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KA78XX/KA78XXA

3-Terminal 1A Positive Voltage Regulator
Features
• • • • • Output Current up to 1A Output Voltages of 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 15, 18, 24V Thermal Overload Protection Short Circuit Protection Output Transistor Safe Operating Area Protection

Description
The KA78XX/KA78XXA series of three-terminal positive regulator are available in the TO-220/D-PAK package and with several fixed output voltages, making them useful in a wide range of applications. Each type employs internal current limiting, thermal shut down and safe operating area protection, making it essentially indestructible. If adequate heat sinking is provided, they can deliver over 1A output current. Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators, these devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltages and currents.
TO-220

1 D-PAK

1 1. Input 2. GND 3. Output

Internal Block Digram

Rev. 1.0.0
©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter Input Voltage (for VO = 5V to 18V) (for VO = 24V) Thermal Resistance Junction-Cases (TO-220) Thermal Resistance Junction-Air (TO-220) Operating Temperature Range (KA78XX/A/R) Storage Temperature Range Symbol VI VI RθJC RθJA TOPR TSTG Value 35 40 5 65 0 ~ +125 -65 ~ +150
°

Unit V V C/W
° ° °C/W

C C

Electrical Characteristics (KA7805/KA7805R)
(Refer to test circuit ,0°C < TJ < 125°C, IO = 500mA, VI =10V, CI= 0.33µF, CO=0.1µF, unless otherwise specified) Parameter Symbol TJ =+25 oC Output Voltage VO 5.0mA ≤ Io ≤ 1.0A, PO ≤ 15W VI = 7V to 20V TJ=+25 oC TJ=+25 oC TJ =+25 oC IO = 5mA to 1.0A VI= 7V to 25V IO= 5mA f = 10Hz to 100KHz, TA=+25 oC f = 120Hz VO = 8V to 18V IO = 1A, TJ =+25 oC f = 1KHz VI = 35V, TA =+25 TJ =+25 C
o oC

Conditions

KA7805 Min. 4.8 4.75 62 Typ. Max. 5.0 5.0 4.0 1.6 9 4 5.0 0.03 0.3 -0.8 42 73 2 15 230 2.2 5.2 5.25 100 50 100 50 8.0 0.5 1.3 -

Unit

V mV mV mA mA mV/ oC µV/VO dB V mΩ mA A

Line Regulation (Note1) Load Regulation (Note1) Quiescent Current Quiescent Current Change Output Voltage Drift Output Noise Voltage Ripple Rejection Dropout Voltage Output Resistance Short Circuit Current Peak Current

Regline Regload IQ ∆IQ ∆VO/∆T VN RR VDrop rO ISC IPK

VO = 7V to 25V VI = 8V to 12V IO = 5.0mA to1.5A IO =250mA to 750mA

Note: 1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Changes in Vo due to heating effects must be taken into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty is used.

2

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Electrical Characteristics (KA7812/KA7812R)
(Refer to test circuit ,0°C < TJ < 125°C, IO = 500mA, VI =19V, CI= 0.33µF, CO=0.1µF, unless otherwise specified) Parameter Symbol TJ =+25 oC Output Voltage VO 5.0mA ≤ IO≤1.0A, PO≤15W VI = 14.5V to 27V TJ =+25 oC VI = 14.5V to 30V VI = 16V to 22V IO = 5mA to 1.5A IO = 250mA to 750mA Conditions KA7812/KA7812R Min. Typ. 11.5 11.4 55 =+25 oC 12 12 10 3.0 11 5.0 5.1 0.1 0.5 -1 76 71 2 18 230 2.2 Max. 12.5 12.6 240 120 240 120 8.0 0.5 1.0 V mV mV mA mA mV/ oC µV/Vo dB V mΩ mA A Unit

Line Regulation (Note1) Load Regulation (Note1) Quiescent Current Quiescent Current Change Output Voltage Drift Output Noise Voltage Ripple Rejection Dropout Voltage Output Resistance Short Circuit Current Peak Current

Regline

Regload TJ =+25 oC IQ ∆IQ ∆VO/∆T VN RR VDrop rO ISC IPK TJ =+25 oC IO = 5mA to 1.0A VI = 14.5V to 30V IO = 5mA

f = 10Hz to 100KHz, TA =+25 oC f = 120Hz VI = 15V to 25V IO = 1A, TJ=+25 oC f = 1KHz VI = 35V, TA TJ = +25 oC

Note: 1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Changes in VO due to heating effects must be taken into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty is used.

7

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Electrical Characteristics (KA7824)
(Refer to test circuit ,0°C < TJ < 125°C, IO = 500mA, VI =33V, CI= 0.33µF, CO=0.1µF, unless otherwise specified) Parameter Symbol TJ =+25 oC Output Voltage VO 5.0mA ≤ IO ≤ 1.0A, PO ≤ 15W VI = 27V to 38V TJ =+25 oC VI = 27V to 38V VI = 30V to 36V IO = 5mA to 1.5A IO = 250mA to 750mA Conditions KA7824 Min. 23 22.8 50 Typ. 24 24 17 6 15 5.0 5.2 0.1 0.5 -1.5 60 67 2 28 230 2.2 Max. 25 25.25 480 240 480 240 8.0 0.5 1 V mV mV mA mA mV/ o C µV/Vo dB V mΩ mA A Unit

Line Regulation (Note1) Load Regulation (Note1) Quiescent Current Quiescent Current Change Output Voltage Drift Output Noise Voltage Ripple Rejection Dropout Voltage Output Resistance Short Circuit Current Peak Current

Regline

Regload TJ =+25 oC IQ ∆IQ TJ =+25 oC IO = 5mA to 1.0A VI = 27V to 38V

∆VO/∆T IO = 5mA VN RR VDrop rO ISC IPK f = 10Hz to 100KHz, TA =+25 oC f = 120Hz VI = 28V to 38V IO = 1A, TJ=+25 oC f = 1KHz VI = 35V, TA=+25 oC TJ =+25 C
o

Note: 1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Changes in VO due to heating effects must be taken into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty is used.

10

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Electrical Characteristics (KA7805A)
(Refer to the test circuits. 0oC < TJ < +125 oC, Io =1A, V I = 10V, C I=0.33µF, C O=0.1µF, unless otherwise specified) Parameter Output Voltage Symbol TJ =+25 VO Conditions
oC

Min. 4.9 4.8 -

Typ. 5 5 5 3 5 1.5 9 9 4 5.0 -0.8 10 68 2 17 250 2.2

Max. 5.1 5.2 50 50 50 25 100 100 50 6.0 0.5 0.8 0.8 -

Unit V

IO = 5mA to 1A, PO ≤ 15W VI = 7.5V to 20V VI = 7.5V to 25V IO = 500mA

Line Regulation (Note1)

Regline

VI = 8V to 12V TJ =+25 oC
oC

mV

VI= 7.3V to 20V VI= 8V to 12V

-

Load Regulation (Note1)

Regload

TJ =+25 IO = 5mA to 1.5A IO = 5mA to 1A IO = 250mA to 750mA TJ =+25 oC IO = 5mA to 1A VI = 8 V to 25V, IO = 500mA VI = 7.5V to 20V, TJ =+25
oC

mV

Quiescent Current Quiescent Current Change Output Voltage Drift Output Noise Voltage Ripple Rejection Dropout Voltage Output Resistance Short Circuit Current Peak Current

IQ ∆IQ ∆V/∆T VN RR VDrop rO ISC IPK

mA mA mV/ oC µV/Vo dB V mΩ mA A

Io = 5mA f = 10Hz to 100KHz TA =+25 oC f = 120Hz, IO = 500mA VI = 8V to 18V IO = 1A, TJ =+25 oC f = 1KHz VI= 35V, TA =+25 oC TJ= +25 C
o

Note: 1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Change in VO due to heating effects must be taken into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty is used.

11

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Electrical Characteristics (KA7812A)
(Refer to the test circuits. 0oC < TJ < +125 oC, Io =1A, V I = 19V, C I=0.33µF, C O=0.1µF, unless otherwise specified) Parameter Output Voltage Symbol TJ VO Conditions =+25 °C IO = 5mA to 1A, PO ≤15W VI = 14.8V to 27V VI= 14.8V to 30V IO = 500mA Line Regulation (Note1) Regline VI= 16V to 22V TJ =+25 °C =+25 °C VI= 14.5V to 27V VI= 16V to 22V Min. 11.75 11.5 °

Typ. 12 12 10 4 10 3 12 12 5 5.1

Max. 12.25 12.5 120 120 120 60 100 100 50 6.0 0.8 0.8 0.5

Unit V

mV

Load Regulation (Note1)

Regload

TJ IO = 5mA to 1.5A IO = 5mA to 1.0A IO = 250mA to 750mA TJ =+25°C VI = 15V to 30V, TJ=+25 C VI = 14V to 27V, IO = 500mA IO = 5mA to 1.0A IO = 5mA f = 10Hz to 100KHz TA =+25°C f = 120Hz, IO = 500mA VI = 14V to 24V IO = 1A, TJ =+25°C f = 1KHz VI= 35V, TA =+25 °C TJ=+25 C
°

mV

Quiescent Current Quiescent Current Change Output Voltage Drift Output Noise Voltage Ripple Rejection Dropout Voltage Output Resistance Short Circuit Current Peak Current

IQ ∆IQ ∆V/∆T VN RR VDrop rO ISC IPK

mA mA mV/°C µV/Vo dB V mΩ mA A

-1.0 10 60 2.0 18 250 2.2

-

Note: 1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Change in VO due to heating effects must be taken into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty is used.

16

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Electrical Characteristics (KA7824A)
(Refer to the test circuits. 0oC < TJ < +125 oC, Io =1A, V I = 33V, C I=0.33µF, C O=0.1µF, unless otherwise specified) Parameter Output Voltage Symbol TJ VO Conditions =+25 °C IO = 5mA to 1A, PO ≤15W VI = 27.3V to 38V VI= 27V to 38V IO = 500mA Line Regulation (Note1) Regline VI= 21V to 33V TJ =+25 °C =+25 °C VI= 26.7V to 38V VI= 30V to 36V Min. 23.5 23 °

Typ. 24 24 18 6 18 6 15 15 7 5.2 -1.5 10 54 2.0 20 250 2.2

Max. 24.5 25 240 240 240 120 100 100 50 6.0 0.8 0.8 0.5 -

Unit V

mV

Load Regulation (Note1)

Regload

TJ IO = 5mA to 1.5A IO = 5mA to 1.0A IO = 250mA to 750mA TJ =+25 °C VI = 27.3V to 38V, TJ =+25 C VI = 27.3V to 38V, IO = 500mA IO = 5mA to 1.0A IO = 5mA f = 10Hz to 100KHz TA = 25 °C f = 120Hz, IO = 500mA VI = 28V to 38V IO = 1A, TJ =+25 °C f = 1KHz VI= 35V, TA =+25 °C TJ=+25 C
°

mV

Quiescent Current Quiescent Current Change Output Voltage Drift Output Noise Voltage Ripple Rejection Dropout Voltage Output Resistance Short Circuit Current Peak Current

IQ ∆IQ ∆V/∆T VN RR VDrop rO ISC IPK

mA mA mV/ °C µV/Vo dB V mΩ mA A

-

Note: 1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Change in VO due to heating effects must be taken into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty is used.

19

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Typical Perfomance Characteristics

I

Figure 1. Quiescent Current

Figure 2. Peak Output Current

Figure 3. Output Voltage

Figure 4. Quiescent Current

20

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Typical Applications

Input

Output

Figure 5. DC Parameters

Input

Output

Figure 6. Load Regulation

Input

Output

Figure 7. Ripple Rejection

Input

Output

Figure 8. Fixed Output Regulator

21

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Input CI CO

Output

Figure 9. Constant Current Regulator Notes: (1) To specify an output voltage. substitute voltage value for "XX." A common ground is required between the input and the Output voltage. The input voltage must remain typically 2.0V above the output voltage even during the low point on the input ripple voltage. (2) CI is required if regulator is located an appreciable distance from power Supply filter. (3) CO improves stability and transient response.

Input

Output

CI CO

I RI ≥ 5IQ VO = VXX(1+R2/R1)+IQR2 Figure 10. Circuit for Increasing Output Voltage

Input

Output

CO CI

IRI ≥5 IQ VO = VXX(1+R2/R1)+IQR2 Figure 11. Adjustable Output Regulator (7 to 30V)

22

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Input

Output

Figure 12. High Current Voltage Regulator

Input

Output

Figure 13. High Output Current with Short Circuit Protection

Figure 14. Tracking Voltage Regulator

23

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Figure 15. Split Power Supply ( ±15V-1A)

Output Input

Figure 16. Negative Output Voltage Circuit

Input

Output

Figure 17. Switching Regulator

24

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Mechanical Dimensions
Package

TO-220
9.90 ±0.20 4.50 ±0.20

1.30 ±0.10

2.80 ±0.10

(8.70) ø3.60 ±0.10

(1.70)

1.30 –0.05

+0.10

9.20 ±0.20

(1.46)

13.08 ±0.20

(1.00)

(3.00)

15.90 ±0.20

1.27 ±0.10

1.52 ±0.10

0.80 ±0.10 2.54TYP [2.54 ±0.20] 2.54TYP [2.54 ±0.20]

10.08 ±0.30

18.95MAX.

(3.70)
(45° )

0.50 –0.05

+0.10

2.40 ±0.20

10.00 ±0.20

25

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Mechancal Dimensions (Continued)
Package

D-PAK
6.60 ±0.20 5.34 ±0.30 (0.50) (4.34) (0.50)

0.70 ±0.20

2.30 ±0.10 0.50 ±0.10

0.60 ±0.20

6.10 ±0.20

2.70 ±0.20

9.50 ±0.30

0.91 ±0.10

0.80 ±0.20

MAX0.96 2.30TYP [2.30±0.20]

0.76 ±0.10 2.30TYP [2.30±0.20]

0.89 ±0.10

0.50 ±0.10 1.02 ±0.20 2.30 ±0.20

(0.70)

(0.90) (0.10) (3.05)

6.10 ±0.20

9.50 ±0.30

2.70 ±0.20

(2XR0.25)

0.76 ±0.10

26

(1.00)

6.60 ±0.20 (5.34) (5.04) (1.50)

MIN0.55

KA78XX/KA78XXA

Ordering Information
Product Number KA7805 / KA7806 KA7808 / KA7809 KA7810 KA7812 / KA7815 KA7818 / KA7824 KA7805A / KA7806A KA7808A / KA7809A KA7810A / KA7812A KA7815A / KA7818A KA7824A KA7805R / KA7806R KA7808R / KA7809R KA7812R ±4% D-PAK ±2% TO-220 0 ~ + 125°C ±4% Output Voltage Tolerance Package Operating Temperature

27

KA78XX/KA78XXA

DISCLAIMER FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES WITHOUT FURTHER NOTICE TO ANY PRODUCTS HEREIN TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN. FAIRCHILD DOES NOT ASSUME ANY LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE APPLICATION OR USE OF ANY PRODUCT OR CIRCUIT DESCRIBED HEREIN; NEITHER DOES IT CONVEY ANY LICENSE UNDER ITS PATENT RIGHTS, NOR THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS. LIFE SUPPORT POLICY FAIRCHILD’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and (c) whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury of the user.
www.fairchildsemi.com 6/1/01 0.0m 001 Stock#DSxxxxxxxx  2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

2. A critical component in any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.

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