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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION
A. The Background of the Analysis

In English there are many different types of text, narrative text, descriptive, report,
etc. In reading the course we will discuss the different types of the text. And one of the
texts which we discuss in this paper is a narrative text.
What is Narrative Text? Narrative Text Narrative text is a text text which contains
about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true story that has been exaggerated. There is usually a
moral to be learned at the end of the story. Example of narrative text can be folk tales,
animal stories, legends, myths, short stories, comic, cartoon, and others.
Therefore, on this occasion we will discuss about the Narrative text clearly. ranging
from linguistic characteristics, sentence structure and other components.

B. Purpose
1. To know the definition of Narrative text.
2. To know the Structure Narrative text.
3. To know the characteristics of Narrative text.
4. To know the difference between a Narrative and Recount text.

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CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION

A. Definition of Narrative
Narrative text is a text text which contains about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true story
that has been exaggerated. There is usually a moral to be learned at the end of the
story. Example of narrative text can be folk tales, animal stories, legends, myths, short
stories, comic, cartoon, and others.

B. The purpose of text


To amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways;
Narrative deal with problem attic event .

C. Generic Structure of Narrative text


They are:
1) Orientation: sets the scene and introduction the participants (Character, place and
time)
2) Complication: crisis arise.
3) Evaluation: Optional.
4) Resolution or also called solution: The crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.
5) Reorientation: the cover of the story: optional
6) Coda: changes in the figures and the lessons to be learned from the story
Also sometimes there is a complicated storyline and complex, so the structure of the
story can be shaped:

D. Language Feature of Narrative Text.


They are:

a. Use active verbs.


b. Use past tense.

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c. Use conjunction.
d. The first person (I or We) or the third person (He, She, or They).
e. Use specific nouns.
f. Use adjective and adverbs

E. Example: The Legend of Malin Kundang

ORIENTATION Once Upon a time, lived a diligent boy


named Malin Kundang. He lived in the
seashore with his mother. They were
very poor, but they lived quiet and
harmonious.
COMPLICATION One day, a big ship closed to the beach
near their village. They asked peoples to
join work in their ship and went to the
cross island. Malin Kundang wanted to
join with them because he wanted to
improve his familys life. But his mother
didnt permit him. She worried to Malin.
RESOLUTION Malin still kept his argument and finally
he sailed with the bigship.
COMPLICATION Several years later, Malin Kundang
succed and he became rich trader. Then,
he came to his native village with his
beatiful wife, but his wife didnt know
Malins real descent. His happy mother
quickly approached Malin and brought
a plate of village cake, Malins Favorite.
But Malin didnt admit that woman as
his poor mother, and then he kicked the
village cakewhich brought by his mother
until scattered.

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RESOLUTION His mother very broken heart because
MAlin rebellious to her, who had growth
him. Then, his mother cursed Malin
became stone.
REORIENTATION AND CODA Suddenly, the bigship which Malins had
was vacillated by a big storm and all of
his crewman tossed aside out. Malin
realized that was his fault that rebellious
his mother. He bowed down and became
a stone.

F. Kinds of Narrative Text:

A. Myth
A traditional story accepted as history; serves to explain the world view of a people.
A story of great but unknown age which originally embodied a belief regarding some fact
or phenomenon of experience, and in which often the forces of nature and of the soul
are personified; an ancient legend of a god, a hero, the origin of a race, etc.; a wonder
story of prehistoric origin; a popular fable which is, or has been, received as historical.

example:
- The Myth Of Malin Kundang

B. Legends

Legends also stories that have been made, but they are different from the myth.
myth reply questions about the workings of nature, and is set in a time long ago, before

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written history. Legend of the people and the actions or deeds. People are living in a
more recent and is mentioned in history. Stories submitted for the purpose and is based
on the facts, but they do not really exist.

example:
- Story Of Lake Tobe

C. Fables
Fables are about animals that can talk and act like a man, or a plant or
forces of nature such as lightning or wind.
Plants may be able to move and speak and natural forces cause things to happen
in the story because of their strength.

example:
- THE WOLF AND THE HOUSE DOG

D. Fairy Tales
Fairy tales are stories written specifically for children, often about magical characters
such as elves, fairies, goblins and ogres. Sometimes animal characters.

example:
- Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs

G. Differences of Narrative Text and Recount Text

Generic Structure dari Narrative Text:

Orientation: It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are
introduced.(berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau
apa, kapan dan dimana)

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Complication: Where the problems in the story developed. (Permasalahan
muncul / mulai terjadi dan berkembang)

Resolution: Where the problems in the story is solved. Masalah selesai, ---
secara baik "happy ending" ataupun buruk "bad ending".

Reorientation

Coda

Recount Text atau Teks Experiences merupakan teks yang berisi dan menggambarkan
pengalaman masa lalu dengan menceritakan kembali peristiwa dalam urutan yang
terjadi (kronologis). Tujuan dari recount text atau experiences teks adalah untuk
menceritakan kembali peristiwa dengan tujuan baik menginformasikan atau menghibur
audiens.
Generic Structure of Recount

1. Orientation: Introducing the participants, place and time. (Menceritakan siapa saja
yang terlibat dalam cerita, apa yang terjadi, di mana tempat peristiwa terjadi, dan kapan
terjadi peristiwanya)

2. Events: Describing series of event that happened in the past. (Menceritakan apa
yang terjadi (lagi) dan menceritakan urutan ceritanya)

3. Reorientation: It is optional. Stating personal comment of the writer to the story.


("Reorientation" berisi komentar pribadi penulis cerita dan penutup cerita / akhir cerita)

Language Feature of Recount

Introducing personal participant; I, my group, etc

Using chronological connection; then, first, etc

Using linking verb; was, were, saw, heard, etc

Using action verb; look, go, change, etc

Using simple past tense

Narrative Text Recount Text

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Narrative is a text telling a Recount is a text which retells
Definisi / story focusing specific events or experiences in the
Pengertian participants. Its social function is past. Its purpose is either to
to tell stories or past events and inform or to entertain the
entertain the readers. audience.
1. Orientation: Introducing the
participants and informing the 1. Orientation: Introducing the
time and the place participants, place and time
2. Complication: Describing the 2. Events: Describing series of
Generic
rising crises which the event that happened in the past
Structure
participants have to do with 3. Reorientation: It is optional.
3. Resolution: Showing the way Stating personal comment of
of participant to solve the crises, the writer to the story
better or worse
1. Introducing personal
1. Using processes verbs participant;
Language
2. Using temporal conjunction 2. Using chronological
Feature
3. Using Simple Past Tense connection; then, first, etc

CHAPTER III

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CLOSING

A. Summary

Narrative text is a text text which contains about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true story that
has been exaggerated. There is usually a moral to be learned at the end of the story.
Example of narrative text can be folk tales, animal stories, legends, myths, short stories,
comic, cartoon, and others. If concluded, it is a narrative text is a text which contains a
story in the form of written or unwritten, and there is a series of interconnected events
that emphasizes the existence of a conflict and the solution while the recount is a text
that contains a story in which in the form retell stories and the experiences of the author
and the people who described.

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REFERENCES

Turmudi, Dedi. (2012). Smart and Skillfull Writer Developing Writing 2 Rivesed Edition.
Bandar Lampung.

Teyeregoh, Adrianus. 2011. Definition of Procedure Text.


http://bahasa.kompasiana.com/2011/01/17/procedure-text/ . diakses 9 oktober 2012
.

Anonim. 2013. Narrative Text Pengertian Dan Contoh. http://www.infopilihan.com/sosial-


budaya/narrative-text-pengertian-dan-contoh/link/123942/ . diakses