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Football or soccer is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical

ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries, making it the world's most
popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The
object of the game is to score by using any part of the body besides the arms and hands
to get the ball into the opposing goal.

The goalkeepers are the only players allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms
while it is in play and then only in their penalty area. Outfield players mostly use their feet
to strike or pass the ball, but may use their head or torso to strike the ball instead.

A foul occurs when a player commits an offence listed in the Laws of the Game while the
ball is in play. Handling the ball deliberately, tripping an opponent, or pushing an opponent,
are examples of "penal fouls", punishable by a direct free kick or penalty kick depending on
where the offence occurred. The referee may punish a player's misconduct by a caution
(yellow card) or dismissal (red card).

The rules of football regarding equipment, field of play, conduct of participants, and
settling of results are built around 17 laws.

Kick-off is the way of starting or restarting play: To begin a match, if a goal has been
scored, to begin the second half, to begin a period of extra-time.

The ball is out of play when: It has wholly crossed the goal line or touchline, play has been
stopped by the referee.

A goal is scored when the whole of the ball crosses the whole of the goal line between the
posts and crossbar, provided there is no infringement such as offside, a foul or handball.

The offside: A player is in an offside position if he is closer to the goal line than both the
ball and the second-to-last defender, but only if he is in the opposition half of the field.
Direct Free Kick: When the referee stops play for a certain foul, he awards a team a
direct free kick, meaning that the team will resume play from the spot of the infraction
with a pass or a shot at goal. Any members of the opposing team must be at least 10 yards
away when the ball is struck.

A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following
offenses:

Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent.


Trips or attempts to trip an opponent.
Jumps at an opponent.
Charges an opponent.
Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent.
Pushes an opponent.
Plays in a dangerous manner.
Impedes the progress of an opponent.
Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands.

Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent
before touching the ball.
Holds an opponent spits at an opponent.
Handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his penalty area).

Corner kick: A kick taken by the attacking team that is earned when the defending team
puts the ball out of play behind the goal line.

Penalty kick: A kick taken by a player from the penalty spot after a penalty has been given
by the referee for a violation in the area by the defending team. The kicker is allowed one
shot from the penalty spot, with every other player forced to stand 10 yards away and not
allowed to interfere.