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BIOLOGI MEDIK

KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, karena berkat hidayah dan
rahmat-Nya yang diberikan kepada kami berupa kesehatan rohani dan jasmani
sehingga kami dapat menyelesaikan buku Biologi Medik , yang dapat diselesaikan
dengan baik. Dalam menyelesaikan penulisan buku ini, kami banyak menemukan
hambatan, tetapi berkat dukungan dan bantuan dari pihak-pihak yang telah
membantu serta para dosen-dosen farmasi yang telah banyak membantu kami
dengan baik, kami dapat menyelesaikannya dengan baik.
Untuk itu tidak lupa kami mengucapkan terimakasih kepada orang-orang
yang telah membantu dalam membuat buku ini hingga buku Biologi Medik ini
dapat terselesaikan dengan baik. Tidak lupa kami menyadari bahwa penulisan
buku ini masih belum sempurna, oleh karena itu untuk memperbaiki buku ini
kami mengharapkan kritik-kritik dan saran-saran yang membangun. Semoga buku
ini bermanfaat bagi kami khususnya dan para pembaca pada umumnya, serta
dapat dimanfaatkan dengan baik untuk menjadi pedoman bagi mata kuliah Biologi
Medik selanjutnya. Atas perhatiannya diucapkan terima kasih.

Lubuk Pakam, 201


Dosen Matakuliah

DR.dr Juliandi Harahap, MA

PROGRAM STUDI TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIUM 1


MEDIK (D4) INSTITUT KESEHATAN MEDISTRA LUBUK
PAKAM
BIOLOGI MEDIK

DAFTAR ISI
Judul Halaman
KATA PENGANTAR
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DAFTAR ISI
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ii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
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A. Sejarah Biologi Medik
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B. Teori Evolusi Biologi Medik
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BAB II BIOLOGI MEDIK
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A. Pengertian Biologi Medik
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BAB III STRUKTUR DAN FUNGSI SEL
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A. Sel Sebagai Struktur Fungsional Terkecil Dari Mahluk Hidup
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B. Bagian-Bagian Sel Dan Fungsinya

PROGRAM STUDI TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIUM 2


MEDIK (D4) INSTITUT KESEHATAN MEDISTRA LUBUK
PAKAM
BIOLOGI MEDIK

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C. Mekanisme Perpindahan Zat Melalui Membran Sel
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D. Hewan Uniseluler
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E. Morfologi Dan Fungsi sel
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F. Lingkungan Interna
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BAB IV METABOLISME SEL
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A. Anabolisme Atau Asimilasi
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B. Katabolisme Atau Dissimilasi
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BAB V KELAINAN METABOLISM BAWAAN (INBORN ERRORS
OF METABOLISM)
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A. Dianogsis Anamnesis
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B. Failure To Thrive Atau Malanutrisi
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C. Pemeriksaan Fisis
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PROGRAM STUDI TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIUM 3
MEDIK (D4) INSTITUT KESEHATAN MEDISTRA LUBUK
PAKAM
BIOLOGI MEDIK

D. Pemeriksaan Penunjang
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E. Tatalaksanaan Kedaruratan Metabolik
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F. Prinsip Utama Tatanama KMB
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BAB VI ENZIM DALAM BIOMEDIK
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A. Pengertian Enzim
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B. Cirri-Ciri Enzim
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C. Penggolongan Enzim
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D. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Enzim
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BAB VII BOIMOLEKULER
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A. Karbohidrat
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B. Lemak
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C. Protein

PROGRAM STUDI TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIUM 4


MEDIK (D4) INSTITUT KESEHATAN MEDISTRA LUBUK
PAKAM
BIOLOGI MEDIK

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D. Asam Nukleat
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BAB VIII KOMPONEN PENYUSUN DNA
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A. Struktur DNA
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B. Penggunaan DNA Dalam Teknologi
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C. Sejarah Penemuan DNA
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BAB IX ORGANISASI GENOM
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A. Pengertian Genom
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B. Organisasi Genom
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C. Ukuran Genom
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D. Struktur Kromosom
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BAB X REPLIKASI BAHAN GENETIC

PROGRAM STUDI TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIUM 5


MEDIK (D4) INSTITUT KESEHATAN MEDISTRA LUBUK
PAKAM
BIOLOGI MEDIK

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A. Defenisi Replikasi
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B. Hipotesis Mekanisme Replikasi DNA
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C. Mekanisme Replikasi DNA
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BAB XI TRANSKRIPSI PADA PROKARIOT DAN EUKARIOT
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A. MEKANISME PROKARIOT
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B. TRANSKRIPSI PROKARIOT
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C. MEKANISME EUKARIOT
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D. TRANSKRIPSI EUKARIOT
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BAB XII EKSPRESI GEN PADA SEL PROKARIOT DAN
EUKARIOT
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A. Pengertian Gen

PROGRAM STUDI TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIUM 6


MEDIK (D4) INSTITUT KESEHATAN MEDISTRA LUBUK
PAKAM
BIOLOGI MEDIK

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B. Pengendalian Ekspresi Gen
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BAB XIII TRANSLASI
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A. Mekanisme Translasi
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B. Translasi Prokariot
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C. Translasi Eukariot
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BAB XIV MUTASI GENETIK
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A. Pengertian Mutasi
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B. Jenis Mutasi
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C. Berdasarkan Jenis Sel Yang Bermutasi
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D. Berdasarkan Bagian Yang Bermutasi
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E. Contoh Penyakit Yang Disebabkan Mutasi

PROGRAM STUDI TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIUM 7


MEDIK (D4) INSTITUT KESEHATAN MEDISTRA LUBUK
PAKAM
BIOLOGI MEDIK

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DAFTAR PUSTAKA
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MEDIK (D4) INSTITUT KESEHATAN MEDISTRA LUBUK
PAKAM