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perpendicular to BG [to intersect AD], we draw the diagonals AG, BZ [intersecting

AG at L], and ZG, we also bisect BE in H, and draw HT perpendicular to BE [to

intersect BZ], then we put the ruler at point H and - looking to point A - we draw HK

[to intersect BZ], then bisect AL in M, and draw BM. So the A-E rectangle is divided

into seven parts. Now we bisect DG in N, ZG in C, we draw EC and attaching the

ruler to the points B and C we draw CO [to intersect DG], furthermore CN. Thus the

rectangle ZG is also divided in seven parts, but in another way than the first one.

Therefore, the whole square has fourteen parts.

We now demonstrate that each of the fourteen parts is in rational relationship to the

whole square.

Because ZG is the diagonal of the rectangle Z-G, the triangle DZG is half of this

rectangle, that means 1/4 of the square. But the triangle GNC is 1/4 of triangle DZG,

because, if we extend the line EC, it comes to point D, and that means triangle GDC

has half area of the triangle DZG and is equal to the two triangles GNC and DNC

taken together; that means triangle GNC is 1/16 of the square. If we presume that line

OC is orientated to point B, as we have drawn it before, so the line NC is parallel to

BG, which is the side of the square and of the triangle OBG, so we get the proportion

BG : NC = GO : NO.

But BG is four times NC, and in the same way GO four times NO; therefore is GN

three times NO, and triangle GNC = 3 ONC. However, as we have shown, triangle

GNC is 1/16 of the square, that means triangle ONC = 1/48 of the square.

Furthermore, as triangle GDZ = 1/4 of the square, and therefore GNC = 1/16 of that

triangle and NCO = 1/48 of that, it remains for the quadrilateral DOCZ = 1/6 of the

squares area. According to the proposition that line NC [extended] intersects [ZE at]

point F, and GE is parallel to CF, [and labelling the intersection of AG and CE as Q,]

we get the proportion

EC : CF = EQ : CQ = GQ : FQ.

Because EQ = 2 CQ and GQ = 2 FQ, triangle EQG is double to the two triangles

GCQ and EFQ. It is clear, that triangle EGZ = 2 times triangle EFG, because ZE = 2

FE. As the triangle EGZ = 1/4 of the square, that means triangle EFG = 1/8 of the

square. This triangle is three times as big as each of the two triangles EFQ and GCQ,

so each of these two triangles = 1/24 of the square A-G. And the triangle EGQ is

double to each of the two triangles EFQ and GCQ, so it is = 1/12 of the square.

Furthermore because ZF = EF, triangle ZFG = triangle EFG. If we now take away

triangle GCQ (= triangle EFQ), it leaves quadrilateral FQCZ (= triangle EGQ),

therefore quadrilateral FQCZ = 1/12 of the square A-G.

If an Ostomachion were to be imposed onto a 12-unit square, this diagram shows the

area of each piece.

We have now divided the rectangle Z-G in 7 parts, and go on to divide the other

rectangle.

Because BZ and EC are two parallel diagonals, and ZF = EF, therefore triangle ZLF

= EFQ, and also triangle ZLF = 1/24 of the square A-G. Because BH = HE, triangle

BEZ is four times the triangle BHT, because each of them is rectangular. As triangle

BEZ = 1/4 of the square ABGD, triangle BHT = 1/16 of that. According to our

proposition the line HK [extended[ intersects point A, so we get the proportion

AB : HT = BK : KT.

Because AB = 2 HT, and BK = 2 KT and BT = 3 KT, triangle BHT is three times the

triangle KHT. However, because triangle BHT = 1/16 of the whole square, triangle

KHT = 1/48 of that. Triangle BKH is double the triangle KHT, so = 1/24 of the

square. Further, as BL = 2 ZL, and AL = 2 LF, triangle ABL is twice the triangle ALZ,

and ALZ double the triangle ZLF. However, because triangle ZLF = 1/24 of the whole

square, triangle ALZ = 1/12 of that, so triangle ABL = 1/6. But triangle ABM =

triangle BML, so each of these two triangles = 1/12 of the square. It leaves the

pentagon LFEHT = 7/48 of the entire square.

We have now also divided the square AE into 7 sections, therefore, the whole figure

ABGD in 14 parts. Each of these fourteen parts is in rational relationship to the

whole, and that is what we wanted."

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