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Running head: CORRELATION BETWEEN LUNG CANCER AND SMOKING: OUTLINE 1

Correlation Between Lung Cancer and Smoking: Outline

Soojeong Ha

Madonna University

ESL 4230 - Informative Paper Outline (D1)

February 20, 2017

Correlation Between Lung Cancer and Smoking: Outline

I. Thesis statement: Experts agree that tobacco is the single biggest avoidable cause of

cancer in the world (Cancer Research UK, 2016, n.p.).


II. Definition of smoking and lung cancer
A. What is the smoking?
1. Smoking
2. Secondhand smoke (National Cancer Institute, 2011, n.p.)
B. Definition of lung cancer (American Lung association, 2016, n.p.)
III. Risk factors of lung cancer
A. Smoking (WebMD, 2015, n.p.)
B. Secondhand smoke (National Cancer Institute, 2011, n.p.)
C. Others (WebMD, 2015, n.p.)
IV. The result of smoking (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014, p.870)
V. Correlation between smoking and lung cancer (Cancer Research UK, 2016, n.p.)
VI. Benefits of quitting smoking
CORRELATION BETWEEN LUNG CANCER AND SMOKING: OUTLINE 2

A. The immediate benefits (National Cancer Institute, 2014, n.p.)


B. The long-term benefits (National Cancer Institute, 2014, n.p.)
VII. Conclusion

Reference
American Lung Association. (2016). Lung cancer basics. Retrieve from

http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/lung-cancer/learn-

about-lung-cancer/what-is-lung-cancer/lung-cancer-basics.html
Cancer Research UK. (2016). Smoking facts and evidence. Retrieved from

http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/causes-of-cancer/smoking-and-

cancer/smoking-facts-and-evidence
National Cancer Institute. (2011). Secondhand smoke and cancer. Retrieved from

https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/tobacco/second-hand-

smoke-fact-sheet
National Cancer Institute. (2014). Harms of cigarette smoking and health benefits of quitting.

Retrieved from https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-

prevention/risk/tobacco/cessation-fact-sheet
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). The Health Consequences of Smoking:

50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of

Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center

for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health.

Printed with corrections, January 2014.


WebMD. (2015). Causes of lung cancer. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/lung-

cancer/guide/lung-cancer-causes#2