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Elements & Principles Squares

Notes:

Line- An element of art defined by a point moving in space. Line may be 2-or 3
dimensional, descriptive, implied, or abstract.

Shape- an element of art that is 2-dimensional, flat, or limited 2 height & width.

Form- an element of art that is 3-dimensional and encloses volume; include height, width
& depth ( as in cube ,sphere,pyramid,or cylinder.) Form may be free flowing.

Value- The lightness or darkness of tones or colors. White is the brightest value; black is
the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle gray.

Space- An element of art by which positive and negative area are defined or a sense of
depth achieved in a work of art.

Color- element of art made up of 3 properties: hue,value,and intensity

Hue: name of color

Value-hues lightness & darkness

Intensity: quality of brightness & purity

intensity=color is strong & bright low; intensity=color is faint and dull

Texture element that refers to the way things feel or look as if they might feel in touch

Rhythm- principle of design that indicates movement created by the careful placement of
repeated elements in work of art 2 cause a visual tempo/beat
Balance- way of combining elements 2 add a feeling of equilibrium/stability 2 a work of
art. Major types are symmetrical & asymmetrical

Emphasis=contrast- way of combining elements 2 stress the differences between those


elements.

Proportion- principle of design that refers 2 the relationship of certain elements 2 the
whole & 2 each other

Gradation combining elements by using gradual changes in those elements