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LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

1 LEDESMA V CLIMACO Art. 1840 primarily deals with the exception of liability on cases of a dissolved partnership, of
the individual property of the deceased partner for debts contracted by the person who
FACTS: continues the business using the partnership name. what the law contemplates is a hold
Ledesma is counsel de parte of one accused. Thereafter, he was appointed as Election over situation preparatory to formal reorganization. Art. 1840 treats more of a commercial
Registrar of Cadiz, Negros Occidental by COMELEC partnership with a good will to protect rather than a professional partnership whose
Ledesma withdrew as counsel on the basis that his appointment as Election Registrar would reputation depends on the personal qualifications of its individual members.
require full time service as well as on the volume or pressure of work will prevent him from A partnership for the practice of law cannot be likened to partnerships formed by other
handling adequately the defense. professionals or for business. a partnership for the practice of law is not a legal entity. It is
Judge Climaco denied his motion, and even appointed him as counsel de officio of the not a partnership formed for then purpose of carrying on trade or business or of holding
accused. property. Thus, assumed or trade name in law practice is improper. The right to practice law
is not a natural or constitutional right but is in the nature of a privilege or franchise.
ISSUE: WoN the withdrawal of Ledesma should be allowed It must be considered that in the Philippines, no local custom permits or allows the continued
use of a deceased partners name. Therefore, the cited provision on Canons of Professional
HELD: No. Ethics is not applicable.

RATIO: DISSENTING OPINION:


1. There is obvious reluctance of Ledesma to comply with his responsibilities as counsel de Petition may be granted with the condition that it be indicated in the letterheads of the 2
oficio. Then, even assuming that he continues his position, his volume of work is likely to be firms that Sycip and Ovaepa are dead or the period when they served as partners sould be
very much less than present. There is no excuse for him to shirk from his obligation as stated therein.
member of the bar, who expects to remain in good standing, should fulfill.
2. Ledesma was not mindful of his obligation as counsel de oficio. He ought to know that
membership in the bar is a privilege burdened with conditions. Being appointed as counsel de 3 CAYETANO V MONSOD
oficio requires a high degree of fidelity (law is a profession and not a mere trade). Requires
counsel of repute and eminence. Facts:
3. In criminal cases, right to counsel is absolute. No fair hearing unless the accused be given an Pres. Aquino nominated Christian Monsod to the position of COMELEC chairman.
opportunity to be heard by counsel. The Commission on Appointments affirmed the nomination and appointed Monsod to the
4. The denial by Judge Climaco was due to the principal effect to delay the case (case has position.
already been postponed for 8 times) Renato Cayetano now assails the appointment. He says that Monsod is not qualified to the
position because he has not been engaged in the practice of law for ten years (requirement
is provided by Consti Art. 9-C Sec. 1(1)).
2 IN RE SYCIP
Issue:
W/n Monsod is qualified for the position of COMELEC chairman.
FACTS:
Held:
This is a consolidated petition. The first one filed by the surviving partners of atty. Alexander
SC says yes. Monsod passed the bar in 1960 and had been consistently paying his
Sycip and the other filed by the surviving partners of Atty. Herminio Ovaepa. They pray that
professional fees. He worked in a law firm for several years after graduating but after that,
they be allowed to continue using the names of partners who had passed away.
had been more engaged in business and politics (for a list of his jobs, see p.238). Still, the SC
Petitioners based their petitions on the following arguments:
said that he can still be considered as practicing law, if we consider the modern concept of
o Art. 1840 of the Civil Code,
the practice of law. This modern concept pertains to any act, whether in or out of court,
o in regulating other professions, the legislature has authorized the adoption of firm which requires the application of law, legal procedure, knowledge, training and experience.
names without any restriction as to the use of the name of a deceased partner, SC now says that since most of Monsods jobs involved the law, even if he has not been
o the Canons of Professional Ethics allows the continued use of a deceased partner engaged in traditional lawyering (i.e. making pleadings or appearing in court), he can still be
when permissible by local custom. considered as to have been engaged in the practice of law.
Dissents:
ISSUE: Most of the dissents focused on the issue that the Consti requirement pertains to habitual
W/N law firms may continue to use the names o deceased partners in their firm names practice of law. The dissenters pointed out that for the past ten years, Monsod really seldom
practiced law. This group believed that the Consti required that the practice of law be on a
HELD: regular basis. Justice Padilla even came up with qualifications habituality; compensation;
NO! application of law, legal principle, practice or procedure; and atty.-client relationship to
determine w/n a person has been engaged in the practice of law..

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fraud, dishonesty and abuse of confidence by ALAWI and proceeded to expound using acerbic
4 CUI V CUI language
A copy of the letter, which bore no stamps, was sent to the VP of Villarosa
Facts: ALAUYA also wrote the NHMFC repudiating as void his contract with Villarosa and asking for
The main concern in this case is the respective qualifications of Jesus Cui and Antonio Cui to cancellation of his loan
the position of administrator of Hospicio de San Jose de Barii, a charitable institution Finally, ALAUYA wrote 3 other letters to officers of the SC to stop deductions from his salary
established by Don Pedro Cui and Dona Benigna Cui. regarding the loan from NHMFC
Jesus and Antonio are the sons of Mariano Cui, a nephew of the founders of the institution. NHMFC also wrote the SC requesting it to stop said deductions
Antonios claim to the position is based on a convenio where then administrator Teodoro Learning of the letters, ALAWI filed a complaint alleging that ALAUYA
resigned in favor of him. Jesus, however, had no prior notice of this. o Committed malicious and libelous charges
Jesuss claim is that he should be preferred pursuant to the deed of donation (which o Usurped the title of attorney
recognized their father Mariano as a legitimate descendant to the position) as he is the older
of the two. ISSUE W/N ALAUYA VIOLATED THE CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICAL STANDARDS FOR
The deed, however, gives preference to a descendant who has a titulo de abogado or a PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES
doctor, or a civil engineer, or a pharmacist (in order). Or to the one who pays the highest
taxes. Jesus holds the degree of Bachelor of Laws but is not a member of the Bar, while HELD YES, PARTICULARLY SECTION 4
Antonio is a member of the Bar (he was formerly disbarred, though, by the SC and was just
reinstated weeks before assuming the position) RATIO
Section 4 public officials and employees at all times respect the rights of others, and refrain
Issue: from doing acts contrary to law, public order, public safety and public interest
Who has a better right to the position of administrator between Jose and Antonio? ALAUYA, being a member of the Sharia Bar and an officer of the Court, may not use
What does the term titulo de abogado mean? language which is abusive, offensive, scandalous, menacing or otherwise improper
His radical deviation from these norms cannot be excused
Held:
Antonio. The term titulo de abogado is not just mere possession of the academic degree of Bachelor ISSUE W/N ALAUYA BEING A MEMBER OF THE SHARIA BAR CAN USE THE TITLE
of Laws but membership in the bar after due admission thereto, qualifying one to the practice of law. ATTORNEY
Possession of the degree is not indispensable to qualify as a lawyer since completion of the prescribed
courses may be shown in some other way. HELD NO, RESERVED ONLY FOR THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN ADMITTED AS MEMBERS OF THE
INTEGRATED BAR
It was also argued that Antonio is disqualified for having been previously disbarred since the deed also
provided that an administrator may be removed if found to lack a sound moral character. However, RATIO
Antonio was reinstated. This reinstatement is a recognition of his moral rehabilitation after proving Court has already had an occasion to declare that persons who pass the Sharia Bar are not
what was required by the Bar. Antonios restoration to the roll of lawyers wiped out restrictions and
full-fledged members of the Philippine Bar and may practice law only before Sharia courts
disabilities resulting from the previous disbarment.
ALAUYAS wish of not using counsellor because of confusion with councilor is immaterial
5 ALAWI V ALAUYA because disinclination to use said title does not warrant his use of the title attorney

PARTIES 6 IN RE CUNANAN
ALAWI, sales rep of E.B. Villarosa
ALAUYA, incumbent executive clerk of court Facts:
FACTS This is the Bar Flunkers Act of 1953 case.
Through ALAWIS agency, a contract was executed for the purchase on installments by As per the Rules of Court. A bar candidate must have a general average of 75% in all subjects without
ALAUYA of a housing unit failing below 50% in any subject.
A housing loan was also granted to ALAUYA by the National Home Mortgage Finance In spite of this, the court passed and admitted to the bar those candidates who had obtained an
Corporation (NHMFC) average of only:
Subsequently, ALAUYA wrote a letter to the President of Villarosa advising termination of his 72% in 1946
contract on the grounds that his consent was vitiated by gross misrepresentation, deceit, 69% in 1947
70% in 1948

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LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

74% in 1949 "Section 13. The Supreme Court shall have the power to promulgate rules concerning
In 1950 to 53, the 74% was raised to 75% pleading, practice, and procedure in all courts, and the admission to the practice of law. Said
A few candidates who missed the above marks set by the courts approached Congress. Congress rules shall be uniform for all courts of the same grade and shall not diminish increase or
made a bill, which was allowed by the president to become a law without his signature. This is RA modify substantive rights. The existing laws on pleading, practice, and procedure are hereby
972. repealed as statutes, and are declared Rules of Courts, subject to the power of the Supreme
Court to alter and modify the same. The Congress shall have the power to repeal, alter, or
Pursuant to the law in question, those who, without a grade below 50 per cent in any subject, have supplement the rules concerning pleading, practice, and procedure, and the admission to the
obtained a general average of 69.5 per cent in the bar examinations in 1946 to 1951, 70.5 per cent in practice of law in the Philippines."
1952, 71.5 per cent in 1953, and those will obtain 72.5 per cent in 1954, and 73.5 per cent in 1955,
will be permitted to take and subscribe the corresponding oath of office as members of the Bar, The Constitution has not conferred on Congress and the SC equal responsibilities concerning the
notwithstanding that the rules require a minimum general average of 75 per cent, which has been admission to the practice of law. The primary power and responsibility which the Constitution
invariably followed since 1950. recognizes continue to reside in the SC.

A breakdown of the numbers is on page 538. Had Congress found that this Court has not promulgated any rule on the matter, it would have nothing
over which to exercise the power granted to it.
The additional candidates who want to be admitted claim that they suffered from insufficiency of
reading materials and of inadequacy of preparation. The Constitution does not say nor mean that Congress may admit, suspend, disbar or reinstate
directly attorneys at law, or a determinate group of individuals to the practice of law. Its power is
limited to repeal, modify or supplement the existing rules on the matter, if according to its judgment
Issue: the need for a better service of the legal profession requires it. But this power does not relieve this
Court of its responsibility to admit, suspend, disbar and reinstate attorneys at law and supervise the
W/N RA 972 is valid. practice of the legal profession.

There is no motive stated by the authorities for the qualification in RA 972 because of this, the
classification is fatally defective.
Held:
1. That (a) the portion of article 1 of Republic Act No. 972 referring to the examinations of 1946
RA 972 is contrary to public interest because it qualifies 1,094 law graduates who confessedly had to 1952, and (b) all of article 2 of said law are unconstitutional and, therefore, void and without force
inadequate preparation for the practice of the profession. The public interest demands of the legal and effect.
profession, adequate preparation and efficiency, precisely more so as legal problems evolved by the 2. That, for lack of unanimity in the eight Justices, that part of article 1 which refers to the
times become more difficult. examinations subsequent to the approval of the law, that is from 1953 to 1955 inclusive, is valid and
shall continue to be in force, in conformity with section 10, article VII of the Constitution.
In decreeing that bar candidates who obtained in the bar examinations of 1946 to 1952, a general Consequently, (1) all the above-mentioned petitions of the candidates who failed in the examinations
average of 70 per cent without falling below 50 per cent in any subject, be admitted in mass to the of 1946 to 1952 inclusive are denied, and (2) all candidates who in the examinations of 1953 obtained
practice of law, the disputed law is not a legislation; it is a judgment a judgment revoking those a general average of 71.5 per cent or more, without having a grade below 50 per cent in any subject,
promulgated by this Court during the years affecting the bar candidates concerned are considered as having passed, whether they have filed petitions for admission or not. After this
decision has become final, they shall be permitted to take and subscribe the corresponding oath of
Although the SC certainly can revoke these judgments even now, for justifiable reasons, it is no less office as members of the Bar on the date or dates that the Chief Justice may set.
certain that only the SC, and not the legislative nor executive department, that may be so. Any
attempt on the part of any of these departments would be a clear usurpation of its functions, as in this
case. 7 ECHEGARAY V SECRETARY OF JUSTICE

pp. 111-112
Congress may repeal, alter and supplement the rules promulgated by this court, but the authority and
responsibility over the admission, suspension, disbarment and reinstatement of attorneys-at-law and The 1973 Constitution The 1987 Constitution
their supervision remain vested in the Supreme Court. Article X, Sec5 (5): Article VIII, Sec5 (5):

The Supreme Court shall have the following The Supreme Court shall have the following
Section 13, article VIII of the Constitution provides: powers: powers:

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx In the case at bar, the pardon granted was conditional, and merely remitted the unexecuted
(5) Promulgate rules concerning pleading, (5) Promulgate rules concerning the portion of his term. It was not a full pardon which could have blotted out the offense
practice and procedure in all courts, the protection and enforcement of committed.
admission in the practice of law, and the constitutional rights, pleading, practice and The crime was qualified by treachery and aggravated by its having been committed in band,
integration of the Bar, which, however, may be procedure in all courts, the admission in the by taking advantage of his official position, and with the use of a motor vehicle. The degree
repealed, altered, or supplemented by the practice of law, the Integrated Bar, and legal of moral turpitude warrants disbarment. Admission of a candidate to the bar requires
Batasang Pambensa. Such rules shall provide a assistance to the underprivileged. Such rules shall academic preparation and satisfactorytestimonials of good moral character. These standards
simplified and inexpensive procedure for the provide a simplified and inexpensive procedure are neither dispensed with nor lowered after admission: the lawyer must adhere to them or
speedy disposition of cases, shall be uniform in for the speedy disposition of cases, shall be incur the risk of suspension or removal.
all courts of the same grade and shall not uniform in all courts of the same grade and shall
diminish, increase, or modify substantive not diminish, increase, or modify substantive
rights. rights. Rules of procedure of special courts and
quasi-judicial bodies shall remain effective unless 9 ROYONG v OBLENA
disapproved by the Supreme Court.
FACTS:
The 1987 molded an even stronger and more independent judiciary. It expanded the rule-making Royong, the niece it the common-law wife of Oblena, filed a rape case against the latter.
power of the Supreme Court. For the first time, the court was given the power to promulgate rules In her complaint, Royong alleged that in 1958 Oblena forced her to have intercourse with her
concerning the protection and enforcement of constitutional rights. It also granted for the first time and that she refrained to report the incident because Oblena threatened to kill her family.
the power to disapprove rules of procedure of special courts and quasi-judicial bodies. But most As a result if the sexual intercourse, Royong gave birth to a child
importantly, the 1987 Constitution took away the power of Congress to repeal, alter, or Oblena denied all the allegations and argued that he and Royong had a relationship and
supplement rules concerning pleading, practice, and procedure. Royong consented to have intercourse with him.
The Solicitor General recommended that Oblena be permanently removed from the roll of
attorney eventhough the acts of the Royong before and after the rape incident showed that
8 IN RE GUTIERREZ she is more of a sweetheart than a victim because of the circumstances behind the incident
The Solicitor General also charged Oblena of falsifying and deliberately alleging in his
In re Gutierrez application in the bar in1958 that he is a person of good moral character while having an
illicit and adulterous relationship with Angeles who is not only the aunt of Royong but also
Facts: has a legal husband in the province
Gutierrez is a member of the Philippine Bar. While he was the municipal mayor of Calapan, he Oblena moved to dismiss the case because the offenses charged are different from those
and other co-conspirators murdered the former municipal mayor of Calapan, for which they were held
originally charged in the complaint but the court overruled his petition
guilty and sentenced to the penalty of death. Upon review by the Supreme court the penalty was
After the hearing, the investigators concluded that A.) Oblena used his knowledge in law to
changed to reclusion perpetua. After serving a portion of the sentence, Gutierrez was granted
commit immoral acts without incurring any criminal liability; B.) he committed gross
conditional pardon by the President. The unexecuted portion of the prison term was remitted on
immorality by continuously cohabiting with Angeles, his common-law wife, even after he
condition that the shall not again violate any of the penal laws of the Philippines.
became a lawyer and C.) Oblena falsified the truth as to his good moral character in his
The widow of the murdered victim then filed a complaint with the Supreme Court asking that
application to take the bar.
Gutierrez
be removed from the rule of lawyers pursuant to Rule 127, section 5.
ISSUE:
W/N the illicit relationship with Royong and the open cohabitation with Angeles, a married
Issue: W/N the conditional pardon to Gutierrez places him beyond the rule of disbarment
woman, are sufficient grounds to cause Oblenas disbarment
Held: NO.
Under section 5 of Rule 127, a member of the bar may be removed or suspended from his HELD:
YES!
office as attorney by the Supreme Court by reason of his conviction of a crime involving
moral turpitude. Murder is, without doubt, such a crime. Moral turpitude includes Although Oblena is not yet convicted of the crime of rape, seduction or adultery and he is not
everything contrary to justice, honesty, modesty, or good morals. guilty of any of the grounds for disbarment enumerated in Sec 25, Rule 127 of the Rules of
In the Lontok case, on which Gutierrez relies, the respondent, Lontok, was granted absolute Court, the enumeration is not exclusive and the power of the court to exclude unworthy
or unconditional pardon after conviction for the crime of crime of bigamy. It was held that members of the bar is inherent and is a necessary incident to the proper administration of
such pardon releases the punishment and blots out existence of guilt, so that in the eye of justice and can be exercised even without any statutory authority, in all cases unless properly
the law the offender is as innocent as if he had never committed the offense. prohibited by statutes.

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

American jurisprudence provides that the continued possession of a good moral character is
a requisite condition for the rightful continuance in the practice of law. The loss requires Issue:
suspension or disbarment eventhough the statues do not explicitly specify that as a ground of W/N Balicanta should be disbarred
disbarment.
Oblenas argument that he believed himself to be a person with good moral character when Held:
he filed his application to take the bar examination is wrong. Ones own approximation of Hello?! Siyempre he should be disbarred.
himself is not a gauge of his moral character. Moral character is not a subjective term but Balicanta cannot invoke the separate personality of the corporation (wow, piercing the
one which corresponds to objective reality. Moral character is what the person really is and corporate veil)
not what he other people thinks he is. Balicanta has perpetuated massive fraud against his client.
His pretension to wait for the 18th birthday of Royong before having carnal knowledge with Lahat ng ginawa niya against The Code of Professional Responsibility.
her shows the scheming mind of Oblena and his taking advantage of his knowledge of the
law.
Also, Royong is the niece of his common-law wife and he enjoyed moral ascendancy over her.
Oblena took advantage of Royongs trust on him. 11 TING-DUMALI v TORRES
Oblenas contention that the Solicitor General exceeded his authority in filing the present
complain which is entirely different from the original complaint filed is untenable. There is FACTS:
nothing in the law requiring the Solicitor General to charge in his complaint the same offence Isidra Ting-Dumali charges Rolando Torres with violating his oath as a lawyer and canons of
charged in the original complaint. What the law provides is that if the Solicitor General finds legal and judicial ethics.
sufficient grounds to proceed against the respondent, he shall file the corresponding Isidras parents died intestate and left many parcels of land to their 6 children (Isidra,
complaint accompanied by the evidence introduced in his investigation. Marcelina, Miriam, Eliseo and Vicente and Felicisima (married to Rolando Torres))
Torres consented to the forgery of Isidras signature for an Extrajudicial settlement making it
appear that his wife and Miriam were the only sole heirs.
10 CORDON v BALICANTA
Torres, on a reconstitution hearing, presented false testimony that Miriam and Felicisima were
the only sole heirs
(complaint for disbarment against Balicanta)
Torres presented the reconstituted deed to the RD to enable them to profit by selling the land
Facts: Torres contends that his acts were done in good faith believing for himself that his and the
Cordon and her daughter inherited 21 parcels of land in Zamboanga City when Cordons siblings had already agreed on how to dispose of the said lot. That the false testimony was a
husband died. clear oversight. And that his conformity through his signature was pro forma because the
Sometime after, Balicanta enticed Cordon to organize a corporation to develop the property was a paraphernal property of Marcelina and his wife.
Investigating Commissioner of IBP suggested disbarment
properties. 19 parcels of land was transferred in the name of the newly formed corporation.
Balicanta became the Chairman of the Board, President, General Manager and Treasurer of
the corporation (kupal talaga) ISSUE: WoN Torres should be disbarred?
Balicanta was able to transfer some of the land to a certain Tion Suy Ong through an SPA
HELD: YES
signed by Cordon. Balicanta was also able to obtain a loan from Land Bank using as collateral
9 parcels of land.
RATIO:
Balicanta did not even try to redeem the properties and even sold the right to redeem to
1. The lawyers oath, to which all lawyers have subscribed in solemn agreement to dedicate
another person.
themselves to the pursuit of justice, is not a mere ceremony or formality for practicing law to
Gago talaga to si Balicanta. Cordons ancestral home was demolished and Cordon was
be forgotten afterwards, nor is it mere words, drift and hollow, but a sacred trust that lawyers
detained in a nipa shack. Buti na lang at nadiscover ni daughter kung ano nangyari. Sabi kasi must uphold and keep inviolable at all times.
ni Balicanta na hes just going to have the house remodeled and repainted, tapos dinemolish 2. A lawyer is the servant of the law and belongs to a profession to which society has entrusted
na niya. Gago talaga. the administration of law and the dispensation of justice, he should make himself more an
Cordon and daughter demanded that Balicanta return all the properties given by them to the exemplar for others to emulate and he should make himself more an exemplar for others to
corporation but Balicanta is unable to do so (napunta na sa ibang tao eh) emulate and he should not engage in unlawful, dishonest, immoral or deceitful conduct.
IBP investigation recommended that Balicanta be disbarred. Balicanta fought back and said 3. The supreme penalty of disbarment is meted out only in clear cases of misconduct that
that the investigation is prejudiced against him and filed a complaint for disbarment against seriously affect the standing and character of the lawyer as an officer of the court and
the people who investigated his case and the lawyers of Cordon. Balicantas complaint was member of the bar.
dismissed.

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

12 MACARRUBO v MACARRUBO Ariola claims that the document he notarized was superfluous and unnecessary, and
prejudiced no one, and therefore he should be exonerated the document was cancelled the
Facts: same day he notarized it, hence legally there was no public document that existed.
Florence Macarrubo by herself and on behalf of her 2 children files a complaint for disbarment against
Edmundo Macarrubo alleging that Edmundo deceived her Issue:
into marrying him despite his prior subsisting marriage with a certain Helen Esparza. W/N Ariola can be held liable.

Florence further averred that Edmundo entered into a 3rd marriage with Josephine Constantino; and Held:
that he abandoned Florence without providing them w/ regular Yes.
support. Notaries public should not authenticate documents unless the persons who signed them are
the very same persons who executed them an personally appeared before the, to attest to
Edmundo denied the allegations, insisting instead that complainant Florence was fully aware of his the contents and truth of what are stated therein.
prior subsisting marriage, but that Florence dragged Edmundo against his will to a 'sham wedding'. His assertion of falsehood in a public document contravened one of the most cherished
tenets of the legal profession and potentially cast suspicion on the truthfulness of every
Edmundo submitted the decision of RTC declaring his marriage to complainant void ab initio. notarial act.
Edmundo claimed that he left complainant and their 2 children w/ her consent. Ariola is disbarred, and not merely suspended for a year.
Issue:
W/n Edmundo should be disbarred... 14 CHUA v MESINA, Jr
Held: Facts:
Yes. Atty Simeon Mesina is the legal counsel of spouses Anna Chua and Chua An. The spouses
Facts show that while Edmundo has a subsisting marriage w/ Helen Esparza s/ whom he had 2
leased a building owned by Mesinas family. The property, however, was actually mortgaged
children, he entered into a 2nd marriage with complainant. While the
in favor of a bank for a loan obtained by Mesinas motherFelicisima Melencio (who was the
marriage between complainant Florence and Edmundo has been annulled by final judgment, this does
registered owner as well).
not cleanse his conduct of impropriety.
When Felicisima failed to meet her obligations to the bank, the spouses were convinced by
Mesina to help his mother in consideration for the purchase of the same lot at a certain price.
Even assuming arguendo that Edmunod was coerced by complainant to marry her, the duress has
A deed of sale was made conveying the property to the spouses.
ceased after wedding day. Edmundo having freely cohabited with her
But when the spouses were appraised for capital gains tax, Atty Mesina suggested to execute
and even begot a 2nd child.
another deed of salethis time, the date of the transaction is 1979, which is before the
The decision of RTC annulling their marriage is not res judicata on the final resolution of this case. A effectivity of the law imposing capital gains tax.
Not long after the title was handed over to the spouses, another lessee of the building
disbarment case is sui generis for it is neither purely civil nor criminal but is rather an investigation by
the court on the conduct of its officers. Tecsonquestioned the transaction as he was, himself, interested in buying the property.
Tecson filed charges for falsification of documents.
To avoid the falsification charge, Mesina proposed to simulate a deed of sale wherein the
13 SICAT v ARIOLA spouses would appear to resell the property to Felicisima. A new title was issued to Felicisima
by virtue of said deed but this was entrusted in the hands of the spouses.
Facts: Later on, Tecson desisted from pursuing the charges. Meanwhile, Mesina borrowed the title of
Arturo Sicat, Board Member of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Rizal charged Atty. Gregorio the property from the spouses and promised to transfer, yet again, title in the name of the
E. Ariola of committing fraud, deceit, and falsehood in notarizing a Special Power of Attorney spouses.
(SPA). But Mesina failed to effect such transfer and the spouses learned that the property is being
Said SPA was purportedly executed by Juanito Benitez, of the JC Benitez Architect and offered to a public sale. Hence the action. The case was investigated by the IBP and
Technical Management. Said company had a contract with the Municipality of Cainta for the recommended that Mesina be suspended for gross misconduct.
construction of low cost houses.
What is fraudulent about it is the fact that the SPA was notarized more than 2 months after Issue:
the death of Benitez, the person who supposedly executed it. Was Atty. Mesina guilty of gross misconduct?
P3,700T was paid to JC Benitez Architect and Technical Management for services not rendered
Held:
(as consultants).

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Blimey! Of course! When Atty Mesina advised Chua to execute a deed of sale antedated to 1979 to HELD NO
evade payment of capital gains tax, he violated his duty to promote respect for law and legal
processes. When he convinced Chua to execute another deed to make it appear that the property was RATIO
conveyed back to Felicisima, Mesina committed dishonesty. And when he obtained the title upon the Rule 1.04 of the Code of Responsibility explicitly provides a lawyer shall encourage his client to
misrepresentation that he will return the same after 4 months, he committed dishonesty again. There avoid, end or settle the controversy if it will admit of a fair settlement
were also badges of fraud that can be attributed to Mesina as there were marked differences in the In the case at bar, records do not show that counsel of both parties took pains to initiate steps
signatures of Felicisima. geared toward a rapprochment between their clients
In the same manner, the labor arbiter has been less than faithful to the spirit of the Labor Code
Clearly, Mesina violated his oath of office and Canons 1, 7, 15, and 17 of the Code of Professional as he did not exert all efforts towards the amicable settlement of the labor dispute
Responsibility. His disbarment is warranted.

16 PEOPLE v ROSQUETA
15 DE YSASI III v NLRC
Facts:
FACTS There was a criminal case against Antonio Rosqueta, Jr., Eugenio Rosqueta and Citong Bringas.
This is a case filed by a son against his father On appeal, the SC issued a resolution ordering Atty. Gregorio Estacio (counsel de parte of the
Father employed Son as farm administrator of Hacienda Manucao accused) to explain why disciplinary actions should not be taken against him for his failure to
Son suffered various ailments and was hospitalized on 2 separate occasions, June and August file the brief for appellants during the required period.
1982 Estacio failed to explain, so he was suspended from the practice of law.
Father took care of medical expenses while son continued to receive compensation He then filed a motion for reconsideration saying that he did file the briefs but he sent it to
However, in April 1984, Father ceased to pay Sons salary Rosqueta Sr., whose house was burned down along with the briefs. He also said that the reason
Son filed an action in NLRC for illegal dismissal with prayer for reinstatement without loss of why he did not file the briefs was because the accused declared that they intended t withdraw
seniority rights and payment of full their appeal for lack of money.
back wages The SC did subsequently receive affidavits from the accused withdrawing their appeal.
NLRC dismissed case stating that Son has abandoned his work and termination is for a valid Issue:
cause though ordered Father to pay P5,000 as penalty for failure to serve notice of said W/n Estacios acts should be punished.
termination to son Held:
SC says yes. His acts were not consistent with the idea that the law is not a business but a
profession. Lawyers do their job not for the sole consideration of money. Estacio should have
continued with his duties despite knowing that the accused did not have money anymore.
ISSUE W/N SON WAS ILLEGALLY DISMISSED SC commended what some lawyers would have done in that situation which was to be declared
as counsel de officio so that the client remains properly represented by a lawyer who is already
HELD YES familiar with the case.
SC said that Estacios suspension for 5 mos. is already sufficient punishment for his acts. Thus,
RATIO the suspension is lifted and Estacio is not anymore required to file the briefs but he is censured
Article 282 of Labor Code enumerates causes for which an employer may valid terminate an for negligence and inattention to duty.
employment
Father banks on the fact that Son has abandoned his work
However, to constitute abandonment there must be a clear, deliberate and justified refusal to 17 CANOY v ORTIZ
resume employment and not mere absence
In the case at bar, the reason for the Sons absence was due to his illness of which Father was
Facts: A Complaint was filed Canoy accusing Atty. Ortiz of misconduct and malpractice. It was alleged
aware of since he paid hospital and medical bills
that Canoy filed a complaint for illegal dismissal against Coca Cola Philippines. Atty. Ortiz
Father is ordered to pay Son backwages in lieu of reinstatement and separation pay
appeared as counsel for Canoy in this proceeding. Canoy submitted all the documents and
equivalent to 1 month for every year of service
records to Atty. Ortiz for the preparation of the position paper. Thereafter, he made several
unfruitful visits to the office of Atty. Ortiz to follow-up the progress of the case. He was
ISSUE W/N COUNSELS OF EACH PARTY ACTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CODE OF
shocked to learn that his complaint was actually dismissed way back in 1998, for failure to
PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY prosecute, the parties not having submitted their position papers. Canoy alleged that Ortiz
had never communicated to him about the status of the case.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Atty. Ortiz informs the Court that he has mostly catered to indigent and low-income The abbreviated and aborted presentation of the prosecution evidence and the improvident
clients, at considerable financial sacrifice to himself. Atty. Ortiz admits that the period within plea of guilty was not in accordance with requirements of due process
which to file the position paper had already lapsed. He attributes this failure to timely file the Considering the gravity of the offense charged and the finality of the penalty, the counsel de
position paper to the fact that after his election as Councilor of Bacolod City, he was frankly oficios performance was utterly wanting. As a lawyer sworn to uphold justice and the law, he
preoccupied with both his functions as a local government official and as a practicing lawyer. had the duty to exert utmost efforts to defend his client and protect his rights, no matter how
guilty or evil he appears to be. This duty becomes more compelling is his client is accused of a
Issue: W/N Atty. is liable to be sanctioned. grave crime and is in danger of forfeiting his life
The right to counsel means more that just the presence of a lawyer in the courtroom or the
mere propounding of standard questions and objections. Counsel must provide effective legal
Held: Atty. Ortiz is to be sanctioned. Suspension from the practice of law for one (1) month. assistance and commit himself to the cause for the defense. There must be active involvement
by the lawyer and he must be well-versed on the case, the procedures, law, and jurisprudence.
Several of the canons and rules in the Code of Professional Responsibility guard against the
sort of conduct.
19 KHAN V SIMBILLO
CANON 18A LAWYER SHALL SERVE HIS CLIENT WITH COMPETENCE AND DILIGENCE.

Rule 18.03A lawyer shall not neglect a legal matter entrusted to him, and FACTS:
his negligence in connection therewith shall render him liable. An advertisement in Philippine Daily Inquirer came out which reads: ANNULMENT OF
MARRIAGE SPECIALIST 532-4333/521-2667.
Rule 18.04A lawyer shall keep the client informed of the status of his case SC ordered its staff to call the number and ask some information.
and shall respond within a reasonable time to the clients request for information. Espeleta called the number and the wife of Atty. Rizalino Simbillo answered who said that his
husband was an expert in handling annulment cases and guarantees a court decree within 4-
His failure to do so constitutes a violation of Rule 18.03 of the Code of Professional 6 month. The services of Atty. Simbillo is for P48,000. half of which is payable at the filing of
Responsibility. A lawyer owes fidelity to such cause and must always be mindful of the trust the case and the balance after the decision has been rendered.
and confidence reposed in him. He owes entire devotion to the interest of the client. The Similar advertisement also appeared in The Philippine Star and Manila Bulletin.
relationship of lawyer-client being one of confidence, there is ever present the need for the Khan, Assist. Court Administrator, filed a case against Simbillo for violating the Code of
client to be adequately and fully informed of the developments of the case and should not be Professional Responsibility, Rule 2.03 and 3.01.
left in the dark. Simbillo admitted that he caused the advertisement but he argued that solicitation and
Neither is the Court mollified by the circumstance of Atty. Ortizs election as a City advertisement is not prohibited per se and that it is about time to change our views about the
Councilor of Bacolod City, as his adoption of these additional duties does not exonerate him of prohibition on advertising and solicitation. He also said that the interest of the public is not
his negligent behavior. served by the prohibition and suggested that the ban be lifted.
IBP recommended that Simbillo be suspended for 1 year and that repetition of similar act will
be dealt with more severely.
While the case was being investigated upon by the court, Simbillo again advertised his legal
18 PEOPLE v STA TERESA services, for 2 times, in the Buy & Sell Free Ads Magazine.

Facts: ISSUE:
Angeles Sta. Teresa was found by the trial court to be guilty beyond reasonable doubt of raping his 12- W/N Simbillo violated the Code of Professional Responsibility
year old daughter, and was given the penalty of death. The case is now on automatic review.
HELD:
When accused was arraigned, he pleaded not guilty. After 9 days, his counsel de oficio made a YES!
manifestation that the accused wanted to change his plea to guilty. The prosecution no longer Rule 2.03 provides a lawyer shall not do or permit to be done any act designed primarily to
presented testimonial evidence and merely presented exhibits to which counsel de oficio did not solicit legal business while Rule 3.01 states that a lawyer shall not use or permit the use of
comment nor object. During the promulgation of RTCs decision, counsel failed to appear and the trial any false, fraudulent, misleading, deceptive, undignified, self-laudatory or unfair statement or
judge had to appoint claim regarding his qualifications or legal services.
another counsel de oficio for the purpose of promulgation. It has been repeatedly stressed that the practice of law is not a business. It is a profession in
which the duty to public service, not money, is the primary consideration. The gaining of
Issue: W/N counsel de officio discharged his duties properly livelihood should be a secondary consideration.
Held: NO.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Aside from advertising himself as an Annulment of Marriage Specialist, his assurance of his o I never had any case by reason of the publication
clients that an annulment may be obtained in 4-6 months from the filing of the case
encourages people, who might other have 2nd thought, to dissolve their marriage.
ISSUE: WoN Bayot can be charged with malpractice?
Solicitation of legal business is not proscribed. However, solicitation must be compatible with
the dignity of the legal profession. The use of simple signs stating the name/s of the lawyers,
the office and residence address and the fields of expertise, as well as advertisement in legal HELD: YES.
periodicals bearing the same brief data, are permissible.
The use of calling cards is now acceptable. 1. The publication is tantamount to a solicitation of business from the public. Section 25 of Rule
127 expressly provides among other things that "the practice of soliciting cases at law for the
purpose of gain, either personally or thru paid agents or brokers, constitutes malpractice." It
20 IN RE TAGORDA is highly unethical for an attorney to advertise his talents or skill as a merchant advertises his
wares. Law is a profession and not a trade.
Facts: 2. In In re Tagorda, 53 Phil., the respondent attorney was suspended from the practice of law for
Luis Tagorda is a member of the provincial board of Isabela the period of one month for advertising his services and soliciting work from the public by
Previous to the last election, he used placards which in a way was advertising his services as writing circular letters. That case, however, was more serious than this because there the
a lawyer and notary public solicitations were repeatedly made and were more elaborate and insistent..Considering his
He also wrote a letter to a lieutenant of a barrio in Echague,Isabela. In essence he was plea for leniency and his promise not to repeat the misconduct, the Court is of the opinion
informing the lieutenant that he will be in Echague during the weekends and the lieutenant and so decided that the respondent should be, as he hereby is, reprimanded.
should convey this information to the other people in his town.

Issue: 3. "The most worth and effective advertisement possible, even for a young lawyer is the
W/N the acts of Tagorda is advertising establishment of a well-merited reputation for professional capacity and fidelity to trust. This
cannot be forced but must be the outcome of character and conduct." (Canon 27, Code of
Held: Ethics.)
Yes, Tagorda is in a way advertising his services and this is contrary to the Canons of
Professional Ethics (wala pa yung code of professional responsibility, 1929 case to)
The most worthy and effective advertising for a lawyer is a well-merited reputation for 22 ULEP V LEGAL CLINIC
professional capacity.
Solicitation of business by circulars or advertisements, or by personal communications or FACTS:
interviews not warranted by personal relations, is unprofessional. Ulep prays the Supreme Court to order the Legal Clinic to cease, issuing advertisement
It is unprofessional for a lawyer to volunteer advice to bring lawsuit. similar to or of the same tenor as that of annexes A and B (p381). Legal Clinic admits the
Solicitation of cases result in the lowering of the confidence of the community and integrity of facts of publication of said advertisement that claims that it is not engage in the practice of
the members of the bar. It results in needless litigations and in incenting to strife. law but in the rendering of legal support services through paralegals with the use of modern
Tagorda suspended for a month. computers and electronic machine.

ISSUE:
21 DIR OF LEGAL AFFAIRS V BAYOT W/N the services offered by Legal Clinic as advertised by it constitutes practice of law
Whether the same can properly be the subject of the advertisement complained of
FACTS:
HELD:
According to the IBP, notwithstanding the manner by which respondent endeavored to
Bayot was charged with malpractice by publishing Marriagelicense promptly secured thru
distinguish the 2 terms, legal support services and legal services, common sense would
our assistance & the annoyance of delay or publicity avoided if desired, and marriage readily dictate that the same are essentially without substantial distinction. The use of the
arranged to wishes of parties. Consultation on any matter free for the poor. Everything name the Legal Clinic gives the impression that the respondent corporation is being managed
confidential. In the Sunday Tribune by lawyers and that it renders legal services. The advertisement in question is meant to
Bayot first denied the publication but later on admitted, and asked for mitigation saying: induce the performance of acts contrary to law, morals, public order and public policy. This is
in violation of Canon 1 Rule 1.02 that is counseling illegal activities.
o I only did it once. I wont repeat it again!

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Practice of law means any activity, in or out of court which requires that application of law,
legal procedures, knowledge, training and experience. Applying the case Cayetano vs. Held:
Monsod, the court agrees that the activities of the respondent Legal Clinic constitute the Yes.
practice of law. Such a conclusion will not be altered by the fact that respondent does not It is inconsequential that SJHAI never questioned the propriety of respondents continued
represent clients in court since law practice is not limited merely to court appearances.
representation of Durano-Rodriguez. The lack of opposition does not mean consent. As long
Regarding the issue on the validity of the questioned advertisements, the Code of Profession
as the lawyer represents 2 or more opposing clients, he is guilty of violating his oath.
Responsibility provides that a lawyer, in making known his legal services shall use only true,
honest, fair, and objective information or statement of facts. The proscription against His continued use of judge violated Rules 1.01 and 3.01. The penalty imposed on him in
advertising of legal services rests on the fundamental postulate that the practice of law is a the Zarate case forfeiture of all leave and retirement benefits and privileges: including the
profession. title judge. (he was a judge before, but he resigned instead of being booted out)
Exceptions: The title judge should be reserved only to judges, incumbent and retired, an not to those
o Publication in reputable law lists, in a manner consistent with the standards of who were dishonorably discharged from the service.
conduct imposed by the canon
o Ordinary, simple professional card. The card may contain only the statement of his
name, the law firm, address and branch of law practiced. 24 DIMATULAC v VILLON
Considering that Atty. Nogales who is the prime incorporator, major stockholder and
proprietor of the legal clinic is a member of the Philippine Bar, he is hereby reprimanded with Facts:
a warning that the repetition of the same or similar acts which are involved in this proceeding In the prosecution of the Yabuts for the murder of Dimatulac, the Office of the Public
will be dealt with more severely. Prosecutor (particularly the Asst Prosecutor) and two Judges (who handled the case)
committed serious procedural flaws resulting in the impairment of due process (prejudicial to
both the offended party and the accused).
23 SAN JOSE HOMEOWNERS V ROMANILLOS Procedural irregularities in the Office of the Provincial Prosecutor:
o Warrants of arrest were issued by the MCTC, with no bail recommended, but the
Facts: Yabuts were not arrested or were never brought unto the custody of the law. Yet,
This is a disbarment case against Atty. Roberto Romanillos, for representing conflicting Asst Fiscal Alfonso-Reyes conducted a reinvestigation. Though a prosecutor may
interests and for using the title Judge despite having been found guilty of grave and serious disagree with the findings of the judge who conducted the preliminary investigation
misconduct (in Zarate v Romanillos). (and conduct his own), the circumstance that the accused waived the filing of their
counter-affidavits left Alfonso-Reyes no other choice but to sustain the MCTC findings
Apparently, Romanillos was previously an active board member as corporate secretary of
which she did not do. And later on, Alfonso-Reyes allowed the Yabuts to file their
Durano Corp. Inc. (DCI). But it allowed itself to represent San Jose Homeowners Association, counter-affidavits without first demanding that they surrender by virtue of the
Inc (SJHAI) before the human Settlements Regulation Commission in a case against the same standing warrants of arrest.
DCI. o Alfonso-Reyes recommended a bond of 20k for the Yabuts despite the fact that they
Irrelevant info: the case above was an alleged violation of DCI of the Subdivision and were charged of homicide and that they were fugitives from justice (having avoided
Condominium Buyers Protection Act. DCI sold a land designated as a school site, without service of warrant of arrest).
disclosing it as such. (page 106) o Alfonso-Reyes was aware of the private prosecutions appeal to the DOJ from her
When SJHAIs petition over the land was denied, the SJHAIs Board terminated Romanillos resolution. (The subsequent resolution of the DOJ Secretary exposed her blatant
services. errors.) And despite the pending appeal, she filed the Information. It would be more
Also, Romanillos acted as counsel for Lydia Durano-Rodriguez who substituted for DCI. prudent to wait for the DOJ resolution.
o Office of the Prosecutor did not even inform the trial court of the pending appeal to
Thus, a disbarment case was filed for conflicting interests.
the DOJ Secretary.
The IBP handled the case, but he was merely reprimanded. Judge Rouras procedural lapses:
In spite of this, he still continued to serve as counsel for Durano-Rodriguez. Thus, a second o Deferred resolution on the motion for a hold departure order until such time that all
disbarment case was filed. It also included his use of judge although he was found guilty of the accused who are out on bail are arraigned
grave and serious misconduct. o Denied the motion to defer proceedings for the reason that private prosecution has
not shown any indication that the appeal was given due course by DOJ
Issue: Judge Villons procedural lapses:
W/N Romanillos should be disbarred

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

o Ordered arraignment despite: a motion to defer proceedings; a ten-day period with law requiring submission of reports regarding sales and disposal of stocks (what is required is
which the complainants can file petition with the CA; resolution of the CA ordering only submission of annual financial reports)
the Yabuts to comment on the complainants action; pending appeal with the DOJ. The Municipal Treasurer testified that there was never a public bidding hence if there is no
bidding then there could be no awarding by TRIESTE
Issue: Testimonial and documentary evidence both confirm that TRIESTE signed vouchers after
Can the orders of Judge Roura and Judge Villon be sustained despite procedural defects? payment and since what is contemplated in the Anti-Graft Law is the actual intervention in
the transaction which one has financial or pecuniary interest in, TRIESTE cannot be held liable
Held: under such Law
No. The orders of Judge Roura denying Motion to Defer proceedings are void and set aside. The order TRIGEN did not gain any undue advantage in the transaction such that there is no complaint
of Judge Villon on the arraignment, and the subsequent arraignment of the Yabuts are void and set for non-delivery, underdelivery or overpricing in the transactions
aside. Office of the Provincial Prosecutor is ordered to comply with the DOJ Secretarys resolution. Hence, TRIESTE should be acquitted

Prosecutors are the representatives not of an ordinary party to a controversy, but of a sovereignty NOTE
whose obligation to govern impartially is as compelling as its obligation to govern at all; and whose *Section 3. Corrupt Practices of Public Officers
interest in a criminal prosecution is not that it shall win every case but that justice be done. They are (h) Directly or indirectly having financial or pecuniary interest in any business, contract or
servants of the law whose two-fold aim is that guilt shall not escape and innocence shall not suffer. transaction in connection with which he intervenes or takes part in his official capacity, or in
which he is prohibited by the Constitution or by any law from having any interest
The judge should always be imbued with a high sense of duty and responsibility in the discharge of
his obligation to promptly and properly administer justice. The judges action must not impair the 26 TATAD v SANDIGANBAYAN
substantial rights of the accused, nor the right of the State and offended party.

When the State is deprived of due process in a criminal case by reason of grave abuse of discretion on Facts:
the part of the trial court, the acquittal of the accused or dismissal of the case is void.
Oct. 1974 Antonio de los Reyes, former Head Executive Assistant of the Department of
Public Information (DPI), filed a report to the Legal Panel of the Presidential Security
25 TRIESTE v SANDIGANBAYAN Command (PSC) containing charges of violations of RA30191 (Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices
Acts) against Sec. of DPI Francisco Tatad.
1979 Tatad had a falling out with then Pres. Marcos and the charges became widely known.
FACTS
TRIESTE was charged with 23 separate violations of the Anti Graft and Corrupt Practices Act* Dec. 12, 1979 a formal complaint was filed with the Tanodbayan
because while being the Municipal Mayor and member of the Committee on Award of the
Municipality of Numancia in Aklan and having financial or pecuniary interest in TRIGEN Agro- Apr. 1, 1980 Tanodbayan referred the complaint to the PSC for investigation and report.
Industrial Development Corporation, he awarded purchases of construction materials by the
June 16, 1980 report by PSC was submitted recommending the filing of charges for graft
said municipality from the said corporation and signing the vouchers as evidence of said
purchase and corruption.
The Sandiganbayan found TRIESTE guilty and sentenced him to suffer indeterminate penalty Oct. 25, 1982 all affidavits and counter-affidavits were in and the case was ready for
of imprisonment and perpetual disqualification disposition.
TRIESTE, in his defense, alleges that he signed the vouchers only after all the purchases had
already been made, delivered and paid for by the Municipal Treasurer hence he cannot be July 5, 1985 Tanodbayan issued a resolution calling for the filing of charges against Tatad in
guilty under the provisions of the Anti Graft and Corrupt Practices Act the Sandiganbayan. 5 informations were filed against Tatad in 1985.

ISSUE W/N TRIESTE IS GUILTY UNDER THE ANTI GRAFT AND CORRUPT PRACTICES Tatad now questions the propriety of the filing of charges. He alleges that his rights to due
ACT process and speedy disposition of cases have been violated.

HELD NO 1
(a) Giving DGroup, a private corporation owned by his brother in-law unwarranted benefits; (b) receiving a check from

RATIO Roberto Vallar, Gen. Manager of Amity Trading Corp., as consideration for the release of a check to the said corp. for printing
TRIESTE already sold his shares to a certain MRS TUASON before he assumed office and services rendered during the Constitutional Convention Referendum; and (c) failure to file his Statement of Assets and
despite the absence of it in the SEC records, the court finds this fact immaterial as there is no Liabilities.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Issue: Planters Machinery Corporation (PLAMACO) mortgaged to Traders Royal Bank (the Bank)
certain properties as security for the payment of its loan. PLAMACO defaulted in the payment
W/n Tatads rights to due process and speedy disposition of cases have been violated. of the loan so the Bank extrajudicially foreclosed the mortgage. At a foreclosure sale
Held: conducted by the sheriff, the property was sold to the bank, who was the sole bidder. A
certificate of Sheriffs sale was executed by Atty. Cioco, then clerk of Court and Ex-officio
SC says yes they were violated by the long delay in the termination of the preliminary Sheriff.
investigation by the Tanodbayan. Substantial adherence to the requirements of the law and Records disclose that page four of the said Certificate was surreptitiously substituted. The
substantial compliance with the time limitation prescribed by law is part of procedural due new page lowered the bid price from the original amount of P3, 263, 182.67 to only
process. P730,000. Cioco and the sheriff who conducted the sale had previously been administratively
charged and dismissed from service.
The case was ready for disposition as early as 1982 but the informations were only filed in Now, Atty.Cioco is sought to be disbarred. He argues that there was res adjudicata due to the
1985. A delay of close to 3 years can not be deemed reasonable or justifiable in the light of administrative case, and that disbarment was deemed adjudicated therein, thus he may now
the circumstance obtaining in the case at bar. The charges in the complaint, specially his longer be charged.
failure to file his Statement of Assets and Liabilities, are not that complicated to require 3
years before formal complaints are filed. Issue: W/N Cioco may be charged with disbarment (W/N res adjudicata appplies)

Held:
27 PNB v ATTY CEDO
Ciocos contention has no merit. Res adjudicata applies only to judicial or quasi-judicial
Facts: PNB filed a complaint against Atty. Cedo for violation of Rule 6.02 that states: A lawyer shall proceedings and not to the exercise of the Courts administrative powers, as in this case.
not, after leaving govt. service, accept engagement or employment in connection with any Disbarment has not been adjudicated in the previous case. Therein, Cioco was
matter which he had intervened with in said service. Cedo was the former Asst. Vice-President administratively proceeded against as an erring Court personnel under the supervisory
of the Asset management Group of PNB. authority of the court. Herein, Cioco is sought to be disciplined as a lawyer under the courts
During Cedos stint with PNB, he became involved in 2 transactions: 1.) sale of steel plenary authority over members of the legal profession.
sheets to Ms. Ong and 2.) intervened in the handling of a loan of spouses Almeda. When a civil While Cioco is in effect being indicted twice for the same misconduct, there is no double
action arose because of #1, Cedo, after leaving the bank appeared as one of the counsel of jeopardy as both proceedings are administrative in nature.
Ms. Ong. Also, when #2 was involved in a civil action, the Almedas were represented by the The general rule is that a lawyer who holds a government office may not be disciplined as a
law firm Cedo, Ferrer, Maynigo & Associates of which Cedo was a Senior Partner. member of the bar for misconduct in the discharge of his duties as a government official. The
Cedo claims that he did not participate in the litigation of Ms. Ongs case. He also exception is , if that misconduct affects his qualification as a lawyer or shows moral
claims that even if it was his law firm handling the Almeda case, the case was being handled delinquency.
by Atty. Ferrer. Ciocos participation in changing the bid price in the Certificate of Sheriffs Sale affects his
fitness as a member of the bar. He knows it is patently illegal to alter its contents after
Issue: W/N violated Rule 6.02. notarization, since it is already a public document.
Cioco is disbarred.
Held: Cedo violated Rule 6.02.
In the complexity of what is said in the course of dealings between the atty. and the 29 IGOY v SORIANO
client, inquiry of the nature suggested would lead to the revelation, in advance of the trial, of
other matters that might only further prejudice the complainant cause. Whatever may be said
as to w/n the atty. utilized against his former client information given to him in a professional FACTS:
capacity, the mere fact that their previous relationship should have precluded him from Igoy is one of the petitioners in the case of Heirs of Gavino Igoy, et al. vs. Mactan Shangrila
appearing as counsel for the other side. Hotel.
It is unprofessional to represent conflicting interests, except by express Eng. William Redoblado introduced Atty. Soriano to Igoy as a Justice of the CA.
consent of all the parties concerned after the disclosure of facts. A lawyer According to Igoys friend, Atty. Soriano will be able to help him in his case which is pending
represents conflicting interests when, in behalf of one client, it is his duty to in the CA
contend for that which duty to another client requires him to oppose. Atty. Soriano demanded from Igoy P20,000 but the former reminded the latter the he will only
be able to help in the case as soon as the case was lifted to the SC
28 DINSAY v CIOCO Igoys case received an unfavorable decision in the CA and Atty. Soriano offered to prepare
the Petition for Review to be filed in the SC.
Facts: Atty. Soriano asked for an additional P20,000

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Igoy send the amount by courier to the address of Atty. Soriano which was received by his 1987: PCGG filed a case against Lucio Tan and certain other people (basta marami sila). In
son. relation to this case, PCGG issued several writs of sequestration on properties allegedly
SC denied the petition for review of Igoy with finality acquired by the respondents by taking advantage of their close relationship and influence
Igoy later found out that Atty. Soriano is not a CA Justice and filed this complaint against Igoy with Marcos. Sandiganbayan heard the case.
in the SC Estelito Mendoza (Solicitor General during the time of Marcos) represented the respondents.
Arguments of Atty. Soriano: 1991: PCGG filed a motion to disqualify Mendoza, because of his participation in the
o It is unnatural for a person to give money to someone whom he does not know well liquidation of Genbank. Genbank (now Allied Bank) is one of the properties that PCGG is
and whom he met only for the first time seeking to be sequestered from the Lucion Tan group. PCGG invoked Rule 6.03 of the Code of
o The money was offered gratuitously by Igoy Professional Responsibility.
o it is impossible the Igoy handed the money to him on the SC parking lot for many Sandiganbayan denied PCGGs motion. According to the Sandiganbayan, Mendoza did not
employees were passing in that place take an adverse position to that taken on behalf of the Central Bank. And Mendozas
o it is not Eng. Redoblado who introduced him to Igoy but Mr. Taneo appearance as counsel was beyond the 1 year prohibitory period since he retired in 1986.
o if the SC finds that he is guilty, he will retire from the service
Atty. Soriano filed his letter of resignation/retirement under RA 1616 Issue:
ISSUE: W/N Rule 6.03 of the Code of Professional Responsibility apllies to Estelito Mendoza
W/N Atty. Soriano violated Canon 6, Rule 6.02 of the Code of Professional Responsibility
HELD: Held:
Yes! Atty. Soriano was dismissed from the service with forfeiture of all retirement benefits and No, it does not apply to Mendoza. Sandiganbayan decision is affirmed.
is suspended from the practice of law. The matter (see 3rd note), or the act of Mendoza as Solicitor General is advising the Central
Atty. Sorianos offer to resign was obviously an attempt to evade whatever penalty may be Bank on how to proceed with the liquidation of Genbank. This is not the matter
imposed on him. However, resignation will not extricate him form the consequences of his contemplated by Rule 6.03 of the Code of Professional Responsibility.
acts The matter involved in the liquidation of Genbank is entirely different from the matter
Resignation should not be used either as an escape or an easy way out to evade involved in the PCGG case against the Lucio Tan group.
administrative liability by court personnel facing administrative sanctions The intervention contemplated in Rule 6.03 should be substantial and important. The role of
To accept the claim of Soriano that the money was offered gratuitously will open the Mendoza in the liquidation of Genbank is considered insubstantial.
floodgates to fraud or graft and corruption. SC is even questioning why PCGG took such a long time to revive the motion to disqualify
Government lawyers who are public servants owe utmost fidelity to the public service for Mendoza. Apparently, PCGG already lost a lot of cases against Mendoza. Kyles interpretation:
public service is a public trust. Government lawyers should be more sensitive to their PCGG getting desperate
professional obligations as their reputable conduct is more likely to be magnified in the public Something to think about: SC is somehow of the opinion that Rule 6.03 will make it harder for
eye. the government to get good lawyers in the future to work for them because of the prohibition
The nature and responsibilities of public officers enshrined in the Constitution are not mere of accepting cases in the future that were related to ones work as a government counsel.
rhetorical words to be taken lightly as idealistic sentiments but as working standards and
attainable goals that should e matched with actual deeds. Concurring Opinions:
Panganiban & Carpio: the congruent interest prong of Rule 6.03 should have a prescriptive
30 PCGG v SANDIGANBAYAN period
Tinga: Rule 6.03 cannot apply retroactively to Mendoza (when he was Solicitor General, no
*kalokohan na kaso to, 140++ pages (disclaimer) main decision 28 pages lang Rule 6.03 yet)
** merong history of Rule 6.03 and other historical stuff sa case Bottom line, they are all questioning the unfairness of the rule if applied without any
prescriptive period and if applied retroactively
Facts:
1976: General Bank & Trust Company (Genbank) encountered financial difficulties. Central Notes:
Bank extended loans to Genbank in the hope of rehabilitating it (P310M). Nonetheless, Adverse-interest conflicts where the matter in which the former government lawyer
Genbank failed to recover. represents a client in private practice is substantially related to a matter that the lawyer
1977: Genbank was declared insolvent. A public bidding of Genbanks assets was held with dealt with while employed with the government and the interests of the current and former
the Lucio Tan Group winning the bid. Solicitor General Mendoza, representing the are adverse
government, intervened with the liquidation of Genbank. Congruent-interest conflicts the use of the word conflict is a misnomer, it does not involve
1986: after EDSA I, Cory established the PCGG to recover the ill-gotten wealth of Marcos, his conflicts at all, as it prohibits lawyers from representing a private person even if the interests
family and cronies. of the former government client and the new client are entirely parallel

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Matter any discrete, isolatable act as well as indentifiable transaction or conduct involving a
particular situation and specific party In this petition, Cuevas prays that he be allowed to take the lawyer's oath at the court's most
Intervention interference that may affect the interests of others convenient time.

Issue:
W/n Cuevas should be allowed to take the lawyers oath...
31 IN RE GALANG
Held:
FACTS: YES.
Ramon Galang has a pending criminal case of slight physical injuries in the City Court of His deliberate participation in the senseless beatings over a helpless neophyte shich resulted to the
Manila latter's untimely demise indicates absence of that moral fitness required for admission to the bar. The
He took the Bar Exams 7 times and was allowed to take the lawyers oath in 1972. BUT, he court nonetheless is willing to give Cuevas a chance in the same manner that it recently allowed Al
was allowed to do so only because he fraudulently concealed and withheld from the Court his Caparros Argosino (case sa legprof), petitioner's co-accused below, to take the lawyer's oath.
pending criminal case in 1962,63,64,66,67,69 and 71. And in 1966,67,69 and 71 he
committed perjury when he declared under oath that he had no pending criminal case in His discharge from probation without any infraction of the attendant conditions therefor and the
court various certification attesting to his righteous peaceful and civic-oriented character prove that he has
taken decisive steps to purge himself of his deficiency in moral character.
ISSUE: WoN Galang should be disbarred?
33 DIAO v MARTINEZ
HELD: YES!

RATIO: Facts:
1. It is well-settled in a long string of cases that concealment of an atty in his application to take Telesfor Diao was admitted to the Bar in 1953.
the Bar of the fact that he had been charged with, or indicted for,an alleged crime is a ground Two years after, Severino Martinez charged him for having falsely represented his application:
for revocation of his license to practice law. (Guilty of Fraud upon the Court) that he had the requisite academic qualifications.
2. Galangs persistent denial of his involvement in any criminal case (which he later admitted)
and his failure to clear his name for 13 years indicate his lack of the requisite attributes of
The Solicitor General investigated and recommended that Diaos name be erased from the
honesty, probity and good demeanor. He is therefore unworthy to be a lawyer. (he did not roll of attorneys.
offer any explanation for such omission). Diao has not completed BEFORE taking up law, the required pre-legal education prescribed
3. Among other grounds for disbarment: by the Department of Private Education:
a. Misrepresentations of, or false pretenses relative to, the reqt on applicants o Diao did not complete his HS training; and
educational attainment o Diao never attended Quisumbing College
b. Lack of good moral character Diao claims that he left HS in his third year, he entered the US Army, passed the General
c. Fraudulent passing of the Bar exams
Qualification Test, which according to him, is equivalent to a HS diploma, and upon return to
civilian life, the education authorities considered his army service as the equivalent of 3 rd and
32 IN RE CUEVAS
4th year HS.
Also, he claims that he really got his college diploma from Arellano University in April 1949.
Facts: He says he was erroneously certified, due to confusion, as a graduate of Quisumbing Collge,
Petitioner Arthur Cuevas Jr., recently passed the 1996 Bar Examinations. His oath taking was held in in his school records.
abeyance in view of the Court's resolution which permitted him to take the Bar Exams subject to the
condition that should he pass the same he shall not be allowed to take the lawyer's oath pending Issue:
approval of the court. This resolution was due to his previous conviction for Reckless Imprudence W/N Diao should be removed from the roll.
resulting in Homicide. The conviction stemmed from Cuevas' participation in the initiation rites of the
LEX TALIONIS FRATERNITAS, a fraternity in the SAN BEDA College of Law, where Raul Camaligan, a
neophyte, died as a result of personal violence inflicted upon him. Held:
Yes. Diaos name is removed from the roll.
Thereafter, petitioner applied for and was granted probation. He was later discharged from probation The error or confusion was to his own making. Had his application showed that he
and his case considered closed and terminated. graduated from Arellano, it would have showed that he took up law 6 months before

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

obtaining his Associate in Arts degree. He then would have not been permitted to take the In proceedings before the IBP Commission, LESLIE filed a motion to cite IRIS in contempt for
Bar. making false allegations in her Answer to impress upon the IBP that her 1 st child by CARLOS
Rule: That PREVIOUS to the study of law, he had successfully and satisfactorily completed was within wedlock
the required pre-legal education as prescribed by the Department of Education. o IRIS indicated in Answer she got married to CARLOS in Oct 22, 1985
The fact that he hurdled the bar is immaterial. Passing the bar is not the only qualification to o However, Certificate of Marriage certified by State Registrar revealed that date of
marriage was actually Oct 22, 1987
become an attorney-at-law; taking the prescribed courses of legal study in the regular
manner is equally essential.
ISSUE W/N IRIS SHOULD BE DISBARRED
34 CALUB v SULLER
HELD NO

RATIO
Facts:
Immorality
Atty Suller raped the wife of his neighbor Cristino Calub.
Requisites to admission to practice of law includes being a person of good moral character
A criminal complaint for rape was filed against Suller. A complaint for disbarment was also
and possession of such must be continuous
filed by Calub before the SC.
Loss of good moral character is a ground of revocation of the privilege of the practice of law
The CFI acquitted Suller for failure of the prosecution to prove guilt beyond reasonable doubt.
In the case at bar, IRIS was imprudent in her personal affairs
Circumstances existed which should have at least aroused her suspicion that something was
Issue:
Can Atty Suller be disbarred? amiss (i.e. not living together as husband and wife, children by another woman, etc) but she
did not do anything about it
Held: However, the fact remains that IRIS relationship with CARLOS was clothed with marriage and
Yes. Acquittal in a criminal case is not determinative of an administrative case for disbarment. A cannot be considered immoral
lawyer may be disbarred or suspended for misconduct, whether in his professional or private capacity, Moreover, such conduct to warrant disciplinary action must be grossly immoral that is so
which shows that he lacks moral character to continue as officer of the court. The rape by a lawyer of corrupt and false to constitute a criminal act or moral indifference to the opinion of
his neighbors wife constitutes such serious moral depravity. respectable members of the community
IRIS act of immediately distancing herself belies the alleged moral indifference and proves
35 UI v BONIFACIO she has no intention of flaunting the law
Hence, IRIS should not be disbarred
FACTS
LESLIES side of the story False allegation
o LESLIE Ui married CARLOS and had 4 children with him Any normal bride would recall date and year of marriage
o Subsquently, LESLIE found out CARLOS was having illicit relations with Atty IRIS Difficult to fathom how IRIS could forget the year of her marriage
Bonifacio and begot a daughter Moreover, any prudent lawyer would verify the information contained in an attachment to her
o CARLOS admitted this relationship with LESLIE who confronted IRIS pleading especially in this case since IRIS had personal knowledge of facts stated therein
o IRIS told LESLIE everything was over between her and CARLOS Hence, IRIS should be reprimanded for attaching marriage certificate with an altered date
o However, LESLIE found out later the illicit relations continued and IRIS even had 2 nd
child with CARLOS 36 ROYONG v OBLENA
o LESLIE filed a complaint for disbarment against IRIS on ground of immorality
IRIS side of the story
o Met CARLOS who represented himself as a bachelor with children by a Chinese FACTS:
woman with whom he had long been estranged Royong, the niece it the common-law wife of Oblena, filed a rape case against the latter.
o CARLOS and IRIS got married in Hawaii In her complaint, Royong alleged that in 1958 Oblena forced her to have intercourse with her
o Upon return to Manila, they did not live together because CARLOS wanted his and that she refrained to report the incident because Oblena threatened to kill her family.
children with the Chinese woman to gradually know and accept his marriage with As a result if the sexual intercourse, Royong gave birth to a child
IRIS Oblena denied all the allegations and argued that he and Royong had a relationship and
o When IRIS knew about the 1st marriage, she cut all ties with him Royong consented to have intercourse with him.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

The Solicitor General recommended that Oblena be permanently removed from the roll of 37 DE LOS REYES v AZNAR
attorney eventhough the acts of the Royong before and after the rape incident showed that
she is more of a sweetheart than a victim because of the circumstances behind the incident Facts: Delos Reyes filed a complaint against Atty. Aznar for gross immorality.
The Solicitor General also charged Oblena of falsifying and deliberately alleging in his It appears that Atty. Aznar raped Delos Reyes. From the evidence, it appears that
application in the bar in1958 that he is a person of good moral character while having an Aznar was the Chairman of the Board of Southwestern University.
illicit and adulterous relationship with Angeles who is not only the aunt of Royong but also Delos Reyes failed her Pathology subject. As such, she approached Aznar for
has a legal husband in the province reconsideration. Aznar assured her that she would pass. Despite her plea, she failed the
Oblena moved to dismiss the case because the offenses charged are different from those subject. Aznar told Delos Reyes that she should go with him to Manila or else she will flunk.
originally charged in the complaint but the court overruled his petition They went to Manila. After dining in a restaurant, Aznar raped her twice in the evening and
After the hearing, the investigators concluded that A.) Oblena used his knowledge in law to thrice the next morning inside the Ambassador Hotel.
commit immoral acts without incurring any criminal liability; B.) he committed gross Aznar denies all the allegations and says that when he went to Manila, he slept at the
immorality by continuously cohabiting with Angeles, his common-law wife, even after he house of his friends.
became a lawyer and C.) Oblena falsified the truth as to his good moral character in his
application to take the bar. Issue: W/N Aznar is guilty of gross misconduct.

ISSUE: Held: Aznar is guilty of gross misconduct.


W/N the illicit relationship with Royong and the open cohabitation with Angeles, a married The court agrees with the Sol. Gen.s finding that Aznar committed gross
woman, are sufficient grounds to cause Oblenas disbarment misconduct. While Aznar denied having taken Delos Reyes to the Ambassador Hotel and had
sexual intercourse with her, he did not present any evidence to show where he was on that
HELD: date. It is the duty of the lawyer, whenever his moral character is put into question,
YES! to satisfy the court that he is fit and proper to enjoy continued membership in the
Although Oblena is not yet convicted of the crime of rape, seduction or adultery and he is not bar. He cannot dispense with the high exacting moral standards of the profession.
Good moral character is a continuing qualification necessary to entitle on to
guilty of any of the grounds for disbarment enumerated in Sec 25, Rule 127 of the Rules of
continue in the practice of law
Court, the enumeration is not exclusive and the power of the court to exclude unworthy
members of the bar is inherent and is a necessary incident to the proper administration of
38 SOBERANO v VILLANUEVA
justice and can be exercised even without any statutory authority, in all cases unless properly
prohibited by statutes.
American jurisprudence provides that the continued possession of a good moral character is
Facts:
a requisite condition for the rightful continuance in the practice of law. The loss requires
Soberano filed a petition for disbarment alleging that after Atty. Villanueva had induced her to
suspension or disbarment eventhough the statues do not explicitly specify that as a ground of
take part in a fake wedding, the latter cohabited with her and later lived with her as husband
disbarment.
and wife. As a consequence of this, she bore him two children, and subsequently, Villanueva
Oblenas argument that he believed himself to be a person with good moral character when
abandoned them.
he filed his application to take the bar examination is wrong. Ones own approximation of
Soon thereafter, Soberano sent a letter to the court asking that no action be taken on her
himself is not a gauge of his moral character. Moral character is not a subjective term but
petition until her mother has arrived and decided whether it should push though.
one which corresponds to objective reality. Moral character is what the person really is and
Soberano sent another letter saying that her mother has arrived and that the case must case.
not what he other people thinks he is.
His pretension to wait for the 18th birthday of Royong before having carnal knowledge with Soberano again wrote a letter saying that the filing of the petition was not sincerely her own
her shows the scheming mind of Oblena and his taking advantage of his knowledge of the wish, and that she was finally withdrawing her complaint
law. the last letter written by Soberano to the court however, prayed that her motion to withdraw
Also, Royong is the niece of his common-law wife and he enjoyed moral ascendancy over her. the petition be denied, since Villanueva had procured the motion by means of threat and
Oblena took advantage of Royongs trust on him. intimidation.
Oblenas contention that the Solicitor General exceeded his authority in filing the present
Issue: W/N Villanueva should be disbarred
complain which is entirely different from the original complaint filed is untenable. There is
nothing in the law requiring the Solicitor General to charge in his complaint the same offence
Held: NO
charged in the original complaint. What the law provides is that if the Solicitor General finds
The letters of Soberano to Villanueva clearly indicated that intimate relations had existed
sufficient grounds to proceed against the respondent, he shall file the corresponding
complaint accompanied by the evidence introduced in his investigation. between them prior to the date when the alleged fake wedding occurred. These indicate that
there was o need for Villanueva to stage a fake wedding to induce Soberano to cohabit with
him.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Some of the letters showed that Soberano reminded him of his promise to marry her after he But Atty. Velasco is guilty of having an adulterous relationship with Matienza with whom he
passed the bar has 3 children all bearing his surname as seen in all the school records of the children.
As to whether the extra-marital relations between Soberano and Villanueva warrants Velasco violated Canon 1, Rule 1.101 by engaging in unlawful and immoral acts. Lawyers are
disciplinary action, SC held that in light of the circumstances in this case, these acts are burdened with the highest degree of social responsibility and thus must handle their personal
neither so corrupt as to constitute a criminal act, nor so unprincipled as to warrant a affairs with the greatest caution. Their exalted positions as officers of the court demand no
disbarment of disciplinary action. less than the highest degree of morality.
Also, distinguished members of the bar had attested to Villanuevas good moral character. What is more, Velasco violated one of the basic tenets of legal ethics by giving Rau Sheng the
One is no less than the Executive Judge of the CFI of Negros Occidental, where Villanueva is impression that he was in the position to influence the courts. Velasco claimed that he has
practices his profession. The other is the Dean Montemayor of the Ateneo College of Law. connections with judges and they were claiming money from Rau Sheng.
The last one is Hon. Guillermo Santos, former Chairman of Agricultural Tenancy Commission, A lawyer is duty bound to avoid improprieties which gave the appearance of influencing the
then Judge of CFI and Court of Agrarian Relations. courts and place the integrity of the administration of justice in peril.
No profession offers greater opportunity for public service than that of a lawyer. For the
39 RAO SHENG v VELASCO privilege conferred upon him, a lawyer was tasked with the equally greater responsibility of
upholding the ideals and ethics established.

FACTS: 40 OLBES v DECIEMBRE


Rau Sheng Mao is a Taiwanese national who engaged the services of Atty. Angeles Velasco as
his legal consultant and counsel of his company Foreign Investors Consultancy and Facts:
Management, Inc (FICMI). Spouses Olbes (Franklin & Lourdes) were employees of the Central Post Office in Manila. They
Haru Gen Beach Resort and Hotel Corporation ,represented by Atty, Velasco as its director filed this case for disbarment against Atty. Deciembre.
and stockholder, entered into a management agreement with FICMI Lourdes, with the help of Deciembre, acquired a loan from Rodela Loans in the amount of
Atty Velasco sold to Rau Sheng his 10,000 shares in Haru Gen for P1,000,000 but the former P10K.
refused to deliver the certificates to the Taiwanese despite complete payment made by the Lourdes then issued 5 PNB blank checks to respondent to serve as collateral.
Taiwanese Subsequently, Lourdes paid Deciembre the amount of the loan plus interest and surcharges.
Also, 3 lands of Atty. Velasco was bought by Rau Sheng for P3.3M with a remaining balance of Notwithstanding payment, Deciembre filled up the blank checks in the amount of P50k each.
P300,000, but Atty. Velasco still refused to deliver the titles Siyempre tumalbog yun mga cheke.
Rau Sheng filed an administrative case against Atty. Velasco. Rau Sheng presented as Deciembre then filed BP22 & estafa cases against the Olbes spouses.
evidence letters made by Atty. Velasco wherein the latter was asking money from the former Reklamo siyempre sila Olbes. They are even saying that some of their officemates suffered
to be given to judges hearing his cases the same fate under Deciembre.
An additional charge for immorality because of his illicit relationship with Lucy Matienzo who Investigating officer: Deciembres version of the facts is highly doubtful. There are
is not his legal wife was filed by Rau Sheng wherein he presented the baptismal certificate of discrepancies between his oral and written testimonies.
Jenny Velasco which listed Atty. Velasco as its father together with the affidavits of several
people confirming Velascos illicit relationship with Lucy as evidence Issue:
Atty. Velasco denied all the allegations of Rau Sheng with these arguments: W/N Deciembre should face disciplinary sanctions
o He could not deceive Rau Sheng for the Taiwanese was always represented in all
their transactions by Atty. Purog Held:
o He refused to deliver the certificate of stocks and the land titles because of the Rau Siyempre! He is in violation of Rule 7.03
Shengs incomplete payment of the purchase price He committed falsification when he filled up the blank checks even if this was not agreed
o As to the immorality claim, Atty. Velasco presented affidavits of his wife and Lucy upon and despite knowledge that the loan had already been paid.
Matienzo He even filed BP22 cases against the couple. This shows the vileness and wretchedness of his
ISSUE: soul. Franklin was even detained for 3 months because of the cases.
W/N Atty. Velasco is guilty of all the allegations made by Rau Sheng Deciembre is found to be lacking good moral character. Good moral character includes at
HELD: least common honesty.
YES! Atty. Velasco was found guilty of the having illicit relationship with Matieza and giving The penalty recommended by the IBP of suspension for 2 years is too mild. Deciembre is
Rau Sheng the impression that he was in the position to influence the court and he was suspended from the practice of law indefinitely.
ordered suspended from the practice of law for 2 years
The court found it unlikely that Rau Sheng was deceived by Atty. Velasco in all their 41 GRANDE v DA SILVA
transactions for he was always represented by Atty. Purog in all the dealings

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Issue:
FACTS: W/n Palma should be disbarred...
Emilio Grande is the private offended party (of estafa and BP 22) against a certain Sergio
Natividad, the client of Atty. De Silva Held:
De Silva tendered a check to Grande as settlement of the civil aspect of the case. YES.
The check was returned with the notation that the ACCT CLOSED There is no distinction as to whether the transgression is committed in the lawyer's professional
Grande filed a suit against De Silva for violation of BP 22 and Estafa (sha naman ang capacity or in his private life. Professional competency alone does not make a lawyer worthy member
nakasuhan tuloy hehe) of the Bar. Good moral character is always an indispensabel requirement.
De Silva refused to comment on notices of complaints sent to her.
IBP recommended that de Silva be suspended for two years. The truth is respondent married Lisa while he has a subsisting marriage with Elizabeth Herosisima.
Therefore he exhibited a deplorable lack of that degree of morality required of him as a member of the
ISSUE: WoN de Silva should be suspended? bar. Respondent's culpability is aggravated by the fact that Lisa was just 22 years old and was under
psychological treatment for emotional immaturity.
HELD: YES
The subsequent judgment of annullment of marriage has no bearing to the instant disbarment
RATIO: proceeding. A disbarment case is sui generis for it is an investigation by the court into the conduct of
1. The nature of the office of an atty requires that a lawyer shall be a person of good moral its officers.
character. Gross misconduct which puts the lawyers moral character in serious doubt may
render her unfit to continue in the practice of law. A lawyer may be disciplined for evading 43 REYES v CHIONG JR.
payment of a debt validly incurred. The loss of moral character of a lawyer for any reason
whatsoever shall warrant her suspension or disbarment. Facts:
2. Any wrongdoing which indicates moral unfitness for the profession, whether it be professional Atty. Ramon Reyes counsel for Zonggi Xu.
or non-pro, justifies disciplinary action. For a lawyers professional and personal conduct must Atty. Victoriano Chiong, Jr for Chia Hsien Pan.
at all times be kept beyond reproach and above suspicion.
Xu, a Chinese-Taiwanese went into a business venture with Pan. Pan was supposed to set up
Her deliberate refusal to accept the notices served on her stains the nobility of the profession. How
a Cebu-based fishball, tempura and seafood products factory. He did not establish it, and so
else would a lawyer endeavor to serve justice and uphold the law when she disdains to follow even
Xu asked that his money be returned.
simple directives. Also, Canon 1 says that a lawyer shall uphold the consti, obey the laws of the land
and promote respect for the legal processes. Xu then filed a case of estafa against Pan. Prosecutor Salanga then issued a subpoena
against Pan.
42 COJUANGCO v PALMA Atty. Chiong then filed a motion to quash, but he also filed a civil complaint for the collection
of a sum of money and damages as well as for the dissolution of a business venture against
Xu, Atty Reyes, and Prosecutor Salanga.
Facts: He alleged that Salanga was impleaded as an additional defendant because of the
Complainant Cojuangco wa a client of Angara Concepcion Regala and Cruz Law Offices and Palma was
irregularities the latter had committed in conducting the criminal investigation he still filed
the lawyer assigned to handle his cases. Palma's relationship with the Cojuangcos became intimate.
the complaint against Pan in spite of Pans motions.
He frequented theis house and even tutored Cojuangco's 22-year old daughter Maria Luis Cojuangco.
Atty. Reyes was allegedly impleaded because he allegedly connived with Xu in filing the
Wihtout the knowledge of complainant Cojuangco's family, Palma married Lisa in Hongkong. It was estafa case which was baseless.
only the next day that Palma informed complainant of such fact. Complainant was shocked, knowing IBP recommended that Chiong be suspended for 2 years.
fully well that Palma is a married man and has 3 children.
Issue:
Complainant filed with CFI a petition for declaration of nullity of the marriage between respondent W/N Chiong should be suspended.
Palma and Lisa. CFI delared that marriage null and void. Thereafter, Cojuangco fileed with the SC the
instant complaint for disbarment.
Held:
Meanwhile, the first division of SC issued a resolution setting aside the CFI Decision declaring the Yes.
marriage null and void and remanding the case to the CFI for proper proceeding. To this date, the
records fail to disclose the outcome of this case.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Canon 8 of the Code of Professional Responsibility provides that a lawyer shall conduct 9 students of AMA were expelled for having apparently caused to be published objectionable
himself with courtesy, fairness and candor towards his professional colleagues, and shall features or articles in the school paper
avoid harassing tactics against opposing counsel. Denial of the appeal to AMA President Aguiluz gave rise to Civil Case 97-30549
If Chiong believed that the two had conspired to act illegally, he could have instituted CAMACHO was the hired counsel of the expelled students in an action for the Issuance of a
Writ of Preliminary Mandatory Injuction in the said civil case
disbarment proceedings.
While the civil case was still pending, letters of apology and Re-admission Agreements were
As a lawyer, Chiong should have advised his client of the availability of these remedies. Thus
separately executed by the expelled students without the knowledge of CAMACHO
the filing of the cases had no justification. CAMACHO filed a complaint against lawyers comprising the PANGULAYAN AND ASSOCIATES
Lawyers should treat their opposing counsels and other lawyers with courtesy, dignity and Law Firm (lawyers of AMA) because without his knowledge they procured and effected on
civility. separate occasions compromise agreements (letters of apology and Re-admission
Any undue ill feeling between clients should not influence counsels in their conduct and Agreements) with 4 of his clients which in effect required them to waive all kinds of claims
demeanor toward each other. they may have with AMA
CAMACHO averred that such an act was unbecoming of any member of the legal profession
44 ALCANTARA v PEFIANCO warranting either disbarment or suspension
PANGULAYAN in his defense claimed that the agreements were executed for the sole purpose
Facts: of effecting the settlement of an administrative case
Atty Pefianco is counsel in a criminal case. One day the private offended party went to the
Public Attorneys Office to have her civil claims (in the criminal case) settled. Atty Salvani ISSUE W/N PANGULAYAN AND ASSOCIATES SHOULD BE SUSPENDED/DISBARRED
attended to her.
While Atty. Salvani was talking to the woman, Atty Pefianco shouted at them and questioned HELD YES
the actions of the woman (pertaining to the settlement).
Atty Pefianco was asked to calm down but he did not refrain from his outburst. District Public RATIO
Attorney Alcantara, as head of the agency, talked to Pefianco. It would appear that when individual letters of apology and Re-admission Agreements were
But Pefianco called Alcantara an idiot and a stupid (loud enough for other people to hear). A formalized, CAMACHO was already the retained counsel of the expelled AMA students
commotion in the office ensued (Pefianco even tried to attack Alcantara). PANGULAYAN and associates having full knowledge of this fact still proceeded to negotiate
A complaint was filed against Pefianco for conduct unbecoming of a lawyer and for using with the expelled AMA students and their parents without at least communicating the matter
improper and offensive language. to their lawyer CAMACHO
Pefianco says that he was just moved by the sight of a crying woman whose husband had This failure of PANGULAYAN and associates, whether by design or oversight, is an excusable
been murdered. He also averred that it was Alcantara who punched him and called him violation of the canons of profession ethics and in utter disregard of a duty owing to a
stupid. colleague
The excuse that agreements were executed for settling the administrative case was belied by
Issue: the Manifestation which states 9 signatories agreed among others to terminate ALL civil,
Did Pefianco violate the Code of Professional Responsibility? criminal and administrative proceedings they may have against AMA arising from their
previous dismissal
Held: Hence, PANGULAYAN should be suspended for 3 months
Yes. Pefianco violated Canon 8 of the Code which requires lawyers to conduct themselves with
courtesy, fairness and candor toward their fellow lawyers. It was Pefiancos meddling in a matter in DOCTRINE
which he had no right to do so that caused the untoward incident (shouting at Salvani and the A lawyers should not in any way communicate upon the subject of controversy with a party
woman). Though he thought that this is righteous, his public behavior can only bring down the legal represented by counsel, much less should he undertake to negotiate or compromise the matter with
profession in the eyes of the public and erode respect for it. him but should only deal with his counsel. It is incumbent upon the lawyer most particularly to avoid
everything that may tend to mislead a party not represented by counsel and he should not undertake
Atty Pefianco was fined and reprimanded. to advise him as to law.

45 CAMACHO v PANGULAYAN 46 TORRES v JAVIER

FACTS Facts:

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

This is an administrative case filed by Atty. Ireneo Torres against Atty. Jose Javier for Atty. denies all the allegations. She says that her firm is a sole-proprietorship; hence,
malpractice, gross misconduct in office as an attorney and/or violation of the lawyers oath. she had no partners in her law office.
There were 3 causes of action
First, the allegations stem from statements/remarks made by Javier in the pleadings he filed Issue: W/N the lawyer is guilty of cooperating in the illegal practice of law.
in a petition for audit of all funds of the University of the East Faculty Association (UEFA)
(Torres is the President). Javier implied that Torres had a motive to burglarize the office of Held: The lawyer is guilty.
UEFA to get certain documents. The court agrees with the finding of the Commissioner on Bar Discipline. According
Second, Torres alleges that Javier used language that was clearly abusive, offensive, and to the Commissioner, Atty. cooperated in illegal practice, in violation of Rule 9.01 based on the
improper, inconsistent with the character of an attorney as a quasi-judicial officer. This was ff. evidence: (1) letterhead of Cristal-Tenorio Law office, with Felicisimo as senior partner, (2)
with regard to Javiers Reply to Respondents Answer/Comment in the attorneys fees case Sagip Radio Comm. Group card of Atty. Felicisimo Tenorio (3) an ordered by the MTCC where
where Javier made a comment on the intellectual capacity of Torres. Felicisimo entered his appearance as counsel.
Third, Torres finds fault in Javiers statement that implies that it is normal for notaries public Any lawyer who allows a non-member of the Bar to misrepresent himself as a lawyer
to let their relatives sign the documents for them. Torres says that this statement is is guilty of violating rule 9.01. The lawyers duty to prevent or not assist in the unauthorized
demeaning to the legal profession and the notarial service. practice of law is founded on public interest and policy. The purpose is to protect the public,
IBP found Javier guilty and reprimanded him. the client, the bar, and the court from the incompetence and dishonesty of those unlicensed
Issue: to practice.
W/n Javier should be held liable for his acts.
Held: 48 TAN TEK BENG v DAVID
SC says only as regards the second cause of action. The court made mention that it is well
Facts:
entrenched in Philippine jurisprudence that for reasons of public policy, utterances made in
Tan Tek Beng is a non-lawyer while David is a lawyer. David drafted a contract signed by him
the course of judicial proceedings, including all kinds of pleadings, petitions and motions, are
absolutely privileged so long as they are pertinent and relevant to the subject inquiry, and Tan Tek Beng stating among others that On all commissions and attorneys fees that we
however false or malicious they may be. shall receive from our clients, we shall divide fifty-fifty. In the same contract, David also
For the first cause of action, the SC held that such statements made by Javier were necessary agreed not to deal directly with their clients.
The business relationship between David and Tan Tek Beng did not last since there were
in order to resolve the petition for audit filed. These statements give a possible scenario as
to the reason for the burglary in the UEFA office. As to the third cause of action, the SC gave mutual accusations of doublecross.
Javier the benefit of the doubt that he issued these statements only in the defense of his Tan Tek Beng accused David of not complying with the agreement and denounced the latter
client. to then Presidential Assistant Ronaldo Zamora, to the Office of Civil Relations at Camp Crame,
As to the second (for which the SC found Javier guilty), the Court ruled that the statements and to the Supreme Court. He did not file any action to enforce the agreement.
made regarding Torres intellectual aptitude were not relevant to the attorneys fees case. While the case was being investigated by the Solicitor General, Tan Tak Beng died. This case
The issue in the said case was whether the 10% attorneys fees checked off from the initial was submitted for decision.
backwages/salaries of UEFA members is legal (I dont really understand this pero yan lang
yun nakalagay). Issue:
The SC pointed out that Canon 8 of the Code of Professional Responsibility instructs that W/N the agreement was valid.
respondents arguments in his pleadings should be gracious to both the court and opposing
counsel and be of such words as may be properly addressed by one gentleman to another. Held: NO.
Javier has disobeyed such mandate and is thus suspended from the practice of law for 1 The agreement is void because it was tantamount to malpractice which is the practice of
month. soliciting cases at law for the purpose of gain, either personally or through paid agents or
brokers. This meaning is in consonance with the principle that the practice of law is a
profession, not a business.
47 CAMBALIZA v CRISTOBAL-TENORIO The commercialization of law practice is condemned in certain canons of professional ethics
adopted by the American Bar Association:
Facts: Cambaliza, a former employee of Atty. Cristal-Tenorio, charged the latter with grossly immoral 34. No division of fees for legal services is proper, except with another lawyer,
conduct. Cambaliza alleged that Atty. has been falsely representing herself to be married to based upon a division of service or responsibility.
Felicisimo Tenorio, when in fact Felicisimo was already married to another woman (Atty. got a 35. The professional services of a lawyer should not be controlled or exploited by
fake marriage license.). She also alleges that the Atty. caused the dissemination to the public any law agency, personal or corporate, which intervenes between client and
of a libelous affidavit against a Makati Councilor. At the helm of her complaint was the lawyer
allegation that the Atty. cooperated in the illegal practice of law by her husband Felicisimo, David should have known better than to enter and act upon such void and unethical
who is not a member of the bar. agreement.

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He is reprimanded for being guilty of malpractice.


Issue:
49 PEOPLE v DE LUNA W/N appearance before the PPO constitutes or is included in the practice of law

Held:
FACTS: Yes, it is still within the ambit practice of law. Agrava is in excess of his jurisdiction when he
De Luna, ET al., respondents, know that they did not pass the bas examination. Although requires an additional examination for lawyers.
they sought admission under the Bar Flunkers Act, they were notified of the decision of the The SC has the exclusive and constitutional power with respect to admission to the practice
SC denying their petitions. But notwithstanding their disqualification to be admitted to the of law in the Philippines.
bar, they took their oaths as lawyers before a notary public and formally advised the SC of The practice of law embraces any activity, in or out of court, which requires the application of
such oath taking and that they will engage in the practice of law in all courts of the law, legal principle, practice or procedure and calls for legal knowledge, training and
Philippines experience.
RTC: not guilty of contempt of court unless the respondents actually engaged in the Although it is admitted that there is some technicality involved in the work for PPO, but
practice of law or held out to the public that they are lawyers by means of circulars everything still goes back to the Patent law as well as other laws.
As to Agravas contention that he has the authority just like his US counterpart, this
ISSUE: contention is wrong. The Phil. Patent law and the US Patent law are different as to the
W/N the act of the respondents of taking their oath before a notary public constitutes sections involving the powers of the director. Nowhere in the Philippine law is it provided for
contempt of court that the director has the power to require additional examinations for attorneys.

HELD: 51 SANTOS v LLAMAS


YES!
The oath as lawyer is a prerequisite to the practice of law and may be taken only before the FACTS:
SC by those authorized by the latter to engage in such practice. Soliman Santos, a member of the Bar filed a complaint for misrepresentation and non-
Respondents clearly defied and challenged the orders of the SC by willfully taking the payment of bar membership dues against Atty. Francisco Llamas
lawyers oath before the notary public despite the resolution of the SC denying their petition Santos bases his claims on the grounds that 1) Llamas has been dismissed as Pasay City
to be admitted to the bar. Judge and 2) his conviction for estafa
The ruling of the lower court is wrong for assuming to be an attorney, x x x, and acting as Llamas contends that 1) his dismissal was reversed and set aside 2) that his principal
such without authority, is only one of the grounds under Rule 64, section 3. occupation was a farm, which he had declared in his Income Tax Return. And moreover, since
Also, by taking the oath of office as attorney-at-law and notifying the SC of what they had he was a senior citizen, he was exempt in paying (in pursuant to Sec 4, RA 7432),and that
done and their intent to practice law in all courts of the Philippines, the respondents had, for Llamas believed in good faith that he is only allowed a limited practice
all intent and purposes, held out to the public as such as attorney-at-law
The case is remanded to the court of origin ISSUE: WoN Llamas can be held administratively liable?

50 PHILIPPINE LAWYERS v AGRAVA HELD: YES.

RATIO:
Facts: 1) a lawyer by indicating BP- Rizal xxxx in his pleadings, thereby misrepresenting to the public
Agrava is the Director of the Philippines Patent Office (PPO). and the courts that he had paid his IBP due, is guilty of violating
Agrava issued a circular announcing that there will be an examination to determine who are a. Rule 1.01 A lawyer shall not engage in unlawful, dishonet, immoral or deceitful
qualified to practice as patent attorneys before the PPO. conduct
Phil. Lawyers Assoc. (PLA) filed this case for prohibition and injunction against Agrava. b. Canon 7- A lawyer shall at all timed uphold the integrity and dignity of the legal
PLA: one who passes the bar is licensed to practice law and is qualified to practice before the profession, and support the activities of the IBP
PPO. Agrava is in excess of his jurisdiction in issuing the additional qualification c. Canon 10 A lawyer owes candor, fairness and good faith to the Court
Agrava: prosecution of patent cases does not involve entirely or purely the practice of law but d. Rule 10.01- A lawyer shall not do any falsehood, nor consent to the doing of any
includes the application of scientific and technical knowledge. That like his US counterpart, he court, nor shall he mislead or allow the court to be misled by an artifice
can require additional requirements to practice before the PPO. 2) a lawyers failure to pay his IBP dues and his misrepresentation in the pleadings that he filed in
Take note Agrava has been issuing examinations before but it was only now that this power court indeed merit the most severe penalty --- HOWEVER, in view of Llamasadvanced age, his express
has been contended willingness to pay his dues and plea for a more temperate application of the law, the Court held a
penalty of 1 year suspension or until he paid his dues, as appropriate.

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52 FAR EASTERN SHIPPING v CA The original members of the legal tean of the OSG are admonished and warned tha a repetition shall
also be dealt with more stringently.

Facts: Baka lang itanong kung ano ruling: The decision of the CA is affirmed. Gavino, MPA and FESC are
M/V Pavlodar owned and operated by the Far Eastern Shipping Company (FESC) arrived at the port of declared solidarily liable with MPA entitled to reimbursement from Gavino for such amount of the
Manila. Senen Gavino was assigned by the Manila Pilot's Association (MPA) to conduct docking adjudged pecuniary liability in excess of the amount equivalent to 75% of its prescribed reserved fund.
manuevers for the safe berthing of the vessel. Gavino stationed himself in the bridge, with the
master of the vessel, Victor Kavankov, beside him. 53 COMELEC v NOYNAY

When the vessel was already about 2000 feet from the pier, Gavino ordered the anchor dropped. Facts:
Kavankov relayed the orders to the crew of the vessel. However the anchor did not hold as expected. Judge Tomas Noynay ordered the records of a certain election case to be withdrawn and
The speed of the vessel did not slacken. A commotion ensued between the crew members. When directed to the Comelec.
Gavino inquired about the commotion, Kavankov assured Gavino that there was nothing to it. The case was against Diosdada Amor, a public school principal and other public school
teachers for having violated the Omnibus Election Code: for having engaged in partisan
The bow of the vessel rammed into the apron of the pier causing considerable damage to the pier. political activities.
PPA filed a complaint for a sum of money against FESC, Gavino and MPA. CA ruled in favor of PPA Comelec wanted to prosecute Amor et al. (This case is irrelevant to the main case)
holding them liable with MPA (employer of Kavankov) entitled to Apparently, the maximum imposable penalty in each of the cases does not exceed 6 years.
reimbursement from Gavino. The judge dismissed the cases, using as basis the Judiciary Reorganization Act: Not
exceeding 6 years, not with RTC but with MTC.
Issue: But the Omnibus Election Code states that the regional trial court shall have the exclusive
Are the counsels for the parties committed acts which require the exercise of the court's disciplinary jurisdiction to try and decide any criminal action or proceedings for violation of this code
powers? XXX
A closer reading of the Judiciary Reorganization Act (in its first sentence says): Except in
Held:
cases falling within the original jurisdiction of the Regional Trial Court XXX
YES. The records show that the law firm of Del Rosario and Del Rosario thru its associate, Atty Tria, is
The Omnibus Election Code is an older law v the Judiciary Election Act
the the counsel of record for FESC in both GR no 130068 and GR no 130150. GR 130068 which is
Judge Noynay did not read at all the opening sentence of the Judiciary Election Act when he
assigned to the Court's second division, commenced with the filing of a verified motion for extension
dismissed the cases.
of time which contained a certification against forum shopping signed by counsel Tria stating that to
the best of his
Comelecs lawyer was Atty. Jose Balbuena from the Comelec legal department.
knowledge there is no action or proceeding pending in the SC, CA or any other tribunal.
In his Motion for Reconsideration (see p 263), he quoted the memorandum of te Court
Reviewing the records, the court finds that the petition filed by MPA in GR no, 130150 then pending Administrator (not the SC) and made it appear that these were the words of the SC.
with the third division was duly filed with a copy thereof furnished by registered mail to counsel for He cited a case, but erroneously:
FESC (atty Tria). It would be fair to conclude that when FESC filed its petition GR no 130068, it would o What he used: Alberto Naldeza/Alberto
aready have received a copy of the copy of the petition by MPA. It wa therefore encumbent upon FESC o Alberto Naldoza
to inform the court of the pending action. But considering that it was a superfluity at that stage of the He said the case was in volume 245 of the SCRA, but it was really in volume 254.
proceeding , it being unnecessary to file such certification of non forum shopping with a mere motion
for extension, the court disregarded such error. Issue:
W/N Judge Noynay has the jurisdiction to handle the election cases in his sala.
On the other hand it took the OSG, representing PPA, an ordinately and unreasonably long period of
time to file its comment, thus unduly delaying the resolution of these cases. In GR no 130068, it took Held:
210 days before the OSG filed its comment. FESC was not even furnished with a copy. In Gr no (RC Note: parts of the SC decision were in the Facts portion, since you will not understand
130150 it took 180 days before comment was filed. This disinclination of the OSG to seasonably file the case if I placed it in the bottom
required pleadings constitutes deplorable disservice to the public and can only be categorized as Yes.
inefficiency on the part of the govt law office. Judge Noynay and Atty. Balbuena should also be admonished.
The judge should be reminded of his duty to be studious of the principles of law, to
Counsel for FESC, the law firm of Del Rosario and Del Rosario, specifically its asscociate Tria is administer his office with due regard to the integrity of the system of the law itself, to be
reprimaded and warned that a repetition of the same acts shall be dealt with severely. faithful to the law, and to maintain professional competence.

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Balbuena should also be admonished for his utter carelessness in his references. o They immediately fetched accused from Cavite and brought him to NBI to voluntarily
Rule 10.02 mandates that a lawyer shall not knowingly misquote or misrepresent the text of a surrender
decision or authority. o However, due to heavy traffic, they arrived at NBI at 2am the next day
o That was why the Certificate of Detention indicated that the accused surrendered on
54 RIVERA v CORRAL Dec 14, 2000 and not 13
o As to lack of notice, YOUNG being a private prosecutor, is not entitled to such as
only the State and City prosecutors should be given notices
Facts: Investigating Commissioner recommended suspension of 6 months
A decision in a case for ejectment was sent to Atty Corral. His secretary received the decision IBP Commission on Bar Discipline in a resolution approved said recommendation
on Feb 23, 1990.
On March 13, 1990 Atty Corral filed a notice of appeal. The next day, Corral went to the ISSUE W/N BATUEGAS, ET AL ARE GUILTY OF FALSEHOOD AND SHOULD BE
Office of the Clerk of Court to change the date of receipt of the decision from Feb 23 to Feb SUSPENDED
29 (which was later changed to Feb 28 when Corral realized that there was no Feb 29 that
year). Para hindi siya ma-disqualify ng 15-day appeal period. HELD YES, CONCEALED TRUTH
Rivera filed a complaint for disbarment against Atty Corral for tampering the courts records
without such courts permission or knowledge. RATIO
The IBP investigating committee affirmed the charges and recommended suspension. Later A lawyer must be a disciple of truth
on, the IBP Board ordered Corrals suspension. He swore upon his admission that he will do no falsehood nor consent to the doing of any in
Corral claims he was not afforded due process or hearing. court
As officer of the court, his high vocation is to correctly inform the court upon the law and
Issue: facts of the case to aid it in arriving at the correct conclusion
Can Atty Corral be suspended? The courts, on the other hand, are entitled to expect only complete honesty from lawyers
appearing and pleading before them
Held: His a lawyers solemn duty is to defend his client, his conduct must never be at the expense
Yes. Contrary to Corrals claim that he was not afforded due process, he was in fact given the of truth
opportunity to present his evidence during the course of the proceedings. According to the records,
the hearings had to be rescheduled several times to accommodate his requests. But he did not appear In the case at bar, BATUEGAS, et al feel short of the duties and responsibilities expected of
on the scheduled hearings. He cannot now claim that he was denied due process. them as members of the bar
It should be remembered that the essence of due process is simply an opportunity to be heard. Anticipating that their Motion for Bail will be denied by the Court found that it had no
jurisdiction over the person of the accused, they craftily concealed the truth alleging that the
The Court finds that Atty Corral violated his oath by engaging in unlawful, dishonest, or deceitful accused had voluntarily surrendered
conduct. By altering the material dates to make it appear that the notice of appeal was timely filed, To knowingly allege an untrue statement in the pleading is a contemptuous conduct that the
Corral committed an act of dishonesty. A suspension for 1 year is warranted. Court strongly condemns
BATUEGAS, et al violated their oath when they resorted to deception
55 YOUNG v BATUEGAS
Hence, BATUEGAS, et al should be suspended for 6 months

56 HUEYSUWAN FLORIDO v FLORIDO


FACTS
YOUNG is the private prosecutor in People of the Phil v Arana
BATUEGAS, et al are the counsels for the accused in the said criminal case
Facts:
On Dec 13, 2000, BATUEGAS filed a Manifestation with Motion for Bail alleging that the
accused has voluntarily surrendered to a person in authority and, as such, is now under
Natasha Hueysuwan-Florido (H-F) filed this administrative complaint against her husband
detention
Upon verification with the NBI, YOUNG discovered that the accused surrendered on Dec 14, James Florido for violating his oath as a lawyer by manufacturing, flaunting and usng a
2000 (not 13) spurious and bogus CA resolution/order.
BATUEGAS, et al in their defense alleged that
o On Dec 13, 2000, upon learning that a warrant of arrest was issued against their H-F admits that she and her husband live separately. They have two children. Sometime in
client, they filed a Manifestation with Motion for Bail
Dec. 2001, Florido went to H-Fs house and showed her a photocopy of a resolution issued by

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the CA apparently giving to Florido the legal custody of their children. H-F doubted the agencies, if the act of the justices is lawful, it is the act of the Supreme Court, and if the act of
the judges is not lawful, it is not the act of the Supreme Court. As such, Atty. Paguia asserts
authenticity of the CA resolution so she did not give her children to Florido. that the decision in Estrada vs. Arroyo being unlawful in view of Rule 5.10 of Code of Judicial
Conduct, is not the act of the SC.
Then in 2002, while H-F and her children were in the ABC Learning Center, Florido arrived Atty. Paguia repeated his assault on the court in both broadcast and print media. For
accompanied by armed men. Florido demanded that H-F surrender custody of their children that reason, the court asked him to show cause why he should not be sanctioned.
to him. H-F, fearing for her childrens safety, called the police. In the police station, H-F Issue: W/N Atty. Paguia should be sanctioned for conduct unbecoming.
agreed to let the children sleep with Florido just for one night at a hotel. But when H-F heard
Held: Atty. Paguia is sanctioned. He is indefinitely suspended from practice of law.
of news that Florido was planning to take the children to Bacolod, she immediately took them
Canon 11 of the Code of Professional Responsibility mandates the lawyer should
away. observe and maintain the respect due to the courts and judicial officers. In liberally imputing
sinister and devious motives and questioning the impartiality, integrity, and authority of the
Florido then filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus on the basis of the CA resolution he members of the court, Atty. Paguia has only succeeded seeking to impede, obstruct and
presented to H-F earlier. This petition was dismissed because Florido did not appear and H-F pervert the dispensation of justice.
Atty. Paguia has also been called to the mandate of Rule 13.02 of the Code of
presented a certification from the CA that there was no resolution granting Florido with legal Professional Responsibility prohibiting a member of the bar from making such public
custody of their children. statements on a case that may tend to arouse public opinion for or against a party.

Thus, this present action. The IBP has recommended that Florido be suspended from the 58 TIONGCO v AGUILAR
(Canon 10 Morada)
practice of law for 6 years.
Facts:
Issue: Atty. Tiongco filed a petition with the Supreme Court for a review of a lower courts decision.
The petition contained malicious and intemperate language. Tiongco stated that the decision
W/n Florido should be held liable for his actions.
of the trial court Judge was crafted to fool the winning party, a hypocritical judgment in
plaintiffs favor, it was the devil who dictated it, the Judge was confused, being born and
Held: raised amongst the non-propertied class
Tiongco also filed a pleading with the SC stating that it is hard to imagine that this
SC says that Florido should be held liable. He violated Canon 10 of the Code of Professional Honorable Court had read the petition and hold that the same failed to sufficiently show that
Responsibility, particularly Rule 10.01 and 10.02, by his act of making up a spurious CA the respondent Court had committed grave abuse of discretion.
In a previous resolution, the SC required Atty. Jose B. Tiongco to show cause why he should
resolution and using such false resolution to his aadvantage.
not be dealt with administratively for the violation of Canon 11 of the Code of Professional
Responsibility.
The SC thinks that suspension of 6 years is too much so they lowered the penalty to just a 2-
In Tiongcos Compliance, he alleges that the SC failed to mention that he also called the
year suspension. judge a robber, a rotten manipulator, and abetter of graft and shady deals.
Issue:
W/N Tiongco must be held administratively liable.
57 ESTRADA v SANDIGANBAYAN
Held: YES
Facts: Atty. Paguia is the counsel of Joseph Estrada in the case of Estrada vs. Arroyo. Atty. Paguia
Atty. Tiongco did not at all show cause why he should not be dealt with administratively.
asserts that the members of the Supreme Court should inhibit themselves from hearing the
While Tiongco tried to justify as true his descriptions of the Judge as liar, thief,
petition because of Rule 5.10 of the Code of Judicial Conduct, which prohibits judges from
perfidious, and blasphemer, he did not offer any excuse for the other intemperate words
participating in partisan political activities. According the Atty. Paguia, the justices have
and phrases he used. Neither did he show their relevance to the petition.
violated the rule by participating in the EDSA 2 rally and authorizing the assumption of office
By insinuating that this Court did not at all read the petition, Tiongco exhibited gross
by President Arroyo.
The Sandiganbayan denied the petition and motion for reconsideration of Atty. disrespect and attempted to discredit the Members of the First Division. He charged them
Paguia to dismiss all the criminal cases against Estrada. Atty. Paguia attacked the decision of with violating their duty to render justice, and he thereby promoted distrust in judicial
the Court in the case of Estrada vs. Arroyo by saying: similar in the decisions involving admin. administration.

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He also showed disrespect to and contempt for the respondent judge, thereby diminishing responsibility by claiming his words did not mean what any reader must have understood
public confidence in the latter and in the judiciary. them as meaning.
Although a lawyer has the righteven the dutyto criticize the courts, this right must be
exercised responsibly. The criticism must be bona fide, without using language that would 60 ANDRES v CABRERA
tend to create or promote distrust in judicial administration and undermine the peoples
confidence in the integrity of the members of this Court. Facts:
Stanley R. Cabrera (Cabrera) was a successful bar examinee in 1977.
59 RHEEM OF THE PHILS v FERRER Atty. Emilia Andres was a legal officer in the Ministry of Labor. She dismissed a case filed by
Cabreras mother against a certain Atty. Perez.
Because of the dismissal, Cabrera filed with the city fiscal of Manila criminal charges against
FACTS: Andres (graft and corruption, falsification of public documents)
The SC issued an order directing Atty. Armonio and the senior partners in his law firm to show Andres then filed a case of disqualification against Cabrera. Cabrera apparently used in his
to cause why they should not be dealt with for contempt of court affidavit vile, incivil and uncouth language (e.g. moronic, unparalleled stupidity, idiotic)
The law firm of Ponce Enrile. Sigiuon Reyne, etc. argued that: Cabreras oath-taking was therefore postponed. The SC required him to file an answer to why
o It has never been their intent to be disrespectful he should not be disqualified. In Cabreras reply he still used unfit language (e.g. calling Atty.
o It was the result of overenthusiasm on the part of Atty. Armonio who thought best to Andres a moron). In subsequent motions by Cabrera, he used the words a victim of the
focus the attention of the court to the issue in the case and was not in any way courts inhuman and cruel punishment through its supreme inaction
meant to slight or offend the court. 1979: The court thereafter deferred his oath-taking until he has shown that he has changed
o It was because Atty. Armonio became emotionally involved in the case his ways. Cabrera then filed a motion for contempt of court. And guess what, he still used
o Not one of the partners was able to pass upon the draft or final form of the said unfit language (e.g. supreme stupidity, degradation of the administration of justice)
motion, and that Atty. Armonio, an associate, prepared, signed and filed the motion Napikon yata yung SC, they required Cabrera to file a reply to why he should not be held in
without clearing it with any one of the partner of the firm contempt. Cabrera filed an apology but guess what, the language he used were still unfit and
ISSUE: even insincere.
W/N Atty. Armonio and the partners in his firm must be held in contempt because of the
disrespectful language contained of the pleading prepared by Atty. Armonio. Issue:
HELD: W/N Cabrera should be held in contempt
The SC decided that Atty. Armonio be warned that repetition of the incident will be dealt with
more severely and that necessary attention must be employed by the partners in exercising Held:
adequate supervision and control of the pleadings submitted by its associate Yes! Fine of P500 and imprisonment for 50 days.
The pleading which contained one pitfall into which this court has repeatedly fallen The duty to observe and maintain the respect due the courts devolves not only upon lawyers
whenever the jurisdiction of the Court of Industrial Relations comes into question and the but also upon those who will choose to enter the profession. Their failure to discharge such
sweeping charge that the decisions of this court blindly adhere to earlier rulings without duty may prevent them from being inducted into the office of attorney.
as much as making any reference to and analysis of the pertinent statues implies that the Pikon yung Supreme Court, huwag niyo silang subukan.
court is so patently inept in determining the jurisdiction of the industrial court, it has
committed error and continuously repeated that error to the point of perpetuation. 61 COBB-PEREZ v LANTIN
Implicit in the quoted statement is that the pronouncements of this court on the jurisdiction
of the industrial court are not entitled to respect. It detract much from the dignity of and FACTS:
respect due this court. Ricardo Hermoso commenced a civil case against Damaso Perez and Gregorio Sumbong, for
It is the duty of lawyers to observe and maintain the respect due to the courts of justice and recovery of sum of P17,309.44 representing unpaid purchases of leather materials used in
judicial officers. It is his obligation to maintain towards the courts a respectful attitude, not the shoe manufacturing business of Hermoso. Judgment was rendered in favor of Hermoso,
for the sake of the temporary incumbents of the judicial office, but for the maintenance of its ordering the defendants to be held jointy and severally liable.
supreme importance. The Sheriff of Manila levied upon the shares of common stock registered in Damaso
It is proscribes to use unnecessary language which jeopardizes high esteem in courts, creates Perezname with the Republic Bank.
or promotes distrust in judicial administration, or which could have the effect of harboring or Petitioners used the rules of procedure to suspend the execution of judgment. (and they
encouraging discontent which, in many cases, us the source of disorder, thus undermining managed to have the sale suspended 6x)
the foundation upon which rests that bulwark called judicial power . o They alleged that levy was highly excessive and unjust
The claim of Atty. Armonio that his statements was not in any way meant to slight or offend o Even the wife of Damaso Perez, filed to lift the writ of execution alleging that the
this court, want of intention is no excuse for the language employed. One cannot escape shares of stock were conjugal assets and that the debt was a personal obligation.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Numerous appeals/complaints/petitions were filed to frustrate the execution of the MTC


ISSUE: WoN petitioners restored to tricky, sneaky and maneuvering tactics to thwart the ends of judgment. The summary of which is in page 8. There is no need to know what they are
justice? though.

HELD: YES
Issue:
RATIO: W/N Atty. Monteros acts are justified.
1. During the protracted litigation, the petitioners resorted to a series of actions and petitions, at some
stages alternatingly, abetted by their counsel, for the sole purpose of thwarting the execution of a Held:
simple money judgment which has long become final and executory. Some of the actions were filed, No.
only to be abandoned or withdrawn. The petitioners and their counsel, far from viewing courts as Montero should be suspended for one year, as recommended by the IBP which found him
sanctuaries for those who seek justice, have tried to use them to subvert the very ends of justice. guilty of malpractice.
Judging from the number of actions filed, Montero is also guilty of forum shopping.
62 MAGAT v SANTIAGO By having willfully and knowingly abused his rights of recourse in his efforts to get a
favorable judgment, which efforts were all rebuffed, respondents violated the duty of a
Facts: member of the Bar to institute actions only which are just and put up such defenses as he
For delaying the termination of an unlawful detainer case by filing multiple petitions before the SC, perceives to be truly contestable under the laws.
involving the same subject matters and cause of action, which were attempts by the same party and Montero has made a mockery of the judicial process. And disregarded the canons in
his counsel to delay enforcement of a judgment that has long become final and executory, the SC
intentionally frustrating the rights of a litigant in whose favor a judgment in the case was
suspended Atty Magat from the practice of law .
rendered: thus abused procedural rules to defeat the ends of substantial justice.
The court in ruling for the suspension of Magat stated that a lawyer owes the duty of good faith and
64 ETERNAL GARDENS v CA
honorable dealing to the judicial tribunal before whom he practices his profession. Inherent in that
obligation is the duty to assist in the speedy disposition of cases.
Facts:
Atty Magat and members of his family is now praying for judicial clemency, expressing their profound
Seelin spouses filed a case against Central Dyeing for quieting of title. The spouses won and
regret for his past misconduct and his avowal ot amend his ways, in view if the said family's financial
the decision in their favor became final an executory.
and economic difficulties to his inability to earn his livelihood as a lawyer. This plea has been
When the spouses filed a Motion for an Immediate Writ of Possession, Eternal Gardens
reiterated for a period of more than 2 years since his suspension.
Memorial Park Corp opposed claiming that it is the true and registered owner of the property
having bought the same from Central Dyeing in good faith. It also argued that it was not
Issue:
W/n the suspension should be terminated... bound by the decision since it was not impleaded in the case.
But the trial court favored the spouses and dismissed Eternal Gardens claim since the
Held: judgment (in the queting of title case) was binding upon the latter, being the successor-in-
YES. The court is satisfied that Magat appreciates the significance of his dereliction and he has interest of Central Dyeing. The CA, on the same grounds, denied Eternal Gardens appeal.
assured the court that he now possesses the requisite probity and integrity necesary to guarantee that So Seelin spouses filed for a second writ of execution. Dahil sa makulit (not to mention
he is worthy to be restored to the practice of law. optimistic) si Eternal Gardens, nag-file pa ito ulit ng motion reconsideration. It further
contended that since there is a pending issue on possession (a different case), such should
63 MILLARE v MONTERO first be resolved before a writ of possession be issued to the spouses.
Said motion was initially granted but was later denied. So nag-file ng certiorari si Eternal sa
CA. And of course, they filed the case to the SC, essentially with the same arguments.
Facts:
(RC Note: The first part of the case is pointless. It just wants to impress on you that Atty. Issue:
Montero used procedure to circumvent the administration of justice) Is Eternal Gardens bound by the decision in the quieting of title case?
Pacfica Millare, the mother of the complainant, obtained a favorable judgment against Elsa
Co. The case was for ejectment filed with the MTC. Held:
The judgment of the MTC became final and executory on November 1986. Yes. Having admitted that they bought the property from Central Dyeing, Eternal Gardens is the
formers successor-in-interest who will be bound by the judgment. Moreover, being a transferee, it

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

does not have to be included or impleaded by name in an action against the transferoraccording to great reliance on the briefs and memoranda of the parties. Thus, the failure to submit these pleadings
the Rules of Court. could very well be fatal to the cause of the client.

As to the fear that owners of the grave lots will be disturbed by the writ, the order of the court shows To make matters worse, PAGUIRIGAN did not only fail to file an appellees brief but after being granted
that it took into account the interests of such lot ownersin fact certain limits were provided. Hence, a 30 day extension of the time to file a petition for review of the decision of the CA, he again lost
the execution of the judgment need not necessarily desecrate these properties. through default by failing to file said petition. And PAGUIRIGANS allegation about the SCs belated
action on the petition only succeeds in showing his ignorance of 2 basic principles: first, that a party
*whats relevant to ethics: cannot presume that his motion will be granted, and, second, that any extension granted is always
The case has delayed the execution of a final judgment for 17 years. While lawyers owe entire counted from the last day of the reglementary period which is Oct 14, 1997 (not from the day the
devotion to the interests of their clients rights, they should not forget that they are officers of the resolution was dated).
court, bound to exert every effort to assist in the speedy and efficient administration of justice. They
should not misuse the rules of procedure to defeat the ends of justice or unduly delay a case, or PAGUIRIGAN is thus guilty of violation of Rule 12.03 of the Code of Professional Responsibility which
impede the execution of a judgment. provides a lawyer shall not, after obtaining extensions of time to file pleadings, memoranda and
briefs, let the period lapse without submitting the same or offering an explanation for his failure to do
65 SPS GALEN v PAGUIRIGAN so.

Spouses Galen, Rasdas and Villa (COMPLAINANTS) were defendants in a civil case for recovery of a Hence, PAGUIRIGAN is suspended from the practice of law for 6 months and ordered to refund the
residential lot. PAGUIRIGAN was their attorney. Judgment was rendered in favor of the COMPLAINANTS P10,000 with a warning that repitition of the same act will be dealt with even more
COMPLAINANTS. Trusting in the able representation of Atty PAGUIRIGAN, the COMPLAINANTS severely.
continued the services of the said lawyer when the plaintiff in the civil case appealed.
66 SANTIAGO v RAFANAN
The COMPLAINANTS were informed that the CA reversed the trial courts decision. Upon inquiry in the
CA, the COMPLAINANTS found out Atty PAGUIRIGAN failed to file an appellees brief in their behalf.
When COMPLAINANTS confronted PAGUIRIGAN, the lawyer assured them that he would seek a review Assignment no. 11
of the decision of the CA. The COMPLAINANTS gave PAGUIRIGAN P10,000 for docket fees.
Santiago vs. Rafanan Lopez
On Oct 14, 1997, PAGUIRIGAN filed a motion for extension of time to file a petition for review on
certiorari which the SC granted in its resolution dated Nov 19, 1997. On Nov 20, 1997, PAGUIRIGAN Facts:
filed the petition. However, it was denied for having been filed out of time, the due date being Nov
14, 1997. Subsequently, the COMPLAINANTS were surprised to receive a writ of execution issued by This administrative complaint was brought by Jonar Santiago against Atty. Edison Rafanan, a
the trial court.
notary public, because of the latters failure to (a) make the proper notation regarding the
Hence, this petition. community tax certificate of the affiants; (b) enter the details of the notarized documents in
the notarial register; and (c) make and execute the certification and enter his PTR and IBP
PAGUIRIGAN alleges that he agreed to represent the COMPLAINANTS without remuneration when their
former counsel withdrew, that he did not file an appellees brief since the filing of the same though numbers in the documents he had notarized, all in violation of the Revised Administrative
required is not mandatory and that the Court granted his motion for extension belatedly, considering Code.
that the 30 day extension was to expire on Nov 14, 1997 but the SC acted on it only on Nov 19, 1997.
Santiago also points out that Rafanan made an affidavit in favor of his (Rafanan) client and
ISSUE W/N PAGUIRIGAN SHOULD BE PUNISHED FOR NEGLIGENCE
offered the same as evidence in the case wherein he (Rafanan) was actively representing his
HELD YES, FOR FAILING TO FILE PETITION AFTER BEEN GRANTED EXTENSION OF client.
TIME
The IBP found Rafanan guilty of violating the requirements of the Notarial Law and imposed a
PAGUIRIGAN was clearly negligent in the performance of his duties. He admits that he failed to file the
appellees brief which just shows the cavalier attitude he took towards his clients cause. Although the fine of 3,000.
failure to file the appellees brief in a case is not a ground for an adverse ruling, the importance of
filing an appellees brief cannot be gainsaid because upon appeal, the appellate court, can only place Issue:

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

W/n Rafanans acts were contrary to law. via a check worth P24,000. On another occasion, the heirs went to the house of Atty. Barcelona
and gave P10,000. The total amount given by the heirs to Atty. Barcelona reached P64,000.
Commissioner Bautista found Atty. to be guilty of malpractice and breach of duty
Held:
and recommended that he be disbarred.
SC says yes. It is mandated by the Notarial Law that a notary public should enter the
Issue: W/N Atty. Barcelona should be disbarred.
number, place of issue and date of the Community Tax Certificate of the affiant in his
affidavit. The law also says that a notary public should keep a notarial register to record all Held: Atty. Barcelona should be disbarred.
Disbarment proceedings are sui generis. Its intention is to safeguard the
affidavits they have notarized. They are required to enter the number of the register and the administration of justice by protecting the court and public from the misconduct of the officers
page where a particular affidavit has been recorded. These requirements are mandatory due of the court.
In this case, Atty. demonstrated a penchant for misrepresenting that he had
to the degree of importance and evidentiary weight attached to notarized documents.
connections to secure the release of Atty. Daen. Atty. Barcelona misrepresented to the
Having violated these requirements, Rafanan should be fined. complainant that he could get the release of Atty. Daen with his connection with a Supreme
Court Justice. Instead of promoting respect for law and the legal processes, Atty. Barcelona
As to the affidavit executed by Rafanan in favor of his client, the SC says that this is in demeaned the legal profession by taking money from a client under the pretext of having
violation of Rule 12.08 of Canon 12, which says that a lawyer should avoid testifying in behalf connections with a member of this court.

of his own client. The SC explained that appearing both as counsel and witness of a client 68 ALMARVEZ v PAAS
will provoke unkind criticism and leave many people to suspect the truthfulness of the lawyer
because they cannot believe the lawyer as disinterested. Obviously, if a lawyer appears as
Facts:
client and counsel, people would automatically think that his testimony as a witness is biased Pasay City Metropolitan Trial Court Judge Estrellita Paas administratively charged Almarvez, a
in favor of his client. Court Aide/Utility Worker, with discourtesy to his fellow employees, neglect in performing
duties (by not maintaining the cleanliness around the court premises and often being absent
Despite of this, Rafanan cannot be made administratively liable. First, the SC considered that from work), and solicitation of money (from prisoners before serving them their Release
Orders, and from litigants by offering to divulge confidential information in advance of its
it is the duty of a lawyer to assert every remedy and defense for the benefit of the client. unauthorized release).
Thus, in defense of his client, Rafanan is supposed to do everything in his power. Since, he is The Court found that the aforementioned charges were not supported by evidence since
those who filed affidavits as evidence against Almarvez were not presented at the hearings.
a witness to the crime, his affidavit is essential to the defense of his client. What he should
The only offense which Almarvez was found to commit was inefficiency in the discharge of
have done though was to exempt himself from being counsel. This would ensure his his duties. Thus he was suspended for 3 months.
credibility as a witness. Almarvez had filed a counterclaim alleging that Judge Paas ordered him to undergo a drug
test after the latter had already filed an administrative complaint against him. Regarding
In the end, because of his violation of the Notarial Laws and Canon 5 of the Code of this, the court held that this elicits the suspicion the Judge is just fishing for more evidence to
support the administrative case she had already filed against Almarvez. This was held to
Professional Responsibility, Rafanan is fined 3,000. constitute conduct unbecoming of a member of the judiciary, for which Judge Paas should
be duly reprimanded.
67 BERBANO v BARCELONA In a separate case for inhibition of Judge Paas in a criminal case, it was found that Judge Paas
husband, Atty. Paas, who is a private practitioner, was using his wifes office address in his
Facts: The heirs of Hilapo appointed Atty. Daen as their atty.-in-fact. Atty. Daen was subsequently law practice, particularly in a criminal case he was handling which was docketed at an RTC
arrested by the Muntinlupa police. The heirs of Hilapo tried to look for a lawyer to secure the also in Pasay. In support of this charge, documents were submitted such as 1) a Notice of
release of Atty. Daen. The heirs were recommended to Atty. Barcelona. When the spouses Appeal signed by Atty. Paas, and 2) notices from Pasay City RTC, and from the Supreme Court
visited Atty. Daen, they learned that Atty. Daen had decided to engage the services of Atty. This was admitted by Judge Paas, but she claims that this was done only to ensure and
Barcelona. Atty. Barcelona then proceeded to tell the heirs if they could produce P50K he could facilitate the delivery of those notices.
secure the release of Atty. Daen the next day. Because the heirs could not produce the total
amount, they merely gave P15,700. Issue: W/N Judge Paas and Atty. Paas should be penalized for allowing the latter to use the office of the
There were several meetings between the heirs and Atty. Barcelona regarding the former as his return address in his private practice.
grease money to be used to allegedly bribe an SC justice. The heirs made another payment

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Held: YES 70 REGALA v SANDIGANBAYAN


Using the Judges address is a subtle was of sending a message that Atty. Paas is the husband
of a judge in the same building and should be given special treatment by other judges or Facts:
court personnel. Petitioners in this case and private respondent Roco were all then partners of the law firm
In SC Administrative Circular No. 01-99, it was stated that court officials and employees must Angara, Abello, Concepcion, Regala and Cruz Law Offices (commonly known as ACCRA)
never use their officesfor any other purpose that for court or judicial functions. ACCRA performed services for clients which included acquiring and/or organizing business
Code of Judicial Conduct provides that a judge should avoid impropriety in all activities and associations and/or organizations where it acted as incorporators or simply as stockholders
shall not allow the use of the judicial office to advance the private interests of others. As members of the law firm, petitioners and Roco admit that they assisted in the organization
SC Circular No. 3-92 prohibits the use of halls of justice for residential or commercial and acquisition of companies included in Civil Case No. 0033. In keeping with the office
purposes. practice, ACCRA lawyers acted as nominees-stockholders. Anong kalokohan yan?
It is unprofessional and dishonorable to misuse a public office to enhance a lawyers prestige. o Civil Case No. 0033 RP v. Eduardo Cojuangco et. al., for the recovery of ill-gotten
It violates canons 3, 10, 13, and 15 of the Code of Professional Responsibility. wealth, which includes shares of stock in certain corporations
Atty. Paas is suspended for 3 months from the practice of law, while Judge Paas PCGG later on filed a motion to admit 3 rd amended complaint, which excluded Roco in Civil
shall pay a fine of P12,000 Case 33 as party defendant. PCGG was removing Roco because Roco was going to make
choochoo and reveal the identity of the principals.
69 NESTLE v SANCHEZ The ACCRA lawyers then filed a comment and/or opposition saying that they should also be
removed the way that Roco was.
FACTS: PCGG then said that it will ask for their exclusion only if they will also disclose the identity of
From July 8-10, union members of Union of Filipro Employees or the Kimberly Independent their clients
Labor Union, who filed a case in court intensified their pickets that they had been conducting During the proceedings, Roco did not actually reveal the identity of the client for whom he
since June 17 in front of the Padre Faura gate of the SC acted as nominee-stockholder
Despite of the warning given by the court to their leaders and counsel, the picketing The ACCRA lawyers motion for exclusion was denied (they refused to comply with the
continued PCGGs offer) by the PCGG and the court. Hence, this motion for certiorari
The union members are obstructing the access to and egress from the courts premises.
They have also constructed provisional shelters along the sidewalks, set up kitchens and Issue:
littered the place. they took turns haranguing the court all day long with the use of W/N the ACCRA lawyers should be excluded from the case
loudspeakers
ISSUE: Held:
W/N the rallyists must be held with contempt Yes. It is apparent that the ACCRA lawyers were only impleaded to force them to disclose the
HELD: identity of their clients.
The contempt charges were dismissed PCGG has no valid cause of action
The Counsel of the union members apologized to the court and promised that the incident
will not be repeated again Issue:
The picketing was actually done by the members of the PAMANTIK (Pagkakaisa ng W/N the attorney-client privilege prohibits the ACCRA lawyers from revealing the identity of
MAnggagawa sa Timog Katalugan), an unregistered loose allegiance of about 75 unions in the their clients
Southern Tagalog and not by either the Union of Filipro Employees or the Kimberly
Independent Labor Union. Held:
But the court will not hesitate in future similar incidents to apply the full force of the law and General rule: a clients identity should not be shrouded in mystery
punish for contempt those who attempt to pressure the court to acting one way or the other o Exceptions: where a strong probability exists that revealing the clients name would
in any case pending before it. implicate that client in the very activity for which he sought the lawyers advice
The court is entitled to proceed to the disposition of its business in an orderly manner, free o Where disclosure would open the client to civil liability
from outside interference obstructive of its functions and tending to embarrass the o Where revealing the identity would furnish the only link that would be necessary to
administration of justice. convict an individual of a crime
Any attempt to pressure or influence courts of justice through the exercise of either right The prosecution should rely on the strength of their evidence and not on the weakness of the
amounts to an abuse thereof and is no longer within the ambit of constitutional protection, defense
and that any such efforts to influence the court constitutes contempt of court. Roco merely stated that he was acting as nominee-stockholder for the client and is part of
legitimate lawyering. The ACCRA lawyers also made such statement and should also be
dropped.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Ramon Sy answer for the indebtedness. The president told him that if he could convince Ramon Sy to
In re: Canon 14 acknowledge the obligation, Dewey would be exculpated from liability. Ramon Sy acknowledged the
the relation of attorney and client is strictly personal and highly confidential and fiduciary obligation, thereafter, the account of Dewey was cleared.
the lawyer is more than a mere agent or servant because he possesses special powers of
trust and confidence reposed on him by his client Atty Mutuc sent demand letters to petitioner demanding the balance of P50,000 as attorneys fees.
Petitioner Dee ignored said letters. Atty Mutuc filed a complaint against petitioner Dee for the
collection of attorneys fees.
71 DAROY v LEGASPI
Petitioner denied the existence of any professional relationship of attorney and client between hin and
Atty Mutuc. Dee insists that the visits made to Atty Mutuc was merely informal and that Atty Mutuc
FACTS: had not been specifically contacted to handle the problem. The P50,000 given to Atty Mutuc was
Complainants charged Atty. Ramon Chavez- Legaspi with malpractice for having alleged to be given not in the nature of attorneys fees but merely pocket money.
misappropriated the sum of P4,000.00 which he had collected for them. They prayed that he
be disbarred Issue:
FACTUAL EVIDENCE: Complainants hired Atty. Legaspi to represent them in the intestate W/n there was a lawyer-client relationship
proceeding for the settlement of the estate of the spouses Gonzaga. The complainant-heirs in
a joint petition, which Atty. Legaspi signed as counsel agreed that the coconut land left by the Held:
decedents would be divided into 6 equal parts and that the proceeds of the sale of the land YES. The absence of a written contract will not preclude the finding that there was a professional
would be distributed among them. relationship which merits attorneys fees for professional services rendered. To establish the
Atty. Legaspi wrote to the father of Mrs. Daroy, Teofilo Legaspi that the money deposited relationship, it is sufficient that the advice and assistance of an attorney is sought and received in any
could be withdrawn. However, Atty. Legaspi had already withdrawn the money (therefore he matter pertinent to his profession. An acceptance of the relation is implied on the part of the attorney
acted in bad faith). It turned out that Atty. Legaspi was also an heir (although it wasnt shown from his acting on behalf of his client in pursuance of a request from the latter. Therefore, Mutuc is
how). entitled to receive a reasonable compensation.
ISSUE: WoN Atty. Legaspi should be disbarred because he violated the relation between attorney and
his client? Atty Mutuc did not represent conflicting interests as claimed by Dee when Dee alleged that Mutuc was
HELD: YES! acting as agent of Ceasars Palace. Mutucs representations in behalf of petitioner Dee were not in
RATIO: resistance to the casinos claim but were actually geared toward proving the liability of true debtor,
1. The relation between an atty and his client is higly fiduciary in nature and of a very delicate, Ramon Sy.
exacting and confidential character, requiring a high degree of fidelity and good faith. In view of that
special relationship, lawyers are bound to promptly account for money or property received by them 73 BR SEBASTIAN v CA
on behalf of their clients and failure to do so constitutes professional misconduct. The fact that a
lawyer has a lien for fees on money in his hands collected for his clients does not relieve him from the Facts:
duty of promptly accounting for the funds received. Eulogio Reyes, before he died filed an action for damages against the Director of Public
2. The complainants, however, have to recover the money in an ordinary action, and not in this Works, and BR Sebastian.
disbarment proceeding. BR Sebastian (BRS) was held to be liable, but the Director of Public Works was exonerated.
BRS appealed. During the pendency of the appeal, Reyes died. He was substituted by his
72 DEE v CA heirs (the Reyeses).
In 1974, BRS received notice to file Appelants Brief within 45 days from receipt.
Dee and his father went to the residence of Atty Mutuc to seek his advice regarding the problem of the Counsel for BRS (The Baizas, Alberto and Associates) failed to file the brief.
alleged indebtedness of petitioners brother Dewey Dee, to Ceasars Palace. Petitioners father was The appeal was then dismissed.
apprehensive over the safety of his son, Dewey having heard of a link between the mafia and Ceasars Much later, around 5 months after the deadline, Baizas Law Office (different daw from the
Palace and his possibility that his son may be harmed at the instance of the latter. former one) file a motion for reconsideration. It alleged that as a result of the death of Atty
Crispin Baizas, senior partner, the affairs of the aid firm are still being settled between Atty.
Atty Mutuc assured petitioner and his father that he would inquire into the matter, after which his Jose Baizas (son of Crispin) and Atty Ruby Alberto. And that Atty Espiritu, the lawyer who
services were reportedly contracted for P100,000. handled this case in the trial court and who is believed to have also attended to the
preparation of the Appelants Brief but failed to submit it through oversight and inadvertence,
Further investigations revealed that the alleged debt of Dewey had actually been incurred by Ramon had also left the firm.
Sy, with Dewey merely signing for the chits. Atty Mutuc talked with the president of Ceasars palace
and advised the president that for the sake and in the interest of the casino it would be better to make Issue:

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

W/N the appeal of BR Sebastian should be reinstated. To constitute professional employment it is not essential that the client should have employed the
attorney professionally on any previous occasion. It is not necessary that any retainer should have
Held: been paid, promised, or charged for; neither is it material that the attorney consulted did not
No. afterward undertake the case about which the consultation was had. When a person consults with his
In this case, no fraud is involved. Only simple negligence on the part of the BRS counsel. attorney in his professional capacity with the view of obtaining professional advice or assistance, and
The confusion in the office of the law firm following the death of Aty Crispin Baizas is not a the attorney voluntarily permits or acquiesces in such consultation, then the professional employment
valid justification for its failure to file the brief. must be regarded as established.
The responsibility of the associates to the petitioner as counsel remained until withdrawal by
the former of their appearance in the manner provided by the Rules of Court. The existence of attorney-client relationship precludes the attorney from representing (and receiving a
The law firm should have assigned the case to another associate. Or it could have withdrawn retainer from) the opposite party in the same case.
as counsel in the manner provided by the Rules of Court so that the petitioner could contract
the services of a new lawyer. An information professionally obtained by an attorney from a client is sacred to the employment to
The negligence of the counsel binds the client. which it pertains, and to permit it be used in the interest of another, or in the interest of the adverse
party is to strike at the element of confidence which forms the basis of an attorney-client relationship.
74 HILADO v DAVID
The rule inhibiting an attorney from acting in behalf of both parties is implied in the Rules of Court
(wala pang codified codes of professional responsibility noon).
Facts:
Blandina Hilado (ganda ng pangalan!) brought an action against Selim Assad to annul the
The defense that Francisco never read the written opinion nor the documents submitted by Hilado will
sale of several houses and lot exected by Hilados husband.
not preclude the existence of an attorney-client relationship. The fact remains that his firm did give
Delgado et al. was counsel for Hilado, while Ohnick et al filed an answer for Assad.
Hilado a formal professional advice from which emerged the relation. The letter binds and estops him
Later on, Atty Vicente Francisco entered his appearance for Assad substituting Ohnick et al. in the same manner and degree as if he wrote it personally. And an information obtained from a client
The firm of Delgado urged Atty Francisco to stop representing Assad since there exists an by a member or assistant of the firm is information imparted to the firm.
atty-client relationship between him (Francisco) and the other party (Hilado) in the same
case. The failure to object to counsels appearance does not operate as a waiver of the right to ask for
It was alleged that Hilado consulted Francisco regarding the case and that the former turned counsels disqualification.
over papers to the latter. From such documents, Francisco sent a written opinion to Hilado.
Since makulit si Francisco, Delgado et al. sought to disqualify Francisco from representing Motion for disqualification against Attorney Francisco should be allowed.
Assad in the case.
Franciscos defense was that he only met Hilado once and this was when the latter informed *A retaining fee (just in case itanong) is a preliminary fee given to an attorney or counsel to insure and
him about the case. He added that when Hilado left documents in their office, he told his secure his future services, and induce him to act for the client.
assistant to tell Hilado that their firm would not handle her case. And that the written opinion
was made by his assistant, which he signed without reading, and only for the purpose of 75 SANTOS v BELTRAN
explaining to Hilado why his firm rejected the case.
David is the judge trying the case who dismissed the complaint for disqualification against
Francisco. Said judge reasoned that no attorney-client relationship existed between Hilado US.
and Francisco.
76 NAKPIL v VALDES
Issue:
Was there an attorney-client relationship between Francisco and Hilado?
Should Atty Francisco be disqualified from representing Assad? Facts:
Jose Nakpil was interested in a piece of property situated in Moran, Baguio. He went into an
Held: agreement with Atty. Carlos Valdes for the latter to buy the property in trust for Nakpil.
The firm of Francisco mailed a written opinion to Hilado on the merits of the case (with Franciscos Valdes did buy the property by contracting 2 loans. The lands titles were transferred to his
signature); this opinion was reached on the basis of papers submitted at his office; and that Hilados name.
purpose in submitting those papers was to secure Franciscos professional services. From these When Jose Nakpil died, Imelda Nakpil (his wife) acquired the services of Valdes and his
ultimate facts, an attorney-client relationship between Francisco and Hilado can be said to have accounting and law firms for the settlement of the estate of Jose Nakpil.
ensued.

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What Valdes did was to exclude the property in Baguio from the list of assets of Jose Nakpil
(he actually transferred the property to his company, the Caval Realty Corporation) while Held: Atty. Maderazo represented conflicting interests. Suspension of 6 months.
including the loans he contracted. To be guilty of representing conflicting interests, a counsel-of-record of one party
What Imelda did was to file a suit for reconveyance in the CFI. While the case was pending, need not also be the counsel-of-record of the adverse party. He does not have to hold himself
Imelda also filed an administrative complaint for disbarment against Valdes. as the counsel of the adverse party. It is enough that the counsel of one party had a
The CFI dismissed the action for reconveyance. The CA reversed the CFI. hand in the preparation of the pleading of another party who is claiming adverse
The complaint for reconveyance went up to the SC and was decided in favor of Nakpil. The and conflicting interests with that of the original client.
SC held that Valdes only held the lots in trust for Nakpil. Because of the fiduciary relationship between the lawyer and the client, sound
Issue: public policy dictates that the lawyer be prohibited from representing conflicting interests or
W/n Atty. Valdes should be administratively sanctioned for his acts, namely: discharging inconsistent duties.
o Excluding the property in Baguio from the estate of Jose Nakpil;
o Including his loans as claims on the estate; and 78 HORNILLA v SALUNAT
o Apparently, representing conflicting interests when his accounting firm prepared the
list of claims of creditors Angel Nakpil and ENORN against the estate of Jose Nakpil,
Facts:
which was represented by his law firm.
Salunat was a member of the Phil. Public School Teachers Association (PPSTA) Board, which
Held:
approved Atty. Salunats engagement as counsel of PPSTA
The SC found Valdes guilty of misconduct and suspends him for 1 year.
Complainants, who are members of PPSTA, filed an intracorporate case against its Board of
The Court held that the first two acts clearly show that Valdes broke the trust reposed on him
Directors. Atty. Salunat entered his appearance as counsel for the board members in said
by Imelda Nakpil when the latter agreed to use his professional services as a lawyer and an
cases.
accountant. It was clear that Jose Nakpil and Atty. Came to an agreement that the latter
Complainants contend the Atty. Salunat was guilty of conflict of interest because he was
would be buying the property in trust for Jose. By his act of excluding the property from the
engaged by PPSTA, of which complainants were members, and was being paid out of its
estate and including the loans he contracted (and used for his own benefit) as claims, Valdes
corporate funds where complainants have contributed.
took for granted the trust formed between Jose and him (they had a close relationship since
Atty. Salunat pointed out that he entered his appearance as counsel for the board members for
the 50s), which was the basis for Imeldas decision to use his services.
As to the third charge, we hold respondent guilty of representing conflicting interests which is and in behalf of ASSA Law and Associates. He also stated that it was another partner of the
firm, Atty. Agustin who handled the case.
proscribed by Canon 15 Rule 15.03. In the case at bar, there is no question that the interests
of the estate and that of its creditors are adverse to each other. Respondent's accounting firm
Issue: W/N Atty. Salunat engaged in conflicting interests.
prepared the list of assets and liabilities of the estate and, at the same time, computed the
claims of two creditors of the estate. There is clearly a conflict between the interest of the
Held: YES.
estate which stands as the debtor, and that of the two claimants who are creditors of the
In a derivative suit such as the one filed by the complainants against the BOD of PPSTA, the
estate.
prevailing rule is that the lawyer engaged by the corporation may not represent the directors,
77 ARTEZUELA v MADERAZO since that would give rise to a conflict of interest. The interest of the corporate client is
paramount and should not be influenced by the interest of the individual corporate officials.
Facts: Echavia had a vehicular accident in Mandaue City. Echavia was driving a Ford Telstar owned by That Atty.Salunat entered his appearance in behalf of ASSA Law Firm doesnt exonerate him.
a Japanese national but in the name of his brother-in-law Villapez. The car rammed into a small He admitted that ASSA was the retained counsel of PPSTA.
carinderia owned by Artezuela. Since this is the first offense, respondent is admonished to observe a high degree of fidelity in
Artezuela engaged the services of Atty. Maderazo in filing a damage suit against the practice of his profession.
Echavia. Artezuela paid Maderazo the amount of P10,000 as attorneys fees and P2,000 as
filing fee. 79 NATAN v CAPULE
Artezuela filed a suit for disbarment against Maderazo. She alleged that Maderazo
grossly neglected his duties as a lawyer. According to Artezuela, atty. did not do anything to
keep the case moving and atty. withdrew his services without obtaining Artezuelas consent. FACTS:
Artezuela also alleged that Atty. Maderazo engaged in activities inimical to her interests. She Natan is the administrator of the estate of the deceased Maria Patero.
says that while acting as her counsel, Atty. Maderazo prepared Echavias answer. Natan had filed an action against Santiago, the husband of Maria Patero to recover Marias
Atty. Maderazo claims that the document of Echavia was not prepared by him. share in the conjugal property. of Santiagos share in Hacienda Minit was ordered to be
According to him, the answer by Echavia was only printed in his office. delivered to Maria
Capule was contracted by Natan to file an action of forcible entry against Edonga, etc. and he
Issue: W/N Atty. Maderazo represented conflicting interests. delivered to him various documents including the decision of the previous court on the

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partition of the property of Santiago, specifically Hacienda Minit, which was received by 81 GAMILLA v MARIO
Maria.
Partial payments were received by Capule from Natan amounting to P275 but Capule was FACTS:
unable to attend the hearing. Since the Judge refused to grant postponement, Natan handled Atty Marino, Jr. as president of the UST Faculty Union and other union officers entered into a
the case personally, being an attorney himself. collective bargaining agreement with the management of UST for the provision of economic
Thereafter, Capule represented Olimpio Patero, claiming that he is the sole heir of Santiago benefits amounting to P35 Milllion. The 1986 collective bargaining agreement expired in 1988
Patero and in possession of Hacienda Minit, and filed an administrative case against Natan but efforts to forge a new one unfortunately failed. In 1989, the faculty members of UST went
asking the court to order Natan to return of Hacienda Minit. on strike and as a counter-measure UST terminated the employment of 16 officers and
ISSUE: directors of the UST Faculty Union including Atty Marino, Jr.
W/N Capule violated his duty as a lawyer The Sec of Labor prescribed the retroactivity of the collective bargaining agreement to 1988
when the 1986 collective bargaining agreement expired. In the same year, the administration
HELD: of UST and the UST Faculty Union also entered into a compromise agreement for the payment
YES! And the court sentenced him to be suspended him from the exercise of his profession to settle backwages.
for the period of 2 years The important fact in this case is that Atty, Marino, as president, negotiated with UST as
Capule had utilized the papers, knowledge and information that he had received from his union attorney, even though he was an interested party since he was one of the officers who
former client Natan in connection to the Hacienda Minit against Natan and for the benefit of were dismissed (conflict of interests)
his new client Olimpio Patero
Capule, because of his previous relationship with Natan, was disqualified to accept the case ISSUE: WoN Marino should be reprimanded?
of Olimpio who claims ownership over Hacienda Minit.
The fact the Capule retired from the forcible entry case prior to retaining the case of Olimpio HELD: YES
did not relieve him from his obligation of fidelity and loyalty to his former client. The
inconsistency between his position as attorney of Natan and that of Olimpio is so apparent RATIO:
that it could not have escaped his attention 1. Atty Marino failed to avoid conflict of interests, first, when he negotiated for the compromise
An attorney may not do anything which will injuriously affect his former client in any matter agreement wherein he played the diverse roles of union president, union atty and interested
in which he formerly represented him, nor may he, at any time, use against his former client party being one of the dismissed employees seeking his own restitution, and thereafter, when
knowledge or information acquired by virtue of his previous relationship. he obtained the attys fees of P4,200,000.00 without full prior disclosure of the circumstances
justifying such clain to the members of the UST Faculty Union.
80 BAUTISTA v BARRIOS 2. As one of the 16 union officers and directors seeking compensation from the UST for their
illegal dismissal, Atty. Marino was involved in obvious conflict of interests when in addition he
Facts: chose to act as concurrent lawyer and president of the UST Faculty Union in forging the
Rufina Bautista engaged the services of Atty. Barrios to draft an extra-judicial partition compromise agreement. The test of conflict of interest among lawyers is whether the
between Bautista and her brothers and sisters and Rovero on the other side. Barrios prepared acceptance of a new relation will prevent an atty from the full discharge of his duty of
the deed. undivided fidelity and loyalty to his client or invite suspicion of unfaithfulness or double-
Rovero later on refused to comply with the terms of the deed. Bautista sued him. dealing in the performance thereof. In the same manner, it is undoubtedly a conflict of
interests for an atty to put himself in a position where self-interest tempts, or worse, actually
Instead of representing Bautista, Barrios instead appeared for Rovero.
impels him to do less than his best for his client.
Barrios defense: it was Rovero who engaged his services in preparing the deed and not
3. Atty Marino. Both as lawyer and president of the union was duty bound to protect and
Bautista advance the interest of the union members and the bargaining unit above his own. This
obligation was jeopardized when his personal interest complicated the negotiation process
Issue: and eventually resulted in the lopsided compromise agreement that rightly or wrongly
W/N Barrios may handle a case nullify a contract which he prepared brought money to him at the expense of the other faculty members. He also ought to have
disclosed his interest (which he only did only years after the consummation of his share.. tsk
Held: bad.)
No, he may not. Suspended for 2 years.
When Bautista approached Barrios to enforce the deed, Barrios merely said that she has no 82 SUNTAY v SUNTAY
cause of action. Barrios did not inform her that he was already representing Rovero.
Supposing that Barrios was indeed representing both Bautista and Rovero, he could not Facts:
appear for one as against another. The complaint for disbarment was filed by Frederico Suntay against his nephew, Atty Suntay, alleging
that respondent was his legal counsel who was privy to all his legal, and political affairs. Since they

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parted ways, Atty Suntay had been filing complaints and cases against complainant making use of Held:
confidential information gained while their attorney-client relationship existed. He should be DISBARRED!
By extorting money from his client through deceit and misrepresentation, respondent Limon
In addition, complainant Suntay alleged that respondent Atty Suntay pursued a case against him for has reduced the law profession to a level so base, so low and dishonorable, and most
violation of PD 296 for the alleged disappearance of 2 creeks traversing complainants fishpond. contemptible.
Complainant alleged that Atty Suntay s possession of the TCT and the blueprint plan of the property He has sullied the integrity of his brethren in the law and has, indirectly, eroded the peoples'
while he was still counsel for complainant provided him with the information that there used to be 2 confidence in the judicial system. By his reprehensible conduct, which is reflective of his
creeks traversing the fishpond depraved character, respondent has made himself unworthy to remain in the Roll of
Attorneys.
In one case, Magno Dinglasan demanded from complainant P150,000 as consideration for the
destruction of complainants record in the BIR, in which Dinglasan is an officer. When complainat 84 SEVILLA v SALUBRE
declined the demand, Dinglasan charged complainant with the crime of false testimony and grave oral
defamation. During the preliminary investigation, Atty Sntay acted as counsel of Magno Dinglasan. Facts:
Complainant testified that he consulted Atty Suntay about the demand made by Dinglasan. Salubre, prior to being a judge, was Sevillas counsel in a civil case for repurchase and
damages.
Issue: Upon advice of Salubre, Sevilla gave P45k to him to be consigned with the court as
Whether the acts of Atty Suntay in filing the complaints constitute malpractice repurchase money.
Instead of consigning it to the court, Salubre deposited the money in his own account and
Held: later used personally by him.
YES. Atty Suntay acted as counself for clients in case involving subject matters regarding which he Salubre promised Sevilla that he would pay the sum of money. He even issued a promissory
had either been previously helped complainant to administer as the latters counsel and confidant. A
note for said amount. Several extensions were sought by Salubre but he still failed to pay.
lawyer shall preserve the confidences and secrets of his clients even after termination of the attorney-
Later on, checks were issued to cover the indebtedness. But these were dishonored on the
client relation.
ground account closed. By the time the case was referred to the Office of Court
Administrator, the amount due was around P77k (45k as principal and 32k as interest).
It is also not necessary to specify the alleged confidential information used. To make the passing of
Salubres appointment as judge did not extinguish the obligation incurred by him when he
confidential information a condition precedent would not enhance the welfare of the litigants. Hence,
was still a trial lawyer.
the necessity of setting down the existence of the bare relationship of attorney and client as the
Salubres defense was that the complaint was a result of misunderstanding and the filing of
yardstick for testing incompatibility of interests.
an Affidavit of Desistance is proof that the matter was already resolved. It was shown that
Atty Suntay is suspended for 2 years. Salubre later returned the funds to Sevilla after the case for estafa was filed.
Salubre also claimed that the money he received from Sevilla was supposed to be the latters
payment for his appearance and other litigation expenses
83 DOCENA V LIMON
Issue:
Facts: Should Salubre still be held liable for his acts despite the desistance of the complainant?
Atty. Limon was the Docena spouses lawyer for their appeal in a Forcible Entry case.
Held:
He then required the Docena spouses to post a supersedeas bond in the amount of
Yes. The Affidavit of Desistance did not divest the Court of its jurisdiction to impose administrative
P10,000.00 allegedly to stay the execution of the appealed decision
sanctions upon Salubre. Complainants voluntary desistance does not confirm nor deny Salubres non-
The Docenas obtained a loan of P3,000.00 from the Borongan, Eastern Samar Branch of the
culpability. The primary object of administrative cases against lawyers is not only to punish and
Development Bank of the Philippines; borrowed P2,140.00 from a private individual; and
discipline erring lawyers but also to safeguard the administration of justice by protecting the courts
applied for an agricultural loan of P4,860.00 from the Borongan, Samar Branch of the
and the public from the misconduct of lawyers, and to remove from the legal profession persons
Philippine National Bank, wherein Limon himself acted as guarantor.
whose utter disregard of their lawyers oath have proven them unfit to continue discharging the trust
When The Docenas went to the CFI to withdraw the bond after the case, they discovered that
reposed in them as members of the bar. Administrative cases against lawyers can still proceed despite
no such bond was ever posted by Limon. the dismissal of civil and/or criminal cases against them.
Limon claims that the P10T was just his attorneys fees.
Salubre violated Canon 16 of the Code of Professional Responsibility for his failure to return the funds
Issue: of his client upon demand. His appointment as Judge is not a valid reason not to properly address the
W/N Limon should be sanctioned. demand of complainant. The fact that he was eventually appointed as Judge will not exculpate him
from taking responsibility of the consequences of his acts as an officer of the court. His defense that

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the money was supposed to be Sevillas payment for his services should have been made known to From the time of the filing of the administrative case until the present, CUNANANS demand
the latter at the earliest time when the demand was made. Instead, he bombarded complainant with a for accounting has not yet been satisfied by ATTY RIMORIN
long line of promises hoping that the latter would allow the matter to be, eventually, left unsettled. Thus, ATTY RIMORIN fell short of his duty as a lawyer under Canon 16 Rule 16.01 and should
be penalized accordingly
Salubre, by delaying payment of his obligation, failed to keep up with the exacting standards of the
Canons of Judicial Ethics. JUDGMENT

There was an allegation of violation of Canon 17 but this was not substantiated. Salubre is fined and Suspended for 1 year and to render an accounting of P170,000 representing the balance of P200,000
given a stern warning.

85 CUNANAN v RIMORIN 86 LICUANAN v MELO

Facts:
FACTS Leonila Licuanan won in an ejectment case against Aida Pineda. Her counsel in that case
was Atty. Manuel Melo.
CUNANAN, a retired US citizen, engaged the services of ATTY RIMORIN in the matter of The judgment ordered Pineda to pay rentals, in arrears and succeeding, to Licuanan.
settling his overstaying alien status with the Bureau of Immigration and Deportation so tat It was Melo who demanded payment from Pineda. After being threatened with another
he could attend the funeral of his son, Andrew Cunanan, in the United States
lawsuit, Pineda paid the rentals to Melo (worth P5,220).
CUNANAN verbally agreed to pay ATTY RIMORIN P40,000 Licuanan never got the payments so she filed an administrative complaint against Pineda
This amount was to be paid out of the goodwill money to be paid by ABS-CBN, represented by
before the Chief of the Philippine Tuberculosis Society accusing her of moral turpitude. In
NOLI DE CASTRO, in exchange for an exclusive interview regarding the story of CUNANANS response, Pineda filed an action for damages (on the ground of besmirched reputation and
son, Andrew mental anguish) against Licuanan because Pineda believed that she had already paid her
For the 1st partial payment, NOLI acting in behalf of ABS-CBN, issued a check for P100,000 debt by paying to Melo.
payable to ATTY RIMORIN After 1 year, Licuanan, through another lawyer, then finds out that the money paid by Pineda
To complete payment, ABS-CBN deposited the balance of P100,000 in the bank account of was with Melo. Melo then gives the rentals to Licuanan.
ATTY RIMORIN Licuanan then files this complaint with the Office of the Court Administrator against Melo for
According to the affidavit of NOLI, the 2 payments were intended for CUNANAN breach of professional ethics.
ATTY RIMORIN sent a letter to CUNANAN stating due to rains there is no way of checking Issue:
whether the check deposited by ABS-CBN has been clearedIll try my very best to produce W/n Melo should be sanctioned for his acts.
the other P30,000 today Held:
CUNANAN indeed received P30,000 but after that there was no more communication from Yes, he should be sanctioned. In fact, the SC disbarred him.
ATTY RIMORIN The acts of respondent in retaining for his personal benefit over a one-year period, the
Hence, CUNANAN filed an administrative case with the IBP Commission on Bar Discipline for amount of P5,220 received by him on behalf of his client, Licuanan, depriving her of its use,
the disbarment of ATTY RIMORIN and for failing to render the accounting of P200,000 which and withholding information on the same despite inquiries made by her, is a breach of the
the lawyer received in trust for him] Lawyer's Oath to which he swore observance, and an evident transgression of the Canons of
Professional Ethics (16.01, 16.02, 16.03).
Respondent's unprofessional acts considered, the SC was constrained to find him guilty of
ISSUE W/N ATTY RIMORIN SHOULD BE REPRIMANDED deceit, malpractice and gross misconduct in office. He has displayed lack of honesty and
good moral character. He has violated his oath not to delay any man for money or malice,
HELD YES, VIOLATED CANON 16 RULE 16.01 besmirched the name of an honorable profession and has proven himself unworthy of the
trust reposed in him by law as an officer of the Court. He deserves the severest punishment,
RATIO which is disbarment.
It was established that the P200,000 were received by ATTY RIMORIN for the benefit of and
in trust of CUNANAN, as corroborated by NOLI in his affidavit
The highly fiduciary and confidential relation of attorney and client require that ATTY 87 MARQUEZ v MENESES
RIMORIN should promptly account for the said funds which he received and held for the
benefit of his client, CUNANAN, because those funds properly belong to the latter Facts: Marquez was introduced by Atty. Peralta to Atty. Meneses as a prospective client. Marquez
retained the services of Atty. Meneses to prosecute a claim of P210 against Igdanes. The

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agreement was that Marquez was to pay Meneses a fee of P100 whether the case was won or demand.
lost. Marquez advanced the amount from time to time, totaling P75. Taguines is suspended for one year.
The decision of the Justice of the Peace Court was in favor of Marquez, ordering
Igdanes to pay the P210 claim and P75 as attorneys fees. Marquez received a letter from her 89 LEMOINE v BALON
brother saying that Igdanes had paid the P75 to the sheriff as partial satisfaction and that Atty.
Meneses had gotten all of the P75. Marquez went to see Atty. Meneses to claim P50 of the P75 FACTS:
that the latter got. Marquez claims that Meneses was only entitled to P25 of the amount paid Lemoine is a French national who filed an insurance claim with Metropolitan Insurance.
because she had already given the Atty. P75. Atty. Meneses contends that Marquez owes her His friend Jesus Garcia arranged for the engagement of Balons services as his counsel
money because he was entitled to the retainer fee (P100) and whatever contingent fees that Balon advised Lemoine that he was charging 25% of the actual amount to being recovered
may be awarded by the court. payable upon successful recovery. An advance payment of P50,000 to be deducted from
Sol. Gen. says that Atty. Meneses must return the amount of P50 to Marquez. The whatever amount would be successfully collected. P1,000 as appearance and conference
Sol. Gen. also recommended the suspension of Atty. Meneses for at least 6 months. fee for each and every court hearing and legal expenses and other miscellaneous will be
charged to Lemoines account which would be reimbursed upon presentment of account.
Issue: W/N Atty. Meneses should return the amount. Lemoine never gave his consent as to the fee.
Lemoine signed an undated Special Power of Attorney authorizing Balon to bring any action
Held: Atty. Meneses should return the amount of P 50. Suspension of 1 month. against Metropolitan Insurance for the satisfaction of Lemoines claim as well as to negotiate,
It is highly improbable that Marquez would agree to pay P175 as fees to atty. sign, compromise, encash and receive payments
considering the fact that the claim was only for P210. An atty.s fee of P175 is unconscionable. Metropolitan Insurance offered to settle Lemoines claim and Balon confirmed his acceptance
It is well-settled that money collected by a lawyer in pursuance of a judgment in favor of his of the offer
client is money held in trust and must be immediately turned over. Atty. Meneses should have December 1998, Metropolitan Insurance issued a China Bank check payable to Lemoine in
made an accounting with his client of the amount he received.
the amount of P525,000 which was received by Balon
When Lemoine asked Balon as to the status of the case, Balon answered that Metropolitan
88 CASTILLO v TAGUINES
Insurance was offering P350,000 for settlement which Lemoine suggested that Balon accept
to avoid litigation
Facts:
December 1999, Lemoine visited the office of Metropolitan Insurance to ask on the status of
Castillo alleged that Atty. Taguines failed to delver to him P500 representing the monetary
the case and it answered that the case was long settled via a check given to Balon.
settlement of a civil suit between Castillo and Licup.
Balon acknowledge that he is in possession of the check and that he is keeping the check as
Taguines was the counsel of defendant Licup in the said case, where Castillo was the plaintiff. It
attorneys lien pending Lemoines payment of his attorneys fee equivalent to 50% of the
was agreed that Licup will give P500.00 for the settlement of the case to Taguines, and
entire amount collected. He also threatened Lemoine that he will not hesitate to make proper
Taguines will give the amount to Castillo. For this consideration, Castillo had the case against
representation with the Bureau of Immigration and Deportation, DOLE and BIR if Lemoine will
Licup dismissed.
make any trouble to Balon and that he has good network with the mentioned agencies.
No money was given to Castillo, and the latter only found out in the second week of January 79
Balon later claimed that he gave P233,000 to Garcia on the representation of Lemoine. No
that Licup had already given the money to Taguines since Dec.16, 78
written memorandum of the turn-over was made because Garcia was a co-Rotarian and co-
Castillo found out when Licup showed him a certification signed by Taguines that the latter
attorney of Balon
received the amount.
Balon was in possession of the said check for 5 years
Taguines defense is that although he received the money from Licup, he never bound himself to
ISSUE:
go out of his way to personally deliver the money to Castillo or his lawyer, and Taguines said he
W/N Balon violated the Code of Professional Responsibility
does not know personally Castillo or his address.
HELD:
Castillo states that Taguines set a date to meet with him but never showed up nor called
afterwards.
YES! And he was ordered disbarred by the SC
Taguines later on gave Castillo a bouncing check worth P500.
The lawyers continuing exercise of his retaining lien presupposes that the client agrees with
the amount of attorneys fees to e charged. In case of disagreement, however, the lawyer
Issue: W/N Taguines must be held administratively liable for not delivering the money to Castillo and
must not arbitrarily apply the funds in his possession to the payment of his fees. He can file
for fooling the complainant by giving a bouncing check.
the necessary action with the proper court to fix the fees
Before receiving the check, he proposes a 25% attorneys fees, after receiving the check, he
Held: YES.
was already asking for 50%.
Canon 16 of the Code of Professional Responsibility provides that a lawyer shall hold in trust all
money and property of his client that may come into his possession. Rule 16.03 of the same
canon provides that a lawyer shall deliver the funds or property of his client when due or upon

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under the Code of Professional Responsibility, a lawyer shall not engage in unlawful acts , Decenas failure to turn over to the spouses the money underscores his lack of honesty and
must observe fairness in all his dealings with his client and must hold in trust all moneys and candor in dealing with his clients
properties of his client
a lawyer who practices deceit in his dealings with his client not only violates his duty of
fidelity loyalty and devotion to the clients cause but also degrades himself and besmirches
the name of an honorable profession.

90 MELENDRES v DECENA

Facts: 91 JUNIO v GRUPO


(1st cause of action)
Aug. 5, 1975: Complainants (spouses Erlinda Dalman & Narciso Melendrez) obtained from FACTS:
Atty. Reynerio Decena (Decena) a loan of P4K. This loan was secured by a real estate
mortgage.
It was made to appear in the REM that the amount borrowed was P5K. Decena assured the Rosario Junio engaged the services of Atty. Salvador Grupo for the redemption of a
spouses that the REM was a mere formality, and due to this assurance the spouses signed land belonging to her parents. She gave P25,000 to be used in the redemption, yet
the REM. Atty. Grupo did not redeem the property and has continuously refused to refund the
Despite the assurance, Decena collected from the spouses P500/month as usurious interest. money given.
The spouses paid such usurious interest for 3 months. Junio filed a complaint for disbarment for malpractice and gross misconduct
Because of their failure to pay the amounts, Decena drafted a new REM
o New contract of mortgage in the amount of P10K with interest at 19%/annum Attu. Grupo contends that the land could really not be redeemed anymore, and that
o A special power of attorney authorizing Decena to sell the mortgaged property in since Junio knew that the mortgage has already expired, she knew that it was just a
public auction last ditch effort to redeem the property. Atty. Grupo then borrowed some of the
Spouses never knew the implications of the new REM. They failed to pay their obligation and money for himself to help defray his childrens educational expenses. (personal
so Decena acquired their property in pulic auction and later sold it to Trinidad Ylanan for P12K request evidenced by a PN executed in favor of Junio Atty. Grupo contends that
Spouses then went to Decena with P10K in the hopes of getting their property back. Decena their families were really very close and intimate with each other Junios sisters
then informs them that their debt has soared to P20.4K. were maids of Atty. Grupo)
With shattered hopes and grief in their hearts (andrama!), the spouses filed this case for
disbarment. Atty. Grupo claims that there was no atty-client relationship and further contends
nd
that he did not ask for any fee, not even charity. He claims that his services were
(2 cause of action) just acts of a friend for a friend. (he claims that he is willing to pay, though)
Spouses filed a case for estafa against Reynaldo Pineda for recovery of P2K
Decena entered into a compromise agreement with Pineda. Pineda then paid P500 to Decena.
IBP found that Atty Grupo violated a rule forbidding lawyers from borrowing money
This settlement was never brought to the attention of the spouses nor were they ever
consulted about such. from their clients unless the clients interests are protected by the nature of the case
or by independent advice and suspended him indefinitely.
Issue:
W/N Decenas acts show gross misconduct and should therefore be disbarred what he violated was the rule that a lawyer is bound to observe candor, fairness and
loyalty in all his dealing and transactions with his client. And that Atty Grupo did Not
Held: violate Rule 16 because Junio consented to and ratified to the use of the money, as
Yes, Decena shall be disbarred evidenced by the PN. The court is constrained to give credence to Atty. Grupos
The acts of Decena as to the 1 st cause of action constitute deception, dishonesty and conduct claims that the money previously entrusted to him was later converted into a loan
unbecoming a member of the bar.
As to the 2nd cause of action, Decena clearly failed to get the consent of the spouses before ISSUE: WoN Atty. Grupo violated Rule 16?
entering into a compromise. Decena also failed to inform the spouses or turn over to them
the P500 given to him by Pineda as downpayment for the settlement of the case.
HELD: YES

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

RATIO:
93 DALISAY v MAURICIO
What he violated was the rule that a lawyer is bound to observe candor, fairness and
Facts:
loyalty in all his dealing and transactions with his client. ( he did not give security
This is the case against Batas Mauricio, the TV host.
for the loan and he refused to pay the amount)And that Atty Grupo did not violate
Allegedly, Mauricio demanded and received exorbitant attorneys fees but did not take any
Rule 16 because Junio consented to and ratified to the use of the money, as
action on Valerina Dalisays case.
evidenced by the PN. The court is constrained to give credence to Atty. Grupos
Initially, she paid P25T as acceptance fee.
claims that the money previously entrusted to him was later converted into a loan
But in the dispositive portion, sabi he violated so ayun. In total, she paid Mauricio P56T: P8T filing fee (though the case was already filed) the
balance might be a combination of the ff:
o Additional acceptance fee P90,000.00, with the explanation that he can give a
As to the contention that no atty- client relationship exists: it is not necessary that discount should she pay in cash.
any retainer should have been paid. All is needed is when a person consults with his o P3,000.00 as appearance fee
atty in his professional capacity to obtain professional advice. notwithstanding her payments, respondent never rendered any legal service. She terminated
their attorney-client relationship and demanded the return of her money and documents.
Atty Grupo is suspended from practice of law for 1 month and to refund the money Mauicio refused.
The IBP Board of Governors wanted to dismiss the case.

92 BUADO v LAYAG Issue:


W/N the case against Mauricio should be dismissed.
Facts:
Herein complainant Lising and her sister Rosita de Guzman ( mother of herein complianat Susana Held:
Buado) were the plaintiffs in a civil case which was decided in favor of the plaintiffs. Atty Layag No. He should be suspended for 6 months.
represented the said plaintiffs in that case. Inland Trailways, the defendant in that case, issued
checks: (1)payable to Atty Layag for P15,000 (2) payable to Lising for P30,180 (3) payable to De
When respondent accepted P56,000.00 from complainant, it was understood that he agreed
Guzman, who had by then
passed away (for P45,000). The checks were received by Atty Layag. Atty Layag did not inform the to take up the latters case and that an attorney-client relationship between them was established.
plaintiffs about the checks. Instead he gave the checks to one Marie Paz Gonzales for encashment on From then on, it was expected of him to serve complainant with competence and attend to her case
the strength of a Special Power of Attorney, purportedly executed by De Guzman constituting
Gonzales as agent. with fidelity, care and devotion.
But there is nothing on record that Mauricio entered his appearance as counsel of record.
After discovering that checks have already been issued, Lising and Buado, as heir of De Guzman
demanded the delivery of the checks. Gonzales, the agent gave Lising P10,000. No furhter amounts
He did not even follow-up the case which remained pending up to the time she terminated his
were remitted.
services.
Issue:
W/n Atty Layag's act of delivering the checks to Gonzales, the purported agent, constitutes Regarding the P8T: (allegedly as docket fees for other cases): there was no evidence nor
malpractice... any pleadings submitted to show that respondent filed any case considering that the filing
Held: fee had to be paid simultaneously with the filing of a case.
YES. As a lawyer, with more than 30 years in practice, respondent is charged with knowledge of the
when a lawyer takes a clients cause, he covenants that he will exercise due diligence in
law. He should know that it was error for him to rely on a Special Power of Attorney after the death of
protecting his rights.
the principal, De Guzman. When De Guzman died, the Special Power of Attorney ceased to be
Just like any other professional, a lawyer is entitled to collect fees for his services. However,
operative.
he should charge only a reasonable amount of fees.
With respect to the check payable to Lising, Atty Layag should have delivered it directly to Lising. The
94 MORTERA v PAGATPATAN
Power of Attorney did not cover Lising's case.
Facts:
He is therefore, suspended indefinitely, subject to further orders by the SC.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

The Morteras sued their mother, and 2 other personsAguilar and Bradfieldfor the In 1974, HERNANDEZ came to know that ATTY GO did not sell her lots as agreed but instead
rescission of a contract of sale. They secured a favorable judgment in which they are to he paid her creditors with his own funds and had her land titles registered in his name,
receive P155k. depriving her of real property worth millions
Pagatpatan was counsel for the Morteras. After judgment was rendered, he entered into a HERNANDEZ filed a complaint with the IBP
secret agreement with Aguilar where he received P150k as partial payment of the judgment IBP: ATTY GO violated Canon 17 and should be suspended for 3 years
sum.
This money was later deposited, by Pagatpatan, in his personal account without the ISSUE W/N ATTY GO SHOULD BE REPRIMANDED
knowledge of the Morteras.
Morteras filed an action because Pagatpatan refuses to surrender the money despite the HELD YES, FOR VIOLATING CANONS 16 AND 17
successive Orders of the RTC and CA.
Pagatpatans defense is that the Morteras and their mother owed him money for services he RATIO
previously rendered the family, and that he wouldnt be paid if he did not do what he did. ATTY GO violated Canon 16
o His acts acquiring for himself HERNANDEZS lots entrusted to him are acts
Issue: constituting gross misconduct, a grievous wrong, a forbidden act, a dereliction of
Should Pagatpatan be held administratively liable? What is the proper penalty? duty, willful in character and implies a wrongful intent and not a mere error in
judgment
Held: o Such conduct on the part of ATTY GO not only degrades himself but also the honor of
Yes. Pagatpatan failed to observe Canon 15 and 16 of the Code of Professional Responsibility. As the legal profession
counsel he: owes candor to his clients; is bound to account whatever money received for and from ATTY GO violated Canon 17
them; is obligated to keep his own money separate from his clients and; although he is entitled to a o Records show that HERNANDEZ reposed high degree of trust and confidence in ATTY
lien over the funds in order to satisfy lawful fees, he is bound to give prompt notice to his clients of GO that when she engaged his services, she entrusted to him her land titles and
such liens and to deliver the funds to them upon demand or when due. allowed him to sell the same
o ATTY GO, however, abused this trust and confidence when he did not sell her
The claim that he need to protect his interests since there were other people claiming the money from properties to others but to himself
the Monteras was not proved. o ATTY GO is duty bound to render a detailed report to HERNANDEZ on how much he
sold the lots and the amounts paid to her creditors but failed to do so
The penalty of 1-year suspension recommended by the IBP is not commensurate to the fault done. In previous cases, the Court disbarred and expelled lawyers from the practice of law in similar
Several factors warrant a more severe penalty: Considering that Pagatpatan is a seasoned circumstances, thus, the penalty recommended by the IBP is too light
practitioner, his actions are inexcusable; Counsel tried to subvert both law and proper procedure to
recover his fees; Counsels actions were clearly tainted with bad faith, deceit, and utter contempt of
his sworn duty as a lawyer.
JUDGMENT
Pagatpatan is ordered to return the P150k and is suspended for 2 years. ATTY GO is disbarred

95 HERNANDEZ v GO 96 REONTOY v IBADLIT

FACTS Facts:
Sometime in 1961, HERNANDEZS husband abandoned her and her son Corazon Reontoy lost a decision in a civil case in the RTC with Atty. Liberato Ibadlit as her
Shortly thereafter, creditors of HERNANDEZS husband demanded payment of his loans counsel.
Fearful of mortgage foreclosures, HERNANDEZ engaged the legal services of ATTY GO Ibadlit received the notice of the decision but he opted not to file an appeal. He says that he
ATTY GO advised HERNANDEZ to give him land titles of lots in Zamboanga City belonging to informed Reontoys brother, Proculo Tomazar, to inform Reontoy of his opinion that he did not
her so that he may sell them to enable her to pay the creditors think that an appeal would prosper. This statement was refuted by the testimony of Proculo
Then, ATTY GO persuaded HERNANDEZ to execute deeds of sale in his favor without any saying that he was not given such info.
monetary or valuable consideration Reontoy also said that he would never authorized Proculo to represent her to the court or to
ATTY GO also persuaded HERNANDEZ to execute deeds of sale involving the other lots in her lawyer because Proculo was unlettered.
Zamboanga City which were redeemed by HERNANDEZ when their mortgages fell due Ibadlit only filed the notice of appeal after the reglementary period for appeal. Obviously, the
appeal was instantly dismissed.
Issue:
W/n Ibadlit should be sanctioned.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Held: A deed of mortgage was delivered to Hilda Tabas evidencing a real property in La Union that
SC says yes, Ibadlit is suspended for 1 year. was mortgaged to her by Galvan. The deed of mortgage was registered in the Register of
A lawyer owes entire devotion in protecting the interest of his client, warmth and zeal in the Deeds of La Union.
defense of his rights. He must use all his learning and ability to the end that nothing can be Subsequently, a certain Lilia Castillejos represented herself as Tabas and appeared before
taken or withheld from his client except in accordance with the law. He must present every Mangibin, who was a notary public, and asked the latter to prepare a discharge of the
remedy or defense within the authority of the law in support of his client's cause, regardless mortgage and to notarize it afterwards.
of his own personal views. In the full discharge of his duties to his client, the lawyer should Mangibin prepared the discharge of real estate mortgage without asking Castillejos for
not be afraid of the possibility that he may displease the judge or the general public. anything to serve as identification except for a Community Tax Certificate (CTC). This
A lawyer has no authority to waive his client's right to appeal. His failure to perfect an appeal enabled Galvan to mortgage the property again, this time to a rural bank
within the prescribed period constitutes negligence and malpractice proscribed by Rule Tabas informed Mangibin that her signature in the questioned discharge of REM was forged
18.03, Canon 18, of the Code of Professional Responsibility which provides that "a lawyer but Mangibin did nothing to help. He even threatened to file a counter suit against her if she
shall not neglect a legal matter entrusted to him and his negligence in connection therewith files a case against him.
shall render him liable." Tabas filed this complaint for disbarment.
Mangibin admitted that the discharge of REM was a forgery but interposed the defense that it
97 DE LAINO v CA was beyond the scope of his duty to ascertain the identity of persons appearing before him,
and that he had no available means of ascertaining their real identities.
De Liano vs. CA Mendiola
Issue:
Facts: The prior case involves the cancellation of 2 real estate mortgages in favor of San Miguel W/N Mangibin should be held administratively liable for negligence in the performance of his duty as a
executed by Tango. De Liano was a senior executive of SMC. notary public to ascertain the identity of the person appearing before him.
The prior case was decided against SMC. De Liano appealed the decision to the CA.
Their counsel, Atty. Afable filed an Appellants Brief which failed to comply with the Rules of Held:
Court. Tango noticed this flaw of the Brief and immediately moved for the dismiss of De Lianos YES, Mangibin was negligent in performing such duty.
appeal. The CA decided that the Appellants Brief does not contain a Subject Index or a Table of
Cases and Authorities; and that these lapses justify the dismissal of the appeal. Notarization is invested with public interest. It converts a private document into a public one,
De Liano asserts that the CA erred in declaring that the appeal be dismissed on the making it admissible in court without further proof of its authenticity. Such document is by
basis of the lapses in complying with the technical requirements in making of brief. law entitled to full faith and credit upon its face. Courts, administrative agencies, and the
public must be able to rely upon an acknowledgement by a notary public appended to a
Issue: W/N the dismissal of the Appeal was proper. document.
A notary public should not notarize a document unless the person who signed the same is the
Held: The dismissal of the brief was proper. very same person who executed and personally appeared before him to attest to the
All appeals are merely rights that arise from statutes; thus, they must be exercised contents and truth of matters stated in the document.
in the manner prescribed by law. It is to this end that rules governing pleadings must be Mangibin should have requested other forms of identification or asked questions to ascertain
exercised in the manner prescribed by law. These technical rules like the inclusion of the her identity.
statement of facts or the subject index in the brief are meant to enable the appellate court Mangibin violated the Notarial Law and Canon 1. His notarial commission is revoked and he is
to have a better grasp of the matter entrusted to it for appraisal.
disqualified from reappointment as notary public for 2 years.
Relevant to the topic: Generally, the negligence of the counsel binds the
client. Even if Atty. Afable may be said to be SMCs counsel, this does not operate in favor of
De Liano. A corporation is an artificial being whose juridical personality is only a fiction created
by law and it can only exercise powers and transact its business through its board of directors
99 SANTUYO v HIDALGO
and its agents. That Atty. Afable was clothed with sufficient authority to bind SMC is
undisputable. SMCs board resolution attests to that. As such, SMC must be held
FACTS:
bound by the actuations of its counsel, Atty. Afable.
Santuyo purchased a parcel of land covered by a deed of sale which was notarized by Hidalgo
and was entered in his notarial register
98 TABAS v MANGIBIN
6 years after the date of notarization, Santuyo had a dispute with Danilo German over the
ownership of the land
Facts:
Germen presented an affidavit of Hidalgo denying the authenticity if his signature on the
deed of sale and that it was forged

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Santuyo argued that: Held:


o The deed of sale contained all the formalities of a duly notarized document Yes. Suspended for 2 months from practice of law.
o They had no access to the dry seal of Hidalgo Facts to show may problema talaga to si Atty. Oca:
Hidalgo on the other hand claimed that: o In his comment, Oca put up the defense that he did not file any paper in the MCTC
o He was on vacation at the time that the deed was allegedly notarized because it would just be a repetition of the answer. Endaya filed his reply which just
o An examination of the document will prove that his signature was forged reiterated what he put in his complaint.
o He would have remembered Santuyo for he requires that the parties exhibit their o SC ordered Oca to file a rejoinder. Guess what, Oca once again failed to file
community tax certificates and made them personally acknowledge the documents anything. Oca explained that he failed to file a rejoinder because he believed in
before he notarize documents good faith that it was no longer necessary.
IBP: the signature was really forged but Hidalgo must be suspended for 2 years as a notary o In the IBP investigation, Oca once again failed to submit anything.
public Oca only appeared once in the MCTC and practically abandoned the spouses thereafter.
The facts show that Oca failed to employ every legal and honorable means to advance the
ISSUE: cause of his client. For intentionally failing to submit the pleadings required by the court,
W/N Hidalgo must be suspended respondent practically closed the door to the possibility of putting up a fair fight for his client.
Oca cannot just appear only once for the spouses. A lawyer continues to be a counsel of
HELD: record until the lawyer-client relationship is terminated.
YES! Ocas story shows his appalling indifference to his clients cause, deplorable lack of respect
The responsibility attached to a notary public is sensitive. Hidalgo should have been more for the courts and a brazen disregard of his duties as a lawyer.
discreet and cautious I the execution of his duties as such and should not have wholly Bakit hindi disbarred?
entrusted everything to the secretaries. o Endaya misrepresented that the original answer was prepared by a non-lawyer when
Hidalgo is negligent not only in the supposed notarization but foremost in having allowed the in fact it was prepared by a lawyer
office secretaries to make the necessary entries in his notarial registry which was supposed o Endaya assured Oca that he had strong evidence to support their case. Endaya
to be done and kept by him alone and should not have relied on somebody else. never gave anything to Oca to support their claim.
o The PAO is burdened with a heavy caseload.
100 ENDAYA v OCA
101 DE JUAN v BARIA III
Facts:
A complaint for unlawful detainer was filed against Artemio Endaya and his wife. An answer FACTS:
was prepared by a Mr. Ramirez for the spouses. Emma de Juan dwas dismissed by Triple AAA without notice. She asked for the assistance of
At the beginning of the preliminary conference, spouses appeared without counsel. Endaya Banahaw Broadcasting Company (BBC) to search for a lawyer. The new lawyer, Atty. Oscar
sought the services of the Public Attorneys Office. Atty. Oca was assigned to handle the case. Barria III, who worked with BBC offering free legal services to indigents became the counsel of
At the continuation of the prelim conference, Oca filed motion for amendment of answer. de Juan in the NLRC case against Triple
Motion was denied. AAA for illegal dismissal.
The judge then ordered all parties to submit their affidavits and position papers. The court When an adverse NLRC decision was rendered against de Juan, she asked Atty Baria as to what
also said that 30 days after the submission of the last paper or upon expiration of the period to do next. Atty replied "Paano ba yan, iha eh hindi ako marunong gumawa ng Motion for
for filing, judgment shall be rendered on the case. Reconsideration?" and the secretary of Atty. Baria told de Juan and the husband "wag na
Oca failed to submit any affidavit or position paper. tumawag uli dahil galit..."
Nonetheless, the complaint for unlawful detainer was dismissed because those who filed the De Juan charged Atty Baria with negligence and threats to her person.
case were not reall parties-in-interest. Atty. BAria contends that he forewarned his client not to expect too much from him because of
The case was appealed to RTC. Oca failed to submit anything again. RTC reversed the MTC his limited legal experience since he was a new lawyer. Also, he alleges that De Juan pocketed
decision. Spouses were ordered to vacate the property and pay a certain amount for rentals. the money that Triple AAA has already paid off.
Endaya confronted Oca about the decision. Oca feigned that he did not receive anything. After that, the NLRC decision was reversed, and Atty. Baria accused de Juan that she lied re: her
Upon checking with the clerk of court, Oca did indeed receive a copy of the decision (liar!). employment, which made him lose his appeal.
Hence this administrative complaint. May incident pa re: Raffy Tulfo (pero d na kelangan un.. gusto nya kasuhan ng libel kasi may
sinabing bad against him)
Issue:
W/N Oca committed professional misconduct ISSUE: WoN Atty. Baria can be administratively charged?

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

HELD: Yes. The legal services of the Atty Rodolfo Macalino was sought by the Susan Cuizon in behalf of
her husband Antolin Cuizon who was convicted for Violation of Dangerous Drug Act.
RATIO: Since they cannot pay, he suggested that he be given possession of their Mitsubishi car.
He then offered to buy, and bought it for only P85T. (Too cheap, even if this happened during
1. Once a lawyer agrees to take up the cause of a client, the lawyer owes fidelity to such cause and the early 90s).
must be mindful of the trust and confidence reposed in him. In spite of everything, he still failed to appear in the case of Antolin Cuizon. The Cuizons got
2. Rule 18.03 provides that the negligence of lawyers in connection with legal matters entrusted to another attorney.
them for handling shall render them liable. He (Macalino) was sanctioned by the lower courts, and was fined by the SC for P1000. which
3. Without a proper revocation of his authority and withdrawal as counsel, Atty Baria remains counsel he did not pay.
of record and whether or not he has valid cause to withdraw from the case, he cannot just do so and He was ordered to be arrested by the NBI, who was not able to serve the warrant against him
leave his client out in the cold. (allegedly, he no longer resided in his place)
The IBP wanted to suspend him for 3 years.
102 EDQUIBAL v FERRER

FACTS:
Issue:
Edquibal charged Atty Ferrer with professional misconduct and neglect of duty.
W/N Atty. Macalino should be sanctioned.
Edquibal engaged the services of Ferrer to assist his mother Ursula in cases she filed against his sister
Held:
Delia involving a certain property. In one of the cases, the trial judge rendered a decision adverse to
He should be DISBARRED and not just suspended.
his mother. Atty Ferrer then advised complainant to appeal to the CA and that the cost involved is
Among the fundamental rules of ethics is the principle that an attorney who undertakes to
P4,000. When complainant Edquibal informed respondent Atty Ferrer that he does not have enough
money, Atty ferrer said P2,000 is sufficient. conduct an action impliedly stipulates to carry it to its conclusion
The respondent clearly breached his obligation under Rule 18.03, Canon 18 of the Code of
Edquibal followed up the appealed case. He then learned that the appeal was dismissed for failure to Professional Responsibility which provides: A lawyer shall not neglect a legal matter
file the required appelant's brief. entrusted to him, and his negligence in connection therewith shall render him liable.
By his repeated cavalier conduct, the respondent exhibited an unpardonable lack of respect
Respondent Atty Ferrer denied that he filed an appeal. He claimed that he never agreed to handle the for the authority of the Court
appeal. As an officer of the court, it is a lawyers duty to uphold the dignity and authority of the
court. The highest form of respect for judicial authority is shown by a lawyers obedience to
ISSUE: court orders and processes.
W/n Atty Ferrer is guilty of professional misconduct...
104 DE JUAN v BARIA III
HELD:
YES. Records show that respondnet was the counsel of record for Edquibal. The resolution of the CA Facts:
clearly states that the "notice sent to counsel for defendants-appelants requiring him to file appelants De Juan was an employee of Triple AAA. Based on a performance evaluation she was
brief wihtin 45 days from receipt thereof, was received by him...". However, respondent failed to file terminated.
the appellants' brief despite receipt of such notice. Sec2 rule 44 of the Rules of CivPro provides that De Juan filed a case for illegal termination against the company. Atty Baria III was her
the counsel of the parties in the court of origin shall be considered their counsel in the CA. counsel.
The Labor Arbiter rendered a decision in favor of De Juan. When the company appealed to the
If it were true that Atty Ferrer did not agree to represent Edquibals, why did he not file with the CA a NLRC, the decision was reversed.
motion to withdraw as their counsel? The practice of law does not require extraordinary diligence. All De Juan blamed Baria III for the reversal of the decision. She said that she only came to know
that is required is ordinary diligence expected of a bonus pater familias. of the reversed decision a month after it was promulgated. And when she asked counsel what
to do, the latter said that he did not know how to make a Motion for Reconsideration. And
Suspended for 3 mos. when her husband called the office of the lawyer, the secretary told them not to talk with said
counsel anymore.
103 CUIZON v MACALIN Baria IIIs defense was that he forewarned his clients that he was just new in the profession
and that they should not expect much from him. He also claimed that did not fail in informing
Facts: his clients regarding the development of the case. And when the NLRC reversed the decision
of the Labor Arbiter, he advised De Juan to get a more experienced lawyer. He also cited that

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

he was lambasted on air by a radio announcer--Raffy Tulfo. And that he received death IBP BOARD OF GOVERNORS RESOLUTION: suspend for 2 years for violation of Canons 15 and
threats after De Juans husband called their office and gave a warning to his secretary. In 18 and restitution of P8,000
sum, Baria III asserts that he did not commit any breach of his oath and that he has
vigorously pursued his clients cause. He further averred that it was De Juans negligence and ISSUE W/N ATTY NARAVAL SHOULD BE REPRIMANDED
folly that caused her to lose the case.
HELD YES, FOR VIOLATION OF RULE 15.05 AND CANONS 16, 17 & 18
Issue:
Whether Baria III committed culpable negligence, that would warrant disciplinary action, in failing to RATIO
file for De Juan motion for reconsideration from the decision of the NLRC. Ordinarily, lawyers are not obliged to act either as advisers or as advocates of any person
who may wish to become their client. They may decline employment and refuse to accept
Held: representation, if they are not in a position to carry it out effectively and competently. But
Yes. Once a lawyer agrees to take up the cause of a client, he owes fidelity to such cause and must be once they agree to handle a case, attorneys are required by the Canons of Professional
mindful of the trust and confidence reposed in him. A lawyer should carry the case of his client until its Responsibility to undertake the task with zeal, care and utmost devotion.
termination or until it has become final and executory. A lawyer may only abandon his client and Acceptance of money from a client establishes an attorney client-relationship and gives rise
withdraw his services for a reasonable cause and only upon appropriate notice. to the duty of fidelity to a clients cause. And every case accepted by a lawyer deserves full
attention, diligence, skill and competence. Hence, practicing lawyers may accept only as
Baria III did fail to file a motion for reconsideration. His excuse that he did not know how to make one may cases as they can efficiently handle. Otherwise, their clients would be prejudiced.
is inexcusable. After his client expressed her desire to file such motion, it is incumbent upon him to In the case at bar, records show that after receiving P8,000, ATTY NARAVAL failed to render
familiarize himself with the procedure to carry out such task. Anyway, filing a motion for any legal service to ROLLON and despite ROLLONS repeated demands, ATTY NARAVAL failed
reconsideration is not that complicated. Though he did inform his client of his lack of experience, this to return the files of the case that had been entrusted to him and kept the money ROLLOON
cannot absolve him. A lawyer is expected to be familiar with the rudiments of the law and procedure. had likewise entrusted to him
It is his duty to serve his client with competence and diligence and should exert his best efforts to Furthermore, after going through her papers, ATTY NARAVAL should have given ROLLON a
protect the interests of his client. candid opinion on the merits and status of the case. Apparently, the civil suit against
ROLLON had been decided against her and had long become final executory. However, ATTY
There was no proper revocation of authority and withdrawal by Baria III. So he remained De Juans NARAVAL withheld such vital information from ROLLON and even demanded P8,000 as filing
counsel in the case. He did not obtain the written consent of his client or the permission of the court to and service fee giving her hope that her case would be acted upon.
withdraw from the case.
JUDGMENT
Negligence of lawyers in connection with legal matters entrusted to them for handling shall render Atty. Camilo Naraval is found GUILTY of violating Rule 15.05 and Canons 16, 17 and 18 of the
them liable (Canon 18 Rule 3). Baria III abandoned the cause of his client without a just reason. He Code of Professional Responsibility and is hereby SUSPENDED from the practice of law for a
was warned and fined in the amount of P5k. period of two (2) years, effective upon his receipt of this Decision. Furthermore, he is
ORDERED TO RESTITUTE, within thirty (30) days from notice of this Decision, complainants
105 ROLLON v NAVAL eight thousand pesos (P8,000), plus interest thereon, at the rate of six percent per annum,
from October 18, 2000, until fully paid.
FACTS
ROLLON, together with her SON, went to the office of ATTY NARAVAL to seek his assistance in
a case filed against her (Collection of Sum of Money) 106 MIRAFLOR v HAGAD
After going through the documents, ATTY NARAVAL agreed to be ROLLONS lawyer and
required her to pay P8,000 as filing and partial service fee
As per instruction of ATTY NARAVAL, ROLLONS SON returned to his office to follow up Facts:
however ATTY NARAVAL told the SON that he was not able to act on the case because he was Nilo Miraflor, with the help of Primo Miraflor, filed a complaint against Insular Lumber Co.
busy Phils. (ILCOPHIL) for illegal dismissal. The Minister of Labor and Employment initially denied
After several follow-ups and still no action, ROLLON decided to withdraw the amount paid to the petition but the NLRC reversed the ruling, which was affirmed by the Office of the
ATTY NARAVAL for failure of the latter to comply with their mutual agreement President (OP).
ATTY NARAVAL said that he could not return the documents because the same were in his Respondent Atty. Jose Aguirre, as the Executive Labor Arbiter, issued a writ of execution to
house and the P8,000 paid by ROLLON because he has no money enforce the decision of the OP.
ROLLON decided to refer the matter to the IBP President of Davao City ILCOPHIL, through Atty. Juan Hagad, filed a motion for reconsideration. Aguirre ordered
INVESTIGATING COMMISSIONER: suspend for 1 year for neglect of duty and/or violation of ILCOPHIL to post a bond to stay the execution of the decision and ordered a trial to determine
Canons 15 and 18

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the correct amount of backwages and benefits to be awarded to Miraflor. Eventually, Aguirre (torture) and mitigating (plea of guilt) circumstances.
lowered the amount adjudged by the OP (from 27k to 14k).
Mirfalor now complains to the SC that the respondent-lawyers conspired to thwart the 108 MILLARE v MONTERO
execution of the decision of the OP which may constitute malpractice, gross misconduct or
violation of the lawyers oath. Millare v Montero

Issue: Facts:
W/n Aguirre and Hagad acted properly as lawyers. This is a disbarment proceeding against Atty. Montero
Held: Pacifica Millare, the mother of complainant, obtained a favorable judgment from the MTC
SC says YES. which ordered Co to vacate the premises subject of the ejectment case.
Respondent Atty. Hagad can never be faulted for having filed said motion for reconsideration. Co, through Montero as counsel, appealed the decision to the RTC. She neither filed a
As counsel for ILCOPHIL, he has the duty to pursue with zeal and dedication the best interests supersedeas bond nor paid the rentals adjudged by the MTC. Thus the appeal was dismissed.
of his client and the filing of the motion for reconsideration was well within the scope of his The CA also dismissed Cos appeal from the RTC decision for failure to comply with BP Blg.
authority and prerogatives as such counsel. Canon 18 of the Code of Professional 129 and with the Interim Rules and Guidelines. According to CA, Co should have filed a
Responsibility mandates that "a lawyer shall serve his client with competence and diligence." petition for review and not an ordinary appeal.
With respect to respondent Atty. Aguirre, Jr., his explanation is reasonable and satisfactory. After the dismissal, the judgment of the MTC had already become final and executory.
Complainants, except for their unsubstantiated allegations, never offered any satisfactory However, Cos counsel filed four more defective and dilatory petitions before the RTC, CA, and
evidence to warrant the conclusion that Atty. Aguirre, Jr. acted maliciously in allowing SC for the purpose of delaying the execution of judgment by MTC.
ILCOPHIL to file the questioned motion for reconsideration. His explanation that he "merely
complied with due process by granting the respondent company ILCOPHIL an opportunity to Issue: W/N Millare should be disbarred for violating Canons 12 and 19
present evidence relative to its claim that complainant (Nilo Miraflor) had gainful employment
during the time he was dismissed" is well taken. As a matter of fact, in allowing said motion Held: Montero is suspended for one year.
for reconsideration, Atty. Aguirre was merely complying with the presidential directive to have Canon 19 requires a lawyer to represent his clients within the bounds of the law. He must
a further adjudication on Nilo's salary differentials and other benefits due him. employ only fair and honest means to attain the lawful objectives of his client. He must not
allow his client to dictate the procedure in handling the case. In short, a lawyer is not a gun
107 PEOPLE v PRIETO for hire.
The appeal from MTC to RTC was sufficient to protect Cos interest and fully ventilate her
Facts: Prieto was prosecuted in the Peoples Court for 7 counts of treason. He entered a plea of guilty defenses.
on counts 1, 2, 3, and 7, and made a plea of not guilty on counts 4, 5, 6. Prieto was found guilty on Montero is also guilty of forum shopping, considering the number of actions he filed.
count 4, 1, 2, 3, and 7despite the fact that the prosecutor only presented evidence on count 4.

Prieto seeks the reversal of the conviction alleging that the court failed to appoint another counsel de
officio to him in "spite of the manifestation of the atty. de officio that he would like to be relieved for 109 PHIL LAND v CEBU PORTLAND
obvious reasons."
FACTS:
Issue: W/N Prieto was denied the right to counsel. PLASLU asked the Court of Industrial Relations to order Cebu Portland to pay overtime compensation
and differentials due to them under the RA 1880 or the 40 Hours a Week Law.
The Company argued that the sucurity guards are not under the said law and thery are not entitled to
Held: Prieto was not denied the right to counsel. additional compensation
CIR: PLASLU are not within the coverage of RA 1880
The court places reasonable presumption in favor of the legality and regularity of all the proceedings After 2 years form the decision of the CIR, PLASLU through their new counsel made ot of record that
of the trial court, including the presumption that the accused was not denied the right to have their former counsel was not authorized by them to enter into stipulations of facts.
counsel. The fact that the atty. appointed by the trial court to aid Prieto in his defense expressed According to PLASLU, the stipulation of their previous attorney which states that "they were required
reluctance to accept the designation (because he did not sympathize with Prietos cause) is not by the company to work for 56 hours a week was due to the nature of thier services and in
sufficient to overcome the presumption. The statement of the counsel in the court below did not the interest of public notice" is a legal conclusion and were not authorized by them
necessarily imply that he did not perform his duty to protect Prieto. therefore, PLASLU filed a petition to reopen the case
CIR: denied the motion to reopen the case
The court also finds the Prieto is not guilty of counts 1,2, 3, and 7, because of lack of evidence. His
guilt in count 4 is maintained and the penalty imposed is reclusion perpetua due to aggravating ISSUE:

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W/N the court can reopen the case after it has long been final and executory PHIL ALUMINUM WHEELS, INC v FASGI

HELD: FACTS:
NO! FASGI and PAWI entered into a distributorship contract wherein PAWI obligated itself to ship
It has been settled that clients are bound by the acts and even mistakes of counsel in procedural wheels for FASGI (foreign company)
techniques. The facts that were agreed upon were unfavorable to the client does not detract
from the binding effect of the stipulation. FASGI paid PAWI the FOB value of the wheels but later found the shipment to be defective and
the condition to reopen a case is: it must be upon grounds not already directly or indirectly litigated in non-compliance with their stated requirements (non stamping of country of origin, weight
and the grounds must not be available to the aprties in the previous proceedings and the load limits, no proper indications and markings on the wheels, not fitted to the automobiles,
reopening must not affect the period already elapsed at the time the order to reopen was etc)
issued.
FASGI instituted an action against PAWI and FPS for breach of contract and recovery of
110 CABALLERO v DEIPARINE damages where I
was stipulated that PAWI and FPS would accept the return of not loess than 8,100 wheels after
restoring to FASGI the purchase price via 4 irreovable letters of credit.
Caballero v. Deiparine
PAWI was unable to comply with the foregoing agreement alleging that it was due to a
Facts: restriction by the Central Bank (for approval of the L/C)
There was a stipulation of facts stating the following:
o Plaintiffs are the children by the first marriage, defendants (Ragas) are the children PAWI and FASGI undertook a STIPULATION OF JUDGMENT agreeing that if PAWI still failed to
by the second marriage of Vicenta Bucao. undertake its
o Vicenta Bucao and Tomas Raga acquired land in Cebu. of this land was sold to obligation, FASGI would immediately have a right to apply to the Court for entry of
Antonio Caballero (one of the plaintiffs). Land was never transferred thru title. judgment.THis was
o Later on, Deiparine acquired the whole lot through purchase from Tomas Raga. TCT executed by the FASGI president and PAWI Counsel (Mr. Thomas Ready).
was issued to Deiparine.
The stipulation was only signed by Atty. Guba(for plaintiffs) and Atty. Davide(for respondents). PAWI still defaulted so FASGI filed with the US District Court of the Central District of California.
From the stipulation of facts, the CFI rendered decision in favor of the defendants (that (case was decided against PAWI to pay)
Deiparine owns the whole lot).
Plaintiffs filed for reconsideration saying that they were never made to participate in the FASGI filed with the Makati RTC for enforcement of foreign judgment but the latter held that
preparation and formation of the stipulation of facts there was unjust enrichment since PAWI was to pay, while FASGI was not ordered to return
the wheels. FURTHERMORE, it held that the supplemental settlement agreement were a
Issue: NULLITY for having been entered into by Mr. Thomas Ready, counsel for PAWI, without the
W/N the stipulation of facts is valid latter's authorization.

Held: ISSUE: WoN the decision is binding against PAWI?


The case is remanded to court of origin for further proceedings and the amended complaint
should be accepted. HELD: YES
It is puzzling why the petitioners signatures were not affixed in the stipulation.
The conduct of Atty. Guba in entering into a compromise agreement without the knowledge RATIO:
and consent of his clients is not in keeping with the sworn duty of a lawyer to protect the 1. In this jurisdiction, it is clear that an atty cannot without a client's authorization, settle the action or
interest of his clients. It amounts to fraud. SM of the litigation even when he honestloy believes that such settlement will best serve his client's
The stipulation of facts which was made the basis of the decision was null and void as it best interest. BUT when a client, upon becoming aware of the compromise and the judgment thereon,
contained serious unauthorized admissions against the interest of the plaintiffs who had no fails to promptly repudiate the action of his atty, he will not afterwards be heard to complain
hand in its preparation. about it. (PAWI could have sent a disclaimer, and not have waited for more than a year to mention the
Attorneys cannot, without special authority, compromise their clients litigation. alleged lack of authority)

111 PHIL WHEELS v FASGI 2. A party, should not, after its opportunity to enjoy the benefits of an agreement, be allowed to later
disown the arrangement when the terms thereof ultimately would prove to operate against its hopeful
expectations.(PAWI was spared from possibly paying substantial amount of damages and incurring

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heavy litigation fees, and was even afforded time to reimburse FASGI) They brought the ring to Mr. Rebullida, where the ring was allegedly bought, and he
concluded that it was indeed the ring that Guevarra bought from him in 1947.
112 MANALANG v ANGELES But the ring was returned to Garcia, who later on didnt return the ring anymore. Garcia
claims it was lost.
FACTS: A case was filed. During which an extra-judicial admission by Garcia was done. She claims
This is an administrative case agaisnt Atty Angeles for grave misconduct as a lawyer and he stanes there that she bought the ring from different persons, the ultimate source being Aling Petring.
charged with infidelity in the discharge of fiduciary obligations to his clients, herein complainant And that the ring of Guevarra might just be similar to hers.
Manalang. Apparently, Aling Petring was just a hoax. As per the case: mysterious and ephemeral
figure. There was really no Aling Petring.
Manalang alleged that they were the complainants in a case for overtime and separation pay filed
against their employer, the Phil Racing Club Restaurant. Atty Angeles was their counsel. Judgment Issue:
was rendered in favor of Manalang, in the amount of P6500. However, W/N the extra-judicial admission of De Garcia, through his cousel, is binding on her.
without authority from his clients, Atty Angeles compromised the award and was able to collect P5500
only. Held:
Counsels admission binds the client.
Manalang made several demands upon Atty Angeles to turn over to them the amount collected minus Defendant (De Garcia) is refuted by her own extra-judicial admissions, although made by
the agreed upon attorney's fees of 30%, but the lawyer refuese and offered to give them only the sum
counsel. For an attorney who acts as counsel of record and is permitted to act as such, as the
of P2650.
authority to manage the cause, and this includes the authority to make admission for the
purpose of the litigation.
Atty Angeles, in his defense, stated the he refused because he was ordered to deduct from his
Her explanation that her counsel misunderstood her is puerile (This means silly) because the
attorney's fees the amount of P2000 representing the amount discounted by counsel of the Phil Racing
liability to error as to the identity of the vendor and the exchange of the ring with another
Club Restaurant together with sheriff legal fees.
ring of the same value, was rather remote.
ISSUE:
114 SANTIAGO v DE LOS SANTOS
Whether respondent Atty Angeles should be suspended from the practice of law because of grave
misconduct related to his clients' funds.
Facts:
Luis Santiago filed an application for registration of a piece of land in San Mateo, Rizal.
HELD:
The application was opposed by the Director of Lands, Director of Forestry, and by a certain
YES. In the instant case, there is no dispute that complainants were awarded P6500 for unpaid
overtime and separation pay. 30% was agreed to be paid ot respondent as his attorney's fees. Pacita de los Santos.
Alleging difficulties in collecting te full amount awarded, respondent compromised the award on Upon examination of the records, the property appeared to be a part of the public domain. So
execution and collected only P5500 from the losing party. This compromise was allegedly without Santiago was ordered to show cause to support his application.
authority from his Motions to Dismiss (the application), on the ground that the property was public domain,
clients. Atty Angeles failed to show any such authority. were filed by the oppositors. (Mrs de los Santos was actually a lessee of the land by virtue of
a Pasture Lease Agreement)
Atty Angeles exhibited an uncaring lack of devotion to the interest of his clients as well as want of zeal (Whats funny is that) When Santiagos counselthe firm of Luna and Manalorequested
in the maintenance and defence of their rights. that the case be calendared for hearing, the pleading contained attachments showing that
the land is indeed part of the public domain (court said that counsel probably wanted to
Suspended for 6 months. prove that despite the public character of the property, there was open and uninterrupted
possession in the concept of an owner). This admission led to the dismissal of the application.
113 GARCIA v CA Now, counsel wants to reverse the decision.

Facts: Issue:
Angelina Guevarra, while talking to Consuelo De Garcia, owner of La Bulakena Restaurant, Can Santiago (more appropriately his counsel) properly call for the reversal of the decision?
recognized her (Guevarras) ring in the finger of Mrs Garcia. She inquired where she bought
it. Held:
Apparently, Guevarras ring was stolen from her house in February 1952. Garcia handed the NO. The court has adhered to the doctrine that an admission made in the pleadings cannot be
ring to Guevarra and it fitted her finger. controverted by the party making such admission and are conclusive to him, and that all proofs
submitted by him contrary or inconsistent therewith, should be ignored, whether objection is

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interposed by the party or not (Justice JBL Reyes in Joes Radio v Alto Electronics). Even if there However, application in a given case should be looked into and adopted according to its
would be a full hearing of the case, the result would still be the same. The lower court is constrained surrounding circumstances, otherwise, it may foster dangerous collusions to the detriment of
to dismiss the application. justice
The case at bar involves Section 1 and 2 of Rule 20 of the Rules of Court which state In any
In a desperate effort to save the case, counsel tried to rely on procedural doctrinesparticularly citing action after the last pleading has been filed, the court shall direct the parties AND their
that de los Santos has no interest in the case. However, even if such was admitted, they still failed to attorneys to appear
show open, uninterrupted, peaceful, and adverse possession in the concept of an owner. It should be The Court interpreting these provisions, uniformly emphasized that the pre-trial is mandatory,
noted that technicalities should give way (and even aid) to substantial justice. that the parties as well as their counsel, who are required to appear thereat, must BOTH be
notified of the same
115 PINEDA v CA In other proceedings presence of parties is not necessary so notice to counsel operates as
notice to client but in a pre-trial, presence of parties is a must because one of the purposes of
FACTS a pre-trial is to explore the possibility of an amicable settlement (which a counsel cannot
JOSE VICTORIA filed a complaint for recovery of possession of 2 parcels of land in Taguig compromise absent express authorization) so notice to the parties is necessary
against EMMANUEL VICTORIA, ET AL praying after notice and hearing that the latter be Records show that since only the counsel for EMMANUEL VICTORIA, ET AL was notified of the
ordered to vacate the premises pre-trial, such notification is neither adequate nor sufficient for purposes of a pre-trial
Clerk of Court of Branch II issued a notice of pretrial to ATTY VICTORIA for JOSE VICTORIA and Judgment of CA affirmed
ATTY GONZALES AND ASSOCIATES for EMMANUEL VICTORIA, ET AL stating that the pre-trial
will be held on May 29 NOTE
On May 29, the designated judge, JUDGE NAVARRO was on leave so the Clerk of Court of *ATTY CAPISTRANO - not mentioned but I presume he is an associate of ATTY GONZALES
Branch II entered the following minutes: Presiding Judge of this Court being on leave and as
prayed by ATTY VICTORIA and ATTY CAPISTRANO* let the pre-trial be transferred to July 3 116 SALONGA v CA
On July 3, JUDGE NAVARRO was still on leave and entered similar minutes noting the
notification to ATTY CAPISTRANO as to the new date, Oct 16, of the pre-trial Facts:
The case was transferred to the sala of JUDGE PINEDA without knowledge of EMANNUEL Astra Realty Development Corp. (Astra) leased its property to Alelie Montojima. The latter
VICTORIA, ET AL or their lawyer tried to open a restaurant but it was not a success.
On Oct 16, neither EMANNUEL VICTORIA, ET AL nor ATTY CAPISTRANO appeared so JUDGE Montojima then entered into a Joint Venture Agreement (JVA) with Paul Geneve Entertainment
PINEDA entered a default order against EMMANUEL VICTORIA, ET AL and commissioned the Corp. (Paul Geneve) where the latter purchased the lease rights of Montojima over the
deputy clerk to receive evidence for JOSE VICTORIA and to submit a report property.
A few days later, an associate in the office of ATTY GONZALES while appearing in another sala Paul Geneve paid Montojima but when it was about to start its business, the Bel-Air Village
of the same court stumbled upon the scheduled reception of evidence of JOSE VICTORIA as Homeowners Association filed a complaint for violation of some municipal ordinances.
ordered by JUDGE PINEDA Now comes George Salonga who was interested in buying the lease rights of Paul Geneve.
EMMANUEL VICTORIA, ET AL filed a verified motion to reconsider and/or set-aside the order Since Salonga had no money, he suggested that he (along with his company Solid Intertain)
holding them in default but the same was denied and Paul Geneve enter into a joint venture enterprise. The idea was to form a new
On the contrary, a motion for execution pending appeal was granted corporation to be named Solidisque Inc.
EMMANUEL VICTORIA, ET AL elevated the matter to the CA who reversed the decision of the All the documents were prepared by the counsels of both parties (Atty. Garlitos for Salonga
lower court and ordered JUDGE PINEDA to proceed with the pre-trial and Atty. Sadili for Paul Geneve).
Hence, this petition Paul Geneve signed the papers but Dalonga didnt.
Main argument of EMMANUEL VICTORIA, ET AL is that the minutes prepared by the clerk of Having possession of the unsigned papers, Salonga started operating Metro Disco on the
court merely singles out ATTY CAPISTRANO as having been notified so since no notice was subject property. No corporation under the name Solidisque Inc. was ever registered as
sent to them, the whole proceeding cannot stand the test of validity agreed upon in the Securities and Exchange Commission. Paul Geneve was totally left out.
Paul Geneve filed a complaint for specific performance against Salonga and his company.
ISSUE W/N NOTICE TO COUNSEL REGARDING SCHEDULED DATE OF PRE-TRIAL IS Salonga and his counsel failed to appear in the trial dates so he was declared in default and
NOTICE TO CLIENT judgment was rendered by the RTC in favor of Paul Geneve.
Salonga was also adjudged guilty of civil contempt for his failure to appear in an earlier
HELD NO, THERE SHOULD ALSO BE NOTICE TO THE CLIENT hearing. He was ordered arrested until he obeys the orders and judgment of the Court.
The CA affirmed.
RATIO Issue:
Generally, notice to counsel operates as notice to the party/parties represented

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W/n Salongas allegation of extrinsic fraud and denial of due process obtain to justify irregularity that will merit a new trial. The client is bound by the action of his counsel in the conduct of
annulment of the default judgment rendered by the RTC. his case and cannot be heard to complain that the result of the litigation might have been different
Held: had his counsel proceeded differently. If this were to be allowed, then there would be no end to suits
SC says NO. so long as new counsel could be employed who could allege that the previous counsel had not been
Petitioners George Salonga and Solid Intertain Corporation allege that the "inimical and diligent.
antagonistic acts" of their counsel Atty. Onofre G. Garlitos constitute extrinsic fraud (see p.
543 for list of acts). SC said that extrinsic fraud refers to any fraudulent act of the prevailing Villanueva is still guilty of rape. There is no question about the credibility of the Nia as a witness. The
party which is committed outside the trial of the case, whereby the defeated party has been trial judge had occasion to determine the demeanor of the witness. The alibi of Villanueva is also self-
prevented from exhibiting fully his side of the case, by fraud or deception practiced on him by serving. It doesnt matter if Villanuevas [penis did not penetrate. What is important is that there was
his opponent. The nature of extrinsic fraud, as discussed previously, necessarily requires that contract between the peis and the labia of the vagina. The fact that Nias hymen was intact does not
its cause be traceable to some fraudulent act of the prevailing party committed outside the negate rape, because it is not an element of rape. However, the charge cannot qualify as qualified
trial of the case. The Court notes that the previously enumerated negligent acts attributed to rape, because the allegation that the accused is the stepfather (in fact he is not, he is merely a
petitioner's former counsel Garlitos were in no way shown or alleged to have been caused by surrogate father and there exists no legal relation of step-father and step-daughter) was not averred in
private respondents. Atty. Garlitos neither connived nor sold out to the latter. the complaint.
On the other hand, it is well-settled that the negligence of counsel binds the client. This is
based on the rule that any act performed by a lawyer within the scope of his general or 118 AGUILAR v CA
implied authority is regarded as an act of his client. Consequently, the mistake or negligence
of petitioners' counsel may result in the rendition of an unfavorable judgment against them. Facts:
Exceptions to the foregoing have been recognized by the Court in cases where reckless or Aguilar and Salvador were charged with Estafa in an Information filed before the RTC. Both
gross negligence of counsel deprives the client of due process of law, or when its application were convicted by the trial court and sentenced to an indeterminate penalty of 17 years and
"results in the outright deprivation of one's property through a technicality." None of these 4 months of reclusion temporal as minimum to 20 years of reclusion temporal as maximum,
exceptions has been sufficiently shown in the present case. and to indemnify the offended party the amount of P250,000.
Due process was never denied petitioners Salonga and Solid Intertain Corporation because Aguilar, thru his former counsel, Atty.Arandia, timely appealed to CA. Unfortunately, Atty.
the trial court had given them a reasonable opportunity to be heard and present their side in Arandia failed to file petitioners brief on its due date. He neither communicated to Aguilar
all the proceedings before it. In fact, petitioners were declared in default only on the third ex nor withdrew his appearance as counsel. Aguilars attempts to contact his counsel were
parte motion filed by private respondents. futile.
Aguilar hired Atty. Arias as his new counsel, and the latter entered his appearance in the case
117 PEOPLE v VILLANUEVA and asked an extension of 45 days to submit the appellants brief.
The motion was denied for having been filed out of time. CA subsequently denied Aguilars
Facts: Villanueva was accused of raping his 11 year-old stepdaughter Nia. (The filing of the complaint motion to dismiss and his appeal.
was brought about by a kiss mark that Nias brother saw on her neck.) On the other hand, Salvador was granted an extension of time to file her brief, and the brief
was admitted even though filed beyond the grace period.
It was alleged that one night, Villanueva, holding a knife against Nias neck, threatened to kill her if
she ever told anyone of the odious act. Villanueva attempted to insert his penis, but it would not fit. Issue: W/N CA committed GAD when it dismissed Aguilars appeal for failure to file his appellants brief
(According to Nia, it was too big.) Villanueva contented himself to licking Nias genetalia. on time.

In his defense, Villanueva gives an alibi that he could not have raped her and that the semen found on Held: YES.
the victims vagina could not have been his (he already had vasectomy). The lower court, however, There is no reason to treat the two appellants differently. Both allegedly conspired in
found Villanueva guilty of raping Nia and imposes the death penalty. committing the crime of estafa. Their cases rest on the same facts. Equal protection of the
law demands that persons situated similarly be treated alike.
In this mandatory review by the SC, Villanueva alleges that he is entitled to a new trial because of his Aguilar faces a jail term of 17 yrs and 4 mos to 20 yrs. He cannot lose his liberty because of
counsels failure to present his common-law wife (Nias mother). the gross irresponsibility of his lawyer.
Losing liberty by default of an insensitive lawyer should be frowned upon despite the fiction
Issue: W/N Villanueva is entitled to a new trial. that a client is bound by the mistakes of his lawyer. The said rule must only be applied to
advance the ends of justice, not when the circumstances of the case it becomes a hindrance
Held: Villanueva is not entitled to a new trial. to justice.
In a criminal proceeding, where certain evidence was not presented because of counsels
The failure of the defense to present Nias mother by reason of the alleged inexperience of his lawyer error or incompetence, new trial may be granted if the defendant satisfies the court that: 1)
is not a ground for new trial. The error of his defense counsel is neither an error of law nor an

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he has a good defense, and that 2) acquittal would in all probability have followed the For some reason, Legarda refused to sign the contract. Cathay made a deposit and
introduction of the omitted evidence. downpayment of rentals then filed for specific performance.
CA should have considered the fact that the appellants brief was already filed and is already Legardas counsel, Dean Antonio Coronel, requested a 10-day extension to file an answer
in the records of the case. This shows earnest efforts of counsel and petitioner to be heard which was granted. But Dean Coronel failed to file an answer within that period.
and lack of intention to cause delay. Cathay presented evidence ex parte. Cathay won the case (Katay si Legarda). Service of
decision was made on Dean Coronel but he still did not do anything.
119 SALONGA v CA The QC property was then levied and auctioned off to pay for the judgment debt. Cathays
manager, Cabrera, was the highest bidder in the auction. Legarda did not redeem the
FACTS: property within the 1 year period.
Astra owned a propert located at Bel-Air Village, Makati. Kahit natalo na sila dahil walang ginagawa si Dean (hindi nga niya sinabihan si Legarda kung
Montojima leased this property and opened a restaurant which did not prosper ano na nangyari sa kaso nila, na wala na yung lupa), Legarda still did not lose faith in her
Montojima thereafter entered into a joint venture agreement (JVA) with Paul Geneve Entertainment counsel.
Corp (PGEC) with the consent of Astra under the following term: Montojima will sell all his Dean Coronel then filed a petition for annulment of judgment. Petition was denied. No motion
rights over the property to PGEC for 3M. for reconsideration or appeal was made on the order of denial (ibang klase ka dean!)
Montojima received 1M So, Legarda hired a new lawyer. New lawyer asked for annulment of judgment upon the
Bt before PGEC can open the business, the homeowners association of Bel-Air filed a complaint ground that the old lawyer was negligent in his duties. The petition was granted and the sale
against PGEC for violation of some municipal ordinances of the QC property to be set aside.
PGEC and Salonga entered into a JVA wherein the corporation of Salonga and PGEC will form a new The SC said that there was unjust enrichment on the part of Cathay because of the reckless,
corporation.
inexcusable and gross negligence of Dean Coronel.
but the new corporation never existed and PGEC asked for specific performance from Salonga
Hence this motion for reconsideration of SC decision.
during the scheduled hearing, Salonga did not appear and was held in contempt
salonga also asked for 2 motions foe extension of time but no answer was filed
Issue:
becasue of salonga's failure to file an answer, salonga was held in default and cited in contempt
W/N Legarda can be bound by the gross negligence of her counsel
Salonga is now claiming that he received a copy of the decision only on 10-7 yet a motion for
reconsideration was filed on 7-28
Held:
Yes. Original decision is reinstated (Legarda=loser)
ISSUE:
W/N the decision must be annulled on the ground of fraud on the part of Salonga's counsel As long as a party was given the opportunity to defend her interests in due course, she
cannot be said to have been denied due process of law.
HELD: If indeed Legarda is innocent, then all the more that Cathay is innocent. Between two
NO! innocent parties, the one who made it possible for the wrong to be done should be the one to
a decision can be annulle donly on 2 grounds: A. judgment is void for want of due process or bear the resulting loss.
jurisdiction and B. it was obtained by fraud Legarda misjudged and hired the services of Dean Coronel who in the end sort of abandoned
there is no extrinsic fraud in the case her case.
the negligence of counsel binds the client. this is based on the rule that any acts performed by Decision was res ipso final due to failure to appeal the decision.
counsel within the scope of his general authority is deemed as an act of the client.
lawyer of Salonga, Garlitos, is only guilty of simple negligence. although he failed to file a timely 121 ALBANO v COLOMA
answer, hus efforts at defending thier cause is real.
simple negligence would not amount to a deprivation of right to due process. FACTS:
to see all the negligent acts of Atty Garlitos see page 543 1st paragraph. Angel Albano alleges that when he and his mom retained the services of Atty. Perpetua Coloma
as their counsel, Atty Coloma failed to expediet the hearing and termination of the case,
resulting to their having to procure another lawyer.
120 LEGARDA v CA Atty. Coloma intervened in the case to collect her atty's fees and presented a document
showing that the complainants promised to pay her a contingent fee of 33 1/3% of whatever
*mahaba, di ko na sinama mga dissenting. Talo naman sila eh could be recovered whether in land or damages.
Atty. Coloma likewise denied that she could have been removed for her failure to comply with
Facts: her obligations as counsel as she served "faithfully, efficiently, continuously and to the best of
New Cathay House, Inc. (Cathay) and Victoria Legarda entered into a lease agreement for a her knowledge and capacity". Her dismissal, accdg to her, was made without cause and without
property in QC owned by Legarda. her consent and when she had already won the case for them in the CFI and the CA.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

The facts as found by the SolGen in so far as the services of Atty Coloma as counsel for the and honestly trying to represent and serve the interests of the client, he should have a reasonable
complainants reveal the utmost diligence and compensation for such services. The P3,000 which the union pays monthly does not cover the
conscientiousness on her part. The SolGen further saight that if there was anyone guilty of bad services the counsel actually rendered before the labor arbiter and the NLRC. The monthly fee is
faith in intended merely as a consideration for the counsel's commitment to render the services.
this case, it is the complainants who, after benefiting from the valuable services of atty
COloma, tried to renege on their agreement for the payment of the latter's contingent atty's The P3,000 was a general retainer. It is not payment for counsel's execution or performance of the
fees by dismissing her as their counsel after she had already won for them in the trial court and services of the counsel. The fact that petitioner union and counsel failed to reach a meeting of the
the CA, and later, by attempting to impugn the authenticity and genuineness of their written minds with regard to the payment of professional fees for special services will not absolve the client of
agreement for the payment of atty's fees civil liability for the corresponding remuneration. A quasi contract arose between the union and
counsel, from the counsel's lawful, voluntry and unilateral prosecution of union's cause. Equity and
ISSUE: WoN Atty COloma is entitled to her atty's fees (as agreed upon in their written agreement of fair play dictate that petitioner should pay the same after it accepted and benefited from counsel's
contigent fee) services.

HELD: YES The measure of compensation should be addressed by the rule of quantum meruit, meaning "as much
as he deserves".
RATIO:
1. Counsel is entitled to full recompense for his services He is entitled to the protection of any judicial 123 ONG v GRIJALDO
tribunal against any attempt on the part of a client to escape payment of his fees. It is indeed ironic if
after putting forth the best that is in him to secure justice for the party he represents, he himself Facts:
would not get due. This is a case for disbarment of Atty. Jose Grijaldo.
2. Also, Atty COloma has good reputation.. SO his reputation as a lawyer must be protected. Goretti Ong, the complainant, initially had Grijaldo as his counsel for a BP 22 case. The
opposing party owed Ong, but they reached a compromised in the amount of P180T. Ong
122 TRADERS ROYAL BANK UNION v NLRC agreed to a compromise, provided he be paid in cash.
When the time of payment came, Grijaldo (who facilitated the compromise deal) handed over
FACTS: P100T in cash and an P80T check. Ong initially refused, but was made to accept it. Grijaldo
Petitioner Union and private respondent Atty Cruz entered into a retainer agreement whereby the claims that the check is good, since it was drawn on the checking account of the opposing
former obligated itself to pay the latter a monthly retainer fee of P3,000 in consideration of the Atty partys counsel, Atty. Reyes.
Cruz's undertaking to render the services enumerated in their contract. Petitioner Union referred to Ong was made to execute an affidavit of desistance, but Ong instructed Grijaldo to file it with
Atty Cruz the claims of its members for Holiday, mid year and year-end bonuses against their the court, only when the check has been cleared.
employer Traders Royal Bank (TRB). NLRC rendered a decision in favor of the union members. On But the check bounced. Later on, after many excuses, Ong went to Bacolod (where the case
appeal to the SC, the court modified the decision of the NLRC by deleting the award of mid year and was filed) to find out for himself the status of the case and to seek payment.
year-end bonus. Bank complied with such decision. Ong found out that the affidavit was already filed in court and the case was already
dismissed.
Atty Cruz, thereafter, notified the union , the TRB management and the NLRC of his right to exercise Worse, Grijaldo already received the money from Reyesm but he used it to pay for his
and enforce his attorney's lien over the award of holiday pay. He demanded the payment of 10% of (Grijaldos) financial obligations.
the total award. Union opposed the demand. NLRC ruled in favor of Atty Cruz. Hence this case.
Ong filed a number of affidavits by other disinterested persons who complained of Grijaldos
The union insists that it is not guilty of unjust enrichment because all attorney's fees due to Atty Cruz mischief. (bottom part of p 5) (irrelevant)
were covered by the retainer fee of P3,000 which it has been regularly paying to Atty Cruz under their
retainer agreement. To be entitiled to additional attorney's fees, it contends that there must be Issue:
separate mutual agreement prior to the performance of the additional services of the counsel. W/N Grijaldo should be disbarred.
Issue:
Held:
W/n Atty Cruz is entitled to compensation other than the P3,000 retainer fee.
Yes.
It is clear that respondent gravely abused the trust and confidence reposed on him by his
HELD:
client. Were it not for complainants vigilance in inquiring into the status of her case, she
YES. He is entitled to P10,000.
An attorney is entitiled to have and receive a just and reasonable compensation for services would have not know that the case was already dismissed. Grijaldo deliberately withheld the
fat from her.
performed at the special instance and request of his client. As long as the lawyer was in good faith

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Grijaldo breached his futy wwhen he failed to inform the complainant of the status of the that clients may be protected from unjust charges. Its validity rests largely on the reasonableness of
criminal case. his negligence shows a glaring lack of the competence and diligence required the stated fees under the circumstances of the case. An attorneys fee is unconscionable when it is so
of every lawyer. His infraction is rendered all the more deplorable by the fact that disproportionate compared to the value of the services rendered. Nevertheless, the existence of an
complainant is a resident of QC, but the case was filed in Bacolod. That was the reason why unreasonable fee (no matter the degree) does not bar recovery. It is only that the courts will fix a
Ong hired a Bacolod-based lawyer, to protect her interests. This is a gross betrayal of the reasonable amount.
fiduciary duty: failure to look after the clients welfare. And it is also a breach of the trust
and confidence which was reposed on him. Quantum Meruit which means as much as he deserves is often the courts basis for determining
the amount.

Considering its a labor case, an award of 50% of back salaries is excessive. The 20% award is
justified.
124 SESBREO v CA
125 FABILO v IAC
Facts:
Raul Sesbreo replaced Atty Pacquiao as counsel for 52 employees in a case against the FACTS
Province of Cebu and Governor Espina for reinstatement to work and backwages. JUSTINA Fabillo bequeathed to her brother FLORENCIO Fabillo a house in lot in San Salvador
32 of the employees agreed that Sesbreno would be paid 30% of the backwages as St, Leyte (San Salvador property) and to her husband GREGORIO Brioso a lot in Pugahanay,
attorneys fees and 20% for expenses of litigation. Leyte (Pugahanay property)
RTC granted employees petition. CA affirmed. Judgment became final. FLORENCIO filed a petition for probate of JUSTINAS will who approved of the partition placed
Later on, a compromise was made between the employees and the Province of Cebu whereby a reservation on the ownership of the San Salvador property
said employees waived their right to reinstatement. Cebu released P2.3M (representing back 2 years later, FLORENCIO sought the assistance of ATTY MURILLO to recover the San Salvador
salaries, terminal leave pay, gratuity pay) to Sesbreno for the employees as Partial property
Satisfaction of Judgment. FLORENCIO and ATTY MURILLO entered into a Contract for Services wherein
10 of the employees asserted that they only agreed to give 40% of their back salaries to o If the property is awarded to FLORENCIO, ATTY MURILLO will be constituted as
Sesbreno. Lower court agreed with them and fixed attorneys fees for Sesbreno at 40% plus attorney in fact to sell and convey said property and will be given 40% of the
the 20% expenses. purchase price
Employees filed an MR asserting that there was inadvertence in placing 60% where it should o If mortgaged, ATTY MURILLO will be entitled to 40% of the proceeds of the mortgage
only be 50%. This was granted. o If leased, ATTY MURILLO will be entitled to 40% of the rentals
Sesbreno was not satisfied by the decision so he went to the CA. And kawawang Sesbreno o If the property is just occupied by FLORENCIO, ATTY MURILLO will have the option of
nabawasan pa lalo ang bayadCA deemed the award of 20% of the back salaries as the fair, occupying or leasing to any interested party 40% of the said property
equitable, and reasonable amount for attorneys fees. Punta siya ngayon sa Padre Faura ATTY MURILLO filed a case for FLORENCIO against GREGORIO which ended in a compromise
Supreme Court settlement wherein FLORENCIO was declared owner not only of the San Salvador property but
also of the Pugahanay property
Issue: ATTY MURILLO proceeded to implement the contract by taking possession of 40% of the
Whether the court acted properly in reducing Sesbrenos attorneys fees despite a pre-existing properties and even installed a tent in the Pugahanay property
contract between the parties.
FLORENCIO claimed exclusive right over the properties which prompted ATTY MURILLO to file
Held: a complaint
Yes. It is a settled rule that what a lawyer may charge and receive as attorneys fees is always subject LOWER COURT: ATTY MURILLO is owner of 40% of the properties
to judicial control. When the courts find the amount to be excessive or unreasonable, public policy FLORENCIO argued that the contingent fee of 40% is excessive, unfair and unconscionable
demands that the contract be disregarded to protect the client. When a lawyer takes his oath, he
submits himself to the authority of the court and subjects his professional fees to judicial control. ISSUE W/N THE CONTRACT OF SERVICES PROVIDING FOR CONTINGENT FEES
VIOLATED ARTICLE 1491
A stipulation on a lawyers compensation in a written contract for professional services ordinarily
controls the amount of fees that the contracting lawyer may be allowed, UNLESS the court finds such HELD NO, CONTINGENT FEES NOT COVERED BY ARTICLE 1491
stipulated amount unreasonable or unconscionable. Though generally, a much higher compensation is
allowed in a contingent fee agreement (as in this case) in consideration of the risk that the lawyer may RATIO
get nothing if the suit fails. But contingent fee contracts are under the supervision of the court in order

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Article 1491 prohibits lawyers from acquiring by purchase even at a public auction, properties o Inducing complainant, who was his former client, to enter into a contract with him
and rights which are objects of litigation in which they may take part by virtue of their for the development of the land involved in a case into a residential subdivision,
profession claiming that he acquired fifty percent (50%) interest thereof as attorney's fees from
However, said prohibition applies only if the sale or assignment takes place during the the Fortunados, while knowing fully well that the said property was already sold at a
pendency of litigation involving the clients property public auction;
Following that principle, a contract between a lawyer and his client stipulating a contingent o Submitting to the CFI falsified documents purporting to be true copies of "Addendum
fee is not covered by Article 1491 because payment of said fee is not made during the to the Land Development Agreement" and submitting the same document to the
pendency of litigation but only after judgment has been rendered Fiscal's Office of Quezon City, in connection with the complaint for estafa filed by
Hence, the Contract of Services entered into by FLORENCIO and ATTY MURILLO having respondent against complainant.
provided for contingent fees is not violative of Article 1491 Issue:
- W/n Gonzales should be punished for these acts.
ISSUE W/N FLORENCIO IS OWNER OF 40% OF THE PROPERTIES Held:
- Yes, SC suspends him for 6 months.
HELD NO, CONTRACT OF SERVICES VAGUE AS TO WHO IS THE OWNER SO MUST - For the first allegation, the SC pointed out that a lawyer may indeed advance expenses of
BE CONSTRUED AGAINST THE LAWYER WHO MADE IT, ATTY MURILLO litigation but such payment should be subject to reimbursement. In this case, the contingent
fee agreement between the Fortunados and Gonzales did not provide for such
RATIO reimbursement. Such contract is against public policy because it gives undue leverage in
The Court disagrees with the lower court that FLORENCIO is the owner of 40% of the favor of the lawyer.
- Second, the Court found that Gonzales did not violate any law because the Fortunados
properties for careful scrutiny shows that the parties intended 40% of the value of the
consented to his appearance for Lopez.
properties as ATTY MURILLOS contingent fee
- Third act, the Court said that such is a violation of Art. 1491 of the Civil Code, which prohibits
The provisions are clear in cases where the properties are sold, mortgaged and leased as
a lawyer from buying/acquiring the property of his clients which is the subject of a pending
ATTY MURILLO is entitled to 40% of the purchase price, proceeds of the mortgage or rentals
case. This Court has held that the purchase by a lawyer of his client's property or interest in
respectively
litigation is a breach of professional ethics and constitutes malpractice. And although the
However, with respect to a situation wherein the properties are neither sold, mortgaged or Code of Professional Responsibility does not anymore contain Canon 10 of the old Canons of
leased, the contract is vague and only provides that ATTY MURILLO shall have the option of Professional Ethics, which states that "[t]he lawyer should not purchase any interests in the
occupying or leasing to any interested party 40% of the properties subject matter of the litigation which he is conducting," the Code still provides that a lawyer
The ambiguity of said provision should then be resolved against ATTY MURILLO as it was he should follow the laws of the Phil. At all times. By acquiring the property in litigation,
himself who drafted the contract Gonzales has violated Art. 1491 of the Civil Code and can be administratively punished for
Moreover, if the parties intended that ATTY MURILLO should become the lawful owner of 40% such violation.
of the properties in case the same is not sold, mortgaged or leased, then they would have - The SC held that in withholding such information, respondent failed to live up to the rigorous
clearly and unequivocally stipulated in the contract such standards of ethics of the law profession which place a premium on honesty and condemn
duplicitous conduct. The fact that complainant was not a former client of respondent does not
JUDGMENT exempt respondent from his duty to inform complainant of an important fact pertaining to the
Considering the nature of the case, the value of the properties subject matter thereof, the length of land which is subject of their negotiation.
time and effort exerted by ATTY MURILLO, the Court holds that ATTY MURILLO is entitled to P3,000 as - Lastly, the SC held that the original copies of the documents Gonzales submitted were false
reasonable attorneys fees (nyek lugi!) because they bore the signatures of the Fortunados when, in fact, they did not sign the
original copy but only a photocopy of the original. Such conduct constitutes willful disregard
126 BAUTISTA v GONZALES of his solemn duty as a lawyer to act at all times in a manner consistent with the truth. A
lawyer should never seek to mislead the court by an artifice or false statement of fact or law.
Facts:
- Angel Bautista filed a complaint against Ramon Gonzales for the following acts: 127 BIASCAN v LOPEZ
o Accepting a case where he agreed to pay all expenses for a contingent fee of 50% of
the value of the property in litigation; Facts: This controversy pertains to a 600 sq. m. lot.
o Acting as counsel for the Fortunados in a case where Eugenio Lopez, Jr. is one of the
defendants and, without said case being terminated, acting as counsel for Lopez in The lot was in the name of Florencio Biascan. Florencio died intestate. When Florencio died, Rosalina
another case; Biascan filed a complaint alleging that she is the administratrix of the estate of her father, Florencio.
o Transferring to himself one-half of the properties of the Fortunados, which properties However, Maria Biascan opposed the claim of Rosalina. At that instant, Atty. Lopez entered his
are the subject of the litigation, while the case was still pending; appearance as the counsel of Maria in the opposition.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

No. He should be suspended for 6 months.


Rosalina complained that, without the approval of the intestate court, Atty. Lopex caused the
registration of 210 sq. m. of the 600 sq. m. lot in his name (made through a deed of assignment When respondent accepted P56,000.00 from complainant, it was understood that he agreed
executed by Maria and Atty. Lopez). According to Rosalina, the registration was made during the
special proceedings regarding the settlement of the estate. to take up the latters case and that an attorney-client relationship between them was established.
From then on, it was expected of him to serve complainant with competence and attend to her case
In his defense, Lopez says that the transfer of a portion of the land was valid since it was a payment of with fidelity, care and devotion.
his contingent fees. Atty. Lopez claims that Maria agreed to give him 35% of the area of the disputed
land. Atty. Lopez argues that due to the absence of a notice of lis pendens on the TCT, he accepted the But there is nothing on record that Mauricio entered his appearance as counsel of record.
offer of Maria.
He did not even follow-up the case which remained pending up to the time she terminated his
Issue: W/N the land was a lawful payment of contingent fees.
services.

Held: The land cannot be regarded as contingent fees. Illegal. Suspend 6 months. Regarding the P8T: (allegedly as docket fees for other cases): there was no evidence nor
any pleadings submitted to show that respondent filed any case considering that the filing
When Atty. Lopez entered his appearance as Marias counsel, Rosalina had submitted an inventory
fee had to be paid simultaneously with the filing of a case.
report which listed the land as part of the estate of the deceased Florencio. As respondent of Maria,
Atty. Lopez should have gone over the records. Also, the deed of assignment itself stated that the TCT when a lawyer takes a clients cause, he covenants that he will exercise due diligence in
was registered in Florencios name. Therefore, Atty. Lopez had actual knowledge that the lot formed protecting his rights.
part of the estate of Florencio. Just like any other professional, a lawyer is entitled to collect fees for his services. However,
he should charge only a reasonable amount of fees.
By registering the land in his name, Atty. Lopez transgressed Art. 1491, because he had knowledge
that the land was the subject of the litigation. Because the transfer was made during the pendency of
the Special Proceedings, Art. 1491 clearly applies.
129 BARONS MARKETING v CA
128 DALISAY v MAURICIO
FACTS:
- Phelps Dodge appointed Barons Marketing as its dealer of electrical wires and cables
Facts:
- Barons was given a 60 day credit for the purchase of Phelps Dodges products
This is the case against Batas Mauricio, the TV host. - Barons purchased electrical wires and cables worth P4.1M, on credit
Allegedly, Mauricio demanded and received exorbitant attorneys fees but did not take any - Under the sales invoice issued by Phelps Dodge, there is a stipulation: interests at 12% per
action on Valerina Dalisays case. annum will be charged on all overdue accounts plus 25% on said amount for attorneys fees
Initially, she paid P25T as acceptance fee. and collections
In total, she paid Mauricio P56T: P8T filing fee (though the case was already filed) the - Barons failed to pay Phelps Dodge. The former asked the latter for installment payment but
balance might be a combination of the ff: the request was refused
o Additional acceptance fee P90,000.00, with the explanation that he can give a - An action for collection for sum of money was instituted by Phelps Dodge against Barons with
discount should she pay in cash. a prayer for attorneys fees amounting to 25% pf the amount demanded
o P3,000.00 as appearance fee - RTC: ruled in favor of Phelps Dodge and ordered Barons to pay P3.1M and 25% of the
notwithstanding her payments, respondent never rendered any legal service. She terminated preceding obligation for and as attorneys fees
their attorney-client relationship and demanded the return of her money and documents. - CA: corrected the amount due to Phelps Dodge and ordered Barons to pay P3.8M and 5% of
Mauicio refused. the preceding obligation for and as attorneys fees
The IBP Board of Governors wanted to dismiss the case.
ISSUE:
- W/N Barons is liable to Phelps Dodge for interest and attorneys fees
Issue:
W/N the case against Mauricio should be dismissed. HELD:
- YES! But the amount stated in the sales invoice is reduced from 25% to 10% of the
principal amount for attorneys fees.
Held:

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

- Barons is expressly liable as stated in the sales invoice of Phelps Dodge which provides that: - Jimenez still deposited the check, and of course, the check bounced (insufficient funds nga!)and the
interests at 12% per annum will be charged on all overdue accounts plus 25% on said check issued by Jimenez' son was also dishonored for having been drawn against a closed account.
amount for attorneys fees and collections - Atty. Jimenez filed a BP 22 case against Cueto. In return, Cueto filed his own administrative complaint
- The attorneys fees stated are in the nature of liquidated damages and the stipulation is aptly against Jimenez and alleged that he violated Code of Prof Responsibility and Canons of Prof Ethics
called a penal clause. It is settled that as long as such stipulation does not contravene law, when he filed BP22 so that Jimenez can recover the balance of his notarial fee.
morals, or public order, it is strictly binding.
- BUT, the courts are empowered to reduce such penalty of the same is iniquitous or ISSUE: WoN Jimenez can be held administratively liable?
unconscionable
- In the case at bar, the interest alone runs to some P4.5M, even exceeding the principal debt HELD: YES. Atty. Jimenez is severely reprimanded.
which is only P4M. 25% of the principal and the interest amounts to roughly P2M. In real
terms, therefore, the attorneys fees and collection fees are manifestly exorbitant. RATIO:
1. It is highly improper for Jimenez in filing a criminal case for violation of BP 22 against Cueto when
the check representing the balance of his notarial fee was dishonored because "A LAWYER SHALL
130 LIZARDO v MONTANO AVOID CONTROVERSIES WITH CLIENTS CONCERNING HIS COMPENSATION AND SHALL RESORT TO
JUDICIAL ACTION ONLY TO PREVENY IMPOSITION, INJUSTICE or FRAUD". In the
FACTS: case at bar, there was clearly no imposition, injustice or fraud... 1)Cueto already paid more than half
Lizardo instituted a collection case against Eddie Mirano. Lizardo won. of the fee 2) In all probablity, the reason why Cueto lacked funds was because of Jimenez' son failure
Judgment included 25% of the amount payable as attorneys fees. to pay (so dapat mas lenient si Jimenez sa delay ng payment sa kanya ng balance)
Miranos land was levied and Lizardo won the bidding. 2. AS to the contention that P50,000 was exorbitant--> IBP and SC held that is is reasonable
recompense (1% of the 5,000,000 of the contract price sought to be notarized.) and also Cueto should
13 years after the case, Atty. Montano, the lawyer of Lizardo, filed with the trial court (same
have inquired first about the reasonableness. ALso, facts show that they
trial court as in the previous decision) an omnibus motion for payment of his attorneys fees.
agreed on the amount.
Without hearing petitioner, the trial court rendered an order that Lizardo pay Montano 25% of
the property and/or annotate in the TCT the attorneys lien.
CA affirmed the RTC decision, hence this appeal. 132 LEMOINE v BALON
ISSUE: FACTS:
W/N the trial court still has jurisdiction over the case 13 years after it rendered a final - Lemoine is a French national who filed an insurance claim with Metropolitan Insurance.
judgment - His friend Jesus Garcia arranged for the engagement of Balons services as his counsel
- Balon advised Lemoine that he was charging 25% of the actual amount to being recovered
HELD: payable upon successful recovery. An advance payment of P50,000 to be deducted from
No, the court no longer has jurisdiction over the claim for attorneys fees. whatever amount would be successfully collected. P1,000 as appearance and conference
Once a court acquires jurisdiction over a case, it retains such jurisdiction until the final fee for each and every court hearing and legal expenses and other miscellaneous will be
termination of the case. It loses its jurisdiction upon the finality of the decision charged to Lemoines account which would be reimbursed upon presentment of account.
A final decision cannot be amended or corrected except for clerical errors, mistakes or Lemoine never gave his consent as to the fee.
misprisions. - Lemoine signed an undated Special Power of Attorney authorizing Balon to bring any action
In the questioned order, the court ordered Lizardo to pay attorneys fees to counsel. That is against Metropolitan Insurance for the satisfaction of Lemoines claim as well as to negotiate,
not decreed in the judgment. Such variance rendered the order void. sign, compromise, encash and receive payments
What the lawyer may do is file an independent action against petitioner for collection. - Metropolitan Insurance offered to settle Lemoines claim and Balon confirmed his acceptance
of the offer
- December 1998, Metropolitan Insurance issued a China Bank check payable to Lemoine in
131 CUETO v JIMENEZ the amount of P525,000 which was received by Balon
- When Lemoine asked Balon as to the status of the case, Balon answered that Metropolitan
FACTS: Insurance was offering P350,000 for settlement which Lemoine suggested that Balon accept
- Engr. Alex Cueto engaged the services of Atty. Jose Jimenez Jr. as notary public, being the father of to avoid litigation
the building of the Construction Agreement to be notarized. After notarizing the agreement, Jimenez - December 1999, Lemoine visited the office of Metropolitan Insurance to ask on the status of
demanded P50,000 as notarial fee. Alex Cueto paid P30,000 in cash and issued a check of P20,000. the case and it answered that the case was long settled via a check given to Balon.
However, Cueto requested Jimenez not to deposit the check for lack of sufficient funds. Cueto also - Balon acknowledge that he is in possession of the check and that he is keeping the check as
informed Jimenez that his son had not yet paid his services as general contractor. attorneys lien pending Lemoines payment of his attorneys fee equivalent to 50% of the

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

entire amount collected. He also threatened Lemoine that he will not hesitate to make proper Radio Communications of the Philippines v Rodriguez stated that the reason for the award of
representation with the Bureau of Immigration and Deportation, DOLE and BIR if Lemoine will the attorneys fees must be stated in the text of the courts decision. Since the trial court did
make any trouble to Balon and that he has good network with the mentioned agencies. not state any reason for awarding the attorneys fees, the fees should have been disallowed
- Balon later claimed that he gave P233,000 to Garcia on the representation of Lemoine. No by the appellate court.
written memorandum of the turn-over was made because Garcia was a co-Rotarian and co- The award of attorneys fees is the exception rather than the rule, \hence it is necessary for
attorney of Balon the trial court to make findings of fact and law, which would bring the case within the
- Balon was in possession of the said check for 5 years exception and justify the grant of the award.
ISSUE: Given the failure of the trial court to explicitly state the rationale for the award of attorneys
- W/N Balon violated the Code of Professional Responsibility fees, the same shall be disallowed.
HELD:
- YES! And he was ordered disbarred by the SC
- The lawyers continuing exercise of his retaining lien presupposes that the client agrees with 134 IN RE HAMILTON
the amount of attorneys fees to e charged. In case of disagreement, however, the lawyer
must not arbitrarily apply the funds in his possession to the payment of his fees. He can file Facts:
the necessary action with the proper court to fix the fees L. Porter Hamilton advised and counseled Luciano Andrada in regard to a claim (by Andrada)
- Before receiving the check, he proposes a 25% attorneys fees, after receiving the check, he
against Isabelo Alburo.
was already asking for 50%.
In lieu thereof, Hamilton received various documents (vouchers, notes) from Andrada.
- under the Code of Professional Responsibility, a lawyer shall not engage in unlawful acts ,
Hamilton prepared a formal petition for Andrada, and also prepared papers relating to
must observe fairness in all his dealings with his client and must hold in trust all moneys and
attachment proceedings against the property of Alburo. It appeared, however, that Hamilton
properties of his client
was not noted as attorney of record for Andrada.
- a lawyer who practices deceit in his dealings with his client not only violates his duty of
fidelity loyalty and devotion to the clients cause but also degrades himself and besmirches Later on, Hamilton entered appearance as attorney of record for Alburo (the defendant in the
the name of an honorable profession. same case). Hamilton only surrendered the documents received from Andrada when the court
ordered him to do so.
Another misconduct was committed by Hamilton when he proposed, through a letter, to S.L.
133 SCC CHEMICALS v CA Joseph of Cebu that he be employed as attorney for S.L. Joseph Lumber Yard, under a threat
to compel said person to accept his proposition.
Facts: Judge Wislezinus said: Ah hindi pwede yan! He orderd the fiscal to file an action for
SCC Chemicals Corporation, through its chairman and vice president, obtained a loan from disbarment against Hamilton for professional misconduct.
State Investment house (SIHI). Hamiltons defense was that there was no attorney-client relationship between him and
Loan amount was P130T, with a 30% interest rate p.a. Andradasince he was not the attorney of record. On the second misconduct, Hamiltons
Surcharges: 2% per month on the remaining balance. defense was that the letter (where he made the proposition) was privileged communication
The officers above mentioned executed a comprehensive security agreement on the loan. so it cannot be used as evidence against him.
But SCC failed to pay the loan. SIHI sent demand letters, but no payment was made.
Issue:
SIHI presented one witness to prove his claim. The cross-examination was postponed many Is Atty Hamilton guilty of professional misconduct?
times. SCC was finally declared to have waived its right to cross examine.
A lot of challenges were made by SCC on the validity of the document. But this is of no Held:
moment. (and irrelevant) Yes, and he should be suspended for 6 years. The existence of an attorney-client relationship could be
Now, SCC is questioning the preponderance of evidence (irrelevant) and the amount of established by overt acts. By accepting papers relating to the claim, the confidential relationship was
attorneys fees awarded. established. Hamilton also counseled with Andrada regarding the subject matter of the suit. The fact
that he did not allow his name to be place by the clerk of court as attorney of record for Andrada
(when the papers were filed) can only be considered as proof of lack of good faith with the client to
Issue: whome he was rendering professional services. A stipulated fee is not necessary to establish the
W/N SIHI is entitled to attorneys fees. relationship either.

Held: By representing the opposing party in the same case (without the others consent) and by refusing to
No. surrender the documents received from Andrada (until there were court orders), counsel violated the
The appeal is partially granted. Attorneys fees are deleted. confidence between him and Andrada. He did not offer his services in good faith to his client.

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

As to the claim that the letter to S.L. Joseph was privileged, there was no proof that there was an The existence of attorney-client relationship precludes the attorney from representing (and receiving a
attorney-client relationship between Hamilton and S.L. Joseph. Furthermore, in a disbarment retainer from) the opposite party in the same case.
proceeding, where the alleged client himself is not insisting on the privilege, counsel cannot be
permitted to shield himself behind the privilege. An information professionally obtained by an attorney from a client is sacred to the employment to
which it pertains, and to permit it be used in the interest of another, or in the interest of the adverse
party is to strike at the element of confidence which forms the basis of an attorney-client relationship.
135 HILADO v DAVID
The rule inhibiting an attorney from acting in behalf of both parties is implied in the Rules of Court
Facts: (wala pang codified codes of professional responsibility noon).
Blandina Hilado (ganda ng pangalan!) brought an action against Selim Assad to annul the
sale of several houses and lot exected by Hilados husband. The defense that Francisco never read the written opinion nor the documents submitted by Hilado will
Delgado et al. was counsel for Hilado, while Ohnick et al filed an answer for Assad. not preclude the existence of an attorney-client relationship. The fact remains that his firm did give
Later on, Atty Vicente Francisco entered his appearance for Assad substituting Ohnick et al. Hilado a formal professional advice from which emerged the relation. The letter binds and estops him
The firm of Delgado urged Atty Francisco to stop representing Assad since there exists an in the same manner and degree as if he wrote it personally. And an information obtained from a client
by a member or assistant of the firm is information imparted to the firm.
atty-client relationship between him (Francisco) and the other party (Hilado) in the same
case.
The failure to object to counsels appearance does not operate as a waiver of the right to ask for
It was alleged that Hilado consulted Francisco regarding the case and that the former turned
counsels disqualification.
over papers to the latter. From such documents, Francisco sent a written opinion to Hilado.
Since makulit si Francisco, Delgado et al. sought to disqualify Francisco from representing Motion for disqualification against Attorney Francisco should be allowed.
Assad in the case.
Franciscos defense was that he only met Hilado once and this was when the latter informed *A retaining fee (just in case itanong) is a preliminary fee given to an attorney or counsel to insure and
him about the case. He added that when Hilado left documents in their office, he told his secure his future services, and induce him to act for the client.
assistant to tell Hilado that their firm would not handle her case. And that the written opinion
was made by his assistant, which he signed without reading, and only for the purpose of 136 REGALA v SANDIGANBAYAN
explaining to Hilado why his firm rejected the case.
David is the judge trying the case who dismissed the complaint for disqualification against Facts:
Francisco. Said judge reasoned that no attorney-client relationship existed between Hilado Petitioners in this case and private respondent Roco were all then partners of the law firm
and Francisco. Angara, Abello, Concepcion, Regala and Cruz Law Offices (commonly known as ACCRA)
ACCRA performed services for clients which included acquiring and/or organizing business
Issue: associations and/or organizations where it acted as incorporators or simply as stockholders
Was there an attorney-client relationship between Francisco and Hilado? As members of the law firm, petitioners and Roco admit that they assisted in the organization
Should Atty Francisco be disqualified from representing Assad? and acquisition of companies included in Civil Case No. 0033. In keeping with the office
practice, ACCRA lawyers acted as nominees-stockholders. Anong kalokohan yan?
Held: o Civil Case No. 0033 RP v. Eduardo Cojuangco et. al., for the recovery of ill-gotten
The firm of Francisco mailed a written opinion to Hilado on the merits of the case (with Franciscos
wealth, which includes shares of stock in certain corporations
signature); this opinion was reached on the basis of papers submitted at his office; and that Hilados
PCGG later on filed a motion to admit 3 rd amended complaint, which excluded Roco in Civil
purpose in submitting those papers was to secure Franciscos professional services. From these
ultimate facts, an attorney-client relationship between Francisco and Hilado can be said to have Case 33 as party defendant. PCGG was removing Roco because Roco was going to make
ensued. choochoo and reveal the identity of the principals.
The ACCRA lawyers then filed a comment and/or opposition saying that they should also be
To constitute professional employment it is not essential that the client should have employed the removed the way that Roco was.
attorney professionally on any previous occasion. It is not necessary that any retainer should have PCGG then said that it will ask for their exclusion only if they will also disclose the identity of
been paid, promised, or charged for; neither is it material that the attorney consulted did not their clients
afterward undertake the case about which the consultation was had. When a person consults with his During the proceedings, Roco did not actually reveal the identity of the client for whom he
attorney in his professional capacity with the view of obtaining professional advice or assistance, and acted as nominee-stockholder
the attorney voluntarily permits or acquiesces in such consultation, then the professional employment The ACCRA lawyers motion for exclusion was denied (they refused to comply with the
must be regarded as established. PCGGs offer) by the PCGG and the court. Hence, this motion for certiorari

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Issue: In a sudden turn of events, Atty. Sansaet revealed that Paredes contrived to have the graft case
W/N the ACCRA lawyers should be excluded from the case dismissed on the ground of double jeopardy by making it appear that the perjury case had been
dismissed by the trial court . Atty. Sansaet was, in effect, asking to be a state witness against Paredes.
Held: However, the OMB denied the request of Atty. to be a state witness on the ground that the confession
Yes. It is apparent that the ACCRA lawyers were only impleaded to force them to disclose the made by Paredes to Atty. was privileged communication.
identity of their clients.
PCGG has no valid cause of action Issue: W/N the confession made by Paredes to Atty. is privileged communication.

Issue: Held: The confession made by Paredes is not covered by privileged communication.
W/N the attorney-client privilege prohibits the ACCRA lawyers from revealing the identity of
This case is actually an exception to the rule. It can be assumed that there was confidential
their clients
information made by Paredes to Sansaet in connection with the falsification case, because Sansaet
was the counsel.
Held:
General rule: a clients identity should not be shrouded in mystery
A distinction must be made between communications relating to past crimes already committed, and
o Exceptions: where a strong probability exists that revealing the clients name would future crimes intended to be committed by the client. It is true that by now those crimes had already
implicate that client in the very activity for which he sought the lawyers advice been committed. But for the application of the atty.-client privilege to apply, the period to be
o Where disclosure would open the client to civil liability considered is the date when the privileged communication was made by the client to the atty. In other
o Where revealing the identity would furnish the only link that would be necessary to words, if the client seeks the advice of the atty. with respect to a crime already committed at the time
convict an individual of a crime of the communication, it is privileged information. But if the client consults the atty. regarding a crime
Suing the lawyer to force him to disclose the identity of his client in any of these instances is he is about to commit after the consultation, such is not privileged information.
improper and the suit, upon motion, may be dismissed on such ground.
The prosecution should rely on the strength of their evidence and not on the weakness of the In the present case, the confession made by Paredes to Sansaet were in reference to a crime of
defense falsification which had not yet been committed in the past by Paredes but which he later committed.
Roco merely stated that he was acting as nominee-stockholder for the client and is part of Having been made for purposes of a future offense, those communications are outside the pale of the
legitimate lawyering. The ACCRA lawyers also made such statement and should also be atty.-client privilege.
dropped.
the relation of attorney and client is strictly personal and highly confidential and fiduciary Besides, for the rule to attach, the purpose of the consultation must be for a lawfule purpose. Without
the lawyer is more than a mere agent or servant because he possesses special powers of the lawful purpose, the privilege does not attach.
trust and confidence reposed on him by his client
138 NGAYAN v TUGADE
137 PEOPLE v SANDIGANBAYAN
Facts:
Facts: Honrada was the clerk of court and acting stenographer of the First MCTC. Paredes was the -Ngayan asked Tugade to prepare and affidavit to be used as basis for a complaint against Soriano and
Provincial Attorney of Agusan. Sansaet was the counsel of Paredes. Leonido as a consequence of the latters entry into complainants dwelling. Ngayan signed the
affidavit without thoroughly reading it but she noticed one paragraph which did not mention that
It appears that Paredes applied for a free patent and Certificate of Title over a lot. It was initially Leonido was with Soriano when they both barged into complainants residence.
approved, but the Director of lands subsequently filed for the cansellation of the patent and title on -Upon being informed of this omission, Tugade crossed out the said paragraph. Ngayan asked Tugade
the ground that the land had been reserved as a school site. The lower court ruled to nullify the patent to make another affidavit and the latter promised to do so.
and title after finding out that Paredes obtained the same through fraudulent misrepresentations. -Ngayan discharged Tugade as their counsel and found out that Tugade did not include the name of
Leonido in the criminal case filed.
An information for perjury was filed against Paredes. However, the fiscal directed the Deputy Minister -When the omission was remedied by their new counsel, the adverse parties filed a motion for
of Justice to move for the dismissal of the case on the ground of prescription. After some time, Gelacio, reinvestigation through their counsel, Atty. Gaminda, who was a former classmate of Tugade.
the one who filed the perjury case, sent a letter to the OMB seeking the investigation of the 3 -Tugade was also a lawyer of the brother of Leonido in an insurance company.
personalities for falsification of public documents. The alleged falsified documents were documents -In the hearing for the motion for reinvestigation, the adverse parties in affidavit which Tugade
purporting to be a notice of arraignment and stenographic notes supposedly taken during the prepared for Ngayan, with one paragraph crossed out. Tugade himself presented an affidavit
arraignment of the perjury charge. controverting the discarded affidavit which he prepared for Ngayan.

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
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-Thus Ngayan charged Tugade for violation of paragraphs (e) and (f), Sec.20, Rule 138 Rules of Court - While the object of the suit is the rescission of the lease contract, the conflict of interest
(e) to maintain inviolate the confidenceand to preserve the secrets of his client became incompatible with the mutual confidence and trust essential to every lawyer-client
(f) to abstain from all offensive personality..against a party or witness relationship.
- Also, Pfleider delivered the list of creditors to Palanca not because of the professional relation
Issue: W/N Tugade must be disciplined for violation of the said Rule then existing between them, but on account of the lease agreement. A violation thereof
would partake more of a private and civil wrong than of a breach of fidelity owing from a
HELD: YES, he is suspended from the practice of law for 1 year. lawyer to his client.
-When Tugade furnished the adverse parties with a copy of the discarded affidavit, thus enabling the
adverse parties to use it as evidence against complainants, he betrayed the trust and confidence of
his clients in violation of paragraph (e) Sec.20 Rule 138 140 MERCADO v VITRIOLO
-Tugades actuations from the beginning show that he was partial to the adverse parties. This could be
explained by the fact that he was a former classmate of Atty.Gaminda, the adverse parties counsel, FACTS:
and also by the fact that he was the lawyer of Leonidos brother in an insurance company. Rosa F. Mercado (complainant) is a Senior Education Program Specialist of CHED. Atty. Vitriolo
-Tugade submitted an affidavit containing facts prejudicial to his former client such as the fact that the is a Deputy Executive Director IV of CHED.
crime charged by Ngayan had already prescribed, and that Ngayan asked him to make the offense Complainants husband filed an annulment case entitled Ruben Mercado v. Rosa Francisco.
more grave to prevent the offense from prescribing. This constitutes an act of offensive personality The case was dismissed.
against complainants, violative of par.(f) Sec.20 Rule 138. Complainants counsel later on died. Atty. Vitriolo substituted the counsel who just died.
Later on, Atty. Vitriolo filed a criminal action against complainant. (falsification of documents:
birth certificates of her children, making it appear that she was married to a certain
139 PFLEIDER v PALANCA
Ferdinand Fernandez when in fact she was legally married to Ruben Mercado.
Complainant alleged that the criminal complaint disclosed confidential facts and information
FACTS:
- Palanca is the lawyer of Pfleider. relating to the civil case for annulment. She claims that in filing the criminal case, respondent
- Pfleider leased to Palanca an agricultural land, Hacienda Asia in Negros Occidental for a is guilty of breaching their privileged and confidential relationship.
period of 10 years 4 years later, the results of the investigation recommended that Vitriolo is indeed guilty and
- It is stipulated in the lease agreement that a specified portion of the lease rentals would be should be suspended for a month. Complainant then wrote Justice Davide that she is
paid to Pfleider and the remainder would be delivered by Palanca to the listed creditors of desisting from pursuing the case because she has found it in her heart to forgive respondent.
Pfleider Such desistance has no bearing.
- Pfleider filed a suit for the rescission of the lease agreement of the ground of alleged default
in the payment of rentals of Palanca. ISSUE:
- Pfleider also filed for the disbarment of Palanca on the grounds of: W/N Atty. Vitriolo is indeed guilty of violating the privilege and confidential relationship of
o Palanca did not follow the instructions of Pfleider to settle his estafa case against attorney-client relationship
Matiao in 1965 and the latter also failed to deposit the sum of P5,000 with the court
o Palanca has fraudulently charged the P5,000 as part of the lease rental of the HELD:
Hacienda Asia NO. Case dismissed.
o Palanca also falsely represented having paid one Guintos the sum of P866 for the Complainant did not even specify the alleged communication in confidence disclosed by
account of Pfleider when in truth and in fact, Guintos only received P86 respondent. All her claims were couched in general terms and lacked specificity.
o The list of creditors which Pfleider has confidentially supplied Palanca was disclosed Court cannot be involved in a guessing game as to the existence of facts which the
by Palance in violation of their attorney-client relationship complainant must prove.
The confidential information is a crucial link in establishing a breach of the rule on privileged
ISSUE: communication.
- W/N Palanca committed a breach of fidelity owing form a lawyer to his client Burden of proving that the privilege applies is placed upon the party asserting the privilege.

HELD:
- NO! 141 GENATO v SILAPAN
- There is no substantial blame against Palanca inasmuch as the latters services were
implicitly terminated by Pfleider when he sued his lawyer. FACTS:
- Complaint for disbarment filed by William Ong Genato against Atty. Essex Silapan
- The various criminal and civil cases were not discussed, because it was left for the trial courts to

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
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decide. (Genato lent Silapan money to purchase a new car. Silapan mortgaged his house and lot. filed a notice of appeal. Gaerlan objected to the approval of said notice of appeal, upon the ground
When SIlapan failed to pay, GEnato sought the foreclosure of the mortgage and tried to encash a that the period to appeal should be reckoned from Nov 14, 1966, when a copy of the order was
postdated check issued by Silapan, which subsequently bounced.) The Court, in this case, cannot served upon Atty Pacana. On this allegation, the motion was dismissed.
sanction Atty. Silapan
for his issuance of a bouncing check. ISSUE:
- When Genato filed a BP 22 case against Atty. Silapan, the latter alleged in his answer that during the Whether or not period to appeal from order denyingh motion for new trial/ reconsideration began to
previous case (criminal case), Genato wanted Atty Silapan to offer bribe money to members of DOJ, run on Nov 14, 1966, when a copy of said order was served upon Pacana, or on March 16, 1967, when
even the prosecutor, and presiding judge. Atty. SIlapan refused since such acts are immoral and illegal notice was served upon Atty Caballero.
but also because 'the complainant confided to him that he was really involved in the commission of
the crime HELD:
that was charged'. March 16, 1967.
This is not a case of substitution. By entering his appearnce, Atty Caballero did not substitute Atty
ISSUE: WoN Atty. Silapan committed a breach of trust and confidence by imputing to Genato illegal Pacana but became one of the attorneys for Bacarro. Neither did Atty Caballero substitute or try to
practices and disclosing alleged intention to bribe govt officials in connection with a pending case? substitute Atty Pacana. The statement in the motion for reconsideration to the effect that, through
Atty Caballero, petitioner Bacarro, "after duly relieving his previous counsel moved for the
HELD: NO. The privilege against disclosure of confidential communications or information is limited reconsideration of
only to communications which are legitimately and properly within the scope of a lawful employment the order, had the effect of continuig the services of Caballero and dropping Pcana. (walang
of a lawyer. It does not extend to those made in contemplation of a crime or perpetuation of a fraud. A substitution... sabay silang lawyer tapos na-terminate ung employment ni Pacana...)
lawyer is not a gun for hire.
Whether Bacarro could - as regards the Court of Gaerlan - validly dispense with the services of Pacana,
ISSUE: WoN disclosures were indispensable to protect Atty. Silapan's rights because they were without securing his consent, or without proof that he had been notified of Bacarro's motion for
pertinent to the foreclosure case reconsideration...

HELD: NO. It was improper for the respondent to use it against Genato in the foreclosure case because HELD:
it was not the subject matter of litigation and ATty. SIlapan's professional competence and legal advice YES. Client may at any time dismiss his attorney. The relatioship between Bacarro and Pacana ceased
were not being attacked in that case. A lawyer must conduct himself, especially in his dealings with to exist from the filing of the motion for reconsideration/ new trial, insofar as the court is concerned
his clients, with integrity in a manner that is beyond reproach. (Atty Silapan was ordered 1 year and form receipt of copy thereof by Atty Salcedo, insofar as Gaerlan was concerned.
suspension)
143 PEOPLE v CASIMIRO
142 BACARRO v CA
Facts:
FACTS:
Bacarro is the registered owner of a lot located in Cagayan de Oro city. He claims that he was Atty. Manuel Sanglay was filed an administrative complaint for his failure to file a brief within
compelled by the Municipal Judge of Baungin, Bukidnon to appear before the judge's ofice and then the reglementary period for his clients Benjamin Icalla, Rodolfo Soriano and Benjamin Cinco.
and there coerced and forced, under threat of prosecution and loss said Sanglay was given 10 days from Feb 3, 1972 to explain, but his explanation came at the end
land, to execute a deed of reconveyance of 1/2 of the land to Gaerlan. Bacarro then filed a complaint of the month.
for the annulment of said deed of reconveyance. He absolved himself from any blame as, in his view, no fault could be attributed to him.
According to him, he contacted the parents of the appellants. It was mentioned to him that
Atty Luminarias and Caballero entered their appearance, in said cas as counsel of Bacarro in
another lawyer whose services presumably were hired by the parents of appellants Icalla and
collaboration with Atty Pacana.
Cinco.
Sanglay then reminded them that failure to file the (appellants) brief would mean automatic
The judge of the lower court ordered an amendment to th complaint of Bacarro. Mrs. Gaerlan filed a
written manifestation inviting attention to the fact that petittoner Bacarro had not complied with said withdrawal of the appeal.
order. The judge then issued an order dismissing the He was then assured that the new lawyer will file the brief, and that as a token for his hard
complaint. work, he shoud not withdraw.

A motion for new trial/ reconsideration was filed by Atty Caballero on behalf of Bacarro. Motion was Issue:
denied in an order issued by the judge dated November 14, 1966. Notice of said order was not
received by Atty Caballero until March 15, 1967, on which date he W/N Sanglay is liable for the late filing of the appellants brief.

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

provisions of the Rules of Court, the names of the individual claimants should be added to the
Held: complaint under the legal representation of Atty Fabul until and unless each individual claimant should
otherwise manifest before the court.
No. (but he is reprimanded)
It was not a willful act on his part. Case was remanded to the Agrarian Court.
Nonetheless, the exculpation he seeks cannot be granted. Under the circumstances, the least that
was expected of him was that he would inform the Tribunal of the developments set forth in his 145 DOMINGO SR. v AQUINO
explanation and as that he be allowed to withdraw as counsel. Such a step he did not take until after
the Feb 3 resolution. FACTS
It did not wipe out the previous manifestation of negligence on his part. He cannot therefore escape Court of First Instance approved money claim of AQUINO against the Estate of Domingo and
liability. ordered Administratrix STA MARIA to pay P20,000 to AQUINO
Both parties appealed
144 BICOL FEDERATION v CUYUGAN CA affirmed the ruling of the CFI
Copies of the judgment were sent to ATTY UNSON through registered mail
Facts:
The new administratrix DE LOPEZ alleges the co-administratrix of STA MARIA, ATTY
Certain members of the Bicol Federation of Labor were hired by Doa Jacinta Cuyugan to
DOMINGO, was removed from his trust by the intestate courts order for having squandered
clear her land and plant coconut seedlings on it. These planters were also allowed to plant
cash so being the one (ATTY DOMINGO) who engaged the services of ATTY UNSON, the
other crops over the land.
removal of ATTY DOMINGO is in effect the removal of ATTY UNSON as counsel of the estate
When the coconut trees bore fruit, the planters were being given half of 1/3 of the harvest.
DE LOPEZ prays that the clerk of court be directed to serve a copy of the CA judgment on her
But the custom in the area was that the planter and the owner should share 50-50 in case the
counsel instead of ATTY UNSON
owner would not give monetary payment to the planters.
(In other words, yun court nagsend ng copy ng decision ng ca kay atty unson pero sabi ng estate
During the harvesting, the agent of the owner of the land hired other people. This, in effect, hindi valid yun pagsend ng notice kasi hindi na nila lawyer si atty unson at the time notice was
was ousting the planters and preventing them from claiming their rightful compensation. served)
Bicol Federation of Labor, in behalf of its individual members, filed an action before the
Agrarian court to change their arrangement with the owner from sharing to a lease-hold ISSUE W/N SERVICE OF THE JUDGMENT ON ATTY UNSON WAS VALID
system. Such desired arrangement would enable them to have a wider area to cultivate and
with the least intervention by the landowners agents. HELD YES, EVEN IF ESTATE CLAIMS THAT ATTY UNSON WAS NOT THEIR LAWYER
During the pendency of the action, counsel for Bicol FederationAtty Quirico Fabuldeclared AT THE TIME COPY OF THE JUDGMENT WAS SENT, ABSENCE OF
that his authority to represent the group has been terminated and that the retainer was in MANIFESTATION OR NOTICE OF DISCHARGE FILED WITH THE COURT MAKES
behalf of the individual claimants and not of the Federation. This fact was used by the JUDICIAL NOTICE SENT TO THE COUNSEL OF RECORD BINDING UPON THE
defendants (Cuyugans and the agents) as another defense. CLIENT
The Agrarian Court dismissed the claim of Bicol Federation solely on the ground that the
action was not within its jurisdiction. RATIO
Records show that ATTY UNSON was the counsel of record of the ESTATE OF DOMINGO in the appellate
Issue: court and never filed any withdrawal as such counsel. Even after the removal of ATTY DOMINGO as
Was the action by Bicol Federation within the competence of the Agrarian Court? administrator of the estate, ATTY UNSON filed in the appellate court his memorandum for the estate.
(Ethics iss
ue) Can Atty Fabul still represent the claimants despite the dismissal of his services (by Bicol Moreover, while it may be true that ATTY UNSON ceased as counsel for the estate and for the former
Federation)? administrator when the intestate court granted his motion to withdraw as counsel by virtue of his
appointment to and assumption of public office of Assistant Administrator of the Sugar Quota
Held: Administration, this was true only as far as the intestate court was concerned. He continued on record
Yes, the Court of Agrarian Relations has jurisdiction. Under the Code of Agrarian Reforms, and in the appellate court and did not file any withdrawal as counsel. In addition to that, no appearance of
considering the policy and objectives of such legislation, the Agrarian Courts has jurisdiction over new counsel for the estate was ever filed.
issues involving an individual(s) claiming for compensation from a landowner.
It follows that since notice and copy of the appellate courts decision were served by registered mail
(the relevant issue) on the estates counsel of record ATTY UNSON and the latter failed to claim his mail on the 5 th day
Yes, Atty Fabul can represent the claimants in this case despite the declared termination. This is one of after the first notice of the postmaster, such service was deemed completed and effected and binding
those rare instances where an attorney, whose authority has been terminated by his client, may be upon the client, in this case the Estate of Domingo.
allowed to continue his representation. To prevent failure or miscarriage of justice and pursuant to the

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

As to the contention that removal of ATTY DOMINGO as administratrix means removal of ATTY UNSON Office. When the representative of Chuidian went to the firm of Balcoff to inform the latter of the
as the estates counsel because ATTY DOMINGO was the one who engaged the services of ATTY replacement, Mr. Balcoff was not in the office. Atty. Cruz of Balcoff et. al. declared that he had no
UNSON, the fact that ATTY UNSONS services were engaged by ATTY DOMINGO in his official capacity authority to turn over the records of the case to Chuidian Law Office. As a result, Atty. Chuidian called
as administrator, did not make ATTY UNSON his personal counsel. ATTY UNSON continued to be Atty. Balcoff. Atty. Chuidian said that, inasmuch as Balcoff et. al. was still representing the WW, the
authorized to represent the estate as its counsel until the new administrator DOMINGO DE LOPEZ Chuidian Law Office will send a representative on the hearing day. However, no representative from
should terminate his services which she never did. the Chuidian Law Office came. (This is the misunderstanding that was mentioned above. Balcoff
thought that Chuidian will be the one to appear instead of him.
JUDGMENT
SC: ATTY REGINO (petitioners counsel in this case) is reminded that cooperation of litigants and their Issue: W/N the judgment in favor of Arcangel should be set aside based on misunderstanding.
attorneys is needed so that needless clogging of the court dockets with unmeritorious cases may be
avoided. Hence, petition is dismissed and ATTY REGINO is ordered to pay treble costs.
Held: The judgment should not be set aside. Misunderstanding alibi not accepted.
146 AQUINO v BLANCO
The law firm of Balcoff and Cruz was still WWs counsel of record, because the firm of Chuidian only
Facts: entered appearance after the date of the hearing mentioned above. As such counsel of record, Balcoff
- Petitioners Santiago Aquio and Dionisia Aguirre filed a complaint against Dominga Salveron et. al. must have known that it is under obligation to protect WWs interest until its final release from
in the CFI, which the petitioners won. the professional relationship.
- Salveron was represented in that case by Atty. Basilio Sorioso. Atty. Sorioso was appointed as
Assistant Provincial Fiscal of Iloilo on Feb. 11, 1947. The lack of coordination and understanding between the two law firms cannot be considered a legal
- Despite the appointment, the judgment in the earlier mentioned case was served on Atty. excuse within the ambit of excusable negligence.
Sorioso.
- Salveron was only informed of the judgment on Mar. 26, 1947 when a writ of execution was 148 AMPIL v AGRAVA
served on him.
- Salveron then filed a petition to vacate said writ of execution. This was granted by Judge Facts:
Blanco. -Ampil was the counsel for Angela Perez in several cases. The principal cases handled by Ampil were
Issue: filed in the CFI by Angelas husband and son, Antonio and Benigno Perez, asking that Angela be placed
- W/n the service of judgment made on Atty. Sorioso constitutes service upon his client, under guardianship and that a suitable person be appointed to administer her properties. Later on,
Salveron. the parties submitted to court, which dismissed the action for lack of jurisdiction. This dismissal was
Held: affirmed by SC.
- SC says NO. -A case was later filed by Antonio and Benigno with the domestic court of Manila, seeking the courts
- When Attorney Sorioso was appointed to the position of assistant provincial fiscal and therein approval of the compromise agreement. The domestic court dismissed the proceeding on the ground
qualified, by operation of law he ceased to engage in private law practice, and as a of lack of jurisdiction because the case which was to be settled amicably by the compromise
consequence he became simultaneously disqualified to continue representing his former agreement had already been dismissed by CFI as affirmed by SC.
client, the herein respondent Dominga Salveron, in the above-mentioned case. So that in -Ampil asserts that Angela terminated his services as counsel without just cause and without paying
contemplation of law the notice of the decision upon him on February 11, 1947, was not a him for his profiessional services, for which he presented his bill and asserted his retaining lien over
notice upon said respondent, and the period for perfecting an appeal on the part of the latter the three titles entrusted to him by Angela in the course of his professional employment.
in reality did not then commence to run but only, if at all, when she acquired knowledge of -Eventually, the compromise agreement mentioned above was approved by the Supreme Court.
said decision upon the service on her of the writ of execution on March 26, 1947. Benigno and Antonio thus filed a case to obtain the titles held by Ampil. They claimed that the
attorneys lien must be exercised over the properties belonging to Angela, not over the properties
147 WACKWACK GOLF v CA belonging to them in the compromise agreement. They also argued that the compromise agreement
was entered into 8 years before Ampil was discharged as Angelas counsel, besides, Ampil took a
Facts: Arcangel, a former employee of Wack Wack (WW), filed with the CFI a money claim case for position adverse to them by seeking to have the compromise agreement annulled. They concluded
overtime services rendered to WW, for unenjoyed vacation, moral damages, and atty.s fees. At the that Ampil was therefore bound by the compromise agreement.
hearing of the case, neither WW nor its counsel, Balcoff et. al., appeared, despite notification. As a
result, the lower court rendered judgment in favor of Arcangel. Issue:
W/N whether Ampil has a right to keep his retaining lien over the said titles until his services are paid
The firm of Chuidian, on behalf of WW, filed a petition to set aside the judgment on the ground of for.
mistake, misunderstanding, and excusable neglect. According to the firm of Chuidian, WW was first
represented by Balcoff et. al. Thereafter, WW decided to replace Balcoff et. al. with the Chuidian Law Held: YES.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

-Three elements of attorneys retaining lien were met: 1) lawyer-client relationship; 2) lawful CFI nonetheless still went on with its previous order. Atty. Rustia obeyed the order. And then
possession of the clients funds, documents, and papers; and 3) unsatisfied claim for attorneys fees. this case was filed.
-Ampil obtained possession of the titles when they still belonged to his client Angela. It was only when
Angela later on confirmed the compromise agreement that it became valid. The transfer of the ISSUE:
properties to Antonio and Benigno could not retroact to the time the compromise was originally W/N Atty. Rustia has a valid lien over the documents in his possession
executed.
-The situation would be different where title to the property is the very subject in dispute in the case HELD:
and the court adjudges the clients adversary to be rightfully entitled thereto. In such as case the YES. An attorney shall have a lien upon the funds, documents, and papers of his client which
titles to the property could not be said to be properties of the client. The attorney may enforce his lien have lawfully come into his possession, and may retain the same until his lawful fees and
only over the properties of his client and not against those of his clients adversary. disbursements have been paid, and may apply such funds to the satisfaction thereof.
-Petitioner is in no way interfering with the taking possession of the properties and enjoyment of the The general or retaining lien of an attorney is dependent upon the possession and does not
fruits thereof. All that petitioner asserts and exercises is his passive lien of retaining the muniments of
attach to anything not in the attorneys hands.
title thereto. Such retention only impedes the corresponding registration and transfer of titles to
The courts may require the attorney to deliver up the papers in his possession provided the
respondents.
client files proper security for the attorneys compensation.
149 MATUTE v MATUTE
151 METROPOLITAN BANK v CA
FACTS:
FACTS:
Jose Matute filed an action against the administrator Matias Matute.
- ANTECEDAL FACTS (up to you guys kung gusto nyo basahin tong paragraph na toh... not pertinent to
Jose is asking Matias to surrender 17 titles to various properties of the estate our lesson): Celedonio Javier bought 7 parcels of land owned by Eustaqio Alejandro. Javier mortgaged
Probate court granted the prayer of Jose and ordere3d the surrender of the titles with Metrobank the lots to secure a loan of Bautista?Int'l
Matias and his counsel Atty. Canlas appealed the decision Hotel Corp. Metrobank foreclosed on the properties. Alejandro alleged fraud in the sale, and brought
suits against Javier and Metrobank. During the pendency of these suits, Metrobank sold lots to Service
ISSUE: Leasing, resold to Herby Commercial, which mortgaged the same
W/N Atty. Canlas may be compelled to surrender the titles even though he was not yet paid to Banco de Oro.
his fees - Arturo Alfariz and Associates handled the civil cases of Metrobank. All the civil cases were for the
declaration of nullity of certain deeds of sale, with damages. The lawyers did not have any knowledge
HELD: of any of the transfers made by Metrobank. They filed a
NO! motion to enter its charging lien (25% of the actual and current market values of the litigated
An attorney is entitled to retain documents in the case pending settlement of attorneys fees. properties as its attys fees.) Despite due notice, Metrobank failed to appear and oppose, so the RD
Sec 37 of Rule 138 provides that attorneys cannot be compelled to surrender the documents annotated the atty's liens on the TCTs.
in his possession without prior proof that his fees has been duly satisfied - Alejandro (plaintiffs) filed a motion to dismiss which was granted with prejudice to the earlier order of
But the court may require the attorney to deliver the papers in his possession provided that annotation. The lawyers filed a motion to fix the atty's fees based on quantum meruit. CA affiremed
order to Metrobank to pay ALfariz and ASsociates attys
the client files proper security for the attorneys compensation
fees.

ISSUE: WoN lawyers are entitled to atty's fees


150 RUSTIA v ABETO
HELD: NO
FACTS:
Atty. Rustia filed this case to annul orders of the CFI of Manila in the case of Intestate Estate
RATIO:
of Antonio de la Riva. 1. A charging lien to be enforceable requires as a condition sine qua non a judgment for money and
Atty. Rustia was the counsel of respondent, Milagros Schmid, the administrator of the execution in pursuance of such judgment. In the case at bar, the civil cases were dismissed upon the
intestate estate. initiative of the plaintiffs "in view of the full
When Rustia was relieved as attorney, he sent a bill for P32,330. He wanted to have a lien satisfaction of their claims". The dismissal neither provided for any money judgment nor made any
over all funds and documents that he is currently holding for the administrator. monetary award to any litigant. The charging lien was WITHOUT ANY LEGAL BASIS.
CFI of Manila ordered Atty. Rustia to hand over the certificate of a land. Atty. Rustia is 2. The lien of respondent is not of a nature which attached to the property in litigation but is at most a
objecting saying that he has a lien over the TCT for his professional fees. personal claim enforceable by a writ of execution.
3. While a client cannot defeat an atty's right to his charging lien by dismissing the case, terminating

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

the services of his counsel, waiving his cause or interest in favor of the adverse party or compromising o Appealing a decision, knowing that the same was already final and executory
his action, this rule cannot find application here as the termination of the cases was not at the
instance of the client, but of the opposing party. o Deceitfully obtaining two thousand, five hundred and fifty-five US dollars (US$2,555)
4. There is an obvious necessity for a hearing because the persons who are entitled to or who must from complainant, allegedly for cash bond in the appealed case
pay attys fees have the right to be heard upon the question of propriety or amount.
5. Regarding American jurisprudence stating a contrary rule - the Court held that in the absence of a o Issuing a spurious receipt to conceal his illegal act.
statute or special agreement providing otherwise, the general rule is that an atty has no lien on the
Naldoza was claimed to ask for a Cash Bond in UNITED STATES DOLLAR amounting to TWO
land
THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED FIFTY FIVE (U.S. $2,555.00) (for payment) to the Supreme Court
152 DORONILA-TIOSECO v CA in order that the said appealed case could be heard or acted upon by the Supreme Court.

Gatchalian came to know that there was no such Cash Bond paid to the SC, and in fact, the
FACTS:
fees were only nominal (P622). Moreover, the receipt that Naldoza presented to Gatchalian
AS a result of dispute among the heirs of the late Alfonso Doronila and their counsel Ramon Gonzales,
which allegedly emanated from the SC was spurious.
over his claim for attorney's fees, the RTC denied the heirs' Motion to Cancel Attorney's lien and
declare Ramon Gonzales entitiled to 10% of the shares of the heirs of the late Doronila. Both of the An estafa case was filed against Naldoza. It was later on dismissed, but he was held liable for
parties appealed the decision. the amount of $2,555.
Ramon Gonzales filed a motion to annotate attorney's lien, praying that his attorney's lien be Naldoza seeks that he not be suspended in the practice of law.
annotated on the title of parcels of land of the estate which the heirs had inherited.

Administrator of the estate opposed the said motion by contending that an attorney's lien does not Issue:
extend to land and that the proper remedy is attachment. W/N Atty Naldoza should be punished for his acts?

Trial court granted the counsel's motion for annotation. Held:


Yes.
ISSUE: Atty. Primo Naldoza is DISBARRED, not just suspended.
W/n an attorney's lien extends to land...
On the first issue:
o Complainant has failed to present proof regarding the status of the appeal. Neither
HELD:
has there been any showing that the appeal was dismissed on the ground that the
"We have ruled that an attorney's lien does not extend to land which is the subject matter of the
POEA Decision had become final and executory. Worse, there has been no evidence
litigation." (eto lang yung sinabi sa case... ung mga prior cases, applicable...)
that respondent knew that the case was unappealable. Indeed, the records of this
Court shows that the Petition for Review was dismissed for petitioners (Gatchalians)
ISSUE:
failure to submit an Affidavit of Service and a legible duplicate of the assailed Order.
W/n the trial court retained jurisdiction to grand Ramon Gonzales' Motion to Annotate Attorney's lien
Clearly, this charge has no leg to stand on.
on the title of the parcels of land of the estate after the perfection of the appeal of both the petitioners
and respondent from the order declaring Ramon Gonzales entitled to attorney' fees... On the next two issues:
o When Naldoza paid P10,000 and issued a check to complainant as his moral
HELD: obligation, he indirectly admitted the charge. Normally, this is not the actuation of
Trial court has no jurisdiction. Motion was filed long after they have perfected their appeals, therefore one who is falsely accused of appropriating the money of another. This is an
the trial court had no more jurisdiction. admission of misconduct. (RC Note: Naldoza claims that Gatchalian owes him
P180T in attorneys fees, and after accounting, he paid him P10T as his moral
obligation)
153 GATCHALIAN PROMOTIONS v NALDOZA o the amount of $2,555 was not a part of his attorneys lien. He demanded the money
from his client on the pretext that it was needed for the Petition before the Supreme
Facts: Court, but he actually converted it to his personal gain.
Gatchalian Promotions Talents Pool, Inc. filed a disbarment case against Atty. Promo Naldoza, Not only did he misappropriate the money entrusted to him; he also faked a reason to cajole
their former counsel. his client to part with his money. Worse, he had the gall to falsify an official receipt of this
Naldoza appealed a decision of the POEA. In line with this, Gatchalian assers that the Court to cover up his misdeeds. Clearly, he does not deserve to continue being a member of
disbarments should prosper since Naldoza committed the ff acts: the bar.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

BARRIENTOS then filed an administrative case against DAVID with the National Electrification
154 VDA DE BARRERA v LAPUT Administration which was however dismissed. Hence, the present petition.

Facts: ISSUE W/N DAVID SHOULD BE DISBARRED


Casiano Laput was Nieves Rillas Vda de Barreras counsel in the settlement proceedings for
the estate of de Barreras husband. HELD YES, LACK GOOD MORAL CHARACTER --- A CONTINUING REQUIREMENT TO
One time, Laput presented a Notice for Rendition of Final Accounting and Partition of Estate BE ABLE TO PRACTICE LAW
to de Barrera. Barrerra refused to signed and asked Laput to just leave the document in order
that she may ask someone to interpret it for her. RATIO
But Laput became angry and even placed a revolver on the lap of de Barrera (who actually
was 72 years old). This compelled the old lady to sign the document. From the records, it is indubitable that BARRIENTOS was never informed by DAVID of his real status as
Laput denied the charges a married individual. The fact of his previous marriage was disclosed by DAVID only after BARRIENTOS
became pregnant. Moreover, DAVID misrepresented himself as being eligible to re-marry for having
been separated from his wife for 16 years and even dangled a marriage proposal.
Issue:
Should Laput be disciplined?
Interestingly enough, DAVID lived alone in Dipolog City though his son also studies in the same area.
Moreover, he never introduced his son and went around with his friends as though he was never
Held:
married. These circumstances belie DAVIDS claim that the BARRIENTOS family knew about his
Naku po naman! Of course. Laput was suspended for 1 year.
marital status at the very start of the courtship.
It was found by the court that the documents were made by the counsel to end the proceedings and
But what surprises the Court is the perverted sense of DAVIDS moral values when he said that I see
be able to collect his fees. The act of placing the gun on the clients lap cannot be interpreted other
nothing wrong with this relationship despite my being married. Worse, he even suggested abortion.
than as an act of threatening such client.
The practice of law is a privilege accorded only to those who measure up to the exacting standards of
Laputs acts were improper and censurable (especially considering that de Barrerra was 72 years old).
mental and moral fitness. DAVID having exhibited debased morality, the Court is constrained to
Being a member of the Bar, Laput should have set the example as a man of peace and a champion of
impose upon him the most severe disciplinary action --- disbarment.
the Rule of Law. An attorneys client is a person who is supposed to be defended and protected by
such counsel.
156 FLORES v CHUA
155 BARRIENTOS v DAAROL
Facts:
- Ban Hua Flores seeks the disbarment of Atty. Enrique Chua on the following grounds:
FACTS
o Chua notarized a deed of sale which contains the forged signature of Chua Beng
Victoria BARRIENTOS is single, a college student and about 20 years and 7 months old during her (CB). The wife of CB says that CB could not have signed the deed because she was
relationship with Transfiguracion DAVID, a lawyer and the General Manager of Zamboanga del Norte with CB the whole time before his death. Flores points out that Chua notarized the
Electric Cooperative who was about 40 years old and married to SUMAYLO. deed even if CB did not appear personally.
o Chua falsified a petition filed with the SEC in order to molest and harass Flores.
Flashback Parang sine Apparently, Chua altered the petition to apply for a notice of lis pendens over the
property of Flores. But, his plan failed because the register of deeds denied his
DAVID had been known by the BARRIENTOS family for quite sometime being the former student of application.
Victoria BARRIENTOS father and a former classmate of Victoria BARRIENTOS mother. DAVID courted o Chua caused the publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the Visayas of a
BARRIENTOS and after a week of courtship, BARRIENTOS accepted DAVIDS love. At this time, DAVID portion of a SEC decision which ordered complainant and others to pay 68 million.
was separated from his wife for 16 years. In these publications, Chua was always in the forefront claiming to e the lawyer of
the winning parties. However, this publication is false because the order had not yet
BARRIENTOS, with her parents permission, was DAVIDS partner during the Chamber Commerce affair. become final, it was still pending appeal. In his defense, Chua submitted evidence
After the event and before going home, they parked the jeep at the beach and after the usual to show that a complaint for libel filed by Flores against him was dismissed by the
preliminaries (what a term), they consummated the sexual act. This was their set up until prosecutors office.
BARRIENTOS got pregnant. DAVID suggested abortion but BARRIENTOS disagreed. During her o Chua had already and has the propensity to bribe judges to gain a favorable
pregnancy until she gave birth, it was BARRIENTOS family who took care of her. judgment. Flores further alleges that there is a pattern of conduct on the part of

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Chua that tends towards the frustration of justice. Chua apparently uses dilatory demeaned the legal profession by taking money from a client under the pretext of having
tactics and has been reprimanded before. connections with a member of this court.
o Chua is also charged with forum shopping.
Issue: 158 TABAS v MANGIBIN
- W/n Chua is guilty of these acts and should be disbarred.
Held: Facts:
- SC says YES. Chua is disbarred -A deed of mortgage was delivered to Hilda Tabas evidencing a real property in La Union that was
- On the first ground, SC finds Chua guilty of notarizing the deed of sale which contains a mortgaged to her by Galvan. The deed of mortgage was registered in the Register of Deeds of La
forged signature. Chua failed to exercise the required diligence and fealty to his office by Union.
attesting to the fact that CB appeared before him and signed the deed when in truth and in -Subsequently, a certain Lilia Castillejos represented herself as Tabas and appeared before Mangibin,
fact said person did not do so. This is clearly a violation of the duties of a notary public to who was a notary public, and asked the latter to prepare a discharge of the mortgage and to notarize
certify that the person signing the instrument is known to him and that he is the same person it afterwards.
who executed it. -Mangibin prepared the discharge of real estate mortgage without asking Castillejos for anything to
- There was no basis for the second ground but the Court said that his filing of the application serve as identification except for a Community Tax Certificate (CTC). This enabled Galvan to mortgage
for notice of lis pendens even if he was not counsel for the petitioners in the SEC case meant the property again, this time to a rural bank
that he knew of such case. Thus, he shouldnt have filed the civil case involving the same -Tabas informed Mangibin that her signature in the questioned discharge of REM was forged but
issues. His act of filing the civil case amounted to forum shopping. Mangibin did nothing to help. He even threatened to file a counter suit against her if she files a case
- The SC also found sufficient evidence to support the third ground. The other grounds were against him.
dismissed for lack of merit. -Tabas filed this complaint for disbarment.
- The Court reiterated that a lawyer shall at all times uphold the integrity and dignity of the -Mangibin admitted that the discharge of REM was a forgery but interposed the defense that it was
legal profession. A lawyer brings honor to the legal profession by faithfully performing his beyond the scope of his duty to ascertain the identity of persons appearing before him, and that he
duties to society, to the bar, to the courts and to his clients. had no available means of ascertaining their real identities.

157 BERBANO v BARCELONA Issue:


W/N Mangibin should be held administratively liable for negligence in the performance of his duty as a
Facts: The heirs of Hilapo appointed Atty. Daen as their atty.-in-fact. Atty. Daen was subsequently notary public to ascertain the identity of the person appearing before him.
arrested by the Muntinlupa police. The heirs of Hilapo tried to look for a lawyer to secure the
release of Atty. Daen. The heirs were recommended to Atty. Barcelona. When the spouses Held:
visited Atty. Daen, they learned that Atty. Daen had decided to engage the services of Atty. YES, Mangibin was negligent in performing such duty.
Barcelona. Atty. Barcelona then proceeded to tell the heirs if they could produce P50K he could -Notarization is invested with public interest. It converts a private document into a public one, making
secure the release of Atty. Daen the next day. Because the heirs could not produce the total it admissible in court without further proof of its authenticity. Such document is by law entitled to full
amount, they merely gave P15,700. faith and credit upon its face. Courts, administrative agencies, and the public must be able to rely
There were several meetings between the heirs and Atty. Barcelona regarding the upon an acknowledgement by a notary public appended to a document.
grease money to be used to allegedly bribe an SC justice. The heirs made another payment -A notary public should not notarize a document unless the person who signed the same is the very
via a check worth P24,000. On another occasion, the heirs went to the house of Atty. Barcelona same person who executed and personally appeared before him to attest to the contents and truth of
and gave P10,000. The total amount given by the heirs to Atty. Barcelona reached P64,000. matters stated in the document.
Commissioner Bautista found Atty. to be guilty of malpractice and breach of duty -Mangibin should have requested other forms of identification or asked questions to ascertain her
and recommended that he be disbarred. identity.
-Mangibin violated the Notarial Law and Canon 1. His notarial commission is revoked and he is
Issue: W/N Atty. Barcelona should be disbarred. disqualified from reappointment as notary public for 2 years.

Held: Atty. Barcelona should be disbarred. 159 IN RE ALMACEN


Disbarment proceedings are sui generis. Its intention is to safeguard the
administration of justice by protecting the court and public from the misconduct of the officers FACTS:
of the court. Atty Almecen is the counsel of Calero in the case of Yaptinchay vs. Calero
In this case, Atty. demonstrated a penchant for misrepresenting that he had The trial court, after the hearing rendered judgment against his client he moved for reconsideration
connections to secure the release of Atty. Daen. Atty. Barcelona misrepresented to the (MR) and served copy of the motion to the adverse party but failed to notify the latter of the date and
complainant that he could get the release of Atty. Daen with his connection with a Supreme place of the hearing
Court Justice. Instead of promoting respect for law and the legal processes, Atty. Barcelona In the CA, the court moved to also disamiss the case for the reason that the MR does not contain a

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

notice of time and place of hearing and is nothing but a useless piece of paper Facts:
The SC refised to tkae the cse and in a minute resolution denied the appeal Mrs. Irene Rayos-Ombac (lola) is the petitioner in this case. The respondent is Atty. Orlando
It was at this pont that Atty Almacen filed his "PETITION TO SURRENDER LAWYER'S CERTIFICATE OF Rayos (lawyer), her nephew.
TITLE" Jan. 1985: lawyer induced lola, who was then 85 years old, to withdraw all her bank deposits
The pleading filed by Atty Almacen is interspersed from beginning to end with insolent, contemptuous, and entrust it to him for safekeeping.
grossly disrespectful and deregoratory remarks agaist the court, as well as its individual members. Lawyer made lola believe that if she would do so, all the money will be excluded from the
Atty Almacen described the court as "a tribunal peopled by men who are calloused to our pleas of estate of her deceased husband and therefore exclude the other heirs from inheriting.
justice, who ignore without reason thier own applicable decisions and commit culpable violations of Lola then withdrew all her money (P588K) and deposited it in the account of lawyer in Union
the Constitution with impunity. he also referred to his client as "on who was deeply aggrieved by the
Bank.
court's unjust judgment" and has become " one of the sacrificial victims before the altar of hypocrisy."
Upon demands that the amount be returned, lawyer informed lola that he can only return
He also referred to the member of the court as "justice as administered by the present members of
the SUpreme Court is not only blind, but also deaf and dumb." P400K on installment. Pumayag na lang si lola kasi kelangan niya talaga ng pera. They signed
The court asked Atty Almacen to show cause why no disciplinary actions must be taken against him a MOA regarding this transaction.
Atty Almacen asked that he be given permission permission to give his answer in an open and public However, the check given by lawyer to lola was dishonored due to insufficient funds.
hearing. He reasoned that since the court is the complainant, prosecutor and judge, he preferred that Lola then filed an estafa case against lawyer. Lawyer offered as settlement 2 second-hand
he answer and be heard in an open and public hearing sa that the court could observe its sincerity and cars and cash amounting to P40K. Lola refused the offer.
candor. Lawyer also filed cases against Lola. Estafa - because lola allegedly reneged on her promise
The court allowed Atty Almacen to file a written answer and thereafter be heard in an oral argument to sell a certain parcel of land. Another accusing lola of making false statements in the
But his written answer offers no apology but is full of sarcasm and innuendo (SEE PAGE 569-572) testate proceedings of her deceased husband.
Lola then filed a case for disbarment on 2 grounds. (1) defrauding lola and (2) filing frivolous
ISSUE: cases against her.
W/N Atty Almacen is guilty IBP recommended that lawyer be suspended for 2 years.
Lawyer then filed this motion to lift the suspension stating that lola has already withdrawn
HELD: her complaint for disbarment
YES! and he is indefinitely suspended until further order form the SC
Well-recognized is the right of a lawyer, both as an officer of the court and as citizen, to criticize in Issue:
properly respectful terms and through legitimate channels the acts of courts and judges. The W/N lawyer should be suspended for 2 years
decisions of the courta public property and the press and the people have the undoubted right to
comment on them, criticize and censure them as they see fit. Held:
BUT it is the cardinal condition of all such criticism that it shall be bona fide and shall not spill over the
Yes. In fact the SC raised the penalty to disbarment. (pinabayaan na lang sana niya yung
walls of decency and rpopriety. A wide chasm exist between fair criticism, on the one hand, and abuse
suspension, baka di pa siya disbarred)
and slander of courts and justices thereof, on the other. Intemperate and unfair criticism is a gross
violation of the duty of respect to courts. it isn such misconduct that subjects a lawyer to disciplinary The withdrawal of lola of her complaint has no effect on the disbarment proceedings.
action Lawyer violated the CPR as well as his oath when he deceived his 85 year old aunt.
In his relations with the court, a lawyer may not divide his personality so as to be an attorney at one Lawyers wicked deed was aggravated by the series of unfounded suits he filed against lola.
time and a mere citizen at another. Statements made by an attorney in a private conversation or in Lawyers deceitful conduct makes him unworthy of membership in the legal profession.
the course of political campaign, if couched in insulting language as to bring scorn and disrepute to
the administration of justice may subject the attorney to disciplinary action. 161 IN RE LOZANO
post-litigation utterances or publication made by lawyers, critical of the courts and their juducial
actions, whether amounting to a crime or not, which transcends the permissible bounds of fair FACTS
commetns and legitimate criticism constitute grave professional misconduct. - There was a complaint against a Judge of First Instance which was referred to the Atty General for
there is no comfort in the argument of Atty. Almacen that his utterances were made after the investigation, report and recommendation. There was an SC resolution which makes such proceedings
judgments against his client attained finality. he could still be liable for contempt as if it had been condiential in nature
perpetrated during the pendency of the said appeal. THe pendency or non-pendency of a case in -The investigation was conducted secretly. Notwithstanding, the editor of El Pueblo, Severino Lozano,
court is of no consequence. the sole objective of the proceeding is to preserve the purity of the legal printed an article written by Anastacio Quevedo, indicating that the hearing was held behind closed
profession. doors, and that the info of the reporter was obtained from outside the screen and from comments in
social circles. The testimonies of the witnesses were mutilated and the report reflected upon the
160 RAYOS-OMBAC v RAYOS action of
the complainant to his possible advantage

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Lauretas protestations that he has done his best to protect and uphold the dignity of the
ISSUE: WoN Lozano and Quevedo are quilty of contempt of court? Court are belied by environmental facts and circumstances. His apologetic stance for the
adverse publicity rings with insincerity.
HELD: YES. They are each required to pay the nominal sum of P20 He has deliberately sought to destroy the authenticity, integrity and conclusiveness of
collegiate acts to undermine the role of the SC as the final arbiter of all justiciable disputes.
RATIO:
1. The power to punish for contempt is inherent in the SC. This power extends to administrative 164 IN RE LONTOK
proceedings, as well as to suits at law.
2. As important as is the maintenance of an unmuzzled press and the free exercise of the rights of the Facts:
citizen is the maintenance of the independence of the judiciary Marcelino Lontok is a member of the Bar who was convicted, by final judgment, of bigamy.
Subsequently, the Governor-General granted him absolute pardon.
162 CUENCO v FERNAN
However, the Attorney-General prays for the removal of Lontok from the roll of attorneys
See attachment=) despite such pardon. He argues that Lontok should still be disqualified from the practice of
law as he was convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude.
163 IN RE LAURETA
Issue:
Facts: Should Lontok be stricken from the Roll of Attorneys?
This case is purely a discussion of Atty. Lauretas Motion for Reconsideration finding him
Held:
guilty of grave professional misconduct and suspending him indefinitely. Also, there is a
No. An absolute pardon, unlike a conditional one, reaches not only the offense and the guilt for which
discussion on Eva Maravilla-Illustres Motion for Reconsideration holding her in contempt.
a person was convicted of, but it also releases the punishment and blots out the existence of guilt, so
Laureta is the counsel of Illlustre. that he may not be looked upon as never to have committed the offense. If granted before conviction,
it prevents any of the penalties and disabilities; if granted after conviction, it removes the penalties
In my understanding, Illustre lost a case with the SC First Division. And because of this, she and disabilities, and restores the person to all his civil rights. It does not, however, restore offices,
filed a case with the Tanodbayan, in exasperation against those whom she felt had property, or interests that have been forfeited.
commited injustice against her in an underhanded manner.
Laureta is in hot water for he had allegedly circulated/distributed copies to the press copies of If the proceedings to disbar an attorney are founded on, and depend alone, on a statute making the
the complaint filed before the Tanodbayan. And with this, he has manifested lack of respect fact of a conviction for a felony ground for disbarment, the pardon operates to wipe out the conviction
for and exposed to public ridicule the two highest courts of the land. and the attorney cannot be disbarred. But if the disbarment proceedings are founded on the
He also said that he has not authorized or assisted and or abetted and could not have professional misconduct in a transaction which resulted in a conviction for a felony, a pardon relieves
prevented the contemptuous statements, conduct, acts and malicious charges of Eva Ilustre the counsel of the penal offense but can still be subject to disbarment on the ground of lack of good
who was (allegedly) no longer his client. But he is sorry for the adverse publicity generated moral character.
by the filing of the complaint against the Justices before the Tanodbayan!
Here, the motion for disbarment is based solely on the conviction for a crime for which Lontok has
been pardoned.
Issue:
W/N Laureta should be punished for his alleged acts. 165 IN RE DE GUZMAN

Held: FACTS
Yes.
Firstly, Laureta is really the counsel of Ilustre. A complaint for ejectment was filed by FLORO against LAPATHA. Judgment was rendered ordering
o The copy of the Tanodbayan resolution indicated that he is the counsel for the LAPATHA to vacate the premises and surrender possession to FLORO. LAPATHA filed a Petition for
complainant . And he didnt complain!! Relief from Judgment, Orders & Other Proceedings (nax civpro ) alleging that at the initial hearing,
o Lauretas wife received from the process server the documents/resolutions of the she appeared without counsel so she approached ATTY DE GUZMAN, lawyer of FLORO, and begged for
court. If Laureta was really not the counsel, then the wife could have easily not a 5 day postponement to which ATTY DE GUZMAN verbally agreed to with the condition that she
accepted. (LAPATHA) sign the courts expediente of which she did. She then gave ATTY DE GUZMAN a check for
o Atty. Laureta admitted that he is the counsel to a reporter of DZRH by the fact of his P350 as partial payment of her arrears in the rentals. That was why she was surprised later on to
receive a copy of a decision from the City Court wherein it appeared that she confessed judgment and
commenting with alacrity (RC note: this means eagerness) regarding the case.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

upon verification of the expediente which she signed, she discovered ATTY DE GUZMAN wrote the explain but to no avail, this is when Judge Flordeliza threatened to bring an administrative
words Confess Judgment below her signature without her consent. complaint against Dr. Lachica.
Issue:
FLORO filed his Answer alleging that the decision of the City Court was based on an open admission by - W/n Judge Flordeliza should be penalized.
LAPATHA made in open court and it was after such open admission that the words Confess Judgment Held:
was written on the expediente. Moreover, the check of P350 was not given as partial payment of - SC says YES, Judge Flordeliza is fined 10,000
LAPATHAS arrears in rentals but was given to forestall the execution of judgment. - The SC was convinced that the charge of misconduct against the respondent judge was
established by substantial evidence. Dr. Lachica presented the testimony of certain
ISSUE W/N ATTY DE GUZMAN SHOULD BE PUNISHED FOR HIS ACTS witnesses confirming that Judge Flordeliza was indeed drinking that night. There was also
testimony debunking Judge Flordelizas excuse that he could not have acted in such a
HELD NO, NOT ENOUGH EVIDENCE HENCE PRESUMPTION OF REGULARITY RULE manner because the mayor was sitting with them (the testimony proved that the mayor was
APPLIES not with them). The Court believed that Judge Flordeliza did threaten Dr. Lachica in order to
coerce the latter to sign the death certificate.
RATIO - Also, his inebriated demeanor and incoherent behavior during the festivities, as attested to
by a witness, is reprehensible in a judge. Allowing himself to get intoxicated is not the
The Clerk of the City Court testified that when the ejectment case was called for hearing, the Trial conduct expected of a judge.
Judge asked LAPATHA if she admitted the indebtedness alleged in the complaint filed by FLORO to
which LAPATHA answered in the affirmative. It was then that the word Confess Judgment was 167 ESTOYA v ABRAHAM-SINGSON
written on the expediente which was afterwards signed by both ATTY DE GUZMAN and LAPATHA. This
testimony of the Clerk of court deserves credit because the Clerk was present at the said hearing and Facts: A complaint signed by 47 employees and officers of several branches of the RTC Antique was
is substantiated with the ruling of the City Judge who, sans evidence to the contrary, is presumed to filed with the SC. The signatories allege that Judge Singson "treats her staff in a dictatorial and
have regularly performed his official duty. terroristic manner without regard to the basic dignity and self-respect of the individual,"
making the "working atmosphere entirely dependent on her moods on the particular day
The only objective of LAPATHA in filing a Petition for Relief was to gain more time to stay in the leased which most often fluctuates with the moon" The signatories allege that they could not
premises. understand the judges bizarre actuations and that sometimes she is excessively generous but in
most occasions she is "oppressive, dictatorial, despotic, and unbearable, if not hysterical."
The Court agrees with the Solicitor General that in the instant case, evidence is wanting to sustain a
finding that ATTY DE GUZMAN committed any deceit or misconduct. As held in Go v Candoy, it is The judge was further accused of gross and culpable incompetence for having delegated her authority
elementary in disbarment proceedings that the burden of proof rests upon the complainant and that to to the Clerk of Court by requiring the latter to make orders or resolve or decide cases for her.
be made the basis for suspension of disbarment, such proof must be convincing. In the case at bar,
LAPATHA failed to provide such convincing proof. Several persons testified regarding her attitude towards her workers (refer to P. 9).

Hence, the administrative complaint is dismissed and ATTY DE GUZMAN exonerated of the charge. The lower court adjudged her to lack the temperament required of a judge. Her acts, according to the
lower court, were not mere admonitions to correct the employees wrongdoings.

166 LACHICA v FLORDELIZA Issue: W/N judge is guilty of gross incompetence and gross ignorance of the law.

Facts: Held: The judge is guilty of gross incompetence and gross ignorance of the law.
- One day, Dr. Amparo Lachica, the Municipal Health Officer of Jose Abad Santos, Davao del
Sur, was approached by Dina Masaglang and Norma Ruton, who were asking Dr. Lachica to On gross ignorance of the law:
sign a death certificate. Dr. Lachica refused to sign saying that the attending physician in
Gen. Santos should be the one to sign. She is grossly ignorant of the law because she considered unlawful aggression as a mitigating
- Later in the day, Dr. Lachica met the two again and the two told her that Judge Rolando circumstance. She also made errors in the implementation of the Indeterminate Sentence Law. She
Flordeliza, MTC judge, was ordering her to sign the death certificate. Dr. Lachica again also allowed the release on bail of several accused individuals without giving the prosecution to prove
refused. if the evidence of guilt is strong (on the fact that the crime committed by the accused individuals).
- Later in the evening, at the Municipal Employees Night Party, Judge Flordeliza, who was
drunk, asked Dr. Lachica to sit beside him. Judge Flordeliza then said to Dr. Lachica, in an A judge is called upon to exhibit more than just a cursory acquaintance with statutes and procedural
angry manner, Bakit hindi mo pinirmahan and death certificate? Dr. Lachica then tried to rules. It is imperative that that he be conversant with basic legal principles. A judge owes it to the
legal profession he belongs and to the public who depends on him to know the law which he is called

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

to interpret and apply. - State prosecutor Formaran charged Yu Yuk Lai, together with her nephew before the RTC
Manila with violation of RA 6425
On gross incompetence: - Accused of a non-bailable offense, both the accused were held at the detention cell of PNP
Narcotics Group in Camp Crame
According to the canons, a judge should organize his court with a view to a prompt and convenient - Yu Yuk Lai filed a petition for bail on the ground that the evidence against her was not strong.
dispatch of its business and he should not tolerate abuses and neglect by clerks. To be a good Denied!
manager, one must be a good leader. The judge does not possess the virtues, qualities, temperament, - Upon receiving information that the accused had been playing regularly in the casinos of
aptitude, and skill of a good manager of court employees. She is tyrannical. (Please refer to the Heritage Hotel and Holiday Inn Pavilion, Formaran filed an urgent ex-parte motion to transfer
lengthy testimonies to have an idea of her tyrannical behavior.) the detention of the accused to the city jail. Motion was granted by Judge Laguio
- Accused filed a Motion for Inhibition arguing that Laguio do not inspire the belief that its
168 CUARESMA v AGUILAR decision would be just and impartial. Laguio inhibited himelf
- Case was re-raffled to Branch 53 which was handled by Judge Muro.
Facts: - Muro granted accused motion to order the confinement of the accused in a hospital for a
-The Olarte, the Provincial Prosecutor of Mindoro charged Banite with the murder of Acosta, a relative period not exceeding 7 days. He also granted the extension of medical confinement of the
of herein complainants. The Information carried no recommendation for bail. accused for a period of 1 month or until such time that she is fit to be discharged from the
-The case was docketed in Branch 44 of the RTC, presided over by Judge Tarriela. Banite was arraigned hospital
and he pleaded not guilty. - Muro also grnated the motion for leave of court to file demurrer to evidence with motion to
-Olarte amended the Information to homicide and recommended bail of P20,000 without leave of admit demurrer to evidence.
court. Judge Tarriela ordered the Olarte to explain his action considering Banite had already been - Rumors started to circulate that Muro was partial towards the accused
arraigned. - Also, unidentified employees of the RTC manila calling themselves concerned court
-Mrs. Zubiri, a Steno-Reporter at the Office of the Provincial Prosecutor went to see Aguilarthe employees wrote to the Secretary of Justice alleging that Muro ordered the hospitalization of
Executive and Presiding Judge of Branch 45 of the RTCin his chambers. Zubiri was sent by Olarted the accused even if she was not sick and there was already a rumor circulating that Muro had
to request for the release of the accused Banite on bail of P20,000. given the go signal to the counsel of the accused to file a motion to quash which would be
-All pertinent papers, including the Property Bail Bond, the Order approving the bond and directing the granted for a consideration of millions of pesos and that the contact person is the daughter of
release of Banite were already prepared for the signature of respondent judge. the judge who is an employee in the said branch
-On the same day, Judge Aguilar signed and issued the order approving the property bond. Banite was - Formaran filed a motion for inhibition praying that Muro inhibit himself from further handling
released upon such order. the case
- Thereafter, yu Yuk lai was arrested inside the VIP room of the Casino Filipino at the Holiday
Issue: W/N Judge Aguilar committed grave abuse of authority in ordering the release of Banite while Inn Pavilion while playing bacarrat unescorted.
the latters case was being tried in the sala of Judge Tarriela. - The motion for inhibition against Muro was submitted for resolution when Formarans
secretary informed Formaran that Demetria called and that he wanted to speak to Formaran.
- Demetria, Go Teng Kok and a close friend friend of Demetria went to the office of Formaran in
Held: YES
the DOJ. But even prior to that meeting, Go Teng Kok was already asking Formaran to go
-Sec.14(a) Rule 114 states that : Bail in the amount fixed maybe filed with the court where the case is
easy on Muro and that Formaran has been politely declining the request. But in this meeting,
pending, or in the absence or unavailability of the judge thereof, with another branch of the same
he told them that he would bring the matter to his superior Zuno. When Demetrio heard this,
court within the province or city
he said:iyon pala, and left the office.
-Judge Aguilar violated this rule and had no power to act on the request to release Banite on bail.
- Zuno then received a call from Demetrio requesting him to instruct Formaran to withdraw his
-The record does not show that at the time Aguilar ordered Banites release, Judge Tarriela was absent
motion for inhibition aginst Muro so that the judge could already issue an order. Zuno politely
or unavailable and could not have acted on said request.
replied that he would see what he can do.
-It was also irregular for the judge to entertain the request considering that it did not appear that a
- The Philippine Daily Inquirer reported that Justice Demetria and Go Teng Kok are drug
formal motion had been filed by the accused to that effect.
lawyers
-He did not even examine the records of the case as he merely signed the Orders allegedly prepared
by Olarte. His indifference prevented him from discovering that at the time he ordered the release of
ISSUE:
Banite, the information had not been properly amended.
- W/N Justice Demetria is guilty
-The judge is ordered to pay a fine of P2,000 and is admonished to exercise greater care and prudence
in the performance of his official duties.
HELD:
- YES! And is dismissed from service with prejudice to re-employment in any government
169 IN RE: DEROGATORY NEWS ITEMS
agency and GOCC with the forfeiture of all retirement benefits except accrued leave credits
FACTS:

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

- The timely call to Zuno was a logical follow up and no one could have made that call except Civil Case 4871 was commenced in the CFI of Quezon by Ilao, Enriquezes against Ona, Luque
Justice Demetria. (petitioner herein), Africao, Castillo, and the Baldeos. Ilao etc., sought to set aside the decision in civil
- Even the requested help for Go Teng Kok, whom Demetria claims he did not know and met cases 6 and 26 approving the parties compromise agreement which was alledgedly procured thru
only that time, could not have meant any other assistance but the withdrawal of the motion duress and intimidation.
to inhibit Muro
Civil case 4871 was set for trial before Branch I of the CFI of Quezon presided over by Judge Valero.
170 MARTINEZ v GIRONELLA On the date set for hearing, Judge Kayanan first took cognizance of said Civil Case 4871. It was
alleged by the Ilaos attorney that he found that civil case 4871 was not included in the calendar of
Facts: cases scheduled for Branc I and that he found the case in the sala of Judge Kayanan. Defendant
Martinez was the principal accused in a murder case. Duclan and Bayongan were alleged to Luque (petitioner) was absent therein. Luque alleged that he was at Branch I. Hearings were
be accessories after the fact. Gironella is the Judge of CFI of Abra that tried the case. rescheduled many times.
Bayongan was the only one arraigned so trial proceeded only against him. Bayongan was
acquitted. Petitioner lodged a motion to dismiss the case upon the ground of estoppel. The motion was
Thereafter, Martinez surrendered to the police. He pleaded not guilty to the charge. dismissed. Petitioner then moved to disqualify Judge Kayanan. He claimed that the judge doctored
the records of the case in that he suppressed the true and genuine proceedings in open court in that
Counsel for Martinez moved that the Gironella inhibit himself on the grounds that Gironella
the judge did not state that he moved the case to be dismissed.
already had a chance to pass upon the issue and has formed an opinion as to who committed
the murder. That the judge is no longer fair and impartial. Motion was denied.
Petitioner was then ordered by Judge Kayanan to explain why he should not be cited for contempt.
During the rebuttal stage, this petition for prohibition was filed.
Petitioners explanations were filed and later on declared by the judge unsatisfactory to warrant his
disqualification from trying the case.
Issue:
W/N there should be a new trial for Martinez At a hearing, judge asked Luque to withdraw his pleading moving for the judges disqualification.
Luque refused. Judge then verbally ordered a guard to commit petitioner to jail. Petitioner was
Held: restrained for 2 hrs.
No.
Due process requires that a case be heard by a tribunal that is impartial and disinterested. ISSUE:
In this case, there was no proof shown that the judge was unfair and impartial. W/n Judge Kayanan should be disqualified
After the motion for inhibition was denied, petitioner no longer filed a motion for W/n Luque a lawyer, should be disciplined
reconsideration. Petitioner no longer took any action until the rebuttal stage.
The conclusion that can be inferred is that the trial was fair and impartial. HELD:
YES. The act of the judge ordering the restraint of Luque; that at one instance judge irately told him
Issue: I will have you disbarred!; that Judge Kayanan would not give Luque leeway to speak in court,
W/N the judge should inhibit himself from proceeding in the case interrupting him and continuing to say things against him in a derisive tone and in a humiliating and
abusive manner; that after the judge became tired of talking, the judge told petitioner, who wasn not
Held: given the chance to speak fully: that is enough, sit down, and strongly banged the gavel
Yes.
There was also an irregularity in the venue of the case as stated above. Taken all together,
A judge has the duty not only to render a just and impartial decision, but also to render it in respondent judge is ordered to refrain from taking cognizance of the case.
such a manner as to be free from any suspicion as to its fairness and impartiality and as also
to the judges integrity. 173 HOLD DEPARTURE ORDER
The statement of the judge in the decision acquitting Bayongan to the effect that the crime
was committed by Martinez render it impossible for the judge to be free from suspicion of Facts:
impartiality.
Judge Nartatez issued a Hold Departure Order.
171 COJUANGCO v PCGG It was against Eileen Lope for alleged violations of BP 22.
The Secretary of Justice calls attention to the fact that the order in question is contrary to
172 LUQUE v KAYANAN
Circular No. 39-97 of the SC, which limits the authority to issue hold departure orders to the
RTC in criminal cases within their exclusive jurisdiction.
FACTS:
Judge Nartatez admits his mistake, and thus recalls his hold departure order.

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

Issue: 175 FERNANDEZ v BELLO

W/N Judge Nartatez should be penalized? FACTS

Held: TIMOTEA Perreyras through ATTY MANUEL Fernandez, as her counsel, instituted Special
Proceedings for her appointment as guardian over her minor brothers
The Court Administrator recommended, that the SC reprimand the Judge and remind him to Upon her appointment, she petitioned the court for authority to sell a nipa land owned in
keep himself abreast of SC issuances so as not to commit the same mistake in the future. SC common by the wards for the purpose of paying outstanding obligations to UMANGAY
finds this well taken. The request was granted and the nipa land was sold to UMANGAY
The Code of Judicial Conduct enjoins judges to be faithful to the law and maintain professional However, the nipa land sold by the guardian had already been previously sold with right to
competence. They can live up to this expectation only by diligent effort to keep themselves repurchase to RICARDO Perreyras and UMANGAY by FLORENTINO Perreyras, the father of the
abreast of the legal and jurisprudential developments. The learning process in law is never guardian and wards
ending and ceaseless process. The interest of RICARDO and UMANGAY were in turn sold for P200 to ATTY MANUEL and
another P200 for services rendered by him
174 DELGRA v GONZALES JUDGE BELLO issued an order requiring ATTY MANUEL to show cause why he should not be
suspended from the practice of law and declared in contempt for having abused his
Facts: relationship with the guardian and taken money from her without prior approval from the
Martin Delgra was the assistant provincial fiscal of Davao. Gonzales was judge of the CFI of court
Davao. ATTY MANUEL explained that when he received the P200, he was no longer the attorney of
During the trial of a criminal case (entitled People v Suarez), where Delgra was the prosecutor the guardian as at that time, TIMOTEA secured the services of ATTY BRAULIO Fernandez and
and Gonzales was the presiding judge, an incident occurred which triggered this controversy. that he was only paid P50 for his services to the guardian
It so happened that while a witness was being cross-examined by the defense counsel, However, the Court found
confusion arose as to the proper interpretation of the witness statement (since it was in the o ATTY MANUEL guilty of contempt because he had taken the amount of P400 from the
Cebuano dialect). proceeds of the sale without previous approval from the court and
Delgra objected to the translation (argued that it should be I called Angel instead of I o ATTY MANUELS conduct anomalous for the reason that he instituted the
called their names), but the Judge overruled him immediately. Delgra insisted. Judge guardianship proceedings only to enable him to collect the unpaid attorneys fees
Gonzales ordered that Fiscal Delgra be brought out of the court and into jail.
Delgra was not brough to jail. When the Judge learned of this, he declared Delgra in direct ISSUE W/N ATTY MANUEL SHOULD REFUND THE P200 HE GOT
contempt and called on the police for the Fiscals arrest.
HELD NO, WOULD DEPRIVE HIM OF HIS LAWFUL FEES
Issue:
Was the action of Judge Gonzales proper? RATIO
While the reprimand is in order for ATTY MANUELS mistake, the mistake is no sufficient
Held: ground for the non-payment of the fees he lawfully earned
No. The incident could have been prevented had the Judge listened with care to the Fiscals Duty of the courts is not alone to see that lawyers act in a proper manner but also that they
observation on the allegedly wrong translation of the witness answer. The situation would not have are paid their just and lawful fees
reached grave proportions if the judge only listened carefully to the pleas of the fiscal and patiently JUDGE BELLO justifies his order for return of the P200 on the ground that ATTY MANUEL is
allowed the fiscal to make his manifestation.
below average standard of a lawyer
However, the opinion of the judge as to the capacity of the lawyer is NOT the basis of the
From the transcript of records, Delgra did not so misbehave as to obstruct or interrupt court
proceedings. Judge Gonzales abused his discretion in declaring the fiscal in contempt of court. Judges right to a lawyers fees but rather the contract between the lawyer and his client
should be temperate and patient, courteous to counsel. They should avoid interrupting advocates in In the case at bar, P200 is the amount admitted by the guardian TIMOTEA as due ATTY
their arguments and shy away from a controversial tone in addressing them. In conversations between MANUEL
judges and counsel, the judge should be studious to avoid controversies.
ISSUE W/N ATTY MANUELS CONDUCT WAS ANOMALOUS
Remember, restraint is a desirable trait in those who dispense justice... right class?! The order
adjudging Delgra in direct contempt was nullified. HELD NO, GUARDIANSHIP PROCEEDING WAS THE PROPER REMEDY

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

RATIO declaration of nullity before a marriage can be considered as void. Without such declaration,
Wards were indebted to UMANGAY but they had no money with which to pay the debt thus the marriage is presumed valid.
the only way to settle was to sell the nipa land - SC says that the motion to inhibit should not be granted. The grounds raised by petitioner
However, the nipa land could not be sold without the intervention of the guardian against Judge Peralejo did not conclusively show that the latter was biased and had
Hence, ATTY MANUEL was justified in instituting the guardianship proceedings in order to sell prejudged the case. While bias and prejudice have been recognized as valid reasons for the
the nipa land, it being the proper remedy voluntary inhibition of a judge, the rudimentary rule is that the mere suspicion that a judge is
partial is not enough. There should be clear and convincing evidence to prove the charge of
ISSUE W/N THE DESIRE OF THE JUDGE TO HAVE PORTIONS OF ATTY MANUELS bias and partiality. The test for determining the propriety of the denial of said motion is
MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION BE STRICKEN OUT FOR EMPLOYING whether petitioner was deprived a fair and impartial
STRONG LANGUAGE SHOULD BE GRANTED trial.http://www.supremecourt.gov.ph/jurisprudence/2000/nov2000/126746.htm - _edn40 The
instances when Judge Peralejo allegedly exhibited antagonism and partiality against
HELD NO, JUDGE BELLO STARTED IT petitioner and/or his counsel did not deprive him of a fair and impartial trial. As discussed
earlier, the denial by the judge of petitioners motion to suspend the criminal proceeding and
RATIO the demurrer to evidence are in accord with law and jurisprudence. Neither was there
anything unreasonable in the requirement that petitioners counsel submit a medical
JUDGE BELLO used language such as calling the act of ATTY MANUEL anomalous and
certificate to support his claim that he suffered an accident which rendered him unprepared
unbecoming and charging ATTY MANUEL of obtaining his fee through maneuvers of
for trial. Such requirement was evidently imposed upon petitioners counsel to ensure that
documents from the guardian
the resolution of the case was not hampered by unnecessary and unjustified delays, in
If any one is to be blamed for the language used by ATTY MANUEL, it is JUDGE BELLO himself keeping with the judges duty to disposing of the courts business promptly.
who has made insulting remarks in his orders which provoked ATTY MANUEL
If a judge desires not be insulted, he should start using temperate language himself he who 177 MANTARING v ROMAN
sows the wind will reap a storm!
Facts:
176 TE v CA Mantaring filed an administrative complaint against Judge Roman charging the latter of conduct
unbecoming of members of the judiciary.
Facts: Thereafter, Judge Roman issued a warrant of arrest against Mantaring and his son. The Judge alleges
- Arthur Te civilly married Liliana Choa. They did not live together but occasionally met until that the warrant was issued against Gamo and it just so happened that the place where the illegal
Choa gave birth to a girl, which was when Te stopped seeing her. firearms were seized was owned by Mantaring; hence, Mantaring
- Choa then found out that Te married another woman (Santillo). and his son were arrested for they were in constructive possession of the illegal firearms. Mantaring
- Thus, upon the complaint of Choa, a criminal case was filed against Te for bigamy. now comes before this court alleging that it was improper for the Judge to take cognizance of the
- On the other hand, Te filed a case for annulment in the RTC. application of the arrest warrant. According to Mantaring, the Judge should have inhibited himself for
- Choa also filed administrative complaints against Te and Santillo with the Professional there was a pending administrative case which involved him and Mantaring. Mantaring claims that the
Regulation Commission (PRC) to revoke their engineering licenses on the ground that they judge
committed acts of immorality. issued the warrant of arrest as a form of revenge against Mantaring and his son for filing the
- Te filed a demurrer and motion to inhibit (directed at the Judge) in the criminal case. Both administrative case.
were denied. Thus, Te filed a petition for certiorari with the CA.
- Te also filed a motion to suspend proceedings in the PRC, which was also denied. Te also filed Issue:
a petition for certiorari with the CA. W/N the judge should have inhibited himself from taking cognizance of the application for the warrant
- CA consolidated the two petitions and denied both. of arrest.
Issues:
- W/n the civil case constituted a prejudicial question to the criminal case and administrative Held:
case. Yes, the judge should have inhibited himself. For the judge's failure to inhibit, he is reprimanded and
- (More Important) W/n the motion to inhibit Judge Peralejo (on the ground of bias and warned that commission of the same act shall be severely dealt with in the future.
prejudice) in the criminal case should be granted.
Held: It is true that the court had consistently held that mere filing of an administrative complaint against a
- SC says that there was no prejudicial question. The validity of the marriage of Te to Choa was judge does not constitute a ground for the disqualification of the judge. However, the factual milieu of
considered valid at the time he contracted the marriage with Santillo even is Te alleges that it these cases is different from the case at hand. In those cases, the administrative complaint was filed
was void ab initio. This is because jurisprudence at that time say that there has to be a during the pendency of the criminal case. In the case at hand, however, the admiinistrative
complaint was filed before the involvement of the judge in the criminal case against Mantaring. It

Anastacio, Beron, Calinisan, Fernandez, Gana


Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

cannot be otherwise concluded that the judge's action in this case was dictated by a spirit of revenge - Her counsel filed a Motion to Postpone promulgation and to Re-Open Trial to Allow Accused to
against Mantaring for having filed the administrative complaint. This circumstance should have Present Further Evidence but the judge denied the motion on the ground that she was able
underscored for the judge the need of steering clear of the case because he might be perceived to be represented by her counsel during the trial of the case
suceptible to bias and partiality. - Prior to the dismissal of her motion, Liwanag summoned Avancena to his chamber and told
her that she will be convicted unless she pay P1M.
178 HECK v SANTOS - Avancena refused to pay since her unpaid balance was only P140,000 and there is no reason
for her to pay P1M
Facts: - Liwanag summoned Avancena again and told her to raise only P500,000 if she could not
-In a previous case entitled Flor v. Heck which was lodged at the Regional Trial Court, defendants afford the P1M
therein, including Heck, filed a Motion to Dismiss on the ground that the RTC has no jurisdiction since - Also, Liwanag sent Raymunda Flores a common friend of Avancena and Liwanag who was
the case involved an intra-corporate matter which was within the jurisdiction of the SEC. tasked to bring Avancena to the chambers of Liwanag but Avancena refused
-The motion was denied by Judge Santos. - Liwanag also made Cora Espanola, a court interpreter, to telephone Avancena and tell her
-Counsel for therein defendants, Atty. Jardin, subsequently filed a motion to withdraw as counsel which that the Judge is waiting for her until 4:30pm
was granted by Santos, who reset the hearing date from April 1 to June 10. - Judge Liwanag denied the allegations of Avancena and argued that all the contentions of
-As the defendants never received a copy of the order granting Jardins motion to withdraw, neither Avancena are lies and fabricated.
defendants nor their counsel appeared at the hearing on June 10. - The case was referred to Executive Judge Herrera of the RTC Malolos, Bulacan for
-At the said hearing, Santos admitted the evidence of the plaintiff and considered the defendants as investigation, report and recommendation
having waived their right to present evidence. - Judge Herrera gave more weight to the testimonies of Avancena and concluded that the
-The judge then authorized the counsel for the plaintiffs, Atty.Singson, to draft the decision. The charges against Liwanag are true. But he did not recommend a specific penalty to be meted
defendants did not receive a copy of such order. out to respondent
-In October, Santos rendered a decision which was copied verbatim from the draft decision submitted
by Atty. Singson. ISSUE:
- W/N Liwanag is guilty
Issue: W/N Judge Santos act of ordering the counsel for one of the parties to draft a decision warrants
disciplinary sanction. HELD:
- YES! And Judge Liwanag is dismissed from service with prejudice to re-employment in any
Held:YES. government agency and GOCC with the forfeiture of all retirement benefits except accrued
-Santos violated Canons 2* and 3** of the Code of Judicial Conduct, and Section 1 Rule 36 (A leave credits
judgment or final order determining the merits of the case shall be in writing, personally and directly - The period of almost 4 months which elapsed form May 7, 1999, the date originally set for
prepared by the judge) of the Revised Rules of Court. the promulgation of the decision of the criminal case and August 27,1999, the date it was
-By such order, the judge abdicated a function exclusively granted to him by the Constitution. actually promulgated indicates a deliberate effort on the part of the Judge to delay the
Decision making is the most important duty of a judge. He must use his own perceptiveness in promulgation of the decision in order to give complainant more time to raise the money
analyzing the evidence before him and his own discretion in determining the proper action. demanded by him
-Lack of malice or bad faith in issuing the questioned order is not an excuse.
-Such act falls under the classification of a serious charge. The sanctions provided by Rule 140 Sec.10 180 CITY OF TAGBILARAN v HONTANOSAS
are 1) disbarment 2) suspension for 3 mos, or 3) fine P20,000 40,000.
-Since Santos had already retired, his dismissal or suspension is no longer feasible. He is thus ordered Facts:
to pay a fine of P20,000 to be deducted from his retirement benefits. City of Tagbilaran is charging Judge Hontanosas with (1) open defiance of a higher court
ordering his inhibition from a case and (2) open and notorious habitual gambling in casinos.
*A judge should avoid impropriety and the appearance of impropriety in all activities. 1st charge:
**A judge should perform official duties honestly, and with impartiality and diligence adjudicative o RTC ordered MTC Judge Hontanosas to inhibit himself from a criminal case filed by
responsibilities. the city against Ong.
o Hontanosas forced the fiscal to rest its case and rendered a judgment of acquittal
179 AVANCEA v JUDGE LIWANAG despite the order for him to inhibit
2nd charge:
FACTS:
o Hontanosas goes to Cebu on the afternoon and goes back to Tagbilaran early the
- Avancena charged judge Liwanag of the MTC of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan with violation of
the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act. next day in order to go to the casinos in Cebu
- Avancena is the accused in a criminal case for violation of BP 22 o Every Sunday, Hontanosas can be seen around cockpits

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o That a favorable judgment can be bought from Hontanosas with prices ranging from misconduct in the discharge of his duties as ASst FIscal of Pasay. That fact was deliberately
P500 P5K suppressed. Judge Cube could not equate his dismissal with retirement and give both modes of
Hontanosas answer to 1st charge: separation an innocent character. By such disclosure, the Council was led to believe, on the strength
o The order of the RTC was unlawful due to lack of hearing and failure to include the of his misrepresentations, that he had a clean record and was not disqualified from appointment to the
real parties in interest Judiciary
o Order was issued in connection with a petition for certiorari which is a prohibited 2. The circumstance that the dismissal was without prejudice is not material, and neither is his
pleading in cases covered by rules on summary procedure subsequent appointment to a municipal position. The fact remains that he was REMOVED and that he
Hontanosas answer to 2nd charge: DID NOT RETIRE. He was removed after investigation and found guilty of gross misconduct and
o He is merely accompanying his wife to Cebu. That his wife just wants some dereliction of duty in the prosecution of a smuggling case. He cannot now brush his removal aside as if
it had never existed at all. It is a blot on his record that has spread even more because of his
excitement and recreation.
concealment of it.
o He admits that he goes to the cockpits on Sundays and holidays and gambles
3. Judge Cube committed an act of dishonesty that rendered him unfit to be appointed to, and to
sometimes on this occasions.
remain now in, the Judiciary he has tarnished with his falsehood.
Issue:
182 ALFONSO v JUANSON
W/N Hontanosas should be sanctioned for disobeying the order that he inhibit himself
FACTS:
Held: Complainant a doctor of medicine by profession filed with this court a sworn complaint charging the
No. The order was merely mandatory. respondent with immorality and violation of the Code of Judicial Ethics. He accuses the respondent of
Rules of Court provide instances when a judge is under obligation to inhibit himself from maintaining illicit sexual relations with his wife Sol Alfonso.
hearing a case. The judges case does not fall under any of those mentioned in the provision.
His case falls under the 2nd paragraph which leaves it to his discretion whether or not to Complainant received a phone call from the wife of the respondent, Mrs. Juanson who informed him
inhibit himself. that Sol and respondent judge have been carrying on an affair and that she has in her possession the
love letters of Sol which she wants to show to the complainant. When he told this to Sol, she denied
Issue: it.
W/N Hontanosas should be sanctioned for gambling in casinos and cockpits
Sol and complainant left for the USA. Sol returned ahead of complainant. Mrs. Juansosn called up
Held: father of complainant and divulged to the latter the illicit affair between respondent judge and Sol.
Yes. Fine of P12K for violation of Circular No. 4 of August 1980. The father of complainant engaged the services of a private investigator who discovered that Sol,
That circular prohibits actual gambling and mere presence in gambling casinos. after arrival from USA met with respondent judge at an apartment and stayed there for 3 hours.
Bases for the circular was PD 1067-B and Par. 3 and 22 of the Canons of Judicial Ethics.
Complainant upon knowing this, complainant confronted Sol. At first she denied it but later, however,
admitted having an illicit sexual affair with the judge.
181 RE: APPOINTMENT OF JUDGE CUBE
Respondent judge denied the allegations and claimed that they have been communicating with each
FACTS:- Judge Cube was appointed Presiding Judge of MTC, Branch 22 of Manila. Information was
other casually and innocently and not as lovers. He alleges that he came to know of Sol when Sol
received by the Judicial and Bar Council that he had previously been dismissed as Asst. Fiscal of Pasay
engaged his professional services prior to appointment to the office of RTC judge.
City. It was bourne out of the records that an administrative case for gross misconduct and dereliction
of duty was filed against Fiscal Cube by Sec of Justice Jose Abad Santos for failure to prosecute a
ISSUE:
criminal case which led to its dismissal with prejudice. Fiscal Cube was found guilty as charged.
Is the judge guilty of the charge of immorality?
- Cube applied for appointment to the Judiciary and in the Personal Data Sheet that he was required to
accomplish he deliberately concealed the fact that he was dismissed. He contended that he didnt act
HELD:
dishonestly in not disclosing such fact because his removal from office was WITHOUT PREJUDICE which
NO. It must be stressed that the respondent is not charged with immorality or misconduct committed
legally meant that he can still be recalled by the govt to render public service, and that he was in fact
before he was appointed to the judiciary. As to the post-appointment period, we find the evidence for
RECALLED AND APPOINTED to sensitive positions in the govt prior to the questioned appointment and
the complainant insufficient to prove that the respondent and Sol continued their extramarital affair.
that he was even allowed by the same govt to avail of the Optional Retirement under RA 1145.
In fact, no love notes were presented during trial that are dated after the appointment. Proof of prior
immoral conduct cannot be a basis for his administrative discipline in this case. The respondent judge
ISSUE: WoN Judge Cube acted dishonestly?
may have undergone moral reformation after his appointment.
HELD: YES1.Judge Cube did not disclose the relevant fact that he had been dismissed for gross

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

The imputation of the sexual acts upon the incumbent must be proven by substantial evidence, which written authority from the SC to appear as counsel. He did not comply. A second request was
is required in admin cases. This the complainant failed to do. made but Judge Arejola insists that it is not needed.
Then Judge Arejola wrote the City of Naga for the terms of payment for the sale of the land
However, judge should be held liable for becoming indiscreet. Such indiscretions indubitably cast and his claim for contingent atty fees.
upon his conduct an appearance of impropriety. Respondent and Now, Nelia Ziga filed a complaint praying that Judge Arejola be disciplined for appearing
Sols meetings could incite suspicion of either the relationships continuance or revival. He violated before the court without the SCs permission and for asking contingent attys fees and
Canons 3 and 2 requiring judges official conduct to be free from appearance of impropriety. commission.
Sentence to fine of P2,000. Judge Arejolas defense was that there was no need for the SCs permission, as he was
appearing as representative of the heirs and not as counsel. He argues that he was a party-
183 MACALINTAL v TEH in-interest being one of the heirs. He also said that the complaint was filed merely to harass
him and that complainant Ziga had a disturbed mind.
Facts: The executive judge of the RTC found the charge of unauthorized legal practice to be without
Atty. Romulo Macalintal filed a case against Judge Angelito Teh, the Executive Judge and the basis. The Office of the Court Administrator recommended that Judge Arejola be found guilty.
Presiding Judge of the RTC Branch 87 of Rosario Batangas.
His case stemmed from Atty. Macs Election case. In that case, Atty. Mac received an adverse Issue:
resolution from the Judge Teh. Mac then questioned the resolution, via a petition for Was Judge Arejola guilty of violating the Code of Judicial Conduct by engaging in the unauthorized
Certiorari with the Comelec. practice of law?
While the case was pending with the Comelec, Judge Teh actively participated in the
proceedings by filing his comment on the petition, and by also filing an urgent manifestation. Held:
Mac filed a motion for inhibition, but what Judge Teh did was to hire his own lawyer and files Yes and FINED 10,000. Practice of law is not confined to appearance in court as it also covers the
his answer before his OWN court. preparation of pleadings and giving of advice to clients. Based on the records, Ramon Arejola engaged
Teh ordered that Mac pay P100T in attorneys fees and litigation expenses. in the practice of law after he was appointed MTC Judge (And even if the complaint was filed before he
became judge, the fact that he continued to act as counsel after the appointment sustains his
Issue: liability). It was shown that he: prepared and signed pleadings; appeared for applicants in the case;
W/N Judge Tehs actions were correct. wrote a letter to the buyer asking for checks and attys fees; etc. The representation made by Arejola
was not just isolated as there was a succession of acts. His argument that he appeared as co-heir was
Held: belied by the tenor of the pleadings and letters showing that he was acting in representation of the
No. heirs.
Judge Teh was found guilty of gross ignorance of the law, and he is dismissed from the service
Judge Arejola violated the Rules of Court and Code of Judicial Conduct which prohibits members of the
with forfeiture of all benefits and with prejudice for reemployment.
bench from engaging in the private practice of law. Note that the purpose of the prohibition is founded
The active participation of Teh being merely a NOMINAL or FORMAL party in the certiorari
public policythat is to ensure that judges give their full time and attention to judicial duties and
proceedings is not called for. prevent them from advancing private interests.
Judges cannot also act as both party litigant and as a judge before his own court.
Tehs gross deviation from the acceptable norm for judges is clearly manifest. The Civil Service Rules require him to secure a written permission to appear as counsel from the SC.
Judge Arejola was even requested by the RTC to procure this written authority. But he did not comply.
184 ZIGA v AREJOLA It appeared from the records that he tried to get a written authority later on. But when he was told by
the Court Administrator to provide the details of the case in which he is appearing, he failed to comply.
Facts: Nevertheless, his act of trying to procure authority was an admission that he was appearing as
Nelia Ziga and Ramon Arejola are two of the heirs of Fabian Arejola. They inherited a land counsel and that he was aware that he is required to present such before the court.
from Fabiana and became co-owners (with 8 others) of the property.
Ramon Arejola was an attorney in the Public Attorneys Office (PAO). He filed in behalf of his *side issue: Judge Arejola argues that he was not afforded due process as there was no hearing
co-heirs an application for registration of title of the land. The petition was granted. conducted by the Executive Judge. But due process does not require a hearing. Opportunity to be
A substantial portion of the lot was sold to the City of Naga. The unsold portion was subject to heard is sufficient. In this case, he was given ample opportunity to be heard when he was made to file
a dispute between the heirs and a 3rd party. oral arguments through pleadings.
Meanwhile, Ramon Arejola was appointed judge of the MTC of Daet, Camarines Norte.
Notwithstanding such appointment, Judge Arejola continued to appear in the Land 185 OCA v SARDIDO
registration case (the dispute with the 3rd person). The court requested him to submit a
FACTS

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

In a Deed of Absolute Sale, MAGBANUA allegedly sold 2 parcels of land to DAVAO REALTY Moreover, in a number of cases, JUDGE SARDIDO was reprimanded, fined and even
represented by ONG with PAGUNSAN as broker dismissed from service
Judge HURTADO , who at that time was clerk of court and ex officio notary public but now an With an unflattering service record, JUDGE SARDIDO eroded the peoples faith and
RTC judge, notarized the said deed confidence in the judiciary
However, MAGBANUA denies signing the Deed of Absolute Sale which states that the The Court still imposes a fine of P10,000 for gross ignorance of the law despite his
consideration for the sale was P600,000 and asserts that what she signed was a deed with a dismissal from the service
stated consideration of P16,000,000
MABGUNUA filed a case of falsification against PAGUNSAN, ONG and Judge HURTADO 186 CASTILLO v CALANOG
The case was raffled to JUDGE SARDIDO then presiding MTC judge
Judge HURTADO filed a motion praying that the criminal complaint against him be forwarded Facts:
to the SC pursuant to Circular # 3-89 requiring all cases involving justices and judges of the - In a sworn complaint filed with the SC, Emma Castillo charged Judge Manuel Calanog,
lower courts, whether or not such complaints deal with acts apparently unrelated to the Presiding Judge of the Regional Trial Court of Quezon City, Branch 76, with immorality and
discharge of their duties, forwarded to the SC conduct unbecoming of a public official.
Provincial Prosecutor opposed arguing that Judge HURTADO is not within the scope of Circular - Castillo alleges that when she intervened for the intestate estate of her deceased husband, a
friend of hers referred her to Calanog who was supposedly going to help her.
# 3-89 because the offense charged was committed when he was still a clerk of court and ex
- Castillo also alleges that when she met with Calanog, the latter brought her to a motel and
officio notary public
made sexual advances on her. When she refused, she says that Calanog offered to her the
JUDGE SARDIDO issued an Order excluding Judge HURTADO from the criminal Information
proposition that he be her sub-husband and that he would give Castillo his condominium unit
filed by MAGBANUA on the ground that Circular # 3-89 does not qualify whether the crime in QC as well as provide financial support for her two minor children and place them in an
was committed before or during his tenure of office and since the law does not qualify, he exclusive school for girls. Castillo agreed to such a proposition. Their relationship also bore a
must not qualify (this Court cannot and shall not try this case against JUDGE HURTADO son, who was allegedly named Jerome Christopher Calanog.
unless the Supreme Court shall order otherwise) - Castillo is now complaining that Calanog has reneged on his promise. She says that Calanog
Court Administrator BENIPAYO issued a Memorandum pointing out that Circular # 3-89 refers is not anymore giving support, that her two children are not in an exclusive girls school and
only to administrative complaints filed with the IBP against justices and judges of lower that Calanog has failed to pay the monthly installments on the condominium.
courts and does not apply to criminal cases before trial courts - While the complaint was being investigated on, Castillo filed an affidavit of desistance with
Court asked JUDGE SARDIDO to explain in writing why he should not be held liable for gross the SC. She was saying that everything in the complaint were all lies. However, the Court
ignorance of the law for excluding Judge HURTADO from the Information filed by MAGBANUA had two witnesses (Ernesto Bustamante and Jose Javier) attesting to her earlier complaint.
Plus, the National Bureau of Investigation Intelligence Service, upon the instruction of the
ISSUE W/N JUDGE SARDIDO COMMITTED GROSS IGNORANCE OF THE LAW Court, carried out a discreet verification of the facts raised in the testimonies and found them
to be true.
HELD YES Issue:
- W/n Calanog should be held liable despite the desistance of the complainant, Castillo.
RATIO Held:
Under Circular #3-89, the Court has directed the IBP to refer to the SC for appropriate action - SC says YES and Calanog is dismissed from the roll of judges.
all administrative cases filed with the IBP against justices of appellate courts and judges of - Generally, the Court attaches no persuasive value to affidavits of desistance, especially when
lower courts executed as an afterthought, as in the case at bar. Even if Emma Castillo had not filed her
Thus, Circular # 3-89 does NOT refer to criminal cases against erring justices and judges so "Affidavit of Desistance," the SC says that they would not have been swayed solely by her
trial courts retain jurisdiction over the criminal aspect of the offenses committed allegations, and they actually found from the testimony of Jose Javier that the Castillo's
In the case at bar, the case filed against Judge HURTADO is not an administrative case filed charges, indeed, rest on sufficient grounds.
with the IBP but a criminal case filed with the trial court - It is of no import that the evidence on record is not sufficient to prove beyond reasonable
doubt the facts of concubinage having indeed existed and been committed. This is not a
Eto na ang mga pangaral ni lola basyang criminal case for concubinage but an administrative matter that invokes the power of
A judge is a called upon to exhibit more than just a cursory acquaintance with statues supervision of this Court over the members of the judiciary.
and procedural rules such that he must be conversant with basic legal principles and - The Code of Judicial Ethics mandates that the conduct of a judge must be free of a whiff of
well-settled doctrine impropriety not only with respect to his performance of his judicial duties, but also to his
JUDGE SARDIDO failed in this regard when he excluded Judge HURTADO as one of the behavior outside his sala and as a private individual.
accused in the Information and instead forwarded the criminal case to the Supreme - It is worth noting here that the respondent judge, in violating a judicial precept, has also
Court committed a grave injustice upon the complainant, who had sought his assistance in
expediting the intestate estate proceedings of her deceased common-law husband. The

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C
LEGAL ETHICS 2nd Sem 2005-2006

judge, who was in the first place, prohibited by the Code of Judicial Conduct from intervening
in a case in any court, took advantage of the complainant's helplessness and state of
material deprivation and persuaded her to become his mistress. The exploitation of women
becomes even more reprehensible when the offender commits the injustice by the brute
force of his position of power and authority, as in this case.
Gutierrez, Dissent:
- He is mainly saying that Calanog should not be held solely liable and that the penalty of
dismissal is too harsh.
- He believes that Castillo is a liberated woman who was, at that time, willing to enter into the
sexual relationship for the perks it included.
- He is also saying that Castillo and Calanog are both offenders and victims. Thus, he thinks
that the dismissal of Calanog is too severe, considering the situation.

187 DIONISIO v ESCANO

Facts:
Dionisio filed a complaint against Judge Escano charging the Judge of illegally using court facilities in
advertising the hiring of attractive waitresses and personable waiters and cooks in the restaurant of
the judge. Admissions to the effect that he was hiring the waitresses for his pub that will cater to the
prurient desires of males was acquired through the help of the program "Hoy Gising." The judge, in
his comment, said that he was only establishing a restaurant -- some sort of watering hole for friends.
The judge said that the reason he posted the ad at the Court Bulletin Board was due to the fact that
conducting the interviews in his office in the court will be more convenient for him. (He says that his
house is too far from the gate and difficult for the applicants to locate.) The judge further alleges that
he immediately ordered the removal of the ads when he learned of the displeasure of some people
regarding his use of the Court Bulletin Board.

The Investgating Justice of the CA who hadled the case recommended that the judge be fined in the
amount of 15,000 for the misuse of the court facilities.

Issue:
W/N the Judge is guilty of misuse of court facilities.

Held:
Yes, the judge is guilty of misuse. Suspended for 6 months with a warning.

It is of no import that the judge's act of using court facilities be motivated by good cause, no matter
how honorable. The moment such act deviates from purposes not directly related to the functioning
and operation for which the courts of justice have been established,
it must be immediately rectified. Judges are not only to avoid impropriety, but must also avoid the
appearance of impropriety. His act of
posting the ads at the Court Bulletin Board tend to corrode the respect and dignity of the courts as the
bastion of justice because there occured an interference in the judicial duties of Judge Escano by
reason of his own business interests.

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Lopez, Mendiola, Morada, Rivas, Sarenas 2C