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# IFS .

IFS

IFS .

defuzzification AHP

1 IFVs defuzzification

: -1-1

-1-1-1 :

2 3 .

1791

## 1 Intuitionistic Fuzzy Value

2 Vagueness
3 uncertainty
1791 4 .

. 5 .

( .)Atanassov,1799 :

()11-2

x F . x F

F .:

1 (-2

)11

. 6 .

. .

(:)Atanassov,1799

4 K.Atanassov
5 Type-II Fuzzy Sets
6 Hesitation margin
()12-2

A :

11 11 ()11-2

11 11 ()11-2

1 ()11-2

A X :

1 ()19-2

x 7 A 8 x A

A . 1

A . :

1 ()19-2

( .)Atanassov,2111 .

2-2 1-2 :

-2-2 ()2111

7 Intuitionistic Index
8 Hesitation degree
2-1
-1-2 ()2111

-2-1-1 :

) 1-2 .

) 1-2 .

. 1

( ) 1-2 .

) 9-2

-1-2 ( )

-1-2 ( )

## -9-2 ( ) ()Szmidt and Kacprzyk,2111

E ( F ) .

. x E

. x F F

. F

.
X : A

1 X A 1 1 1

. 1 1

X .

-3-1-1

A B X

(:)Kumar et al,2111

. - : A B

()19-2

- : A B

. :

()17-2

- :A

()21-2

- :

()21-2

()22-2
- :

()21-2

()21-2
9
- (:)Atanassov,2111

1 ()21-2

1 ()29-2

- (:)Kumar et al,2111

2 2 29 2

29 2

27 2

1 1 11 2

1 1 11 2

n nA :

()12-2

1 1 ()11-2
Axn

()11-2

## IFS (:)Kumar et al,2111

()11-2

9 Modal operators
()19-2

()19-2

()19-2

()17-2

()11-2

-4-1-1

: A B

()11-2

()12-2

9-1 :

-9-2 ()11-2

()11-2
: A>0B>0

()11-2

()19-2

-5-1-1 t s

t s

(:)Deschrijver, et al.,2111

11 ()19-2

1 1 1 11 ()19-2

-6-1-1

A X .

## (:)Szmidt and Kacprzyk,2111

- ( ) 10 :

()17-2

- 11 :

()11-2

10 Min-sigma-count
11 Max-sigma-count
A:

()11-2

()12-2

A :

()11-1

-7-1-1

A 12 13 :

()11-2

()11-2

-8-1-1

: d 1 1

1 1 ()19-2

1 ()19-2

()19-2

()17-2

12 height
13 plinth
: A B

14
)

()91-2
15
)

()91-2
16
)

()92-2
17
)

()91-2

## (:)Szmidt and Kacprzyk,2111

()91-2

)
1
2 1 ()91-2

14 Hamming distance
15 Normalized Hamming distance
16 Euclidean distance
17 Normalized Euclidean distance
)

()99-2

()99-2

. .

## ( ) (:)Szmidt and Kacprzyk,2111

1 ()99-2

1 1 ()97-2

1 ()91-2

1 1 ()91-2

18
1 8 1 1

U W

(:)Grzegorzewski,2111

()92-2

()91-2

## 18 Distances based on the Hausdorff metric

:

(:)Grzegorzewski,2111

()91-2

()91-2

()99-2

()99-2

( ).

()99-2

1 ()97-2

()91-2

1 ()91-2

()92-2

()91-2

()91-2

()91-2

-9-1-1

. 19 20

: S 1 1

1 1 ()99-2

1 ()99-2

()99-2

()97-2

99-2 21

(.)Mitchell,2111

1 ()71-2

. ) A B

19 Chuntian
20 Dengfeng
21 Mitchel
1 ()71-2

()72-2

1 ()71-2

. ) A B

1 ()71-2

()71-2

1 ()79-2

. A B

wi xi

1 ()79-2

1 1 12 ()79-2

1 ()77-2

22

)2111(23 :

1 ()111-2

()111-2

22 Shi
23 Liang
()112-2

2111 :

1 ()111-2

()111-2

()111-2

()119-2

()119-2

()119-2

()117-2

()111-2

1 1 1 ()111-2

()112-2

()111-2

()111-2

()111-2

(:)Mitchell,2111

()119-2

1 ()119-2

1 ()119-2

1.

1 9 1 1

()117-2

A B :

()121-2

1 ()121-2

1 12 ()122-2

1: f . 1

1 1 ()121-2

1 1 ()121-2

()121-2

f f :

1 ()129-2

1 ()129-2

: f

()129-2

()127-2

-11-1-1

(Szmidt 2111

:)and Kacprzyk,

. E 2 : E 1 1

E . :
1 1 2 ()111-2

2 1 11 ()111-2

1 ()112-2

1 ()111-2

:)Kacprzyk,

1 1 2 ()111-2

2 1 ()111-2

1 ()119-2

1 ()119-2

: F n

## (:)Szmidt and Kacprzyk,2111

()119-2

()117-2

()111-2
-11-1-1

A A 24 1791

(:)Cornelis, et al.,2111

()111-2

()112-2

1 ()111-2

()111-2

1 ()111-2

1 1 ()119-2

:
1 1
()119-2
1 1
1 1
()119-2
1 1
.

:1

:2

:1

24 Negation operation

-12-1-1

A X (:)Zeng, et al.,2119

()117-2

()111-2

()111-2

A (:)Zeng, et al.,2119

1 1 ()112-2

()111-2

()111-2

-13-1-1

R 1

n .

25 U .

...

(.)Cornelis, et al.,2111

25 n-ary relation

( ).

R : X Y

X Y (:)Cornelis, et al.,2112

()111-2

11 11 ()119-2

1 ()119-2

1 ()119-2

R :

()117-2

xR 26 Y

()191-2

27 :

()191-2

28 :

26 afterset
27 domain
28 Range
()192-2

-14-1-1

S t s R

: . R S

X Y Z (.)Deschrijver, et al.,2111

()191-2

()191-2

()191-2

1 1 ()199-2

-15-1-1

. R

. R 29 2 1

29 projection
1

()199-2

-16-1-1

: X Y

: B Y

()199-2

()197-2

X f(A)

Y :

1 1 ()191-2

()191-2
1

1 1 ()192-2
1

-17-1-1

1 11 1 1

. / / /.

(:)Kumar, et al.,2111
: / :30 A X .

" "A X :

()191-2

()191-2

1 1 ()191-2

()199-2

: / : A X .

()199-2

()199-2

1 1 ()197-2

()191-2

()191-2

1 1 ()192-2

1 1 ()191-2

30 concentration
()191-2

()191-2

()199-2

()199-2

: -2-1

( )1791

.1

.2 1 7

.1

( .)1192 .

( ) .

## 31 )Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory(DEMATEL

( gantmacher,1712

.)1192

. " "32

""

( Schenkerman,1771 .)1192

" " :

.1

.2

.1 ( )M

.1

. .

.1 R J (

).

. R .9 ) (R+J

.9 ( ) DM

D ( )Wi .

32 Rank-Reversal
( )Wi i- .9

- .

(.)1192