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The National Teachers College

629 J. Nepomuceno St. Quiapo, Manila

Tel. No.: 734-56-01 / www.ntc.edu.ph

Modernization of Teaching:
Different Tools to Improve Teaching

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in

Practice Teaching 1

Submitted by:

Dipatuan, Jannora Talahiban, Nanette

Salazar, Jass Tanara, Bryan

Salazar, Meinard Tamayo, Adelna

Salic, Jamela Tinio, Follet

Salinas, Sherilyn Villaflor, Albert

Sanchez, Aimee Rose Valdezotto, Majal

Santos, Alfred
Submitted to:

Mrs. Elena F. Batusan

25 March 2017

Table of contents

Chapter I INTRODUCTION

A. Setting of the Study


B. Motivation/Reason
C. Statement of the Problem
D. Significance of the Study
E. Scope and Limitations of the Study
Chapter II REVIEW RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

A. Review of the Related Literature and Studies


B. Definition of Terms
Chapter III - METHODOLOGY

A. Research Locale
B. Methodology
C. Instrumentation
D. Survey questionnaire
E. Statistical Analysis of Data

Chapter IV RESULTS AND FINDINGS

Results

Chapter V- CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION


Abstract

The purpose of the research is to emphasize the importance of the


modernization of educational technology in teaching. Today, more than
ever, the role of educational technology in teaching is great importance
because of the use of information and communication technologies.
With the help of various applications for education, the Internet,
teachers, and students themselves, they see the advantage of
educational technology. In this research, we try to give an overview of
the importance and use of different tools to improve teaching.

In the fast changing world of the early 21st century public education is
also changing. As part of the changes the role of schools and education
will also be different both in the educational system and in the society.
Together with them the role of teachers will also change. In our
research we are examining how the modernization of teaching
challenges and demands towards education and teachers change
schools into institutions with modern aims and social contracts. We are
going to depict the characteristic features of ideal teachers by
exploring recent literature and the results of a survey in using different
tools of teaching methods. In the survey teachers reveal their
professional aims and needs for the future to give quality and
excellence of teaching in the modern generation. Finally, teachers are
going to explore their knowledge base in the 21st century.
CHAPTER 1

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction

Education plays an essential role in society, creating knowledge,


transferring it to students and fostering innovation. Modernization is a
process of socio-cultural transformation. It is a thorough going process
of change involving values, norms, institutions and structures. The
impact of modernization can be seen in the schools also. The modern
day schools are fully equipped with appropriate technology devices for
classroom and instructional use that help children develop their
expertise in a more lucid manner.

What we need to do is to take the advantage of the technological


advance that is happening rapidly. There is no harm in using videos,
internet, computers and other media as well as pieces of technology to
improve our education systems. The technological advancement
wouldnt be possible if there werent good education and if there were
no technological progress, there wouldnt be any improvement in
education as well. There are also many useful video materials at your
disposal available on the Internet and all you need to do as a teacher
is to get everything you need and organize it the best way so that the
students will receive the knowledge you want to transfer.
a. Setting of the Study

There is no particular setting of this study. The researcher hand-


outs survey forms to some of their acquainted teachers and some uses
online pols to conduct the survey of the study.

b. Motivation/Reason

The researcher motivation for this study is because of the


presence of educational technology is growing in the classroom. The
new generation of kids come ready to work with these new
technologies, which play an important role in childrens learning and
acquiring various cognitive knowledge.

This study is conducted to show that the teachers should also be


motivated to use the same because the use of educational technology
in teaching provides better interaction with students, better reception
of information because the students receive knowledge visual, auditory
and kinesthetic way. Among other things, an educational technology
motivates students to work independently where the student is more
motivated to return to learning and working because modern technical
equipment is widely available at any given moment.
c. Statement of the Problem

Generally, this study will determine if the teachers uses high-


tech tools or modern materials in teaching inside the classroom.

Specifically, this proposed study will answer the following


questions:

1 What are the high tech tools or modern materials do teachers


use?
2 What are the effects of using these modern tools for teaching
in the learning process of the students?

d. Significance of the Study

The teachers will benefit from this propose study for they will be
more encouraged to use modern instructional materials in teaching
their students. In this study, other teachers will see what most
teachers use as their modern tools for teaching and the benefits they
get in using those materials.

This propose study will also be beneficial to the students who


wanted to encourage their teachers to use modern tools in teaching.
This study can be their basis or evidence to convince their teachers.

Future researchers and the readers will also benefit from this
study for they will have additional knowledge and references for future
studies as well.
e. Scope and Limitations of the Study

This study is done during the second semester of the Academic


Year of 2016 to 2017. This will cover the common modern instructional
material used in teaching and its effect on learning process. The
researchers will be conducting surveys in random educational
institutions within Metro Manila.
Chapter II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

a. Review of Related Literature and Studies


A learner is an embodied spirit. He/She is a union of a sentient
body and a rational soul. Their body experiences sensations and feels
pleasure and pain. Only when the learner is nourished materially and
spiritually can he/she be complete. Every learner is also equipped with
cognitive as well as appetitive faculties. By his/her intellect, the
learner can form concepts or ideas, make judgment and reason out.
The learners appetitive faculties are his/her feeling feelings and
emotions as well as rational soul. They differ however in the degree to
which they are utilized and experienced on account of the learners
abilities, interest, attitudes and background.

The learner is gifted also with intelligence. With Howard Gardners


theory on Multiple Intelligences, the concept of learners intelligence
has gone beyond linguistic and mathematical intelligences.

Verbal- Linguistic- speaks/writes effectively


Logical-Mathematics- works effectively with numbers
Spatial- visualizes accurately
Bodily-Kinesthetic- likes physical activities
Musical- creates music
Interpersonal- loves working with others
Intrapersonal- monitors own thinking
Existential- reflects on meaning of human existence

As facilitator of learning, we should consider the above-mentioned


Multiple Intelligences of our learners to make sure we will be able to
help the learners develop their own talents and expertise.

Another factor that makes a student differ from the other is


Learning Style. Learning Style is the way a person processes,
internalizes and studies new and challenging materials. Dunn and
Dunn presents the different learning styles according to the five groups
of stimuli.

Environmental- lighting, sound, temperature


Emotional- motivation, responsibility and persistence
Sociological- how students learn with other people
Physiological- senses
Psychological- intellectual processing of information
The learning environment is consists of the physical environment
as well as the psychological atmosphere or the socio-emotional climate
which is mainly a product of the interaction and relationship between
teacher and students and among the students. Pine and Home
described a facilitative learning environment for learning. It is one
which:

Encourages people to be active.


Emphasizes the uniquely personal and subjective nature of learning.
Difference is good and desirable.
Tolerates ambiguity.
Is necessary in full development of cognitive and appetitive faculties of
learner.
Having wide knowledge on learners differences is a big
factor on the selection and use of instructional materials of teachers.
Properly selected and used, its impact on the attention, sustained
interest, and participation of students has long been recognized to a
point that this wide collection of teaching tools earned the title sub-
strategies. At present, more teaching technologies such as computers,
projectors, CD-ROMS, and videos has been available and is being used
by every learning institution. Here are the 5 principles in the use of
instructional materials.

All instructional materials are aids to instruction.


Choose the instructional material that best suits your instructional
objective.
If possible, use variety of tools.
Check out your instructional material before class starts.
Abide by the general utilization guide on use of media.

b. Definition of Terms

1. Classroom - a room in a school or college where groups of


students are taught
2. Computer - an electronic machine that is used for storing,
organizing, and finding words, numbers, and pictures, for
doing calculations, and for controlling other machines
3. High-tech - using the most advanced and developed
machines and methods
4. Instructional materials - tools used in educational
lessons, which includes active learning and assessment; any
resources a teacher uses to help him teach his students
5. Learning - the acquisition of knowledge or skills through
experience, study, or by being taught
6. Learning process - the activity or process of gaining
knowledge or skill by studying, practicing, being taught, or
experiencing something
7. Modernization - the process of starting to use the most
recent methods, ideas, equipment, etc. so that something
becomes or seems more modern
8. Online Media - Digital media, which includes photos, video
and music, distributed over the Internet, which are either
non-copyrighted or copyrighted materials provided either
freely or for a fee.
9. Teaching - the action of a person who teaches; the
profession of a teacher: teaching is imparting knowledge or
skill
10. Technology - is the collection of techniques, skills,
methods and processes used in the production of goods or
services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as
scientific investigation.

CHAPTER III
METHODOLOGY
The research methodology is made to give precise description
and explanation on how the researchers are going to gather
information and the materials that they will use in determining the
modern instructional materials used in classroom and its effect on
learning process. This includes the different elements of the research
such as research locale which will discuss the geographical area where
the study will be conducted, methodology process that will discuss the
input of the framework, instrumentations to enumerate and describe
the tools that will be used to gather data and also to maintain validity
and reliability.

a. Research Locale

The study will be conducted in Manila where most reputable


educational establishments are situated. Survey forms were mostly
given to Teachers of Immaculate Heart of Mary College, Aquinas
School, General Roces Elementary School and San Sebastian College
Recoletos. Majority of the Teachers asked were already in the Teaching
Profession for more than two years.

b. Methodology
The researchers formulated a questionnaire for teachers who are
currently teaching. The data that will be gathered by the researchers
will be utilized to answer the statement of the problem. After
conducting the survey process, the researchers will tally and interpret
the results.

c. Instrumentation

The researchers used the following materials in the data


collection necessary to answer the queries stated in the previous
chapters:

d. Survey Questionnaire.

The researchers prepared a questionnaire which contains 3 questions


related to our research topic. First question is Do you use high-tech
tools or modern materials in teaching inside the classroom? If the
respondents answered yes, next question the respondents need to fill-
up is What are the high-tech tools or materials you use? Which the
respondents will be answering by putting a check mark on the material
that they use (Computer/Laptop, Dig. Microphones, Class Website,
Online Media, and Projector). For the final question, What do you
think is the effect of using these modern tools for teaching in the
learning process of the students?

e. Statistical analysis
Percentage Frequency Distributions

Percentage is used to determine the quantitative relation to the


whole response. It is a particularly useful method of expressing the
relative frequency of survey responses and other data. Many times,
percentage frequency distributions are displayed as tables or as bar
graphs or pie charts. The process of gathering the percentage was
dividing the frequency of the answers by the total number of
responses. To compute for the percentage the formula is as follows:

Where:

P = percentage

f = frequency of each option

n = number of respondents

Descriptive Correlation

Descriptive research can be explained as a statement of


affairs as they are at present with the research having no control over
variable. Moreover, descriptive research may be characterized as
simply the attempt to determine, describe or identify what it is.
(Ethridge, D.E. 2004) Research Methodology in Applied Economics
John Wiley and Sons, p. 24)

As described by Fox and Bayat (2007) in the book A Guide


to Managing Research, descriptive research is aimed at casting light
on current issues or problems through a process of data collection that
enables them to describe the situation more completely than was
possible without employing this method.
This study used the descriptivemethod of research and as
estimated, there are 45 teachers who served as respondents.

CHAPTER IV
PRESENTATION OF RESULTS AND FINDINGS
In this chapter, the data gathered from the respondents is presented in

relation to the research objectives. This chapter discusses the result of

the survey responded by forty-five participants with further

interpretation. The respondents have been given the assurance that all

the data they gave were used for research purpose only and their

identities will be confidential. The researchers now present the results

and findings of the study through tables.

Table 1
Question 1
In the first question, Do you use high tech tools or modern materials in

teaching inside the classroom?, 100% of the respondents answered

yes.

Table 2
Question 2

CHAPTER V
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The purpose of this study was to determine the common modern

instructional materials the teachers use in teaching and its effect on

the learning process of the students. To meet the intent of this study,
it is vital to determine if the use of modern technology is evident in the

classroom and what are those materials. After these steps were

achieved, the study was able to move forward. This chapter will state

the conclusions and recommendations that resulted from the gathered

data.

CONCLUSION

The study have proven that modern equipment helps the


teachers incatching the attention of the students. In addition, the use
of equipment in the classroom helps to light the work of the teachers,
and use the remaining time to other things.

RECOMMENDATION

Based on the conclusion the following recommendations are given:

that a more concentrated research on relation to Modernization of

Teaching- Different Tools to Improve Teaching be made by the future

researchers to determine a more focused on the relationship; that


teachers use more interactive teaching techniques using the different

technology that would boost the level of interest of the learners; that a

more thorough research be made by future researchers to determine

its effects on the learner's performance.