended for use in higher risk environments we recommend to connector axis, with the load applied at the substrate surface
Hot Dip Galvanized, Zinc Flake, or Stainless Steel products. (fixture tightened against the substrate).
4. Combined load (resultant) occurs when axial and shear loads
are acting simultaneously.
5. Bending moment occurs when a shear load is applied offset from the
substrate surface. Magnitude of bending moment is dependent on
applied load and lever arm length.

17
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Basics of anchoring - loading considerations

loads Anchor design - Safety factor concepts


Static loads Two safety concepts can be applied in the design ofanchorages:
The load is static if its value remains constant over time. Global safety factor concept
Static load examples: Partial safety factor concept (recommended for anchors with
Dead weight Constant load resulting from weight of construction European Technical Approvals or Assessments (ETA)).
element
Permanent action resulting from element function
Variable actions - For example snow or temperature loading

Static Load

LOAD

TIME

Oscillating loads
Variable loading with low amplitude and high frequency
(e.g. engine vibrations)
Dynamic load
Variable loading over time, with medium or high amplitude,
with or without negative load (e.g. wind activity)
Impact (shock) load
Load, often high, acting over a very short period of time

Dynamic/Shock/Oscillating Loads

LOAD

TIME

The four listed types of load may be either short or long term.
Short-term loads may act once or repeatedly within alimited period of
time. Long-term loads act on a permanent basis.

Basics of anchoring - Safety factor concepts

global safety factor concept Partial safety factor concept


Using the global safety factor concept, it must be proven that the general principle:
recommended allowable load, Frec of the anchor shall be greater than Every potential failure mode should be considered, using appropriate
characteristic action FSk partial safety factors for each. Loading in all directions must be
calculated, ultimately taking the worst case scenario as being decisive.
F Sk Frec
Using the partial safety factor concept, it must be proven that the
design resistance, FRd of the anchor shall be greater than design action,
FRk
Frec = [N] FSd

F Sd FRd
FRk characteristic resistance global safety factor

kN kN
mean ultimate resistance mean ultimate resistance
confidence level of 90% confidence level of 90%
installation safety working temperature etc.
FRk characteristic resistance FRk characteristic resistance
M
partial safety factor material
global safety factor for loads for fastening for substrate
and resistances design action F Sd FRd design resistance
Frec recommended load partial safety factor for action F
Frec recommended load
characteristic characteristic
action F Sk action F Sk

action resistance action resistance

18
Introduction to anchoring
Basics of anchoring - loading considerations

Design action: Calculation of partial safety factors


In case of concrete cone failure mode (according to ETAG 001 Annex C,
F Sd = F Sk . Y F [N] 3rd Amendment August 2010):

FSk characteristic action F partial safety factor for actions Mc = c . 2 [N]


F
1. for permanent actions 1. for variable actions.
ational regulations may be used. c partial safety factor for concrete c 1.
2 partial safety factor accounting for the installation safety of an anchor
system determined from test results
Design resistance:
Tension loading
FRk
FRd = [N] for systems with high level of installation safety 2 1.
M
for systems with normal level of installation safety 2 1.
FRk characteristic resistance for systems with low but still acceptable level of installation safety 2 1.
M
partial safety factor material Shear loading pry-out failure and concrete edge failure 2 1.

Basics of anchoring - Safety factors & calculations

In case of steel failure: Ms Characteristic resistance (load bearing capacity)


Characteristic resistance of an anchor, in any direction, with regard to
Tensile load: concrete cone failure is calculated from a mean ultimate failure load
1.2 for an individual anchor not influenced by edge distances and spacing
Ms = F /F effects. This characteristic resistance corresponds to the 5% fractile
k uk
of ultimate loads, calculated according to statistical procedures for
Shear loading with and without lever arm: a confidence level of 90%.

If fuk 800N/mm2 and fk/fuk 0.8 FRk = (1 k . v) . FRu,m [N]


1.0
Ms = F /F 1.25 The calculation depends on the number of tests (influencing the k
k uk
factor) and the coefficient of variation (v). In cases where the number
of tests is higher than 40 anchors, k=2 can be assumed.
If fuk > 800N/mm2 or fk/fuk > 0.8
Calculation of characteristic resistance in the case of steel failure:
Ms = 1.5 Characteristic resistance of steel for tension:

If Ms > 1.5 it shall be assumed that NRk,s = As . fuk [N]

Ms = 1.5
Characteristic resistance of steel for shear:

Calculation of design resistance: VRk,s = 0.5 . AS . fuk [N]


In case of concrete cone, pull out and concrete pry-out failure:
As cross-sectional area mm2 fuk nominal tensile strength Pa
Tensile force:
NRk Note: For anchors with a sleeve, As is based on the diameter of the
NRd = [N]
Mc sleeve, as it is assumed that the load bearing capacity of the bolt and
sleeve are combined.
Shear force:
V Rk Recommended loads
V Rd = [N] For the concept of global safety factors:
Mc

FRk
Combined force: F Sk [N]

( ) ( )
NSd VSd
1.5 1.5
+ 1 For the concept of partial safety factors:
NRd VRd Recommended load can be calculated from: FSd FRd:

In case of steel failure:


FSd = FSk . F FRd
Tensile force
NRk,s FRk
NRd,s = [N] FSk = . [N]
Ms F M

Shear force: Thus FSk based on the concept of global safety factor
and the above inequality:
V Rk,s
V Rd,s = [N] FRk
Ms
FSk Frec = . [N]
F M

Combined force:
Frec load is, therefore, calculated based on characteristic resistance FRk

( ) ( )
NSd VSd
2.0 2.0
+ 1 divided by two partial safety factors F and M, assumed for the anchors
NRd,s VRd,s load and material, respectively. Thus = F . M

19
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Basics of anchoring - Materials

The base material/substrate


Consideration of the base material (and its associated properties) ENV 206 standard). In this format, the values before and after the
is critical in the selection of an anchor or connector technology. oblique signify characteristic compressive strengths measured for
It is therefore important to correctly define the material in order to cylinders (150mm diameter, 300mm height) and cubes (150mm edge),
ensure correct anchor installation without substrate damage, as well respectively.
as safe and reliable subsequent performance under load. The table below lists concrete compressive strengths traditionally
applied in different countries.
Concrete
Concrete, in its standard form, is a compound of As a measure to increase the low tensile strength of concrete, steel
cement, aggregates and water. It usually possesses reinforcing elements (bars, mesh, etc.) may be cast into the concrete
high compressive strength, while tensile strength is member. Their function is to withstand tensile loads within the
comparatively low. structure, which may otherwise lead to extensive crack formation
concrete within the tensile zone. Reinforcement does not guarantee elimination
Lightweight concrete is another derivative, in which of cracking in this so-called crack zone. It does, however, limit the size
case heavy aggregate is replaced by light additives of cracks significantly, ultimately leading to an admissable crack size
like pumice, slag or Styrofoam. Due to the lower of no greater than 0.3 mm. Cracks usually assume a wedge form,
compressive strength of these materials, lightweight terminating in the region of the neutral axis within the concrete
concrete shows lower strength parameters in general structure cross-section.
cracked concrete when compared to plain concrete.
Products approved for use in cracked concrete:
This document presents anchor performance data for the following R-HPTII-A4, R-HPTII-ZF, R-SPLII, R-DCA, R-DCL, R-RBL, R-RBP, R-KER,
concrete grades: C20/25, C30/37, C40/50 and C50/60 (according to R-KEX II

Great Britain Germany France Poland


Characteristic Characteristic
compressive compressive Mean compressive Mean compressive Mean resistance,
Grade CE
strength Fck strength Fck strength, tested strength, tested tested (cylinder PN-B-03264:2002
(cylinder) (cube) (150mm cube) (200mm cube) 1632cm)

C12/15 12 15 20 19 17 B15
C16/20 16 20 25 24 21 B20
C20/25 20 25 30 29 25 B25
C25/30 25 30 35 33 30 B30
C30/37 30 37 42 40 35 B37
C35/45 35 45 50 48 40 B45
C40/50 40 50 55 54 45 B50
C45/55 45 55 60 57 50 B55
C50/60 50 60 65 62 55 B60

Masonry or inclusions of other materials. Examples include aerated concrete or


Masonry walls are multi-layer substrates consisting of blocks of solid blocks of lightweight concrete. Materials of this category possess
heterogeneous material, built in to the desired structure using mortar. low compressive strengths.
Hollow blocks with porous structure. Similarly to solid porous blocks
The compressive strength of the block material is usually higher than these elements have low compressive strength, weakened further
that of the mortar. Thus the connectors should, as a rule, be installed by internal cavities. In most cases these blocks are made from
within the body of the block. lightweight concrete.

Blocks may take several forms: Products with Approval for masonry and hollow walls:
Solid blocks with compact structure. Blocks of various dimensions, R-KEM II and RM50
without internal cavities, made from ceramic (ceramic or clinker bricks)
or sand-lime (silica) materials. These possess relatively high compressive
strength.
Hollow blocks with compact structure. Blocks of various dimensions
and shapes, with several internal cavities. Blocks possess reasonably
low compressive strength, despite being made from relatively high solid brick lightweight hollow brick hollow block
compressive strength materials (ceramic or silica). ceramic concrete
or silica
Solid blocks with porous structure. Blocks of various dimen-
sions, without internal cavities but with high concentrations of pores

20
Introduction to anchoring
Basics of anchoring - Materials

Anchor material
Steel
Durability characteristics of screws and bolts are determined by
appropriate mechanical property classes from 3.6 to 12.9.

This classification system consists of two numbers separated with a dot, e.g.

5.6
The first number corresponds to the value of 0.01 Rm of the finished
part in MPa. The second number determines the value of 0.1 of Re/Rm
percentage ratio, as follows:

Rm = 500 MPa | Re/Rm = 60% | Re = 300 MPa

The strength classes of nuts are marked 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 & 12 which Nut classes shall correspond to screw or bolt classes; therefore,
corresponds with the value of0.01 of Rm of nut steel in MPa. for class 5.6 screws or bolts, class 5 (or greater) nuts shall be used.

Anchor spacing and edge distances


Due to the expansion forces induced by the functioning of anchorage spacing of anchored joints (s)
connections, the following parameters shall be taken into account distance of connections from the edge (c1, c 2) and corners (c3)
while determining load bearing capacity for a particular product: of the base material.
thickness of base material (determined by fixings effective
embedment depth hef ) Overlapping of tension cones of neighbouring anchorages inconcrete
reduces the load bearing capacity of such fasteners.

Basics of anchoring - Spacing & edge distances

Reduction of anchor spacing and edge distances Eective embedment of fixing hef
In some cases the anchor spacing and distance from edges and For each connection the minimum fixing depth is determined, which
corners can be reduced. Such a reduction will impact the anchors ensures safe load resistance. Some types of anchors can be fixed at
load bearing capacity and, in order to account for the impact, one or greater depth, which increases the load bearing capability (R-SPL, in
more reduction factors will have to be applied. particular). For more information, please contact RAWLPLUG technical
consultant.

Reduction factor Reduction factor


related to the distance related to the distance
cN of the anchor from cV of the anchor from
the edge, in cases the edge, in cases Reduction factor
Reduction factors where load is not being where load is being related to the distance In case of a group of anchors, it is necessary
related to the anchor applied towards afree applied towards a free ccr,sp of the anchor to consider the connection which islocated in
spacing: fs edge: fcN edge: fcV from a corner: fccr,sp the most unfavourable place.

tensile shear

Reduced design resistance of anchor


FRd,rec = FRd fs fcN fc V

FRd,red F Sd

FRd design resistance according to the technical data tables herein


fs fcN fcV reduction factors of axial spacing of anchors and distance to the edge of the base material.

21
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Basics of anchoring - Anchor installation

Drilling
The method of drilling a hole for the installation of an anchor depends is a derivative of the hardness of the substrate
on the type of substrate material. There are drilling techniques: material. The harder the substrate, the
rotary drilling drilling by rotation and without percussion (or hammer greater the wear of the drill bit. Be sure
rotary drilling
action), recommended for drilling in materials of low mechanical to monitor wear and replace the drill bit
strength such as bricks & aerated concrete due to the fact that it does whenever necessary.
not enlarge the hole, nor damage the structure of the material; In the process of drilling a hole for embedding
percussive drilling drilling by rotation with multiple light strikes with an anchor it is important to be aware of and
the drill bit into the substrate; recommended for drilling materials achieve the correct diameter and depth of
with high mechanical strength and solid structure such as concrete percussive drilling the hole.
& solid brick;
hammer drilling drilling by rotation with a small number of high After the drilling is finished it is essential to
energy strikes with the drill bit into the substrate; recommended for clear the hole of dust and drill debris. Failure
drilling in extremely hard structures such as concrete; to do this can be the cause of improper
A drill bit is a tool, which is subject to wear its degree and frequency hammer drilling anchoring of the fastener in the substrate.

Anchor installation methods:


1. Push-through installation convenient and time-efficient method, are different. Our RAWLBOLT (R-RBP) and all bonded anchors are
which allows user to drill and install directly through the fixture examples of products that require pre-positioning.
without marking out hole locations and pre-positioning anchors. If
the fixture is pre-drilled then it may be used as a drilling template, 3. Stand-off installation attachment of the fixture at an off set
before the anchors are installed directly through the clearance distance from the surface of the base material. One common off set
holes. RAWLPLUG R-XPT, R-XPTII and R-HPTII throughbolt application is the use of internally threaded anchors with long rods,
families are all examples of push-through fixings. studs or bolts. The anchor is installed in the base material before
assembling with threaded rod or bolt. The RAWLPLUG internally
2. Pre-positioning installation this method requires the installation threaded wedge anchors - R-DCA, R-DCA-A4 & R-DCL - may be used
of the anchors in the base material, before the fixture is moved into for stand-off applications.
place. In this case the anchor diameter and the drill hole diameter

Basics of anchoring - Torque & bending moments

Tightening torque
When using expanding anchors, it is necessary to apply a required All data related to a load bearing capacity given in the present
tightening torque of the magnitude given herein, in order to ensure specification and design guide account for this torque relaxation
optimal expansion and achieve the load-bearing capacities given in behaviour.
tables in the next chapter (we recommend using a calibrated torque
wrench). Torque transmits to a pre-tensioning force, influencing the
initial expansion of the anchor. Moreover, the tightening torque
Bending moment
applied will clamp the fixed element to the base material. In the case of some applications, anchored connections are subject to
the influence of bending moments. Generally, this applies when fixed
The values of tightening torque given in the specification and design elements are offset from the base material. Applied load is, as a result,
guide should not be exceeded. not purely in the shear direction - significant tension is also present. It
is necessary to ensure the bending moment induced by such loads is
After initial application of the tightening torque, relaxation occurs causing not higher than allowable bending moment (given for each type and
a reduction in tension and therefore clamping force. diameter of anchor).

tfix tfix
l=e1+0.5 tfix l=e1+0.5 tfix+0.5d

d d

0.5d
e1 e1

with clamping to the base material without clamping to the base material

l
MV = V M [Nm]

V V

Fixture Fixture
Element Element
mocowany mocowany

M = 1.0 when element (fixture) is not fixed and can rotate freely M = 2.0 when element (fixture) is fixed and cannot rotate

22
Introduction to anchoring
Basics of anchoring - Torque & bending moments

Installation of anchors before the anchor is installed in order to avoid risk of limiting the
installation guidelines are attached to all packaging for our anchors. anchorage depth. Hole cleaning is particularly important for bonded
We recommend strict adherence to all of the instructions contained anchors, because any debris or dust will decrease the load bearing
therein. Debris and dust must always be removed from the hole capacity of the anchorage.

Basics of anchoring - Rebar connections

Post-installed rebar connections


Using chemical resin, rebar can be post-installed in concrete to act as
structural reinforcement or, alternatively, to create an anchorage. The
role depends on the application, installation type and also the feasibility
of use of a specified resin.

RAWLPLUG offer resin products that can provide asolution in both


scenarios.

Rebar installed with chemical resin as an anchor


In many applications rebar installed with chemical resin must be a combination of concrete cone failure and pull-out. It is therefore
designed to act as an anchorage. This scenario may arise for a number important to keep appropriate spacing and edge distances.
of reasons: the rebar may not be carrying the full tensile load as it
would in structural reinforcement (i.e. the concrete must resist an Embedment depths are generally smaller, compared with cases of
element of the tensile loading), there may be an absence of existing rebar acting as structural reinforcement. They can, however, vary
cast-in reinforcement (i.e. no overlap splice to take up tensile loads), and for some types of RAWLPLUG resins deeper embedments can
or the rebar anchorage may be subject to shear loading. be employed, facilitating higher performance.

The characteristic failure mode for this type of anchorage - similarly Depending on the type of resin, various diameters of rebar and
to chemical anchors using threaded rods - is concrete cone failure, or grades of steel can be applied.

Rebar installed with chemical resin as structural reinforcement


Introduction Depending on the type of existing construction and its reinforcement,
Both for new reinforced concrete construction requiring connection two different types of connections can be described - anchorage
with an existing structure, and for the reinforcement, modernisation (Figure 1.1), and overlap splice with existing construction rebar (Figure
or upgrading of an existing structure, there can be a requirement to 1.2)
create permanent connections between new and existing construction
elements. In these applications post-installed rebar connections are
very useful. The aforementioned scenarios can arise when joining slabs,
beams and columns, reinforcing nodes, walls and when building
balconies and cantilevers.

Figure 1.1: Anchorage Figure 1.2: Overlap splice

23
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Basics of anchoring - Rebar connections

Various applications (Figures 1-5) are covered by Technical Report Figures 1-5 (below) show applications in which resins with rebar
TR 023 Assessment of post-installed rebar connections, which, can be used successfully.
alongside European standard Eurocode 2 Design of concrete
structures Part 1-1 General rules and rules for buildings,
is a fundamental document for the design and testing of these
types of anchorages.

Examples of post-installed rebar applications

Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3


Overlap joint for rebar connections of Overlap joint at a foundation of a column End anchoring of slabs or beams designed
slabs and beams or wall where the rebars are stressed in as simply supported
tension

Figure 4 Figure 5
Rebar connection for components stressed Anchoring of reinforcement to cover the
primarily in compression. The rebars are line of acting tensile force.
stressed in compression
Note to Figure 1-5
acting tesnsile force
In the figures transverse reinforcement
envelope is not shown, however, the transverse
reinforcement as required by EC2 shall be
present.

The shear transfer between old and new


concrete shall be designed according to EC2.

Rebars
Rebars are key elements of reinforced concrete constructions. Their Cooperation between bars in overlap splice is possible because of
role is to bear tension loads due to the fact that concrete possesses load transference between them based on a45 truss model. Similarly
high compressive strength but very low tensile strength. to the above scenario, resin and concrete act as compressive struts.

In the applications previously described, depending on construction One possible failure mode in the case of post-installed rebar is pull
type and implementation, rebars can form either an overlap splice out failure, when resin wedges are sheared causing the rebar to
effect, where new bars will extend the effect of existing rebar, or an act like a smooth bar (performance is determined only by friction
anchorage. and adhesion, as the dovetailing effect is eliminated). Another
is concrete splitting failure caused by naturally occurring cracks,
In the case of post-installed rebar, loads are transferred into the concrete which run from the rebar ribs in the direction of the concrete
via the adhesion of the resin, which simultaneously dovetails with the ribs of surface. Consequently, it is important to ensure correct concrete
the rebar (equivalent to the effect at the rebar-concrete interface in cast-in cover and rebar spacing.
rebar solutions). The resin reacts like compressive struts at an angle of45
in a strut-and-tie model.

Resin characteristics
Load bearing capacity is determined by adhesion forces at the EN standard Eurocode 2 Design of concrete structures, Part 1-1
rebar-resin and resin-concrete interfaces, as well as the strength General rules and rules for buildings, on the assumption that only
characteristics of the steel elements used. Of subsequent tension loads can be transferred, shear loads are not considered and
importance is the resin bond strength, which should be equal to or transverse reinforcement should be designed in addition, based on
greater in strength than the concrete. Accordingly, to permit the Eurocode 2. The base material is non-carbonated concrete of class
use of a given resin in the applications described previously, it needs C12/15 C50/60. Post-installed rebar are straight reinforcing bar
to be tested according to TR 023 Assessment of post-installed with properties according to Eurocode 2, Annex C, with classes
rebar connections to obtain Technical Approval. TR 023 covers B and C recommended. The Technical Report does not cover fire
post-installed rebar connections designed in accordance with the resistance, fatigue, dynamic orseismic loading ofpost-installed rebar

24
Introduction to anchoring
Basics of anchoring - Rebar connections

connection. This is demonstrated by achieving appropriate bond resistance f bd,


Among others, tests include: tests for bond resistance in C20/25 and compared with cast-in rebar bond strength. The necessary bond
C50/60, installation safety tests in dry and wet concrete, functioning resistance for connections designed according to Eurocode 2 for
under sustained loads, functioning under freeze/thaw conditions, different concrete classes is shown in Figure 6. For resins having
installation at maximum embedment depth, and correct injection. Proof a bond resistance smaller than that assumed, values based on testing
is required that post-installed rebar connections function like cast-in and decreased according to levels from TR 023 should be included in
rebar with comparable load transference and displacement behaviour. the technical approval.

Figure 6: Design according to EC2 without limitation

1 .
18.4
18.4
17.2
17.2
15.9
15.9
14.5
14.5
13.1
13.1
11.1 11.6
11.6
10.0
10.0
8.6
8.6
7.1 7.1

C12/15 C16/20 C20/25 C25/30 C30/37 C35/45 C40/50 C45/55 C50/60 Concrete class

1.6 2.0 2.3 2.7 3.0 3.4 3.7 4.0 4.3 f bd [N/mm2]

Design of anchorage and splice overlap connections


Connections should be designed in accordance with obligatory rules for rebar arrangement.
for the design of reinforced concrete structures, taking into account Meanwhile Eurocode 2 covers the design of reinforced concrete
the load distribution on the construction and its nodes. It is very structures, facilitating determination of internal load distribution
important to determine and factor in the existing reinforcement and calculation of embedment depth or overlap splice, taking into
layout. account factors such as: bond conditions, rebar shape, concrete cover
and transverse reinforcement.
Technical Approvals, obtained based on Technical Report TR 023,
and Eurocode 2, Part 1-1 are the primary reference documents for The first value calculated in the design process, according to
determining internal load distribution in sections and for the design Eurocode 2, is basic anchorage length:
of these types of connections.
sd
lb,rqd =( 4 ).( f )
An approval contains bond resistance values depending on concrete bd
class and rebar diameter, data for concrete cover, minimum and
where:
maximum embedment depth and lap splice, as well as general rules anchorage rebar diameter
sd design stress of the bar
fbd design value of the ultimate bond resistance according to corresponding ETA

25
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Basics of anchoring - Rebar connections

Design anchorage length for anchorages


The next value to consider is the design anchorage length calculated
as follows.

A Ast,min
lbd = 12345lb, rqd = st
As
1 5 coefficients acc. to EC2, Tab. 8.2
1 effect of the form of the bars assuming adequate cover Ast cross-sectional area of the transverse reinforcement along the design
anchorage length lbd
(1.0 for straight bar in tension and in compression)
2 effect of concrete minimum cover (acc. to EC2, Figure 8.3) Ast, min cross-sectional area of the minimum transverse reinforcement
As area of a single anchored bar with maximum bar diameter
4 influence of one or more welded transverse bars along the design anchorage
0.7 2 1.00 length,
4 = 1.0 when no transverse reinforcement or no influence
5 the effect of the pressure transverse to the plane of splitting along the design
cd anchorage length
2 = 1 0.15 rebar in tension

2 = 1.0 rebar in compression 0.7 5 1.0

cd = min {0.5a; c1; c} for straight bars (acc. to EC2, Figure 8.3) 5 = 1 0.04 p (only rebar in tension)

3 the effect of confinement by transverse reinforcement not welded to main


reinforcement p transverse pressure at ultimate limit state along lbd
3 = 1.0 when no transverse reinforcement or no influence
Product of 235 must fulfil: 235 0.7
Design anchorage length must be in the range between minimum and maximum
0.7 3 1.00 anchorage length:

3 = 1 K rebar in tension lb,min lbd lv,max


lb,min minimum anchorage length
lb,min = max {0.3lb,rqd ; 10 ; 100 mm} rebar in tension
3 = 1.0 rebar in compression lb,min = max {0.6lb,rqd ; 10 ; 100 mm} rebar in compression
lv,max = maximum embedment depth, from ETA

K values for beams and slabs acc. to EC2, Figure 8.4

Design embedment length for overlap splice


Minimum clear spacing between bars is kept according to ETA
requirements
l0 = 12356lb,rqd

1 5 as above
6 influence of overlap splice relative to the total cross-section area Connections between existing and new concrete
Connections between existing and new concrete should be designed
according to EC2.
6 = 25
1 1.0 6 1.5
The surface of the joint should be prepared, for example roughened
1 percentage of reinforcement lapped within 0.65 l0 from the centre of the lap to expose aggregate. If the surface of the existing concrete is
length considered, acc. to EC2, Tab.8.3 carbonated, the layer should be removed in the area of the new
Design lap splice length must be in the range between minimum and maximum
lap splice length:
reinforcing bar prior to installation.

The above directions may be disregarded in cases where building


l0,min l0 lv,max c1 components are new, not carbonated and the environment
conforms to dry condition criteria.
l0,min minimum lap splice length
l0,min = max {0.36lb,rqd ; 15 ; 200 mm}
lv,max maximum embedment depth, from ETA
c1 concrete cover at frontal concrete surface Design process using RAwlPlug EasyFix software
The EasyFix program functions as a helpful tool in the design of post-
Embedment depth for lap splice connections: installed rebar connections, both in cases of chemical anchorage
and structural reinforcement. The program includes a Calculator
lv l0 + c1 for calculation and selection of anchors, a Resin Consumption
Calculator for chemical resins and a Post-Installed Connection
The clear distance between lapped bars should not be greater than module for anchorage and lap splices, for use in both new and
4, or else the lap length should be increased by a length equal to existing structures.
the difference between the clear space and 4
Minimum concrete cover is stated in appropriate ETA, whilst minimum
cover should also be kept acc. to EC2, chapter 4.4.1.2
Transverse reinforcement should be designed acc. to EC2, chapter
8.7.4
Connections between existing and new concrete should be
designed according to EC2

26
Introduction to anchoring
Basics of anchoring - Design software

Anchor design software - EasyFix II


It is with pleasure that we present an improved and updated version 8. Pre-filter results by anchor group, anchor material and diameter.
of our popular anchor design software EasyFix. 9. View the load distribution across the anchorage and the
EasyFix II is more intuitive and enables a simplified and faster anchor percentage of capacity utilized by each anchor.
selection process for specialised constructions, providing different
variants of anchors depending on the fixture geometry.

Main features of EasyFix II:


1. Enter different base plate geometries.
2. Attach a variety of different sections to the base element.
3. Add eccentricity to the anchorage by moving the point where the
applied loads are acting to any point on the base element.
4. Design stand off applications by offsetting the base element
from the surface of the substrate.
5. Make use of slotted holes to increase performance by preventing
shear forces acting on anchors close to an edge.
6.Input data through a simple graphical user interface.
7. Enter loads using characteristic or design values.
Choose baseplate shape (circular)

Choose baseplate shape (square/rectangular) Asymmetric loading - default position is centre of baseplate

Choose hole positions and quantity (rectangular pattern) Choose hole positions and quantity (circular pattern)

Add concrete edges and substrate details Add loads by characteristic action

Alternatively add loads by design action Calculates and displays suitable anchors

27
Introduction to anchoring
Bonded Anchors & Mechanical Anchors

Basics of anchoring - Terminology & symbols

The notations and symbols frequently used in catalogues are


given below. Further notations are given in the text.

Approved Body Symbols Concrete and steel (mechanical properties)


European Technical Approval fyk Characteristic steel yield strength (nominal value)

fuk Characteristic steel ultimate tensile strength (nominal value)


CE Marking
As Stressed cross-sectional area of steel

Elastic section modulus calculated from the stressed cross-


Polish Construction Sign Wel
sectional area of steel
M 0
Rk,s Characteristic bending resistance of an individual anchor
Resistance to fire exposure
M Allowable bending moment
FM Approved
Characteristic values of anchors
Indices c Edge distance
c Concrete
cN Edge distance (tensile resistance)
cp Concrete pry-out
cV Edge distance (shear resistance)
d Design value
k Characteristic value Edge distance for ensuring the transmission
ccr
of the characteristic resistance
M Material
Edge distance for ensuring the transmission of the characteristic
p Pull-out ccr,N tensile resistance of a single anchor without spacing and edge
effects.
R Resistance
Edge distance for ensuring the transmission of the characteristic
s Steel ccr,V shear resistance of a single anchor without spacing and edge
S Action effects.

sp Splitting cmin Minimum allowable edge distance

u Ultimate d Diameter of anchor bolt or thread diameter


y Yield
df Drill hole diameter in fixture
loads
d0 Drill hole diameter in substrate
N Normal force (positive: tension load, negative: compression load)
h Thickness of substrate
Characteristic value of resistance of a single anchor or an anchor
NRk
group (tension load) hmin Minimum thickness of substrate
Characteristic resistance in case of failure by pull-out
NRk,p hef Effective anchorage depth
(tension load)
Characteristic resistance in case of concrete cone failure hnom Embedment depth
NRk,c
(tension load)
Characteristic resistance of an anchor in case of steel failure h0 Minimum drilled hole depth
NRk,s
(tension load)
Factor to be taken from the relevant ETA
Design value of resistance of a single anchor or an anchor group k
NRd (pry-out failure)
(tension load)
L Anchor length
Design resistance of an anchor in case of failure by pull-out
NRd,p
(tension load)
s Spacing of anchors in a group
Design resistance for an anchor or an group of anchors in the
NRd,c Spacing for ensuring the transmission
case of concrete cone failure (tension load) scr
of the characteristic resistance
Design resistance of an anchor in case of steel failure
NRd,s
(tension load) smin Minimum allowable spacing
V Shear force Spacing for ensuring the transmission of the characteristic tensile
scr,N
resistance of a single anchor without spacing and edge effects.
Characteristic resistance of a single anchor or an anchor group
VRk
(shear load) tfix Fixture thickness
Characteristic resistance in case of concrete edge failure
VRk,c Tinst Installation torque
(shear load)

VRk,cp Characteristic resistance in case of failure by pry-out (shear load)

VRk,s Characteristic resistance in case of steel failure (shear load)

Design resistance of a single anchor or an anchor group


VRd
(shear load)

VRd,c Design resistance in case of concrete edge failure (shear load)

Design resistance of an anchor in case of failure by pry-out


VRd,cp
(shear load)

VRd,s Design resistance in case of steel failure (shear load)

Safety factors
Mc Partial safety factor for concrete cone failure

Ms Partial safety factor for steel failure

28
Bonded Anchors
Bonded Anchors
Resin consumption for bonded anchors 30

R-KEX II with Threaded Rods 31


R-KER with Threaded Rods 41
RV200 with Threaded Rods (CFS+) 51
THREADED RODS

R-CAS-V Spin-In Capsule with Threaded Rods 60


R-HAC-V Hammer-In Capsule with Threaded Rods 65
R-KEM II with Threaded Rods for Concrete 70
RM50 with Threaded Rods for Concrete (CFS+) 79
R-KF2 with Threaded Rods 88
RP30 (CFS+) 97
R-KEX II with Sockets 106
SOCKETS

R-KER with Sockets 110


RV200 with Sockets (CFS+) 115
R-KEX II with Post-Installed Rebar 119
R-KEX II with Rebar as an Anchor 124
R-KER with Post-Installed Rebar 133
REBAR

R-KER with Rebar as an Anchor 138


RV200 with Post-Installed Rebar (CFS+) 148
RV200 with Rebar as an Anchor (CFS+) 153
R-HAC-V Hammer-In Capsule with Rebar 156
R-KEM II with Threaded Rods for Masonry 160
MASONRY

RM50 with Threaded Rods for Masonry (CFS+) 165


COPY-ECO System 170 29
Bonded Anchors

Resin consumption for bonded anchors


Stud diameter d [mm] M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Cartridge
size
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35

Reduced Embedment hnom [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165


Quantity of anchored studs 42 28 19 11 4,7 3,2 1,8
Standard Embedment hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
175ml
Quantity of anchored studs 32 22 14 9 3,4 4 2,1
Maximum Embedment hnom [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Quantity of anchored studs 26 17 11 6 2,4 1,6 0,8
Reduced Embedment hnom [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
Quantity of anchored studs 73 49 34 19 8,3 5,6 3,1
Standard Embedment hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
280 ml
Quantity of anchored studs 57 39 26 16 6,0 3,8 2,2
Maximum Embedment hnom [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Bonded Anchors

Quantity of anchored studs 46 30 20 10 4,3 2,8 1,5


Reduced Embedment hnom [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
Quantity of anchored studs 79 53 37 21 9,0 6,0 3,4
Standard Embedment hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
300 ml
Quantity of anchored studs 61 42 28 17 6,5 4,1 2,4
Maximum Embedment hnom [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Quantity of anchored studs 50 32 21 11 4,6 3,0 1,6
Reduced Embedment hnom [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
Quantity of anchored studs 82 55 38 22 9,3 6,3 3,5
Standard Embedment hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
310 ml
Quantity of anchored studs 64 44 29 18 6,7 4,3 2,4
Maximum Embedment hnom [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Quantity of anchored studs 52 33 22 12 4,8 3,1 1,6
Reduced Embedment hnom [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
Quantity of anchored studs 93 62 43 24 10,5 7,1 4,0
Standard Embedment hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
345 ml
Quantity of anchored studs 72 49 32 20 7,6 4,8 2,8
Maximum Embedment hnom [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Quantity of anchored studs 59 38 25 13 5,4 3,5 1,9
Reduced Embedment hnom [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
Quantity of anchored studs 104 69 48 27 11,7 7,9 4,4
Standard Embedment hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
380 ml
Quantity of anchored studs 80 55 36 22 8,4 5,4 3,1
Maximum Embedment hnom [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Quantity of anchored studs 65 42 28 15 6,1 3,9 2,1
Reduced Embedment hnom [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
Quantity of anchored studs 105 70 49 28 11,8 8,0 4,5
Standard Embedment hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
385 ml
Quantity of anchored studs 81 56 37 22 8,5 5,4 3,1
Maximum Embedment hnom [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Quantity of anchored studs 66 43 28 15 6,1 4,0 2,1

30
R-KEX II with Threaded Rods
Premium pure epoxy resin approved for use in cracked and non-cracked concrete

Approvals and Reports


ETA-1 ETAG 1- Option 1

Installation
movie

Product information

Bonded Anchors
Features and benefits Applications Base materials
The strongest resin in the epoxy resin class Safety barriers Approved for use in:
Approved for use with threaded rods for use in cracked Formworks support systems Cracked concrete
and non-cracked concrete (ETAG001 Option 1) Structural steelwork C20/25-C50/60
Suitable for use in dry and wet substrates including Street lamps on-cracked concrete
under water C20/25-C50/60
Curtain walling
ery high chemical resistance suitable
for applications exposed to influence Racking systems
of various agents (industrial or marine environment) Balustrading
inimal shrinkage provides the option to use Barriers
in diamond drilled holes and over-sized holes. Cladding restraints
Extended bonding time ensures easy installation asonry support
of metal components (up to +35 min. in 20C)
achinery
For use in above C
Platforms

Installation guide
1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth
for stud size being used.
2. Clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least four
times each. It is very important and necessary before
installation.
3. Insert cartridge into gun and attach nozzle.
4. Dispense to waste until even colour is obtained.
5. Insert the mixing nozzle to the far end of the hole
and inject resin, slowly withdrawing the nozzle as the
hole is filled to 2/3 of its depth.
6. Immediately insert the stud, slowly and with slight twisting
motion. Remove any excess resin around the hole before it
sets and leave it undisturbed until the curing time elapses.
7. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Volume
Product Code Resin Description / Resin Type
[ml]
R-KEX-II-385 R-KEX II Epoxy Resin 385
R-KEX-II-600 R-KEX II Epoxy Resin 600

R-STUDS
Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -
M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50
R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -
M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38
R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58
R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -
R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140
R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16
R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91

31
Bonded Anchors

Product information (cont.)


Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

M16 R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171


R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -
M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -

* Make to order

Installation data
Bonded Anchors

R-STUDS
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
MINIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, min [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
STANDARD EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, s [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
MAXIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, max [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] hef 1 hef + 2*d0
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


Resin temperature Concrete temperature Working time Curing time*
[C] [C] [min] [min]
5 5 150 2880
10 10 120 1080
20 20 35 480
25 30 12 300

* For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

Mechanical properties
R-STUDS
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 500 500 500 500 500 500 500
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 400 400 400 400 400 400 400
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M 0
Rk,s
[Nm] 19 37 65 166 324 561 1124
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 11 21 37 95 185 321 642
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1799
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 17 34 60 152 297 513 1028

32
Mechanical properties (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 786 1574
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 12 24 42 107 208 360 721

Basic performance data


R-STUDS
Performance data for single anchor without influence of edge distance and spacing

Bonded Anchors
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30 M12 M16 M20 M24
Substrate Non-cracked concrete Cracked concrete
MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 78 102.5 129.1 165 32.6 54.3 73 97.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 93.8 146.7 211.6 289.6 44.8 67.9 115.3 146.5
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 93.8 146.7 211.6 336.6 50.4 93.8 146.7 202.3
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 34.9 45.7 55.6 78 102.5 129.1 165 32.6 54.3 73 97.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 34.9 55.3 80.5 108.9 172.6 237.1 289.6 44.8 67.9 115.3 146.5
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 34.9 55.3 80.5 151.5 235.6 339 532 59 103.2 162.8 202.3
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 31.3 45.7 55.6 78 102.5 129.1 165 32.6 54.3 73 97.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 31.3 49.3 70.9 108.9 172.6 237.1 289.6 44.8 67.9 115.3 146.5
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 31.3 49.3 70.9 132.2 205.6 296.9 532 59 103.2 162.8 202.3
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29 42.2 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5 42.2 78.5 122.5 176.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.3 46.4 67.4 125.6 196 282.4 448.8 67.4 125.6 196 282.4
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.6 40.6 59 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7 59 109.9 171.5 247.1
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18 29 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 21.1 35.2 47.3 59.6
Standard embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 70.6 111.9 153.7 187.8 29 44 74.8 95
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 78 122 176 280 38.3 66.9 105.6 131.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 23.5 29.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 21.1 35.2 47.3 59.6
Standard embedment depth [kN] 29 43.1 58.3 70.6 111.9 153.7 187.8 29 44 74.8 95
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 29 46 67 126 187.8 249.4 344.9 38.3 66.9 105.6 131.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 23.5 29.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 21.1 35.2 47.3 59.6
Standard embedment depth [kN] 26 41 58.3 70.6 111.9 153.7 187.8 29 44 74.8 95
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 26 41 59 110 171 247 344.9 38.3 66.9 105.6 131.2
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9 14 21 39 61 88 140 21 39 61 88


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15 23 34 63 98 141 224 34 63 98 141
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13 20 29 55 86 124 196 29 55 86 124
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 12 19.3 24.1 33.7 44.3 55.8 71.3 14.1 23.5 31.5 39.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 12 19.3 28 47.1 74.6 102.5 125.2 19.4 29.3 49.8 63.3
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 12 19.3 28 52 81.3 117.3 186.7 25.5 44.6 70.4 87.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 15.7 19.7 24.1 33.7 44.3 55.8 71.3 14.1 23.5 31.5 39.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.3 28.7 38.9 47.1 74.6 102.5 125.2 19.4 29.3 49.8 63.3
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84 125.2 166.3 229.9 25.5 44.6 70.4 87.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 13.9 19.7 24.1 33.7 44.3 55.8 71.3 14.1 23.5 31.5 39.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 47.1 74.6 102.5 125.2 19.4 29.3 49.8 63.3
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2 25.5 44.6 70.4 87.5

33
Bonded Anchors

Basic performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30 M12 M16 M20 M24
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.2 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8

Minimum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.8 17.2 24 31.6 39.9 51 10 16.8 22.5 28.4

Standard embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.8 20 33.6 53.3 73.2 89.4 13.8 21 35.6 45.2

Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.8 20 37.1 58.1 83.8 133.3 18.2 31.9 50.3 62.5

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8

Minimum embedment depth [kN] 11.2 14.1 17.2 24 31.6 39.9 51 10 16.8 22.5 28.4

Standard embedment depth [kN] 13.8 20.5 27.8 33.6 53.3 73.2 89.4 13.8 21 35.6 45.2
Bonded Anchors

Maximum embedment depth [kN] 13.8 21.9 31.9 60 89.4 118.8 164.2 18.2 31.9 50.3 62.5

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4

Minimum embedment depth [kN] 9.93 14.1 17.2 24 31.6 39.9 51 10 16.8 22.5 28.4

Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.93 15.7 22.6 33.6 53.3 73.2 89.4 13.8 21.0 35.6 45.2

Maximum embedment depth [kN] 9.93 15.7 22.5 42 65.3 94.3 150.1 18.2 31.9 50.3 62.5

S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8 12 22.3 34.9 50.3 80 12 22.3 34.9 50.3

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.1 19.4 36 56 80.6 128 19.4 36 56 80.6

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.3 25.2 39.4 56.8 89.7 13.3 25.2 39.4 56.8

Design performance data


R-STUDS Maximum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 100.0 120.0 145.0 190.0 240.0 290.0 360.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 42.7 28.5 - - - - -
Design resistance Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] 28.5 19.0 - - - - -
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 37.7 52.8 82.0 124.2 - - 339.3
Design resistance Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] 25.1 35.2 54.7 82.8 - - 226.2
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09
Spacing scr,N - - - 361.0 453.0 566.0 632.0 -
Edge distance ccr,N - - - 181.0 226.0 283.0 316.0 -
CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,c [kN] - - 88.2 132.3 187.8 249.4 344.9
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 NRd,c [kN] - - 58.8 88.2 125.2 166.3 229.9
PULL-OUT FAILURE
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - - - - - -
Design resistance NRd,p - - - - - - - -
PULL-OUT FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] - - 38.3 66.9 105.6 131.2 -
Design resistance Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] - - 25.5 44.6 70.4 87.5 -
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] - - 32.8 57.3 90.5 109.3 -
Design resistance Mc Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] - - 21.9 38.2 60.3 72.9 -
CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,c [kN] - - - - 187.8 249.4 -
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 NRd,c [kN] - - - - 125.2 166.3 -

34
Design performance data (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 50.0 60.0 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 180.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 7.83 10.8 15.0 23.8 35.3 48.8 70.7
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE
Design resistance Rd,c
- - - - - - - -
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 5.22 7.20 10.00 15.8 23.6 32.5 47.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70

Bonded Anchors
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] - - 7.09 11.2 16.7 23.0 -
Edge distance c1 [mm] - - 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 -
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] - - 10.6 16.8 25.0 34.6 -

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance
table

CV M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

50 1.00 1.00
60 1.31 1.31 1.00 1.00

Tables only valid for one 73 1.76 1.76 1.34 1.34 1.00 1.00
edge >cmin and s c 95 2.62 2.50 1.99 1.99 1.48 1.48 1.00 1.00
For other cases use 100 2.83 2.63 2.15 2.15 1.60 1.60 1.08 1.08
the Rawlplug Anchor 105 2.76 2.32 2.26 1.73 1.73 1.16 1.16
Calculator 120 2.83 2.58 2.11 2.08 1.42 1.42 1.00 1.00
145 3.76 3.12 2.80 2.51 1.89 1.89 1.33 1.33 1.00 1.00
180 3.87 3.87 3.12 2.61 2.35 1.84 1.84 1.38 1.38 1.00 1.00
200 3.46 3.05 2.62 2.15 2.11 1.62 1.62 1.17 1.17
230 3.77 3.01 2.65 2.42 2.00 2.00 1.44 1.44
250 4.27 3.27 3.01 2.64 2.26 2.17 1.64 1.64
300 3.92 3.95 3.16 2.98 2.61 2.15 2.10
350 4.58 4.98 3.69 3.75 3.04 2.71 2.45
400 4.22 4.58 3.48 3.31 2.80
450 3.91 3.95 3.15
500 4.35 4.63 3.51
550 5.34 3.86
675 4.73

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for non-cracked and cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

cN M12 M16 M20 M24


[mm] h 1.4 hmin hmin h 1.44hmin hmin h 1.41hmin hmin h 1.41hmin hmin
73 0.58 0.51
95 0.65 0.57 0.59 0.52
100 0.67 0.58 0.60 0.53
Table only valid for one
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 120 0.75 0.64 0.66 0.57 0.59 0.55
other cases use the Rawl- 140 0.83 0.69 0.72 0.61 0.63 0.59
plug Anchor Calculator 150 0.87 0.72 0.75 0.63 0.66 0.61 0.62 0.57
165 0.93 0.76 0.79 0.66 0.69 0.64 0.65 0.59
180 1.00 0.81 0.84 0.69 0.73 0.67 0.68 0.62
200 0.84 0.91 0.74 0.78 0.71 0.73 0.65
225 0.89 1.00 0.79 0.84 0.76 0.78 0.69
265 0.96 0.85 0.95 0.85 0.87 0.77
300 1.00 0.89 1.00 0.92 0.96 0.83
320 0.92 0.94 1.00 0.87
360 0.97 1.00 0.91
400 1.00 0.96
450 1.00

35
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for cracked concrete from Basic Performance table

s M12 M16 M20 M24


[mm] h 1.4 hmin hmin h 1.44hmin hmin h 1.41hmin hmin h 1.41hmin hmin
73 0.60 0.56
95 0.63 0.58 0.60 0.56
100 0.64 0.59 0.61 0.57
120 0.67 0.60 0.63 0.58 0.61 0.58
Table only valid for one
spacing <scr,N and c 145 0.70 0.63 0.66 0.60 0.63 0.60 0.61 0.58
ccr,N For other cases use 180 0.75 0.66 0.70 0.62 0.66 0.63 0.64 0.60
the Rawlplug Anchor 200 0.78 0.67 0.72 0.63 0.68 0.64 0.66 0.61
Calculator 225 0.81 0.69 0.75 0.65 0.70 0.66 0.68 0.63
250 0.85 0.72 0.78 0.66 0.72 0.67 0.70 0.64
280 0.89 0.74 0.81 0.68 0.75 0.69 0.72 0.66
320 0.94 0.78 0.85 0.71 0.78 0.72 0.75 0.68
360 1.00 0.81 0.90 0.74 0.82 0.75 0.78 0.71
Bonded Anchors

400 0.84 0.94 0.76 0.85 0.78 0.82 0.73


450 0.89 1.00 0.80 0.90 0.81 0.86 0.76
500 0.93 0.83 0.94 0.85 0.90 0.79
570 0.99 0.88 1.00 0.90 0.95 0.83
630 1.00 0.91 0.94 1.00 0.86
760 1.00 1.00 0.94
950 1.00

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete from Basic Performance table

cN M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1. hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin h 1.4 hmin hmin h 1.44hmin hmin h hmin
50 0.58 0.49
60 0.64 0.53 0.58 0.49
73 0.71 0.57 0.64 0.53 0.53 0.50
Table only valid for one 95 0.84 0.65 0.74 0.59 0.60 0.55 0.53 0.50
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 100 0.87 0.66 0.76 0.60 0.61 0.56 0.54 0.51
other cases use the Rawl- 120 0.99 0.74 0.86 0.66 0.67 0.61 0.59 0.54 0.53
plug Anchor Calculator 140 1.00 0.78 0.97 0.72 0.73 0.66 0.63 0.58 0.57
150 0.80 1.00 0.75 0.77 0.69 0.65 0.60 0.58 0.54
165 0.83 0.78 0.82 0.73 0.69 0.63 0.61 0.56
180 0.86 0.80 0.87 0.77 0.73 0.66 0.64 0.58 0.53
200 0.90 0.83 0.94 0.82 0.77 0.69 0.67 0.61 0.56
225 0.95 0.88 1.00 0.89 0.84 0.75 0.72 0.65 0.58
265 1.00 0.94 0.96 0.94 0.83 0.80 0.71 0.63
300 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.89 0.87 0.77 0.67
320 0.92 0.91 0.80 0.70
360 0.97 1.00 0.87 0.75
400 1.00 0.94 0.80
450 1.00 0.87
550 1.00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete from Basic Performance table

s M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1. hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin h 1.4 hmin hmin h 1.44hmin hmin h hmin
50 0.60 0.55
60 0.62 0.56 0.60 0.55
73 0.65 0.57 0.62 0.56 0.58 0.56
95 0.70 0.60 0.66 0.58 0.61 0.58 0.58 0.56
Table only valid for one
spacing <scr,N and c 100 0.71 0.60 0.67 0.58 0.61 0.59 0.59 0.57
ccr,N For other cases use 120 0.75 0.62 0.71 0.60 0.64 0.60 0.61 0.58 0.58
the Rawlplug Anchor 145 0.80 0.65 0.75 0.62 0.67 0.63 0.63 0.60 0.60 0.58
Calculator 180 0.87 0.68 0.81 0.65 0.71 0.66 0.66 0.62 0.63 0.60 0.58
200 0.92 0.70 0.84 0.67 0.73 0.67 0.68 0.63 0.64 0.61 0.59
225 0.97 0.73 0.89 0.69 0.76 0.69 0.70 0.65 0.66 0.63 0.60
250 1.00 0.75 0.93 0.71 0.79 0.72 0.72 0.66 0.67 0.64 0.62
280 0.78 0.98 0.73 0.82 0.74 0.75 0.68 0.69 0.66 0.63
320 0.82 1.00 0.77 0.87 0.78 0.78 0.71 0.72 0.68 0.65
360 0.86 0.80 0.91 0.81 0.82 0.74 0.75 0.71 0.67
400 0.90 0.83 0.96 0.84 0.85 0.76 0.78 0.73 0.69
450 0.95 0.88 1.00 0.89 0.89 0.80 0.81 0.76 0.71
500 1.00 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.83 0.85 0.79 0.73
570 0.98 0.99 1.00 0.88 0.90 0.83 0.76
630 1.00 1.00 0.91 0.94 0.86 0.79
760 1.00 1.00 0.94 0.85
950 1.00 0.94
1100 1.00

36
Design performance data (cont.)
Minimum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 60.0 70.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 165.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,c [kN] 23.5 29.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107.0

Bonded Anchors
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 NRd,c [kN] 15.7 19.7 24.1 33.7 44.3 55.8 71.3
PULL-OUT FAILURE
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - - - - - -
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 22.6 - - - - - -
PULL-OUT FAILURE
Design resistance NRd,p - - - - - - - -
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Design resistance Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] 15.1 - - - - - -
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 210.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 420.0 495.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 105.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 210.0 248.0
CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,c [kN] - 29.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107.0
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 NRd,c [kN] - 19.7 24.1 33.7 44.3 55.8 71.3
PULL-OUT FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] - - 21.1 35.2 - - -
Design resistance Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] - - 14.1 23.5 - - -
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] - - 12.1 20.1 30.2 35.2 -
CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,c [kN] - - - - 47.3 59.6 -
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 NRd,c [kN] - - - - 31.5 39.8 -
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 40.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 83.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.27 5.68 6.09 9.06 12.5 16.4 22.2
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE
Design resistance Rd,c
- - - 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 -
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.51 3.79 4.06 6.04 8.34 10.9 14.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Design resistance Mc Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] - - 18.1 30.2 45.2 52.8 -
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] - - 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 -
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] - - 2.87 4.28 5.91 7.75 -

37
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete from
Basic Performance table

cN M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.1 hmin hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin
40 0.60 0.53 0.56 0.50 0.53 0.50
50 0.65 0.58 0.62 0.54 0.58 0.54 0.53 0.50
Table only valid for one 60 0.71 0.63 0.68 0.59 0.64 0.58 0.57 0.53 0.53
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 70 0.77 0.68 0.75 0.63 0.69 0.63 0.62 0.57 0.57 0.53
other cases use the Rawl- 85 0.87 0.77 0.85 0.70 0.78 0.70 0.68 0.62 0.62 0.58 0.54
plug Anchor Calculator 90 0.90 0.80 0.89 0.72 0.81 0.72 0.70 0.64 0.64 0.59 0.55
105 0.96 0.85 1.00 0.80 0.90 0.80 0.77 0.69 0.69 0.64 0.59
120 1.00 0.90 0.84 1.00 0.88 0.85 0.75 0.75 0.68 0.63
150 1.00 0.93 0.97 1.00 0.88 0.87 0.78 0.71
Bonded Anchors

165 0.97 1.00 0.91 0.93 0.84 0.75


180 1.00 0.95 1.00 0.89 0.79
210 1.00 1.00 0.88
250 1.00

Edge distance (shear)


Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

CV M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00


50 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.00 1.00
60 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.31 1.31 1.00 1.00
Tables only valid for one 70 2.32 2.26 2.32 2.26 2.32 2.32 1.66 1.66 1.26 1.26 1.00 1.00
edge >cmin and s c For 83 2.99 2.68 2.99 2.68 2.99 2.81 2.14 2.14 1.63 1.63 1.29 1.29 1.00 1.00
other cases use the Rawl- 90 3.38 2.90 3.38 2.90 3.38 3.05 2.41 2.37 1.84 1.84 1.46 1.46 1.13 1.13
plug Anchor Calculator 100 3.95 3.23 3.95 3.23 3.95 3.39 2.83 2.63 2.15 2.15 1.71 1.71 1.32 1.32
115 4.87 3.71 4.87 3.71 4.87 3.89 3.49 3.03 2.65 2.62 2.11 2.11 1.63 1.63
150 4.84 7.26 4.84 7.26 5.08 5.20 3.95 3.95 3.42 3.14 2.93 2.43 2.43
165 5.33 8.38 5.59 5.99 4.34 4.56 3.76 3.62 3.22 2.80 2.73
200 6.45 6.77 8.00 5.27 6.09 4.55 4.83 3.90 3.74 3.31
250 8.46 11.18 6.58 8.51 5.69 6.75 4.88 5.23 4.14
300 7.90 11.18 6.83 8.87 5.86 6.87 4.97
350 9.22 7.97 11.18 6.83 8.66 5.79
400 10.53 9.11 13.66 7.81 10.58 6.62
450 10.25 8.78 12.62 7.45
500 11.39 9.76 14.79 8.28
600 11.71 9.93
700 13.66 11.59
900 14.90

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete from
Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.13hmin 1.25hmin 1.28hmin 1.33hmin
40 0.61 0.57 0.60 0.56 0.58 0.56
Table only valid for one 50 0.64 0.58 0.62 0.57 0.60 0.58 0.58 0.56
spacing <scr,N and c 60 0.67 0.60 0.64 0.59 0.63 0.59 0.60 0.58 0.58
ccr,N For other cases use 70 0.69 0.62 0.67 0.60 0.65 0.61 0.62 0.59 0.60 0.58
the Rawlplug Anchor 85 0.72 0.64 0.70 0.62 0.68 0.63 0.64 0.61 0.62 0.60 0.59
Calculator 100 0.75 0.67 0.74 0.64 0.71 0.66 0.67 0.63 0.64 0.62 0.60
125 0.80 0.71 0.80 0.68 0.76 0.70 0.71 0.66 0.67 0.65 0.63
150 0.85 0.75 0.86 0.71 0.81 0.73 0.75 0.69 0.71 0.68 0.65
180 0.90 0.80 0.93 0.76 0.88 0.78 0.80 0.73 0.75 0.71 0.68
200 0.94 0.83 0.98 0.79 0.92 0.81 0.83 0.75 0.78 0.74 0.70
225 0.99 0.88 1.00 0.82 0.97 0.85 0.88 0.78 0.81 0.77 0.73
250 1.00 0.92 0.86 1.00 0.89 0.92 0.81 0.85 0.80 0.75
275 0.96 0.89 0.93 0.96 0.84 0.88 0.83 0.78
300 1.00 0.93 0.97 1.00 0.88 0.92 0.86 0.80
325 0.96 1.00 0.91 0.95 0.89 0.83
360 1.00 0.95 1.00 0.93 0.86
400 1.00 0.98 0.90
440 1.00 0.94
500 1.00

38
Design performance data (cont.)
Standard embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 240.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 30.2 - - - - - -

Bonded Anchors
Design resistance Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] 22.8 - - - - - -
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 30.2 39.6 - - - - -
Design resistance Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] 20.1 26.4 - - - - -
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09
Spacing scr,N - - - 330.0 375.0 510.0 630.0 -
Edge distance ccr,N - - - 165.0 188.0 255.0 315.0 -
CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,c [kN] - 43.1 58.3 70.6 111.9 153.7 187.8
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 NRd,c [kN] - 28.7 38.9 47.1 74.6 102.5 125.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - - - - - -
Design resistance NRd,p - - - - - - - -
CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,c [kN] - - 58.3 70.6 111.9 153.7 187.8
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 NRd,c [kN] - - 38.9 47.1 74.6 102.5 125.2
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] - - 29.0 44.0 74.8 95.0 -
Design resistance Mc Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] - - 19.4 29.3 49.8 63.3 -
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] - - 24.9 37.7 64.1 79.2 -
Design resistance Mc Mp
= 1.5 NRd,p [kN] - - 16.6 25.1 42.7 52.8 -
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 120.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 -
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE
Design resistance Rd,c
- - - - - - - -
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 25.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] - - 4.65 6.05 9.97 14.2 -
Edge distance c1 [mm] - - 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 -
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] - - 6.97 9.07 15.0 21.3 -

39
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

cN M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. 1hmin hmin h 1. 5hmin hmin h 1. 8hmin hmin h hmin
40 0.53 0.48
45 0.56 0.50 0.53 0.48
55 0.61 0.53 0.58 0.51 0.53 0.50
Table only valid for one
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 63 0.65 0.56 0.62 0.54 0.56 0.52 0.53 0.50
other cases use the Rawl- 85 0.78 0.65 0.72 0.61 0.65 0.59 0.61 0.56 0.53
plug Anchor Calculator 105 0.90 0.73 0.83 0.68 0.73 0.66 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.53
120 1.00 0.80 0.91 0.74 0.79 0.71 0.73 0.66 0.62 0.56 0.53
135 0.84 1.00 0.80 0.86 0.76 0.79 0.71 0.66 0.59 0.56
165 0.91 0.87 1.00 0.88 0.91 0.80 0.74 0.65 0.61
Bonded Anchors

180 0.95 0.90 0.91 0.97 0.85 0.78 0.68 0.64


200 1.00 0.94 0.95 1.00 0.90 0.83 0.73 0.67
225 1.00 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.78 0.72
265 1.00 1.00 0.88 0.80
300 0.96 0.87
320 1.00 0.91
360 1.00

Edge distance (shear)


Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

CV M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1.00 1.00
45 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
55 1.61 1.61 1.35 1.35 1.00 1.00

Tables only valid for one 63 1.98 1.98 1.66 1.66 1.23 1.23 1.00 1.00
edge >cmin and s c For 85 3.10 2.88 2.60 2.52 1.92 1.92 1.57 1.57 1.00 1.00
other cases use the Rawl- 105 4.25 3.55 3.56 3.11 2.64 2.49 2.15 2.13 1.37 1.37 1.00 1.00
plug Anchor Calculator 120 4.06 4.35 3.56 3.22 2.84 2.63 2.44 1.68 1.68 1.22 1.22 1.00 1.00
150 4.44 4.50 3.55 3.67 3.05 2.34 2.31 1.71 1.71 1.40 1.40
180 5.92 4.26 4.83 3.66 3.08 2.77 2.24 2.23 1.84 1.84
225 5.33 6.75 4.57 4.31 3.46 3.14 2.78 2.57 2.46
250 7.90 5.08 5.04 3.85 3.67 3.09 3.01 2.73
300 6.10 6.63 4.62 4.83 3.71 3.95 3.28
350 7.12 5.38 6.09 4.33 4.98 3.83
400 6.15 7.44 4.95 6.09 4.37
450 6.92 5.57 7.26 4.92
500 6.19 8.51 5.47
550 6.81 6.01
600 7.43 6.56
650 7.11
800 8.75

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete from Basic Performance table

s M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. 1hmin hmin h 1. 5hmin hmin h 1. 8hmin hmin h hmin
40 0.58 0.55
45 0.59 0.56 0.58 0.55
55 0.61 0.57 0.60 0.56 0.58 0.56
63 0.63 0.58 0.62 0.57 0.60 0.57 0.58 0.56
Table only valid for one
spacing <scr,N and c 85 0.68 0.61 0.66 0.59 0.63 0.60 0.61 0.59 0.58
ccr,N For other cases use 105 0.72 0.63 0.69 0.62 0.66 0.62 0.64 0.61 0.60 0.58
the Rawlplug Anchor 120 0.75 0.65 0.72 0.63 0.68 0.64 0.66 0.62 0.62 0.60 0.58
Calculator 150 0.81 0.69 0.78 0.67 0.73 0.67 0.70 0.65 0.65 0.62 0.60
180 0.88 0.73 0.83 0.70 0.77 0.70 0.74 0.68 0.68 0.64 0.63
200 0.92 0.75 0.87 0.72 0.80 0.73 0.77 0.70 0.70 0.66 0.64
240 1.00 0.80 0.94 0.77 0.86 0.77 0.82 0.74 0.74 0.69 0.67
280 0.85 1.00 0.81 0.92 0.82 0.87 0.78 0.77 0.72 0.69
350 0.94 0.89 1.00 0.90 0.97 0.85 0.84 0.78 0.74
400 1.00 0.94 0.95 1.00 0.90 0.89 0.82 0.78
450 1.00 1.00 0.95 0.94 0.86 0.81
500 1.00 0.99 0.90 0.85
550 1.00 0.94 0.88
630 1.00 0.94
760 1.00

40
R-KER with Threaded Rods
High performance vinylester resin approved for use in cracked and non-cracked concrete

Approvals and Reports


ETA-1 ETAG 1- Option 1

Installation
movie

Product information

Bonded Anchors
Features and benefits Applications Base materials
Approved for use with threaded rods in cracked Pipeline systems Approved for use in:
and non-cracked concrete (ETAG001 Option 1) Curtain walling Cracked concrete C -C
Suitable for use in low temperatures down to - C Balustrading on-cracked concrete
for winter option) enables use throughout the year C20/25-C50/60
andrails
Winter version can be used in warmer temperatures
for faster curing Canopies
Suitable for use in dry and wet substrates as well Large panel reinforcing
as holes and substrates covered with water system -Copy Eco
Rapid bonding time enables uick execution of works Cable conduits and trays
ery high load capacity Fencing gates
Anchor does not generate tensions in the substrate Pipework ductwork supports
which enables R-KER to be specified where closer Platforms
edge and spacing distances are required Passenger lifts
Suitable for multiple use. Partly used cartridge
can continue to be used after fitting new nozzle

Installation guide
1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth
for stud size being used.
2. Clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least four
times each. It is very important and necessary before
installation.
3. Insert cartridge into gun and attach nozzle.
4. Dispense to waste until even colour is obtained.
5. Insert the mixing nozzle to the far end of the hole and
inject resin, slowly withdrawing the nozzle as the hole
is filled to 2/3 of its depth.
6. Immediately insert the stud, slowly and with slight twisting
motion. Remove any excess resin around the hole before it
sets and leave it undisturbed until the curing time elapses.
7. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Volume
Product Code Resin Description / Resin Type
[ml]
R-KER-280 280
R-KER Styrene Free inylester Resin
R-KER-380
Low Temperature (Winter) / Rapid Cure
R-KER-380-W R-KER-W
Styrene Free inylester Resin 380
High Temperature (Summer) / Slow Cure
R-KER-380-S R-KER-S
Styrene Free inylester Resin

R-STUDS
Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -
M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50
R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -
M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38
R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58

* Make to order

41
Bonded Anchors

Product information (cont.)


Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -
R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140
R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16 R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91
R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171
Bonded Anchors

R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -


M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -

* Make to order

Installation data
R-STUDS
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
MINIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, min [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
STANDARD EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, s [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
MAXIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, max [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] hef 1 hef + 2*d0
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


R-KER-S R-KER

Resin temperature Concrete temperature Working time Curing time* Resin temperature Concrete temperature Working time Curing time*

[C] [C] [min] [min] [C] [C] [min] [min]


5 -5 65 1440 5 -20 - -
5 0 50 960 5 -15 - -
5 5 35 720 5 -10 - -
10 10 20 480 5 -5 60 360
15 15 12 240 5 0 40 180
20 20 9 240 5 5 20 120
25 25 7 180 10 10 12 80
25 30 6 120 15 15 8 60
25 40 4 45 20 20 5 45
25 45 3 35 25 25 3 30
25 50 2 25 25 30 2 20
25 40 0.5 10
R-KER-W
Resin temperature Concrete temperature Working time Curing time* *For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

[C] [C] [min] [min]


5 -20 100 1440
5 -15 60 960
5 -10 30 480
5 -5 16 240
5 0 12 120
5 5 8 60
10 10 5 45
15 15 3 30
20 20 2 10

42
Mechanical properties
R-STUDS
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 500 500 500 500 500 500 500
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 400 400 400 400 400 400 400
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 19 37 65 166 324 561 1124
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 11 21 37 95 185 321 642
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8

Bonded Anchors
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1799
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 17 34 60 152 297 513 1028
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 786 1574
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 12 24 42 107 208 360 721

Basic performance data


R-STUDS
Performance data for single anchor without influence of edge distance and spacing

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30 M12 M16 M20 M24
Substrate Non-cracked concrete Cracked concrete
MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 78 102.5 129.1 165 32.6 54.3 73 97.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 93.8 146.7 211.6 289.6 44.8 67.9 115.3 146.5
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 93.8 146.7 211.6 336.6 50.4 93.8 146.7 202.3
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 34.9 45.7 55.6 78 102.5 129.1 165 32.6 54.3 73 97.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 34.9 55.3 80.5 108.9 172.6 237.1 289.6 44.8 67.9 115.3 146.5
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 34.9 55.3 80.5 151.5 235.6 339 532 59 103.2 162.8 202.3
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 31.3 45.7 55.6 78 102.5 129.1 165 32.6 54.3 73 97.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 31.3 49.3 70.9 108.9 172.6 237.1 289.6 44.8 67.9 115.3 146.5
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 31.3 49.3 70.9 132.2 205.6 296.9 532 59 103.2 162.8 202.3
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29 42.2 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5 42.2 78.5 122.5 176.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.3 46.4 67.4 125.6 196 282.4 448.8 67.4 125.6 196 282.4
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.6 40.6 59 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7 59 109.9 171.5 247.1
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18 29 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 21.1 35.2 47.3 59.6
Standard embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 70.6 111.9 153.7 187.8 29 44 74.8 95
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 78 122 176 280 38.3 66.9 105.6 131.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 23.5 29.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 21.1 35.2 47.3 59.6
Standard embedment depth [kN] 29 43.1 58.3 70.6 111.9 153.7 187.8 29 44 74.8 95
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 29 46 67 126 187.8 249.4 344.9 38.3 66.9 105.6 131.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 23.5 29.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 21.1 35.2 47.3 59.6
Standard embedment depth [kN] 26 41 58.3 70.6 111.9 153.7 187.8 29 44 74.8 95
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 26 41 59 110 171 247 344.9 38.3 66.9 105.6 131.2

43
Bonded Anchors

Basic performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30 M12 M16 M20 M24
Substrate Non-cracked concrete Cracked concrete
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9 14 21 39 61 88 140 21 39 61 88


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15 23 34 63 98 141 224 34 63 98 141
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13 20 29 55 86 124 196 29 55 86 124
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 10.89 15.89 20.06 28.06 36.89 39.86 50.95 10.89 12.57 16.76 20.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 12 19.33 28 38.39 56.39 67.86 75.38 14.97 15.71 23.74 30.16
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 12 19.33 28 52 79.61 93.71 113.1 19.74 23.88 33.51 41.65
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 10.89 15.89 20.06 28.06 36.89 39.86 50.95 10.89 12.57 16.76 20.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 14.5 20.44 29.94 38.39 56.39 67.86 75.38 14.97 15.71 23.74 30.16
Bonded Anchors

Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18.17 27.22 39.5 58.39 79.61 93.71 113.1 19.74 23.88 33.51 41.65
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 10.89 15.89 20.06 28.06 36.89 39.86 50.95 10.89 12.57 16.76 20.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 13.9 20.44 29.94 38.39 56.39 67.86 75.38 14.97 15.71 23.74 30.16
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 13.9 21.93 31.55 58.39 79.61 93.71 113.1 19.74 23.88 33.51 41.65
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.2 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.33 12.82 18.59 35.26 55.13 79.49 125.64 18.59 35.26 55.13 79.49
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.78 11.35 14.33 20.04 26.35 28.47 36.39 7.78 8.98 11.97 14.36
Standard embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.81 20 27.42 40.28 48.47 53.84 10.69 11.22 16.96 21.54
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.81 20 37.14 56.87 66.94 80.78 14.1 17.06 23.94 29.75
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.78 11.35 14.33 20.04 26.35 28.47 36.39 7.78 8.98 11.97 14.36
Standard embedment depth [kN] 10.36 14.6 21.39 27.42 40.28 48.47 53.84 10.69 11.22 16.96 21.54
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 12.98 19.44 28.21 41.71 56.87 66.94 80.78 14.1 17.06 23.94 29.75
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.78 11.35 14.33 20.04 26.35 28.47 36.39 7.78 8.98 11.97 14.36
Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.93 14.6 21.39 27.42 40.28 48.47 53.84 10.69 11.22 16.96 21.54
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 9.93 15.66 22.54 41.71 56.87 66.94 80.78 14.1 17.06 23.94 29.75
S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8 12 22.29 34.86 50.29 80 12 22.29 34.86 50.29
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.14 19.43 36 56 80.57 128 19.43 36 56 80.57
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.28 25.18 39.38 56.78 89.74 13.28 25.18 39.38 56.78

Design performance data


R-STUDS Minimum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 60.0 70.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 165.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance = 1.5
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance = 1.87
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance = MOCK NRk,p [kN] 19.6 28.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107.0
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 10.9 15.9 20.1 28.1 36.9 39.9 51.0

44
Design performance data (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 15.1 24.2 30.2 45.2 56.5 73.9 85.5
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 8.39 13.4 16.8 25.1 31.4 35.2 40.7
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 210.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 420.0 495.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 105.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 210.0 248.0
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - 19.6 22.6 30.2 42.2 -
Design resistance NRd,p - - - 10.9 12.6 16.8 20.1 -
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - 16.6 20.1 22.6 31.7 -
Design resistance NRd,p - - - 9.22 11.2 12.6 15.1 -

Bonded Anchors
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 40.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 83.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.27 5.68 6.09 9.06 12.5 16.4 22.2
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.51 3.79 4.06 6.04 8.34 10.9 14.8
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 - - - 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 -
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
- - - 4.31 6.42 8.86 11.6 -
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
- - - 2.87 4.28 5.91 7.75 -
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

CV M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
40 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00
50 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,00 1,00
60 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 70 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,32 1,66 1,66 1,26 1,26 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For
83 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,81 2,14 2,14 1,63 1,63 1,29 1,29 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl-
plug Anchor Calculator 90 3,38 2,90 3,38 2,90 3,38 3,05 2,41 2,37 1,84 1,84 1,46 1,46 1,13 1,13
100 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,39 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,71 1,71 1,32 1,32
115 4,87 3,71 4,87 3,71 4,87 3,89 3,49 3,03 2,65 2,62 2,11 2,11 1,63 1,63
150 4,84 7,26 4,84 7,26 5,08 5,20 3,95 3,95 3,42 3,14 2,93 2,43 2,43
165 5,33 8,38 5,59 5,99 4,34 4,56 3,76 3,62 3,22 2,80 2,73
200 6,45 6,77 8,00 5,27 6,09 4,55 4,83 3,90 3,74 3,31
250 8,46 11,18 6,58 8,51 5,69 6,75 4,88 5,23 4,14
300 7,90 11,18 6,83 8,87 5,86 6,87 4,97
350 9,22 7,97 11,18 6,83 8,66 5,79
400 10,53 9,11 13,66 7,81 10,58 6,62
450 10,25 8,78 12,62 7,45
500 11,39 9,76 14,55 8,28
600 11,71 9,93
700 13,66 11,59
900 14,90

45
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

cN M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.1 hmin hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin
40 0,60 0,53 0,56 0,50 0,53 0,50
50 0,65 0,58 0,62 0,54 0,58 0,54 0,53 0,50
Table only valid for one 60 0,71 0,63 0,68 0,59 0,64 0,58 0,57 0,53 0,53
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 70 0,77 0,68 0,75 0,63 0,69 0,63 0,62 0,57 0,57 0,53
other cases use the Rawl- 85 0,87 0,77 0,85 0,70 0,78 0,70 0,68 0,62 0,62 0,58 0,54
plug Anchor Calculator 90 0,90 0,80 0,89 0,72 0,81 0,72 0,70 0,64 0,64 0,59 0,55
105 0,96 0,85 1,00 0,80 0,90 0,80 0,77 0,69 0,69 0,64 0,59
120 1,00 0,90 0,84 1,00 0,88 0,85 0,75 0,75 0,68 0,63
150 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,87 0,78 0,71
Bonded Anchors

165 0,97 1,00 0,91 0,93 0,84 0,75


180 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,89 0,79
210 1,00 1,00 0,88
250 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

s M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.1 h hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin
min

40 0,61 0,57 0,60 0,56 0,58 0,56


50 0,64 0,58 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,58 0,58 0,56
Table only valid for one 60 0,67 0,60 0,64 0,59 0,63 0,59 0,60 0,58 0,58
spacing <scr,N and c 70 0,69 0,62 0,67 0,60 0,65 0,61 0,62 0,59 0,60 0,58
ccr,N For other cases use 85 0,72 0,64 0,70 0,62 0,68 0,63 0,64 0,61 0,62 0,60 0,59
the Rawlplug Anchor
100 0,75 0,67 0,74 0,64 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,63 0,64 0,62 0,60
Calculator
125 0,80 0,71 0,80 0,68 0,76 0,70 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,65 0,63
150 0,85 0,75 0,86 0,71 0,81 0,73 0,75 0,69 0,71 0,68 0,65
180 0,90 0,80 0,93 0,76 0,88 0,78 0,80 0,73 0,75 0,71 0,68
200 0,94 0,83 0,98 0,79 0,92 0,81 0,83 0,75 0,78 0,74 0,70
225 0,99 0,88 1,00 0,82 0,97 0,85 0,88 0,78 0,81 0,77 0,73
250 1,00 0,92 0,86 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,81 0,85 0,80 0,75
275 0,96 0,89 0,93 0,96 0,84 0,88 0,83 0,78
300 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,92 0,86 0,80
325 0,96 1,00 0,91 0,95 0,89 0,83
360 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,93 0,86
400 1,00 0,98 0,90
440 1,00 0,94
500 1,00

Standard embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 240.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 26.1 36.8 53.9 69.1 101.5 142.5 158.3
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 14.5 20.4 29.9 38.4 56.4 67.9 75.4
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 20.1 31.1 41.5 56.5 80.1 110.8 124.4
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 11.2 17.3 23.1 31.4 44.5 52.8 59.2
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 211.0 263.0 316.0 375.0 450.0 526.0 580.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 105.0 132.0 158.0 188.0 225.0 263.0 290.0

46
Design performance data (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - 27.0 28.3 42.7 63.3 -
Design resistance NRd,p - - - 15.0 15.7 23.7 30.2 -
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - 22.8 25.1 32.0 47.5 -
Design resistance NRd,p - - - 12.7 14.0 17.8 22.6 -
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 120.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 38.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 25.8
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 - - - 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 -
Characteristic resistance for c1 - - - 6.97 9.07 15.0 21.3 -

Bonded Anchors
Rk,c

Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
- - - 4.65 6.05 9.97 14.2 -
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

CV M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
40 1,00 1,00
45 1,19 1,19 1,00 1,00
55 1,61 1,61 1,35 1,35 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 63 1,98 1,98 1,66 1,66 1,23 1,23 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For
85 3,10 2,88 2,60 2,52 1,92 1,92 1,57 1,57 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl-
plug Anchor Calculator 105 4,25 3,55 3,56 3,11 2,64 2,49 2,15 2,13 1,37 1,37 1,00 1,00
120 4,06 4,35 3,56 3,22 2,84 2,63 2,44 1,68 1,68 1,22 1,22 1,00 1,00
150 4,44 4,50 3,55 3,67 3,05 2,34 2,31 1,71 1,71 1,40 1,40
180 5,92 4,26 4,83 3,66 3,08 2,77 2,24 2,23 1,84 1,84
225 5,33 6,75 4,57 4,31 3,46 3,14 2,78 2,57 2,46
250 7,90 5,08 5,04 3,85 3,67 3,09 3,01 2,73
300 6,10 6,63 4,62 4,83 3,71 3,95 3,28
350 7,12 5,38 6,09 4,33 4,98 3,83
400 6,15 7,44 4,95 6,09 4,37
450 6,92 5,57 7,26 4,92
500 6,19 8,51 5,47
550 6,81 6,01
600 7,43 6,56
650 7,11
800 8,75

47
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Edge distance (tension)
Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,56 0,49

Table only valid for one 45 0,59 0,51 0,54 0,48


edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 55 0,65 0,55 0,59 0,51 0,54 0,50
other cases use the Rawl- 63 0,70 0,58 0,62 0,54 0,57 0,53 0,53 0,50
plug Anchor Calculator 85 0,85 0,67 0,74 0,62 0,66 0,60 0,61 0,56 0,56 0,54
105 0,98 0,76 0,84 0,69 0,75 0,66 0,68 0,62 0,62 0,59 0,57 0,55
120 1,00 0,80 0,93 0,75 0,82 0,72 0,73 0,66 0,66 0,63 0,61 0,58 0,58 0,55
140 0,85 1,00 0,81 0,91 0,79 0,81 0,72 0,72 0,69 0,66 0,62 0,63 0,59
165 0,91 0,87 1,00 0,88 0,91 0,80 0,80 0,76 0,72 0,68 0,68 0,63
Bonded Anchors

180 0,95 0,90 0,91 0,97 0,85 0,85 0,80 0,76 0,71 0,72 0,66
200 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,91 0,86 0,82 0,76 0,77 0,71
225 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 0,89 0,82 0,83 0,76
265 1,00 1,00 1,00 0,92 0,93 0,85
300 0,98 1,00 0,92
320 1,00 0,94
360 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,59 0,55

Table only valid for one 45 0,61 0,56 0,59 0,55


spacing <scr,N and c 55 0,63 0,57 0,60 0,56 0,59 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use 63 0,65 0,58 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,57 0,58 0,56
the Rawlplug Anchor 85 0,70 0,61 0,66 0,59 0,63 0,60 0,61 0,59 0,59 0,58
Calculator
105 0,75 0,63 0,70 0,62 0,67 0,62 0,64 0,61 0,62 0,60 0,60 0,58
120 0,78 0,65 0,73 0,63 0,69 0,64 0,66 0,62 0,63 0,62 0,61 0,60 0,60 0,58
150 0,86 0,69 0,78 0,67 0,74 0,67 0,70 0,65 0,67 0,65 0,64 0,62 0,63 0,60
180 0,93 0,73 0,84 0,70 0,78 0,70 0,74 0,68 0,70 0,68 0,67 0,64 0,66 0,63
200 0,96 0,75 0,88 0,72 0,82 0,73 0,77 0,70 0,72 0,70 0,69 0,66 0,67 0,64
225 1,00 0,78 0,93 0,75 0,86 0,76 0,80 0,73 0,75 0,72 0,71 0,68 0,69 0,66
280 0,85 1,00 0,81 0,94 0,82 0,87 0,78 0,81 0,77 0,77 0,72 0,74 0,69
320 0,90 0,86 1,00 0,86 0,93 0,82 0,86 0,81 0,80 0,75 0,78 0,72
400 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,94 0,89 0,88 0,82 0,85 0,78
450 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 0,93 0,86 0,89 0,81
500 1,00 0,99 0,98 0,90 0,93 0,85
550 1,00 1,00 0,94 0,97 0,88
630 1,00 1,00 0,94
760 1,00

Maximum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 100.0 120.0 145.0 190.0 240.0 290.0 360.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance = 1.5
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance = 1.87
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 32.7 49.0 71.1 105.1 143.3 196.8 237.5
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 18.2 27.2 39.5 58.4 79.6 93.7 113.1

48
Design performance data (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 25.1 41.5 54.7 86.0 113.1 153.1 186.6
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 13.9 23.1 30.4 47.8 62.8 72.9 88.9
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 211.0 263.0 316.0 388.0 450.0 526.0 580.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 105.0 132.0 158.0 194.0 225.0 263.0 290.0
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - 35.5 43.0 60.3 87.5 -
Design resistance NRd,p - - - 19.7 23.9 33.5 41.6 -
COMBINED PULL-OUT AND CONCRETE CONE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p - - - 30.1 38.2 45.2 65.6 -
Design resistance NRd,p - - - 16.7 21.2 25.1 31.2 -

Bonded Anchors
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 50.0 60.0 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 180.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 7.83 10.8 15.0 23.8 35.3 48.8 70.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 5.22 7.20 10.00 15.8 23.6 32.5 47.2
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 - - - 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 -
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
- - - 10.6 16.8 25.0 34.6 -
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
- - - 7.09 11.2 16.7 23.0 -
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

CV M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
50 1,00 1,00
60 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
73 1,76 1,76 1,34 1,34 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one
95 2,62 2,50 1,99 1,99 1,48 1,48 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For
other cases use the Rawl- 100 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,60 1,60 1,08 1,08
plug Anchor Calculator 105 2,76 2,32 2,26 1,73 1,73 1,16 1,16
120 2,83 2,58 2,11 2,08 1,42 1,42 1,00 1,00
145 3,76 3,12 2,80 2,51 1,89 1,89 1,33 1,33 1,00 1,00
180 3,87 3,87 3,12 2,61 2,35 1,84 1,84 1,38 1,38 1,00 1,00
200 3,46 3,05 2,62 2,15 2,11 1,62 1,62 1,17 1,17
230 3,77 3,01 2,65 2,42 2,00 2,00 1,44 1,44
250 4,27 3,27 3,01 2,64 2,26 2,17 1,64 1,64
300 3,92 3,95 3,16 2,98 2,61 2,15 2,10
350 4,58 4,98 3,69 3,75 3,04 2,71 2,45
400 4,22 4,58 3,48 3,31 2,80
450 3,91 3,95 3,15
500 4,35 4,63 3,51
550 5,34 3,86
675 4,73

49
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Edge distance (tension)
Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin
50 0,62 0,51
60 0,68 0,54 0,61 0,50
Table only valid for one
73 0,77 0,59 0,67 0,54 0,61 0,52
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For
other cases use the Rawl- 95 0,89 0,67 0,79 0,60 0,70 0,58 0,63 0,53
plug Anchor Calculator 100 0,92 0,69 0,82 0,62 0,73 0,60 0,65 0,54
120 0,99 0,74 0,93 0,68 0,82 0,66 0,72 0,58 0,66 0,57
140 1,00 0,78 1,00 0,73 0,91 0,72 0,79 0,63 0,72 0,62
145 0,79 0,74 0,94 0,73 0,81 0,64 0,73 0,63 0,72 0,58
165 0,83 0,78 1,00 0,78 0,88 0,69 0,80 0,67 0,76 0,61
Bonded Anchors

180 0,86 0,80 0,81 0,94 0,72 0,85 0,70 0,82 0,64 0,72 0,59
200 0,90 0,83 0,84 1,00 0,76 0,91 0,75 0,89 0,68 0,77 0,62
225 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,80 1,00 0,81 1,00 0,73 0,83 0,66
265 1,00 0,94 0,96 0,85 0,87 0,80 0,93 0,73
300 1,00 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,84 1,00 0,78
360 0,97 1,00 0,91 0,83
400 1,00 0,96 0,87
450 1,00 0,92
550 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin
50 0,62 0,55
60 0,64 0,56 0,61 0,55
Table only valid for one
spacing <scr,N and c 73 0,67 0,57 0,64 0,56 0,62 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use 95 0,73 0,60 0,68 0,58 0,65 0,58 0,62 0,56
the Rawlplug Anchor 100 0,74 0,60 0,69 0,58 0,66 0,59 0,63 0,57
Calculator
120 0,78 0,62 0,73 0,60 0,69 0,60 0,65 0,58 0,63 0,58
145 0,84 0,65 0,78 0,62 0,73 0,63 0,69 0,60 0,66 0,60 0,64 0,58
180 0,91 0,68 0,84 0,65 0,78 0,66 0,73 0,62 0,70 0,63 0,67 0,60 0,66 0,58
200 0,93 0,70 0,88 0,67 0,82 0,67 0,76 0,63 0,72 0,64 0,69 0,61 0,67 0,59
225 0,97 0,73 0,93 0,69 0,86 0,69 0,79 0,65 0,75 0,66 0,71 0,63 0,69 0,60
250 1,00 0,75 0,97 0,71 0,90 0,72 0,82 0,66 0,78 0,67 0,74 0,64 0,72 0,62
280 0,78 1,00 0,73 0,94 0,74 0,86 0,68 0,81 0,69 0,77 0,66 0,74 0,63
320 0,82 0,77 1,00 0,78 0,91 0,71 0,86 0,72 0,80 0,68 0,78 0,65
400 0,90 0,83 0,84 1,00 0,76 0,94 0,78 0,88 0,73 0,85 0,69
450 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,80 1,00 0,81 0,93 0,76 0,89 0,71
500 1,00 0,92 0,93 0,83 0,85 0,98 0,79 0,93 0,73
550 0,96 0,97 0,86 0,88 1,00 0,82 0,97 0,75
630 1,00 1,00 0,91 0,94 0,86 1,00 0,79
760 1,00 1,00 0,94 0,85
950 1,00 0,94
1100 1,00

50
RV200 with Threaded Rods (CFS+)
High performance vinylester resin approved for use in cracked and non-cracked
concrete - Cartridge Free System (CFS+)

Approvals and Reports


ETA-1 ETAG 1- Option 1

Installation
movie

Product information

Bonded Anchors
Features and benefits Applications Base materials
Approved for use with threaded rods in cracked Curtain walling Approved for use in:
and non-cracked concrete (ETAG001 Option 1) Balustrading Cracked concrete
Suitable for most solid and hollow substrates andrails C20/25-C50/60
including overhead applications Canopies on-cracked concrete
ery high load capacity C20/25-C50/60
Cable trays
Suitable for use in low temperatures down to - C for win- Formwork supports
ter option) enables use throughout the year Winter version Also suitable for use in:
eavy machinery
can be used in warmer temperatures for faster curing igh-Density atural Stone
Lighting columns
Suitable for use in dry and wet substrates as well as holes atural Stone
and substrates covered with water Public seating
Solid Brick
Uni ue soft foil pack for less waste Large panel reinforcing
system -Copy Eco Solid Concrete Block
Effortless extrusion due to patented self-opening system Solid Sand-lime Brick
with manual or pneumatic dispenser guns
Reinforced concrete
Anchor does not generate tensions in the substrate
which enables R to be specified where closer
edge and spacing distances are required
Suitable for multiple use. Partly used cartridge
can continue to be used after fitting new nozzle

Installation guide
1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth for stud
size being used.
2. Clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least four
times each. It is very important and necessary before
installation.
3. Insert foil into gun and attach nozzle.
4. Dispense to waste until even colour is obtained.
5. Insert the mixing nozzle to the far end of the hole and
inject resin, slowly withdrawing the nozzle as the hole
is filled to 2/3 of its depth.
6. Immediately insert stud, slowly and with slight twisting mo-
tion. Remove any excess resin around the hole before it sets
and leave it undisturbed until the curing time elapses.
7. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Volume
Product Code Resin Description / Resin Type
[ml]

R-CFS R - R Styrene Free inylester Resin


Low Temperature (Winter) / Rapid Cure
R-CFS R W- R -W 300
Styrene Free inylester Resin
High Temperature (Summer) / Slow Cure
R-CFS R S- R -S Styrene Free inylester Resin

R-CFS R - - R Styrene Free inylester Resin


Low Temperature (Winter) / Rapid Cure 600
R-CFS R TW- R TW
Styrene Free inylester Resin

51
Bonded Anchors

Product information (cont.)


R-STUDS
Product Code Anchor Fixture
Hole
Diameter Length Max. thickness
Size diameter
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4
d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -
M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50
R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -
M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38
R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58
R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -
R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
Bonded Anchors

R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140


R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16 R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91
R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171
R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -
M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -

* Make to order

Installation data
R-STUDS
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
MINIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, min [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
STANDARD EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, s [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
MAXIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, max [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] hef 1 hef + 2*d0
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


Resin Concrete Working time [min.] Curing time* [min.]
temperature temperature
C C RV200-S RV200 RV200-W RV200-S RV200 RV200-W

5 -20 - - 100 - - 1440


5 -15 - - 60 - - 960
5 -10 - - 30 - - 480
5 -5 65 60 16 1440 360 240
5 0 50 40 12 960 180 120
5 5 35 20 8 720 120 60
10 10 20 12 5 480 80 45
15 15 12 8 3 360 60 30
20 20 9 5 2 240 45 10
25 25 7 3 - 180 30 -
25 30 6 2 - 120 20 -
25 40 4 0.5 - 45 10 -
25 45 3 - - 35 - -
25 50 2 - - 25 - -

*For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

52
Mechanical properties
R-STUDS
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 500 500 500 500 500 500 500
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 400 400 400 400 400 400 400
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 19 37 65 166 324 561 1124
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 11 21 37 95 185 321 642
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8

Bonded Anchors
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1799
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 17 34 60 152 297 513 1028
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 786 1574
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 12 24 42 107 208 360 721

Basic performance data


R-STUDS
Performance data for single anchor without influence of edge distance and spacing
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30 M12 M16 M20 M24
Substrate Non-cracked concrete Cracked concrete
MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 78 102.5 129.1 165 30.2 34.8 46.6 65.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 87.3 115.2 156.1 185.4 41.7 43.7 65.9 97.6
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 93.6 146.4 211.2 256.7 50.4 66.3 93 135
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 30.2 44.1 55.6 78 102.5 129.1 165 30.2 34.8 46.6 65.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 34.8 55.2 56.6 87.3 115.2 156.1 185.4 41.7 43.7 65.9 97.6
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 34.8 55.2 76 114.4 156.6 215.5 256.7 54.8 66.3 93 135
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 30.2 44.1 55.6 78 102.5 129.1 165 30.2 34.8 46.6 65.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 31.2 49.2 56.6 87.3 115.2 156.1 185.4 41.7 43.7 65.9 97.6
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 31.2 49.2 70.8 114.4 156.6 215.5 256.7 54.8 66.3 93 135
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29 42.15 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5 42.15 78.5 122.5 176.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.28 46.4 67.44 125.6 196 282.4 448.8 67.44 125.6 196 282.4
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.62 40.6 59.01 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7 59.01 109.9 171.5 247.1
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18 28.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 19.6 22.62 30.16 42.22
Standard embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 69.1 101.5 142.5 158.3 26.95 28.27 42.73 63.33
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 78 122 176 237.5 35.53 42.98 60.32 87.46
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 19.6 28.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 19.6 22.62 30.16 42.22
Standard embedment depth [kN] 26.1 36.8 53.9 69.1 101.5 142.5 158.3 26.95 28.27 42.73 63.33
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 29 46 67 105.1 143.3 196.8 237.5 35.53 42.98 60.32 87.46
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 19.6 28.6 36.1 50.5 66.4 83.7 107 19.6 22.62 30.16 42.22
Standard embedment depth [kN] 26 36.8 53.9 69.1 101.5 142.5 158.3 26.95 28.27 42.73 63.33
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 26 41 59 105.1 143.3 196.8 237.5 35.53 42.98 60.32 87.46

53
Bonded Anchors

Basic performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30 M12 M16 M20 M24
Substrate Non-cracked concrete Cracked concrete
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9 14 21 39 61 88 140 21 39 61 88


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15 23 34 63 98 141 224 34 63 98 141
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13 20 29 55 86 124 196 29 55 86 124
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 10.89 15.89 20.06 28.06 36.89 39.86 50.95 10.89 12.57 16.76 20.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 12 19.33 28 38.39 56.39 67.86 75.38 14.97 15.71 23.74 30.16
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 12 19.33 28 52 79.61 93.71 113.1 19.74 23.88 33.51 41.65
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 10.89 15.89 20.06 28.06 36.89 39.86 50.95 10.89 12.57 16.76 20.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 14.5 20.44 29.94 38.39 56.39 67.86 75.38 14.97 15.71 23.74 30.16
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18.17 27.22 39.5 58.39 79.61 93.71 113.1 19.74 23.88 33.51 41.65
Bonded Anchors

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4


Minimum embedment depth [kN] 10.89 15.89 20.06 28.06 36.89 39.86 50.95 10.89 12.57 16.76 20.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 13.9 20.44 29.94 38.39 56.39 67.86 75.38 14.97 15.71 23.74 30.16
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 13.9 21.93 31.55 58.39 79.61 93.71 113.1 19.74 23.88 33.51 41.65
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.2 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.33 12.82 18.59 35.26 55.13 79.49 125.64 18.59 35.26 55.13 79.49
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.78 11.35 14.33 20.04 26.35 28.47 36.39 7.78 8.98 11.97 14.36
Standard embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.81 20 27.42 40.28 48.47 53.84 10.69 11.22 16.96 21.54
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.81 20 37.14 56.87 66.94 80.78 14.1 17.06 23.94 29.75
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.78 11.35 14.33 20.04 26.35 28.47 36.39 7.78 8.98 11.97 14.36
Standard embedment depth [kN] 10.36 14.6 21.39 27.42 40.28 48.47 53.84 10.69 11.22 16.96 21.54
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 12.98 19.44 28.21 41.71 56.87 66.94 80.78 14.1 17.06 23.94 29.75
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.78 11.35 14.33 20.04 26.35 28.47 36.39 7.78 8.98 11.97 14.36
Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.93 14.6 21.39 27.42 40.28 48.47 53.84 10.69 11.22 16.96 21.54
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 9.93 15.66 22.54 41.71 56.87 66.94 80.78 14.1 17.06 23.94 29.75
S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8 12 22.29 34.86 50.29 80 12 22.29 34.86 50.29
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.14 19.43 36 56 80.57 128 19.43 36 56 80.57
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.28 25.18 39.38 56.78 89.74 13.28 25.18 39.38 56.78

Design performance data


R-STUDS Standard embedment depth
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 240.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 26.1 36.8 53.9 69.1 101.5 142.5 158.3
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 14.5 20.4 29.9 38.4 56.4 67.9 75.4
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 20.1 31.1 41.5 56.5 80.1 110.8 124.4
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 11.2 17.3 23.1 31.4 44.5 52.8 59.2
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 211.0 263.0 316.0 375.0 450.0 526.0 580.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 105.0 132.0 158.0 188.0 225.0 263.0 290.0

54
Design performance data (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 120.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 38.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 25.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Bonded Anchors
Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing
Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1.00 1.00
45 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
55 1.61 1.61 1.35 1.35 1.00 1.00
Tables only valid for one
edge >cmin and s c For 63 1.98 1.98 1.66 1.66 1.23 1.23 1.00 1.00
other cases use the Rawl- 85 3.10 2.88 2.60 2.52 1.92 1.92 1.57 1.57 1.00 1.00
plug Anchor Calculator 105 4.25 3.55 3.56 3.11 2.64 2.49 2.15 2.13 1.37 1.37 1.00 1.00
120 4.06 4.35 3.56 3.22 2.84 2.63 2.44 1.68 1.68 1.22 1.22 1.00 1.00
150 4.44 4.50 3.55 3.67 3.05 2.34 2.31 1.71 1.71 1.40 1.40
180 5.92 4.26 4.83 3.66 3.08 2.77 2.24 2.23 1.84 1.84
225 5.33 6.75 4.57 4.31 3.46 3.14 2.78 2.57 2.46
250 7.90 5.08 5.04 3.85 3.67 3.09 3.01 2.73
300 6.10 6.63 4.62 4.83 3.71 3.95 3.28
350 7.12 5.38 6.09 4.33 4.98 3.83
400 6.15 7.44 4.95 6.09 4.37
450 6.92 5.57 7.26 4.92
500 6.19 8.51 5.47
550 6.81 6.01
600 7.43 6.56
650 7.11
800 8.75

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0.56 0.49
45 0.59 0.51 0.54 0.48
Table only valid for one
55 0.65 0.55 0.59 0.51 0.54 0.50
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For
other cases use the Rawl- 63 0.70 0.58 0.62 0.54 0.57 0.53 0.53 0.50
plug Anchor Calculator 85 0.85 0.67 0.74 0.62 0.66 0.60 0.61 0.56 0.56 0.54
105 0.98 0.76 0.84 0.69 0.75 0.66 0.68 0.62 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.55
120 1.00 0.80 0.93 0.75 0.82 0.72 0.73 0.66 0.66 0.63 0.61 0.58 0.58 0.55
140 0.85 1.00 0.81 0.91 0.79 0.81 0.72 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.62 0.63 0.59
165 0.91 0.87 1.00 0.88 0.91 0.80 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.68 0.63
180 0.95 0.90 0.91 0.97 0.85 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.71 0.72 0.66
200 1.00 0.94 0.95 1.00 0.90 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.76 0.77 0.71
225 1.00 1.00 0.95 1.00 0.94 0.89 0.82 0.83 0.76
265 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.92 0.93 0.85
300 0.98 1.00 0.92
320 1.00 0.94
360 1.00

55
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0.59 0.55

Table only valid for one 45 0.61 0.56 0.59 0.55


spacing <scr,N and c 55 0.63 0.57 0.60 0.56 0.59 0.56
ccr,N For other cases use 63 0.65 0.58 0.62 0.57 0.60 0.57 0.58 0.56
the Rawlplug Anchor
85 0.70 0.61 0.66 0.59 0.63 0.60 0.61 0.59 0.59 0.58
Calculator
105 0.75 0.63 0.70 0.62 0.67 0.62 0.64 0.61 0.62 0.60 0.60 0.58
120 0.78 0.65 0.73 0.63 0.69 0.64 0.66 0.62 0.63 0.62 0.61 0.60 0.60 0.58
150 0.86 0.69 0.78 0.67 0.74 0.67 0.70 0.65 0.67 0.65 0.64 0.62 0.63 0.60
180 0.93 0.73 0.84 0.70 0.78 0.70 0.74 0.68 0.70 0.68 0.67 0.64 0.66 0.63
Bonded Anchors

200 0.96 0.75 0.88 0.72 0.82 0.73 0.77 0.70 0.72 0.70 0.69 0.66 0.67 0.64
225 1.00 0.78 0.93 0.75 0.86 0.76 0.80 0.73 0.75 0.72 0.71 0.68 0.69 0.66
280 0.85 1.00 0.81 0.94 0.82 0.87 0.78 0.81 0.77 0.77 0.72 0.74 0.69
320 0.90 0.86 1.00 0.86 0.93 0.82 0.86 0.81 0.80 0.75 0.78 0.72
400 1.00 0.94 0.95 1.00 0.90 0.94 0.89 0.88 0.82 0.85 0.78
450 1.00 1.00 0.95 1.00 0.94 0.93 0.86 0.89 0.81
500 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.90 0.93 0.85
550 1.00 1.00 0.94 0.97 0.88
630 1.00 1.00 0.94
760 1.00

Maximum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 100.0 120.0 145.0 190.0 240.0 290.0 360.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 32.7 49.0 71.1 105.1 143.3 196.8 237.5
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 18.2 27.2 39.5 58.4 79.6 93.7 113.1
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 25.1 41.5 54.7 86.0 113.1 153.1 186.6
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 13.9 23.1 30.4 47.8 62.8 72.9 88.9
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 211.0 263.0 316.0 388.0 450.0 526.0 580.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 105.0 132.0 158.0 194.0 225.0 263.0 290.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 50.0 60.0 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 180.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 7.83 10.8 15.0 23.8 35.3 48.8 70.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 5.22 7.20 10.0 15.8 23.6 32.5 47.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

56
Design performance data (cont.)
Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing
Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm]
h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin

50 1.00 1.00
60 1.31 1.31 1.00 1.00

Tables only valid for one 73 1.76 1.76 1.34 1.34 1.00 1.00
edge >cmin and s c For 95 2.62 2.50 1.99 1.99 1.48 1.48 1.00 1.00
other cases use the Rawl- 100 2.83 2.63 2.15 2.15 1.60 1.60 1.08 1.08
plug Anchor Calculator
105 2.76 2.32 2.26 1.73 1.73 1.16 1.16
120 2.83 2.58 2.11 2.08 1.42 1.42 1.00 1.00
145 3.76 3.12 2.80 2.51 1.89 1.89 1.33 1.33 1.00 1.00

Bonded Anchors
180 3.87 3.87 3.12 2.61 2.35 1.84 1.84 1.38 1.38 1.00 1.00
200 3.46 3.05 2.62 2.15 2.11 1.62 1.62 1.17 1.17
230 3.77 3.01 2.65 2.42 2.00 2.00 1.44 1.44
250 4.27 3.27 3.01 2.64 2.26 2.17 1.64 1.64
300 3.92 3.95 3.16 2.98 2.61 2.15 2.10
350 4.58 4.98 3.69 3.75 3.04 2.71 2.45
400 4.22 4.58 3.48 3.31 2.80
450 3.91 3.95 3.15
500 4.35 4.63 3.51
550 5.34 3.86
675 4.73

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin
50 0.62 0.51
Table only valid for one 60 0.68 0.54 0.61 0.50
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 73 0.77 0.59 0.67 0.54 0.61 0.52
other cases use the Rawl-
95 0.89 0.67 0.79 0.60 0.70 0.58 0.63 0.53
plug Anchor Calculator
100 0.92 0.69 0.82 0.62 0.73 0.60 0.65 0.54
120 0.99 0.74 0.93 0.68 0.82 0.66 0.72 0.58 0.66 0.57
140 1.00 0.78 1.00 0.73 0.91 0.72 0.79 0.63 0.72 0.62
145 0.79 0.74 0.94 0.73 0.81 0.64 0.73 0.63 0.72 0.58
165 0.83 0.78 1.00 0.78 0.88 0.69 0.80 0.67 0.76 0.61
180 0.86 0.80 0.81 0.94 0.72 0.85 0.70 0.82 0.64 0.72 0.59
200 0.90 0.83 0.84 1.00 0.76 0.91 0.75 0.89 0.68 0.77 0.62
225 0.95 0.88 0.89 0.80 1.00 0.81 1.00 0.73 0.83 0.66
265 1.00 0.94 0.96 0.85 0.87 0.80 0.93 0.73
300 1.00 1.00 0.89 0.92 0.84 1.00 0.78
360 0.97 1.00 0.91 0.83
400 1.00 0.96 0.87
450 1.00 0.92
550 1.00

57
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin
50 0.62 0.55
60 0.64 0.56 0.61 0.55
Table only valid for one 73 0.67 0.57 0.64 0.56 0.62 0.56
spacing <scr,N and c 95 0.73 0.60 0.68 0.58 0.65 0.58 0.62 0.56
ccr,N For other cases use 100 0.74 0.60 0.69 0.58 0.66 0.59 0.63 0.57
the Rawlplug Anchor
120 0.78 0.62 0.73 0.60 0.69 0.60 0.65 0.58 0.63 0.58
Calculator
145 0.84 0.65 0.78 0.62 0.73 0.63 0.69 0.60 0.66 0.60 0.64 0.58
180 0.91 0.68 0.84 0.65 0.78 0.66 0.73 0.62 0.70 0.63 0.67 0.60 0.66 0.58
200 0.93 0.70 0.88 0.67 0.82 0.67 0.76 0.63 0.72 0.64 0.69 0.61 0.67 0.59
225 0.97 0.73 0.93 0.69 0.86 0.69 0.79 0.65 0.75 0.66 0.71 0.63 0.69 0.60
Bonded Anchors

250 1.00 0.75 0.97 0.71 0.90 0.72 0.82 0.66 0.78 0.67 0.74 0.64 0.72 0.62
280 0.78 1.00 0.73 0.94 0.74 0.86 0.68 0.81 0.69 0.77 0.66 0.74 0.63
320 0.82 0.77 1.00 0.78 0.91 0.71 0.86 0.72 0.80 0.68 0.78 0.65
400 0.90 0.83 0.84 1.00 0.76 0.94 0.78 0.88 0.73 0.85 0.69
450 0.95 0.88 0.89 0.80 1.00 0.81 0.93 0.76 0.89 0.71
500 1.00 0.92 0.93 0.83 0.85 0.98 0.79 0.93 0.73
550 0.96 0.97 0.86 0.88 1.00 0.82 0.97 0.75
630 1.00 1.00 0.91 0.94 0.86 1.00 0.79
760 1.00 1.00 0.94 0.85
950 1.00 0.94
1100 1.00

Minimum embedment depth


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 60.0 70.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 165.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 19.6 28.6 39.2 55.3 71.6 95.0 108.9
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 10.9 15.9 21.8 30.7 39.8 45.2 51.9
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 15.1 24.2 30.2 45.2 56.5 73.9 85.5
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 8.39 13.4 16.8 25.1 31.4 35.2 40.7
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 210.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 420.0 495.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 105.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 210.0 248.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 40.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 83.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.27 5.68 6.09 9.06 12.5 16.4 22.2
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.51 3.79 4.06 6.04 8.34 10.9 14.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

58
Design performance data (cont.)
Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing
Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00


50 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.00 1.00
60 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.31 1.31 1.00 1.00
Tables only valid for one 70 2.32 2.26 2.32 2.26 2.32 2.32 1.66 1.66 1.26 1.26 1.00 1.00
edge >cmin and s c For 83 2.99 2.68 2.99 2.68 2.99 2.81 2.14 2.14 1.63 1.63 1.29 1.29 1.00 1.00
other cases use the Rawl- 90 3.38 2.90 3.38 2.90 3.38 3.05 2.41 2.37 1.84 1.84 1.46 1.46 1.13 1.13
plug Anchor Calculator
100 3.95 3.23 3.95 3.23 3.95 3.39 2.83 2.63 2.15 2.15 1.71 1.71 1.32 1.32
115 4.87 3.71 4.87 3.71 4.87 3.89 3.49 3.03 2.65 2.62 2.11 2.11 1.63 1.63
150 4.84 7.26 4.84 7.26 5.08 5.20 3.95 3.95 3.42 3.14 2.93 2.43 2.43

Bonded Anchors
165 5.33 8.38 5.59 5.99 4.34 4.56 3.76 3.62 3.22 2.80 2.73
200 6.45 6.77 8.00 5.27 6.09 4.55 4.83 3.90 3.74 3.31
250 8.46 11.18 6.58 8.51 5.69 6.75 4.88 5.23 4.14
300 7.90 11.18 6.83 8.87 5.86 6.87 4.97
350 9.22 7.97 11.18 6.83 8.66 5.79
400 10.53 9.11 13.66 7.81 10.58 6.62
450 10.25 8.78 12.62 7.45
500 11.39 9.76 14.55 8.28
600 11.71 9.93
700 13.66 11.59
900 14.90

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h 1.1 hmin hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin

40 0.60 0.53 0.56 0.50 0.53 0.50


50 0.65 0.58 0.62 0.54 0.58 0.54 0.53 0.50
Table only valid for one 60 0.71 0.63 0.68 0.59 0.64 0.58 0.57 0.53 0.53
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 70 0.77 0.68 0.75 0.63 0.69 0.63 0.62 0.57 0.57 0.53
other cases use the Rawl-
85 0.87 0.77 0.85 0.70 0.78 0.70 0.68 0.62 0.62 0.58 0.54
plug Anchor Calculator
90 0.90 0.80 0.89 0.72 0.81 0.72 0.70 0.64 0.64 0.59 0.55
105 0.96 0.85 1.00 0.80 0.90 0.80 0.77 0.69 0.69 0.64 0.59
120 1.00 0.90 0.84 1.00 0.88 0.85 0.75 0.75 0.68 0.63
150 1.00 0.93 0.97 1.00 0.88 0.87 0.78 0.71
165 0.97 1.00 0.91 0.93 0.84 0.75
180 1.00 0.95 1.00 0.89 0.79
210 1.00 1.00 0.88
250 1.00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h 1.1 hmin hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin

40 0.61 0.57 0.60 0.56 0.58 0.56


50 0.64 0.58 0.62 0.57 0.60 0.58 0.58 0.56
60 0.67 0.60 0.64 0.59 0.63 0.59 0.60 0.58 0.58
Table only valid for one
70 0.69 0.62 0.67 0.60 0.65 0.61 0.62 0.59 0.60 0.58
spacing <scr,N and c
85 0.72 0.64 0.70 0.62 0.68 0.63 0.64 0.61 0.62 0.60 0.59
ccr,N For other cases use
the Rawlplug Anchor 100 0.75 0.67 0.74 0.64 0.71 0.66 0.67 0.63 0.64 0.62 0.60
Calculator 125 0.80 0.71 0.80 0.68 0.76 0.70 0.71 0.66 0.67 0.65 0.63
150 0.85 0.75 0.86 0.71 0.81 0.73 0.75 0.69 0.71 0.68 0.65
180 0.90 0.80 0.93 0.76 0.88 0.78 0.80 0.73 0.75 0.71 0.68
200 0.94 0.83 0.98 0.79 0.92 0.81 0.83 0.75 0.78 0.74 0.70
225 0.99 0.88 1.00 0.82 0.97 0.85 0.88 0.78 0.81 0.77 0.73
250 1.00 0.92 0.86 1.00 0.89 0.92 0.81 0.85 0.80 0.75
275 0.96 0.89 0.93 0.96 0.84 0.88 0.83 0.78
300 1.00 0.93 0.97 1.00 0.88 0.92 0.86 0.80
325 0.96 1.00 0.91 0.95 0.89 0.83
360 1.00 0.95 1.00 0.93 0.86
400 1.00 0.98 0.90
440 1.00 0.94
500 1.00

59
Bonded Anchors

R-CAS-V Spin-In Capsule with Threaded Rods


High-performance, quick-setting, styrene-free vinylester resin for concrete

Approvals and Reports


ETA-1 1 ETAG 1- Option

Installation
movie

Product information
Bonded Anchors

Features and benefits Applications Base materials


Approved for use with threaded rods Threaded rods Approved for use in:
in non-cracked concrete (ETAG001 Option 7) Balustrading on-cracked concrete
igh performance for use safety critical application - Railings C20/25-C50/60
heavy-duty fastenings with small spacing
and edge distances eavy machinery
Structural steel Also suitable for use in:
The system relies on the adhesion between the concrete
and resin, which is free from expansion forces. This makes Steel columns atural Stone
it an ideal choice where close edge and spacing distances Cladding restraints
are required
Curtain walling
Capsule contains a precise volume of constituents making
it a very consistent product Fencing gates
Suitable for making fixings underwater. Formwork supports
Adhesive strength is not affected by unpolluted water Garage doors
Suitable for dry or wet non-cracked concrete Guard rails
Styrene free - odourless

Installation guide
1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth
for stud size being used.
2. Clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least
four times each. It is very important and necessary
before installation.
3. Insert capsule into the hole. Connect stud to drilling
machine using appropirate driver system.
4. Position the stud into the glass capsule then switch
on the drilling machine and drive stud into the capsule.
Switch off the drilling machine as soon as the bottom
of hole is reached.
5. Leave the anchor undisturbed unitl the curing time elapses.
6. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Size Product Code Description / Resin Type
M8 R-CAS- -
M10 R-CAS- -1
M12 R-CAS- -1
M16 R-CAS- -1 Styrene Free inylester Resin
M20 R-CAS- -
M24 R-CAS- -
M30 R-CAS- -

R-STUDS

Product Code Anchor Fixture


Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -
M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50
R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -
M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38
R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58

* Make to order

60
Product information (cont.)
Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -
R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140
R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16 R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91
R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171
R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -

Bonded Anchors
M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -

* Make to order

Installation data
R-STUDS
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
Installation depth hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 270
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] 120 130 140 180 230 270 340
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


Resin Concrete Working time Curing time*
temperature temperature
[C] [C] [min] [min]
5 -5 - 480
5 0 - 240
5 5 - 150
10 10 - 120
15 15 - 90
20 20 - 45
25 30 - 20
25 40 - 10
*For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

Mechanical properties
R-STUDS
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 520 520 520 520 520 520 520
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 420 420 420 420 420 420 420
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 20 39 68 173 338 583 1166
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1793
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439

61
Bonded Anchors

Mechanical properties (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 785 1569
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009

Basic performance data


Performance data for single anchor without influence of edge distance and spacing

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Substrate Non-cracked concrete
Bonded Anchors

Embedment depth hef [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 270


MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 75.5 119.2 158.4 239.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 28.9 35.9 55.7 75.5 119.2 158.4 239.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 28.9 35.9 55.7 75.5 119.2 158.4 239.6
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29 42.15 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.28 46.4 67.44 125.6 196 282.4 448.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.62 40.6 59.01 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18 29 42 60 95 140 200
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 25 30 50 60 95 140 200
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25 30 50 60 95 140 200
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9 14 21 39 61 88 140


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15 23 34 63 98 141 224
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13 20 29 55 86 124 196
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 12 16.67 27.78 33.33 52.78 77.78 111.11
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 13.89 16.67 27.78 33.33 52.78 77.78 111.11
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13.89 16.67 27.78 33.33 52.78 77.78 111.11
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.2 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.33 12.82 18.59 35.26 55.13 79.49 125.64
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 8.57 11.9 19.84 23.81 37.7 55.56 79.37
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 9.92 11.9 19.84 23.81 37.7 55.56 79.37
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 9.92 11.9 19.84 23.81 37.7 55.56 79.37
S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8 12 22.29 34.86 50.29 80
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.14 19.43 36 56 80.57 128
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.28 25.18 39.38 56.78 89.74

62
Design performance data
R-STUDS Standard embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30

Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 270.0

TENSION LOAD

STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8


Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)

Bonded Anchors
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 25.0 30.0 50.0 60.0 95.0 140.0 200.0
Design resistance Mp
= 1.8 NRd,p [kN] 13.9 16.7 27.8 33.3 52.8 77.8 111.1
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 240.0 270.0 330.0 375.0 510.0 630.0 675.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 120.0 135.0 165.0 190.0 255.0 315.0 340.0

SHEAR LOAD

CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25


Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 135.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 46.1
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 30.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1,00 1,00
45 1,19 1,19 1,00 1,00

Tables only valid for one 55 1,61 1,61 1,35 1,35 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 63 1,98 1,98 1,66 1,66 1,23 1,23 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl-
85 3,10 2,88 2,60 2,52 1,92 1,92 1,57 1,57 1,00 1,00
plug Anchor Calculator
105 4,25 3,55 3,56 3,11 2,64 2,49 2,15 2,13 1,37 1,37 1,00 1,00
120 4,06 4,35 3,56 3,22 2,84 2,63 2,44 1,68 1,68 1,22 1,22
135 5,20 4,00 3,85 3,20 3,14 2,74 2,00 2,00 1,46 1,46 1,00 1,00
150 4,44 4,50 3,55 3,67 3,05 2,34 2,31 1,71 1,71 1,17 1,17
180 5,92 4,26 4,83 3,66 3,08 2,77 2,24 2,23 1,54 1,54
225 5,33 6,75 4,57 4,31 3,46 3,14 2,78 2,15 2,15
250 7,90 5,08 5,04 3,85 3,67 3,09 2,52 2,40
300 6,10 4,62 4,83 3,71 3,31 2,88
350 7,12 4,33 4,17 3,36
400 4,95 5,10 3,84
450 4,32
500 4,80
550 5,28

63
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Edge distance (tension)
Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.36hmin
40 0,53 0,48
Table only valid for one 45 0,56 0,50 0,53 0,48
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 55 0,61 0,53 0,58 0,51 0,53 0,50
other cases use the Rawl-
63 0,65 0,56 0,62 0,54 0,56 0,52 0,53 0,50
plug Anchor Calculator
85 0,78 0,65 0,72 0,61 0,65 0,59 0,61 0,56 0,53
105 0,90 0,73 0,83 0,68 0,73 0,66 0,68 0,62 0,58 0,53
120 1,00 0,80 0,91 0,74 0,79 0,71 0,73 0,66 0,62 0,56
135 0,84 1,00 0,80 0,86 0,76 0,79 0,71 0,66 0,59 0,57 0,55
Bonded Anchors

165 0,91 0,87 1,00 0,88 0,91 0,80 0,74 0,65 0,63 0,60
190 0,98 0,92 0,93 1,00 0,88 0,81 0,71 0,68 0,64
200 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,83 0,73 0,70 0,66
225 1,00 1,00 0,95 0,91 0,78 0,75 0,70
255 1,00 1,00 0,85 0,81 0,75
315 1,00 0,95 0,87
340 1,00 0,92
405 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.36hmin
40 0,58 0,55
Table only valid for one 45 0,59 0,56 0,58 0,55
spacing <scr,N and c 55 0,61 0,57 0,60 0,56 0,58 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use
the Rawlplug Anchor 63 0,63 0,58 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,57 0,58 0,56
Calculator 85 0,68 0,61 0,66 0,59 0,63 0,60 0,61 0,59 0,58
105 0,72 0,63 0,69 0,62 0,66 0,62 0,64 0,61 0,60 0,58
135 0,78 0,67 0,75 0,65 0,70 0,65 0,68 0,64 0,63 0,61 0,60 0,58
150 0,81 0,69 0,78 0,67 0,73 0,67 0,70 0,65 0,65 0,62 0,61 0,59
200 0,92 0,75 0,87 0,72 0,80 0,73 0,77 0,70 0,70 0,66 0,65 0,62
250 1,00 0,81 0,96 0,78 0,88 0,78 0,83 0,75 0,75 0,70 0,69 0,65
300 0,88 1,00 0,83 0,95 0,84 0,90 0,80 0,79 0,74 0,72 0,69
350 0,94 0,89 1,00 0,90 0,97 0,85 0,84 0,78 0,76 0,72
400 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,89 0,82 0,80 0,75
450 1,00 1,00 0,95 0,94 0,86 0,83 0,78
510 1,00 1,00 0,90 0,88 0,81
550 0,94 0,91 0,84
600 0,98 0,94 0,87
680 1,00 1,00 0,92
810 1,00

64
R-HAC-V Hammer-In Capsule with Threaded Rods
Heavy duty anchor with small spacing and edge distances, simply installed
by hammering the threaded rods

Approvals and Reports


ETA-11 ETAG 1- Option

Installation
movie

Product information

Bonded Anchors
Features and benefits Applications Base materials
igh performance anchor for use in safety Balustrading handrails Approved for use in:
critical applications Cable trays on-cracked concrete
Approved for use with threaded rods Guard rails C20/25-C50/60
in non-cracked concrete (ETAG001 Option 7)
achinery
The system relies on the adhesion between concrete Also suitable for use in:
and resin, which is free from expansion forces. Threaded rods
This makes it an ideal choice where close edge Cladding restraints atural Stone
and spacing distances are required Curtain walling
Capsule contains a precise volume of constituents Fencing gates
making it a very consistent product
Reinforcement bars
Adhesive bond strength is not affected
by unpolluted water
Suitable for dry or wet non-cracked concrete
Low cost tooling re uired for installation
quick and easy to install
Styrene free - virtually odourless

Installation guide
1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth for stud
size being used.
2. Clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least four
times each. It is very important and necessary before
installation.
3. Insert capsule into the hole
4. The stud is simply hammered through the capsule using
a manual hammer (M8-M12) or mechanical hammer
(M16-M30)
5. Leave the anchor undisturbed until the curing time elapses.
6. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Size Product Code Description / Resin Type
M8 R- AC- -
M10 R- AC- -1
M12 R- AC- -1
M16 R- AC- -1 Styrene Free inylester Resin
M20 R- AC- -
M24 R- AC- -
M30 R- AC- -

R-STUDS
Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -
M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50

R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -

M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38

R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58

* Make to order

65
Bonded Anchors

Product information (cont.)


Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -
R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140
R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16 R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91
R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171
Bonded Anchors

R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -


M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -

* Make to order

Installation data
R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
Installation depth hnom [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 270
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] 120 130 140 180 230 270 340
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


Resin Concrete Working time Curing time*
temperature temperature
[C] [C] [min] [min]
5 -5 - 1440
5 0 - 840
5 5 - 240
10 10 - 180
15 15 - 90
20 20 - 45
25 30 - 20
25 40 - 10
*For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

Mechanical properties
R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 520 520 520 520 520 520 520
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 420 420 420 420 420 420 420
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 20 39 68 173 338 583 1166
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1793
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439

66
Mechanical properties (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 785 1569
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009

Basic performance data


Performance data for single anchor without influence of edge distance and spacing

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Substrate Non-cracked concrete
Embedment depth hef [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 270

Bonded Anchors
MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 21.6 31.7 46 64.7 107.6 146.8 207.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 22.1 31.7 46 64.7 107.6 146.8 207.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 22.1 31.7 46 64.7 107.6 146.8 207.8
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29 42.15 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.28 46.4 67.44 125.6 196 282.4 448.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.62 40.6 59.01 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18 25 40 50 95 115 170
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 20 25 40 50 95 115 170
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 20 25 40 50 95 115 170
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9 14 21 39 61 88 140


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15 23 34 63 98 141 224
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13 20 29 55 86 124 196
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9.52 11.9 22.22 23.81 45.24 54.76 80.95
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 9.52 11.9 22.22 23.81 45.24 54.76 80.95
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 9.52 11.9 22.22 23.81 45.24 54.76 80.95
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.2 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.33 12.82 18.59 35.26 55.13 79.49 125.64
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 6.8 8.5 15.87 17.01 32.31 39.12 57.82
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 6.8 8.5 15.87 17.01 32.31 39.12 57.82
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 6.8 8.5 15.87 17.01 32.31 39.12 57.82
S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8 12 22.29 34.86 50.29 80
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.14 19.43 36 56 80.57 128
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.28 25.18 39.38 56.78 89.74

Design performance data


R-STUDS Standard embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 270.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance = 1.5
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance = 1.5
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance = 1.87
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2

67
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 20.0 25.0 40.0 50.0 95.0 115.0 170.0
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 9.52 11.9 22.2 23.8 45.2 54.8 81.0
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 16.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 75.0 95.0 140.0
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 7.62 9.52 16.7 19.1 35.7 45.2 66.7
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09
Spacing scr,N [mm] 240.0 270.0 330.0 375.0 510.0 630.0 675.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 120.0 135.0 165.0 190.0 255.0 315.0 340.0

SHEAR LOAD

CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25


Bonded Anchors

Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 135.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 46.1
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 30.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm]
h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin

40 1,00 1,00
45 1,19 1,19 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 55 1,61 1,61 1,35 1,35 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For
other cases use the Rawl- 63 1,98 1,98 1,66 1,66 1,23 1,23 1,00 1,00
plug Anchor Calculator 85 3,10 3,01 2,60 2,60 1,92 1,92 1,57 1,57 1,00 1,00
105 4,25 3,71 3,56 3,24 2,64 2,49 2,15 2,15 1,37 1,37 1,00 1,00
120 4,24 4,35 3,70 3,22 2,84 2,63 2,63 1,68 1,68 1,22 1,22
135 5,20 4,16 3,85 3,20 3,14 2,96 2,00 2,00 1,46 1,46 1,00 1,00
150 4,63 4,50 3,55 3,67 3,29 2,34 2,34 1,71 1,71 1,17 1,17
180 5,92 4,26 4,83 3,94 3,08 2,84 2,24 2,24 1,54 1,54
225 5,33 6,75 4,93 4,31 3,56 3,14 2,81 2,15 2,15
250 7,90 5,48 5,04 3,95 3,67 3,12 2,52 2,40
300 6,57 4,74 4,83 3,74 3,31 2,88
350 7,67 4,36 4,17 3,36
400 4,99 5,10 3,84
450 4,32
500 4,80
550 5,28

68
Design performance data (cont.)
Edge distance (tension)
Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.21hmin 1.24hmin 1.35hmin 1.24hmin 1.36hmin

40 0,53 0,48

Table only valid for one 45 0,56 0,50 0,53 0,48


edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 55 0,61 0,53 0,58 0,51 0,53 0,50
other cases use the Rawl-
plug Anchor Calculator 63 0,65 0,56 0,62 0,54 0,56 0,52 0,53 0,50
85 0,78 0,65 0,72 0,61 0,65 0,59 0,61 0,56 0,53
105 0,89 0,73 0,83 0,68 0,73 0,66 0,68 0,62 0,58 0,53
135 1,00 0,84 0,99 0,80 0,86 0,76 0,79 0,71 0,66 0,59 0,57 0,55
150 0,88 1,00 0,83 0,93 0,82 0,85 0,75 0,70 0,62 0,60 0,57

Bonded Anchors
165 0,91 0,87 1,00 0,88 0,91 0,80 0,74 0,65 0,63 0,60
190 0,98 0,92 0,93 1,00 0,88 0,81 0,71 0,68 0,64
200 1,00 0,94 0,95 0,90 0,83 0,73 0,70 0,66
225 1,00 1,00 0,95 0,91 0,78 0,75 0,70
255 1,00 1,00 0,85 0,81 0,75
315 1,00 0,95 0,87
340 1,00 0,92
405 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s [mm]
h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.21hmin 1.24hmin 1.35hmin 1.24hmin 1.36hmin

40 0,58 0,55
Table only valid for one
45 0,59 0,56 0,58 0,55
spacing <scr,N and c
ccr,N For other cases use 55 0,61 0,57 0,60 0,56 0,58 0,56
the Rawlplug Anchor 63 0,63 0,58 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,57 0,58 0,56
Calculator
85 0,68 0,61 0,66 0,59 0,63 0,60 0,61 0,59 0,58
105 0,72 0,63 0,69 0,62 0,66 0,62 0,64 0,61 0,60 0,58
135 0,78 0,67 0,75 0,65 0,70 0,65 0,68 0,64 0,63 0,61 0,60 0,58
150 0,81 0,69 0,78 0,67 0,73 0,67 0,70 0,65 0,65 0,62 0,61 0,59
200 0,91 0,75 0,87 0,72 0,80 0,73 0,77 0,70 0,70 0,66 0,65 0,62
250 0,98 0,81 0,96 0,78 0,88 0,78 0,83 0,75 0,75 0,70 0,69 0,65
300 1,00 0,88 1,00 0,83 0,95 0,84 0,90 0,80 0,79 0,74 0,72 0,69
350 0,94 0,89 1,00 0,90 0,97 0,85 0,84 0,78 0,76 0,72
400 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,89 0,82 0,80 0,75
450 1,00 1,00 0,95 0,94 0,86 0,83 0,78
510 1,00 1,00 0,90 0,88 0,81
550 0,94 0,91 0,84
600 0,98 0,94 0,87
680 1,00 1,00 0,92
810 1,00

69
Bonded Anchors

R-KEM II with Threaded Rods for Concrete


Universal polyester (styrene free) resin

Approvals and Reports


ETA-1 ETAG 1- Option

Installation
movie

Product information
Bonded Anchors

Features and benefits Applications Base materials


The most convenient bonded anchor Staircases Approved for use in:
for general purpose use Gates on-cracked concrete
uick secure and simple installation igh racking C20/25-C50/60
Product with wide spectrum of use in the Canopies
medium load capacity area Also suitable for use in:
Sanitary appliances
Ideal for applications where mechanical anchors are not atural Stone
suitable Steel construction
Easy dosage thanks to patented self-opening system and Railings
use of manual or pneumatic gun andrails
Option of using standard manual silicone gun Consoles
Suitable for multiple use. Partly used product can be Ladders
reused after fitting spare nozzle Cable trays

Installation guide

1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth for stud size being used.
2. Solid substartes: clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least four times each. It is very important and necessary before installation.
Hollow substrates: insert mesh sleeve into the hole.
3. Insert cartridge into gun and attach nozzle.
4. Dispense to waste until even colour is obtained.
5. Insert the mixing nozzle to the far end of the hole and inject resin, slowly withdrawing the nozzle as the hole is filled to 2/3 of its depth.
6. Immediately insert the stud, slowly and with slight twisting motion. Remove any excess resin around the hole before it sets and leave it undisturbed until the curing
time elapses.
7. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Volume
Product Code Resin Description / Resin Type
[ml]
R-KEM-II-175 Styrene Free Polyester Resin
175
R-KEM-II-175-SET Set with 4 studs and plastic sleeves
R-KEMII
R-KEM-II-300 Styrene Free Polyester Resin

R-KEM-II-300-SET Set with 4 studs and plastic sleeves


300
High Temperature (Summer) / Slow Cure
R-KEM-II-300S R-KEMII-S
Styrene Free Polyester Resin

R-KEM-II-380 R-KEMII Styrene Free Polyester Resin 380

70
Product information (cont.)
R-STUDS

Product Code Anchor Fixture


Hole
Diameter Length Max. thickness
Size diameter
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4
d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -
M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50
R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -
M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38
R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58
R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -
R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60

Bonded Anchors
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140
R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16 R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91
R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171
R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -
M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -

* Make to order

Installation data
R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
MINIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, min [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
STANDARD EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, s [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
MAXIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, max [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] hef 1 hef + 2*d0
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


Resin Concrete Working time [min] Curing time* [min]
temperature temperature
[C] [C] R-KEMII-S R-KEMII R-KEMII-W R-KEMII-S R-KEMII R-KEMII-W
5 -20 - - 45 - - 24h
5 -15 - - 30 - - 18h
5 -10 - - 20 - - 8h
5 -5 4h 70 11 24h 8h 5h
5 0 2h 45 7 18h 4h 2h
5 5 60 25 5 12h 2h 60
10 10 45 15 2 8h 90 45
15 15 25 9 1,5 6h 60 30
20 20 15 5 1 4h 45 15
25 30 7 2 - 90 30 -
25 40 5 - - 45 - -

*For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

71
Bonded Anchors

Mechanical properties
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 520 520 520 520 520 520 520
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 420 420 420 420 420 420 420
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 19 37 65 166 324 561 1124
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 11 21 37 95 185 321 642
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1793
Bonded Anchors

Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439


Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 17 34 60 152 297 513 1028
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 785 1569
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 12 24 42 107 208 360 721

Basic performance data


R-STUDS
Performance data for single anchor without influence of edge distance and spacing

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Substrate Non-cracked concrete
MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 16.3 23.7 31 47.3 68.4 76.9 95.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 20.4 32.2 42.6 68.6 102.6 115.4 150.8
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 89.9 136.7 159.4 208.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 16.3 23.7 31 47.3 68.4 76.9 95.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 20.4 32.2 42.6 68.6 102.6 115.4 150.8
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 89.9 136.7 159.4 208.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 16.3 23.7 31 47.3 68.4 76.9 95.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 20.4 32.2 42.6 68.6 102.6 115.4 150.8
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 89.9 136.7 159.4 208.8
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29 42.15 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.28 46.4 67.44 125.6 196 282.4 448.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.62 40.6 59.01 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 20.9 27.1 40.2 60.3 68.6 85.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 18 26.9 37.3 50.3 85.5 102.9 124.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 76.4 120.6 142.1 186.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 20.9 27.1 40.2 60.3 68.6 85.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.1 26.9 37.3 50.3 85.5 102.9 124.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 23.9 35.8 49.2 76.4 120.6 142.1 186.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 20.9 27.1 40.2 60.3 68.6 85.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.1 26.9 37.3 50.3 85.5 102.9 124.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 23.9 35.8 49.2 76.4 120.6 142.1 186.6
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9.0 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0

72
Basic performance data (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 6.8 11.61 15.1 22.3 33.5 38.1 47.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.10 14.9 20.7 27.9 47.5 57.2 69.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 11.4 19.3 27.3 42.4 67.0 79.0 103.7
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 6.82 11.6 15.1 22.3 33.5 38.1 47.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.10 14.9 20.7 27.9 47.5 57.2 69.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 11.4 19.9 27.3 42.4 67.0 79.0 103.7
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 6.80 11.6 15.1 22.3 33.5 38.1 47.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.10 14.9 20.7 27.9 47.5 57.2 69.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 11.4 19.9 27.3 42.4 67.0 79.0 103.7

Bonded Anchors
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 4.87 8.29 10.8 16.0 23.9 27.2 33.9
Standard embedment depth [kN] 6.50 10.7 14.8 20.0 33.9 40.9 49.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.14 13.8 19.5 30.3 47.9 56.4 74.1
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 4.9 8.29 10.8 16.0 23.9 27.2 33.9
Standard embedment depth [kN] 6.5 10.7 14.8 120.0 33.9 40.9 49.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.14 14.2 19.5 30.3 47.9 56.4 74.1
Substrate Non-cracked concrete
RECOMMENDED LOAD
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 4.87 8.29 10.8 16.0 23.9 27.2 33.9
Standard embedment depth [kN] 6.50 10.7 14.8 20.0 33.9 40.9 49.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.14 14.2 19.5 30.3 47.9 56.4 74.1
S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8.0 12.0 22.3 34.9 50.3 80.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.1 19.4 36.0 56.0 80.6 128.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.3 25.2 39.4 56.8 89.7

Design performance data


R-STUDS Minimum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 60.0 70.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 165.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 14.3 20.9 27.1 40.2 60.3 68.6 85.5
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 6.82 11.6 15.1 22.3 33.5 38.1 47.5
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 12.1 17.6 22.6 35.2 49.0 52.8 70.0
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 5.74 9.78 12.6 19.6 27.2 29.3 38.9
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 210.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 420.0 495.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 105.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 210.0 248.0

73
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 40.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 83.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.27 5.68 6.09 9.06 12.5 16.4 22.2
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.51 3.79 4.06 6.04 8.34 10.9 14.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6
Bonded Anchors

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00


50 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,00 1,00
60 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 70 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,32 1,66 1,66 1,26 1,26 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For
83 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,81 2,14 2,14 1,63 1,63 1,29 1,29 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl-
plug Anchor Calculator 90 3,38 2,90 3,38 2,90 3,38 3,05 2,41 2,37 1,84 1,84 1,46 1,46 1,13 1,13
100 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,39 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,71 1,71 1,32 1,32
120 3,87 5,20 3,87 5,20 4,06 3,72 3,16 2,83 2,73 2,24 2,24 1,74 1,74
150 4,84 7,26 5,08 5,20 3,95 3,95 3,42 3,14 2,93 2,43 2,43
165 5,33 8,38 5,59 5,99 4,34 4,56 3,76 3,62 3,22 2,80 2,73
180 5,81 6,09 6,83 4,74 5,20 4,10 4,12 3,51 3,19 2,98
210 7,11 8,61 5,53 6,55 4,78 5,20 4,10 4,02 3,48
250 8,46 11,18 6,58 8,51 5,69 6,75 4,88 5,23 4,14
300 7,90 6,83 8,87 5,86 6,87 4,97
350 9,22 7,97 6,83 8,66 5,79
400 10,53 7,81 10,58 6,62
450 8,78 7,45
500 8,28
550 9,10
600 9,93

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h 1.1 hmin hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin

40 0,60 0,53 0,56 0,50 0,53 0,50


50 0,65 0,58 0,62 0,54 0,58 0,54 0,53 0,50
Table only valid for one 60 0,71 0,63 0,68 0,59 0,64 0,58 0,57 0,53 0,53
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 70 0,77 0,68 0,75 0,63 0,69 0,63 0,62 0,57 0,57 0,53
other cases use the Rawl-
85 0,87 0,77 0,85 0,70 0,78 0,70 0,68 0,62 0,62 0,58 0,54
plug Anchor Calculator
90 0,90 0,80 0,89 0,72 0,81 0,72 0,70 0,64 0,64 0,59 0,55
105 0,96 0,85 1,00 0,80 0,90 0,80 0,77 0,69 0,69 0,64 0,59
120 1,00 0,90 0,84 1,00 0,88 0,85 0,75 0,75 0,68 0,63
150 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,87 0,78 0,71
165 0,97 1,00 0,91 0,93 0,84 0,75
180 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,89 0,79
210 1,00 1,00 0,88
250 1,00

74
Design performance data (cont.)
Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h 1.1 h hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin
min

40 0,61 0,57 0,60 0,56 0,58 0,56


50 0,64 0,58 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,58 0,58 0,56
Table only valid for one 60 0,67 0,60 0,64 0,59 0,63 0,59 0,60 0,58 0,58
spacing <scr,N and c 70 0,69 0,62 0,67 0,60 0,65 0,61 0,62 0,59 0,60 0,58
ccr,N For other cases use
85 0,72 0,64 0,70 0,62 0,68 0,63 0,64 0,61 0,62 0,60 0,59
the Rawlplug Anchor
Calculator 100 0,75 0,67 0,74 0,64 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,63 0,64 0,62 0,60
125 0,80 0,71 0,80 0,68 0,76 0,70 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,65 0,63
150 0,85 0,75 0,86 0,71 0,81 0,73 0,75 0,69 0,71 0,68 0,65
180 0,90 0,80 0,93 0,76 0,88 0,78 0,80 0,73 0,75 0,71 0,68
200 0,94 0,83 0,98 0,79 0,92 0,81 0,83 0,75 0,78 0,74 0,70

Bonded Anchors
225 0,99 0,88 1,00 0,82 0,97 0,85 0,88 0,78 0,81 0,77 0,73
250 1,00 0,92 0,86 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,81 0,85 0,80 0,75
275 0,96 0,89 0,93 0,96 0,84 0,88 0,83 0,78
300 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,92 0,86 0,80
325 0,96 1,00 0,91 0,95 0,89 0,83
360 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,93 0,86
400 1,00 0,98 0,90
440 1,00 0,94
500 1,00

Standard embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 240.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 19.1 26.9 37.3 50.3 85.5 102.9 124.4
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 9.10 14.9 20.7 27.9 47.5 57.2 69.1
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 16.1 22.6 31.1 44.0 69.4 79.2 101.8
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 7.66 12.6 17.3 24.4 38.6 44.0 56.6
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 225.0 263.0 330.0 413.0 447.0 514.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 113.0 131.0 165.0 207.0 223.0 257.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 120.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 38.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 25.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

75
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing
Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1,00 1,00
45 1,19 1,19 1,00 1,00
55 1,61 1,61 1,35 1,35 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 63 1,98 1,98 1,66 1,66 1,23 1,23 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 85 3,10 2,88 2,60 2,52 1,92 1,92 1,57 1,57 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl-
105 4,25 3,55 3,56 3,11 2,64 2,49 2,15 2,13 1,37 1,37 1,00 1,00
plug Anchor Calculator
120 4,06 4,35 3,56 3,22 2,84 2,63 2,44 1,68 1,68 1,22 1,22 1,00 1,00
150 4,44 4,50 3,55 3,67 3,05 2,34 2,31 1,71 1,71 1,40 1,40
180 5,92 4,26 4,83 3,66 3,08 2,77 2,24 2,23 1,84 1,84
225 5,33 6,75 4,57 4,31 3,46 3,14 2,78 2,57 2,46
Bonded Anchors

250 7,90 5,08 5,04 3,85 3,67 3,09 3,01 2,73


300 6,10 4,62 4,83 3,71 3,95 3,28
350 7,12 4,33 4,98 3,83
400 4,95 6,09 4,37
450 4,92
500 5,47
550 6,01

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,60 0,50
45 0,64 0,52 0,57 0,49
Table only valid for one 55 0,71 0,56 0,63 0,53 0,59 0,52
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 63 0,77 0,60 0,68 0,56 0,62 0,54 0,56 0,51
other cases use the Rawl-
85 0,90 0,70 0,81 0,64 0,74 0,62 0,65 0,57 0,58 0,55
plug Anchor Calculator
105 0,98 0,76 0,94 0,72 0,85 0,69 0,73 0,63 0,64 0,60 0,62 0,56
120 1,00 0,80 1,00 0,77 0,93 0,75 0,79 0,68 0,69 0,64 0,66 0,59 0,62 0,56
140 0,85 0,81 1,00 0,82 0,88 0,74 0,76 0,70 0,72 0,64 0,67 0,60
165 0,91 0,87 0,88 1,00 0,83 0,85 0,77 0,80 0,70 0,73 0,65
180 0,95 0,90 0,91 0,86 0,90 0,82 0,85 0,74 0,77 0,68
200 1,00 0,94 0,95 0,90 0,97 0,88 0,92 0,79 0,83 0,73
225 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,86 0,90 0,78
265 1,00 1,00 0,92 1,00 0,87
300 0,98 0,92
320 1,00 0,94
360 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s [mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,61 0,55
45 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,55
Table only valid for one 55 0,65 0,57 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,56
spacing <scr,N and c 63 0,67 0,58 0,64 0,57 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use 85 0,74 0,61 0,69 0,59 0,66 0,60 0,63 0,59 0,60 0,58
the Rawlplug Anchor
105 0,79 0,63 0,73 0,62 0,70 0,62 0,66 0,61 0,63 0,60 0,62
Calculator
120 0,83 0,65 0,77 0,63 0,73 0,64 0,68 0,62 0,65 0,62 0,63 0,60 0,62 0,58
150 0,88 0,69 0,83 0,67 0,79 0,67 0,73 0,65 0,68 0,65 0,67 0,62 0,65 0,60
180 0,93 0,73 0,90 0,70 0,84 0,70 0,77 0,68 0,72 0,68 0,70 0,64 0,68 0,63
200 0,96 0,75 0,94 0,72 0,88 0,73 0,80 0,70 0,74 0,70 0,72 0,66 0,69 0,64
225 1,00 0,78 0,98 0,75 0,93 0,76 0,84 0,73 0,77 0,72 0,75 0,68 0,72 0,66
280 0,85 1,00 0,81 1,00 0,82 0,92 0,78 0,84 0,77 0,81 0,72 0,77 0,69
320 0,90 0,86 0,86 0,98 0,82 0,89 0,81 0,86 0,75 0,81 0,72
400 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,98 0,89 0,95 0,82 0,89 0,78
450 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,86 0,94 0,81
500 1,00 0,99 0,90 0,99 0,85
550 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,88
630 1,00 0,94
760 1,00

76
Design performance data (cont.)
Maximum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30

Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 100.0 120.0 145.0 190.0 240.0 290.0 360.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 23.9 35.8 49.2 76.4 120.6 142.1 186.6

Bonded Anchors
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 11.4 19.9 27.3 42.4 67.0 79.0 103.7
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 20.1 30.2 41.0 66.9 98.0 109.3 152.7
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 9.57 16.8 22.8 37.2 54.4 60.7 84.8
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 225.0 263.0 330.0 413.0 447.0 514.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 113.0 131.0 165.0 207.0 223.0 257.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 50.0 60.0 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 180.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 7.83 10.8 15.0 23.8 35.3 48.8 70.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 5.22 7.20 10.0 15.8 23.6 32.5 47.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm]
h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin

50 1,00 1,00
60 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
73 1,76 1,76 1,34 1,34 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one
edge >cmin and s c For 95 2,62 2,50 1,99 1,99 1,48 1,48 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl- 100 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,60 1,60 1,08 1,08
plug Anchor Calculator 105 2,76 2,32 2,26 1,73 1,73 1,16 1,16
120 2,83 2,58 2,11 2,08 1,42 1,42 1,00 1,00
145 3,76 3,12 2,80 2,51 1,89 1,89 1,33 1,33 1,00 1,00
180 3,87 3,87 3,12 2,61 2,35 1,84 1,84 1,38 1,38 1,00 1,00
200 3,46 3,05 2,62 2,15 2,11 1,62 1,62 1,17 1,17
230 3,77 3,01 2,65 2,42 2,00 2,00 1,44 1,44
250 3,27 2,64 2,26 2,17 1,64 1,64
300 3,92 2,98 2,61 2,15 2,10
350 3,04 2,71 2,45
400 3,31 2,80
450 3,15

77
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Edge distance (tension)
Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin
50 0,67 0,52
60 0,74 0,56 0,66 0,52
Table only valid for one
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 73 0,81 0,61 0,74 0,56 0,67 0,54
other cases use the Rawl- 95 0,92 0,69 0,86 0,63 0,79 0,61 0,69 0,55
plug Anchor Calculator 100 0,93 0,70 0,88 0,64 0,82 0,62 0,71 0,56
120 0,99 0,74 0,96 0,70 0,93 0,69 0,79 0,60 0,69 0,58
140 1,00 0,78 1,00 0,73 1,00 0,74 0,88 0,65 0,76 0,63
145 0,79 0,74 0,75 0,90 0,67 0,77 0,64 0,80 0,60
165 0,83 0,78 0,78 1,00 0,72 0,85 0,69 0,85 0,64
Bonded Anchors

180 0,86 0,80 0,81 0,74 0,90 0,72 0,92 0,67 0,77 0,61
200 0,90 0,83 0,84 0,76 0,97 0,77 1,00 0,71 0,83 0,64
225 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,80 1,00 0,81 0,76 0,90 0,68
265 1,00 0,94 0,96 0,85 0,87 0,80 1,00 0,75
300 1,00 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,84 0,78
360 0,97 1,00 0,91 0,83
400 1,00 0,96 0,87
450 1,00 0,92
550 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,61 0,55
Table only valid for one 45 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,55
spacing <scr,N and c 55 0,65 0,57 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use
63 0,67 0,58 0,64 0,57 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,56
the Rawlplug Anchor
Calculator 85 0,74 0,61 0,69 0,59 0,66 0,60 0,63 0,59 0,60 0,58
105 0,79 0,63 0,73 0,62 0,70 0,62 0,66 0,61 0,63 0,60 0,62
120 0,83 0,65 0,77 0,63 0,73 0,64 0,68 0,62 0,65 0,62 0,63 0,60 0,62 0,58
150 0,88 0,69 0,83 0,67 0,79 0,67 0,73 0,65 0,68 0,65 0,67 0,62 0,65 0,60
180 0,93 0,73 0,90 0,70 0,84 0,70 0,77 0,68 0,72 0,68 0,70 0,64 0,68 0,63
200 0,96 0,75 0,94 0,72 0,88 0,73 0,80 0,70 0,74 0,70 0,72 0,66 0,69 0,64
225 1,00 0,78 0,98 0,75 0,93 0,76 0,84 0,73 0,77 0,72 0,75 0,68 0,72 0,66
280 0,85 1,00 0,81 1,00 0,82 0,92 0,78 0,84 0,77 0,81 0,72 0,77 0,69
320 0,90 0,86 0,86 0,98 0,82 0,89 0,81 0,86 0,75 0,81 0,72
400 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,98 0,89 0,95 0,82 0,89 0,78
450 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,86 0,94 0,81
500 1,00 0,99 0,90 0,99 0,85
550 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,88
630 1,00 0,94
760 1,00

78
RM50 with Threaded Rods for Concrete (CFS+)
Universal polyester (styrene free) resin - Cartridge Free System (CFS+)

Approvals and Reports


ETA-1

Product information

Bonded Anchors
Features and benefits Applications Base materials
The most contemporary general use bonded anchor Balustrading Approved for use in:
uick secure and simple installation andrails on-cracked concrete
Uni ue soft foil pack for less waste Canopies C20/25-C50/60
Effortless extrusion due to patented self-opening
system with manual or pneumatic dispenser guns Also suitable for use in:
Product with wide spectrum of use in the medium atural Stone
load capacity area
Ideal for applications without the possibility
of mechanical anchorage
Suitable for multiple use. Partly used product can
be reused after fitting spare nozzle

Installation guide

1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth for stud size being used.
2. Solid substrates: Clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least four times each. It is very important and necessary before installation.
Hollow substrates: insert mesh slevve before injection.
3. Insert foil into gun and attach nozzle.
4. Dispense to waste until even colour is obtained.
5. Insert the mixing nozzle to the far end of the hole and inject resin, slowly withdrawing the nozzle as the hole is filled to 2/3 of its depth.
6. Immediately insert the stud, slowly and with slight twisting motion. Remove any excess resin around the hole before it sets and leave it undisturbed until the curing
time elapses.
7. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Volume
Product Code Resin Description / Resin Type
[ml]
R-CFS+RM50-4 RM50 Styrene Free Polyester Resin
High Temperature (Summer) / Slow Cure
R-CFS+RM50S-4 RM50-S
Styrene Free Polyester Resin 300
Low Temperature (Winter) / Rapid Cure
R-CFS+RM50W-4 RM50-W
Styrene Free Polyester Resin

R-CFS+RM50-600-8 RM50 Styrene Free Polyester Resin 600

R-STUDS
Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -
M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50

* Make to order

79
Bonded Anchors

Product information (cont.)


Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -
M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38
R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58
R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -
R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140
R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16 R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
Bonded Anchors

R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91


R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171
R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -
M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -
* Make to order

Installation data
R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
MINIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, min [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
STANDARD EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, s [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
MAXIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, max [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] hef 1 hef + 2*d0
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


Resin Concrete Working time [min] Curing time* [min]
temperature temperature
[C] [C] RM50-S RM50 RM50-W RM50-S RM50 RM50-W
5 -20 - - 45 - - 24h
5 -15 - - 30 - - 18h
5 -10 - - 20 - - 8h
5 -5 4h 70 11 24h 8h 5h
5 0 2h 45 7 18h 4h 2h
5 5 60 25 5 12h 2h 60
10 10 45 15 2 8h 90 45
15 15 25 9 1,5 6h 60 30
20 20 15 5 1 4h 45 15
25 30 7 2 - 90 30 -
25 40 5 - - 45 - -
*For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

Mechanical properties
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 520 520 520 520 520 520 520
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 420 420 420 420 420 420 420
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 19 37 65 166 324 561 1124
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 11 21 37 95 185 321 642

80
Mechanical properties (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1793
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 17 34 60 152 297 513 1028
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 785 1569
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009

Bonded Anchors
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 12 24 42 107 208 360 721

Basic performance data


R-STUDS
Performance data for single anchor without influence of edge distance and spacing

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Substrate Non-cracked concrete
MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 16.3 23.7 31 47.3 68.4 76.9 95.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 20.4 32.2 42.6 68.6 102.6 115.4 150.8
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 89.9 136.7 159.4 208.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 16.3 23.7 31 47.3 68.4 76.9 95.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 20.4 32.2 42.6 68.6 102.6 115.4 150.8
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 89.9 136.7 159.4 208.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 16.3 23.7 31 47.3 68.4 76.9 95.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 20.4 32.2 42.6 68.6 102.6 115.4 150.8
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 89.9 136.7 159.4 208.8
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29 42.15 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.28 46.4 67.44 125.6 196 282.4 448.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.62 40.6 59.01 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 20.9 27.1 40.2 60.3 68.6 85.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 18 26.9 37.3 50.3 85.5 102.9 124.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 76.4 120.6 142.1 186.6
Substrate Non-cracked concrete
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 20.9 27.1 40.2 60.3 68.6 85.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.1 26.9 37.3 50.3 85.5 102.9 124.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 23.9 35.8 49.2 76.4 120.6 142.1 186.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 20.9 27.1 40.2 60.3 68.6 85.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.1 26.9 37.3 50.3 85.5 102.9 124.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 23.9 35.8 49.2 76.4 120.6 142.1 186.6
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9.0 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 6.8 11.61 15.1 22.3 33.5 38.1 47.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.10 14.9 20.7 27.9 47.5 57.2 69.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 11.4 19.3 27.3 42.4 67.0 79.0 103.7

81
Bonded Anchors

Basic performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 6.82 11.6 15.1 22.3 33.5 38.1 47.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.10 14.9 20.7 27.9 47.5 57.2 69.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 11.4 19.9 27.3 42.4 67.0 79.0 103.7
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 6.80 11.6 15.1 22.3 33.5 38.1 47.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 9.10 14.9 20.7 27.9 47.5 57.2 69.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 11.4 19.9 27.3 42.4 67.0 79.0 103.7
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Bonded Anchors

Minimum embedment depth [kN] 4.87 8.29 10.8 16.0 23.9 27.2 33.9
Standard embedment depth [kN] 6.50 10.7 14.8 20.0 33.9 40.9 49.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.14 13.8 19.5 30.3 47.9 56.4 74.1
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 4.9 8.29 10.8 16.0 23.9 27.2 33.9
Standard embedment depth [kN] 6.5 10.7 14.8 120.0 33.9 40.9 49.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.14 14.2 19.5 30.3 47.9 56.4 74.1
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 4.87 8.29 10.8 16.0 23.9 27.2 33.9
Standard embedment depth [kN] 6.50 10.7 14.8 20.0 33.9 40.9 49.4
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.14 14.2 19.5 30.3 47.9 56.4 74.1
S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8.0 12.0 22.3 34.9 50.3 80.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.1 19.4 36.0 56.0 80.6 128.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.3 25.2 39.4 56.8 89.7

Design performance data


R-STUDS Minimum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 60.0 70.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 165.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 14.3 20.9 27.1 40.2 60.3 68.6 85.5
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 6.82 11.6 15.1 22.3 33.5 38.1 47.5
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 12.1 17.6 22.6 35.2 49.0 52.8 70.0
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 5.74 9.78 12.6 19.6 27.2 29.3 38.9
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 210.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 420.0 495.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 105.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 210.0 248.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 40.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 83.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.27 5.68 6.09 9.06 12.5 16.4 22.2
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.51 3.79 4.06 6.04 8.34 10.9 14.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

82
Design performance data (cont.)
Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing
Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00


50 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,00 1,00
60 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 70 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,32 1,66 1,66 1,26 1,26 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 83 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,81 2,14 2,14 1,63 1,63 1,29 1,29 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl-
90 3,38 2,90 3,38 2,90 3,38 3,05 2,41 2,37 1,84 1,84 1,46 1,46 1,13 1,13
plug Anchor Calculator
100 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,39 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,71 1,71 1,32 1,32
120 3,87 5,20 3,87 5,20 4,06 3,72 3,16 2,83 2,73 2,24 2,24 1,74 1,74
150 4,84 7,26 5,08 5,20 3,95 3,95 3,42 3,14 2,93 2,43 2,43
165 5,33 8,38 5,59 5,99 4,34 4,56 3,76 3,62 3,22 2,80 2,73

Bonded Anchors
180 5,81 6,09 6,83 4,74 5,20 4,10 4,12 3,51 3,19 2,98
210 7,11 8,61 5,53 6,55 4,78 5,20 4,10 4,02 3,48
250 8,46 11,18 6,58 8,51 5,69 6,75 4,88 5,23 4,14
300 7,90 6,83 8,87 5,86 6,87 4,97
350 9,22 7,97 6,83 8,66 5,79
400 10,53 7,81 10,58 6,62
450 8,78 7,45
500 8,28
550 9,10
600 9,93

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
cN
[mm] h 1.1 hmin hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin

40 0,60 0,53 0,56 0,50 0,53 0,50


50 0,65 0,58 0,62 0,54 0,58 0,54 0,53 0,50
Table only valid for one 60 0,71 0,63 0,68 0,59 0,64 0,58 0,57 0,53 0,53
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 70 0,77 0,68 0,75 0,63 0,69 0,63 0,62 0,57 0,57 0,53
other cases use the Rawl- 85 0,87 0,77 0,85 0,70 0,78 0,70 0,68 0,62 0,62 0,58 0,54
plug Anchor Calculator 90 0,90 0,80 0,89 0,72 0,81 0,72 0,70 0,64 0,64 0,59 0,55
105 0,96 0,85 1,00 0,80 0,90 0,80 0,77 0,69 0,69 0,64 0,59
120 1,00 0,90 0,84 1,00 0,88 0,85 0,75 0,75 0,68 0,63
150 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,87 0,78 0,71
165 0,97 1,00 0,91 0,93 0,84 0,75
180 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,89 0,79
210 1,00 1,00 0,88
250 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
s
[mm] h 1.1 h hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin
min

40 0,61 0,57 0,60 0,56 0,58 0,56


50 0,64 0,58 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,58 0,58 0,56
Table only valid for one 60 0,67 0,60 0,64 0,59 0,63 0,59 0,60 0,58 0,58
spacing <scr,N and c 70 0,69 0,62 0,67 0,60 0,65 0,61 0,62 0,59 0,60 0,58
ccr,N For other cases use 85 0,72 0,64 0,70 0,62 0,68 0,63 0,64 0,61 0,62 0,60 0,59
the Rawlplug Anchor 100 0,75 0,67 0,74 0,64 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,63 0,64 0,62 0,60
Calculator
125 0,80 0,71 0,80 0,68 0,76 0,70 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,65 0,63
150 0,85 0,75 0,86 0,71 0,81 0,73 0,75 0,69 0,71 0,68 0,65
180 0,90 0,80 0,93 0,76 0,88 0,78 0,80 0,73 0,75 0,71 0,68
200 0,94 0,83 0,98 0,79 0,92 0,81 0,83 0,75 0,78 0,74 0,70
225 0,99 0,88 1,00 0,82 0,97 0,85 0,88 0,78 0,81 0,77 0,73
250 1,00 0,92 0,86 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,81 0,85 0,80 0,75
275 0,96 0,89 0,93 0,96 0,84 0,88 0,83 0,78
300 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,92 0,86 0,80
325 0,96 1,00 0,91 0,95 0,89 0,83
360 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,93 0,86
400 1,00 0,98 0,90
440 1,00 0,94
500 1,00

83
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Standard embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 240.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 19.1 26.9 37.3 50.3 85.5 102.9 124.4
Bonded Anchors

Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 9.10 14.9 20.7 27.9 47.5 57.2 69.1
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 16.1 22.6 31.1 44.0 69.4 79.2 101.8
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 7.66 12.6 17.3 24.4 38.6 44.0 56.5
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 225.0 263.0 330.0 413.0 447.0 514.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 113.0 131.0 165.0 207.0 223.0 257.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 120.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 38.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 25.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm]
h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin

40 1,00 1,00
45 1,19 1,19 1,00 1,00

Tables only valid for one 55 1,61 1,61 1,35 1,35 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 63 1,98 1,98 1,66 1,66 1,23 1,23 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl- 85 3,10 2,88 2,60 2,52 1,92 1,92 1,57 1,57 1,00 1,00
plug Anchor Calculator 105 4,25 3,55 3,56 3,11 2,64 2,49 2,15 2,13 1,37 1,37 1,00 1,00
120 4,06 4,35 3,56 3,22 2,84 2,63 2,44 1,68 1,68 1,22 1,22 1,00 1,00
150 4,44 4,50 3,55 3,67 3,05 2,34 2,31 1,71 1,71 1,40 1,40
180 5,92 4,26 4,83 3,66 3,08 2,77 2,24 2,23 1,84 1,84
225 5,33 6,75 4,57 4,31 3,46 3,14 2,78 2,57 2,46
250 7,90 5,08 5,04 3,85 3,67 3,09 3,01 2,73
300 6,10 4,62 4,83 3,71 3,95 3,28
350 7,12 4,33 4,98 3,83
400 4,95 6,09 4,37
450 4,92
500 5,47
550 6,01

84
Design performance data (cont.)
Edge distance (tension)
Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,60 0,50
45 0,64 0,52 0,57 0,49
Table only valid for one
55 0,71 0,56 0,63 0,53 0,59 0,52
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For
other cases use the Rawl- 63 0,77 0,60 0,68 0,56 0,62 0,54 0,56 0,51
plug Anchor Calculator 85 0,90 0,70 0,81 0,64 0,74 0,62 0,65 0,57 0,58 0,55
105 0,98 0,76 0,94 0,72 0,85 0,69 0,73 0,63 0,64 0,60 0,62 0,56
120 1,00 0,80 1,00 0,77 0,93 0,75 0,79 0,68 0,69 0,64 0,66 0,59 0,62 0,56
140 0,85 0,81 1,00 0,82 0,88 0,74 0,76 0,70 0,72 0,64 0,67 0,60
165 0,91 0,87 0,88 1,00 0,83 0,85 0,77 0,80 0,70 0,73 0,65

Bonded Anchors
180 0,95 0,90 0,91 0,86 0,90 0,82 0,85 0,74 0,77 0,68
200 1,00 0,94 0,95 0,90 0,97 0,88 0,92 0,79 0,83 0,73
225 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,86 0,90 0,78
265 1,00 1,00 0,92 1,00 0,87
300 0,98 0,92
320 1,00 0,94
360 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,61 0,55
45 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,55
Table only valid for one
spacing <scr,N and c 55 0,65 0,57 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use 63 0,67 0,58 0,64 0,57 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,56
the Rawlplug Anchor 85 0,74 0,61 0,69 0,59 0,66 0,60 0,63 0,59 0,60 0,58
Calculator 105 0,79 0,63 0,73 0,62 0,70 0,62 0,66 0,61 0,63 0,60 0,62
120 0,83 0,65 0,77 0,63 0,73 0,64 0,68 0,62 0,65 0,62 0,63 0,60 0,62 0,58
150 0,88 0,69 0,83 0,67 0,79 0,67 0,73 0,65 0,68 0,65 0,67 0,62 0,65 0,60
180 0,93 0,73 0,90 0,70 0,84 0,70 0,77 0,68 0,72 0,68 0,70 0,64 0,68 0,63
200 0,96 0,75 0,94 0,72 0,88 0,73 0,80 0,70 0,74 0,70 0,72 0,66 0,69 0,64
225 1,00 0,78 0,98 0,75 0,93 0,76 0,84 0,73 0,77 0,72 0,75 0,68 0,72 0,66
280 0,85 1,00 0,81 1,00 0,82 0,92 0,78 0,84 0,77 0,81 0,72 0,77 0,69
320 0,90 0,86 0,86 0,98 0,82 0,89 0,81 0,86 0,75 0,81 0,72
400 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,98 0,89 0,95 0,82 0,89 0,78
450 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,86 0,94 0,81
500 1,00 0,99 0,90 0,99 0,85
550 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,88
630 1,00 0,94
760 1,00

Maximum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 100.0 120.0 145.0 190.0 240.0 290.0 360.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance = 1.5
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance = 1.5
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance = 1.87
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 23.9 35.8 49.2 76.4 120.6 142.1 186.6
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 11.4 19.9 27.3 42.4 67.0 79.0 103.7

85
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 20.1 30.2 41.0 66.9 98.0 109.3 152.7
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 9.57 16.8 22.8 37.2 54.4 60.7 84.8
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 225.0 263.0 330.0 413.0 447.0 514.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 113.0 131.0 165.0 207.0 223.0 257.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 50.0 60.0 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 180.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 7.83 10.8 15.0 23.8 35.3 48.8 70.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 5.22 7.20 10.0 15.8 23.6 32.5 47.2
Bonded Anchors

STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8


Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

50 1,00 1,00
60 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00

Tables only valid for one 73 1,76 1,76 1,34 1,34 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 95 2,62 2,50 1,99 1,99 1,48 1,48 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl-
100 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,60 1,60 1,08 1,08
plug Anchor Calculator
105 2,76 2,32 2,26 1,73 1,73 1,16 1,16
120 2,83 2,58 2,11 2,08 1,42 1,42 1,00 1,00
145 3,76 3,12 2,80 2,51 1,89 1,89 1,33 1,33 1,00 1,00
180 3,87 3,87 3,12 2,61 2,35 1,84 1,84 1,38 1,38 1,00 1,00
200 3,46 3,05 2,62 2,15 2,11 1,62 1,62 1,17 1,17
230 3,77 3,01 2,65 2,42 2,00 2,00 1,44 1,44
250 3,27 2,64 2,26 2,17 1,64 1,64
300 3,92 2,98 2,61 2,15 2,10
350 3,04 2,71 2,45
400 3,31 2,80
450 3,15

86
Design performance data (cont.)
Edge distance (tension)
Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin

50 0,67 0,52
60 0,74 0,56 0,66 0,52
Table only valid for one
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 73 0,81 0,61 0,74 0,56 0,67 0,54
other cases use the Rawl- 95 0,92 0,69 0,86 0,63 0,79 0,61 0,69 0,55
plug Anchor Calculator
100 0,93 0,70 0,88 0,64 0,82 0,62 0,71 0,56
120 0,99 0,74 0,96 0,70 0,93 0,69 0,79 0,60 0,69 0,58
140 1,00 0,78 1,00 0,73 1,00 0,74 0,88 0,65 0,76 0,63
145 0,79 0,74 0,75 0,90 0,67 0,77 0,64 0,80 0,60

Bonded Anchors
165 0,83 0,78 0,78 1,00 0,72 0,85 0,69 0,85 0,64
180 0,86 0,80 0,81 0,74 0,90 0,72 0,92 0,67 0,77 0,61
200 0,90 0,83 0,84 0,76 0,97 0,77 1,00 0,71 0,83 0,64
225 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,80 1,00 0,81 0,76 0,90 0,68
265 1,00 0,94 0,96 0,85 0,87 0,80 1,00 0,75
300 1,00 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,84 0,78
360 0,97 1,00 0,91 0,83
400 1,00 0,96 0,87
450 1,00 0,92
550 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
s [mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin
50 0,64 0,55
60 0,67 0,56 0,63 0,55
Table only valid for one
spacing <scr,N and c 73 0,70 0,57 0,66 0,56 0,64 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use 95 0,76 0,60 0,71 0,58 0,68 0,58 0,64 0,56
the Rawlplug Anchor
Calculator 100 0,78 0,60 0,72 0,58 0,69 0,59 0,65 0,57
120 0,83 0,62 0,77 0,60 0,73 0,60 0,68 0,58 0,65 0,58
145 0,86 0,65 0,82 0,62 0,78 0,63 0,72 0,60 0,68 0,60 0,66 0,58
180 0,91 0,68 0,89 0,65 0,84 0,66 0,77 0,62 0,72 0,63 0,70 0,60 0,68 0,58
200 0,93 0,70 0,91 0,67 0,88 0,67 0,80 0,63 0,74 0,64 0,72 0,61 0,69 0,59
225 0,97 0,73 0,94 0,69 0,93 0,69 0,84 0,65 0,77 0,66 0,75 0,63 0,72 0,60
250 1,00 0,75 0,97 0,71 0,98 0,72 0,88 0,66 0,80 0,67 0,78 0,64 0,74 0,62
280 0,78 1,00 0,73 1,00 0,74 0,92 0,68 0,84 0,69 0,81 0,66 0,77 0,63
320 0,82 0,77 0,78 0,98 0,71 0,89 0,72 0,86 0,68 0,81 0,65
400 0,90 0,83 0,84 1,00 0,76 0,98 0,78 0,95 0,73 0,89 0,69
450 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,80 1,00 0,81 1,00 0,76 0,94 0,71
500 1,00 0,92 0,93 0,83 0,85 0,79 0,99 0,73
550 0,96 0,97 0,86 0,88 0,82 1,00 0,75
630 1,00 1,00 0,91 0,94 0,86 0,79
760 1,00 1,00 0,94 0,85
950 1,00 0,94
1100 1,00

87
Bonded Anchors

R-KF2 with Threaded Rods


Economy polyester resin approved for use in non-cracked concrete

Approvals and Reports


ETA-11 1 1 ETAG 1- Option

Product information
Bonded Anchors

Features and benefits Applications Base materials


Economical resin for medium Guard rails Approved for use in:
duty load applications andrails on-cracked concrete
Can be used in damp conditions Canopies C20/25-C50/60
and underwater applications
asonry support
Wide range of steel studs with different
lengths and diameters Balustrading
Small edge and spacing distances Cable trays
Suitable for repetitive use. Partly used product Fencing gates
can be reused by fitting a new mixing nozzle

Installation guide

1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth for stud size being used.
2. Clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least four times each. It is very important and necessary before installation.
3. Insert cartridge into gun and attach nozzle.
4. Dispense to waste until even colour is obtained.
5. Insert the mixing nozzle to the far end of the hole and inject resin, slowly withdrawing the nozzle as the hole is filled to 2/3 of its depth.
6. Immediately insert the stud, slowly and with slight twisting motion. Remove any excess resin around the hole before it sets and leave it undisturbed until the curing
time elapses.
7. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Volume
Product Code Resin Description / Resin Type
[ml]
R-KF2-380 R-KF2 Polyester Resin 380

R-STUDS

Product Code Anchor Fixture


Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -
M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50
R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -
M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38
R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58
R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -
R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140

* Make to order

88
Product information (cont.)
Product Code Anchor Fixture
Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness
Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16 R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91
R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171
R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -
M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -

Bonded Anchors
* Make to order

Installation data
R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
MINIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, min [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
STANDARD EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, s [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
MAXIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, max [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] hef 1 hef + 2*d0
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


Concrete
Resin temperature Working time Curing time*
temperature
[C] [C] [min] [min]
5 -5 60 360
5 0 40 180
5 5 20 120
10 10 12 80
15 15 8 60
20 20 5 45
25 30 2 20
*For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

Mechanical properties
R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 520 520 520 520 520 520 520
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 420 420 420 420 420 420 420
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 20 39 68 173 338 583 1166
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1793
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439

89
Bonded Anchors

Mechanical properties (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58 84.3 157 245 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541 935 1868
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 785 1569
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009

Basic performance data (cont.)


R-STUDS
Performance data for single anchor without influence of edge distance and spacing

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Substrate Non-cracked concrete
Bonded Anchors

MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD


TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18.2 28 35.1 57.1 79.5 91.6 99.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 48.3 82.9 119.3 137.4 157.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 93.6 146.4 189.8 217.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18.2 28 35.1 57.1 79.5 91.6 99.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 22.7 38 48.3 82.9 119.3 137.4 157.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 30.3 48 63.6 108.6 159.1 189.8 217.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18.2 28 35.1 57.1 79.5 91.6 99.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 22.7 38 48.3 82.9 119.3 137.4 157.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 30.3 48 63.6 108.6 159.1 189.8 217.6
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29 42.15 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.28 46.4 67.44 125.6 196 282.4 448.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.62 40.6 59.01 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 22 28.7 45.2 64.1 73.9 77.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 18 28.3 39.4 56.5 90.8 110.8 113.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18 29 42 78 122 153.1 169.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 22 28.7 45.2 64.1 73.9 77.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.1 28.3 39.4 56.5 90.8 110.8 113.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 23.9 37.7 51.9 86 128.2 153.1 169.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 22 28.7 45.2 64.1 73.9 77.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.1 28.3 39.4 56.5 90.8 110.8 113.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 23.9 37.7 51.9 86 128.2 153.1 169.6
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9 14 21 39 61 88 140


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15 23 34 63 98 141 224
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13 20 29 55 86 124 196
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.94 12.22 15.94 25.11 35.61 35.19 37.05
Standard embedment depth [kN] 10.61 15.72 21.89 31.39 50.44 52.76 53.86
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 12 19.33 28 47.78 71.22 72.9 80.76
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.94 12.22 15.94 25.11 35.61 35.19 37.05
Standard embedment depth [kN] 10.61 15.72 21.89 31.39 50.44 52.76 53.86

Maximum embedment depth [kN] 13.28 20.94 28.83 47.78 71.22 72.9 80.76

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4

Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.94 12.22 15.94 25.11 35.61 35.19 37.05

Standard embedment depth [kN] 10.61 15.72 21.89 31.39 50.44 52.76 53.86

Maximum embedment depth [kN] 13.28 20.94 28.83 47.78 71.22 72.9 80.76

90
Basic performance data (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.2 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.33 12.82 18.59 35.26 55.13 79.49 125.64
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 5.67 8.73 11.39 17.94 25.44 25.14 26.46
Standard embedment depth [kN] 7.58 11.23 15.63 22.42 36.03 37.69 38.47
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.81 20 34.13 50.87 52.07 57.69
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 5.67 8.73 11.39 17.94 25.44 25.14 26.46
Standard embedment depth [kN] 7.58 11.23 15.63 22.42 36.03 37.69 38.47
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.81 20 34.13 50.87 52.07 57.69

Bonded Anchors
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 5.67 8.73 11.39 17.94 25.44 25.14 26.46
Standard embedment depth [kN] 7.58 11.23 15.63 22.42 36.03 37.69 38.47
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.81 20 34.13 50.87 52.07 57.69
S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8 12 22.29 34.86 50.29 80
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.14 19.43 36 56 80.57 128
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.28 25.18 39.38 56.78 89.74

Design performance data


R-STUDS Minimum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 60.0 70.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 165.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 14.3 22.0 28.7 45.2 64.1 73.9 77.8
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 7.94 12.2 15.9 25.1 35.6 35.2 37.1
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 12.8 19.8 25.6 40.2 56.5 63.3 70.0
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 7.11 11.0 14.2 22.3 31.4 30.1 33.3
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 210.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 420.0 490.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 105.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 210.0 245.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 40.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 83.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.27 5.68 6.09 9.06 12.5 16.4 22.2
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.51 3.79 4.06 6.04 8.34 10.9 14.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

91
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing
Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00


50 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,00 1,00
60 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 70 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,32 1,66 1,66 1,26 1,26 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 83 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,81 2,14 2,14 1,63 1,63 1,29 1,29 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl- 90 3,38 2,90 3,38 2,90 3,38 3,05 2,41 2,37 1,84 1,84 1,46 1,46 1,13 1,13
plug Anchor Calculator
100 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,39 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,71 1,71 1,32 1,32
120 3,87 5,20 3,87 5,20 4,06 3,72 3,16 2,83 2,73 2,24 2,24 1,74 1,74
150 4,84 7,26 5,08 5,20 3,95 3,95 3,42 3,14 2,93 2,43 2,43
165 5,33 8,38 5,59 5,99 4,34 4,56 3,76 3,62 3,22 2,80 2,73
Bonded Anchors

180 5,81 6,09 6,83 4,74 5,20 4,10 4,12 3,51 3,19 2,98
210 7,11 8,61 5,53 6,55 4,78 5,20 4,10 4,02 3,48
250 8,46 11,18 6,58 8,51 5,69 6,75 4,88 5,23 4,14
300 7,90 6,83 8,87 5,86 6,87 4,97
350 9,22 7,97 6,83 8,66 5,79
400 10,53 7,81 10,58 6,62
450 8,78 7,45
500 8,28
550 9,10
600 9,93

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete from Basic
Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h 1.1 hmin hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin

40 0,60 0,53 0,56 0,50 0,53 0,50


50 0,65 0,58 0,62 0,54 0,58 0,54 0,53 0,50
Table only valid for one 60 0,71 0,63 0,68 0,59 0,64 0,58 0,57 0,53 0,53
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 70 0,77 0,68 0,75 0,63 0,69 0,63 0,62 0,57 0,57 0,53
other cases use the Rawl- 85 0,87 0,77 0,85 0,70 0,78 0,70 0,68 0,62 0,62 0,58 0,54
plug Anchor Calculator
90 0,90 0,80 0,89 0,72 0,81 0,72 0,70 0,64 0,64 0,59 0,55
105 0,96 0,85 1,00 0,80 0,90 0,80 0,77 0,69 0,69 0,64 0,59
120 1,00 0,90 0,84 1,00 0,88 0,85 0,75 0,75 0,68 0,63
150 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,87 0,78 0,71
165 0,97 1,00 0,91 0,93 0,84 0,75
180 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,89 0,79
210 1,00 1,00 0,88
250 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


s
[mm] h 1.1 hmin hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin

40 0,61 0,57 0,60 0,56 0,58 0,56


50 0,64 0,58 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,58 0,58 0,56
Table only valid for one 60 0,67 0,60 0,64 0,59 0,63 0,59 0,60 0,58 0,58
spacing <scr,N and c 70 0,69 0,62 0,67 0,60 0,65 0,61 0,62 0,59 0,60 0,58
ccr,N For other cases use 85 0,72 0,64 0,70 0,62 0,68 0,63 0,64 0,61 0,62 0,60 0,59
the Rawlplug Anchor
100 0,75 0,67 0,74 0,64 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,63 0,64 0,62 0,60
Calculator
125 0,80 0,71 0,80 0,68 0,76 0,70 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,65 0,63
150 0,85 0,75 0,86 0,71 0,81 0,73 0,75 0,69 0,71 0,68 0,65
180 0,90 0,80 0,93 0,76 0,88 0,78 0,80 0,73 0,75 0,71 0,68
200 0,94 0,83 0,98 0,79 0,92 0,81 0,83 0,75 0,78 0,74 0,70
225 0,99 0,88 1,00 0,82 0,97 0,85 0,88 0,78 0,81 0,77 0,73
250 1,00 0,92 0,86 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,81 0,85 0,80 0,75
275 0,96 0,89 0,93 0,96 0,84 0,88 0,83 0,78
300 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,92 0,86 0,80
325 0,96 1,00 0,91 0,95 0,89 0,83
360 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,93 0,86
400 1,00 0,98 0,90
440 1,00 0,94
500 1,00

92
Design performance data (cont.)
Standard embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 240.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 19.1 28.3 39.4 56.5 90.8 110.8 113.1

Bonded Anchors
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 10.6 15.7 21.9 31.4 50.4 52.8 53.9
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 17.1 25.4 35.2 50.3 80.1 95.0 101.8
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 9.50 14.1 19.6 27.9 44.5 45.2 48.5
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 231.0 270.0 351.0 426.0 464.0 490.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 115.0 135.0 175.0 213.0 232.0 245.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 120.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 38.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 25.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1,00 1,00
45 1,19 1,19 1,00 1,00
55 1,61 1,61 1,35 1,35 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one
63 1,98 1,98 1,66 1,66 1,23 1,23 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For
other cases use the Rawl- 85 3,10 2,88 2,60 2,52 1,92 1,92 1,57 1,57 1,00 1,00
plug Anchor Calculator 105 4,25 3,55 3,56 3,11 2,64 2,49 2,15 2,13 1,37 1,37 1,00 1,00
120 4,06 4,35 3,56 3,22 2,84 2,63 2,44 1,68 1,68 1,22 1,22 1,00 1,00
150 4,44 4,50 3,55 3,67 3,05 2,34 2,31 1,71 1,71 1,40 1,40
180 5,92 4,26 4,83 3,66 3,08 2,77 2,24 2,23 1,84 1,84
225 5,33 6,75 4,57 4,31 3,46 3,14 2,78 2,57 2,46
250 7,90 5,08 5,04 3,85 3,67 3,09 3,01 2,73
300 6,10 4,62 4,83 3,71 3,95 3,28
350 7,12 4,33 4,98 3,83
400 4,95 6,09 4,37
450 4,92
500 5,47
550 6,01

93
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Edge distance (tension)
Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,60 0,50
45 0,64 0,52 0,57 0,49
Table only valid for one
55 0,71 0,56 0,62 0,52 0,58 0,51
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For
other cases use the Rawl- 63 0,77 0,60 0,67 0,55 0,62 0,54 0,55 0,51
plug Anchor Calculator 85 0,90 0,70 0,80 0,63 0,72 0,62 0,63 0,57 0,57 0,55
105 0,98 0,76 0,93 0,71 0,83 0,69 0,70 0,62 0,63 0,60 0,61 0,56
120 1,00 0,80 1,00 0,77 0,91 0,75 0,76 0,67 0,68 0,64 0,65 0,59 0,63 0,56
140 0,85 0,81 1,00 0,82 0,85 0,73 0,74 0,69 0,71 0,64 0,68 0,61
165 0,91 0,87 0,88 0,95 0,82 0,83 0,77 0,78 0,70 0,75 0,66
Bonded Anchors

180 0,95 0,90 0,91 1,00 0,86 0,88 0,81 0,83 0,73 0,80 0,69
200 1,00 0,94 0,95 0,90 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,78 0,86 0,73
225 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 0,98 0,85 0,94 0,79
265 1,00 1,00 1,00 0,92 1,00 0,87
300 0,98 0,92
320 1,00 0,94
360 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,61 0,55
45 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,55
Table only valid for one
55 0,65 0,57 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,56
spacing <scr,N and c
ccr,N For other cases use 63 0,67 0,58 0,64 0,57 0,62 0,57 0,59 0,56
the Rawlplug Anchor 85 0,74 0,61 0,68 0,59 0,66 0,60 0,62 0,59 0,60 0,58
Calculator 105 0,79 0,63 0,73 0,62 0,69 0,62 0,65 0,61 0,62 0,60 0,61 0,58
120 0,83 0,65 0,76 0,63 0,72 0,64 0,67 0,62 0,64 0,62 0,63 0,60 0,62 0,58
150 0,88 0,69 0,82 0,67 0,78 0,67 0,71 0,65 0,68 0,65 0,66 0,62 0,65 0,60
180 0,93 0,73 0,89 0,70 0,83 0,70 0,76 0,68 0,71 0,68 0,69 0,64 0,68 0,63
200 0,96 0,75 0,93 0,72 0,87 0,73 0,79 0,70 0,73 0,70 0,72 0,66 0,70 0,64
225 1,00 0,78 0,98 0,75 0,92 0,76 0,82 0,73 0,76 0,72 0,74 0,68 0,73 0,66
280 0,85 1,00 0,81 1,00 0,82 0,90 0,78 0,83 0,77 0,80 0,72 0,79 0,69
320 0,90 0,86 0,86 0,96 0,82 0,88 0,81 0,85 0,75 0,83 0,72
400 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,97 0,89 0,93 0,82 0,91 0,78
450 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 0,99 0,86 0,96 0,81
500 1,00 0,99 1,00 0,90 1,00 0,85
550 1,00 0,94 0,88
630 1,00 0,94
760 1,00

Maximum embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 100.0 120.0 145.0 190.0 240.0 290.0 360.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance = 1.5
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance = 1.5
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance = 1.87
Ms
NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 23.9 37.7 51.9 86.0 128.2 153.1 169.6
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 13.3 20.9 28.8 47.8 71.2 72.9 80.8

94
Design performance data (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 21.4 33.9 46.5 76.4 113.1 131.2 152.7
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 11.9 18.8 25.8 42.4 62.8 62.5 72.7
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 231.0 270.0 351.0 426.0 464.0 490.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 115.0 135.0 175.0 213.0 232.0 245.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 50.0 60.0 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 180.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 7.83 10.8 15.0 23.8 35.3 48.8 70.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 5.22 7.20 10.0 15.8 23.6 32.5 47.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm [kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0

Bonded Anchors
Rk,s

Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

50 1,00 1,00
60 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
73 1,76 1,76 1,34 1,34 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 95 2,62 2,50 1,99 1,99 1,48 1,48 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 100 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,60 1,60 1,08 1,08
other cases use the Rawl- 105 2,76 2,32 2,26 1,73 1,73 1,16 1,16
plug Anchor Calculator
120 2,83 2,58 2,11 2,08 1,42 1,42 1,00 1,00
145 3,76 3,12 2,80 2,51 1,89 1,89 1,33 1,33 1,00 1,00
180 3,87 3,87 3,12 2,61 2,35 1,84 1,84 1,38 1,38 1,00 1,00
200 3,46 3,05 2,62 2,15 2,11 1,62 1,62 1,17 1,17
230 3,77 3,01 2,65 2,42 2,00 2,00 1,44 1,44
250 3,27 2,64 2,26 2,17 1,64 1,64
300 3,92 2,98 2,61 2,15 2,10
350 3,04 2,71 2,45
400 3,31 2,80
450 3,15

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


cN
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin
50 0,67 0,52
60 0,74 0,56 0,65 0,51
Table only valid for one 73 0,81 0,61 0,73 0,55 0,66 0,54
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 95 0,92 0,69 0,85 0,62 0,78 0,60 0,67 0,54
other cases use the Rawl-
100 0,93 0,70 0,88 0,64 0,80 0,62 0,68 0,55
plug Anchor Calculator
120 0,99 0,74 0,96 0,70 0,91 0,68 0,76 0,60 0,68 0,58
140 1,00 0,78 1,00 0,73 1,00 0,74 0,85 0,64 0,74 0,62
145 0,79 0,74 0,75 0,87 0,65 0,76 0,63 0,78 0,59
165 0,83 0,78 0,78 0,95 0,70 0,83 0,68 0,83 0,63
180 0,86 0,80 0,81 1,00 0,74 0,88 0,72 0,89 0,66 0,80 0,61
200 0,90 0,83 0,84 0,76 0,95 0,76 0,98 0,70 0,86 0,65
225 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,80 1,00 0,81 1,00 0,75 0,94 0,69
250 1,00 0,92 0,93 0,83 0,85 0,79 1,00 0,73
300 1,00 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,84 0,78
360 0,97 1,00 0,91 0,83
400 1,00 0,96 0,87
450 1,00 0,92
550 1,00

95
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin

50 0,64 0,55
60 0,67 0,56 0,63 0,55
Table only valid for one
spacing <scr,N and c 73 0,70 0,57 0,66 0,56 0,64 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use 95 0,76 0,60 0,71 0,58 0,68 0,58 0,64 0,56
the Rawlplug Anchor
Calculator 100 0,78 0,60 0,72 0,58 0,69 0,59 0,64 0,57
120 0,83 0,62 0,76 0,60 0,72 0,60 0,67 0,58 0,64 0,58
145 0,86 0,65 0,81 0,62 0,77 0,63 0,71 0,60 0,67 0,60 0,66 0,58
180 0,91 0,68 0,89 0,65 0,83 0,66 0,76 0,62 0,71 0,63 0,69 0,60 0,68 0,58
Bonded Anchors

200 0,93 0,70 0,91 0,67 0,87 0,67 0,79 0,63 0,73 0,64 0,72 0,61 0,70 0,59
225 0,97 0,73 0,94 0,69 0,92 0,69 0,82 0,65 0,76 0,66 0,74 0,63 0,73 0,60
250 1,00 0,75 0,97 0,71 0,96 0,72 0,86 0,66 0,79 0,67 0,77 0,64 0,76 0,62
280 0,78 1,00 0,73 1,00 0,74 0,90 0,68 0,83 0,69 0,80 0,66 0,79 0,63
320 0,82 0,77 0,78 0,96 0,71 0,88 0,72 0,85 0,68 0,83 0,65
400 0,90 0,83 0,84 1,00 0,76 0,97 0,78 0,93 0,73 0,91 0,69
450 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,80 1,00 0,81 0,99 0,76 0,96 0,71
500 1,00 0,92 0,93 0,83 0,85 1,00 0,79 1,00 0,73
550 0,96 0,97 0,86 0,88 0,82 0,75
630 1,00 1,00 0,91 0,94 0,86 0,79
760 1,00 1,00 0,94 0,85
950 1,00 0,94
1100 1,00

96
RP30 (CFS+)
Economy polyester resin approved for use in non-cracked concrete
- Cartridge Free System (CFS+)

Approvals and Reports


ETA-11 1 1 ETAG 1- Option

Product information

Bonded Anchors
Features and benefits Applications Base materials
Effortless extrusion due to patented self-opening Fixing into tarmac Approved for use in:
system with manual or pneumatic dispenser guns Cable trays on-cracked concrete
edium load capacity in non-cracked concrete andrails C20/25-C50/60
Wide range of steel studs with different lengths Fencing gates
and diameters Also suitable for use in:
Pipework
Small edge and spacing distances atural Stone
Suitable for repetitive and fre uent use. Partly-used Solid Concrete Block
product can be reused after a break after fitting
a new mixing nozzle. Solid Brick

Installation guide

1. Drill hole to the required diameter and depth for stud size being used.
2. Clean the hole with brush and hand pump at least four times each. It is very important and necessary before installation.
3. Insert foil into gun and attach nozzle.
4. Dispense to waste until even colour is obtained.
5. Insert the mixing nozzle to the far end of the hole and inject resin, slowly withdrawing the nozzle as the hole is filled to 2/3 of its depth.
6. Immediately insert the stud, slowly and with slight twisting motion. Remove any excess resin around the hole before it sets and leave it undisturbed until the curing
time elapses.
7. Attach fixture and tighten the nut to the required torque.

Product information
Volume
Product Code Resin Description / Resin Type
[ml]
R-CFS+RP30 RP30 Polyester Resin 300
R-CFS+RP30-600-8 RP30 Polyester Resin 600

R-STUDS

Product Code Anchor Fixture

Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness


Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

R-STUDS-08110 R-STUDS-08110-88 R-STUDS-08110-A4 8 110 9 40 20 -


M8
R-STUDS-08160 - R-STUDS-08160-A4* 8 160 9 90 70 50
R-STUDS-10130 R-STUDS-10130-88 R-STUDS-10130-A4 10 130 12 48 28 -
M10 R-STUDS-10170 - R-STUDS-10170-A4* 10 170 12 88 68 38
R-STUDS-10190 - R-STUDS-10190-A4* 10 190 12 108 88 58

* Make to order

97
Bonded Anchors

Product information (cont.)


Product Code Anchor Fixture

Diameter Length Hole diameter Max. thickness


Size
Steel class 5.8 Steel class 8.8 Steel grade A4 d L df tfix for hef,min tfix for hef,std tfix for hef,max

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

R-STUDS-12160 R-STUDS-12160-88 R-STUDS-12160-A4 12 160 14 65 35 -


R-STUDS-12190 - R-STUDS-12190-A4* 12 190 14 95 65 30
M12 R-STUDS-12220 - R-STUDS-12220-A4* 12 220 14 125 95 60
R-STUDS-12260 - R-STUDS-12260-A4* 12 260 14 165 135 100
R-STUDS-12300 - R-STUDS-12300-A4* 12 300 14 205 175 140
R-STUDS-16190 R-STUDS-16190-88 R-STUDS-16190-A4 16 190 18 71 46 -
R-STUDS-16220 R-STUDS-16220-88 R-STUDS-16220-A4* 16 220 18 101 76 11
M16 R-STUDS-16260 - R-STUDS-16260-A4* 16 260 18 141 116 51
R-STUDS-16300 - R-STUDS-16300-A4* 16 300 18 181 156 91
Bonded Anchors

R-STUDS-16380 - R-STUDS-16380-A4* 16 380 18 261 236 171


R-STUDS-20260 R-STUDS-20260-88 R-STUDS-20260-A4 20 260 22 117 67 -
M20 R-STUDS-20300 R-STUDS-20300-88 R-STUDS-20300-A4* 20 300 22 157 107 37
R-STUDS-20350 - R-STUDS-20350-A4* 20 350 22 207 157 87
M24 R-STUDS-24300 R-STUDS-24300-88 R-STUDS-24300-A4* 24 300 26 132 62 -
M30 R-STUDS-30380 R-STUDS-30380-88 R-STUDS-30380-A4 30 380 32 181 106 -

* Make to order

Installation data
R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Thread diameter d [mm] 8 10 12 16 20 24 30
Hole diameter in substrate d0 [mm] 10 12 14 18 24 28 35
Installation torque Tinst [Nm] 10 20 40 80 120 180 300
Min. hole depth in substrate h0 [mm] hef + 5
MINIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, min [mm] 60 70 80 100 120 140 165
STANDARD EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, s [mm] 80 90 110 125 170 210 240
MAXIMUM EMBEDMENT DEPTH
Installation depth hnom, max [mm] 100 120 145 190 240 290 360
Min. substrate thickness hmin [mm] hef 1 hef + 2*d0
Min. spacing smin [mm] 0.5 * hef
Min. edge distance cmin [mm] 0.5 * hef

Minimum working and curing time


Resin Concrete Working time Curing time*
temperature temperature
[C] [C] [min] [min]
5 -5 60 360
5 0 40 180
5 5 20 120
10 10 12 80
15 15 8 60
20 20 5 45
25 30 2 20

*For wet concrete the curing time must be doubled

Mechanical properties
R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 5.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 500 500 500 500 500 500 500
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 400 400 400 400 400 400 400
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58.0 84.3 157.0 245.0 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541.0 935.0 1868.0
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 19 37 65 166 324 561 1124
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 15 30 52 133 259 449 899
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 11 21 37 95 185 321 642

98
Mechanical properties (cont.)
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - steel class 8.8
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 800 800 800 800 800 800 800
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 640 640 640 640 640 640 640
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58.0 84.3 157.0 245.0 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541.0 935.0 1868.0
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 30 60 105 266 519 898 1793
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 24 48 84 213 416 718 1439
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 17 34 60 152 297 513 1028
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Nominal ultimate tensile strength - tension fuk [N/mm2] 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
Nominal yield strength - tension fyk [N/mm2] 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Cross sectional area - tension As [mm2] 36.6 58.0 84.3 157.0 245.0 352.8 559.8
Elastic section modulus Wel [mm3] 31.2 62.3 109.2 277.5 541.0 935.0 1868.0
Characteristic bending resistance M0Rk,s [Nm] 26 52 92 233 454 786 1574
Design bending resistance M [Nm] 17 34 59 149 291 504 1009

Bonded Anchors
Allowable bending resistance Mrec [Nm] 12 24 42 107 208 360 721

Basic performance data


R-STUDS

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Substrate Non-cracked concrete
MEAN ULTIMATE LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRu,m
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18.2 28.0 35.1 57.1 79.5 91.6 99.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 48.3 82.9 119.3 137.4 157.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 21.6 34.8 50.4 93.6 146.4 189.8 217.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18.2 28 35.1 57.1 79.5 91.6 99.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 22.7 38 48.3 82.9 119.3 137.4 157.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 30.3 48 63.6 108.6 159.1 189.8 217.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 18.2 28 35.1 57.1 79.5 91.6 99.7
Standard embedment depth [kN] 22.7 38 48.3 82.9 119.3 137.4 157.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 30.3 48 63.6 108.6 159.1 189.8 217.6
S EAR LOAD Ru,m

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 18.3 29.0 42.2 78.5 122.5 176.5 280.5
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 29.3 46.4 67.4 125.6 196.0 282.4 448.8
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 25.6 40.6 59.0 109.9 171.5 247.1 392.7
CHARACTERISTIC LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRk
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 22.0 28.7 45.2 64.1 73.9 77.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 18.0 28.3 39.4 56.5 90.8 110.8 113.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122 153.1 169.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 22.0 28.7 45.2 64.1 73.9 77.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.1 28.3 39.4 56.5 90.8 110.8 113.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 23.9 37.7 51.9 86 128.2 153.1 169.6
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 14.3 22.0 28.7 45.2 64.1 73.9 77.8
Standard embedment depth [kN] 19.1 28.3 39.4 56.5 90.8 110.8 113.1
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 23.9 37.7 51.9 86 128.2 153.1 169.6
S EAR LOAD Rk

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 9.0 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
DESIGN LOAD
TENSION LOAD NRd
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.9 12.2 15.9 25.1 35.6 35.2 37.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 10.6 15.7 21.9 31.4 50.4 52.8 53.9
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 47.8 71.2 72.9 80.78
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.94 12.2 15.9 25.1 35.6 35.2 37.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 10.6 15.7 21.9 31.4 50.4 52.8 53.9
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 13.3 20.9 28.8 47.8 71.2 72.9 80.8

99
Bonded Anchors

Basic performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 7.9 12.2 15.9 25.1 35.6 35.2 37.1
Standard embedment depth [kN] 10.6 15.7 21.9 31.4 50.4 52.8 53.9
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 13.3 20.9 28.8 47.8 71.2 72.9 80.8
DESIGN LOAD
S EAR LOAD Rd

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 7.2 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 8.3 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6
RECOMMENDED LOAD
TENSION LOAD Nrec
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 5.67 8.73 11.4 17.9 25.4 25.1 26.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 7.58 11.2 15.6 22.4 36.0 37.7 38.5
Bonded Anchors

Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.8 20.0 34.1 50.9 52.1 57.7
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 5.67 8.73 11.4 17.9 25.4 25.1 26.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 7.58 11.2 15.6 22.4 36.0 37.7 38.5
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.8 20.0 34.1 50.9 52.1 57.7
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4
Minimum embedment depth [kN] 5.67 8.73 11.4 17.9 25.4 25.1 26.5
Standard embedment depth [kN] 7.58 11.2 15.6 22.4 36.0 37.7 38.5
Maximum embedment depth [kN] 8.57 13.8 20.0 34.1 50.8 52.1 57.7
S EAR LOAD rec

R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 5.8 [kN] 5.14 8.0 12 22.3 34.7 50.3 80.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - STEEL CLASS 8.8 [kN] 8.57 13.1 19.4 36.0 56.0 80.6 128.0
R-STUDS METRIC THREADED RODS - A4 [kN] 5.95 9.16 13.3 25.2 39.4 56.8 89.7

Design performance data


R-STUDS Standard embedment depth

Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 80.0 90.0 110.0 125.0 170.0 210.0 240.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 19.1 28.3 39.4 56.5 90.8 110.8 113.1
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 10.6 15.7 21.9 31.4 50.4 52.8 53.9
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 17.1 25.4 35.2 50.3 80.1 95.0 101.8
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 9.50 14.1 19.6 27.9 44.5 45.2 48.5
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 231.0 270.0 351.0 426.0 464.0 490.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 115.0 135.0 175.0 213.0 232.0 245.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 45.0 55.0 63.0 85.0 105.0 120.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.60 7.00 9.84 12.8 21.1 30.1 38.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.73 4.67 6.56 8.53 14.1 20.1 25.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

100
Design performance data (cont.)
Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing
Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

CV M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1,00 1,00
45 1,19 1,19 1,00 1,00
55 1,61 1,61 1,35 1,35 1,00 1,00

Tables only valid for one 63 1,98 1,98 1,66 1,66 1,23 1,23 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 85 3,10 2,88 2,60 2,52 1,92 1,92 1,57 1,57 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl- 105 4,25 3,55 3,56 3,11 2,64 2,49 2,15 2,13 1,37 1,37 1,00 1,00
plug Anchor Calculator 120 4,06 4,35 3,56 3,22 2,84 2,63 2,44 1,68 1,68 1,22 1,22 1,00 1,00
150 4,44 4,50 3,55 3,67 3,05 2,34 2,31 1,71 1,71 1,40 1,40
180 5,92 4,26 4,83 3,66 3,08 2,77 2,24 2,23 1,84 1,84
225 5,33 6,75 4,57 4,31 3,46 3,14 2,78 2,57 2,46
250 7,90 5,08 5,04 3,85 3,67 3,09 3,01 2,73

Bonded Anchors
300 6,10 4,62 4,83 3,71 3,95 3,28
350 7,12 4,33 4,98 3,83
400 4,95 6,09 4,37
450 4,92
500 5,47
550 6,01

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
s
[mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.28hmin 1.31hmin 1.35hmin 1.38hmin 1.34hmin 1.36hmin 1.34hmin
40 0,61 0,55
45 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,55
Table only valid for one 55 0,65 0,57 0,62 0,56 0,60 0,56
spacing <scr,N and c 63 0,67 0,58 0,64 0,57 0,62 0,57 0,59 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use 85 0,74 0,61 0,68 0,59 0,66 0,60 0,62 0,59 0,60 0,58
the Rawlplug Anchor 105 0,79 0,63 0,73 0,62 0,69 0,62 0,65 0,61 0,62 0,60 0,61 0,58
Calculator
120 0,83 0,65 0,76 0,63 0,72 0,64 0,67 0,62 0,64 0,62 0,63 0,60 0,62 0,58
150 0,88 0,69 0,82 0,67 0,78 0,67 0,71 0,65 0,68 0,65 0,66 0,62 0,65 0,60
180 0,93 0,73 0,89 0,70 0,83 0,70 0,76 0,68 0,71 0,68 0,69 0,64 0,68 0,63
200 0,96 0,75 0,93 0,72 0,87 0,73 0,79 0,70 0,73 0,70 0,72 0,66 0,70 0,64
225 1,00 0,78 0,98 0,75 0,92 0,76 0,82 0,73 0,76 0,72 0,74 0,68 0,73 0,66
280 0,85 1,00 0,81 1,00 0,82 0,90 0,78 0,83 0,77 0,80 0,72 0,79 0,69
320 0,90 0,86 0,86 0,96 0,82 0,88 0,81 0,85 0,75 0,83 0,72
400 1,00 0,94 0,95 1,00 0,90 0,97 0,89 0,93 0,82 0,91 0,78
450 1,00 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,94 0,99 0,86 0,96 0,81
500 1,00 0,99 1,00 0,90 1,00 0,85
550 1,00 0,94 0,88
630 1,00 0,94
760 1,00

Maximum embedment depth


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 100.0 120.0 145.0 190.0 240.0 290.0 360.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 23.9 37.7 51.9 86.0 128.2 153.1 169.6
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 13.3 20.9 28.8 47.8 71.2 72.9 80.8
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 21.4 33.9 46.5 76.4 113.1 131.2 152.7
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 11.9 18.8 25.8 42.4 62.8 62.5 72.7
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 231.0 270.0 351.0 426.0 464.0 490.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 115.0 135.0 175.0 213.0 232.0 245.0

101
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 50.0 60.0 73.0 95.0 120.0 145.0 180.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 7.83 10.8 15.0 23.8 35.3 48.8 70.7
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 5.22 7.20 10.0 15.8 23.6 32.5 47.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6
Bonded Anchors

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

50 1,00 1,00
60 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
73 1,76 1,76 1,34 1,34 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 95 2,62 2,50 1,99 1,99 1,48 1,48 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For 100 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,60 1,60 1,08 1,08
other cases use the Rawl- 105 2,76 2,32 2,26 1,73 1,73 1,16 1,16
plug Anchor Calculator
120 2,83 2,58 2,11 2,08 1,42 1,42 1,00 1,00
145 3,76 3,12 2,80 2,51 1,89 1,89 1,33 1,33 1,00 1,00
180 3,87 3,87 3,12 2,61 2,35 1,84 1,84 1,38 1,38 1,00 1,00
200 3,46 3,05 2,62 2,15 2,11 1,62 1,62 1,17 1,17
230 3,77 3,01 2,65 2,42 2,00 2,00 1,44 1,44
250 3,27 2,64 2,26 2,17 1,64 1,64
300 3,92 2,98 2,61 2,15 2,10
350 3,04 2,71 2,45
400 3,31 2,80
450 3,15

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
s [mm] h h h h h h h
hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin hmin
1.33hmin 1.37hmin 1.40hmin 1.44hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin 1.41hmin
50 0,64 0,55
60 0,67 0,56 0,63 0,55
Table only valid for one 73 0,70 0,57 0,66 0,56 0,64 0,56
spacing <scr,N and c 95 0,76 0,60 0,71 0,58 0,68 0,58 0,64 0,56
ccr,N For other cases use 100 0,78 0,60 0,72 0,58 0,69 0,59 0,64 0,57
the Rawlplug Anchor 120 0,83 0,62 0,76 0,60 0,72 0,60 0,67 0,58 0,64 0,58
Calculator 145 0,86 0,65 0,81 0,62 0,77 0,63 0,71 0,60 0,67 0,60 0,66 0,58
180 0,91 0,68 0,89 0,65 0,83 0,66 0,76 0,62 0,71 0,63 0,69 0,60 0,68 0,58
200 0,93 0,70 0,91 0,67 0,87 0,67 0,79 0,63 0,73 0,64 0,72 0,61 0,70 0,59
225 0,97 0,73 0,94 0,69 0,92 0,69 0,82 0,65 0,76 0,66 0,74 0,63 0,73 0,60
250 1,00 0,75 0,97 0,71 0,96 0,72 0,86 0,66 0,79 0,67 0,77 0,64 0,76 0,62
280 0,78 1,00 0,73 1,00 0,74 0,90 0,68 0,83 0,69 0,80 0,66 0,79 0,63
320 0,82 0,77 0,78 0,96 0,71 0,88 0,72 0,85 0,68 0,83 0,65
400 0,90 0,83 0,84 1,00 0,76 0,97 0,78 0,93 0,73 0,91 0,69
450 0,95 0,88 0,89 0,80 1,00 0,81 0,99 0,76 0,96 0,71
500 1,00 0,92 0,93 0,83 0,85 1,00 0,79 1,00 0,73
550 0,96 0,97 0,86 0,88 0,82 0,75
630 1,00 1,00 0,91 0,94 0,86 0,79
760 1,00 1,00 0,94 0,85
950 1,00 0,94
1100 1,00

102
Design performance data (cont.)
Minimum embedment depth
Size M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 60.0 70.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 165.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 18.0 29.0 42.0 78.0 122.0 176.0 280.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 12.0 19.3 28.0 52.0 81.3 117.3 186.7
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 29.0 46.0 67.0 126.0 196.0 282.0 449.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 19.3 30.7 44.7 84.0 130.7 188.0 299.3
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 26.0 41.0 59.0 110.0 171.0 247.0 393.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 13.9 21.9 31.6 58.8 91.4 132.1 210.2
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 14.3 22.0 28.7 45.2 64.1 73.9 77.8

Bonded Anchors
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 7.94 12.2 15.9 25.1 35.6 35.2 37.1
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (80C/50C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 12.8 19.8 25.6 40.2 56.5 63.3 70.0
Design resistance NRd,p [kN] 7.11 11.0 14.2 22.3 31.4 30.1 33.3
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.00 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 180.0 210.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 420.0 490.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 90.0 105.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 210.0 245.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 40.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 83.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 5.27 5.68 6.09 9.06 12.5 16.4 22.2
Design resistance Mc
= 1.5 Rd,c
[kN] 3.51 3.79 4.06 6.04 8.34 10.9 14.8
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.00 14.0 21.0 39.0 61.0 88.0 140.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 7.20 11.2 16.8 31.2 48.8 70.4 112.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 15.0 23.0 34.0 63.0 98.0 141.0 224.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.25 Rd,s
[kN] 12.0 18.4 27.2 50.4 78.4 112.8 179.2
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 13.0 20.0 29.0 55.0 86.0 124.0 196.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.56 Rd,s
[kN] 8.33 12.8 18.6 35.3 55.1 79.5 125.6

Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing


Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30


CV
[mm] h 1.5c hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin h 1.5cV hmin
V

40 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00


50 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,40 1,00 1,00
60 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,84 1,31 1,31 1,00 1,00
Tables only valid for one 70 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,26 2,32 2,32 1,66 1,66 1,26 1,26 1,00 1,00
edge >cmin and s c For
83 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,68 2,99 2,81 2,14 2,14 1,63 1,63 1,29 1,29 1,00 1,00
other cases use the Rawl-
plug Anchor Calculator 90 3,38 2,90 3,38 2,90 3,38 3,05 2,41 2,37 1,84 1,84 1,46 1,46 1,13 1,13
100 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,23 3,95 3,39 2,83 2,63 2,15 2,15 1,71 1,71 1,32 1,32
120 3,87 5,20 3,87 5,20 4,06 3,72 3,16 2,83 2,73 2,24 2,24 1,74 1,74
150 4,84 7,26 5,08 5,20 3,95 3,95 3,42 3,14 2,93 2,43 2,43
165 5,33 8,38 5,59 5,99 4,34 4,56 3,76 3,62 3,22 2,80 2,73
180 5,81 6,09 6,83 4,74 5,20 4,10 4,12 3,51 3,19 2,98
210 7,11 8,61 5,53 6,55 4,78 5,20 4,10 4,02 3,48
250 8,46 11,18 6,58 8,51 5,69 6,75 4,88 5,23 4,14
300 7,90 6,83 8,87 5,86 6,87 4,97
350 9,22 7,97 6,83 8,66 5,79
400 10,53 7,81 10,58 6,62
450 8,78 7,45
500 8,28
550 9,10
600 9,93

103
Bonded Anchors

Design performance data (cont.)


Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table
M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 M30
s
[mm] h 1.1 h hmin h 1.25hmin hmin h 1.28hmin hmin h 1. hmin hmin
min

40 0,61 0,57 0,60 0,56 0,58 0,56


50 0,64 0,58 0,62 0,57 0,60 0,58 0,58 0,56
Table only valid for one 60 0,67 0,60 0,64 0,59 0,63 0,59 0,60 0,58 0,58
spacing <scr,N and c 70 0,69 0,62 0,67 0,60 0,65 0,61 0,62 0,59 0,60 0,58
ccr,N For other cases use
85 0,72 0,64 0,70 0,62 0,68 0,63 0,64 0,61 0,62 0,60 0,59
the Rawlplug Anchor
Calculator 100 0,75 0,67 0,74 0,64 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,63 0,64 0,62 0,60
125 0,80 0,71 0,80 0,68 0,76 0,70 0,71 0,66 0,67 0,65 0,63
150 0,85 0,75 0,86 0,71 0,81 0,73 0,75 0,69 0,71 0,68 0,65
180 0,90 0,80 0,93 0,76 0,88 0,78 0,80 0,73 0,75 0,71 0,68
Bonded Anchors

200 0,94 0,83 0,98 0,79 0,92 0,81 0,83 0,75 0,78 0,74 0,70
225 0,99 0,88 1,00 0,82 0,97 0,85 0,88 0,78 0,81 0,77 0,73
250 1,00 0,92 0,86 1,00 0,89 0,92 0,81 0,85 0,80 0,75
275 0,96 0,89 0,93 0,96 0,84 0,88 0,83 0,78
300 1,00 0,93 0,97 1,00 0,88 0,92 0,86 0,80
325 0,96 1,00 0,91 0,95 0,89 0,83
360 1,00 0,95 1,00 0,93 0,86
400 1,00 0,98 0,90
440 1,00 0,94
500 1,00

SOCKETS

Size M6 M8 M10 M12 M16


Effective embedment depth hef [mm] 75.0 75.0 90.0 75.0 100.0 100.0 125.0
TENSION LOAD
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 10.4 18.0 18.0 29.0 29.0 42.0 78.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 6.93 12.0 12.0 19.3 19.3 28.0 52.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 16.0 29.0 19.0 46.0 46.0 67.0 126.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 NRd,s [kN] 10.7 19.3 12.7 30.7 30.7 44.7 84.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance NRk,s [kN] 14.0 26.0 26.0 41.0 41.0 59.0 110.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.87 NRd,s [kN] 7.49 13.9 13.9 21.9 21.9 31.6 58.8
PULL-OUT FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25 (40C/24C)
Characteristic resistance NRk,p [kN] 14.6 19.2 21.7 27.5 36.6 36.6 54.0
Design resistance Mp
= 2.1 NRd,p [kN] 6.95 9.14 10.3 13.1 17.4 17.4 25.7
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C30/37 c
- 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C40/50 c
- 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.00
Increasing factors for NRd,p - C50/60 c
- 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.00
Spacing scr,N [mm] 225.0 225.0 270.0 225.0 300.0 300.0 375.0
Edge distance ccr,N [mm] 113.0 113.0 135.0 113.0 150.0 150.0 188.0
SHEAR LOAD
CONCRETE EDGE FAILURE; NON-CRACKED CONCRETE C20/25
Edge distance c1 [mm] 40.0 40.0 45.0 40.0 50.0 50.0 63.0
Characteristic resistance for c1 Rk,c
[kN] 3.90 4.30 5.07 4.77 6.45 7.06 11.4
Design resistance Mc
= 1.8 Rd,c
[kN] 2.17 2.39 2.82 2.65 3.59 3.92 6.32
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 5.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 6.20 9.00 9.00 14.0 14.0 21.0 39.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 Rd,s
[kN] 4.13 6.00 6.00 9.33 9.33 14.0 26.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL CLASS 8.8
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 9.60 15.0 15.0 23.0 23.0 34.0 63.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 Rd,s
[kN] 6.40 10.00 10.00 15.3 15.3 22.7 42.0
STEEL FAILURE; STEEL GRADE A4-70
Characteristic resistance without lever arm Rk,s
[kN] 8.40 13.0 13.0 20.0 20.0 29.0 55.0
Design resistance Ms
= 1.5 Rd,s
[kN] 5.60 8.67 8.67 13.3 13.3 19.3 36.7

104
Design performance data (cont.)
Reduction / increasing resistance factors for edge distance and spacing
Edge distance (shear)
Increasing factors for edge distance >Cmin applicable to Rd,c
for non-cracked concrete from Design Performance table

CV [mm] M6 M8 M10 M12 M16


40 1,00 1,00 - 1,00 - - -
50 1,33 1,33 1,14 1,32 1,00 1,00 -
60 1,69 1,68 1,44 1,66 1,25 1,25 -
70 2,06 2,05 1,76 2,03 1,52 1,52 1,13
Tables only valid for one 85 2,67 2,65 2,26 2,61 1,95 1,94 1,44
edge >cmin and s c For
90 2,88 2,86 2,44 2,81 2,10 2,09 1,54
other cases use the Rawl-
plug Anchor Calculator 105 3,54 3,51 2,98 3,45 2,56 2,55 1,87

Edge distance (tension)


Reduction factors for edge distance <Ccr,N applicable to NRd or Nrec for cracked and non-cracked concrete

Bonded Anchors
from Basic Performance table
cN [mm] M6 M8 M10 M12 M16
40 0,55 0,55 - 0,55 - - -
45 0,57 0,57 0,53 0,57 - - -
50 0,60 0,60 0,56 0,60 0,53 0,53 -

Table only valid for one 65 0,69 0,69 0,63 0,69 0,59 0,59 0,54
edge <Ccr,N and S Scr,N For 75 0,75 0,75 0,67 0,75 0,64 0,64 0,57
other cases use the Rawl- 85 0,81 0,81 0,72 0,81 0,68 0,68 0,61
plug Anchor Calculator
95 0,88 0,88 0,78 0,88 0,73 0,73 0,64
115 1,00 1,00 0,88 1,00 0,82 0,82 0,71
135 - - 1,00 - 0,92 0,92 0,79
150 - - - - 1,00 1,00 0,84
170 - - - - - - 0,92
190 - - - - - - 1,00

Spacing
Reduction factors for spacing <Scr,N applicable to NRd Rd
or Nrec rec
for non-cracked concrete
from Basic Performance table

s [mm] M6 M8 M10 M12 M16


40 0,59 0,59 - 0,59 - - -
45 0,60 0,60 0,58 0,60 - - -
50 0,61 0,61 0,59 0,61 0,58 0,58 -
65 0,64 0,64 0,62 0,64 0,61 0,61 0,59
Table only valid for one
spacing <scr,N and c 90 0,70 0,70 0,67 0,70 0,65 0,65 0,62
ccr,N For other cases use 120 0,77 0,77 0,72 0,77 0,70 0,70 0,66
the Rawlplug Anchor 150 0,83 0,83 0,78 0,83 0,75 0,75 0,70
Calculator
180 0,90 0,90 0,83 0,90 0,80 0,80 0,74
210 0,97 0,97 0,89 0,97 0,85 0,85 0,78
225 1,00 1,00 0,92 1,00 0,88 0,88 0,80
250 - - 0,96 - 0,92 0,92 0,83
270 - - 1,00 - 0,95 0,95 0,86
300 - - - - 1,00 1,00 0,90
340 - - - - - - 0,95
375 - - - - - - 1,00

105
Bonded Anchors

R-KEX II with Sockets


Premium pure epoxy resin approved for use with internally threaded sockets

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ETA-1 ETAG 1- Option

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Bonded Anchors

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