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Disease/Symptom Golongan Obat Jenis Obat Formularium Dosis Dewasa Dosis Anak Efek Samping Kontraindikasi

NSAID Natrium Tablet as Diclofenac 3 thn: Nyeri abdomen Hipersensitivit NSAID


diklofenak potassium Potassium 2-3mg/kg/hari Konstipasi as
(Cataflam, 50mg Immediate- Selama 4 minggu Diare Riwayat
Voltaren-XR, Tablet release tab: Gastritis aspirin triad
Dyloject, delayed 50mg 3 kali Mual Perawatan
Cambia, Zipsor, release as sehari, atau Muntah nyeri
Zorvolex) sodium 100mg PO Pusing perioperatif yg
25mg sekali, Sakit kepala berhubungan
50mg kemudian Gatal dengan CABG
75mg 50mg Ruam kulit Perdarahan GI
Tablet, Gagal Ginjal
extended
release
100mg
Capsule
18mg
25mg
35mg
Ampul-iv
37.5mg/m
L
NSAID Ketorolac Tablet IV: 30mg 2-16 thn: Sakit kepala Jika NSAID
(Toradol) 10mg single dose Single dose: Somnolence pengobatan
Ampul-IV atau 0.5mg/Kg IV/IM Dyspepsia >5hari
15mg/mL 30mg q6hr; Max 15mg Nyeri GI Sakit kronik
30mg/mL Max Multiple dose: nausea Hipersensitivit
120mg/day 0.5mg/Kg IV/IM as
q6hr; max 5 hari Operasi
IM: 60mg Persalinan
single dose >16 thn, <50Kg: Gagal ginjal
atau IV/IM: 15mg Peptic ulcer
30mg q6hr; q6hr; max Perdarahan GI
Max 60mg/day atau perforasi
120mg/day PO: 10mg sekali
setelah IV atau
PO: 20mg IM; lalu 10 mg
sekali setelah q4-6hr; max
IV atau IM; 40mg/day
lalu 10 mg
q4-6hr; max >16 thn, >50Kg:
40mg/day IV/IM: 30mg
q6hr; max
120mg/day
PO: 20mg sekali
setelah IV atau
IM; lalu 10 mg
q4-6hr; max
40mg/day

Seasonal allergy, Antihistamin Nama Tablet : 5-10 mg PO <2 tahun : masih Kantuk, Riwayat
rhinitis alergika, Generik : 5mg qDay. belum ada info pusing, mulut hipersensitivitas
urtikaria cetirizine 10mg Dosis Max : 10 safety. kering, terhadap
Nama Syrup : mg 2-6 tahun: 2.5 bronkospasme, antihistamin
Paten : 5mg/5mL mg PO qDay. muntah, rasa cetirizine,
Cerini Solution : Maksimum 10 sakit di perut hydroxyzine
5mg/5mL mg qDay
Allergic Rhinitis Antihistamin Nama Syrup : 10 mg PO qDay 2 tahun : masih Kantuk, Hipersensitivitas
Generik : - 5mg/5mL atau 2 kali sehari belum ada info pusing, mulut
loratadine Tablet: 5 mg. safety. kering, rasa
Nama - 10mg Max : 10 mg qday 2-6 tahun: 5 mg sakit di perut
paten : Capsule: PO qDay.
Alloris - 10mg > 6 tahun : 10
mg PO qDay,
Maksimum 10
mg qDay
Kegelisah Antianxiety Alprazola Xanax tab Anxiety: 0.25-0.5 Tidak Dosis 4mg: Riwayat
Panik m (0.25 mg, mg PO q6-8hr, direkomen- Drowsiness hipersensitivitas
(Xanax, 0.5 mg, 1 jangan diberikan dasikan untuk Depresi Acute narrow angle
Niravam, mg, 2 mg) lebih dari usia <18 tahun Sakit kepala glaucoma
Alganax) Xanab Oral 4mg/hari Konstipasi Penggunaan
Solution Panic Disorder: Diare bersamaan dengan
(1mg/mL) Immediate- Mulut Kering inhibitor CYP3A4
Niravam Release: 0.5 mg (itraconazole,
tab (0.25 PO q8hr; boleh Dosis 10mg: ketoconazol
mg, 0.5 mg, dinaikkan setiap Drowsiness
1 mg, 2 mg) 3-4 hari dengan Gangguan
penambahan koordinasi
Niravam
sebesar Lemah
Oral
<1mg/day. Gangguan
Solution
Average dosis: 4- memori
(1mg/mL)
5 mg/day PO Sensitif
Maksimal dosis Penurunan
10mg/hari saliva
diberikan terbagi Insomnia
setiap 8jam Penurunan
nafsu makan
Extended-release:
0.5-1mg PO
qDay; dosis boleh
ditambah setiap
3-4 hari dengan
penambahan
sebesar <1mg/day
Average dosis: 4-
5 mg/day PO
Anxiety
Associated with
Depression:
1-4 mg/day PO
terbagi q8hr

Chlordiaze Librium Anxiety: Anxiety Severe allergic Alergi obat


poxide cap (5mg, Mild/moderate: <6 years: tidak reactions (rash; Acute narrow angle
(Librium) 10mg, 5-10 mg PO q6- boleh digunakan hives; glaucoma
25mg) 8hr >6 years: difficulty Severe liver disease
Severe: 20-25 mg 0.5/mg/day breathing; Status mental
PO q6-8hr dosis terbagi PO tightness in the dimana kontak
q6-8jam; dosis chest; swelling dengan realitas
Pre-operative boleh dinaikkan of the mouth, telah hilang
Anxiety: sampai 10mg face, lips, or (psychosis)
5-10mg PO q6- PO q6-8jam tongue); Mengkonsumsi
8hr >12years: 25-50 yellowing of sodium oxybate
mg IV/IM q6- the skin or (GHB)
Acute Alchohol 8hr eyes. Acute alcohol
Withdrawal: Ataxia; intoxication
50-100mg Memory Myasthenia gravis
IV/IM/PO; boleh impairment; (allowable in
diulang PRN Clumsiness; limited
setelah 2-4 jam confusion; circumstances
Tidak boleh dizziness; Severe respiratory
melebihi excessive depression
300mg/day daytime IV use in shock,
drowsiness; coma, depressed
headache; respiration, patients
lack of who recently
coordination; received other
lightheadednes respiratory
s; depressants
unsteadiness;
unusual
weakness.
Kegelisah Antianxiety Alprazola Xanax tab Anxiety: 0.25-0.5 Tidak Dosis 4mg: Riwayat
Panik m (0.25 mg, mg PO q6-8hr, direkomen- Drowsiness hipersensitivitas
(Xanax, 0.5 mg, 1 jangan diberikan dasikan untuk Depresi Acute narrow angle
Niravam, mg, 2 mg) lebih dari usia <18 tahun Sakit kepala glaucoma
Alganax) Xanab Oral 4mg/hari Konstipasi Penggunaan
Solution Panic Disorder: Diare bersamaan dengan
(1mg/mL) Immediate- Mulut Kering inhibitor CYP3A4
Niravam Release: 0.5 mg (itraconazole,
tab (0.25 PO q8hr; boleh Dosis 10mg: ketoconazol
mg, 0.5 mg, dinaikkan setiap Drowsiness
1 mg, 2 mg) 3-4 hari dengan Gangguan
penambahan koordinasi
Niravam
sebesar Lemah
Oral
<1mg/day. Gangguan
Solution
Average dosis: 4- memori
(1mg/mL)
5 mg/day PO Sensitif
Maksimal dosis Penurunan
10mg/hari saliva
diberikan terbagi Insomnia
setiap 8jam Penurunan
nafsu makan
Extended-release:
0.5-1mg PO
qDay; dosis boleh
ditambah setiap
3-4 hari dengan
penambahan
sebesar <1mg/day
Average dosis: 4-
5 mg/day PO

Anxiety
Associated with
Depression:
1-4 mg/day PO
terbagi q8hr
Konjungtivitis Aminoglikosida Tobramyci Tetes Mata Mild/moderate Mild/moderate Peningkatan Hipersensitivitas
Bakterial Akut (Tobramycin) n, Ointment: Apply Ointment: lakrimasi, dari obat golongan
Tobradex in. (1.25 cm) to Apply in. gatal, kelopak Aminoglikosida
affected eye(s) (1.25 cm) to mata bengkak
q8-12hr affected eye(s)
Solution: 1-2 q8-12hr
drops q4-6hr; Solution
may be increased : 1-2 drops q4-
to q1-2hr during 6hr; may be
initial 24-48 increased to q1-
hours 2hr during initial
24-48 hours
Severe
Ointment: Apply Severe
in. (1.25 cm) to Ointment:
affected eye(s) Apply in.
q3-4hr (1.25 cm) to
Solution: 2 drops affected eye(s)
q30-60min, then q3-4hr
less frequently Solution: 2
after drops q30-
improvement; for 60min, then less
Pseudomonas frequently after
aeruginosa, 2 improvement;
drops q5 min for for P aeruginosa,
1 hour, then q30 2 drops q5min
min for 1 hour, then
q30min

Batuk Berdahak Mucolytics Bromhexi Tablet (8 mg) 8-16 mg 3 kali Berat Badan: - skin rash, Hipersensitivitas
ne Oral Liquid sehari (dosis 0,3 mg/kg/hr urticaria, terhadap
(Bisolvon, (0,8 mg/ml maks 48 mg/hari setiap 8 jam - nausea, bromhexine atau
Vasican dan 1,6 selama 7 hari selama 7 hari epigastric pain, komponennya
Bromex,) mg/ml) dilanjutkan 0,15 vomiting, and
mg/kg/hr setiap diarrhoea
8 jam - Transient
elevations in
Usia: serum
6 - 12 years: aminotransfera
4 mg TID se levels
2 - 6 years: 2mg - dizziness and
TID headache
<2 years: - Nocturnal
1 mg TID enuresis
- anaphylaxis,
bronchospasm,
difficulty in
breathing,
angioedema;
swelling of the
face, lips,
mouth, tongue
or throat which
may cause,
difficulty
swallowing or
breathing.
Batuk Berdahak Mucolytics Ambroxol Tablet (30 1-4 tablet tiap hari 2 tahun: cth GI Penderita peptic
(Berea, mg) dosis terbagi 2-3 syr 2 kali sehari disturbances, ulcers
Brommer Syrup (15 dosis skin allergy,
30, mg/5ml) 2-5 tahun: cth facial edema,
Cystelis, Diberikan syr 3 kali sehari dyspnea, fever.
Epexol/ep bersama
exol forte, makanan. >5 tahun: 1 cth
Galpect, syr 2-3 kali
Interpec, sehari
Lapimuc,
Limoxin,
Molapect,
Mosapec,
Mucopect,
Mucos,
Nufanibro
x,
Promuxol,
Roverton,
Silopect,
Transbron
cho,
transmuco
)
Batuk Berdahak Mucolytics Acetylcyst Tablet 600 mg sehari 1x 200 mg sehari Psoriasis, Hipersensitivitas
ein Effervescent 1x nausea,
(Acetin (200 mg, 600 vomiting,
600, mg) diarrhea,
Fluimucil, Capsul (200 stomatitis,
Hidonac, mg) dizziness,
Mucylin, Dry Syrup tinnitus.
N-Ace, (100 mg/ml) Itching,
Nalitik, urticaria,
Nytex, cutaneus
Simucil eruption (rash,
200, exanthema),
Siran/Sira bronchospasm,
n Forte) palpitation,
hypotension.
Infeksi bakteri Antibiotik Amoxicilli kapsul 500 250-500 mg tiap 8 20 Reaksi Infeksi saluran
(Penicilin) n; mg x 100 ; jam mg/kgBB/hari hipersensitif, nafas, saluran
Amoxillin, Rp 140.800 terbagi tiap 8 gangguan GI genito-urinaria,
amoxsan, Sirup jam kulit, dan jaringan
arcamox, 125mg/5mL lunak yang
bufamoxy, x 60 mL : Rp disebabkan
ethimox, 13.7500 organisme Gram +
kalmoxilin dan yang peka
, lapimox terhadap obat ini
Infeksi Bakteri, Antibiotik Ciprofloxa Tablet: 500 ISK ringan s/d - Gangguan Hipersensitivitas,
ISK, Uretritis, GO, (Quinolon) cin; mg x2 x10 ; sedang:250 mg GIT, diare, Hamil dan laktasi,
Infeksi GI, Demam bactiprox, Rp. 193.600 tiap 12 jam dispepsia, anak , 12 tahun
Tifoid dan cetafloxo, Tab salut ISK berat, pusing, sakit
paratifoid, Infeksi cifloxan, selaput: 250 prostatitis kronik, kepala, reaksi
saluran napas, ciprec mg x 2 x 10; infeksi GI: 500 hipersensitivita
infeksi kulit dan 500, Rp. 102.00 mg tiap 12 jam s
jaringan lunak, ciprobiotic Vial: Infeksi sal.
infeksi tulang dan , coroflox, 200mg/100m Napas, tulang dan
sendi lapiflox L x 1 ; Rp. sendi, kulit dan
150.000 jar. Lunak berat :
500-75- mg tiap
12 jam
GO akut 250 mg
dosis tunggal
Tension Type Trisyclic Amitriptyl Tablet Outpatients: 10 mg orally 3 Agitation, astemizole
Headache Antidepressant ine, Usual dose: 75 times a day with agranulocytosi cisapride
Amitriptili mg orally per day 20 mg at s, alopecia, disopyramide
na HCl, in divided doses; bedtime anxiety,
dronedarone
Trilin, this may be anorexia,
Zepazym, increased to a ataxia, ibutilide
Mutabon total of 150 mg arrhythmia, indapamide
D, per day if needed blurred vision, iobenguane i
Mutabon Alternate dose: 40 coma, 123
M to 100 mg orally confusion, isocarboxazid
as a single dose at constipation, pentamidine
bedtime; this may diarrhea, phenelzine
be increased by dizziness, dry pimozide
25 or 50 mg as mouth, ECG
procainamide
needed at bedtime changes,
to a total of 150 eosinophilia, procarbazine
mg per day Extrapyramida quinidine
Maximum dose: l symptoms selegiline
150 mg orally per (EPS), fatigue, sotalol
day hallucination, terfenadine
headache, tranylcypromi
Inpatients: hypertension, ne
Initial dose: 100 increased
mg orally per day LFTs,
Maintenance insomnia,
dose: 40 to 100 ethargy,
mg orally as a eukopenia, MI,
single dose at nausea, ocular
bedtime pressure
Maximum dose: increased,
300 mg orally per orthostatic
day hypotension,
palpitation,
paresthesia,
photosensitivit
y, rash,
restlessness,
sedatio,
seizure, sexual
dysfunction,
SIADH,
stroke,
stomatitis,
syncope,
sweating,
tachycardia,thr
ombocytopeni,
tinnitus,
urinary
retention,urtica
ria, vomiting,
xerostomia,
weakness,
weight gain