3 views

Uploaded by Emmanuel

Guía 2 Física 3

Guía 2 Física 3

© All Rights Reserved

- 41480
- Resistivity Solutions
- Calculating Cable Fault Ratings
- Earthing Calculation
- Novel hypostasis of «old» materials in oxide electronics: Metal oxides for resistive random access memory (ReRAM) applications
- Ac-Megger DLRO AG en V01
- Megger a 20Guide 20to 20Low 20 Resistance 20Testing
- Shunt
- worksheet_13.pdf
- Grounding Calculation Sample
- AgFlake - Conductive Pigments
- 05 Resistivity Logs Laterolog
- BEE2123 TUT2_DCMeter Solution
- BASIC EE HEINZ OHMS LAW.docx
- Syllabus II Sem
- Assignment 1
- Serway6eProblems27.doc
- What is the relation between electric field and drift velocity.pdf
- ece
- As an aspiring teacher who wants to make a difference in the lives of the students.docx

You are on page 1of 2

EVALUATE: The field is quite weak, since the potential would drop only a volt in 70 m of wire.

(b) IDENTIFY: Take the ratio of the field in silver to the field in copper.

SET UP: Take the ratio and solve for the field in silver: ES = EC(S/C)

EXECUTE: ES = (0.0143 V/m)[(1.47)/(1.72)] = 1.22 102 V/m

EVALUATE: Since silver is a better conductor than copper, the field in silver is smaller than the field in copper.

EJERCICIO 1 25.11. IDENTIFY: First use Ohms law to find the resistance at 20.0C; then calculate the resistivity from the resistance.

Finally use the dependence of resistance on temperature to calculate the temperature coefficient of resistance.

SET UP: Ohms law is R = V/I, R = L/A, R = R0[1 + (T T0)], and the radius is one-half the diameter.

EXECUTE: (a) At 20.0C, R = V/I = (15.0 V)/(18.5 A) = 0.811 . Using R = L/A and solving for gives =

RA/L = R(D/2)2/L = (0.811 )[(0.00500 m)/2]2/(1.50 m) = 1.06 106 m.

(b) At 92.0C, R = V/I = (15.0 V)/(17.2 A) = 0.872 . Using R = R0[1 + (T T0)] with T0 taken as 20.0C, we

have 0.872 = (0.811 )[1 + ( 92.0C 20.0C)]. This gives = 0.00105 (C) 1

EVALUATE: The results are typical of ordinary metals.

EJERCICIO 2 25.12. IDENTIFY: E = J , where J = I / A . The drift velocity is given by I = n q vd A.

SET UP: For copper, = 1.72 108 m . n = 8.5 1028 / m3 .

3.6 A

EXECUTE: (a) J = I = = 6.81105 A/m 2 .

A (2.3 103 m) 2

(b) E = J = (1.72 108 m)(6.81 105 A/m 2 ) = 0.012 V m.

(c) The time to travel the wires length l is

l ln q A (4.0 m)(8.5 1028 m3 )(1.6 1019 C)(2.3 103 m) 2

t= = = = 8.0 104 s.

vd I 3.6 A

t = 1333 min 22 hrs!

EVALUATE: The currents propagate very quickly along the wire but the individual electrons travel very slowly.

25.13. IDENTIFY: E = J , where J = I / A.

SET UP: For tungsten = 5.25 108 m and for aluminum = 2.75 108 m.

I (5.25 108 m)(0.820 A)

EXECUTE: (a) tungsten: E = J = = = 5.16 103 V m.

A ( 4)(3.26 103 m) 2

I (2.75 108 m)(0.820 A)

(b) aluminum: E = J = = = 2.70 103 V m.

A ( 4)(3.26 103 m) 2

EVALUATE: A larger electric field is required for tungsten, because it has a larger resistivity.

25.14. IDENTIFY: The resistivity of the wire should identify what the material is.

SET UP: R = L/A and the radius of the wire is half its diameter.

EXECUTE: Solve for and substitute the numerical values.

([0.00205 m]/2 ) (0.0290 )

2

= AR / L = ( D / 2) 2 R / L = = 1.47 108 m

6.50 m

EVALUATE: This result is the same as the resistivity of silver, which implies that the material is silver.

25.15. (a) IDENTIFY: Start with the definition of resistivity and use its dependence on temperature to find the electric

EJERCICIO 3 field.

I

SET UP: E = J = 20 [1 + (T T0 )] 2

r

EXECUTE: E = (5.25 108 m)[1 + (0.0045/ C )(120C 20C)](12.5 A)/[(0.000500 m)2] = 1.21 V/m.

(Note that the resistivity at 120C turns out to be 7.61 108 m.)

EVALUATE: This result is fairly large because tungsten has a larger resisitivity than copper.

(b) IDENTIFY: Relate resistance and resistivity.

SET UP: R = L/A = L/r2

EXECUTE: R = (7.61 108 m)(0.150 m)/[(0.000500 m)2] = 0.0145

EVALUATE: Most metals have very low resistance.

(c) IDENTIFY: The potential difference is proportional to the length of wire.

SET UP: V = EL

EXECUTE: V = (1.21 V/m)(0.150 m) = 0.182 V

EVALUATE: We could also calculate V = IR = (12.5 A)(0.0145 ) = 0.181 V , in agreement with part (c).

Current, Resistance, and Electromotive Force 25-5

EXECUTE: The ratio of the current at 20C to that at the higher temperature is (0.860 A) (0.220 A) = 3.909.

RT

= 1 + (T T0 ) = 3.909 , where T0 = 20C.

R20

RT / R20 1 3.909 1

T = T0 + = 20C + = 666C.

4.5 103 (C) 1

EVALUATE: As the temperature increases, the resistance increases and for constant applied voltage the current

decreases. The resistance increases by nearly a factor of four.

25.23. IDENTIFY: Relate resistance to resistivity.

SET UP: R = L/A

EXECUTE: (a) R = L/A = (0.60 m)(0.25 m)/(0.12 m)2 = 10.4

(b) R = L/A = (0.60 m)(0.12 m)/(0.12 m)(0.25 m) = 2.4

EVALUATE: The resistance is greater for the faces that are farther apart.

L

25.24. IDENTIFY: Apply R = and V = IR .

A

SET UP: A = r 2

RA VA (4.50 V) (6.54 104 m) 2

EXECUTE: = = = = 1.37 107 m.

L IL (17.6 A)(2.50 m)

EVALUATE: Our result for shows that the wire is made of a metal with resistivity greater than that of good

metallic conductors such as copper and aluminum.

EJERCICIO 4 25.25. IDENTIFY and SET UP: Eq. (25.5) relates the electric field that is given to the current density. V = EL gives the

potential difference across a length L of wire and Eq. (25.11) allows us to calculate R.

EXECUTE: (a) Eq. (25.5): = E / J so J = E /

From Table 25.1 the resistivity for gold is 2.44 108 m.

E 0.49 V/m

J= = = 2.008 107 A/m 2

2.44 108 m

I = JA = J r 2 = ( 2.008 107 A/m 2 ) ( 0.41 103 m ) = 11 A

2

(c) We can use Ohms law (Eq. (25.11)): V = IR.

V 3.1 V

R= = = 0.28

I 11 A

EVALUATE: We can also calculate R from the resistivity and the dimensions of the wire (Eq. 25.10):

L L ( 2.44 10 m ) ( 6.4 m )

8

A r ( 0.42 103 m )

2

25.26. IDENTIFY and SET UP: Use V = EL to calculate E and then = E / J to calculate .

V 0.938 V

EXECUTE: (a) E =

= = 1.25 V/m

L 0.750 m

E 1.25 V/m

(b) E = J so = = = 2.84 108 m

J 4.40 107 A/m 2

EVALUATE: This value of is similar to that for the good metallic conductors in Table 25.1.

25.27. IDENTIFY: Apply R = R0 1 + (T T0 ) to calculate the resistance at the second temperature.

= 0.0004 ( C ) (Table 25.1). Let T0 be 0.0C and T be 11.5C.

1

(a) SET UP:

R 100.0

R0 = = = 99.54

( )

EXECUTE:

1 + (T T0 ) 1+ 0.0004 ( C )1 (11.5 C )

= 0.0005 ( C )

1

(b) SET UP: (Table 25.2). Let T0 = 0.0C and T = 25.8C.

EXECUTE:

( 1

)

R = R0 1 + (T T0 ) = 0.0160 1+ 0.0005 ( C ) ( 25.8 C ) = 0.0158

EVALUATE: Nichrome, like most metallic conductors, has a positive and its resistance increases with

temperature. For carbon, is negative and its resistance decreases as T increases.

- 41480Uploaded byFari Pratomosiwi
- Resistivity SolutionsUploaded bymusicwiz12
- Calculating Cable Fault RatingsUploaded byMohammad Ali
- Earthing CalculationUploaded bysreenath rao
- Novel hypostasis of «old» materials in oxide electronics: Metal oxides for resistive random access memory (ReRAM) applicationsUploaded byPetr
- Ac-Megger DLRO AG en V01Uploaded by2003vinay
- Megger a 20Guide 20to 20Low 20 Resistance 20TestingUploaded bykuh393
- ShuntUploaded bytarun01980
- worksheet_13.pdfUploaded byVijay Bhaskar
- Grounding Calculation SampleUploaded byAzree D Luffy
- AgFlake - Conductive PigmentsUploaded byash147
- 05 Resistivity Logs LaterologUploaded bypsalva711
- BEE2123 TUT2_DCMeter SolutionUploaded byWatashiNo
- BASIC EE HEINZ OHMS LAW.docxUploaded bymon patrick prado
- Syllabus II SemUploaded bySidhant Goel
- Assignment 1Uploaded byMohd Irwan Jainudin
- Serway6eProblems27.docUploaded byJeyson Saucedo Centurión
- What is the relation between electric field and drift velocity.pdfUploaded byJonathan Majaw
- eceUploaded byJibin Sebastian
- As an aspiring teacher who wants to make a difference in the lives of the students.docxUploaded byHam'z M. Secuya
- 200505170922350.T-putty502Uploaded byAjay Kumar
- LabVIEW Based EIS DataInterpreter 13Uploaded byTushar Kanti Bera
- RS PRO DIGITAL INSULATION TESTERUploaded bya_muhaimin
- 1 classification of materials based on forbidden gap-1Uploaded byapi-462620165
- Assignment Ctct 1Uploaded bySmit Majithia
- electronicsfull combinationUploaded byapi-231880547
- Unusual Behaviours and Impurity Effects in the Noncentrosymmetric Superconductor CePt3SiUploaded byrc85948
- Isophase Technical Sheet.pdfUploaded byanirudhalc
- How to Calculate Total Dissolved SolidsUploaded byRashimahmed
- jurnal kapita selektaUploaded byPutra Tresna

- 0900766b8035f1b0Uploaded byJoseph Herrera
- Bremas 2010 Cam-switches CAUploaded byalain
- The force F experienced by a particle of charge q moving with velocity v in a magnetic field B is given by F.docxUploaded byvarun
- Commissioning Report of Chpl1Uploaded byharjit singh
- Electric Circuits SolutionsUploaded byMorpho23
- Info IEC 60076-1Uploaded byhizbi7
- 2nd ppt for VCBUploaded byShaikh Tauqeer Ahmed
- Crystal RadioUploaded bySaleh Shafi Raja
- Chapter 1 Word Document F-17Uploaded bydonana
- Chapter 14 Control of D C DrivesUploaded byAyushi Nayak
- Electromagnetic RelaysUploaded byPrabhat Sagar
- 4Uploaded bymadhukuvce
- A Grid-connected PV System With Power Quality Improvement Based on Boost + Dual-level Four-leg InverterUploaded byAhmed Refaat
- 6 Three-phase TransformersUploaded byDzunisani Best
- Tx-LineUploaded byapi-3803118
- infineon_ref.pdfUploaded byVõ Thanh Tùng
- Comparison of Iec and Nema Schematic DiagramsUploaded byAlejandroPortuguezTapia
- Practice Test 1.pdfUploaded byFaysal Rifai
- RoboticsUploaded byNilay_email
- 27190504 Power Transformers and ReactorsUploaded byroyclhor
- Muhsin Transformer protection 2015.pptUploaded bymuaz_aminu1422
- a9f4_datasheetUploaded byFatiha Loussaief
- IET Lab_RS-201W Range Precision Resistance SubstituterUploaded byUnfinished_projects
- 1 UnitUploaded bynpavank
- Application of pscad-emtp-phase shifter modeling.pdfUploaded byusefi
- Capacitor BankUploaded byBala Murugan
- Stepper-Motor.pdfUploaded byAumar
- 512Uploaded byvda
- Experimental stress analysisUploaded byrishith
- Impulse & MomentumUploaded byDagoel Sriyansyah